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Brief History

Cayenne: in 1658 the Dutch seized French territory to establish the Dutch colony of Cayenne.
The French returned in 1664 and founded a second settlement at Sinnamary (which was
attacked by the Dutch in 1665) and seized by the English in 1667
French Guiana: Spaniards explored the coast in 1500 and settled the area around Cayenne in
1503. The Treaty of Breda (treaty between England, the Dutch Republic, France and Denmark)
gave the territory to France in 1667 and the Dutch were expelled in 1676.
Size & Population:
Size: Cayenne: 214,969 sq. miles. (216,446 sq. bigger than Idaho)
Population: 281, 612 living in Cayenne as of this year
French Guiana has a developing market economy. A rocket-launching base at Kourou, used by
the European Space Agency, is a great importance to the economy, accounting for about one-
fourth of the country's annual gross-domestic product.

 French (official language)
 Guianese Creole French
 Wayampi
 Carib
 Emerillon
 Various languages of the immigrant communities.

 Fricassee: rice and beans, served with game meat like paca and tapir
 Bouillon d'aurua: crab, chicken, smoked fish, prawns, and vegetables
Famous places, people, and events:

 Zoo de Guyane
 Museo departamental Alexandre-Franconie
 Henri Salvador: was French Caribbean singer
 Malia Metella: French Olympic freestyle swimmer from French Guiana
 Cyrille Regis: French Guianese-born English former footballer
 Mardi Gras: Celebration in Jan-Feb. Every Sunday there are big parades in town where
locals form groups wearing costumes based on the year's theme.
 Ash Wednesday: Marks the end of Mari Gras
 Victory Day: Along with France, French Guiana celebrates Victory Day on May 8th :marks the
end of WW2.
Climate & Geography:
Climate: French Guiana is located just north of the Equator, the climate is tropical, hot and
humid throughout the year, with a relatively dry and slightly warmer season from July to
November, and a rainy season from December to June.
Geography: To the south, the land is unsettled wilderness, covered by jungles and parts of the
Amazon rain forest and parts of the Amazon rain forest, and dissected by dozens and dozens of

 Flag: French Guiana flies the French flag. Red, white and blue represent liberty, equality
and fraternity- the ideas of the French Revolution. Blue and Red are also the time-honored
colors of Paris, while white is the color of the Royal House of Bourbon.
 Coat of arms: The coat of arms of French Guiana shows a boat with oars carrying gold.
The boat is positioned in a blue river with three silver Neuflar flowers. The boat represents
the richness that exists in the territory. The top of the coat has a strip with three golden lilies
surrounded by the number 1643, the year French Guiana was incorporated into France.
 Bird: Gallic Rooster
 Flower: Lily
 Motto: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity

 Heavily influenced by the French, ethnic traditions are well preserved in Amerindian
settlements. Majority of French Guianese are Roman Catholics, but other religions are also
practiced including: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and other African-based religions.
 Singing and dancing are favorite pastimes for French Guianese. Music is vibrant and
Caribbean rhythms are played with a distinct French twist.
 Mardi Gras is one of the best cultural highlights in the territory, as the French Guianese
celebrate one of the longest, most jovial and fascinating carnivals in the world.
Words/phrases unique to French Guiana:
Laissez-moi tranquille! : leave me alone
J'appelle la police: I'm calling the police
Work cited page:
Size and population: &
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