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AVTE(Coaching for Regular Class Room/Correspondence/Test Series)

25
Expected Questions
On
. E .
SIMILAR TRIANGLES
.V. T
A

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AVTE(Coaching for Regular Class Room/Correspondence/Test Series)

1. ABC and DBC lie on the same side of the base BC. From a point P on BC, PQ || AB and
PR || BD are drawn. They meet AC in Q and DC in R respectively. Prove that QR || AD.
(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 20)

QS PQ
2. If PS is the bisector of  QPR of  PQR. Prove that  . (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 23)
SR PR
3. In a right angled triangle with sides a and b and hypotenuse c, the altitude drawn on the
1 1 1
hypotenuse is x. Prove that: 2
 2  2. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 37)
a b x
4. P & Q are midpoints of sides CA and CB respectively of ABC right angled at C.
Prove that: (a) 4AQ2 = 4AC2 + BC2
(b) 4(AQ2 + BP2 ) = 5AB2.
(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 42)

.
5. In an isosceles triangle ABC, with AB = AC, BD is the perpendicular from B to the side AC.

E
Prove that BD2 - CD2 = 2CD. AD.

6.

. T. A
(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 44)

ABC is a triangle in which AB = AC and D is any point on BC. Prove that AB2 - AD2 = BD. CD.
(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 45)

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7. In ABC,  B = 900. L & M trisect BC. Fig. 11.

A
C B (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 48)
Prove that 8AM2 = 5AL2 + 3AC2. M L
Fig. 11
8. In  ABC , D is the midpoint of BC and AE BC.
1
Prove that: AB2 + AC2 = 2 AD2 + BC2 OR AB2 + AC2 = 2AD2 +2BD2.(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 55)
2

BC 2 BD
9. In ABC ACB = 90° and CD AB. Prove that  . (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 69)
AC 2 AD
10. Through the mid-point M of the side CD of a IIgm ABCD, the line BM is drawn intersecting
AC in L and AD (if produced) in E. Prove that EL = 2BL. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 72)

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AVTE(Coaching for Regular Class Room/Correspondence/Test Series)

xy
11. In the adjoining [Fig. 20] , PA , QB & RC are each to AC. Prove that z = x  y .

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 80)


P R
Q
x y
z
A B C
Fig. 20
12. Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right angled triangle. Show that the area of
the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the areas of triangles on the other two
sides. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 86)

13. In adjoining Fig 28, ABC and DBC are two triangles on the same base BC.

. E .
If AD intersects BC at O, show that
ar. (ABC)
ar. (DBC)
=
AO
DO
.

B
A (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q.95)
Fig. 28

T
O

14.

.V. D
C

Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of

15.

16.
A
their corresponding medians.

CQ : QD = 4 : 1. If PQ meets AC at R, then prove that AR =


3
(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 98)

Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of
their corresponding angle bisectors. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 99)

ABCD is a parallelogram. AB is divided at P and CD at Q, so that AP: PB = 3:2 and

AC. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 102)


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17. Here, AEF = AFE in the given fig. 29 & E is the midpoint of AC.
BD BF
Prove that = . B (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 106)
CD CE
F

C E A
Fig. 29
D

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AVTE(Coaching for Regular Class Room/Correspondence/Test Series)

18. Through the vertex D of a parallelogram ABCD , a line is drawn to intersect the sides AB and
DA FB FC
CB produced at E and F respectively. Prove that   . (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 107)
AE BE CD
19. In a quadrilateral ABCD, given that A + D = 900. Prove that AC2 + BD2 = AD2 + BC2.
(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 109)
20. Prove that the sum of the squares of the sides of a parallelogram is equal to sum of the
squares of its diagonals. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 110)
21. DEFG is a square & BAC = 90O. Prove DE2 = BD x EC. [Fig.32] (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 113)

. E . G
Square
F

22.

. T
If A is the area of a right angled triangle and b is one of

.V
the sides containing the right angle.
2 Ab
B D
Fig. 32
E

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 114)


C

A
Prove that the length of the altitude on the hypotenuse is .
b + 4A 2
4

23. In a trapezium ABCD, AB II DC and DC = 2AB; FE drawn II to AB cuts AD in F and BC


BE 3
in E, i.e.  . Diagonal DB intersects EF at G. Prove that 7 FE = 10AB.
EC 4
(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 117)

24. In the adjoining fig. 34, PQRS and PLMN are squares. Prove that
(i) PM : PN = PR : PS
(ii) PRM ~ PSN (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 119)

25. D is the midpoint of side BC of a ABC . AD is bisected at pt E and BE produced cuts


AC at pt X . Prove that BE : EX = 3 : 1. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 123)

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