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You are on page 1of 4

25

Expected Questions

On

. E .

SIMILAR TRIANGLES

.V. T

A

AVTE(Coaching for Regular Class Room/Correspondence/Test Series)

1. ABC and DBC lie on the same side of the base BC. From a point P on BC, PQ || AB and

PR || BD are drawn. They meet AC in Q and DC in R respectively. Prove that QR || AD.

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 20)

QS PQ

2. If PS is the bisector of QPR of PQR. Prove that . (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 23)

SR PR

3. In a right angled triangle with sides a and b and hypotenuse c, the altitude drawn on the

1 1 1

hypotenuse is x. Prove that: 2

2 2. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 37)

a b x

4. P & Q are midpoints of sides CA and CB respectively of ABC right angled at C.

Prove that: (a) 4AQ2 = 4AC2 + BC2

(b) 4(AQ2 + BP2 ) = 5AB2.

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 42)

.

5. In an isosceles triangle ABC, with AB = AC, BD is the perpendicular from B to the side AC.

E

Prove that BD2 - CD2 = 2CD. AD.

6.

. T. A

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 44)

ABC is a triangle in which AB = AC and D is any point on BC. Prove that AB2 - AD2 = BD. CD.

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 45)

.V

7. In ABC, B = 900. L & M trisect BC. Fig. 11.

A

C B (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 48)

Prove that 8AM2 = 5AL2 + 3AC2. M L

Fig. 11

8. In ABC , D is the midpoint of BC and AE BC.

1

Prove that: AB2 + AC2 = 2 AD2 + BC2 OR AB2 + AC2 = 2AD2 +2BD2.(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 55)

2

BC 2 BD

9. In ABC ACB = 90° and CD AB. Prove that . (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 69)

AC 2 AD

10. Through the mid-point M of the side CD of a IIgm ABCD, the line BM is drawn intersecting

AC in L and AD (if produced) in E. Prove that EL = 2BL. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 72)

AVTE(Coaching for Regular Class Room/Correspondence/Test Series)

xy

11. In the adjoining [Fig. 20] , PA , QB & RC are each to AC. Prove that z = x y .

P R

Q

x y

z

A B C

Fig. 20

12. Equilateral triangles are drawn on the sides of a right angled triangle. Show that the area of

the triangle on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the areas of triangles on the other two

sides. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 86)

13. In adjoining Fig 28, ABC and DBC are two triangles on the same base BC.

. E .

If AD intersects BC at O, show that

ar. (ABC)

ar. (DBC)

=

AO

DO

.

B

A (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q.95)

Fig. 28

T

O

14.

.V. D

C

Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of

15.

16.

A

their corresponding medians.

3

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 98)

Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of

their corresponding angle bisectors. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 99)

7

17. Here, AEF = AFE in the given fig. 29 & E is the midpoint of AC.

BD BF

Prove that = . B (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 106)

CD CE

F

C E A

Fig. 29

D

AVTE(Coaching for Regular Class Room/Correspondence/Test Series)

18. Through the vertex D of a parallelogram ABCD , a line is drawn to intersect the sides AB and

DA FB FC

CB produced at E and F respectively. Prove that . (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 107)

AE BE CD

19. In a quadrilateral ABCD, given that A + D = 900. Prove that AC2 + BD2 = AD2 + BC2.

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 109)

20. Prove that the sum of the squares of the sides of a parallelogram is equal to sum of the

squares of its diagonals. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 110)

21. DEFG is a square & BAC = 90O. Prove DE2 = BD x EC. [Fig.32] (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 113)

. E . G

Square

F

22.

. T

If A is the area of a right angled triangle and b is one of

.V

the sides containing the right angle.

2 Ab

B D

Fig. 32

E

C

A

Prove that the length of the altitude on the hypotenuse is .

b + 4A 2

4

BE 3

in E, i.e. . Diagonal DB intersects EF at G. Prove that 7 FE = 10AB.

EC 4

(AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 117)

24. In the adjoining fig. 34, PQRS and PLMN are squares. Prove that

(i) PM : PN = PR : PS

(ii) PRM ~ PSN (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 119)

AC at pt X . Prove that BE : EX = 3 : 1. (AVTE ASSIGNMENT Q. 123)

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