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QV™¸ÂV™D:

x[ W√Õ>Á™Ô”D
gÊÏkV>∫Ô”D
QV™¸ÂV™D ®[√m \VÆ√‚¶ √È ºÂV¬Ô∫ÔÁ·¬
ÿÔVı|^·m ®[Æ EÈÏ ÂDAD√ΩBV™ kaxÁ≈Ôπ_ QV™¸
ÂV™›m¶[ ÿ>V¶ÏAÁ¶B EÈ ƒ›]B∫Ô^ ®|›mÁ´¬Ô©√|˛[≈™.
÷Õ> ®|›mÁ´©AÔ^ \VÆ√‚¶ ºÂV¬Ô∫ÔÁ· c^·¶¬zk]_ÁÈ,
g™V_ ∂>uz \V≈VÔ ÷Ák ∏[kÚD ÂV[z kÁÔ©√V|Ôπ_
∂¶∫z˛[≈™:
∂. x[ W√Õ>Á™Ô^ ä ŒÚ Â√Ï QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æk>uz
∂kEB\V™ ÿƒB_√V|Ô^, ®ı©º√V¬zÔ^ \uÆD g>V´
JÈ∫Ô^.
g. QV™¸ÂV™›]_ ÿ√ÆD gÊÏkV>∫Ô^ ä sÚ©√∫Ô^
\VÆ√‚¶ kaxÁ≈Ôπ_ skˆ¬Ô©√|˛[≈™ g™V_ ∂Ák BV°º\,
º>k–¶[ c^· c≈s_ ÔVbD >kÁ≈ ºÂ´V¬˛¬ ÿÔV^k>uÔVÔ
√Vk\[M©A© ÿ√Æ>K¶[>V[ ÿ>V¶ÏA ÿÔVı|^·m.
÷. ŒÚkˆ[ kVµs_ \Vu≈∫Ô^ ∞u√|>_ ä ÷´‚E©√Á¶B
sÚDA√kˆ[ ÷Ú>B›]oÚÕm kÚD ˇµ©√Ω>o[ sÁ·°.
~. ÷´‚E¬Ô©√‚¶kÏÔ”¬z¬ ˛Á¶¬zD gÊÏkV>∫Ô^ ä
ŒÚkˆ[ √Vk∫Ô^ ∑›]Ôˆ¬Ô©√‚¶>[ sÁ·kVÔ°D º>k–¶[
ƒˆBV™ c≈°xÁ≈¬z^ ∏´ºkE©√>[ sÁ·kVÔ°D ˛§¸>k
kVµs_ ÿ√Æ˛[≈ ŒÀÿkVÚ √B–D ∂_Èm ∂–ÌÈxD.
÷Õ> kÁÔ©√V|ÔÁ· ÂVD ÷[–D ÿÂÚ¬Ô\VÔ¬ ÔVıº√VD:
∂. x[ W√Õ>Á™Ô^:
1. ÷ºB∑Ák© √u§•D ∂k´m ºkı|ºÔV^ÔÁ·© √u§•D
ºÔ^s©√‚|© AˆÕm ÿÔV^”>_ (∂©. 18:8)
2. ∑sºƒ≠›]_ ÿkπ©√|›>©√‚¶√ΩBVÔ ÷ºB∑Ák
gı¶kÿ´[ÆD ÷´‚ƒÔÏ ®[ÆD s∑kVE›>_ (\Vu.
16:16)
3. √Vk›]uz ªaBD ÿƒFk]oÚÕm ÷ºB∑°¬z ªaBD
ÿƒFB \VÆD√ΩBVÔ› yÏ\V™D ÿƒFk>[ JÈD
\™Õ]ÚDA>_ (∂©. 2:38)
4. ÷ºB∑Ák¬ ÔÏ›>ÿ´[Æ s∑kVƒ›]™V_ ∂§¬ÁÔl|>_

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(º´V\Ï 10:10)
5. ∂¶¬ÔD ÿƒFB©√|>_ \uÆD clÏ›ÿ>ø>_ (º´V\Ï 6:4;
ÿÔVºÈV. 2:12) g˛Bku§uÔVÔ ∂]Ô\V™ >ıßÏ
(ºBVkV. 3:23)
g. QV™¸ÂV™›]_ ÿ√ÆD gÊÏkV>∫Ô^:
1. ÷´‚E©A (\Vu. 16:16; 1 º√m. 3:21)
2. √Vk∫Ô^ \[M¬Ô©√‚|¬ Ôøk©√|>_ (∂©. 2:38; 22:16;
ÿÔVºÈV. 2:12, 13)
3. ÷ºB∑s[ ƒZ´›]–^ ∏´ºkE›>_ (1 ÿÔVˆ. 12:13)
4. ˛§¸m°¬z^ ∏´ºkE›>_ (º´V\Ï 6:3)
5. ÷ºB∑s[ \´›]uz^ ∏´ºkE›>_ (º´V\Ï 6:3)
÷. ŒÚkˆ[ kVµs_ \Vu≈∫Ô^ ∞u√|>_:
1. QV™¸ÂV™›]_ ÷ºB∑s[ \´›Á>© √˛ÏÕm
ÿÔV^”>o[ sÁ·kVÔ© √Vk›]uz \ˆ›>_ (º´V\Ï
6:1ä4; ÿÔVºÈV. 3:3)
2. A]B ˝k[ (º´V\Ï 6:4)
3. ÷ºB∑s[ A]B ˝kÁ™© º√V[Æ^· >[Á\
(º´V\Ï 6:5)
4. √ÁwB \M>[ EKÁkl_ ∂Á≈B©√|>_ (º´V\Ï 6:6)
5. \VDƒ ÷flÁƒÔÁ· ÷≈¬Ôfl ÿƒF>_ (º´V\Ï 6:6)
6. √Vk›]uz ªaBD ÿƒF>ÁÈ xΩ›m Ák›>_ (º´V\Ï
6:6, 18)
7. ŒÚkˆ[ kVµs_ √Vk›][ k_ÈÁ\loÚÕm s|>ÁÈ
(º´V\Ï 6:7, 17, 18)
8. ¿]¬z ªaBD ÿƒF>_ (º´V\Ï 6:18)
9. ÷ºB∑Ák ∂ËÕm ÿÔV^”>_ (ÔÈV. 3:27)
10. \VDƒ ÷flÁƒÔÁ· sȬz>_ ®[≈ gs¬zˆB
sÚ›>ºƒ>™D (ÿÔVºÈV. 2:11ä13)
11. gs¬zˆB kÁÔl_ kVµs¬Ô©√|>_ (ÿÔVºÈV. 2:13)
12. *ı|D ∏≈›>_ (ºBVkV. 3:3ä5)
13. º>k–¬z^ ˝k[ ˛§¸m°¶[ \Á≈Õ]Ú›>_ (ÿÔVºÈV.
3:3)
14. ˛§¸m°¬z^ ÷Ú¬zD BVkÚ¶–D Œ[≈VlÚ›>_
(ÔÈV. 3:28)
~. ÷´‚E¬Ô©√‚¶kÏÔ”¬z¬ ˛Á¶¬zD gÊÏkV>∫Ô^:
1. ∂Ô\˛µflE (∂©. 8:39)
2. √ˆ∑›> gsl[ k´D (∂©. 2:38; 5:32; ÔÈV. 4:6)
3. ÂD∏¬ÁÔ (1 º√m. 1:3, 4)
4. º>k–¶[ n¬˛BD (ºBVkV. 14:21)
5. \u≈ ˛§¸>kÏÔ”¶[ n¬˛BD (∂©. 2:42, 47)
6. ˛§¸m°¬z^ k·Úk>uÔV™ kVF©A (®º√. 4:15)
7. ˛§¸>kÏÔ”¬z¬ ˛Á¶¬˛[≈ gs¬zˆB ƒÔÈ

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gÊÏkV>D (®º√. 1:3)
8. º>k–Á¶B ÿ>V¶ÏÕ> √´V\ˆ©A (®∏. 13:5)
9. Â_\™flƒV‚E (1 º√m. 3:21)
QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æk>uz, (""∂''s[ ˇµ ∂‚¶kÁ©
√|›>©√‚|^· ®_ÈV) x[ W√Õ>Á™ÔÁ·•D ÂVD WÁ≈ºku≈
ºkı|D. s∑kVƒD ®[√m Â\m clÏ›ÿ>øÕ> ÔÏ›>´V˛B
÷ºB∑s[ ÷´›>›][ *m^· ÂD∏¬ÁÔ ®[Æ ∂Ï›>©√|˛[≈m.
\™Õ]ÚDA>_ ®[√m, ÷ºB∑°¬z ÂD kVµÁk Œ©A¬ ÿÔV|©√
>uÔVÔ Ô¶Õ> ÔVÈ kVµÁk s‚| s|D yÏ\V™D ®[Æ ∂Ï›>©
√|˛[≈m. ÷ºB∑ ˛§¸mÁk› º>k–Á¶B z\V´[ ®[Æ s∑kVƒ
∂§¬ÁÔ ÿƒF>_ ®[√m, Â\m √Vk›]oÚÕm ÂDÁ\ s|s¬Ô¬ ÌΩB
∂kÁ´¬ ÔÏ›>Ï ®[√>VÔ Œ©A¬ ÿÔV^”>_ ®[Æ ∂Ï›>©√|˛[≈m
(º´V\Ï 10:9, 10).1
÷Õ> x[ W√Õ>Á™Ôπ[§, gs¬zˆB kÁÔlºÈV ∂_Èm c¶_
Z]BVÔºkV QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æ xΩBVm \uÆD \Vu≈D ÿ√u≈ ŒÚ
kVµ° ∏[ ÿ>V¶´Vm.
""QV™¸ÂV™›]_ ÿ√ÆD gÊÏkV>∫Ô^'' ®[≈ kÁÔ© √V‚Ω_
(""g''s[ ˇµ) ∂‚¶kÁ©√|›>©√‚|^· ŒÀÿkV[ÆD,
\[M©A \uÆD º>k–¶–D ˛§¸>kÏÔ”¶–D Am kVµs_
∏´ºkE›>_ g˛Bku§_ c^·¶¬Ô©√‚|^·m. ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D
ÿ√ÆD ÿ√Vøm, º>k–¶[ c^· c≈s_ ÷Ú¬zD >kÆÔÁ·
ºÂ´V¬z˛[º≈VD ®[√Á> ÂVD AˆÕm ÿÔV^km ∂kEBD. ÷Õ>©
AˆÕm ÿÔV^”>o[§ ÂVD Â\m √Vk∫ÔÁ·¬ Ôø°k>uÔVÔ √ˆÔV´
√oBV™ ÷ºB∑s[ ÷´›>›][ *m s∑kVƒD ÿÔVıΩÚ¬Ô xΩBVm
(º´V\Ï 3:25). gÁÔBV_, \[M©A √u§B AˆÕm ÿÔV^”>_ ®[√m,
\[M©√Á¶k>uÔVÔ ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√ÆÁÔl_ ÷ºB∑s[
∑›]Ôˆ¬zD ÷´›>›][ *m ÂVD s∑kVƒD ÿÔV^k>uz xÕ]B
º>ÁkBVÔ ÷Ú¬˛[≈m.
""s∑kVƒx^·k™V˛ QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√u≈k[ ÷´‚E¬Ô©
√|kV['' (\Vu. 16:16) ®[Æ ∑sºƒ≠D ∏´ƒ∫˛¬Ô©√‚¶ ÿ√Vøm
÷ºB∑s[ Ìu§™V_ ÷º> ƒ›]BD º√V]¬Ô©√‚¶m. ""˛§¸m
kV™kÏ ºk>kV¬˛B∫Ôπ[√Ω Â\m √Vk∫Ô”¬ÔVÔ \ˆ›m, ∂¶¬ÔD
√ı©√‚|, ºk>kV¬˛B∫Ôπ[√Ω J[≈VD ÂVπ_ clÏ›
ÿ>øÕ>VÏ'' (1 ÿÔVˆ. 15:3, 4) ®[≈ cıÁ\ÁBfl ∑sºƒ≠D c^·¶¬
˛lÚ¬˛[≈m. ÷´ı| ®flƒsÁ™ÔÁ·¬ (""s∑kVE›m'' \uÆD
""QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√uÆ'') ÿÔVı¶ ˛º´¬Ôfl ∑‚|fl ÿƒV_ÈV™m
∂ÀsÚ ÿƒB_Ô”D Œº´ ºkÁ·l_ ÂÁ¶ÿ√≈ ºkı|D ®[Æ
∑‚Ω¬ÔV‚|˛[≈m. ÷Á> \™]_ ÿÔVı|, QV™¸ÂV™D
ÿ√Æ˛[≈kÏ ∑sºƒ≠›Á> ä >™m √Vk∫Ô”¬ÔVÔ ÷ºB∑ \ˆ›>VÏ
®[√m ä ∂kÏ QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√ÆÁÔl_ s∑kVE›>k´VF ÷Ú¬Ô
ºkı|D ®[√Á> ÷ºB∑s[ Ìu§oÚÕm ÂVD ÔV xΩ•D.
º\KD ÂVD, QV™¸ÂV™›Á>› ÿ>V¶ÏÕm ŒÚ A]B kVµ° k´

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ºkı|D (""÷''l[ ˇµ ∂‚¶kÁ©√|›>©√‚|^·m) ®[√Á>•D
AˆÕm ÿÔV^· ºkı|D. gs¬zˆB ~|√V| ÷_ÈV> QV™¸ÂV™D
Am kVµÁk¬ ÿÔVı| kÚk]_ÁÈ. ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√ÆD
ÿ√Vøm ÷ºB∑s[ \´D \uÆD ∂¶¬ÔD g˛Bkuƶ[
gs¬zˆB xÁ≈l_ ÷Ák>[ sÁ·kVÔºk ÷Õ>© AmkVµ°
kÚ˛[≈m. ""ŒÚkˆ[ kVµs_ \Vu≈∫Ô^ ∞u√|>_'' ®[≈ >ÁÈ©∏[
ˇµ ∂‚¶kÁ©√|›>©√‚|^· ŒÀÿkV[ÆD ∏[kÚD Œº´
ÔÚ›Á>¬ ÿÔVı|^·™: ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√ÆD ÿ√Vøm,
\[M¬Ô©√|k>uÔVÔ°D ÷ºB∑Ák© ∏[√uÆk>uz ∂Ï©√ˬԩ
√‚¶ ŒÚ Am kVµÁk kVµk>uÔVÔ°D Ô¶Õ> ÔVÈ kVµÁk s‚|
s|˛[º≈VD.
÷´‚E¬Ô©√‚¶kÏÔ”¬z¬ ˛Á¶¬˛[≈ ®_ÈV gÊÏkV>∫
ÔÁ·•D ÂVD ŒÚ¬ÔVKD ∂§Õm ÿÔV^·ºkV ∂_Èm AˆÕm
ÿÔV^·ºkV xΩBV\_ º√VÔÈVD. º>k–¶™V™ c≈s_ c^·
>kÁ≈ ºÂ´V¬˛¬ ÿÔV^·°D \uÆD ÷ºB∑Ák© ∏[√uÆk>uz
∂Ï©√ˬԩ√‚¶ Am kVµs_ ∏´ºkE©√>uzD ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D
ÿ√u≈°¶[ Ô¬Ôu≈ gÊÏkV>∫Ô^ kÚ˛[≈™. ÷ÁkÔπ_ (""~''l[
ˇµ ∂‚¶kÁ© √|›>©√‚|^·) √È gÊÏkV>∫Ô^ ÂVD ˛§¸>k
kVµÁk kVw› ÿ>V¶ÚÁÔl_ ÿ>πkV˛[≈™.
QV™¸ÂV™›Á>› ]Ú\›m¶[ Œ©∏¶ÈVD. ]Ú\D xΩ¬Ô
ºkı|ÿ\[≈V_, ŒÚkÏ ÂV‚Ω[ ƒ‚¶›]™V_ ºÔ‚Ô©√|km
®[™ ®[√Á>© AˆÕm ÿÔV^· ºkıΩBm ∂kEB\VzD. ]Ú\
kVµs_ EÈ gÊÏkV>∫Ô”D √B[Ô”D AˆÕm ÿÔV^·©√¶ÈVD,
g™V_ ®_ÈVkuÁ≈•D AˆÕm ÿÔV^· ºkı|D ®[≈ ∂kEBD
÷_ÁÈ. ]Ú\ Ák√kD ¶Õm √È gı|Ô”¬z© ∏≈z (̶)
Ì|>ÈV™ gÊÏkV>∫Ô^ Ôı¶§B©√¶ÈVD.
÷º> s≠BD QV™¸ÂV™›]uzD cıÁ\BV™>VÔ c^·m:
Â\m √Vk∫Ô^ \[M¬Ô©√|k>uz ∂kEB\V™m ®[™ ®[√Á>
ÂVD s∑kVE›m AˆÕm ÿÔV^· ºkı|D. ÷´‚E¬Ô©√‚¶kÏÔ^
\˛µ°¶[ ∂–√s¬Ô¬ ÌΩB √È gÊÏkV>∫ÔÁ·© √u§ ÂVD
∂§Õm^· ÔV´›]™V_ ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√≈ sÚD√ÈVD,
g™V_ ˛§¸>kÚ¬z ˛Á¶¬zD ƒÔÈ gÊÏkV>∫ÔÁ·•D ÂVD
QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æk>uz ∂§B ºkı|D ®[≈ ∂kEBD ÷_ÁÈ.
(÷Õ> ÿkπX‚Ω_ ÿ>V¶∫z˛[≈ ""∂§°, s∑kVƒD \uÆD
QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æk]_ yÏ\V™D'' ®[≈ √V¶›Á>¬ ÔV°D.)
∂©. 2:38_ eis (""¬z^'' ®[≈ ºÂ´Ω ∂Ï›>D >ÚD ˛º´¬Ô kVÏ›Á>)
®[√m ""... ®[Æ'' (“for”) ®™ ÿ\Vaÿ√BϬԩ√‚|^·m. ÷º>
kVÏ›Á>BV™m ∂©. 19:5_ ""... gºÈ'' (“in”) ®[Æ ÿ\Vaÿ√BϬԩ
√‚|^·m. √Vk\[M©A¬""ÿÔ[Æ'' (˛º´¬ÔD: eis) QV™¸ÂV™D
ÿ√Æk]_ ÂVD ""\[M©A'' ®[√Á>© AˆÕm ÿÔV^· ºkı|D. ∂m
º√VȺk ÂVD BVÚÁ¶B ÿ√BÚ¬""z^·VÔ'' (˛º´¬ÔD: eis )
QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æ˛[º≈VD ®[√Á>•D ÂVD AˆÕm ÿÔV^·

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ºkı|D. ÷ºB∑s[ ÿ√BÁ´› >s´ ºkÆ ∞>Vkm ÿ√BÚ¬z^·VÔ
ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æk>VÔ s∑kVE›>V_/ÂD∏™V_ Â\m
QV™¸ÂV™D ÿƒ_È›>¬Ô>_È ä ∞ÿ™M_ ºkÆ ®Õ>© ÿ√BÚD
÷´‚E©Á√¬ ÿÔVı| k´ xΩBVm (∂©. 4:12). ÂVD ®Õ>©
ÿ√BÚ¬z^ QV™¸ÂV™D ÿ√Æ˛º≈VD ®[√Á>© AˆÕm ÿÔV^”>_
\uÆD ∂Á> ∞uƬ ÿÔV^”>_ g˛BkuÁ≈ eis ®[≈ kVÏ›Á>l[
√B[√V| \Á≈kVF cÏ›mkm º√VȺk, ÂVD QV™¸ÂV™D
ÿ√ÆD ÿ√Vøm √Vk\[M©A¬ ˛Á¶¬˛[≈m ®[√Á>•D ÷m
\Á≈kVÔ cÏ›m˛[≈m. \[M©A ®[√Á>› >s´ ºkÆ ®Õ>¬
ÔV´›]uÔVÔ°D ÿ√Æ˛[≈ QV™¸ÂV™D ®[√m, ÷ºB∑s[
ÿ√BÁ´› >s´ ºkÆ ®©ÿ√Bˆ™VKD ÿ√uƬ ÿÔV^”D
QV™¸ÂV™›Á>© º√VȺk ÿƒ_È›>ÔV>>VÔ ÷Ú¬zD.

z§©A
1
º´V\Ï 10:9_, JÈ kƒ™›]_ ""∂§¬ÁÔl|>_'' \uÆD ""s∑kVE›>_''
®[√Ák ŒÚ >´D kÚ˛[≈ W√Õ>Á™ sÁ™fl ÿƒVuÔ·VÔ (aorist subjunctive)
c^·™. Subjunctive ®[≈V_ ÷ÁkÔ^ W√Õ>Á™¬z‚√‚¶Ák ®[Æ
∂Ï›>©√|˛[≈m; aorist ®[≈V_ ÷ÁkÔ^ ÿ>V¶Ï ÿƒB_Ô^ ∂_È g™V_
ŒÚ >´D \‚|D WÔøD ÿƒB_Ô^ ®[Æ ∂Ï›>©√|˛[≈m. ÷ºB∑Ák© √u§
\u≈kÏÔπ¶D ∂§¬ÁÔ ÿƒFkÁ>¬ ˛§¸>k´V™ ∏≈z ŒÚkÏ ÿƒF•D
ÿ>V¶Ï ÿƒB_ ®[≈ kÁÔl_ √°_ ∂§¬ÁÔl|>_ √u§ ®ø>s_ÁÈ, g™V_
˛§¸>k´VzD ÿ√Vøm ÿƒF˛[≈ ∂§¬ÁÔÁB© √u§ºB ∂kÏ ÷Às¶›]_
®ø]™VÏ. ÷m ˛§¸>kÏÔ^ ÿ>V¶ÏÕm ÿƒFB ºkıΩB ∂§¬ÁÔBVF
÷Ú¬zÿ\[≈V_, WÔµ ÔVÈ sÁ™fl ÿƒV_ √B[√|›>©√‚ΩÚ¬zD.
˛§¸>kÏÔ^ ]™Õº>VÆD ÷ºB∑Ák ∂§¬ÁÔl¶ ºkı|D, g™V_ ∂m
∂kÏÔ^ ÷´‚E©√Á¶k>uÔVÔ ∂_È.

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