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# Design of Gravity Wall by using T.V.A.

Procedure :

## Unit wt. of Masonry = 2.400 t/m3

Unit wt. of Concrete = 2.400 t/m3
Unit wt. of Dry earth = 1.800 t/m3

0.45 + 418.20

0.45 W7
W8 + 417.150
W6 W4

## 0.30 0.15 1.700 =h

+ 416.700 W1 2.550
W5 W3 0.4 h

+ 416.25
W2 Ka * γ * h

## 0.10 0.45 0.45 0.1 + 415.650

A 0.900
W9 0.2
B 1.100 + 415.450 Earth Pressure Diagram

## 1. Taking moments about 'A' : ( Stresses in Concrete )

Force
V H
W1 0.450 x 2.550 x 2.4 2.754 0.68 1.859
W2 0.45 x 0.600 x 2.4 0.648 0.225 0.146
W3 0.30 x 0.450 x 2.4 0.324 0.300 0.098
W4 0.15 x 0.450 x 2.4 0.162 0.375 0.061
W5 0.15 x 0.450 x 1.8 0.121 0.075 0.01
W6 0.30 x 0.450 x 1.8 0.243 0.150 0.037
W7 0.45 x 1.050 x 1.8 0.851 0.225 0.192

## Pv 0.0384 x 1.700 x 1.700 x 1.8 0.200 ---

Ph 0.134 x 1.700 x 1.700 x 1.8 0.697 1.020 0.712
ΣV = 5.303
ΣH = 0.697 ΣM = 3.115

## a. Check for Stresses :

5.30 1 + 6 x 0.137 = 11.273 t/sq.m.
Max. Comp. Stress = x
0.900 0.900

## 5.30 1 - 6 x 0.137 = 0.511 t/sq.m.

Min. Stress = x
0.900 0.900
b. Check for Sliding :
Total Vertical Load ( ΣV ) = 5.303 t
Total Horizontal Load ( ΣH ) = 0.697 t
Ref : Cl.706.3.4 of IRC:78 - 2000
Assuming co-eff. of friction between Soil and Concrete ( μ ) = 0.5
Factor of safety against sliding = μ ΣV
ΣH
= (0.5 * 5.303) / 0.698
= 3.8 > 1.5 HENCE O.K.

## 2. Taking moments about B : ( Stresses on Soil )

Force
V H
W1 0.45 x 2.550 x 2.4 2.754 0.775 2.135
W2 0.45 x 0.600 x 2.4 0.65 0.325 0.211
W3 0.30 x 0.450 x 2.4 0.324 0.400 0.13
W4 0.15 x 0.450 x 2.4 0.162 0.475 0.077
W5 0.15 x 0.45 x 1.8 0.121 0.175 0.022
W6 0.30 x 0.45 x 1.8 0.243 0.25 0.061
W7 0.45 x 1.05 x 1.8 0.851 0.325 0.277
W8 0.10 x 2.55 x 1.8 0.459 0.050 0.023
W9 1.10 x 0.20 x 1.8 0.396 0.550 0.218

## Pv 0.0384 x 1.700 x 1.700 x 1.8 0.200 ---

Ph 0.134 x 1.700 x 1.700 x 1.8 0.697 1.100 0.767
ΣV = 6.158
ΣH = 0.697 ΣM = 3.921

## a. Check for Stresses :

6.158 x 1 + 6 x 0.087 = 8.254 t/sq.m.
Max. comp. Stress =
1.10 1.100

Min. Stress =
1.10 1.100

## b. Check for Sliding :

Total Vertical Load ( ΣV ) = 6.158 t
Total Horizontal Load ( ΣH ) = 0.697 t
Ref : Cl.706.3.4 of IRC:78 - 2000
Assuming co-eff. of friction between Soil and Concrete ( μ ) = 0.5
Factor of safety against sliding = μ ΣV
ΣH
= ( 0.5 * 6.158 ) / 0.698
= 4.4 > 1.5 HENCE O.K.