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PROBLEM 15 – OBLENA

An oil pump is drawing 25 kW of electric power while pumping oil with ρ = 860 kg/m3 at a rate of
0.1 m3/s. The inlet and outlet diameters of the pipe are 8 cm and 12 cm, respectively. If the pressure rise
of oil in the pump is measured to be 250 kPa and the motor efficiency is 90 percent, determine the
mechanical efficiency of the pump.

Given:

Required:

Mechanical Efficiency of the Pump, ηp

Solution

Assumptions:
(1) The flow is steady and incompressible.
(2) The elevation difference across the pump is negligible.
2 2
v −v
pT =p 2− p1 + ρ 2 1 + ρ g (z 2−z 1)
2
3
m
0.1
Q Q s
v 1= = = =19.89436789 ≈ 19.9 m/s
A1 π 2 π 2
(D ) ( 0.08 m )
4 1 4

m3
0.1
Q Q s
v 2= = = =8.841941283 ≈ 8.84 m/ s
A2 π 2 π 2
(D ) ( 0.12 m)
4 2 4
)[ ](
m 2 2
m
kg ( 8.84
s) (− 19.9
s ) 1 km
pT =250 kPa+ 860 ( m3 2 1000 m)=113.318308 ≈ 113.32 kP a

m3
Ẃ pump ,u=Q pT = 0.1 ( s )
(113.32 kPa )=11 .3 32≈ 11.33 k W

Mechanical Power Output Ẃ pump ,shaft

ηmotor = = → Ẃ pump, shaft =ηmotor Ẃ electric
Electrical Power Input Ẃ electric

Mechanical En ergy Increase of the Fluid Ẃ pump ,u 11 .3 3 kW

η pump = = = =0. 50356 ≈ 50.36
Mechanical Energy Input Ẃ pump, shaft 22.5 kW