You are on page 1of 17

Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 327

SECTION 2

Verbal Reasoning
30 Minutes
20 Questions

This section consists of three different types of questions: Reading Comprehension,
Text Completion, and Sentence Equivalence. To answer the questions, select the
best answer from the answer choices given. Reading Comprehension questions
appear in sets; Text Completion and Sentence Equivalence questions are indepen-
dent. The questions will be presented in random order. Read the following direc-
tions before you begin the test.

Reading Comprehension Questions

Directions:
Multiple-choice Questions—Select One Answer Choice: These are the traditional
multiple-choice questions with five answer choices from which you must select one.

Multiple-choice Questions—Select One or More Answer Choices: These questions
provide three answer choices; select all that are correct.

Select-in-Passage: Choose the sentence in the passage that meets a certain
description.

Text Completion Questions

Directions: Select one entry from the corresponding column of choices for each
blank. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.

Sentence Equivalence Questions

Directions: Select the two answer choices that, when used to complete the sen-
tence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences
that are alike in meaning.

Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following passage.

Responsibilities pertaining to property and land use are agreed upon within a
signed, binding contract. And while it is fathomable that a disagreement with the
owner of an adjacent property may occur, particular difficulty arises in defining
the party liable for necessary maintenance when said disagreement is over the
deterioration of a naturally occurring, communally-owned parcel, such as a beach.

G O O N TO N E X T PAG E

Math experts were able to analyze digital images of authenticated paintings where they found consistent differences in paint texture. B However. Millions of dollars can be at stake. select one answer choice. In the world of art. The sand erosion is a natural occurrence. This consistency suggests that each artist has a unique style of brush stroke that cannot be completely duplicated. a recent discovery has introduced a new resource for galleries and other groups seeking to establish the origins of their paintings: mathematicians. distinguishing the authentic piece from the forgery is not an easy feat and often requires the use of multiple experts. . E Beachfront property owners should always work with the local government in order to achieve a favorable outcome in property disputes. yet even experts can be fooled.000 cubic yards of sand lost on an annual basis. B Binding contracts do not necessarily preclude all conflicts over property. For Question 1. select one answer choice. 1. 3. E The dredging project would be repeated every five years. 2. This involves dredging up 2 million cubic yards of sand from the ocean bottom at a cost of $25 million. many city residents claim that replenishment is unnecessary. D While the property owners and the government are in agreement over the value of the project. Which of the following most logically completes the passage? A Everyone knows that $25 million is a lot of money. neither side is willing to assume the costs. local oceanographers claim that dredging the ocean floor will have catastrophic consequences for native sea-life. the coastal city of Encinitas is slowly watching its shoreline wash away. D Current contract law is irreparably flawed. C Sand erosion must necessarily be prevented by all means possible. C Because sand erosion occurs naturally. However. The beach has a massive sand deficit with over 100. but beachfront property owners and the city government are attempting to fight mother nature with a sand replenishment project. For Question 3.328 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test In California. Question 4 is based on the following passage. Select the sentence that shows the scope of the problem in Encinitas. The passage suggests that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements? A The situation in Encinitas is unusual for coastal cities.

the style actually draws upon several traditions and methodologies and could justifiably be termed (ii) . Blank (i) Blank (ii) A a fraudulent D eclectic B a schematic E derivative C a particular F consistent G O O N TO N E X T PAG E . but mathematical models can help to find the truth. Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 329 For Question 4. In the first two sentences of the passage. Since many people who casually tan indoors develop skin cancer and many (i) indoor tanners do not. it is not always possible to determine its authenticity. B Even if multiple experts from various fields analyze a painting. select one entry from the corresponding column of choices for each blank. the author suggests which of the following? A It is nearly impossible to determine whether a painting is authentic or fake without the use of math. Despite claims that his artistic style can be traced to (i) source. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text. C New discoveries in art always lead to a greater degree of truth. select one answer choice. 5. 4. E Mathematicians have a great degree of expertise in analyzing art. D Art can be difficult to analyze. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A habitual D proximity to B frequent E susceptibility to C chronic F concern about 6. scientists believe that individuals differ in their (ii) the development of melanoma. For Questions 5 to 7.

or paved a street. but that stick will never be reworked into a fork or other eating utensil. E Modern civilization came about through luck. built a house. mysterious (iii) . Blank (i) Blank (ii) Blank (iii) A flowers D dictate G uncharted territory B fauna E aggrandize H promised land C forests F chronicle I familiar ground Questions 8 to 11 are based on the following passage. It is the concept of humans as toolmakers and modifiers that differentiates us from other animals and. Civilized cultures exhibit a high degree of ingenuity. select one answer choice. A monkey might use a stick to remove termites from a log. makes us civilized. D Modern civilization is a result of man copying the behavior of certain animals. 8. B Modern civilization is a result of prolific human creativity. some would say. The evolution of culture is dependent upon the development of the tools of civi- lization. Monkeys have never devised a spoken language.330 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test 7. C True communication is solely the purview of man. C Modern civilization cannot be viewed as successful. B Architecture is the result of an imaginative act and results in more than simple habitation. consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply. Man once lived in caves. but our imagination and creativity have allowed us to progress toward true civilization. he enjoined explorers Lewis and Clark to (ii) their journey into this vast. composed a melody. To claim that birds build nests and beavers construct dams is to miss the mark. Which generalization about modern civilization is supported by the passage? A Modern civilization is not due to man’s achievement. 9. written a book. When President Thomas Jefferson’s relentless passion to know all about the flora and the (i) of the Western section of the country grew too overwhelming. For Question 8. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage regarding man’s imagination? A Great imagination is a necessary prerequisite to great art. . For Question 9.

The basic concept of cellular phones began in 1947. B Mid-twentieth century police car technology was hailed as a revolutionary development. when researchers looked at crude mobile (i. with frequency reuse. Question 12 is based on the following passage. For Question 12. C Mid-twentieth century police car technology was considered by many politicians to be crucial to America’s war against communism. G O O N TO N E X T PAG E . However. Martin Cooper. Dr. Bell Laboratories head of research.e. at that time. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage regarding mid-twentieth century police car technology? A Mid-twentieth century police car technology had no influence on the development of truly portable telephones. However. For Question 11. with which of the following statements would the author most likely disagree? A High culture is the necessary result of a stable civilization. Cooper made the first call on a portable cell phone in April 1973. E Mid-twentieth century police car technology allowed officers a degree of mobility in communication not available to the general public. C Sophisticated social structures in the animal world can be seen as precursors to civilized culture in humans. D Mid-twentieth century police car technology was not completely understood by Bell Laboratories. select one answer choice. police car) phones and realized that. a former general manager for the systems division at Motorola. He made the call to his rival. they could increase the traffic capac- ity of mobile phones substantially. consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply. or ranges of service areas. the technology to accom- plish this was nonexistent. B Flexibility is almost as important as ingenuity in the development of a civilized culture. Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 331 10. 11. Joel Engel. Based on the attitudes displayed in the passage. Bell Laboratories had introduced the idea of cellular communications back in 1947. Select the sentence that suggests that some specialists overstate the complexity of animal behavior. Motorola was the first to incorporate the technology into a portable device that was designed for use outside of an automobile. is considered the inventor of the first modern por- table handset. 12. by using small cells.

since the initial purchase of 109 acres of northern. sur- prisingly. deep. the wait for decent weather was over. . The author implies that the journey across Buck’s Pond was A relatively simple and required little exertion B somewhat risky and uncertain C difficult and required the strength of four adults D a disappointment to the four weary travelers E undertaken during hazardous weather conditions For Question 15. A bit of wind created ripples on the surface of the water. B Ponds are small bodies of water that are always easily traversed. 14. consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply. The property included a large. We could wait no longer. In late April. forecasts can be dangerously wrong.332 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test For Question 13. somewhat murky pond that we were eager to investigate. in times of major (ii) in the economy. Buck’s Pond was begging to be explored. 15. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text. For Question 14. Four adults and a precocious Golden Retriever gingerly climbed into the over-sized five-person canoe and. The passage indicates that the author would agree with which of the following statements? A It is ill-advised to commence water explorations in winter. however. Economic predictions can be reasonably accurate when the assumption that the future will be much like the past is (i) . forested property. select one answer choice. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A contradicted D spirals B entertained E surges C satisfied F shifts Questions 14 and 15 are based on the following passage. 13. We had been anticipating this maiden voyage for a full nine months. even though the sky still held intermit- tent steel gray clouds and the thermometer registered a mere 54° F. select one entry from the corresponding column of choices for each blank. remained dry as the helmsman shoved us off the sandy launch. C New adventures are never a cause of excitement and enthusiasm. there was no room for any negative thoughts to mar our excitement and enthusiasm for this long-awaited adventure. but we could only remark that this same breeze would be aiding us on our way back to shore.

A unique B feckless C novel D lackluster E industrious F mettlesome 18. the seahorse remains one of nature’s more creatures. the actress was . the media have brought the author’s opinions to the public’s attention. Judged by almost any standard. After numerous rejections. 16. select the two answer choices that. A authoritative B popular C controversial D articulate E conclusive F polemical 17. throughout the country. when used to complete the sentence. forming one of the largest conglomerates in the country. the board of directors decided to with another corporation. fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning. After a slump in sales. with the male of the species giving birth to offspring. A speculative B optimistic C despondent D resilient E insipid F melancholy 19. certain that she would never act in a Broadway play. With its rebellious approach to the subject. her book has been more widely debated than most. A unite B capitulate C dissipate D merge E alternate F disperse G O O N TO N E X T PAG E . Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 333 For Questions 16 through 20.

The topic of teaching evolution in schools. . Use any remaining time to check your work. still a rather issue. A ephemeral B controversial C abbreviated D contentious E inexplicable F settled STOP.334 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test 20. This is the end of Section 2. has been a subject of debate for years.

Read the following directions before you begin the test. fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning. Reading Comprehension questions appear in sets. G O O N TO N E X T PAG E . Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text. and Sentence Equivalence. Text Completion Questions Directions: Select one entry from the corresponding column of choices for each blank. when used to complete the sentence. The questions will be presented in random order. Select-in-Passage: Choose the sentence in the passage that meets a certain description. Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 335 SECTION 3 Verbal Reasoning 30 Minutes 20 Questions This section consists of three different types of questions: Reading Comprehension. Text Completion. Reading Comprehension Questions Directions: Multiple-choice Questions—Select One Answer Choice: These are the traditional multiple-choice questions with five answer choices from which you must select one. Text Completion and Sentence Equivalence questions are independent. select all that are correct. Sentence Equivalence Questions Directions: Select the two answer choices that. To answer the questions. Multiple-choice Questions—Select One or More Answer Choices: These questions provide three answer choices. select the best answer from the answer choices given.

some experts believe that more than six percent of the 189 million Internet users in the United States are being on the web to the point of not being able to imagine going 24 hours without accessing the computer. select the two answer choices that. perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer.336 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test For Questions 1 through 3.” it was his way of declaring that and solitude were perfectly acceptable habits for a fulfilling life. 1. When Henry David Thoreau wrote. fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning. when used to complete the sentence. A fed up with B compulsive about C tired of D obsessed with E afraid of F disgusted with 2.” occasionally other items are thrown into the flames in an act of extreme . A revolution B celebration C censorship D liberation E suppression F freedom 3. “If a man does not keep pace with his companions. Although the act is often referred to as “book burning. including a variety of supposedly offensive graphic novels and records. While most addictions in today’s culture center on recreational drugs or alcohol. A poverty B minimalism C duplicity D exorbitance E infamy F simplicity .

while the children were thrilled by the Egyptian mummies.m. I think we walked for miles. select one answer choice. But with that chore finished. Sitting amongst our suitcases. Which of the following is implied about the visit to the Louvre? A The Louvre is the largest. An 8 a. We chose to see the Louvre. sixth-floor apartment in the 10th arrondisse- ment. The Napoleon buff in our party insisted on seeing the Jacques- Louis David’s seemingly life-sized painting of the emperor’s coronation. B The visit was exhausting and inappropriate for small children. international flight. the author is primarily concerned with A emphasizing the immense diversity of art to be found at the Louvre museum B describing the challenges of international travel with children C complaining about inadequate accommodations in Europe D giving an account of her last day in Paris E bragging about her foreign vacation G O O N TO N E X T PAG E . 4. We packed early. Despite the frenetic pace. most comprehensive art museum in the world. Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 337 Questions 4 and 5 are based on the following passage. For Question 4. demands strict attention to detail and advance preparation. For Question 5. consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply. We planned our visit strategically: the Mona Lisa. C The visit encompassed diverse tastes. Lifting a glass toward our window view of a sparkling Eiffel Tower. we flipped through our souvenirs and swapped stories with our host until bedtime. In the passage. followed by the Venus De Milo. especially one to be taken with children. of course. we saw only a fraction of the museum before it was time to head home—home being a tiny. 5. we toasted each other—and a beautiful day in Paris. it was time to spend one last afternoon in Paris.

C In the past. economic. Qin Shihuang died while traveling at the age of 49. and hold on. Qin Shihuang had succeeded his father as emperor. B In the event of an earthquake. The Earthquake Country Alliance (ECA) recently released its guidelines for protec- tive action in case of an earthquake. Thousands of years ago. royalty of diverse cultures were often buried in extremely lavish tombs that they themselves commissioned in preparation for their inevitable deaths. even if better cover could be found elsewhere. . He assumed full power at the age of 22 by ridding himself of his rival. For Question 7. Structurally. individuals should avoid the so-called “triangle of life” on the side of furniture or automobiles. historians can continue to learn of his life by studying the artifacts found in the extravagant tomb in which he was laid to rest. Qin Shihuang’s goal was to unify and subjugate all of the Chinese states using his powerful political. Cover. For Question 6.338 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test Question 6 is based on the following passage. doorways are no safer than the rest of the building. At the age of thirteen. Despite an ongoing quest for immortality. Select the sentence that summarizes the current safety message from the Earthquake Country Alliance. a man who had controlled the throne while Qin Shihuang was a minor. select one answer choice.” the EAC urges individuals experiencing an earthquake to drop to the ground. Although he has been dead for centuries. 6. The EAC’s most important message is stay put. and they provide no protection from falling debris. Persons caught in an earthquake are now told not to seek shelter in doorways. the author would most likely disagree with which of the following statements? A Seeking out the “triangle of life” is an ineffective protective measure in the event of an earthquake. 8. and military strength. Qin Shihuang can best be described as A benevolent B modest C spontaneous D insightful E ruthless Questions 7 and 8 are based on the following passage. According to the passage. Operating under the slogan. Similarly. individuals should always seek shelter in the dining room under the table.200 years ago. About 2. The secondary message includes what not to do. Based on the passage. a Chinese emperor named Qin Shihuang had such a tomb prepared. and Hold on. select one answer choice. The boy was very aggressive and ambitious. “Drop. seek the cover of a sturdy table. people were told to seek shelter from earthquakes by standing in doorways. 7. Individuals should not try to leave the room.

The eggs hatch in two to three weeks and both the male and female warblers tend to their chicks. The Kirtland’s warbler is a plump. the male warbler provides food for his mate while the female Kirtland’s warbler lays four to five speckled eggs. help to influence or impact many of its decisions. Often. 9. Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 339 For Questions 9 and 10. the political process centers on competing interest groups that are able to (ii) the government and. During the nesting process. yellow-breasted bird that can be found nesting almost exclusively in the upper half of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text. Michigan is its natural habitat. G O O N TO N E X T PAG E . Sometimes an object in nature is so rare that it escapes mention in nature books. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A democratic D overthrow B pluralist E impede C despotic F access 10. by doing so. select one entry from the corresponding column of choices for each blank. In a (i) model. reduced numbers have caused the Kirtland’s warbler to be designated an endan- gered species. The remaining Kirtland’s warblers now enjoy living among the jack pine trees located in protected Michigan forests. Pathological liars are seldom disturbed by the use of a polygraph. since their overall response to lying is often drastically reduced and as such. they return as early as May. Although this bird does migrate to the Bahamas during the winter months. Oddly. The male warblers generally return north before the female birds. the female warblers begin to collect leaves and grass to build their nests. A cognitive B operational C physiological D qualitative E correlative Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. Unfortunately. the Kirtland’s warbler nests on the ground and not in the nearby jack pine trees themselves. is undetectable. When they arrive. At the completion of their own long journey from the Bahamas. Such is the case with the delightful Kirtland’s warbler. the male warblers stake out their territories and choose a nesting area.

Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text. the author is mostly likely suggesting that A Kirkland’s warblers do not merit mention in nature books B birds that migrate are considered native to the place where they build their nests C many bird species are so rare that they escape mention in nature books D most bird species in Michigan are well documented in scientific literature E Kirkland’s warblers are little known because of their limited numbers 13. been politically (ii) . serving as a role model for noble women in Spain who had. 11. Which of the following most logically completes the passage? A Male and female warblers generally eat small insects. The passage implies that the author is A disinterested in the fate of Kirtland’s warbler B a proponent of Kirtland’s warbler C a native of Michigan who travels to the Bahamas D reluctant to discuss the migratory patterns of Kirtland’s warbler E annoyed that Kirtland’s warbler is not mentioned in nature books 12. C Other Michigan-native birds species also nest on the ground. D Five weeks after the eggs hatch. select one entry from the corresponding column of choices for each blank. 14. For Questions 14 to 16. B Most native species of birds only lay three to four eggs. In the first two sentences of the passage. the fledglings are able to survive on their own. select one answer choice. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A domineering D disregarded B powerful E lauded C aberrant F vilified . Queen Isabella was a strong and (i) ruler.340 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test For Questions 11 to 13. E While the birds nest on the ground. until her reign. the jack pine trees offer unique protection.

Her acces- sion was one of the most important steps in finally making the Chunnel a reality. it was not until two years later. Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 341 15. subsequently. when Thatcher met with French President François Mitterand for one of their routine economic meetings. finally giving the project full political weight. Thatcher had made it part of her political platform. television viewers were (i) by a border collie’s ability to correctly retrieve specific toys at the request of its owner and. Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister of Great Britain. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A awestruck D maturation B appalled E cognitive C duped F education 16. researchers discovered that the dog had the (ii) level of a three-year-old child. The author spends so much time on this intricate description of scenery that the reader becomes lost in this . A rabble B vocabulary C opulence D digression E machination Question 17 is based on the following passage. During a European broadcast in 2002. G O O N TO N E X T PAG E . Both political leaders felt that the underwater tunnel would be advantageous to their respective countries by bringing important financial support to local businesses as well as providing jobs to counteract growing unemployment. and the point of the entire article is overlooked or forgotten. that she and he organized a committee to take a new and serious look at build- ing the Chunnel. Both Thatcher and Mitterand also knew that it would enhance their image world- wide and leave behind a legacy of their respective times in office. Still. In 1979.

the process took on a whole new meaning. They were determined to break Michigan’s record of 3. D The Chunnel was an overhead bridge that would connect England and France. One woman was there to mark her 99th birth- day! Kids of all ages flapped their arms in the snow and a young baby even made a snow angel by having her car seat spun in circles. but in early 2007. select one answer choice. For Question 18. North Dakota. Making snow angels usually falls under the category of children’s winter recre- ation. select one answer choice. Participants ranged from families with children to snowplow drivers. to set a new world’s record for the most people making snow angels at one time. Question 18 is based on the following passage. Almost 9. the idea of the Chunnel was not necessarily a viable one.784.342 Part IV: Practicing for the GRE General Test For Question 17. “mark” most nearly means A memorialize B remember C identify D define E celebrate . C French President François Mitterand often agreed with Margaret Thatcher’s ideas. B The Chunnel was originally Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s idea. E Construction of the Chunnel was going to be challenging to the European economy.000 people gathered on the state Capitol grounds in Bismarck. Which of the following sentences can be inferred from this passage about the Chunnel? A At one time. 18. 17. In the context in which it appears.

Second. and if they do not get it. For giraffes. First. Chapter 12: GRE Practice Test 2 343 Questions 19 and 20 are based on the following passage. humans dream. Dreams have lent an ineffable quality to sleep. 19. Long ago. STOP. Use any remaining time to check your work. Third. Even the ever-practical ancient Romans thought that dreams could be messages sent directly from one of their gods. While modern scientists believe that dreams are the brain’s method for sifting through life’s daily events. the need averages between seven and eight hours a night. that number is closer to 20! For human adults. their bodies are resting and reenergizing for the next day. they can suffer in their ability to con- centrate and to think logically. Select the sentence within the passage that illustrates a possible minimum level of sleep necessary for full functionality in the animal world. For bats. their brains are sorting through information and retaining some details while discarding others. however. a number of things occur. Some experts believe this process helps to strengthen individuals’ memories. philosophers and sages gave prophetic significance to dreams. consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply. sleep is an essential part of most creatures’ lives. For Question 19. This is the end of Section 3. While humans sleep. The author of the passage most likely mentions the Romans’ beliefs about dreaming because A it demonstrates that some dreams originate from deities B it supports the idea that some cultures give dreams different kinds of significance C it correlates to how the culture felt about the power of dreaming and sleepwalking 20. two hours a day is enough. Although it is almost always taken for granted. this was not always the case. .