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PROBLEM 15 – OBLENA

An oil pump is drawing 25 kW of electric power while pumping oil with ρ = 860 kg/m3 at a rate of
0.1 m3/s. The inlet and outlet diameters of the pipe are 8 cm and 12 cm, respectively. If the pressure rise
of oil in the pump is measured to be 250 kPa and the motor efficiency is 90 percent, determine the
mechanical efficiency of the pump.

Given:

Welectric = 25 kW ρ = 860 kg/m3 Q = 0.1 m3/s D1= 8 cm D2 = 12 cm

P1-P2 = 250 kPa η = 90 %

Required:

Mechanical Efficiency of the Pump, ηp

Solution

Assumptions:
(1) The flow is steady and incompressible.
(2) The elevation difference across the pump is negligible.
2 2
v −v
pT =p 2− p1 + ρ 2 1 + ρ g (z 2−z 1)
2
3
m
0.1
Q Q s
v 1= = = =19.89436789 ≈ 19.9 m/s
A1 π 2 π 2
(D ) ( 0.08 m )
4 1 4

m3
0.1
Q Q s
v 2= = = =8.841941283 ≈ 8.84 m/ s
A2 π 2 π 2
(D ) ( 0.12 m)
4 2 4
)[ ](
m 2 2
m
kg ( 8.84
s) (− 19.9
s ) 1 km
pT =250 kPa+ 860 ( m3 2 1000 m)=113.318308 ≈ 113.32 kP a

m3
Ẃ pump ,u=Q pT = 0.1 ( s )
(113.32 kPa )=11 .3 32≈ 11.33 k W

Mechanical Power Output Ẃ pump ,shaft


ηmotor = = → Ẃ pump, shaft =ηmotor Ẃ electric
Electrical Power Input Ẃ electric

Ẃ pump ,shaft =ηmotor Ẃ electric=(0.9)(25 kW )=22.5 k W

Mechanical En ergy Increase of the Fluid Ẃ pump ,u 11 .3 3 kW


η pump = = = =0. 50356 ≈ 50.36
Mechanical Energy Input Ẃ pump, shaft 22.5 kW