August, 2010

SEARCH &Partners
Connecting the Global Community P. 1 The Lives of Kayan Women P. 2 Blogging Tips P. 2 Impact of Increased Military Presence P. 4 What Are People Saying? P. 5

Posted by Julia Manganip on at November 29, 2009 at 12:01am Once there was a man born with strong ideals. And he had this really huge dream. He said, "I will go out and change the world! I will make it a perfect habitat for all of us to live". And he dreams! As he was graduating in elementary, he realized he could not change the world that he reduced to just change the country. He said, "I'm very much sorry that I couldn't change the world. I've decided to change the country instead". He goes around still dreaming! Looking out to his country, he gets frustrated that he was not able make it as perfect as he wants it to be. So the man said, "Okay, I can't change my country but give me this chance. I will change my community!" He was then a grown man and still spending his time dreaming. Frustration but came when he realized he can't even change his community. He then decided to just change his family. He goes about dreaming of how he could achieve his dream!

Connecting the Global Community
Written by Francisco Violich, Four Directions DSN Coordinator The Deep Social Networking (DSN) program has been implemented by Four Directions International over the last 2 years as part of a regional initiative by the Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) and Southeast Asia Regional Cooperation on Human Development (SEARCH), with the full support of the Canadian Government. The goal of DSN is to advance the understanding of the Internet, social networking, and social media among our Indigenous People and Ethnic Minorities, for the promotion of their human rights, child protection, youth empowerment, and advocacy. Deep Social Networking was inspired by statistics that point to an ever growing youth population of 66% of people in Southeast Asia being under the age of 25, as well as, the need for the nearly 250 million Indigenous People living in the region, to be connected to the Internet. Even as more and more Indigenous roots can be seen in the urban centers of Southeast Asia, most Indigenous and Ethnic People still live in rural and mountainous terrain. The benefits of connecting the people of these isolated communities with each other, as well as, the world, are numerous. The Internet provides an outlet to the unforeseen world with just the click of a mouse. Connecting these isolated communities provides them with an opportunity to not only learn from the rest of the world, but also to teach the rest of the world, about their cultures and traditions. Potentiality With the advance in digital technology over just the past 5 years, the Internet has drastically changed to allow it’s users to create the actual content that we read on the web, today. In the past websites would cost thousands of dollars and were very expensive and difficult to keep updated. continued on page 4

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The Lives of Kayan Women
By Mu Sophia
Only some people know them as Kayan and mostly they are known as Padaung. The Kayan national ethnic are living in the region known as far southern Shan State, far northern Karen State, some parts of Kayah State and far eastern part of Madalay Division located in Burma. Although they are living together as the group, they are divided by different state and division within Burma and discriminated by other ethnic people. The estimate population of Kayan people is about over 200,000. The Kayan tribe is mostly living as local farmer and they are lack of understanding in business. The Kayan tribe lives in the valley area and their region is difficult for transportation. If we look carefully their demographic figures, they are living in the periphery area of each state. The Kayan ethnic tribe use Kayan language as their ethnic language and only the people who live in big cities can speak Burmese properly. Their religion is Catholic and some are Buddhist as well as believe all creation has a spirit. They don't give much attention to the education for their children. The schools are the Kayan regions are only primary schools and selfhelped schools and we can find schools only in some village. The Kayan ethnic tribe studies only until the end of primary level and after that, they are sent to the cultivation field to learn how to cultivate and farm for food. For the family planning, they goal is to have as many children as they can and assume pregnancy is the gift of the God. According to the religious teaching, they object using contraception medicine or condom. That's why; they have from seven to sixteen children in every family. Although there are public clinics in some village, the doctors and nurse are not in full-time duty. There is not even one clinic in every twenty villages. In emergency cases, although the villagers come from very far village to the village where public clinic is located, there is no doctor and nurse or medicine sometime in that village. Therefore, the villagers cure their health problem with local traditional medicine as they believe in long time ago. The Kayan girls marriage is arranged by their parent in age of 16 or 17. Many quickly become pregnant after marrying. They are continuously working such as cultivating in high lands or collecting woods for fires even though they have pregnancy. They always face the abortion because of these hard labors. When they deliver the babies, they use traditional midwives. Therefore, most of the mothers died during their delivery. The Kayan region is also known as Malaria region. continued on page 3

Featured Blog Post (continued from page 1)
Lying on his deathbed and was about to leave the world, he uttered this "Its very sad that I was not able to change the world, my country, my community and even my family. If I had only thought of what I can do to myself then I could have improved my family, I could have contributed to my country's progress which might even have a great impact in this world. “ “I should have started with myself, now I cant do anything I'm dying..."

Here are some tips to stop the skimmers dead in their tracks with your blog posts and articles. Have a strong headline. Most people scan headlines looking for important information. Without a good headline your article will be ignored. “A” list bloggers and professional copywriters spend about 80% of their time writing a new article on the headline alone. How do you write a great headline? You copy other great headlines! Check out, the writers on this blog are experts at writing headlines and they even have articles that can teach you how to write better headlines. Look at the big news websites such as Also take a close look at any headlines that convinced you to read an article. continued on page 3

The Four Worlds International Institute's (FWII) deep social network that is dedicated to actualizing the Fourth Way, a principle-centered, culturally respectful path that transcends assimilation, resignation, and conflict through the spirit of cooperation, healing, compassion, for creating partnerships with all members of the Human Family.

By Tom Litchfield, DSN Tech Team Writing a great article or blog post is often not enough to get your article read by visitors passing by your website. You could have extremely valuable, must-have news to share, but if that information is buried somewhere in long paragraphs or your article has a weak headline, your visitor may move on to the next website. On today’s internet, there is so much information available that people have trained themselves to scan and skim for interesting and valuable news.

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The Lives of Kayan Women (cont.)
(continued from page 2) They never use mosquito net, not boiling for drinking water and never use toilet until today. As they have big extended family, the difficulty for living is very common. For the young ladies, they became malnutrition because they deliver so many babies or they cannot feed their children nutritiously because they have so many children or they cannot send to school their children and only struggle for their living. The children are also malnutrition and infant mortality rate is increasing year by year. The father is respected as household god. The heritages are given only to sons and give priority to sons in education. The sons are accepted as the carrier of the family's glory and the daughters are known as other's own. The lives the women are ended in working as house wives. The region where the Kayan ethnic tribe are valley region and difficult in transportation, far from the city and they are lack of knowledge and education, therefore, they are unmodernized in everything. Among the people, the women are more un-modernized as they are mostly uneducated. Mostly, these women don't know how to take care the family and they don't understand their husband and their family. Therefore, they have a lot of problem within family. As the Kayan region is periphery, the government officers never reach to this region. Right now, although a lot of NGOs are working inside Burma, they don't run projects in Kayan region as the region is very far and remote area. So, other people don't know much about the situation of Kayan who are living in the valley area. There are some Kayan who are internally displaced as refugees because of mega government projects. They have to find new land and home for their new lives. Those Kayan people face more difficult for cultivation as they move to new place and new environment, they have to stop schooling and they face health problems in new places. Moreover, they also have economic difficulty in the new place. As they cannot cultivate paddy in their new land, they cultivate opium instead of paddy. Therefore, they definitely use opium by cultivating it in the future. As they are not modernized in education and knowledge, they don't know about their rights. Although there are so many right abuses cases in the area where the people don't understand their rights, they don't know these are violation of their human rights. There are a lot of right abuses such as relocation, land confiscation and forced labor. Under this situation, the Kayan region needs a lot of education, health and knowledge attaining projects.

A song written by the Kayan Youth
Look at the eyes of your people They are talking to you.... Can you see their sorrow through their eyes? Let's give our hands to heal their suffering....... Use your freedom and then save your people Spread your love and give it to your people Be the shelter for your own people When heal the world, we heal ourselves Don't refuse to do something you can do...... Look at our mother the earth She is losing her friends...... She cannot survive without her friends Let's give our hands to heal her suffering....... Use your freedom and then save our earth Spread your love to all around the world Be the shelter for mother the earth When heal the world, we heal ourselves Don't refuse to do something you can do...... We are the earth, you are the earth Don't let ourselves to become the murderer.......

(continued from page 2) Think about what it was about the headline that got your attention. When you see a good headline, you can use it by swapping out some words. Here’s an example taken from the NY Times: Targeted Killing is New U.S. Focus in Afghanistan Now, if I were writing an article on military activity in Burma, I might write something like this: Random Killing is Junta’s Focus in Ethnic Areas of Burma Different words but the main idea and strength from the original headline is maintained. Writing strong headlines does not have to be hard when you have great headlines handy for inspiration. Here are more tips for your blogging and article writing efforts.

    

Use short paragraphs, 1 to 3 sentences long. Use lists, or bullet points when possible. Add subtitles to break up areas with too much text. Use images when appropriate. Always, always, always end your article with a call to action! “…make a donation… ”, “…leave a comment…”, “…share this with someone who cares…”, “…bookmark this page…”, etc.

For more tips and help with your website, please visit my new forum at

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Colorful Ethnic Youth is an Indigenous Youth Network represented by the Lahu, Hmong, and Ahka Indigenous People's of Northern Thailand.

Connecting the Global Community (cont.)
(continued from page 1)
At the start of our first ever DSN training with the Colorful Ethnic Youth in Chiang Mai, Thailand in March of 2009 we asked our participants if any of them had created any social media, one of them had and he brought a copy of his video with him. We posted his movie as part of our DSN training and by the end of the day it had already been viewed 40 times. All of the participants gained a strong sense of empowerment that day; they realized then that their videos can be seen all over the world. As of August 1st, 2010 his video had been viewed 2,532 times. Connectivity NGO’s and Indigenous Youth Organizations can now reach out to an exponentially greater audience than ever before. Not long ago it was extremely difficult for NGO’s, CSO’s, and especially small organizations to get their message heard on the major media outlets; but with the advance of communications on the Internet the global Non-Profit community now has an unprecedented opportunity to trade their often short and rare segments on TV (which usually can be seen only one time) for a 24/7 online interactive “network of networks” where human rights and peace building based social media and discussion can be shared freely. What makes this so special is that after human rights videos or documentaries are shared on-line; everyone that has access to the Internet has the right to express their personal insights, thus creating a global dialogue on any issue. It truly is amazing how much we can all learn from each other, on the Internet.

On today’s Internet there are numerous platforms that allow you to easily create and update your very own website, for free. The content of these websites is constantly upA Hpo Ko Ya Aw Pon. Welcome to dated automatically by member’s Lahu Greenland a place to learn about Lahu cultures and traditions. contribution and are extremely socially interactive. It is now possible for any willing individual or group with access to the Internet, eSadanga is an online community to reach out to their global commuformed by Indigenous Youth for nity with websites and social media the people of Sadanga, located in that they themselves create. The the Cordillera Mountain Region of result is a feeling of empowerment The Philippines. that the entire global population is their audience and the world is at their fingertips. This has created an I-Sadanga Ak is an online communi- online global community that is ty formed by Indigenous Youth for exceptionally active in discussing the people of Sadanga, located in human rights struggles, among the Cordillera Mountain Region of many other global issues. The Philippines. Even as the Internet becomes widely available to a constantly growing global community; it is of great Karenni Youth is a social network importance that we ensure the center striving to unify the Karenni voices of all the world’s cultures are Youth. heard, regardless of class, economic background, gender, culture, race, etc. If we do not ensure that all Kayan News Network for the Bur- cultures are involved then a digital mese and International communi- divide will be created, in which the ties to know about current events world is not properly represented effecting the Kayan People. on the Internet.

For more information and further developments in DSN please visit:

The Impact of Increased Military Presence
By KNGY The move to the new capital by the SPDC of Burma has had profound impacts on the Kayan people. There has been an increase in military personal due to the need for increased security and land confiscation. This has led to forced labor, tremendous affects on livelihood, and insecurity for the Kayan women, education and health. The Meaning of Forced Labor: “Forced or compulsory labor shall mean all work or service which is exacted from any person, under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily” Force labor can take the form of portering army supplies, guiding army patrols, messenger duty for army colonels, collecting building materials, constructing fences and buildings at military camps, building and repairing roads, forced agricultural programs, and other tasks. According to the ILO Convention of 1930, Burma’s government has an obligation to eliminate all forms or practices of forced labor in Burma. Despite the fact that uses of forced labor in Burma has been reported by various human rights groups in the region, the SPDC has been denying its use for many years. One way that SPDC has denied the use of forced labor is through changing the rhetoric used for talking about it. First, they said that they have no forced labor in the country, they have only free labors, but nowadays they changed the term free labor to “voluntary service”. They said that the people who live in the country are only doing service for their country.

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What Are People Saying Online?
Peacestar is focused on justice, peace and humanity in Kayan Region, Burma. It connects with peace builders, Indigenous People and human rights advocates around the world.

This is an example of a deep online discussion taking place on the Rongmei Social Community website ( “ARE WE (RONGMEI) LACKING BEHIND IN THE INTERNET WORLD?”
will go far...that's for sure..I was so glad to hear that there has been a number of internet connections back at Tamenglong. we are getting into it slowly..It might take some time but it won't be long when all of our younger generations back at our hometown will start surfing right at a young age.. Reply by Jim Rongmei on August 31, 2009 at 12:33am That sound great Herina... Sometime I log in into Nagalim and other site like Tangkhul and Poumai etc... it’s nice to see many Naga youth "rolling along with the time.."..I am afraid I might stay behind when others are moving forward. I appreciate you guys for this contribution...let it spark even the youths back home... My challenge is, let's engage ourselves more even as we play our part to contribute to our people... I am not into cyber field but all I can do is only participate here by posting in this forum. I hope many members here will come up with such creativity to share one another's experience. Let's keep it up guys...!!!!! Reply by Puanthanh Gangmei on October 15, 2009 at 5:43pm Forget about the Internet. How many Rongmei own a personal computer at home? I will not be wrong to say that most people (Rongmei) accessing internet are students and working peoples residing outside. This is not to offend anyone. I am just telling a fact. Internet is not just about making friends, chatting etc. There is a whole lot more. Internet is making life easier. The biggest amount of money I ever earned in my life is through the internet via my blog. We have to reach out to the people "What is internet?" and why it is useful Reply by Herina Gangmei on December 1, 2009 at 10:23pm Yeah exactly uncle Puanthanh, very few families own a personal computer. It's most of the students and working people who are beginning to realize how much internet can do. The basic things like chatting, joining networking sites and such is just a start. I believe all those students and working people will realize chatting is not all about the world of internet and soon unfold the power of it. continued on next page
Rongmei Network is a platform for the Indigenous Rongmei community of Northern India, committed to the expansion of learning through sharing and dessemination of informations, ideas and awareness through community cooperation and participation.

Posted by Jim Rongmei on August 30, 2009 at 12:16pm in Political Discussion No offense guys!! I don't really know how much Rongmei youth are being exposed or engaged in internet world. Some are addicted to it which is not good. But in today's modern world, this is so far the best mechanism for business world, media, communication etc.. Are we active as Rongmei in participating? Do we engaged ourselves or exposed to others and to the world? Reply by Herina Gangmei on August 30, 2009 at 11:03pm There are still a lot of rooms for our people to reach out the world outside but I do feel we have really grown in areas such as cyber world. It's not been so long since there has been a constant growth in networking sites such as facebook, orkut.. The number are still growing and this is one which shows we are really getting into it. And I believe there has been a realisation working on everyone of us that the world of internet is such a powerful tool for today's world.. The number of our people will keep rising and
UGFO Nation Unity Gives Fruitful Output is an Indigenous Youth Organization based in the Cordillera Mountain Region of The Philippines.
USKILA , Unity Solidarity Knowledge Integrity Loyalty and Accountability for all Indigenous People to use a different kind of learning tool.
Kayan New Generation Youth is a network dedicated to spreading Human Rights awareness by providing current events, news as well as, research resources online. It is also dedicated to promoting peace, education and democracy to the Kayan community.

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What Are People Saying Online?
The online discussion continues... “ARE WE (RONGMEI) LACKING BEHIND IN THE INTERNET WORLD?”
Reply by Herina Gangmei on December 1, 2009 at 10:23pm (continued from previous page) For it's the students and working loads who can make a difference. We can get far no matter how slow the pace is... We just need more of an awareness and guidance from people who already have living proofs of how much cyber world can get us. Reply by Jim Rongmei on December 1, 2009 at 11:31pm Internet is not about just chatting, doing idle business, making friends, networking etc. I agree. It is "why we do what we do". Its not just about making money either. But its about how technology can help people step into discovering life more easier and be prosper. There's lot more in it,even to give rather than what we can get from it. "It is why one do what he/she do". Reply by Herina Gangmei on December 2, 2009 at 5:54pm I was just pondering on how internet has really made things easier… and I get too far thinking of it.. It's a powerful tool in today's world. It can do so much, much beyond what we can think of. One can share his views and ideas to the world. It's just a matter of a click away from where we are. We can acquire so much from it and we have also, as much as we want, that we can give and share. For instance, we create a blog and write up our experiences and whatever we want to talk about. People come read your blog and they in some way or the other learn or even get touched by your write up there. This is one way of sharing and getting the world closer to more understanding of each other. We gain so much of information from it that sometimes we feel we don't need much of books again. Of course internet can never replace books (I don't know what you guys would say to this). My brother does home schooling and most of his curriculum are being backed up by some research I do from the internet sources. Sometimes we can't really get what we want or rather takes long time to get to what we want exactly, it gets too bulky. But it sure does help a lot. Nowadays, It would be hard to imagine life without the internet. Talking of most of the merits it's hard to deny that Internet is one of man's big achievements. Reply by jianlung on January 23, 2010 at 11:59pm i think we r not lacking in anything, we r just lagging n need n motivation. what is reqd at this moment is not discussing drawbacks. we must seek solution. friends, take every problems as solution findings and not as problem. share good things n motivate others. for wise people there is opportunity in every obstacle? i hope i;m right if not suggest me. Reply by Francis G Gengmei on July 11, 2010 at 2:06am INTERNET... wooooo Its really a big thing to discuss about..... I have read the valued discussion of our valued people.... Every one is correct.... But r we discussing the same with other away from the computer??? R we education our people, as we go back home in village or anywhere else...??? R we sharing our knowledge and learning with our fellow RONGMEI, who did not know about all this...???? I think we should feel responsible to educate our own people, who are not aware of this technological advantage...... I think the access rate of an internet of our people will grow faster by that way... This is just my suggestion.....What do u guys say??? Thanks

August 11th Webinar on Keyword Research 9:30 AM Online

August 12-15th Cambodian Indigenous Youth Association DSN First Training Cambodia September TBA SEAPC DSN First Training Location TBA

September TBA Jakarta Urban Youth Musicians DSN First Training Jakarta

October 24-30th Mountain Province State Polytechnic College DSN Training Philippines

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EMIPSEA is part of a thematic programme of FORUM-ASIA that covers seven countries: Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, East Timor, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The programme seeks to build capacity for advocacy, enable access to justice and the rule of law, and insure the enjoyment of human rights for ethnic minorities and Indigenous Peoples.

The Impact of Increased Military Presence (continued)
(continued from page 4) In fact, the SPDC wants to show the world that they do not use forced labor in the country. However, although SPDC changed the terms to more beautiful words, forced labor is still happening in every state in the country. The local people are facing many kinds of forced labor in Naypyidaw Division. They are forced to grow plants, weed the farms, cut bamboo to build fences, build government departments, helicopter landing pads in the village, repair the roads, and carry rations, just to name a few. “The local people are called in rotation for weeding castor plants farms, mango farms, djenkol bean farms, paddy farms and other farms in the military agriculture areas. If some people cannot go when they are called to provide labor, the absent persons must pay a day’s wage as a fine.” In addition, the dictatorship government forces the villagers to grow some seeds on their farms such as castor plants and different kinds of paddy seeds which cannot grow on their farms due to the land and water conditions. The local people do not want to grow the seeds that the authorities order them to grow twice a year because they know it will not grow. However, the people cannot deny the order because if they do so, they will lose their lands. Moreover, Kayan villages located in Naypyidaw Division are forced to carry rations, especially during the rainy season. The roads are not good in the rainy season. “We are forced to carry the ration for the army camp on foot, village to village. They said that they will pay money for that but we did not get any payment for carrying the rations. Additionally, we could not care for our families while carrying the ration.” The local people cannot work on their farms when they are forced to carry the rations. Therefore, they lose the jobs that allow them to support their family. Sometimes, the officers pressure every villager to come for working in the army areas. Also, they requisition the local people’s properties such as motorbikes, machines, tractors and livestock for the work. They often even collected money to support the army camp. The SPDC are exploiting the Kayan people. They have unfit powers which allow them to force women, children, and even elderly people to work as porters, on farms, to maintain road, construction and a range of other tasks. Sometime, this work was carried out for the benefit of private individuals. “The army official not only confiscated the lands but also extorted the livestock from our local people. They did not consider for our families and they supported their families as they got money from us. It is not fair.” Written by KNGY staff. For more information on further developments in Burma please visit:
Kayan Pho is for Kayan People around the World to promote Human Rights, Democracy and to protect the Environment.

Khaungyaypuepuelay is a network to protect the ENVIRONMENT, to share the POLITICAL situation and to improve ENGLISH SKILLS. Don't Refuse to do something for your people & your environment!

The Power of Deep Social Media A Spotlight on Two DSN Workshop Videos
There are so many ways human beings learn. Some people learn by watching a video, by listen to a song, story telling or simple by doing. A vital component of our DSN project is helping our participants create deeper social media. With the advances in technology in the past few years, it has become very easy and accessible to become a filmmaker, musician, journalist, web designer and photography and most importantly give yourself and your community a voice that may never been heard before. Below are two of our featured DSN videos. Next time you are at your computer take the time to check them out on Youtube! Just search on for the following: Environmental Impact in Kayan Communities: This short film was produced in five days during a social media-training program in Northern Thailand near the Thai/ Burma boarder. It was made by Kayan Indigenous youth who are fighting for justice and peace for their Indigenous peoples living in Burma. For more information on how you can help please visit: Lahu 2: This was a summer video project directed and produced by one of the DSN participants, Maitree, who is an up and coming Indigenous filmmaker. It recreates a traditional Lahu story of a young man who takes revenge for his community who was wrongfully treated. It is a fantastic short film with special effects and in just over a year has gotten 2,532 views on Youtube!

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Upcoming DSN Events
Keyword Research Webinar August 11, 9:30 AM
Learn the basics of keyword research from DSN Tech Staff member Tom Litchfield. Improve your blog’s or website’s Google ranking. Help people interested in your work find you on the web. For those interested in registering, please send a quick email to and you will receive registration details.

Cambodian Indigenous Youth Association DSN First Training August 12-15th

SEA Peoples’ Center DSN First Training September TBA

Jakarta Urban Youth Musicians DSN First Training September TBA

Mountain Province State Polytechnic College October 24-30th Philippines

November Regional Conference Time and Place TBA
Community leaders will be informed about this exciting event planned for November. Announcements will also be posted at

For more information and updates on DSN events please visit:

2010 SEARCH DSN Team: Deloria Many Grey Horses, Francisco Violich, Sian Phairotsuphasin, Tom Litchfield,

246 Times Square Building, 12th Floor, Unit 1203, Sukhumwit Road, Klongtoey Bnagkok Thailand 10110

SEARCH & Partners Newsletter Issue 01 August 2010 Page 8