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FOR COMMENT

A
Sanskrit-
English
Dictionary

lirika.lv/nagari
DIGITILISED BY

MARCIS GASUNS

COMPILED B Y
ARTHUR A .
MACDONELL

Oxford
1893
PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
BY H O R A C E HART, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSrTY

TO

PROFESSOR F. MAX MULLER

TO WHOSE SUGGESTION ITS EXISTENCE IS DUE

THIS WORK IS INSCRIBED


PREFACE

THE aim of the present work is to satisfy within the compass of a comparatively handy volume
all the practical wants not only of learners of Sanskrit but also of scholars for purposes of ordinary
reading.
When I began my task in 1886 there was no available work which supplied the deficiency. The
only one having a somewhat similar end in view, the Sanskrit-English Lexicon of my respected
teacher, the late Theodore Benfey, was already out of print. By the time, however, that my
manuscript was half finished, no fewer than three small Sanskrit dictionaries had been published. It
may perhaps be advisable to indicate some of the points in which the present work differs from and
compares with them. In the first place, it is much more copious. Excluding all words and meanings
which occur in native lexicographers, but cannot be quoted from actual literature, my book contains
nearly double as much material as any of the dictionaries in question. The present work is, moreover,
the only one of the four, which is transliterated. It can thus be used, for example, by comparative
philologists not knowing a single letter of the Devanagari alphabet. None of the others is etymological
in any sense. This feature of my dictionary increases both its usefulness from a linguistic point of
view and its practical value to the student, who will always better remember the meaning of a word,
the derivation of which is made clear to him. Lastly, this is the only one of the lexicons in question
which indicates not only with respect to words, but also to their meanings, the literary period to which
they belong and the frequency or rarity of their occurrence. This addition I regard as both scientifically
and practically important.
Scope of the Work. The present dictionary is intended to supply the vocabulary of post-Vedic
literature in general, while including those portions of Vedic literature which are readily accessible
to the student in good selections. All out-of-the-way technical terms, such as those of medicine,
botany, astronomy, and ritual, are excluded, except in so far as they have found their way into
ordinary literary works, or occur in selections which I have expressly included. Specifically legal and
philosophical terms are, on the other hand, largely represented, owing to the inclusion in my list
of the most important works belonging to the corresponding departments of literature. Having
acquired a rather extensive experience of native commentaries in connexion with my lectures to students
preparing for the Honour School of Oriental Languages at Oxford, I have introduced a considerable
number of grammatical and rhetorical terms also, these being necessary for the comprehension of such
works as for instance the glosses of Mallinatha. A good many words and explanations will thus be found,
which either do not occur in the Petersburg dictionaries, or are, I think, less correctly given there. (Compare
e.g. articles arthantaranyasa, bahuvrihi, yatha tatha, vakyabheda, vyadhikarawa, sapekshatva, etc.)
The list of books to which my dictionary specially refers, and which I drew up, when planning the
work, after consultation with a pupil of Professor Biihler's,' the late Dr. Schonberg, then resident in
Oxford, I here append.
Books specially referred to. Bhagavadgita, Bhartrihari, BhashapariM/zeda, DasakumaraAarita,
Gitagovinda, HarshaAarita, Hitopadesa, Kadambari, Kamandakiya-nitisara, Kathasaritsagara, KiratarAu-
niya, Kulluka, Kumarasawzbhava, Mahavira/fcarita, Malatimadhava, Malavikagnimitra, Manu, Meghaduta,
Mitakshara (on Ya A wavalkya), MrikMakbiika,, Mudrarakshasa, Naishadha, Nala, Pa/?£atantra, Raghu-
viii PREFACE

va»?*a, RaAataraiwgmi, Ratnavali, mtxxs&mh&ra,, £akuntala, &mKara (on the Vedanta-sutras), /Sisupala-
vadha, Tarkasawgraha, Uttararama/fcaritra, Vasavadatta, Vedantasara, Vewisa»«hara, Vikramankadeva-
£arita, Vikramorvasi, Ya A wavalkya. Besides all the post-Vedic selections contained in the Readers
mentioned below, the list finally includes the second edition of Bohtlingk's Indische Spriiche, a flori-
legium of the aphoristic poetry in which Sanskrit literature is pre-eminent, well deserving to be made
accessible to the English-speaking student.
With regard to Vedic literature I have taken in all that is contained in the second edition of
Bohtlingk's Sanshit-Chrestomathie, in Hillebrandt's Veda-Chrestomathie, in Lanman's Reader, and in
Windisch's Zwolf Hymnen des Bigveda, besides those hymns which are prescribed to the candidates of the
Honour School of Oriental Languages at Oxford (Rig-veda X, i to xxii). Peterson's 'Selected Hymns
of the Rig-veda' would also have been taken in, had they been published soon enough. The majority
of the hymns contained in that selection are, however, already included. Apart from passages supplied in
Readers, the Brahma«a period is represented by the Aitareya-Brahma»a, while the Dharma-sutra of
Gautama and the A*valayana and Paraskara Gn'hya-sutras are specially selected from the latest phase
of Vedic literature.
Important Vedic words, even though not occurring in the selections, have found a place in my
dictionary mainly on linguistic grounds.
The number of hymns from the Rig-veda, being nearly all the best in that collection, is about one
hundred and twenty. As a list of them will probably prove a convenience to students, it is here subjoined.
Mamn^a I: i, 13, 24, 33, 39, 41, 42, 50, 6$, 67, 85, 92, 97, 113, 115, 118, 143, 154, 161, 162, 190;
II: 12, 27, 38; III: 33, 35, 59, 62; IV: 19, 27, 30, 33, 42, 51, 52 ; V: 11, 24, 32> 4°, 81, 83, 84, 85 ;
VI: 9, 50, 54, 74; VII: 6, 28, 33, 34, 46, 4% 54, 55, 5b 51 > 6l> 76> % 86> 87> 88, 89, 102, 103 : VIII:
14, 29, 30, 85, 91 ; IX : I, 38, 41, 112; X : 1-22, 33, 34, 39, 51, 52, 85, 108, 117, 118, 127, 129, 137,
145, 46, 154, 168, 185.
Arrangement. In my original plan I had contemplated making a separate article of each word,
simple and compound, printed in Devanagari type as well as transliterated. Reflection, however, soon led
me to abandon this scheme for that of arranging compounds in a group under a heading word, the latter
only being printed in Devanagari, while only the second member of the remaining compounds is given
in transliteration (see, for instance, article amnta). When the number of such compounds is large, they
have been split up into several groups with reference to the initial of the second member (see p. 173).
The result of this change has been a saving of about 100 pages on the estimate of 480 pages according
to the earlier plan, and that too although I have introduced rather more matter than I had then intended.
I believe that this saving of space will moreover prove an actual advantage from the practical point of
view, because the eye will find a word more quickly thus than if it had to run down columns of separate
articles. A glance at pages 173 to 175 will probably convince the student of the correctness of this opinion.
A dictionary being a means to an end, a saving of time in its use is obviously an important object.
As to the arrangement of individual articles, the transliteration of the Devanagari word is followed,
in the case of nouns, by the derivation (in brackets) where this cannot be made sufficiently clear
by the employment of hyphens in the transliteration (see e.g. bhn'gu, muhiirta, loka). Next follow
the meanings in close juxtaposition, so that the eye may take them all in at a glance if possible.
My aim has been to give the senses of all words in the historical order of development. Then come
the special uses of the cases, and last of all idiomatic combinations (see buddhi, manas). When cases
are mentioned, they are given in the order of Sanskrit grammar. The feminine form of adjectives
is given in parentheses immediately after eaS; thus 'paurusha, a. (i)/ When no feminine is stated,
it must be assumed to be a or else not quotable.
Adjective compounds ending in participles are described as participles, e.g. su-gata, «rotra-peya.
This enables me to make an important distinction in sense without adding a long explanation. Thus
.yuyfci-smita is described as an adjective, because smita is here really a noun at the end of a Bahuvrihi
compound. Again, any confusion in the mind of the beginner between secondary adjectives like
samawAan-iya and future participles like bodhaniya is by this means avoided.
At first I thought of employing figures to indicate distinct differences of meaning. But the
difficulty, in many cases, of determining a full interval of meaning, and the large waste of space
PREFACE vii

involved, induced me to reject their use for this purpose, especially as the need is sufficiently met by
the employment of the semi-colon (see Punctuation). I have therefore only used figures either to
distinguish words which have the same form but differ etymologically (as verbs like ruh or nouns like
sam-udra and sa-mudra), or to clearly mark off groups of meaning (as in darama).
Unnecessary repetition has often been avoided by the use of parentheses. Thus when samahita-mati
is defined as ' (having an) attentive (mind)/ the meaning intended is, that its equivalent is strictly speaking
' having an attentive mind/ though it may ordinarily be rendered by ( attentive/ The same object is
attained by the use of dashes, implying that an obvious word or words are to be supplied from what
precedes or follows. Thus sat-kirti is defined as e f . good reputation; a. having a -,' which of course must
be understood to mean chaving a good reputation7 (cp. also dirgha-sattra, patana, vidhatavya).
Mainly for the sake of convenience in attaching suffixes and the second members of compounds,
nouns have been given in the weak or middle bases. Verbal roots have similarly been given in their
weak forms with a view to uniformity. Though I do not think that I have been absolutely consistent
in this respect, I believe I have been sufficiently so for practical purposes.
I have sometimes been obliged to sacrifice a strictly scientific treatment to practical exigencies by
admitting such suffixes as -tp, and -maya in long articles made up of compounds (such as that under
mitra). Otherwise I should have been compelled to divide a long paragraph in the middle merely
in order to print an unimportant word in Devanagari type. Not much harm can after all result
from this, as not even the tyro would be likely to confound such suffixes with regular words. To
obviate the difficulty by placing such words out of their regular alphabetical order would have entailed
a much more serious drawback on the practical side. In the case of important proper names I have
generally added a few concise remarks together with approximate dates as far as these can be deter-
mined in the light of the most recent research (see e.g. Bhavabhuti). As definitions of technical terms
are sometimes almost unintelligible without illustrative examples, the latter have been added where it
seemed necessary (see, for instance, samasokti).
In articles treating of verbs, the conjugational class is first stated together with the voice in which
it is conjugated. When the latter is omitted, the verb must be understood to be both active and middle.
Next comes the present base or bases in transliteration, followed by the meanings of the verb arranged
on the same principle as in the case of nouns, the idiomatic uses being stated at the end. After this are
added the present passive (generally omitted) with the past passive participle, the causal, the desiderative, and
the intensive (when these forms occur), with their respective perfect participles passives in this order.
The principle I had in view in treating the perfect participle passive, was to give it under the
verb when the meanings are merely verbal, but to make a separate article of it where adjectival senses
predominate. I feel that I have not been thoroughly consistent in this respect. It is, however, not a
matter of great moment.
The verbal prepositions are arranged in alphabetical order after the last form of the simple verb
with which they are used. A scientific as well as a practical consideration determined me to concentrate
them in this manner. On the one hand, these prefixes are separable in the Veda, while on the other,
a large amount of space is saved by making a single article of a verbal root and the prepositions
with which it may be combined. Otherwise separate head-lines in Devanagari as well as transliteration
would have to be printed. Four times as much space would thus be occupied as under the alternative
system. Nor would anything be thus gained in convenience, unless (to obviate reference to the simple
verb) the present base and other forms were added. This would involve a further waste of space.
Exclusion of References. I have acted on the principle that a dictionary should give all references
or none. The former alternative was, of course, out of the question in a practical work. It might, it is
time, have been useful to state where a word occurs which is not to be found in other dictionaries. My
rare deviations from the rule are, however, solely limited to passages in which the meaning of a particular
word is unknown, or where the definition is made clearer by the reference, as in the case of samudga or
sarvatobhadra. Partial references have, I think, a tendency to make students too dependent on them in
determining the meaning of a word in any given passage. The omission of such references is more than
compensated for by the method which I have followed. I have endeavoured to limit the meaning of a
word as far as possible to parallel instances by indicating the case which it governs, the word in context with
viii PREFACE

which it is employed, the literary period or department to which it belongs, and the frequency or rarity
of its occurrence. An examination of such articles as lohita or Vi. ruh will illustrate my meaning.
Alphabetical Order. From this order (see p. xii) I have, from considerations of practical utility, never
deviated, with one very slight and rare exception. I have sometimes transposed the order of two words,
either to obviate breaking up a paragraph or to avoid repeating a definition [e.g. smarya). The words
being in immediate juxtaposition, neither of them can be missed.
Under this head I ought to add a few remarks in order to remove some common stumbling-blocks
from the path of the beginner. Owing to variety of spelling, especially in Indian editions, words with
initial ^ v and ![ $ may not be found under those letters. They will be discovered by looking up «f b and
"4 sh or A f s respectively. The reverse also applies. The alphabetical position of Anusvara followed by
a semivowel or sibilant is before 4i k. Thus W,W,A, samvara and sawwaya precede ARJ saka. On the
other hand, the Anusvara which occurs before a mute of one of the five classes and is interchangeable with
the nasal of that class, occupies the place of the class nasal. Thus H.W.W, sa»2-kaksha (= *jA- A san-kaksha)
immediately follows ^^W, sa-ghnwa. Similarly, the unchangeable or necessary Visarga (r. e. preceding
a hard guttural or labial) comes after a vowel before any other consonant. Thus AnftcRAW anta/fc-karawa
and ASJnTitJT! antaA-pura follow 'W.W, anta and precede 4«ff«fi anta-ka. On the other hand, the Visarga
which precedes a sibilant, and may be assimilated to it, is treated as if it were that sibilant and placed
accordingly. Thus A ^ T H adhaA-#aya and V3nAlf*|«t adha£-*ayin follow nannyA^ adhae-Aarawa and
precede ARAadhas.
Abbreviations. A full list of these together with their explanations will be found on p. xii. It
is, however, perhaps advisable to add a few remarks showing how some of these symbols should exactly
be understood to apply. When a sign such as V. ( = Vedic) is added in parentheses after a form, a
grammatical symbol, or a meaning, its application is restricted to these only. Thus under -/yam,
yama (F.) means that that present base is exclusively Vedic; a. (V.), m. (V.) signify that as an adjective
or as a masculine noun, the word in question is exclusively Vedic; when ' sad-as, n.' is defined as ' seat,
place, abode, dwelling (F.)/ the meaning is that all these synonymous senses are Vedic. The applica-
tion of such notes as f ord. mg.' (= ordinary meaning) is similar. Thus under i. mana, all the preceding
words separated by commas, viz. 'respect, regard, honour, mark of honour/ are indicated as included in
the ordinary meaning of mana (cp. Punctuation). If, on the other hand, a symbol followed by a colon
is used before a meaning, its application is carried on till another symbol occurs. For example, under
vnddhi the sense ' growth3 is indicated to be both Vedic and Classical, ' delectation, delight/ Vedic,
but all the significations from ' adolescence' onwards post-Vedic only.
Type. The small Devanagari character is used for all articles except the verbs, for which the large
type is reserved. Ordinary Roman type is employed for transliteration immediately following a word in
Devanagari; but when a word occurs in transliteration only, it is printed in thick type so as to catch
the eye at once (as in article akshara). When there is no object in attracting the attention, as for
instance when Sanskrit words occur in definitions or explanations, they are not made conspicuous
in this manner.
To the special use made of italic type, I attach considerable practical value. Its occurrence in
definitions always implies amplification or elucidation, whereas the ordinary Roman type represents as
far as is possible the exact literal equivalent of the Sanskrit word. Thus sawzvara»a-sray is defined
as ' wreath given by a girl to the man of her choice' (compare also samanajupama). By this means
needless repetitions and waste of space are avoided, while much is gained in clearness of definition at
one and the same time.
Punctuation. The colon immediately before a transliterated word or suffix, indicates that the
latter must be attached to the end of the preceding Sanskrit word. Thus :-ka after the heading
word loshAa is to be read as loshAa-ka. This is in no way affected by the intervening special
uses of cases or idioms often added at the end of an article. Thus :-kesarin under vi-krama must
of course be understood as vikrama-kesarin, in spite of the inflected forms of vikrama which
immediately precede -kesarin. The special significance of the semi-colon is, in addition to marking
off distinctly different meanings, to separate within a paragraph the latter halves of the compounds
which it contains. Thus ;-/£akshus under lola-kar?za, is to be read as lola-/£akshus, and the following
PREFACE vii

;-ta as lola-ta. Had a colon preceded the latter, it would have meant lola->£akshus-ta. The semi-
colon will sometimes be found instead of the colon when it is perfectly obvious that nothing else
could be done with the following word but attach it to the end of the preceding one. This is for
instance the case with ;-kara after loha. The comma is employed, as has already been indicated,
to separate more or less synonymous meanings, while the semi-colon marks off distinct differences of
sense. The other specific use of the comma is in paragraphs with compounds to show that the
following word is to be applied exactly in the same way as a preceding one introduced by a colon.
Thus sat-karya followed by :-vada and subsequently by ,-vadin, must be read as satkarya-vada and
satkarya-vadin.
Transliteration. The system is that which has been adopted in the f Sacred Books of the East/ and
already followed by me in my edition of Professor Max Muller's Sanskrit Grammar. Had I been guided
exclusively by my own judgment I should have preferred c and j to represent the hard and the soft palatal.
I should have retained the italic t and d for the linguals, but made the lingual 4 sh also an italic #,
representing the palatal sibilant A by §. The connexion of these two sibilants with the mutes of their
classes would thus have been clearly indicated. The employment of a double letter sh, the latter half
of which otherwise represents an aspiration, to express the simple sound of a spirant, is not strictly
scientific, though convenient for the Anglo-Saxon. It is, however, not a good thing to multiply systems.
I must here refer to some practical applications of transliteration which I have made.
When one or more letters in thick type are added after a Sanskrit word either in parentheses or
following a semi-colon, colon, or comma, the meaning is that that letter or those letters are to be sub-
stituted for precisely the same number at the end of the word in question. Thus ' paurusha, a. (i)/
'yamaka, a, (ika)' signify that the feminine of the former adjective is paurushi and that of the latter
yamika. Similarly (samana-murdhan, a. (ni) ' indicates that this word has the form samana-murdhni in
the feminine. The letters :i-ka, referring to a preceding pauKma, must be read as paurawi-ka.
Accent. Wherever the accent is known from Vedic texts it has been given in the transliteration,
the Udatta (acute) accent being marked in the usual way [e.g. vadhar) and the svarita (circumflex)
accent being indicated by a curVe above the vowel [e. g. svar).
When an accented word is exclusively Vedic this is indicated by a F., while if nothing is stated,
it may be assumed to be post-Vedic also, e.g. vini. As the meanings of an accented word may be
partly Vedic, partly post-Vedic, and partly common to both periods, this is broadly indicated by the
symbols V. ( = Vedic in general), C. { — post -Vedic in general), and V. C. ( = both Vedic and post-Vedic),
as for example in the article vrata. Unaccented words may be assumed to be post-Vedic, since in the
rare cases when they happen to belong to the Vedic period, this is noted. Sometimes I distinguish
subordinate periods, as Br. = BrahmaAa, S. — Sutra, 7?. = Epic, P. = Purawa. It would, however, have
been beyond the scope of the present work to go into details of this kind. That would belong rather
to the sphere of an exclusively etymological dictionary. I may mention in passing that amma£ keyojxeva
are indicated, a single occurrence in the Big-veda, for instance, being marked as RV.X, just as words
and meanings quotable only from native grammarians and lexicographers are made recognisable by an
asterisk. This is an important safeguard; for the signification of the former class of words is often
very doubtful, while the genuineness of the latter is uncertain. I have frequently seen non-quotable
words, without any indication that they are such, used by comparative philologists, as well as a-naA
Xeyo^eua made the basis of far-reaching conclusions. Thus I remember a few years ago hearing
an Oriental scholar, who was not a Sanskritist, using as an argument for Babylonian influence the word
mana, to which the older Petersburg dictionary in one passage attributed the meaning of fa certain
weight of gold/ and which was therefore supposed to be identical with the Greek fj.va. This meaning
no longer appears in the smaller edition of that work.
Compounds arranged under an accented heading word, must be assumed to be unaccented and there-
fore post-Vedic unless any indication to the contrary is given. Thus -ketu under vi A aya is to be read
as viyaya-ketu. It follows as a matter of course that, if the second half of a compound has an accent,
that is the accent of the whole word. Thus -maya occurring under loha represents loha-maya.
Etymology. My original plan was to make the present work a comparative as well as a practical
Sanskrit dictionary. After a good deal of reflection I abandoned this project on the ground that while
b
viii PREFACE

greatly swelling the bulk of the volume, the etymological material would not in this combination
admit of being grouped and classified from various points of view as it should be in a thoroughly
valuable and scientific etymological dictionary. The treatment of this material in a separate volume
which I had contemplated, may be rendered superfluous by a work that is, I understand, in prepara-
tion at Strassburg. My taste for etymological studies I trace in great part to Professor Fick's
lectures on Comparative Greek Grammar, which I attended when a student at Gottingen. Though
not comparative, the dictionary is nevertheless historical and etymological in its character. It is historical
inasmuch as the meanings are not given in an arbitrary order, as in the Indian dictionaries, but are
arranged as far as possible in accordance with their chronological development, while the literary
period to which both words and their senses belong, is plentifully indicated. It is etymological from
the Sanskrit point of riew inasmuch as all words, except the small number—far smaller than in any
other Aryan language—which defy analysis, have been broken up into their component parts in the
transliteration either by means of hyphens, as in yaA-na, or of hooks where vowel coalescences occur,
as in m?7gajksha#a for nmgekshawa. Where these means are insufficient, the derivation has been
concisely added in brackets, as under yrarM, yaksha, rmffi. I have inserted in brackets a not
inconsiderable number of roots, the former existence of which, though not occurring as verbs, is either
deducible from Sanskrit derivatives alone or is proved by the evidence of comparative philology
also {e.g. Vmang, n/i. rudh). The structure of Sanskrit words being so much clearer than that in
any other Aryan tongue, I have thus availed myself of the opportunity of supplying students of the
language with an easy instrument of linguistic training.
Sources. The present work derives its material mainly from the newer Petersburg dictionary.
It could not be of much value were this not the case. I have of course also carefully worked through
Bohtlingk and Roth's older dictionary, on account of the vast array of quotations and references which
it contains. The Consultation of these was necessary in the laborious process of verifying meanings.
The rapid strides made by Sanskrit studies during the last thirty years, are chiefly owing to the
lexicographical labours of those two great scholars. Sanskrit lexicography being a product of the
present century, it was for the subject indeed a fortunate combination of circumstances, that the task
was undertaken in an age when strictly scientific methods had begun to be applied to scholarship,
and that the work fell into the hands of two scholars of such eminent ability. The result has been
that Sanskrit lexicography, not having had gradually to clear away the unscientific accumulations of
previous centuries, is already in a more advanced state than that of the classical languages. This is
indeed indicated by the fact that the large Petersburg dictionary contains more than double the
amount of matter supplied by the last edition of Liddell and Scott's Greek Lexicon.
I have also used throughout Grassmann's Lexicon to the Rig-veda, as well as a copy of Benfey's
dictionary annotated by the author himself. To the latter half of Apte's dictionary I owe some
quotable compounds not to be found in the Petersburg dictionaries. Down to about the end of the
vowels I am indebted to Cappeller's Worterbuch for some Sanskrit equivalents of Prakrit words occurring
in Sanskrit plays. I had reached this point when I was informed by the author that he intended trans-
lating his lexicon when complete into English. I accordingly at once ceased referring to it, and have not
looked at it since. From the same work I have borrowed the very convenient abbreviations —° and °-.
I have further consulted Whitney's Sanskrit Roots, the glossaries contained in the Readers of Lanman,
Hillebrandt, and Windisch, as well as in Johnson's Hitopadesa, Kellner's and Monier-Williams's Nala,
Stenzler's and Johnson's Meghaduta, and Burkhard's £akuntala, besides the Index to Pischel and Geldner's
Vedische Studien. I have also made use of Prof. Aufrecht's Catalogns Catalogorum, various articles in the
Journal of the German Oriental Society and Kuhn's Zeitschrift, as well as one by Prof. E. Leumann in
the Fedgruss (to Bohtlingk, on his jubilee), and Prof. Buhler's lexicographical notes in the Vienna
Oriental Journal. In addition to what it derives from these sources of information, my book embodies
all the matter with which it is concerned from the numerous appendices of the smaller Petersburg
dictionary, besides words, compounds, and meanings collected by myself from post-Vedic works, such
as the Pa#y£atantra.
For etymological purposes I have consulted the large Petersburg dictionary, Grassmann's Worterbuch,
Lanman's Glossary, Brugmann's Grundriss, and Fick's Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-European
Languages.
P R E F A C E vii

Having utilised all these sources of information, I venture to think that this work may be regarded
as registering the advance of Sanskrit lexicography up to the present time.
Sir M. Monier-Williams's Sanskrit-English lexicon has not been consulted, partly because it is
based on the older Petersburg dictionary, and having been published twenty years ago contains no new
material, and partly because I wished to avoid being influenced by the system of a work of which a new
edition is in preparation.
I take this opportunity of expressing my sincere gratitude to Prof. E. B. Cowell for the kind way in
which he assisted me during the course of the work in solving difficulties I submitted to him in the
departments of grammar, philosophy, and rhetoric. It is no exaggeration to say that in combined
knowledge of these subjects he surpasses all other Sanskritists. The generous manner in which he
sacrifices his leisure in the interests of those who wish to avail themselves of his great learning, is well
known to his pupils, but not so well known to others as it ought to be.
In conclusion I must not omit to express my belief that the fact of this book having been
printed by the University Press at Oxford, under the eye of its Oriental Reader, Mr. J. C. Pembrey,
whose skill could not be surpassed, is in itself a sufficient guarantee of accuracy.

ARTHUR A. MACDONELL.
7 FYFIBLD ROAD, OXFORD,
September, 1892.

b2
ORDER OF THE SANSKRIT ALPHABET

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
A.» Atmanepada. ;t. exc. = except, exceptionally. 5.= noun, n. = rh. = rhetorical term,
= adjective. ;ib. = excl. = exclamation. neuter, neg. = rit. = ritual term.
ablative, abs. = exp. = explanation. negative, nm. = EV. = Rig-veda.
absolute, abet. = f. = feminine ; also = for. nominative. S.= Sutra.
abstract. ff, = and the following. [ = numeral,
num. j
ac. = accusative, fig. = figurative, -ly. obj. = object.
act. = active. fp. = future participle passive. onom. = onomatopoeic. SB. =/Satapatha-Brahma«a.
ad. = adverb, -ial, -ially, fr. = from. opp. = opposite. Bt. = substantive.
;ior. = aorist. ft. = future. opt. = optative. sc. = scilicet, that is to say, supply.
app. = apposition. g.= genitive. or., orig. = originally. sp. = specifically.
ass. =asseverative. gd. = gerund (indeclinable parti- ord. = ordinary. spv. = superlative.
athg. = anything. ciple). P. = Parasmaipada. st. = stem.
A V. = Atharva - veda. Gk. = Greek. P. — Purawa. sthg. = something.
E. = Buddhistic term. gnly. =* generally. pat. =patrony"mic.
str. = strong.
bg., beg. = beginning. gr. = grammatical term. pel. = particle.
subj. = subjunctive.
Br. = Bratmana. hvg. = having. perh. = perhaps.
id. = the same. pf. = perfect. SV. =Sama-veda.
j l ! =collective>
i. e. = that is. ph., pb.il. = philosophical term. s. v. =sub voce.
ij. = interjection. pi. = plural. ex. —suffix.
A
y- imps. = impersonal. c pronoun. T.= title.
C.= Classical (post-VedicJ Sanskrit. impv. = imperative. pn. t. = term.
cj. = conj unction. in. = instrumental. prn. TBr. = Taittirlya-Brahmana.
incor., incorr. = incorrect. pos. . . tr. = transitive.
coll. ind. =e indicative. i = possessive, TS. =- Taittiriya-Samliita.
poss. |
eomm. = commentator, pot. = potential. U. = Upanishad.
= indeclinable.
oonjr = conjecture, cor. = pp. = perfect passive participle. V. = Veda, Vedic.
indc.
correlative, cp. = compare, Pr. = Prakrit (Sanskrit equivalent v. =vide, see.
cpd. = compound, cpv. = indec.
indf. = indefinite. of Prakrit word), Prakritic. pr. vb. ==verb.
comparative, crt. = = present. vbl. = verbal.
certain. cs. = causal. inf. = infinitive.
int. = intransitive. pred. = predicate, predicative, -ly. vc. = vocative.
d. = dative, prn. = pronoun, pronominal, prob. v. r. = various reading.
intr. = interrogative.
dbl. = double. = probably, prop. = properly, prp. VS. = Vayasaneyi-Samhita.
intv. = intensive (frequentative).
den. = denominative, der. = preposition, prs. = person, ps. = w. =with.
ir. — irregular.
= derivative. dee. passive, pt. = participle, px. = wk. =weak.
K.=king.
=desiderative. dim. = prefix, q. v. = which see. R. = river. Y V. = Ya</ur-veda.
diminutive, dr. = dramatic Lat. = Latin.
red. = reduplicated, reduplication, = equals, is the equivalent of.
term, du. = dual. E. = lc. = locative.
rel. rl. = at the end of a compound.
Epic. leg. = legal term.
= relative. ° — = at the beginning of a com-
lit. «literally.
e. g. = for example, pound (the degree representing
m.= masculine. ( = repeated, rp.
einp. = emphatic, ) the word in question).
met. = metronymic.
= enclitic. rf. = reflexive. + = with ; also.
metr. = metrical (due to exigencies
enc. of metre). + = with or without.
encl. ing. = meaning. & = and.
Eng. = English, mtn. = mountain. &c, etc. = et cetera, and BO forth.
ep. = epithet, eq. N. =name; when alone = name of */ — root.
= equivalent, esp. a man or of a woman.
= especially.

H. B. The articles prakirtana to praX'yuti having by an oversight been omitted in their proper place, will be
found among the Addenda.
A

SANSKRIT-ENGLISH
DICTIONARY

BEING A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK

WITH TRANSLITERATION, ACCENTUATION, AND ETYMOLOGICAL

ANALYSIS THROUGHOUT

COMPILED BY

ARTHUR A. M A C D O N E L L , M.A., PH.D.


CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE

( D E P U T Y ) PROFESSOR OF S A N S K R I T IN T H E U N I V E R S I T Y OF OXFORD

London

L O N G M A N S , G R E E N , A N D C O .

A N D NEW Y O R K : 15 E A S T i6«» S T R E E T

1893

[All rights reserved ]


©jcfoti
PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
BY H O R A C E HART, PRINTER TO T H E U N I V E R S I T Y
TO

PROFESSOR F. MAX MULLER

TO WHOSE SUGGESTION ITS EXISTENCE IS DUE

THIS WORK IS INSCRIBED

a 2
PREFACE

f P H E aim of the present work is to satisfy within the compass of a comparatively handy volume
all the practical wants not only of learners of Sanskrit but also of scholars for purposes of ordinary
reading.
When I began my task in 1886 there was no available work which supplied the deficiency. The
only one having a somewhat similar end in view, the Sanskrit-English Lexicon of my respected
teacher, the late Theodore Benfey, was already out of print. By the time, however, that my
manuscript was half finished, no fewer than three small Sanskrit dictionaries had been published. It
may perhaps be advisable to indicate some of the points in which the present work differs from and
compares with them. In the first place, it is much more copious. Excluding all words and meanings
which occur in native lexicographers, but cannot be quoted from actual literature, my book contains
nearly double as much material as any of the dictionaries in question. The present work is, moreover,
the only one of the four, which is transliterated. It can thus be used, for example, by comparative
philologists not knowing a single letter of the Devanagari alphabet. None of the others is etymological
in any sense. This feature of my dictionary increases both its usefulness from a linguistic point of
view and its practical value to the student, who will always better remember the meaning of a word,
the derivation of which is made clear to him. Lastly, this is the only one of the lexicons in question
which indicates not only with respect to words, but also to their meanings, the literary period to which
they belong and the frequency or rarity of their occurrence. This addition I regard as both scientifically
and practically important.
Scope of the Work. The present dictionary is intended to supply the vocabulary of post-Vedic
literature in general, while including those portions of Vedic literature which are readily accessible
to the student in good selections. All out-of-the-way technical terms, such as those of medicine,
botany, astronomy, and ritual, are excluded, except in so far as they have found their way into
ordinary literary works, or occur in selections which I have expressly included. Specifically legal and
philosophical terms are, on the other hand, largely represented, owing to the inclusion in my list
of the most important works belonging to the corresponding departments of literature. Having
acquired a rather extensive experience of native commentaries in connexion with my lectures to students
preparing for the Honour School of Oriental Languages at Oxford, I have introduced a considerable
number of grammatical and rhetorical terms also, these being necessary for the comprehension of such
works as for instance the glosses of Mallinatha. A good many words and explanations will thus be found,
which either do not occur in the Petersburg dictionaries, or are, I think, less correctly given there. (Compare
e.g. articles arthantaranyasa, bahuvrihi, yatha tatha, vakyabheda, vyadhikarawa, sapekshatva, etc.)
The list of books to which my dictionary specially refers, and which I drew up, when planning the
work, after consultation with a pupil of Professor Biihler's,' the late Dr. Schonberg, then resident in
Oxford, I here append.
Books specially referred to. Bhagavadgita, Bhartrihari, BhashapariM^eda, Da^akumara^arita,
Gitagovinda, Harsha^arita, Hitopadesa, Kadambari, Kamandakiya-nitisara, Kathasaritsagara, Kiratar^u-
niya, Kulluka, Kumarasawzbhava, Mahavira^arita, Malatimadhava, Malavikagnimitra, Manu, Meghadftta,
Mitakshara (on Y%wavalkya), MritMaka,rfka, Mudrarakshasa, Naishadha, Nala, Pa/?/£atantra, Raghu-
viii P R E F A C E

vaw^a, Ra^atara^gmi, Ratnavali, Tfo'tusa^hara, tfakuntala, $amkara (on the Vedanta-sutras), &isupala-
vadha, Tarkasawgraha, Uttararama/fcaritra, Vasavadatta, Vedantasara, Vewisawhara, Vikram&nkadeva-
£arita, Vikramorva«i, Ya^wavalkya. Besides all the post-Yedic selections contained in the Readers
mentioned below, the list finally includes the second edition of Bohtlingk's Indische Spruche, a flori-
legium of the aphoristic poetry in which Sanskrit literature is pre-eminent, well deserving to be made
accessible to the English-speaking student.
With reg-ard to Yedic literature I have taken in all that is contained in the second edition of
Bohtlingk's Sanshit-Chrestomathie, in Hillebrandt's Veda - Chrestom a th ie, in Lanman's Reader, and in
Windiscb/s Zwolf Hymnen des Bigveda, besides those hymns which are prescribed to the candidates of the
Honour School of Oriental Languages at Oxford (Rig-veda X, i to xxii). Peterson's ' Selected Hymns
of the Rig-veda' would also have been taken in, had they been published soon enough. The majority
of the hymns contained in that selection are, however, already included. Apart from passages supplied in
Readers, the Brahma«a period is represented by the Aitareya-Brahmawa, while the Dharma-sutra of
Gautama and the Asvalayana and Paraskara Gnhya-sfttras are specially selected from the latest phase
of Vedic literature.
Important Vedic words, even though not occurring in the selections, have found a place in my
dictionary mainly on linguistic grounds.
The number of hymns from the Rig-veda, being nearly all the best in that collection, is about one
hundred and twenty. As a list of them will probably prove a convenience to students, it is here subjoined.
Maarfala I : i, 13, 24, 339, 4h 42, 5°, 65, 67, 85, 92, 97, 113, 115, 118, 143. *54> 161, 162, 190;
I I : 12, 27, 38 j I I I : 33, 35, 59, 62; IV: 19, 27, 30, 33, 42, 51, 52 ; V: 11, 24, 3%> 4°, 81, 83, 84, 85 ;
V I : 9, 50, 54, 74; V I I : 6, 28, 33, 34, 46, 49> 54, 55> 57,61, 76, 83, 86, 87, 88, 89, 102, 103 : V I I I :
14, 29, 30, 85, 91 ; IX : I, 38, 41, 112; X : 1-22, 33, 34, 39, 51, 52, 85, 108, 117, 118, 127, 129, 137,
145, 154, 168, 185.
Arrangement. In my original plan I had contemplated making a separate article of each word,
simple and compound, printed in Devanagari type as well as transliterated. Reflection, however, soon led
me to abandon this scheme for that of arranging compounds in a group under a heading word, the latter
only being printed in Devanagari, while only the second member of the remaining compounds is given
in transliteration (see, for instance, article amn'ta). When the number of such compounds is large, they
have been split up into several groups with reference to the initial of the second member (see p. 173).
The result of this change has been a saving of about 100 pages on the estimate of 480 pages according
to the earlier plan, and that too although I have introduced rather more matter than I had then intended.
I believe that this saving of space will moreover prove an actual advantage from the practical point of
view, because the eye will find a word more quickly thus than if it had to run down columns of separate
articles. A glance at pages 173 to 175 will probably convince the student of the correctness of this opinion.
A dictionary being a means to an end, a saving of time in its use is obviously an important object.
As to the arrangement of individual articles, the transliteration of the Devanagari word is followed,
in the case of nouns, by the derivation (in brackets) where this cannot be made sufficiently clear
by the employment of hyphens in the transliteration (see e.g. bhngu, muhurta, loka). Next follow
the meanings in close juxtaposition, so that the eye may take them all in at a glance if possible.
My aim has been to give the senses of all words in the historical order of development. Then come
the special uses of the cases, and last of all idiomatic combinations (see buddhi, manas). When cases
are mentioned, they are given in the order of Sanskrit grammar. The feminine form of adjectives
is given in parentheses immediately after 'a.'-, thus 'paurusha, a. (1)/ When no feminine is stated,
it must be assumed to be & or else not quotable.
Adjective compounds ending in participles are described as participles, e.g. su-gata, srotra-peya.
This enables me to make an important distinction in sense without adding a long explanation. Thus
^uii-smita is described as an adjective, because smita is here really a noun at the end of a Bahuvrihi
compound. Again, any confusion in the mind of the beginner between secondary adjectives like
sama/T^an-iya and future participles like bodhaniya is by this means avoided.
At first I thought of employing figures to indicate distinct differences of meaning. But the
difficulty, in many cases, of determining a full interval of meaning, and the large waste of space
P R E F A C E vii

involved, induced me to reject their use for this purpose, especially as the need is sufficiently met by
the employment of the semi-colon (see Punctuation). I have therefore only used figures either to
distinguish words which have the same form but differ etymologically (as verbs like ruh or nouns like
sam-udra and sa-mudra), or to clearly mark off groups of meaning (as in darsana).
Unnecessary repetition has often been avoided by the use of parentheses. Thus when samahita-mati
is defined as ' (having an) attentive (mind)/ the meaning intended is, that its equivalent is strictly speaking
' having an attentive mind/ though it may ordinarily be rendered by c attentive/ The same object is
attained by the use of dashes, implying that an obvious word or words are to be supplied from what
precedes or follows. Thus sat-kirti is defined as c f . good reputation; a. having a -,' which of course must
be understood to mean ' having a good reputation' (cp. also dirgha-sattra, patana, vidhatavya).
Mainly for the sake of convenience in attaching suffixes and the second members of compounds,
nouns have been given in the weak or middle bases. Verbal roots have similarly been given in their
weak forms with a view to uniformity. Though I do not think that I have been absolutely consistent
in this respect, I believe I have been sufficiently so for practical purposes.
I have sometimes been obliged to sacrifice a strictly scientific treatment to practical exigencies by
admitting such suffixes as -tp, and -maya in long articles made up of compounds (such as that under
mitra). Otherwise I should have been compelled to divide a long paragraph in the middle merely
in order to print an unimportant word in Devanagari type. Not much harm can after all result
from this, as not even the tyro would be likely to confound such suffixes with regular words. To
obviate the difficulty by placing such words out of their regular alphabetical order would have entailed
a much more serious drawback on the practical side. In the case of important proper names I have
generally added a few concise remarks together with approximate dates as far as these can be deter-
mined in the light of the most recent research (see e.g. Bhavabhuti). As definitions of technical terms
are sometimes almost unintelligible without illustrative examples, the latter have been added where it
seemed necessary (see, for instance, samasokti).
In articles treating of verbs, the conjugational class is first stated together with the voice in which
it is conjugated. When the latter is omitted, the verb must be understood to be both active and middle.
Next comes the present base or bases in transliteration, followed by the meanings of the verb arranged
on the same principle as in the case of nouns, the idiomatic uses being stated at the end. After this are
added the present passive (generally omitted) with the past passive participle, the causal, the desiderative, and
the intensive (when these forms occur), with their respective perfect participles passives in this order.
The principle I had in view in treating the perfect participle passive, was to give it under the
verb when the meanings are merely verbal, but to make a separate article of it where adjectival senses
predominate. I feel that I have not been thoroughly consistent in this respect. It is, however, not a
matter of great moment.
The verbal prepositions are arranged in alphabetical order after the last form of the simple verb
with which they are used. A scientific as well as a practical consideration determined me to concentrate
them in this manner. On the one hand, these prefixes are separable in the Veda, while on the other,
a large amount of space is saved by making a single article of a verbal root and the prepositions
with which it may be combined. Otherwise separate head-lines in Devanagari as well as transliteration
would have to be printed. Four times as much space would thus be occupied as under the alternative
system. Nor would anything be thus gained in convenience, unless (to obviate reference to the simple
verb) the present base and other forms were added. This would involve a further waste of space.
Exclusion of References. I have acted on the principle that a dictionary should give all references
or none. The former alternative was, of course, out of the question in a practical work. It might, it is
true, have been useful to state where a word occurs which is not to be found in other dictionaries. My
rare deviations from the rule are, however, solely limited to passages in which the meaning of a particular
word is unknown, or where the definition is made clearer by the reference, as in the case of samudga or
sarvatobhadra. Partial references have, I think, a tendency to make students too dependent on them in
determining the meaning of a word in any given passage. The omission of such references is more than
compensated for by the method which I have followed. I have endeavoured to limit the meaning of a
word as far as possible to parallel instances by indicating the case which it governs, the word in context with
viii P R E F A C E

which it is employed, the literary period or department to which it belongs, and the frequency or rarity
of its occurrence. An examination of such articles as lohita or V2. ruh will illustrate my meaning.
Alphabetical Order. From this order (see p. xii) I have, from considerations of practical utility, never
deviated, with one very slight and rare exception. I have sometimes transposed the order of two words,
either to obviate breaking up a paragraph or to avoid repeating a definition (e.g. smarya). The words
being in immediate juxtaposition, neither of them can be missed.
Under this head I ought to add a few remarks in order to remove some common stumbling-blocks
from the path of the beginner. Owing to variety of spelling, especially in Indian editions, words with
initial ^ v and If s may not be found under those letters. They will be discovered by looking up ^ b and
sh or ^ s respectively. The reverse also applies. The alphabetical position of Anusvara followed by
a semivowel or sibilant is before k. Thus samvara and ti^q sawwaya precede J-Ri saka. On the
other hand, the Anusvara which occurs before a mute of one of the five classes and is interchangeable with
the nasal of that class, occupies the place of the class nasal. Thus sa»2-kakslia ( = ^ san-kaksha)
immediately follows sa-ghnwa. Similarly, the unchangeable or necessary Yisarga (i. e. preceding
a hard guttural or labial) comes after a vowel before any other consonant. Thus anta^-kara^a
and UnTigT anta^-pura follow ^TfT anta and precede ^RRi anta-ka. On the other hand, the Yisarga
which precedes a sibilant, and may be assimilated to it, is treated as if it were that sibilant and placed
accordingly. Thus ^HIT*! adhai-#aya and adha^-aayin follow ^P&RH^T adhas-^ararca and
precede adhas.
Abbreviations. A full list of these together with their explanations will be found on p. xii. It
is, however, perhaps advisable to add a few remarks showing how some of these symbols should exactly
be understood to apply. When a sign such as V. ( = Vedic) is added in parentheses after a form, a
grammatical symbol, or a meaning, its application is restricted to these only. Thus under -/yam,
y&ma (F.) means that that present base is exclusively Vedic ; a. (V.), m. (V.) signify that as an adjective
or as a masculine noun, the word in question is exclusively Vedic; when ' sad-as, n.' is defined as ' seat,
place, abode, dwelling {V.)' the meaning is that all these synonymous senses are Vedic. The applica-
tion of such notes as ' ord. mg.3 ( = ordinary meaning) is similar. Thus under I. mana, all the preceding
words separated by commas, viz. ' respect, regard, honour, mark of honour/ are indicated as included in
the ordinary meaning of mana (cp. Punctuation). If, on the other hand, a symbol followed by a colon
is used before a meaning, its application is carried on till another symbol occurs. For example, under
vnddhi the sense ' growthJ is indicated to be both Vedic and Classical, ' delectation, delight/ Vedic,
but all the significations from 'adolescence' onwards post-Vedic only.
Type. The small Devanagari character is used for all articles except the verbs, for which the large
type is reserved. Ordinary Roman type is employed for transliteration immediately following a word in
Devanagari; but when a word occurs in transliteration only, it is printed in thick type so as to catch
the eye at once (as in article akshara). When there is no object in attracting the attention, as for
instance when Sanskrit words occur in definitions or explanations, they are not made conspicuous
in this manner.
To the special use made of italic type, I attach considerable practical value. Its occurrence in
definitions always implies amplification or elucidation, whereas the ordinary Roman type represents as
far as is possible the exact literal equivalent of the Sanskrit word. Thus saravara»a-sra^ is defined
as ' wreath given by a girl to the man of her choiceJ (compare also samanajupama). By this means
needless repetitions and waste of space are avoided, while much is gained in clearness of definition at
one and the same time.
Punctuation. The colon immediately before a transliterated word or suffix, indicates that the
latter must be attached to the end of the preceding Sanskrit word. Thus :-ka after the heading
word losh/a is to be read as losh^a-ka. This is in no way affected by the intervening special
uses of cases or idioms often added at the end of an article. Thus :-kesarin under vi-krama must
of course be understood as vikrama-kesarin, in spite of the inflected forms of vikrama which
immediately precede -kesarin. The special significance of the semi-colon is, in addition to marking
off distinctly different meanings, to separate within a paragraph the latter halves of the compounds
which it contains. Thus ;-/£akshus under lola-kar?za, is to be read as lola-^akshus, and the following
P R E F A C E vii

;-ttiL as lola-ta. Had a colon preceded the latter, it would have meant lola->£akshus-ta. The semi-
colon will sometimes be found instead of the colon when it is perfectly obvious that nothing else
could be done with the following word but attach it to the end of the preceding one. This is for
instance the case with ;-kara after loha. The comma is employed, as has already been indicated,
to separate more or less synonymous meanings, while the semi-colon marks off distinct differences of
sense. The other specific use of the comma is in paragraphs with compounds to show that the
following word is to be applied exactly in the same way as a preceding one introduced by a colon.
Thus sat-karya followed by :-vada and subsequently by ,-vadin, must be read as satkarya-vada and
satk&rya-vadin.
Transliteration. The system is that which has been adopted in the f Sacred Books of the East/ and
already followed by me in my edition of Professor Max Miiller's Sanskrit Grammar. Had I been guided
exclusively by my own judgment I should have preferred c and j to represent the hard and the soft palatal.
I should have retained the italic t and d for the linguals, but made the lingual ^ sh also an italic
representing the palatal sibilant 'SJ by §. The connexion of these two sibilants with the mutes of their
classes would thus have been clearly indicated. The employment of a double letter sh, the latter half
of which otherwise represents an aspiration, to express the simple sound of a spirant, is not strictly
scientific, though convenient for the Anglo-Saxon. It is, however, not a good thing to multiply systems.
I must here refer to some practical applications of transliteration which I have made.
When one or more letters in thick type are added after a Sanskrit word either in parentheses or
following a semi-colon, colon, or comma, the meaning is that that letter or those letters are to be sub-
stituted for precisely the same number at the end of the word in question. Thus ' paurusha, a. (i)/
' yamaka, a, (ika)' signify that the feminine of the former adjective is paurushi and that of the latter
yamika. Similarly ' samana-murdhan, a. (ni)' indicates that this word has the form samana-murdhni in
the feminine. The letters :i-ka, referring to a preceding paurarca, must be read as paurawi-ka.
Accent. Wherever the accent is known from Yedic texts it has been given in the transliteration,
the Udatta (acute) accent being marked in the usual way [e.g. vadhar) and the svarita (circumflex)
accent being indicated by a curVe above the vowel (e. g. svar).
When an accented word is exclusively Yedic this is indicated by a V., while if nothing is stated,
it may be assumed to be post-Yedic also, e.g. VIM a. As the meanings of an accented word may be
partly Vedic, partly post-Yedic, and partly common to both periods, this is broadly indicated by the
symbols V. ( = Vedic in general), C. ( = post -Vedic in general), and V. C. ( = both Vedic and post-Yedic),
as for example in the article vrata. Unaccented words may be assumed to be post-Vedic, since in the
rare cases when they happen to belong to the Yedic period, this is noted. Sometimes I distinguish
subordinate periods, as Br. = Brahma^a, S. = Sutra, E. — Epic, P. = Pura«a. It would, however, have
been beyond the scope of the present work to go into details of this kind. That would belong rather
to the sphere of an exclusively etymological dictionary. I may mention in passing that a-na£ keyofxtva
are indicated, a single occurrence in the Rig-veda, for instance, being marked as RF.X, just as words
and meanings quotable only from native grammarians and lexicographers are made recognisable by an
asterisk. This is an important safeguard; for the signification of the former class of words is often
very doubtful, while the genuineness of the latter is uncertain. I have frequently seen non-quotable
words, without any indication that they are such, used by comparative philologists, as well as a-na£
Xeyojxeva made the basis of far-reaching conclusions. Thus I remember a few years ago hearing
an Oriental scholar, who was not a Sanskritist, using as an argument for Babylonian influence the word
mana, to which the older Petersburg dictionary in one passage attributed the meaning of ' a certain
weight of gold/ and which was therefore supposed to be identical with the Greek fxva. This meaning
no longer appears in the smaller edition of that work.
Compounds arranged under an accented heading word, must be assumed to be unaccented and there-
fore post-Vedic unless any indication to the contrary is given. Thus -ketu under vi^aya is to be read
as viyaya-ketu. It follows as a matter of course that, if the second half of a compound has an accent,
that is the accent of the whole word. Thus -maya occurring under loha represents loha-maya.
Etymology. My original plan was to make the present work a comparative as well as a practical
Sanskrit dictionary. After a good deal of reflection I abandoned this project on the ground that while
b
X P R E F A C E

greatly swelling the bulk of the volume, the etymological material would not in this combination
admit of being grouped and classified from various points of view as it should be in a thoroughly
valuable and scientific etymological dictionary. The treatment of this material in a separate volume
which I had contemplated, may be rendered superfluous by a work that is, I understand, in prepara-
tion at Strassburg. My taste for etymological studies I trace in great part to Professor Fick's
lectures on Comparative Greek Grammar, which I attended when a student at Gottingen. Though
not comparative, the dictionary is nevertheless historical and etymological in its character. It is historical
inasmuch as the meanings are not given in an arbitrary order, as in the Indian dictionaries, but are
arranged as far as possible in accordance with their chronological development, while the literary
period to which both words and their senses belong, is plentifully indicated. It is etymological from
the Sanskrit point of view inasmuch as all words, except the small number—far smaller than in any
other Aryan language—which defy analysis, have been broken up into their component parts in the
transliteration either by means of hyphens, as in ya^-wa, or of hooks where vowel coalescences occur,
as in mWgajksha^a for mngekshawa. Where these means are insufficient, the derivation has been
concisely added in brackets, as under \/murM, yaksha, rud/d. I have inserted in brackets a not
inconsiderable number of roots, the former existence of which, though not occurring as verbs, is either
deducible from Sanskrit derivatives alone or is proved by the evidence of comparative philology
also (e.g. /mang, Vi. rudh). The structure of Sanskrit words being so much clearer than that in
any other Aryan tongue, I have thus availed myself of the opportunity of supplying students of the
language with an easy instrument of linguistic training.
Sources. The present work derives its material mainly from the newer Petersburg dictionary.
It could not be of much value were this not the case. I have of course also carefully worked through
Bohtlingk and Roth's older dictionary, on account of the vast array of quotations and references which
it contains. The Consultation of these was necessary in the laborious process of verifying meanings.
The rapid strides made by Sanskrit studies during the last thirty years, are chiefly owing to the
lexicographical labours of those two great scholars. Sanskrit lexicography being a product of the
present century, it was for the subject indeed a fortunate combination of circumstances, that the task
was undertaken in an age when strictly scientific methods had begun to be applied to scholarship,
and that the work fell into the hands of two scholars of such eminent ability. The result has been
that Sanskrit lexicography, not having had gradually to clear away the unscientific accumulations of
previous centuries, is already in a more advanced state than that of the classical languages. This is
indeed indicated by the fact that the large Petersburg dictionary contains more than double the
amount of matter supplied by the last edition of Liddell and Scott's Greek Lexicon.
I have also used throughout Grassmann's Lexicon to the Rig-veda, as well as a copy of Benfey's
dictionary annotated by the author himself. To the latter half of Apte's dictionary I owe some
quotable compounds not to be found in the Petersburg dictionaries. Down to about the end of the
vowels I am indebted to Cappeller's Worterbuch for some Sanskrit equivalents of Prakrit words occurring
in Sanskrit plays. I had reached this point when I was informed by the author that he intended trans-
lating his lexicon when complete into English. I accordingly at once ceased referring to it, and have not
looked at it since. From the same work I have borrowed the very convenient abbreviations —° and
I have further consulted Whitney's Sanskrit Roots, the glossaries contained in the Readers of Lanman,
Hillebrandt, and Windisch, as well as in Johnson's Hitopadesa, Kellner's and Monier-Williams's Nala,
Stenzler's and Johnson's Meghadftta, and Burkhard's £akuntala, besides the Index to Pischel and Geldner's
Fedische Studien. I have also made use of Prof. Aufrecht's Catalogue Catalogorum, various articles in the
Journal of the German Oriental Society and Kuhn's Zeitschrift, as well as one by Prof. E. Leumann in
the Festgruss (to Bohtlingk, on his jubilee), and Prof. Biihler's lexicographical notes in the Vienna
Oriental Journal. In addition to what it derives from these sources of information, my book embodies
all the matter with which it is concerned from the numerous appendices of the smaller Petersburg
dictionary, besides words, compounds, and meanings collected by myself from post-Vedic works, such
as the Pa/7£atantra.
For etymological purposes I have consulted the large Petersburg dictionary, Grassmann's Worterbuch,
Lanman's Glossary, Brugmann's Grundriss, and Fick's Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-European
P R E F A C E vii

Having utilised all these sources of information, I venture to think that this work may be regarded
as registering the advance of Sanskrit lexicography up to the present time.
Sir M. Monier-Williams's Sanskrit-English lexicon has not been consulted, partly because it is
based on the older Petersburg dictionary, and having been published twenty years ago contains no new
material, and partly because I wished to avoid being influenced by the system of a work of which a new
edition is in preparation.
I take this opportunity of expressing my sincere gratitude to Prof. E. B. Cowell for the kind way in
which he assisted me during the course of the work in solving difficulties I submitted to him in the
departments of grammar, philosophy, and rhetoric. It is no exaggeration to say that in combined
knowledge of these subjects he surpasses all other Sanskritists. The generous manner in which he
sacrifices his leisure in the interests of those who wish to avail themselves of his great learning, is well
known to his pupils, but not so well known to others as^ it ought to be.
In conclusion I must not omit to express my belief that the fact of this book having been
printed by the University Press at Oxford, under the eye of its Oriental Reader, Mr. J. C. Pembrey,
whose skill could not be surpassed, is in itself a sufficient guarantee of accuracy.

ARTHUR A. MACDONELL.
7 FYFIELD ROAD, OXFORD,
September, 1892.
ORDER OF THE SANSKRIT ALPHABET
^flf a, w a, i, i, ^ u, W G, W ri, ^ ri, ^ li; e, TJ ai, o, ^ au ; k, kh, 3J g, ^ gh, ^ n ; ^ k, ^ kh,

^ 9, or gh, af n ; Z t, "S th, ^ d (V. also 3 o I), £ dh ( F . also IK), ^ n ; tf t, ^ th, ^ d, ^ dh, •! n : H j),

ph, ^ b, bh, m; ^ y j r , ^v; ^ s, ^ sh, ^ s, f h.

L I S T OF ABBREVIATIONS
A. « Atmanepada. exc. = except, exceptionally, K. = noun, rh. = rhetorical term,
;t. = adjective. excl. = exclamation, n. = neuter, rit. = ritual term.
:ib. = ablative, exp. = explanation. neg. = negative, R V . = Rig-veda.
abs. = absolute, f. = feminine ; also = for. nm. = nominative. S.=S<ltra.
abet. = abstract. ff, = and the following, nl> ' f = numeral,
ac. = accusative, fig. = figurative, -ly. num. j gg | = singular,
act. = active. fp. = future participle passive, obj. = object. SB. =/Satapatha-Brahma«a.
ad. = adverb, -ial, -ially, onom. - onomatopoeic. sb. = substantive.
fr. = from,
;ior. = aorist. opp. = opposite.
ft. = future. sc. = scilicet, that is to say, supply.
opt. = optative.
app. = apposition, g. = genitive. sp. = specifically.
or., orig. = originally.
ass. — asseverati ve. gd. = gerund (indeclinable parti- spv. = superlative.
ord. = ordinary.
athg. = anything. ciple). st. = stem.
P. = Parasmaipada.
A V. = Atharva -veda. Gk. = Greek, P. — Purawa. sthg. = something.
B. = Buddhistic term, gnly. =•= generally, pat. = patronymic. str. = strong.
bg., beg. = beginning. gr. = grammatical term, pel. = particle. subj. = subjunctive.
Br. = Brahmawa. hvg. = having, perh. = perhaps. 5 V. = Sama-veda.
C.= Classical (post-Vedic) Sanskrit, id. = the same, pf. = perfect.
s. v. = sub voce,
cj. = conj unction. i. e. = that is. ph., phil. = philosophical term.
sx. — suffix.
ij. = interjection, pi. = plural.
| = collective, -ly. T . = title.
imps. = impersonal, pn. )
comm. = commentator, impv. = imperative, f = pronoun, t. = term.
prn. ) r

oonjr = conjecture, in. = instrumental, TBr. = Taittirlya-Brahmana.


pos. )
cor. = correlative, incor., incorr. = incorrect. i = possessive, tr. = transitive.
poss. ] r
cp. = compare, ind.== indicative, TS. - Taittiriya-Samliita.
pot. = potential.
cpd. = compound, indc. ) _ j n( j e( .]j na y 6 ^ pp. = perfect passive participle. U. = Upanishad.
cpv. = comparative, mdec. ) Pr. = Prakrit (Sanskrit equivalent "V. = Veda, Vedic.
crt. = certain, indf. = indefinite. of Prakrit word), Prakritic. v. =vide, see.
us. = causal. inf. = infinitive. pr. = present. vb. == verb,
d. = dative, int. = intransitive. pred. = predicate, predicative, -ly. vbl. = verbal,
dbl. = double. intr. = interrogative. prn. = pronoun, pronominal. vc. = vocative,
den. = denominative, intv. = intensive (frequentative). prob. = probably. v. r. = various reading.
der. = derivative, ir. — irregular. prop. = properly. VS. = Vayasaneyi-Samhita.
des. = desiderative. K . =king. prp. = preposition. w. = with,
dim. = diminutive, Lat. = Latin. prs. = person. wk. = weak.
dr. = dramatic term. lc. = locative. ps. = passive. Y V. = Ya</ur- veda.
du. = dual. leg. = legal term. pt. = participle. = equals, is the equivalent of.
E. = Epic. lit. =« literally. px. = prefix. = at the end of a compound.
e. g. = for example. in. = masculine. q. v. = which see. = at the beginning of a com-
einp. = emphatic. met. = metronymic. R. = river. pound (the degree representing
enc. ) . metr. = metrical (due to exigencies the word in question).
, { = enclitic, red. = reduplicated, reduplication.
encl. J of metre). + = with ; also.
Eng. — English, mg. = meaning, | = relative. + = with or without.
ep. = epithet. mtn. = mountain. 6 = and.
eq. = equivalent, N. =name; when alone = name of rp^' i =rePeatec*' &c., etc. — et cetera, and BO forth,
esp. = especially. a man or of a woman. rf. = reflexive. -y/ — root.

H. B. The articles prakirtana to pra£ynti having by an oversight been omitted in their proper place, will be
found among the Addenda.
^ A.

IT a. a-krita-srama.

^ I. a, pn. root used in the inflexion of idam •^Jcff^TJf a-karuwa, a. pitiless; -tva, n. -ness. ^ H P l ^ a-kala-niyama,m. no limit of
•^feinjl £-karraa, a. deaf; without Karwa. time.
and in some particles: a-tra,a-tha.
^ c f r R ^ T T akala-vela,/. undue season.
^^.a-^^an-before vowels,neg.px.=\xn-. ^ f i l ^ i n T a-karwadhara, a. pilotless.
amsa, m. part, share; N. of a god: in. a-kala-saha, a. unable t o hold
TSJCUC^CM a-kartavya, fp. not to be done ; n. out long.
partly. [of shares.
a-kartri, m. non-agent. [misdeed. M « t J^akSla-hinam, ad. without loss
^JJI^WWI amsa-kalpana, f . arrangement
a-karma-ka, a. objectless, intransi- of time, forthwith, [-ta, / . , -tva, n. poverty.
JJ^fr^J HI amsa-prakalpana,/.id.[shares.
r4|oft^gic^a-karma-knt, a. inactive, [tive. a-kimftana, a. having nothing,poor;
^SfaiM^H amsa-pradana, n. distribution of T t f f i f a * ^ a-kimkig-gnst, a. knowing no-
a-karmaraya, a. ineffectual,useless.
^npnf'i^amsa-bhagln, a. having a share. thing. [thing.
^ C Q * ^ a-karman, n. i n a c t i o n ; a. (-mdn)
^ j i p T T ^ amsa-bha*?, a. id. [<?.)• "4lfcji(xjrcf| ^ a-kimftit-kara, a. effecting no-
doing nothing,idling; wicked. [tionof fate.
^IRjTT amsa-bhtita, pp. forming a share (of, •^rf^fif^T a-kilina, a. not damp, not moist.
^ R W i r r f f T a-karma-prapti,/. n on-interven -
^Sfal^T ama-hara, o. receiving a portion. ^ f e f i ^ i f a-kirtana, n. lack of mention.
^en^^n*?) a-karma-sila, a. inactive, idle.
• ^ f l i ^ a m - i n , a. having a share. a-karma-sranta, 'pp. untiring in
a - k i r t a n i y a , ^ . unspeakable.
^ P J a m s u , m . S o m a p l a n t , - j u i c e ; ray; stalk. ^ R f i ^ f ^ a-kalahka, a. spotless. [ritual. ^ a - k i r t i , / . disgrace; -kara, a. dis-
^PJoR amsu-ka, n. leaf; cloth, garment. graceful, infamous, humiliating.
a-kali,a. not quarrelling, concordant.
^ToRtf^ri a-kirtita, pp. unmentioned.
^PJJeRTfl amsukaanta, m. hem of a garment. fl a-kalita,pp.unknown; undefinable.
'•4|^lf^fIa-kuwA;ita,pp.not crooked, straight.
amsu-paffa, n. kind of cloth. ^ i | tl ^akali-prasara, a.where no quar-
a - k u n ^ i t a , pp. vigorous, quick.
^ ^ • t f ^ a m s u - m ^ t , a. radiant; m. s u n ; N 7 relling occurs. [baseness.
^ I ^ l d ^ f a-ku/ila, a. straight; honest.
amsu-malin, m. sun. a-kalka-kalila, a. free from
^ U ^ i f T f ^ W f a-kutasfcid-bhaya, a. afraid of
£ms&, m. shoulder. a-kalka-ta, f . honesty.
^r^m^a-kutas.arf.from nowhere, [nothing.
W^^TZ arasa-ktifa, m. t o p of the shoulder; ^ i . a-kalya, a. not healthy, ill.
•^t^jfftJr^Ta-kuto-bhaya^.afraid of nothing,
- p r i r t t t a , n. ridge of the shoulder. ^fefi^l 2. a-kalya, fp. not t o be guessed.
i p ^ l a-kutrafea-bhaya, a. id.
^H^nr amsa-tra, n. armour. ^cficf £-kava, a. not niggardly, liberal.
^Tefif^ a-kavi, a. not wise, foolish. ^ g r f ^ r l a-kutsita, pp. blameless.
^tlMi^lcn amsa-phalaka, n. shoulder-blade.
•^TOof a/nsa-M, a. strong, powerful. W5fi^TTf(_a-kasmS,t, (ab.) ach without appar- ^ V T ^ a-kudhryak, ad. aimlessly,
^TOWf^T. amsa-vartin, a. resting on the ent cause; suddenly; accidentally. [comer. ^ i ^ f a-kula, a. low-born; - t a , / . low birth.
shoulder; -vivartin, a. bending towards the ^WT^TC^ akasmad-^gantu.m.chance- ^feJF^nT akula-gra, a. sprung from a low
shoulder(s); -vyapin, a. reaching to the - .
^ R T f a-kaku, a. unchanged {of the voice). a-kulina, a. low-born. [stock.
^T^fTf amh-ati,/., ^ ^ a7nh-tJ,w.=amh-as.
a-kanda, a. unexpected, sudden: a-kusala, a. noxious; unlucky, in-
W!§^a»ih-as,n.distress, need; sin. auspicious; unskilful; n. mischief, evil; - word.
W f P ; a-katara, a. undaunted. \lc. -ly.
^TFXamh-ura,a. distressed; -urana, n. dis- a-kkmi, a. not desiring; unwilling, a-kusumita, pp. not blossoming.
^sif^ amhri, m. foot. [tress. reluctant; not in love. [unwillingly. ^ T ^ I ^-k<i<a, a. undeceptive (arms); sterling
aka, m. the suffix -aka (gr.). ^RiTTnra: a-kama-tas, ad. involuntarily; (coin).

^fefieT^l a-kafuka, a. assiduous. '"^i^f+trlTa-kama-ta./. freedom from desire •^^LIH ^-kA-pgra, a. boundless; m. sea.
a-kamin, a. not in love. [or love. a-knfefcftra-langhya, fp. to be
^eflU^qi a-kanZaka, a. thornless ; foeless.
traversed without hardship. [with.
a-kan<Aa, a. n e c k l e s s ; voiceless, ^a-kara,m.the sound or letter a. [-ness.
hoarse. a-karaka, a. ineffectual; - t v a , n. ^ © "t a-krifcfeferin, a. having no trouble
a-katthana, n. non-boasting. a-kira«a, a. causeless; n. lack of ^ r a m ^ - k r i t a , p p . not done; unprepared, un-
^Rfi*W>-katham, ad. without ( a ' w h y ' = ) cause: -tas, -m, in.,ab., Ic. without cause. cooked ; incomplete, unripe; unsummoned.
more ado. a-karpa«ya, a. void of self-abase- -31 g) <141 a-krita-ka, a. natural, [one's duty.
"^^if^d a-kathita, pp. unmentioned, u n - ment. [deed : - t a s , ad. by doing wrong. (Td ST aknta-kn'tya, a. not having done
discussed. [speaking well. a-karya,^). not to be d o n e ; n. mis- ffSJ a-kHta-^na, a. ungrateful.
^ c R O ^ a-kad-vada, a. not speaking ill, ^eftl^etl^U! akarya-karana, n. doing a mis- akrita-punya, a. ill-starred.
^oftf^a^kanishMa.m.^.withoutayoung- ^ H T f T ^ akrita-pfirva, a. not done before.
H c n \ a k a r y a - k a r i n , a. id. [deed.
est, equally young. ^nrrT^^'akn'ta-buddhi, a. of unripe under-
"^RiTyf a-kala, m. unseasonable t i m e :
W V T T a - k a n y a , / . n o longer a maid. [ish. -tas, Ic. unseasonably. standing : -tva, n. abst. n. [distinctive mark.
^R?ftr^r^f%a-kapila-MAavi,o.notbrown- ^RlT^^R akala-kusuma, n. untimely ^TSTfT^r^W a-kn'ta-lakshana, a. having no
WNtTa flower. [delay. ^ i K f t W ^ i akrita-vidya, a. uninstructed.
a-kala-kshepam, ad. without
- k a m p i t a , ^ . not trembling, firm, a-krita-srama, a. having under-
i . a-karana, n. omission to do. akala-iarj^a,/.untimely action. gone no trouble.

^RirCW 2. a-karana, a. unartificial, natural.


B
-^ad^MreM aknta-samkalpa. •^PJTIT a-gurca.

^T^d^efi*^ akrita-samkalpa, a. irresolute. n. 8. & m. pi. unhusked grain (esp. barley); Hl^ f^l 5 ^ a-kshetrin, a. owning no field.
f . k, virgo intacta. [uninjured mane.
^ I W t ^ akshocfa, m. walnut-tree.
^ t l d l d l ^ akritaatman, a. of unformed
WWtT^HIX akshata-kesara, a. having an
mind, undisciplined, rude, vicious. ^ I ^ t ^ c f i d -kshodhuka, a. not hungry.
a-kshatra, a.without the warrior caste.
^UTrTP^ akritaartha,a.unsatisfied, [deed, ^T^t^T a-kshobhya, fp. not to be shaken.
aksha-dyftta, n. game of dice,
a-kritya, fp. not to be done ; n.mis- akshauhini, f . complete army;
i.akshan, n. eye: weak base 0/akshi. -pati, m. lord of an army, general.
W f ^ T a - k n t r i m a , a.unfeigned; unartifi-
cial, natural; unsophisticated. ^-ksh-an, V. 3 pi. impf. of \fghas. I W n akshnay^C, ad. across. [well.
| a-kn'tvS, gd. without doing. aksha-naipuwa, n. skill in dice, TO a-kha%a, a. not limping, walking
£-kntsna, a. incomplete. aksha-pafala, n. archives. a-khanrfa, a. indivisible, entire ;
a-kritsna-vid, a. not knowing • ^ f f l l ^ I aksha-priya, a. fond of dice or -mawc^ala, a. possessing the whole realm.
everything, of defective knowledge. lucky at play (beloved by dice). [at dice, W f e f l a-kha»rfita, pp. uninjured ; more
^IfiTJ a-kripa, a. pitiless. [ing, cheerful, aksha-bhfimi,/. place for playing unbreakable than (ab.); uninterrupted.
ilsh MUJ a-krzpana,fl.generous ; uncomplain- a-kshama, a. unable to, incapable of <11'Kj akhararfitaji^7ja, a. whose or-
(lc., inf. or ders are not infringed; -tva, n. absf. N.
• ^ f l i i i ^ r w t a-kma-lakshmi, a. rich in
^ T ^ f T ^ aksha-mada, m. passion for play. a-kharva, a. uncurtailed; capable;
beauty; very prosperous.
considerable.
£-kn'shivala, a. not agricultural. W S W T a-kshama, / . ill-will, envy.
a-khinna, pp. unwearied, in (lc.).
•^rSTS £-knsh/a, pp. unploughed; growing TOT^ aksha-matra, n. (measured by the
wild ; n. untitled soil. [shna). eye), moment: in. in a moment. [dhati. a-khila, a.without a gap, entire, all;
n. everything; in. quite, completely, [ness.
a-kesava, a. without Kesava ( K n - ^r^TT^TTaksha-mala,/.rosary; N.o/Arun-
"^f%^a-kheda, m. absence of fatigue, fresh-
a-kaitava, a. not simulated, genuine, ^ W t W aksha-malika, / . rosary.
akhkhala, ij. {joy, surprise); i-kri,
^ f t d ! a-kopi-ta,/. evenness of temper. ^f^f?T'^a-kshamin, a. pitiless.
a-ga, m. tree; mountain, [greet kindly.
'^qTl'il^ a-kausala, n. inexperience, help- a-kshaya, a. imperishable ; - t v a , n.
ness,exemption from decay; -loka, m. heaven. ^f *l U j a - g a m - a y - a t , pr. pt. disregarding;
akta, pp. of </ag and */ arig. [lessness. -i-tva,gd. id. [comebackJemusedisregarded.
1.a-kshayyd, fp. undecaying, inde-
"^T^f ak-tu, m. ointment; light, r a y ; clear frigid a - ganita - pratiyata, pp.
structible, inexhaustible.
night: in. pi. by night,
2.a-kshayya,n.water accompanied by a-ganeya, fp. innumerable.
akna, pp. of Vak. a wish that it may never fail; - ndaka, n. id.
^RPSS a-gareya, id.; -ta, / . abst. N.
VflR i . i-kra, a. inactive, indolent. ^Sr^JT a-kshdra, a. imperishable ; n. word, ^[TfTT a-gati,/. no way, impossibility; a. not
^Hfi 2. ak-ra, m. banner. [0/ \/kri. syllable, the sacred syllable (om); sound, going; helpless, unhappy; - t s t a n d - s t i l l .
letter; document, epistle; the supreme deity;
"^sfirl akrata, , V. 2 & 3 pi. impf. -iyutaka, n. supplying an omitted syllable a-gati-ka, a. having no resource
II sfi r| a-kratti,a.powerless; senseless, [flesh. (a game); -MAandas, n. syllabic metre; left; & gratl,f. very last resource.
- m a l a , / , wreath of letters (written byfate on ^ P i ^ a-gada, m. health; a. (-da) healthy,
a-kravyaad, -da, a. not eating the forehead), i-ka, f . id.; -var^ita, pp.
illiterate; -vinyasa, m. writing; -hiksha,/. well; wholesome; n. medicine, esp. antidote.
a-kri-ya-m&rea, pr. pt. ps. not
alphabet. ^ T f ^ f T a-gadita, pp. unasked. £ Vgam.
being done. aksha-vati,/. game of dice; -s&tra, ^ P l ^ a - g a n , V. 2. 3 s., £-ganma, 1 pi. aor. of
^ f W a - k r i y a , / . omission to do (g.). n. rosary; -hridaya, n. secret of dice,
a-kriy&-ka,a.inactive,immovable. a-gandhd, a. scentless,
^ i f r t a-kshanti,/. malevolence, envy.
a-gama, a. immovable ; m. tree.
^T^PC a-krfira, a.not harsh, tender, gentle; • ^ ^ K ' J i q t y a-kshara-lava«a, n. what is not
-pariv&ra, a. having gentle attendants. pungent and salt; ^asin, a. abstaining from ^ p n y &,-gamya,/p.inaccessible; that should
seasoned and salted food. not be approached; unintelligible; unsuitable.
^ J ^ t V a-krodha, m. freedom from anger;
a. not given to anger; -na, a. id. a-kshalita, pp. unwashed. agamya-r6pa, a. hard to traverse.
a-klish£a, pp. not worn out, fresh. W ^ a k s h a a v a l i , / . rosary^ ^ T T R T T ' W T agamya agamana, n. illicit in-
tercourse ; i-ya, a. consisting in - .
^ S f i r e ^ r n ; aklishfa-ktra, m. indefatigable ^ akshi, n. eye : a, f i.
activity; -karin, a. indefatigable. -iN a-garva, a. free from pride, humble.
akshi-kii/a, n. edge of the eye-
a-kliba, a. manly; - t a , / . manliness. socket. [eyes; being an eye-sore, •^PTfifcT a-garhita, pp. not blamed, not de-
spised ; blameless, irreproachable.
a - k l e d y a , ^ . not to be moistened. akshi-gata, pp. being before the
IHTf^r agfeti,m. = Ag^lstya.
a-klesa, m. no hardship, ease: ab. K f W r l d-kshita, pp. intact; imperishable.
without trouble. aksbi-pdt, ad. a very little.
^RI^ST agastya, m. N. of a Vedic RisAi.
^ A K S H , reach: jjp.asWa. nls,unman. h a-ga-smahi, V.ipl.aor.A. o/v'gam.
W f t akshi, f . eye. [weight.
J*A a g a a g r a , n. mountain-top, peak.
^ n f 1. aksha, m. die for playing. (|| ^-kshiwa, pp. not waning; not losing
w r a r s r r agaatma^a, / . N. of Parvati.
2. ^ksha, m. axle; bone of the temples. •Sf^tfrrWa-kshiya-mSraa.pr.p^. imperish-
able; inexhaustible. a-g8,dha, a. unfathomable; very
^T^f 3' aksha, m. n. organ of sense: - ° =
deep, profound; -^ala, n. very deep water.
K aksM, eye. [a gambler. W ^ W a-kshura»a, pp. uninjured ; not trite,
new, peculiar; uninterrupted, lasting; -ta,/. I ^J^rfWT agadha-rudhira,re.torrents of
4. aksha, m. N.; -kshaparaa, -ka,m. N. of untroddenness (of a road). [siderable. "^rTTT agSra, (m.) n. house. [blood.
aksha-^raa, a. skilled in dice. ^J^S^ a-kshudra, a. not insignificant, con- ^JTTT^Tf^t.agS.ra-dS.hin, a. incendiary,
^ ^ a k s h a n - v £ t , a. possessed of eyes. a-kshetra, n. untilled soil; a. unculti- a-guna, m. lack of virtue, demerit,
^TWf^cik-sh-at, 3 s. sbj. aor. of y a s , obtain. vated. [ted region, very uninhabitable region. defect; fault, vice; a. void of qualities ;
i n f t T d-kshata 3 pp. uninjured; unscathed: ' a l ^ H d ^ ^kshetra-tara, n. quite uncultiva- worthless, vicious.
^JJUI^ a-guraa-^na. ankavatara.

HJjH! ^J a-guna-gna, a.ignoring merit; -vat, agni-sikha, a. fire-pointed (ar- ^ n r ^ T T agra-hSra, m. land-grant to Brdh-
a. void of merit, bad; -sila, a. of bad dispo- row); m.N.\ n. saffron; / . flame of fire. ^Snrr^f^agrajikshan,n.8ide-glance. [mans.
sition, worthless. t5| fa agni-suddhi,/.purification by fire;
W T ' T N l agraanika, n. van (of an army).
rsjiijfiij^a-gunin, a. devoid of merit. -stlsrushfl.,/. careful tending of the sacred fire;
-sesba, m. remains of fire. W W f t f ^ a-gratnya-bhogfin, a. eating
"^PJT^t^rTa -guni-bhfita,£/?.notbecome sub- no food prepared in the village. [(ai.).
f q g?^ agni-shfut, m. N. of a (Soma) sacri-
'^IJ^a-gupta,^.unguarded, [ordinate^/-.). fice; -slifoma, m. (praise of Agni), liturgi- W n p T a g r a ^ a s a n a , a. eating in presence of
^SPp^ a-guru, a. not heavy, l i g h t ; m. n. cal rite in the Soma sacrifice; -shth&, f . ^RTTff^a-gr&hin, a. not taking (leech).
aloe-wood. [ed by one's teacher. corner of a stake facing the fire; -shvatta,
pp. consumed by fire; m. pi. certain Manes. ^ R T n T a - g r % a , / p . n o t to be grasped; im-
a-guru-pra-yukta,/?^.not direct- perceptible, incomprehensible; not to be ap-
^ f f ^ T O ^ n X agni-samskara, m. sacrament proved. [(of sequence in writing or speaking).
1 aguru-s&ra, m. resin of the aloe.
of fire; -samfcaya, m. great fire; -saksMka, agr-i-ma, a. leading, first; following
TMJJ^ a-grtdhnu, a. liberal. [grasped. a. having Agni for a witness.
<3Tftreagr-i-yii, a. foremost, best; firstborn;
a-grihita, pp. not seized, not ^ r f W r f T agni-s§,t-kn, burn.
n. what is best. [fingers.
a-grihwat, pr. pt. not seizing ; not ^ f W r f l H : agni-svSmin, m. N. ^T^J £gru, a. (vL) single, unmarried; / . pi.
taking (leech).
W f ^ f a agni-hotr^, n. fire-sacrifice: ^ J f agre-g^i, a. going in front; a. id.;
^^TIT i-grihj&, fp. inconceivable. daily offering of milk morning and evening.
-gn, a. moving forward.
^a-go-fcara, m.whatisbeyondreach: ^ f a f f a 2. agnl-hotra,£i. sacrificing to Agni.
in. behind the back of (ff.); a. beyond the ^ f ^ f a S agre-didhishu, m. man united
ken of (g., : vaAam. -, indescribable. ^ (m ^ ^ <lH agni-hotra-hdvawi, / . ladle in first marriage with a widow; /. (u) younger
used in the fire-sacrifice. sister married before her elder sister.
-gopa, a. without a herdsman.
^ r f r f ^ l a g n i - h o t r i n , a. offering the fire- ^rcfaT agre-pa, a. drinking first; -pu, a. id.
^Spftm^T a-go-pila, a.id.; m. no herdsman. sacrifice, maintaining the sacred fire.
^filWK agre-sara, a. (1) going before.
^-go-rudha, a. admitting cows. ""M^'R agnijndrd, m. du. Agni and Indra.
•qijt| agr-y^, a. foremost, best (of, g.,-°); dis-
^ n h W ^-gohya, J^.not to be hidden (ep. of agnyndhana, n. kindling the sa- tinguished in (Ic.). [Mshl, / . chief consort.
cred fire.
^JM agn&yi, / . Agni's wife. [the sun). M^agrya-tapas,m.N.ofasagej -ma-
agni-shoma, m. du. Agni & Soma.
^ { M ag-ni, j». fire; conflagration; <7oc?Agni. ^ ^ T a g h - i , n. mischief; guilt; misdeed,wick-
agni-karaa, m. spark of fire. ^I^n^n+l+j^d agni-shoma-bhQta, pp. being edness ; impurity; pain. [pp. ill put together,
Agni and Soma. [Agni and Soma. a-gharita, pp. impossible; -grhartta,
agni-karm£n, n. = agni-kriya.
^SraY^fofter agni-shomiya, a. relating to ^Uj agha-marshana, a.forgiving sins;
W R r ^ r n ? agni-k&rya, n. making the sacred
agnau-karawa, n. burnt offering. 7i. kind of prayer; TO. N. of a Vedic RisM :
fire; prayers repeated in so doing. pi. his descendants. [m. moon.
^ f f a j ' ^ S agni-kurada, m. brazier of fire; ^ n ^ T T T X agni agara, m. place for sacred a-gharma, a. not hot, cool; -dh&man,
hole in the ground for sacred fire. fire ; -adhana, n. setting up the sacred fire;
-Jidli6ya, n. id.; -^ahita, (pp.) m. one who • s y y f c j ^ l d o h ^ agha-vighata-kartri, m. who
agni-ketu, a. fire-betokened. has set up the sacred fire ; -jits&din, a. let- destroys sin ; -vinasin, a. id. [malevolent.
^ r f q f w agni-kriya,/. attendance on the ting out the sacred fire.
•^IMui^I agha-samsa, a. intent on mischief,
sacred fire. [within. dg-ra, n. front; beginning; point, tip,
top, main thing: -m, before (g.,-°); in.before ^ n t f ^ a g b a - s a m s i n , a.confessing guilt.
agni-garbha, a. containing fire
(ac.)\ Ic. before, in presence of (g.,-°); in the
W r ^ aghayu, a. mischievous, malevolent.
agni-griha, n. sacred fireplace; beginning, at first, in the first place; after
-Aaya, m., - i a y a n a , n. heaping up the fire- (ab.): - bhu, come forward. a-ghn'«a, «. pitiless. [passionate.
altar ; -Ht, a. keeping up the fire-altar; •^njcR^agra-kara, m. finger; first ray; -gra,
-(yihva, a, fire-tongued; -gvalita-te^ana, a. ^ " t a-ghrmin, a.not soft, not too com-
a. going in front; going through the end of
having a point blazing with fire. (-°); -ganya,/p. to be accounted the first of ova,, a. not terrible, [of Devi.
K f W I H agni-traya, n. the three sacred fires; (g.); -ga., a. firstborn; m. elder brother; WWtX^H!? aghora-ghaw^a, m. N. of devotees
-tret&,/. id.; -tva, n. fiery state ; -da, a. in- -^anman, m. Brahman. [foremost.
cendiary ; -dag-dha, pp. burnt with fire; m. •%(^fid-ghn-at,pr.^/.not killing,not injuring.
agra-wi, a. (nm. m. -s, n. i) leading;
pi. Jcind of Manes; -datta, m. N. of a Brdh- ^JjEZf ^ghnya (also -ya),TO.bull; a , / , cow.
man : / . a, N.; -dipta, pp. blazing with fire. n d^agra-tds,ad. in front,forward; atthe
head ,i n th e beginning, first of all; - kri, place i n •^fWii a-ghreya,/p. not to be smelt.
agm-dQta, a. having A g n i for a
front; prp. before, in presence of (g.). [front. ^ ^ a-n, aor. suffix -a (in a-gam-a-t); kn't-
messenger, brought by Agni.
•^RTtftX^T agrato-ratha,a.whose chariot is in suffix -a (in bhid-a, &c.).
"^rf^ry agnidh, m. fire-kindler; fire-priest.
agra-nakha, m.w.tip of thenail; ^T^" ank-£, m. bend, hook; flank, lap, side;
agni-pakva, pp. cooked with fire ; s i k a , / . tip of the nose, - beak; -payodhara, proximity; embrace, hug; mark,sign,brand;
-parlkriy&, / . care of sacred fire; -paxl- m. teat; -pada, m. toe; - p u g k , f . precedence; act (of a play); -karawa, n. branding.
MAada, m. utensils for fire-sacrifice; -parisb- -bindu, m. first drop; -bhagra, m. upper part,
kriy&,/. care of the sacred fire; -purawa, ank-ana, n. branding (also fig.).
point, top; -bhumi, /. top storey; highest
n. N. of a Purarta; -purogama, a. preceded aiika-pata, m. account, enumera-
aim ; -mab.ish.1, /. chief consort of a king ;
by Agni; -prad&na, n. consigning to the - y i y l n , a. going before; best of -vira, tion ; -bandha, m. impress of a brand; -bha^,
flames; -pravesa,TO.voluntary death by fire: m. chief hero, champion. a. falling to one's (lap =) share; -bhrit, a. hold-
-na, n. id. ing in the lap; -mukha, n. plot of a play.
^ R H J ^ agra-sds, ad. from the beginning.
^rf^Ty agni-bhu, n. water; -mat, a. keeping <4 ank-aya, den. P . mark, brand: pp.
up the sacred fire; - m i t r a , m. N. of a king. • ^ W ^ n agra-samdhya, / . dawn.
ankita, marked, branded.
^ fa fa •^Tagnim-indha, m.fire-kindler, kind W i r o X agra-sara, a. going before; -ta, / .
^ f f T O anka-lakshana, n. mark, brand,
of priest, later agnidh.
^RT^ a-graha, m. no planet, [precedence. dnk-as, n. bend.
agni-mukha, m. Fire-mouth, N. of
^T^T^TJT a-graharaa, n. non-taking; a. not
a bug ; -varna, a. of the colour of fire; red-
specified. [phant's trunk. ^ r ^ T ^ f T T T aiikaavatara, m., -na, n.
hot ; -vel&,/. time of kindling the sacred fire; transition to another act, preparation of spec-
afternoon ; -Parana, n. sacred fireplace. ^ R T ^ i agra-hasta, m. finger; tip of ele- tators for next act.
B2
^ ankasya. W c T a-Ayuta.

- = S | | a i i k a a s y a , n. concluding scene "^TffTT Angara, m.Jn.) coal; stain ; planet ^ R T ^ a - i a w r f a j f l . not impetuous,measured.
which prepares for the next act. Mars; -nikara, m. heap of coals. a-Aandana, a. without sanda'. oint-
^ ank-ura, m. shoot, sprout; grass. WjfTT^fi angara-ka.m.coal; N. ofanAsura; W S X a-fcara, a. immovable. [ment.
-kaxmaanta, m. charcoal-kiln.
^ijjankurana, n. shootingup,sprouting. angara-karaka, m. charcoal- a-A;arama, a. not the last; best.
burner ; -<?ivik&,/. business in which coal is W T O : aAarama-vayas, n. youth.
•sJI^' ankuraya,® ^ | «|-rlya ,den A .sprout,
used; - v a t i , / . N.; -vara, m. Tuesday.
a-/carita, n. abstention from food.
q a f i k u r a - v a t , a. having shoots. | R i . a n g a r i n , a. just left by the sun.
^I^^f a-fcala, a. immovable ; m. mountain.
^ST^ffXrT ankurita, pp. sprouted, having -*F$}"Vang-ln, a.having members ; having
^ T ^ t T aiala-datta, m. N. of a scribe.
6prouts; combined with (in.). [remedy. all members; - resources; m. living being.
^ • s f ^ * ! a-A:alana, n. immovableness ; per-
•sK^'itJ ankus£, m. hook, g o a d ; stimulus ; ^ £tng-ira,°^-s, m. messenger between
gods and men (Agni being the chief of them); sistence in (ab.); /. &, earth.
^ f ^ f t p ^ a n k u s i n , a. hooked, attractive. N. of a RisAi; a star in the Great Bear: pi. N. ^ R y f ^ X a^ala-pura, n. N. of a town.
of the Atharva-veda and of a family of seers.
a/tala.indra, m. Himalaya.
V ^ U l ^ anke-saya, a. lying sitting on the
angi-karawa, n. concession; ac-
^ \ aAala isvara, m. id.
aiikte, 3 s. A. of V&ng. [lap. angi-kara, m. id. [quiescence. a-7iapalya,n.discretion, steadiness.
•^T^f ankya,/p. to be marked, - branded,
^ t e r angi-kri, P . make one's own, sub-
ankh^ya, X . P.mingle. pari, A. em- ^ f ^ f ^ p f N r a-iikitsaniy a,^.incurable.
ject; submit to, assent to; promise; concede,
brace. admit (ac.); cs. induce to agree to (ac., ab.). a-Mt, a. foolish.
^ ^ • A N G , I . P . g o . p&li (=pari),cs. angra- angiiri, f . finger; toe. SL-Mtta,, pp. unnoticed, unseen.
^ ya, stir: ps. revolve.
anguriyaka, n. finger-ring. - i i t t i , f . lack of wisdom, folly,
1. ang£, pel. 1. emphatic: just, o n l y ;
especially; 2. exhortative: w.voc.orimpv.; 3. angula, m. n. breadth of the thumb a-^itra, a. dark; n. darkness.
intr.: Wm anga, how much more ? [country. (a«a measure = ^ hast a); -ka, a. measuring H t ^ i f R ^ T a-7cintaniya, fp. not to be
2. £nga, m.pl. N. of a people and their (so many) finger-breadths thought of; inconceivable.
3.£ng-a, n.(a.-°f. 1) limb,member,part, - W ^ f a anguli, f . finger; toe. ^ r f w r &-kmtk, f . thoughtlessness, dis-
membrum virile; body; constituent; secon- regard ; absence of brooding.
^T^f^TWT anguli-ka, / . kind of ant.
dary part; supplement (esp. the six of the
a-fcintita, pp. unexpected,
Veda); resource ; base (gr.); -ka, n. member, ^ f ^ f ^ T ^ anguli-tra, n. {bowman s) finger-
part; body. a-fcintya,^?. inconceivable.
guard ; -trana, n. id.
W ^ I W r anga-kriya,/. anointing thebody. anguli-parvan, n. finger-joint; ^ r f ^ T a-/cira, a. brief, short, Momentary:
anga-glani,/. bodily languor. -m, ad. a short time ago; shortly; at short
-prawe^rana, n. water for washing the fingavs; inteiVals, repeatedly: in., ab. without delay,
aiiga-t/a, a. produced in, on or from -mukha, n. finger-tip; -mudra,/. seal-ring;
soon: often with present =future.
the body, bodily; -grata, m. son : pi. children. -splioiana, n. cracking the fingers.
^ V ^ f f l aA;ira-dyuti,/. lightning ; -pra-
^ • U J ang-ana, n. court. a n g u l i , / . finger; t o e ; -mudra,,/.
bha,-blias,-rofcis,-amsu,^jifchk,f.id. [ried.
^Sf^^T anga-tva, n. abst. N.from 3. £nga. finger-mark. [id.; -mtidraka, /. seal-ring.
^ T f ^ W r afeiraArfAa,/. woman newly mar-
anga-da, m. N. j n. bracelet (on the afiguliya, n. finger-ring ; -ka, n.
a-^etana, a. senseless; unconscious,
upper aim); -dvipa, m.N.ofa cosmic island. anguliagr^, n. finger-tip: -nakha^ inanimate; thoughtless; -t&,/. -ness.
afxg-ana, n. court.
m. tip of finger-nail. a-ketis, a. senseless, foolish; un-
^ T T angana,/. woman ; female (animal). angu-sh^a, m. thumb; breadth of the conscious. [less.
I f ^C^l*! anga-bandhana, n. catching, thumb (as a measure); great toe. 'HlxltdcTa-Aetita, pp.disregarded; thought-
snaring; -tohaig-a, m. collapse of the body ;
TNJj'BM^*! aiigushf/ia-parvan, n. thumb- a-fteshfa, a. motionless: -m, ad. with-
-blra, in. son; -bheda, m. self-betrayal; self-
deception; -mudra, / . a position of the fingers. joint ; -matraka, a. of the size of a thumb ; out stirring ; - t k , f . -ness. [unconsciousness.
afigam-egfaya-tva, n. trembling -mula, n. root of the thumb. [thumb. a-&aitanya, n. lack of intelligence,
of the body. angushfA-ya, -q. pertaining to the •^peft^rVPI a-fcodya-mdna, pr.pt. ps. un-
afiga-yash<i. f . slender body. urged. [with ac. to, towards.
^nghri, m. f o o t ; root; -pa, m. tree.
• ^ ^ • f ^ q i anga-rakshaka, m. body-guard ; i.&kkhsL, ad. near at hand ; or prp.
-raksha, / . id.; -rag"a, m. powder, paint, ^ f r f i . A K, A NK, I. kTca, aȣa, bend;
^ T ^ 2. a/cfeAa, a. clear; bright, pure.
unguent; -ruha, a. growing on the body, n.
go; honour : pp. aw&ita, bent, curly; distin- a-MAanda, m.: in. against the will
hair on the body; hide; feather; -latika, / .
guished, extraordinary: -m, ad. carefully; cs.
slender body; -vat, a. possessed of limbs. of (g-)', ab. involuntarily.
a»&aya, P. produce, cause, anu, follow, - one
^ r ^ l ^ M l f u i * ^ anga-v&k-parai-mat, a. another, ava, sink: pp. sunk. bend : gd. ^ I ^ ^ f a,-kkh&]&, n. no deception, truth.
endowed with body, speech, and hands. Sk&ya: pp. akna. ud, draw up: pp. ud-akta;
utter, sound, v i u d , cs. raise up. sam-ud, W^T^ &kkhfi&kkh&, a. perfectly clear or
•^^•fqcnl^ anga-vikara, m. bodily defect; raise up: pp.-akta. ni,bend down; sink,hang transparent.
-vidya., / . palmistry; -vyatha,/ 1 . bodily pain; down, pari, turn round, vi, bend asunder; £-hhhkr\t&, 2 pi. impf. of V2. kh&A.
-samskara, m. adornment of the person; spread out. sam, press together.
-sam-a-khyayam, abs. naming the limbs; ^ a - f t A ; A i d r a , a. intact; uninterrupted;
-spar«a, m. bodily contact,with (saha); -ha- 2. ak, grammatical term for vowel.
faultless: -m, in., ad. uninterruptedly, from
ra, m. gesticulation; -hina, pp. deficient in a sx.-a, as krit expressing the agent. beginning to end.
limb: -tva, n. want of a limb.
^Trf^KT a-fcakita, pp. not tottering, firm. ^HpOjfl £-kkhinna, pp. not cut off; intact.
angaangi, ind. limbs and body,
reciprocally; -bliava, m. reciprocal relation of W ^ W a-fcakshur-vishaya, a. beyond ^ T ^ r a#fcAedya,/p. not to be cut o f f ; in-
limbs and body, - of whole & parts &c. [body. eye-shot; m.what is beyond thereach ofvision. divisible. [epithet of Vish»u.
^ p T R j j ? angaanuk^la, a. pleasant to the ^ a - f t a k s h u s , a. eyeless, blind. ^-fcyuta, pp. firm, imperishable ; m.
^ a g . •^dVsHfxId a-tathoX-ita.
smear, axxu, abhi, anoint, smear, a, anoint,
A G , I. P. ( A . ) drive. adhi, drive W f W * T R < f t ajina-vati, f . N. of a fairy.
ni, hide among (antar). vi, beautify; mani-
x up. apa,-away.^ava, -down, a , - u p . fest, display: pp. vyakta, manifest, distinct,
^PC agr-ir^, a. mobile, rapid: -m, ad.; n.
ud, - out. upa, - up; A . drive up for oneself. clear: -m, ad. distinctly, certainly; cs. show,
court; battle-field. [honest.
^ T i. a<?-5, m. herding; drover; he-goat. abhi-vi, display: ps. be displayed, appear,
^ ( f a t K a-^ihma, a. not crooked, straight; sam, anoint; aidorn; unite with (in.).
WW 2. a-gfa, a. unborn, existing from the
Wf^T^TT a^ihma-ga, a. going straight for- ^ g f l a % - a n a , n . a n o i n t i n g ; ointment; col-
bg.; m. the Unborn, the Eternal One; (C.)N.
ward; m. arrow. [awakened. lyrium (for blackening eyelashes), antimony;
o/Brahma,Vishnu, and Siva; kind ofgrain (by
- g i r i , -parvata, m. N. of a mtn.; -turna,
WW 3. a;/-a, the >Jag. [a forced explanation). WWY®TT a-r/igar, V. 3 s. aor. cs. of \/gri, has n. pulverised antimony; -vn'ksba, m. kind
aj/a-gara, m. large snake, boa. ayigarta, m. N. of Sunahsepa's of tree: -daru-maya, a. made of the wood of

•^l^ltl &-gita,pp. uninjured, fresh, [father. ^T^TTcR ang'ana-kajn.collyrium. [this tree.


W 3 R W T agra-gala-stana, m. dew-lap on
the neck of the goat. W t f T T & -giti,f. scathelessness, safety. ^^ a%ana-vat, ad. like collyrium.
WW^RT a-gfaghanya,or. not the last; not the a%ali, m. the two open hands held
a-grima,^jj.not growing old; n. indi- together hollowed: -m kri, raise - to the
worst, i. e. the most excellent. [mind.
W W V f i f ' ^ a g i m i n , a. dyspeptic, [gestion. forehead (as a reverential salutation); two
W^R? n-gada, a. not half-witted, of sound handfuls (as a measure); -karman, a. folding
a-granA, a. solitary; n. desert place. a-srirti,/. indigestion, the hands (in salutation); -pata, m. id.
W S P f f ' T a-</anani;/. deprivation of birth (in ^a-f/iva, a, lifeless, [maintain oneself, I f an^ali-kn j o i n the hollowed hands.
imprecations). [public gaze. a-grivat, pr.pt. not living; unable to n. ointment: ac. ad. quickly,
W W T n f f a l a-^anajigriya, a. unexposed to forthwith ; in. straightway, at once; in truth.
WWtf^cT a-grxvita, n. not living, death.
,N3|'*(*l
sa-!7anman,
n- cessation of re-birth. ^r^n^pST angah-sawi, m. accelerated extrac-
a-^ugupsita, pp. blameless. tion of the Soma juice. [colour, ornament.
a.7a-pa, -pala, m. goat-herd.
W^JT a-</ur,a. not growing old, imperishable, ^ f l f T a % - i , a.anointing ; m.f.n. ointment;
a^a-mayu, a. bleating like a goat.
a-^ur-y^, a. ( f . -ya or -i) id. 1. AT, I . P. roam about, wander
a-grayya,/p. unconquerable. through, pari, id.
^ ^ S £-<7ushta, pp. unpleasant; gloomy.
W W C a-j7dia, a.not aging, everyoung; m.pl. ^ l i 2. at, grammatical designation for all the
the flames of Agni. \ W%*T a-^eya, fp. unconquerable. vowels + h, y, v, r.
a-^&at, pr. pt. not growing old. a^aekapSd, m. N. of one of the ^ ^ 3. a-t, augment a-.
W U ^ f a;/a-ra;/a, m. N. eleven Rudras & of Vishwu.
H d ' l a^-ana, n. wandering, gadding about.
W W C T T ^ ^ a^araamara-tva, n. everlast- "^T^cfl I aggwkt, f . courtesan (in a play).
•^Idf^ a^ani, -ni,/. notched end of a bow.
ing youth and immortality; -vat, ad. as if un-
W ^ a-gna, a. ignorant; senseless (animals ^ af-avi, / . forest; -bala, n. force of
decay inland immortal. [friendship.
* & things) ; stupid, foolish, inexperienced.
W W ^ a-garyi, a. not growing % old; n. foresters.
W n af/na-tS, f . ignorance, stupidity.
a-^alpat, pr. pt. not saying. "Hg atta, m. room on a house-top ; tower.
^CSjTfT^H/wata, pp. unknown, unrecognised:
af/a-vithij f . goat-path (part of -m, ad. without the knowledge of (g.); -kula- ^ a ^a-hasa,m. loud laughter; -h4sya,
the moon's orbit). sila, a. whose family and character are un- ai/alaka, m. watch-tower, [n. id.
known ; -bhukta,pp. eaten unawares; -vasa, | af-ya,/. wandering about.
WWW d-s»asra, a. untiring, ever fresh : -m,
m. unknown abode; a. whose abode is un-
continually, ever, in. id., with neg. = never. known : -m, ad. unknown, incognito. ^ITff 1. an, grammatical designation of the
W W W O T a-f/ahal-lakshawa,/. ellipse not W 2. a-n, the taddhita suffix -a (cp. «-it).
^TWrfW a-^nati, m. no blood-relation.
abandoning the primary meaning, e. g. ' the
^ R n W T a-j/»ja-tva, gd. without knowing. WfWcK^ a-rai-kartri, m. subject of the non-
WWT agi&,f. goat. [grey (horse) runs.''
causal, i. e. of the simple verb (gr.).
WWTTT d-g&ta, a. not born, unborn. W R 1. a-^nlna, n. ignorance ; inadvert-
ence : ab. inadvertently ; non-intelligence : ' W R T T t ara-i-m£n, m. thinness, subtilty.
a-.7ata-paksha, a. unfledged ; name of primeval matter as the ultimatemate- WfWW ara-ish^a, spv. of a«u.
-ra^as, a. pollenless; not yet menstruating; rial cause; a. ignorant, foolish, inexperienced.
-lomni,/. a. whose hair has not yet grown, ^n-iyas, cpv. of anu.
immature; -vyadf/ana, a. beardless; -satru, •^TWTTcT^ a-grnSna-tas, ad. unwittingly.
arau, a. minute, subtile, delicate ; m.
a. having no enemy (as a match); m. N. of a-[/nanaartha, a. not having the atom; -tva, n. minuteness; atomic nature;
Yudhi shi/iira. meaning ' knowledge.' -matrika, a. composed of atoms; -muklia,
W T c T T f T a - ^ t a a r i , m.N. of Yudhish^ira. ^"S! It^^wSs, a. without kin. [nised. a. small-mouthed.
-g&tif. spurious or bad ware. [(ac.). a,-gneya,,fp. not to be known or recog- anda, n. egg ; testicle ; -ka, «. bird's
egg; -ko^a, m.mundane egg, universe; -gata,
WWT^Tc^a-^a-n-atj^jr./j/. unacquainted with • ^ J T ag-ma, m. road; course; train; -n, n. id. a. being in the egg; -g&, a. egg-born; Jw.bird;
d-</£mi, a. unconsanguineous; n. a-^yani, f . intactness, safety. -bbedana, n. breaking the (egg = ) ice.
incest. [ n . s. id.
a-gyeshtha, a. not the eldest: pi. of a-wijinta, a. not ending in the cs.
a^aavf,m.pl. sheep and goats; -ka, suffix i ( = aya).
whom none is the eldest; not the best; -vritti,
^TWT^ a^aasva, n. goats and horses. a. not behaving as an elder brother. aravi,/. (of dnu) finger,
WtW^Tfa a-r/igisha, a. free from ambition, "^RI acr-ra, m. pasture, field, plain. f j x. A T , I. ata, go, wander, roam.
a-f/ita, pp. unconquered. [trolled. ^ T ^ r . A NK, v. ^ 1. AfC. •'Sjc^ 2. a - t , = short a (gr.):
WfadldH 2. -ank, a. g o i n g - , -ward (- 0 ). a-ta/a, m. precipice, abyss.
a^rita atman, a. un-self-con- •^TW^f anA-ala, m. border, hem ; corner. "^ff Tcj a-tattva, n. unreality: -tas, ad. not in
a<yitaapida, m. N. of a king. reality; -gn&, a. not knowing the truth.
WW anfe-u, gr. term for
WfWTtf'S^T a-grita^indriya, a. whose senses ^TrFTT a-tat-para, a. not intent on that.
ANG, V I I . anakti, ankt6, anoint,
are unsubdued. s smear, (A. refl.); adorn: A. adorn oneself a-tathaji^ita, pp. not accus-
Hfa «1 a^fna, n. hide; leathern purse; -ratna,
with (ac.); _onour, celebrate; display; cs. tomed to such treatment; unused to (g.).
n. treasure of a ( = magic) purse.
6 ^HfW a-tathya. ^ifdMJl ati-prage.

^TrTSEJ a-tathya, a. untrue, false, unreal. •^fTT^ a-tin, a. having no tin (gr.). ^ ^ f f ^ T ^ M ati-durdharsha, a. too difficult
tJHT^ a-tanu, a. not small, great; m. K&ma; ^ r f ^ J T ati-datura, a. extremely swift, of approach; very hard to conquer.
^f atanu-bala,a.strong, [sexual love. • i l f d ^ | M«^|ati-^apalya,M.extreme mobility. ^ r f t ^ T ati-durbala, a. very weak ; very

ati-feara, m. transgression, viola- wretched; -tk, f. excessive weakness,


^ H T ^ n ' a-tandri-ta, pp., a. un-
tion ; -£arin, a. transgressing. [ways, ^ f f l ^ t l d ^ a t i - d u r m a n a s , a. very dejected.
wearied, undaunted, active. - O f F I ^ d | ^£(4-1 tdati-durman^ya-mina,pr.
"3MMH.a-tapas, a. not practising penances; ^l^ati-fcitram, ad. in very manifold pt. grieving excessively.
^ r f f ^ ^ l a-tamisra, a. not dark, [ - k a , a. id. ^fdU ati-feiram, ad. too long.
^ f r l ^ ^ ati-durvaha, a. very hard to bear;
U r T V ^ I 4 ! a-taru-MAaya, a. devoid of tree- ^ifaR ati-Hrasya, ad. (g.) for a very -tva, n. abst. n. [behaved.
shade. [expected. long time. [(14) metres. ^Srf^^^rT ati-dur-vritta, pp. very badly
WfTt^fT a-tarkita, pp. not thought of, un- ati-MAandas,/. N. of certain c( ati-duA-srava, a.veryunpleasant
to hear. [ficult.
^Mdf^l.a-tarkin, a. inconsiderate, hasty. ati-^agati, / . a metre ( 4 x 1 3
syllables). ati-dushkara,a. exceedingly dif-
a-tarkya, fp. inconceivable.
• ^ f d ^ l d T ati-^afAara, a.very hard; very old. ^ r f T f ^ ^ I T ati-dustara, a. very hard to cross.
a-tala, n. N. of a hell (bottomless).
H d ati-gana,».strange place,deserted - . ati-dtoa, a. very long, too distant;
^TfRC. ^-tas, ad. — ab. of idam, from this ;
thence; after this, next [esp. with ftrdhvam ^ f a o | c | ati-^ava, m. extreme rapidity; -na, -tva, n. great distance; - v a r t i n , a. too far
and param), then ; hence, therefore. a. extremely swift: - t a , / . great haste. off for (g.). [logical conclusion.
ati-^ata, pp. born with superior ati-desa, ?ra.extensionto(^r.); ana-
^frlTrM^ f c f ^ a-tatparya-vid,a. ignorant of
the true meaning, merits, [scious of victory; (i)-ta,/. abst. N. ^ i f W ^ i ati-dvaya, a. (1) unequalled.
^rfw ati, ad. over, beyond (vbl. px.); ex- WfWfW(TcfiTftr*l. ati-j/ita-kasin, a. too con- ^f?I\|^^Tati-dhavala, a.very white, [bles).
ceedingly, very, too, transcending (°-); prp. ati-pirma-ta,/. extreme old age. ^ i f d ^ f f ? ati-dhnti, f . a metre (4 x 19 sylla-
with ac. over, beyond, more than.
ati-givan-mrita-ka, a. more
^ r f l T O t T a t i - k a f A o r a , a.very rough (wind). ^ r n t ^ a t i - n a s h ^ , « . e s c a p e d from danger.
dead thaiTalive.
ati-kala, a. very melodious. ati-ni/cnt, / . a metre.
fa < 1 M a t i - t a p a s v i n , a. very ascetic.
•"ilfaeft^*^ ati-kalyam, ad. too early in the Wf^if^T^fT^ ati-nibhn'tam, ad. with the ut-
^rfWrT^ ati-tara, (cpv.) ad. extremely
most secrecy.
• ^ n f i ^ r n i r 3ti-kalyawa, a. (1) ugly. [day. ^ f f T ^ I ati-taram, ad. exceedingly, very,
^ f f T f f ' T ^ W ati-nir-ghr»na, a. altogether
TR frTof, g ati-kash^a, a.very strict; worse than quite, absolutely; more than (ab.). - pitiless ; -daya, a. id.; -bandha, rn. excessive
^f fTRfiTrTTati-katara.a.•veryanxious. [(ab.). ^ f f a (11 d d ati-tanava, n. excessive leanness, urgency: - t a s , in. very urgently; -vartin,
a. behaving in a very unseemly way; - v a s u -
"^ifaejHj^H ati-kutilhala, n. great curiosity. ^ f a tlTfT*l, ati-tarin, a. conveying across. tva, n. extreme poverty. [cruel.
^ f a g » f « l d ati-kupita, pp. very angry. ^ f a f a ^ ati-titirshu, des. a. wishing to
^ T f ^ T O T ati-nish-karuna, a. extremely
^ f a ® ^ ati-kri&ftAra, m. a twelve days' get across. [lently.
^ r f ^ r f d ^ i , ati-nish^Aura, a. too rough, too
penance; -krita,pp.overdone; extraordinary; ^f^TrJ*^ ati-tud, a. striking lashing vio- hard. [enced.
-kWti, f . excess; -krishwa, a. very dark- ^ f d ^ f H ati-tnpti,/.excessive satiety, sur- ^ f ? T f w m ati-ni-shraata, pp. very experi-
coloured. [anvita, pp. very angry.
TSffa^m ati-trishwa, a. very thirsty, [feit.
HSjId^M ati-kopa, m, violent auger; -sam- ^ fa •Tl%^ati-nifeais, ad. too obsequiously.
^rffHJWT ati-tn'shna, / . excessive thirst;
•^rfWslvR ati-krama, m. overstepping; pass- ^ f ^ T S p E t ati-nmamsa, a. too spiteful or
ing by, lapse (time); variation; violation; - greed. [mighty; m. sun; -vin, a. id.
cruel. [tinuity.
transgression, offence; neglect; blunder. ati-te^ras, a. very brilliant, very ati-nairantarya, n. strict con-
^ r f ^ f T W ati-kr^mawa, n. overstepping ; ^tTT^tTCcT ati-tvarita, pp. precipitate.
passing by, lapse; neglect of (-°); offence. ^ f a M ( r l ati-patti, f . lapse (of time); un-
^ f a f « | it-ithi, TO. [wanderer], guest; - ° , a . suitableness. [wounded.
^ fa sfl tyl ati-kramaraiya, fp. avoidable; come to, arriving at; - t k , f , - t v a , n. abst.N.;
to be neglected. - k r i y a , / - hospitality; -dharma, TO. rights of ati-pari-kshata, pp. severely
f f l f + 1 ati-kramin, a. violating (— a guest; -dharmin, a. having the claims of ati-pari/faya, m. too great
a guest. familiarity.
^ fcl sfi I ati-kr&nta, pp. (<\/kram), passed
R i d^atithi n, a .wandering ; m.N.ofaK.
beyond; transgressed; diffuse, ^ t T R ^ r ati-parusha, a. very violent.
atithi-p%ana, n. honourable
•sulcispVi^ati-krudh,/• violent anger, reception of a guest; rsatkara, m. hospitality 4 j f a M l d ati-pata, m. falling beyond; lapse;
to a guest. [N. of a serpent. neglect. [missing, neglecting.
^ f a s j l i , ati-kr&ra, a. very terrible.
^fTTmfTPtati-patin, a. surpassing in speed;
^rfTlinT ati-klesa, m. excessive hardship. ^ f a * ^ ati^darpa, m. excessive arrogance;
•^ifjni ati-ga, a. piercing, going beyond, ^ fd <f ati-darpita, pp. taken great pride ^ f a M l ^ f a ^ c ^ a t i - p a d a - n i ^ n t , f . a metre.
surpassing, overcoming; transgressing (- 0 ). in. [burning a nature. ati-pi-naddha, pp. too closely
fastened. [lignant.
^rfTRPff^T ati-gambhira, a.very deep; un- ' ' S l f a ^ ^ l G H d l ati-dahanajltmaka, a. of too
fathomable (Jig.). [buy too dear, ^rfTT^TTJ ati-datn, a. too liberal. ^ f a f a ^ J T ati-pisuna, a.very base,very ma-

^ r f f t ' l O^^ati-gariyas,cpr.toodear: -a kri, ati-dana, n. too great liberality. ^ j f f t M l ^ d ati-pidana, n. severe pressure.
ati-gardha, m. excessive greed, ^f^T^TW ati-daha, m. violent burning. ati-punya, aTquite pure,-innocent.
ati-gahana, a. unfathomable, fa ^ti-dlrgha, a. very long, too long; ^ f f a ^ T ] ati-pQra, m. violent stream, - effu-
fa ati-guraa, a.excellent; -ta,/. abst. N. -kopanata,/. too long anger. [sad. ^ffWtJcf ati-pQrva, a. long past. [sion.
•Srf?PJTT ati-gupta, pp. well-concealed. ^ r f T T f t ^ T f ^ T atiduAkhaanvita, pp. too ^ f a M l ^ ^ ati-paurusha,a.extremely manly.
ati-guru, o. very weighty; weightier ati-duAkhita, pp. id. [verse.
^ i f a i T W I i l ati-prakasa, a. notorious; - t v a ,
ati-ghana, a.very dense. [than (ab.). ^ r f f T ^ n r ati-durgama, a. very hard to tra- n. -ness.
ati-ghora, a. very terrible. ati-dur^rana, m. great scoundrel. WfTTJRt ati-prage, ad. too early in the morn-
WfdJHU^ ati-pra&ararfa. WffreWT ati-sahasa.

M"®! ati-prafcanda, a. extremely vehe- W f d ^ I ati-ratra, a. kept during the night; W f f n p l l ati-sakra, a. surpassing Indra:
ment ; -pratyasaiiga, rn. too great proximit}'. m. form of the Soma sacrifice requiring three -sobhin, a. more beautiful than Indra.
ilfdM^^ati-prabandhajWi.uninterrupted- nocturnal recitations. W f T H I f i f t ati-sakvari,/. a metre ( 4 x 1 5
ness: ad. ceaselessly. •^fat^M ati-rush, a. enraged; -rutfAa,pp. syllables).
closely cohering: -tva, n. abst. x.; -rupa, a. d ati-safikita, pp.too much afraid
WfWM^^t ati-prabala, a. very powerful.
very beautiful; n. great beauty.
W f ? n T 3 a t i - s a ^ a , a.very deceitful. [of(a6.). .
W f d M ^ T S ! ati-pramana, a. of unusual size. ^ f d \ « f i ati-reka, m. excess, high degree.
W f d M ^ W ati-pra-yukta, pp. very usual; W f T T ^ t W r p T ati-ro7ramana, a. having still HtWST^r ati-saya, a. eminent; better than
-vritta.^.muchbusied with (in.); -vriddha, (ab.) ; m. eminence; excess, plenty: in. or
finer tufts of hair on the neck (horse), [ment. more, very; -na, a. (1) excellent; -vat,
pp. very aged; too haughty.
a. excessive.
ati-pravesa, m. obtrusiveness. ^ f d O H a d t f l ati-robita-tva, n. envelop-
^ f a ^ i f a d ati-sayita, pp. surpassed ; - t v a ,
ati- pra-sasta, pp .greatly praised; W f f R r f ^ T . a t i - l a n g h i n , a. overstepping. n. extraordinariness.
-s&nta, pp. completely allayed; -sakta, pp. WfWwfWcT ati-lalita, pp. extremely lovely.
ffl ati-sayin, a. excellent.
excessively attached.
Wf^T^pfcT ati-lubdha, pp. very greedy, very W f T n T ^ f f a T T ati-sayajupama, f . exagger-
W f T H m f f l l ati-prasakti,/. too great addic- avaricious : -ta, f . excessive greed; -lobba, ated simile.
tion, to (g.); -prasaiiga, m. id.; too wide ap- m. idr. - t a , / . id.
plication (of a gr. rule); excessive diffuseness; W f l n p p r ati-sastra, a. surpassing weapons.
-prastava, m. very suitable opportunity. - q f r i ^ f a ati-loma, a. excessively hairy;
ati-sata, a. causing great joy.
-lola, a. excessively wavering; -lohita, a.
WfTTHISlTT ati-prSkn'ta, a. very common, dark red: / . i n i ; -laulya, n. excessive greed: ^ f d UU fa't, ati-sayin, a. surpassing.
- illiterate; -pra»a-priya,a. dearer thanlife. -vat, a. too eager, very eager. ^ fa fa fa ati-sithila, a. too loose;-fickle.
u f a M a t i - p r i y a , a. very pleasant: in. ad.;
f d rti <?( ati-vatsala, a.very tender; -vart-
-praudAa-yauvana, a. in the prime of youth. ana, n. exemption, remission; -vartin, a. " ^ f d f a f a < ati-sisira, a. very cool.
W f T T ^ T ati-bala, a. extremely powerful; crossing; passing over; transgressing, neglect- ati-sighra, a. exceedingly swift.
/. N. of a spell; -balin, a. id.; -baliyas, cpv. ing ; -vallabha, a. very dear: -ta, / . , -tva, n.
abst. n.; -varsha,TO.n., -na, n. excessive rain. " ^ f d i f l d ati-sita, n. excessive cold.
much more powerful; -bahu, a. very much;
-bala, a. very young; -bibhatsa, a. very dis- i d ati-vata, m. violent wind ; - v a t - W f d ^ J ^ ati-suddha, pp. perfectly pure.
Wf?PT?Iati-bhaya,n.great danger, [gusting. salya, n. extreme tenderness; -vada, m. hard WfTT^X ati-slra, m. too great a hero.
word, insult; -vahya, n. passing (the night).
ati-bhara, m. excessive burden. W f d ^ i f W ati-«aufea, n. too great cleanliness.
Wf^rf^TTlf ati-vigarhya,/p. very blame- "5&I fa ati-srama,wi. great fatigue; -sllshfa,
WfTpffaPST ati-bhishawa, a.
worthy. pp. firmly attached, firmly united.
WfTT^ati-bhti, a. surpallffl^nTr Wfd fa *A f^^ati-vigrahin, a. too bellicose. W f W ^ i ^ ati-ghk^nd, / . overstepping.
W f ^ j f ' T ati-bhtimi,/. acme, high degree, " W f a f a d ^ ati-vitatha, a. quite useless;
"4|fd8<\ ^-tishMat, pr. pt. not remaining
ati-bhfiri, a. very much -vak, a. excessively mendacious. standing, not resting; withdrawingfrom(Ic.).
W l d ^ f ^ a t i - b h / i t , a. heavily burdened. " ^ f a f a ^ j i . ati-vi^.hura, a. very wretched. ati-sakti,/. great nearness of, ex-
W f ^ W X ^ ati-bhairava, a. very terrible. W f T r f W T E T ati-viparyaya, m. great perver- treme attachment to (in.); -mat, a. too much
sity ; -vipina, a. very well wooded; -vipra- attached to (Ic.).
W f f T T ^ ^ f ati-ma%ula,a. extremely lovely. karsha, m. excessive distance; - v i m a n a s , •^tldtlfal ati-sakhi, m. great friend.
WfTWfTWftati-matimatjfl.extremelyclever. a. greatly discouraged.
ati-samka?a, n. extreme density;
W t ^ W ^ ati-mada, m. violent excitement; W f W f ^ X T f W t . ati-vira//in, a. extremely great distress; -samkruddha, pp.very angry;
-madhyamdina, n. exactly noon. splendid; -virupa, a. excessively ugly. -samksbepa, m. too great brevity; -sara-
^ f a f a ^ S W ati-vilamba, m. excessive delay. ^aya, m. excessive accumulation, vast hoard;
Wf^TVf*5TTa,ti-malina,a.very dirty; verylow.
-samrambba, m. violent indignation.
WfTTT^f^ati-mahat, a.very large; too long. rjjfcffa"4+< ati-vishama, a.very dangerous;
more dangerous than (ah.); very arduous; W f ? T O ^ X ^ a t i - s a t v a r a m , ad. very hastily.
Wf^TTTW ati-mStra, a. excessive: °-&-m, - v i s a r i n , a. of very wide scope; - v i s t a r a , m. Id t(^<<ati-sa-daya,a.verycom passionate.
ad. excessively, beyond measure, very. excessive prolixity: -tas, ad. in averydetailed
manner; -vistara, m. great extent; - v i s - W f ^ r o ^ r ati-sadrisa, a. extremely like.
W f f T T T T ati-mSnii, m. self-conceit, pride.
tirna, pp. too extensive ; -vihvala, a. very
perplexed, greatly overcome. Wfd^fTtT ati-sam-tata, pp. uninterrupted.
WffTTTf^TT. ati-manin, a. proud; having a
delicate sense of honour. Wf^T^I^I ati-sawi-dheya, fp. to be sup-
W f W ^ X ati-vira, m. great hero.
W f f T T T ^ ati-mlnusha, a. superhuman. WfTTWV^nCrsfiTati-virya-par§,krama,a. of
W f d ^ i f a ^ I T i ati-samnidhana, n. excessive
^rf^WT^fT ati-maruta, m. violent wind. extraordinary bravery & prowess. [(remedy).
nearness.
W f f l ^ ^ n C ati-mukhara, a. extremely talk- ^ f r i q l ^ c l c ^ a t i - v i r y a - v a t , a. very effective
W f f W R ^ ati-samartha, a. extremely able.
ative ; -mtictta, pp. very foolish, very stupid. W t W ^ r i ati-vntta, pp. long past; - v n t t i , / . Id tl M ati-samipa,a. too near; -ta,/.too
^fd^M?! ati-yatna,m. great exertion; -yasa, trespass ; - v n d d M , /. excessive growth ; great proximity.
a. very illustrious; -ySJeita, pp. importuned. -vrisliti, /. excessive rain: -da, a. giving - .
frt ati-sambhoga, m. great treat.
W f T T T ^ I . ati-ramhas, a. excessively swift, W f ^ T ati-vega, mt excessive haste; -ved-
ati-sambhrama, m. violer.^ agita-
W f W ^ S i r l T ati-rakta-ta, f . excessive liking ana, /. violent pain; -vepatbu-mat, a.
tion. [more palatable than (ab.).
for (lc.)\ -ra/ita, n. violent shrieking; -rat- trembling violently. [experience.
na, n. precious gem; jewel of the first water; ati-vaiiakshanya, n, v ery great ati-sarasa, a. very palatable;
-ratha, m. great champion; -rabhasa, a. very ati-sarga, m. granting (a wish).
wild, - impetuous : -m, ad.; -rama»iiya,/o. ati-vaishamya, n. great inequal-
extremely charming: -\&,,fabst.N.; -ramya, ity of ground. ^ I d t l M y j ati-sarpawa, n. violent agitation.
fp. id. ;-raya,a.running extremely fast; -rasa, ^ f f ^ e i j ^ ati-vyaya, m. lavish expenditure,
Wt^TO^ ati-sarva, a. more than complete;
a. very palatable; m. too strong a key-note extravagance; -vyasana, n. great calamity ;
(rh.); violent desire: -tas, ad. too eagerly. -vyasanin, a. overpowered by vice; -vyut- raised above all. [great anxiety.
W f h i X ^ ' t l a-tiras-krita, pp. unsurpassed; panna,pp. very experienced in (Ic.)', -vrata, W f f W f ^ n r ^ C ati-savisankam, ad. with
greatest. a. excessively pious.
^ f d t l ^ t l l ati-sahas^, ad. too precipitately.
8 ilfcWNdH ati-sawvatsara. a-dambhi-tva.

V f T I W N W C ati-samvatsara, a. (i) exceed- ati akkha., a. extremely transparent; ^T^T? a-trapa, a. shameless.
ing a year. [shrinking from (g.). - pure; ^adbhuta, a. very wonderful. ^T^T^Tc^ atra-bhavat, m. this gentleman
<3((e(«a ^ti anta, a. lasting to the end, con- here,/. -£, this lady here (referring to third
W f W ^ ^ ati-sSdhvasa, n. too great
tinual, uninterrupted, endless; complete; ex- person present on the stage).
^ f f i l t H * ^ ati-s&ndra, a. very dense. cessive : °-or-m, ad. excessively, continually,
a-trasta, pp. intrepid.
^SrfTTOT^d. ati-sayam, ad. too late in the for ever, throughout; highly, beyond measure;
-gata, pp. gone away for good, [much water. atra-stha, a.being here, stayinghere.
^fffPETTT ati-sara, m. diarrhoea, [evening.
K(ei«s|m<t atijimbu-pana, n. drinking too W r f ^ f T a-trasita, pp. not. frightened.
^fciti ati-sahasa, n. precipitate action;
"^RtPSf a t i j y a , m. passing away, lapse; end; ^ dtri, a. devouring; m. N. of a sage:
i-ka, a. very imprudent. [swan.
risk, jeopardy, danger; fault, transgression. pi. his descendants; a star in the Great Bear.
"^ifctftlcH^'fcUgT ati-sitaanga -vihamga, m.
^r^atiartha°-or-m,ad.exceedingly,very. ^rf^atrin, a. voracious,
ati-sukha, a. extremely pleasant;
-suguma, a. very passable; -subkaga, a. •5i|cM«»M a t i j l p a , a. very little, too little; •^f^f^r^atri-vat, ad. like Atri, like the Atris.
extremely pretty; -surabhi,a extremely fra- -buddhi, a. of very weak understanding, ^ r f ^ P l a-tri-varsha, a. not yet three years
grant ; -Bulabha, a. very easily obtainable ;
-su-vritta, pp. very nicely rounded; very ^ r ^ a t i j i s - n a t , pr. pt. eating too much. "^f^X a-tvara,a.nothasty,deliberate, [old.
well-behaved. W V f t a t i a s h t i , f . a metre(4x17 syllables). •^T^XT a-tvara, / , deliberation.
ati-sflkshma, a. extremely minute. ^rarf^TrT ati_asita, a. extremely black. W^T ^-tha, ad. then, thereupon ; now, here
begins (at bg. ofworks or sections, cp. iti); now,
£ti-srishfi, / . higher creation. atiJkula, a. very confused. so, then (at bg. of sentences) ; but, however,
^rf^T^h^nT ati-sau^anya, n. too great mag- a-tyaga, m. non-abandonment: e and yet; if; then,con*, to yada; often strength'
nanimity; -sauhitya, n. excessive satiety. tanoA, during lifetime. [renouncing. ened by atas, api, £a, tu, p u n a r ; sts. mere
verse-filler; atba va, or, or else, or rather (giv-
^rfff%^ati-sneha, m.excessive attachment; ^ r T f ^ a-tyagin, a. not abandoning, not ing another explanation); however; even; re-
-svalpa, a. quite small, quite insignificant; ''Npy M I V atijl&ara, m. too refined manners. peated : either-or ; atba klm, what else ? =
-svastha, a. in excellent health. certainly; atha klmu, to say nothing of
•^ICMI^ a-tya^rya, fp. not to be abandoned ;
ati-harshula, a. highly rejoiced. atharvan, m. fire-priest; N. of the
not to be given up. *
first fire-priest: pi. his descendants; 8. & pi.
v f o s V w ati-hasita, (pp.) n. immoderate ^fiSTT^T atiJdara, m. too much considera- his magical incantations, the A V . [Veda.
laughter. tion: ire. very urgently; -para, a.very cautious.
atharva-veda, m. Atharva (fourth)
^frl^lR-lati-hfirin, ^ W T f ^ T atijtditya, a. surpassing the sun;
-jinanda, m. excessive joy; -apanna, ppT atharvaangiras, m. pi. the
a. very charming.
very unfortunate; -Jiyata, pp. very long, very families of Atharvan and Aiigiras ; their in-
"Sjfft^S ati-hrish/a, pp. greatly rejoiced, tall; - a y u s , a. very old; -JirurfAa, pp. hvg. cantations, esp. those of the A V . ; -a, a. (i)
reached a great height; -juciidhi,/. ascending descended from Atharvan and Angiras; m.
"^ffljmjlati-hrepana,a.very embarrassing.
too high; -^aroha, m. mounting too high, ar- 8. pi. the hymns of the A V .
•^nf^RTZf ati-kasd, m. lustre ; aperture. rogance ; - a r t i , / . violent pain; ^arya, a. TJJ^TI athau, ad. and also, and so; then; now.
too honourable, [ful.
^ a-tikshwa, a. blunt; not strict, mild. ^ A D , IT. P. at-ti, eat, consume, enjoy;
W T ^ J atijis/carya, a. extremely wonder-
W t c T atijta, pp. (\/i) gone by, past. x cs. &daya, feed.
* < n r * < l atijndriya, a. supersensuous, ^JfM l ^ ^ a t i a s a n g a , m . violent inclination for ^r^f^TQ 1 1. a-dakshina, a. not right, l e f t ;
transcendental; n. spirit, soul. ^(tl jL-sanna,pp. too near. [(Zc.,-°). awkward; inexperienced; unamiable.
£-tirtha, n. wrong way, wrong man- atijl-hita, pp. adverse, disagree- ^ t ^ ^ H j f 2. a-dakshina, a. without gifts to
ner ; unseasonable time. able ; n. misfortune.
" ^ d l q atiiva, ad. excessively; firmly; prp. Brdhmans. [ment, innocent.
beyond(ac.);verymuchmorethan(a£>.).[ature. atijukti,/. much talk; exaggeration. a-dawdy^,/o. not liable to punish-
^nftsT a-tivra, a. moderate; - t k , f . -1emper- ^Irtjtf atijigra, a. very mighty, very terrible. •^STc^ad-at, pr.pt. eating.
^TJJ^T a-tula, a. unequalled ; -vikrama, a. ^ p e j ^ atiu&fca, a. extremely high. ^-datta, pp. not given (said of a pre-
sent that may be returned): / . a, unmarried;
of unequalled valour, ^SfesjFgjrT atijik-fcftrita,pp.raised too high.
-dana, n. lack of charity; -phala, n. reward
^ffjqi a-tushara-kara, m. sun. ^ R f ^ l f atrutka, a. ardently longing ; ^ut- for not having given.
kafa, a. excessive, extraordinary; - uttama,
a-tushfa, pp. dissatisfied,
a. most excellent; - udatta, a. very eminent; ^ t T T ^ R adattaadana, n. taking what is
^ftjfsia-tushii,/.dissatisfaction, discontent. - udara, a. most excellent; too liberal: -ta, not given voluntarily; -Jidiiyin, a. taking
/. abst. N. ; - un-nata, pp. excessively high ; what has not been given.
^rgTjfgra-tfttuffi, a. tardy, slow. - j n n a t i , f. eminence. ^ T ^ W T a-dattva, gd. without giving.
a-tnraa, n. what is not grass.
^"Kl^-trip-wu-v-at, pr. pt. insatiable. ^nSpCfrlTX atijupaA;ara, m. too great polite- not giving, - return-
a-tripta, pp. unsatisfied, insatiate; ness. [heat, a-dadhi, n. what is not curds, [ing.
-ta,/. abst. N. [fied. ^(tjwy atrushwa, a. very hot; -tk,f. extreme " ^ ^ f f ad-ana, n. eating.
-q £ w|f^a-tn'p-yat,pr.pt. not becoming satis- atiflr^asvala, a. extremely heroic
a-dant, a. toothless.
a-tn'shzta, a. void ofgreed,-desire.[oil. (deed). [highly.
a-d-anta, a. ending in a. [teethed.
^^t^fTT^ atijlrgiitam, ad. extremely,
^ d ^ ^ a - t a H a - p a r a , a. not being filled with
atij^i^u, a. too straight, too sincere. ^T^rTWHT a-danta-^rata, pp. not having
W T f ^ n r ^ ato-nimittam, ad. for that
W atiautsukya.n.great impatience. £-dabdha, pp. unhurt, safe; trust-
reason, therefore.
worthy ; pure.
^r?Tti^F(ato^rtham, ad. to that end. ^ R 1. a-tra, ad.=lc. of idam,in this ; here;
there ; in this (that) case, - verse, - passage, a-dabha, a. not hurting, benevolent,
^Jf^r £tka, m. cloak, mantle. on this point; in this life; then, at that time. a-dabhra, a. not little, much.
^ T T ^ at-tavya,//?.to be eaten; to be tasted. 2.a-tra, m. eater; devourer.
^ S f a-dambha, m. sincerity.
W r f at-tn, m. eater; devourer. ^snrar atra-tya, a. of this place, living here,
a-dambhin, a. upright, honest;
^SfiSf dt-ya, a. running; m. steed; / . a, mare. atra-n, the suffix -atra (v. n-it). (i)-tva, n. uprightness, veracity.
W^I a-daya. W^TCt. adhas. 9

W ^ T a-daya, a. pitiless : -m, ad. heartily. (alliance); -para-samarthya, a. not having W f ^ f t a a-dvitiya, a. secondless, single,
c experienced an enemy's power; -purva, a. only. [old.
a-darsana, n. not seeing; not vi- never seen, unknown before; -rupa, a. of un-
siting; non-investigation; non-occurrence; known appearance; -viraba-vyatha, a. not w f ^ ^ ^ a-dvi-varsha, a. not yet two years
disappearance, invisibility: ab. beyond the having experienced the pangs of separation.
W ^ n T r f ' T * ^ a-dvesha-ragin, a. free from
vision of (ab.); a. invisible; -patba, m. what is
beyond the vision of (g.). W ^ f S ^ T T a-drish£i-dg,na, n. non-admit- like or dislike.
W ^ S a-dveshfn, a. not hating, well-dis-
W ^ ^ ^ ^ a d a r s a n i - b h d , become invisible. H £ § Ta-dn'sb/va, gd.without seeing, [tance.
posed towards (g.); -tva, n. benevolence.
W ^ l H f f a a-darsaniya,/p, invisible; -tva, W ^ T a-deya, fp. not to be given.
W^rT a-dvaita, n. non-duality, unity; a.
n. -ness. * [ac. ad. there. W ^ f £-deva, a. (1) hostile to the gods; m.
without duality, secondless, single.
prn. n. (m.f. asau) yon, that: Asura. [the gods.
a-dvaidha, a. undivided; not double,
-dfikshiraya, n. impoliteness. a-deva-£7Ushfa, pp. displeasing to sincere.
W^T^ a-d&tri, a. unliberal, stingy ; not a-devara, m. not a brother-in-law. W M cidha, W V T (older form o/athl),
liable to pay; not giving in marriage. a-desa, m. wrong place. ad. then, thereupon (often corr.); therefore ;
W ^ l f c ^ ^ ad-adi-tva, n. appertaining to a d h a - a d h a , both-and; adha-adha va, ei-
^ ^ U i e f l M a-desa-kala, m. wrong place and ther - or. [tempt.
the verbs beginning with 'ad' ( = Ad-class).
time : -gna,, a. suiting neither place nor time. W^nfsti'M | adhaA-kriya,/.abasement; con-
W^W ^-dUna, n. not giving, withholding;
a. not giving; not exuding juice from the ^ "Sj a-desa-</na,a.unacquainted with the adhaA-khanana, n.undermining.
temples. [ible. place; -stha,a. absent fr. hiscountry,absentee.
W^UTTfT adhaA-pata, m. downfall.
W ^ W a-dabhya,^.inviolable; indestruct- a-deha-bandha, m. non-assump-
W ^ ^ M l f f t d adhaA-patita, cs. pp. thrown
a-day&da (i; C. a. not entitled tion of a new body; -bheda, m. no change of
W V I a-dhana, a. indigent, poor. [down.
to inheritance. a-daiva, a. independent of fate. [body.
a-daruna, a. not pitiless, mild. a-dosha, m. no fault, no sin; a. guilt- W V I a-dhanya, a. poor; unfortunate.

less ; -gna,, a. not knowing what faults are. WVJadha-ma, lowest, worst, vilest (of,
W^HJ a-dfisa, m. freeman.
-°); -^eshia, a. acting meanly; -dhi, a. of
W^T^f a-dabva,/^. incombustible. WW £dga, m. c a n e ; stalk. [deed. mean understanding; -yoni-^a, a. born of a
WITT ad-dha, ad. [in this manner], truly, in- very low mother.
W f ^ f f T i . a-diti,/. want, penury.
in. pi. of ap, water. W ^ W T V T adhama^dhama, a. lowest of all.
W f ^ f t 2. &
W^pT ddbhuta, a. [at(i)-bhtita, transcen- W^TC adha-ra, cpv. lower: -m kri, subject;
-diti, a. infinite; f . infinity; N.
dent], wonderful; n. portent; -tama, spv. m. under-lip, s. coll. lips; -dala, n. lip;
of the mother of the gods. [give.
most marvellous; -darsana, a. of wondrous -ruAaka, n. lovely lips. [southern.
-dits-at,c?es.^r.j5<.not inclined to aspect; -rupa, a. of wondrous form; - avaha,
W V T T ^ adharajinA;, a. (&k-i) downward ;
a-dit-su, des. a. id. [verbs. a. exciting wonder; -jipama, f simile as-
suming a miracle. W^RTn^adhargit, ad. below; -At, id.
Wf^U^jfW adi-prabhriti, pi. Ad-class of
d,-dina, a. not depressed, cheerful; WWWIW adbhutaya, den. appear a wonder. W ^ n r n ^ T adharaj,mbara, n. under gar-
-sattva, a. elated, cheerful; - a t m a u , a. id. W ^U H. ad-bhyas, d. ab.pl. of ap, water. ment.
W^15RTTa-diya-mana,pr.pt.ps. not being W ^ R l X f W adharaarani,/. the lower piece
given ; /. not being given in marriage. W S T t ^ d - m a n , n. food. [guest. of tinder-wood. [cumb.
W ^ a - d i r g h a , a, not l o n g ; -sutra, a. not adma-sad, m. partaker of the feast, "^CfclO® adhari-kri, vanquish; -bbu, suc-
dilatory, prompt: -ta, /. despatch.
W^T a-dya (8), ad. to-day, now: adya^eva, W ^ r X t r T T adharauttara, a. losing or win-
W ^ l a-durga, a. devoid of fortresses ; * this very day; adyaapi, even to-day: w neg.
ning; high and low; earlier and later; n. ad-
-vishaya, m. unfortified country, [calamity, not even yet; - purvam, - yavat, hitherto; dress and answer; gradation; topsy-turviness.
d-durmangala, a. (i) causing no - p r a b l m t i , ^arabliya, from to-day onwards.
WVTft?, adharaosh/Aa, n. f . i)
W^^Tfa-dur-vritta,pp.notbehavingbadly. W ^ f f T f adya-tana, a. ( i ) of to-day, pre- lower lip ; lower and upper lip, the lips.
sent, contemporary; -taniya, a. id.
W ^ H a-dush/a, pp. blameless; innocent; W^W^-dharma,wi.unrighteousness, breach
adya-dina, m. the' present day. of duty; injustice: -tas, in. unjustly, iniquit-
-tva, virtue; innocence.
ously; -gna,, a. ignorant of thelaw, - of justice;
W^^H IM a-dushprapa,fl.nothard to obtain, W l r f ^ r adya-divasa, m. id.
-dantfana, n. unjust punishment; -bhiru, a.
a-dfina, pp. untormented, unhurt. -dyaut, 3 s. impf of yVlyut. shrinking from wrong; -sarawa, a. not based
on law.
W s ^ f a-dravya, n. worthless object.
W ^ X a-dfira, a. not far, near; n. nearness:
W ^ t ^ S I ^a-dharmawa, m. debtor.
-tas, ab., Ic. near; -kopa, a. irascible; -bba- W f ^ a-dri, m. [not splitting], rock, hill,
va, -vartin, -stha, a. near; imminent. mountain-range; stone (as missile); pressing- a-dharmika, m. id. [illegal.
M a-d£lsha»ia, n. notallowing to perish, stone ; cloud; -grahana, n. reverberation;
-dugdha, pp. milked, i.e. pressed out, with W ^ l f t r e a-dharmishfAa, a. not doing right;
a-dtish-ita, pp. blameless, good: stones; -pati, m. Himalaya: -kanya, f . Par- W V * ^ a-dharmya, a. = a-dharmish<Aa.
f . k, unviolated; -kaumara, a.f. whose vir- vati; -budb.ua, a. founded on rock; -blxed-
W V ^ W a-dbarshawa, a. unapproachable.
ginity is intact. [-tara, cpv. not very firm. aua, n. cleaving of rocks. [stones.
n-dridha, pp. not firmly attached; W f f ^ ? ^ adri-vat, a. (vc. - v a s ) armed with a-dharshaniya, fp. invincible.
W q ^ T W T 3 ^ adhas-Aaranaavapata, m.
d-drip-ita or -ta, pp. thoughtful, W s ^ a-druh, a. not hurting, benevolent
attentive. prostration at the feet of any one.
(nm. a-dhruk).
W^Tt^r^TadhaA-saya, a. lying on the ground;
Jfl a-dmya,//). invisible ; -ta, f , -tva, W s ^ f c l a-drogba, a. (also -gha) guileless;
-sayya, /. sleeping on the ground: - asaniu,
n. -ness; ^a~«/ana, n. salve making invisible. a. sleeping and sitting on the ground.
friendly; -v&fc, a. of guileless speech.
a-dnshtfa, pp. unseen; unknown; in-
visible; unexpected; unsanctioned; n. the Ws^Y^ a-droha, a. friendly; to. friendliness; WSH*! I (^•^adhaA-sayin, a. sleeping on the
invisible, fate; -karman, a. inexperienced -samayam kri, agree to peace. ground; {yi)-tk,f. id.
in (Ic.); -k&xna, m. love for one not yet seen; W ^ T a-dvaya, a. not of two kinds, single : adb^s, ad. below, on the ground;
-k&rita, pp. caused by fate; -nara, -puru- -tva, n. unity; ^ananda, m. N. of a philo- downwards, to hell; adho*dhaA, lower and
sha, a. concluded without an intermediary sopher (whose joy is unity). lower j adkaA kri, put below, surpass; - p a t ,
c
10 adhas-tala. adho-gamana.

sink down; prp. with ac. under (motion); sion to, attainment; gain, profit; ascertain- ^ f f a j ^ j f T T adhi-vasati,/. dwelling, [tion.
with ab., g., or below. [low ment, knowledge; study.
TSrf^WS[adhi-gamya,^.attainable,accessi- adhi-vak^, m. advocacy, protec-
adhas-tala, n. surface - , space be- ble ; knowable, comprehensible; tobe studied. ^ f V ^ T ^ adhi-vada, m. insult, abuse.
adhas-tat, ad. below; on the ^ f W ^ T i.adhi-vasa,m.inhabitant; neigh-
ground; downwards; from below; submissive- ^ i f ^ p J J ' adhi-guwa, a. of superior qualities. bour ; dwelling, abode.
ly ; previously; prp. with ab., g., & under.
^ f b H l t i j adhi-goptn, m. protector. sStfvt^RT 2. adhi-vasa, m. perfume; f.
^TO^fT adhaA-stha, a. lying below. abst. N. ; -na, n. perfuming; consecration.
^ f M ^ T T adhi-^anana, n. birth.
a-dharana-ka, a. intolerable. ^rfafa'SlHadhi-vipnana.ra.highestknow-
adhi-^/anu, ad. upon the knee.
^ V T T T ^ t a-dhara-varsha, ad. without a iidhi-^ya, a. having the bowstring • ^ r f ^ f q o adhi-vinna,i>p. of\/2.vid. [ledge.
,3ff>>JaST
shower of rain [eous, vicious. on, strung: -ta, / . abst. N. ; -karmuka, a. ^ M q q j ^^adlii-vivaham, ad. regarding
a-dharmika, a. unjust, unright- whose bow is strung; -dhanvan, a. id. the wedding. (- 0 ).
a - d h a r y a , f p . not to be borne ; not ^f*J7T^!^adhi-talpam,ad.uponthe towers. ^ f a f f t ; adhi-vira, m. great hero among
to be restrained; impossible to undergo.
adhi-tya-ka,/. table-land. ^rf^I%Tl^n'adhi-vettavy&,/ : ^.('s/2.vid)to
^ r f a &dhi, ad. above, upwards; highly; be superseded by another wife; -vedyS., f . id.
^ j f y ^ f V t ^ T adhi-didhiti, a. brightly illu-
within; besides; prp. with ac. over, upon; up ^ f ^ ^ ' H j i d h i - v e l a m , ad. on the sea-shore.
to ; w. in. across; w. ab. above; down from, mined. [/. id.; tutelary deity,
from, out of; to. lc. above (of rank or num- ^ r f ^ l ^ ^ adhi-deva, m. supreme g o d : -ta, adhi-vesma, ad. in the house.
ber); under (the rule of); upon, in, on; with
^ r f ^ T adhi-daiva, n., -ta, n. id. "^rf^T^fY adhi-sri, a. extremely prosperous.
respect to ; upwards o f - .
adhi-ka, a. excessive; superfluous; nfrnWtl adhi-nagam, ad. upon the ele- ^rf^pSfft^^adhi-srotram, ad. over the ears.
surpassing; chief, highest; having an excess, phants ; upon the serpents. adhi-shSvana, a. suitable for
and more; exceeded by, plus (-°); predomi- "WfVF*1 adhi-nisam, ad. at night. pressing; n. Soma-press. [intendent.
nant; superior in(iw.,-°); stronger, greater ;
higher, more than {in., ab., g,, & -m, ^ T ? adhi-pa, -pati, -pa, m. ruler, lord. ^ r ^ ' d l g adhi-sh^Aa-tr/, TO., - t r l , / . super-
ad. excessively, very much ; more than (ab.); ^ f a l j ^ r adhi-pGrusha, m. supreme spirit. ^^«Hadhi-sh^na,W.stand-point,place,
-krodha, a. excessively angry; -gnwa, a. of seat, abode, residence; sovereignty, power.
pre-eminent virtue: -tva, n. abst. n. ; -tara, ^ r f ^ p f t " ^ adhi-paurusha,#.height of man-
H f|adhi-sh<Mta,pp .stood on; presided
a. much greater; superior: -m, ad. more; liness.
- t a , / . , -tva, n. superiority. [neck. over; supervised,governed; established; oc-
' ^ i f V i m f M ^ adhi-badhitri, m. tormentor. cupied, inspired: -vat,act.pt. ant on,mounted.
H focntf t ^ a d h i - k a w d h a r a m , ad. up to the
^ r f ^ ^ T j adhi-bubhft-shu, des. a. wishing adhi-senSpati, m. comman-
^ r f y ^ i T W adhi-kararea, n. substratum ; to get the upper hand. der-in-chief.
substance, matter; subject, department; sec-
^rf^P|adhi-bhfi,m. ruler,sovereign, [agent. adhi-hasti, ad. on an elephant.
tion, paragraph ; law-court; that in which
anything happens; sphere of the locative ^^rf^KpJTT adhi-bh^ta,w. sphere or object of an adhijk=adhi+(gr.).
(gr.); -mawc/apa, n.law-court; -lekhaka, m.
lawyer's clerk. [ingly beautiful. •^rfWT^VT adhi-m^nthana, a. suitable for adhi-kara, m. administration (of,
friction; n. the hard piece of tinder-wood. lc.); capacity, ability. [ed.
^ f a S R ^ q ^ adhika-rtlpa-vat, a. surpass-
m adhi-matra, a. excessive : -tva, n. ^n^<Tadhijta,/)p.studied; read; instruct-
"^Slf^oliTf adhi-karwam, ad. on the ear. -ness. [a. referring to sacrifices. ^vTl f d ^dhiiti,/.3tudy. [ing the scriptures.
^ f ^ R t ^ R ^ adhika-vayas, a. of advanced ^jftsTSnj adhi-yagi«a, m. highest sacrifice ; "3fVtf7r?{adhitin,a.well-readin (lc.); study-
^Srf^RRS adhi-kash/a, n. great misery, [age. "^Tf^n^t'T adhi-ra^ani, ad. in the night. •^fvTl adhijna,a. lying on; subject to, de-
adhikaanga, a. (1) having a su- ^ f ^ R ^ T ^dhi-ratha, a. standing on a car; pendent on (-°); - t v a , n. dependence.
perfluous limb; -jadhi, a. full of cares; ^adhi- m. chariot-fighter, charioteer, U M l ^ a-dhira, a. unsteadfast; inconstant,
ka, a. continually increasing. • s j l f a ^ l ^ adhi-ragr, m. paramount ruler, pusillanimous; -ta, /. pusillanimity.
adhi-kara, m. superintendence, emperor; -ragk, m. id.: -ta, /. supreme rule ^T^n a-dhiram, ad. anxiously.
administration, control, authority; office, post, over (g.); -rkgya, n. supreme rule.
dignity; sovereignty; eligibility; claim to adhirajiksha, a. lively-eyed,
(lc.) ; striving, endeavour for (lc.); chapter adhi-vaed, m. cloak, mantle.
(on, heading rule to be supplied with fol- mandira-gavaksham, ad. at the window of the
lowingrules till a new section (gr.); -purusha, golden palace. " ^ V t l T adhijsa, m. chief, lord; - t k , f . sove-
m. official; -vat, m. id.; -stha, a. official, in ^TfV^OI adhi-ruh, a. mounting, riding on ^SnjtfiT^ adhijsitri, m. sovereign, [reignty.
office; -a/Utya, a. invested with authority.
<£cEJ adhi-rodAavya, fp. n. one must ^ ^ • f T a d h u n ^ , ad. now. [faintheartedness.
adhikari-ta,/.,-tva,n.autho- ascend.
rity. ^ f T T ^-dhriti, / . unsteadiness, caprice;
'^ffq^HTTI adhi-ropana, ^.lifting upon (- 0 ).
adhikarin, m. superintendent, •^f^g a-dhrishia, pp. insuperable; modest,
controller (of, ; official; qualified person. •^rf^TXtW adhi-roha, a. riding on (ac.): -na, a-dhrishya/p.unapproachable, [shy.
^Tf^HTfT adhi-kn'ta, pp. set over; m. over- n. ascending to (lc. or [ing up to (-°).
'il^l'J a-dhenu, f . cow giving no m i l k ; a.
seer, administrator, head (of, lc. or -kri- ^rf^TXtf^ladhi-rohin, ascending, lead- barren. [imity.
tya, gd. regarding, about (ac.). [ner.
adhi-lankam, ad. over Laiika. a-dhairya, n. instability; pusillan-
ft^n adhi-ketanam, ad. on the ban-
f^tfl cj^*^adhi-lavangam,«d.onthe cloves, adhoxmsuka, n. under-garment.
adhikaukti,/. superfluous talk. ^ f v ^ t c f i adhi-loka, m. highest world. adho*ksh£, a. being below, i. e. not
adhi-kshepa, m. aspersion, deri- ^ r f ^ ^ W adhi-vaktn,»i .advocate, protector. reaching up to, the axle.
sion. adhoiksba-^a, a. born under an
^ r f ^ r a : adhi-vakshas, ad. on the breast.
adhi-gantavya, fp. to be pro- axle; m. N. of Vishnu.
cured; penetrable; to be studied; - g a n t n , ^ i R X R a d h i -vapana, n. strewing upon,
^IVn*(f|adho-gata, pp.gone down; bowing
m. finder. ^ c , ^ adhi-varfeas, n. privy. [fire. low; -grati,/. going down ( + to hell); sinking;
"Vf^nnT adhi-gama, m., °«T -na, n. acces- ^ f ^ R T ^ f adhi-vargrana, n. moving to the a. going downwards, goingto hell; -gfamana,

\
W ^ V f f g adho-dn'sh/i. WlfJBl^^ an-anush^/iatn-tva. 11

n. going downwards; -drtslitfi, / . downcast adhva-kheda, m. fatigue of travel; W'TfW^tT an-atidbhuta, a. unsurpassed.
gaze; a. looking down; -nayana, n. bringing -ga, a.'travelling; m. traveller; -darsin, m.
WTtTPT^V an-ati-pakva, a. not very mature.
down; -nilaya, m. hell; -nivita,pp. wearing guide.
the sacred cord low ; -bbaga, m. lower part; W^*l.^dhvan, m. road ; journey, wander- an-ati-patya,/p. not to be neg-
lower part of the body; depth; -mnkha, a. lected. [pressure.
(i) downcast; downward. ing ; distance; -ina, m. traveller.
W T f f n f t ^ T ^ an-ati-pit?am, ad. with gentle
WVt^f^ladho^vekshin,a.lookingdovvn. W ^ R I adhvan-ya, m. traveller, wanderer.
W^oR adhva-pa, m. guardian of roads. W T f f T l T W n i ^ i an-ati-prakSsaka, a. not
W ^ f f a a-dhauta, pp. unwashed. highly illuminative; -tva, n. abst. N. [veloped.
adhvard, m. religious ceremony, sa-
adhi amsa, a. lying on the shoulder. eg an-ati-prauc?Aa, pp. not quite de-
crifice, Soma sacrifice.
WW^f adhi aksha, a. perceptible ; m. eye- W f f ^ W ^ T an-ati-bhangura, a. not very
W ^ T ^ adhvaryii, rn. priest performing the
witness ; overseer, inspector; n. perception. curly. ^
practical work of the sacrifice; priest versed
W W f a adhiagni, ad. before the fire {esp. in the Ya^ur-veda. w r f T T j f t T an-atibhoga, m. moderate use.
at weddings). [fault-finding. W ^ ^ T T adhva-srama, m. fatigue of travel. an-ati-rikta, pp. not excessive.
^nzrfvp^TI adhijidhikshepa, m. unseemly
W ^ T f ^ R adhvaadhipa, m. guardian of f<1 H f * ^ a n - a t i l a m b i n , a. not hanging
W ^ T V V f adhijidhina, a. wholly dependent; roads, i. e. of public peace. down very far.
in. slave. ^ r l A N , I I . P . an-i-ti, breathe, apa, •5JI fft^[(%fTan-ati-lulita,pp .gently touched,
W W ^ c R l ;i( lhijydhvam, ad. on the way. exhale, abhiapa, breathe upon, pra,
breathe; blow, anu-pra, breathe after, abhi- f d ^ l ^J+lan-atilolam.flrf.not too rapidly.
W*21%*fadhijuitena,(w.) ad.close upto(d.). pra, inhale, v i , gam, breathe, anu-sam, WrfTT^f^ffT an-ati-valita, pp. not very
adhijiyana, n. [going to a teacher'], breathe after.
rounded (belly). [passable.
study, reading (esp. of sacred books); learning
1. an-£, m. breath. [anay§, anayoA). W t fd << "Tl an-ati-sayaniya, fp. unsur-
from (ab.)\ -sampradana, n. guidance in
study; - kdana, n. receiving instruction from 2. ana, prn. of 3rd prs. this (in anena, an-atHta, pp. not past.
adhiardha, a. one and a half. [(a&.). an-arasa, a. portionless. W T S f T ^ an-atijrdra, a. not too wet.
WW^TCTTT adhijiva-sana, n., -saya, WT«irPR*< IA an-akama-mara, a. slaying Wtpm^Tan-atiJsa,m.moderationin eating.
m. resolution, steady application. [solved, not without approval. [out words.
W*RpT.an-ad-at,pr.pt. not eating, not con-
W P ^ T an-akshara, a. mute: -m, ad. with- suming. [no wonder.
^ [ ^ l l f i i f l adhijiva-sayita,^)/?. firmly re-
a-nagna, a. not naked, not unoovered; an-adbhuta, a. not wonderful; n.
W R n f * P ( a d h i j v a s a y i n , a. resolved on
-ta,/. abst. N.
adhi ava-sita, pp. Vsa. [(-°). W T S f r f T an-adya-tana, m. not to-day; not
W f f ^ T an-agni, a. without fire; maintain- the same day; a. not containing to-day.
adhijikasam, ad. in the air. ing no fire ; -ka, a. without fire ; not touched
W W T ^ T X adbiJU-ara, m. sphere, province. by fire; -dagdba, pp. not burnt with fire; m. an-adhi-krita, pp. not made a
pi. a class of Manes. [injured. subject of discussion; - t v a , n. abst. N.
W W P S ^ T &dhyawd&,/. kind of plant.
an-agha, a. sinless, blameless; un- an-adhi-gata, pp. not reached,
WWfi^I a dhijitma, a. peculiar to one's per- unattained ; unread. [attainable by (g.).
son ; n. supreme soul; the soul as agent of an ft* an-ahkurita, pp. not grown.
action ; -vidya,/. scienoe of the universal soul. an-adhi-gamaniya, fp. not
W T f f an-ang^, a. bodiless; m. god KSma (so
W^TP-PS adhyapaka, m. teacher. called because reduced to ashes by the fire of W T f ^ n r T T an-adhish^ana, n. absence.
WWTtTf adhyapana, n. instruction. Siva's eye)-, - k r i d a , / dalliance; -tva,9i.bodi- an-adhyaksha, a. not perceptible.
lessness; - p u r a , N . o f a town; -maw^ari,
WmW^IadhiJkpaya, o/adhi + \/i, teach. /. N.; -rati,/. N.; - l e k b a , / love-letter; N.; «t %£( «| an-adhyayana, n. neglect of study.
- v a t i , / . iVr.; -sena, m. N.; -jidaya, m. N.
W^ZTTO adhyapya, fp. to be instructed. an-adhyatma-vid, a. not
W W I W adhijiya, m. reading, study (esp. of W T ^ l T f T an-angi-knta, pp. not assented knowing the supreme soul.
sacred books) ; time suitable for study ; to ; neglected, ignored.
an-adhyaya, m. prohibition of
chapter. [neous predication (ph.). anarfud-da, a. giving a bull. study ; adjournment of study.
W ^ J l a d h i j i r o p a , m., 6Wf-na,,f. erro- anarfuha, m. b u l l ; 1 , / . cow (- 0 ). (f^*^ an - ad hy ay in, a. not studying,
WWRT*? adhijivahanika, n. property anad-vdh,?Ji.(m.n(. -dvsin.,wk. st. -riuh) an-adhvanya, a.not versed in (Ic.).
brought with her by a woman from the pa-
rental house. [cart drawing],bull,ox; also as termof abuse. an-anu-kampaniya, fp. not
dnTanu, a. not minute, coarse. to be pitied.
W W T O adhiJisa, m. placing upon; erro-
neous predication. ^ • t f r i g ) ^ ^ an-atikriMArena,in.ad.with- W«T»J«jjv?f an-anukGla, a. unfavourable.
WWrf%<ladbiJ l s-ita,(^.)M.tbe sitting upon. out great hardship. [sion: -na, n. id.
W T ^ W T f T an-anu-^wata, pp. unpermitted.
W T f a ? l < * l adhijLs-itavya,^).to be under- W T n T ^ W an-atikrama, m. non-transgres- W l ' j f d S c ^ an-anu-tish^A-at, pr. pt. not
W^tfdH+i*!?!^! an-ati-krama«iya,yp. una- carrying out, not performing. [nothing.
ftsin, a.sitting upon, [taken. voidable ; not to be infringed, not to be neg- an-anudhy%in, a. missing
WWT^TX adhijihara, m. supplying, supple- lected, inviolable. [gressing.
an-anubhavaka, a. unintelligi-
menting. WrfTTsft | *j<Jan-ati-kramat, pr.pt. not trans- ble ; -ta, /. -ness.
adhijiMrya, fp. to be supplied. W T f ^ T W an-ati-kruddha, pp. not exces- ^ l - l ^ r i a n - a n u - b h ^ t a , p p . not experienced.
I H f ^ a d h i u r a s , ad. on the breast.. sively indignant at (g.). W T ^ ^ T a n - a n u - m e y &fp. not tobe inferred.
W ^ j f a f T adhijishita, pp. V v a s . W T f f r f ^ r an-atithi, m. not a guest, [rous. an-anurupa, a. unsuitable.
d «e| adh ietavya./p.to be studied,- read. ^ f n ^ an-ati-trasnu, a. not very timo- W ^ ^ f f ^ T d,n-anuvritti, / . disobedience to-
WSJfSW adhieshana, n. request. W r f ^ ^ an-ati-dagdha, pp. not quite wards (g.). ^obedient,
burnt up. [showing.
Ufa cin-anuvrata, a. not devoted, dis-
d-dhri, a. irresistible ; -gu, a. irre- an-atidarsana, n. infrequent an-anush?7tatn, a. not executing;
sistibly advancing ;- m. 2V. [uncertain. an-ati-ddre, Ic. ad. not too far. -tva, n. non-performance.
Wlj^T d-dhruva, a. unsteady, transient ; 02
V

12 an-anush^ana. -iM'y a-naya.

^ ( t ^ H an-anush/Mna, n. neglect; idle- ^ R W f T an-apa-krita,^p. uninjured; ra.no ^ R f W R I p ^ an-abhibhava-gandha, a. not


ness. [of investigation. injury. smacking of disregard. [dressing.
^ R ^ W R an-anu-samdhana, n. absence ^ R T ^ r in-apakrama, n. non-departure. ^ R ^ T H T f ^ R . an-abhibh§,shin, a. not ad-
V U an-anusararaa, ra.lack of attend- £n-apakramin, a. not leaving, ^ R f W T f T an-abhi-mata, pp. disagreeable,
ance on. [(with a teacher). faithful. [the spot. unwelcome. [ing no designs against (ac.).
" ^ R ^ W &n-anvrukta, pp. not having studied an-apakrama, m. remaining on ^ i f W T T ^ an-abbimanuka, a. entertain-
^ I ^ T h i an-anuukti, a. not having studied M f ^ h 1 an-apakriya,/. non-delivery. an-abhimukha, a. (i) averted.
the Veda. [studied, an-apaty£, a. childless ; n. -ness; ^ R f j T ^ l f an-abhi-yukta, pp. not caring
an-anirufcya, gd. without having -ta,/. childlessness, [guished, hermaphrodite. about (lc.). [ing; uneducated; ugly.
l«f an-anAtthana, n. the not follow- an-apa-desya,^. not to be distin- an-abhirflpa, a. not correspond-
" ^ R j j f l an-anrita, a. true. [ing after. an-apanaya, m. non-removal. an-abhi-lulita,pp.untouched.

•5Sl»l«r| an-ant£, a. endless; m. N. o/Yishwu, " ^ I M ^ l ^ l an-apar&dh-a, a. guiltless, inno- ^RfvRT^f an-abhi-v^dya, fp. not to be
iSesha, and of various men; -ka, a. endless, cent ; -in, a. harmless. greeted.
infinite; -kirti, m. N.; -guwa, a. infinitely an-abhi-vyakta, pp. dim. [cion.
greater: -t&,/. abst. N.; - t a , / . , -tva, n. end- "^•mO'feJ an-aparodha,m. non-prevention.
lessness, infiniteness; -pada,».Vish«u's path, ^ m ^ K an-apasabdam, ad. grammati- an-abhisanka,a. free from suspi-
sky; -p&ra, a. that one never gets to the end of. cally correct. ^ R f J n i ^ f an-abhi-saftkya, fp. not to be
an-antani, a. having no interval, an-apasara, a. having no excuse. mistrusted.
immediately following, next; belonging to the
next lower caste: -m, ad. forthwith, pre- ^STTT^T^?^ an-apa-sphurat, pr. pt. not ^ R f i T I l f ^ r dn-abhisasti, a. blameless.
sently ; thereupon, afterwards; immediately struggling. an-abhi-sheianiya,/jj. un-
after (ab., g., or '3HMf«h4*lan-apakarman,n. non-delivery. worthy of inauguration.
^ R S f H ^ T an-antara-f/a, a .next eldest; born - ^ R f r r E T f an-abhishvafiga,m. non-attach-
I® San-apajbkrah2a,pp.not degraded.
of the union with a woman of the next caste : ment to (lc.). [tentionally.
/. younger sister; -gata, a. next eldest. 3n-apayin, a. not going away;
^ • r t ^ r o f ^ r f l ^ an-abhi-samhitam, ad. unin-
£n-antaraya, a. uninterrupted : lasting. [pendent; -tva,n.independence.
-nx, ad. in uninterrupted succession. ^ p f q ^ an-apeksha, a. regardless; inde- ^ R f i w N r R an-abhi-samdhana, n. disin-
ananta-vi^aya, n. N. o/Yu- terestedness. -i [as to (~°).
^SR^^F^ iJn-apeksham, ad. without regard an-abhisamdhi, a. disinterested
dhishthira18 shell; -.mkti, m.N.; -slra,w.2V.
to [ing no regard to (ac.).
an-antika-stha, a. not remain- ^ R ^ T % ^ a n - a b h i - s n e h a , a. without desire
•^•t^TSj+l \ (11 dn-apajksha-mana, pr.pt. pay-
ing near. for (lc.). [unexpressed.
^SRnST an-antya, n. endlessness, infinity. ^ R l ^ T an-apeksha,/. disregard ; careless- ^ R f H f f r T £in-abhi-hita, pp. not fastened ;
ness ; independence.
^ • t ^ J dn-andha, a. not blind. ^ R f H ^ f T an-abhi-huta, pp. not sacrificed
^ S R ^ f ^ R an-apaikshita, pp. disregarded.
£n-anya, a. exclusively devoted to ^ r T ^ y ^ T a n - a b h i k s h w a , 0 - trd.seldom, [to.
(lc.); -gati, a. having no other refuge, help- ^ R t f f ^ R a n - a p e k s h i n , a.disregarding (g.).
• ^ R j f t ^ an-abhisu, a. reinless.
less; -gatika, a. id.: -ta, / . helplessness. "3Rt|rf £n-apaita, pp. not removed from,
^ • ^ W l l f i ^ a n a n y a -gamin, a. going to no not diverging from (ab.). [not given up. -41 I an-abhyanu^ n!,/.no permission.
other; - g u m , a. having no other father, fa- an-abhianu-3?iata, pp. unper-
^ H m W an-apaMAa, pp. not pushed away;
therless ; -fcitta, a. thinking exclusively of mitted by (in.). [into (g.).
(lc.); -fcetas.a. id.; -g&,a. legitimately born; "^RR^an-apnas, a.lacking goods, indigent.
a. having no other wife ; -drish/i, a. • ^ R W R T ^ an-abhyantara, a. uninitiated
^ R ^ T ^ C an-apsaras, / . no Apsaras.
looking at nothing else ; -natha, a. having no TSRWT^^^I an-abbij.rthamya, fp. not to
other protector; -nari-kamaniya,/o. not to f c f ^ R an-abhikhyata-dosha, a. be desired. [ing.
be desired by another woman ; -nari-sama- whose guilt is not known. [cessible to (g.).
nya, a. having communion with no other wo- \ ^ tflan-abhy&vartin, a.not return-
man ; -para, a. intent on nothing else; -pa- ^ t f + H I + f T l t l an-abhi-gamaniya, fp.inac-
W W T ^ f r l an-abhySvntti,/. non-return:
rayana, a. devoted to no one else ; -purva,
^ R t l T E n < ! an-abhigbata, m. non-obstruc- in. not again, no moror
a. not married to any one else before;
-ptirvika, f. not married before; -prati- tion. [be bewitched.
•^RUTTO an-abhy&sa, m. absence of prac-
kriya, a. having no other expedient; -'bha^, an-abbi-^arar?iya,/p.not to tice, - exercise; disuse; neglect, [plauded.
a. devoted to no one else ; -manas, a. think-
ing of no one else; -manasa, a. id.; -ru&i, a. ^ R f a ^ T R an-abhi-j/ata, pp. ignoble, low. an-abhijit-krushfa, pjj.not ap-
liking nothing else; -vishaya, a. relating to ^RfSTTj" an-abhi</wa, a. ignorant; unac- 1 f^ -abhyutthayin, a.not risin g
nothing else ; -vyapara, a. occupied with no- quainted with (g., lc., -tva, n. non-ac-
thing else; -«ara«a, a. having no other re- to greet. [means.
quaintance. [thing is known; -ta, / . abst. N.
fuge ; -sasana, a. under no one else's com- an-abhyup^.ya, m. unsuitable
mands ; -samtati, a. without other offspring; ^ i f W r r r an-abhi-5f«ata,j9p-°f whom no-
-sama, a. like no one else, unequalled; - s a - ^ R y an-abhra, a. cloudless.
dliara?ia, a. (i) common to no one else; -sa- an-abhi-c/weya, fp. not to be re-
"^RIT a-nama, a. inflexible ; invincible.
manya,a.unequalled; ^adhina,a.depending cognised. [grudge against (lc.).
on no other; -jipatya, a. having no other off- ^ R f T R ^ f a-namita-ptirva,a. not bent be-
^RfWfR an-abhit&pa, a. bearing no
spring ;-asrita,j?p. not tafnsferredtoanother. fore (bow). [quisition of enemies.
^ R f j ^ t f an-abhidroha, m. not insulting.
l ^ f r t an-anyatha-vntti, a.occupied ^ S R f i T W W an-amitra-labha, m. non-ac-
with nothing else. ^RfJTVRan-abhidhana.w.non-statement. an-amiv^, a. diseaseless, healthy;
ananyS-dn'sa, a. not like others, ^ R f S T O T ^ an-abhidMyaka, a. not ex- cheerful; salutary; n. well-being, health.
unusual. [quiring after (ac.). pressing ; -tva, n. abst. N. [(/C.). ^SRiJ^f an-amutra, a. having no there,'
^ • t p q o q q ^ an-anujsh-yat, pr. pt. not en- ^ R ^ T W T an-abhidhya,/. lack of desire for i. e. not troubling about the next world.
an-apakarman, n. non-delivery, ^ R f M s f c T an-abhi-dhyeya, fp. not to be ^ R y a-namra, a. unbending; obstinate.
withholding. thought of. ^ R S T i . a-naya, m. indiscretion,imprudence,
efi I f\*ian-apak^rin, a. doing no harm. , an-abhi-prita, pp. not satisfied. bad conduct.

I
1M4J an-aya. W r f H an-apti. 13
an-avalokayat,pr.j?£.not look- ing, future; not to be found : -m kr/, provide
W R I 2. an-aya, m. ill-luck, misfortune, for the future; -vat, a. referring to the future;
ing towards (ac.). [unseasonable occasion. -vidhatri, a. providing for the future, provi-
an-aranya, n. no desert,
an-avasara, m. inopportuneness, dent ; m. N. of a fish ; -vidbi.ua, n. provision
an-argala, a. unhindered, free. for the future.
I an-avasita, / . a metre.
W T ^ an- argha,m. false price, overcharge; a. W n ' W T an-agamana, n. non-return.
priceless; -r&ghava, n. T. of a play. W T ^ W T an-avastha, / . endlessness, going
on ad infinitum; -na, n. inconstancy; -yin, WTT'TO,^n-&gas,a.blameless, sinless; inno-
wjan-arghya,a.priceless; -tva,n.-ness.
a. inconstant, wavering. WniT^^an-agas-tvd,ra.sinle6sness. [cent.
an-arfrita, pp. unhonoured; not WT^rf^TfT an-ava-sthita, pp. unstable,
reverently presented. WTTWnT an-S-gbrata,^. unsmelt; -purva,
wavering; helpless; faithless; unable to stay;
a. unsmelt before.
W T ^ an-artha, m. disadvantage; damage, -£itta, a. unsteady-minded : -tva, n. -ness.
m | -q •sjr^ an-S-fcakshat, pr.pt. not saying.
misfortune; nonsense; a. useless; unfortunate; WT^twf^Ian-avasthiti/.restlessness; in-
meaningless : -ka, a. id.; -kara, a. useless, stability. an-a/rarana, n. non-performance.
unprofitable; -(/na, a. not knowing the sense;
-pa/w/ita, a. skilled in mischief; •^antara, an-ava-bimsita, pp. not killed. W T T ^ T T an-a^ra, a. ill-bred ; m. bad be-
n. no other (i.e. the same) meaning. [tion. WT^f^fTan-ava-hita,^.) ad. inattentively haviour. [out permission.
W l f ^ H an-arthi-tva,n. absence of solicita- W T R T T an-%w £l, /.non-permission: in.with-
H i m - a v a apta, pp.notobtained. [(°-).
W*nzfan-arthy£,a .useless, good for nothing, WTrWTfT an-a-j/nata,/)/?.unknown; unno-
an-avapti,/. non-obtainment.
ticed.
an-ardhuka, a.not fulfilling wishes. <4(«ic||iej an-avSpya, fp. unobtainable.
WTRT^an-Stapa, a. shady, [not love-sick.
W"Hfan-arvd, a. irresistible, bound- H iq oftan-aveksha-ka,a.paying no regard
less. to (~°) : -m, ad. without looking round; -na, W T T ^ T an-Stura, a. healthy; undaunted ;
an-arha, a. unworthy, undeserving ; n. disregard, carelessness. HUGH'S! an-atma-pna,o.not knowing one-
innocent; unsuitable for (-°); -ta,/. unsuit- self, foolish: - t a , / folly.
W T ^ T F an-aveksha, / . regardlessness.
ability. [fire. W T I W ^ an-Stma-tva, n. not being soul.
W T S T T ^n-asana, a. having no f o o d ; m.
Wf5ran-ala,m.fire; Agni; -da,a.quenching WTIWtan-Eitman, m. not soul; a. lacking
fasting; ( a ) - t a , / id. soul or sense; -ina, a. of no use to oneself.
W t y R l t T an-alam-kn'ta, pp. unadorned,
WlfTTcT dn-asita, pp. not eaten, "^•l an-§,tma-vat, a. not self-pos-
an-alam, ad. incapable of (inf.).
^ • t 1M c^ an-as-nat, pr.pt. not eating, [ing. sessed, beside oneself; -vedin, a. not knowing
WT^TCI an-alasa, a. not idle, diligent, oneself, not - the Atman: (di)-ta,/. abst. v.;
q 1 an-as-nuv-ana, pr.pt. not reach- -sampanna, pp. soulless, stupid; uncon-
anala-sakha, m. wind. trolled ; -sat-knta, pp. not appropriated.
W T ^ an-asru, a. tearless,
WT^TRT anal^ya, den. A . behave like fire. an^atreyi, / . woman who has not
an-asva, a. horseless,
W R P f an-alpa, a. not a little, much; -tva, bathed after menstruation.
n. strength; - abhyasuya, a. greatly incensed a-nasvara, a. imperishable.
"^•t SM^-nash?a-pasu,a.hvg.lost no cattle. W T r o i . a-nStha,a.unprotected, helpless;
with (Ic.). [nought.
-vat, ad. like one helpless. [lessness.
W f ^ f i f x f f T an-ava-karwita, pp. set at WT^anas, n. cart (for heavy burdens).
2. a-ndtha, w.unprotectedness, help-
. avakasin, a .having no room WT^EJ an-asGy-a, a. uncomplaining; not
for (-°). . [wrong. detracting, not envious; kind; -aka, a. (ika) W T T ^ T an-ldara, m. disrespect, disregard,
id.; - a , / , non-grumbling, nngrudgingness. indifference, towards (Ic.) : ab. offhand.
dn-ava-kZipta, pp. unsuitable,
W r a f ^ m an-astam-ita, pp. not set; un- W T n ^ T W an-Sdarana, n. disregard.
M ^ r f * an-ava-kfa'pti,/. improbability. ceasing : -ke, (Ic.) ad. before sunset. an-adi, a.having nobeginning; -ta,
W T V T r l an-ava-gata.^p- not obtained; not W T ' i P t . a n - a s t h a n , a. boneless. [a. id. /. abst. N. [unordered.
understood; -graha, a. unhindered. W T r f ^ S an-S-dishfa, pp. not prescribed;
an-£sthi-ka, a. boneless; -mat,
W T ^ f ^ W an-ava-fc/cAinna, pp. undistin-
an-adinava, a. blameless, [ed.
guished; undefined: -tva, n. abst. N. ; -khhe- W I ^ l T f T an-aham-kn'ta, pp. unselfish.
da, m. undeterminateness. W T ^ ^ T f T an-ahar-</ata, ^ . b o r n on an un- WTT^rTan-a-drita,^.despised; disregard-
WT^?Tan-a-vadya,/p.notunpraiseworthy, lucky day. W T T ^ W an-t-dn'-tya, gd. without regard-
blameless, faultless: - t & , / . , - t v a , n. -ness; ing. [admissible.
W T T an&, (in.) ad. ever : with neg. never.
-rupa, a. of faultless appearance.
|cf|*i| an -Skam pa, a. immovable; -dhair- W T T ^ I a n - a - d e y a j / p . not to be taken; in-
r y anavadyajinga, a. (1) of faultless ya, a. of immovable firmness.
form. [ligence. WTT^IT an-adesa, m. absence of an injunc-
WTRifT^cT an-a-karnita, pp. not listening. tion ; -paribh&sha, / . explanatory rule re-
H I ^ O an-avadhana, n. inattention, n eg- garding non-specification (of deity and met re
WTT«fif^loRan-akasmika, a. not accidental.
WT5r«T a-navana, a. (i) not refreshing. W T R T an-Sdy^,^?. not to be eaten.
dn-ava-pngna, pp. undivided, WTT^i^r an-akula, a. not confused; unem- W T p J P P f T a n - a d i j n a n t a , a.lackingbegin-
barrassed; indifferent.
connected. | («|«n an-ad^anta, a. id. [ning or end.
WnWSan-a-kn'shto,jop.not attracted, not
an-ava-buddha, pp.not perceived. carried away. [(fi'O- W r r f y an-adbi, a. free from care.
"M an-avabhasa, m. non-appearance. WTTsfi^r an-a-kramya, fp. inaccessible to W T T ^ S ^n-a-dhn'sh^a, pp. unconquered.
WTSTTT an-avama, spv. not the lowest, high;
W T T ^ T f ^ f T an-a-ksharita, pp. blameless. an-a-dhn'shyd, fp. unapproach-
not worse than (-°). [than (ab.).
1 I ft an-a-khyata,^). undeclared: not able ; unconquerable.
"^•t^^an-avara, cpr.notlowerthan, higher
indicated. [ing- WTPTrT an-a-nata, pp. unbowed.
WT^^fT an-ava-rata, pp. uninterrupted,
an-a-khya-ya, gd. without tell- an-§,pad,/. absence of calamity: Ic.
continual: -m, ad. constantly. [pelled.
W ^ T ^ ^ I an-S-khyeya, fp. not to be told. except in distress or trouble.
an-ava-rodhya,^?.nottobe com-
W T T T ^n-aga, a. guiltless, sinless. i f i j ^n-api, a. lacking friends or kin.
W T ^ R ^ T an-avalambana, n. non-adher-
ence to, rejection, [from pride; m. modesty, WTTT^f^an^a-ga/cMat.pr.^f.not coming. WTTTTdn-Spta.pj). unattained; notreaching
an-avalepa, a. unahointed ; free W T P R T an-agata, pp, not arrived; impend- W T l f R an-apti,/. failure, [to; unskilful.
14 ^RTTf a n - a p t r i . a-nir-vahya.

an-aptri, a. not obtaining. [to. ^SRTCI a-ntsa, m. preservation. a-nind-at, pr. pt. not blaming.

^ I r|q<tan-ap-nuv-at,pr.pf. not attaining ^SRTSJ 2. an-isa, a. void of expectation. ^ r f ^ T d-ninda, f . lack of blame, [ fp. id.

W R f an-apya,/p. unattainable. ^ R T S R j an-asaka, n. fasting; starvation. ^fa|^t-<i a-nind-ita, pp. blameless; -ya,

3RT*f«J an-amaya, a. not fatal; healthy, W H T O an-a-sasva, fp. unwished for. a-nipuwa, a. unskilful; tactless.
well; salutary; spared by (ab.); n. health, i f i l r l an-asita, pp. hungry, [n. abst. N. -ni-baddha, pp. unfastened; not
welfare ; -prasna, m. enquiry after health. caring for (lc.); disconnected; not (morally)
^ R T f t R j - an-asin, a.not eating ; (si)-tva,
^ R T f S R i T £-nami-ka, / . (the nameless), bound. [immodest; -tva, n. mobility.
W f t F ^ . a-nasin, a. unperishing. a-ni-bhnta, pp. movable, restless;
ring-finger.
^ R T f f P ? an-fis-ishtfAa, spv. slowest.
an-^-mukta, pp. not yet worn. ^lfa(*<Tt a-nimitta, n. bad omen; a. not
W T f W ^ an-asis, a. undesirable. to be predicted, precarious; groundless:
^ R T ^ S an-a-mrishfa, pp. untouched.
^•TT^J an-asu, a. not quick, slow. [Ssramas. -m, -tas, ad. causelessly, [ac., in. watchfully.
W R T T O an-amnSya, m. lack of tradition.
^ R T ^ C T an-asrama, m. none of the 4 (or 3) ^ i f a (+f 4^-nimish, f . absence of winking:
^ R T R f a-namya,//). inflexible.
| ^ q 1 .an-asraya,ra.independence 0 % . ) . ^ r f a f i m a-nimishd, a.not closing the eyes,
^STTTT a-naya, a. impolitic. unwinking, wakeful; -dris, m. fish.
^ R T ^ f i a-nSyaka, a. without a guide. ^RPST^T 2. an-asraya, a. defenceless; afford-
tji^ a-ni-mishat, pr. pt. unwinking.
ing no support; -ta, / . abst. N.
an-S-yata, pp. not long, short. "^f^J^fcJ a-nimesha, a. not winking; m.
^ R T ^ R an-asrava, a. disobedient (to, g.).
W R f T T ^ R an-ayati-kshama, a. not ad- absence of winking ; - t k , f . abst. -V.
^RTf%TtT an-a-srita, pp. independent; re- a-ni-yata, pp. unrestrained, un-
vantageous for the future.
^ M K M an-a-yatta, pp. independent ; gardless of (ac.). limited, uncertain; unusual; - v n t t i , a. hav-
^SRT^^an-as-vas, pf.pt. not having eaten. ing no fixed means of livelihood; -velam, ad.
-vritti-ta,/. independence. at an uncertain time, [his mind controlled.
^ • H q f t l H an-a-yasita,p|).not drawn(&ow); ^ R T f f a-n&shfrd, a. exposed to no danger,
^ f a q a imn^a-niyatajitman, a.not having
-tarmnka, a. not plying his bow strenuously. ^5RTO?Tan-a-sanna, pp.not near (g.). [safe.
a-niyantrana, a. unconstrained:
^ «1I I d an-a-yata,pp. notgone out of(ai.). an-asavaakhya, a. not called
-m.,ad.without limit, freely; -jumyogfa, a. to
distilled spirit. be asked without constraint.
^ R T T T O an-ayasa, m. no trouble; inde-
fatigableness ; a. causing no trouble, [less. Itl |<^<JC^an-a-sad-ayat,pr.pt. not ob- | a-niyantranS,/. absoluteness.
^ R T ^ I an -Syudha, a. weaponless, defence- taining ; -ita, pp. not reached, not attained;
- y a , f p . unattainable. ^ f a « | * ( a-niyama, m. lack of limitation;
w p an-ayushya, a. shortening life. want of self-restraint. [simile.
^ R T f ^ R i an-astika, a. unbelieving, god-
an-a-rabhya,/p.not to be begun; ^ r c n f t W T aniyamaupama, f . hind of
less ; -kya, n. unbelief, godlessness.
impossible; -arambh-a, m. non-commence-
ment (of, (/.); a. unenterprising-, -in, a. id. l^sTl^i an-a-stirna,^-uncovered,bare. H f o y W a-ni-yukta, pp. not commissioned,
not instructed ; unfamiliar with (lc.).
^ R T ^ l " an-a-ruddha, pp. unlimited. ^ R T ^ T an-SsthS, / . indifference towards
(lc.). [-purva, a. not tasted before. 1*1 a-ni-yuy-ya-mSna, pr.ps.pt.
I ^V^l an-aruhya, gd. without ascending, unauthorised. [visiting (g.).
^ R T ^ T f ^ r f an-fi-sv&dita,pp. not tasted;
- surmounting, - incurring, [oneself to (ac.).
^RT^cT an-a-hata, pp. not struck ; un- ^rfaO'^J'O a-niriksha-ka, a. not seeing, not
H i an-a-rWAa,pp. not having betaken
washed, new. [tion; a. abstaining from food. W f ' R W ^-nir-ukta, pp. unexpressed; im-
^ ^ r r f r o an-arogya, a. unwholesome. plicit : said of verses in which the deity is not
^ R T f T T an-ahara, m. abstinence, starva-
^ R T ^ f e an-tr</ava, n. dishonest conduct. expressly named.
^ l l R d l l M an-abitaagni, a. not keeping
an-arya, a. ignoble, dishonourable; a-ni-rfipita, pp. not viewed.
un-Aryan; -karmin,a. performing the works up the sacred fire; - t k , f . abst. n. [moned.
^ R T ^ f ! an-a-huta, pp. uncalled, unsum- ^ f a f ^ t T a-nir-^ita, pp. unconquered.
of a non-Aryan; -ta, f . dishonourableness;
-vr/tta, pp. behaving dishonourably. ^ R T ^ R an-ahvana, n. not calling; not ^ f a ^ r h a - n ir-nikta ,pp .unpur ified.[j u st e d.
an-arsha, a. not belonging to the summoning (legally). •4(fayjTfl a-nir-wita, pp. undecided, unad-
• ^ R T W i an-arsheya, a. id. [ Eishis. a-niketa, a. houseless. ^ T ^ T a-nirdaya, a. soft, tender: ad.
^RT^T a-nala, a. stalkless, a-ni-kshipta, pp. not laid aside. gently, [(after a birth or death)', - aha, a. id.

an-a-laksbya,/^. invisible. ^ P F S a-nigada, a. only lacking chains. ^ f a ^ l j a-nir-dasa, a. not past the ten days

W R n R a n - a l a p a n a : n . no conversation w. ^ R l f a-nigraha, m. lack of restraint. ^ i f a n ^ a - n i r - d i s h * a , pp. unindicated; un-


specified; unauthorised; -k&ranam,aci. with-
^ R T j R T an-glasya, n. assiduity. [(£.). " ^ f f a ^ a-ni&aya,a.storeless; m.not storing
out indicating the reason.
an-fi-lidAa, pp. unlicked. H fa ^ f ^ a n - i i / f Aat, pr.pt. not wishing, [up.
a-nirdesa, m. non-specification.
^ ^ f W n - f i - l o f c i t a . p p . n o t considered. "«lfa^TB,n-ikkha,f.aversion: in.involun-
a-nir-desya,^.not to be specified.
^ R T ^ t ^ I a n - a - l o i y a , gd. not having looked ^ r f ^ an-ii, a. having no it (gr.). [tarily.
' ^ i f ' R ^ R ^ a - n i r b a n d h a - r u s h , a.persistent
at, not having considered. a-nitya, a. transient; temporary; in anger. [undifferentiated ; vague.
uncertain; inconstant; -ta, f , -tva, n. tran-
H *1| an-Svartin, a. not returning. a - n i r - b h i n n a , ^ . uninterrupted;
sitoriness, uncertainty, instability. [& then.
a-nSv-Mi, a. not belonging to
^ifacijJ^a-nityam, ad. not continually, now a-nirbhe^a, m. non-betrayal.
the Ga»a nan. [wounded.
W f a WI CM *t. anity aStman, a. whose soul is ^fffa<?f f ^ f t a-nir-lodita,jo/?.not thoroughly
W f a ! - an-&-viddha, pp. unpierced, un-
unsubdued. investigated. [defined (by or as, in.).
^ I I fa <!1 an-&vila,a. not dim, clear; healthy.
^ f ^ T ^ f t r f t a - n i d i g h a - didhiti, m. a-nir-vafcmiya, fp. not to be
an-avish-krita, pp. not become
^ f s T ^ R a-nidSna, a. groundless, [moon, a-nir-varnaniya.yp.notto be
^RT^cin-avnt,«.notreturning.[apparent. looked at.
^ i f a l ^ f V an-id-it, a. having no 1 as an it.
^RT«pT dn-a-vrita,pp.unclosed; not fenced a-nir-vatya, fp. inexpressible;
a-nidra, a. sleepless, wakeful; -ta, -vawa, pp. unextinguished, unended; un-
in ; unintrenched; unprotected.
tamed, wild ; -vkhya, gd. without executing.
^ R T ^ f g a n - a v rishii f . want of rain,drought. ^ j f ^ T a-nidr§,,/. sleeplessness. [ / . -ness.
a-nir-vnta. W^tTT an-uttama. 15

^ f i f ^ r l a-nir-vnta, pp. dissatisfied, un- W ^ f f a a-nifta, a. not o/low degrees unsummoned: -tva,n.abst. jr.; -kliva-va&a-
na, a. not having uttered vain words.
happy; - v n t i , / . lack of pleasure, sorrow. vartin, a. not following base practices.
^ r f r T a-nir-vritta, ^.unaccomplished. W ^ W T T £n-igr-£na, pf.pt. not having sacri- W ^ W T anu-krama, m. regular order: in.
Sf ab. in order; table of contents: -na, n.
ficed.
i l f f i f * a-nirveda, m. intrepidity, un- enumeration, -ni, f., -ni-ka, /. table of con-
i r i U f l a-niti, / . bad policy, imprudence, tents ; Vedic index; -kxosa, m. compassion,
dauntednes®, Belf-reliance.
foolish act; -gTiv>,a. impolitic,indiscreet,foolish. sympathy with (prati; g., Ic., -°): -vat, a.
W f ^ f c ^ d a-nir-vedita, pp. not displayed. « T l ( f t U l l a - n i t i s S s t r a - g ' w a , a. unac- sympathetic, ^atmata,/. compassionateness;
' i l f ^ N l a-nirvesa, a. not having atoned quainted with the teachings of policy. -kslianam, ad. every moment, continually;
-kshapam, ad. every night.
for his sins. an-idn'g-atman, a. unique;
a-nirhanaWfca, a. having no- -asaya, a. not having such sentiments. W*JWTf?T 5nu-khyati, f . beholding.
thing wanting in the recitation of the ( Y % y a ) W ^ t f ^ f f an-ipsita, des. pp. unwished for, anu-ga, a. following; flying after ;
verses. [low. corresponding to (-°); m. follower: pi. reti-
disagreeable, unpleasant. [girdle.
nue ; - g f a t i , f . following: -ka, a. following;
W f ^ T f ^ t a-nirhradin, a. not resonant, W ^ f V ^ I f f a-ni-rasana, a. not lacking a imitating; conforming to; -gantavya,j^>. to
W t ^ f dn-ila, m.wind; V&yu; vital air (one be followed or accompanied; -gama, «?.,
an-irshya, -shyu, a. not jealous. -na, n. following; -gara, m. invitation ad-
ofthelhumoursofthebody); N. ofaR&kshasa.
W ^ t i T an-isa, a. not mastering, having no dressed to the reciter ; -gargita, n. echo;
W f ' l W r a-nilaya, a. not resting, restless. control over (g.); -tva, n. abst. n. -gamin, a. following, obedient to (ac.); m.
Wf^TWTSiW anilajLtmaya, m. ep. o/Bhima. ^n-isvara, a. lordless; not proper servant; -giram, ad. on the mountain.

anilaahati,/. gust of wind. to the supreme being; not master of (g.); "S8j«j«n<t anu-gita, (pp.) n. imitative song ;
unable to (inf.). [nothing. - g i t i , f . a metre; -gnna, a. of similar quali-
^faq«$^a-ni-varta-ka,a.notturningback,
an-iha-m&na, pr. pt. desiring ties with, corresponding, suitable to (-0)'. -m,
not fleeing; - n i y a , f p . not to be turned back. ad. according to merit, -tva, n. abst. N. ; -gri-
a-nivarti-tva, n. brave resist- WTVflTcf an-ihita, pp. not desired. hita, pp. favoured, obliged; -godam, ad. on
ance ; -n, a. not fleeing; not to be stopped. ad. afterwards, then; again; prp. the river Goda.
^ ^ M l a - m - v a r - a n a , n. non-prevention; w.ac.: along; towards; over; after; accord- W^DT^anu-graha,m. favour: -krit,a.giving
-ita, pp. unhindered; - y a , f p . not to be kept ing to; tor (not against); withregardto; w.ac., satisfaction; -na, n. showin g favour; - artham,
off, irresistible. [resting. ab.,g. after (of time); ic. ab. on account of. ad. in favour of; i-kn,make a token of favour;
Tjl^jcfiTQ^anu-kaWdam, ad. on every bank. -grahaka, a. favouring, furthering; m. sup-
^ f a f a ^ l ^ l l d-ni-vi-sam-ana,pr. pt. not porter ; -graliya, fp. deserving favour; fa-
anu-kathana, n. report. voured by (g.); -ghafena, n. continuation.
W f ^ r R T T O a-nivn'tta-mamsa, a. not re-
fraining from meat. [non-cessation, anu-kanakhalam, ad. above anu-feara, a. (i; 4) following; m.
Kanakhala. attendant: pi. retinue. [with (in.).
a-nivritti, f . brave resistance ;
anu-kampa-ka, a. sympathising ^ R d i . anu-/dta, pp. studded all along
^ ^ a-ni-vedya, gd. without reporting. with (-°) ; -na, n. compassion; -niya, fp.
K«[ft|r| 2. an-u/cita,pp.unaccustomed; un-
Wf^TTT a-nisa, a. continual: -m, ad. -ly. deserving compassion.
usual; unfit, unseemly, improper; - artha, a.
a-ni-sfinta, pp. unextinguished. anu-kamp-a,/. compassion, sym- having an unusual or unsuitable meaning.
pathy with (g., Ic., - ° ) ; -in, a. sympathising
" ^ f a f i l f l d-nis-ita, pp, not resting: -m, ad. «t1 «lanu-A;int-ana,n.reflexion; -a J.id.
w.(</.,-°); -ya Jt /p.tobe felt for. [ofsympathy.
continually, W ^ W an-ufcfta, a. low (birth); -nit-A;aIat,
w ^ f t f i r anu-kampSukti,/. expression
a-nis-A:aya, a. undecided; m. inde- pr.pt. not departing from (ab.); -nfc-Mta, pp.
cision; -Aita, pp. irresolute; uncertain; -Tci- anu-kard, a. imitating; m. assistant. not plucked; -XLJc-khinna,pp. uninterrupted,
tya, gd. without having ascertained. ^^jcn^iji anu-karana, n. imitation. unimpeded; -Tik-khiahtn, (pp.) n. no mere
remnant; a. containing no remains of food,
a-nis-/iintya, fp. inscrutable. anu-karsha,»i.,0T!J-wa,?i.drawing af- clean; -ui-feAvasat, pr. pt. not breathing.
a-nis-fceya,^. unascertainable. ter; supplying what precedes (gr.); -karshin,
anu-^ra, a. born after, younger; m.
a. drawing after; -kalpa, m. secondary rule younger brother; f . a, younger sister; -yan-
H f«1 .'it U rfa-niA-seshita^p.not completely substitutedfor an impracticable primary one. man, m. younger brother; -^ata, pp. V^an :
destroyed.
^•jcfiI f^*«Vanu-kankshin,a.striving after, -ka, a. taking after, like (ac.); -r/igliriksha,
Wf*m<*l an-isha vy&,a. proof against arrows. eager; -kam&, m.desire,longing; a.conform- f . desire to gratify; -^ivika, m. follower; -gi-
ing to one's wish : -m, ad.; -kara, -ka, a. vin,a.,m.dependent, inferior; -prvi-sat-kri,
Wf^rf^T^a-ni-shiddha,^.unhindered; not
imitating; resembling; -k&rin, a. id.; corre- subject; -givya,,fp. to be lived according to.
prohibited. [with arrows.
sponding, conforming to, following; -karya, anu-jma,/. consent; leave to depart;
Wf^r3*rrf^^an-ishu-£arin, a. not hunting fp. to be represented; n. subsequent business; -na, n. id.
a-nishkashSya, a.not free from -kalam, ad. at the regular time.
anu-tafe, or-m, ad. on the bank;
W5PB^ 5 Ianu-kirtana,w. proclaiming,men- -tarsha,m. thirst; intoxicating drink; -t4pa,
Wf'TWTfa-nish-knta.jjp.unexpiated. [lust.
tioning ; blazing abroad; -kirtya,//*. to be TO. repentance; pain, woe: -na, a. causing
Wf^TE i. an-ish/a, pp. displeasing (to, gr.), proclaimed. repentance; afflicting; -tighlA&su, des. a.
unpleasant; unlucky, hurtful; forbidden,disap- anu-ktila, a. toward the b a n k ; about to carry out (ac.).
proved of; n. evil, calamity, [be sacrificed to. facing; suitable; agreeable; favourable; well- an-ut-kirna, pp. not hollowed out;
2. &n-ishfa, pp.not sacrificed; not to disposed : -m, ad. on the bank; -karin, a.
-ut-kliata, (pp.) n. not uneven ground.
showing kindness; -ga, m. tree growing on
anishfa-gandha, a. ill-smelling.
the bank; -ta , f , tva, n. favour; proneness; W«JtT i . anu-tta, pp. V d a .
W f a j T a-nishf Aura, a. not rough, friendly. -na, n. currying favour; -parinama, a. ter- 2. ^-nut-ta, pp. invincible.
minating favourably.
'^(•I'Mfl a-nish-panna, pp. not ripened, ^•JTI** an-uttama, a. (without a highest),
spoiled; -tva, n. abst. N. [out. anu-kfilaya, den. P. flatter (ac.).
highest, most excellent; mightiest; -uttara,
a-niA-sarat, pr. pt. not coming rfl anukfilaukta, n. pleasing speech. a. not answering; unanswerable; n. unsatis-
factory answer in court: -tva, n. abst. N. ;
an-iha, a. having no 'here,' i.e. not anu-kriti,/. imitation; - k r i t y a , / p . -nttaranga, a. not billowy; -nttliaiia, %.
troubling about this world. to be imitated; -kn'shia-tva, n. the being lack of energy; - u t p a t t i , / . non-production;
a-ni-hata, pp. not slain. supplied from a preceding rule (gr.). -ntpMa, m. id.; non-appearance; -ntsaha,
W ^ ^ f H anu-Wipti, / . peculiarity. m. absence of energy; -ntsaliin, a. weak-
dn-ika, n. face, front; middle; edge, willed; - u t s u k a - t a , / . unassumingness, mo-
point; troop, array, army; i-ni,/. army. ^^JHl an-ukta, pp. unuttered,undiscussed; desty; -utsutra-pada-nyasa, a. without a
16 an-utseka. W^iifS anu-sakti.
step agau.oi the rules of policy; without a [•jmif^l an-upapatti, f . not coming to anu-ya^a, m. after-sacrifice: -vat,
word against grammatical rules; -utseka, m. pass,impossibility; a. inadmissible,impossible; a. accompanied with an - ; -y&tavya,//?. to be
lack of presumption, modesty; -utsekin, a. -npa-panna, pp. unsuitable; unproved, in- followed; - y a t n , m. companion; -y&tra, ».,
unassuming, modest, humble. admissible; -upa-bbuyyamana, pr.pt.ps. not f . retinue; escort; -yatrika, m. pt. re-
an-udakd, a. waterless; -udaya, m. being enjoyed (riches); -upa-bhogya,//?. not tinue.; -yana, n. following; -yayi-ta,y. fol-
to be enjoyed; -upama, a. incomparable; lowing, -tva, n. id.; -yayin, a. following; m.
non-appearance: -Vhkg, a. not rising (moon). -npa-yat, pr.pt. not cohabiting with; -upa- follower; -yugam, ad. according to the (4)
anu-darsa, m. representation, ad- yukta, pp. unserviceable, useless; unfit ; ages; -yoga, m. question, enquiry; -yo^ya,
monition: -na, n. consideration; -darsin, a. -upa-yiiyyamana^r.^.ps.goodfor nothing; fp. at the disposal of (-°); to be asked.
perceiving; considering. -upayogin, a. unserviceable: (i)-tva, n. abst.
n. ; -uparodha, m. not prejudicing, not injur- W^J^rfl anu-rakta, pp. devoted, attached,
an-udatta, a. not elevated, vulgar; ing : -tas, ad. without inconvenience; -upa- fond; -rakti,/. attachment, fondness; -xa.ng-
lowered, grave (accent); pronounced with the laksbita, pp. unnoticed; -upalabdhi,/.non- aka, a. gratifying; -ran^ana, n. gaining the
low tone; m. grave accent; -tara, m. lowered perception ; imperceptibility; -upalambha, affection of; - r a t h y a , / . footpath, pavement;
grave accent preceding acute or circumflex; m. id.; -upasamliarin,a. non-exclusive (fal- -raga, m. colouring; redness; affection; at-
-tva, n. tonelessness. lacious middle term); -upasarga, a. not com- tachment ; fondness for (-°); contentment:
bined with a preposition; -upa-skr/'ta, pp. -vat, a. red; fond; enamoured of (saha): -1 ,f.
WjjJ^TT an-udara, a. ignoble. unprepared; simple; unfurnished with (in.); N.: -«rmgaravatyau,f7«._/. Anur&gavatl and
W ^ T T 2. anu-d&ra, a. ruled by his wi'e. disinterested; - u p a - h a t a , h e a l t h y ; undis- iSringaravatl; - r a g i - t a , / . attachment; -ra-
puted : - atmaka, a. not dejected, cheerful; g i n , a. attached to; worldly; enamoured;
W ^ ^ T ^ V T an-ud-asina, pp. not indifferent -upa-bita,_pp .unconditioned .unappropriated.
lovely; -ratram, ad. by night.
to (prati).
^^J^M anu-rQpa, a. suitable; conformable
"W^f^d i. ^n-ud-i-ta, pp. not risen (sun). |0fTan-upaJ,-kn'ta,pp.unconsecrated.
to ; fit for (g.): -m, -tas, in. ad. in propor-
2. an-ud-ita, pp. undiscussed; not anu-pata, m. going after, following; tion to (-°); -rupaka,a.suitable, conformable,
to be uttered. -ka, n. minor crime equal to a mortal crime; corresponding; -rodha, m. compliance, grati-
-patin, a. following. fication ; regard, consideration; -r6dhana, n.
anu-dina or -m, ad. every day. compliance; partiality; -rodbin, a. consi-
W'JMT'C.*! an-upaji-rata, pp. not desisting dering (-") : (i)-t&,/. complaisance.
W^jfc^tl+V, anu-divasam, id.
from (ab.). [serving.
anu-desa, m. subsequent enumera- W'jW'T anu-lepa, m. anointing; ointment:
tion corresponding to a previous one; injunc- W ^ T R T ^ i anu-palaka, a. guarding, pre- -na, n. id.; -lepin, a. anointed with (-°) ;
tion ; -deham, ad. behind; from behind. W^JMT^^T an-upa&labhya, fp. not to be -loma, a. following the hair, with the grain:
blamed ; to be observed. [ing in. in the natural direction, downwards;
W®JfTrT an-udgh3,ta, m. no jolt, no shock; in. in a friendly way : f. a, spell («e. vidya);
-ud-dhata, pp. not haughty, humble; -nd- W^JM I fa^anu-palin, a. guarding, protect- girl of lower caste than the man she marries:
dbrita, pp. not taken out beforehand. 1. anu-pfirva, a. compounded w. anu. -ga, a. born of such a union; -lomana, a. put-
an-udyama, m. absence of exertion; ting in due order; n. purging.
2. anu-pfirva, a. following the one
-udyoga, m. id.; inactivity; -udyogin, a.
preceding; regular: -m, ad. in regular W'prWtT an-ulba«a, a. not too mucK or
not exerting oneself, lazy; - u d - v i g n a , ^ . not too little,moderate; -ul-langh-aniya,//?.not
agitated, not frightened: -m,ad.; -udvega,m. order; -sa,s,ad. in successive order; according
to the order of (g.). to be infringed; -ita, pp. not transgressed.
absenceofexcitement,calmness: -kara, a.not
agitating, not frightening; -udveyaka, a. W f l ^ U ! an-upekshana, a. not neglecting; anu-vamsa, m. genealogical table ;
causing no excitement, giving no offence to not hvg. the consent of (in.); -tva, n. abst. N. a. equal by birth : -m, by birth ; -vam.vya,
(g.); -ud-ve^ayat, pr. pt. not agitating. a. relating to one's genealogy ; -vaXuna, n.
^n-upeta, pp. who has not yet gone repetition; study; lesson; -vanam, ad. in the
WiJ^TT'TT anu-dhavana, n. running after; to his teacher; -purva, a. id. forest; in every forest; - v a n a a n t a m , ad. in
cleansing ; -dbyana, n. meditation ; -dhya- the forest; -vandin, a. praising ; -vapram,
yin,a. reflecting; indulging inlonging; -dbye- W^MMTlW anu-pra-pattavya, fp. to be fol-
lowed ; -pr a-va/i'aniya ,fp. requisitefor learn- ad. on the bank ; -vartana, n. continuation;
y a , f p . to be reflected on. compliance, tractableness; -vartaniya, fp.
ing the Veda; -pravesa, a. entering, pene-
anu-naya, a. friendly ; m. concilia- trating into (feelings,&c.); accommodation to to be followed; -varti-tva, n. compliance;
tion ; friendliness; courtesy; flattery. (- 0 ) ; -prasna, m. enquiry after (g.); -pra- -vartin, a. following, yielding, obedient;
s a k t i , / . connexion; -prasa, m. alliteration. -vartman, a. /oliowing, serving; -vartya,
W«FTr^anu-nada, m. echo ; sound; -nadin,
fp. to be followed; -vasa, m. obedience; a.
a. echoing; -nayaka, a. (ika) reconciling; anu-bandha, m. attachment; con- obedient; -vasba/-kara, m. repetition of the
-nayana, a. reconciling; -nayika, f . secon d- tinuity; series; posterity; consequence; mo- concluding sacrificial invocation.
ary heroine ; -nasika, a. nasal; m. nasalised tive; mute letter (gr.); indispensable element:
vowel: -bhava, m. nasality. -na, n. uninterrupted series; -bandhin, a. anu-vSk^i, m. repetition; lesson,,
connected with (-°); extensive; lasting long: section (of a Vedic text); - v a k y a , f p . to be re-
W®jf®ntT^aiiu-nisam, ad. every night,
(i)-tva,m. abst-N.; -bala, w.rear (of an army); cited ; f a, verse to be recited by the Hotri
anu-niti,/. friendliness. -bodba, m. noticing, perceiving ; reviving ail or Maitr dear una priest.
^|»J»|i| anu-neya, fp. to be conciliated. evaporated smell; -bodbya,//). to be recog- [ -q^anu- vat, / . = a n u-vfikya; -v4ta, m.
nised ; to be made acquainted with. following wind ; -vada, m. repetition ; redis-
^[•J^TI an-un-matta, pp. not mad, sane. cussion ; translation ; -v4dln, a. repeating ;
-4|«j*ie| anu-bhava, m. perception, feeling;
£n-un-madita, cs. pp. unfrenzied, spirit; -bbava, m. enjoyment; power, dig- harmonising with, like ; -vasaram, ud. day
restored to one's senses. nity ; -bbavin, a. perceiving; m. eye-witness; by day; -vasin,a.abiiling(in,-°); -vidbayin,
-bbashitri, a. addressing; -bhuta, pp. ex- a. conforming to; compliant, obedient; -vi-
an-upakarin, a. not doing or d b e y a , f p . to be conformed to; to be pre-
unable to do a friendly service. perienced, felt, enjoyed; - b h u t i , / . perception,
apprehension. scribed according to (in.); - v n t t a , pp. oval;
an-upa-kramya, °«(i | -kramya, n. obedience, compliance; -vritti,f continu-
fp. not to be cured. danu-mata,^p.approved; permitted; ance ; carrying on a word to a following s&tra
n. consent: Ic. with the consent of (gr.); (anu)- (gr.); repetition; compliance; conformity
W*JM^d.an-upa-gbnat, pr.pt. not injuring. mati, f . approbation, assent; -mantr;', m. with ; attachment. [sionally.
W^M^^i an-upa-fcarya,^. who need not be one who assents; -mantraraa, n. recitation
of a verse to(y., -marawa, n. following in W a n u - v e l a m , ad. continually; occa-
waited on; unpretending; unselfish.
death (esp. of widows). anu-vesa, m. entering.
anu-pattrika, f . letter.
W®JTT anu-ma,/. conclusion ; -madya, fp. W ^ ^ n ^ anu-vyadha, n. filling; -vy&hara-
anu-padam, ad. immediately after to be hailed; -mana, n. inference; argument; ma, n. repeated recitation; -vyahara, m.
(g., ; repeatedly; at every step. [ing. -m&nana, n. persuasion; -marga, m. follow- cursing; -vrayya, fp. to be accompanied;
W®p?f^»^anu-padin, a. pursuing, search- ing; seeking: in. after (g.); -mardava, n. -vra^ya,/. attem lauce on a person tleparting;
pity; -malini-tiram, ad. on the bank of the (anu)-vrata, a. devoted to (ac., g.).
an-upa-desh<avya.//>. not to be M.; - m i t i , / . conclusion, inference; -mrit, a.
reported; -nyasta, pp. unexplained. following in death; -meya,/^. to be inferred.^ W ^ i r f H anu-sakti,/. a subordinate Sakti.
anil-say a. antar-dhana. 17
within (g., lc.,
anu-saya, m. repentance; revocation -rika, a. not versed in the iZig-veda; -riga, lc.); out of (ab., g.).between, among (ac., g.,
(of a bargain): -vat, a. penitent; ^jtksliepa, a. not straight; dishonest; -rink, a. unin-
m. implication of remorse: a rhet. figure ; debted: -t&,f, -tva, n. -ness (to, g.); -riwata- ^ dnta-ra, a. intimate; inner: other;
-*asana, n. instruction; precept, doctrine; kritya, n. intention of paying one out; -ri- n.interior; interval,distance; entrance; time,
order; -sasaniya./p. to be instructed; to be naakartos, g. inf. to free from debt; -rt'win, while; opportunity, weak point; difference,
punished; -j&sitri, TO. guide, teacher; -sa- a. free from debt. species, peculiarity; surety ; = other, dif-
sln, a. chastising; -saati,/. instruction; -si- dn-rita, a. w r o n g ; untrue, l y i n g ; ferent, special, peculiar: -m, ad. inwards,
ksMn, a. acquiring, practising; -siBhta, pp. n. wrong; fraud ; lie; -purvam, ad. falsely; within; further; into the midst of (g., -°); in.
Vsas; -susrusli&,/. (des.tr.) obedience; -maya,a.false, lying; -va&, a. lying; m.liar; between, within, during, after (ac., -°); with-
ana, n. lamentation; -soHn, a. lamenting for -vadin, a. id.: (di)-ta, f . untruthfulness ; out, except; on account of, with regard to (ac.,
( - ° ) ; -sobhin, a. splendid. -samhita,a.not keeping engagements; ^abhi- g.); ab. out of, after (-°); lc. (also pi.) in,
samsana, n. false accusation. within; meanwhile, on the way; during, after
anu-shanga, m. attachment to (lc.);
(- 0 ); between, among (g., ; (e)tasmin
longing; immediate consequence; -ghangin, ^ • j f c j c h an-riti-ka, a. lying; m.liar; -ritin, (t)atra-, meanwhile. [ - ); distant.
a. attached; prevailing; necessarily following a.,m.id.; -ritu,m. wrong season; wrong time
from (ff.); -sha%raniya, fp. to be supplied for sexual intercourse. <41 < ( 1 ^ ( 1 antara-gata, pp. being within (g.,
from the context. ^^*antar-anga,a. inner; intimate; akin;
an-eka, a. more than one, various:
^ • j ^ f d anu-shfuti,/. praise. pi. many, several; -tva, n. plurality; -dha, n. internal organ, heart.
"^•JJ^anu-shftibh, a. shouting after; / . ad. into many parts; in many ways ; -pa, TO. "^•Tl ^"SJ antara-{/aa, a. discriminating: -ta,
song of praise; a metre ( 4 x 8 syllables). elephant; -pitrika, m. pi. grandsons with dif- f . discrimination; -tara, cpv. very intimate
ferent fathers ; -buddhi, / . manifold concep- with (,9.); -tas, ad. within; prp. within (g.);
anu-sh£ft&-tavya,/p. to be done, tion (ph.); -yuddha-vif/ayin, a. victorious from within (~°); -patita, pp. vanished, = not
to be executed; -ahtliktri, m. performer; in many battles ; -rupa, a. manifold, multi- coming into consideration; -purusha, m.
-sh//(ana, n. practice, performance; -sli/fca- form; -vi^ayin, a. frequently victorious; soul; -prabhava, a. of intermediate origin,
pana, n. causing to perform ; -shtf^&yin, a. •vidha, a. manifold : -tva, n. abst. N. ; -sas, i. e. of mixed caste ; -prepsu, des. a. wishing to
practising, performing; -slitfMta, pp. done, ad. in large numbers; repeatedly; -sam- obtain an opportunity; -stha, a. being within
performed; -shtf/ieya, fp. to be accomplished. sayau^Medin, a. dispelling many doubts; (g.,-°); inner; m. surety; witness; -stliita,
\anu-sh^ys£,ad. immediately; at once. -samsthana, a. having various forms, vari- pp. standing within (~°).
ously disguised; -sankhya, a.very numerous.
•^•Tl^iantara, ad. amidst, between; therein;
^•pjjjan-ushna, a.nothot,cool, cold: -t
anekaanta, m. no absolute case; further; on the way; near; almost; in the
-tva, n.abst. A\; -wita, a. neither hot nor cold. interval; now and then; antara antara, now
i-ka, a. not to the point, irrelevant.
^•jiscj^^T*^ anu-shvadhdm, ad. willingly. and then, here and there; repeated: onetime-
K®pjfrf?lanu-samtati,ad. in uninterrupted ^ m T ^ a n e k a j i p a v S s a , m. much fast- another time; prp. between (ac.,lc.); during
succession; -sawt&na, m. offspring, son; - s a m- d-nedya, a. blameless. Qing. without, except (ac.). [through between.
dbatavya,/p. to be heeded, to be attended to;
"5(*Ht^an-enas, a. guiltless; faultless, sin- ^SprTXTIVT antara-gamana, n. going
-sawdliaiia, n. careful attention, application;
less ; -evam-vid,a. not havingsuch knowledge; ^ • f f ^ T I T T antar-agara, n. interior of a
scrutiny; -samdlieya, fp. to be attended to. -ehas, a. unequalled; safe; m. time ; -oka- house ; -atman, m. soul, heart; self.
anu-sara, a. (i) following; conform- ba, m. tree (not leaving home); -OTOkrita,
pp. unaccompanied by om; -oyas, a. power- w ^ f ^ l antaraanveshin, a. seeking
ing to: n. following, pursuing; -sanu,
less, weak. an opportunity.
ad. on the ridge of the hills; -s&ra, m. follow-
ing, pursuing; conformity; (legal) precedent: antar-aya, m. obstacle; interval.
ano-ratha, TO. pi. carts and war-
•tas, in. according to (-°); -sarin, a. following, chariots ; -vabya,fp. to be conveyed in carts; ^ P r n j ^ T antar-ala, n. interval: lc. on the
atteudanton; seekingout; aimingat; conform-
n. cart-load: -m, ad. by the cart-load. way, meanwhile; intermediate caste ; -bhu,
ing to; adhering to; - s e v a , / . service, attend-
f . space between (g.).
ance ; -sevin, a. addicted to, practising {%(?Ian-auKtya,re.unusualness; -aud-
dhatya, n. lack of arrogance; Iowness of water; ^ f ^ antara-vedi, f . partition.
anu-st^rani,/. cow killed at fu-
neral sacrifices, with whose pieces the corpse -aushadha, n. no remedy; a. incurable. W f t ^ a n M r - i k s h a , n. sky. [air; m. bird.
if1 covered limb for limb; -smarana, n. recol- anta, w. («.) border, edge, limit; prox-
" ^ n f r f X ^ T antariksha-ga, a. moving in the
lection ; -syuta-tva, n. passing through (-°) imity ; end; death; final letter, last word (gr.);
as a thread; -svara, m. nasal sound of a acme, height (of, g.) ; conclusion; solution; antar-ita.pjp. (\/i) retired; exclud-
rowel (gr.). settlement; condition ; interior; ending ed, separated; intervening; distant; being in
with: -m, ad. up to, into: lc. finally; near; a state (~°); hidden, by (in., obstructed
"W^ofi iintlka, m. n. spine. in presence of; in (-°); a. lovely.
HfBRHJ anti-k&s^, m. regard, reference.
W r n ^ B T W antaA-kararca, n. the internal ^ R f t T f ^ T antar-indriya, n. internal or-
|*lanu_Q^-an^,p/.|)^A.learned; mod- organ (ph.); heart; -kopa, m. internal anger; antari-kri, take between, [gan.
est ; -manin, a. proud of learning. -pura, ft. (inner city), royal citadel; harem,
women's apartments; sg.. & pi. wives of a 0 antar-iksha, n. s k y ; -ga, a. moving
^ f f t a n M i , / . of anv-a nk.
king : -&ara, m. harem-attendant, -(/ana, m. in the air; m. bird.
^•J^Tll anM-in£, a. successive; proud of women of the harem, -vriddha,/. old female antariya, n. under-garment.
knowledge. attendant of the harem; -purika,/. woman
of the harem; -prakriti, f . pi. constituent antar-ushya, m. station, resting-
an-tidAa, pp. f . unmarried. elements of the state except the prince. place. -
^ • j f W f T anu ut-thita, pp. V s t h a . anta-ka, a. ending, destroying; TO. "^•n^fT antar-gata, pp. gone within, en-
death ; Y a m a ; -pura, n. city of Yama. tered ; inward, inner; hidden, secret; van-
an-fidaka, n. lack of water, drought.
ished; contained in,being in (- 0 ); -gala-gata,
£ta-fina, pp. complete, entire; not less ^JnT^T^ anta-kara, a. making an end, kill- pp. sticking in the throat.
than (ab.)) ad.very, exceedingly; -vastu- ing: -na, a. id.; n. destruction.
antar-r/ala-^ara, a.living in the
ka, a. of complete content or essence. ^TnTWT^f anta-kila,m.-hourofdeath; -krit, water ; -nivasin, a. id.; -supta, pp. sleeping
^^JM anfipa [anu-fap-a], m. shore; moor- a. making an end; m. death; Yama; -ga, a. in the water; - ogha, m. internal mass of water.
going to the end of; thoroughly versed in
land ; reservoir; N. of a maritime country. antar-^anu, a. holding the hands
(-°); -gata, pp. ended; final; -gamana, n.
(thighless), dawn (personi- coming to the end of (g.); -tas, ad. from the between the knees ; ad. between the knees;
end; with the extremities; at the end of (g.); -gyotis, a. having its light turned inwards;
fied as the sun's charioteer or brother).
finally; -p&la, m. boundary watchman. n. internal light.
N. of a river. antar-dasaaha, m. interval of
dnta-ma, spv. n e x t ; intimate, very
^ ^ f a q ^ a n u j l s h - i - v a s , pf. pt. of \/vas. dear; last; m. neighbour. ten days; -duAkha, a. inwardly grieved;
-dush/a, pp. inwardly bad, wicked, vile;
^WK au-rikshar^, a. thomless; -rik, ^TfTT antdr, ad. within, inwards; prp. in, -dhana, n. inner treasure; -dhana, n. cover-
D
18 ^5frf>$ antar-dhi. anvaya.

ing; disappearance: -m gam, - i, - vxag, dis- andu, W^T and A, / . chain; esp. foot- W^RTT anya-ta,/., -tva, n. difference.
appear ; -dhi, m. concealment: -m gam, dis- cliain, anklet.
appear; -dhairya, n. inward firmness; -ni- ^SpBT^T any^-tra, ad.—lc. of anya; elsewhere,
hita, pp. placed within. andolana, n. swinging, [dollta. to another place; on the other hand, other-
wise ; elsewhere, otherwise than, except (ab.):
antar-bashpa, m. restrained tears; W ^ t ^ H T andolaya, den. P . swing: pp. an- at another time than (-°).
a. restraining the tears; -bhavana, ad. in
W ^ l andh£, a. blind, d i m ; pitch-dark; anv^-thS,ad.otherwise; differently,
or into the house (°-); -bhava, m. inclusion
in (Ic.) ; disappearance: -m gam,disappear; blinded, obscured by (- 0 ). wrongly: -kri,actotherwise,-wrongly; treat
-bhavita, pp. included; -bhuta, pp. con- andha-ka, a. blind; to. N.ofanAsura : otherwise, change; take wrongly; frustrate.
tained in (Ic.): -tva, n. abs. N. ; -bheda.m. in- -ghatin, TO. N. of /Siva; -ripu, TO. id. ^R|^rr^5*TanyathS-darsana,n. wrong in-
ternal rupture; - m a d a a v a s t h a , a.whose rut vestigation (leg.) ; - p r a t h a , / . becoming dif-
is still within, i. e. has not yet outwardly shown W i *I«irnCandha-kara, a. dark; n. -ness: -ta,
ferent ; -bnddhi, / . prejudice; -bh4va, m.
itself; -mandira, n. harem ; -manmatha, / . id.; -maya, a. dark.
change; difference; ^abhidh4na, n. false evi-
TO. concealed love ; -mukha, a. entering the W^TcfiTfC^ andha-ktrita, pp. darkened, dence ; -vadin, a. giving false evidence, rais-
mouth; turned inwards. ing a false suit: (di)-tva, n. abst. if.; • vr/tti,
wrapt in darkness.
antar-yama, TO. Soma draught a. of changed mood, agitated; -sambhavana,
andha-kfipa, TO. hidden well, pitfall; / . false supposition; distrust; -sambhavin,
while suppressing the breath; -yamin, m.
-tamasa, n. thick darkness; - t a , / , -tva, n. a. distrustful; -siddha, pp. falsely proved;
the inner guide; -laggk, f . inward shame;
- l 4 p i k 4 , / . riddle containing its own solution; blindness; -tamisra, m. thick darkness; blind- -siddhi, / . false proof; -stotra, n. ironical
ness ; N. of a hell. praise. [day, once.
-lina, pp. V'll.
andhaya, den. P. blind. anya-da, ad. at another t i m e ; one
TffiTp^ftp® antar-vamsika, TO. superintend-
ent of the harem; -vat, a.,f. -1 & -ni, preg- •^•tiqt^andha-vat, ad. as if blind. ,o. belonging to another.
nant; -vastra, n. under-garment; -vani, a.
learned; -v4sa, m. abiding in (- ); - v i s a s , n.
0 • ^ndh-as,n. darkness, [juice; food. anya-nimitta, a. havinganother
under-garment; -vasika, m. ='-vawsika; -vi- W^PE^ 2. dndhas, n. h e r b ; Soma plant or cause; -push^a,TO.,4 , / . Indian cuckoo (nour-
sba, a. poisonous within; -vedi, m. pi. inha- ished by others) ; -pftrv4,/. promised or mar-
bitants of Antarvedi; -vedl,/. N. of a country andhi-kri, blind; -bhu, become ried to another man before; -blgra-ya, a. begot-
between the Ganges and the Yamund. ten of another's seed; -tohrot4, (pp.) f . cuckoo
^ andhu, m. well. [blind. (reared by others); -manas, a. thinking of or
antar-hasa, m. suppressed laugh- meaning something else; -m4tri-ka, a. having
W ' W andhra, TO. N. of a people; amixed caste.
ter : -m, ad. with suppressed laughter. another mother; -m4tW-gra, m. son of another
W?T£n-na, (pp.) n. food, esp. rice; grain of mother; -manasa, a. = anya-manas.
antar-hita, pp. (\/dha) vanished.
rice. ^•t|^Manya-r6pa,w.another form; (any6-),
anta-vat, a. having an end, finite, a. of different form, changed in form; -rtl-
W5PRTT anna-kama, a. desirous of food;
perishable. pin, a. id.; -lokya, a. destined for another
-da, a. giving food ; -d4tri, m. giver of food;
-dana, n. gift of food; -dosha, m. offence in world; -v4din, a. = anyatha-vadii.; -visha-
V antas-fcara, a. moving in the body; ya, a. having another object; relating to
-fcaitanya, a. internally conscious. diet, eating forbidden food; - p a k t i , / . prepar-
ation of food; -pati, TO. lord of food (Sa vitro, something else; (a)-vrata, a. serving others;
antaft-salya, n. arrow (fig.) in the Agni, or /Siva); -prada, a. bestowing food; perfidious; -«ankita, a. distrustful; -sanke-
heart; -sava, a. containing a corpse; -slesh&, -pr&sanajw.^rstffeedingt/araire/aniwithrice; ta, a. having another appointment; consort-
m., -na, n. connecting frame. -bha^a, m. N. of an author; -maya, a. con- ing with others; -strx-ga, a. adulterous.
W r T O f T W r r anta-satkriya,/. last honour sisting of food; -mala, n. secretion of rice;
•^•tn^'tJH anyajinka-supta, pp. having
(to the dead). -yoni, arrack; -rasa, n. sg. & TO. pi. food &
drink; taste in preparingiood: -maya,a. con- slept in another's arms.
antas-tapa, m. inner h e a t ; a. sisting of food & drink; -vat, a. hvg. food, rich anya-dnksha, - d m (nm. k or n ; /.
glowing within; -toya, a. containing water in food; -vikara, m. transformation of food: id.), -Arisa (i), a. of a different kind; strange;
within. -tva, n. abst. N. ; -samskara, m. preparation not as it should be ; like others, common.
antaA-sam^wa, a. internally con- of viands.
^HWTT a-nyaya, TO. unseemly behaviour,
scious, showing no consciousness; -sattva, n. annaad-a, a. (4, i) eating food ; -in, unlawful conduct; -vartin, a., -vritta, pp.,
inner nature; -salila, a.whose waters are hid- a. id.; -ya, n. nourishment: -kama, a. de- -vritti, a. behaving unbecomingly.
den:-m,a^.in the water;-salila-stba,a.stand- sirous of nourishment. ,
ing in the water; -s&nu, ad. in the mountain ^ • ^ i f a * ! a-nyayin, a. ill-conducted.
ridge; -sara, n. inner content or worth; a. hvg. WsTT^f annaartha, a. desirous of food, V i T B r a-nySyya, a. illegal.
force or water within; - s u k h a , a. hvg. his hap- hungry.
piness within; -stba, a. being within (g.,-°). anyaartha, TO. another person's af-
WWT^HannS-vn'dh, a. refreshed by food. fair ; a. having another purpose or sense.
1 I f ^ n ^ a n t a a v a s a y i n , m., Jckndkla..
W T anyci, a. (n. -d) other; different from a-nr&na,^p. not too little, sufficient;
n f ^ n £nti, ad. opposite; before; near; prp. (ab., -°); a certain; common ; anya - anya, -jirthavadin, a. adequately expressive.
near to (g., the one - the other; anyafc ha, and besides,
^ ^ a n y e - d y u s , ad.on the following day;
moreover.
anti-ka, n.vicinity, presence: -m, ad. one day.
near,up to; «6.from near; close to; from; in., anya-kartri-ka, a. hvg. another
Ic. near, close to, before (g,, -°); -kara, a. agent (gr.); -kn'ta, pp. done by others; anyaudarya, a. born of another
moving about (— -kshetra, n. foreign country; -gata, pp. re- womb; m. half-brother.
ferring to another; -gamin, a. adulterous. ^ P ^ t i e ^ anyo«nya, TO./. (used in oblique
Wf^m^^nti-tas, ad. from near,
a-nyanga-sveta, a. pure white. cases only) one another: mutual, -ly, re-
anti-ma, a. last, final. ciprocally ; -kalaha, a. quarrelling together;
-kritya, n. pi. reciprocal services; -gata, pp.
ante-vSsa, TO. neighbour, com- ^ v q p q - r i anya-iitta, a. thinking of an- reciprocal; -bh4va, m. mutual exchange of
other; - M n t 4 , / . thought of another; -£etas,
panion ; -vasin, TO. (abiding near), pupil. condition; - abh4va,TO.mutual non-existence;
a. thinking of another; distraught; -ga, a.
antaudStta, a. having the acute begotten by another; -yanman, n. future - upama, / . mutual simile. [others.
accent on the last syllable; -tva, n. abst. tr. life; -gkta, pp. produced by another; m. bas-
tard; -tama, spv. one of several; one or W t T T r r r f t P i : anyaupatapin, a. paining
£ntya, a. last; lowest; m. man of lowest other of (g., -tara, cpv. either of (g.); anuaksham, ad. immediately after,
caste,/ .4, woman - ; -karman, n. last act, cre-
1
repeated: the one - the other: -sy4m, (Ic.f.)
mation ; -g&, a. born in the lowest caste (also in either way (gr.); -tra, ad. on either. anuawfe, a. (anu/d) following after
n.) ; ^ a n m a n , a . id.; -gkti,a.id.i -ta,/.abst. (ac.); anvak, ad. behind ; after (ac.).
^•tjflt^anya-tas, ad. = ab. or Ic. o/anya;
-V.; -yoni, a. of the lowest birth. anuaya, m. progeny; race, family;
from - , elsewhere; to another place; repeated :
antra, n. entrails. on the one side - on the other. connexion; attraction; -vyatirekin, a. con-
anvayin. aparanta. 19
nected with and excluded from a thing; -^k- a-panka, a. mireless, dry; -ta,/. -ness. (ac.); -neya,/p. to be removed; -noda, m.
gata, pp. inherited. expulsion, removal; atonement: -na, a. re-
^ P T ^ i apa-ftaya, m. decrease, diminution; moving ; n. removal.
^ • q f a l . anvayin, a. belonging to or con- -Aarita, (pp.) n. transgression; -kkra, m.want;
nected with the same family; resulting/roTO death; transgression; -&arin,a.deviatingfr.; -pantha-dayin, a. not making
anything. erring; faithless (wife), [tion; atonement. way for another. [yet fallen out.
anuartha, a.appropriate ; obvious; apa-Mta, pp. \/hi; -Hti,f. venera- ^ M f l ^ a-panna-da, a. whose teeth have not
-abhidha, a. appropriately designated.
^IM^JtC apa-ZckAattra, a. lacking an um- ^MM^t^apa-payas, a. waterless; -patra, a.
V N ^ T T anuaveksh-a,/. regard,considera- excluded from the use of utensils; -padatra,
brella ; -hJchkya, a. shadowless; -&&Aeda, m.,
tion ; -in, a. circumspect. -na, n. cutting off, separation, division. a. unshod; -pirfa,/. sudden and dangerous at-
anuash/akS,/. dayafterthe Ash- tack of disease.
^m^ldapa-^ata,pp.degenerate; -gighkm-
anuahdm, ad. day by day. [tfakg. s u , des. a. desirous of warding off (ac.); -gi- apa-bhaya, a. fearless; -bhartr/, m.
h i r s h k , f . desire to rob; -^ihirslm, des. a. in- remover; -bhram^a, m. fall; ungrammatical
< | | r q a n u j v d h i , m. object handed over tending to rob; -gya, a. lacking a bowstring; form; vulgar dialect; -bhraslifa^p. debased,
for delivery to a third person; •^adheya, -ka, -^vara, a. feverless. corrupt, provincial (dialect).
n. property obtained by a woman after mar-
riage; -kroh&na, n. mounting the funeral I P T ^ I k T a-pan/ci-krita, -bhtita, pp. ^ m i f a p a - m a , spv.last,furthest; -marsa, TO.
pyre after the husband; ^asana, n. sitting n. pi. not yet become five (dements). contact; -mana, TO. (n.) disregard, disrespect,
down after another; attendance on; ^ahar- contempt; -marga, i . m. wiping off; 2. TO.
y&, n. new moon funeral feast in honour of • ^ H d l ^ H a-patf-kshepa, m. not tossing by-way; -mar^ana, a. wiping off, removing;
Manes: -pi&ana, n. southern sacred fire. aside the curtain : (e)-»a pra-vi.?, enter (the) n. cleansing; -mud.a.disagreeable; -mrtga, a.
stage) suddenly and impetuously. deerless; -mri'tyn, m. untimely death; mortal
^ifiqfl anujta, pp. (%/i) accompanied by, a-pa^u, a. not scorching (rays); use- danger; - m e g h a u d a y a , a.freefrom the rise of
possessing (- 0 ). clouds; -yarns,».dishonour,disgrace; -yata-
less, incapable ; -tva, n. incapacity.
q anii_esha, m., -na, n., -nk,f. search, vya,/p. n. it is needful to flee; -y&na, n. going
^ q f ^ t T a-paradita, a. unlearned, illiter- away, retreat, flight; -yodha-rava, a. no
quest, investigation ; -ka, a. searching after;
ate; stupid; -ta,/.folly. longer raising a battle-cry.
-niya,,fp. doubtful, questionable.
l|«cj fq^anvesh-in, a. seeking; -£avya,pp.to K W a-pawya, fp. not to be sold; n. ware ^ P P T t W C ^ T T W a-payodhara-v&rana, a.
be sought or found out; -tri,m. searcher; -ya, that may not be sold. [widowed. not delayed by clouds; -samsarga, a. lack-
fp. to be sought or found out; doubtful. W T f W a-pati, a., f . -ka, id. unmarried; ing contact of the breasts.

^mfrict a-patita, pp. not outcast; not for- ^PTC i . ^pa-ra, a.hinder, further; later,fol-
^ T ^ i . AP. be active, work. lowing ; western; to the westof (ah.); inferior;
feited ; ^anyoinya-tyagin, a. forsaking each
iip, work. other without losing caste. [husband. other; different from (ab.); opposite; strange,
unusual: -m, ad. subsequently, in the future,
3- ap, / . pi. (also sg. in V.) water. ^m(ri9|n | a-pati-vrata,/. faithless to her after; moreover, besides; to the west of (a&.);
^ajia-tushara, a. free from mist; -ta, m. elephant's hind foot.
V T ^pa, ad. off, away ( ° - ) ; *prp.away from,
"^IMgO5® a-patni-ka, a. wifeless. [/. abst. N. W 1 X - apa-rd, n. f u t u r e ; -karya, n. later
2
except (ab.).
V R n f i i apa-kartana, n. cutting in pieces ; transaction.
apa-tya, n. offspring, progeny, child;
-kartri, m. injurer; -karman, n. delivery; -duAkhaeka-maya, a. consisting solely of ^ i m j l l apa-rakta, pp. bleached, pale.
-karsha,TO.removal; decrease; deterioration; grief for children; -vat, a. possessed of off- M f^Iapara-5faladhi,TO.western ocean.
low position; annulment; anticipation (gr.); spring; -sneha-kn'pa-maya, a. filled with
-karshaka, a. diminishing, detracting; -kar- ^ M apara-tas, -tra, ad. elsewhere.
love and pity for children.
sha»a,a.id.;n.removal; degradation; -kar-
ihin, a. drawing away; -kalmasha, a. free apa-trap-awa, n.,-k,f.shame, em- ^ M ^ t f l a-para-tva, -ka, n. not being far
from sin; -k&ra, m., -tk f . h urt, inj ury; -k&rin, barrassment. ^ p n ^ n apara-tht, ad. otherwise, [(ph.).
a,injurious; offensive; mischievous; -kirtya, ^SPT^f a-patha, n. no way, pathlessness;
fp. dishonourable. ^ T T t ^ a p a r a - d i s , / . west; -dikshin, a.
wrong way; bad course; wrong place: in. not
taking the later consecration.
^mSi'^apa-kri-t.a.injuring; -trite,,(pp.) n., in the usual way; a. pathless; inaccessible;
-kn'ti, /., -kritya, n. = apa-kara; -krishte., -prapanna,pp. misplaced; -hara, a. choosing • s l M V ^ apara-pakshd, m. second half of the
pp. low, inferior, mean. the wrong way. lunar month; -r&tra, m., i , / . second half of
^ T W a - p a t h y a , a. notbeneficial,unsuitable; the night; -vaktra, n. a metre.
V n R T apa-kramd, m., -na, n., -kranti, / .
departure; -krama, m. id.; escape; -kriya, unwholesome ; -karin, a. intriguing against W ^ f ^ T a-parasu-vrikna, pp. not felled
/.delivery; injury; wrong procedure. : (i)-tva, n. abst. N. ; -blray, a. eating un- with an axe.
wholesome food.
KMgfi a-pakva, pp. unbaked; undigested; ^ P T X ^ n ^ ^ c T a-paraspara-sambhtita, pp.
immature; -tk,f. immaturity. ^ M ^ a-pad, a. ( f . = m., or -1) footless. not produced one from the other.
VH^f a-pakshci, a. unwinged; -patin, a. not 1. d-pada, n. no abode; wrong place. W T T R apa-raga, m. aversion, hostility.
flying with wings; siding with Vishnu. 2. a-pada, a. footless. W T ^ T ^ W a - p a r a n - m u k h a , a.withunavert
V T 1 R apa-kshaya, m. decrease. apa-dSna, n. heroic deed; -desa, ed face : -m, ad. unreservedly.
^TM^^M a-paksha-lopa, TO. non-loss of m. advice; designation; pretext, appearance;
-desin, a. disguised as (-°); -de«ya,/p. to be ^ M ^ i H f l ft^-para-(7ita,pp.unconquered,un-
w ngs; -s&da, m. id. indicated; -dosha, a. faultless: - t a , / . -ness. conquerable; m. N. of a mythical sword ; f .
W I <1pa-ga, a. turning away from (ab.). k, N. of a herb; a metre.
^tM^J a-padma, a. lacking a lotus.
^fflffifarcSU apa-gata-te^as-ka, a. void of M ^ I ^ apa-rMdha,pp .having erred, guilty,
light; -prak&«a, a. id. [appearance; lapse, apa-dravya, n. bad w a r e ; -dha,/. culpable; «.guilt; -raddhi,/mistake,error;
hiding-place; -dhuma, a. smokeless : -tva, n. -raddhri, a. guilty of an offence or crime;
apa-gama, m., -na,n. departure, dis- -ness; -dhyana, n. disfavour, malice; -dhvawi- offending.
apa-gargiita, a. thunderless. sa, in. degradation: -ga, m, child of a mixed
marriage; -dhvasta, pp. degraded. ^ P n C r o apa-radha, m. transgression, guilt,
apa-guna, a. void of excellences. offence: - v n k s h a , m. tree of transgression;
apa-naya, i . m. taking away; expul- -radhika, a.guilty; without Eadhika; -radh-
V W T I. apa-ghana, m. body.
sion ; 2. m. imprudence: -na, a. taking away; in, a. guilty, offending; ( i ) - t 4 , / . guiltiness.
VTOiT 2. apa-ghana, a. cloudless. 7i. wiping away, removal; -nayin, a. impru-
dent ; -nidra, a. blossomed; -ninisliu, des. ^ T n f aparaanta, a. living in the extreme
1PRT7T apa-ghata, tn. warding off; -ka, a. a. wishing to expel (ac.); -nirvana, a. not yet west; m. western region: pi. its inhabitants;
warding off, dispelling. ended; - n u t t i , / . removal; atonement; -nu- end, death; lower part of an elephant's hind
apa-ghnraa, a. pitiless, cruel. nut-su, des. a. wishing to remove, - to expiate foot; -ka, n. kind of song.
D2
20 apararka. -4|fi|<j^cf£l a-pitn-devatya.

M apar aarka, m. N. of a commentator. ^ j q 1 ^ a-parvdn, n. jointless s p o t ; no na- WRI dpaka, a. coming from afar; -pa,a.
tural break (in a story); day which is no Par- (not produced by ripening), original, natural.
"SRXrr^TnTTT^i a-paravn'tta-bhaga- van, ordinary day; time when no eclipses
dheya, a. to whom fortune does not return; apaji-karishnu, a. surpassing
ought to occur.
m. unlucky wight.
^m^TfTRTWi apa-lata-bhavana, a. arbour- ^RT«BT apSkg, ad. far. [(ac.).
"^RT^^r* aparaahw^, m. afternoon. less; -lapana, n. flattery; -l4pa, TO. denial; ^SRT^rnT.apakat, ad. from afar, [rebellion,
^ m f X l f i i T a-pari-krama, a. unable to walk -l4pin, a. keeping secret, concealing (g.).
about; -klish/a, pp. not sickly; -kle.sa, m. ^ q q ^ l apa-vaktn, to. averter; -varaka, n. w r w f W ap^-kn'ti,/'. keeping off; hostility,
welfare; -kshata,pp.unhurt; -kshiMa-iakti, sleeping apartment; - v a r g a , to. completion, a-pankteya, a, unworthy to par-
a. of unimpaired strength : -tva, n. abst. N. ; end; final beatitude ; -vartana, n. removal; take in a thing with respectable persons.
-ganayat, pr. pt. unreflecting ; -gata,pp. un- -vada, m. refutation; annulment, exception ;
known, inscrutable; -graha, m. poverty; a. WJTpQ' a-panktya, a. id.
blame ; unjust imputation; command; decoy
poor; wifeless. cry; -vadin, a. blaming (-°); -varitam, W W apaanga, m. ( - 0 , / . 4, i) outer corner
a-pari-fcaya, TO. unfamiliarity; -varitakena, ad., -v4rya, gd. secretly, in a of the eye; - d n ' s h f i , / . side-glance; -netra,
-£alita,pp. unmoved, immovable; -kite.,pp. stage whisper (drama); -vaha, m. removal; a. looking sideways.
unknown, unfamiliar; - & y u t a , ^ . not having -v4hana, n, id.', decrease.
deserted; -kkhada, a. destitute of retinue or apaAr-ina, a. retired. [western.
baggage; -kMinna, pp. unlimited; -kkheda, H m R ^ c T apa-vi-kshata, pp. unhurt; -vi- •^RT^^paanfe, a. (/. 4p4ki) lying behind,
m. lack of decision; irresolution; want of judg- gbna, a. free from hindrances; -viddba, pp.
ment : -kartri, a. not deciding rightly; -</ata, Vvyadh ; -vidya, f . bad knowledge; igno- ^ M | fui a-pani, a,handless; - g r a h a n 4 , / . un-
pp. premature, still-born. rance ; -vn'tta, pp. ill-behaved; - v n t t i , f . married ; -p4da, a. lacking hands and feet.
running down, coming to an end; -vedba, m.
"%(M(\fJ81 a-pari-tush£a, pp. not pleased ; ' ^ i m ' ^ q a-pSraefo,va, a. without PSwrfava.
faulty perforation.
-tosha, a. dissatisfied ; m. dissatisfaction ;
-tyakta, pp. unforsaken ; -tya^ya, fp. not to ^BRsTfT ^pa-vrata, a. disobedient. ^RTfT«fi a-pataka, n. no crime.
be forsaken; -ty&ga, m. non-abandonment; •^IM ^ +tapa-sankam,«c?. fearlessly; -sabda, WTTtTapaa-tta, pp.-Jda.
•tykgya,fp. not to be abandoned; -nirvana, to. slander; corrupt form, ungrammatical lan- a-patra, n. (to.) unworthy recipient,
pp. not quite extinguished or ended; -ni- guage; -sasi-tilaka, a. lacking a moon as - person; - k r i t y a , / . action making one un-
s h ^ i t a , pp. not standing quite firm. forehead mark ; -sastra, a. weaponless; -su- worthy of receiving presents; -bhro't, to.
a-pari-pakva, pp. not quite ripe ; la, a. spearless; -soka, a. free from sorrow. cherisher of the undeserving; -varshana, n.
-pnta, pp. unpurified (grain); -badha, a. un- bestowing on the unworthy; -varshin, a. be-
^ R f ^ P R i . a-pas/cima, a. not the last.
hindered, unbounded; -bh4sha«a, n. not stowing (lit. raining) on unworthy persons.
talking much; -bhuta a<7«a, a. whose orders a-pas/cima, a. last of all: -m, ad.
are attended to; -bhrasyam4na, pr.pt. not for the very last time. ^ S R T f N r c ^ T apatri-karawa, a. making a
escaping; -mita,^.unmeasured,unbounded; person unworthy.
- m e y a , f p . innumerable. ^ T W a-pasydl, a. not seeing. ^ R T ^ T T apa a-dana, n. what remains after
a-pari-vadya, fp. not to be ^nT^nT. £-pasyat, pr. pt. not seeing, not separation, source; notion of the ablative (gr.).
blamed; -vrita, pp. unsurrounded; unen- perceiving; not pondering. -4im<l apaana, to. downward breath (one of
closed ; -vrarf/iiman, to. inability to (inf.). the vital airs); anus; - udgara, m. fart.
apa-sri, a. (n. i) bereft of beauty.
^ ^ R u f ^ ' l a-pari-sankita, pp. unantici- W R a-papa, a. not wicked ; good, inno-
^ R ^ apa-shfAu, ad. wrongly.
pated ; -slatham, ad. vigorously. cent ; - £ e t a s , a. well-disposed, innocent.
WfXWrT •^Mt^i.^p-as, n. work, act (esp. sacrificial). ^ R P T f l T apam-pati,TO.lord of waters; sea;
a-pari-hata, pp. unimpeded, Yaruwa.
ap-as, a. active, diligent.
boundless; -hara, m. non-avoidance; -harya,
fp. unavoidable; -hiya-mana, pr. pt. ps. not •^firo^ apa-sada, m. outcast; worst among ^ R T T apaaya, to. departure ; issue, e n d ;
being omitted, not wanting; -hrita, pp. un- (-°): pi. children of mixed marriages (in decay; harm,detriment,danger; diminution;
avoided, practised; -hvnita, pp. unscathed. which the father is lower); -sarawa, n. going trespass; -samdar«ana-^a, a. arising from
a p a n , / . future: Ic. pi. in the future. away, retreat; -sarpa, m. spy; -savya, a. the manifestation of futile means.
" ^ m O f a o l a-pariikshita,^.unconsidered, not left, right: -to kri, turn the right side •^SRTf^Ftapayin, a. wanting, lacking.
rash ; m. one who acts inconsiderately; -ka- towards (ac., Ic.); hang the sacred thread on
the right shoulder: -vat, a. in which the sa- WTTTa-par^i,a.unbounded, infinite, [inf.).
raka, n. title of book Vof the Pahkatantra.
cred cord is on the right shoulder; -sara, m. KM1 ^^d,a-parayat, pr.pt. unableuio (Ic. or
apa-rush, a. free from anger. exit, outlet, egress: -na, n. removing, dismiss-
ing, banishing; -s4ri-t4,y.issue,end; -s4rin, apajirtlia, a. useless; senseless; -ka,
a-parusha, a. not harsh, not rough. a. (ik4) valueless, useless.
a. decreasing, diminishing.
^Js"^«{!ciparena,({m.)prp.behind,westof(ac.). M| a-ptrthiva, a.notearthly, celestial.
apa-snana, n. bath-water which
"SIM^^^apare-dyus, ad. on the following has been used; -spasa, a. lacking spies; D M M ^ a - p a l a y a t , pr.pt. not protecting.
day: = Ic. in - samprapte, when the follow- -smara, m. (loss of consciousness), possession,
ing day had arrived. epilepsy; -smarin, a. possessed; epileptic. W T f f T apa|.-vrita, pp. unclosed, opened.
a-paroksha,a. not in visible,present, ^ T W apas-ya, den. P . be active, WTT^TEf apajtsraya, m. prop, back (of a
perceptible: Ic. if one has been present (gr.) ; chair); support: -wa, n. leaning against any-
-tva, n. presence. apas-yu, a. busy.. thing; -vat, a. having a support in (in.).
^ M 0 ^ «(aparokshaya, den. P.inspect (ac.). ^ R f apa-ha, a. removing, destroying ( - ° ) ; ^pi, prp. w. Ic. or at, in, near ( V . ) ;
-hati, f . counteracting, repelling; driving a- ad. also, likewise; even; but, yet; w.neg.=
"^MUi a-parna, a. leafless ; / . 4, N. of Uma. way; -hantr/, to. ( f . tri) expeller; -baran a, even; na X'aapi, not even; makes interr. in-
n. appropriation; abduction; removal; -har- definite: ko*pi, some one; w. numerals = all:
apan'tu, m. wrong season; a. unsea-
tavya, fp. to be taken away; -hartri, to. pur- i a t v a r o i p i , all four; beg. sentences: interr.
sonable ; ad. out of season.
loiner; remover; -harsha, a. joyless. pel.; w.potent, oh that! a p i - a p i or&a,both-
^R^prT a-paryanta, a. unbounded. and; na k e v a l a m - a p i , not only-but also;
apa-hastaya, den. P. shake off, api ka, &4pi, moreover, likewise; ye * pi -
a-parySwa, a. unsaddled. push aside: pp. - h a s t i t a . tesrpi, those also, w h o - ; a p i v 4 , vapi, or
a-parijipta, pp. insufficient; -vat, ^ R f K apa-hara, to. taking away, robbery; even; n a - n 4 p i , neither-nor; api n4ma
a. unable to (inf.). [not destroyed. removal; concealment; denial: -ka, a. taking (at beg. of sentences) perhaps; y a d i a p i , al-
away, stealing; to. thief, -varman, m. N. though ; t a t h a a p i , yet.
a-pariJ,sita,pp. not overthrown,
of a man; -h4rin, a. taking away, stealing; ^f^c^a-pft, a. dried up. [theManes as gods.
^ W f a i T a-parijishita, pp. quite fresh, -hriti, f taking away, removing; -hnava,
quite new. TO. denial; concealment; -hnotri, to. denier. a-pitrc-devatya, a. not adoring
W * r 2 T ai-pitrya. ^msRi a-pralaya. 21
a-pitrya, a. not paternal. [tion. T^q^f^ a-pelava, a. i ottende ,rude. [tion. a. of incomparable might; -malla, a. unri-
valled ; -mana, a., - m e y a , f p . incomparable.
api-tvd, n. participation; cohabita- "^P^JJT a-paisuna, n. freedom from detrac-
^ f f l tJ rfla-prati-mukta,p2> .not given leave;
^ f W R api-dh£na, n. covering; lid; lock; a-poganda, a. not under age, over -yatna-purva, a. not artificially produced.
api-naddha, pp. i/nab. [bolt. apafidAa, pp. y v a h . [sixteen. w f w r f i R ; a-prati-yogin, a. non-contra-
^rMqidilctapi-vStayat, pr. pt. cs. \/vat. dictory of (-°) ; (i)-tva, n. abst. N.
"SJmW apajiha,m.removal; combating, dis-
puting ; -na, a. removing; n. removal. a-prati-ratha, a. matchless ; -rn-
WfVII'E^api-sasas, ab. inf. w. pura: with-
pa, a. without counterpart, incomparable; in-
out cutting away. a-pauraf dara, a. without the la-
adequate ; unsuitable for (g.).
api-hita, pp. Vdha. bour of the citizens
ap-ftara, m. water-animal. ^ l r f ? r f W R a-prati-vidhana, n. taking no
apttya, a. secret, hidden. measures; without artificial means; -vi-
^SffJ^ ap-tur, a. active; victorious. dheya, fp. not to be combated.
^STO^3^I(^a-pidayat, pr.pt. not exhausting,
W K t ^ T T aptor-ySma, °^TT 5 l.-ySman, n. a-prati-sasana, a. subject to no
" ^ f f t f l ? ! a-pidita, pp. impressed; unhurt.
a particular way of celebrating the Soma sa- other authority; -sraya, a. having no refuge.
^SPftrT ^ n r f T f ^ I a-prati-shedha, TO. no objection;
yq ap-ty&, a. watery. [orifice.
a-pita, pp. not having drunk. invalid objection.
TJIHt^ ap-nas, n. property, wealth ; work.
^j^f^fala-pu)ns&aliya,a.nosonofawhore. a-prati-sh^a, a., -sh/Aita, pp.hav-
I f ^ a - p u m s , m. no man, eunuch ; -tva, n. ^ u j f r i ap-pati, m. lord of waters, Yaruwa.
abst. N. ing no foundation, perishable, unstable.
a-punya-kn't, a. unrighteous ; "^PZI ap-ya, a. ( f . a, or api) belonging to a-prati-hata, pp. unimpeded, un-
water. [end. impaired, irresistible; not elapsed; -harya,
-bha^, a. unfortunate; -vat, a. id. [a. id.
W W api_aya, m. entrance, disappearance; fp. irresistible.
^ftj^f a-putra, m. no son ; a. sonless; -ka,
^Metldl® (1 a-prakatf-kn'ta, pp. not mani- W f f ^ t ^ n X a-pratikara, a. unresisting; in-
H q f ^ a-putrin, -triya, -trya,
fested. curable ; -karya, fp. not to be remedied ;
a. scnless.
^ f T R F n i a-prakSsa, a. not light, dark ; hid- -ghata, a. unresisted. [ligible.
H^ffXifi a-punar-ukta, pp. never palling. den, secret: -m, ad. secretly; m. darkness; W c f t f T a-pratijta, ^.irresistible; unintel-
a^unar-nivartin, a. not re- -na, n. non-betrayal.
til [ft a-prati ti,/. lack of a distinct notion
turning. [ring-, last. a-pra-kasat, pr. pt. invisible; or perception.
1 f q a - p n n a r - b h a v i n , a. not recur- -kasita, pp. not manifested ; -keta, a. indis-
tinguishable, formless ; -galbha, a. cowardly, i n r f r r a-pra-ttt, pp. (Sda) f . unmarried.
^ S y i ^ P n a-punar-vritti,/. non-return. faint-hearted ;-grzliya, a. not being a pragn- 'WIT95TW a-pratiaksha, a. not visible; -jJc-
hya vowel. sbita, pp. not seen with one's own eyes.
U ^ ^ r n r C r V apurushaapar&dha, m. no
fault of the person holding a deposit, [priest. ^nT%fT^.d-praA;etas, a. unwise, imprudent. ^ P T W T a-pratyaya,TO.distrust; a.distrusts
^HTtf^tfa-purohita, a.lacking a domestic W S f f i d-prafcyuta, pp. unshaken; not ful of (lc.); inspiring distrust.
^T^f^T a-pushkala, a, inapplicable. swerving from (ab.). l«sm r^^a-pratyakhyayin, a. not re-
^ftJ^T a-pushpa, a. flowerless. T ^ m ct-pra-</a, a. .childless; / . a, not bear- fusing ; ^ a k h y e y a , f p . not to be refused.
^tjf^lcl a-p%ita,/?/?.unhonoured; -pu#ya, ing; -g&gni, a. ignorant; unfertile; -jana, a.
^TTT^fWW^ a - pradaksbiwam, ad. towards
not begetting: -tva, n. abst. n.; -^as, a. child-
fp. not to be honoured; -puta, pp. unpuri- less; -jas-ta, f., -f/asya, n. childlessness. the left.
fied; impure. ^ T R ^ T f a-pra-dana, n. not giving, not
WUTJ a-prag'wa, a.not recognising, [known.
H ^ q apflpa, m. cake ; -s&lk,f. bakehouse. granting; -dusb/a, pp. not corrupted.
^rtTWTfi a-prar/nata, pp. unrecognised, un- ^IK^lMa-pradh^na,a.subordinate; n.sub-
^jy^u! a-pftrana, a. insatiable ; -purwa, pp. a-pra-waya, m. lack of affection, ordinate person (gr.); - t & , f . , -tva, n. subor-
not full; diminished by (in.). coldness; -nayin, a. not cared for; -wita, pp. dinate position.
a-pfirvd, a.unprecedented,new; extra- not borne to the altar; -nodya.,fp. not to be
repelled. U & j N a-pradhrishya, fp. unassailable.
ordinary, incomparable : in. ad. never before;
-t&,/., -tva, n. newness, novelty; -daxsana, ^ n m ^ a-pratarkya, fp. inconceivable; ^Tff^Wa-pra-buddha,pp.unawakened; un-
a. never seen before. [before. blossomed; -bhava, to. no source or occasion
whose destination is unknown.
of (lc.); -bh&ta, pp. not yet dawned; -bhava,
Utjf^N, a-pfirvin, a. never having done it ^mfTT a-pratl, a. irresistible : ad. -bly. a. unable, powerless: -tva, n.abst. .v.; -bbn,
iiy^tj ^-pftrvya, a. first; incomparable. a. unable to (lc.); to. not master of (g.): -tva,
^ n r f T R r n : a-prati-kara, a. irremediable ; n. abst. A'.; -bhuta, pp. insufficient.
^ f ^ T ^ a - p r a a t , a. not giving, niggardly. - k a r y a . / p . id.; -knla, a. not resisting (g.) ;
ready for (lc.); obedient; -krita, pp. against a-pramatta,pp. not careless,careful,
^ i a-prithag-bhtita,pp. not different, which nothing has been done; -grata, pp. attentive ; -tva, n. abst. N.
identical. [dhishttira. whom one cannot go to meet; - g r a h y a , ^ .
^PTTT a-prama,/. false notion; -mana, n.
that may not be accepted.
i l ^ T S l ^ a-prtthfijltmasra, a. lacking Y u - no authority; something nugatory; -mani-
^ m f r i M a-pratigha, a. irresistible. kri, not to treat (ac.) as an authority; -mada,
^TJS a-prtsh£a,^>p.unasked,unquestioned: a. attentive, careful: -tva, n. -ness; -m&din,
lc. when no question has been asked. W W r a. id.; - m e y a , f p . immeasurable ; infinite, in-
l apajksha,/.lookingabout; attention, ^ n f r m f r i a-prati-patti, / . not becoming separable, undemonstrable; -moda, m. dis-
consideration, regard; expectation; require- acquainted with; irresolution; embarrass- pleasure.
ment: in. with regard to, in comparison with. ment ; -padyamana, pr. pt. A . not assenting ^PTET^c^a-praya/iMat, pr. pt. not deliver-
to (ac.); -p&dana, n. withholding; -pn^ita, ing ; not giving a girl in marriage.
V ^ f a f l apajkshita, pp.intentional; n.pur- pp. not honoured.
pose, business; - t & , f . expectation; -tva, n. WETffT a-prayatna, lack of exertion:
requisiteness. a-prati-baddha, pp. not kept at
without exertion; a. indifferent to (lc.).
a distance, belonging to the retinue; -bandha,
«tjipekshin, a. regarding; waiting for. m.no hindrance; a. unhindered; -buddha, pp. W f f ^ W a-pra-yukta, pp. unemployed, un-
V f a f T apekshya,^. to be regarded. unawakened; unenlightened, stupid; -bodha, usual ; inappropriate ; -ynZrMat, pr. pt. not
ad. without awakening (°-); -bba^a, a. irre- careless ; attentive ; -yoyyamana, pr.pt. ps.
i p f a apajta, pp. \/i; -prana, a. deceased; sistible ; -bba, /. n on-appearance, non-arrival; not being added ; not being lent on interest.
-bhl, a. fearless. [to be drunk, -bheda, m. non-betrayal.
^TR^RT a-pralaya, ad. without the world per-
a-peya, fp. undrinkable ; forbidden ^mfTHFJ a-pratima, a.incomparable: -^o^as, ishing (°-).
22 a-pravaktri. ^ n T f ^ t abhi-gar^in.

K H q ^ i a-pravaktn,a,notinstructing, unfit ^ R U a-baddha, pp. not bound, not tied ; •^rf^sFfF ab-lifiga, n., kf.pl .verses addressed
to instruct. disconnected, meaningless; not yet showing. to the Waters ( R Y . X , ix, 1-3). [devoted.
a-pra-vSsa-gamana, n. re- a-bandhti, a. lacking relations, com- K+irft a-bhakta, pp. not apportioned; not
maining at home; -v&sin, a. not going abroad; panionless. [-m, ad. sadly, a-bhakshya,/p. not to be eaten,
-visb/a, pp.jiot entered; not trodden; -vla- a-bandhura, a. elevated, high; sad: a-bhaga, a. unfortunate; uncomely.
ya, rn- non-collapse.
42T a-ban dhya,/p. not to be put in chains. c(i | a-bhagna-kSma, a. whose desire
^HH^ST a-pra-sasta, pp. accursed, bad, im- for (Ic.) is not disturbed by (in.); -m4na, a.in
pure; faulty, damaged; n. dirt. <314** a-bandhrd, a. hoopless.
which honour does not suffer.
^ITOWa-pra-sanna, pp. not appeased; un- a-barha, a. still wanting tail-feathers.
1«1 a-bhagrya-mSna, pr.pt. ps. unse-
reconciled, angry with (fc.); -sahisbnu,®. in- a-baU, o. weak : / . 4, woman ; N.: vered, associated.
capable ; -sada, m. disfavour, unfriendliness;
-vat, a. weak. a-bha?iita,pp.unsaid,unexpressed.
-sadita, pp. unclarified; -siddba, pp. un-
accomplished; unknown; unheard of; -suta, ^R^RCa-baliyas, cpv. a. weaker.
a-bhadra, a. baneful; n. mischief,
pp. not having borne, barren; -sph.uia, a. in- K c t f ^ H i I t i a-bahish-kfirya, fp. not to be
distinct, unintelligible. [worn. a-bhaya, a. fearless; safe, secure; n.
excluded.
security.
^Tff^cT a-pra-hata, pp. not well trodden or K ^ ^ + l | f q ^ a - b a h u - b M s h i n , a . not speak-
ing much; ( i ) - t a , / . abut, s.', -vyakti-nisb- abhayam-kara, -krit, a. crea-
•^TJnW?Ta-pr£,knta,a.(l)not original,second-
ting security.
ary ; unusual, extraordinary. \_ahst. N. tha,, a. not applicable to many individuals;
-sruta, pp. not very learned. abhaya-rfiwrfima, to. war-
w m a-pr%na, a. foolish, stupid; - t a , / . drum : -wi da, proclaim security of person
^mT>a[a-bMha,o. unhindered; untorment-
^ u r m r a-pran£, a. lacking breath, inani- amid beating of drums; -tama, n. greatest
ed ; -ka, a. unhindered. safety; -da, a. affording security ; -daksM-
mate; -pranat, pr.pt., -pranin, a. id.
K ^ T ^ T ^ a-bandhava, a. lacking relations; nk,f. promise of security; -datta, to. N. of a
^HTPsTRT a-pradh&nya.n.subordinateness, -krita, pp. not caused by relations. physician; -d&na, n. granting of security;
secondariness. -prada, -prad&yin, a. granting security;
I'SltlT 5 ! a-bala-sattva, a. not having the -pradana, n. granting of security; -y&^-an&,
W H <l-prSpta, pp. not having reached; nature of a boy. / . begging for security of person; as-
not yet arrived; not obtained; not encoun-
surance of safety. [to your Honour.
tered ; not concluded; not resulting ( f r o m a K ^ l f a u j . a-balisa,«.not childish,not silly.
grammatical rule); not grown up ; -kala, a. abSla indu, TO. full moon. a-bhavad-iya, a. not belonging
whose time has not yet come; -vikalpa, m. ^ f ^ i R ab-indhana, a. having water for its a-bhavya, a. as one should not b e ;
alternative not resulting from any rule;
fuel: - vabni, m. the submarine fire. unhappy.
-vyavabara, a. under age, minor: -tva, n. mi-
nority ; - avasara, a. ill-timed, inopportune. a-bi<?a, n. bad seed, bad grain; a. a-bh&g£, a. shareless, portionless.
KM 1*4 a-prapya,/p. unattainable. seedless; impotent; -ka, a. unsown, a-bh&gadheya, a. excluded from
a-buddha, pp. foolish, stupid. participation.
^ n r r a r o i a-pramawya, n. unauthoritative-
ness ; lack of proof, a-buddhi,/. foolishness, act of folly; a-bhagin, a. not participating in,
lack ofpurpose: in. unintentionally; a. foolish: not entitled to (g.).
a-praarthita, pp.unasked, [able, -ta,,/. -ness; -mat, a. foolish, stupid; -stba, a.
not present to the mind. K * 1 l « | a - b h a g y a , « . unhappy; n.misfortune.
^ m T W T t ^ ^ a-prastavika, a. (i) unseason-
KcJVJ a-budha, a. stupid, foolish; m. fool. ^PTTWT a-bh%ana, n. no vessel f o r = un-
^|fl|t| d-priya, a. displeasing, disagreeable,
worthy of (g.).
unwelcome; n. unpleasant thing; unpleasant a-budhna, a. bottomless.
news; m. enemy. W T T T a-bhana, n. non-appearance.
a-budby^, fp. not to be awakened.
^ r f i n s N ^ a-priyam-vada, a. speaking un- A a-bharya, a. wifeless. [lack.
K ^ ^ + I H a-budhya-m£na, pr. pt. A . not
kindly, rude; -vadin, a. id. ^ W T ^ a-bhS,va, m. non-existence; absence,
awaking.
KI'm ««\apriya-kara, a.unpleasant; caus- W^fafa-bodha,TO.lack of knowledge; folly;
ing disaffection; -krit, a. acting unkindly; ^RTTWRt. a-bh^vayat, pr. pt. cs. not keep-
-purvam, ad. without knowing. ing well in view.
•bhagin, a. full of unpleasantness. [no joy.
^SnftfTfa-priti,/. enmity; -kara, a.causing ab-r/a, a. aquatic; n. lotus; -bbu, TO. K+l l®! 4 !^ abhava-vat, a. having a lack of,
Lotus-born (Brahmd); -saras, n. lotus pond. wanting (- 0 ),
inf^TJlfar a-prekshamya, fp. not fair to ^ r f ^ F t abgrini, / . lotus plant; lotus pond; I fcCV, a-bh&vin, a. not to be.
see, uncomely.
-pati,TO.sun. [year (cp. varsha). abhl, ad. unto, near; prp. w. ac.:
^ f ^ T g ^ r r f t ^ a-preksM-pftrva-karin, towards ; to, against; over; for, for the sake
K®^ ab-da,m. [water-giving, rainy season],
a. acting inconsiderately : (i)-tk,f.ab.st. N. of; with regard to; w. ab.: without.
K®c^*Jabda-bhfi, a. proceeding from a cloud.
V h ^ a-prekshya,/o. invisible. K f a * * abhi-ka, a. eager; libidinous.
ab-durga, a. inaccessible owing to
wttWT abhi-kanksM,/.longing, desire
a-praushita, pp. not being away water. [for a deity,
for (ac., -kankshln, a. desirous of (ac.,
from home, not absent. [to {inf.); shy. ab-daivata, a. having the waters ; -kama, TO. desire; affection, love; a.
a-pra_Qc?Aa, pp. not strong enough
^ r f a * ab-dhi, to. sea; -kanya,/. L a k s h m t ; well-disposed to, longing for (ac.,-°).
K Hj ^ a p - s a r £ s , celestial nymph. -givin, m. fisherman; -tanaya, to. du. the 0 ^l+t, abhi-krishnam, ad. to Krishna.
Asvins; -tala, n. bottom of the sea.
apsaras-tirtha, n. N. of a mythi- abhi-krama, to.undertaking; -kra-
ab-bhaksha, a.living on water only.
n• face or bosom, [cal lake. mawa, n. going up to; - k r a n t i , / . overcoming.
a-brahmanya, a. unfavourable to a-bhiksha-d^, / . giving without
^nm a-phala, a. unfruitful; fruitless; cas- Brahmans; n. assault! (cry of Brdhmans
trated ; -prepBU, a. desiring no reward; solicitation. ^
for help.)
- akanksbln, a. expecting no reward. W f * T W r abhi-khy^, / . sight; splendour,
a-brahman, m. no Brahman; a.
^ H l ^ a-phalgu, a. precious. beauty; name, appellation.
lacking devotion; lacking Brahmans.
abhi-gantavya,/o.to be visited;
Ml I ® S a-pMla-kn'shfa, a. not growing ci-brahmawa, TO. no Brahman ; a.
on ploughed land. [be blown upon. -g-ama, m. approach ; visit; sexual inter-
lacking Brahmans. course ; -gamana, n. id.; - g a m y a , / p . to be
KWjf^P I a-phdt-kftrya,/p. not needing to ^ ^ a-bruvat, pr. pt. not stating. visited; accessible, inviting.
^ ^ T a-phena, 0 f ^ T -nila, a. foamless. ab-rfipa, a. having the form of water. K f i l a b h i - g a r g i n , a. roaring at.
abhi-gamin. *|fa*5|UH abhi-sheraana. 23
stinacy; love of life; -nivesin, a. prone to; K f a t T l t t l ° t | abhi-yoktavya, fp. to be prose-
i f f H i f r f ' P t abhi-gamin, a. having sexual
obstinately insisting on; (i)-tva, n. proneness. cuted; -yoktri,m.assailant; plaintiff; -yoga,
intercourse with (ac.).
TO. employment; exertion, diligence; attack;
^ f i i ^ f v i abhi-gtlrti, / . song of praise. K f a f a R s d abhi-ni-hita, pp. V d h a . charge; -yogin, a. prosecuting; -yogrya,/p.
a-bhinna, pp. not pierced, not pene- to be attacked, assailable.
^rfjTOTfl abhi-gh&ta,m. blow, stroke; nox-
trated ; unhurt; unbroken, undivided; stead-
ious effect; -gb&tir ,a.striking;TO.enemy. K fa V J Ujabhi-rakshawa, n. ,-raksha,/. pro-
fast ; unchanged; not different from (ab.):
llfil-q^lU! abhi-Mkshawa, a. looking a t ; tection ; -rakshi.tr?', m. protector.
- g a t i , a. not changing one's gait; -vela, a.
i , f . view; -k&kshe, (d.) inf. in order to see. not breaking bounds; -sthiti, a. id. ^ifH^fTI abhi-rati,/. delight in (Ic.,
•^fir^T^ ahhi-Aara, m. bewitchment, en- KfaM<1*t abhi-patana, n. swoop. K f a ^ l ^ abhi-rama, a. charming, lovely:
chantment. [prince of Zedi. -m, ad.; m. delight in (-°); -t&, / . beauty,
K f a m d abhi-pata, m. hastening up. grace; delightfulness.
abhi-feaidyam, ad. against the
^fii^«fabhi-!?aua,TO.descent, race; noble ^ f a f e * abhi-pitva,n. turning i n ; evening. TSrfa^f*! abhi-ruAi, / . delight in (Ic.,
- r n i l t a ,TO.N. of a fairy prince.
birth; good repute; -vat, a. nobly descended. abhi-pnsh?Ae, Ic. ad. behind.
^ f a ^ M abhi-rtipa, a. suitable ; beautiful;
u f i n r n r abhi-g^ta, pp. well-born; charm- abbi-praAakshe, d. inf. in order learned; -ta,/. good breeding, culture.
ing; n. nobility; -t&,/. high birth, nobility; to look about.
-j/Ati,/. descent, birth. K t a abhi-lakshya, fp. having a view
^rfSnTRJ abbi-praya, to. object, intention, to, directed towards; recognisable by (~°).
Ufij abhi-gfl-t, a. victorious; m.N. of a wish ; opinion; meaning; notion, conception;
Soma sacrifice; N.of a lunar mansion. -prf, a. gladdening; -preta, pp. (Vi) meant, K fa^ abhi-lakshyam, ad. to the goal.
Kt^nff abhi-gfta, a. knowing, acqxiainted intended; -prepsu, des. a. desirous of (ac.).
K f a ^ l ^ j ' d abhi-langhana, n. overleaping
with, experienced in, conversant with (g., -°): abhi-plavct, m. kind of six days' (g.);infringement; -langhin,a.overstepping',
-t&,/., -tva, n. abst. N.; &,/. remembrance. Soma sacrifice. [flowed. infringing (- 0 ); -lashaniya, -lashya, fp. de-
sirable ; -lashlta, pp. n. desire, wish.
U f a f M f abhi-grnana, n. recognition; token abhi-pluta, ^.overwhelmed, over-
to recognir ~J>y: -sakuntala, n. N.of a play. abhi-lSpa, m. speech ; announce-
^ W j a b h i - b h a r t n , ad. on the husband; ment.
^rf**<1 ^l^abhi-tarftm, (cpv.) ad. nearer to. in the husband's presence; -bhava, a. supe-
rior in power; to. predominance; subjugation; K f a < a m abhi-lSsha, m. desire, eagerness
^ ( • I f l ^ i , abhitas-fcara, m.pi. retinue. for (Ic., -°): -purayitrika,a.fulfilling wishes;
being overwhelmed by (in., ab., -°); con-
abhf-tas, ad. up to, near, around; tempt; -bhavana, n. being overcome; -bha- -l&shin, a. desiring (Ic., - ° ) ; -lashaka, a.
completely; prp. w.g. beside: to. ac. up to ; v i n , a. overwhelming. id. (ac.,
on both sides of; before and behind; round
^ S r f W r e W abhi-bhashawa, n. allocution ; abhi-lekhita, n. document.
about; behind.
-bbashin, a. addressing; speaking. ^ r f a q ^ l abhi-vadana, n. address; -vand-
fa < 1 a b h i - t S c f a n a , n. beating, b l o w ;
ana, n. respectful salutation; -varnana, n.
-tapa, m. heat; pain; -t&mra, a. dark red. irfiTIJ abhi-bhu, ° ^ - b h u , a. superior in description; -vardhana, n. strengthening,
power (to, ac.). [coming.
^ f a P W H ^ P M I abhi-tigma-rasmi, ad.to- increasing.
wards the sun. [partition. ^ r f W j f ^ I abhi-bhftti,/. superiority; a.over-
abhi-vaiiA-Aa,/.desire for (-°).
HfjTf^T^-bhitti,/. non-fracture; lack of a TSrfWJSft^T^ abhibhtitiogfas, a. of trans-
^ f a q T ^ abhi-vada, m. greeting ; abuse :
V f H ^ ^ T abhi-darsana, n. sight, spectacle. cendent might. -ka, a. saluting; about to greet (ac.): -vad-
K f a * t d abhi-mata, pp. esteemed, loved ; ana, n. greeting, salutation ; -v&dayitri, to.
nfa^fl*tabhi-d{ltam, ad.tothe messenger;
wished for, approved; n. wish, desire; -man- greeter ; -v&din, a. explaining; signifying.
-dnti, ad. to a female messenger.
t a v y a , f p . to be regarded a&Jyim.); -man-
^ i f a q i ^ j abhi-vahya, n. presentation.
abhi-driih, a. hostile; -droha, m. tri, a. bringing objects into relation with it-
self; -mantrana, n. invocation; consecration. ^ T f H f W T abhi-vikrama, a. valorous;
injury, insult, contumely. [physics.
abhi-manyu, to. N.; -g&, m. son of -vidhi, m. inclusive limitation; -visaikin, a.
abhi-dharma, m. Buddhist meta- afraid of (ab.). [progress.
Abhimanyu; -pura, n. N. ofa town; - s v a m i n ,
i r f ^ T abhi-dhg, a. surrounding ; / . ap- TO. N. of a temple. abhi-vn'ddhi,/. increase, growth,
pellation, name: -tavya, fp. to be said or
Kfa«*IWf abhi-vijikta, pp. ng: -m, ad.
announced, -tri, m. one who speaks, -na, n. K f a + t ^ f abhi-marsa, TO. contact, t o u c h ;
statement; designation; name; word: -ko«a, -maxsana,».touching; -margin, a.touching. plainly; - v y a k t i , / . manifestation.
m. dictionary, -yin, a. saying, speaking; stat- K f a + l l f a abhl-mati,/. hostility, plotting; ^ t i ^ R a b h i - s a m s a n a , n . insult; accusa-
ing, explaining; -dh&vaka, a. hastening up. enemy; -m&tin, to. foe; -mana, m. hostility; tion ; -sawsin, a. accusing; -«anka,/. distrust
abhi-dheya, fp. to be designated, pride; self-consciousness (ph.); fancying one- of (g.); fear of (~°); -sankin, a. distrusting.
-expressed, - named; n.meaning; -tva,».ca- self possessed of; erroneous assumption; affec- ^ f a n ^ abhi-satru, ad. against the enemy;
pability of being designated. tion ; -mana-vat, a. proud; assuming oneself -sastaka, a. accused; (i)-«asti, / . impreca-
to have (~°); -mana-«alin, a. haughty, proud; tion, curse; misfortune.
abhi-dhy&na, n. thinking of (g.); -manin, a. conceited; proud; fancying
desire for (Ic.). oneself to have or to be, passing for; repre- ^ i f a a i l M abhi-sSpa, m. curse; serious
senting, meaning: ( i ) - t a , / self-conceit, (i)- charge; -«iras, a. having the head towards
abhi-nand-aniya, fp. to be
tva, n. considering oneself to be (- 0 ). (ac.); -sauri, ad. against Kr/shwa.
praised; -ya,fp.id.; -in, a. delighting in (- 0 ).
W f ^ V n C T n ^ abhi-marutam, ad. against ^ f a ^ i q abhi-srava, to. giving ear; -sxi,
abhi-nabhyam, ad. up to the a. arranging; m. arranger; -shanga, to. de-
clouds; -namra, a. greatly bent; -naya, m. the wind.
feat ; -shangin, a. defeating, humbling;
dramatic performance: ^afearya,TO.dramatic ^ ^ r abhi-mukha, a. (1) facing, oppo- -shava, TO. pressing (Soma).
teacher. site (ac., d., g., ~°); favourable to (in., g.);
imminent; on the verge of, - point of, car- K f a l V q t y f q j j abhi-shishenayishu, des. a.
<l|fa«iq abhi-nava, a. quite new or fresh ;
ing for: ad. in front; -m, ad. id.; towards, about to approach with bis army.
m. N.: -yanvana, a. being in early youth;
-vayaska, a. id. against, opposite (ac., g., -°) ; Ic. opposite K f a f a f l l abhi-shikta, pp. sprinkled, an-
(<?-, ointed, installed, inaugurated; -shek4, m.
^rfjRtpf abhi-nahana, n. bandage. besprinkling; inauguration (of a king);
^ f l T g ^ i abhimukhi-kri, drive forward;
n asikS-vi var am, -bhu, turn towards, favour. water for inauguration ; ablution; -shekta-
ad. to the nostrils. vya, fp. to be inaugurated; -she£ana, n. in-
^Srf*Rrr®T abhi-yana, n. approach; attack; auguration (ofa king); -Bhe/caniya./s. relat-
abhi-nivesa, m. proneness to -yayin, a. approaching; attacking; going to ing to inauguration; m. inauguration; -she-
(ic.,-°); adherence to, insistence on (Ic.); ob- (ac., nana, n. expedition against (-°).
24 ^rf^upi abhisheraaya. KJ^fl^a-madya-madyat.

^Srfifqu!^ abhishewaya, den. P. wage war K^Jtifa^pTt a-bhftyaA-sa?nnivritti, / . |«|<1 abhiSgata, (pp.)m.visitor, guest.
on (ac.). non-return.
•^PiTTTf abhiJgama, m., -na, n. approach;
^ r f H f r g abhi-shotn, m. Soma-presser. a-bhftyishfAa, a. not numerous. arrival, visit, [assault.
1. abhi-shtf, a. superior, victorious. K+Jfl a-bhn'ta, pp. paid no wages. ^ r r E T R T abhiJghata, m. sudden attack,
2. abhi-sh/i, / . superiority; help : a-bhrityaatman, a. disobedient 1CH abhijttmaagra, a. with points
-<avas, a. giving powerful aid. toward (g.). turned towards oneself.
K f a o t l * ^ abhi-shyauda, m. redundance. a-bhettn, TO. no breaker, observer. ^rwrrff^rr a b h i j , v n t t i , / . repetition.

abhi-shvanga, TO. attachment to ^SR^jf a-bheda, m. non-separation, cohesion; W H T J l a b h i j s a , a. near; imminent; m.


(in., Ic.). no difference, identity; a. identical. attainment; vicinity: -m, Ic. in the neigh-
bourhood (of, g., ab.).
^ffiHti^on abhi - sarradhaka, a. cheating; a-bhoga, TO. lack of enjoyment.
-sawidha,/. statement, speech; -samdhana, abhiSsa, m. addition; repetition;
a-bhogya, a. not to be enjoyed. reduplication (gr.) ; practice; application ;
n. connexion ; statement; intention; decep-
tion; -sawdhi, m. intention; scheme; con- ^ p f t W T a-bho^ana, n. fasting. use, habit; familiarity with (-°); repeated
dition : -purva, a. intentional: -kam, ad. recitation; study. [(-°).
K + T l ^ a-bhopya,/p.that may not be eaten;
with a definite purpose; -sambandha, in. i f a ^ a b h y S s i n , a. applying oneself to
whose food may not be eaten: ^anna, a. id.
connex on; relation.
yjabhijikshana, n.besprinkling; -ng-
^SP^RT abhijigra, a. being in front; immi-
•^SlfiroX abhi-sara, m. companion: -na, n. ^ayini, ad. towards U ^ a y i n l ; -jitth^na,
nent; - angfa,TO.anointing; ointment; -j,ug-
amorous visit; -sara,TO.attack; rendezvous; rt. rising from one's seat (as a greeting); rise,
N. of a people; - s a r i k a , / . girl who goes to aka, a. anointing ; - aw^ana.w.anointing with
fatty matter; -^angya,fp. to be anointed. ascendency, exaltation; - utthlta,pp. Vstba.
a rendezvous; -sarin, a. going to (-°): (n)-i,
f . going to meet her lover; -sisarayishu, abhrudaya, m. rise ; beginning ;
W Z f V & i abhijidhika, a. superfluous, ad-
des. a.f. intending to visit her lover. success, fortune, prosperity; wealth; festi-
ditional; better, superior; greater, stronger,
exceeding, more by (in., ab., ; dearer than val, esp. sacrifice to the Manes ; -udayin, a.
Tjff^P^^ abhi-sneha,TO.inclination, desire.
(~°); excellent,extraordinary: -m,ad.highly, arising, imminent; -udgati,/.going to meet;
^ abhi-svare, Ic. prp. (within call), very, extraordinarily; ^adhyayana, n. study -ndgama, m. rising to greet.
behind (g.). at a place ( ) . abhijipagama, m. admission;
abhi-hata, pp. (v 7 hau) stricken; I abhijmu-sma, / . assent; permis- p r omise; ^upapattl, f . coming to the rescue;
-hati,/. impact ;-hararaa ^.conveying; -hita, sion ; leave (to depart); -guana, n. id.; -gnk- aid; - upapadana, n. id.; ^np&ya, ni. expe-
pp. ( y dha) said, uttered; accosted. pana, n. causing to assent to (g.). dient : -tas, ad. with all means.

^Spft a-bhi, a. fearless: -ka, a. id. K^eim ^ abhijintara, a. inner, being within; KWJjJ abhijiha, m. supposition; inference.
contained in(g.,lc.,-°); intimate; initiated, abhra, (m.) n. (rain) cloud; sky.
^pftefi abhika, n. meeting : Ic. opportunely. conversant with (Ic.); akin ; belonging to;
•Sipf^l^T^abhi-kshnam, ad. every moment, essential to (-°) ; secret; n. interior; interval ^p^f^ftg abhram-liha, a. reaching to the
repeatedly; at once; extremely (°-). of time: - m , ad. within; into (-°); Ic. at in- clouds.
tervals ; in the space of, within (- 0 ). W I f T abhra-gangS,/. celestial Ganges.
^SpftT a-bhi-ga, a. undaunted. abhyantari-kri, put between;
initiate in (Ic.) ; make friends of; -karana, ^Psjqm abhram-kasha, a. reaching to the
" ^ p f f a a-bhtta, pp. fearless: -vat, ad. -ly.
n. initiation in (Ic.); -karaniya, fp. to be clouds. [cloud.
a b h i j t i , / . onset, attack. initiated in (Ic.). [enemy. ^Rsf^l^rr abhra-AjfcAg.ya, f . shadow of a
^ abhijpsu, des. a. desiring (ac.). ^SP^rf^T^T. abhiamitram, ad. against the •^P^T^ a-bhrStr?, °oR -ka, a. brotherless.
i p f t ^ a-bhiru, a. fearless.
^ p i r f i r ^ W r T T abhijimitri«a-ta, / . favour- •^P^T^^i a-bhratrivy^i, a. lack'ng riv Is.
K ^ f l ^ I M abhi-sapa, TO. grave accusation. able opportunity to attack the enemy.
Kt^ abhraavakSsika,a.exposing
abhfsu,TO.bridle; ray: -mat, a. ra- Kttfc^lfaKI+t, abhiarka-bimbam, ad. to- oneself to the rain.
diant ;TO.sun. wards the disc of the sun.
W f M abhri,/. hoe, spade.
abhijshfa, pp .wished for; cherished; ^pjp«fT abhijir/c-ana, n. worship; -aniya,
"Srf^TcT abhrita, pp. clouded / -
dear; agreeable; m.favourite, lover; w.wish; fp. adorable, venerable; - y a , f p . id.
•tama, spv. very dear; n. wish; - t a , f popu- 1*1 a-bhrfl-vilasa, a.not coquetting
^ p j p j j abhijirraa, a. near ; n. neighbour-
larity ; -da, a. fulfilling one's desire; -devata, with the brows.
hood : - t a , / . id., proximity.
f favourite deity (thought of when death is
^-bhva, a. mighty; ». great power;
near); -varshin, a. sending wished-for rain. abhiarthana, a, / . begging;
- a r t h a n i y a , fp. to be requested; -arthita, horror; monster.
K + T l o H ^ t J i a-bhishma-drona, a. lacking pp. n. request; -arthin, a. asking for (-°) ; A M , am-iti, advance; cs. amayati, be
Bhishma and Droraa. -arthya, fp. to be requested; -ardha-yag- injured or ill.
K^rV a-bhukta, pp. unenjoyed. van, a. receiving special offerings; -arhana,
n. homage, adoration ; - a r h a n i y a , ^ . vener- K^i i . ama, prn. stem, this; he.
^STg^Tf a-bhuray'-S.na, j)r.pLtaking no food. able : - t k , f . venerableness. ^r?T2.am-a, m.pressure, vehemence; fright.
a-bhtita, pp. not having been ; not abhi_alpa, a. quite small.
happened; not existing: -tad-bhava,TO.be- •^TR^p^T a-mangala, -lya, a. baneful; n.
coming what it was not before; -dosha, a. K M i q ^ ^ V j abhiava-h^rana, n., -hara, m. mischief.
guiltless; -purva, a. unprecedented. taking food and drink; - h a r y a , f p . eatable ; ^ITT^TSf a-magr^ana, n. not sinking.
n. food.
^ J r T W i a-bhfitala-sparsa, a. not touch- K ^ r ^ H a-mandita, pp. unadorned.
ing the earth : -ta, f . abst. N. abhijtsana, n. application ; study;
^nT?Ta-mata,pp.imlooke(l for; not approved.
i - y a , f p . to be practised.
abhfitaartha,TO.impossible thing.
^ T r f f f i . a m - a t i , / . appearance, brightness.
^ p S f ^ p f i a b h i a s % a k a , a . detracting; ^asu-
£-bhftti,/. non-existence.
y k , f . anger; envy. [plicated. ' ! ?Rlf7t2.^m-ati,a.poor;/,poverty. [tionally.
M*11 abhdtaupamS,/. simile imply- 3. a-mati,/. ignorance: in. uninten-
abhi_asta, pp. read, studied; redu-
ing an impossibility.
abhi_astam, ad. with Vi or Vga, a-matsara, a. disinterested.
•^fljfjT a-bhfimi,/. not the right place, no
sphere for (g.): -shtha, a. not being in his set over (ac.) ; -ita, pp. sleeping at sunset. ^ ^ T f ^ r l a-madya-madyat, pr. pt. lively
own country. K+tl <+1,abhij.karam, abs. enticing. without an intoxicant.
a-madhav-ya. ^n^TT a m b a . 25
ama-vat, a. impetuous; mighty. thither; in the other world; -jirtbam, ad.
H H y ^ a-madhav-ya,a.notworthyofsweet-
for the next world.
ness(i.e. Soma), [(is) unintelligent; foolish. ^I*T^T<iT«ta-maMtman, a.not high-minded.
amii-tha, ad. t h u s ; w. as, to be lost.
mPTO^d-manas,n. lack of intelligence; a. •^TT^fl a-mahiya-m&na, pr.pt. down-
^JiJj^ a-mudra, a. unequalled.
^ T i p g i a-manas-ka, a. foolish ; not of cast, distressed.
^ T T amuya, in. ad. in that way, so; with
good cheer. [pp. uninhabited by men. •^fTTT I- ama, ad. at home; homewards.
as or bhu, be done for, be lost. [minded.
a - manushya - nishevita, | 2. a m a , / . n i g h t of new moon. [meat. a-m^dAa, pp. not confused, clear-
^ f l d l i . f l a-mano-rama, a.not charming, sSHTTOW^r a-mamsa-bhaksha, a. eating no •^n^T d-m^ira, a. acute, unerring,
a-mantu, a. lacking an adviser, ama-^ur, / . aging at home, old d-murta, a. bodiless.
helpless. ^TITTt^ i • amat, (ab.) ad. from home. [maid. a-mfiM, a. rootless ; causeless; not
^({{n? a-mantra, n. no spell; a. unaccom- . a-mat, pr.^.having no space in(/c.). based on a or the text.
panied by Vedic texts; not knowing Vedic
^JHIflU ama-tya, m. inmate; relative; min- rfi a-mrikta, pp. unhurt, intact.
formulas.
^fJp^Ramantra-ka.-flna, -vid, a. ignorant ister. ^I^fT a-mn'ta, pp.not hvg. died; immortal;
of sacred texts; -tantra, a. lacking incanta- ^flTT^T a-matra,/.: in. excessively, highly. TO.god; a,/.goddess; aherb; n. immortality;
tions and spells; -varyam, ad. not without world of immortals; nectar; a certain remedy;
^ T T T T T a-m&nana, n. disrespect. medicine; remnant of a sacrifice; water; milk;
the requisite texts. ray; -kara ,m. moon; -kirana, m.id.; -te^as,
<$(*4|«1c( a-mtnava,a. superhuman; not de-
^ R * ^ - m a n d a , a . r ^ , l a z y , alert; not stupid; scended from Manu. TO. N .of a fairy prince ; -tva, n. immortality;
plentiful; 11. much; -ta, /. cleverness, good condition of ambrosia; -didbiti, m. moon;
sense; -hndaya, a. cheerful-hearted. W T r f a f f a - m a n i t a , pp.not highly esteemed. -drava, a. flowing with nectar ; -dhayin, a.
sipping-; -payin, a. drinking nectar = hearing
^re*nTT^-manya-m&na,pr.^. unawares. W r f ^ r a-mani-tva, n. modesty, humility.
fine speeches; -prabba, m. N. of afairy; &,/.
^ f T R a-mama, a. lacking self-conscious- w r g ^ r d-mcinusha, TO. no m a n ; i, / . N.\ -bhavana, n.N.of a monastery; -bbash-
female animal; a. (i) superhuman,divine; in- ar/a, n. nectar-like speech ; -bbu^, m. god;
ness; careless about (lc.). -bbo^ana, a. eating the remnants ofsacrifices;
human; (a) destitute of men; -loka, TO. celes-
^IHi, a-mdra, a. (&, 1) immortal; m. god ; tial world. -maya, a. (i) immortal; nectar-like ; consist-
-garbha, m. divine child; - g u r u ,TO.Brihas- ing of nectar; -ra#mi, m. moon; -rasa, TO.
pati, the planet Jupiter; -taftni, /. river ^ f l l ' i l a-maya, a. not clever, [honestly. nectar; a. tasting like nectar; -lata, f.
of the gods, Ganges; -taru, m. a certain tree ; ^UTTOT a-maya, / . sincerity : in. frankly, creeper yielding nectar; -loka,TO.world of
-t&,/., -tva, n. divinity; immortality; -dat- the immortals; -varshin, a. raining nectar ;
ta, ni.N.\-druma,iT(.tree of the gods.Paripata; I ^ a-mSra, TO. not killing. -brada, TO. lake of nectar.
-dvisb,TO.Asuia; -paksha-patin,TO.friend ^TRT^ a-marga, TO. wrong road, - course. "sSjJJI^Jamritaamsu,m.moon; - akara, m.
of the gods; -pati-kumara,TO.son of Indra
(Gayanta); -parvata, m. N. of a mtn.; -pura, W T f f r T a-mar</ita, pp. unwashed. N.; -J.tman, a. consisting of nectar.
«., i, f. city of the gods; -prakbya, a. like -4(4jrf amritaya, den. A. be like immor-
an immortal; -prabba, a. bright as an im- W R W t ama-vas-i, - y k , f . night of new
tality or nectar ; become nectar.
mortal; -prarthita, pp. wooed by immortals; ^lf+1 am-i, the root am. [moon.
-mrigi-dm,/. Apsaras. 1 fa amritajihuti, / . a kind of sacri-
f«i ri a-mita, pp. immeasurable; innumer- ficial offering.
amaram-manya, a. passing for or able ; - g a t i , m. N. of a fairy; -guraa, a. hav-
thinking oneself a god. ing innumerable merits ; -te^as, a. of immea- " ^ ^ f d ^ T amn'tika, / . N. of a celestial.
surable splendour; -buddhi-mat, a. of im- ^ ^ t f t ^ a m n t i - b h 6 , become immortal,
amara-loka, a. dwelling in the measurable intellect. [energy or power.
world of the gods : -ta, f . abst. N. ; -vat, ad. amritajsvara, TO. Siva,
like an immortal; as if immortal; -sadas, n. •^rfTTcftoT^amitaor/as,a. of immeasurable
assembly of the gods; -sarit,/. Ganges. amn'taupama, a. like ambrosia.
^ i . a-mltra, m. enemy: -vat, ad. like an
W U T P C a m a r a a g a r a . n . t e m p l e ; -anga- ^ f ^ y n W a-mmh-ya-mawa, pr. pt. not
^ f f a R 2. a-mitra, a. friendless. [enemy.
na, f . Apsaras; -apag&,/. celestial Ganges. tolerating. [pure; n. impurity, excrement,
'^J f#{ ^ cfijf«^amitra-karman, M. N.; -karsb-
iSfTTXT^fft amara-vati, / . city of the gods a-medhyd, a. unfit for sacrifice; im-
a«a, a. tormenting enemies; -gbatin, m.
(Indra s abode). slayer of foes; -ta,/. enmity; -ban, a. slay- ameya, fp. immeasurable.
ing foes. [enemy. d-mogha, a. not vain, unerring; in-
^ f f i ^ T amara jsvara,TO.lord of the gods
^ r f j ^ T T amitraya, dew. A . behave like an fallible ; -krodha-barsba, a. not angry or
(Indi a or Vishnu). [-upama, a. godlike.
rejoicing in vain; -darsana, a. not appearing
^ P R T t r T T amarauttama, a, chief of gods; ^ff^TSJT a-mithya, ad. not falsely, truly. in vain, i.e. bringing luck (Pr.); -patana, a.
not fallingin vain,hitting the mark; -va&ana,
il-marta, il-rnartya, a.immortal. -mi-n-at, pr.pt. not injuring. a. whose word is not idle.
amartya-bhava, TO.immortality. ami', m. pi. of asau (adas). W t ^ T a-moftya, fp. not to be let go.
d-mardh-at, pr. pt. untiring. • ^ W V t R ^ a-mita-varna,a.having undimin- fa* a-mauktika, a. containing no
ished brightness. [in question. pearls.
a-marman, n. no vital spot; a.
(;(n) invulnerable. ^JTfarrcsr a-mimamsya, fp. not to be called ^ f l ^ X dmbara, n. garment; firmament,
•^flffaamiva,«.,&,/. pain; plague; disease; sky ; -Arara, a. moving in the air; m. bird;
HiT^T^ a-mary&da, a. having no bounds. fairy: -marga, TO. (bird's path), sky; -/.arin,
-Mtana, a. (i) driving away pain or disease.
^HT^ a-marsh-a, TO. impatience; displea- m. planet; -patba, TO. path in the sky ; -pra-
•&mxL,prn.stem(nm.sg.m.f. asau, n. adas). bh4, / . N. of a princess; -^jtdhikarin, TO.
sure ; anger; -ana, n. id.; a. impetuous; in-
tolerant ; incensed ; impatient; -ita, pp. dis- ^IJJcR amu-ka, prn. so and so. groom of the robes.
pleased, indignant; -in, a. id. fft a-mukta, pp. not let g o , - discharged, " ^ w O 1 * atnbarisha, m.n.frying-pan; m.N.
a-mala, a. spotless, pure; -paksba- qi^ambaraokas, m. god.
a-mukha, a. mouthless. [ - liberated.
vihamgama, m. swan; -patatrin, in. goose,
swan. ^fl^a-munfc-at, pr. pt. not abandoning ^P^Wamba-shf^a, m. (a, i) child of a Brah-
man and a woman of the third caste: pi. N.
•ilW^l^amala-ya, den.V.m ake pure or white. or giving up. [there; hence; thereupon. of a people.
^WfSTC a-malina, a. pure; -dhi, a. pure- " ! S|*Jftt(amu-tas,ad.fromthat(=ab.); thence, | amb^, / . mother: ®c.dmbe (F.),dmba
minded. ^ * j q a m t i - t r a , ad. in that(=Zc.); here; there, (F. C.): £mba, often mere ij. ah!
E
26 KpejchT ambika. ^f\rh a-rikta.

•^t^RTambika./.IV.o/Parvatij^.o/DhH- knife, sword; -kanta, TO. magnet; -maya, a. •S$T^5l|f[a-i ag'yat,j)r.j)(.having no plea sure in
ta-rashfra's mother; -pati, m. Rudra or Siva. (l) of iron.
K ^ f i ^ r T a-rang-ita, pp. dissatisfied. [(/<?.).
ambu, n. water; -fc&rin, a. living in aya, (ira.) ad. in this manner, thus.
K ^ U ! ^r-ana, a. (i) distant, strange.
the water; to. aquatic animal. ^ n n f ^ r l ^-y&fc-i-ta, pp. unasked ; given
^ n ^ T a m b u - p a , a. aquatic; m.n. (day) lotus: without asking; -tri, a. not soliciting or K ar-^wi, W X W t ar-^wi, / . tinder-stick
-bandhava, m. sun; - aksha, a. (1) lotus- wooing. (for producing fire by attrition).
eyed; - j , s a n a , / . Lakshmi (lotus-seated). ^ T T ^ T a-y&yya, fp. who may not be sacri- ^ a r a n - y a , n. distance, foreign country;
ficed for; that may not be sacrificed. wilderness ; forest; -ka, n. forest; -ga^a, TO.
ambu-da, m. cloud: -nasa, TO. dis- wild elephant; -tara, a. living in a forest;
persion of clouds; -dhara, m. cloud; -dhi, TO. •^ST^rrTTTTf &-yata-y£ma, a. not stale, not wild; -giva,,a.id.; -dharma, TO. savage state,
sea; -nidhi, m. id.; - p a k s h i n , m. water-bird; ineffectual; n. pi. a kind of Yagus texts; wildness; -nripati, TO. king of the forest,
-pati,m.Varuna; sea; -paddhati,/.current; (a)-t4, / . effectualness. [TO. If . of a seer. tiger; -bhava, a. growing iii the forest; wild;
-mu&, TO. cloud; -raya, m. current; -ra.si, m. a-y&s, a. indefatigable ; -ya, a. id.; -margrara, m. wild cat; -rkg, m. (nm. -rkt)
sea; -ruha, n. day-flowering lotus; -ruhiwi, lion; tiger; -xkgy&, n. sovereignty of the
/ . lotus; - l i l a - g e h a , n. pleasure-house in the ayi, ij. (usually with vc.) or intr. pel. I forest; -rudita, n. crying in the forest = vain
water; -vaha, TO. cloud ; - v e g a , m. current. KtJcfO?^ a-yuk-ft^ada, TO. (odd-leaved, i. e. lament; -vat, ad. like a wilderness; -vasa,
ambti-knta, pp. accompanied by seven-leaved) a tree (sapta-paraa). TO. forest-abode; -vasin, a. forest-dwelling ;
spitting; n. bellowing with foaming at the TO. denizen of the forest; -shash£ik&,/. kind
K^rTI a-yukta, pp. unyoked; unconnected; of celebration.
mouth. [water. unattached to [ Ic.); unintent; unsuitable, un-
K ^ ^ m b h a s , n. water; -tas, ad. out of the seemly ; n. unsuitable metaphor; -tva, n. in- K V ® ' f a arawyani, -nb /• wilderness;
K 4 ^ o|ambho-5'a,w.(day)lotus; -j/ini,/.lotus nppropriateness ; -rupa, a. unsuitable. great forest; genius of the forest, [hermit.
plant: -vana, n. pond covered with lotuses ; a-yuk-sankbya, a.hvg. an uneven * R C « 8 f N ^ a r a » y a o k a s , to. forest-dweller;
-da, to. cloud; -dhara, m. id.; -dhi, m. sea;
-nidhi,m.i(?.;-toindTi,TO.dropofwater; - m nk, a-yuga-sapti, m. sun. [number. K ^ f a i. ar-ati,m.attendant,helper,officiater
TO.cloud; -ruha, n. (day) lotus: -maya, a.full I p ' l ^ a - y u g a a r / a s , TO. fire (odd-rayed (at sacrifices).

am-maya, a. (i) watery, [oflotuses. == seven-rayed). K ^ f f l 2.a-rati, / . discomfort; depression.


"^JT^T a-yugma, a. unevefi, odd. U f T F * a-rati-ka, a. lacking Rati.
am-la, a. sour.
^pgT*T^ayugma-mada,TO.=ayixk-Ma- K^fl a-ratnajlloka-saTOharya,
1*1 a-mla-na, pp. not withered or wither- da; -lo#ana, TO. /Siva (odd- i.e. three-eyed);
ing ; fresh; -darsana, a. keen-eyed. -<?ara, TO. KSma (odd-= five-arrowed). /j.not tobe dispelled by thebrilliance of gems.

K ^ l i f a a-mli-ni, a. not withering; -yin, ^-yunga, a. uneven, odd; -yu<7, a.id.; ^ f ^ " ar-atni, TO. [joint], elbow; -ka, TO. id.

amli-bhfi, become sour. [a. id. -yugk, a. without an equal; uneven, odd. ^ T t f ^ a - r a t h i n , a. roadless. [in.
tfy-a, TO. going ; course; good fortune. K t j d a-yuta, (pp.) n. myriad. K t^a-rantos, g. inf. to have no pleasure
•^RtcRT^I aya^-kaya, TO. N. of a Daitya. d-yuddha, pp. uncombated, irresist- a-rap^, a. unscathed, safe.
ible ; n. absence of war, peace. K^H^i'-am, ad. suitably to (d.); sufficiently:
iii!3 ayaA-pmda, m.n. lump of iron.
a-yakshm£, a. free from disease, a-yuddhvi, abs. without fighting. - kamaya, according to wish. (Cp. V k r i &
Vbliti.)
healthy. K^jq+I a-yuva-marin, a. in which
youths do not die. a-ramaniya, fp. not delightful.
a-ya^na, m. no sacrifice ; non-per-
K^i aye, ij. of surprise; often-=.ayi. W T f ? r ard-mati, / . devotion, piety; god-
formance of sacrifice; a. (a) not sacrificing,
^ R f t T a-yoga, m. separation ; wrong em- dess of devotion; a. indefatigable.
a-ya^-yu, °q*^-van, a. impious,
ployment ; bad quality; inappropriateness ; ^ P C g f ^ aramucfi, m. N. of a king of Nepal.
•^nr^-yata,^.uncontrolled,unrestrained. impossibility.
UW a-ramya, fp. unpleasant, unamiable.
K ^ f r t a-yati, TO. no ascetic. ayo-gurfa, TO. iron ball.
^ f X f X arari, TO. fold of a door; i, / . id.
a-yatna, m. no effort, ease : -tas, Wt^ayo-gu,/. a mixed caste.
in. without trouble; -vala-vyagrani-hhu, ara-vinda, n. (day) lotus: - t a , / . ,
become a fly-fan without trouble. ^SRft'Sf a-yogya,^). unfit, useless ; unau- -tva, n. abst. sr., -nabhi, TO. Kr/shwa; -vind-
K<4>m<1,H'H,a-yatha-tatham, ad. not as it thorised; not a match for (Ic.); -tva, n. unfit- ini, / . (day) lotus.
should be; -balam, ad. not according to K <Tl M d ayo-ghana,TO.ironhammer, [ness. ^I^tJ a-ras^, a. tasteless, insipid; weak.
strength; - artha, a.untrue, false; - v a t , a d .
^ f T f a-yoddhn, a. not fighting. K ^ f a c h a-rasika, a. unaesthetic.
wrongly, falsely; -sthita, pp. disarranged.
a-yodhya,/p.unconquerable; a , / . a-rahita, pp. not abandoned, not
K ^ v T l f a a ayathtu&ita, pp. unseemly. N. of a city (Oude). wanting. [tions ; - i n , a. id.
K q f^a-yad-i,?c.whenthere is no f yad '(gr.). K ^ f a a-yoni, TO./. what is not pudendum
^ T T a-rftg-a, a. lacking passion or affec-
£y-ana, a. going, coming ; n. going; muliebre; a. lacking an origin or beginning;
way; course ; certain Soma sacrifice lasting -ga, a. not born of the womb: -tva, n.abst.N.; ^ T ^ R i a-ragd-ka, a. kingless; n. anarchy;
a year; sun's course from one solstice to an- -//anman, a. not born of the womb. -ta,/. kinglessness; -daivika, a. not caused
other ; half-year ; solstice ; resting-place. ayo-maya, a. (i) of iron ; -mukha, by the king or by fate ; -lakshman, a. lack-
a. iron-pointed; TO. arrow; -hata, pp. of ham- ing royal insignia; -_anvayin, a. belonging
K t C t f U ! a-yantraraa, a. unrestrained, free. to no royal race.
mered iron; -hr/daya, a. iron-hearted.
K t t f a d a-yantrita, pp.uncurbed,at large;
^Jql fijeft a-yaugika, a. inapplicable. K V I 5! ar-arad, pt. aor. of */ri. [foe.
un-self-controlled. [(n. idam,/.iyam.)
K<i*l,ay-dim,pn.BTO.s<7.TO.this;q/Ven=here; ar-d, TO. spoke of a wheel; -ka, m. id. ^Hjf?T£-rati,/.disfavour,enmity; fiend; TO.
a-raksh-at, pr. pt. not protecting ; a-rama, a. lacking RSma. [resin.
K « ( f a n a-yamita, pp. not kept in order ;
-ita, pp. unguarded; -i-tri, m. no protector; "^fXT^T arala, a. curved, curly; TO. kind of
untrimmed (nails). - y a , f p . not deserving protection; -ya-mama,
^FEf^ aya-vat, a. happy, fortunate. pr. pt. ps. unprotected. K ^ l ^ l ^ - r a - v a n , a. (notbestowing), hostile.

K^^t^a-yasas,n.disgrace,dishonour; in- W I f aia-ghaWa, TO. water-wheel; well. i.faithful,pious; 2. (a-ri, notgiv-


ing)hostile; m.enemy: -karshana, TO.harasser
sult ; -kara, a. (1) dishonouring, disgracing. '^J^^^a-rao'^s, a. dustless, spotless ; pas-
K^it^ay-as, n. metal, iron; iron instrument, sionless. l W f ^ W a-rikta, pp. not empty. [of foes.
q a-rikthiya. ^ c f i arth-ika. 27
a-rikthiya, a. incapable of in- -prabha-g&la, n. sun-beams; -ripu, rn. Rahu; avarice; -tva, n. serviceableness for (-°); -da,
-vrata, n. manner of the sun. [praise. a. useful; liberal; -datta, m. N. of wealthy
heriting. [hostility, merchants; -darsana, n. judging a matter;
" ^ f e f a a r k - i n , a. radiant;j3inging songs of -dana, n. present in money; -dushana, n.
ari-^ana, m. coll. enemies ; - t a , / .
^ R N arga-la, m. n. b o l t ; obstacle. prodigality; unjust seizure of property.
U f ^ ar-i-tra, a. driving; m. n. oar.
arth-ana,/. prayer, request.
ar-in, n. wheel (spoked). [foes, ^ S ^ A R G H , I . P . argha, be worth.
artha-ntsa, m. loss of property;
ari-nandana, a. rejoicing one's
axgh-d,TO.value, price; hospitable re- -nirdesa, m. explanation of the sense.
^ r f i ^ T arim-dama, a. foe-taming, victori- ception ; honorific gift; -pa.tra, n. dish in
which water is presented to a guest; - u d a k a , ^ h f f a arth-aniya, fp. to be requii-ed or
a-ripii, a. spotless. [ous. n. water presented to a guest. demanded from.
ari-mardana, a. enemy-crushing. a r g h - y a , f p . valuable; worthy of a hos - artha-pati, m. rich man ; king ;
^jf^Ea-rish/a,pp. unscathed, safe; to. mis- pitablereception; n.water presented to aguest. -para, a. intent on money, niggardly; -pa-
fortune ; a tree (also -ka, m.); (a)-tati, / . r u s h y a , n. rigidness in money matters; -pa-
ARK, v. ^qr RIK. la, m. N. of a man; -prayoga, m. usury ;
gcathelessness, safety; -ratha, a. whose car
-bandha, m. significant words ; -matta, pp.
is unscathed; -vira, a. whose warriors are ^ H N i arfc-aka,a.honouring,adoring; -ana, purse-proud; -xnatra, n., 4 , / . wealth, money.
unscathed; - s a y y a , / . bed of confinement. n., a,/, honouring, adoration: -ma»i, m. jewel
a-rishtfi,/. scathelessness. of honour. ^ p f c f arth^-ya, den. A. (P.), (artbate, E.),
endeavour, strive for; ask one (ac., ab.) for
ari-sQdana, TO. foe-destroyer. ^ p f c ^ ar&at, 3 sg. impf. of */rilt (V.). (ac.); explain, abhi, ask one (ac.) for (ac.,
ar&-a, / . worship, adoration. d., Ic., or -arthanx). pra, desire; ask one
ari-han, a. foe-slaying. (ac.) for (ac.,lc.); request something (ac.) from
K p ^ arfc-i, m. ray, flame. [to. fire. {ab.); wish to, ask one to (inf.); woo; have
k O ^ u-ridfea, a-riZ Aa, pp. unlicked.
recourse to; A . oppose oneself to (ac.). sam,
U^f^T a-ru£-i, / . disgust (at, upari); -ya, arHsh-mat, a. radiant, flaming;
prepare; conclude; judge, think, consider;
a. unpleasant. Kp^^arZc-is, n. (C. / . also), ray, flame. connect with (in. or prati w. ac.); perceive;
a-rugr, -f/a, a. painless; healthy. contemplate ; resolve ; cheer up, encourage.
ij-^ar/i-ya,/p. worthy of honour orworship.
K^Tff ar-u«£, a. (a; V. also 1) ruddy; light- artha-yukta, pp. significant; -ynkti,
A R K H , v. ^ ^ RIKH.
brown; golden; to. redness; dawn (personi- / . gain, advantage; -ra#i, m. wealth; -ruM,
fied as charioteer of the sun); sun; -kara, m. a. avaricious; -labha,m. acquisition ofwealth;
A R G , I . P. aiga, procure, acquire; cs.
sun; -ta, /. redness ; -psu, a. ruddy. -lubdha, pp. avaricious; - l o l n p a - t a , / . love
argaya, P. A . id. upa, cs. id. of money; - v a t , a. wealthy; significant; in-
H aruwa-ya, den. P . redden : pp. ita. telligible ; ad. judiciously : -ta, / . , -tva, «.
^f^cfiarg-aka, a.procuring, acquiring; -ana, significance; -var^ita, pp. meaningless;
TOTT^ aruwaanu£?a,TO.GarueZa; -_avkis, n. acquisition ; -aniya, fp. to be acquired; -varman, m.N.; -vada,m. explanation of the
-ita, pp. acquired, gained ; -in, a. acquiring. purpose ; praise; -vadin, a. reporting facts;
aruni,/. dawn. [to. rising sun.
-vid, a. knowing the sense; -vinasana, a. de-
HVol® aruwi-kn, redden. ^ T ^ T ar;y-una, a. (i) white, bright; m. N.
trimental; -viparyaya, m. impoverishment;
of a son of PawcZu. [flood; to. N. poverty; - v r i d d h i , / . increase ofwealth; - v y -
arunauda, n. N. of a lake.
£r-wa, a. surging ; m.n. wave, stream, avahara, m. pecuniary suit.
arum-tuda, a. making a wound;
arna-v^, m. (n.) wave, stream, flood ; ^ p s f a j T ^ artha-sastra, n. treatise on prac-
touching a sore; excruciating.
sea; -nemi,/. earth; -sarid-asrita, (pp.)m. tical life or policy ; -sau&a, n. blamelessness
t l V ^ d l arundbati, / . N. of a plant; N. of dweller near the sea and rivers. inmoney matters; -srx,/.aburidanoeofwealth;
TasuUha'sicife; N .ofafaint star (Alkor)in -samsiddhi, / . success of a matter; -sara-
the Great Hear (conceived as the consort of "^uitl^r-was, n.wave, stream, flood; sea. graha,m. accumulation of riches; -sanJi-aya,
the men Rishis). rn. sg. pi. property, wealth ; -samdeha, to.
i f d arna-sati,/. winning of streams. doubtful or critical case.
tyl^q a-rush, a.not angry, in good humour.
x. ar-ti,/. pain (=£rti).
W f a r - u s h d , a. ( / . drashi) red, ruddy; m. "'Sl^Jtf ^ I a l'tha-sa m p adan a, w.obtainment
sun, day: pi. w . / . flames (Agni's red horses)] ^ 2. ar-ti, the root ri. of an advantage; -sambandha, m. possession
f. ixushi, dawn. ar-tha,n. (V.), m. business, w o r k ; aim, ofwealth; - s a m a h a r t n , to. receiver ofmoney;
-sadhaka, a. promoting a thing, useful; -sa-
purpose; cause; meaning; advantage,profit,
a-rushyat, pr. pt. not angry, dhana, n. accomplishment of a purpose;
use, utility, theuseful; reward; gain; property,
wealth, money; thing, object; matter, affair; means of attaining an object; -sara, to.
iii'-us, a. wounded; n. wound. abundant wealth; -siddha, pp. self-evident;
case, suit; a. hvg. in view, serviceable for:
^ S ^ T ^ a-rdrf^a-m1lla-tva,n.not having -m, in., d., Ic. on account of, for the sake of,
-siddhi, / . acquisition of property; success
in one's object; establishment of the sense.
taken firm root. for (~°); ab. = that is to say. ayam arthaA,
a-rtlpa,a.formless; deformed; -na,n. this thing; k a m a r t h a m , what thing 1 ko*ax- arthaJgama,TO .substantialincome;
tha/(, what is the use of (in.) ? what does (g.) ^atura, a. avaricious; ^atman, to. true na-
nofigurativeterm (ph.); -tva, n. deformity. care for (in.) ? ture ; ^adhikar a, m. administration ofmoney;
•S
- antara, n. another thing; different meaning:
are, ij. of address, ho! sirrah! ^ W K artha-kara, a. (1) useful; -kama, n. -nyasa, m. adduction of another caBe, general
sg., m. du. the useful and the pleasant; a. de- or particular corroboration (a rhetorical fig.);
a-rep&s, a. spotless, pure,
sirous of wealth; wishing to be useful; -kam- - a p a t t i , / . self-evidence; kind of rhetorical
a-roga,TO.health; a. healthy. ya, a. id.; -karsya, n. destitution, poverty; figure ; ^abhipr&ya, TO. meaning intended;
-kilbishin, a. transgressing with money; - arcana, n. acquisition of property ; - j r t h -
-rog-in,a.healthy; -i-ta,/.., -i-tva, -kri&Mra, n. difficult matter; -krit, a. use-
». healthiness. axn, ad. for the sake of money; - a r t h i - t a ,
ful ; -kritya, n., 4, / . accomplishment of an / . desire of wealth ; - a r t h i n , a. interested,
a-ro&akin, a. lacking appetite; affair; -grahana, n. taking away of money; selfish ; -^avamarda,"m. prodigality;
fastidious; pretentious ; sensitive. import of the meaning; -giraa, a. (1) pro- / . desire for money; •^aharawa, n. accumu-
digal; -fcitta, a. intent on riches; -£intaka, lation of money; adduction of meanings.
a-ro/camana, jpr.^.notshining;
a. knower of the useful; -{/ata, n. sg. pi.
nujiiilatable, nauseous. money; things,objects; -gna,a.understanding ^ r f ^ R arth-ika, a. in need of, desirous of
-rohini-ka, a. lacking Rohini. the matter or the meaning; -tattva, n. real (-°); -i-tavya,//?.tobe sought; -i-ta,/.,-tva,
state of things; fact of a matter; true sense: n. solicitation; desire of (in.); request; -in,
^fii ark-£, m. ray ; sun; sun-god; hymn; -tas, ad. for a purpose; for the sake of (-°); a. busy; eager; desirous of (in., -°); needy;
singer; hind of tree or shrub; -nandana, m. for the sake of gain; in truth, really, according amorous, lustful; to. suitor; suppliant, beg-
planet Saturn; -pattra, n. leaf of the Arka; to the meaning; -trish.nk,f. thirst for gold, gar; prosecutor.
E 2
28 arthi-sat-kn. ^ R i a-lasa.

arthi-sat-kri, grant a suppli- pp. half-licked; ^ - v i s b ^ a , pp. half-faltering; alaka, m. n. lock, curly hair; k,f.
- asana, n. half one's seat (offered to a guest). N.ofKubera's city; If. of a city in Nishadha.
cant's request (ac.).
^f^lcft ardh-ika, a. (1) amounting to a half; ^T^fcfiJ^ illakam, ad. in vain.
artb-iya, a. serving the purpose of
-in, a. half; receiving the half.
arthajitsarga, TO. expenditure ; W s f * f r f ^ a r d h a j n d u - m a u l i , m . ( c r e s c e n t - • W & h t l X alaka jsvara,TO.N. ofKubera.
- u s h m a n , TO. glow of wealth. crested), ep. of <S'iva. W ^ alakta, -ka,TO.(n.) red lac.
arth-ya, a. suitable, judicious; rich. 'Si^TWcfiT^' alaktakaanka, a. red-coloured.
W T W ardhaukta, pp.half-said,half-told
n. half-speech; -jx&Mish(a, pp. half left over ^P^T^W a-laksh-ara^, n. evil omen; a. lack-
^ A R D , v. ^ B f RID. ing marks or characteristics; insignificant;
- udita, pp. half-risen; -upa-bhukta, pp
ard-ana,a.afflicting, tormenting half-consumed; -jirnka, a. reaching half way harmful; - i t a , pp. unmarked; unobserved:
down the thigh; n. short overcoat. - m , ad. [mitous; -ka, a. unfortunate.
•^f^c! ard-ita, pp. ( W i d ) afflicted.
•^TTflJr arp-awa, a. (1) procuring; making ^pyp^ft a-lakshmi, f . evil destiny; a. cala-
A R D H , prosper, v. ^ P * E I D H . over, entrusting; n. throwing; attaching;
W ^ T a-lakshya.^3. invisible, unobserved;
"^pj i- ardh-cl, a. half (in a. & ad. often placing upon; application; offering; consign-
ment, making over, transference; restitution; insignificant; -^anma-ta,/.insignificant birth.
TO. n. half; middle. -anvya,fp. to be given up, to be handed over; alakhana, m. N. of a prince.
2. drdh-a,TO.side, part; place, region. -ita, cs. pp. (1/ri) placed in or on, applied ;
made over to. • ^ T T ^ ala-gardd, TO. kind of snake; 4, f .
ardha-kathana, n. incomplete kind of leech.
narration; -kapi.sa, a. brownish ; -krishfa, ar-paya, cs. of \/ri, go.
a-laghu, a. clumsy; slow; not insig-
pp. half drawn out; -koli, f . five millions; arbuda, m. (£) serpent; N. of a snake- nificant; -bhava,TO.nodegradation; -«arira,
-kosha,TO.half one's treasure. • demon (ar-) ; snake-like mass; shape of the a. fatigued.
ardha-Tcandra, m. half-moon; ar- foetus in the second month; N.ofamtn. (Abti):
pi. N. of a people; n. the hymn B V. X, 94; ^r^RBTW alam-kar-ana, n. ornamenting ;
row with half-moon-shaped head; hollowed ornament; -in, a. ornamented; -ishnu, a.
hand: -TO da, seize by the throat; -ka,TO.bent 10,000,000; -.slkhara,TO.N. of a mtn.
fondofdress; adorning (ac.); -tri,m. adorner.
hand; -bhagin, a. seized by the throat; -mu- £rbha, a. small, w e a k ; m. boy; -k&, a.
klia, a. having a half-moon-shaped point. ^T^raTT alam-k^r^, m. adornment; orna-
small, weak;TO.boy; young of animals : -ta,
ment, trinket; rhetorical figure; -ka,TO.or-
^ V M f a f T ardha-^valita, pp. half-ignited. /. abst. N. ; -ga, a. youthful.
nament; - v a t i , / . T. of the gth LambaJca in
£r-ma, m. pi. ruins. the Kathd-sarit-sdgara ; -sila, w. N.
^pJwftfl^ST ardha-trayodasa, a. pi. twelve
& a half; -dagdha, pp. half-burnt; -danda, ^pEf 1. ar-y£, a. kind, devoted; pious. ^ f l R T alam-krita, pp. \/kri; -kriti, f . or-
TO. fine of half't he amount; -divasa,TO.midday; r nament; rhetorical figure; -kriyli,,/.adorn-
-deva,TO.demi-god; -dvi-Aatur-asraka, TO. ^RT 2. irya, m. man - , k,f. woman of one ing ; ornament.
Jcind of posture ; -nish-panna, a. half com- of the three upper castes; man - , woman of
pleted. [/.asat,/. twenty-five. the third caste. • ^ p s l l j R f a a - l a n g h - a n i y a / p . n o t t o be over-
taken ; not to be overstepped; unapproach-
i & i a r d h a - p a n & a - n , -ma, a. 4 | ; -pan- ^ r ^ N R arya-m&n, m. intimate, comrade ; able ; -ayat, pr.pt. not infringing.
N. of one of the Adityas, chief of the Pitris;
-5j(tmUI ardha-pana,TO.halfapana; -patha, groomsman; sun. a-langh-ita, pp. untrodden; un-
TO. half-way; -pada, m. tip of the foot; -pad- touched, unattained; -purva,a.not infringed
ika.a.havinghalfafoot; -pita,pp.half-drunk; aryamya, a. intimate. before ; ^atman, a. not forgetting oneself.
-pnlayita, n. hind of gait in the horse; -bri- d r - v a t , ^ ^ ^ r - v a n , a.racing, swift;
gala, u. half a piece; -bhakshita, pp. half- "3p?T^Ja-langh-ya,./p.unfordable; not to be
TO. racer, steed ; charioteer. trodden, - touched; not to be infringed.
eaten; -bhagna,j»p. half-broken; -bhagika,
a. receiving half a portion; -bba^, a. receiv- ^ N h f t iirvat-i,/. mare. ^5P55T &-\&gga, a. shameless ; 4, f . -ness:
ing the half; -magadhi, f . semi-Magadhi -kara, a. not disgraceful.
|«Jjarvak, n. (of&Tv&nh) ad.hitherwards:
(dialect); -marga, m. half-way; -masa, TO.
half a month ; -masika, a. lasting half a -kri, procure; prp.with in. or ab.on this side
of; from; before (offut.), after (of past). ^ r f T R i T a-latika, f . a. creeperless (soil).
month; -milita, pp. half-closed ; -mukuli-
kri, half close (eyes); -munofita, pp. having ^ W t f ^ S f K t T arvak-kalika-ta,/. modern "^I^f <1 ^T*Calam-taram,(cpu.)ad.highly; with
the head half shaved. inf. much better; -dhana, a. having sufficient
date; -kalina, a. dating from a recent period.
property.
ardha-yama, TO. half-watch. ^f^ppcpfa arva/ana (or &), a. hitherward ;
being on this side of (ah. ); nearer. ^5ra^a-labdha,pj3.unacquired,unobtained;
i ^ H ardha-r&tra, m. midnight: -sama- -pada, a. having made no impression on (lc.);
ya,TO.midnight hour; -vudha,pp.half-grown. ar-va/ani, a. (-vfifc-i) turned towards; -vat, pf. pt. act. not having obtained (ac.).
hitherward : -aTO kri, procure.
ardha rik& m. half-verse, hemistich. M a-labha-mana,jpr.pf.not gaining;
n. pi. hemorrhoids. not making out. [not be incurred.
TJJXJT^ardhar^a-sds, ad. by half-verses.
^ARSH, v. a-labh-ya,^?. unattainable; that can
^ N p ^ T ardha-lakshya, fp. half-visible ;
-likbita, pp. half-painted; - v a s t r a , n. half c •^f^fT^ alam, ad. enough, sufficiently, tho-
a garment; -vriddhi, /. half the interest; .(A.)arlia,claim; deserve;be roughly, adequately,plenteouBly; highly; suf-
-vais-asa, n. semi-homicide. N liable to, incur; be bound to, be capable of ficient or fit for; equal to, a match for (d.);
(ac.); have a right, be obliged,be able to (inf.); able to (inf.); enough of, away with (in.); have
" ^ h p T ardha-sata, n. 50; 150; -syama, a. be worth, be equal to (ac.); the 2nd pers. sg. done w., cease, donot (inf.or gd. — impv.). (See
half black, half clouded over; -srnta, pp. half- is equivalent to a polite imperative = please to, also \Zkri & Vbhti.) [tive word, negative.
heard ; -iloka, m. half «loka; -samp'ata-sas- pray; deign to; c$.arhaya, honour with (in.). ^
ya, a. whose produce is but half grown ; -sa- abbi, cs. pp. arbita, highly honoured. •^^TT^cjxj^alam-artha-va^as, n.prohibi-
ma-vritta, n. semi-identical metre (Pada 1 =
3, 2 = 4); -siddba, pp. half-completed; -sl- ^n|arh-a, a. deserving, claiming, entitled to, • ^ ^ f ^ J alambusha, f . N. of an Apsaras.
rin, to. husbandman who receives half the justified in (ac., -°); fit, suitable for (g.,-°);
produce for his labour; -hara, to. pearl neck- -na, a. claiming (~°); n. honouring": a, f . a-laya, a. restless.
lace of 64 strings. honour; -niya,fp. deserving of honour; -tva, 'stl^cJi alarka, m. mad dog; fabulous animal
n. worthiness for (-°). with eight legs; N. of a plant.
ardhaakshi, n. side glance; ^jmgi- alal^-bhdivat, pr. pt. rippling.
"^J^f^arh-at, pr.pt. deserving; TO. worthy
kri, turn into half a body; -k-kita, pp. half-
person, Arhat (with Buddhists and Jains);
studded (w. jewels) ; -^adbita^ pp. half-learnt; "•^^TH a-las^, a. dull, slack; weary; feeble,
- a r d h a , a. quarter: -bhaga,TO.id., -hani, -tva, n. dignity of an Arhat.
indolent; -gamana, a. of indolent gait; -^ik-
f . deduction of half each time; - ava-lidAa, arhantika,/. Buddhist nun. shana, a. dim-eyed.
<4M|t|c( a-laghava. ^RVT a-vadhra. 29

^ • n ^ R a-laghava-, n. no relief, to (g.). bhava, a. insignificant; -bala, n. small force; a-vaA;aniya,/p. not to be said.
-bala-prana, a. weak and short-winded ;
^I^nrT alata, n. firebrand. -buddha, pp. only just awakened; -buddhi, "^eHf^I ava-feaya, | ^ - i a y a , TO.plucking,
a. of mean intellect; -bhagya, a. luckless : gathering; -itayin, a. plucking, gathering ;
^FTT^ alabu, / . gourd; to. n. its
-tva, n. abst.N.; -bhu^aantara, a. narrow- -/larana, n. treatment, application: i - y a , f p .
fruit; gourd-bottle ; -maya, a. made of a applicable; -/ci^isha,/. desire to pluck; -kxi-
gourd. chested ; -medhas, a. of small wit.
d&, m. pendent tuft; -£nla, to. id.
alpa-ya, den. P . lessen, depreciate.
^RrnT a-labha, to. non-obtainment; ab- ava-^/^eda, to. piece cut off; sec-
sence ; loss ; -kala, m. unfit time for obtain- ^ r ^ T f ^ I alpa-vidya, a. of little learning; tion ; distinction; -^aya, to. conquest; -gfta,
-vishaya, a. of small extent, limited. /.contempt, disrespect, disparagement (of, g.,
tSRTT^I a-lasya, a. not dancing. [ment.
Ic.): in. with perfect indifference; -gnkna, n.
''H'SMnfai alpa-sakti, a. weak ; -sas, ad. id. ; -giieya, fp. to be despised.
•^rfWali,TO.bee; -kula,n. swarm of bees. slightly, to a small extent; rarely ; -sesha,
alika,TO.forehead, [lacking gender. a. having little wanting; almost completed; ^T^fJTrrr a-van/i;ana-t^, / . honesty,
-sattva, a.of little courage, cowardly; -sara,
a-liiiga, a. lacking characteristics; a. weak; worthless; insignificant; -snayu, a. a v a - ^ , TO. pit; cavity.
a-lingin, a. not entitled to wear having few sinews; -svara, a. weak-voiced, "^iqd^l &Yatu-ga,TO.pi. hair on the neck,
badges. [of bees. quiet.
alpaanga, a. small-bodied: -tva, ^v-at, pr.pt. friendly; m. N.
W^T'l.alin.m.bee; -1,/. female bee; swarm n. abst. x. ; -jLyus, a. short-lived; ^alpa, ^f cJrT ava-ta, TO. well.
^ f ^ alinda, m. terrace. a. little by little, moderate: -bhas, a. of very •
slightlustre; ^avasishfa,, pp. little left: -tva, ava-tarasa, -ka, m.n. wreath, dia-
^rf^TTf^ all-mat, a. covered with bees: n. condition of little being left. dem ; ring-shaped ornament; -niya, fp. to be
(d)-dalin, a. having petals covered with bees; made into a wreath. [wreath.
-m&la, f . swarm of bees. "^sfl^^alpi-bhfi, be diminished.
r | a v a - t a w s a - y a , den. P. make into a
W N i TS|t«if|q^alp-iyas, cpv. smaller; very small.
alika, a. disagreeable; false; n. dis- H ^ r r f M ^ avata»is-ini, f . woman wearing
agreeable thing; untruthfulness, falsehood; • ^ f ^ J ^ alpai&Mu, a. of moderate wishes;
a wreath.
forehead; - n i m i l a n a , n. feigned closing of - itara, a. great, considerable: -tva, n. -ness.
the eyes; -pamdita,TO.philosophaster; -man- avatamsi-kri, use as a wreath.
C| A Y , I . P . ava, urge ; favour, help;
trln, to. dishonest minister; -vada-sila, a. ava-tamasa, n. decreasing dark-
N comfort, satisfy ; protect; like, upa,
lying; - s u p t a , -ka, n. feigned sleep. ness.
a-lina, pp. not adhering. assent, agree. pra = simple verb.
a-lupta-sattva-kosa, a. hav- TJiq I. ava, verbal and nominal prefix off; ^IWfTTW ava-tar-araa, n. coming down, de-
down; prp. w. ab. down from. scent : -mangala, n. solemn welcome; -ita-
ing a full treasure of courage, [contentment. vya, fp. n. one must descend; -t&ra, to. de-
^f^pcf a-lubdha, pp. not covetous; -tva, n. 2. £v-a, m. favour, grace, scent (esp. of gods to earth); incarnation;
a-vamsa, m. mean descent. manifestation: -na, n. causing to descend;
a-ltina, pp. unplucked, unhurt. laying aside, -mantra, to. spell causing one to
ava-kara, m. sweepings; -ku?a,TO.N. descend from the air; -tarin, o. appearing,
a-lekhya, fp. not to be reckoned
dust-heap. [to, set at nought. entering; -titirshu, a. wishing to descend.
among (Ic.).
ava-karrca-ya, den. P . not listen "^cJtI £va-tta, pp. V'da (dyati).
^SMM*^ a-lepaka, a. untainted, pure.
WrWRTRJ ^nreviS ava-kart-a, m. chip ; -ana, n. cut- ^ ^ f r t n , avattin, a. dividing into (-, e. g.
a-loka-sainanya, a. not ting off; - i n , a. cutting off (~°). four) parts (-°).
shared by ordinary people. •^fcfcRTSJ ava-kas^i,to.space, room; opportu- a-vatsS,/. cow that has lost her calf.
a-lokyd, a. unusual; improper, in- nity ; interval; access : -m da, make room ;
admissible ; excluding from heaven. grant admittance (to, d., g.); -da, a. harbour- ava-data, pp. pure, white, clear:
^ M <4 a-lopayat, cs.pr.pt. not causing ing ; m. receiver of stolen goods; - v a t , a. -ta,/. whiteness; -dana, n. heroic deed; -da-
to desist from (ab.). roomy, spacious. ra, m. breach : -na, n. a. rending; bursting.
a-lobha, m. freedom from confusion ; ^ ^ o f i l a v a - k i r r a i n , a. having broken ^ R ^ T ^ a-vadavada, a. undisputed.
lack of cupidity; moderation; a. moderate, his vow of chastity; -kesa,, a. having pendent
contented. [hairless. ^Rs^t^r ava-dola, TO. swinging, rocking.
hair; -ko/aka, TO. crane (ardea nivea).
" ^ l ^ + i m a-lomaka (or aka), a. (aki or iki) W ^ l a-vakra-ga, a. going straight. ^T^^T a - v a d - y a , f p . blameworthy; n. fault;
abuse; blame; disgrace.
Wl4H*-loman, a. id. ava-kraya, TO. letting, leasing.
^ef^T a-vadha,TO.no murder ; no beating.
^T^ft^fa-lola, a. not fickle, not greedy; -tva, ava-kshepa, m. derision, mockery;
n. constancy. [greedy. -na,, n. throwing down ; mockery. ava-dhana, n. attention, devotion;
-dhara7<a, n. affirmation; restriction; sin-
"'SM ava-khawc?ana, n. splitting, dis- gling out: i-ya, fp. to be looked upon as
a-lohita (or ta), a. bloodless. membering ; -khada, m. consumption ; con- settled ; to be restricted to (in.) ; -dh&rya,
sumer. fp. to be ascertained; -dhi, m. limit; terminus
a-laukika, a. (i) unusual, extra- ava-gantavya, fp. to be under- ad quern; respite : ad. up to, till (g.).
alga,TO.du. groin, loins, [ordinary. stood ; to be concluded from (db.); -gantri, W^TVtlt avadhi-kri, fix a limit or date.
to. one who understands; - g a m a , to., -na, n.
£lpa, a. small, little, short, trifling, in- understanding, cognizance, ascertainment; "^T^ytXW ava-dhirawa, n., a, / . refusal :
significant, feeble; n. a little: - m , ad. slightly; -gaha, m. immersion; washing; bathing : disdain.
in., ab. easily, quickly; -ka, a. (ik&) id.; m. -na, n. id.; -gahin, a. reaching to; engaging
wretched wight; n. a little: -m, ad. slightly; in (-°); -guwf/iana, n. veiling; veil: - v a t , a. ^ 1 ava-dhtra-ya, den.P.refuse, dis-
-k&rya, a. insignificant; -kala-tva, n. short- veiled; -gurana, n. roaring, raging; -graha, dain, neglect; surpass, sam, disregard : pp.
ness of time ; -gna., a. knowing little: - t v a , m. hindrance ; obstacle; drought; division of ita, disregarded, slighted, unheeded.
n. abst. N. ; -tara, cpv. quite small; - t a , / . , a word; pause, mark of elision (gr.); -graha, ^ S T ^ f t f r ^ ava-dhirin, a. surpassing
-tva, n. smallness, insignificance; shortness; to. drought; -graham, dbs. separating the
-togas, a. of little energy; -dhana, a. of small words ; -grahin, a. separating ; - g h a r s h a - ^f^T^ a-vadh-ya,/jp. inviolable: -vyavasi-
means, poor; -dhi, a. of small wit, foolish. na, n. rubbing off; -ghata, TO. blow; un- ya-vahya, a. foreign to the resolve that no-
husking by pounding. thing should be killed ; -t&, / . inviolable-
" ^ I ^ m O ^ ' T alpa-parivara, a. of slender ness; -tva, n., -bhava, to. id.
retinue ; - p a y i n , a. sucking badly (leeches); a-va&ana, a. speechless ; -kara, a.
-puwya, a. whose good works are few; -pra- not following disregarding advice. ^RTST a-vadhr^, a. indestructible.
30 ^RTcfc ava-dhvamsa. ^jflfcfi^T a-vikala.

ava-dhvawsa, TO. dust; flour. pi. women of the harem; -sikhancZin, m. do- - artha, a.satisfied; -siti, f conclusion, end;
mestic peacock; -rodhin, a. enclosing, cov- ^seka, m. sprinkling; bleeding (by leeches);
av-ana, n. favour; protection: -vat, ering (-°) ; -roh-a,TO.descent; transition to -se&ana, n. sprinkling; water for washing;
a. favoured, protected. [body, crouching. a lower note, -ana, a. (x) descending; n. alight- bleeding.
-3|q«lr|cti|4| ava-nata-kaya, a. with bent ing ; descending scale; transition to a lower ava-skand-a, m. assault, surprise;
note, -in, a. descending. -in, a. covering; assailing; -skaxa,TO.privy:
ava-nati,/. going down, setting;
a-var Ms, a. impotent, feeble. -mandira, n. id. [prp. below (g.).
humiliation; -namra, a. bent, bowed.
-sSlqty a-varna, m.reproach,blame: -bhaf/, (C^av^s-tat, ad. b e l o w ; on this side;
av£-ni, / . current, stream, course ;
earth; ground,place: -pa, -pati,»pala, -pal- a. blameworthy. [on, not present. a-vastu,«.worthless thing; nothing,
aka,TO.sovereign, king. [t<Juie ground. the"unreal: -tva, N. abst. N.
4|«|<$+iT*f a-varta-m&na, pr. pt. not going
•q q f«j m <i*^ava-ni-patam, abs.wpat, fall ^iqtjH a-vastra, a. unclothed: -ta,/.naked-
iSiqf^avariti,/.(come-down), need, want,
^ q f a t j . ^ avani-ruha, m. tree. hunger. [creasing. ness ; i-kri, deprive of clothes.
^^Tgf ava-sthd, m. penis.
ava-ni, / . earth. H a-vardha-mana, pr. pt. not in-
41 ava-stha, / . appearance in court;
a-varsha, m., -na, n. drought. state, condition; circumstance; & - t a v y a , f p .
ava-neg-ya, fp. fit for washing, that must remain ; -na, n. appearing; con-
^RETRCa-varshfos, g. inf. not to rain. dition, position ; dwelling, abiding, stay;
ava-negana, n. cleansing; 1,/. id.
ava-lagna, (pp.) m. n. waist. stability; -juxtara, n. changed condition;
WfirT -pana, n. exposing for sale; -yin, a. staying
ava-lamb-a, a. hanging down; m. in; -sthita,^.(\/stha) stationed; standing;
avanti, m.pl. N. of a people; -deva,
attachment to ; support, prop ; -ana, a. (i) arrayed; engaged in; -sthiti,/". stay, sojourn,
m.N.ofa king ; -nagrarx,/. the city of TJ^a-
hanging to, leaning on; n. hanging down; at- abode. [joints of the fingers.
yinl; -pura, n., 1,/. id.; -matH, -ka, f . pi.
tachment to, resting upon (-°); dependence;
the divine mothers of the Avantis; -vati, f .
support; tarrying; -itavya, fp. to be clung ^ R W t Z T ava-spho/ana, n. cracking the
JV.; -vardhana, m. N.; -varman, TO. N. of
to; -in, a. hanging down; reclining or leaning
a king and of a poet; - s u n d a r i , / . N.; -sena, avas-yu, a. seeking protection.
on; attached to ; dependent on (-°).
TO., a, /. N.; -svamin, m. N. of a temple.
ava-hanana, n. threshing, un-
avanti,/. N. o/U^gayini; -nagara 4 | q f a H ava-lipta, pp. anointed; proud, husking; lung; -hara,TO.putting off; -b^rya,
— avanti-nagari; -_i«vara, m.N. of a temple. haughty : -ta, f., -tva, n. pride, insolence; fp. to be made to pay (ac.); that must be
-=JJq a-vandhya, a. not barren, not fruit- -lure^Aana, n. robbing; -lekhana, n. brush- caused to be paid; -h4sa, m. jest; derision;
less ; successful: -ta,/.3uccessfulness; -pata, ing, combing; -lepa, m. ointment; pride, -h4sya,/».ridiculous: -ta,f.abst.it.; -hita,
a. unerring (arrow); -prasada, a. whose fa- -na, n. id., -vat, a. proud, haughty; -leha, pp. Vdha; -hela, /. contempt: in. with the
vour is fruitful; -rupa, a. whose beauty is m., -na, n. licking off., greatest ease. [ing downward.
not in vain: - t a , f . abst. N. q<?Tt«fl ava-lok-a, m. observation; sight, <3(q
^ c j m c l ava-pata, m. fall, falling or flying avSg-gamana-vat, a. mov-
view; -ana, n. look at; glance; sight, inspec-
down, descent; resorting to (-°); pitfall: -na, tion; view; appearance; -ayitn',TO.observer; ^ R T ^ J f ^ n f t ' ^ T a-van-manasa-go/cara, a.
n.felling, throwingdown; -pidana,/.injury; -ita, f . N.; -ita xsvara, m. N. of a Bodhi-
• p r a ^ a n a , rt. end of a cloth. sattva; -in, a. looking at; -lopana, n. cutting being beyond the reach of speech or mind.
<3|qq*\t£(ava-bodha,m.waking; perception, off, destroying, injuring. W ^ avan-mukha, a. (x) facing down-
cognizance, knowledge ; -na, n. instruction;
-niya, pp. to be recognised by (in.). ^5tqq ava-vada, m. command. ward.
ava-bhanga, m. breaking; -bha»;/- ^Tqi-qi^f a-vS^ala, a. not talkative ; not
^ q u g a-vasd, a. not subject to another,s
ana, n. breaking, tearing off; -bhas-a, TO. boastful, [being below (ab.).
will, independent, free; unwilling: -ga, a. not
brightness; appearance,manifestation: -aka, 41c, M l f avSA:-ina, a. turned downwards;
a. illuminating, manifesting, -ana, n. mani- subject to (g.); -va.sin, a. unwilling.
festation ; illuminating, -in, a. shining, ap- ^ q f u i f c i ava-sish-fa, pp. left over : -ka, n. &-v&k -y&,fp. not to be addressed;
pearing ; manifesting; -bhn'tha, m. ritual not to be uttered; not directly expressed :
remnant, rest; -sesha, m. residue; leavings:
ablution. - t a , / . abuse, invective.
-m, ad. except (-°).
ava-m£, spv. lowest; n e x t ; last; ^f^TW dvajink, a. (avafcx) downward, head-
youngest; -mantavya, fp. to be despised; ^ ^ t t ^ l f ^ T r avasajndriya - ftitta, a. long ; lower; southern ; av&k, n. ad. down-
- m a n t n , m. scorner (of, ac.); -xnanya-ka, a. whose senses and mind are uncontrolled.
wards, headlong.
despising, disdaining; -mard-a, m. distress; ^ q a-vas-ya, a. unyielding, uncomplying:
N. of an owl, -ana, a. crushing, harassing; n. or -m, ad. necessarily; certainly: -ka-ta, ^ | q i d d-vSi, 2 sg. aor. of *Jvah.
rubbing; destroying, -in, a. crushing; - m a m , f. necessity, obligation; -bhava, m. necessity; ^ q I r T i. a-v^ta, pp. unmolested; secure.
m. contact; reflexion; -man-a, n. disrespect, - b b a v i n or -m-bhavin, a. that must neces-
contempt; disgrace, -ana, n., a , / , contempt; sarily be, necessarily taking place. 2. a-vata, a. windless, calm,
insult, -in, a. disdaining; undervaluing, -ya, a-vana, pp.not dried up,fresh; wet.
fp. to be despised. ava-sya,/. hoar-frost: -ya, m. id.
ava-sh/abh-ya, fp. to be stopped; ^fq avaantara, a.lying between; dif-
•^q«(q ava-yava, m. member, limb; part:
-sh^ambha, m. recourse to, employment; re- ferent, respective: -de*a, m. intermediate
-dharma, m. use of part for whole (rh.), -ru-
soluteness ; courage: -na, n. id., -maya, a. region.
paka, n. kind of simile; -yav-in, a. consist-
ing of parts; x. whole: (-i)-rupaka,n. kind of indicative of courage. [fort, j o y ; desire. a v a S p - t a v y a , f p . to be obtained;
simile; i-bhu, become a part. - apti, / . acquisition, attainment; -^jipya, fp.
mqt^i.av-as,n.help,favour; (alsopi.)com-
"^q^,&va-ra,a.lower,inferior; low,mean; to be obtained.
2. avas, ad. down; prp. down from
following, later, younger; nearer; western; — a-varaniya, fp. irresistible.
at least: -//a, a. low-born; younger; m. .S'ttdra; (in., ab.); below (in.).
younger brother, a, f . younger sister, -var- ^H q ^ i q i q d av^vafa, TO. son begotten by a man
ava-sakta, pp.{Vs&ng) fixed; -sak-
•na, m. low caste: -g&, m. 6'Q.dra; -ruddba- with a woman of Ms own caste who has coha-
thika, f . loin cloth: -m kri, place a cloth
tva, n. confinement; -ruddhi, f.obtainment; bited with another man. [-k&, / . ewe.
round the loins; -sanna, pp. ended, waned;
-ruddhika, / . woman of the harem; -rudhi- spent; -sara, m. occasion, opportunity; right ^ ^ v - i , a . f a v o u r a b l e ; TO. sheep; / . ewe :
ka , f . pi. women of the harem. time; appropriateness, use; turn; -sarpa»a,w.
descent; -sarpiwx,,/. descending cycle; -sada, <3|fqcfl<«H a-vikatth-ana, a. not boastful;
4M^UJ avarewa, (in.) prp. w. ac. under. - i n , a. id. [motionless.
m. sitting down; sinking; exhaustion, lassi-
ava-rodha,m.hindrance; disturb- tude ; defeat: -na, n. discouragement; de- ^ f q q i f « q r l a-vi-kampita.pjp .not trembling,
ance; imprisonment; blockade, siege; harem: jection ; -s&na, n. resting-place ; cessation ;
pi. women of the harem: -na, n. descending; end; death; en d of a sentence or verse; pause: "^ff^cfi^T a-vikala, a. not defective; unmu-
investment, siege; enclosure, temple; harem: -bhumi, f . acme; -sita, pp. (•>/sa) ended : tilated, entire, complete; correct.
^ f ^ F S a-vikalpa. a-vikshita. 31
a-vikalpa, a. not hesitating: -m, ^ f q V ^ t M a-vidhana, n. non-prescription: - i n , a. not delaying; -ya, gd. without hesi-
tating. [with bhu, remain alive.
ad. without hesitation. - t a s , ad. not according to prescription.
^ f M ^ f i ^ a-vidhi-pftrvakam, ad. a- a-vi-lina, pp. not annihilated:
^ f W ? ; a-vik&r-a, to. no change, no dis-
figurement ; a. subject to no change; -in, a. gainst prescribed rules, irregularly. T r f ^ H a - v i l u p - y a , ^ . indestructible.
not changing; not moving a muscle: - i - t a , / . a-vidhura, a. not lacking a pole ; ^(fqq a-vivah-a, a. not living in wed-
abst. N. ; - y a , f p . unchangeable. cheerful. [verseness. lock ; -in, a. not suitable for marriage.
^STf^Trf S-vi-knta,p/>.not changed; not pre-
^fq^Ta-vi-dheya,.//).perverse; -ta,/.per- ^ f c j f q i t l a-vi-vikta, pp. undistinguished ;
pared, natural; undeveloped; not misshapen.
*4|fq«l4J a-vinaya, m. unseemly behaviour; not decided; -vn'ta, pp. not uncovered ; un-
a-vikrama, a. not valorous. known, hidden; notshowingone's weak points.
-vat, a. ill-mannered, uncivil.
^ { q f t n ^ ^ a-vi-kriya-tva, n. unchange- ^ i f q * ! ^ ^ a-vinasvara, a. imperishable. a-vivek-a, TO. want of discrimina-
ableness; -kriy&, /. no change: -Jitmaka, a. tion; lack of judgment; a. lacking judgment:
subject to no change. ^rf%TT5ra-vinas-a,m.non-corruption; non- -ta, / . abst. x.; - i n , a. undivided; lacking
detraction; - i n , a. imperishable; undecaying. insight; having no discriminating people.
-vi-krita, pp. not having sold;
- k r e y a , f p . not for sale; -kshata, pp. unin- a-vinivartin, a. not turning a-vi-ven-at, pr. pt. not turning
jured ; -ksb.ubdba, pp. not disarranged. back, not fleeing. away, well-disposed.
fq <gt{ [ a-vi-khyata-dosha, a.having <4|fq«nr| a-vi-nita, pp. ill-bred. "^ifqUJ^ a-visarik-a, a. unhesitating; fear-
committed no notorious crime. less; a,,/, freedom from hesitation or timidity;
^fcjl^tl^ 1 a-vinoda, m. ennui, [finding out.
a-vigana, a. unanimous. - i t a , pp. fearless; unhesitating; - i n , a. not
^ F ^ a - v i n d - a t , pr.pt.not finding, not assuming or supposing.
^ T O f a-vigraha, a. indisputable.
^f^mstl0!^^ a-vipakva-karawa, a. having • ^ f q l i ^ a-visada, a. indistinct; rigid.
^jf^^a-vighna,a.unimpeded, undisturbed; immature organs. • ^ i f q ^ ^ a-visastn, TO. bad carver.
n. lack of hindrance : in. without hindrance:
-tas, ad. without obstacles; i-ta, pp. unhin- ^ f a x ^ N i . a-viparyaya, den. P.not to fail. ^ r f ^ a-vi-sishtfa, pp. not different:
dered, undisturbed. [picl. - t a , / , - t v a , n. abst.N.; -suddha,pp. impure;
^ i f a l ^ 2. a-vipary-aya,m. no transposi-
^fq a-viX;akshana, a. not subtile, stu- not thoroughly investigated.
tion; no error; -&sa,m.no inversion: in. with-
out inversion. ^ f a ^ q a-visesh-a, to.no difference: -tas,
a - v i i a l a , a. not wavering, stead-
' S r f ^ m ^ avi-pal£, TO. shepherd. in. ad. without difference; a. indiscriminate,
fast ; i - t a , pp. unaverted.
-gna, a. undiscriminating; - i t a , pp. unspe-
a-viMr-a, m. lack of reflexion; a. a-vi-pra-yukta,pp. not severed; cified.
not reflecting : -m, ad. without delay, -gna, -pluta, pp. inviolate; true to one's vow. fq «{a-vi-srama, a. unceasing, unremit-
a. unacquainted with reflexion; -ana, n. lack ting; -srambba, m. mistrust: -ta, / abst.N.;
of reflexion; -ayat, pr.pt. unreflecting; -ita, a-vi-bhakta,pp.undivided; having
community of goods; -bb&ga, m. no division. -sranta, pp. unceasing; -srama, a. not rest-
pp. unconsidered: -m, ad. without hesitation; ing; unceasing,unremitting: -m,ad.without
-ya, fp. needing no reflexion. ^ f ^ U f a r f a-vi-bh&v-ita, pp. not clearly resting.
a-vi-HAinna, pp. not severed, perceived ; -ya-mana, pr. pt. ps. being un-
^rf^TO^a-vi-svas-at, pr. pt. distrustful;
continuous; -Ickheda, to. uninterruptedness: noticed.
-aniya, fp. not to be trusted: - t a , / . , -tva,
ab. uninterruptedly; -&yuta, pp. not to be ^ f q f a f l a-vi-bhinna, undivided (from, n. abst. x.; -ta, pp. distrustful.
lost: -m, ad. faultlessly. a b.); unchanged; -kalam,ad.atthe same time.
^ r f ^ T T O a-visvas-a, to. distrust; a. dis-
irf^WTTcC. a-vi-$tnat, pr.pt. not knowing, ^(q+j^HJJMfVtgj^ a-vibhftsha-fta-pari- trustful : -m, ad. -ly, -^anaka, a. arousing
ignorant; -qua., a. undiscerning: - t a , / . stu- &Mada, a. lacking ornaments and furniture. distrust; -in, a. distrustful. [sonous.
pidity ; -^wata, pp. unknown, unrecognised;
-gii&n.a, n. lack of knowledge: ab. unawares; ^ r f W T a-vibhrama, «. unaffected. ^ f q q a-visha, n. no poison; a. (&) not poi-
a. lacking knowledge ; -gueya, fp. unrecog- ^ i f e O T * a-vi-bhranta, pp. immovable. ^ f q M f t l a-vi-shakta, pp. not attached to
nisable. or set on (- 0 ); irresistible. [friendly.
^ T O f i f c T O a-vi-mars-itavya,/p. not de-
a-vitatha, a. not false, true; fa-
vourable: -m, ad. truly; n.ametre; -vafc, a. serving further consideration. ^ r f ^ n f T a-vishama, a. not unequal; even;
truth-speaking, ^ f a ^ T h f ^ a-vi-mukta-saiva, TO. Saiva fqfcj'SJ a-vishaya, TO.no sjihere; no object
monk of a certain grade ; ^apic?a,TO.N. of or concern; impracticable matter; no suita-
av-i-tri', m. helper, protector. ble object for (g.) : Ic. in the absence of (g.);
a Icing; ^isa,TO.<biva.
a-vi-tr»'pta, pp. unsatiated: -ka, a. a. having no object; -manas, a. whose mind
^ r f ^ R t ^ r T a - v i m o f e n a , m. not freeing; not is not directed to the objects of sense; un-
not yet sated with (g.). [clever.
aiding. worldly; -l-kara/ia, n. not making something
f q a - v i - d a g d h a , pp. not burnt; not (g.) an object of (g.).
^ r f ^ U a-vi-yukta, pp. unseparated from
vidasin,a.unfailing,perennial. (in.); -yoga, TO. non-separation from (in.); a-vi-shahya,/p. intolerable.
-rata, pp. not desisting from (ab.); ceaseless : ^ f q M I ^ a-vishSd-a,m., i-tva, n. undaunt-
"Slfqf^t! a-vid-ita, pp. unknown : -m, ad.
- m , ad.; -ramat, pr.pt.not desisting fr. (ab.).
unawares. edness ; -in, a. undaunted. [gladly.
a-vidush-fara, cpv. of dvidvas. ^ f ^ R ^ T a-virala, a. close; frequent; vehe-
^ifq^J av-ish/Aa, a. (spv.) accepting very
ment: -m, ad. firmly; heartily.
a-viddha, pp. unpierced. fq '^a-virah-a,TO.non-separation; union; avi-shya, / . desire, zeal, passion ;
i r f ^ T a-vidya, a. uncultured ; destitute -ita, pp. unseparated; united. hyu, a. eager; revengeful.
of knowledge; &,/. ignorance. ^ f ^ T T T ^ a - v i r a m a m , ad. without ceasing. a-vi-stir«a, pp. not extensive;
-spandita, pp. not quivering; -spasb^a,pp.
^ f T O T T C a-vidya-mana, pr. pt. not ex- ^ T ^ a - v i - r u d d h a , pp.unhindered; un- indistinct; dim: -m, ad. -ly; -smita.pp. not
isting : -vat, ad. as if non-existent: -tva, n. opposed to (in., g., ; not at enmity with ; astonished or taken aback; -smrita, pp. not
abst. x. not unpleasant; - r o d d h n , a. not fighting; forgotten. Jf
^ f ^ ^ ^ ^ - v i d v a s , pr. pf. pt. not knowing, -rodha, to. no conflict with, no disadvantage
ignorant. [enmity. for (-°); -rodbin, a. not conflicting with, not "•sSlfcJjafTTfTf a-vi-hata-gati, a. of u n i m *
prejudicing (g., peded course ; -hita-siddha, pp. unfeigned,
^ f a f ^ * a-vidvishe, d. inf. so as to avoid inartificial.
<3(fq<«l4q a-vilamb-a, m. no hesitation ; a.
- vid vesha,™ .freedom from enmity, not hesitating: -m, in. without delay; -ita, ^ T f e ^ r a-vibvala, a. firm; cheerful.
^ f a W a-vidhav&, / . no widow, [amity. pp. unhesitating: -m, ad. without delay; ^ q l ^ H a-vijkshita, pp. not recognised.
32 ^SpfYfa a-vi&i.

a-viifci, m. a hell (waveless). perishable, immutable ; stingy ; n. indeclin- ^ ^ VUa-saran-a.ra.defencelessness; a. un-


able word : -tva, n. imperishableness; -Jlt- protected, helpless ; -1-kri, render defenceless;
a-vitaka, unenclosed space. -ya, a. affording no protection; defenceless.
t S T ^ T 1 • a-vira, a. devoid of men; n. region man, a. of imperishable nature ; l-bhava,
i . a-sarira, a.bodiless, lacking a sub-
without men; -pnrusha, m. weakling. m. indeclinable compound.
stantial body; m. Kama (cp. anaiiga).
a-vyava-dhana,ra. non-interrup-
• 4 1 2 . a-vira, a. unmanly: woman tion ; a. uncovered, bare ; uninterrupted; • ^ n i ' l l . a - s a r m a n , n. suffering, sorrow.
without husband and children. -dhaya-ka, a. not intervening: -tva, n. non- • ^ I f ^ a - s a s , a. cursing, hating.
intervention.
a-viry£, a. weak, powerless, a-sastra, a. swordless, unarmed:
<4(cqc(t( I{qn^a-vyavasayin, a. unenterpris-
-pawi, a. having no sword in the hand; -pnta,
^ ^ e f i a-vn'ka, a. not hurting; safe; n. safety. ing, remiss. pp. not consecrated by the sword; -vadba, m.
^M^psM ^-vrifjfina, a. not artful, guileless, a-vyava-stha, a. not enduring : a, murder without a weapon. [not satisfied.
f. unsettled state; - s t h i t a - H t t a , a. fickle-
^f^ff a-vrita, pp. unchosen, uninvited. minded. a-santa-tanu, a. whose body is
iJ^Ti a-vritta, pp. not having taken place. fa «^a-vyasanin, a. exempt from vice. a-santa-ta,/. lack of tranquillity,
W T l K l a - v i J - k r i t a , pp. unsevered, undi- passionateness.
^Sleffri a-vn'tti, f . lack of sustena^fc^ des-
vided. [ral, real. ^SRfTWi. a-sas-at, pr. pt. not punishing.
titution : -ka, a. lacking means of support.
^ c q i o t a - v y % a , m. no deception; a. natu- a-sastra-^akshus, a. not see-
a-vritha artha, a. having an appro- ing with the eye of the sastraB.
" ^ ^ I M f l a-viji-panna, pp. not having died,
priate meaning or name : - t k , f . abst. N. alive. a-sikshita, pp. unlearnt; not in-
a-vnddha, pp. not aged. ^ l ^ l M K a-vyapara,m.not one's business, structed or learned, in (ac., lc., inf.).

<4|cff%2|i a-vriddhi-ka, a. free from interest, a - v i j p t a , pp. not filled or mixed as-itd, pp. */2. as; -itavya, fp. to be
with. a-siras, a. headless. [eaten.
^ f f ^ f a-vn'dh£, a. not gladdening,
W T ^ f a a - v i J . v a r t - a n i y a , / ^ . not to be ^ f ^ f a M 1 , a-silpin, m. no artist or artisan.
^ c f q i i j a-vn'shawa, a. lacking testicles. taken back. [silence.
a-vrish£a, pp. not having rained or -siva, a. baneful, ominous; n. evil,
a-vyahrita, (pp.) n. not speaking; mischief: -sawsin, a. ill-boding.
- ^ c j f a £-vnsh£i,/. drought. [sent rain. ^^f«8jsTa-viu&-£Ainna, pp. uninterrupted. a-sisira, a. hot ; -ta, f . heat;
avajksh-awa, n. looking at; atten- a-vijitpanna, pp. not resulting ; -kara, v -kirana, -rasmi, m. sun.
tion to, care of (g.); -awiya, fp. to be paid
having no etymology: -mati, a. uneducated. 1. asita, a. eightieth.
attention to; -a, f . care; attention to (lc.);
-in, a. looking towards ; attending to (ac.); ^f^TS a - v i u s h f a , pp. (vA'as) not yet arisen. Wtrl 2.
-ya, fp. to be attended to. a-sita, a. not cold, h o t : -kara,
•SfsJrJ a-vrata, a. ungodly; not fulfilling
-marifci, -ru£, -ruM, m, sun.
a-vedana, n. ignorance. religious duties. as-iti,/. eighty; -tama, a. eightieth.
' ^ ^ f a f a c l a-veda-vihita, pp. not pre- 1. AS, V. as-nu, reach; attain; be- asiti-ka, a. eighty years old:
scribed by the Veda. Nfal; enjoy, abhi, ud, reach; dominate. - avara, a. at least eighty years old.
upa, sam-upa, pra, vi, sam, id. ^ f ^ a-su^i, a. impure: -tva, n. impurity;
a-ved-ya,/o. not to be wedded,
2. AS, IX. P. as-na-ti , eat, take (meat -bhaksjiawa, w.eatingimpure things; -bh&va,
a-velam, ad. unseasonably, [tion. m. impurity ; -varwa, a. of impure colour:
v and drink); taste; enjoy: pp. a-ita,
W q ^ t l ^^a-vesa-sadrisa,a.unlikeprostitu- eaten; cs. asaya, cause (ac.) to eat (ac.), -ta, /. impurity of colour.
feed: pp. asita, fed; satiated; des. asisisha, ^-suddha, pp. unclean; unknown,
a-vaikrita, a. not disfigured.
wish to eat. npa, pra, sam, = simple verb; suspicious; -prakriti, a. having dishonest
^ff^c^TSJa-vaidagdhya, n. want of sagacity; abbi-pra, eat in addition to (ac.).
a-suddhi, f . impurity, [ministers.
a-vaidya, a. unlearned, [stupidity. 3- as, grammatical designation of all
soft letters. d-subha, a. ill-favoured; ill-omened;
a-vairi-</ush£a, pp. that not even evil; disagreeable; -mati, a. ill-disposed;
an enemy consents to. ^TSfffi a-sakta, pp. incapable of ( p f . , d.,lc.). -aYmaka, a. id.
tST^T^W avaukshawa, n. sprinkling with ^ P l j f l f i a-sakti, f . inability; weakness. ^T^RT a-sdnya, a. not empty; not v a i n :
-vo&at, 3 sg. aor. va/c. [water. ^fUJSfl qc^a-sak-nuvat, pr.pt .unable to (inf.); -m kri, not leave undone, execute; -jirtha,
m. clearing up: -m, ad. by way of explana-
^RT ^vya, a. pertaining to sheep, woollen; - y a , / ^ . impossible: - artba, a. id.; ineffectual. tion; a. clear, intelligible.
n. Soma-strainer. TSf^J^ a-sank-a, a. fearless : -m, ad. - l y ; •^PJIf a-sringa, a. (i) hornless.
•^ctJrTI a-vijikta, pp. not manifest, imper- -aniya, fp. not to be feared; -ita, pp. fear-
a-sesha, m. no remainder; a. whole,
ceptible ; indistinct; m. universal soul; n. less: -m, ad. without hesitation; suddenly.
all, entire: -tas, - m , in. without reserve ;
unevolved primordial matter; primordial
^T5Rcis-an, ™. stone, rock; firmament. completely, fully. [annihilated.
spirit; -rnpa, a. indistinct, indefinite ; of un-
certain sex. [ad. -ly. W T as-an^, n. eating ; food ; a. fsed- asesha-ya, den. P. end entirely : pp.
a-vyagra, a. unconcerned, quiet: -m, ing on ; -kriy&, / . taking of food ; - a n a s a -
WSft^fi ^-soka, a. free from sorrow; in.
na, n. eating and fasting.
•^eq^' a-vyanga, a. having all one's limbs. Asoka tree ; n. Asoka flower (orange and
asana-pipase, / . dw. hunger scarlet); -kara, m. N. of a fairy : i , f . N.;
a-vya%ana, a. beardless; lacking and thirst. [hungry. -tarn, m. Asoka tree; -datta, m. N.; -naga,
signs of puberty. [from. m. Asoka tree; -m&li., f . N.; -v/ iksba, m.
•^nnTTTT asanayS (or a),/, hunger; -vat, a. Asoka tree.
"^fceifci rfl a-vijiti-rikta, pp. not separated
^ U j f a as-ani, / . (C. also m.) thunderbolt, a-soA--aniya,/p. not to be pitied
a-vyath-a, a .unwavering,undaunted; lightning-flash; -gx&van, m. diamond; -ha- or grieved for; -ya, fp. id. [tling.
efficacious; -i, a. unwavering, undaunted; ta, pp. struck by lightning.
-in, a. not becoming discomposed. a-sodhayitv&, gd. without set-
H ctlfa x, Tft.*la-vyabhi-Hrin, a. infallible; ^nOpN^. a-sanais, ad. highly, violently. •^Tlft^f a-soshya,/p. not to be dried up.
i-Aara, m. conjugal fidelity; a. faithful, ^ V j o ^ ^-sabda, a. silent, mute. ^ T T f t ^ a-sauA-a, n. impurity: -tva, n. id.;
^(cqq a-vyaya, m. non-expenditure; a. im- ^-sam, ind. disaster. -in, a. impure.
^STSf as-na. a-samsaya. 33
TO. horseman; - v n s h a , m. stallion; -sala, I. A S , I I . P. as-ti (2 sg. A. se, in V.
^TS £s-na, m. stone; N. of a demon.
/ . stable; -sada, -sadin, TO. rider; -sara- ^only inperiphrasticft.), be, exist;happen,
^TSr 5 ^ as-nav-a-t, 3 sg. subj. a/as, obtain. tbya, n. training of horses and charioteering; take place; dwell, be found in (Ic.); w. d. or g.
-sena, m. N. of a serpent demon. be for, belong or accrue to, often = have or
^ J J c f i asma-ka,m. N.: pi. N. of a people;
-kntta,, -ka, a. crushing with a stone; -t&,/. ^SRHsfT a-svas-tana a, having nothing for possess; be present in, be peculiar to (Ic.); be
to-morrow: i-ka, a. id. ready for, be equal to, be capable of (d.); be
stoniness, hardness of stone.
sufficient for (g.); occur to (</.); to. na, not
U T i f t . fc-man, m. rock, stone ; thunder- ^ I t l ^ l ^ asva-sthana,n.stable; -hridaya, exist; be lost or undone: n a a s t i , + = I have
bolt ; heaven: Ic. in the sky: du. heaven and n. knowledge of horses; --j,djiyaksha, TO. nothing to give; asti, it is so: at the begin-
earth ; -maya, a. (i) made of stone. master of the horse; ^anika, n.cavalry army. ning of sentences with another finite verb =
it so happens or happened that, it sometimes
^ I T T i l R asma-mdya, a. id.; -murdhan, a. ^TSTrf^RR asvaadhika, a. superior in cav- happens that - ; asxni, w. 1st sg. — I happen
having a head of stone. [Vas, eat). alry ; ^aarita, n. falsehood respecting horses; to be ; astu + evam, so be it, very well; as-
^kTXLdha,,pp. mounted on horseback; - a r o b a , t u or santn, w. following nm. = to say no-
•^Hil^asi artha, a. meaning ' t o eat' (asi = m. rider. thing o f - . ati, surpass (ac.). anu, be ready;
as-ra, as-ri. [lieving (w?. g.). WRft^va-vat, a, rich in horses; n.pro- reach (ac.). api, be near or in (Ic.). abhi,
perty in horses. v surpass, overcome (ac.); be more than (ab.)
"41 ^ W f d-srad-dadh&na, pr. pt. unbe- to (d. or g.); *fall to the share of (g.). npa,
a . r i c h in horses; TO. chario- be in (ac.). pari, overtake; allow to pass by
"STST^ a-srad-dha, a. unbelieving. teer : du. the Asvins, twin gods of the dawn. (time), pra, be to the fore, be prominent,
excel, sam, equal (ac.); be united with (sa-
^^TUT ^-srad-dhfi, f . lack of confidence; asv-iya, n. troop of horse, ha); be, exist.
unbelief; ^dheya, fp. incredible ; unworthy
of belief. [m£) indefatigable. a-svait, F . 3 sg. aor. of Vsvit,
^ f W 2. A S , I V . P . as-ya, cast, throw,
^ R i i - s r a m a ,TO.absence of fatigue; a. (or mrz £-shac?Aa, -Ika, pp. unconquer- ^ shoot, at (d., g., Ic.); cast off, abandon
able ;TO.N. [palasa-wood. (only pp. asta-). adhi, misunderstand : cs.
^SPSRRT a-sravana, n. non-mention; lack of p/i. adhyasita, meant by (in. of abst. N.). apa,
a word, suffix, do, [assiduously. ^ T O T f ^ asharfAin, a. bearing a staff of cast, throw, or take off; lay down upon; leave,
ash-fa, pp. Vaksh & Vas, obtain. abandon ; give up; put aside: gd. ap&sya,
|«r| a-srSnta, pp. indefatigable: m, ad. in spite of, excepting (ac.). abhi (also I. P.
as-rf, f . edge also -ka). ashfa-ka, a. eightfold; m. N.; a,/, A.), throw towards; discharge (arrows); ap-
eighth day after futll-moon, esp. in Hemanta ply oneself to, practise, transact, perform ;
^T^a-sri,/.mishap; goddess of misfortune. Sf Siisira; sacrifice to the Manes on that day; study; repeat: pp. abhyasta, reduplicated;
n. octad; -gnwa, a.eightfold; -taya, n. octad; cs. cause any one to practise; teach, nd,
£s-ru, n. (m.) tear: w. kri or mn^, shed throw or lift up; rise from (ac.). v i u d , strew
-dba, ad. eightfold.
tears; -karman, n. shedding of tears. about; discharge; give up, abandon, n i (also
•^TS^ash-^n, nr.eight: nm. - M , or -/a. I. P.), throw, lay or put down or aside; place
6-sruta, pp. unheard; unlearned: a,/.
"'SJg.M^ ashfa-pada,a.consisting of 8 words; or set in or on, pour upon (Ic.); fix the gaze
N.; -t4, / . being unknown; -vat, ad. as if on (Ic.); deposit with, entrust or make over
unheard. -pada, a. eight-footed; -pnsbpika, /. wreath
to lie.); quit, give up (life); adduce, dis-
of 8 kinds of flowers; -bbaga,TO.eighth part. cuss : pathi throw on the street, abandon;
V r f f i a-sruti, / , not hearing ; oblivion:
^TSTash?a-ma, «.(1)eighth; forming one- manasi take to heart, ponder on (ac.); si-
-m abhi-ni, do as if one had heard nothing; rasi place (a command) on the head, receive
-virodhin, a. not opposed to scripture. eighth of (g.); m. an eighth : i, / . eighth day
of afortnight: -ka, a. eighth; -kalika, a. eat- respectfully, upa-ni, lay down; adduce, dis-
I I ^ r f T ^ f T asru-pari-pluta, pp. bathed in ing only every eighth meal. cuss. sam-upa-ni, bring forward, suggest,
tears: -p&rwa, pp. filled with tears; -pramar- pari, stretch out. v i - n i (also I. P.), spread
^HB^nS ashfa-mftrti,TO. Siva; -rasaasraya, out; put down ; lay or place in or on (Ic.);
,</ana, n. wiping away of tears, = weeping ;
a. containing the 8, emotions (drama); *rike», mark or designate by (in.); direct the mind
-pl&vita, n.flood of tears; -lesa,m. tear-drop. or gaze to (Zc.); entrust or make over to (Ic.).
a. consisting of 8 verses ; -varsba, a. 8 years
•flt^^^a-sreyas, cpv, a.worse, inferior; n. old; -vidba, a. eightfold; -sata, n. xo8; 800; sam-ni (also I. P.), put together; lay down or
-Bhashfr, /. sixty-eight. aside; place upon (Ic.); entrust to (g., Ic.);
•^^sTH a-srotr&, a. earless. [misfortune. abandon; renounce worldly concerns, become
^JST^TT ashfaakshara, a. having eight syl- an ascetic, n i s , pull out; eject; expel from
a-srotriya, a. at which no trained lables ; ^aitga, eight members (°-); a. having (ab.); dispel, banish; reject; destroy; refute,
Brahman is present. [graceful. eight parts : -pata, TO. prostration with the parti,, throw away or down; abandon, expose
a-slagh-ya,/p,unpraiseworthy, dis- eight members (hands., feet, knees, forehead, (a child); quit (aplace); refute, pari, throw
breast), profound obeisance. or move about; roll (the eyes); cast down,
W N a-sli-ka, a. pernicious. ashfa-dasd, a. eighteenth: -dba, overthrow; surround, ensnare ; turn round;
ad. eighteenfold ; (^ -dasan, wr. eighteen; overspread; string; put around (A.): pp. pary-
^T^t^Ta-slil^.a.ugly; unrefined; indecent. asta, fallen down upon (Ic.) ; overspreading
-da^ama, a. eighteenth. [chapters.
^SRI £s-va, TO, horse: &., / , mare; -kuft, / . (-°); strung upon (—°); upsetby(-°). vi-pari,
stable; -kusala, a. skilled in horses; -kovi- H S I 1 4 1 ashtajidhyEiyi, / . book of eight invert, reverse; overturn : pp. viparyasta,
da, a. id.; -khura, m. horse's hoof: -vat, inverted; reverse ; thinking erroneously ;
ad. like a horse's hoof; -ghama, m. Ni of a •^rSTTWfW ash/a-navati, / . ninety-eight; standing around, pra, throw, into (Ic.); up-
place; -gh&sa, m. horse fodder; N.; -/cala- -paii^asat,/. fifty-eight. [eight-footed. set. prati, throw to ; cast off, abandon, vi,
na-.sala,/. riding-hall; -tama, spv. best horse; "WSTT^ ash^a-pad, a. (nm. -pad,/, rpadi), dissipate, dismember, scatter, separate : pp.
-tara, m., 1,/. mule. vyasta, divided, separated, single; multi-
"^SUM^ ash^a-pada,TO.n. dice-board with plied. sam, put together, unite: ps. be com-
asva-ttb^, m. [standing-place (ttha 64 squares: -vyap&ra, TO. game of dice;. pounded: pp. united; forming a unity; com-
for stha) for horses],sacred fig-tree; -tthaman, pounded ; whole, all.
-padya, a. eightfold. [eight weapons.
m. N.of a son of Dronn; -da, -da, a. giving
horses; -pada, m. N. of a Siddha; -pa- ^fST^J^J ash^a^yudha, a. furnished with ^TCTSJTT a-sam-yama, TO. lack of control;
d&ta-s&rameya-maya, a. (1.) consisting of -7agya,fp. with whom a sacrifice should not
horses, pedestrians,anddogs; -pala,m.groom; 41 £ 1 4 4 1 ash/a-vakra, m. N. [88,000.
be shared; -lakshita, pp. unobserved; -vi-
-•priahtha, n. horseback; -pluta, n. horse's ^ S l t J l f n * ! ^ * ? ! ash/aasiti-sahasra, n. pl. grnata, pp. unconscious or not consenting;
leap ; -budhna, a. borne by steeds; -budh- -vi$wana, a. unintelligible; -vita, pp. imper-
ya, a. characterised by horses; -mandura, ^ r f S ash-fi,/. a metre of 64 syllables. fectly covered ; -vrita, pp. uncovered, bare :
f. stable; -mukha,TO.Kimnnra; i/.Kimnara's n. N.of a hell.
W t r P C ashfauttara, a. plus eight.
wife ;-medha,m. horse-sacrifice; N.; -ya.g,a.
yoking or yoked with horses ; f. sg. du. N. ^ T ash-/ra, / . goad ( f o r driving cattle). ^ R i l f ? ! a-sawsaya,TO.no doubt: now .used
of a lunar mansion; -rkga, m. king of adverbially = without doubt; a. doubtless:
horses (UMraiAsravas); -:&dhas, a. horse- ^rHl^rr ashMilS, / . b a l l ; pebble; anvil. -m, ad. undoubtedly, unquestionably; -srava,
equipping ; -vat, a. rich in horses; -vara, W S j f a ^ ash/Ai-v^t, m. knee-cap; knee. m., -na, n. only Ic. sg. beyond the ear-shot
F
\
34 a-sam-sarga. ^rflnft asikni.

of (g.)\ -alesha, m. non-attachment; no con- -tushfo, pp. dissatisfied, discontented ; -to- (g.) simile in which an impos-
tact. sha, TO. discontent; -tyaga, m. non-renun- sibility is assumed; -bfc&vya, fp. inconceiv-
ciation of (51.). able : -m, ad. irretrievably; -bh&shana, n.
a-sam-sarga, m. lack of contact or not addressing; - b h 4 s h 4 , / . no conversation
intercourse with (g.); -sarin, a. not subject a-saw-dadh&na, pr.pt. not mak-
ing peace; -digdham,ad.undoubtedly; -di- with (in.); -Kaashya, fp.not to be conversed
to mundaneexistence;-srishta, pp.untouched with, not suitable for a conference; -bhinna,
by,freefrom (in.); -srt'shifin, a. not re-united ta, pp. unbound; unlimited; - d m y a , pp. in-
visible to (g.)', -deha, TO. no doubt: -m, ad. pp. not broken through; -bhrita, pp. not
after partition. made, natural; -bhoga, m. non-enjoyment;
without doubt, surely; -dheya,/o. not to be
sam-sk&ra, m. lack of ornament, made peace (alliance) with (-ta,/. abst. N.) ; -bho^ya,^?. with whom it is not lawful to eat;
naturalness; a. lacking ornament; -skrita, not to be restored. -bhranta, pp. unbewildered, calm : -m, ad.
pp. unequipped; unconsecrated; unadorned; K t l ^ ( I a-sam-mata, ^yj.not esteemed; not
unrefined, coarse ; not having undergone the ^PEfTIf a-sam-naddha, jpp.not yet acquired; authorised ; -mrish^a, pp. uncleansed.
sacraments : - j J a k i n , a. having unadorned -nidhana, n. absence, lack ; -nidhi, f . id.;
locks; - s t u t a T PP> unknown, strange ; not -nihita, pp. absent. a-samyak, ad. wrongly, falsely;
agreeing, obstinate; - s t h i t a , pp. not stand- ^ t t M ^ ^-sa-patna, TO. no rival ; a. (&) -karin, a. acting wrongly; -krita-k&rin, a.
ing still, restless; scattered; -sprishfa, pp. doing his business badly. [pent.
without a rival; n. peace; -pimda, a. too dis-
unattained; -hata, pp. disunited; m. lcind, of tantly related to join in the funeral oblation; ^ r a i ^ f T a-sarpa-bhdta, pp. being no ser-
array; - h a t i , / . non-connexion; -hrita, pp. -purva, a. not possessed by ancestors.
uninterrupted. [edly. •^Jef a-sarva, a. incomplete; -gfia, a. not
1. a-sama, a. unequalled. omniscient. [from (g.).
•^RRSt^a-sak/'it, ad. not once, often, repeat-
•^RTT 2. a-sama, a. unequal; uneven, odd. T j j t i q ^ a-savama, a. of a diflFerent cajte
•^RnS a-sakta, pp. unworldly; unattached,
a-samagra, a. incomplete; not full; a-savya, a. l e f t ; right: lc. on the - .
to (lc.): -m, ad. instantly.
not all; or -m, ad. not completely or quite. •^reTrPt, a-sasA:-at, pr. pt. (or -&t), not ceas-
a-samkara, m. no mixture of castes.
^tt+t^fl a-sama%a, -s, TO. N.; -sa, ing, not drying up: / . - a n t i (or -it-i).
^ ' f a l H a-sam-kshipta,pp. not compressed. a. not right, unsuitable: -m, ad. improperly. ^PSHJc^a-sasat, pr. pt. not slumbering.
a-samkhya, a. innumerable; e-ya, tSTCTR^ i-samad, f . concord. ^Rf^a-sah-a, a. unable to bear (ac., ; un-
fp. id.: -guna, a. of innumerable virtues. able to (inf., ; impatient; -ana, a. unable
^ r o i f T a-samana, a. scattered ; uneven.
•^TCTjp a-sanga (or &), a. not remaining at- tobear(-°); jealous: -t&,/. weakness; -at,pr.
^ R J V i a-samaya, TO. unseasonable time. pt. ( / . -anti), not bearing ; -a-m&na, pr.pt.
tached to, finding no resistance in (lc.). not tolerating. [less; -in, a. id.
a-samartha, a. incapable (of, inf.,
^TCPRT a-sam-gata, pp. unsuitable, incon- d., lc., -°); -tva, n. inability. I T O f T C a - s a h a y - a , a.companionless, help-
sistent ; -ghatta, m. no collision : -snkham,
ad. happily without clashing (with rivals). ^RR^rnST asama-v&na, m. Kama (odd-ar- •^rof^mi a-sah-ishwu, a. unable to bear
rowed, i. e. five-arrowed), (ac., lc., - ° ) : - t a , / . , -tva, n. intolerance; -ya,
1 f i j a-sa-^Sti, a.not of the same caste;
a-sam-avaita,pp. not inseparably
-</atya, a. lacking blood-relations. fp. intolerable; irresistible.
combined : pi. not all combined.
^PEPSPT a-sagf-grana, m. wicked or ill-dis- mjTf^iRfi a-sakshika, a. unwitnessed.
asama-s&yaka, m. Kama (odd-
posed person. [ting. arrowed, = five-arrowed). ^TOT^ a-sadd, a. unflagging.
FT a-sa^a-mftna, pr.pt. unhesita- ^TOT^^T a-sadrisya, n. dissimilarity.
^ r o T R T a-sam-asta, pp. not compounded.
a-sam-&etaya-mSna, pt. pt. a. unequal; not shared ^JRITKI®!? a-sadh-aka, a. not accomplishing;
not observing. [ed or arisen, by others; n. no corresponding condition ; unsatisfactory; -ana, n. no means; a.destitute
-grama, a. belonging to a different village. of resources; unfeasible : -tva, n. abst. N.
^ t i ^ I K i a-sam-gata, pp. not haying appear-
^HJIVT^UT a-sftdharana, a. ( i ) special;
^ t j f ) a-samgrwa, a. unconscious ; -tva, n. ^rcWTJT a-sam-apta, pp. not completed.
unique; - tipama, f . kind 0/simile.
unconsciousness.
IcjTlcR a-samavnttaka, ika, a. who
w ^ a-sadh\i, a. not good, evil; wrong;
^STCT^STT ^-sam^na,/. disunion, discord. has not returned home after completing his
bad towards (lc.); m. bad man; n. bad word;
^TOc^ £-sat, pr. pt. non-existent; untrue ; studie8. evil; -tva, n. badness, dishonesty; -darsin,
bad; -i, f . unchaste woman ; n. non-entity; ^rcnft^a-sam-ikshya,<7d.withoutreflect- a. seeing badly; injudicious; -vn'tta, pp. ill-
lie; evil; - k a l p a n a , / . false supposition; lie; ing: -karin, a. acting without reflexion. behaved.
- k r i t a , ^ .badly treated; offered ungraciously; a-sadhya, fp. unmanageable; un-
n. injury; -tva, n. non-existence: -va&ana, a. ^ r ^ m ^ T a - g a m - i r i t a , ^ . n o t r a i s e d ( M , i ^ ) ;
-udyama, m. lack of exertion; sluggishness; attainable, unfeasible; unconquerable; in-
expressing no entity: -t&,f.abst.N.; -putra,a.
-unnaddha, pp. modest; -riddha, pp. not curable ; unascertainable.
sonless; -pratigraha, m. acceptance of a gift
from an unworthy person; -pralapa.m. empty successful, incomplete ; -riddhi, f . failure;
W f ^ T a-samnidhya, n. absence.
talk ; -pxavritti, f . evil course of action. -eta, pp. not come, wanting, lacking,
a-sam-patti, f . failure ; -pa/Aya, • ^ r o T V T a-samanya, a. unfriendly, surly.
^ t f f f l a-saty4, a. untrue; n. falsehood, lie:
-vada, m. lie; -«ila, a. addicted to lies; -saw<- fp. not to be made a fellow-student; -p&da- t S R T T T ^ a-samanya, a. uncommon.
dlia, a. whose engagements are untrustwor- yat, es./V. pt. not effecting; -purwa, pp.
deficient; wanting in (ire.); - p r a p t a , p p . not ^ R n t W a-sfimi, a. complete: n. ad. -ly.
thy, treacherous. [the bad.
arrived; still wanting; unattained ; unful- TSrotlirT a-samprata, a. unsuitable, im-
asat-samparka, m. contact with filled. proper : -m, ad. -ly.
tSTO^TT a-sadma, a. unequal, dissimilar; ^ t l 6 ! ^ a-sam-baddha, pp. unjoined, unre- •^TOT^R a-sayaka, a. arrowless.
unseemly. lated; disconnected,incoherent,absurd; talk-
ing or chattering nonsense; -bandha, in. no "SireiX a-sfi.ra, m. n. unfitness; a. unfit,
^ R f j f ^ asad-graha, m. foolish whim; evilin- worthless, unprofitable; -t&, f . unfitness;
clination; -dharma, TO. evil practice; -bhava, connexion; a. unconnected; -badha, a. not
contracted ; unhindered; unfrequented. frailty; -rupa-t&./.worthlessness; emptiness.
m. non-existence, absence ; -vritta, pp. not
nicely rounded ; not well-behaved, [blood. a-sahasa, n. absence of precipita-
^(ti+iq a-sam-bhava, TO. destruction; ab-
tion or temerity ; i-ka, a. (i) not acting pre-
•^tfl^as-dn, n. (usedin in., ab., g.s.for asrig) sence, lack; impossibility, inadmissibility,
absurdity; a. not being born again; having as-i, m. sword. [cipitately.
"^RTT^s-ana, n. shot; throw; missile. no material body; not occurring, impossible,
absurd; -bhavyam,ad.irretrievably; -bhav- tSTRJ^T^TT a-simhasana, a. throneless.
^TCRT*Ta-sa-nama, a. not having the same
name. a n a , f . incredulity; disrespect; -bhavayat, ^(tl a-sikta, pp. unwatered.
pr. pt. thinking impossible ; -bhavita, pp.
a-sam-tapa, a. feeling no grief ; uncompleted; inconceivable; unworthy of v f w t Asikni,/. (of itsita) night.
^rflm a-sita. W f f i T a-svaga-ta. 35
1. a-sita, pp. unrestrained. asrik-panka-pesham, abs.w. and n. (gr.); -sambbogin, a. lying with no
Vpish, pound to a bloody pulp ; -pata, m. woman. [arms.
2. as-ita, a. (a or-ikni) dark-coloured,
track of blood; flow of blood. " ^ t f T l s p H ^ astraupanishad, / . skill in
black; m. N.: -paksba, m. dark half of a
month; -pitaka, a. (ika)dark yellow; -a?- •^PfJETT^T aerig-dhara, / . stream of blood. •^I^J^asth^n, n.(used as weakest base of & s-
man, m. sapphire; ^ikshana, a. black-eyed; thi) bone; kernel: - v a t , a. having bones; x.
- utpala, n. blue lotus. [inconclusiveness. •^f^^pSf asrin-maya, a. (1) consisting of
animal with bones.
l ^ i r a - s i d d h a . p p . n o t established: -tva,n. is-rig, n. blood, gore. [blood, W T T a-sthana, n. wrong place (for, g.);
a-senyd, a. not hitting or wounding. or Ic. out of place; at the wrong time;
^ f a f ^ d-sid dhi,/. non-attainment, failure;
a-sevaka, m. no servant, indifferent ^TCUT^ a-sthasnu, o. impatient, [wrongly.
^(R|Vt<asi-dhara, m.N. [inconclusiveness.
servant.
^rf^T ^sthi, n. bone ; kernel: -ka, n. bone;
^ f a ^ l M asi-dhara,/.sword-blade: -vra-
^TttTT a-sev-a, / . non-addiction; -ita, pp. -^urwa, n. bone powder.
ta, n. vow of lying with a sword between one-
not frequented: ^j.svara- dvara, a. not wait- a-sthita, pp. not existing.
selfand a woman = excessively difficult under-
ing at grandees' doors.
taking; -dhenu, -ka, / . knife. W f W f W a-sthiti, / . disorder.
a-sinv&, a. insatiable. a-soe?Aa, pp. (-/sah) unconquerable.
^ f ^ ^ n i ^ ^ asthi-danta-maya, a. made of
^ ft! Mr^asi-pattra.n.sword-blade; m. a tree; • ^ r o t f a-soma, a. lacking Soma juice. bone and ivory; - m a t , a. furnished with bones;
-vana, n. a certain hell; - p u t r i k a , / knife. ^TCh" a-s-au, prn. m.f, of ad-£s, that; he, -maya, a. (i) consisting of or full of bones.
^PJ £s-u, m. breath, life, vitality ; spirit- she; so and so, M. or K . ; as such (emphatic); ^rf^gTT! £-sthira, a. not firm, unsteady.
with eva, the same. [such a name.
world; vital spirits (pi. C.). ^iRnSjMasthi-sesha,
a-sukha, n. pain, sorrow; a. un- ^ asau-naman, a. having such & a. of which only bones
pleasant; painful; unhappy; not easy to (i nf.); a-saubhagya, n. unpopularity. are left; -ta, / . abst. N. ; -stbu»a, a. having a
-^ivika, a. leading a joyless life; ^avishifa, framework of bones.
*^«!|4-sthtila,a. not coarse,slender; subtle.
pp. afflicted with grief. ^ t T l d u l a-sauvarna, a. not golden.
^^cftfl &-skanna, pp. not sprinkled; unim- i g a-snatn, a. not fond of bathing, dis-
^ R j f ^ a - s u k h - i n , a. sad, unhappy. liking water. [of contact,
pregnated, immaculate.
•5|*jfl^a-su-tara,a.difficult to cross. [tiable. a-skhalita, pp. not stumbling; -sparsana, n. absence or avoidance
a.life-taking; (a-su-)insa- uninterrupted, unhindered; n. not coming to W I a-spash^a, pp. indistinct, not clear:
a standstill; -£akra, a. w. unimpeded chariot; - upadbi, a. whose conditioning associate is
^ ^ ^ fa 5su-niti/. spirit-life, spirit-world. -pada, a. where the foot does not stumble;
not clear: -ta, / . abst. N.
safe ; -pray&wa, a. with unfaltering march.
a-sundara, a. uncomely, ugly. a-spris-at, pr. pt. not touching.
a-subodha, a. hard to learn. w £s-ta, n. home, abode ; setting; my-
thical western mountain behind which sun and ^ t y x ^ a - s p m y a , / p . not to be touched.
tH^j^ dsu-ra, a. living, spiritual, divine; moon set: -m, ad. home, with verbs of going = ^ f ^ S a - sprish/a, pp. untouched ; unat-
m. spirit, Lord God; evil spirit,demon, Asura: set (stars, sun, moon); go to rest; die. tained,lacking: - p u r u s b a a n t a r a , a.apply-
-tv&,w.spirituality,divinity; state of anAsura. ip^r^Jc^astam-yat, pr.pt. setting. ing to no other person.
a-su-raksha, a. difficult to guard. ^njJ^T a-sprihS,/. no desire.
^ I W f ' F f X asta-giri, m. sunset-mountain.
asura-druh,m.foe of Asuras, god; astam-gata, pp. set; -gamita, pp. W 1 • a-sm£, prn. stem of i prs. pi.

-brahma, m. priest of the Asuras. caused to set, destroyed. ^T^T 2. ^-sma (or &), prn. stem of 3 prs. sg.
-^l^^fiT a-surabhi, a. ill-smelling. a-stabdha, pp. agile, active; unpre- tR^JT 3. a-sma, a. unconnected with the par-
asura-rakshas^, n. pi. Asuras tentious : - t v a , n. unpretentiousness. ticle sma (gr.).
& Rakshasas; -ban, a.(-gbni) Asura-killing; astam-aya, m. sunset; disappear- ^f^t^FWhT asmat-kftlina, a. belonging to
- adhipa, m. king of the Asuras; ^ari, m. ance; -ita, pp. having set,,gone to rest, died:
Ic. (sc. surye) after sunset. [tentious. our family; -samipa-tas, ad. near us.
foe of the Asuras (Vishnu).
^ I ^ I t R C asmat-tas ( = a 5 . asmat), from us.
asurya, a. spiritual, divine, demoniac; ^T^nW a-stambha, a. lacking posts; unpre-
n. spirituality, divinity; world of spirits or ^RsTOWT asta-samaya, m. time of sunset. m c w t asma-tra, ad. among or with us.
gods. [ - t v a , n. abst. N. ^SJ^T^BT asmad-arthe, Ic. ad. for my sake.
£s-ta, / . missile; arrow., [mountain.
^ p j r a-sulabha, a.hard to obtain; rare: ^ P H ^ t T asmad-iya, poss. prn. our.
^T^TT^T astaaZ&ala, m., ^adri, m. sunset-
^*jp*|£-sushvi, a. not Soma-pressing, nig- ^tUSM^asma-driaA;, a.turnedto u s : - d r i j k ,
W S T T f a ' f l I a s t a a b h i l a s h i n , a. verging
• ^ ^ a s u - s d , m. arrow. [gardly. ad. towards us. [like us.
towards sunset.
asmad-vat, ad. like us ; -vidha,«.
^ p H a-sustha, a. unwell: -sarira, a. ill. •^f^rf. d-stuta, pp. unpraised ; unrecited.
asma-yti, a. attached to us.
T j f ^ U T T ^ ^ asu-sthirajidara, a. always •^ijjctj a-stu-tya, fp. unpraiseworthy.
anxious about his life. [less. W T ^ I i asmajika, poss. prn. our.
^ j f a f astu-vid, a. aware that something
a-suhrid, m. no friend; a. friend- asma-drisa, a. like us.
must be done.
^ <11 asuhrtd-gama,m.partyof stran gers. a-smriti,/. forgetting,
£s-tri, m. slinger, bowman. ' [able.
^ • q W x j (A a-sfifci-sawi&ara, a. impene- asme, V. d., Ic. of asmd, we.
^t^tT d-strita, pp.unconquered,unconquer-
trable even to a needle, ^ f f f W asme-hiti,/. mission to us.
"^tjfil a-sfiti,/. not arising, non-appearance. -steya, n. not stealing.
^ r ^ c f l + n ^ 'asya-vSm' -iya, n., R V . I, 164.
^ T as-trd, n. (m.) missile, arrow; b o w ;
1. asftya,cfera. grumble, be angry at (ac., - k s b a t i - m a t , a. wounded by missiles; - g r a - ^SI^as-ra, w.tear; blood; -pa,m.RSkshasa.
d.); cs. asuyaya, P. irritate. ma, m. collection of missiles; -gna,, a. skilled f ^ ^a-sridh, H f ^ *4 H ^-sridhfina,®. un-
2. asftya, a. grumbling, angry: 4, / . in arms or in launching missiles; -vid, a. id.;
grumbling, displeasure, anger, grudge: -ka, -vrishti, f . shower of arrows; - a g a r a , n. ^I%IT^a-srem^n, a. untiring. [failing.
armoury. Tf ^ a s r a u t t a r a m , arf.bathed in tears.
a. grumbling, angry, grudging.
aetr-in, m. bowman, archer. a-sva,a.lacking goods; -tva,n.poverty.
a-sflrya, a. sunless: -ga, a. not mov-
ing toward;! the sun. a-stri,/. no woman; no feminine=m. I a-svag^-tl,/. homelessness.
F2
36 Til^fM a-sva-tantra. i-kula.

a-sva-tantra, a. not one's own i-hata, pp. not beaten; unwashed, ^ f ^ ' W ahi-gandha, m. similarity with ser-
master, dependent: - t a , / . dependence. new (garment). pents ; -fc/fcftattra, m. N. of a country and its
capital.
•^n^f^TTT a-svad-ita, pp. unpalatable. ^han, n. day: a b a n i a b a n i , day by
day; ubb6 ahani, day and night; ababbis, d-hita, pp. unsuitable; hurtful, evil,
a-sva-dharma, n. neglect of duty. bad; hostile; m. enemy; &,/. Jcind of vein; n.
every day.
^ ^ S ^ ^ - s v a p n a ^ , a. slumberless. [oneself. damage, harm, evil. [Sesha.
"4If«rlT ahdn-ta,/. feeling of self. ^ifinifTr ahi-pati, m. lord of the serpents,
a-svayam-krita, pp. not done by
^ n f f T T t . aham-naman, a. called ' I.'
^f^f f\fT a-svarita, a. not having the svarita ^ r f ^ T ^ t V f W a-hima-didhiti, m. sun ;
accent: -tva, n. abst. N. [heaven. ahan-ya, a. daily. -mayukba, -rasmi, -voklu, m. id.; - amsn,
m. id. tpents.
^ ^ N f t ^ T a-svarga-yogya, a. unfit for •^np^. ah£m, prn. I : s o * h a m , I here ; I
being such; - a h a m i k a , / claim of precedence; ^ r f ^ T R &hi-m3ya, a. appearing like ser-
^{cfttf a-svargy£, a. not leading to heaven.
-uttara, n., (m)-purvikfi,,/., (m) -pratbami- ahi-Mtya, n. slaughter of Vn'tra.
a-svastba, a. unwell, indisposed: ka, / . id.
-/fcetana, a. troubled in mind; - t a , / . indis- 1. ah-ina, a. lasting several days; m.
^IJf<ahar (used as the middlebase o/dhan),ra.
position ; -aarira, a. unwell. sacrifice of several days' duration.
day: -abar, ad. day by day, daily; -agama,
W T c F r ^ I a-sv&tantrya, ra. dependence. TO. day-break; -adi, m. id.; -diva, a. daily: ^ n f f a 2. a-hina, pp. not deprived of, prac-
a-svaadhina, a. not one's own - m , ad.; -ni-sa, n. day & night: -m, ad.; -pa- tising (in.) : -karman, a. following no low
master, dependent. ti, TO. lord of day ; sun. occupation ; not neglecting rites.
W T f i T S f i a-sv&mi-ka, a. ownerless; -vi- ^ff^TT^halya,/. N. of Gautama's or S arad- "^TFrT a-huta, pp. not sacrificed or offered;
kraya, m. sale without ownership, vat's wife. TO. muttered prayer.
a-sveda, a. sweatless. ^^I^RahaA-sesha.m. remainder oftheday. £-hnnana, a. not angry, friendly.
A H , only in pf. &'ba, speak, say (ac.) ^ I g t l , ahas = ahar: -kara, m. sun. ^I^d a-hnta, pp. not carried away by (in.).
N to (ac., d.); designate, call, declare ;
a-hast&, a. handless. ^f^rjeil a-hetu-ka, a. unfounded.
pronounce to be (2 ac.); adjudge (ac.) to (gr.).
adhi, speak for (d.). anu, repeat, recite, ablii, ^ ^ ^ ahaha, ij. of joy or sorrow, aha! ^ST^TT a-hela,/. no joke, good earnest.
answer; communicate (ac.) to (d.). pra, pro-
•sil^mqc^ a-h&-payat, cs. pr. pt. showing •^^rjcna-haituka,a.(i)causeless,unfounded.
nounce, declare, say; call (2 ac.). prati, say
to, answer (ac.). vi, argue. no lack of (ac.) : - kalam, losing no time.
aho, ij. of joy, sorrow, surprise, anger,
^nfTT/STf^a-hSr-ayat, cs. pr.pt. not losing
1. a-ha, pel. certainly, of course, indeed; praise, blame, ah ! oh ! alas !
(inplay); - b a r y a , f p . not to be taken away;
just, that is to say; at least: often merely
incorruptible; m. mountain: - t v a , n. non- ^ T ^ t X T ^ aho-r&tra, m. n. day and night;
emphasizes the preceding word. liability to be taken away: ab. because it - atmaka, a. consisting of day and night.
^ ^ 2. £ha,ra.day: —0generally m. [ally. cannot be taken away.
ahna, m. = ahan, day: d. at once.
I (^•V.aham-vadin, a. talking egotistic- ah-i, m. serpent; dragon, Vra'tra.
•^Ugj ^ ah[arshu, m. swooping on the dragon.
aham-kSra, m. self-consciousness; a-hims-aka, a. doing no hurt, harm-
selfishness; self-conceit, pride; -karya, a. less; -at, pr. pt. (£-) harmless ; -a, / . (£-) a-hrasva, a. not short, long,
being the object of self-consciousness; -krita, harmlessness; abstention from injury to living d-hruta, pp. not bent, straight.
pp. self-conscious ; haughty ; -kriti, / . = things, gentleness ; non-violation ; -ra, a. v*
ahawt-kara; -^usb, a. thinkingof oneself only. doing no injury, harmless. K g m dhvala,/. steady gait, firmness.

m A.
a, ad. near (vbl.px.: reverses the meaning o n ^ n , a-kalpa-m, ad. to the end of the &-k£llik&-tiram, ad. up
of verbs of giving and going); besides, also ; to the bank of the Kalik&.
quite, entirely, just (emphatic); px. w. pt. <b world.
a. some what, a little; scarcely; -ish; px. form- Wefi^TWIX akalpa-sara, a. fond of dress. "'Hjcm^a-kas-d, to. n. clear space, sky; ether
ing ad. & a. up to, till; prp. up to (after ac., as the subtlest element: lc. behind the scenes
before ab.);except(before ac.); from (ab.); at, ^ ( o h ^ ^ l f i l ^ a-kalpa-st hay in, a. lasting (of what is said to orby some one offthe stage):
on, in, near (after lc.)i from, up to. to the end of the world ; -jtntam, ad. to the - g a , a. moving in the air; m. bird; -gangfi.,
end of the world. f. the aerial Ganges; -gata,_pp. coming from
^JT 2. k, ij. esp. of sudden recollection, ah! ph! •Wefi^i Skalya, ra. illness; love-sickness. the air (voice); -Aarin, a. moving in the air;
to. bird; -de.sa, m. region of the air; -patha,
^ f l f a i W ^ a-karaf Aam, ad. up to the neck. ,*Uenf<3JeHakasmika, a. (1) unforeseen, sud- m. path in the air ; -patbika, m. wanderer
den, accidental. in the sky, ep. of the sun; -bh&sbita, n. fic-
^ e n f " - ^ a-kapila, a. brownish. titious conversation of a person on the stage
| 8-kSnksh-ct, / . desire, wish; ne- with anabsent one; -y&na, n. passage through
•^Mm+M S-kamp-a, m. trembling; -ana, TO.
cessity of complementing the sense; - i n , a. the air; -vartman, n. path in the air; -say-
N. of a Daitya; -ra, a. trembling. wishing, expecting. ana, n. sleeping in the open air; -sawA'arin,
"?H«H^t-kar-a,ra. scatterer,bestower; abun- to. bird; -J.AU, a. ruling the air only ( = quite
^irarrc; I- &-kara, m. make, shape, figure,
dance, plenty; mine; origin: -gvu, a. mineral; helpless).
appearance; expression, outward sign of emo-
- i n , a. arising from mines, mineral.
fefl-q akim&an-ya, w. destitution, pover-
\ 2. S-kSra, TO. the letter S. [tion.
a-karna, or -m, ad. up to the &kim, prp.from (ab.). [ty.
ear : -na, n. hearing, listening. "SIT^fiTXW a-karawa, n. calling up; i - y a , f p .
to be called up. S-kirna, pp. (i/k ri) scattered; cover-
^ m m a-karnaya, den. P . listen, hear:
pp. ita, heard, overheard, sam, id. °n I ^qr^Skara-vat, a.embodied; shapely. ed, full: lc. in a frequented place,
ep^ §,-kunfena,?i.bending, contraction.
a-karsh-a, TO. attraction ; -ana, a. (i) W ^ R T f k f t a-kar-ita, pp. having the form of
attracting; n. pulling; attraction; - i k a , / . N . ^ ( c p f d H S-ku/ila, a. somewhat bent, some-
of a city ; -in, a. dragging along. FI-kfil-a,TO.: lc. at the exact time of what curly. [wards (°-).
a-kalana, n. tying up, fastening, (g.); -ika, a. (& or 1) lasting till the same 1 <, S-kumSra, ad. from boyhood up-
time on the following dag; (i) not arriving
a-kalpa, m. ornament, finery. at the right or usual time. J^fa-kula, a. confused, perplexed; filled
<4(|<|H4| a-kulaya. a^igarti. 37
or overwhelmed (with,- 0 ); -gr&ma-fcaitya, a. ing, proclaiming; - p a n a , i n v i t a t i o n to relate; •^rrf^XT^ angirasd, a. (i) relating to the
the sacred trees of whose villages are alive with - y i k k , f short tale; -yin, a. relating, report- Angiras; m. pat. descendant of Angirae.
(»'«.); -t&, / . , -tva, n. confusion; abundance. ing ( - ). [ - admitted.
angfishd, TO. n. song of praise.
" 4 1 1 a - k u l a y a , den. P. confuse; fill: pp. ^-khyeya,^). to be told, - related,
ita,disordered,disturbed,perplexed,by (in., a in adverbs like dakshin-S &c. (gr.).
a-gane?a, ad. up to the cheeks (°-).
akuli-kn, confuse, dim; fill: pp. ^ n r f Sita, TO. N. of a man.
^ M l d a-gata, (pp.)m. guest; n. event.
bewildered, disturbed with (in.); -bbu, be or •3(1 a-feandia-tarakam, ad. ex-
become confused; -yam&na, pr. pt. ps. be- ^JPlf^I a-gati, / . arrival, return (-tva, n.
cept moon and stars.
wildered, annoyed. abst. N.); origin; coming up to, joining.
S-feam ana, n. sipping water; rin si n g
ft-kfita, n. intention, wish. a-gan-tavya, fp. that must come;
the mouth; water for rinsing the mouth (also
-tn, a. I. arriving: m. new comer, stranger,
i$n^rf7T 8-kn'ti, / . component part; form, i,f.); i-ya, n. water for rinsing the mouth.
guest; 2. adventitious: -ka, id.; a. stray
appearance; -mat, a. having a form, embodied. (cattle); having crept in (unauthorised read- ^IHTTWa-Mr-awa, n.arrival; performance;
ing); -tri, a. about to come. conduct; -aniya, fp. to be done or per-
W S F ^ f T . &-krish<a-vat, pp. act. drawn.
formed ; -ita, (pp.) n. arrival; usage ; con-
4||®fgS-kn'sh«i,/. attraction; drawing (a S-gama, a. coming up ; m. arrival, duct; -itavya, fp. to be done; n. one should
occurrence; origin; course (of streams); af- act according to usage, [scum of boiled rice.
hotwiring); magic attraction, attractive spell,
fluence, revenue, property; acquisition; learn-
ake, ad. (Ic.) near. ing, knowledge; science; precept, tradition; |«i l - M m a , TO.sipping water; water or
S-kekara, a. squinting slightly. manual, code; augment (gr.); -na, n.coming,
arrival; origin; sexual intercourse ; -vat, a. tSJP^TT to. behaviour; good con-
e
fT) M fi-kopa, TO. touch of anger; -vat, having sexual intercourse; -sruti, / . tradi- duct ; usage, custom, observance, rule :
a. somewhat angry at (Ic.). [skill. tion; ^apayin, a. coming and going. customary: -maya, a. ceremonious, devoted
toetiquette; -1&gii, m.f.pl. customary parched
fikausala, n. inexperience, lack of W r f ^ a g a m - i n , a • taking an augment. grain; -vat, a.well-behaved, virtuous; -vya-
sfi S-krand-a,TO.cry, wail, lamentation; ^Mtt^g-as, n. offence, crime, fault, sin. peta,pp.divergingfrom usage; •^apeta,a.w/.;
natural ally of a belligerent king (neighbour s - b i n a , pp. neglectful of the rules of conduct.
neighbour); -ana, n. lamentation; - a n i y a , f p . W T C S r agastya, a. referring to Agasti; m. ^ C q 1 4 a-A;arya [ fp. to be gone to], m.
to be called on for help ; -ita, (pp.) n. cry; descendant of Agasti.
teacher, esp. a Brahman; N. of Dro«a
-in, a. calling upon piteously (-°). ^(I'JTfii^S-gSmin, a. coming; future. (teacher of the Pdndavas); son of an outcast
Vaisya ; -ka, n. teachership ; -ta, f , -tva,
*3HSf|44 S-kram-a, TO. stepping up; attack; W T T ^ p f i S-gamuka, a. wont to come to (ac.).
n. calling of a teacher; - v a t , a. having a
-ana, a. striding up; n. id.; attack; exten- teacher; &-ni,f. wife of a teacher; -adhi-
sion (towards, Ic.). ^ agara,n. apartm ent, dw elling, house.
na, a. dependent on one's teacher: -tva, n.
W^JT ritual response. [wood. abst. N.
T t t W t t S-kranta, pp. (\/kram) beset, over-
spread; in the power of, dominated by, per- agurava, a. (i) produced by aloe- ^ i f a * ^ ItJa-Zci-khyfi-su, des. a. wishing to
vaded with express ; -sajipama, f . kind of simile.
sq«4jiq Sgnft-vaishnav^, a. belonging
411 I f r l S-kr&nti,/. treading, ascending; to Agni-Vishnu. • ^ u f a f ! a-7vita, pp. heaped u p ; filled, laden,
rising.
•^U pM^fignika, a.(i) relating to fire-service. studded, with (in., or-0).
S.-krirfa, m.n. play-ground, grove, ^ i x j ' ^ T a i a i s v a r a , m. N.of a temple built
garden ; -glri, -parvata, TO. pleasure-hill. "Wf^TTT^T agni-marut£, n. litany to Agni
by Aka. [clad.
and the Maruts.
S-kros-a, m. reviling ; abuse, af-
^ I M l W agnijdhra,m. fire-kindler (priest); ^ r i a-7iZcAanna, pp. (\/iAad) covered,
front: -ka, a. reviling, abusing; -ita, cs.pp.
cursed, reviled; -in, a. abusing. n. fire-altar: i-ya, m. fire on the fire-altar. W ^ J ^ S-fcAASd-a,TO.garment, clothing:
aksh-and, pf. pt. of -/aksh. agneya, a. (i)relating to fire or A g n i ; -ka, a.covering, concealing: -tva, n. abst. A*.;
n. the lunar mansion Krittika. -na, n. covering, concealing; clothing: -vas-
WfsrfH^KT S-kshiptikfi, f . song sung by a tra, n. lower garment; -in, (-°) a. covering,
person approaching the stage. " W T T T a-grath-ana, n. putting on (girdle). concealing.
a-kshepa, TO.turning up (soil); quiv- agrayand, m. offering of new grain k-kkhnrits., pp. scratched.
ering, convulsion; putting on (salve); throw- (a Soma libation); n. offering of first-fruits at
the end of the rainy season; i , f . (sc. -isbti) SaA:-ya, gd. having bent.
ing off; abandonment; enrapturing (g. or -°);
reference to (- 0 ); hint; challenge; abuse, af- sacrifice of first-fruits; (a)-ka, n. id. a.). a^a, a. relating to goats; n. N. of a
front ; -na, a. (i) ravishing, charming; -rupaka, W ^ T f a-graha, m. pertinacity; favour. lunar mansion. [ing like a boa.
n. kind of simile ; -valana, n. swaying (of the
arms); -sutra, n. thread for stringingpearfo; W^TWT^TWt agrahayarai,/. day of full-moon ^ T W T T a<jragara, a. (i) relating to or behav-
-jipam&, / . kind of simile. in the month Marga-sirsha; kind of paka- ^JTW^T a-^anma, ad. from birth.
ya^iia.
a-ksheptri, m. rejecter.' ^I^H^+^a-j/aras&m, ad. to old age.
W ^ p T T a-gha^ana, f . blow, impact.
'SNI^Ui a-kshepya, fp. to be challenged. a-jrargarita, pp. somewhat
W^n^^S-ghar-ghar-am, ad. growling. bruised or tattered.
a-khandala, m. breaker, de-
stroyer, ep. of Indra: -kakubh,/. east; - i a p a , a-gharsha, m. friction. ^TWnTiT^W ar/atasatrav^, a. relating to
m.n. rainbow; -s^nn, m.son of Indra = Ar^una. A^ata«atru ;TO.descendant of A^atasatru.
• W V U Zft-gha^,TO.,i , f . cymbal, rattle.
«^a-kh-ti,m-mole; mouse [burrower: a-}- W W r f T T a-^ati,/. birth. [the knees.
(r|S-ghata,m.stroke,blow; gust; kill-
V k h a ] ; - v a - g r a m a , m. N. of a village. ing ; place of execution ; slaughter-house. "'Ml ^ I fio| w t s S9 i anu-lambin, a. reaching to
^ I % Z f i k h e / a , m . c h a s e : -Ts.&,m.id.; hunter; -^H a-ghrini, a.glowing; radiant, [tion. agianeya, a. (i) of noble race; to.
-bbumi, f . hunting ground; ^a^avi, /. game well-bred horse.
forest. W ^ f a W T a-ghoshana,/. public proclama-
m-f • race, contest,fight: -bbumi,
•^(•aH i S-khy&j/.name: in.byname; period: ^ T g n w a-ghrana, n. smelling : -tas, ad. by
a. named (-°); -ta, (pp.) n. finite verb; -tavya, f . battle-field; -mukba, n. vanguard.
smelling.
fp. to be told or related; - t i , f . tale, report; ^ i f ^ l f ^ l ' d S-^ihmha, pp. somewhat turned
appellation; -tri,m. teller,relater; teacher; W^ a-ii — i. a (gr.), [cess of Anga.
aside: -lofcanam, ad. with somewhat averted
-na, n. narration; story, tale; legend: -ka, n. W l f Snga, m. prince of A n g a ; -i, / . prin- glance. [A^flgarta.
short tale: i , f . a metre, -pa/llama,a. having
the Puranas as the fifth; -paka, a. announc- W f T f ^ S angarika, TO. charcoal burner. Htf^fa %igarti, m. pat. descendant of
38 a-dara.

^ I ^ l q S^iv-a, to. livelihood; -ana, n. id.', ^||(r|8£( Stithy^, a.; n. id.; reception of the self; - y o n i ,to.ep. o/Kama AV ishnu; -raksh-
Soma (ritual): -vat, a. speaking of hospital- ana, n. self-protection; -l&bha, m. one's own
-an-ika, a. seeking a livelihood.
ity; containing the word ' guest;' -satkara, advantage ; attainment of life, birth ; -vat,
-911 ^Tl S-jivam, ad. for life. TO. good offices of hospitality. ad. like oneself; a. animate; self-controlled;
sensible; personal: w. grata, n. = knowledge
^ f V f e R T R W ; &-<yiv-itaantam, ad. for life; W t W ^ f t T a-tiras-£-ina, a. somewhat ob- of men: - t a , / . self-control; -vadba, to., -va-
-ya, fp. fit for or affording a livelihood. d h y a , / . suicide; -varga, to. one's own party;
fn atiraikya, n. redundancy, [lique. -vasa,«. depending on oneself; -vasya, a. that
W S T f H S-grSapti,/. order, command. one has in one's power; -vikraya, to. selling
4J|fdU|f^eh atisayika, a. superabundant. one's freedom; -vit-t&, / . self-knowledge ;
I &-gn&,f. id.: -kara, to. (i) servant:
-tva, n. office of a servant; -dana, n. giving "^n^T a-tura, a. diseased, ill, weak; ailing; -vid, a. knowing the universal soul; -vidya,
/.knowledge of the universal soul; -vidhits&,
an order; -na, n. apprehending, understand- afflicted with, tortured by; w. inf. morbidly / . selfishness; -vivriddhi, / . self-aggrandise-
ing; -parigraha, m. reception of an order. desirous of. ment; -vrittanta, to. n. account of oneself;
^ I H I T O S-^napya,/p. at the service of (g.). ^inft^a-tod-ya, (fp.) n ,m usical instrument. - v n t t i , /. one's own condition.
•5JJI "SJ %nS-bhanga,TO.breach of a com- S-tta, pp. (\/da) taken; sts. a.
grasped, obtained; taken away, -less; felt = W W W a t m a - s a T O s a , / . self-praise; -sakti,
mand: -kara, -k&rin, a. neglecting an order; / . one's own power: in. according to one's
-vidhayin, a. doing one's behest, obedient. grasping, feeling; -gandha, a. whose pride
has been taken away ; -garva, a. humbled ; power; -somita,«. one's own blood; -sl&gha,
ag-ya, n. clarified liquid butter ( f o r -da«da, a. grasping one's staff; -rati, a. feel- -slaghin,a.boastful; -samyoga,m.personal
sacrificing or anointing) ; kind of sastra ; ing delight, in (lc.); -vibhava, a. having at- interest in anything; -samstba, a. attached
-dbanvan, a. having clarified butter for a tained to wealth; -virya, a. deprived of to one's person ; directed to oneself.
bow; -pa, a. drinking clarified butter; to. pi. strength; -sastra, a. grasping his weapon ; "5SUCH<iCt 1*1 atma-samtfina, TO. son; -sarn-
Manes oftheVaisyas; -aesha, to. rest of the -sara, a. robbed of treasure; -sva, a. deprived deha,TO.personal risk ; -sama, a. like one-
clarified butter; -havis,a.havinganofferiiigof of one's possessions : -ta,,/. abst. A*. self : -tk,f.abst. A1.; -samarpa/ta, n. giving
clarified butter; -homa,to.sacrifice of clarified
at-tha, 2 sg.pf. of Vah. oneself up to (a deity); -sambhava, TO. son;
butter; ^ a h u t i , / offering of clarified butter.
Kama: a , / , daughter; -sawibh&van&,/. self-
atma, - ° = & t m a n ; -ka, a. (ika) having conceit ; -sat-kri, place on oneself; make
ANKH, I. P . knkha, pull, tug, the nature of, consisting of or in (-°): - t v a , n. one's own ; -stava, to. self-praise ; praise of
stretch. abst. N. ; -karman, n. one's own act; -kama, the Atman; - h a t y a , / . suicide; -ban, a. kill-
a. selfish ; -kiya, a. own ; -krita, pp. self- ing the soul; m. suicide; -hita, n. one's own
"^nWT an^-ana, n. ointment, eye-salve; inflicted, committed or done by oneself; - g a t a ,
-gandbi, a. smelling of ointment, [numat. welfare.
a. being in or relating to self: -m, ad. to one-
Snyaneya, TO. son of An^anS, Ha- self (drama); -gati,/. own way or resources: ^ r a r r f ^ Stma adish/a, pp. self-dictated;
in. by oneself; -guna, n. virtue of the soul; -adbika, a. dearer than oneself; ^adfclna, a.
"^Idfaqia^avika, a.relating to a forest; con- -ghataka, - g b a t i n , m. suicide; -ghosha, to. dependent on oneself; ^anapeksha, a. disin-
sisting of foresters; m. forest-dweller; wood- crow; -go,,a.self-begotten; to.son,a,/.daugh- terested; Muragamana, n. personal attend-
Sfopa,TO.inflation; pride, [man. ter : -ta, / . state of a son; -janman, n. birth ance; -aparadha, m. one'sown transgression;
of oneself = birth of a son ; son; -gaya, m. ^apahara, to. dissimulation; ^apaharaka,
fitfcimbara, to. drum ; din; ver- (his) own victory; -giia, a. knowing oneself; -harin,a.making away with oneself, denying
bosity ; trumpeting (of an elephant); knowing the universal soul; -gnkaa,, n. self- oneself,dissim ulating; - ablxim^ni-t&,/. high
acme, height, crown : -vat, a. noisy. knowledge ; knowledge of the universal soul; opinion of oneself; ^amisha, m. alliance
-tattva, n. own nature; true nature of the (peace) bought by sacrifice of one's army ;
' s SH s s)Pl*l v &divin, to. N. of a crow. universal soul; -tantra, a. independent; -ta, - a r t h a : - m or lc. for oneself: lc. pi. in one's
ad/iaka, m.n. (~°f. i) a dry measure / . essentiality, nature; -tripta,jop.self-suffic- own interest.
( = 4 prasthas). ing ; -tyaga, to. suicide; -tyagin, to. suicide;
-tva, n. essentiality, nature; -darsa.TO. mirror: "'HI CHl » a t m i - k n , t a k e possession of; -bhava,
-341&dhy&, a. wealthy; abounding in (in.or -na, n. seeing oneself in (-°); -dana, ». self- to. absorption in the universal soul; -ya, a.
- ° ) : -ta,/. wealth. sacrifice; -drobin, a. self-tormeu ting, fretful; one's own: -^atya, a. of one's own race, one's
^ | uj «nsiraaka, a.=awaka, minute ,tiny, subtle. -dvesha, TO. self-hatred. equal, -desa,TO.home.
m f t w i atmfu'HM,/. longing for the uni-
W f a m• pin the axle. •^jnJPT. citm£n, TO. breath ; soul; life, self
versal soul; - j s v a r a , to. master of oneself.
ra (sg. = rfl.prn.); essence, nature; peculiarity;
&nd£-ga, a. egg-born. [P y. body; intellect, understanding; universal soul. | C^l"^ at m autkar sha, to. self-elevation;
•^Jf^ i . 8t, ad. (ab.)then; also, and; w. intr. boasting ; -jidaya, to. self-advantage, rise ;
-4||dHI<jd\'M fitmana-tritiya, a. with two
-udbhava,TO.son ; ^upa^ivin, a. support-
2. a-t, the vowel a. [anxiety, fear, others; -dvitiya, a. with one other. ing oneself by personal labour.
a-tanka, m. ailment; uneasiness, 4Udj|*T«fiT atman-ika, / . woman's N.
-4||df)M^j Stmaaupamya, n. self-compari-
O HI fa ^Ei-tatS-y-in, a.having one's bow ^ r f ^ T atma-ninda, f . self-reproach. son, analogy to oneself.
strung; m. armed aggressor, assassin; danger- atmane-pad-a, a.the middle ter- ^llcMf^dcfi atyantika, a. (i) lasting to the
ous character, felon. minations (gr.); - i n , a. having the middle ter- end ; unalterable ; absolute. [urgent.
^ i d M S - t a p a , a.causingpain; m.(solar)heat, minations.
sunshine : -tra, n. umbrella; -vat, a. irradi- "411 rfl Rjcfi Styayik£, a. admitting of no delay,
ated by the sun; -vara»a, n. umbrella ; ^a- 4(|dJ««Jcl^tman-v^t, f ^ ^ - v i ' n , a . animate.
0
atrey£,TO.descendant of A t r i ; i , f .
tyaya,TO.end of the heat, cool of the evening. MWatma-paksha, to. one's own party; id.; woman who has bathedafter menstruation.
TJlinmqatapaya, den. P. become solar heat. -parityaga, to. self-sacrifice; -pngk, f . self- S-tva, n. occurrence of 3, (gr.).
praise ; -pratyartbi-nama-vat, a. hvg. one's
l-tapovanam, ad. up to the own name and that of the defendant; -pra- •^n^NNl Stharvaw^, a. (i) belonging to A -
hermits' wood. bba, a. self-luminous; bright with himself; tharvan or the Atharvans; to. descendant of
-prasaTOsa,/. self-praise; -bodba, a. know- Atharvan or the Atharvans; Br&hman con-
W f T T a-tara,TO.crossing a riverj fare.
ing the universal soul; -bhaya, n. fear for one's versant with the A V . ; conjuror; the A V . ;
• ^ ( d l a - t a , / . (in. joZ.+atais), frame, edge. life; -bhava, m. his own presence ; a. self- i-ka, TO. follower of the A V .
caused ; to. Kama; -bhava, m. personality ;
^HfllfM^V^-tSp-in, to. N. of a Daily a. S-daghn^, a. reaching to the mouth.
-bhu,m. self-existing,e^.(/Brahman ;-bhuta,
^TfTPST S-tamra,a.reddish: -ta,/.redness. pp. being the self of = devoted to; -maya, a. W ^ a - d - a m , ^ W ^ a - d - a s
(i) proceeding from oneself; -maTOsa, n. one's impf. sg. of a + -y/da.
-^nfcl ati, f f j Stf,/. kind of aquatic bird. own flesh.
•^T^Ta-dara,to.regard,respect; considera-
• ^ i f c t d i t j a-tita?«-su, des. a. wishing to atmam-bhari, a. thinking only of tion,care,attention (lc., or -^artham): - m
stretch across (ac.). his livelihood, selfish: -tva, n. selfishness, self- kri, endeavour; in., ab. considerately, care-
Stitheya, a. (i) relating to guests, produced. fully, seriously; -niya, fp. to be regarded :
hospitable; n. hospitality. fW^tma-yhg\n, a.sacrificing one- - t a , / . abst. A*.; -vat, a. attentive to (lc.).
a-dartavya. ^T^ap.

a-dartavya, fp. = adarawiya. -4||<«|«nadijinta, n. sg., m. du. beginning and an-ana, n. [breather: \/an] mouth;
end; a. beginning and ending with: -vat, face. [sion ; no interval.
•SIT^ a-darsa, m. seeing; mirror; image; a. having a beginning and an end.
copy; -pustaka.n. copy,manuscript; -maya, anantarya, n. immediate succes-
a. being altogether mirror. adyaSdya, a. each preceding. ctnantya,a.endless; n.-ness, eternity.
S-nandd, m. (n.) joy, bliss ; sen-
&-d£hana, n. place of cremation. ^I^J^ITI adijadatta, a. having the acute on
sual pleasure: -ka, a. gladdening, delighting;
&-d&-trt, m. receiver, [class (gr.). the first syllable: -tva, n. accentuation on that
-thu, m. joy, delight; -na, a. delighting;
^STT^T a-dyuna, a. voracious. [syllable. -bashpa, m. tears of joy; -maya, a. (i) con-
H T ^ T ^ R ad&di-ka, a. belongingto the A d -
W ^ T ^ F ^ a-dvadas£m, ad. up to twelve. sisting of joy, blissful; -yitri, m. delighter;
Hf^T*Tfi-d^-na, n. grasping, taking; - a w a y ; -vardhana, m. N.of a poet.
receiving; seizure, appropriation; withdrawal; S-dhamana, n. pledge, mortgage.
^ya,gd. Iiaving taken = with; - y i n , a.inclined W ^ T ^ anandaasru, n. tears of j o y ;
" ^ T n f T ^ Mhamarnya, n. indebtedness. - utsava, m. joyous festival.
to receive gifts; appropriating.
a-dhav-aniya, m.vesselfor shak-
UT^TT a-dara, m. consideration, regard. anand-in, a. j o y f u l ; delighting,
ing and clarifying Soma.
i(jf^a-d-i,m. [taking inhand: a-|- s/ da] be- a-dhatri, m. lighter of sacred fire; a-namra, a. bent, bowed.
ginning: Ic. in the - , at first; beg. with = giver, bestower; teacher. a-nay-ana, n. bringing near or
and the rest, etc. (often -ka); - k a r t n , m. back; procuring; producing; -itavya,^). to
original creator; -kemva, m. ep. of Vishnu; ^T^i a-dhana, n. laying or placing on; be brought near.
-tas, ad. from or in the beg., at first; from - kindling of the sacred fires; impregnation;
onwards: - t k , f . being the beginning, origin. ceremony preceding impregnation; produc- a-narta, m. pl. N. of a people.
tion ; pledging; employment: -hetu, a. oc-
M\ aditeyd, m. son of Aditi. anarthak-ya, n. uselessness.
casioning the creation of (-°).
^ i f ^ H I. aditya, «. belonging to or des- ^il^l^citfi-dh&y-aka, a. bestowing, effect- -sHI*!^ an-as-d, -us, -6, &c., pf. of Vi - as.
cended from Aditi; m. son of Aditi; sun: pi. ing, causing (-); -in, a. id.: -i-ta, / . abst. x. l°l> a-naka, ad. up to heaven (°-).
a class of gods; n. N.of a lunar mansion.
1 ^ S-dMr^, m. support, prop, founda- Snath-ya, n. defencelessness.
"^if^cq 2. fidityi, a. belonging to the Adi- tion; receptacle, reservoir; trench (round the
tyas; divine; relating to the sun ; -Sandra, foot of a tree); dyke, dam; location or sphere ^$fr*TRT a-naya, m. [attractor], net.
m. du. sun and moon; -prabha, m. N. of a of an action (gr.); a. relating to; - t a , f . anSySya,den.A. represent a net.
king; -mandala, n. sun's orb; -vat, ad. like state of a receptacle; -adheya-bhava, m.
the sun; -varna, a. sun-coloured; -varman, relation between the receptacle and what it anay-in, m. fisherman.
-sena, m. Ns. of kings. contains. [ation; pledge. " W T H T an-asa, 3 sg. pf. of as.
H r f ^ J a-ditsu, des. a. desirous to obtain 1 • S-dhi, [ V dha] wi.receptacle; found- ^ U i a-niti,/. bringing near,
(ac.); avaricious. [Brahman, Vishnu, $iva. ^ f a 2. £-dhi, [-v/dhyS,] m. (generally pi.)
a-nila, a. blackish.
adi-deva, m. primeval g o d : ep. of anxiety, care, longing. [pre-eminence.
^Hg^Rf^eR anu-kul-ika, a. courteous: -ta,
U r f ^ ad-in, a. eating, [end of the day. ^ U f ^ R * ! Sdhikya, n. excess; superiority, f . courteousness towards (g.), -ya, n. favour;
adhi-daivata, -daivika, agreeableness; friendly terms; -grwya, n.
T I T f ^ r R ^ a-dinaantam, ad. up to the homogeneousness; -pfirv-a, n„ - i , f , -ya, n.
a.relatingtothe gods; -patya, n.(paramount)
S I l f ^ M ^ adi-parvata, m. chief mountain; sovereignty, lordship (over, Ic.); -bhoga, in. regular succession: in., ab. successively; -ya-
-purusha, m. original ancestor; primeval trika, m. servant; -lomya, n. direct or natural
usufruct of a pledge; -ra//ya, n. paramount do-
spirit; -puruBha, m. primeval spirit, ep. of order ; -vesya, m. neighbour next but one;
minion ; -vedanika, n. present made to a first
Vishnu; -bhava, a. produced in the begin- -shak, ad. inorder; -shangika, a. (l)adherent,
wife by a man on marrying a second.
ning ; -bhuta,pp. being the first among (g.). connected with, following ; enduring; neces-
^ i p f t a-dhi',/. longing, care, anxiety. sarily followingfrom (g.); adventitious ;-sh<n-
HTf^T adi-ma, a. first; -mat, a. having a bha, a. consisting of or like anushtfubh.
beginning; -mula, n. original cause; -va- ^TV^IF adhi-kri, pledge.
raha, m. original boar, ep. of Vishnu. •'MI^M anfipa, a. watery, swampy; m.aquatic
W g f ^ B Idhunika, a. present.
-dfs,/. scheme, purpose, intent. S-dheya, fp. to be put on; - de- "^U 5 *!fltnrin-ya,ra.unindebtedness. [animal.
H i f ^ ^ a-dfse, (d.) inf. to aim at (ac.). posited; -granted; contained or situated in; ^H^UItl anrisa?ns-a, n. kindness, benevo-
n. laying on; kindling of the sacred fire. lence ; -ya, a. kind; n. kindness.
^Hf^TH 3-dish-fa, (pp.) m. kind of peace or
^ I ^TlfJ 4 ^ adho-mukh-ya, n. going down- a-ne-tr/, m., - t r i , / . bringer; - y a , f p .
alliance; n. injunction, rule of conduct; -^-in,
m. student who has received rules from his wards. [phant. to be brought near.
teacher, novice. "3HtTH ^-dhorana, m. driver of an ele- aant^m, ad. to the end; completely.
H T ^ ^ i ft-dirgha, a. longish. ^ n ^ T R T a-dhma-ta, pp. inflated, swelled. Sntara, a. inner, interior.
a-dnta, pp. considerate, careful, at- W ^ n f l R o R adhyatmika, (&, i) relating to *rl antariksha, a. (1) proceeding from
tentive ; intent on (Ic., -°); respected, valued, self,subjective; relating to the universal soul. the air or sky; airy, aerial.
honoured: -vati,/. act. (forfinite verb) hav-
ing paid attention or treated with respect. W W Sdhr&, a. needy, indigent. ^ T n * Sntra, n. sg.&pl. entrails, [swinging.
W ^ r f ^ adhvanika, a. travelling.
^M •?!•«( V I . a-drishfi-gofcaram, ad. as •^ffn^^I®!? andol-aka, m. swing; -ana, n.
far as the eye can reach; -prasaram, ad. id. SEdhvaryava, a. relating to the
Adhvaryu (Yagur-veda); n. function of the n ^ l tfl gndolaya, den. P. swing: pp. ita.
S-deya,/|>. to be taken or plucked;
to be removed ; to be employed. " W T an-£, m. [breather],face. [Adhvaryu. W ^ t f ^ S T andolikg, / . litter.
fi-devana, n. play-ground. W ^ T Sndh-ya, n. blindness.
W O I Sn-^insa, 3 sg. pf.of as.
W ^ T f ^ i anvth-ika, a. (1) daily.
^I^ll S-des-a, m. statement; report; pro- anaka, m. kind o/"drum.
phecy; instruction; rule, precept; command; anvlksh-iki,/. logic.
substitute (gr.): -ka, m. guide ; -in, a. in- an-a^, 2 & 3 sg. aor. of V1. as.
structing, ordering (- 0 ); - y a , f p . to be stated ^ I R ^ f anarfuha, a. coming from a bull. ^ f f X I A P , V . P . (A.) kv-nn, reach, obtain,
or told.
"1 <1 M^«^a-nata-parvan,a. hvg.depressed attain; incur, suffer; befal: ps. be completed:
i. M-yS,/p.to be eaten, eatable; n .food. pp. apta, reached, obtained; filled, pervaded;
( = not prominent) knots, smooth (arrow).
abundant; trusty, familiar ; cs. apaya, P.
^ITf 2.&dya, a.first: having as first=etc. a-nati,/. bowing; submission. cause to reach or obtain, bring to; cause to
40 4U Msh a-pakva. WiT^ amad.

feel; des. ipsa, wish to obtain, desire, anu, n. drinking-bout; -goahthi, f. drinking-bout; W ^ f f ^ - b h a n g i n , a. somewhat bent,
reach: pp. arrived, abhi, cs. complete; attain; - b b u m i , / . place for drin king; -sala, /.tavern.
a-bhar-araa, ra. ornament.
des. wish for. ava, reach ; obtain, acquire;
meet with, incur, suffer, p r a t i a v a , recover, ^ l i m f W j S-p&rshni, ad. up to the heels,
"^IPTT a - b h a , / . lustre, light: a, a. like.
gam-ava, obtain; incur, upa, fulfil, pari, f q ap-i,m.associate, Mend,acquaintance.
reach; gain; make an end: pp. paryapta, com- W T T ^ a abhar, 3 sg. aor. of a-btm.
pleted, full; abundant, spacious, sufficient for W f W T a-pira^ara, a. reddish.
d.,g.); equal to (d.,lc.,inf.), a match for (g.), m a-bhash-a,TO,speech ; saying, pro-
adequate; des. wish for; demand; guard; lie- W f t ^ Ipi-tva, ra. alliance, friendship. verb ; -ana, ra. conference; addressing; -ya,
in-wait for. pra, reach, meet, fall in with, fp. worthy of being addressed.
^ i f M ^ I ' a-pisariga, a. golden coloured,
find; obtain, receive in marriage; incur; re-
•^JTTTO S-bhas-a, TO. lustre, light; colour;
sult/Vora a rale, obtain, be in force (alsops.): ^ I m W a-pid-a, ra. pressure; chaplet worn
pp.prapta,reached; met,obtained; incurred; appearance; apparition, phantom.
on the crown of the head; - i t a , pp. loaded
having reached &c. (ac. or -°); come, arrived, with; adorned with a chaplet of ( - ). abhi-grana, a. patronymic; -^ati,
present; resulting/rom a rule, obtaining (gr.); / . , -giatya, n. nobility; -gm&nika, a. relating
cs. bring or convey to (2 ac.); report to or bring ^ m f f a a-pita, a. yellowish : -ya, den. P. to cognition ; -dbanika, TO. lexicographer;
before; cause to obtain (2 ac.). anu-pra, give a yellowish colouring to. -plavika, a. belonging to the abhiplava;
reach, find; imitate: pp. arrived at, come to -mukbya, n. direction towards (ac., g., -°);
-pina, (pp.) ra.udder: -vat, a. con-
(ac.). sam-anu-pra, reach : pp. come; ar- -ramika, a. amiable; -sbeka, -sbe&aaika,
rived at (ac.); having obtained, sam-pra, taining any form of Vpyai.
a. (1) referring to the inauguration of a king.
reach, arrive at; meet; obtain, - in marriage; w g ^ apupya, TO. pastry.
fall into, incur, suffer: pp. met, obtained; " W f h ^ i abhikshra-ya, ra. continual repe-
having reached, - come to, - fallen into (ac.); ^Sn^C a-ptira, TO.flood,redundance,excess: tition.
come, arrived; coming from (ab.). anu-sam- -na, a. filling; n. id.; quantity of water.
pra, reach, arrive at; meet: pp. arrived at ^fT^ft"^ abhir a, m., 1,/. offspring ofaBrdhman
(ac.), befallen (ac.) ; come, present, prati, 411 y^U a-pfirna, pp. ( y p « ) full: -maradala, by an Ambashtha woman: pi. N. of a people.
des. court, woo. v i , pervade, fill; reach to (a):
pp. pervaded, filled; bathed in (in.); occupied; ^ a-pfirta,ra. pious deed. [a. full-orbed. ^ p f t ^ f a-bhila, a. terrible. [gardly.
possessed of (in.); included in; well-to-do: cs. • ^ f l T t f l apo-maya, a, consisting of water. ^ ibliti, a. empty; empty-handed, nig-
pp. vy&pita, pervaded, filled, abhi-vi, gd.
including (ac.). sam, obtain; complete; kill: W ^ f t $^TTT apo 1 sana, n. rinsing of the mout h W ^ T a-bhugna, pp. slightly curved.
pp.concluded; cs. cause to obtain; finish, com- accompanied by the words apo*sana before & a-bhu, a. present, at hand, helping;
plete. pari-sam, ps. be contained in (lc.); after eating. TO. assistant.
belong to (lc.); ^ . e n t i r e l y comprehended; ^SJTJJ apt a, pp. \/fip ; TO. suitable person;
perfected, summed up. 4 I | ^ T Si-bhAti,/. faculty, power.
-karin, a.trusty, friendly; -daksbi»a, a. ac-
companied by liberal fees; -bhava, TO, trust- ^Rfrtra-bhoRiS, TO,bend, curve, roundness;
a-pakva, pp. half-ripe.
worthiness ; -va&ana, n. trustworthy utter- vault; extensiveness ; force ; multiplicity ;
&pa-g&, f . river. ance ; - v a r g a ,TO.acquaintance, friends (coll.); serpent. [ment; seeker of gain.
-vak, a. whose word is trustworthy.
apageya,?n.. metronymic o/^Bhishma. a-bhogf, / . nourishment, enjoy-
^ T f H a p - t i , / attainment, acquisition.
I i m t y a-para-a,TO.market; ware; -iya, a. W H t ^ T a-bhogya, fp. to be enjoyed; to be
coming from the market. •^lyq ap-tyi, a. dwelling in the waters, ep. perceived.
4||MrH 9,-pat-ana, n.sudden appearance. 4(|U( 1. 8p-ya,./p. obtainable. [o/Trita. "W^PrTlC abhyantara, a. inner, interior.
<?vTapat-kalpa, TO. procedure in times 2. &p-ya, a. watery, living in the ^ i ^ q ^ f q o n abhyudayika, a. causing pros-
of distress; -k&la, m. season of distress, water; ra. N. of a lunar mansion. perity ; ra. kind of sacrifice to the Manes.
tsHm(t| 9,-patti, / . occurrence ; incurring; apya, ra. alliance, friendship. TJM*^ am, ij. of reminiscence, ah ! of assent,
misfortune, distress. ^TTWr^IS-pyay-a,TO.increase,becoming full; yes. [unburned.
4imrMIH apat-prSpta, pp. fallen into mis- -ana, a. causing corpulency; causing well-be- 4-1 ama, a. raw, uncooked; crude, unripe;
fortune ; -sabaya, a. helping in misfortune. ing ;ra.satisfying; advancement; causing Soma
to swell: a, /.satiety; - i n , a. bestowing pros- W T W T P t R : S-magrgran^antam, ad. till
^iMfff Spatya, a. patronymic.
perity (- 0 ). immersion.
S-pad, f. [getting into trouUe], mis-
4H H M^+^a-prapad-am, ad. to the tip of the ^ T T W ^ ama-fifvara, TO. dysentery.
fortune, disaster, adversity, distress: -uddha-
foot; -ina, a. reaching to the tip of the foot.
rana, n. relieving from distress; -gfata, pp. a - m a % u , a. charming, lovely.
fallen into misfortune; -dbarma, TO. rules ap- a-pn, f . pi. (propitiation) N. of cer-
plying in case of distress. tain hymns to Agni in the liV.: -sukta, ra. ^ l + m ^ ^ l g l a-mandali-kri, form almost
Aprl-hymn. into a circle.
^ I M f l S-panna, pp. (\/pad)gotten or fallen
into (ac., —°); unfortunate, afflicted,miserable; a-plava, TO. bath ; -na, ra. bathing. W T S T T ^ : a-madhyShnam, ad. till noon.
-sattva, a.f. pregnant. [joint (°~). S-m^ntr-ana, ra. calling, address-
f a-plava, TO. bath.
ft-parva-bhSga, ad. up to the ing ; invitation; - a y l t a v y a , f p . to be taken
I m*sTl qi^'V.a-phalaudaya-karman, a. leave of; -ita, ra. (pp-) address; vocative.
^Mtl^apas, nm.pl. of ap, water. working till success appears.
a-mandra, a. somewhat dull or deep
S.pastamba, m.N. of a teacher; a. ^ R P W S-baddha-mala, a. forming (sound).
(i) derived from Apastamba. circles, circling. [up ar round.
^ H f f amaya, TO. ( / a m ) sickness, disease:
4 | | m i * ! ( 9,-pKala, a. reddish. [/. abst. A\ ^ T ^ a - b a n d h a , m.bond,tie: -na, ra.tying - v i - t v a , « . dyspepsia; - v i n , a. ill; dyspeptic.
" W T H ^ a-pandu, a. yellowish, pale: -ta, ^ T P r r a a-badhd,TO., a, / . pressure, suffering; V U H . S-mararaa-m, ad. till death:
W R T ^ X a-pandura, a. id.; i-bbu, become pain; danger. ^_anta, a. lasting till death : i-ka, a. id.
pale. "'MiqMH.a-bSlam, ad. down to the boys. "^nT^a-mard-a, m. pressure; pulling (hair);
Ml<1 S-p^ta, TO. onset, attack; rushing ^ T ^ R T a-baiya,°-, -m, ad. from boyhood. -in, a. pulling; pressing hard (-°).
into (-°); unexpected appearance, setting in:
or -tas, at once, at first sight: -matre or abutta,m. sister's husband (drama). a-marsa, TO. contact.
-m&tra-, at the first moment only. abdika, a. annual; — l a s t i n g - ^ITTSRi amalaka,TO.,i, /. N. of a tree (em-
^niTfTT^&pat-in, a. occurring (- 0 ). years. [Brahman's court. blic myrobalan); n. its fruit: i-pbala, n.id.
M M a-pana, n. carousal; banquet; -ka, WW^T^fW^ S-brahma-sabham, ad. up to W T T ^ amaad, a. eating rawflesh or carrion.
W H 4 I 3 I amavasya. arta. 41

3 H 1 K I 4 3 Smav&syd, a. referring to the ayas^, a. ( a y a s i or i ) iron, brazen; ^ir^wr a-rabh-ya, gd. beginning with (ab.
new-moon festival; n. new-moon sacrifice. n. iron ; -maya, a. iron, brazen. or
^ f r ^ T T a-miksha, / . curds. •^tPTTT a-yaga, m. sacrificial gift or fee. a-rdmawa, n. sexual enjoyment.

a-misra, a-misla, a. mixed. W ^ r m a-yata, (pp.) n. excess, [proach. W ^ i T a-rambM, m. setting about; under-
taking; beginning ; -na, n. taking hold;
am-ish-a,n.flesh; prey: -ta,/.,-tva, W r r f T ! a-yati,/., <4(|44 M a-y^na, n. ap- handle; support; make-shift; -niya.,fp.to be
«. being a coveted object; -jlsin, a. flesh- W ^ T R a - y a m a , m.tension; extent; length; begun with: a, / N. of certain verses; -ta,/.
•^llfiH^am-is,TO. raw flesh,carrion, [eating. interception: - v a t , a. long (oftime <Sf distance). beginning; -ru&i, a. enterprising: -ta, /. de-
light in undertakings.
W n f ^ a y a m - i n , a.hindering,(-°); long.
^ H f t ^ W a-milana, n. closing of the eyes. W^f%TT.arambh-in, a. enterprising.
a-mukulita, pp. half-opened ^ P T R f a-yas-a, m. exertion, trouble; ex-
haustion ; -aka, a. fatiguing; -ayi-tri, -trika, a-rava, m. cry, yell; sound, [drum.
(blossom).
a. (-trikd.) troubling; -ita, n. exertion, endeav- ^ n T ^ r f ^ f ^ a T arava-dindima, m. kind of
•ggX^^ a-rnukha, n. prelude, introduction. our ; - i n , a. exerting oneself, taking trouble.
^nXT ara, / . a w l ; puncheon.
«S||4jf^|e)i amushmi-ka, a. (i) belonging i • ay-u, a. active, lively; m. living being;
W^T<^arat,(a5.) ad. far, from afar; far from
to the next world. "W^J 2. s£y-u, n. life. [man. (ab.); near (ab.); at once, forthwith.
^JTJpZTTTW amushyaayaw^, TO. son or de-
a-yukta, (pp.) TO.,0^} -ka,TO.official. W T T f ? T arati, m. enemy.
scendant of so and so.
^ V - i M ^ a - m C t r d h a j m t a m , ad. up to the «J<1 a-yuta, (pp.) n. semi-fluid butter. W T T V a - r a d h - a , m. homage; -ana, a. con-
ciliating, winning ; n. prospering, success;
crown. [ginning, thoroughly, | ^a-yu dha, n. [fighting against], weapon,
accomplishment; propitiation, gratification;
-bhHt, a. bearing arms ; to. warrior; -sala, adoration; -aniya, fp. to be conciliated or
a-mtila, or -m, ad. from the be-
/ . arsenal, armoury; -sahaya, a. armed; adored; -ayitri, m. adorer, devotee; - a y i s h -
Tj||^lc(<j|4^a-mekhalam, arf.uptothemoun- -jigara, n. armoury. [warrior. nu, a. adoring (ac.); -ya, fp. to be accom-
tain-slope. [burned bricks. plished; to be conciliated ; pleasing to (in.).
W ^ j f ^ R i ayudh-ika, -in,-iya, a. armed; m.
amajsb<aka, a. consisting of un- -vt
^tT^J^T ayur-veda, m. medical science. W ^ T T a-ram-a, m. enjoyment, pleasure;
^ [ p f t W W S-mokshawa, n. binding on. garden; orchard ; -ika, m. gardener.
a-moZsana, n. id. W ^ p ^ t ^ ayuA-sesha, m. remnant of life; ^ U a - r a v - a , m. cry, yell; sound, din;
• ^ T f ^ S T a-mo/ana, n.cracking, breaking. a. having a remnant of life, still alive : -ta, -in, a. resounding with (- 0 ).

a-mod-a, a. gladdening; to. glad- W ^ T ayusha, N . - ° = a y u s , life. [/. abst. A\ WTT^T a-rasa, m. cry. [take.
ness ; fragrance ; -in, a. redolent of "W^P^I ayush-ka, n. love of life; -kara, a. ' W f T W a-ripsu, des. a. intending to under-
productive of longevity ; -kama, a. desirous
^TP^TfT^T a-mnata-tva, n. mention. [(7c.). of long life ; -mat, a. long-lived (often as a W f X T ^ T V f ' r ^ ariradhayishu, des. a. wish-
4(1 MI f?I*tamnat-in,a.hvg.mademention of respectful mode of address); life-long; -ya, ing to conciliate. [-°).
a. giving long life; n. long life; rite producing
a-mnaya, to.tradition, sacred text; long life. W ^ T ^ a - r u ^ (-0), -gd, a. breaking (ac.,
1 egend: -sarin, a. (n-i) mellifluous as the Veda. ^H^Uf arun-a (i), 0fTE[ -w-i, a. descended
W ^ E . a y - u s , n. life, age, long life (often pi.);
W W ! ambhasa, a. watery. allotted term of life; vitality; vital element; from Aruna; -eya, m. pat. of Aruni.
W^Tamra,TO.mango-tree; n. mango (fruit). a-yoga, m. team. [world. W ^ f a-rurukshu, des. a. desirous of as-
cending or climbing to (ac.).
"411 tl^hd amra-kttfa, m. Mango-peak, N. of m. N. of a mixed caste
a mountain. (offspring ofS4dra and Vaisyd). a-ruha, a. mounting (- 0 ).
^Sn%^a-mred-a,m. repetition; -ita, (pp.) n. W T f W T a-yograna, n. procuring. a-rfl^Aa, pp. \/ruh. or ab.).
—s
repetition, repeated word (gr.). ^ are, (7c.) ad. far; far from (ab.); without
ayoda, m. pat. o/"Dhaumya.
i . ay-^, m. access; revenue, income. A / -i
a-yodh-ana, n. fight, battle; ^Ml ^ojj a-raik, 3 sg. aor. of s/n«.
-9(1 2. aya, m. radical suffix aya (gr.). battle-field.
"W^TJf arog-ya, n. diseaselessness, health.
W^Tf^T a-ya^-f, a. bringing by sacrifice; A R , I Y . P . ar-ya, praise: pp. arita. 'SU a-roc?Aavya,^>.to be ascended,
-ish/7ia, spv. (a-) of ayagi.
i . ara, m.n. ore. a-rodhri, m. one who mounts (- 0 ).
- ^ i M a-yata, pp. ( V y a m ) extended, long.
^ 2. ara, n. host of enemies. •3U O ^ T a-rodha, m. siege, blockade.
a-yat-ana, n. place, abode, seat
(-tva, n. abst. N.) ; fire-place; sacred pre- a-rakta, pp. reddish, p i n k : - a k s h a , O m a-rop-a, to. placing upon; attribu-
cinct, temple ; barn. a. pink-eyed. tion; substitution for, identification with (Ic.);
-aka, a. planting (-°); -ana, n. causing to
§,yata-pakshmala, a. trimmed ascend; setting up; putting on ; stringing (a
W T ^ a-raksha, m-> protection, guard.
with-long feathers; -lo/iana, a. long-eyed; bow); identification ; -aniya., fp. that should
^aksha, a. (i) long-eyed. W ^ f o f i a-raksh-aka, m. watchman; -ana,
be caused to ascend (Ic.); -ita, pp. cs.from
m., -aid, /. guardian; -ika, m. watchman :
"^prffT a-yati,/. extension, length; future; y'ruh; - y a , / p . to be placed upon.
-nkyaka, m. head of police.
hope, expectation; offspring. ^ r f r ^ a-roh-£, to. rider; mounting; heap,
^ l ^ f d . a-ra^-i, roar; -ita, (pp.) n. noise.
t j rft a-yat-i, / . pr.pt. (-s/i) future. mountain ; woman's hips ; ascending scale;
•^IIXW arana, n. abyss. rise; -aka, to. rider; (r61i)-ana, a. (i) ascend-
*U ayatajksharaa, a. long-eyed. ing ; n. ascent; production ; raised platform
arany^, a. living or growing in the for dancing; ladder, stair; - i n , a. ascending;
TH)t|Tl a-yat-ta, pp. ( V y a t ) being in, rest- forest; wild : (a)-ka, a. id.; m. forester; leading up to (-°).
ing on, dependent on (g., Ic., - ° ) : -ta, /., anchorite; n. forest-treatise (part of a Brdh-
-tva, n. dependence on (Ic., —°); i-kri, make mana to be studied in solitudes). '^I^^argrav-a, a. honest; n.honesty, recti-
dependent; keep in subjection. tude : - i n , a. straightforward, honest.
"^nX^cT a-rabdha, pp. (i/rabh) begun.
^I^VillrtUil %atha-tath-ya, n. wrong em- W^fa argikd, m . kind of vessel for Soma.
ployment ; -purvya, n. being different from •^nXf^T a-rabdhi,/. enterprise. qjrii&,pp. fallen into (trouble); afllicted,
before. [ing revenue. a-rabhaii,/. dramatic representa- distressed; hurt, pained, tormented; stricken
"311 ^ S y a - d a r s i n , a. seeing i.e. draw- tion of the supernatural and horrible. by, suffering from, anxious about (- 0 ): -tara,
G
42 artava. a-vn't.

cpv. more afflicted, sadder; -nada, m. cry of ^ H N arshabha, a. belonging to of a bull. a - v a t , / . nearness.
distress; -rava, m. cry of distress.
arsheyd,a.ra.=arsha; -brahmarea, n. ^ I q W \ I * n a - v a t s a r a a n t a m , ad. till the
artava,a. (1) seasonable; menstrual;
N. of a Br dhmana. end of the year. [4, f. N.
n. monthly purification; the ten days follow-
ing it. -4||m<&| a r s h a f i c M , / . woman wedded after avantika, a. relating to Avanti :
a V i t i , / . trouble, misfortune, pain. the manner of the ifa'shis.
avantya, m. king or inhabitant of
^ f i g f f s(r-tni,/. notched end of a bow. ^U F s i R l arsh/ishewd, m. descendant of Ri- Avanti. [on; vessel.

^rtvigrya, w. office of priest (rityig). aia, m. N. of a monkey. [sh/isheraa. a-v^pana, n., 1, / . strewing, laying

ardra, a. moist, w e t ; fresh, new; soft, a-lakshya, fp. visible; to look at; avay;i, n. conception.
tender; k,f. sg.&pl. N. of a lunar mansion; scarcely perceptible.
^T^ErrST ^vaySgr, to. (nm.yka) kind (/priest.
-ta, f . wetness; tenderness; -nayana, a. ^ J H ^ l l f ^ e f i alamkarika, m. rhetorician.
moist-eyed; -bhava, m. moistness; tender- a-var, aor. 2 & 3 sg. of \/vri, cover.
heartedness ; -ya, den. P. moisten; soften; a-lap-ana, n. chat, conversation;
-vastra, a. wearing a wet garment: -ta, f -ita, n. (pp.) discourse, talk; -itavya, fp. to a-var-aka, a. covering, concealing,
abst. jr. be addressed. veiling; to. protector ; -ana, a. covering; n.
envelopment; cover, garment; obstruction,
W^T^Srdra|irdra,a.overflowingvvith(- 0 ). a-lamb-a,a.hangingdown; m.hold, interruption; protection, shield ; bolt, lock.
^ U s ( T a ardri-kn, moisten,refresh; soften, support; -ana, n. holding fast to; supporting
(-°); hold, support; foundation; -in, a. hanging "=MI ^ 0 ^ ^ a-varivar, 3 s.impf. intv.ofk-\rit.
prati, moisten or refresh again. [wood.
down; attached to, resting on, reaching down q a-varg^ana, n. conciliating, winning.
1 pH ardraedhaagni, m. fire of green to, dependent on, supporting
W ^ f T f p R Srdha-dhatu-ka, a. added to the a-vart-^, to. turn; whirlpool; lock,
W 3 P W 3-lambh-c£, m. laying hold of, con- twist of hair; -aka, to. kind of mythical
weak or unmodified root (suffix). tact; plucking; killing; -ana, n.id.; -in, a. clouds; -ana, a. turning round; n. return ;
W f ^ f a i ardhika, m. = ardha-sirin. touching -in, a. returning.
"^ITlif 8rya, a. (4 or 1) belonging to the faith- TSfT^RJ S-laya,TO.(re.) dwelling, house; seat.
avali, - l i , / • streak, line, row.
ful, of one's own tribe; honourable, noble; m.
Aryan (Vedic Indian); man of the first three aiarka, a. belonging to a mad dog.
•^iqsfl^i ftvasya-ka, a. (i) necessary, in-
castes; man of worth: roc. sir, friend; a , f . \ "!m <!Ie( l^fSla-vala, n. watering trench (round evitable ; n. inevitableness; easing nature:
Arya verse; amelre; -ka,?w.man of worth; N. the root of a tree). -ta, /. necessity, inevitableness.
of a king; -g"u»a, m. noble quality; -grihya,
a. siding with the noble; -feetas, a. noble- alas-va,n. idleness,sloth,indolence: "^I^t^a-vas, 3 sg. aor. of \Zvas, shine.
minded ; -^ana, m. Aryans, honourable people;
-grush^a, pp. approved by the honourable; -ta,
-nibandbana, a. due to indolence; -vaiana,
n. argument of sloth.
^iiq^lfd a-vas-ati,/. night's lodging; quar-
ters ; -atba, to. id.; abode; -atb-ya, to.
f , -tva,n. honourableness; -dasi,/. N.; -dub-
^ R T T T allna, n. post or rope for tying an sacred domestic fire.
i t r i , f . daughter of a noble (honorific mode of
addressing a female friend!); -desa, m. dis- elephant; i-ka, a. serving for a post or rope. a~vaha, a. bringing, effecting
trict inhabited by Aryans; -desya, a. coming a-l&p-iJ, m.talk, conversation ; song
from an Aryan district; -pu.tr a, m. son of an S-vap-a, TO. strewing, sowing; in-
(of birds): -vat, a. addressing. sertion; mingling; hand-guard; diplomacy;
Ar3'an, honorific designation of (i) son of
person addressed; (2)husband; (3)sovereign; W f ^ T ali, §-li,/. x. female friend; *-aka, n. kind of hand ornament.
-praya, a. inhabited chiefly by Aryans; -bud- 2. streak, line, row; swarm. W T T T a-vara, m. guard, protection.
dhi, a. noble-minded; -bhafo, m. W. of two
W f W ^ a-ling-, I. P. A. or X . P . embrace, a-varidhi, ad. up to the sea.
astronomers: i-ya, n. work composed by Arya-
bha^a. prati, return an embrace, sam, embrace.
a-vas-a, m. abode; -in, a. dwelling
W f ^ f T a-ling-ana, n. embrace.
arya-misra, a. venerable, &c. &c.
a-lidAa, pp. \/lih; n. kind of atti- "Wl 8-vahana,n. invitation. [(-°)-
(as an honorific designation).
tude in drawing a bow: -visesha-sobhin, a. 4Hfc( avi, S v t / . pain : pi. throes
Sryanma, n.N.ofa lunar mansion.
specially conspicuous owing to this attitude. a.,f. i).
T^T arya-r%a, m.N.ofa kings -rupa,
a. having the air of respectability; -lingln,
^ aiu, -SU^aifi, /. pitcher; n. (ii) raft. W f ® R i Svi-ka, a. coming from a sheep,
a. bearing the marks of respectability; -var- •^(TSJtpT a-luixfcana, n. tearing in pieces. woollen; n. sheep-skin; woollen cloth: -Bau-
man, m. N. of a king; -v4&, a. speaking an trika, a. consisting of woollen threads.
Aryan tongue; -vidagdba-mi^ra, a. honour- a-lekhana, n. scratching, scraping.
-=S||fq£ a-vid, / . fore-knowledge.
able, learned, &c. &c. (honorific designation);
a-lekhya, n. painting; picture ;
-vritta, n. honourable behaviour; a. behav- • W f W ^ C . a-vid-vas, pf. pt. knowing.
-purusba, m. human phantom; -sesha, «.
ing honourably ;-veslia, a. respectably dressed;
remaining in a picture only = deceased; -sam- avir-bhava, TO., -bhflti, / .
-vrata, a. behaving like an Aryan; -sila, a.
of honourable character; -samaya, m. ordi- arpita, pp. painted. [ment.
manifestation. [filled with
nance of honourable men; -suta, m. = arya- aiepa, m., °«f -na, n. smearing; oint-
putra (husband); -stri,/. woman of the upper -^ifq*!! avila, a. turbid, d i m ; tainted by,
castes. [a woman of the upper castes. ^flfp^efl a-loka, m. seeing, looking, sight; avila-ya, den. P . make turbid;
light, lustre; glimmer, trace of (g.); praise, sully.
- 4 ( 1 4 1 a r y a agama, m. intercourse with panegyric; -na, a. beholding, looking at; n.
-giti ,f. speciesofAryd metre. look; sight: -tk,f. looking at, contemplation; avish-kararaa, n., -kara,
- n i y a , / p . that may be gazed at: - t a , / . abst. at. ; TO. manifestation, display.
ary^waka, N. of a country. -patha, m.horizon; -margfa, m. id.
"^ITf^S a-vishia, pp. (Vvis) entered; af-
W ^ T f y f W aryaadhisbMita, pp. con- fon^alok-in, a. looking at, contempla-
trolled by men of the higher castes. fected by, filled with (-°).
ting
aryaavarta, m.land of the Aryans arf.visible, manifest: with \/as
(between Himalaya and Vindhya): pi. its in- ^ I T W W f a-loA!-ana, n., &,f. seeing; con- and Vbhli, become manifest, appear; with
habitants. sideration ; -aniya, - y a , f p . to be considered. Vkri and cs. of y'bhti, make manifest, show.
arsha, a. (i) referring to or derived a-lol-a, a. gently waving, slightly W N v i , v. "^ifq Svi and SvyS;
from theih'shis, antique, archaic; added to a rolling; - i k a , / . lullaby. [den, dye red. -sutra, n. woollen thread,
i?ishi's name (suffix); rn. marriage ordained a-lohita, a. reddish ; 1-kri, red-
byi?ishis;TO.hymns of the .Bishis; holy line- cjc^ a-vr/t, / . turning towards or in; di-
age ; -Sishi authorship of a hymn. q av^, prn. stem ofistpers. dual. rection ; series of rites; ceremony ; manner.
W^fl a-vnta. W W a-sanna. 43
-mantra, m. id., -^abhidhana-vat, a. con- rainy month; -kratu,TO.N. of a rite in the
W f ? C 8-vrita, pp. surrounded; covered ;
taining a benedictory expression. prdtaranuvdka ; -satra, n. N.of a modifica-
overspread; TO. a certain mixed caste. tion of the prdtaranuvdka.
W f r T W it-vritta-tva, n.thebeing covered; W ^ f t f ^ asi-vish£, m. poisonous snake;
^upama, a. snake-like = poisoned (arrow). asvina, n. day's journey for a horse.
the being closed (of a door).
W ^ J as-ti, a - swift: n. quickly, at once; to. W T R > &sh£tc?Aa, TO. IV. of a month (June-
&-vritti,f. turning in; return; re-
horse ; -karin, a.operating quickly; -klanta, July) ; staff of Pala8a-wood (borne in certain
petition ; solstice; re-birth; course, direction. pp. quickly faded; -g*a, a. moving swiftly; rites) ; a. relating to Ashar/Aa ; TO. a certain
fi-vega, m. excitement, flurry. m. arrow ; -gamana, n. rapid course; -tva, holiday; -ka,TO.N.; -pnra, n. N.of a mythi-
n. quickness; -mat, ad. quickly. cal mountain; -bbuti, m. N. of a cheat.
S-ved-aka, a. informing, stating
(-°); -ana, n. announcement; legal notice; W ^ T T asuya', (in.) ad. quickly, rapidly. ashadAi, / . day of full moon in
-aniya, fp. to be reported or announced; Ssu-vimardita, pp. quickly AshatZAa. [book of Panini.
-ita, cs. pp. made known, told; -in, a. an- crushed. [to. fire. ashfamika, a. taught in the eighth
nouncing :,-c); -ya, fp. — avedaniya.
W ^ ^ ^ f W a - s u s u k s h £ m , o . gleaming forth; as, ij. of joy or displeasure.
W%tJ3-ves-a, m.entrance; fit (of rage, <fcc.);
wrath: -na, n. possession (by demons); work- W ^ * asu-sushka, a. quickly drying up: W^.2. as, V. 3 sg. impf. of Vas, be.
shop; -vat,a.possessedby(-°); -ika,m.guest. -tva, n. abst. x. ; -sravas,TO.N. of a mythical
W ^ . 3 - as, n. (?) mouth, face : in. openly.
horse ; -samdheya, fp. easily to be joined;
8-veshfa, m. strangulation, easily to be reconciled. ^ ( T O 4. A S , I I . A. 4's-te ( E . + I. A. asa,II.
oy avya, a.(ivi) relating to sheep; woollen. P. 4s-ti), sit, sit down (in or on, Ic.); re-
" W l f l ^ r asau/ca, n. ritual impurity.
mainsitting; dwell,abide; take up one's abode,
^Wm ft-vyakta, pp. perfectly clear. as&arya, a. strange, wonderful; n. encamp; rest,remain, lie; be firm; be left in the
prodigy, marvel; astonishment; -bhuta, pp. lurch ; engage in (ac.); apply oneself to (Ic.);
W ^ T T S - v y a t M , / . shght emotion: -mkri,
marvellous; -maya, a. wonderful. behave, be (in a state) w. ad.; continue doing
W ^ I as-a, m. food, [be somewhat touched. or being (w. pt., gd., a., k. ad.); tend to (d.);
W^STW a-srama, m. n. hermitage ; m. stage have (g.): astam, impv. away w., enough of, to
WlJ^f S-saiwsa, a. expecting ( - 0 ) ; -na, n. in a Brahman's life; -pada, n.id.; -mandala, say nothing of. adhi, sit or lie down on (ac.);
wishing; f . wish; expectation, hope; pre- n. group of hermitages; -vasin, -sad, to. her- take up one's abode in, occupy, inhabit; tread
sentiment ; -parikalpita, pp. only expected. mit ; -sthana, n. hermitage. on, enter upon; rest on: pp. adhyasita, rest-
W T ^ asramajilaya, m. hermit. ing upon; on which anything (in.) rests; have
^ I I ^ R i g a-sams-i-tn.in. proclaimer (w. ac.);
carnal knowledge of(ac.). sam-adhi,occupy,
-in, a. announcing, promising Ssram-in, a. belonging to one of inhabit (ac.). ann, sit beside or round (ac.);
S-sank-aniya,^. to be feared, the religious stages. sit down after (ac.). nd, be indifferent, upa,
-expected,-assumed; -k,f. anxiety; dread of sit beside, sit down - (ac.), beset (of subordi-
W ^ T T a-sray-a, m. leaning on, attach- nates or supplicants); besiege; sit; occupy,
(ab.); distrust; -in, a. dreading; supposing;
ment to; connexion with, devotion to, recourse dwell in; take part in (ac.); betake oneself to,
considering; causing anxiety or fear; doubtful,
to; dependence on, relation to; support; re- attain to (ac.); practise, be addicted to; suf-
uncertain.
fuge, shelter, protection; seat, abode; recep- fer, undergo; continue doing or being (pt. or
•illil^Jft-sayd, m.resting-place; seat, place; tacle ; foundation; (logical) subject; a. gd.); expect; honour; celebrate,perform; en-
heart, mind; thought, intention; way of think- depending on; relating to; -na, a. (i) taking deavour to (pt.); spend (time), p a r i n p a , sit
ing ; aagni, m. fire of digestion. refuge in; relating to (-°); n. recourse to; round, surround; beset (hostile); sit upon (ac.);
-niya, f p. to be had recourse to or followed. take part in (ac.); honour, adore; quietly
0 i,Ha-sanram,arf.includingthebody. look on at. sam-upa, sit; practise; honour,
W ^ P P J c T asraya-bhfita, pp. being the sup-
W^IW. S-sas, / . wish, expectation, hope. pari, assemble round (ac.). sam, sit to-
port or foundation of (g.or-°); being a refuge.
gether; assemble round (ac.); abide in (Ic.);
1. /. id. (w. g., Ic., or : in. in ^TT^TEmj asraya asa, TO. (house-consumer), deliberate ; practise (ac.); behave like (iva);
the expectation or hope of; -^anana, a. in- fire; ^asiddha, pp. logically inadmissible attend to, acknowledge (ac.); be a match for
spiring hope; -pig&fc-ik&, -i, f . demon of owing to the subject. (ac.). prati-sam, resist, be a match for (ac.).
( = cruel and delusive) hope; -bandha, TO.
bond of hope; cobweb; -vat, a. hopeful; asray-in, a. attaching to, seated W W i- as-a, TO. [1/2. as] ashes, dust.
hoping for (d„ Ic.) ; -vibhinna, pp. cut off on, dwelling in, relating to (-°).
W W 2. §s-a, TO. seat; nearness.
from hope, disappointed. W H T a-srava, a. obedient, amenable.
WWW7TW.a-sarKsa.ram, ad. from the beg. of
2. &s&,f.space; region, quarter; -Zra-
krav&la, n. encircling horizon; -mukha, n.
wfsra the world; to the end of the world, for ever.
a-srita, (pp.)m. dependent, retainer,
point of the compass; -v&sas, n. the quarters servant; -tva, n. dependence. [ing. W W W a-sakta, pp. (</sang) attached; in-
as a garment: with vas, = go about naked; Wf|TSWT^ja-slish/a-sanu,a.peak-embrac- tent on; -bhava, a. in love with (Ic.).
-vi^raya, TO. conquest of the world. S-slesha,TO.close contact; embrace; W W f ^ a - s a k t i , / . fastening on, persecution;
Wifrcj ft'^ asa, a. filling the quarters. - a , f . sg. & pi. N. of a lunar mansion. attachment or addiction to (Ic. or [(-°).

-sasti,/. prayer. [blessing. W 1 * ? asva, a. relating to or coming from W W f a-sang-£, TO. id.; -in, a. attached to
the horse.
WITT^f &-s&s-ya,fp. to be wished; w. wish, WW^W a-s^nfi'-ana, n. attaching ; adhe-
W^T? 2 ? asvattha, a. (i) derived fr. the sacred sion ; -ita, pp. with whom an agreement has
W f i p T as-ita, cs. pp. of V2. as; n. food. fig-tree, made of its wood. [horse-sacrifice. previously been made.
W f t p ( . a s - i n , a. eating, enjoying (- 0 ). W ^ J W f V R ) asva-medhika, a. relating to the w w t r r a-satti,/. connexion.
wfin; W^^TJW asva-yuf/a, m. the month Asvina ; W W ^ a-s&de, d. inf.to sit down upon (ac.).
a-sfr,/. milk added to Soma. n. a Pakaya^/7a occurring on the day of full
moon in the month Asvina.
WWT. asan, n. mouth, jaws.
<^^a-siraA-padam,ac?.from head W W W eis-ana (or a), n. sitting, sitting down;
W W R W asvalayana,TO.N. of a teacher.
W f W &?-ish*Aa, spv. oftLsu. [to foot. sitting posture; halting, encamping; abiding;
W^JTW a-svas-a, to. breathing again, re- seat; position, office (of a king); -bandha, m.
W f t [ W . a-sfs,/. wish, prayer, benediction. covery, recreation; consolation; confidence in sitting down; -vat, a. having a seat, sitting;
iisi A-kriya, a. expressing the ac- (g., Ic.); -ana, n. animating; consoling: k,f. -vidhi, TO. offer of a seat; -stha, a. sitting.
tion of asking (gr.). recreation, consolation; -aniya, fp. to be W W W t e i
W S f a W ^ s - i y a s , cpv. of a«u: n. ad.
cheered or consoled; -in, a. breathing again ;
- y a , f p . to be comforted about. asani-kri, turn into a seat.
asir-vafcana, n. benediction:
^ikshepa, m.a rhetorical figure; -va/.aka, a. asvina, a.(i) like horsemen ; (a) be- W W f ^ R T asandika, / . small chair.
expressing a wish; -v&da, m. benediction: longing or sacred to the Asvins ; to. N. of a W W W a-sanna, pp. near ; n. -ness ; -kala,
TO. time just past (gr.); -fcara, a. moving near
G 2
U a-sapkda-kriya-karma. T1-

(-°); -tara, cpv. nearer: -t&,/. greater near- ^ r e n ; a-stara, m. straw, couch; carpet. take food; -d&na,n.givingo'f food; - n i r gama-
ness ; -prasava, a.f. on the point of parturi- sthana, n. anus; -niAsarana-marga, m. id.;
tion,about tolay (eggs)) -vartin, a. being near. W U M U a-stdrawa, n. id. - p a r i t y a g a , m. rejection of food; - b h u m i , / .
feeding-ground.
^ l ^ f M U ^ f s h ^ T ^ a-sapiwrfa-kriya-kar- •^nf^fefi fisti-ka, a. believing, pious.
ma, ad. before preparing the funeral feast ^ T f T T ^ ahara-ya, den. P. feed (int.).
Sstik-ya, n. belief in God, piety.
partaken of by the Sapindas. ^ T T f ^ T f a h a r a - v i r a h a , m.want of food;
^ I ^ d l ' ^ i tstika, m. N. of an ancient sage. - v H t t i , / . subsistence; ^ a r t b i n , a. seeking
^SireTTT a-sapta-ma, a. up t o t h e seventh.
food.
S-sam&pti, ad. u p t o t h e end, from ^^irit 8s-te, 3 sg. pr. of V^s, sit.
S-harya, fp. to be f e t c h e d ; to be
beginning to end. S-sth&,/. desire for, interest in, trou-
ble about, regard for (Ic. or : in. with all removed; external.
a-samudra, ad. u p to the sea
one's might, strenuously. W f W ahi, sx. Shi in daksbi«-ahi &c. (gr.).
a-sava, m. distilled spirit, spirituous
f l H S - s t M n a , n. place; assembly; W f t ^ R Sthinrfaka, ° f t ! ^ e h -(ra)Jika, m.
liquor, rum.
-mam^/apa, in. n. audience hall. N. of a mixed caste (son of a Nishdda and a
,
<Hflld s asat,(«6.o/2.asa) ad. near at hand. Vaidehi): in Pr. = traveller.
-4|| I <T| asthan-i, f . place of assembly,
a-sad-ana, n. setting d o w n ; ob- audience chamber; -xya, m. chamberlain. Wf%<T a-bita, pp. V d h a : -klama, a. ex-
tainment of (-°); -ita, cs. pp. A/sad: -vi- hausted; ^agni, m. maintainer of sacred fire.
graha, a. used to war; -ya, gd. */sad. -4||ftgjrl fi-sthita,pp.(Vstha) stayed,dwelt.
WWFFi a-sayam, ad. till evening. - 4 ( 1 S - s p a d a , n. position, seat, abode, ^ T f f g f ^ ahituwdika,?». snake-charmer.
site; place for, object of (g.) : -ta,/., -tva, n. "4(1 f f ahirbudhna, -dhnya, m. N. of
"^JTOTT a-sfira, m. downpour, heavy shower; abst. A".; -i-bhtL, become an object of (g.).
a lunar mansion.
a king separated by intervening state (a natural
^ I T W r ^ T a-sphalana, n. striking, driving;
ally); -prasamita,j?p. quenched with showers. fd^-huti,/.oblation,offering; -bh&ga,
collision. a. whose share is an oblation.
ts-ikfi, / . turn to sit.
S-sphofa,TO.,°«T -na, n. shaking,
" W R n r as-ita, pp. sitting. swinging. [speech. cftlT Shuti-kri, ofFer as an oblation ;
-bbu, become an oblation.
W f W T T asidhara, a. connected with the W ^ T as-ya, n. mouth, jaws; face; organ of ^ f T T T W r f ^ l Sbflta - prapalftyin, m.
edge of a sword. [sirous of attacking (ac.).
ia-sravd, m. flow, flux; water in t h e evader of a judicial summons.
^ i R j t t l ^ f a ^ 3-sisSd-ayi-shu, des. a. de- mouth; infirmity: pl. objects of sense. 8-hfttavya, fp. to be summoned.
^ t H - 1 as-ina, pr.pt. sitting : -pra- asva, 2 sg. impv. of \/&9, sit.
^IT^rrrWTl^ni&hfitaadhyayin, a. waiting
£alayita, n. nodding with sleep while sitting. with one's studies till summoned.
W ^ T ^ a-svad-a, m. taste, e n j o y m e n t ;
^STPtffarprT?^ a-simSntam, ad. up to the flavour; -aba, a. tasting, enjoying ; -ana, n. -sJil^fH a - h f t t i , / . invocation.
boundary. = asvada; -a-vat, a. tasting well, dainty;
"^IT^pC &surd, a. (1) spiritual, divine; be- -ya, fp. to be tasted; palatable : -toya, a. q Sheya, a. relating to a snake (ahi).
longing to the demons or Asuras, demon-like; having palatable water. aho, pel. o r ; - svid, or perchance.
m. Asura; \ , f . female Asura. " ^ T l aha, 3 sg. pf. of Vah. Shnika, a. occurring by day, daily;
^Itg.gR 8-srikva, ad. u p to the corners of -JJil^rf a-hata, pp. of \ / h a n . n. daily rite; daily task; section, chapter.
the mouth [the world.
" ^ I ^ f d a - h a t i , / . blow, knock, stroke. ^ r T ^ T ^ fi-bMd-^, m. recreation, j o y : -ka,
S-sn'shtfi, ad. from the creation of -kara, -karin, a. gladdening, delighting; -na,
a-h^nana, n. striking, [wanton.
a-seka, m. watering, irrigation. n. delighting ; -niya, fp. fit for refreshing.
S-han-as, a. swelling, exuberant; -in, a. refreshing, delight-
a-seftana, n. pouring on, infusion;
" ^ T ^ T ^-har-a, a. (~°) b r i n g i n g ; m. offer- S-hvaya, m. w a g e r ; name. [ing.
S-seddhn, m. arrester. [bowl. ing (a sacrifice): -ana, n. fetching; offering
S-sedha, m. arrest, imprisonment. (sacrifice): -i-kri, present, bestow; -tri, m. "^TST S - h v f t , / . appellation, name.
bringer; taker; causer (ac.); performer. W S T ^ &-hvS.tri, m. invoker.
S-sev-ana, n. frequenting; addic-
a-bav-d, m. challenge, contest, fight,
tion ; -a , / . continuous application, addiction; S-hvana,n. callingupon,invocation;
-in, a. frequenting ; addicted to (- 0 ); -ya,fp. battle; -(hava)-na, n. oblation ; -niya, a.
meant for the oblation; to. (sc. agni) the eastern conjuring (a spirit); summons; challenge.
to be visited.
sacrificial fire; -bhumi, / . battle-field. ahvfina-ya, den. P. summons.
a-skand-a,TO.leaping u p ; attack;
-ana, n. attack; -in, a. springing upon (-°); S-hasa, m. low laughter. S-bvaya-ka, m. messenger, sum-
bestowing. moner. [summoned.
" W ^ T T a-hSra, a. (x) fetching; m. fetching,
•^U^sn askra, a. holding together, united. taking; food, sustenance (- 0 , a.f. a): - m k n , S-hvSyay-itavya, fp. to be

V .
^ i, prn. stem of the yd prs. #p.past. sam-ati,pass,elapse; traverse;over- away, leave; disappear: pp. apeta, escaped,
come. adhi, perceive; study, iearn (generally retreated, disappeared; having swerved from,
n . P . 6-ti(-°A.); + 1 . P . A . a y a ; IV. P. A.),recite: pp. adhita, learnt; learned (maw); opposed to, devoid of (ab. or viapa,
iya, go, come (punar, return); go to, attain, cs. P. adbyapaya, teach (2 ac.). pra adhi, part; depart, cease: pp. parted; vanished;
undergo (ac.); accrue to (ac.); ask for (ac., pp. advanced inVedic study, sam-adhi^study diverging from (-°); °-=-less. api, enter,
ab.); come from (ab.); go away, pass; under- thoroughly, anu, follow; visit; obey; equal be dissolved in (ac.); die. abhi, approach;
take ^continue i y a t e ; pp.ita; (ac.): pp. anvita, following (ac.); accom- tread (apath); enter; reach; attain; under-
intv. iyate, i pl. imahe, pt. iyana, hasten; panied by, united, endowed, provided or filled go ; accrue to (ac.). sam-abhi, approach ;
entreat (2 ac.). oJckha,, approach (ac.). ati, with (in. or -°); increased by, plus (-°); imi- follow; accrue, ava, go down to (ac.); regard;
pass; traverse; elapse; allowtopass (time); enter; tated; logically connected, sam-anu, pp. mean; understand, perceive; learn, know,
outstrip; exceed; conquer; avoid; part from provided orfilledw., possessed of (in.,-°). an- that (ac. of obj. with pred. ac. or nm. w. iti).
(ab.): pp.atita,past; disappeared; dead; hav- tar, get between; exclude from (ab.; sts. g.); abhiava, descend into (ac.). pratiava,
ing crossed; - avoided, - neglected, abhi j i t i , remove : pp. excluded; separated; inter- transgress, sam-ava, come down together,
elapse; cross; allow to pass: pp. dead, v i a t i , vening; distant; being in (a state: subside; unite in (ac.); regard as (iva):
elapse; swerve from (afe.); pass by; traverse: hidden or obstructed by (in. or apa, go pp. sam-aveta, united, all; inherent. ap-
^fiTT i-kara. indra. 45
proach,come; -again; attain,fallinto(as£a£e); ^ j i J I N G , I. i n g a , stir, move (int.); cs.put ittham-vidha, a. of such a k i n d ;
accrue to (ac.) : pr. pt. &-yat, coming, future, ^ in motion, shake, nd, wave, wield. -gfata, pp. so conditioned: Ic. such being the
anu follow, a b h i j t , come to, approach; be- case.
takeoneself to: w. bhuyas, come back again, f ^ T T i n g - a n t , / . designation of (g.); -ita,
sam-abhift, approach, ud-4, go up; come (pp.) n. gesture, sign, hint, look; intention. S ^ T T ^ i t - t M m , ad. so, thus. [a nature.
forth; rise^e«p. stars), u p a a , approach; be- inguda,TO.,i,/.ftznc? of tree; n.itsnut. ittham-bhQta, pp. being so, of such
take oneself to; attain, p a r y t , wander about,
pratij^, return to (ac.). sam-&, come to- ikhhfi, f . wish, desire: or in. ac- ^ T it-tha, ad. t h u s ; (often only emphatic
gether; assemble; join; meet with (in. ± cording to wish or inclination; at will; -bhar- = ) just, quite, even, really; kim t e what
samam); betake oneself to, enter (ac.); unite a«a, m. N.; -sakti-mat, a. having the faculty ails thee ?
with in marriage (in.): pp. sameta, assem- of wishing; -sadrisa, a. conforming to one's
bled ; united; connected, provided or united ityaka, m. N. [mentioned meaning.
wishes; -sampad,/. fulfilment of wishes.
with (in. or ud, go up; rise (sun, moon); itijirtha, -ka, a.having the above-
arise; increase; proceed from (ab.); appear; ikkh-xi, a. wishing, desirous of (ac.,
arise to fight against (ac.): pp. ndlta, risen, inf., or ^ ^ T ^ i t i a r t h a m , ad. for this purpose.
appeared or increased, a n u u d , come out to
meet (ac.). a p a u d , turn aside; depart or i<7-ya,/p. to be honoured; m. teacher. V8! itiSdi, a. beginning thus = and so
withdraw from (ab.). a b h i j j d , rise, appear; | if/-ya, f . sacrifice. on; n. this and the like, and so on, See.
rise over (ac.); rise to fight against (ac.): pp.
risen; - over (while still asleep, by the sun). Ifa, m. sedge, r u s h , r e e d ; mat. S ^ f T S T T e f i itij?tan-nama-ka, a. having the
prajid, rise; appear, p r a t i u d , rise and go names just mentioned.
id,f. comfort; oblation, sacrificialprayer.
to meet (ac.). l a m - n d , rise: pp. risen; lofty; itijivam-adi, «. = ityadi.
united;endowedw.(in.or-°). upa,approach; i di,, m.N.of a king; a form of Agni.
betake oneself to (w. apah, bathe); meet; be ^ ^ ity-ai, V. d. inf. of Vi-
Wa,tctoT ila,/. libation; prayer;
apprenticed to (ac.); turn from (ab.) to (ac.);
goddess of devotion; earth; -vat, a. refresh- ^ ^ • V . i - t v a n , a. going [less wife.
approach carnally; obtain, attain, participate
in; undergo, enter upon, have recourse to (a ing, quickening.
i-tvardl, a. going, m o v i n g ; i , f . faith-
state; e.g. darsanam, show oneself to, g.); it, technical indicatory letter or syllable
undertake, devote oneself to; solicit; appear; attached to words or roots (gr.). ^ ^ l-d, pel. just, quite, even, only (often
befall: pp. upeta, arrived; having retired to to be rendered by stress).
(-°); hvg. entered on (studies under a teacher); S7TX i-tara (n. -d; V. also -m), other; other
hvg. attained or betaken oneself to; suppliant; than, different from (ab., —°); contrary, op- id^m-rGpa, a. having this form.
endowed w., possessed of a b h i u p a , ap- posite ; common, ordinary: i t a r a - i t a r a , the
1 idan-tana, a. present, now living.
proach ; attain, betake oneself to ; approach one - the other; -gank, m. ordinary person ;
carnally; join (ac.); accrue to (ac.); enter on (a)-tas, ad. elsewhere ; otherwise than (ab.); ^ ^ i-d-am, n. (nm. ac. sg.: nm. m. ayam,
(a sta te); choose; assent: pp.come to (gn'ham - -tra, ad. = Ic. of itara; elsewhere; otherwise; f . iyam) this; the following (sts. refers to
= being in); admitted, assented to, promised, (a)-tliS,, ad. else; otherwise. what immediately precedes); all this = the
sam-aupa, pp. furnished with (-°). sam- ^rl itara-ya, den. P . alienate; bring over. whole world (often with sarvam, vxsvam,
upa, come together, assemble; meet (hostile); sakalam) ; w. prns.= here ; just; ad. here ;
betake oneself to; attain; have sexual inter- ^(TXTTX itarajtara, N. (only oblique cases hither; now; herewith; just; thus.
course w.; solicit; attain ; come upon, befall: of sg.) one another: the one & the other;
pp. endowed or furnished with (in.), n i , go or ad. mutually : - u p a k n t i - m a t , a. mutually ^ ^ • i l f ^ " idam-fidi, a. beginning with this.
get into, nis, go out, come forth, para, go or helpful.
run away; go to (ac.); pass away, depart, ^ T i-d^, \£<^T*n*^i-d8Lnim, ad. now, this
die; obtain: pt.pf. p a r e y i v a s . pareta, de- Jcf^i-tfo, ad. (=ab. of idam) from this; moment, just: w. ahnas or ahnam, to-day,
ceased. pari, go round, walk round, sur- from here, from this world; from this point; now-a-days. [living.
round: pp. parita, surrounded, filled, seized, here, - below; hence, therefore: i t a urdh-
vam, hereafter, below (in a book); ita.? idamn-tana, a. present, now
by (in. or vi-pari, turn round; fail: pp.
reversed, contrary; acting contrarily; diver- &aita.? Aa, from here and there, hither and
f iddha-didhiti, m. fire.
gent; perverse, adverse. s a w - p a r i , em- thither; i t a s - i t a s , here-there; i t a s tatas,
brace. pala, palayate (P. rare), flee, pra- here and there, hither and thither; hence- IDH, I N D H , I I . A . inddhe,
pal&, flee away, vi-pala, flee asunder, pra, forth (often with aparam, param, or pra-
go away; proceed, start, depart; die; come for- bhriti). kindle; ps. idhyate, be kindled, flame: pp.
ward, advance; go to; gd. pr6tya, after death, iddha, kindled, aflame (also fig.), sam, id.
^rTT«tT itaanta, a. having gone across.
in the next world: pp. preta, deceased, ^ J T idh-md, m. f u e l ; -lciti,f. wood-pile.
anu-pra, follow, apa-pra,depart from (ab.). 1 . 1 - t i , ad. so, thus (quoting words or
abbl-pra, approach ; think of, mean: pp. in- thoughts, generally at the end, sts. at beg. or I . in, the suffix in (gr.).
tended, meant; desired; beloved, saw-pra, near the end, serving the purpose of inverted
flow together, prati, go to; return ; go to commas, and supplying the place of oratio ^ 2 . I N ^ . ^ c T I N V .
meet, go against; accept; admit; be con- obliqua; it is also used to conclude an ^ T i-n^, a. strong, m i g h t y ; m. sun.
vinced (that, 2 ac.); believe, trust (g.); ps. enumeration, with or without &a): i t i tatha
pratiya-te, be recognised, become apparent, k a r o t i , so saying, he acts accordingly (stage ^«1^vi-nak-sh, des. P . (of */n&s) inaksha,
result: pr.pt.-mama., knownas(nm.) ;implicit: direction); i t i kritva, so saying, therefore, strive to obtain, ud, id.
pp. pratita, firmly resolved; trusting in (-°); considering that - ; k i m i t i —kim, why? (sts.
satisfied, cheerful; recognised, known; cs. = i t i kim). i t i i t i , i t i i v a , i t i u t a , i t i e - indira, f . epithet of Lakshmi.
praty-&yayati, prove; convince, v i , tra- vam, i t i sma, i t i ha, i t i ha sma — iti (sts. indivara, m.n. blue lotus; m. bee ;
verse ; extend ; disperse, separate ; diverge; iti is followed pleonastically by a dem.prn.).
be lost, perish: pp. v i t a , vanished: = -dala, n. petal of the blue lotus; -prabha, /.
free from - , -less, abhi-vi, resort to (ac.) 2. 1-ti or i-tl, f . going. N.; ^aksha, ra. N. of a man.
from all sides, sam, come together, meet (at, S^oft^eiJ iti-kartavya, n. (thus it must be ^ • ^ i n d - u , m. drop, juice, esp. of Soma; (drop
ac.),unite (with,i«.); penetrate; collide with; done), proper measure: -ta, f abst. n. : in the shy), moon; -kalasa, m. mans N.;
enter upon, begin; visit: pp. samita, as- -muf/Aa, pp. completely at a loss what to - k a l k , f . crescent: - avatamsa, m. ep. of Siva;
sembled; united; combined with (in. or -kanta, m. moon-stone; - k e s a r i n , m.N.of a
do; -karya, n. (-ta, /. abst. n.), -kritya, n.
(-tfi., f . abst. N.) proper measure; incum- Icing ; -dala, n. crescent; -prabha, m. N.;
bency ; -krama, m.; in. in such a manner; -bimba, n. orb of the moon; -mani, m.
^ i T T i-kara, m. the letter 1.
-tha, a. (i) such and such ; -vat, ad. just so, moon-stone; -mati,/*. N. of various women;
ikshii, m. sugar-cane; its stalk ; -kaw- in this very way; -vritta, n. incident, event. -mukha, a. (i) moon-faced; -yasas, f . N.
da, n. sugar-cane stalk; -damcZa, m. n. id.; of a princess; -ra^ra,TO.mans N.; -lekha,
-mati,/. N. of a river; -rasa, m. juice of iti-haasa, m. ( so-it-was'), tra- f.N.ofa queen; -vadana, a. moon-faced;
sugar-cane; -vati, f . N. of a river. dition, legend, story; epic poem. -sekhara, m. ep. of Siva,.
V * ^ '3 1 ikshvakd, m. N. of an ancient hing ito-gata, pp. turned hither; relat- indra, m. Indra, chief of the Vedic
and his descendants: pi. N. of a people: ing to this; -mukha, a. directed hither: -m, gods; highest, chief, prince of; -kar-
-kula-^a, a. born in the family of Ikshvaku. ad. hither. muka, n. Indra's bow, rainbow; - g l r i , m.
46 indra-ta. I HI ihamutra-phala-bhoga-viraga.
y. of a mountain; -guru, rn. Indra's teacher l'bh-ya, a. domestic; rich, f T f 1. ish-a, a. seeking (-°).
(Kasyapa); -gopa (or a), a. having Indra as a
guardian ; m. cochineal; -£apa, m. n. rain- im^, prn. st. this. 2. ish-a, a. j u i c y ; fat.
bow ; -gklk, n. Indra's net; a mythical weapon ^T^TT im^-thS, ad. in this manner. S^PJJ^fishaMaya, A., f ^ ^ j l ishawya, P . den.
of Argunas; magic: -pnrusha, m. human urge on, stimulate.
phantom; -</alika, m. magician; -#alin, m. ^ T ^ i - y a k - s h , des. P . implore ; l o n g for.
id.; -git, m. Indra's vanquisher, N. of Ed- ishd-ya, den. P . A . be fresh or a c t i v e ;
^ T ^ iyak-shu, des. a. longing.
vana's son or father; -^uta, pp. urged by refresh; quicken: inf. ishay&dfeyai.
Indra. fe ^•^iyafe-^iram, ad. s o l o n g ; hitherto. ^ S J isha-yu, a. fresh, strong,
^•j^rj | indra-tS,/. Indra's power or dignity; 1-yat, a. so great, so m u c h ; so little: in. i s h - l , / . recreation, comfort.
-tva, n. id.; sovereignty; -datta, m. N. of a in so far; therefore.
Brdhman; -devi,/. N .ofa queen: -bbavana, i s h l d h , / . oblation, offering.
n. N. of a vihdra built by her; -dhanus, n. iyat-ta-k£, a. (ika) so little; -ta, f .
quantity, number, measure; essence. S^f^X ish-ird, a. refreshing; active, strong,
Indra's bow, rainbow; -nila, m. sapphire or
emerald ; -purogama, a. preceded by Indra; V ^ + h i-y-am, f . (nm. sg.) this : y a i y a m , S T f f a T i s h i M , / . reed, rush. [swift.
-mada, m. certain disease of leeches; -mand- who here; s a i y a m , iyaira sa, she here.
i r a , m. Indra's abode, heaven; -maha-kam- ^ ^ Ish-u, m. f . arrow.
uka, m. dog. i-y-ar-ti, 3 sg.pr. of *Jri. ishu-dhf, m. quiver.
£
indra-ya, den. A . long for Indra. T ^ i-y-esh-a, 3 sg. pf. of *J2. ish. ishu-dhya, / . supplication ; -dhyu,
^•gT^J indra-yu, a. longing for Indra. ^ V 3 ^ i-rap-y£, intv. P . A . order; guide, a. supplicating.

V R . ^ ® " indra-lok^, m. I n d i a ' s world ; ira^r-yu, a. preparing; TO. preparer of Ishu-mat, a. furnished with arrows;
- v a m s a , f . a metre; -va^ra, n. Indra's thun- -matra, n. length of an arrow : (&)-m, ad. at
the sacrifice.
arrow-shot distance; -varsha, m. shower of
derbolt : k,f. a metre. i-radh,iVr. intv.(\^radh)A. seekto gain. arrows.
Chandra-vat, a. accompaniedby Indra; iram-mad^, a. delighting in drink; ishtiya, den. P. strive.
-vatama, spv. dearest to Indra; -v&ruwa, u.
TO. ep. of A g n i ; sheet-lightning.
bitter-gourd; -vrata, n. Indra's office or rule. ^ ^ f T fsh-knta, pp. prepared, equipped;
iras-ya, den. P . grudge ; envy (d.). -Tariti,f. preparation; cure.
VR. i^dra-satrn, m. Indra's foe, Pra-
hlada; -suta, m.pat. 0/Ar^una; -sena, m. | iras-ya, / . ill-will; envy. [fort. ^SJ 1. \sh-tk,pp. sought, wished for; desir-
N. of various men; - s e n & , f . Indra's missile; able, agreeable; dear; favourable; approved,
S ^ l 11a,/. ( = i d a ) potion; recreation, com-
N.; -stuti,/. praise of Indra; -stotra, n. id. accounted (-tama, spv. considered the best);
f ^ T f ^ T i n d r a a g n f , m. du. Indra and Agni. fra-vat, a. refreshing, quickening ; n. wish, desire. [sacrifice.
-i,f. N. of a river; N. 2. ish-/^, pp. (\/yag) sacrificed; m . n .
l<lTl indrgwi, f . Indra's wife.
i M ir-iraa, n. c h a n n e l ; brook, spring ; S^Smi ishfe-ka, f . brick : -g/iha, «. brick-
indraanu^a, m. Indra's younger dice-board; barren soil (esp. containing salt).
brother (Vishnu or Krishna). house.
^ f v v ^R-ITI, TO. oppressor, tyrant. ^ S ^ i T T ^ ^ ishta-kama-duh,/. (nm. -dhuk)
l^«V v indra-pushan(or indr a-pfrsh3n),
m. du. Indra and Pftshan. ^ ^ Ir-ya, a. a c t i v e ; watchful; strong. cow of plenty (milking = ) granting all desires.
indra&yudha, n. Indra's weapon, I L , V I . P . ila, come; ilaya, stand ish/a-g'ana, m. beloved person,
rainbow; m. horse with black spots on the 'N still. lover; -devata,/. favourite or tutelary deity.
eyes: a, /. kind of leech; -maya, a. consist- ^ c f i illaka, TO. man's N. £ ishfani, a. rushing, roaring.
ing altogether of rainbow.
^ g l f i s h ^ r g a , m. one who fights in front
I «(f^indra-vat,a.accompaniedbyIndra. i-va, (encl.) ac?. like, as it were; about, al-
most; somewhat; indeed (with inter.): often or beside (as a protector). [sired object.
^ T W i r Indra-Vctruna, m. du. Indra and merely emphatic — only, just, quite; or ren- ^ T R ish/a-labha, m. acquisition of a de-
Varuwa. dered by stress.
S ^ s f f T ishM - vrata, a. fulfilling wishes;
indriva, a. belonging to, like or ^"CJ I. I S H , V I . i s h a ; I . esha (w.anu); I V . -samp^din, a. procuring what is desired ;
dear to Indra; m. companion of Indra; n. N i s h - y a ; . I X . ish-?2&-ti, set in rapid mo- -sadhana, a. id.
Indra's might; dominion; mighty deed; tion, discharge; emit, utter; urge, encourage,
ishf^-ptlrta,n.sg.&du. wish (or sacri-
vigour, energy; semen virile; organ of sense; animate; advance or strive towards (d., Ic.):
-kama, a. desirous of might; - g r a m a , m. pp. i s h i t a ; cs. i s h a y a , P . A . s p e e d ; comfort, fice) and fulfilment = reward of pious works;
totality of the senses; - n i g r a h a ,TO.restraint anu, go after, seek, look for. pra, urge, send C. sacrifice and pious works. [helper.
of the senses; -sakti,/. power of the senses; forth; call upon another priest to recite or ^ f g 1. ish-fi, f . incitement, furtherance;
-samyama, m. restraint of the senses. perform a rite (ac.): impv. p r a i s h y a , call
upon to recite or offer (ac. or g.); cs. pre- ^ [ f S 2. ish-ri,/. seeking, search; wish, desire.
indriyaartha, m. object or stimu- shaya, hurl,throw,send; send away,dismiss:
lant of the senses; - a s a n g a , rn. pl. non-in- pp. preshita. anu-pra, cs. send after or ^ f g 3. Ish-ri,/. (simple) sacrifice (of butter,
dulgence of the senses. [Indra. despatch to. upa-pra, urge; call upon (a ^ T isb-iva, gd. of </yag. [fruit, &c.).
indrajshita, pp. sent or urged by priest to recite), sam-pra, cs. send; dismiss;
send a message to (3.). ^wy-c^ishrau-ft, the suffix ishwu (gr.).
indrautsava,m. festival in honour ish-mfn, a. driving, stormy,
^JEf 2. I S H , V I . P . (L in V. <PE.) ik-
f ^ I N D H , v. IDH. [of Indra. M a , seek, search after; wish something to ^ t e j t t f ishuasana, n. bow.
be (2 ac.), desire, ask for, expect (from, ab.,
indh-a, a. kindling. ^ b c j i s h u j i s ^ , TO. a r c h e r ; bow.
Ic.); intend or be about to (inf.); regard as (2
indb-ana, n. kindling ; f u e l : -vat, a. ac.); choose, have the option of (ac.); recog- i-hd, ad. here, h i t h e r ; here on earth ;
supplied with fuel. nise, sanction; with na, refuse (to, inf.); ps. in this book; in the following; now, in a
i s h y a t e , be desired, - required, - prescribed, moment; often = Ic. of idam.
indhani-kn, turn into fuel, - recognised,— sanctioned, - accounted, - con-
indh-i, the root indh (gr.). sidered : pp. ish-ta, q.v. anu, seek, search ihd-tya, a. belonging to this place,
after, look through; strive after; beg; try;
iha-loka, m. this, i. e. the present
I . P . inva-ti, or • J f T I N , V E I L cs. a n v e s h a y a , P. search; expect, p a r i a n u ,
world.
search around, abhi, seek after; intend (inf.):
P . ino-ti, put in motion, send; further, urge; pp. abhishfa. prati, seek; receive (from, iha-stha, a. being or remaining here.
overcome. [n». elephant. g.); regard, obey.
^ T ^ W t R ^ n f t T f W T T T ihaamutra-phala-
Ibha, m.n. domestics, household, family; bhoga-viraga, rn. indifference to the pleasures
Ish/.juice,draught,comfort; libation;
I ibha-dantS, / . N. of a plant. I refreshing waters of heaven; strength; food. of reward in this world and the next.
t ^ iksh. ukshaw-ya. 47

1 1
I K S H , I. A . (P.) see, look ; look at, f l T l G , I. A. i'(/a-te,move,drive, apa,drive f ^ T irmsf, fjJT irma, (in.) ad. here, hither,
\ behold (ac., Ic.)] perceive; contemplate, N away.
regard; expect; * prophesy to (d.); cs. iksha- i r - y a , f p . to be urged on.
ya, cause to look at (ac.). adhi, expect; dread, TW fy-ana, pf. pt. of V y a g .
anu, look after, apa, look away; have in f ^ } I R S H Y , I. P . irshya-ti, e n v y ; be
view, watch for (ac.); expect, wait for; fear; v jealous.
II- A. iWe, praise; beseech (ac.)
pay regard to, mind; require, presuppose : \ f o r (ac.,g., d.): pp. ilitk, praised, pra, i r s h y - a , / . e n v y ; jealousy: -lu, -vat,
w. na, not bear to see. viapa, pay regard to, prati, sam, praise. [plored, to be praised. -u, a. envious, jealous; -ita, (pp.) n. jealousy,
mind, abhi, look at. ava, look at; observe;
envy; -in, a. jealous, envious.
mark, reflect on,consider; experience; expect, irf-enya, 17-enya, fp. t o be im-
hope for. anu ava,meditate; consider, reflect i^cjf^ i-vat, a. so great.
on. nir-ava, consider, pratiava, inspect, VS4 it^-ya, fp. to be praised, praiseworthy.
examine; enquire after, sam-ava, look at; be- i s , I I . A . i'sh-fe, possess, own, be
^ f d l-ti, f . c a l a m i t y ; plague.
hold; reflect on; scrutinize; trouble about, N master of, rule (ac. org.); belong to,be due
ud, look up at, look at; behold; wait; expect, i ^ W T l d n k - t a , f . quality. to (g-) j he entitled to (g.); be able to (inf.,
abhi ud, look towards, sam-nd, look up,
l-dr/ksha (a), ^ ^ i - d n s ( f . = m.), f ^ t , i s , m. lord, ruler; S i v a . [g.,orlc.).
look towards or at; observe, regard, npa,
look at; descry; wait for, avail oneself of; f ^ T J i - d m a , «.(i) o f t h i s appearance, such. ^ i l is-d, a. able to dispose of, entitled to
overlook, disregard, neglect; connive at, suffer; (g.); capable of (inf.); TO. owner, lord, ruler,
not insist on (ac.). sam-upa, disregard, neg- t ^ W ip-sa,cZes. ( V a p ) wish to obtain, desire. chief of (g., -°) ; ep. of Siva.; a , / . ability,
lect. nis, look about; look at; behold; per- power; dominion; -na, n. governing, ruling;
ceive ; consider, pari, look round; examine; I^WT ip-sa, / . desire, wish ; -sita, des. pp.
^a&ala, m. Himalaya.
perceive; cs. cause to be examined, pra, desired, wished for, dear; n. wish: -tama,
look at, perceive ; quietly suffer, say nothing, nearest object (gr.); -su, des. a. desirous of t ^ r T T is-ana (or a), pr. pt. possessing;
abhi-pra, look at; behold; perceive, nt-pra, (ac.'inf, ruling over (g.); m. ruler; ep. of Siva; N.;
look up to (listening); look out towards; look -Sandra,TO.N.; -devi,/. N.
1m, enc. pcl.r=ac. of prn. i, used without
back on with longing; expect; use or call is-i-tri, TO. ruler, i o r d .
distinction of number or gender and with or
figuratively; transfer to (Ic.)', erroneously
without another ac.] w.rel. = -ever; with inter. S j a j ^ is-in, a. ruling over
consider (2 ac.); wrongly suppose, imagine ;
impute to (Ic.). vi-pra, look hither and = pray; w. neg. = at all; of ten meaningless.
i ^ X is-var£, a.able to, capable of (inf., Ic.;
thither; contemplate, sam-pra, look at, be- f[faem.iy-i-vas, pf. pt. act. ( V i ) went.
hold, perceive; consider, prati, look on; be- w. inf. in -tas the nm. sg. m. is used for all
hold, perceive; expect, wait for (gd. prati- genders and numbers) ;TO.owner of (g., Ic.,
f ^ p f t iy-ush-i, / . pf. pt. (*/i) past.
kshya — quite gradually); bear with, endure. - ° ) ; ruler, lord, prince, king; man of rank,
sa//(-prati,wait: gd. waiting=long. vi,gaze; rich man; husband; supreme god; Brahman ;
^ IR, II. (P.) A . 1'r-te, set in motion, Siva: 1, f . princess ; -t&, f , -tva, n. rule,
lookat; perceive; consider; ascertain; discrim- ^ stir up ; arise, move (int.); come forth, re-
inate ;ps. appear, ann-vi, look round; look to- sovereignty; -prarddhana, n. submission to
sound ; cs. iraya, P. A . set in motion, stir ; the will of the Lord.
wards; behold, perceive;examine, gam-anu- throw; excite ; produce; utter; say ; pro-
vi, perceive, abhi-vi, look at, perceive. sam- claim; raise; arise; ps.be called: pp. irit&. ^TEf I S H , I . isha, move away, depart from
abhi-vi, perceive, ud-vi, look u p ; look to-
a, procure ; utter; cs. id. niji, appoint as x (ab.); leave (ac.). a, rush on. ud, rise up.
wards or upon; perceive, become aware of.
(2 ac.). nd, rise; arise : pp. ud-ir»a, ex- sam-ud, id.
sam-ud-vi, look at, perceive, sam-vi, be-
cited, increased; elevated, elated: cs. raise,
come aware of. abhi-sam-vi, stare at. sam, [n.pr. pt.ad. slightly, a little,
whirl u p ; throw, cast; put forth; increase;
look at, see, perceive; ascertain; consider, somewhat; easily (often °-); -kara, a. easily
excite, produce; display; rouse, animate ;
pra-sam, look at, see, perceive; consider. performed; -karya./p. easy to (Ic.); -p&na,
utter, proclaim, speak; ps. be called, pass
for (nm.). abhiud, cs.utter,speak, sam-nd, a. easy to drink.
iksh-aka, m. beholder, s p e c t a t o r ; cs. raise; throw; excite; utter, pra, move (mi.); S^Hl isha, f . pole (of a car): du. double
-ana, n. sight, look; inspection; care; super- arise; cs. drive forward, urge; excite; direct (forked) pole.
intendence ; eye: -patha,TO.horizon; -anika, (gaze); utter; pass (time), sam-pra, rise
-a«ika, m. fortune-teller ; -aniya, fp. to be together; cs. push forward, sam, put to- ! h , I. A . (P.) lha, strive after, aim at
seen, forthcoming; - k , f . glance, look; sight; gether; cs.id.; move (tr.), produce, create; ^ (ac.), desire to (inf.); undertake; exert one-
-i, the verb iksh (gr.); -ita, (pp.) n. look; -i- utter, speak. self: pp. ihita, aimed at, desired; meant for
tri, m. n. beholder, witness. (ic.). sam=simple verb.
ir-a,m. w i n d ; -ana, TO.id.; n. pressure.
^ INKH,I. P.inkha.move; cs. inkhaya, t ^ T i h e x e r t i o n , e n d e a v o u r ; business,
t f t w iriraa, n. land impregnated with s a l t ; labour; desire, wish; -vat,a.assiduous; brave.
^ \sway, shake, pra, tremble; cs. swing :
A. swing oneself, desert. [animal) ;TO.n. wound.
^ J ^ f l ih-ita, (pp.) n. exertion; labour; pur-
iiikh-ana, n. swinging. f " l | ir-md, m. a r m ; f o r e - q u a r t e r (of an pose ; desire, wish.

^ U .

"3 1. u, ij. (not liable to Sandhi) of anger or dressed ; n. word, expression : -tva, n. state- ^ f ^ T ^ u k t b - f n , a. praising; -ya,a.praise-
command. ment; -purva,a. said before; -pratyukta, n. worthy.
address and reply, conversation; -matra, a.
^ 2. u, ^ A, encl. pel. and, also; but, merely uttered : Ic. no sooner said than - ; I . U K S H , I . Y I . uksha, s p r i n k l e ;
whereas; now, just; forthwith: u - u, both - -rupa, a. of the form or kind mentioned; A . drip: pp. -ita, besprinkled, wetted,
v

and; it is used after pronouns, relatives, in- -vat, pp.act. y^va&; -vakya, a. hvg. spoken. abhi, besprinkle, bedrip. anu-pari, sprinkle
terr., some pels., and the inf. in -tavai; in C. around, pra, besprinkle; hallow (for sacri-
it occurs only in athan, n a v , and kim-u. •dftfl u k - t i , / . declaration; express state- fice); sacrifice, sam-pra, besprinkle; A .
ment ; speech, saying; word, expression; besprinkle oneself.
^ 3. u, the suffix -u (gr.). song : -TO kri, raise the voice; -posha, TO.
pleonasm; -pratyuktika,/. speech and reply. 2. U K S H , I . P . uksha, g r o w up,
^ 4. U, V. P. u-no-ti, call, cry. N wax strong.
^ T T uk-tvK, gd. of Vvak.
xjefi uka, the suffix -uka (gr.). ^JTST uksh-awa, n. besprinkling, consecra-
u k - t h a , n. praise, h y m n of praise ; tion : -ga, a. arising from consecration, [tie.
^cfiTT u-kara,TO.thesound or letter u (gr.). invocation; recitation (later called <Sastra)
of the Sotri. ^^jdij ukshan-y£, den. P . desire bulls or cat-
uk-td, pp. (\Ara&) spoken,utterrd; ad-
48 ^TW ukshara-yu. ut-kalapa.

ukshaw-yu, a. desirous of cattle. ^3%^uMais, (in. pi.) ad. h i g h ; a b o v e ; up- GGH [ud + h&], V I . P . ugghk, aban-
wards; loudly; aloud; highly, vigorously, in- N don, forsake, quit, leave; give up, let go ;
^•^•^uksh-dn, m. bull. tently, thoroughly: w. bbn, rise. let fall; avoid: pp. tugglMa,, abandoned, for-
saken; free from, devoid of (in., pra,
ukh£, m. [hollowed o u t : u d + V k h a ] uM-ais-tara, cpv.higher; very high avoid; abandon, sam, abandon.
cooking pot, pan: a, f. id.; -7; M i d , a. fragile or tall: -tva, n. excessive highness; -taram,
as a pot, rotten. ad. higher. [a. of high rank. ^ S f J u ^ A - a , a.abandoning, neglecting, for-
tikh-ya, a. being in the pot. [its it. getting (-°); -ana, n. removal; avoidance.
ufcfcai^-sthfina, n. h i g h position ;
^ f i j c ^ ug-it, a. having u k (i. e. u or ri) for vTS^UNKH,I.YI. P . xitikha,, glean, pra,
^ ^ U K K H , v. ^ i . V A S , shine.
^ wipe out, efface.
ug-r3, a. m i g h t y ; violent; grim,dread- y^l^uttMn, V. spl.pr.subj. of\/1. vas.
ful, terrible, rigorous; to. mighty person, unfcft-a, m. n. gleaning ears of grain;
great violent person; ep. of Siva & Rudra; ^-ce^ | c f f ^ u f c - M a s t r a - v a r t i n , a. trans- -na, n. id.] -vritti, a. living by gleaning;
JV. of a mixed caste (offspring of Kshatriya gressing the institutes of the law. TO. gleaner; -sbash^Aa, n. sixth part of the
& Stidrd); -ta,/., -tva, n. violence; rigour; ^ d^l ufa-gra, m. n. h u t of leaves, [gleanings.
u^-^Aikha, a. with crest erect (pea-
-danda, a. stern-sceptered, relentless; -puti,
a. having a horrible stench; -prabhava, a. cock); with upward flame, burning brightly. Nj^ udu, / . n. s t a r ; -natba, to. moon.
high and mighty; -rush, a. terribly angry; 'tfpQJ^SH^a \\k-kh\khtinda, a. with tail out- udu-pa, TO. m o o n ; to. n. boat, s k i f f ;
-^asana, a. stringent in his orders: -sena, to. spread ; -fcAitti, f . destruction, extermina-
N. of various kings; ^isa, m.N.ofa temple -pati, TO. moon.
tion; -Minna, pp. (*/Mid) cut off; m. (sc.
built by Ugra. sandhi) peace bought by ceding fertile terri- urf-dayana,n.flying up, flight; -dk-
tory ; -khixas, a. holding the head high ; mara, a. extraordinary; -rfina, n. flying up,
UK, I V . P . uk-ya, like; be accustomed -Milimdbra, n. luxuriant mushroom; a. flight; -rfiyana, n. id.
N to: pp. -ita,liking, used to (g., Zc.,-°); ac- covered with mushrooms.
customed, well known; proper, suitable; ex- ^ I L U f ^ un-^di,TO.pi. U n M i suffixes, class
pedient ; obliged to (inf.): in. suitably, sam, uk-khishta, pp. (\/sisb) left o v e r ; of primary suffixes beginning with u (gr.).
take pleasure in (in.): pp. used to (g., ; having a remnant of food (in the mouth or
hands), r itually impure ; n. remnant, leavings ^underaka-sragf.kindofpastry.
suitable for (g., -°).
(esp. of a sacrifice or of food): -ta, f . im- ^ c j u - t d , p e l . and, also,even; or: ut&-tit&,
ufe-^tha, n. h y m n of praise. purity; condition of a remnant: -m ni, = al- both - and; uta. - va, either - or (often with
nJt^ZJ u i a t h - y a , a. praiseworthy. most entirely devour; -asana, n. eating of va or abo va); interr. or : kim-uta, utrum
remnants. [erect; n. pillow. - an, whether - or? (often w. abo, va, or svid);
x j f a d ' S j u/dta-^rwa, a. k n o w i n g what is fit- kim-uta, how much more or rather; how
uft-ZcAirsha-ka, a. h a v i n g the head
ting: 'tk,f.abst.N.; -tva, n. appropriateness, much less (in neg. clauses); api uta, also; pra-
fitness. u&-Mush-ka, a. dried up. tiuta, on the contrary, rather. Uta is often
u£-fca, a. [ud-fca, upward], l o f t y ; high ^T u&-Mrinkhala, a. unfettered; un- merely verse-filling at the end of a line in E.
(also Jig., esp. of sound)', loud. bridled, unrestrained; -Mrita, pp. (v'sri) utathya, TO. N. of an Angirasa.
vj^i|\tJu?cZca-kais, (in.pi.) ad.loud; high: uplifted, elevated, high: -pawi, a. with out-
stretched hand. ^SfTnft u t a S h o , cj. or (in double questions).
(r)&sana-tas, ad. from a high seat.
uk-khettri, TO. destroyer. u t a u ,pcl. and also; ut6-nt6 = utd-uta.
^ f ^ t u f e - f e a k s h u s , a. h a v i n g uplifted eyes.
^ S S ^ u k - k h e d - a , m . , -ana, n. cutting or chop- ut-ka, a. longing or eager for (inf. or
^ ^ Rl^ufcfca-gir, a.loudly proclaiming ( - 0 ) . -°); n. longing, eagerness.
ping off; destruction, extermination: -aniya,
^ n T t ^ T uftfca-gopura, a. lofty-gated. fp. to be cut off; -in, a. destroying (-°) ; -ya, ^ f ^ n j e f i ut-kan/mka, a. bereft of the bodice.
nj^ uk-kanda, a. very violent; m i g h t y ; fp. to be destroyed.
ut-ka<a, a. excessive, extraordinary;
terrible. -STE^H ufc-Mesha, m. remnant, fragment : very great, very strong or violent; abounding
^ I p n u t o - t a , / . , °*fT "tva, n. superiority. -na, n. id.: i-kri, leave over. in (-°); drunk; furious, mad.

ufc-fcaya,TO.accumulation, collection, TO. swelling, inflation; " Z ^ R W f a R ut-kan<ak-ita, pp. with thorns
-Mopba,TO.id.; -Mosbana, a. parching or or hair erect; -in, a. id.
pile, heap, quantity; -apa£aya,TO.du. rise
drying u p ; n. drying up (tr. & int.).
S I R u&-£ala, m. N. of a king, [and fall. \jcoH n ^ u t - k a n r t , I . A . s t r e t c h o u t t h e n e c k ;
nk-khraja,m.rise,elevation; height;
growth : -na, n. raising, setting up; -Mraya, long for (d.); cs. fill with longing.
^^ati^^JI u/c&a-sar/israya, a. high up, t w i n k -
ling on high. [upwards. to. rise, elevation; height, growth, increase ; ^(cfl ut-kan^Aa, a. having the neck out-
-khxita.,pp. (\Ari) high; exalted; -Mriti,/. stretched; longing; amorous: -m, ad. long-
Xik-kt, (in.) ad. above; from a b o v e ; rise, exaltation; growth, increase. ingly, -karin, a. causing longing; -karol/ia,
uft-fe&r-£,a.rising;m.pronunciation; ufe-Mvan&a-sva, 2 sg. impv.k. of ud f . longing; love-sick yearning.
evacuation, excrement; -ana, n. pronuncia- + sv&nk. t R ^ ut-kamdhara, a. with neck erect.
tion : -ita, pp. having voided excrement.
^ ^ r y T ufc-Mvasana, n. becoming s l a c k ; ^ccfi+M ut-kamp-a, a .trembling; to. t r e m o r ;
1 q t ) ukkaava,-ka, a . h i g h & l o w ; various. -Mvasita, (pp.) n. breath; exhalation; solu- -ana, n. trembling; -in, a. trembling; heav-
tion; -Mvasa, TO. expiration; breath; sigh; ing (breast); causing to tremble.
^ f e t T l m uk-klkisha, f . desire to gather. expiring; swelling, rising; section; chapter;
NS^q ufc-Aeya, fp. to be gathered. -Mv8.sita, cs. pp. riven; -khvksin, a. breath- utka-ya, den. P . fill w i t h longing.
ing out; breathing again; sighing; swelling; ^jtcfl ^ ut-kard,m. earth thrown up, m o u n d ;
ufctaiA-kula, n. high family; -pada, rising; issuing.
n. high position; -pramodam, ad. with loud heap, quantity ; cloud (Jig.).
rejoicings. ugr-^ayini, f . (Victoria), Oujein, ^ r c f r f ^ R T ut-karika, f . kind of sweet dish.
JV. of a city, capital of Avanti.
u/^air-abhif/aua, a. of h i g h de- ut-karraa, a. pricking up the ears;
scent ; -u&£aift-sravas, to. the exalted U&- x J ^ T T I T ugr-^agara, a. excited, indignant. -tala, a. beginning to flap its ears.
fcai/t-sravas; -ufeAais-taram, ad. higher and ^ f w f a / . victory.
higher; -gati,/. ascent; -dvisb, a. having ut-karsh-a,a. boastful; m. elevation,
mighty foes; -dhaman, a. of exalted splen- ^ W t f ^ u^ivin, to. N.of a crow. increase, exaltation, eminence; distinction ;
dour; -bbashana or -bbasbya, n. loud talk; ^ ^ I J T u^-grrimbha, a. y a w n i n g : -na, n. excellence; excess; boastfulness; -in, a. su-
-bhu>ya, a. having uplifted arms. perior, better. [country.
yawning; breaking forth.
^jpaflH utkala,TO.pl.N. of a people; n. their
-siras, a.holdingthe head
^ ^ f E T u(/-</esh^, a. victorious, [or like,
high; eminent; -sravas, m. N. of a mythical ^ c W R ut-kalapa, a . spreading its tail
horse produced at the churning of the ocean. ugr-grvala, a. brilliant, splendid (with (peacock).

/
^feflf^ofiT ut-kalika. ^^TTT ut-preksh-araa. 49
^ H l f a ^ U ut-kalika,/. longing; love-sick \3t( ^cfn^T uttara-kaya, m. upper part of the -ana, a. saving ; n. deliverance ; -ay-itri, a.
yearning; bud; wave. body; -kala,TO.subsequent period, future; about to cross (ac.); - y a , f p . to be vomited.
a. future; -kosala, m. pi. northern Kosalas;
ut-kashana, n. tearing up. [(-°). -khancZa,TO.n. designation of last section in W R ut-tala, a. violent; luxuriant; ter-
various works. rible, gruesome; excellent.
sjfr«=n ^ ut-kira, a. throwing or whirling up . A
^ r n d l ^ ut-titir-shu,c?es.a. wishing to come-
^(^ftf^nT ut-kilita, pp. opened by with- "(JTIVI T • ut-taranga, den. A. break forth like
waves. [high waves. out of (ab.); desirous of crossing (ac.).
drawing the plug.
ut-kula, a. degenerate. ^-d 2. uttaranga, m.high wave; a. having ^ F f f f f ut-tung-a, a. prominent, high; -ita,
pp. raised aloft; -i-kri, raise aloft.
ut-k%-a, m. note or song (of the ^ r R ^ ^ u t t a r a - M A a d a , wi.cover, coverlet;
-ga., a. born of the last mentioned marriage. ut-tegrana, / . whetting.
cuckoo): -ita, pp. n. id.
ut-kunlana, n. leaping up. ^ r T T W ut-t£rana, a. crossing; n.crossing, ^ T f f t T W ut-torama, a.adorned with erected
passing over arches: -pataka, a. adorned with erected
ut-ktila, a. overflowing the b a n k : uttara-tas, ad. northwards; to arches and flying flags.
-gamin, a. id. [bles). the north, to the left of (g.): - pa.s£at, to the ^r^r ut-tha, a. arising; springing up; pro-
' north-west; -dayaka, a. answering, contra- ceeding from, originating in (- 0 ) ; -tba-ta-
ut-knti,/. a metre (104 or 80 sylla-
dicting, impertinent; -paksba, m. northern vya, fp. n. one should rise ; one should be
^rjjjr5ut-kmh-ta,pp. superior: -tva ,n.abst. or left wing; answer to an opponent's ob- up and doing; -thana, m. originator; n.
N. ; -vedana, N. marrying a man of higher jection (ph.); -pada, n. latter part of a com- rising; rise (of heavenly bodies); resurrection;
caste; -jip&dhi, a. whose condition or asso- pound; -pas&ima, a.'north-westerly. insurrection, tumult; exertion, activity;
ciate is exalted : -t&,/. abst. s. (ph.). origin: -vat, a. strenuous, -vira, m. man
^JtTTWuttardm, ad. further; forward; af- of action; -thapana, n. raising; awakening;
ut-ko/ta, m. bribe: -ka, a. taking terwards, thereupon. -thaya, gd. having arisen; -thaLy-in, a. rising;
bribes. ^ r f X ^ T ut-tarala, a. trembling, quivering. appearing; active, strenuous: -i-tva, n. abst.
A N. ; -thita, pp. Vstha.
^Tc^TtfZ ut-ko<i, a. running to a point. uttarala-ya, den. A . shudder,
quiver. ut-paksh-man, a. having raised
">3ml ut-koraka-ya, den. P. furnish
eyelashes; -mala, a. id. [ing up.
with sprouting buds.
^^rlT^TtWt. uttara-loman, a. having the ut-patana, a. (i) flying up; n. leap-
ut-krama, m.rising; going out; de- hairy side uppermost; -vadin, a. answering;
parture; -kr&mana, n., -kranti,/. id. making the later claims (leg.). ^FTrTr=li ut-pataka, a. with flags flying; a,
ut-krosa, m. osprey. ^TtTXT i. uttara, / . (sc. dis) north. / . a flying flag: -dhva^a, a. having flying
flags and banners.
^SlfNrf?! ut-kshipti,/.raising; -kshepa, m. ^ r T T T 2. uttara, (in.) ad. northwards ;
[left. "SrMfdd *! ut-pat-itavya./yj.n.one must fly
0
tossing up, raising; spreading out: -na, n. north of (ab., g.).
id., -ka, m. purloiner of clothes. up ; -ishnn, a. flying up ; about to spring.
^ T l ^Tc^uttarat, (ab)ad. from the north or
|d ut-khat-a, n. undermining; ex- ^frCprT^I ut-pattavya,/p. n. to appear: an-
^TlTT^PC uttaraadhar£, a. being above enautpattavyam, he will be born again.
tirpation ; uneven ground; -in, a. uneven and below; n. upper and lower lip ; lips :
(ground). -vivara, n. mouth, [north), north country. xjrM TtI ut-patti,/.comingintobeing,birth;
^Tl^Jut-tams-a, m:wreath, crest; ornament. origin; mine; new birth, regeneration; pro-
^Tt uttara-patha, TO. (way to the duce ; productiveness; occurrence, esp. of or
^ T T ^ J uttamsa-ya, den. P . deck with a W U ^ u t t a r g m , ad. further away. in a Vedic passage: -dh&man, n. birthplace;
wreath: pp. ita, worn as a wreath. -mat, a. produced, born.
^Tnrr^nO" uttarcyiyana, n. northward
ut-tanka, m. N. of a jRishi. ut-patha, m. wrong way; evil course.
course (of the sun); half-year in which the
^3rT?ut-ta<a, a.having overflowed its banks. sun moves northwards; summer solstice; ^rMS ut-panna, pp. (\Zpad) arisen: -bnd-
^arani, / . the upper fire-stick; ^artha, a.
tit-tabdha, pp. V s t a b h ; -tabh-ita, id. dhi, a. prudent, wise.
being for the sake of what follows; -jirdha,n.
upper part of the body; £-vat, a.^superior; ut-pala, n. (blue) lotus at a later stage
^STtH ut-tama, spv. highest, suprem e; m ost -Ji*a,/. northern quarter; -^aman, a. having called kamala; m. N.: -ka,TO.id.; -pura,
excellent, best, chief (among, ; superior lofty crags; ^asaiiga, m. upper or outer gar- n. N.of a town built, by Tltpala; -vana,n. bed
to, higher or better than (ab.); last: -nx, ment ; covering. of lotuses ; -s&ka, n. N. of a plant; - aksha,
ad.; m. (last = our) first person (gr.). TO. N.of a king; -jipirfa, m. N. of a king.
W T T t f uttarahi, ad. northwards.
^ t T J W M T<o4 uttama-gandhajiff/iya, o. rich
in delicious fragrance; -^ana, ni. pi. superior ^JrM f^ll^utpal-in, a. abounding in lotuses:
^Tl uttar-iya, n. upper or outer gar-
people; -te^as, a. supremely brilliant or - i , / . bed of lotuses.
ment, covering; coverlet: -ka, n. id.
mighty; -puruaha, m. supreme spirit; (last x3f<4C|wi ut-pdvana, n. purification; imple-
-our) first person (gr.). ^ t H ^ T uttarena, (in.) ad. to the north or
ment of purification; -pavitn, m. purifier.
left of (ac., ab.,g., [day.
^ TlH 111uttama rina,TO.creditor; i-ka, m.id. ut-pa^-ana, n. tearing out; expul-
X3TI l ^ t l j i t t a r e - d y u s , ad. on the following
^ r T T ^ t u t t a m a - v a r n a , a. most beautifully sion; dethronement; -in, a. pulling or pluck-
uttara uttara, a. ever increas- ing out (-°).
coloured ; -sabasa, n. highest fine.
ing; following in succession: -m, ad. higher
^TfTTTIP nttamaafiga, n.head. and higher; more and more; in constant suc- ^rMId ut-pata, w. flying u p ; rise; leap;
cession ; n. reply to answer, rejoinder; dis- sudden appearance ; portent, omen.
uttamaogas,TO.N. of a man. cussion: -bhava, a. in which one is always utpad-a, m. issuing forth, produc-
^ t T X ut-tara, cpv. upper; higher, better; above the other, - j i k t a , pp. subsequently tion, birth; -aka, a. (ika) producing, pro-
later (than, ab.); left; northern; north of stated in each case. ductive;TO.producer, shedder; father; -ana,
(ab.); posterior; following;latter,subsequent, a. (1) producing; n. begetting, bearing ; ef-
uttaraoshfAa, m. upper lip.
future; superior; mightier; victorious; win- fecting; procuring; - a y i t r i , / . producer; -in,
ning (a suit) ; m. N.of a mtn.; n. surface, cover 1*1 ut-tand, a. outspread; extended; a. produced or born; producing, causing (-°).
(-°,a.); north; latter part of a compound; an- face upwards; upturned; shallow,superficial;
^ f r M ^ ut-pin^a,TO.tumult; -pitsn, des. a.
swer, discussion; legal defence; contradiction wide open; ready to hand; i-ta, cs. pp. opened
wishing to rise; -pida,TO.pressure; torrent
\-m dft, contradict); superiority; surplus (- 0 , wide; i-kri, open wide; i-bhu, be spread out.
(of tears): -na, n. pressing; -prabandha. a.
a. — increased by,plus); main part a. hav- ^ T l I M ut-tapa, m. great h e a t ; ardour, uninterrupted; -pravala,a.having sprouting
ing as its chief object, consisting chiefly of; ad. passion. foliage; -prasa, m., -na,n.derision, mockery.
overwhelmed by); consequence a. followed
by); later period (-° = later); kind of song. ^ r T T T ut-tar-a, m. crossing ( - 0 ) ; rescue; ^'rtj^tJT ut-preksh-ana, n. anticipation;
H
50 ST^fR ut-plavana. ud-ahara.

foreboding ; figurative expression; -a,/, dis- ^ ^ ud-a, water (only or a. ud-aya, m. rising; rise (of sun or
regard, indifference; simile, figurative expres- moon),break (of dawn); gathering (ofclouds);
sion : ^akshepa, m. kind of rhetoricalfigure; ud-ak, n. ad. northwards. N. of the mythical mountain behind which sun
-itaupama, f . hind of simile. S^oR uda-ka, n. water; ablution; libation and moon are supposed to rise; appearance,
to the Manes: -m kri, da, or pra-da, present arising, production, beginning; consequence,
ut-plavana, n. leaping; overflowing. result; success ; prosperity ; gain ; income,
libation of water to the dead (d., g.); -m kri,
SfCfiTsT ut-phala, m. leap, bound. perform the prescribed ablutions; -m upa- revenue; interest; -giri,TO.sunrise mountain;
spris, touch various parts of the body with -gnpta, m. N. of a man; -taia, m. slope of
^3ftfi^'ut-phulla,pp.(V'phal)blown (flower); water as prescribed ; -karman, n. libation of Mount Udaya.
wide open, expanded; swollen, inflated, water to the Manes; -karya, n. id.; ablution; ud-ayana, n. rise; end; m. N. of a
ut-sa, m. well, fountain; source. -kriya,/. = udaka-karman; -tarpana, n. li- king: i-ya, a. concluding.
bation with water; -d&na, n. id.; -dayin, a.
^ r t i u t - s a n g - a , m. l a p ; flat surface; roof; offering the funeral libation of water; -pur- ^ H J S r udaya-r%a, m. mans N.; -vat,
depression ; -ita, pp. admixed; -in, a. deep, va, a. beginning with a pouring out of water; a. risen; -vyayin, a. rising and falling.
deep-seated. -maya, a. consisting of water only; (a)-vat,
^ T R ^ r udayaaiala, m. sunrise moun-
a. supplied with water ; -vati, f . girVs N.;
^ f t t utsa-dhf, m. basin of a spring. tain; -aditya, m. N. of a man; -^anta, a.
-sparsana, n. contact with water; ablution.
ending with sunrise; ^Avntti, f . turning
S t ^ ^ f ut-sarga, m. emission, discbarge; udakaa?1grali, m. handful of towards the rise of the sun.
evacuation; throwing away; laying aside; water; -jinta, TO. water-boundary: auda-
setting free, liberation; donation; abandon- k&nt&t, till water is reached ; ^arrcava, m. ^ c ( f q » ^ u d a y - i n , a - coming forth; flourish-
ment, relinquishment; cessation; restitution; receptacle of waters; ^artha,TO.ablution: ing; victorious. [mountain.
general rule; (sc. Mandasam) ceremony on -m, ad. in order to perform an ablution; uclayaurvibhn't, m. sunrise
suspension of Vedic study; -sar^ana, a. (1) re- - Arthin, a. seeking water.
jecting ; n. letting go, dismissal; cessation ; ud-dra, n. a. f . 1) b e l l y ; crop ;
ceremony on suspension of Vedic study. uda-kumbM, m. pitcher of water; N. womb; abdominal swelling; hollow,interior
udakaupaspars-ana, n. ablu- [swelling: */ri],
^ W ^ U ! ut-sarp-araa, n. rising; going out;
stepping forward; -in, a. springing up; tion ; -in, a. performing ablutions. ^ ^ t l T X udaram-bhara, a. voracious.
breaking forth, coming to light; soaring up- Nj^rfif^ udak-tds, U ^ T R ^ udak-tSt, ad. udara-randhra, n.part of a horse's
wards : (n)-i,f. ascending cycle. from above; from the north; -patha, m. (way belly; -vyadhi, m. disorder of the bowels.
^rt^q ut-sav£, m. undertaking; holiday, north), north country.
^^fl^udar-in, a. paunch-bellied.
festival; flowering: -samketa, m. pi. N. of
^Jc^ST udak-va, a. being in the water; f.
ud-arkcl,TO.resounding,outstripping;
menstruating: -gamana, n. intercourse with
consequence; end; future.
utsavaya, den. A . be a feast for. a woman in her courses.
udag-ayana, n. sun's northern ^S^f^^ud-arfeis, a. radiant; m. fire.
ut-sad-ana, n. cessation; destruc-
tion ; rubbing, shampooing; -aniya, fp. to course; half year from winter to summer uda-va^ra, m. water thunderbolt.
solstice; - a v r i t t i , / sun's turn to the north;
be destroyed.
-dasa, a. having the seam turned upward or ud-ava-sita, (pp.) n. dwelling,
^ E n T W ut-sar-awa, &, f . clearing the northward; -dvara, a. having a northern bouse, [water; -in, a. staying in the water.
streets; -aniya., fp. to be driven away; -in, entrance.
W uda-vSs-a, m. remaining in the
a. extending to, directed towards. ud-agra, a. (having its top elevated),
upraised, high; long; large; lofty, exalted; ud-asra-ya, P . cause to weep.
13 ut-s&ha, m. power, energy ; effort,
resolution, perseverance; inclination for, de- heightened or increased (by, ; advanced "ST^T ud-asru, a. weeping.
light in (-°): -yoga, m. display of energy; (aye); excited, carried away by (-°); exceed-
-vat, a. energetic; - s a k t i , / strength of will, ingly (° - ) ; -pluta, a. making high bounds : S ^ ^ T T uda-hara, a. (i) fetching or about
force of energy; -sahin, a. resolute; powerful, -tva, n. abst. N. to fetch water.
ut-suka, a. uneasy, agitated; eager; udan-mukha, a. facingnorthwards. Sc^HTTT ud-Sfctra, m. promenade.
yearning; longing for (lc., prati, or -°); NJ^l Tt iid-g-tta,pp.(*/dS) raised; high; dis-
uda-^a, n. l o t u s ; -grjOa-ka, m. N. of a
*anxious about (in., lc.): -ta, f . uneasiness; tinguished, renowned; magnanimous; muni-
cartwright.
eagerness, zeal; longing, yearning; -vadana, ficent ; haughty ; having the acute accent; m.
a. having a yearning face. [or uneasiness. a.(-ddifei)upward; northward. acute. [airs in the body).
^ ( ^ q i i j utsuka-ya, den. P . fill with yearning ud-awAana, m. (drawer up), well- ud-ana, m. rising air (one of the five

ut-sfitra, a. unstrung (pearls). bucket. [lowed hands. ud-ayudha,a. with raised weapons.
ud-angrali, a. holding up the hol- ^ ^ T X 1 • ud-ara, a.rousing; exalted; distin-
+i«vut-srah/a-loman, a. ceasing to
cut off the hair; -vat, pp. act. shed (tears)', uda-dh^na, n. reservoir; -dlu, a. guished, excellent; noble; loud: -m, ad. aloud.
- a g n i , a. having let the sacred fire go out. containing water; m. receptacle of water 2. u-dSra, m.pi. Siva's wife,
(cloud, lake, river), ocean : -^ala-maya, a.
ut-sn'shri,/. letting out. consisting of sea-water, -nemi, a. ocean-en- udara-ka, m. honorific ep.of a man.
circled. udSra-ftarita, a. acting nobly;
ut-sek-a, m. redundance, excess ; -^•etas, a. high-minded; -ta,/., -tva, n. gene-
pride, arrogance; -in, a. proud, haughty. ^ R ^ i j f c l udadhi-ya, den, P. regard as an rosity ; -dhi, a. of exalted intellect; -bhava,
ut-sedha, m. elevation; prominence; m. magnanimity; -vikrama, m. of eminent
ud-an, n. wave; water. [ocean,
height, thickness; superiority. prowess; -sattva, a. of noble character.
ud-ant^, m. tidings, report.
S T ^ T ut-sthala, n. N. of an island. Njc^iftl^ ud-asitn, a. indifferent.
ud-antya, a. dwelling beyond the
S r W S ^ i ut-srash-£avya,/p. to be evacuated; ud-as-ina, pr. pt. uninterested;
boundary.
to be dismissed; -£u-k&ma,a. wishing tolet go. indifferent (to, lc.)', m. indifferent person,
udan-ya, a. surging, watery: f. neutral: -ta,/. indifference.
ut-sravin, a. arising. desire for water, thirst; -yd, a. desirous of
A
water; -vat, a. surging; abounding in water; ud-a-sthita, (pp.) m. monk who
^ [ <4 ut-svapnUya, A .talkin one's sleep. has broken his vow.
m. ocean.
1. ud, px. (w. vb., N. or a.) u p ; out. ud-aharana, n. speaking ; reci-
^(^MI ^ uda-patra, n. pot of water; -pana,
2. U D , V I I . P. unat-ti, well; wet, tation ; declaration; example ; -vastn, n.pl.
m. n. well; - p i t i , / . place for drinking water.
N moisten : pp. nnna, moistened, wet. v i , matters of speech.
well forth; moisten, sam, moisten: pp. uda-bindu, m. drop of water.
ud-ahara, a. intending to fetch
wetted. ^^RiT^ud-ambhas, a. abounding in water. water; n. fetching of water.

/
ud-a-har-ya. ^ f ^ ud-vedi. 51
ud-a-har-ya,^. to be given as an -ka, m. eager; -na, n. public proclamation; ^•fifci ud-bhfiti,/. origin; appearance; ex-
example; -briti,/. example. blazing abroad.
altation; prosperity.
^ ^ ^ ud-danda, a. with staff upraised ;
'tff^'d ud-i-t£, pp. -y/vad and u d + \ / i . ud-bheda, m. bursting forth, appear-
having its stalk erect; raised aloft; eminent;
^ f ^ f i l ud -iti, / . sunrise; sunset. extraordinary; -karman, a. doing extraordi- ance ; fountain; treason.

^ [ t f ud-darpa, a. haughty, [nary deeds. ^ • S j * ^ ud-bhrama»a, n. soaring up.


^ f ^ f t f ^ T uditaudita, a. (in whom what
lias been said has risen = ) learned. ^ ^ • T ud-dalana, a. tearing out. NS^ M ud-bhranta, (pp.) n. rising; waving
^S^farT ud-ikshS,/. looking up or towards; a sword ; -ka, a. wandering about; n. soar-
ud-dana, n. tying up ; stringing. ing up.
ud-Mi, / . of udanA-. [waiting. ud-dama, a. unfettered, unloosed ; ud-yata, pp.(Vyam) prepared,ready :
ndii-Tna, a. northward. unbridled; abounding in, full of (-°): and n. oflering; -daw<fa, a. having his sceptre
-m, ad.
udiA-ya (or -yd), a. northern; to. erect, ready to inflict punishment.
pi. Northmen; -vritti,/. usage of the north ^^TW^Tud-dama-ya/iew.P.make luxuriant.
\3<Sjf(1 ud-yati, f. raising, striking up.
country. ^ T ^ R i ud-dalaka, in. N. of a teacher.
ud-yama, TO. raising; exertion, en-
ud-ipa,TO.inundation. [tion. ^ f ^ ^ T ud-dis-ya, gd. (pointing t o = ) to- deavour, diligence (w. d., prati, inf.,
ud-irana, n. hurling; pronuncia- wards, to, with regard to, about. -na, n. raising; endeavour; -bbrit, a. exert-
ing oneself, working.
\ ud-umbara,TO.glomerous fig-tree ; ' • t f ^ M I ud-dipana, n. inflaming; -ta, f .
its fruit. virulence (of a poison). -in, a. id.; taking trouble.
N3<ip2pjf ud-umbala, a. copper-coloured. ucl-desa, m. reference; statement, ac- ud-yana, n. walking out; pleasure
count; sketch, brief exposition; region, part, garden, grove, park; -ka, n. pleasure garden,
NjJ^i^c^ ud-etavya,/p. n. it is needful to rise. place: in., ab. with reference to; -tas, ad. grove; -pala,TO.(i) gardener; -palaka, m.
briefly. (ika) id.; -mala,/, row of gardens.
^J^flt^ud-etos, ab. inf. with pura, before
sunrise. ^SRfjVcTud-dyota, a.beaming; m. effulgence; ud-ynga,TO.kind of disease.
splendour; -kara, m. N. of an author.
ud-o^as, a. extremely powerful. ^ • s T i l ud-yog-^, to. exertion, effort; prac-
<1 ud-dhata,pp. (\/han) struck; whirled tice in (-°): -samartba, a. capable of exer-
ud-gata, f . a metre. up ; excited; violent; strong; loud; high ; tion : -in, a. active, strenuous, diligent.
'tfflfTT ud-gati,/. coming forth, springing up. proud, arrogant; to. N. of an ass.
ud-ra,TO.kind of aquatic animal.
^ f f i f ^ T ud-gadgadika, / . sobbing. f?Tud-dhati,/.blow; shock,jolt; eleva-
tion, arrogance. ud-rasmi, a. resplendent.
^Jflfl ud-gama, m. rise (of heavenly bodies);
ascent ; rising, elevation, breaking forth, ap- ^FUTW ud-dhar-awa, n. lifting ; extraction, ^fj^ Tl ud-rikta-feitta,a. haughty; -ket-
pearance ; springing up ; shoot; departure ; removal; deliverance; -tavya, fp. to be drawn as, a. high-minded.
-tva, ». abst. tf. out; -tri,TO.destroyer; deliverer.
«. abounding in water.
^JJ ud-dhar-a, m. pulling o u t ; removal;
^ R u d - g a m a n a , n. rising, coming forth,
payment; exception; omission; selected part; -rek-a, to.excess, redundance, pre-
appearance: i-ya, n. clean garment.
abstract; deliverance; -aka-vidbi, m. pay- dominance ; -in, a. excessive ; producing an
ud-gaW, m. priest who chants the ment ; -a»a, n. extraction; payment; -ya, excess of (- 0 ).
Sama-veda. fp. to be removed.
ud-rodhana, n. rising, growth.
^ T T C ud-gSr-a, to. spitting o u t ; exuda- '^^^ud-dhura, a.uncontrollable, overween-
tion ; throwing out; pouring forth; flood ; ing; bent on or in.). [agitation (tr.). ud-v^t, / . height.
saliva; roar; -in, a. belching, spitting; emit- ud-dhtoana, n. shaking up, violent ^S.^'T ud-vartana, a.bursting ( - ° ) ; n. leap-
ting, exhaling, pouring forth, uttering (- 0 ).
ud-dhiila-ya, den. P . bestrew. ing up; rising; unction; unguent.
-girana, n. spitting, vomiting.
ud-vasa, a. uninhabited; n. desert.
^ f t c T ud-dhush-ita, pp. shuddering.
^ s O P f ud-giti, / . a metre.
^ r| ud-dhnta, pp. \/db ri or «/hri; -dhri- ^ ^ ^ ud-vah-^, a. carrying upwards, con-
^ s f l ^ ud-githa, TO. (n.) chanting of the tinuing; m. son, descendant of (-0); -ana, n.
Suma-veda by the Udgatri. tl,/. pulling out; tearing up; abstract, epitome;
raising up; bearing, supporting; drawing,
deliverance.
ud-gfirrea, n. (pp.) raising a weapon driving; riding on (in.); possession of (- 0 ).
ud-bandha, to. hanging oneself; -na,
an a threat; -gorana, n. id. ^g^Ql ud-vahni, a. emitting sparks o/"fire.
n. id.', hanging (a criminal). [n. abst. i f .
ud-grathana, n. girding on. ud-bSshpa, a. shedding tears : -tva, ud-vaha, TO. marriage.
^Sg^UJ ud-grahama, n. taking out.
^ |v3> ud-bahu, °cR -ka, a. having the arms ^ ^ • d u d - v i ( / - i t a v y a , fp. n. one must
^ j j u d - g r g h a , TO. reception. upraised. shudder at (ab.).

ud-griv-a, a. with outstretched neck nd-budbuda, a. bubbling forth. ^ f l ^ i T f W t u d - v i k a s i n , a. blown (flower).


(-m, ad.); having the neck uppermost; -ika, ud-vigna, pp. vig; -manas, a. trou-
/ . stretching out the neck; -in, a. =udgrlva. ^ H p ud-bhanga, TO. breaking off (a habit).
bled in mind.
ud-bhaia, a. eminent, extraordinary.
ud-gha^ana,m. striking; blow; out-
break, outburst; -gbarsbana, n. friction; ud-bhava, to. origin, birth, appear- ud-vikshana, n. look, gaze; sight.
thrashing. ance ; birthplace ; a. arising or produced ud-vega, to. tremor, heaving, surging;
from : -kshetra, n. place of origin. uneasiness, agitation; objection; -kara, a.
(d ud-gMtf-a, m. opening, displaying ;
-aka, to. key; -ana, a. opening, thrusting ud-bhav-ana, n. neglect; -ayitn, (i) causing uneasiness, distressing, agitating,
aside ; n. opening ; -aniya, fp. to be opened; TO. raiser or exalter (ac.). alarming; -karaka, -karin, a. id.; -krit, o.
-ita-j^Ta, a. prudent, wise; -in, a. opening. causing aversion.
I ud-bhas-in, a. resplendent w i t h ;
^ i r m ud-gh&t-a, m. blow; jolt, shock ; dis- made visible or indicated by (- 0 ); forthcom- \3^fi|«^udveg-in, a. getting excited.
cussion ; beginning; -in, a. rough, rugged. ing ; -ura, a. blazing. ud-vegr-a-ka, a. = udvega-kara;
ud-ghftrwa, a. wavering. [raised, ud-bhigf-tya, a. produced from -ana,a. disquieting, alarming; n. shuddering;
sprouts; -bhid, a. breaking forth, sprouting; alarm: -kara, a. causing terror; -aniya,fp.
^ f l i l j ud-ghona, a. having the nose or snout f . shoot, plant. [gible. object of alarm to (g.); -in, a. causingaversion.
^ i f f a ud-ghosha, m. proclaiming aloud ; ud-bh<ita-sparsa-vat, a. tan- ^ . f ^ ud-vedi, a. on which an altar rises.
H 2
52 ud-vela. upa-desh-£avya.

•^g^f ud-vela, a. overflowing its banks; ex- near (ac., lc.); *under, less than (ac.); on, in; upa-£ar-a, a. approaching ; -ana, n.
cessive ; free from (- 0 ). [loosened. *above, more than (lc.); with, according to (in.). approaching; -itavya,//?. to be treated ; to
upa-kaksh£, a. reaching to the be honoured; - y a , f p . to be treated; -ya,/.
ud-veshtena, a. having the fillet attendance.
shoulder; -kaniAa, n. neighbourhood ; -kan-
ud-vesh£aniya, i /p.tobe unloosed, isb£Aik&,/. (sc. anguli) next to the little = upa-fcara, m. behaviour ; conduct,
third finger; -kanya-puram, ad. near the practice; proficiency; procedure with (g.); at-
^ i f U N D , v. ^ T U D . harem. tendance, service; courtesy, (polite) atten-
SjJ" un-na, pp. of ^ud. tion, compliment; homage; ornament; cere-
^qon^TJf upa-kararaa, n. doing a service or
mony; complimentary garland; (medical)
favour ; accessory ; implement, instrument;
SJftT un-nata, pp. \Znam: -tva, re. exal- treatment; idiom; figurative term; -ka,
furniture; contribution; means; aid; supple-
tation, majesty; -Tarawa, a. with uplifted courtesy (- 0 a.,f. ik4); - k r i y k , f . polite at-
mentary treatise; (a)-vat, a. supplied with
paws, rampant; -sattva-salin, a. endowed tention ; -pada, n. complimentary word,
means; l-kri, make a tool of; i-bbu, become
with a lofty nature. empty flattery; -paribhrash^a, pp. devoid
a tool of; i-ya,//;. to whom a service is to be
of civility, discourteous; -vat, a. decorated,
S j T f f T u n - n a t i , / . r i s i n g ; heaving; elevation done or is done : -ta,/. abst. N. [factor.
r adorned. [(ac,); -ya, fp. to be courted.
(above, lc.); exalted position; -mat, a. high,
\3Mdh<j upa-kartri, m. (tri) befriender, bene-
prominent; exalted. in, a. serving, attending
un-namana, n. erecting. xgifcflini+l upa-kantam, ad. near her lover. upa-7i;ita-bali, a. covered with
^qedXT upa-kar-a, m. friendly service, kind- offerings; -vapns, a. whose bulk is increased;
Sj^ET un-namra, a.rising: -ta,/. elevation.
ness ; benefit; favour; -aka, a. (ika) doing -kiti, / . accumulation, store; increase, aug-
un-nayana, n. raising; parting; in- friendly service; helpful, useful; conducive; mentation; gain. [ana).
ference : -paiilcti, a. the rows of whose eyes auxiliary; -in,a.id.; -i-tva,n.abst.N.; -ajipa- f upa-Mdana, n. singeing (also -ktil-
are directed upwards. te&ra,ra.du. benefit and injury; - y a , f p . who
is benefited : -ya,/. royal tent. upa-ft&Aandana, n. persuasion.
un-n&bha, m. N. of a king.
^ j f p s T un-nala, a. having its stalk erect. ^ n ^ T n r npa-kurvawa, pr.pt. of \/kri; m. x^M^t upa-gra, a. belonging to (g.); proceed-
pupil who on concluding hisVedic studies with ing from (- 0 ).
^ f f j j ^ u n - n i d r a , a. sleepless,waking; blown histeacher becomes a householder; -ka, m. id. ^rf^fxg upa-r/apya, fp. to be gained over.
(flower)-, -ta,/. sleeplessness.
^TJ^^f upa-ktila, a. situated or growing on
un-matta, pp. (v^mad) mad, frantic; ^ T S r f ^ u p a - t f a l p i n , a. advising.
the bank: -tas, -m, ad. near the bank.
intoxicated; m. thorn-apple: -ka, a. (ika)
^TTSrfTT upa-kriti, / . benefit, friendly ser- I upa-grata-kopa, a. with anger
out of one's senses; mad; -dar.rana, a. of
vice ; -mat, a. benefiting (-°). aroused, provoked; -krodba, a. with wrath
frantic aspect; -rupa, a. maniac-like; -vat,
aroused, enraged; -visvasa, a. with confi-
ad. like a maniac ; -vesa, a. dressed like a
^Jtrarfarr upa-kosa,/. N. ofVararuki's wife. dence engendered, confiding.
maniac; -^avanti, m. N. of a king. [down.
^TTspT upa-kram-a, m. approach ; applica- IM upa-^fipa, m. whispering to, gain-
un-mathana, n. shaking; shooting
tion,treatment ; beginning; design, scheme; first ing over; -ka, a. inciting, stirring up (g.).
un-mad-a, a. drunk; furious; mad, proj ect of a work; means, expedient; -araiya, ^ X r f g n i t ^ upa-(/igamishu, des. a. intend-
wild; -ana, a. enamoured; -ishnu, a. mad. fp. to be begun; -kranta, (pp.) n. beginning; ing to go to (ac.).
-kramya,_/y. to be treated (disease).
un-manas, a. agitated, confused; upa-{/ibva, / . uvula.
eager to (inf.) ; -ka, id.: - t a , / dbst.N. ^qfs(i4| 1 upa-kriyS,/. service, favour.
^gTJ^ffaofi upa-<7iv-aka, a. living by (in. or
un-manaya, den. A . become agi- S M s h W l upa-kric?a,/. playground. - ° ) ; dependent; -ana, n. livelihood; -i-tr?', a.
tated. living by (g.); -in, a. maintaining oneself by
^Mshl^l upa-krosa, m. blame, reproach;
un-mayflkha, a. radiant, brilliant. (ac., g., -°); wholly dependent on; humbly
-na, n. censure, abuse. [appearance.
adoring (-°); -ya, a. furnishing a mainten-
un-mardana, n. unction; unguent. ^T^T^I upa-kshaya, m. decrease, waste; dis- ance; that on which anything depends; n.
livelihood.
un-matha, ret. shaking. upa-kshepa,ra. mention, intimation;
| un-mM-a, m. madness ; -i-ta,/. mad- -ma, n. id. ^ t K u p a - . o s h a m , ad. silently.
ness; -in, a.mad,insane: -1 , f . If. of a princess. ^ T T upa-ga, a. betaking oneself to, situated S q ^ T upa-r/wa,/. self-obtained knowledge,
in, standing on, furnished with (-0) ; -gata, own invention ; a. (a) invented by.
un-marga, m. wrong road; evil
(pp.) n. receipt; -gati, / . approach; -gan-
course: -gamin, a., -yata, pp., -vartin, a., ^ M d d f ^ upa-ta/am, ad. on the slope.
t a v y a , f p . to be submitted to; -gama, m. ap-
-v/'i'tti, a. following evil courses. [eyes. proach, arrival; accession or commencement ^Mrtt^H.upa-talpam, ad. upon the towers.
^ f a f a r T un-mishita, (jap.) n. opening the of (- 0 ): -na, n. resorting to (-°); -gamya,
fp. accessible. ^^fTT'R upa-tap-a, m. heat; pain; disease;
un-mukha, a. (i) having the face -aka, a. causing pain; -in, a. ill; causing
upturned ; upward; looking up towards ; upa-glna, n. accompanying chant. pain to [betake oneself to (ac.).
longing for ; expecting ; ready for, about to ^tfTTf'i*tupa-g6,min, a. approaching; ap- ^ M f f l S upa-tish#AS-su,des.a.wishing to
(-°): -m, ad. upwards; -ta,/. desire, expect- pearing. [mountains.
ancy ; -dar.vana, n. upward gaze. upa-tya-ka,/. land at the foot of
^ n r f i r f X upa-giri, m. country bordering on a mountain.
^*»|*S«tJin-m1lrdhan, -hvg. the head raised.
ffl
upa-giti,/. a metre. ^tp^T upa-da, / . offering, present.
un-mfil, I. P. be uprooted; cs. xrn-
^TEPn© upa-gfie?Aa, (pp.) n. embrace, h u g . ^ q ^ T ^ upa-datri, m. bestower.
mulaya, uproot; exterminate, destroy; de-
throne. sam, cs. uproot; destroy. ^ t R T ^ upa-graha, ra. treaty or peace S q f ^ j ^ d l upadigdha-tS,/. being covered
un-mulana, n. uprooting ; exter- bought by the cession of everything. with (-°). [_(N.E. d-c.).
mi nation. ^MM upa-gramam, ad. near the village. SXTf^*^ upa-dis, / . intermediate quarter
^3«3T^Tuii-mesha, m. opening the eyes; quiver- ^T^TTfl upa-gMta, m. blow; injury,damage; upa-des-a, m. reference; direction,
ing (of lightning); opening (of a bud); ap- infringement; -ka, a. injuring, hurting; in- instruction; precept, rule, lesson; advice ;
pearance. [donment. fringing. grammatical designation: -t&,/. instructive-
un-mofcana,n. unloosening; aban- ^ M H l m i J upa-ghoshana, n. proclaiming. ness for (g.); -ana, / . direction, instruction,
lesson, rule; -in, a. (-i) instructing; m. teacher;
un-mo?ana, n. breaking off. ^tJ^J upa-ghna, m. support. prescribed form of a word, suffix dec. as stated
in grammatical works.
tipa, vb.px. up, hither (esp. with verbs of ^tf^Efupa-^aya, m. accumulation; increase;
motion); nl. px. about, near ( = approxima- growth; welfare : -m kri, promote the welfare upa-desh-favya,j^?.to be advised
tion); moreover, further; prp.to,towards, of, assist (g.); -Jivaha, a. advantageous. or taught; -tri, m. instructor.

/
^pq^^ upa-drava. ^ q ^ p f upa-ves-ana. 53
upa-drava,m.mischance, accident; upa-paura-ka, TO. ad. near a sub- decease: -na, n. cessation from (ab.),-tva, n.
adversity, distress; mischief, evil; infirmity; urban grove. quiescence.
symptom (of disease). ^ T T T T upa-raga, to. coloration; eclipse,
^ H ^ M upa-pradana, n. donation, gift.
upa-drashM, m. spectator, witness. darkness; influence: -vat, a. eclipsed (by
^ m r ^ t W T upa-pralobhana, n. seduction, Eahu).
upa-dharma, TO. subordinate duty. allurement.
W T f X up£ri, ad. above, over; up, upwards ;
^TOT upa-dha, / . fraud ; intrigue ; moral ^MH^Jty upa-prekshana, n. overlooking. moreover; afterwards; repeated: one above
test; penultimate or preceding letter (gr.); the other; always upwards; again and again;
^ M t f a upa-praisha, m. ritual invitation. prp. above, over, beyond, upon (ac., g.,ab., Ic.:
(a)-na, a. putting on; n. fflacing upon;
cushion, pillow; -niya, n. cushion ; -yin, a. upa-plav-a, m. disaster, misfortune, or ad.); above (of number or rank),
making a pillow of visitation; portent; eclipse; -in, a. assailed after (time: g. or-0ad.); concerning, on ac-
by calamity; eclipsed. count of (g.); repeated: far above (g.).
upa-dhi, TO. addition; f r a u d ; part
upari-tftnu, ad. above the knee;
of wheel between nave and felly. \3l|«(«^upa-bandha,TO.connexion; employ-
-tana, a. upper; -tala, n. surface; -yana, n.
^TJ^lg upa-dhenu, ad. near the cows. ment (of a word); kind of sitting posture. going to heaven.
^M«j f ^ u p a - b n m h i n , a. confirming, fur-
upa-naya, TO. bringing, supplying; ^PTfTWTT upari-bhaga, TO. upper part.
application; introduction: -na,n.id.; initi- thering.
ation of a pupil; investiture; offering. np£rish-fi!t, ad. a b o v e ; after-
up-abd&, TO. noise, clatter; -abdbi, wards, later, below (in a book); prp. over,
upa-nayana, n. investiture. TO. id.: -mat, a. noisy. upon (ac. or g.); after (g.); about, concern-
^ m R ^ M upa-nikshepa, TO. deposit. ^ m T f p upa-bhanga, TO. line (of a stanza). ing (g.). [above or upon (g.,

W T R T upa-bbasha, f . subordinate pro- upari-sh^a, a. standing or being


^Trf'TOT^ upa-nidhatri, a. setting down.
vincial dialect. upa-rudita, (pp.) n. lamentation.
^ ( • i R f upa-nidhi, m. (sealed) deposit.
H i « ( u p a - b h u k t a - d h a n a , a.having en- ^ m ^ upa-ruddha, (pp.) n. private apart-
^ I j f r f m T f upa-nipat-a, to. entrance; sud- joyed his wealth; to. N. of a merchant.
den appearance; sudden attack ; -in, a. fall- ment.
ing upon (- 0 ). [editor: -tva, n. abst. x. upa-bhnt, f . wooden sacrificial cup. ^ q ^ H o J I upa-rttpaka, n. second class drama.
upa-niband-dhn, TO. composer, upa-bhoktavya, fp. to be en- upa-rodh-a, to. obstruction, ob-
joyed. stacle, hindrance; disturbance; injury; detri-
upa-nibandha, to. engagement, ment ; dissension; -ana, n. siege; obstacle;
oath : -na, n. description. upa-bhog-a, to. enjoyment, use ;
-in, a. hindered or interrupted b y ; detri-
eating: -vat, a. affording enjoyment; -in, a.
^tff^fJp^TJJ upa-nimantrawa, n. invitation. mental to, disturbing (-°).
enjoying, using (- 0 ); - y a , f p . to be enjoyed
upa-ni-shad,/. [sitting down be- or used; n. object of enjoyment. upala, TO. s t o n e ; gem.
side], secret or esoteric doctrine; N. of a upa-m£, spv. uppermost, h i g h e s t ; ^q^T^fcfi upa-laksh-aka, a. expressing im-
class of works treating of the secret meaning most exalted or excellent; nearest, next: plicitly ; perceiving, guessing; -ana, n. look-
of the Veda. [to anything; open space. first; last. ing after; mark; designation; implicit or
elliptical designation: -ta,/.,-tva, n. abst. x.
upa-nish-kramana,n .going out
W T f ^ u p a - m a n t r i n , a - encouraging.
^ r ^ r r r f ^ ^ u p a l a - p r a k s h i n , a. (ra-i) work-
upa-ne-tavya, fp. to be brought; upa-manyu, a. zealous ; to. N.
ing the millstone. [hension, perception.
-tri,TO.,-tri,y. bringer; preceptor.
upa-marda, m. violent pressure; in- upa-labdhi,/. acquisition; appre-
upa-nyas-ana, n. adduction of a jury; destruction: -ka, a. destroying; -na, n.
topic; preaching; -ta,pp. (V 2 - as) intima- doing an injury ; offence. •^XT^fKT upa-labhya, fp. obtainable ; per-
tion, remark. ceptible ; -lamblia, to. acquisition ; observa-
^ R T upa-ma, f . comparison ; likeness ; tion ; perception, feeling: -ka, a. perceiving;
"^^r^STTO upa-nyasa, a. procuring; to. ad- image; simile: -°a,a.like; (a)-na,».compari- causing perception. [rocks.
junction ; procurement; incidental mention, son ; likeness, resemblance; analogy; object
intimation ; statement, declaration; discus- with which anything is compared; a. like, upala-vishama, a. rough with
sion; kind of alliance or peace: -ra.,ad. while comparable to; -jirtha, to. purport of an dpalS,/. upper (smaller) millstone.
alleging (~°). image: in. figuratively; -vyatireka,TO.kind
N^qUffT upa-pati, TO. paramour, adulterer. of simile. ^ T f ^ n W T upa-lip-sa, (des.) f . desire for
upa-miti,/. similarity; analogical (-°); -su, des. a. desirous to learn (ac.).
^ H q f r l upa-patti,/. coming about, occur-
rence, appearance ; success; resultance, de- inference, induction; -meya, fp. comparable upa-lepana, n. smearing (esp. with
monstration, establishment, proof; suitable- with (in., -°); n. object compared (opp. to cowdung). [ - v r i t i , / . garden hedge.
ness: -pari-tyakta,pp. unfounded; -yukta, upamana): - j i p a m a , f . reciprocal simile.
upa-vana, n. little wood, grove:
pp. proved. \j>anying another (gr.). upa-yantn,TO.husband; -yama, to.
marrying (a wife); -yamana, a. supporting ; ^ S f ^ upa-vanam, ad. in the forest.
aMM^ upa-pada, n. secondary word accom-
n. marrying (a wife). upa-varnana, n. description, exact
^MMd upa-panna, pp. -y/pad.
fx} upa-yaAr-ana,n. solicitation; -ita, account; panegyric. [brother ofVarsha.
^IJlJXtT upa-p&ta, m. chance, accident. (pp.) n. prayer, request. upa-varsha, m. N. of a younger
^qtJTfT'fi upa-pata-ka, n. minor c r i m e ; upa-yana, n. approach, arrival. ^ J c R r e upa-vasathd, TO. fast on the eve
-kin, a. guilty of a lesser offence.
i f t j ^ u p a - y % i n , a. approaching. of the Soma sacrifice. [-in, a. fasting.
^ t T O T f a t u p a p & t - i n , a . befalling (~°).
^ T ^ T f W ^ I upa-yoktavya,/p. to be enjoyed. ^IJ^TO upa-v&s-a,TO.fasting ; -aka, n. id.;
^MMl^ch upa-pada-ka, a. effecting, bring- ^jqqTfjU upa-vahya,/p. to be led u p ; suit-
ing about; -na, a. bringing forward ; n. pro- upa-yog-a, TO. application, employ-
able for driving or riding. [seated.
curement ; appearance; demonstration. ment ; use, utility; enjoyment; acquirement;
-in, a. applicable, serviceable, suitable; " ^ f ^ S upa-vishfa, pp. ( V v i s ) alighted;
^IfirnT upa-papa, n. minor crime. employing, using. [applicable.
^ T f c f f a f ? ! upa-vinaya, den. P . play to (ac.)
^ t r N * upa-pai'sva, TO. shoulder-blade. upa-yofyya, fp. to be employed ; on the vinS.
^MmI'-SI upa-pirfana,n.tormenting; pang. tipa-ra, cpv. lower; later; n e a r e r ; TO. ^TJ^ftWripa-vita,(/>p.-/vye)».wearingofthe
^M^^Hir upa-purana, n. secondary Pur ana. the nether stone (on which Soma is pounded). sacred thread; sacred cord; -vitin, a. wear-
ing the sacred thread over the left shoulder.
upa-pArva, a. preceded by = com- upa-rati,/. cessation; quiescence;
pounded with pfirva. death; -rama,TO.cessation; relinquishment; ^ t f W W T upa-ves-ana, n. sitting down, seat;
54 ^M^^l upa-vesya. ubh-a.

undergoing (- 0 ); -in, a. undergoing, practis- ^TCiTTW upa-stirana, n. mattress, [vant. ^ M ( b y i ^ f upaadhy&y-a,TO.teacher; -4ni,/.
ing (-0). [sit down. wife of a teacher. [a shoe.
^ q f t s T upa-sti (or -stf), TO. dependent, ser-
upa-vesya, cs. gd. having made to upSnad-gfWAa, pp. covered with
upa-stxre, d. inf. to spread out, to
^ f t n i T upa-sama, to. cessation; abatement; ^ M H ^ upa-n^h,/.(nm,-nat) sandal, shoe.
extinction; calmness; -na, n. appeasement; S ^ ^ f H lipa-stuti, / . invocation. [cover.
^m*T^upa.nah-a, m.(esp.-°)id.\ -in,a. shod.
-vat, a. having peace of mind. ^ m g j u p ^ - s t h a , m . l a p ; driver's seat; m.n.
upa-say£, a. lying beside; to. lying- organs of generation : -nigraba, m. control upaant-^, n. nearness of the end ;
in-wait ; -stha, a.being on the watch {for game). of the sexual passion; -stbatavya, fp. n. one border, edge; outskirts; immediate proximity:
should appear; one should wait upon ; -stba- near (g. or —°): -bbaga, to. edge, rim,
^TOpSF upa-salya, n. open space near a town border; -ika, n. vicinity: -m, ad. up to (gr.);
tri, a. putting in an appearance (leg.); -stb&-
or village: -ka, n. small open space in the ab. near; lc. near = into (g.).
na, n. presence; approach ; attendance; ser-
neighbourhood. [sation; abatement. vice ; veneration ; assembly; -sthayika, m. u p a a n t y a , a. last b u t one.
I f«ff upa-santi,/. tranquillization; ces- attendant on the sick; -sthayin, a. putting
in an appearance (leg.); -sthita, pp. Vstha. ^Ml^J u p a a y a , m. a p p r o a c h ; m e a n s ; ex-
upa-sayin, a. sleeping; going to pedient, stratagem, device, craft: in. or -tas,
rest. [eagerness to learn. ^ W j f r upa-spars-ana, n. t o u c h i n g ; bath- cleverly, craftily; -Mnt&,/. devising an ex-
ing, ablution; rinsing the mouth; -in, a. pedient ; -gn&, a. fertile in resources; -sam-
^ X T f W upa-siksha, / . acquirement ( - ° ) ; darsana-^a, a. arising from the manifestation
touching, bathing in (- 0 ); -spris, a. touch-
^ T j f t H T upa-sobh-ana, n. trimming; /. ing; f . caress. of successful means.
N^q^q upa-slesha, m. embrace, [ornament. SM^sft |c(|'t v upa-hata|ltman,a. blinded, be- n3MI«<*1 u p a a y a n a , n . a p p r o a c h ; present,of-
guiled; -batnu, a.assailing; -bantavya,/p. fering : i-kri, make a present of.
c n f q ^ o q upa-slokay-itavya, fp.to be
to be killed.
sung of in si ok as. v ^ m c T l M q upayaupeya, n.means and end.
xji^'^UJ upa-har-ana, n. offering, presenta- y i l l ^ ' t upa arg'-ana, n., i, f . acquisition;
upa-sh£ambha, v. -stambha. tion ; -tavya, fp. to be presented; -tri, m.
SXRNSTRupa-samvyana.n.under-garment. server up (of meat). - i t a , pp. (Vrig) acquired.

upa-hasti-ka,/. betel-case. u p a j i - l a b d h a v y a / p . t o be blam-


^M^HTPC upa-sam-h&ra, m. drawing back ; ed; -labhya, fp. id.; -lambba, m. reproach,
recapitulation ; conclusion; -bn'ta-tva, n. upa-hara, m. offering; presenta- blame, censure: -na, n, id.
withdrawal from consideration ; -briti, f . de- tion, gift; peace purchased by indemnifica-
nouement, catastrophe (in a play). tion : -to vi-dba, offer (ac.) as a victim: a-ka, ^ r r f ^ T upajili, ad. in his mistress' presence.
^Mtisfi i f n i upa-samkrSnti,/. getting across. m., i-ka,/. id.) -ta,/., -tva, n. abst. N.\ -pa-
^ T T W ^ T upajivartana, n. return.
ni, a. bringing a present in one's hand; -var-
^MtJ^M upa-sawikshepa,m.brief summary. man,TO.N.; l-kri, offer up, sacrifice (ac.); ^MT^ti I »^upaavasayin, a. submitting to
|«Tupa-sa/iikhyana,«.superaddition. i-&ikirsbu, des. a. wishing to offer up as a
sacrifice (ac.). NSMl^q upajlsraya, m. refuge. [(?•)•
^ T O T T T e f upa-sam-gamana, n. sexual inter-
^MT^cft upaSs-aka, a. serving; to.servant;
course ; -graba, m. clasping (e. g. the feet in Ni"4*11*1 upa-hcls-a, to. l a u g h t e r ; ridicule,
follower, worshipper (esp. of Buddha,)) -ana,
token ofrespect); taking (a wife): -na,n. clasp- mockery ; j e s t ; -in, a. ridiculing; - y a , f p . to
n. attendance; honour; devotion, worship ;
ing; respectful salutation by clasping the feet; be ridiculed: -ta, /. derision : -to gam, = be-
practice; domestic fire; -ya,/p.to be honoured.
-grahya,/p. whose feet should be clasped. come a laughing-stock.
^ H t t T j upa-s&ttri, m. inhabitant. S t f f ^ c T upa-hita, pp. ( v^dM) conditioned N S m f e n upaa-hita, pp. (v^dha); n. con-
flagration.
by (-°): -tva, n. being conditioned by (-°).
^ T O ^ T upa-sadana, n. respectful saluta-
u p a i k s h - a k a , a. indifferent; -ana,
tion ; performance; -sadya, fp. to be respect- ^ M ^ f r l upa-hftti, f . challenge.
n. disregard; indifference; indulgence, toler-
fully approached or served; -sanna, pp.
^M^tTT upa-homd, m. additional sacrifice. ance; - a , / disregard, indifference ; neglect;
(V'sad) having entered as a pupil.
-ya,fp. to be disregarded or overlooked.
upa-samdhyam, ad. about the xJM.S.i. upa-hvara, TO.slope; secluded place:
lc. privately; neighbourhood : lc. near. u p a i t a , pp. e n d u e d : -ptlrva, a. pre-
time of twilight. [a co-wife.
viously apprenticed to a teacher, [pedients.
upa-sapatni, ad. in presence of ^HrF^J upaamsu,ad. [ a t t h e Soma],silently;
secretly; privately; to. silent prayer; -krirfita, up-etri,m. undertaker; employerofex-
^ M t H ^ I upa-sarawa, n. approaching ( - 0 ) . pp. played with secretly, sharing one's private
c V^l upaindra,m.ej5.o/Vish«u (sub-Indra);
amusements; -vadha, TO. secret murder;
upa-sarga, m. addition; trouble; ca- -va#ra, /. a metre.
-vrata, n. silent vow.
lamity; eclipse; preposition (gr.); -sargrana,
n. addition; obscuration, eclipse; secondary upaa-kararaa, n. preparation; be- upeya, fp. (\/i) that is to be under-
thing; subordinate person; representative ; z ginning of Vedic study; -karman, n. id. taken; to be approached (carnally). [to.
dependent (in a compound or as a derivative) " ^ f ^ ^ t ^ u p a j y i v a s , pt.pf. having gone
word determining another (gr.). H u p a a k h y a n a , n. subordinate tale,
episode; -ka, n. short tale. S ^ t S upaQdAa, pp. ( V v a h ) married.
upa-sarp-ana,n. approach; going
out into (-°); -in, a. approaching. ^TJTjf u p a a n g a , n. subordinate m e m b e r ; u p a u d a k a , a. close to the w a t e r ;
subdivision; unimportant supplement; -gita, i , f . a plant. [ginning; apt instance.
upa-santvana, n. kind word, n. choral song.
upa-sindhu, ad. near the Indus. TTT upaudghata, TO. introduction; be-
^ W T u p a a % a n a , n. anointing, smearing.
^^ftg^^I^i u p a u d - b a l a - k a , a. supporting:
^ K t J * ^ u p a - s u n d a , m. N. of a Daitya ^ M l T l upaji-tta, pp. . / d a ; -vidya, a. who
-tva, n. abst. N. ; -bala-ya, den. P. support.
(younger brother of Sunda). [butter-spoon. has acquired knowledge; -sara, a. the best of
upa-seAana, n. besprinkling; i , / . which has been appropriated. ^ M t m i l upaoshana, n. fasting.

^ t r o ^ « f i u p a - s e v - a k a , « . c o u r t i n g (-°); -ana, upajidana, n. taking, seizure, ap- ^ f t f ^ r i u p a u s h i t a , pp. (v'vas, dwell) n. id.
n. courting; carnal intercourse with (- 0 ); propriation ; apprehension; admission, non-
up-ta, pp. V v a p ; - t i , / . sowing.
addition to, indulgence in (-°); a, f . carnal exclusion; employment; mention, quotation;
intercourse with; devotion to; indulgence in material cause. ^ M r U ^ u-ptatyaya, TO. suffix u.
(-°); -in, a. serving; reverencing; worship- ^ M1^Ef u p a j i - d e y a ^ i . (*/da) to be accepted ^ ^ f U B G , VI. P. keep down, restrain.
ping; practising (-°).
or chosen; excellent; contained in (- 0 ).
^ upa-skara, m. (n.) implement; do- U B H , VI. P. nmbha, IX. P. ubb-n«L,
W f a upajL-dhi, TO. substitution; all that
mestic utensil; broom, [lant; -na, n. support, N V I I . P. nnap-ti, knit, bind; compress.
comes under the head of (-°); epithet; con-
upa-stambha, TO. support, stimu- dition, assumption; that which conditions. ubh-ci, du. both.

/
ubha-ya. u-ma. 55
ultliit-ya, a. (1) sg. & pi. both; -kama, urv£rS, f . corn-field; earth, a. eager, ready, willing.
a. desirous of both; -guna, a.having both qua-
urvarita,^.leftover,escaped,saved. usi-nara, m. pi. N. of a people in
lities ; -/iakravartin, a. ruling both worlds.
Madhyade&a; sg. king of the Uslnaras.
^JTSTrRJ. ubhaya-tas, ad. from or on both ^ ^ i f t ur-v&s-i,/. ardour, passion, fervent
desire; N. of an Apsaras. nsi-ra, m. n. a fragrant root.
sides, of (ac. or g.); in both cases; (A)-sasya,
a. bearing crops at both seasons; -tas-tik- ^ ^ i.USH, I . P.osha, I X . P . nsh-na,burn
^ r f s N r urviya, ad. far, far and wide.
sh»a, a. sharp at both ends; -to-dant, a. hav- ^(tr.);chastise;destroy, npa,prati,scorch,
ing two rows of teeth; (fe)to-mukha, having u r v f , / . e a r t h ; du. heaven and earth: burn up.
a spout on both sides (vessel). pi. w. shash, the six terrestrial spaces (four
quarters, above & below; sometimes explained l i s h , / . (only g. sg. & ac. pi.) dawn.
^ H T ' T ubhaya-tra, ad. in both places ; in
as heaven earth, day & night, water & plants). ush-a, a. eager, desirous.
both cases; -tha, ad. in both ways or cases.
If Tfffubhaya-prapti, a. validity inboth urvi-tala, n. surface of the earth, ushar-biidh, a. waking early.
cases (gr.); a. valid in both cases; -vetana, earth; -dhara, m. mountain; -pati, m. king;
a. receiving wages from both, serving two -bhu$r, m. id.; -bhrit, m.mountain; -ruha, /. dawn; Aurora; morning;
masters; -snataka, a. having bathed after both a. sprung from the earth; m. tree, [« people. evening-red (rarer): du. night and morning.
(i.e. his apprenticeship and his vow of chastity). tfluka, m. owl; ep. o / I n d r a : pi. N. of ushas-ya, a. sacred to Ushas.
^JTOT ubhay8, ad. in both ways, [both sets. ulukhala, n. mortar : -musala, n. N3m u s h - a , / . dawn, break of day. [night.
Cs
ubhavaatmaka, a. belonging to du. mortar and pestle; i-ka, a. using as a W T O T ush^sS-nakta,/. du. dawn and
^RT^TT^ ubhay^-da, a. having two rows of ulflpa, m. a plant. [mortar (-°). ^f^IfT ush-ita, pp. v ush and V v a s , dwell;
teeth, [words identical in form and meaning. ulka, f . meteor; firebrand, torch ; -itavya, fp. n. the night must be passed.
W K H j f o ubhayajivntti, / . recurrence of -mukha, m. kind of spectre. ^ T t ^ T usho-^ala, n. pi. dew ; -devata,/.
^JTT um&,/. flax ; N. of Siva's vnfe (Par- rilba, (m.) n. c a u l ; womb. goddess of dawn; -r&ga, m. dawn.
vatl, Durga); -natha, m. husband of Uma, ^^T^TJJ ulbawa, a. excessive; extraordinary; ^EJ ush-/ri (or -tri), m. ploughing bull.
Siva; -patl, ^isa,TO.id.
abounding in, full of or in.): -t&,/. abst. .v.
^ I T O uraA-kapS<a,TO.n. broad c h e s t ; ush-/ra, m., i , / . buffalo ; camel.
ulmuka, n. firebrand.
-pratipesham, abs. breast pressing breast. usb<r-ika,/. she-camel.
^f^^«Tul-langh-ana,w.overstepping; trans-
^ ^ l u r d - g a , m. [breast-goer], snake: ^ S a - ush-n^, a. hot, warm ; deep (sigh): -m,
gression, infringement; - a n i y a , fp. to be in-
na, m. snake-eater, ep. of Garuda. ad. deeply (sigh); n. heat; hot season; -kara,
fringed ; -y&,fp. id.
uragaSsya,». (snake-face), kind of m. sun; -kala, m. hot season; -kira^a, m.
f i t ul-lalana, a. swarming (bee). sun; - t a , / , -tva, n. heat; -didhiti,-bhas,
spade. [snake.
-rasmi, -ru/ii, m. sun; -varana, n. umbrella;
^ j y i uram-ga, -ma, m. [breast-goer], ^TWfWcf ul-las-ita, ^ T f ^ f T ul-lasita, pp.
-samaya, m. hot season; -spar&a-vat, a. hot
>y/las. [valescence.
^<1!ur-awa,^r^?ura-bhra,m. ram; lamb. to the touch.
^ S H ^ ul-lagha, a. convalescent; -ta,/.con-
' t f ^ O ® urari-kri, spread out; receive; as- ^"SJJT^J ushwajimsu, vtu (hot-rayed), sun.
W P T 3 ullagha-ya, den. P . restore to life.
sume, display; admit; begin with (ac.). ushnaaln, a . suffering from the heat.
ul-lap-a,m.abuse; -in,a.calling o u t ;
<3 uras-fcAada, TO. cuirass. ^ r ^ M u s h n - i - m a n , m. heat.
exclaiming.
^ t t , lir-as, n. breast: dha, (A.) wear on u s h n l h , / . (nm. k) a metre.
^UTTW ul-las-a, m.appearance; growth; j o y ;
the breast; -ka, a. -breasted, -chested (-°).
-ana, n. flashing; -in, a. playing, skipping.
"S'*!?!® ushni-kri,heat,warm. [-pa^a, m.id.
uraA-s&trika,/. pearl necklace
^ f i g f o m ul-likh-ita,pf». scratched, scraped.
ur-a,/. sheep, [worn on the breast. ushwisha, m. n. head-band, turban;
^ f W l ^ T ul-linga-ya, den. P . infer by tokens.
^<0© uri-kn, receive; place at one's dis- ^ ^ n ^ c n ushnaiidaka, n. warm water.
ul-luw^ana, n. pulling.
posal, give up; promise; begin with. ^<*f«\ush-man, m. heat, warmth, ardour;
nJ^ ur-u, a. ( f . id. or u r v i ) wide, broad; ul-lekh-a, m. mention ; description; hot moisture, vapour; -ya, ir. gd. - ushitva
spacious, extensive; great (also Jig.); n. dis- -ana, a.pain ting,describing; n. scraping; men- (s/vas, dwell).
tance; free space; ad. far; far away. tion ; statement; -in, a. scraping = extending
to; -ya, fp. to be scratched on or written us-ar,/. = ush-as.
^^sft+J uru-kram£, a. far-striding; -gaya, down on (-°). ^ ^ us-ra, a.matutinal,bright; m. r a y ; bull.
id.; far-extending; m. ep. of Vishnu; -vi-
ulva, °TIJ' -ma, v. ulba, -na.
krama, a. of great courage; -vya.fras, a. capa- ^P?TTus-ra,/. dawn, light of morn; cow; milk.
cious ; -vyank, a. id.; extensive: f . uru&Jf, u-vafca, pf. VvdJi.
u s - r i , / . morning ; brightness, light.
earth; -samsa, a. praising aloud; far-ruling.
u-vtsa, pf. vas, dwell,
uru-shyi, den. P . make for the dis- usri-kci, m. little ox.
ns-at, pr. pt. (*/vas), willing, eager.
tance; escape from (ac.) ; rescue or protect from usr-lya, a. reddish; coming from a
urflka, m. = ul<ika, owl. [(«&.). ^^It^us-^n-as, m. (nm. a) N. of a Eishi; in bull; TO. bull; / . radiance, light; cow ;
C. identified with Svkra <£ the planet Venus. milk and other products of the cow.
urti-nas£, a. broad-nosed.
I us-^na, (in.) ad. eagerly, j o y o u s l y ; UH, ftH.
uro-^a,TO.female breast; -vidaram,
abs. while his breast was lacerated. u-sabda, m. the word u. [swiftly. uh-ya, v. -s/vah.

Hi = u. Mhi, f . carrying, bringing. ^J^R^ udhar, n. id.; ^T^RC. udhas, n. id.:


-ya, n. milk.
^f dm, id. before iti in the Padapdtha. ^IcT A-ta, pp. of Vav and </yk, weave.
^T G-n^, pp. l a c k i n g ; incomplete; inade-
^giefiT^ (i-kara, TO. the sound or letter tl. ^ f l l i . G-ti, / . fvirtherance, help, favour,
quate ; inferior; too little; not quite, less than
blessing; helper; comfort, cordial; enjoyment: (ab. or less by (in. or -°); -t&,/., -tva, n.
3 pi. pf. of Vva,k.
2. f t - t i , / . web. [ F . d. ^ti. abst. N. ; -dvi-v&rshika, a. not yet two years
Mh&,pp. (VGh and Vvah) n. p r e y ; 4,
f . wife; -purv&,/. a. married before. ^ ^ • ^ u d h a n , n. udder ; bosom; cloud. ^STW u-ma,TO.good friend, associate, [old.
56 uru. ^TSJofi^ nwa-kartn.

ST^ ui'u, TO. ( , a. f . u or u) thigh, loin; ^ f ^ e f t i . ftrdhva-kara, a. with raised hands S l ^ S T uvadhya, n. contents of the entrails.
-jranman, m. ep. of Aurva; -pbala-ka, n. or upward rays ; -karma, a. pricking up one's
ears; -krita, pp. raised upwards; -ga, a. tfsh-a, TO. alkaline earth: -na, n. pepper;
loin-guard; -bbaiiga, m. fracture of the thigh;
-sambbava, a. produced from the thigh ; going upwards; -gati, /. going upwards; -ra, a. impregnated with salt; n. barren land.
-skambba, m. paralysis of the thigh; -stam- bounding; a. going upwards or to heaven; ^ m j f a f T tisharayita, pp. become like a
bba,TO.id. -gamana, n. rising, ascending, elevation:
salt desert..
-vat, a. moving upwards; -gamin, a. = -ga;
cj0rirudbhava,a.=-sawibhava;-upa- tish-i, / . alkaline or barren soil.
-^valana, n. flaming up ; -c/Aampa, TO. up-
pi^am, abs. with pressure of the thigh. wardleap; -dris,a. looking upwards; -drisb/i,
^ ^ t ^ u s h - u s , 3 pl.pf. of as, dwell.
^HJ iirg, f . nourishment, invigoration; a. upward gaze; -patra, n. tall vessel; -pada,
manly vigour. a. holding up the feet; m. tip of the foot; ^ f y r ^ t i s h - m d n , m . h e a t ; ardour; vapour;
-puncZra, -ka,TO.vertical line marked with breathing (grammatical designation of all the
^nf tog-d, a. v i g o r o u s ; / . vigour. sandal &c. on the forehead of a Brdhman, sibilants, h, and anusvara).
sectarian mark; -babu, a. having the arms
S T s h l ur(/d-ya, den.P. nourish,strengthen : ^^HM 6shma-pa,a.imbibingonZy the steam
raised; -bn'bati, f . a metre; -bbaga, TO.
pp. urgrita, vigorous, mighty. of food; TO. a class of Manes.
upper part; -mukba, a. with upturned face;
^ ^ ur[/-as, n. power, strength: -vat, a. having its mouth turned upwards; darting up-
(d-) nourishing, juicy; exuberant; vigorous; wards; -munc?a,a.shavedonthecrown; -vkgi, ^ ^ I. l^H (often uh), I . tfha, expiate;
f . upward streak ; -rekba, f . upward line; \ change, modify, apa, remove; release;
-vala, a. powerful, strong; -vin, a. id.
-retas, a. whose seed remains above, chaste; follow close upon (ac.); give up, avoid; deny,
fir-wa, n. wool ( - 0 ) ; -nabha, -nabhi, ra. viapa, remove, destroy, abhl, cover over
-loka,TO.upper world, heaven ; -v&la, a. hair
spider; -mrada, -mradas, a. soft as wool; outwards; -vrita, pp. worn above = over the with (in.), upa, move up, bring near; ps.
-vabbi, m. spider. shoulder. approach (time): pp. upodba, brought near;
near; begun; displayed; audible, sam-upa,
SlX^T ur-na, / . wool; spider's thread; twist urclhvaanguli, a. having the pp. begun; presented; offering itself, nls,
of hair between the eyebrows; -maya, a. (1) fingers directed upwards : - aroha, m. rising extract; remove : pp. nir-udba, isolated,
woollen; -yu, a. woolly; / . sheep; -vat, a. prati, interrupt, vi, spread out; divide; ar-
upwards.
woolly; TO. spider; -stuka,/. bunch of wool. range, draw up in battle array; transpose ;
fir-mi, TO./, [roller: \/vri~] wave, bil- dissolve (vowel sandhi): pp. vyutMta, broad,
^ ^ UR-IVU, II. -w6ti or-nauti; -nut6,
low : pi. shower (of arrows), sea (of troubles extensive, nir-vi, bring out; achieve,accom-
O suri'ound; envelope; A . envelope one- &c.) ; gallop; affliction (six of which assail plish. sam and pari-sam, bring together.
self. apa, uncover, abbi, cover up, en- human life: hunger, thirst, heat, cold, greed,
shroud. pra, envelope, sam-pra, cover com- 2. tU, I. A . 6ba, V.; I. P. L toa,
and error).
pletely. v i , uncover. ^ C. regard, observe; conjecture, Buppose;
^ f i ? (firmi-ka,/.finger-ring; -mat,a.surg- infer; understand, api, understand; infer,
^ f ^ J &rdh-v£, a. upward; upright; raised,
ing, waving; -mala,/. a metre; -malin, a. abbi, consider; infer.
elevated; ad. upwards; afterwards: -m,
having a garland of waves; to. sea.
ad. id.; above, beyond, after (ab.); after the S ^ f t h - a , to.i. addition;modification; 2.con-
death of(g.): ata urdbvam, after this, hence- urmya, a. surging; a,/, night. sideration ; inference; -ana, n. id.; -aniya,
forth ; thereupon; ita urdbvam, from now on- - y a , f p . I. to be changed; 2. to be inferred.
wards (in a book); urdbvam samlm, sup- ftr-vfi, TO. reservoir; fold, cattle-pen;
press (tears). N. of a saint. 'dh^^c^uha-vat, a. intelligent, acute.

^ RI.
^ T RI, YI. P . rikkhk; V. also III. iyar-ti, ya (or rig-), a. praiseworthy; -ya^usha, n. RIG, I. P . ar^a, procure; acquire,
V. rinb-ti, II. ar-ti, move; agitate; raise the Rik and the Ya//us verses ; -vidhana, n. x obtain ; cs. P. A . id. upa, cs. id.
(voice); offer, present; arise; run, flow; fall employment of the rik verses; T. of a work;
-veda, m. Veda of verses or hymns, Rig-veda rig-ipya, a. hastening forward.
on; meet; incur, undergo (with abst. nouns);
attain, obtain, gain, acquire; cs. arpaya, (i. e. the rik verses with or without the ritual "^JWt^R rig-ika, a. glittering ( - ° ) ; to. ep. of
cast, throw; direct (gaze, thoughts); put or and speculative works connected with them).
Indra.
place in or on; fasten, insert; present; make •z&xi i q righaya,den.quiver,rage, [stormy.
over or deliver to; restore, a, inflict on (ac.); rig-\ti,f. glowing, sparkling.
fall into (misfortune), ud, agitate; raise; r g ^ l l q r ^ nghS-vat, -van, a. raging, cpv. o/'^^J rigu.
call forth; cs. cause to thrive, pra, cs. arouse,
•qa^j q nn-mdya, a. consisting of rik verses. ngf-ish-a, a. rushing o n ; n. N. of a
prati, fasten; deliver; restore, give anew,
vi, open, sam, put together; hasten to- • s B ^ rik, f . lustre; sacred hymn or verse, hell; -in, a. rushing on.
gether to (ac., lc.) ; meet with (in.); cs. P. A . esp. as distinguished from that which is sung rig-u, a. (rigvi) straight; right, j u s t ;
fasten; insert; point; deliver, hand over; (sainan) and from the sacrificial formula honest: -tk,f. straightness; candour; -tva,
restore; despatch. (yagrus); verse to which a rite or explanation n. straightforwardness; -dha, ad. straight-
^J^HX ri-kara, TO. the sound or letter ri. refers; aggregate of the rik verses, the Rig- way; rightly; -mitaaksbar&, f . N. of a
veda (generally pi.). commentary on YdgHavalkya's code.
•^3^n'k-t^s,fflrf.with regard totherifcverses.
RIK, I . P . ar/ca, beam, shine; sing; ^ J ^ ^ f r-iV/ft-kr't, make straight.
^U§ftt^ri'k-vat,a. singing,shouting; m. singer Upraise; sing hymns (ac.) in praise of rig-rd, a. reddish, bay.
(a class of gods); -van, a, id. (d.); honour, worship; adorn: pp. arMta,
honoured, highly respected; respectfully pre- ^ ^ ringite, 3 sg.pr.,H^4H*i rirtgas^nd,
qa^j i . n'ksha, a. bald. sented ; cs. ar&aya, cause to beam; honour, aor. pt. ^/v&iig.
^T^r 2 • r/ksha, a. dire; to. b e a r ; kind of worship; salute, abbi, sing, praise; duly ho- -^Ul ri-ni, (pp.) a. g u i l t y ; n. obligation,
monkey; N.: pi. the Great Bear ; to. n. star; nour, respectfully salute, sam-abhi, honour, debt; -to dbaraya, owe (ac.) to (;/.); -m kri,
worship; greet, pra, begin to sing; praise. borrow from (ab.); - pra-yam, - ni, - sa»»-ni,
lunar mansion: i,/. she-bear; -rar/a, m. king
of the bears or monkeys ; king of the stars, ^J^" rik a, m. -°=zrik, hymn, verse. pay off a debt; - da ,id.; lend to (lc.); - pra&p,
moon; -vat, m. N. of a mountain. incur a debt; - mrigaya or ykk, ask for a
^S^t^rik-ika,m. N. of Gamadagni'sfather;
^ j p S f f g rikshajshfi, / . offering to the lunar loan.
N. of a country.
mansions. [tion of the riJc verses. ^ p t l c f i ^ nna-kartn", a. contracting debts;
^JxffapFT rzfc-isha-ma, a. ep. o/Indra. -/tMeda.m. discharge of a debt; -ta,,/. indebt-
nk-samhita,/. arranged collec-
RIKH, V I . P . rikkU (pr. base only), edness; -dasa, m. one who pays his debt by be-
•s^JJl | V£| | n g - g a t h a , / . rik chant. x meet with; fall on; incur, fall into; at- coming a slave; -nirmoksba,TO.release from
tain ; attack, insult. an obligation to (g.); -pradatri,TO.money-
• Q R f l ^ g - m i u , a . p r a i s i n g , s h o u t i n g ; -mx-
nraadana. TJ^TOfTI^iT eka-pati-ka. 57
ing suitable/or conception; -#ush, a.f. be- rich, wealthy; plenteous, abundant, much:
lender; -vat, a. indebted (to, g.); -samud-
ing in the days favourable for conception; supplied or furnished with (in., ab., ; cs.
dhara, m. discharge of debt.
-th£, ad. regularly; -pati, m. lord of seasons; fulfil; supply with (in.). [singly.
W T ^ R rinaadann, n. recovery of debt; duly; exactly; -par»a, m. N. of a Icing of ^J^JoJi ritlh-ak(or-ak),a!£/.apart; separately,
(a a j non-payment of debt; -apanayana.w. dis- Ayodhya; -mat, a. observing regular sea-
charge of an obligation or debt. [m. debtor. sons : - i , / . marriageable; being at the period ribisa, n. crack in the earth, chasm.
^frjf^R rin-ika, TO. debtor; -In, a. indebted; suitable for conception; -ra</a, to. spring; ribh-ti, a. [ V r a b h ] skilful, clever, ex-
-linga, n. characteristic mark of a season;
pert; m. artificer; N. of three divine arti-
V rinauddhftra, TO. discharge of a -sas, ad. duly; -sawh&ra, m. collection of
ficers ; -kshan, -ksha, m. N. of the first
debt. ^ the seasons: T. of a poem by Kdliddsa;
-JBa.xa.fu7n., m. time fw?©\iTab\e fox conception; jfa'bhuep. 0/Indra and of tfa Marats-, -.mat,
•dj.3 ri_+j4_, X'!1 fittin.g; 1'iglit •, lipYlglvfc, a. accompanied by the ifrbhus.
honest; true; n. established order; sacred -snata, pp. f . having bathed after menstrua-
ordinance, pious work, sacrifice, rite; divine tion, prepared for sexual intercourse. nbhu_an, «. dexterous.
law; truth,right: -m,ad.rightly,properly: w. ^J^ ri-te,(pp. Ic.) prp. apart from, without, nsya, m. the male of a kind 0/antelope;
i, go the right way (alsoJig.)', «-'. vad, promise; -da (y'da, bind), pit for catching antelopes;
in. ad. duly; justly; truly; indeed; -gkta, except; when there is no - (ac., ab.). [law.
-sraiga, m. I f .
pp. duly produced; sacred: -gnk, a. knowing rite-ga, a. living in or faithful to the
the divine law, pious; -dyumna, a. delight- 1. RISH, I. P. arslia, flow,glide, abhi,
^X^/ite-rakshas, a. excluding the evil N f l o w towards (ac.).
ing in truth; -ni, a. guiding rightly; -pa, a.
maintaining the divine law; (a)-prar/ata, pp. spirits.
2. RISH, VI. P. r/sha, pierce, push,
= nta-^ata. ^ r f t t W n'taukti, / . truthful declaration. v thrust, ni, put in; conceal; fill : pp.

W f R T rita-ya, den. A. act rightly. n'tujxnta, m. end of the seasons; nynshia, filled or abounding with (in.).
*Hfl«4in'ta-yj£,in.ad.rightly; -ya.(j,a.rightly a. ending a season. [priest. ^ T W Hsha-bha, TO. b u l l ; m a l e ^ - 0 ) ; best,
yoked; well allied; -vat, a. having or speak- ^ f ^ n t u j ^ a . sacrificing regularly; m. noblest among (g., -°); N. of a king; I f . of
ing truth; -s&p, a. practising piety; -stubh, a mountain: -ka, m. N. of a king.
a. rightly praising. ^ f ^ I r i t u j y a , a. accordingto rule,regular;
knowing the ritual. W f ^ l nsh-i, m. bard or author of sacred
rit&-ya, den.: pt. -yat, following the hymns, poet, priestly singer; saint or sage of
right way; obedient, pious; -yin, a. regular; RID, I. P . arda (V. also rid&), dis- the olden time; a special class of revered
just; pious. \ perse (int.); agitate, torment; cs. ard- beings, whose number is often limited to seven;
aya, disturb; torment; strike, wound; kill, C. person renowned for wisdom and piety,
H 0I Uritft-van,a. (-vari) observing order, destroy: pp. ardita. esp. an anchorite: pi. the seven stars of the
regular; pious; just; sacred, holy; -vn'dh, great Bear ; -kum&ra, m. anchorite boy; -tva,
n d - d h i , / . prosperity, welfare, for-
o. delighting in the divine law, holy. n. state of a Itishi; -putra, m. son of a iZtshi;
tune; wealth; -mat, a. prosperous, wealthy;
^JQ ri-tu, m. fixed time, right time/or sacri- rich in (- 0 ). -yagne,, m. sacrifice to theifa'shis = Vedic study;
Jice; period, season; the menses, esp. the days -vat, ad. like a i & h i .
immediately following andauitsble for concep- fl/DH, IV.P.ndhya; Y . P . ndh-n6- ^JTJ rish-u, (only g. pi.) heat, flame.
N- ti; V. alsoVII. ri-na-dh,thrive, prosper;
tion; sexual intercourse at such time; settled
sequence; order; rule: in. sg. &pl. at the right further; accomplish; ps. ridhya, thrive; be • ^ j f a n s h - t f , / . spear.
time, in due season; Ic. at the proper season. brought about: _pp.riddha, prosperous, thriv- n'shya-mftka, m.N. of a mountain;
ing; wealthy; rich (voice), anu, fulfil, sam,
^JfpfiTO n'tu-kala, m. proper season; period thrive; ps. be fulfilled; succeed ; participate -srihga, m. = risya-sriiiga.
of the menses; the days immediately follow- in (in.): pp. sam-riddha, fulfilled; perfect; rish-va, a. high, l o f t y ; sublime.

JJ E.
T[e,|)rn.rootme-ka,e-tad,e-na,e-vd,e-v5m. tentriess on one object only, -i-bhu, become -dharmin, a. id.; -dha, ad. singly, simply;
unanimous; -£Mattra, a. having only one at once, together; continuously; -naksha-
1J3R e-ka, num. one ; alone, only; single; one royal umbrella, ruled by a single king; -gkta, tr&, n. lunar mansion consisting of a single
and the same, common; one of (g., ab., or -°); pp. beg<jtten by the same father or parents; star, whose name occurs simply (without
unique; excellent; a certain, some one, (sts. = of equal birth; -^ati, a. having but one birth; pdrva or uttara); -naradhipa, m. emperor.
indefinite article) a, an; with na, none : pi. m. .S'Gdra.
some, some folks: eka-eka or anya, apara, T ^ r f f R T r eka-pati-ka, a. having the same
dvitiya, the one-the other; eke-eke, anye H«H<lrM ^ eka-tatpara, a. solely intent on ; husband; -patni-ta, / . having one wife in
or apare, some-others; m.N. of a teacher; -tama (or 6-), spv. one among many; -tara, common; -patni,/. (6-) wife of any one man,
k,f. ep. of Durga; n. unit (-° = one). a. cpv. one of two (sts. =eka-tama); -tas, ad. faithful spouse; a. pi. having one and the same
= ab. of eka; from or on one side ; ekatas husband ; -pad (or 6-), strong base -pAd,/.
TJ^R eka-ka (aka, ik&), a. single, solitary; ekatas or anyatas, on the one side-on the -padi, a. one-footed; -pada, n. one and the
-kapala, a. (6-) contained in a single bowl; other; here-there ; (a)-ta, / . unity, union, same spot: -m, Ic. .at once, suddenly, in a
-karman, a. having the same business as (in.); identity : -m api-ya, be united with (in.); trice; a. (6-) one-footed; only one step long:
-k&rya, (fp.) n. one and the same business; -tana, a. intent on one object only (often -m, ad. in short; -pada,/. verse consisting of
a. having one and the same purpose: -tva, -°): -ta,/. abst. N.; -tala, a. having but one one pada; -padi,/. foot-path; -para,a. marked
». abst. if.; -k&la, a. simultaneous : -m, ad. fan-palm; -tirthin, a. inhabiting the same with one point (die); -p&rca, m. single wager
only once a day : -ta,/., -tva, n. simultane- hermitage ; -to-dant, a. having teeth in one or stake; -patin, a. isolated, separate; con-
ousness; -k&likam, ad. only once a day; jaw only; -tra = Ic. of eka, one; in one place, nected: pi. taken together; -pada, to. one
-kriya, a. having one and the same business; together; -trimsa, a. thirty-first; -trimsat, foot; a. (6-) one-footed; -parthiva, to. sole
-khnra, a. single-hoofed; m. animal with un- / (&-) thirty-one; -tva, n. unity; union; monarch; -piiiga, m. (quite brown) ep. of
cloven hoofs; -grimina, a. dwelling in the identity; singular (gr.); -m gam, be united K u b e r a : -la, to. id.: -jifcala, m. Kubera's
same village. with (in.); -d#, ad. simultaneously; some- mountain, i. e. the Himavat; -pita, a. quite
times ; once upon a time, one day ; -duAkha, yellow; -prakhya,a.homogeneous; uniform;
eka-^akra,a.one-wheeled: -vart-in, a. having the same pains; -&risya,,fp. alone -phala, a. bearingthesame fruit as (-°); -bud-
a. moving on one wheel; m. sole monarch : worthy to be seen ; -Ariahti, f . gaze directed dhi, a. unanimous; simple-minded; m.N. of a
-i-tk,f. abst. -v.; -Aakshus, a. one-eyed (also to a single object, una verted gaze; -devatya, fishjf. simple conception (ph.); -bhakta ,pp.
of a needle); -£ara, a. living alone; solitary; a. sacred to a single deity; -desa, m. some serving or kept by one master; n. eating one
m. N. of Siva; -^ariwi, / . faithful wife or place; part; identical spot; -dhana, I. n. one meal a day; -bhakti-ka, a. taking only one
mistress (devoted to a single man); -Htta, n. part of the property; 2. m. pitcher with ichich meal a day; -bhaksha, to.sole food; -bhava,
one and the same thought,unanimity; thought water is drawn for a certain rite; k,f. pi. to. simplicity, straightforwardness, sincerity ;
directed to one and the same object; a. of one (sc. apas) the water draivn with it; 3. a. hav- a. having one and the same nature; honest,
mind; thinking of one object only, absorbed ; ing as the single, i. e. highest treasure, quite sincere; behaving uprightly towards (g.);
thinking only of (- 0 ): -ta,/. unanimity; in- filled with (-°); -dharma, a. homogeneous; -bhavin, a. becoming one, coalescing; -bhn-
I
58 TpfiZjfs eka-yash/i. e-dhi.

ta, pp. undivided; closely attentive; -bhu- one axle; -jikshara, n. the imperishable One; belonging to each single object; -sas, ad. one
miisvara, m. sole ruler of earth ; -bho.yin, a single syllable; a. (6-) monosyllabic; n. by one, singly, severally.
a. eating only once a day; -mati,/. unani- monosyllabic word; the syllable Om. e k a a i s v a r y a , n. sole dominion.
mity ; concentration of mind; a. unanimous;
-manas, a. having the mind fixed on one T^RTf^T e k a a g n i , a. maintaining only one
ekau&fraya, TO. increase b y one.
object, attentive (fits. - ° ) ; unanimous; -maya, fire; ^agra, a. directed to a single object, at-
a. (1) consisting exclusively of, quite filled tentive, concentrated; absorbed in (-°): -m, XJcj^Tl ^ e k a u t t a r a , a. more or increasing
with ; -mukha, a. superintended by one; -tas, ad.; - t a , / , -tva, n. abst. tr. by one.
-murti, / . one person; -inula, a. having a
TJoRT^p e k a a n g a , n. single member or p a r t ; e k a u d a k a , a. related in so far as to
single root.
m. pi. body-guard: -rupa-ka, n. incomplete offer oblations of water to the same ancestor.
TJeirsrfg eka-yasbifi*, 0 cfrr - k a * , / . pearl neck- image (rh.).
y o i i n ^ S e k a j i d d i s h f a , (pp.) n. = ekanu-
lace on a single thread ; -yoni, a. born of the TJ^fiT^ ekaafe, a. h a v i n g one vowel.
same mother; of the same extraction or caste; ekafina, pp. l a c k i n g one. [dishfa.
-rasa, TO. the only inclination; a. having T ^ f i T ^ T e k a a % a l i , m. one handful.
en, the diphthongs e and o (gr.).
only one taste; finding pleasure in one object l^onidM^ ekajLtapatra, a. b e i n g under a
only; exclusively devoted to (- 0 ); unchang- single umbrella = a single king. E G,I.P.6fifa, stir, move; quake, tremble.
ing; -ra<7, -ra^a, m. monarch; -ratra, m. ^ sam, move.
celebration lasting a night; n. one night (and TJ^RT^J ekadas-a, a. (1) e l e v e n t h ; x, / .
day); -ratrika, a. sufficing for one night eleventh day in a fortnight; -an, a. (6-) ^ ec?a, -ka, TO. kind of sheep.
(or day); -rikthin,TO.co-heir of one man; eleven; -ma, a. eleventh; -marika, /. A7", TJ^ ena, m. hind of a n t e l o p e : -^ransrha, m.
-rupa, a. of one colour, form, or appearance; (murderess of eleven); -ratra, period of eleven
N. of a runner; -netra, ^aksbi, / . gazelle-
uniform; n. N. of two metres: -t4,/. uni- nights (and days); -riksu, a. having eleven
eyed woman.
formity ; invariableness. verses; -in, a. consisting of eleven : -1, / .
eleven (hymns). l i U l l r H c h ena-tilaka, TO. moon.
eka-la, a. one, the o n e ; alone ; -lak-
shya-ta, /. being the sole aim; -lavya,/. N. TTofiTf^RG e k a a d h i k a , a. increased b y one ; HUJ enajinka-mani,TO.moon-stone.
of a town; -va£an&, n. singular (gr.); -vat, -adhxpa, TO. sole sovereign; ^adhyayin, a.
ad. like one, as if one were concerned ; -vad- studying alone. HUH ewi',/. gazelle: -CLris, -nayana,/. gazelle-
bhava, m. presenting itself as a unity; -var- eyed woman.
na, a. having one and the same colour; II | ekaanawisa,/. ep. of the new moon
TpT 1. e-ta, prn. stem, v. IJffe^ etad.
-vasana, a. clothed with but one garment; (the digitless); ep. of Durg&. [sorrows.
-vastra, a. id.: - t a , / possession of but one lifl 2. eta, a. (6ni), motley, g h t t e r i n g ; m.
T H ^ R ^ e k a a n a r t h a , a. having the same
garment, -ardba-samvita, pp. clothed in kind of hart: 4 , / . hind.
half a single garment; -vararn, ad. only once, e k a a n u d i s h f a , {pp.) n. funeral
once more; at once; some time or other;
TJcT 3. eta, pp. S + V i .
rite in honour of a single ancestor.
-v4sa, a. living in the same place; -vasas, TJfT^ eta-gva, a. motley.
a. wearing but one garment; -vimsa, a. (1) X[cfiT«rf e k a a n t a , TO. solitary place, solitude;
2 i s t ; consisting of 21; -vimsaka, a. (ika) exclusiveness; absolute necessity: -m, -tas,in., etat-ktla, m. this time, the pre-
2 xst; n. 21; -vi/naat,/. pi. 21; -vimsati, / . ab., ad. exclusively; absolutely; perfectly, sent (opp. tat-kala); -para, a. intent on this;
sg. pi. (6-) id.: -tama, a. 21st; -vidba, a. altogether; lc. aside, secretly: sts. =a. per- -sa»i<7naka,a. having this designation; -sama,
(6-) simple; identical; -vxra, m. incompar- fect, only; a. exclusively devoted to (lc. or a. equal to this.
able hero; -vriksha, m. isolated tree; one -°): -ta,/. abst. N. TJcTST e-t^i-d, prn. (nm., ac, sg. n.) this here
and the same tree, -vrisba, m. single bull, ekanta-karuwa, a. extremely (near the speaker); this (nearly always re-
sole ruler; -veni, i , / . single braid of hair ferring to what precedes, has just happened,
compassionate; -bhiru, a. extremely timid.
(token of mourning); a. consisting of a single or been mentioned); often = here, now: ad.
braid; (i)-dbar4,a./. wearing a single braid: e k a a n t a r a , a. one degree lower. thus, so, therefore, accordingly: lc. etasmin,
-tva, n. abst. N. ; -vexman, n. a single build-
«fl fa ekanta-vidhvamsin, a. in this case.
ing; -vrata, a. devoted to one only; faithful,
obedient. necessarily perishing; -vibarin, m. solitary y r i ^ m etad-anta, a. ending with this or
wanderer; -sila, a.retiringinto solitude; -bita, these; -artham, ad. for this purpose, there-
Tf^TJJfT eka-sata, n. a hundred and o n e ; pp. thoroughly good. fore ; -avastba, a. being in this condition;
a. 101st: -tama, a. id.', -sapha, a. (ۥ) one- being of such a kind; referring thereto ; -xya,
XpfiTrt I fc^l^ekajmnaadin, a. eating the food
hoofed, having an uncloven hoof; TO. animal pos. prn. his, her, their; -yoni, a. having this
with uncloven hoof; n. the genus of solid- of one only. [as (g.). origin; -vasa, a. dependent on him.
hoofed animals; -sag, ad. singly; -sesha, TO. e k a a n v a y a , a. of the same family XTfRnTefi etan-nama-ka, a. having this
sole remainder; ellipse by which only one of
\refj | n-qi|ekaapafeaya,»i.diminutionbyone. name; -m&ya, a. (x) consisting of this, being
two or more words remains (e.g. du. or pi.);
of such a kind. [(corr. yirhi).
a. sole remaining, with the sole exception of XTcflm|<4 e k a a p a y a , TO. diminution b y one.
(- 0 ); -sruta-dhara, a. remembering what TJrffi| e t d - r h i , ad. now, n o w a d a y s ; then
one has heard once: -tva, n. abst. N. ; -sruti, TJcfiTTT ekaayan£, n. road passable by only
/.monotony; a.monotonous; -*rusb£i,a. (6-) one narrow path; meeting-place; absolute etave, V. inf. of y l , to walk.
obeying one behest; -shasb-£a, a. 61st; oneness; the one right w a y : x-bhava, m. TJcflf eta-sa (sts. -s£), a. motley, s h i n i n g ;
-sbasbft,/. 61: -tama, a. 61st. unanimity; x-bhu, become a centre of union
for (g.). m. dappled horse; sun-horse.
eka-samsraya, TO. h a r m o n y ; a. e t a - d n k s h a , ° ^ * J - d r i s (/. id.)
united; -sapta-ta, a. 71st; -saptati,/. 71: "QcRT^ e-kara, TO. the letter or sound e.
-dri«a, a. (x) such ; of the same kind.
-tama, a. 71st; -sargpa, a. attending to a TJ^i I < J ^ e k a a r i i m a , a . d e l i g h t m g i n one only.
single object; -sahasra, n. 1001; a. locust; TTfTT^tt. eta-vat, a. so g r e a t ; so much, of
-s4ra, a. whose sole nature is (- 0 ); -sartba- TJcRT^ e k a a r t h a , TO. one and t h e same ob- such a kind : lc. at such a distance; n. ad. so
p rayat a, pp. pursuing one and the same ob- ject ; a. having the same aim or meaning: much; so far; thus : (n)-m4tra, a. of such
ject as (saha); -srika,TO.jackal; -stambba, -ta,/., -tva, n. abst. N.; -samupeta, pp. in- measure, so great, so much; so little.
a. supported by a single pillar; -stha, a. stand- spired by the same purpose, [pearl necklace.
a i d , ij. b e h o l d ! (with ac.)
ing together, united; standing alone; indepen- T j o f i T ^ t W e k a S v a l i , - l i , / - one-stringed
dent; -sthana, n. one and the same place. E D H , I . A . (P.) 6dha, prosper; flou-
e k a a h £ , TO. one d a y ; N. of a Soma xrish; grow: pp. -ita, grown up, strength-
l i m ^ i q t eka-hlyana, a. (i) one year old ;
i , f . one-year-old cow; -hel4,/.: in. at one sacrifice la