You are on page 1of 103

From

Damascus
Rome
to

A Bible Study on the


Journeys of Paul
A Spirit of Prophecy Compilation

From
Damascus
to
ome Bible Study Guide
R
Copyright (C) 2014 by Patricia Smith
All rights reserved world-wide.

Conditions Allowing Distribution

You are encouraged to share this study guide with others. You may photocopy
and allow you to do so royalty-free under the following conditions. The mate-
rial may not stored by any electronic method other then this PDF, it cannot be
altered in any way, it cannot be sold, and this copyright notice must remain in
each successive copy.

www.RevelationPublications.com
United States 800-952-4457 International 541-747-9346
ROHM@Juno.com

Questions and compilation by Patricia Smith


Content editor Merlin Beerman
Commentary text compiled from E.G. White publications
Illustration - (C) www.Bigstockphoto.com
ke wer full oup ible
r B
s
an ains or g ny
a
on ual ith
- C ivid le w
t s
nd atib
p

s
om

y!
-C
-I
Saul the Persecutor - 1
This chapter is based on Acts 7:58 (2) WHAT WAS PAUL’S PART IN PERSE-
CUTING STEPHEN, THE FIRST CHRIS-
From among the most bitter and relentless TIAN MARTYR?
persecutors of the church of Christ arose the ablest
defender and most successful herald of the gospel.
With the apostolic brotherhood of the chosen twelve,
who had companied with Christ form his baptism
even to his ascension was numbered one who had
heard his name uttered only in unbelief and con-
tempt. But beneath the blindness and bigotry of the
zealot and the Pharisee, Infinite Wisdom discerned
Acts 22:20
a heart loyal to truth and duty. (LP 9.1)
Related texts: Acts 8:1; 7:58
(1) HOW DOES PAUL DESCRIBE HIS
BACKGROUND? In common with his nation, Saul had cher-
ished the hope of a Messiah who should reign as
a temporal prince, to break from the neck of Is-
rael the Roman yoke, and exalt her to the throne
of universal empire. He had no personal knowl-
edge of Jesus of Nazareth or of his mission, but
he readily imbibed the scorn and hatred of the
Philippians 3:5, 6 rabbis toward one who was so far from fulfill-
ing their ambitious hopes; and after the death of
Related texts: Romans 9:3, 4; 11:1; Acts 22:3 Christ, he eagerly joined with priests and rulers
in the persecution of his followers as a proscribed
His (Paul’s) father was a man of reputation. and hated sect. (LP 10.2)
He was a Cilician, but still a Roman citizen; for The priests and rulers…seized Stephen and
Paul declares that he was freeborn. Others ob- brought him before the Sanhedrin council for
tained this freedom with a great sum, but Paul trial. {NP} Learned Jews from the surrounding
was freeborn. Paul had been educated by the most countries were summoned for the purpose of re-
learned teachers of the age. He had been taught by futing the arguments of the accused. Saul was also
Gamaliel. Paul was a rabbi, and a statesman. He present, and took a leading part against Stephen.
was a member of the Sanhedrin. (MS 95, 1899) {NP} Stephen was questioned as to the truth of
Saul of Tarsus was a Jew, not only by de- the charges against him, and took up his defense
scent, but by the stronger ties of lifelong training, in a clear, thrilling voice that rang through the
patriotic devotion, and religious faith. Though council hall....When he connected Jesus Christ
a Roman citizen, born in a Gentile city, he was with the prophecies, and spoke of the temple as
educated in Jerusalem by the most eminent of the he did, the priest, affecting to be horror-stricken,
rabbis and diligently instructed in all the laws and rent his robe. This act was to Stephen a signal
traditions of the Fathers…He declares himself to that his voice would soon be silenced forever...
have been “a Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touch- The scene about him faded from his vision; the
ing the law, a Pharisee; concerning zeal, persecut- gates of Heaven were ajar, and Stephen, looking
ing the church; touching the righteousness which in, saw the glory of the courts of God, and Christ,
is by the law, blameless. (LP 10.1) as if just risen from his throne, standing ready
to sustain his servant, who was about to suffer delivering them up to the priests and rulers for
martyrdom for his name. When Stephen pro- imprisonment and death. His zeal in carrying for-
claimed the glorious scene opened before him, ward the persecution was a terror to the Chris-
it was more than his persecutors could endure… tians in Jerusalem. The Roman authorities made
“And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, no special effort to stay the cruel work, and se-
and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And he cretly aided the Jews in order to conciliate them,
kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, and to secure their favor.
lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had Saul was greatly esteemed by the Jews for
said this, he fell asleep.” The witnesses who had his zeal in persecuting the believers. After the
accused him were required to cast the first stones. death of Stephen, he was elected a member of the
These persons laid down their clothes at the feet Sanhedrin council, in consideration of the part he
of Saul, who had taken an active part in the dispu- had acted on that occasion. This learned and zeal-
tation, and had consented to the prisoner’s death. ous rabbi was a mighty instrument in the hand of
(LP 16.1, 17.3, 18.1, 19.1) Satan to carry out his rebellion against the Son of
God; but he was soon to be employed to build up
(3) HOW DID PAUL THEN HELP THE the church he was now tearing down. A Mightier
WORDS OF THE CHRIST HE HATED IN that Satan had selected Saul to take the place of
JOHN 16:2 TO BE FULFILLED? the martyred Stephen, to preach and suffer for his
name, and to spread far and wide the glad tidings
of salvation through His blood. (LP 20.1, 2)
(4) WHAT PROMISE DID CHRIST GIVE
TO HIS DISCIPLES THAT ENCOURAGED
THEM TO FACE PERSECUTION?
Acts 8:1-3

Related texts: Acts 22:4; 9:21; 1 Corinthians 15:9;


Acts 26:9-11

Saul had an abundance of energy and zeal


to work out an erroneous faith in persecuting the
saints of God, confining them in prisons and put-
ting them to death. Although his hand did not do Matthew 5:10-12
the work of murder, yet he had a voice in the deci-
sions and zealously sustained them. He prepared Related texts: Romans 8:28; 2 Corinthians 12:9;
the way, and gave up the believers of the gospel Jeremiah 1:8
into hands that took their lives. In reference to his
zeal Paul himself says, I was “exceedingly mad As if enshrouded in a cloud of heavenly
against them.” “I persecuted this way unto the brightness, Christ pronounced from the mount of
death, binding and delivering into prisons both beatitudes His benedictions. The words spoken
men and women.” (MS 142, 1897) by Him were of an entirely different character
Saul seemed to be imbued with a frenzied from those which had fallen from the lips of the
zeal at the scene of Stephen’s trial and death. He scribes and Pharisees. The ones whom He pro-
seemed to be angered at his own secret convic- nounced blessed were the very ones they would
tions that Stephen was honored of God at the have denounced as cursed of God. To that large
very period when he was dishonored of men. He concourse of people He declared that He could
continued to persecute the church of God, hunt- dispense the treasures of eternity to whomsoever
ing them down, seizing them in their houses, and He willed. Although His divinity was clothed with
humanity, He thought it not robbery to be equal
with God. In this public manner He described the
attributes of those who were to share the eter-
nal rewards pointed out in particular those who
would suffer persecution for His name’s sake.
They were to be richly blessed, becoming heirs
of God and joint-heirs with Jesus Christ. Great
would be their reward in heaven. (MS 72, 1901) Acts 8:1, 4

(5) WHEN PETER AND THE OTHER APOS- Related texts: 2 Corinthians 13:8; Philippians
TLES WERE BEATEN FOR PREACHING 1:15, 16, 18
IN CHRIST’S NAME, HOW DID THEY In every age God’s chosen messengers have
OBEY THE SAVIOUR’S WORDS IN MAT- been reviled and persecuted, yet through their af-
THEW 5:12? fliction the knowledge of God has been spread
abroad…How often this result has been seen in
the history of God’s messengers! When the noble
and eloquent Stephen was stoned to death at the
instigation of the Sanhedrin council, there was no
loss to the cause of the gospel. The light of heav-
en that glorified his face, the divine compassion
Acts 5:41 breathed in his dying prayer, were as a sharp ar-
row of conviction to the bigoted Sanhedrist who
Related text: Genesis 50:20 stood by, and Saul, the persecuting Pharisee, be-
came a chosen vessel to bear the name of Christ
The record left by Peter and John is as heroic before Gentiles and kings and the children of Is-
as any in the gospel dispensation. As they stood for rael…
the second time before the men who seemed bent Great is the reward in heaven of those who are
on their destruction, no fear or hesitation could be witnessed for Christ through persecution and re-
discerned in their words or attitude. And when the proach. While the people are looking for earthly
high priest said, “Did we not straitly command good, Jesus points them to a heavenly reward.
you that ye should not teach in this name? and be- But He does not place it all in the future life; it
hold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, begins here. The Lord appeared of old time to
and intend to bring this Man’s blood upon us,” Abraham and said, “I am thy shield, and thy ex-
Peter answered, “We ought to obey God rather ceeding great reward.” Genesis 15:1 (MB 33.2,
than men”…Very reluctantly, after beating the 3- 34.1, 2)
disciples and charging then again at the peril of Those who were driven from Jerusalem in
their lives to preach no more in the name of Jesus, this persecution “went everywhere preaching the
they released them. “And they departed from the word.” Acts 8:4. Among the cities to which they
presence of the council, rejoicing that they were went was Damascus, where the new faith gained
counted worthy to suffer shame for His name. new converts. (AA 113.2)
And daily in the temple, and in every house, they
ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ. (AA (7) WHYARE THE PROMISES OF CHRIST
81.4-82.1, 83.2) REGARDING PERSECUTION NEEDED
BY CHRISTIANS TODAY AS MUCH AS
(6) AFTER STEPHEN’S MARTYRDOM, THE DISCIPLES OF OLD?
WHAT BLESSING DID GREAT PERSE-
CUTION BRING TO THE REGIONS OF
JUDAEA AND SAMARIA?
I understand that all who live godly in Christ
Jesus will suffer persecution, and pray that by
the grace of Christ, I will stand firmly on His
2 Timothy 3:12 truth, remaining faithful to Him under all cir-
cumstances, and enduring all trials He calls for
Related texts: Revelation 7:13, 14; 13:15-17; 1 me to suffer for His sake.
Peter 4:12, 13, 16; Revelation 12:11
Circle: Yes Undecided
Under the symbols of a great red dragon, a
leopardlike beast, and a beast with lamblike I am grateful to God that the convicting power
horns, the earthly governments which would es- of His Holy Spirit demonstrated through His
pecially engage in trampling upon God’s law and disciples’ steadfast adherence to Jesus can turn
persecuting His people, was presented to John. even the most ardent opposers of the gospel into
The war is carried on till the close of time. The zealous, determined and loyal witnesses for God
people of God, symbolized by a holy woman and and His everlasting truth.
her children, were represented as greatly in the
minority. In the last days only a remnant still ex- Circle: Yes Undecided
isted. Of these John speaks as they “which keep
the commandments of God, and have the testi-
mony of Jesus Christ.” (ST Nov. 1, 1899)
There are only two parties upon this earth-
those who stand under the bloodstained banner of
Jesus Christ and those who stand under the black
banner of rebellion. In the twelfth chapter of Rev-
elation is represented the great conflict between
the obedient and the disobedient. (Rev. 12:17;
13:11-17 quoted) (MS 16, 1900)
We become overcomers by helping others to
overcome by the blood of the Lamb and the word
of our testimony. The keeping of the command-
ments of God will yield in us an obedient spirit,
and the service that is the offspring of such a spir-
it, God can accept. (Letter 236, 1908)

I understand that the ways of God are not the


ways of man, and that even persecution can
spread the gospel of Jesus Christ.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I thank God the Father and Jesus Christ His


Son that all things work together for good to
them that love God and are the called according
to his purpose. By the grace of God, I desire to
be one of the called, against whom no weapon
shall prosper.

Circle: Yes Undecided


The Damascus Road Conversion - 2
This chapter is based on Acts 9:3-6

(1) WHAT WARNING OF CHRIST TO THE


TWELVE WAS FULFILLED BY SAUL’S
PERSECUTIONS?

Acts 9:3

Related texts: 1 Timothy 6:16; Acts 22:6; 26:13

As the weary travelers neared Damascus,


the eyes of Saul rested with pleasure upon the
fertile land, the beautiful gardens, the fruitful
John 16:1, 2 orchards, and the cool streams that ran mur-
muring amid the fresh green shrubbery. It was
Related texts: John 15:18-21; Matthew 5:10-12; very refreshing to look upon such a scene after a
Psalm 37:12; Mark 10:29, 30; Luke 6:22; Acts 9:1 long, wearisome journey over a desolate waste.
While Saul, with his companions, was gazing
“Yet breathing out threatenings and slaugh- and admiring, suddenly a light above the bright-
ter against the disciples of the Lord”, Saul went, ness of the sun shone round about him, “and he
not to the lower, ignorant class, but to the high- fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto
est religionists in the world, the men who acted him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? And
a part in putting Christ to death, the men who he said, who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said,
possessed the spirit and sentiment of Caiaphas I am Jesus whom thou persecutest; it is hard for
and his confederacy. These great men, thought thee to kick against the pricks.”
Saul, if they had religious, determined helpers, The scene was one of the greatest confu-
could certainly put down this handful of fanati- sion. The companions of Saul were stricken with
cal men. So to the high priest Saul went, “and terror, and almost blinded by the intensity of the
desired of him letters to Damascus to the syna- light. They heard the voice, but saw no one, and
gogues, that if he found any of this way, whether to them all was unintelligible and mysterious. But
they were men or women, he might bring then Saul lying prostrate upon the ground, understood
bound unto Jerusalem.” Christ permitted this, the words that were spoken, and saw clearly before
and many, very many lost their lives for their him the Son of God. One look upon that glorious
belief in Him. Being, imprinted his image forever upon the soul
Paul honestly thought that he was persecut- of the stricken Jew. The words struck home to his
ing a weak, ignorant, fanatical sect. He did not heart with appalling force. A flood of light poured
realize that he himself was the one deluded and in upon the darkened chambers of his mind, re-
deceived, and following ignorantly under the ban- vealing his ignorance and error. He saw that while
ner of the prince of darkness. (MS 142, 1897) imaging himself to be zealously serving God in
persecuting the followers of Christ, he had in real-
(2) AS SAUL AND HIS COMPANIONS ity been doing the work of Satan. (LP 22.1, 2).
NEARED DAMASCUS, WHAT SHONE
ABOUT THEM AND ARRESTED THEIR (3) REGARDING THE PERSECUTION
PROGRESS? OF CHRISTIANS, WHAT WORDS OF JE-
SUS CHRIST TO SAUL IN ACTS 9:5 RE- areth who spoke to him, and that he was indeed
ENFORCED THE TRUTH OF MATTHEW the long-looked for Messiah, the Consolation and
25:40? Redeemer of Israel. (LP 23.2-24)
The mind that resists the truth will see ev-
erything in a perverted light. It will be fastened in
the sure toils of the enemy, and view things in the
light of the enemy.
Saul of Tarsus was an example of this. He
had no moral right to be an unbeliever. But he had
Acts 9:5 chosen to accept the opinions of men rather than
the counsel of God. He had the prophecies point-
Related texts: Acts 5:39; Proverbs 14:31; Zecha- ing to the Messiah, but the sayings of the rabbis,
riah 2:8; Hebrews 2:11 the words of men, were preferred. In his own
wisdom, Saul knew not God nor Jesus Christ,
Now Christ had spoken to Saul with his own whom He had sent. Afterward in repeating his
voice: “Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?” experience, he declared that he thought he ought
And the question, “Who art thou, Lord?” was to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus
answered by the same voice, I am Jesus, whom of Nazareth. Saul was honest in his unbelief. His
thou persecutest.” Here Christ identifies himself was no pretension, and Jesus arrested him in his
with his suffering people. Saul, in persecuting the career and showed him on whose side he was
followers of Jesus, had struck directly against the working. The persecutor accepted the words of
Lord of Heaven. Jesus declares that in afflicting Christ, and was converted from infidelity to faith
his brethren upon earth, Saul had struck against in Christ. (MS 9, 1898)
their Head and Representative in Heaven. In
falsely accusing and testifying against them, he (5) WHAT EFFECT DID THE GLORIOUS
had falsely accused and testified against the Sav- LIGHT OF CHRIST HAVE ON SAUL’S VI-
iour of the world. Here it is plainly seen that Christ SION?
suffers in the person of his saints. (LP 25.1)

(4) WHAT QUESTION ESCAPED SAUL’S


TREMBLING LIPS WHICH REVEALED
HIS CONVICTION, CONVERSION, AND
SUBMISSION?
Acts 9:8

Related texts: Acts 22:11; 2 Corinthians 12:7-9;


Galatians 6:17

Acts 9:6 When the effulgent glory was withdrawn, and


Saul arose from the earth, he found himself to-
Related texts: Acts 22:10; Joshua 5:15; Jeremiah tally deprived of sight. The brightness of Christ’s
1:7; Luke 1:38; Acts 26: 9 glory had been too intense for his mortal sight,
and when it was removed, the blackness of night
“And he, trembling and astonished, said, Lord, settled upon his vision. He believed that his blind-
what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord said ness was the punishment of God for his cruel
unto him, Arise and go into the city, and it shall persecution of the followers of Jesus. He groped
be told thee what thou must do.” No doubt en- about in fear and amazement, led by the hand into
tered the mind of Saul that this was Jesus of Naz- Damascus. (LP 25.2)
(6) IN WHOSE HOUSE IN DAMASCUS DID
PAUL SPEND THREE DAYS IN BLINDNESS
WITH REFLECTION, REPENTANCE, AND
EARNEST PRAYER?
Acts 9:13, 14

Related texts: Matthew 5:44, 45; Luke 6:27-28;


Acts 7:60, Luke 23:33, 34

“And there was a certain disciple of Damascus,


Acts 9:11
named Ananias; and to him said the Lord in a vi-
sion, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here,
Related texts: Psalm 51:1-3; 1 Kings 18:36, 37;
Lord. And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go
Daniel 9:20
into the street which is called Straight, and in-
quire in the house of Judas for one called Saul,
He was taken to the house of the disciple Judas,
of Tarsus; for, behold, he prayeth, and hath seen
and there he remained, solitary and alone, study-
in a vision a man named Ananias coming in, and
ing upon the strange revelation, that had broken
putting his hand on him, that he might receive his
up all his plans and changed the entire current of
sight.”
his life. He passed three days in perfect blind-
Ananias could hardly credit the words of the
ness, occupying that terrible time with reflec-
angel messenger, for Saul’s bitter persecution of
tion, repentance, and earnest prayer, neither eat-
the saints at Jerusalem had spread far and near.
ing nor drinking during that entire period...Those
He presumed to expostulate; said he, “Lord, I
three days were like three years to the blind and
have heard by many of this man, how much evil
conscience-smitten Jew. He was no novice in
he hath done to thy saints at Jerusalem. And here
the Scriptures, and in his darkness and solitude
he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all
he recalled the passages which referred to the
that call upon thy name.” (LP 29.2, 3)
Messiah, and traced down the prophecies, with
a memory sharpened by the conviction that had
(8) WHAT WAS THE LORD’S RESPONSE
taken possession of his mind... All now seemed
TO ANANIAS’ OBJECTION?
plain to him, and he knew that it was prejudice
and unbelief which had clouded his perceptions
and prevented him from discerning in Jesus of
Nazareth the Messiah of prophecy...The faith of
Saul was severely tested during the three days of
fasting and prayer at the house of Judas, in Da-
mascus. He was totally blind, and in utter dark- Acts 9:15, 16
ness of mind as to what was required of him. He
had been directed to go to Damascus, where it (9) WHAT DID ANANIAS DO TO MINIS-
would be told him what he was to do. In his un- TER TO SAUL?
certainty and distress he cried earnestly to God.
(3 SP 311.2, 312.1, 314.1)

(7) WHAT DID ANANIAS SAY ABOUT


SAUL WHEN JESUS TOLD HIM TO GO
AND MINISTER TO HIM?

Acts 9:17, 18
Related texts: 1 Samuel 16:1, 9, 12; Jeremiah 1:9- For I was alive without the law once: but when
10; John 6:70; Esther 2:15-17; Matthew 9:29-30 the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.”
(RH July 22, 1890)
“But the command to Ananias was imperative: The apostle Paul, in relating his experience,
“Go thy way, for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to presents an important truth concerning the work
bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and to be wrought in conversion. He says “I was alive
the children of Israel.” without the law once-”he felt no condemnation;
The disciple, obedient to the direction of the “but when the commandment came,” when the
angel, sought out the man who had but recently law of God was urged upon his conscience, “sin
breathed out threatenings against all who believed revived, and I died.” Then he saw himself a sin-
on the name of Jesus. He addressed him: “Broth- ner, condemned by the divine law. Mark, it was
er Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto Paul, and not the law, that died. He says further,
thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that “...The commandment which was ordained to
thou mightest receive thy sight and be filled with life, I found to be unto death.” The law which
the Holy Ghost; and immediately there fell from promised life to the obedient, pronounced death
his eyes as it had been scales, and he received upon the transgressor. “Wherefore,” he says, “the
sight forthwith, and arose and was baptized.” (LP law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just,
29.3, 30.1) and good.”
How wide the contrast between these words
(10) HOW DID PAUL LATER DESCRIBE of Paul and those that come from many of the
HIS CONDITION BEFORE AND AFTER pulpits of today. The people are taught that obe-
HIS CONSCIENCE WAS AWAKENED TO dience to God’s law is not necessary to salvation;
THE SPIRITUAL CHARACTER OF THE that they have only to believe in Jesus, and they
LAW? are safe. Without the law, men have no convic-
tion of sin, and feel no need of repentance. Not
seeing their condition as violators of God’s law,
they do not feel their need of the atoning blood of
Romans 7:9 Christ as their only hope of salvation.
The law of God is an agent in every genu-
Related texts: Romans 7:7, 8, 10, 11; Philippians 3:6 ine conversion. There can be no true repentance
without conviction of sin. The Scriptures declare
Paul says that “as touching the law”-as far “that sin is the transgression of the law” (1 John
as outward acts were concerned-he was “blame- 3:4) and that “by the law is the knowledge of sin”
less”, but when the spiritual character of the law (Romans 3:20). In order to see his guilt, the sin-
was discerned, when he looked into the holy mir- ner must test his character by God’s great stan-
ror, he saw himself a sinner. Judged by a human dard of righteousness. To discover his defects, he
standard, he had abstained from sin, but when must look into the mirror of the divine statues.
he looked into the depths of God’s law, and saw But while the law reveals his sins, it provides no
himself as God saw him, he bowed in humilia- remedy. The gospel of Christ alone can offer par-
tion, and confessed his guilt. He did not go away don. In order to stand forgiven, the sinner must
from the mirror and forget what manner of man exercise repentance toward God, whose law has
he was, but he exercised genuine repentance to- been transgressed, and faith in Christ, his atoning
ward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ. sacrifice. Without true repentance, there can be
He was washed, he was cleansed. He says, “I had no true conversion. Many are deceived here, and
not known lust, except the law had said, Thou too often their entire experience proves to be a
shalt not covet. But sin, taking occasion by the deception. This is why so many who are joined to
commandment, wrought in me all manner of the church have never been joined to Christ. (4SP
concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead. 297.1-298)
I thank God that He did not leave me in the
darkness of my sins, but like Saul of Tarsus, He
shone on my path the light of His Holy Word.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I pray that I, like Saul of Tarsus, will embrace


every Biblical truth about Jesus Christ that is
revealed to me.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I desire the love of God to so powerfully influ-


ence my thoughts and actions, that I may love
my enemies, even as Ananias ministered to his
former persecutor.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I desire to totally yield my own will to God and


obey His moral law completely, in spirit and
in truth, even though the entire current of my
practical life may be totally changed.

Circle: Yes Undecided


Paul Begins His Ministry - 3
This chapter is based on Acts 9:20

(1) AFTER HIS BAPTISM, HOW DID


SAUL SHOW THAT HE WAS IN HARMO- Acts 9:21
NY WITH THE WORDS OF PETER AND
JOHN IN ACTS 4:20? Related texts: Galatians 6:7

As he labored in the synagogues his faith


grew stronger; his zeal in maintaining that Jesus
was the Son of God increased, in the face of the
fierce opposition of the Jews. He could not re-
main long in Damascus, for after the Jews had
Acts 9:20 recovered from their surprise at his wonderful
conversion, and subsequent labors, they turned
Related texts: Acts 5:29; 1:8; John 15:16; Luke resolutely from the overwhelming evidence thus
4:43-44; Mark 1:39; Philippians 1:27; 1 Peter 3:8 brought to bear in favor of the doctrine of Christ.
Their astonishment at the conversion of Paul was
Paul was baptized by Ananias in the river of changed into an intense hatred of him like unto
Damascus. He was then strengthened by food, that which they had manifested against Jesus.
and immediately began to preach Jesus to the (3SP 318.1)
believers in the city, the very ones whom he had
set out from Jerusalem with the purpose of de- (3) WITH PAUL’S LIFE WAS NOW IN
stroying. He also taught in the synagogues that PERIL, AS HE HAD IMPERILED OTHER
Jesus who had been put to death was indeed the BELIEVERS. WHERE DID HE NOW GO
Son of God... FROM DAMASCUS?
The Jews were thoroughly surprised and
confounded by the conversion of Paul. They were
aware of his position at Jerusalem, and knew what
was his principal errand to Damascus, and that
he was armed with a commission from the high
priest, that authorized him to take the believers in Galatians 1:17
Jesus, and send them as prisoners to Jerusalem:
yet now they beheld him preaching the gospel of Related texts: Galatians 1:18; 1:1; Ephesians 1:1;
Jesus, strengthening those who were already its 2 Corinthians 1:2; 1 Corinthians 1:1
disciples, and continually making new converts
to the faith he had once so zealously opposed. Paul’s life was in peril, and received a com-
(LP 32.2-33.1) mission from God to leave Damascus for a time.
He went into Arabia; and there, in comparative
(2) UPON WITNESSING PAUL PREACH solitude, he had ample opportunity for commu-
IN THE SYNAGOGUES, WHAT WORDS nion with God, and for contemplation. He wished
DID ALL WHO HEARD PROCLAIM? to be alone with God, to search his own heart, to
deepen his repentance, and to prepare himself by
prayer and study to engage in a work which ap-
peared to him too great and too important for him
to undertake. He was an apostle, not chosen of (5) HOW WAS PAUL RECEIVED WHEN
men, but chosen of God, and his work was plain- HE ATTEMPTED TO JOIN THE DISCI-
ly stated to be among the Gentiles. PLES IN JERUSALEM?
While in Arabia he did not communicate with
the apostles; he sought God earnestly with all his
heart, determining not to rest till he knew for a
certainty that his repentance was accepted, and
his great sin pardoned. He would not give up
the conflict until he had the assurance that Jesus
would be with him in his coming ministry. He Acts 9:26
was ever to carry about with him in the body the
marks of Christ’s glory, in his eyes, which had Related texts: Acts 26:20; Galatians 1:18, 19; Acts
been blinded by the heavenly light, and he desired 9:27, 28; Jeremiah 37: 13, 14; 1 Samuel 28:7-9
also to bear with him constantly the assurance of
Christ’s sustaining grace. Paul came in close con- He now proceeded to Jerusalem, wishing to
nection with Heaven, and Jesus communed with become acquainted with the apostles there, and
him, and established him in his faith, bestowing especially with Peter...As Paul entered Jerusalem,
upon him His wisdom and grace. (LP 33.3-34.2) he regarded with changed views the city and the
temple. He now knew that the retributive judg-
ment of God was hanging over them.
(4) AFTER PREACHING IN DAMASCUS, He attempted to join himself to his brethren,
HOW DID PAUL ESCAPE THE MURDER- the disciples; but great was his grief and disap-
OUS JEWS? pointment when he found that they would not
receive him as one of their number. They remem-
bered his former persecutions, and suspected him
of acting a part to deceive and destroy them. True,
they had heard of his wonderful conversion, but as
Acts 9:25 he had immediately retired into Arabia, and they
had heard nothing definite of him farther, they
had not credited the rumor of his great change.
Related texts: Luke 4:28-30; Matthew 10:23 (LP 35.1.3-36)
Paul now returned to Damascus, and preached (6) WHO WAS THE FIRST DISCIPLE TO
boldly in the name of Jesus. The Jews could not ACCEPT PAUL AND ADVOCATE THAT
withstand the wisdom of his arguments, and HE WAS TRULY CONVERTED?
they therefore counseled together to silence his
voice by force- the only argument left to a sink-
ing cause. They decided to assassinate him. The
apostle was made acquainted with their purpose.
The gates of the city were vigilantly guarded, day
and night, to cut off his escape. The anxiety of the
disciples drew them to God in prayer; there was
little sleeping among them, as they were busy in
devising ways and means for the escape of the
chosen apostle. Finally they conceived a plan
by which he was let down from a window and Acts 9:27
lowered over the wall in a basket at night. In this
humiliating manner Paul made his escape from Related texts: 1 Samuel 19:4-6; Exodus 4:14-16;
Damascus. (LP 34.2) Esther 7:3-6; 2 Corinthians 5:18-20; Matthew 5:9
Barnabas, who had liberally contributed of his were as sincere and honest as he had been. But he
means to sustain the cause of Christ, and to relieve had miscalculated the spirit of his Jewish breth-
the necessities of the poor, had been acquainted ren, and in the hope of their speedy conversion he
with Paul when he opposed the believers. He was doomed to bitter disappointment. Although
now came forward and renewed that acquain- “he spake boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus,
tance, heard the testimony of Paul in regard to and disputed against the Grecians,” those who
his miraculous conversion, and his experience stood at the head of the Jewish church refused
from that time. He fully believed and received to believe, but “went about to slay him.” Sorrow
Paul, took him by the hand, and led him into the filled his heart. He would willingly have yielded
presence of the apostles. He related his experi- up his life if by that means he might bring some to
ence which he had just heard, that Jesus had a knowledge of the truth. With shame he thought
personally appeared to Paul while on his way of the active part he had taken in the martyrdom
to Damascus; that he had talked with him; that of Stephen, and now in his anxiety to wipe out
Paul had recovered his sight in answer to the the stain resting upon one so falsely accused, he
prayers of Ananias, and had afterward main- sought to vindicate the truth for which Stephen
tained in the synagogues of the city, that Jesus had given his life. (AA 129.2)
was the Son of God.
The apostles no longer hesitated; they could (8) WHILE HE WAS STILL IN JERUSA-
not withstand God. Peter and John, who at that LEM, WHAT MESSAGE FROM JESUS
time were the only apostles in Jerusalem, gave DASHED PAUL’S HOPES ABOUT HIS FOR-
the right hand of fellowship to the once fierce MER BRETHREN RECEIVING CHRIST
persecutor of their faith; and he was now as much AS THE MESSIAH?
beloved and respected as he had formerly been
feared and avoided. (LP 36.1, 2)

(7) AFTER SAUL HAD SPOKEN BOLDLY


FOR JESUS AND DISPUTED WITH THE
GRECIANS IN JERUSALEM, HOW DID
THE JEWS REACT? Acts 22:18

Related texts: John 9: 40-41; 7:48; 14:10, 11

The grief and anger of the Jews because of the


conversion of Paul knew no bounds. But he was
firm as a rock, and flattered himself that when he
Acts 9:29 related his wonderful experience to his friends,
they would change their faith as he had done,
Related texts: John 7:19; Numbers 14:6-10; and believe on Jesus...He now fully believed that
Jeremiah 26: 7, 8, 11; Luke 11:49-51; Matthew when his friends and former associates heard the
23:34, 35 circumstances of his marvelous conversion, and
saw how changed he was from the proud Phari-
The future apostle to the Gentiles was now see who persecuted and delivered unto death
in the city where many of his former associates those who believed in Jesus as the Son of God,
lived, and to these Jewish leaders he longed to they would also become convicted of their error,
make plain the prophecies concerning the Mes- and join the ranks of the believers. (LP 35.2)
siah, which had been fulfilled by the advent of the Soon the voice which had so earnestly dis-
Saviour. Paul felt sure that these teachers in Israel, puted with Stephen, was heard in the same syna-
with whom he had once been so well acquainted, gogue fearlessly proclaiming that Jesus was the
Son of God...He related his own wonderful ex- fore: “Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto
perience, and with a heart filled with yearning for the Gentiles.” (LP 37.2)
his brethren and former associates, presented the
evidences from prophecy, as Stephen had done, (10) WHERE DID THE BRETHREN BRING
that Jesus, who had been crucified, was the Son HIM AND WHERE DID SAUL GO?
of God.
But Paul had miscalculated the spirit of his
Jewish brethren. The same fury that had burst
forth upon Stephen was visited upon himself. He
saw that he must separate from his brethren, and
sorrow filled his heart...The Jews began to lay
plans to take his life...but he lingered, unwilling
to leave... and anxious to labor a little longer for Acts 9:30
his Jewish brethren.
While Paul...was praying earnestly to God in Related texts: Matthew 10:23; 1 Samuel 19: 22-
the temple, the Saviour appeared to him in vision, 20:1; Matthew 21:41-43
saying, “Make haste, and get thee quickly out of
Jerusalem; for they will not receive thy testimony Upon learning of this vision, the brethren
concerning me.” (LP 37. 1-3) hastened Paul’s secret escape from Jerusalem,
for fear of his assassination. “They brought him
(9) SINCE THE JEWS REFUSED TO BE- down to Caesarea, and sent him forth to Tarsus.”
LIEVE, TO WHOM WOULD JESUS SEND The departure of Paul suspended for a time the
HIM TO TEACH HIS TRUTH? violent opposition of the Jews, and the church
had a period of rest, in which many were added
to the number of believers. (AA 130.3)
When the brethren learned of the vision of Paul,
and the care which God had over him, their anxi-
ety on his behalf increased. They hastened his secret
escape from Jerusalem, for fear of his assassination
by the Jews. The departure of Paul suspended for
a time the violent opposition of the Jews, and the
Acts 22:21 church had a period of rest, in which many were
added to the number of believers. (LP 38.1)
Related texts: Galatians 2:7-9; Romans 11:13;
15:16-19; Isaiah 49:6; Acts13:46, 47; Isaiah 42:6, 7 (11) WHAT DOES JESUS CHRIST CALL
ALL TRUE BELIEVERS TO BE IN THESE
Paul even then hesitated to leave Jerusalem LAST DAYS OF EARTH’S HISTORY?
without convincing the obstinate Jews of the truth
of his faith; he thought that, even if his life should
be sacrificed for the truth, it would not more than
settle the fearful account which he held against
himself for the death of Stephen. He answered,
“Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in
every synagogue them that believed on thee. And
when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed,
I also was standing by, and consenting unto his
death, and kept the raiment of them that slew Philippians 2:15
him.” But the reply was more decided than be-
Related Texts: 1 Peter 2:5, 9
Since the true believers in Jesus are all led to
accept the same truths as found in God’s Word,
I desire to also obey God rather than man, in
every situation.

Circle: Yes Undecided

By the all sufficient grace of God, I determine


never to allow persecution to shut my mouth
from witnessing, or seeking out those who de-
sire the truth.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I pray that God will enable me to work for the


salvation of my family, friends and associates
who do not know Jesus Christ as the world’s
Messiah and Redeemer from sin.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I desire that my ears may always be open to the


voice of God through His Word, for I know that
“it is not in man that walketh to direct his steps.”
(Jeremiah 10:23)

Circle: Yes Undecided


The Church at Antioch - 4
This lesson is based on Acts 11:22, 26

(1) WHO PREACHED TO ONLY THE JEWS


AT PHENICE, CYPRUS AND ANTIOCH? Acts 11:21

Related texts: Acts 2:41; Genesis 12:5

The gospel was publicly taught in Antioch by


certain disciples from Cyprus and Cyrene , who
came “preaching the Lord Jesus.” “The hand of
Acts 11:19 the Lord was with them,” and their earnest labors
were productive of fruit. “A great number be-
Related texts: Matthew 10:5, 6; Acts 10:38, 39; lieved, and turned unto the Lord.” (AA 156.1)
10:28 The apostles and disciples who left Jerusa-
lem during the fierce persecution that raged there
After the disciples had been driven from after the martyrdom of Stephen, preached Christ
Jerusalem by persecution, the gospel message in the cities round about, confining their labors
spread rapidly through the regions lying beyond to the Hebrew and Greek Jews.”And the hand of
the limits of Palestine ; and many small compa- the Lord was with them: and a great number be-
nies of believers were formed in important cen- lieved, and turned unto the Lord.” (LP 40.1)
ters. Some of the disciples “traveled as far as
Phenice, and Cyprus , and Antioch , preaching (3) WHO DID THE CHURCH IN JERUSA-
the word.” Their labors were usually confined to LEM SEND TO THE NEW CHURCH IN
the Hebrew and Greek Jews, large colonies of ANTIOCH AND HOW IS HE DESCRIBED
whom were at this time to be found in nearly all IN SCRIPTURE?
the cities of the world.
Among the places mentioned where the gos-
pel was gladly received is Antioch , at that time
the metropolis of Syria . The extensive commerce
carried on from that populous center brought to
the city many people of various nationalities. Be-
sides, Antioch was favorably known as a resort for Acts 11:22, 24
lovers of ease and pleasure, because of its health-
ful situation, its beautiful surroundings, and the Related texts: 1 Samuel 3:19, 20; Esther 2:7;
wealth, culture, and refinement to be found there. Numbers 14:24
In the days of the apostles it had become a city of
luxury and vice. (AA 155.1, 2-156) “Tidings of these things came unto the ears
of the church which was in Jerusalem : and they
(2) WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THEIR sent forth Barnabas, that he should go as far as
PREACHING? Antioch .” Upon arrival in his new field of labor,
Barnabas saw the work that had already been ac-
complished by divine grace, and he “was glad,
and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart
they would cleave unto the Lord.” (AA 156.2)
When the believers in Jerusalem heard the good It was here that the disciples were first called
tidings, they rejoiced; and Barnabas, “a good man, Christians. This name was given them because
and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith,” was sent to Christ was the main theme of their preaching,
Antioch , the metropolis of Syria , to help the church teaching, and conversation. They were continu-
there. He labored there with great success. (LP 40.1) ally recounting the incidents of his life during the
time in which his disciples were blessed with his
4. WHO DID BARNABAS SEEK TO LABOR personal company. They dwelt untiringly upon his
WITH HIM? teachings, his miracles of healing the sick, cast-
ing out devils, and raising the dead to life. With
quivering lips and tearful eyes they spoke of his
agony in the garden, his betrayal, trial, and execu-
tion, the forbearance and humility with which he
endured the contumely and torture imposed upon
Acts 11:25 him by his enemies, and the Godlike pity with
which he prayed for those who persecuted him.
Related texts: Ruth 1:16; Jeremiah 36:4; Mat- His resurrection and ascension, and his work in
thew 10:1-5 Heaven as a Mediator for fallen man, were joy-
ful topics with them. The heathen might well call
As the work developed, Barnabas felt the
them Christian, since they preached of Christ,
need of suitable help in order to advance in the
and addressed their prayers to God through him.
opening providences of God, and he went to Tar-
(LP 40.3- 41)
sus to seek for Paul, who, after his departure from
It was God who gave to them the name of
Jerusalem some time before, had been laboring
Christian. This is a royal name, given to all who
in “the regions of Syria and Cilicia “proclaiming
join themselves to Christ. It was of this name
“the faith which once he destroyed.” Galatians
that James wrote later, “Do not rich men oppress
1:21, 23. Barnabas was successful in finding Paul
you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
and in persuading him to return with him as a
Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the
companion in ministry.
which ye are called? James 2:6, 7. And Peter de-
In the populous city of Antioch, Paul found
clared, “If any man suffer as a Christian, let him
an excellent field of labor. His learning, wisdom,
not be ashamed; but let hem glorify God on this
and zeal exerted a powerful influence over the
behalf.” “If ye be reproached for the name of
inhabitants and frequenters of that city of cul-
Christ, happy are ye: for the spirit of glory and
ture; and he proved just the help that Barnabas
of God resteth upon you.” 1 Peter 4:16, 14. (AA
needed. For a year the two disciples labored unit-
157.2)
edly in faithful ministry, bringing to many a sav-
ing knowledge of Jesus of Nazareth, the world’s
(6) WHO WERE THE PROPHETS AND
Redeemer. (AA 156.3-157.1).
TEACHERS FASTING AND MINISTER-
ING FOR THE LORD AT ANTIOCH?
(5) WHAT NEW NAME WERE THE DIS-
CIPLES CALLED IN ANTIOCH?

Acts 11:26
Acts 13:1, 2
Related texts: Isaiah 65:15; Genesis 32:27, 28;
John 15:13, 14 Related texts: Ephesians 4:11; 1 Corinthians 12:28, 29
“There were in the church that was at Antioch (8) WHO WILL GOD ACCEPT INTO THE
certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and CHRISTIAN CHURCH TODAY?
Simeon that was called Niger , and Lucius of
Cyrene, and Manaen…and Saul.” (AA 160.2)

(7) OF THIS GROUP, WHICH TWO WERE


CHOSEN BY THE HOLY SPIRIT--THE
THIRD PERSON OF THE GODHEAD-- Acts 10:35
FOR A SPECIAL WORK?

Revelation 22:17

(9) WHAT COMMISSION IS GIVEN TO


Acts 13:2 EVERY CHRISTIAN?
Related texts: 1 Samuel 10:1; 16:13; Matthew
10:1; 1Timothy 4:14
God communicated with the devout proph-
ets and teachers in the church at Antioch . “As
they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Matthew 28:19, 20
Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for
the work whereunto I have called them.” These
apostles were therefore dedicated to God in a Like the believers at Jerusalem, I desire to aid
most solemn manner by fasting and prayer and new believers in Jesus Christ in learning the
the laying on of hands; and they were sent forth gospel message of the world’s Redeemer.
to their field of labor among the Gentiles.
Both Paul and Barnabas had been laboring Circle: Yes Undecided
as ministers of Christ, and God had abundantly
blessed their efforts; but neither of them had Following the faithful example of Barnabas, I am
previously been formally ordained to the gospel willing to minister wherever God calls me.
ministry by prayer and the laying on of hands.
They were now authorized by the church, not Circle: Yes Undecided
only to teach the truth, but to baptize, and to or-
ganize churches, being invested with full eccle- As Paul was willing to help Barnabas minis-
siastical authority. This was an important era for ter in Antioch, I stand will to aid God’s faithful
the church. Though the middle wall of partition workers in any way I can in the providence of
between Jew and Gentile had been broken down the Lord.
by the death of Christ, letting the Gentiles into
the full privileges of the gospel, still the vail had Circle: Yes Undecided
not yet been torn from the eyes of many of the
believing Jews, and they could not clearly discern As others may be chosen to go to minister for God
to the end of that which was abolished by the Son instead of me, I pray to be humble, by His grace,
of God. The work was now to be prosecuted with and labor for God in my home sphere without
vigor among the Gentiles, and was to result in envy or jealousy of those who are sent out.
strengthening the church by a great ingathering
of souls. (LP 42.1, 2-43) Circle: Yes Undecided
Paul and Barnabas’ First Missionary Journey - 5
This chapter is based on Acts 13:2

(1) WHAT PLACE DID BARNABAS AND


SAUL PASS THROUGH BEFORE REACH-
ING SALAMIS , ON THE ISLAND OF CY-
PRUS ?
Acts 12:25

Related Texts: Exodus 4:20; Genesis 46: 2, 3, 26;


Acts 13:5
Acts 13:4
The apostles started out upon their mission,
Related Texts: Luke 10:1 taking with them Mark. (LP 44.2)
The mother of Mark was a convert to the
“Sent forth by the Holy Ghost,” Paul and Christian religion, and her home was an asylum
Barnabas, after their ordination by the brethren for the disciples. There they were always sure of a
in Antioch , “departed unto Seleucia ; and from welcome, and a season of rest, in which they could
thence they sailed to Cyprus .” Thus the apostles rally from the effect of the fierce persecutions that
began their first missionary journey. everywhere assailed them in their labors.
It was during one of these visits of the apos-
(2) WHAT WAS THE MISSION OF BARNA- tles to his mother’s that Mark proposed to Paul
BAS AND SAUL, FOR WHICH THEY HAD and Barnabas that he should accompany them on
BEEN SENT BY THE HOLY GHOST? their missionary tour. He had witnessed the won-
derful power attending their ministry; he had felt
the favor of God in his own heart; he had seen the
faith of his mother tested and tried without waver-
ing; he had witnessed the miracles performed by
the apostles, and which set the seal of God upon
their work; he had himself preached the Christian
Acts 13:5 faith, and had longed to devote himself entirely to
the work. (LP 47. 1, 2)
Cyprus was one of the places to which the
believers had fled from Jerusalem because of the (4) AT PAPHOS, ON THE ISLAND OF CY-
persecution following the death of Stephen. It PRUS, WHO DID THEY ENCOUNTER?
was from Cyprus that certain men had journeyed
to Antioch , “preaching the Lord Jesus.” Acts
11:20. Barnabas himself was “of the country of
Cyprus.” (Acts 4:36) (AA 166. 1, 2)
Arriving at Salamis , the apostles “preached
the word of God in the synagogue of the Jews...”
(AA 167.1) Acts 13:6

(3) WHO ACCOMPANIED THEM ON Related Texts: 2 Timothy 3:8; Acts 7:51; Exodus
THIS JOURNEY? 7:14
“And when they had gone through the isle the miracles which the apostles had performed,
unto Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false and which Elymas had denounced as being pro-
prophet, a Jew, whose name was Barjesus; which duced by sleight of hand, were in truth wrought
was with the deputy of the country, Sergius Pau- by the power of God. (LP 45.2-46.0)
lus, a prudent man, who called for Barnabas and
Saul, and desired to hear the word of God. But (6) WHERE DID PAUL AND BARNABAS
Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by inter- GO NEXT?
pretation) withstood them, seeking to turn away
the deputy from the faith.”
The deputy being a man of repute and in-
fluence, the sorcerer Elymas, who was under the
control of Satan, sought by false reports and vari-
ous specious deceptions to turn him against the
apostles and destroy their influence over him. As Acts 13:13
the magicians in Pharoah’s court withstood Mo-
ses and Aaron, so did this sorcerer withstand the (7) AT THIS POINT IN THE JOURNEY,
apostles...This agent of Satan greatly hindered the WHAT DID JOHN MARK DO THAT
work of the apostles. Thus does the fallen foe ever CAUSED PAUL TO JUDGE HIM UNFA-
work in a special manner to prevent persons of in- VORABLY?
fluence, who could be of great service to the cause,
from embracing the truth of God. (LP 44. 2- 45)

(5) BEING FILLED WITH THE HOLY


GHOST, WHAT TWO NAMES DID PAUL
CALL BARJESUS, AND WHAT PUNISH- Acts 13:13
MENT WAS CALLED DOWN UPON HIM?
Related texts: Ruth 1:15; Judges 7: 3

Paul and his company now continued their


journey, going into Perga, in Pamphylia. Their
way was toilsome, they encountered hardships
Acts 13:10-11 and privations, and were beset by dangers on
every side, which intimidated Mark, who was
Related texts: Jeremiah 28:15, 16; 2 Chronicles unused to hardships. As still greater difficulties
19:1, 2 were apprehended, he became disheartened, and
refused to go farther, just at the time when his
The sorcerer had closed his eyes to the evi- services were most needed. He accordingly re-
dences of truth, and the light of the gospel, there- turned to Jerusalem and to the peace and com-
fore the Lord, in his righteous anger, caused his fort of his home.
natural eyes to be closed, shutting out from him Mark did not apostatize from the faith of
the light of day. This blindness was not perma- Christianity; but, like many young ministers, he
nent, but only for a season, to warn him to re- shrank from hardships, and preferred the comfort
pent, and to seek pardon of God whom he had and safety of home to the travels, labors, and dan-
so offended. The confusion into which this man gers of the missionary field. This desertion caused
was brought, with all his boasted power, made of Paul to judge him unfavorably and severely for a
none effect all his subtle arts against the doctrine long time. He distrusted his steadiness of charac-
of Christ. The fact of his being obliged to grope ter, and his devotion to the cause of Christ. (LP
about in blindness, proved to all beholders that 46.2- 47)
(8) ON ARRIVAL IN PISIDIA, WHERE DID
PAUL AND BARNABAS GO THAT PRO-
VIDED AN OPPORTUNITY FOR THEM TO
SHARE GLAD TIDINGS THAT BROUGHT
HOPE AND JOY TO MANY? Acts 13:14 Acts 13:42

Related texts: Luke 4:16-21; Acts 17:2

“When the Jews were gone out of the syna-


gogue, the Gentiles besought that these words
might be preached to them the next Sabbath.” The
Acts 13:14 congregation having finally broken up, “many of
the Jews and religious proselytes,” who had ac-
Related texts: Luke 4:16; 13:10; Mark 1: 21, 22 cepted the glad tidings borne to them that day,
“followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to
After the departure of Mark, Paul and Barna- them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of
bas visited Antioch in Pisidia, and on the Sabbath God”. (AA 173.1)
went into the synagogue, and sat down; “and af-
ter the reading of the law and the prophets, the (10) WHAT HAPPENED THE NEXT SAB-
rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, BATH DAY THAT FILLED THE JEWS
Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of WITH ENVY, AND LED THEM TO OP-
exhortation for the people, say on.” Being thus POSE THE APOSTLES?
invited to speak, “Paul stood up, and beckoning
with his hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear
God, give audience.” He then proceeded to give
a history of the manner in which the Lord had
dealt with the Jews from the time of their deliver-
ance from Egyptian bondage, and how a Saviour
had been promised of the seed of David. He then Acts 13:44
preached Jesus as the Saviour of men, the Mes-
siah of prophecy. (LP 48.2) Related texts: John 11:47, 48; Luke 19:38, 39
The Spirit of God accompanied the words
that were spoken, and hearts were touched. The The interest to hear the words of the apostles
apostle’s appeal to Old Testament prophecies, was so great that the whole city came together
and his declaration that these had been fulfilled on the next Sabbath day. But now, as in the days
in the ministry of Jesus of Nazareth , carried con- of Christ, when the Jewish priests and rulers saw
viction to many a soul longing for the advent of the multitudes that had assembled to hear the new
the promised Messiah. And the speaker’s words doctrine, they were moved by envy and jealousy,
of assurance that the “glad tidings” of salvation and contradicted the words of the apostles with
were for Jew and Gentile alike, brought hope and blasphemy. Their old bigotry and prejudice were
joy to those who had not been numbered among also aroused, when they perceived great numbers
the children of Abraham according to the flesh. of Gentiles mingling with the Jews in the congre-
(AA 172.3-173) gation. They could not endure that the Gentiles
should enjoy religious privileges on an equality
(9) WHAT REQUEST DID THE GENTILES with themselves, but clung tenaciously to the idea
MAKE OF THE APOSTLES? that the blessing of God was reserved exclusively
for them. This had ever been the great sin of the
Jews, which Christ, on several occasions, had
rebuked... When they learned that the Messiah Related texts: Matthew 7:6; Romans 10:20, 21;
preached by the apostles was to be a light to the Isaiah 65:1
Gentiles, as well as the glory of his people Israel
, they were beside themselves with rage, and When Paul and Barnabas turned from the
used the most insulting language to the apostles. Jews who derided them, they addressed them
(LP 49-50) boldly, saying, “It was necessary that the word
of God should first have been spoken to you; but
(11) PAUL’S PREACHING IN THE SYNA- seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves
GOGUE ON THE SABBATH SO LONG AF- unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the
TER THE DEATH OF CHRIST, AGREES Gentiles. For so hath the Lord commanded us,
WITH WHAT WORDS, SPOKEN BY JE- saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gen-
SUS, THE LORD OF THE SABBATH, IN tiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the
MATTHEW 24:20? ends of the earth.”
This gathering in of the Gentiles to the church
of God had been traced by the pen of inspiration,
but had been but faintly understood. Hosea had
said, “Yet the number of the children of Israel shall
be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be mea-
sured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that
in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not
Matthew 24:20 my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are
the sons of the living God.” And again, “I will sow
Related texts: Mark 2:27, 28; Psalm 111:7, 8; Ex- her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy
odus 20:8-11; Nehemiah 13:15-22; Luke 6:5 upon her that had not obtained mercy: and I will
say to them which were not my people, Thou art
“Pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.”
neither on the Sabbath day,” Christ said. He who (LP 50.2, 3- 51)
made the Sabbath did not abolish it, nailing it to
His cross. The Sabbath was not rendered null and (13) WHAT DID THE JEWS RAISE
void by His death. Forty years after His crucifix- AGAINST PAUL AND BARNABAS THAT
ion it was still to be held sacred. For forty years CAUSED THEM TO LEAVE ANTIOCH
the disciples were to pray that their flight might IN PISIDIA?
not be on the Sabbath day. (DA 630. 4)
In the first centuries the true Sabbath had
been kept by all Christians. They were jealous
for the honor of God, and believing that His law
is immutable, they zealously guarded the sacred-
ness of its precepts. (GC 52.2)

(12) WHAT BOLD WORDS DID PAUL Acts 13:50


AND BARNABAS DECLARE TO THE UN-
BELIEVING JEWS? Related texts: Matthew 10:14, 23; Luke 4:29, 30

The Jews, however, were not satisfied with


closing their synagogues against the apostles,
but desired to banish them from that region.
To affect this purpose, they sought to prejudice
certain devout and honorable women, who had
Acts 13:46 great influence with the government, and also
men of influence. This they accomplished by (15) TO WHAT LEVEL OF VIOLENCE DID
subtle arts, and false reports. These persons THEIR OPPOSITION RISE THAT CAUSED
of good repute complained to the authorities THE APOSTLES TO FLEE AGAIN?
against the apostles, and they were accordingly
expelled from that district.
On this occasion the apostles followed the
instruction of Christ: “Whosoever shall not re-
ceive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence,
shake off the dust under your feet for a testimo-
ny against them. Verily I say unto you, It shall Acts 14:5
be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in
the day of Judgment, that for that city.” The Related texts: 1 Samuel 18:10, 11; 1 Kings 19:2;
apostles were not discouraged by this expul- 2 Chronicles 16:10
sion: they remembered the words of their Mas-
ter: “Blessed are ye when men shall revile you, The Jews perceived that their efforts to
and persecute you, and shall say all manner of thwart the work of the apostles were unavailing,
evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and only resulted in adding greater numbers to
and be exceeding glad; for great is your reward the new faith. The rage of the Jews was worked
in Heaven; for so persecuted they the prophets up to such a pitch on this account that they de-
which were before you.” (LP 51.2, 3-52) termined to compass their ends in some manner.
They stirred up the worst passions of the igno-
(14) NEXT THEY VISITED ICONIUM. rant, noisy mob, creating a tumult which they at-
WHAT SIMILAR OPPOSITION DID THEY tributed to the efforts of the apostles. They then
FACE THERE FROM THE JEWS? prepared to make a false charge of telling force,
and to gain the help of the magistrates in carry-
ing out their purpose. They determined that the
apostles should have no opportunity to vindicate
themselves; but that mob power should interfere,
and put a stop to their labors by stoning them to
death. (LP 54.1)
Friends of the apostles, though unbeliev-
Acts 14:2 ers, warned them of the malicious designs of the
Jews and urged them not to expose themselves
Related texts: John 16:2; 15:20, 21 needlessly to the fury of the mob, but to escape
for their lives. Paul and Barnabas accordingly de-
The apostles next visited Iconium. This parted in secret from Iconium, leaving the believ-
place was a great resort for pleasure-seekers, ers to carry on the work alone for a time. But they
and persons who had no particular object in by no means took final leave; they purposed to
life. The population was composed of Romans, return after the excitement had abated, and com-
Greeks, and Jews. The apostles here, as at An- plete the work begun. (AA 179.1)
tioch , first commenced their labors in the syna-
gogues for their own people, the Jews. They met (16) WHAT MIRACLE OCCURRED AT
with marked success; numbers of both Jews and LYSTRA WHERE THE APOSTLES NEXT
Greeks accepted the gospel of Christ. But here, as PREACHED THE GOSPEL?
in former places where the apostles had labored,
the unbelieving Jews commenced an unreason-
able opposition to those who accepted the true
faith, and as far as lay in their power, influenced
the Gentiles against them. (LP 52.1)
great heathen deities, Jupiter and Mercury, were in
their midst in the persons of Paul and Barnabas...
The news of the miraculous cure of the cripple
Acts 14:8-10 was soon noised throughout all that region, until a
general excitement was aroused, and priests from
Related texts: Acts 3:4-8; Matthew 11:4, 5; John the temple of the gods prepared to do the apostles
5: 5-9 honor, as visitants from the courts of Heaven, to
sacrifice beasts to them, and to bring offerings of
As Paul recounted the works of Christ in garlands and precious things.
healing the afflicted, he perceived a cripple whose When these ministers of God ascertained...
eyes were fastened upon him, and who received this...excitement, they were filled with indigna-
and believed his words. Paul’s heart went out in tion and horror...Paul, in a loud, ringing voice that
sympathy toward the afflicted man, whose faith rose above the noise of the multitude, demanded
he discerned; and he eagerly grasped the hope their attention; and as the tumult was suddenly
that he might be healed by that Saviour, who, quelled, he inquired,-
although he had ascended to Heaven, was still “Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are
man’s Friend and Physician, having more power men of like passions with you, and preach unto
even than when he was upon earth. you that ye should turn from these vanities unto
In the presence of that idolatrous assembly, the living God, which made heaven, and earth,
Paul commanded the cripple to stand upright and the sea, and all things that are therein; who
upon his feet. Hitherto he had only been able to in time past suffered all nations to walk in their
take a sitting posture; but now he grasped with own ways. Nevertheless, he left not himself with-
faith the words of Paul, and instantly obeyed his out witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain
command, and stood on his feet for the first time from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our
in his life. Strength came with this effort of faith; hearts with food and gladness.” (LP 57.1- 58.2)
and he who had been a cripple walked and leaped
as though he had never experienced an infirmity. (18) STIRRED UP BY THE OPPOSING JEWS
(LP 56.2-57) FROM ANTIOCH , WHAT VIOLENCE DID
THE REBUKED LYSTRIANS DO TO THE
(17) AS A RESULT OF THIS MIRACLE, APOSTLES?
WHAT DID THE IDOLATROUS CROWD
ASSUME THE APOSTLES TO BE?

Acts 14:19

Related texts: Acts 7:57-59


Acts 14:11-13
The Lystrians rushed upon the apostles with
Related texts: Revelation 22:8, 9; Acts 10:25-26; great rage and fury. They hurled stones violently;
Revelation 19:10 and Paul, bruised, battered, and fainting, felt that
his end had come. The martyrdom of Stephen was
The Lycaonians were convinced that super- brought vividly to his mind, and the cruel part he
natural power attended the labors of the apostles, had acted on that occasion. He fell to the ground
and they cried out with great enthusiasm that the apparently dead, and the infuriated mob dragged
gods had come down to them from Heaven in the his insensible body through the gates of the city,
likeness of men...They conceived the idea that the and threw it beneath the walls. The apostle men-
tions this occurrence in the subsequent enumera- nized in the places mentioned, elders appointed
tion of his sufferings for the truth’s sake: “Thrice in each church, and the proper order established
was I beaten with rods; once was I stoned; thrice I there. (LP 62.2-63)
suffered shipwreck; a night and a day I have been The first missionary journey was fast draw-
in the deep; in journeyings often; in perils of wa- ing to a close. Commending the newly organized
ters; in perils of robbers; in perils by mine own churches to the Lord, the apostles went to Pam-
countrymen; in perils by the heathen; in perils in phylia, “and when they had preached the word in
the city; in perils in the wilderness; in perils in the Perga, they went down into Attalia, and thence
sea; in perils among false brethren.” sailed to Antioch .” (AA 187.1)
The disciples stood around the body of Paul,
lamenting over him whom they supposed to be (20) WHAT PROMISES HAS GOD GIVEN
dead, when he suddenly lifted his head, and arose TO ENCOURAGE US AS WE SEEK TO
to his feet with the praise of God upon his lips. To WITNESS TO OTHERS?
the disciples this seemed like a resurrection from
the dead, a miracle of God to preserve the life of
his faithful servant. They rejoiced with inexpress-
ible gladness over his restoration, and praised
God with renewed faith in the doctrine preached
by the apostles. (LP 60.3- 61.1) Proverbs 11:25

(19) WHAT CITIES DID THE APOSTLES


REVISIT TO STRENGTHEN AND EN-
COURAGE THEIR BRETHREN BEFORE
RETURNING TO ANTIOCH IN SYRIA? Isaiah 41:10

I yield myself more and more to God, I am fully


confident that He will increase and direct my
ministry, as He did for Paul and Barnabas.
Acts 14:21 Circle: Yes Undecided
Related texts: Matthew 4:23; Luke 4:42-43; Exo-
I pray that I may be so connected with God, that
dus 4:18-20
He can bless others through me, as the cripple
The next day after the stoning of Paul, the was made whole in Lystra by Paul.
apostles left the city, according to the direction
of Christ: “When they persecute you in this city, Circle: Yes Undecided
flee ye into another.” They departed for Derbe,
where their labors were blessed, and many souls When faced with false doctrine, I desire to stand
were led to embrace the truth. But both Paul and firmly on God’s eternal truth, without compro-
Barnabas returned again to visit Antioch , Iconi- mise, as did Paul and Barnabas.
um, and Lystra, the fields of labor where they had
met such opposition and persecution. In all these Circle: Yes Undecided
places were many that believed the truth; and the
apostles felt it their duty to strengthen and encour- I earnestly desire that God will so strengthen my
age their brethren who were exposed to reproach faith, that even under the fiercest persecution, I
and bitter opposition. They were determined to will not turn back forsaking my Lord.
securely bind off the work which they had done,
that it might not ravel out. Churches were orga- Circle: Yes Undecided
Jew and Gentile - 6
This chapter is based on Acts 15:1

(1) WHAT MISGUIDED DOCTRINE DID


CERTAIN JEWISH MEN TEACH THE Acts 10:28
BELIEVERS IN ANTIOCH IN SYRIA?
Related texts: 2 Corinthians 3:13, 14; 11:2, 3

The Jewish converts generally were not in-


clined to move as rapidly as the providence of
God opened the way. From the result of the apos-
tles’ labors among the Gentiles it was evident
that the converts among the latter people would
Acts 15:1 far exceed the Jewish converts in number. The
Jews feared that if the restrictions and ceremo-
Related texts: Galatians 5:2, 6; 1 Corinthians 7:18, 19 nies of their law were not made obligatory upon
the Gentiles as a condition of church fellowship,
Paul and Barnabas soon after returned to the national peculiarities of the Jews, which had
Antioch in Syria, where they again labored for hitherto kept them distinct from all other people,
some time: and many Gentiles there embraced would finally disappear from among those who
the doctrine of Christ. But certain Jews from received the gospel message.
Judea raised a general consternation among the The Jews had always prided themselves upon
believing Gentiles by agitating the question of their divinely appointed services, and many of
circumcision. They asserted with great assur- those who had been converted to the faith of
ance, that none could be saved without being Christ still felt that since God had once clear-
circumcised and keeping the entire ceremonial ly outlined the Hebrew manner of worship, it
law. (LP 63.1) was improbable that He would ever authorize a
Paul and Barnabas met this false doctrine change in any of its specifications. They insisted
with promptness and opposed the introduc- that the Jewish laws and ceremonies should be
tion of the subject to the Gentiles. On the other incorporated into the rites of the Christian reli-
hand, many of the believing Jews of Antioch gion. They were slow to discern that all the sac-
favored the position of the brethren recently rificial offerings had but prefigured the death of
come from Judea. (AA 189.2) the Son of God, in which type met antitype, and
after which the rites and ceremonies of the Mo-
(2) WHAT PREJUDICE OF THE JEWISH saic dispensation were no longer binding. (AA
BELIEVERS WAS INVOLVED IN THE 189.2, 3)
GOSPEL GOING TO THE GENTILES? In the light of the gospel the ancient rites
and ceremonies committed to Israel had gained
a new and deeper significance. That which they
shadowed forth had come to pass, and those
who were living under the gospel dispensation
had been freed from their observance. God’s un-
changeable law of Ten Commandments, how-
ever, Paul still kept in spirit as well as in letter.
(AA 190.1)
(3) WHO DID THE CHURCH AT ANTIOCH God, and the conversion of the Gentiles to the
DECIDED TO SEND TO JERUSALEM UNTO faith. (LP 63.3-64)
THE APOSTLES AND ELDERS ABOUT THE
QUESTION OF CIRCUMCISION? (5) AT JERUSALEM, WHAT DID PAUL
AND BARNABAS, WITH THE OTHER
DELEGATES, TELL THE CHURCH?

Acts 15:2

Related texts: 2 Kings 22:13, 18; 1 Kings 14:1-3 Acts 15:4

The matter resulted in much discussion and Related texts: Acts 21:17-19
want of harmony in the church, until finally the
church at Antioch, apprehending that a division Upon arriving at Jerusalem, the delegates
among them would occur form any further dis- from Antioch related before the assembly of
cussion of the question, decided to send Paul and churches the success that had attended the minis-
Barnabas, together with some responsible men try with them, and the confusion that had resulted
of Antioch, to Jerusalem, to lay the matter before from the fact that certain converted Pharisees de-
the apostles and elders. There they were to meet clared that the Gentile converts must be circum-
delegates from the different churches, and those cised and keep the law of Moses in order to be
who had come to attend the approaching annual saved. (LP 64.0)
festivals. Meanwhile all controversy was to cease
until a final decision should be made by the re- (6) HOW DID THE APOSTLES AND EL-
sponsible men of the church. This decision was DERS DISCUSS THE MATTER OF CIR-
then to be universally accepted by the various CUMCISION?
churches throughout the country. (LP 63.2)

(4) WHAT MESSAGE FROM PAUL AND


BARNABAS CAUSED GREAT JOY TO
BRETHEN IN PHENICE AND SAMARIA?
Acts 15:6, 7

Related texts: Acts 21:20-21; Galatians 6: 12-13

This question was warmly discussed in the


assembly. Intimately connected with the question
Acts 15:3 of circumcision were several others demanding
careful study. One was the problem as to what
Related texts: Esther 8:13-16; Nehemiah 8:10; attitude should be taken towards the use of meats
Philippians 4:4 offered to idols. Many of the Gentile converts
were living among ignorant and superstitious
The apostles, in making their way to Jeru- people who made frequent sacrifices and offer-
salem, called upon the brethren of the cities ings to idols...and the Jews feared that the Gen-
through which they passed, and encouraged tiles converts would bring Christianity into disre-
them by relating their experience in the work of pute by purchasing that which had been offered
to idols, thereby sanctioning, in some measure, brethren concerning the conversion of Cornelius
idolatrous customs. and his friends, and his fellowship with them. As
Again, the Gentiles were accustomed to eat the he on that occasion related how the Holy Spirit
flesh of animals that had been strangled, while fell on the Gentiles he declared, “Forasmuch then
the Jews had been divinely instructed that when as God gave them the like gift as He did unto us,
beasts were killed for food, particular care was who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was
to be taken that the blood should flow from the I, that I could withstand God?” Acts 11:17. Now,
body; otherwise the meat would not be regarded with equal fervor and force, he said: “God, which
as wholesome. God had given these injunctions knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving
to the Jews for the purpose of preserving their them the Holy Ghost, even as He did unto us;
health. The Jews regarded it as sinful to use blood and put no difference between us and them, pu-
as an article of diet. They held that the blood was rifying their hearts by faith. Now therefore why
the life, and that the shedding of blood was in tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the
consequence of sin. disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were
The Gentiles, on the contrary, practiced catch- able to bear?” This yoke was not the law of Ten
ing the blood that flowed from the sacrificial vic- Commandments, as some who oppose the bind-
tim and using it in the preparation of food. The ing claims of the law assert; Peter here referred
Jews could not believe that they ought to change to the law of ceremonies, which was made null
the customs they had adopted under the special and void by the crucifixion of Christ. (AA 192.4,
direction of God. Therefore, as things then stood, 193.2-194)
if Jew and Gentile should attempt to eat at the
same table, the former would be shocked and (8) BESIDES “YOKE”, WHAT OTHER
outraged by the latter. (AA 191.2-192.1) NAMES ARE USED IN SCRIPTURE TO
REFER TO THE LAW OF CEREMONIES
(7) WHO THEN STOOD UP TO SHARE (THE CEREMONIAL LAW)?
HOW GOD HAD USED HIM TO WITNESS
TO THE GENTILES?

(a) Hebrews 10:1

Acts 15:7

Related texts: Matthew 8:5-10; John 4:7, 19, 25-


26; Mark 7:25-30
(b) Colossians 2:14
“When there had been much disputing, Peter
rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren,
ye know how that a good while ago God made
choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth
should hear the word of the gospel, and believe.”
He reasoned that the Holy Spirit had decided the
matter under dispute by descending with equal (c) Ephesians 2:14
power upon the uncircumcised Gentiles and the
circumcised Jews.
Once before, Peter had reasoned with his
(d) Ephesians 2:15

Acts 15:12

Related texts: Judges 5:1, 24-27; 2 Kings 6:14,


18-23; 5:1
(e) Ephesians 2:16
This address of Peter brought the assembly
God’s people, whom He calls His peculiar to a point where they could listen with reason
treasure, were privileged with a two-fold sys- to Paul and Barnabas, who related their experi-
tem of law: the moral and the ceremonial. The ence in working among the Gentiles. “Then all
one, pointing back to creation to keep in re- the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to
membrance the living God who made the world, Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and
whose claims are binding upon all men in every wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles
dispensation, and which will exist through all by them.” (LP 68.1)
time and eternity. The other, given because of
man’s transgression of the moral law, the obedi- (10) WHO GAVE THE FINAL SENTENCE
ence to which consisted in sacrifices and offer- OF THE ASSEMBLY, AND WHAT WAS IT?
ings pointing to the future redemption. Each is
clear and distinct from the other.
From the creation the moral law was an es-
sential part of God’s divine plan, and was as un-
changeable as Himself. The ceremonial law was
to answer a particular purpose in Christ’s plan for Acts 15:13, 19
the salvation of the race. The typical system of sac-
rifices and offerings was established that through Related texts: Amos 9:11, 12; Isaiah 14:1; 49:6
these services the sinner might discern the great
offering, Christ. But the Jews were so blinded by James also bore his testimony with decision,
pride and sin that but few of them could see far- declaring that it was God’s purpose to bestow
ther than the death of beasts as an atonement for upon the Gentiles the same privileges and bless-
sin; and when Christ, whom these offerings pre- ings that had been granted to the Jews.
figured, came, they could not discern Him. The The Holy Spirit saw good not to impose the
ceremonial law was glorious; it was the provision ceremonial law on the Gentile converts, and the
made by Jesus Christ in counsel with His Father, mind of the apostles regarding this matter was as
to aid in the salvation of the race. The whole ar- the mind of the Spirit of God. James presided at
rangement of the typical service was founded on the council, and his final decision was, “Where-
Christ. Adam saw Christ prefigured in the inno- fore my sentence is, that we trouble not them,
cent beast suffering the penalty of his transgres- which from among the Gentiles are turned to
sion of Jehovah’s law. (RH May 6, 1875) God.” (AA 194.2, 3)

(9) AFTER PETER SPOKE, WHAT DID (11) WHAT FOUR NECESSARY THINGS
BARNABAS AND PAUL SHARE WITH THE DID THE APOSTLES AND ELDERS TELL
AUDIENCE GATHERED IN JERUSALEM? THE GENTILES TO STAY AWAY FROM?
meet from the first, and will ever have them to the
close of time. (LP 70.2-71)
After the decision of the council at Jerusalem
concerning this question, many were still of this
opinion, but did not then push their opposition
any farther. The council had, on that occasion,
Acts 15:28, 29 decided that the converts from the Jewish church
might observe the ordinances of the Mosaic law
Related texts: Acts 21:25; Leviticus 17:13, 14; if they chose, while those ordinances should not
Revelation 2:14; 1 Samuel 14:32, 33 be made obligatory upon converts from the Gen-
tiles. The opposing class now took advantage of
The Gentiles, however, were to take no course this, to urge a distinction between the observers
which should materially conflict with the views of the ceremonial law and those who did not ob-
of their Jewish brethren, or which would create serve it, holding that the latter were farther from
prejudice in their minds against them. The apos- God than the former.
tles and elders therefore agreed to instruct the Paul’s indignation was stirred. His voice was
Gentiles by letter to abstain from meats offered raised in stern rebuke: “If ye be circumcised, Christ
to idols, from fornication, from things strangled, shall profit you nothing.” The party maintaining
and from blood. They were required to keep the that Christianity was valueless without circumci-
commandments, and to lead holy lives. The Gen- sion arrayed themselves against the apostle, and
tiles were assured that the men who had urged he had to meet them in every church which he
circumcision upon them were not authorized to founded or visited: in Jerusalem, Antioch, Gala-
do so by the apostles. (LP 69.3) tia, Corinth, Ephesus, and Rome. God urged him
out to the great work of preaching Christ, and Him
(12) AFTERWARD, WHAT COULD PAUL crucified; circumcision or uncircumcision was
TELL THE GENTILE CONVERTS IN GA- nothing. The Judaizing party looked upon Paul as
LATIA THAT OTHERS DESIRED CON- an apostate, bent upon breaking down the parti-
CERNING THEM, THAT SHOWS THIS tion wall which God had established between the
DECISION WAS NOT ACCEPTED BY ALL Israelites and the world...These divisions in re-
BELIEVERS? gard to the ceremonial law, and the relative merits
of the different ministers teaching the doctrine of
Christ, caused the apostle much anxiety and hard
labor. (LP 121.4-122.2)

(13) WHAT HAPPENED AT THE DEATH


OF CHRIST WHICH SHOWS THAT THE
Galatians 6:12, 13 TEMPLE SERVICES AND RELATED
CEREMONIAL LAWS WERE ENDED?
Related texts: Galatians 5:1-6; Acts 16:3

All were not pleased, however, with this deci-


sion; there was a faction of false brethren who
assumed to engage in a work on their own re-
sponsibility. They indulged in murmuring and
fault-finding, proposing new plans, and seeking
to pull down the work of the experienced men Matthew 27:50, 51
whom God had ordained to teach the doctrines
of Christ. The church has had such obstacles to (14) WHO IS OUR PASSOVER LAMB NOW?
1 Corinthians 5:7

I desire to follow the providence of God as soon


as He reveals His will to me in His Holy Word.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I understand that at the death of Christ, the


shadows of the ceremonial law met their fulfill-
ment. Christians today are not to sacrifice meat
and drink offerings, keep Jewish holy days, new
moon celebrations or annual Jewish feast days,
which were also called “sabbaths.”

Circle: Yes Undecided

The Bible makes it clear that the entire Ten


Commandment Law of God is still binding
upon Christians today, and that it was only the
ceremonial law that was nailed to Christ’s cross,
and made null and void.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I accept the Bible truth that the moral law of


Ten Commandments is as unchangeable as God
Himself and that the ceremonial law was only to
be kept up until the death of Christ.

Circle: Yes Undecided


Paul’s Second Missionary Journey Begins - 7
This lesson is based on Acts 15:36-41
(3) WHAT RESULTED FROM THIS DISPUTE?
(1) WHAT SUGGESTION DID PAULMAKE
TO BARNABAS AS THEY PREACHED
AND TAUGHT IN ANTIOCH?

Acts 15:39-40

Barnabas was ready to go with Paul, but


Acts 15:36 wished to take with them Mark, who had again
decided to devote himself to the ministry. To
Related text: Exodus 4:18 this Paul objected. He “thought not good to
take...with them” one who during their first
After spending some time in ministry in missionary journey had left them in a time of
Antioch, Paul proposed to his fellow worker need. He was not inclined to excuse Mark’s
that they set forth on another missionary jour- weakness in deserting the work for the safety
ney. “Let us go again,” he said to Barnabas, and comforts of home. He urged that one with
“and visit our brethren in every city where we so little stamina was unfitted for a work requir-
have preached the word of the Lord, and see ing patience, self-denial, bravery, devotion,
how they do.” faith, and a willingness to sacrifice, if need be,
Both Paul and Barnabas had a tender re- even life itself. So sharp was the contention that
gard for those who had recently accepted the Paul and Barnabas separated, the latter follow-
gospel message under their ministry, and they ing his convictions and taking Mark with him,
longed to see them once more. Their solicitude “So Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cy-
Paul never lost. Even when in distant mission prus; and Paul chose Silas, and departed, being
fields, far from the scene of his earlier labors, recommended by the brethren unto the grace of
he continued to bear upon his heart the burden God.” (AA 202.1)
of urging these converts to remain faithful,
“perfecting holiness in the fear of God.” 2 Cor- (4) WHO ALSO JOINED PAUL ON THIS
inthians 7:1. (AA 201.1, 2) MISSIONARY JOURNEY, AND WAS CIR-
CUMCISED, SO AS NOT TO HINDER THE
(2) WHAT CONTENTION AROSE BE- GOSPEL AMONG THE JEWS?
TWEEN PAUL AND BARNABAS OVER
JOHN MARK?

Acts 16:1-3

Acts 15:37-38 Related text: Galatians 2:3, 4


Paul found that Timothy was closely bound for those converted under his labors. Above all
to him by the ties of Christian union. This man things, he longed that they should be faithful,
had been instructed in the Holy Scriptures from “that I may rejoice in the day of Christ,” he said,
his childhood, and educated for a strictly religious “that I have not run in vain, neither labored in
life. He had witnessed the sufferings of Paul upon vain.” Philippians 2:16...Every true minister feels
his former visit to Lystra, and the bonds of Chris- a heavy responsibility for the spiritual advance-
tian sympathy had knit his heart firmly to that of ment of the believers entrusted to his care, a long-
the apostle. Paul accordingly thought best to take ing desire that they shall be laborers together with
Timothy with him to assist in his labors. God...Earnestly and untiringly he seeks to inspire
Paul, with his usual good judgment, caused the believers with a desire to win souls for Christ,
Timothy to be circumcised; not that God required remembering that every addition to the church
it, but in order to remove from the minds of the should be one more agency for the carrying out of
Jews an obstacle to Timothy’s ministration. Paul the plan of redemption. (AA 205.4-206.1, 207.1)
was to labor from place to place in the syna-
gogues, and there to preach Christ. If his com- (6) WHAT VISION DID GOD GIVE PAUL
panion should be known as an uncircumcised WHILE THEY WERE IN TROAS?
heathen, the work of both would be greatly hin-
dered by the prejudice and bigotry of the people.
The apostle everywhere met a storm of persecu-
tion. He desired to bring the Jews to Christian-
ity, and sought, as far as was consistent with the
faith, to remove every pretext for opposition. Yet Acts 16:9
while he conceded this much to Jewish prejudice,
his faith and teachings declared that circumcision Related texts: Matthew 9:37, 38
or uncircumcision was nothing, but the gospel of
Christ was everything. (LP 72.4-73, 73.2) The time had come for the gospel to be pro-
claimed beyond the confines of Asia Minor. The
(5) WHAT DID PAUL AND HIS COMPAN- way was preparing for Paul and his fellow work-
IONS DELIVER TO THE CHURCHES, ES- ers to cross over into Europe. At Troas, on the
TABLISHING THEM IN THE FAITH? borders of the Mediterranean Sea, “a vision ap-
peared to Paul in the night: There stood a man of
Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over
into Macedonia, and help us.”
The call was imperative, admitting of no de-
lay. “After he had seen the vision,” declares Luke,
Acts 16:4, 5 who accompanied Paul and Silas and Timothy on
the journey across to Europe, “immediately we
Related texts: Acts 14:21, 22 endeavored to go into Macedonia, assuredly gath-
ering that the Lord had called us for to preach the
Before pressing forward into new territory, gospel unto them. Therefore loosing form Troas,
Paul and his companions visited the churches that we came with a straight course to Samothracia,
had been established in Pisidia and the regions and the next day to Neapolis; and from thence
round about. “As they went through the cities, they to Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of
delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were Macedonia, and a colony.” (AA 211. 1, 2)
ordained of the apostles and elders which were at
Jerusalem. And so were the churches established (7) ON THE HOLY SABBATH, WHERE
in the faith, and increased in number daily.” DID THEY GO, EVEN THOUGH THERE
The apostle Paul felt a deep responsibility WAS NO SYNAGOGUE IN PHILIPPI?
(10) WHAT DID PAUL FINALLY COM-
MAND THE DEMON TO DO IN THE NAME
OF JESUS?

Acts 16:13

Related texts: Leviticus 23:3. Exodus 16:29, 30


Acts 16:18
“On the Sabbath,” Luke continues, “we went
out of the city by a riverside, where prayer was Related texts: Mark 5: 15-17; Matthew 8: 33, 34
wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto
the women which resorted thither. And a certain Day after day, as they went to their devo-
woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the tions, a woman with the spirit of divination fol-
city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard lowed them, crying, “These men are the servants
us: whose heart the Lord opened. (AA 212.1) of the most high God, which show unto us the
way of salvation.” This woman was a special
(8) AFTER HER BAPTISM, WHAT GRA- agent of Satan; and, as the devils were troubled
CIOUS INVITATION DID LYDIA GIVE by the presence of Christ, so the evil spirit which
TO THE APOSTLES? possessed her was ill at ease in the presence of
the apostles. Satan knew that his kingdom was in-
vaded, and took this way of opposing the work of
the ministers of God. The words of recommenda-
tion uttered by this woman were an injury to the
cause, distracting the minds of the people from
the truths presented to them, and throwing disre-
pute upon the work by causing people to believe
Acts 16:15 that the men who spoke with the Spirit and power
of God were actuated by the same spirit as this
Related texts: Luke 10:7; Matthew 10:11 emissary of Satan.
The apostles endured this opposition for
Lydia received the truth gladly. She and her several days; then Paul, under inspiration of the
household were converted and baptized, and she Spirit of God, commanded the evil spirit to leave
entreated the apostles to make her house their the woman. Satan was thus met and rebuked. The
home. (AA 212.1) immediate and continued silence of the woman
testified that the apostles were the servants of
(9) A CERTAIN DAMSEL POSSESSED God, and that the demon had acknowledged them
WITH THE SPIRIT OF DIVINATION, to be such, and had obeyed their command.
FOLLOWED THE APOSTLES FOR MANY
DAYS. WHAT DID SHE SAY? (11) WHAT SPIRITUALISTIC PRACTIC-
ES ARE FORBIDDEN BY GOD IN SCRIP-
TURE?

Acts 16:16-18
Deuteronomy 18:9-12

Related Texts: Exodus 22:18; 1 Samuel 28:3, 9

(12) WHAT RETALIATION DID HER MAS-


TERS BRING AGAINST THE APOSTLES, Acts 16:25, 26
NOW THAT THEIR MEANS OF GAIN
WAS GONE? Related texts: Acts 5:18, 19; 12:11

There in the pitchy darkness and desolation


of the dungeon, Paul and Silas prayed, and sung
songs of praise to God. The other prisoners heard
with astonishment the voice of prayer and praise
issuing from the inner prison. They had been ac-
customed to hear shrieks and moans, cursing and
swearing, breaking at night upon the silence of
Acts 16:19-23 the prison; but they had never before heard the
words of prayer and praise ascending from that
Related texts: Acts 5:40, 41; Matthew 23: 34 gloomy cell. The guards and prisoners marveled
who were these men who, cold, hungry, and tor-
When the woman was dispossessed of the tured, could still rejoice and converse cheerfully
spirit of the devil, and restored to herself, her mas- with each other. (LP 76.1)
ters were alarmed for their craft. They saw that all An angel was sent from Heaven to release
hope of receiving money from her divination and the apostles. As he neared the Roman prison, the
soothsayings was at an end...They brought Paul earth trembled beneath his feet, the whole city was
and Silas before the magistrates with the charge shaken by the earthquake, and the prison walls
that “these men, being Jews, do exceedingly reeled like a reed in the wind. The heavily bolted
trouble our city, and teach customs which are not doors flew open; the chains and fetters fell from
lawful for us to receive, neither to observe, being the hands and feet of every prisoner. (LP 77)
Romans.”
Satan stirred up a frenzy among the people. (14) HOW DID THE KEEPER OF THE
A mob spirit prevailed, and was sanctioned by the PRISON FIRST RESPOND TO THE
authorities, who, with their official hands, tore EARTHQUAKE?
the clothes from the apostles, and commanded
them to be scourged. “And when they had laid
many stripes upon them, they cast them into pris-
on, charging the jailer to keep them safely; who,
having received such a charge, thrust them into
the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the
stocks.” (LP 74.3, 75.1, 2)

(13) PAUL AND SILAS PRAYED AND Acts 16:27


SANG PRAISES TO GOD IN SPITE OF
THEIR PAIN AND DISCOMFORT. HOW (15) WHAT DID PAUL TELL HIM THAT
DID GOD ANSWER THEIR PRAYERS? SHOWED THE LOVE OF GOD?
He saw his own deplorable condition in contrast
with that of the disciples, and with deep humility
and reverence asked them to show him the way
of life. “And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus
Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. And
they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to
all that were in his house.” The jailer then washed
the wounds of the apostles, and ministered unto
Acts 16: 28 them; and was baptized by them.” (LP 77.3, 78.2)
Related texts: Matthew 5:44; 1 Samuel 24:16, 17 (17) WHAT FAITHFUL EXAMPLE OF
ZEAL AND DEVOTION DID PAUL AND
Upon awakening he saw all the prison doors SILAS SET FOR THE BELIEVERS IN
open, and his first thought was that the prison- PHILIPPI?
ers had escaped. He remembered with what an
explicit charge the prisoners had been entrusted
to his care the night before, and he felt sure that
death would be the penalty of his apparent un-
faithfulness. He cried out in the bitterness of his
spirit that it was better for him to die by his own
hand than to submit to a disgraceful execution.
He was about to kill himself, when Paul cried out Philippians 1:1, 29
with a loud voice, “Do thyself no harm; for we
are all here.” (LP 77.2) Related Texts: 2 Corinthians 11: 24-27; Philippi-
ans 3:8-10; Acts 16:29-32
(16) AS THE LOVE OF CHRIST BEGAN Paul’s labors at Philippi resulted in the es-
TO DAWN ON HIS MIND, WHAT UR- tablishment of a church there, whose numbers
GENT QUESTION DID THE JAILER ASK steadily increased. His example of zeal and de-
THE SUFFERING APOSTLES? votion, above all, his willingness to suffer for
Christ’s sake, exerted a deep and lasting influ-
ence upon the converts to the faith. They highly
prized the precious truths for which the apostle
had sacrificed so much and they gave them-
selves, with wholehearted devotion, to the cause
Acts 16:29, 30 of their Redeemer.
This church did not escape persecution. Says
Related texts: Matthew 19:16; Acts 2:37; 9:6 Paul, in his Epistle to the Philippians: “Unto you it
is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe
The severity with which the jailer had treated the on him, but also to suffer for his sake; having the
apostles had not roused their resentment, or they same conflict which ye saw in me.” Yet such was
would have allowed him to commit suicide. But their steadfastness in the faith that he declares: “I
their hearts were filled with the love of Christ, and thank my God upon every remembrance of you,
they held no malice against their persecutors. The always in every prayer of mine for you all mak-
jailer dropped his sword, and called for a light. He ing request with joy, for your fellowship in the
hastened into the inner dungeon, and fell down be- gospel from the first day until now.” (LP 81.1, 2)
fore Paul and Silas, begging their forgiveness. He
then brought them into the open court, and inquired (18) WHAT POWERFUL PROMISE CAN
of them, “Sirs, what must I do to be saved?” WE CLAIM TODAY THAT WAS DEMON-
STRATED BY THE MERCY OF GOD TO
BE TRUE ON PAUL’S SECOND MISSION-
ARY JOURNEY?

Romans 8:28

Like Paul, I will seek, by the grace of God, to re-


move prejudice against the gospel, by being wise
as a serpent and harmless as a dove.

Circle: Yes Undecided

Through the power of God, and the truth of


His Word, I determine to resist the delusions of
Satanic divinations and soothsayings, such as
palm reading, tarot and card reading, astrology,
crystal ball reading, fortunetelling, horoscopes,
and all similar deceptions.

Circle: Yes Undecided

In every situation, I pray that God will strength-


en me to have faith and praise His Holy Name,
that I may bring glory to Him and show forth
His marvelous light to others.

Circle: Yes Undecided

With the love of Christ in my heart, I desire to


return good for evil and minister to those who
have harmed me, as God’s servants Paul and
Silas did.

Circle: Yes Undecided


Paul at Thessalonica, Berea and Athens - 8
This chapter is based on Acts 17:1 cerning the Messiah. Christ in His ministry had
opened the minds of His disciples to these proph-
(1) CONTINUING THEIR SECOND MIS- ecies; “beginning at Moses and all the prophets,
SIONARY JOURNEY, PAUL AND COM- He expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the
PANIONS MADE THEIR WAY TO WHAT things concerning Himself.” Luke 24:27. Peter in
CITY? preaching Christ had produced his evidence from
the Old Testament. Stephen had pursued the same
course. And Paul also in his ministry appealed
to the scriptures foretelling the birth, sufferings,
death, resurrection, and ascension of Christ. By
the inspired testimony of Moses and the prophets
he clearly proved the identity of Jesus of Naza-
Acts 17:1 reth with the Messiah and showed that from the
days of Adam it was the voice of Christ which
Related text: Luke 4:43, 44 had been speaking through patriarchs and proph-
ets. (AA 221.1-222)
After leaving Philippi, Paul and Silas made Thus Paul preached to the Thessalonians three
their way to Thessalonica. They were there privi- successive Sabbaths, reasoning with them from
leged to address a large concourse of people in the Scriptures, upon the life, death, and resur-
the synagogue, with good effect. Their appear- rection of Christ...He declared that Christ would
ance bore evidence of their recent shameful treat- come a second time in power and great glory, and
ment, and necessitated an explanation of what establish his kingdom upon the earth, subduing
they had endured. This they made without exalt- all authority, and ruling over all nations. Paul was
ing themselves, but magnified the grace of God, an Adventist; he presented the important event
which had wrought their deliverance. The apos- of the second coming of Christ with such power
tles, however, felt that they had no time to dwell and reasoning that a deep impression, which nev-
upon their own afflictions. They were burdened er wore away, was made upon the minds of the
with the message of Christ, and deeply in earnest Thessalonians. (LP 83.1, 2)
in his work. (LP 81.3-82)
(3) WHO BELIEVED THE MESSAGE
(2) WHAT WAS THE THEME OF PAUL’S AND JOINED WITH PAUL AND SILAS?
PREACHING IN THE JEWS’ SYNA-
GOGUE ON THE HOLY SABBATH DAY?

Acts 17:4
Acts 17:3
Related texts: Acts 2:44; Romans 4:3
Related texts: Acts 13:15, 23, 35; 18:28
As the truths of the gospel were thus pro-
In preaching to the Thessalonians, Paul ap- claimed in Thessalonica with mighty power, the
pealed to the Old Testament prophecies con- attention of large congregations was arrested.
“Some of them believed, and consorted with Paul mult among the people. They accordingly excited
and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great mul- the passions of the worthless mob by cunningly
titude, and of the chief women not a few.” (AA devised falsehoods, and incited them to make an
229.2) uproarious assault upon the house of Jason, the
temporary home of the apostles. This they did with
(4) AS IN DAMASCUS, JERUSALEM, AN- a fury more like that of wild beasts than of men.
TIOCH IN PISIDIA AND ICONIUM, WHO They had been instructed by the Jews to bring out
WAS THE MAIN GROUP WHO REFUSED Paul and Silas, and drag them to the authorities,
TO BELIEVE THAT JESUS WAS THE accusing them of creating all this uproar, and of
CHRIST? raising an insurrection. (LP 84.3-85)

(6) WHEN WE FOLLOW CHRIST WHAT


TYPE OF TREATMENT DID HE WARN
US TO EXPECT?

Acts 17:5

Related texts: Acts 13:45; 14:2

When the Jews saw that the apostles were


successful in obtaining large congregations; that John 15:20
many were accepting their doctrines-among them
the leading women of the city, and multitudes of (7) WHO DID THE MOB UPHOLD AS
Gentiles-they were filled with envy and jealousy. KING INSTEAD OF JESUS?
These Jews were not then in favor with the Roman
power, because they had raised an insurrection in
the metropolis not long previous to this time. They
were regarded with suspicion, and their liberty
was, in a measure, restricted. They now saw an
opportunity to take advantage of circumstances to Acts 17:7
re-establish themselves in favor, and at the same
time, to throw reproach upon the apostles and the Related text: John 19:12, 15
converts to Christianity. (LP 84.2)
In the hope of finding the apostles, they “as-
(5) WHAT DID THEIR UNBELIEF AND saulted the house of Jason;” but they could find
ENVY LEAD THEM TO DO? neither Paul nor Silas. And “when they found
them not,” the mob in their mad disappointment
“drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rul-
ers of the city, crying, These that have turned the
world upside down are come hither also; whom
Jason hath received; and these all do contrary to
the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another
Acts 17:5 king, one Jesus.”
As Paul and Silas were not to be found, the
Related text: Acts 21:27 magistrates put the accused believers under bonds
to keep the peace. Fearing further violence, “the
This they set about doing by representing that brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas
the leaders in the new doctrine were raising a tu- by night unto Berea.” (AA 229.3-230)
(8) HOW ARE THOSE WHO HEARD THE
APOSTLES IN BEREA DESCRIBED AND
WHY?

Acts 17:13

Related text: Mark 12:12, 13


Acts 17:11
The unbelieving Jews of Thessalonica, filled
Related texts: Psalm 18:44; John 5:39
with jealousy and hatred of the apostles, and not
content with having driven them from their la-
At Berea Paul found Jews who were willing
bors among the Thessalonians, followed them to
to investigate the truths he taught. Luke’s record
Berea, and again stirred up the excitable passions
declares of them: “These were more noble than
of the lower class to do them violence. The teach-
those in Thessalonica, in that they received the
ers of the truth were again driven from their field
word with all readiness of mind, and searched the
of labor. Persecution followed them from city to
Scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
city. This hasty retreat from Berea deprived Paul
Therefore many of them believed; also of honor-
of the opportunity he had anticipated of again vis-
able women which were Greeks, and of men, not
iting the brethren at Thessalonica...
a few.”
God in his providence, permitted Satan to
The minds of the Bereans were not nar-
hinder Paul from returning to the Thessalonians.
rowed by prejudice. They were willing to inves-
Yet the faithful apostle steadily pressed on through
tigate the truthfulness of the doctrines preached
opposition, conflict, and persecution, to carry out
by the apostles. They studied the Bible, not from
the purpose of God as revealed to him in the vi-
curiosity, but in order that they might learn what
sion at Jerusalem: “I will send thee far hence unto
had been written concerning the promised Mes-
the Gentiles.” (LP 88.2, 3-89)
siah. Daily they searched the inspired records,
and as they compared scripture with scripture,
(10) TO WHAT CITY DID THE BRETH-
heavenly angels were beside them, enlighten-
REN CONDUCT PAUL?
ing their minds and impressing their hearts. (AA
231.1, 2)
If the people of our time would follow the
example of the noble Bereans, in searching the
Scriptures daily, and in comparing the messages
brought to them with what is there recorded, there
would be thousands loyal to God’s law where
there is one today. But many who profess to love Acts 17:15
God have no desire to change from error to truth,
and they cling to the pleasing fables of the last Related texts: Acts 1:8, 1 Thessalonians 3:1, 2
days. Error blinds the mind and leads from God;
but truth gives light to the mind and life to the From Berea Paul went to Athens. He was ac-
soul. (LP 88.1) companied on his journey by some of the Bereans
who had been newly brought into the faith, and
(9) WHAT FURTHER TROUBLE DID THE who were desirous of learning more from him
JEWS OF THESSALONICA CAUSE FOR of the way of life. When the apostle arrived at
THE APOSTLES IN BEREA? Athens, he sent these men back with a message
to Silas and Timothy to join him immediately in en race. The apostle was soon to meet paganism in
that city. Timothy had come to Berea previously its most subtle, alluring form. (AA 234.4-235)
to Paul’s departure, and with Silas had remained
to carry on the work so well begun there, and to (12) WHAT DID THE CULTURED ATHE-
instruct the new converts in the principles of their NIANS DESIRE OF HIM?
holy faith.
The city of Athens was the metropolis of
heathendom. Paul did not here meet with an
ignorant, credulous populace, as at Lystra; but
he encountered a people famous for their intel-
ligence and education. Statues of their gods and
the deified heroes of history and poetry met the
eye in every direction; while magnificent archi-
tecture and paintings also represented the na-
tional glory and the popular worship of heathen Acts 17:19, 20
deities. (LP 89. 1, 2)
Related texts: Jeremiah 38:14; Zechariah 8:23; 2
(11) AS PAUL WAITED FOR SILAS AND Kings 22:13-14
TIMOTHY TO JOIN HIM IN ATHENS,
WHAT DID HIS AGITATED SPIRIT LEAD The great men of Athens were not long in
HIM TO DO? finding out this singular teacher, who presented
to the people doctrines so new and strange....
The Stoics and Epicureans encountered him; but
they, and all others who came in contact with
him, soon saw that he had a store of knowledge
even greater than their own....They accordingly
conducted him to Mars’ Hill. This was the most
sacred spot in all Athens, and its recollections and
associations were such as to cause it to be regard-
Acts 17:16, 17 ed with superstitious dread....Here, away from
the noise and bustle of crowed thoroughfares,
Related texts: Psalm 115:4-8; 135:15-18 and the tumult of promiscuous discussion, the
apostle could be heard without interruption; for
As Paul looked upon the beauty and grandeur the frivolous, thoughtless class of society did not
surrounding him, and saw the city wholly given care to follow him to this place of highest rever-
to idolatry, his spirit was stirred with jealousy ence. Around him here were gathered poets, art-
for God, whom he saw dishonored on every ists, and philosophers,-the scholars and sages of
side, and his heart was drawn out in pity for the Athens,-who thus addressed him: “May we know
people of Athens, who, notwithstanding their in- what this new doctrine, whereof thou speakest,
tellectual culture, were ignorant of the true God. is? for thou bringest certain strange things to our
(AA 234.1) ears; we would know, therefore, what these things
While waiting for Silas and Timothy, Paul mean.” (LP 91.2; 92. 1, 2; 93.1)
was not idle. He “disputed...in the synagogue with
the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the (13) WHAT TRUTH ABOUT JESUS DID
market daily with them that met with him.” But his PAUL PREACH TO THE ATHENIANS,
principal work in Athens was to bear the tidings of AS HE HAD DECLARED TO THOSE IN
salvation to those who had no intelligent concep- THESSALONICA, AND STIMULATED A
tion of God and of his purpose in behalf of the fall- CONTROVERSIAL DEBATE?
Acts 17:31, 32
Matthew 10:19-20
Related texts: Acts 17:3; 13:34, 37

Some who prided themselves upon the I believe that both the Old and New Testaments
extent of their intellectual culture entered into declare the truths concerning Jesus Christ.
conversation with him. Some were prepared to
ridicule the apostle as one far beneath them, so- Circle: Yes Undecided
cially and intellectually, and said jeeringly among
themselves, “What will this babbler say? Other I desire to fully accept the doctrines of Christ as
some, He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange presented in the entire Bible, regardless of who
gods; because he preached unto them Jesus and may oppose them.
the resurrection.” (LP 91.3-92)
Circle: Yes Undecided.
(14) AS CHRISTIAN WITNESSES TODAY,
WHAT SHOULD BE THE THEME OF I wholeheartedly desire to be right with God,
OUR MESSAGE TO A DYING WORLD? and therefore commit, by the power of Christ, to
searching His Word daily, that it may give light
to my mind and life to my soul.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I understand that in the resurrection of Christ


from the dead, God has given all believers in
1 Corinthians 2:2
Him assurance of eternal life.

Circle: Yes Undecided

Romans 8:34

(15) WHEN WE LIVE AND ARE PERSE-


CUTED FOR THE SAKE OF CHRIST,
WHAT WONDERFUL PROMISE MAY
WE CLAIM?

Matthew 10:18-20
Paul and Apollos at Corinth - 9
This chapter is based on Acts 18:1 that prevailed among them as a people. Of this
class were Aquila and Priscilla, who afterward
(1) WITHOUT WAITING FOR SILAS AND became distinguished as believers in Christ. Paul,
TIMOTHY, PAUL LEFT ATHENS FOR becoming acquainted with the character of these
WHAT CITY? excellent persons, abode with them; and having
in his youth learned their trade of making tents,
which were much used in that warm climate, he
worked at this business for his own support.
The Hebrews had been instructed of God,
by his servant Moses, to train up their children
to industrious habits. That people were thus led
Acts 18:1 to look upon indolence as a great sin, and their
children were all required to learn some trade by
Related texts: Acts 13:14; 14:6; 17:1 which, if necessary, they could gain a livelihood.
Those who neglected to do this were regarded as
Paul did not wait at Athens for his brethren, departing from the instruction of the Lord. La-
Silas and Timothy, but leaving word for them bor was considered elevating in its nature, and
to follow him, went at once to Corinth. Here he the children were taught to combine religion
entered upon a different field of labor from that and business. In the time of Christ, Jews, though
which he had left. Instead of the curious and criti- wealthy, still followed their ancient custom. (LP
cal disciples of schools of philosophy, he came 99.3-110.2)
in contact with the busy, changing population of
a great center of commerce. Greeks, Jews, and (3) AS HE HAD DONE IN ANTIOCH IN
Romans, with travelers from every land, mingled PISIDIA, AND THESSALONICA, WHAT
in its crowded streets, eagerly intent on business DID PAUL DO IN THE SYNAGOGUE ON
and pleasure, and having little thought or care be- THE SABBATH? Acts 18:4
yond the affairs of the present life. (LP 98.1)

(2) WHAT HUSBAND AND WIFE TEAM


OF TENTMAKERS DID PAUL JOIN IN
CORINTH, BEING OF THE SAME CRAFT?

Acts 18:4

Related texts: Acts 13:42, 44; 17:1, 2


Acts 18:2, 3 Behold the apostle preaching in the syna-
gogue at Corinth, reasoning from the writings of
Related texts: Acts 20:34; 1 Corinthians 4:12; 2 Moses and the prophets, and bringing his hearers
Thessalonians 3:8-10 down to the advent of the promised Messiah. Lis-
ten as he makes plain the work of the Redeemer
Among the Jews who took up their residence as the great high priest of mankind-the One who
here were many who were innocent of the wrongs through the sacrifice of His own life was to make
atonement for sin once for all, and was then to it which had led them to reject Christ, filled them
take up His ministry in the heavenly sanctuary. with wrath and fury against Paul. They would
Paul’s hearers were made to understand that the have put an end to his life, had not God guarded
Messiah for whose advent they had been longing, his servant, that he might do his work, and bear
had already come; that His death was the antitype the gospel message to the Gentiles.
of all the sacrificial offerings, and that His minis- “And when they opposed themselves, and
try in the sanctuary in heaven was the great object blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto
that cast its shadow backward and made clear the them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am
ministry of the Jewish priesthood. clean; from henceforth I will go unto the Gen-
Paul “testified to the Jews that Jesus was Christ.” tiles. And he departed thence, and entered into a
From the Old Testament Scriptures he showed certain man’s house, named Justus, one that wor-
that according to the prophecies and the univer- shiped God, whose house joined hard to the syna-
sal expectation of the Jews, the Messiah would gogue.” Silas and Timothy had joined Paul, and
be of the lineage of Abraham and of David; then together they now labored for the Gentiles. (LP
he traced the descent of Jesus from the patriarch 104.2-105)
Abraham through the royal psalmist. He read the
testimony of the prophets regarding the character (5) WHO BELIEVED THE MESSAGE OF
and work of the promised Messiah, and His recep- PAUL AND WAS BAPTIZED?
tion and treatment on the earth; then he showed
that all these predictions had been fulfilled in the
life, ministry, and death of Jesus of Nazareth. (AA
246.2- 247.1)
Paul had purposely presented the gospel to
the Corinthians in its veriest simplicity. Disap-
pointed with the results of his labors at Athens, Acts 18:8
where he had brought his learning and eloquence
to bear upon his hearers, he determined to pursue Paul did not bind himself nor his converts
an entirely different course at Corinth. He pre- to the ceremonies and customs of the Jews, with
sented there the plain, simple truth, unadorned their varied forms, types, and sacrifices; for he
with worldly wisdom, and studiously dwelt upon recognized that the perfect and final offering
Christ, and his mission to the world. (LP 120.1) had been made in the death of the Son of God.
The age of clearer light and knowledge had now
(4) WHAT DECLARATION DID PAUL come....He preached the cross of Christ, not with
MAKE AFTER THE JEWS REJECTED JE- labored eloquence of speech, but with the grace
SUS AS CHRIST? and power of God; and his words moved the
people. “And Crispus, the chief ruler of the syna-
gogue, believed on the Lord, with all his house;
and many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed
and were baptized.”

(6) WHAT ENCOURAGEMENT DID THE


LORD GIVE PAUL IN A VISION, LEAD-
Acts 18:5, 6 ING HIM TO STAY IN CORINTH FOR A
YEAR AND A HALF?
Related texts: Mark 16:16; Acts 13:46; 22:21

But the Jews of Corinth closed their eyes to all


the evidence so clearly presented by the apostle,
and refused to listen to his appeals. The same spir-
and “made insurrection with one accord against
Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat of
Gallio, who was then proconsul of Achaia. They
Acts 18:9-11 expected that the authorities, as on former occa-
sions, would side with them; and with loud, an-
Related texts: 1 Kings 19:18; 1 Corinthians 2:2. gry voices they uttered their complaints against
the apostle, saying, “This fellow persuadeth men
Though Paul had a measure of success, yet he to worship God contrary to the law.” (AA 252.2)
became very weary of the sight of his eyes and the
hearing of his ears in the corrupt city of Corinth.... (8) WHAT REASON DID GALLIO GIVE
He considered Corinth a very questionable field FOR HIS REFUSAL TO CONDEMN AN
of labor, and determined to leave it....As he was INNOCENT MAN?
contemplating leaving the city for a more promis-
ing field, and feeling very anxious to understand
his duty in the case, the Lord appeared to him in
a vision of the night, and said, “Be not afraid, but
speak, and hold not thy peace; for I am with thee,
and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee; for I Acts 18:14-15
have much people in this city.” Paul understood
this to be a command to remain in Corinth, and Related texts: John 19:4, 15-16; 1 Samuel 19:4, 5
a guarantee that the Lord would give increase to
the seed sown. Strengthened and encouraged, he
continued to labor there with great zeal and per- The proconsul, disgusted with the bigotry
severance for one year and six months. A large and self-righteousness of the accusing Jews, re-
church was enrolled under the banner of Jesus fused to take notice of the charge. As Paul pre-
Christ. Some came from among the most dissi- pared to speak in self-defense, Gallio informed
pated of the Gentiles; and many of this class were him that it was not necessary. Then, turning to
true converts, and become monuments of God’s the angry accusers, he said, “If it were a matter
mercy and the efficacy of the blood of Christ to of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ye Jews, reason
cleanse from sin. (LP 105.1, 2; 106.3; 107.1) would that I should bear with you. But if it be a
question of words and names, and of your law,
(7) WHAT CHARGE DID THE JEWS look ye to it; for I will be no judge of such mat-
BRING AGAINST PAUL, SIMILAR TO ters. And he drove them from the judgment-seat.”
THE ACCUSATION OF THE PHILIPPI- (LP 107.3-108)
ANS? Gallio was a man of integrity, and would
not become the dupe of the jealous and intrigu-
ing Jews. Unlike Pilate, he refused to do injus-
tice to one whom he knew to be an innocent
man. (LP 108.2)

(9) A WHILE AFTER THIS INCIDENT


Acts 18:12, 13 PAUL WENT THROUGH SYRIA TO
EPHESUS. WHO ACCOMPANIED HIM?
Related text: Acts 16:19-21

The increased success that Paul had in pre-


senting Christ, roused the unbelieving Jews to
more determined opposition. They rose in a body
ecies, and an able expounder of the Scriptures,
publicly proclaiming his faith in Christ, as far as
he himself had received the light. (LP 119.1)

(11) AFTER HEARING HIM PREACH


Acts 18:18, 19 IN THE SYNAGOGUE, WHO TAUGHT
APOLLOS MORE PERFECTLY THE
Related texts: Mark 6:7; Acts 13:2, 4 WAY OF GOD?
After leaving Corinth, Paul’s next scene
of labor was at Ephesus. He was on his way to
Jerusalem to celebrate the approaching festival;
and his stay at Ephesus was necessarily brief. He
reasoned with the Jews in the synagogue, and
produced so favorable an impression that he was
entreated to continue his labors among them. His Acts 18:26
plan to visit Jerusalem prevented him from tar-
rying; but he promised to labor with them on his Related texts: Luke 24:25-27, 44-46; Acts 8:29-35
return. He had been accompanied to Ephesus by
Aquila and Priscilla, and now he left them to car- While at Ephesus, Apollos “began to speak
ry forward the good work which he had begun. boldly in the synagogue.” Among his hearers
(LP 118.1-119) were Aquila and Priscilla, who, perceiving that
he had not yet received the full light of the gospel,
(10) AFTER PAUL DEPARTED, WHO “took him unto them, and expounded unto him
VISITED EPHESUS AND WHAT DID HE the way of God more perfectly.” (AA 270.1)
PREACH? Aquila and Priscilla listened to him, and saw
that his teachings were defective. He had not a
thorough knowledge of the mission of Christ, his
resurrection and ascension, and of the work of his
Spirit, the Comforter which he sent down to re-
main with his people during his absence. They
accordingly sent for Apollos, and the educated
Acts 18:24, 25 orator received instruction from them with grate-
ful surprise and joy. Through their teachings he
Related texts: 1 Corinthians 1:12; 3:5, 6, 21, 22 obtained a clearer understanding of the Scrip-
tures, and became one of the ablest defenders of
It was at this time that “a certain Jew named the Christian church. Thus a thorough scholar and
Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, brilliant orator learned the way of the Lord more
and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus.” perfectly from the teachings of a Christian man
He had heard the preaching of John the Baptist, and woman whose humble employment was that
had received the baptism of repentance, and was of tent making. (LP 119.2)
a living witness that the work of the prophet had
not been in vain. The Scripture record of Apol- (12) APOLLOS NEXT WENT TO THE
los is that he “was instructed in the way of the CITY OF CORINTH, IN THE REGION OF
Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and ACHAIA. (ACTS 18:27; 19:1). HOW DOES
taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing THIS VERSE DESCRIBE HIS PUBLIC EF-
only the baptism of John.” (AA 269.2-270) FORT TO PERSUADE THE JEWS THAT
Apollos was a thorough student of the proph- JESUS WAS CHRIST?
CHURCH IS NOT TO BE ENCOURAGED
OR EXPRESSED?

Acts 18:28 John 17:21


Related texts: Acts 18:5; 17:3; 9:22 Related Texts: Psalm 133:1; Ephesians 4:3; John
17:23
Apollos, having become better acquainted
with the doctrine of Christ, now felt anxious to
visit Corinth and the Ephesian brethren wrote I understand that indolence (laziness) is a great
to the Corinthians to receive him as a teacher sin, and there is dignity in labor, even for a min-
in full harmony with the church of Christ. He ister of the gospel.
accordingly went to Corinth, and labored with
the very Jews who had rejected the truth as Circle: Yes Undecided
preached to them by Paul. He reasoned with
them from house to house, both publicly and I desire to share with others the Old Testament
privately, showing them Christ in prophecy; prophecies concerning the Messiah and their
that he was Jesus whom Paul had preached, New Testament fulfillment, showing Jesus to be
and that their expectations of another Messiah the Redeemer of the world.
to come were in vain. Thus Paul planted the
seed of truth, and Apollos watered it; and the Circle: Yes Undecided
fact that Apollos supported the mission of Paul
gave character to the past labors of the great I pray for courage to be like Gallio and not
apostle among them. condemn the innocent believer in Jesus, even
His success in preaching the gospel led some though pressure is brought to bear against me.
of the church to exalt his labors above those of
Paul, while he himself was working in harmony Circle: Yes Undecided
with Paul for the advancement of the cause. This
rival spirit threatened to greatly hinder the prog- By the grace of God, I desire to seek to be a
ress of truth. (LP 119.3-120.1) peacemaker in His church, understanding that
Many declared themselves to be under the there should not be any rivalry among His dis-
leadership of Apollos, while others preferred the ciples.
labors of Paul. Satan came in to take advantage
of these imaginary differences in the Corinthian Circle: Yes Undecided
church, tempting them to hold these Christian
ministers in contrast. Some claimed Apollos as
their leader, some Paul, and some Peter. Thus
Paul, in his efforts to establish Christianity, met
with conflicts and trials in the church as well as
outside of it. (LP 120.2)

(13) WHAT PRAYER DID CHRIST PRAY


FOR HIS FOLLOWERS THAT SHOWS
THAT A SPIRIT OF RIVALRY IN THE
Paul’s Letters to the Churches - 10
This chapter is based on 1 Thessalonians 3:6; 1 newly brought into the faith had fallen into errors
Corinthians 1:11; Ephesians 2:20; Galatians 1:7 in regard to those who had died since their conver-
sion. They had hoped that all would witness the
(1) WHAT NEWS OF THE THESSALO- second coming of Christ; but they were in great
NIANS DID TIMOTHY BRING TO PAUL sorrow as one after another of the believers fell un-
WHILE HE WAS AT CORINTH? der the power of death, making it impossible for
them to behold that desirable event,-the coming of
Christ in the clouds of heaven. (LP 110.2)
The Thessalonians had eagerly grasped the
idea that Christ was coming to change the faithful
who were alive, and take them to himself. They
had carefully guarded the lives of their friends,
1 Thessalonians 3:6 lest they should die, and lose the blessing which
they anticipated at the coming of their Lord. But,
Related texts: Proverbs 25:25 one after another, death had laid their loved ones
low; and they had buried them from their sight
Paul had sent Timothy to revisit the places with fear and trembling. All their ancestors had
of his former labors, and to confirm and establish thus been buried, and with anguish the Thessalo-
the church at Thessalonica. Timothy’s report was nians looked upon the faces of their dead for the
encouraging, and refreshed the spirit of Paul. He last time, never expecting to meet them again in a
was thus prompted to write to these beloved breth- future life. (LP 112.1)
ren. His first and second epistles to the church are
given us. His heart was drawn out in love to those (3) WHAT COMFORTING ASSURANCE
who had embraced the doctrine of Christ, which DID PAUL GIVE THEM CONCERNING
subjected them to reproach and persecution here- THEIR DEAD LOVED ONES?
tofore unknown to them. (LP 110.1)

(2) WHAT IGNORANCE OF THE THES-


SALONIAN BELIEVERS DID PAUL SEEK
TO CORRECT IN HIS FIRST LETTER TO
THEM?
1 Thessalonians 4:16

Related texts: John 5:28, 29; 6:39-40, 44

Paul then endeavored to inform his Thessa-


lonian brethren concerning the true state of the
1 Thessalonians 4:13 dead. He speaks of them as asleep,-in a state of
unconsciousness: “I would not have you to be
Related texts: Revelation 14:13; John 11: 24, 25 ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are
asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which
There was still another reason for Paul’s have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died
communication to these brethren. Some who were and rose again, even so them also which sleep
in Jesus will God bring with him....For the Lord Related texts: 2 Thessalonians 2:2; Daniel 7:24, 25
himself shall descend from Heaven with a shout,
with the voice of the archangel, and with the In this First Epistle to the Thessalonians,
trump of God; and the dead in Christ shall rise Paul’s teachings concerning the second com-
first. Then we which are alive and remain shall ing of Christ were in perfect harmony with his
be caught up together with them in the clouds, to former instructions to the church. Yet his words
meet the Lord in the air, and so shall we ever be were misapprehended by some of the Thessalo-
with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another nian brethren. They understood him to express
with these words.” (LP 111.3) the hope that he himself would live to witness the
Paul wrote, “Even so, them also which sleep Saviour’s advent. This belief served to increase
in Jesus will God bring with him.” Many inter- their enthusiasm and excitement. Those who had
pret this passage to mean that the sleeping ones previously neglected their cares and duties, now
are brought with Christ from Heaven; but Paul considered themselves sustained by the apostle;
designed to be understood that in like manner hence they became more persistent than before in
as Christ was raised from the dead, so will God urging their erroneous views. (LP 116.2)
bring up the sleeping saints with him from their In his second letter to this church, Paul seeks
graves, and take them with him to Heaven. Pre- to correct their misapprehensions, and to set be-
cious consolation! glorious hope! not only to the fore them his true position....He then showed that
church of Thessalonica, but to all true Christians great events were to transpire in the future, as
who live upon the earth. (LP 113.3-114) foretold in prophecy, before Christ should come.
Said the apostle: “Be not soon shaken in mind,
(4) HOW MUCH DO THE DEAD KNOW nor be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word,
AND WHERE DO THEY REST UNTIL nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ
THE COMING OF THE LORD? is at hand. Let no man deceive you by any means;
for that day shall not come, except there come
a falling away first, and that man of sin be re-
vealed.” The papal power, so clearly described by
the prophet Daniel, was yet to rise, and wage war
against God’s people and trample upon his law.
Until this power should have performed its dead-
ly and blasphemous work, it would be in vain for
Ecclesiastes 9:5 the church to look for the coming of their Lord.
(LP 116.3-117; 117.1)
Related texts: Psalm 146:4; Job 14:12, 13; Isa-
iah 38:18 (6) WHAT DISTURBING NEWS DID PAUL
HEAR FROM THE HOUSE OF CHLOE
(5) SOME WERE TEACHING THE THES- ABOUT THE BELIEVERS AT CORINTH?
SALONIAN BELIEVERS CHRIST WAS
SOON TO COME. WHO DID PAUL SAY
MUST BE REVEALED BEFORE THAT
EVENT?

1 Corinthians 1:11

Related texts: 1 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Corinthians 13:11

Paul was free to mention how and by whom


2 Thessalonians 2:3 he had been informed of the divisions in the
church: “It hath been declared unto me of you, success which attended their labors. “For while
my brethren, by them which are of the house of one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apol-
Chloe, that there are contentions among you.” los; are ye not carnal? Who then is Paul, and who
Though Paul was an inspired apostle, the Lord is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed,
did not reveal to him at all times just the condi- even as the Lord gave to every man? I have plant-
tion of his people. Those who were interested ed, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.
in the prosperity of the church, and saw evils (LP 126.1)
creeping in, presented the matter before him, Paul says: “So, then, neither is he that plan-
and from the light which he had previously re- teth anything, neither he that watereth; but God
ceived, he was prepared to judge of the character that giveth the increase. Now he that planteth and
of these developments. Because the Lord had not he that watereth are one; and every man shall re-
given him a new revelation for that special time, ceive his own reward according to his own la-
those who were really seeking light did not cast bor. For we are laborers together with God; ye
aside his message as only a common letter. The are God’s husbandry, ye are God’s building.”
Lord had shown him the difficulties and dangers The teacher of Christ’s truth must be near the
which would arise in the churches, that when cross himself, in order to bring sinners to it. His
they should develop, he might know how to treat word should be to preach Christ, and studiously
them. He was set for the defense of the church; to avoid calling attention to himself, and thus en-
he was to watch for souls as one who must render cumbering the sacred truth, lest he hinder its sav-
account to God; and should he not take notice of ing power. (LP 126.3-127)
the reports concerning their state of anarchy and
division? Most assuredly; and the reproof he sent (8) WHO IS THE ONLY TRUE FOUNDA-
them was written as much under the inspiration TION FOR THE CHURCH OF GOD TO
of the Spirit of God as were any of his epistles. BE BUILT UPON?
(LP 152.3-153)

(7) ONE DIVISION THAT PAUL AD-


DRESSED WAS EXALTING ONE MIN-
ISTER ABOVE ANOTHER. HOW DOES
PAUL DESCRIBE THE COOPERATION
BETWEEN HIMSELF AND APOLLOS? 1 Corinthians 3:11

Related texts: Matthew 16:16, 18; 21:42, 44

The apostle made no mention of the false


teachers who were seeking to destroy the fruit
of his labor. Because of the darkness and divi-
1 Corinthians 3:6 sion in the church, he wisely forbore to irritate
them by such references, for fear of turning
Related texts: 1 Corinthians 3:7, 8 some entirely from the truth. But he called the
attention of the Corinthians to his own work
Paul sought to impress upon his Corinthian among them, saying: “According to the grace of
brethren the fact that he himself, and the minis- God which is given unto me, as a wise master-
ters associated with him, were only men, com- builder, I have laid the foundation, and another
missioned of God to teach the truth; that they buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed
were individually engaged in the same work, how he buildeth thereupon. For other founda-
which was given them by their Heavenly Father; tion can no man lay than that is laid, which is
and that they were all dependent upon him for the Jesus Christ.” (LP 153.1)
Paul had now been working in the Gentile THE CHIEF CORNERSTONE THAT THE
quarry, to bring out valuable stones to lay upon CHURCH IS BUILT UPON?
the foundation, which was Jesus Christ, that by
coming in contact with that living stone, they
might also become living stones. (LP 154.3)

(9) THOUGH NOT READILY DETECT-


ED BY THE HUMAN EYE, WHAT DOES
PAUL SAY WILL HAPPEN TO EVERY Ephesians 2:19, 20
PERSON’S WORK (CHARACTER) ON
THE DAY OF JUDGMENT? Related texts: Psalm 118:22, 23

In writing to the Ephesians, he says: “Now,


therefore, ye are no more strangers and foreign-
ers, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the
household of God; and are built upon the foun-
dation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ
1 Corinthians 3:12, 13 himself being the chief cornerstone; in whom all
the building, fitly framed together, groweth unto
Related texts: 1 Peter 2:4. 5 an holy temple in the Lord. In whom ye also are
builded together for an habitation of God.” (LP
In his letter to the Corinthians, he writes, 154.3-155)
further: “If any man build upon this foundation, Christ himself, the foundation and the
gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble, crowning glory of God’s temple, became “a rock
every man’s work shall be made manifest; for the of offense to them that stumble at the word.” Yet
day shall declare it.” Some ministers, through that chief foundation stone, “disallowed indeed
their labors, furnish the most precious material, of men,” was “chosen of God and precious.”
gold, silver, and precious stones, which represent Though rejected by the Jewish builders, it became
true moral worth in those gained to the cause by the head of the corner. Christ was put to death;
them. The false material, gilded to imitate the but the work of building did not cease. He was
true,-that is, a carnal mind, and unsanctified char- honored in Heaven and by the faithful on earth as
acter, glossed over with seeming righteousness, the true foundation. (LP 158.2)
- may not be readily detected by mortal eye; but
the day of God will test the material. (11) IN HIS EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS,
The precious stones represent the most per- WHO DOES PAUL DECLARE MAY BE
fect Christians, who have been refined and pol- JUSTIFIED THROUGH FAITH, THUS ES-
ished by the grace of God, and by affliction which TABLISHING GOD’S HOLY LAW?
they have endured with much prayer and pa-
tience. Their obedience and love resemble those
of the great Pattern. Their lives are beautified and
ennobled by self-sacrifice. They will endure the
test of the burning day, for they are living stones.
“Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the
temple of my God, and he shall go no more out.”
(LP 155.2, 3)

(10) TO THE CHURCH AT EPHESUS,


WHO DID PAUL DESCRIBE AS BEING Romans 3:29
Related texts: Ephesians 2:11-13; Romans 4:11, 17 him; yet he had presumed to teach doctrines di-
rectly opposed to those held by Peter, James, and
In his Epistle to the Romans, Paul set forth the other apostles. Thus the emissaries of Juda-
the great principles of the gospel which he hoped ism succeeded in alienating many of the Christian
to present in person. He stated his position on the converts from their teacher in the gospel. Having
questions which were agitating the Jewish and gained this point, they induced them to return to
Gentile churches, and showed that the hopes and the observance of the ceremonial law as essential
promises which once belonged especially to the to salvation. Faith in Christ, and obedience to the
Jews were now offered to the Gentiles. With great law of Ten Commandments, were regarded as of
clearness and power he presented the doctrines of minor importance. Division, heresy, and sensual-
justification by faith in Christ. While addressing ism were rapidly gaining ground among the be-
the Roman Christians, Paul designed to instruct lievers in Galatia. (LP 188.2)
other churches also; but how little could he fore- In the introduction to his epistle, he assert-
see the far-reaching influence of his words! The ed his own position as an apostle, “not of men,
great truth of justification by faith, as set forth in neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the
this epistle, has stood through all the ages as a Father, who raised him from the dead.” He had
mighty beacon to guide the repentant sinner into been commissioned by the highest authority, not
the way of life. This light scattered the darkness of earth, but in Heaven. After giving his saluta-
which enveloped Luther’s mind, and revealed to tion to the church, he pointedly addresses them:
him the power of the blood of Christ to cleanse “I marvel that ye are so soon removed from Him
from sin. It has guided thousands of sin-burdened that called you into the grace of Christ unto an-
souls to the same source of pardon and peace. other gospel, which is not another.” The doc-
Every Christian has reason to thank God for that trines which the Galatians had received,could not
epistle to the church at Rome. (LP 187.1-188) in any sense be called the gospel; they were the
teachings of men, and were directly opposed to
(12) WHAT DID FALSE TEACHERS DO the doctrines taught by Christ.
IN THE CHURCHES OF GALATIA THAT The apostle continues: “But there be some
PAUL STRONGLY REBUKED? that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of
Christ. But though we, or an angel from Heaven,
preach any other gospel unto you than that which
we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.”
(LP 189.2, 3)

(13) WHAT FOUR PROFITABLE BEN-


Galatians 1:6, 7 EFITS DID PAUL GIVE THE CHURCHES
THROUGH HIS WRITINGS, WHICH FORM
Related texts: Galatians 2:4, 5; 5:1-4 A PART OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES, TO
HELP THEM GROW IN CHRIST?
In almost every church there were some
members who were Jews by birth. To these con-
verts the Jewish teachers found ready access, and
through them gained a foot-hold in the churches.
It was impossible, by scriptural arguments, to
overthrow the doctrines taught by Paul; hence
they resorted to the most unscrupulous measures
to counteract his influence and weaken his author- 2 Timothy 3:16
ity. They declared that he had not been a disciple
of Jesus, and had received no commission from Related texts: Hebrews 12:6-8; Psalm 119:105
As he had opportunity, he wrote to the is coming into contact with Christ that believers
churches, giving reproof, counsel, admonition, become “lively stones.”
and encouragement, as their state demanded.
In his epistles the apostle does not dwell on his Circle: Yes Undecided
own trials, yet there are occasional glimpses of
his labors and sufferings in the cause of Christ. I thank God for the Epistle to the Romans and
Stripes and imprisonment, cold and hunger and the truth revealed that justification by faith
thirst, perils by land and sea, in the city and in in Christ is available to all people, Jews and
the wilderness, from his own countrymen, from Gentiles.
the heathen, and from false brethren,-all these he
endured for the truth’s sake. He was defamed, Circle: Yes Undecided
reviled, “made the offscouring of all things,”
“perplexed, persecuted, troubled on every side,”
“in jeopardy every hour,” “alway delivered unto
death for Jesus’ sake.” (LP 147.3-148)
The First Epistle to the Corinthians was
written by the apostle Paul during the latter part
of his stay in Ephesus. For no church had he felt
a deeper interest or put forth more earnest effort
than for the believers at Corinth....Paul had writ-
ten briefly to the church, announcing a plan which
he for a time cherished, of visiting them immedi-
ately upon leaving Ephesus, and again upon his
return from Macedonia. In the same letter he had
admonished them to cease all communication
with members who should persist in their profli-
gacy. But the Corinthians perverted the apostle’s
meaning, quibbled over his words, and excused
themselves for disregarding his instructions. (LP
149.1; 150.2)

I realize that all the dead are now unconscious


in the grave and the righteous dead will be raised
to eternal life at Christ’s second coming.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I understand that the faithful minister, who


teaches the truth as it is in Jesus Christ, is de-
pendent upon God for success in his labors, and
that as a believer in Christ, I should not elevate
one minister above another.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I believe that Jesus Christ is the only founda-


tion for the true Christian church today, and it
Paul’s Third Missionary Journey -11
This chapter is based on Acts 19:1

(1) WHAT PROMISE DID PAUL MAKE


TO THE BELIEVERS AT EPHESUS THAT
HE KEPT ON HIS THIRD MISSIONARY Acts 19:1
JOURNEY? Acts 18:21
Related texts: Acts 10:44-46; 2:4; 18:26

(3) WHAT GIFTS FROM THE HOLYGHOST


DID THEY RECEIVE AFTER THEY WERE
BAPTIZED WITH THE HOLY GHOST?

Acts 18:21

Related texts: Acts 20:16

While Apollos was preaching at Corinth, Acts 19:6


Paul fulfilled his promise to return to Ephesus. He
had made a brief visit to Jerusalem, and had spent On his arrival at Ephesus, Paul found twelve
some time at Antioch, the scene of his early labors. brethren, who, like Apollos, had been disciples
Thence he had traveled through Asia Minor, visit- of John the Baptist, and like him had gained an
ing the churches which he had himself established, imperfect knowledge of the life and mission of
and strengthening the faith of the disciples. Christ. They had not the ability of Apollos, by
The city of Ephesus was the capital of the with the same sincerity and faith they were seek-
province of Asia*, and the great commercial cen- ing to spread the light which they had received.
ter of Asia Minor. Its harbor was crowded with These disciples were ignorant of the mis-
shipping from all parts of the known world, and sion of the Holy Spirit, that Jesus promised to
its streets thronged with the people of every coun- his believing people, to be the life and power of
try. It therefore presented, like Corinth, a favor- the church. When asked by Paul if they had re-
able missionary field. (LP 129.2, 3-129) ceived the Holy Ghost, they answered, “We have
not so much as heard whether there be any Holy
*”Asia”, as used in the New Testament, does not Ghost.” Paul inquired, “Unto what then were ye
apply to the continent of Asia, but to a Roman baptized?” and they said, “Unto John’s baptism.”
province which embraced the western part of The apostle then proceeded to set before them
Asia Minor, and of which Ephesus was the capi- the great truths which are the foundation of the
tal. (LP 128- margin) Christian’s hope. (LP 129.2, 3)
With deep interest, and grateful, wonder-
(2) WHO DID PAUL FIND AT EPHESUS, ing joy, the disciples listened to the words of
WHO NEEDED A FULLER KNOWLEDGE Paul. By faith they grasped the atoning sacrifice
OF SALVATION AND THE GIFT OF THE of Christ, and acknowledged him as their Re-
HOLY GHOST? Acts 19:1 deemer. They were then baptized “in the name
of Jesus;” and as Paul laid his hands upon them,
they received also the baptism of the Holy Spir-
it, by which they were enabled to speak the lan- (6) WHAT DID GOD WORK THROUGH
guages of other nations and to prophesy. Thus THE HANDS OF PAUL, THAT BLESSED
these men were qualified to act as missionaries THE SICK?
in the important field of Ephesus and its vicinity,
and also from this center to spread the gospel of
Christ in Asia Minor. (LP 130.1)

(4) AS HIS CUSTOM WAS, WHERE DID


PAUL GO TO TEACH? Acts 19:11, 12

Related texts: Mark 5:29, 30; Matthew 8:16

As Paul was brought in direct contact with


the idolatrous inhabitants of Ephesus, the power
of God was strikingly displayed through him. The
Acts 19:8 apostles were not always able to work miracles at
will. The Lord granted his servant this special pow-
(5) WHEN UNBELIEF WAS DISPLAYED er as the progress of his cause or the honor of his
BY THE PEOPLE, WHAT DID PAUL DO name required. Like Moses and Aaron at the court
WITH THE DISCIPLES, AS HE CONTIN- of Pharoah, the apostle had now to maintain the
UED THE WORK FOR TWO YEARS? truth against the lying wonders of the magicians;
hence the miracles he wrought were of a different
character from those which he had heretofore per-
formed. As the hem of Christ’s garment had com-
municated healing power to her who sought relief
by the touch of faith, so on this occasion garments
were made the means of cure to all that believed;
“diseases departed from them, and evil spirits went
out of them.” Yet these miracles gave no encour-
Acts 19:9, 10 agement to blind superstition. When Jesus felt
the touch of the suffering woman, he exclaimed,
Related texts: Acts 18:6; Psalm 95:8; Acts 7:51 “Virtue is gone out of me.” So the scripture de-
clares that the Lord wrought miracles by the hand
As was his custom, Paul had begun his work at of Paul, and that the name of the Lord Jesus was
Ephesus by teaching in the synagogue of the Jews. magnified, and not the name of Paul.
He continued to labor there for three months, “dis- The manifestations of supernatural power
puting and persuading the things concerning the which accompanied the apostle’s work, were cal-
kingdom of God.” He at first met with a favorable culated to make a deep impression upon a people
reception; but as in other fields of labor, he was given to sorcery, and priding themselves upon their
soon violently opposed by the unbelieving Jews. intercourse with invisible beings. The miracles of
As they persisted in their rejection of the gospel, Paul were far more potent than had ever before been
the apostle ceased preaching in the synagogue... witnessed in Ephesus, and were of such a character
Fearing that the faith of the believers would be en- that they could not be imitated by the skill of the jug-
dangered by continued association with these op- gler or the enchantments of the sorcerer. Thus the
posers of the truth, Paul separated the disciples as a Lord exalted his servant, even in the estimation of
distinct body, and himself continued his public in- the idolaters themselves, immeasurably above the
structions in the school of one Tyrannus, a teacher most favored and powerful of the magicians. (LP
of some note. (LP 133.3-134.1) 135. 1, 2 - 136)
(7) THE SEVEN SONS OF THE JEWISH (9) HOW MUCH WAS THE VALUE OF THE
PRIEST SCEVA TRIED TO CAST OUT PROPERTY DESTROYED? Acts 19:19
DEMONS AS DID PAUL. WHAT WAS THE
RESULT?

Acts 19:19
Related texts: Isaiah 8:19; Acts 13:6, 8
Acts 19:16 Facts which had previously been concealed
were now brought to light. In accepting Christian-
Related texts: Luke 8:29; Matthew 17:15, 18 ity, some of the brethren had not fully renounced
their heathen superstitions. The practice of magic
Sorcery had been prohibited in the Mosa- was still to some extent continued among them.
ic law, on pain of death, yet from time to time Convinced of their error by the events which had
it had been secretly practiced by apostate Jews. recently occurred, they came and made a full con-
At the time of Paul’s visit to Ephesus, there were fession to Paul, and publicly acknowledged their
in the city certain Jewish exorcists, who seeing secret arts to be deceptive and Satanic. Many
the wonders wrought by him, claimed to possess sorcerers also abjured the practice of magic, and
equal power. Believing that the name of Jesus received Christ as their Saviour. They brought
acted as a charm, they determined to cast out evil together the costly books containing the mysteri-
spirits by the same means which the apostle had ous “Ephesian letters,” and the secrets of their art,
employed. and burned them in the presence of all the people.
An attempt was made by seven brothers, the When the books had been consumed, they pro-
sons of one Sceva, a Jewish priest. Finding a man ceeded to reckon up the value of the sacrifice. It
possessed with a demon, they addressed him, “We was estimated at fifty thousand pieces of silver,
adjure thee by Jesus, whom Paul preacheth.” But equal to about ten thousand dollars.
the evil spirit answered with scorn, “Jesus I know, The influence of these events was more
and Paul I know, but who are ye?” and the one pos- widespread than even Paul then realized. The
sessed sprang on them with frantic violence and manifestation of the power of Christ was a grand
beat and bruised them, so that they fled out of the victory for Christianity in the very stronghold of
house, naked and wounded. (LP 136.1, 2) superstition. From Ephesus the news was widely
circulated, and a strong impetus was given to the
(8) WHAT POSSESSIONS DID THE BE- cause of Christ. These scenes in the ministry of
LIEVERS DESTROY THAT SHOWED Paul lived in the memory of men, and were the
HOW POWERFULLY THE LORD HAD means of converting many to the gospel, long
IMPRESSED THEIR MINDS WITH THE after the apostle himself had finished his course.
TRUTH? (LP 137.1 - 138)

(10) AFTER THESE THINGS, WHO DID


PAUL SEND AHEAD OF HIM INTO MACE-
DONIA, THROUGH WHICH HE WAS TO
PASS BEFORE GOING TO ROME?

Acts 19:19
These who were interested in this branch
of industry found their gains diminishing. All
united in attributing the unwelcome change to
Paul’s labors. Demetrius, a manufacturer of sil-
ver shrines, called together the workmen of his
Acts 19: 22 craft, and by a violent appeal endeavored to stir
up their indignation against Paul. He represent-
Related texts: Acts 19:21; Titus 1:4, 5; 1 Timothy 1:3 ed that their traffic was endangered, and pointed
out the great loss which they would sustain if
The apostle had now for some time been the apostle were allowed to turn the people from
contemplating another missionary journey. He their ancient worship. He then appealed to their
“purposed in the spirit, when he had passed ruling superstition, saying: “Moreover ye see
through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusa- and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost
lem, saying, After I have been there, I must also throughout all Asia, this Paul had persuaded and
see Rome.” In harmony with this plan “he sent turned away much people, saying that they be
into Macedonia two of them that ministered unto no gods which are made with hands; so that not
him, Timotheus and Erastus;” but feeling that the only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought,
cause in Ephesus still demanded his presence, he but also that the temple of the great goddess Di-
decided to remain until after Pentecost. An event ana should be despised, and here magnificence
soon occurred, however, which hastened his de- should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the
parture. (LP 291.1) world worshipeth.” This speech acted as fire to
the stubble. The excited passions of the people
(11) WHO BROUGHTACHARGEAGAINST were roused, and burst forth in the cry, “Great is
PAUL AND “THAT WAY” (CHRISTIAN- Diana of the Ephesians!” (LP 142.1, 2- 143)
ITY)?
(12) WHAT WAS DEMETRIUS’ FIRST
AND REAL CONCERN?

Acts 19:23, 24
Acts 19:27
Related texts: Acts 19:25-26; Luke 23:5; Mark
15:1-3; Daniel 6:5 Related texts: 1 Timothy 6:5, 9

Portable statues were modeled after the great In his speech Demetrius had said, “This our
image of Diana, and were widely circulated in craft is in danger.” These words reveal the real
the countries along the shores of the Mediter- cause of the tumult at Ephesus, and also the cause
ranean. Models of the temple which enshrined of much of the persecution which followed the
the idol were also eagerly sought. Both were apostles in their work. Demetrius and his fellow
regarded as objects of worship, and were car- craftsmen saw that by the teaching and spread
ried at the head of processions, and on journeys of the gospel the business of image making was
and military expeditions. An extensive and endangered. The income of pagan priests and
profitable business had grown up at Ephesus artisans was at stake, and for this reason they
from the manufacture and sale of these shrines aroused against Paul the most bitter opposition.
and images. (AA 295.1)
(13) WHEN THE PEOPLE HEARD THESE
CHARGES, WHAT DID THEIR WRATH
LEAD THEM TO DO?

Acts 19:33

(16) WHAT DID THE CROWD CRY OUT


IN PROTEST FOR TWO HOURS AFTER
THEY KNEW HE WAS A JEW? Acts 19:34
Acts 19:28

(14) WHO DID THE CROWD CATCH AND


TAKE INTO THE THEATER?

Acts 19:34

Acts 19:29 Related texts: Daniel 3:12

Related texts: Luke 4:28, 29; 1 Samuel 23:15 The tumult in the theater was continually
increasing. “Some...cried one thing, and some
A report of the speech was rapidly circulated. another: for the assembly was confused; and the
“The whole city was filled with confusion.” Search more part knew not wherefore they were come
was made for Paul, but the apostle was not to be together.” The fact that Paul and some of his
found. His brethren, receiving an intimation of the companions were of Hebrew extraction made the
danger, had hurried him from the place. Angels of Jews anxious to show plainly that they were not
God had been sent to guard the apostle; his time to sympathizers with him and his work. They there-
die a martyr’s death had not yet come. fore brought forward one of their own number
Failing to find the object of their wrath, the to set the matter before the people. The speaker
mob seized “Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Mace- chosen was Alexander, one of the craftsmen, a
donia, Paul’s companions in travel” and with these coppersmith, to whom Paul afterward referred
“they rushed with one accord into the theater.” as having done him much evil. 2 Timothy 4:14.
Paul’s place of concealment was not far dis- Alexander was a man of considerable ability, and
tant, and he soon learned of the peril of his beloved he bent all his energies to direct the wrath of the
brethren. Forgetful of his own safety, he desired people exclusively against Paul and his compan-
to go at once to the theater to address the rioters. ions. But the crowd, seeing that Alexander was
But “the disciples suffered him not.” Gaius and a Jew, thrust him aside, and “all with one voice
Aristarchus were not the prey the people sought; about the space of two hours cried out, Great is
not serious harm to them was apprehended. But Diana of the Ephesians.” (AA 294.1)
should the apostle’s pale, careworn face be seen,
it would arouse at once the worse passions of the (17) WHO DEFENDED GAIUS AND
mob and there would not be the least human pos- ARISTARCHUS, AS NEITHER ROBBERS
sibility of saving his life. (AA 293.1, 2, 3) OF CHURCHES, NOR BLASPHEMERS
OF THE GODDESS DIANA?
(15) WHO DID THE JEWS PUT FORWARD
AS THEIR SPOKESMAN, DISTANCING
THEMSELVES FROM PAUL?
(19) IN HIS LIFE ON EARTH, HOW DID JE-
SUS SHOW HIS DISCIPLES TO DEALWITH
OPPOSITION AND PERSECUTION?

Acts 19:35-37

(18) HOW DID THE TOWN CLERK SAY


THE MATTER OF DEMETRIUS AND
THE OTHER CRAFTSMEN SHOULD BE
Matthew 12:14, 15
SETTLED? Acts 19:38
Related texts:Matthew 8:34, 9:1

By the grace of God, I desire to fulfill any prom-


ises I have made, being faithful and honest in
my speech.

Acts 19:38 Circle: Yes Undecided

Related texts: Deuteronomy 17:8, 9; 1 Corinthians 6:1 To those who have an imperfect knowledge of
God’s plan of salvation, I desire to share the
At last, from sheer exhaustion, they ceased, great truths which are the foundation of the
and there was a momentary silence. Then the Christian’s hope.
recorder of the city arrested the attention of the
crowd, and by virtue of his office obtained a Circle: Yes Undecided
hearing. He met the people on their own ground
and showed that there was no cause for the pres- I understand that God does not cooperate with
ent tumult. He appealed to their reason. “Ye men those who willingly despise and profane His
of Ephesus, “ he said, “what man is there that Holy Word by disobedience.
knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians
is a worshiper of the great goddess Diana, and of Circle: Yes Undecided
the image which fell down from Jupiter? Seeing
then that these things cannot be spoken against, Because I have accepted Jesus Christ as my per-
ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly. sonal Saviour, I desire to renounce all “heathen
For ye have brought hither these men, which are superstitions” He calls me to give up, no matter
neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers how costly they are.
of your goddess. Wherefore if Demetrius, and
the craftsmen which are with him, have a mat- Circle: Yes Undecided
ter against any man, the law is open, and there
are deputies: let them implead one another. But
if ye inquire anything concerning other matters,
it shall be determined in a lawful assembly. For
we are in danger to be called into question for
this day’s uproar, there being no cause whereby
we may give an account of this concourse. And
when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the as-
sembly. (AA 294.2-295)
Paul’s Last Journey to Jerusalem - 12
This chapter is based on Acts 20:1; 21:33 portunity to meet those who should come from
all parts of the world to attend the feast. Ever he
(1) AFTER THE UPROAR ABOUT DIANA cherished the hope that in some way he might be
OF THE EPHESIANS, WHERE DID PAUL instrumental in removing the prejudice of his un-
GO NEXT, CONTINUING HIS THIRD believing countrymen, so that they might be led
MISSIONARY JOURNEY? to accept the precious light of the gospel. He also
desired to meet the church at Jerusalem and bear
to them the gifts sent by the Gentile churches to
the poor brethren in Judea. And by this visit he
hoped to bring about a former union between the
Jewish and the Gentile converts to the faith.
Having completed his work at Corinth, he
Acts 20:1 determined to sail directly for one of the ports on
the coasts of Palestine. All the arrangements had
Related texts: Acts 16:9, 10 been made, and he was about to step on board the
ship, when he was told of a plot laid by the Jews
Paul parted from his children in the faith with to take his life. In the past these opposers of the
an affectionate farewell. He set out on his jour- faith had been foiled in all their efforts to put an
ney to Macedonia, designing on the way thither end to the apostle’s work.
to visit Troas. He was accompanied by Tychicus The success attending the preaching of the
and Trophimus, both Ephesians, who remained gospel aroused the anger of the Jews anew. From
his faithful companions and fellow-laborers to every quarter were coming accounts of the spread
the close of his life. (LP 146.3) of the new doctrine by which Jews were released
from the observance of the rites of the ceremonial
(2) LEAVING MACEDONIA, PAUL CAME law and Gentiles were admitted to equal privileg-
INTO GREECE, STAYING THERE THREE es with the Jews as children of Abraham. Paul, in
MONTHS. WHO AGAIN DEMONSTRAT- his preaching at Corinth, presented the same argu-
ED HATRED TOWARD HIM, LAYING ments which he urged so forcibly in his epistles.
WAIT FOR HIM AS HE WAS ABOUT TO His emphatic statement, “There is neither Greek
SAIL? nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision” (Co-
lossians 3:11), was regarded by his enemies as
daring blasphemy, and they determined that his
voice should be silenced. (AA 389.1-390.1)

(3) PAUL CHANGED HIS PLANS, AND PUR-


POSED TO RETURN THROUGH MACE-
DONIA. WHO ACCOMPANIED HIM?
Acts 20:3
Related texts: Acts 23:12; 25:3

Paul greatly desired to reach Jerusalem be-


fore the Passover as he would thus have an op- Acts 20:4
Related texts: Acts 15:40
Upon receiving warning of the plot, Paul
decided to go around by way of Macedonia. His
plan to reach Jerusalem in time for the Passover
services had to be given up, but he hoped to be
there at Pentecost.
Accompanying Paul and Luke were “Sopat-
er of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus
and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timo- Acts 20:7, 9, 10, 12
theus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.”
Paul had with him a large sum of money from the Related texts: 19:11, 12; 10:36-41
Gentile churches, which he purposed to place in
the hands of the brethren in charge of the work Upon the last evening of his stay the brethren
in Judea; and because of this he made arrange- “came together to break bread.” The fact that their
ments for these representative brethren from vari- beloved teacher was about to depart, had called
ous contributing churches, to accompany him to together a larger company than usual. They as-
Jerusalem. (AA 390.2, 3) sembled in an “upper chamber” on the third story.
There in the fervency of his love and solicitude
(4) WHAT JEWISH FEAST DID PAUL KEEP for them, the apostle preached until midnight.
ATPHILIPPI,BEFORECATCHINGUPWITH In one of the open windows sat a youth
THE REST OF HIS COMPANY AT TROAS? named Eutychus. In this perilous position he
went to sleep and fell to the court below. At once
all was alarm and confusion. The youth was tak-
en up dead, and many gathered about him with
cries and mourning. But Paul, passing through
the frightened company, embraced him and of-
fered up an earnest prayer that God would restore
the dead to life. His petition was granted. Above
the sound of mourning and lamentation the apos-
Acts 20:5, 6 tle’s voice was heard, saying, “Trouble not your-
selves; for his life is in him.” With rejoicing the
Related texts: Acts 18:21 believers again assembled in the upper chamber.
They partook of the Communion, and then Paul
At Philippi Paul tarried to keep the Passover. “talked a long while, even till break of day.” (AA
Only Luke remained with him, the other mem- 391.2, 3)
bers of the company passing onto Troas to await
him there. The Philippians were the most loving
and truehearted of the apostle’s converts, and dur- (6) FROM TROAS, ON SUNDAY MORN-
ing the eight days of the feast he enjoyed peaceful ING, TO WHAT CITY DID PAUL WALK,
and happy communion with them. PLANNING TO MEET HIS COM-
Sailing from Philippi, Paul and Luke reached PANIONS WHO HAD SET SAIL?
their companions at Troas five days later, and re-
mained for seven days with the believers in that
place. (AA 390. 4-391.1)

(5) UPON THE LAST EVENING OF PAUL’S


STAY AT TROAS, WHAT MIRACLE DID
GOD WORK THROUGH HIM? Acts 20:13, 14
Related texts: Matthew 28:7, 10, 16 municate with the church before the ship should
sail. He therefore immediately sent a message to
The ship on which Paul and his companions the elders, urging them to hasten to Miletus, that
were to continue their journey, was about to set he might see them before continuing his journey.
sail, and the brethren hastened on board. The (AA 392.1)
apostle himself, however, chose to take the nearer
route by land between Troas and Assos, meeting (8) WHEN THE ELDERS C AME TO
his companions at the latter city. This gave him a HIM AT MILETUS, HOW DID PAUL DE-
short season for meditation and prayer. The dif- SCRIBE HIS MINISTRY AMONG THEM?
ficulties and dangers connected with his coming
visit to Jerusalem, the attitude of the church there
toward him and his work, as well as the condi-
tion of the churches and the interests of the gos-
pel work in other fields, were subjects of earnest,
anxious thought, and he took advantage of this
special opportunity to seek God for strength and
guidance. (AA 391.4-392)
Acts 20:19, 20, 25, 27
*”Paul walked about 35 mi., doubtless on a paved Related texts: Ephesians 2:10-13; 3:5, 6
Roman road, across a point of land from the city
of Troas to Assos.” SDA Bible Commentary, vol. In answer to his call they came, and he
6, p. 389 spoke to them strong, touching words of admoni-
tion and farewell. “Ye know,” he said, “from the
(7) SAILING FROM ASSOS, THEY PASSED first day that I came into Asia, after what manner
BY EPHESUS. HOWEVER, AT MILETUS, I have been with you at all seasons, serving the
WHO DID PAUL SEND FROM THE EPHE- Lord with all humility of mind, and with many
SIAN CHURCH? tears, and temptations, which befell me by the
lying in wait of the Jews: and how I kept back
nothing that was profitable unto you, but have
showed you, and have taught you publicly, and
from house to house, testifying both to the Jews
and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God,
and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.”
Paul had ever exalted the divine law. He had
Acts 20:16, 17 shown that in the law there is no power to save
men from the penalty of disobedience. Wrongdo-
Related texts: Acts 19:1, 8: 2 Timothy 4:11, 13 ers must repent of their sins and humble them-
selves before God, whose just wrath they have
As the travelers sailed southward from As- incurred by breaking His law, and they must also
sos, they passed the city of Ephesus, so long the exercise faith in the blood of Christ as their only
scene of the apostle’s labors. Paul had greatly means of pardon....By repentance and faith they
desired to visit the church there, for he had im- might be freed from the condemnation of son and
portant instruction and counsel to give them. But through the grace of Christ be enabled henceforth
upon consideration he determined to hasten on, to render obedience to the law of God.
for he desired, “if it were possible for him, to be “And now, behold,” Paul continued, “I go
at Jerusalem the Day of Pentecost.” On arriving at bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing
Miletus, however, about thirty miles from Ephe- the things that shall befall me there: save that the
sus, he learned that it might be possible to com- Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying that
bonds and afflictions abide me. But none of these him, sorrowing most of all for the words which
things move me, neither count I my life dear unto he spake, that they should see his face no more.
myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, And they accompanied him unto the ship.” (AA
and the ministry, which I have received of the 395.2-396.1)
Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of
God. And now, behold, I know that ye all, among (10) FROM MILETUS, THEY SAILED
whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, INTO TYRE. HOW LONG DID PAUL STAY
shall see my face no more.” (AA 392.2- 393.2) WITH SOME DISCIPLES THERE?

(9) AFTER PAUL HAD FINISHED HIS


FAREWELL TALK, HOW DID THE
EPHESIAN ELDERS RESPOND?

Acts 21:4

(11) WHAT MESSAGE DID THEY GIVE


PAUL, BEING IMPRESSED BY THE HOLY
Acts 20:37, 38 SPIRIT?

Related texts: Genesis 45:14; 46:29


“And now, brethren,” he continued, “I com-
mend you to God, and to the word of His grace,
which is able to build you up, and to give you
an inheritance among all them which are sancti-
fied. I have coveted no man’s silver, or gold, or Acts 21:4
apparel.” Some of the Ephesian brethren were
wealthy, but Paul had never sought personal ben- Related texts: Acts 16:6, 7
efit from them. It was no part of his message to
call attention to his own wants. “These hands,” he From Miletus the travelers sailed in “a
declared, “have ministered unto my necessities, straight course unto Coos, and the day follow-
and to them that were with me.” Amidst his ardu- ing unto Rhodes, and from thence unto Patara,
ous labors and extensive journeys for the cause “on the southwest shore of Asia Minor, where,
of Christ, he was able, not only to supply his own “finding a ship sailing over unto Phoenicia,” they
wants, by to spare something for the support of “went aboard, and set forth.” At Tyre, where the
his fellow laborers and the relief of the worthy ship was unloaded, they found a few disciples,
poor. This he accomplished only by unremitting with whom they were permitted to tarry seven
diligence and the closest economy. Well might days. Through the Holy Spirit these disciples
he point to his own example as he said, “I have were warned of the perils awaiting Paul at Jeru-
showed you all things, how that so laboring ye salem, and they urged him “that he should not go
ought to support the weak, and to remember the up to Jerusalem.” But the apostle allowed not the
words of the Lord Jesus, how He said, It is more fear of affliction and imprisonment to turn him
blessed to give than to receive. from his purpose. (AA 396.2)
“And when he had thus spoken, he kneeled
down, and prayed with them all. And they all (12) COMING TO CAESAREA, THEY
wept sore, and fell on Paul’s neck, and kissed STAYED WITH PHILIP THE EVANGE-
LIST. WHO MET PAULTHERE AND TOLD The apostle was deeply moved by the entreat-
HIM OF HIS COMING BONDAGE? ies of his beloved brethren....But he felt that he
was moving in obedience to the will of God, and
he could not be deferred by the voice of friends,
or even the warning of the prophet. He would not
swerve from the path of duty to the right hand nor
to the left. He must follow Christ, if need be, to
prison and to death. (LP 204.2-205)

(13) WHAT BIBLICAL PRINCIPLE OUT-


Acts 21:10, 11 LINED IN THIS VERSE GAVE PAUL
COURAGE TO FACE HIS COMING
Related texts: John 18:28, 29; Genesis 37:27, 28 PERSECUTION?
Pursuing their journey southward, the trav-
elers arrived at Caesarea, “and entered into the
house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of
the seven, and abode with him.” Here Paul tarried
until the very eve of the feast. These few peaceful,
happy days were the last days of perfect freedom
which he was for a long time to enjoy. Before he 1 John 4:18
should enter upon the stormy scenes that awaited
him at Jerusalem, the Lord graciously refreshed
his spirit with this season of rest and happy com- I understand that the success God give His true
munion. (LP 203.3-204) disciples in sharing the gospel will arouse ha-
Soon after the apostle’s arrival at Caesarea, tred in their enemies, for “all that will live godly
the prophet Agabus came down from Judea. He in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.”
had been warned by the Holy Spirit, of the fate
which awaited Paul, and in the symbolic manner Circle: Yes Undecided
of the ancient prophets he loosened the apostle’s
girdle, and with it bound his own hands and feet, I am thankful and much encouraged by the fact
saying, “So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the that God is still healing in answer to prayer by
man that owneth this girdle, and shall deliver him His faithful, obedient servants.
into the hands of the Gentiles.” The companions
of Paul had been aware that his visit to Jerusalem Circle: Yes Undecided
would be attended with great peril; but they had
not foreseen the full extent of the danger. Now I believe that by repentance and faith in Christ,
apprehension had become certainty; and to the wrongdoers can be freed from the guilt and penal-
perils to be encountered from the Jews were add- ty of sin, and through the power of Christ’s grace,
ed the horrors of a Roman imprisonment. They be enabled to keep His Ten Commandments.
earnestly entreated Paul to stay where he was,
and to permit them to go to Jerusalem to deliver Circle: Yes Undecided
the contributions from the Gentile churches. The
brethren at Caesarea also united their prayers and I pray for the courage of perfect love, so that
tears with those of his companions: Why should I can follow Christ in all circumstances, even
he face this great peril? Why expose his precious to prison and death, even as the faithful apostle
life to the malice of the Jews? Would it not be pre- Paul would not be turned aside by fear.
sumptuous to go, after receiving definite warning
from the Spirit of God? Circle: Yes Undecided
Trial and Appeal to Caesar - 13
This chapter is based on Acts 21:13; 25:11 the Gentiles. The men, who, while numbered
among those who were in charge of the work at
(1) ARRIVING AT JERUSALEM, WHAT Jerusalem, had urged that arbitrary measures of
DID PAUL TELL THE ELDERS THERE? control be adopted, saw Paul’s ministry in a new
light and were convinced that their own course
had been wrong, that they had been held in bond-
age by Jewish custom and traditions, and that the
work of the gospel had been greatly hindered by
their failure to recognize that the wall of partition
between Jew and Gentile had been broken down
by the death of Christ. (AA 402.3-403)
Acts 21:19 (2) AT JERUSALEM, WHAT ILL-ADVISED
COUNSEL DID THE ELDERS GIVE PAUL,
Related texts: Acts 15:4, 12 SO HE COULD APPEASE THE JEWS?
“When we were come to Jerusalem, the
brethren received us gladly. And the day follow-
ing Paul went in with us unto James; and all the
elders were present.”
On this occasion, Paul and his companions
formally presented to the leaders of the work at
Jerusalem the contributions forwarded by the Acts 21:23, 24
Gentile churches for the support of the poor
among their Jewish brethren. The gathering of Related texts: Acts 15:4, 5; Ephesians 2:14, 15;
these contributions had cost the apostle and his Galatians 2:14
fellow workers much time, anxious thought and
wearisome labor. The sum, which far exceeded This was the golden opportunity for all the
the expectations of the elders at Jerusalem, rep- leading brethren to confess frankly that God had
resented many sacrifices and even severe priva- wrought through Paul, and that at times they had
tions on the part of the Gentile believers. (AA erred in permitting the reports of his enemies to
399.1, 2) arouse their jealousy and prejudice. But instead
After the presentation of the gifts, Paul “de- of uniting in an effort to do justice to the one who
clared particularly what things God had wrought had been injured, they gave him counsel which
among the Gentiles by his ministry.” This recital showed that they still cherished a feeling that
of facts brought to the hearts of all, even of those Paul should be held largely responsible for the
who had been doubting, the conviction, that the existing prejudice. They did not stand nobly in
blessing of heaven had accompanied his labors. his defense, endeavoring to show the disaffected
“When they heard it, they glorified the Lord.” ones where they were wrong, but sought to ef-
They felt that the methods of labor pursued by fect a compromise by counseling him to pursue
the apostle bore the signet of Heaven. The liberal a course which in their opinion would remove all
contributions lying before them added weight to cause for misapprehension.
the testimony of the apostle concerning the faith- “Thou seest, brother,” they said, in response
fulness of the new churches established among to his testimony, “how many thousands of Jews
there are which believe; and they are all zealous Related texts: Isaiah 39:4, 7; John 4:44
of the law: and they are informed of thee, that
thou teachest all the Jews which are among the On the following day Paul began to carry out
Gentiles to forsake Moses, saying that they ought the counsel of the elders. The four men who were
not to circumcise their children, neither to walk under the Nazarite vow (Numbers 6), the term of
after the customs. What is it therefore? the mul- which had nearly expired, were taken by Paul into
titude must needs come together: for they will the temple, “to signify the accomplishment of the
hear that thou are come. Do therefore this that days of purification, until that an offering should
we say to thee: We have four men which have a be offered for every one of them.” Certain costly
vow on them; them take, and purify thyself with sacrifices for purification were yet to be offered.
them, and be at charges with them, that they may Those who advised Paul to take this step had
shave their heads: and all may know that those not fully considered the great peril to which he
things, whereof they were informed concerning would thus be exposed. At this season, Jerusalem
thee, are nothing; but that thou thyself also walk- was filled with worshipers from many lands. As,
est orderly, and keepest the law. As touching the in fulfillment of the commission given him by
Gentiles which believe, we have written and con- God, Paul had borne the gospel to the Gentiles,
cluded that they observe no such thing, save only he had visited many of the world’s largest cities,
that they keep themselves from things offered to and he was well known to thousands who from
idols, and from blood, and from strangled, and foreign parts had come to Jerusalem to attend
from fornication.” the feast. Among these were men whose hearts
The brethren hoped that Paul, by following the were filled with bitter hatred for Paul, and for him
course suggested, might give a decisive contradic- to enter the temple on a public occasion was to
tion to the false reports concerning him. They as- risk his life. For several days he passed in and
sured him that the decision of the former council out among the worshipers apparently unnoticed;
concerning the Gentile converts and the ceremo- but before the close of the specified period, as he
nial law, still held good. But the advice now given was talking with a priest concerning the sacrifices
was not consistent with that decision. The Spirit of to be offered, he was recognized by some of the
God did not prompt this instruction; it was the fruit Jews from Asia.
of cowardice. The leaders of the church at Jerusa- With the fury of demons they rushed upon
lem knew that by non-conformity to the ceremo- him, crying, “Men of Israel, help: This is the man,
nial law, Christians would bring upon themselves that teacheth all men everywhere against the peo-
the hatred of the Jews and expose themselves to ple, and the law, and this place.” And as the people
persecution. (AA 403.1-404.1) responded to the call for help, another accusation
was added-”and further brought Greeks also into
(3) PAULJOINED INWITHTHE FOUR MEN the temple, and hath polluted this holy place.”
ENDING THEIR NAZARITE VOWSATTHE By the Jewish law it was a crime punishable
TEMPLE. WHAT VIOLENCE AND FALSE with death for an uncircumcised person to enter
CHARGE CAMEAGAINST HIM BECAUSE the inner courts of the sacred edifice. Paul had
OF THIS COMPROMISE WITH ERROR? been seen in the city in company with Trophi-
mus, an Ephesian, and it was conjectured that he
had brought him into the temple. This he had not
done; and being himself a Jew, his act in enter-
ing the temple was no violation of the law. But
though the charge was wholly false, it served to
arouse the popular prejudice. (AA 406.1-407.1)
That an apostate from Israel should presume
to profane the temple at the very time when thou-
Acts 21:27-29 sands had come there from all parts of the world
to worship, excited the fiercest passions of the
mob. “They took Paul, and drew him out of the
temple: and forthwith the doors were shut.”
“As they went about to kill him, tidings came
unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusa-
lem was in an uproar.” (AA 407.2, 3)
Acts 22:21, 22
(4) WHO TOOK PAUL OUT OF THE JEWS’
HANDS AND BOUND HIM IN CHAINS? Related texts: John 4:9, 27; Acts 11: 1-3; Luke 9:
52-56

He then endeavored to show that his work


among the Gentiles had not been entered upon
from choice. He had desired to labor for his own
nation; but in that very temple the voice of God
had spoken to him in holy vision, directing his
Acts 21:33 course “far hence unto the Gentiles.”
Hitherto the people had listened with close
Related texts: Acts 21:11; 20:22, 23 attention, but when Paul reached the point in his
history where he was appointed Christ’s ambas-
Claudius Lysias well knew the turbulent ele- sador to the Gentiles, their fury broke forth anew.
ments with which he had to deal, and he “immedi- Accustomed to look upon themselves as the only
ately took soldiers and centurions, and ran down people favored by God, they were unwilling to
unto them: and when they saw the chief captain permit the despised Gentiles to share the privi-
and the soldiers, they left beating of Paul.” Igno- leges which had hitherto been regarded as exclu-
rant of the cause of the tumult, by seeing that the sively their own. Lifting their voices above the
rage of the multitude was directed against Paul, voice of the speaker, they cried, “Away with such
the Roman captain concluded that he must be a a fellow from the earth: for it is not fit that he
certain Egyptian rebel of whom he had heard, should live.” (AA 409.2, 3-410)
who had thus far escaped capture. He therefore
“took him, commanded him to be bound with two (6) UPON HEARING THE JEWS CRY, THE
chains; and demanded who he was, and what he CHIEF CAPTAIN COMMANDED PAUL
had done.” At once many voices were raised in TO BE WHIPPED. WHAT FACT ABOUT
loud and angry accusation; “some cried one thing, PAUL’S BACKGROUND SAVED HIM
some another, among the multitude: and when he FROM THAT CRUEL PUNISHMENT?
could not know the certainty for the tumult, he
commanded him to be carried into the castle. And
when he came upon the stairs, so it was, that he
was borne of the soldiers for the violence of the
people. For the multitude of the people followed
after, crying, Away with him.” (AA 407.3-408)

(5)WHENTHE CHIEFCAPTAIN GAVE PAUL Acts 22:29


LICENSETOSPEAKTOTHEPEOPLE,THEY
LISTENED FOR ATIME. WHAT WORD DIS- Related texts: Acts 16:37, 38
TURBED THEM INTOAN UPROARAGAIN?
“As they cried out, and cast off their clothes,
and threw dust into the air, the chief captain
commanded him to be brought into the castle,
and bade that he should be examined by scourg- parties began to dispute between themselves, and
ing: that he might know wherefore they cried so thus the strength of their opposition against Paul
against him. was broken. “The scribes that were of the Phari-
“And as they bound him with thongs, Paul sees’ part arose, and strove, saying, We find no
said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful evil in this man: but if a spirit or an angel hath
for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and spoken to him, let us not fight against God.” (AA
uncondemned? When the centurion heard that, 410.4-411; 411.1, 2)
he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take
heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman. (8) AS CONCERNS AND DOUBTS AROSE IN
Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, PAUL’SMIND,WHATENCOURAGEMENTDID
Tell me, art thou a Roman? He said, Yea. And JESUS GIVE HIM IN THE NIGHT SEASON?
the chief captain answered, With a great sum ob-
tained I this freedom. And Paul said, But I was
freeborn. Then straightway they departed from
him which should have examined him: and the
chief captain also was afraid, after he knew he
was a Roman, and because he had bound him.
(AA 410. 1, 2)

(7) THE NEXT DAY, PAUL WAS BROUGHT Acts 23:11


BEFORE THE SANHEDRIN COUNCIL. Related texts: Acts 22:21; 9:15, 16
WHAT DID HE SAY THAT CAUSED A
DIVISION AMONG THEM? Later, while reflecting on the trying experi-
ences of the day, Paul began to fear that his course
might not have been pleasing to God. Could it be
that he had made a mistake after all in visiting Jeru-
salem? Had his great desire to be in union with his
brethren led to this disastrous result? (AA 412.2)
And now he was in prison, and he knew that
Acts 23:6 his enemies, in their desperate malice, would re-
sort to any means to put him to death....The cause
Related texts: Acts 23:8; Mark 14:55, 56 of Christ was very near to Paul’s heart, and with
deep anxiety he thought of the perils of the scat-
The apostle was now to be tried by the same tered churches, exposed as they were to the per-
tribunal of which he himself had been a mem- secutions of just such men as he had encountered
ber before his conversion. As he stood before in the Sanhedrin council. In distress and discour-
the Jewish rulers, his bearing was calm, and his agement he wept and prayed.
countenance revealed the peace of Christ....”But In this dark hour the Lord was not unmind-
when Paul perceived that the one part were Sad- ful of His servant. He had guarded him from the
ducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in murderous throng in the temple courts; He had
the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, been with him before the Sanhedrin council; He
the son of a Pharisee: of the hop and resurrection was with him in the fortress; and He revealed
of the dead I am called in question. Himself to His faithful witness in response to the
“And when he had so said, there arose a dis- earnest prayers of the apostle for guidance. “The
sension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: night following the Lord stood by him, and said,
and the multitude was divided. For the Sadducees Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified
say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor of Me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness
spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.” The two also at Rome.” (AA 412.3- 413.1)
(9) WHAT MURDEROUS FAST DID THE and taking him aside, asked, “What is that thou
JEWS DECLARE AGAINST PAUL? hast to tell me?” The youth replied: “The Jews
had agreed to desire thee that thou wouldest bring
down Paul tomorrow into the council, as though
they would inquire somewhat of him more per-
fectly. But do not thou yield unto them: for there
lie in wait for him of them more than forty men,
which have bound themselves with an oath, that
they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed
him: and now are they ready, looking for a prom-
Acts 23:12, 13 ise from thee.” (AA 414.2, 3)
(10) WHO WARNED THE CHIEF CAPTAIN (11) CLAUDIUS LYSIAS AT ONCE DECID-
ABOUT THEIR DESIRE TO KILL PAUL? ED TO TRANSFER PAUL TO THE JURIS-
DICTION OF FELIX THE GOVERNOR,
WITH 470 MEN TO GUARD HIM. WHAT
DID HE WRITE IN A LETTER TO FELIX
ABOUT PAUL, DECLARING HIS INNO-
CENCE?

Acts 23:16, 19

Related texts: 1 Kings 19:2

While the Lord encouraged His servant, Paul’s


enemies were eagerly plotting his destruction.
“And when it was day, certain of the Jews band-
ed together, and bound themselves under a curse, Acts 23:29
saying that they would neither eat nor drink till
they had killed Paul. And they were more than Related texts: Acts 23:25, 26; John 19:4, 6; Dan-
forty which had made this conspiracy.” Here iel 6:4; Matthew 27:19
was a fast such as the Lord through Isaiah had
condemned- a fast “for strife and debate, and to “Claudius Lysias unto the most excellent
smite with the fist of wickedness.” Isaiah 58:4 governor Felix sendeth greeting. This man was
(AA 413.3) taken of the Jews, and should have been killed
But God interposed to save the life of His ser- of them: then came I with an army, and rescued
vant. Paul’s sister’s son, hearing of the “lying in him, having understood that he was a Roman.
wait” of the assassins, “went and entered into the And when I would have known the cause where-
castle, and told Paul. Then Paul called one of the fore they accused him, I brought him forth into
centurions unto him, and said, Bring this young their council: whom I perceived to be accused of
man unto the chief captain: for he hath a certain questions of their law, but to have nothing laid
thing to tell him. So he took him, and brought to his charge worthy of death or of bonds. And
him to the chief captain, and said, Paul the pris- when it was told me how that the Jews laid in
oner called me unto him, and prayed me to bring wait for the man, I sent straightway to thee, and
this young man unto thee, who hath something to gave commandment to his accusers also to say
say unto thee.” before thee what they had against him. Farewell.”
Claudius Lysias received the youth kindly, (AA 415.4-416)
(12) AT CAESAREA, FELIX KEPT PAUL IN
HEROD’S JUDGMENT HALL DECLAR-
ING HE WOULD HEAR HIM, WHEN HIS
ACCUSERS WERE ALSO PRESENT?
Acts 24:6

Related texts: Luke 23:5; Mark 15:3, 4; Matthew


27:37; John 19:7
Five days after Paul’s arrival at Caesarea
Acts 23:35 his accusers came from Jerusalem, accompanied
by Tertullus, an orator whom they had engaged
Related texts: Job 1: 9-11; Revelation 12:10 as their counsel. The case was granted a speedy
hearing. Paul was brought before the assembly,
After reading the communication, Felix in- and Tertullus “began to accuse him.” (AA 419)
quired to what province the prisoner belonged, In his speech, Tertullus charged Paul with
and being informed that he was of Cilicia, said: crimes which, if proved, would have resulted in
“I will hear thee...when thine accusers are also his conviction for high treason against the gov-
come. And he commanded him to be kept in ernment. “We have found this man a pestilent fel-
Herod’s judgment hall.” low,” declared the orator, “and a mover of sedition
The case of Paul was not the first in which a among all the Jews throughout the world, and a
servant of God had found among the heathen an ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes: who also
asylum from the malice of the professed people hath gone about to profane the temple.” Tertullus
of Jehovah. In their rage against Paul the Jews then stated that Lysias, the commandant of the gar-
had added another crime to the dark catalogue rison at Jerusalem, had violently taken Paul from
which marked the history of that people. They the Jews when they were about to judge him by
had still further hardened their hearts against the their ecclesiastical law, and had thus forced them
truth and had rendered their doom more certain. to bring the matter before Felix. These statements
(AA 416.1, 2) were made with the design of inducing the procu-
rator to deliver Paul over to the Jewish Court. All
(13) AFTER WAITING FIVE DAYS, WHO the charges were vehemently supported by the
CAME TO INFORM GOVERNOR FELIX Jews present, who made no effort to conceal their
AGAINST PAUL? hatred of the prisoner. (AA 420.1)

(15)AFTER PAULHAD STATED THE TRUTH


THATTHE CHARGESAGAINST HIM WERE
FALSE (VS. 13), WHAT DID FELIX DECIDE?

Acts 24:1

(14) WHAT DID HE FALSELY DECLARE Acts 24:22


THAT PAUL HAD DONE AGAINST THE
TEMPLE?
Related texts: 1 Samuel 10:8; 13:8, 11, 12

The apostle spoke with earnestness and evi-


dent sincerity, and his words carried with them
a weight of conviction. Claudius Lysias, in his Festus discerned that the question in dispute
letter to Felix, had borne a similar testimony in related wholly to Jewish doctrines, and that right-
regard to Paul’s conduct. Moreover, Felix him- ly understood, there was nothing in the charges
self had a better knowledge of the Jewish religion against Paul, could they be proved, that would
that many supposed. Paul’s plain statement of the render him subject to sentence of death, or even
facts in the case enabled Felix to understand still to imprisonment. Yet he saw clearly the storm of
more clearly the motives by which the Jews were rage that would be created if Paul were not con-
governed in attempting to convict the apostle of demned or delivered into their hands. And so,
sedition and treasonable conduct. The governor “willing to do the Jews a pleasure,” Festus turned
would not gratify them by unjustly condemning to Paul, and asked if he was willing to go to Je-
a Roman citizen, neither would he give him up to rusalem under his protection, to be tried by the
them to be put to death without a fair trial. Yet Fe- Sanhedrin. (AA 429.3-430)
lix knew no higher motive than self-interest, and The apostle knew that he could not look for
he was controlled by love of praise and a desire justice from the people who by their crimes were
for promotion. Fear of offending the Jews held bringing down upon themselves the wrath of God.
him back from doing full justice to a man whom He knew that, like the prophet Elijah, he would
he knew to be innocent. He therefore decided be safer among the heathen than with those who
to suspend the trial until Lysias should be pres- had rejected light from heaven and hardened their
ent, saying, “When Lysias the chief captain shall hearts against the gospel. Weary of strife, his ac-
come down, I will know the uttermost of your tive spirit could ill endure the repeated delays and
matter.” (AA 421.3-422) wearing suspense of his trial and imprisonment.
He therefore decided to exercise his privilege, as
(16) AFTER FELIX WAS REMOVED a Roman citizen, of appealing to Caesar.
FROM OFFICE, AND SUCCEEDED BY In answer to the governor’s question, Paul
PORCIUS FESTUS, WHERE DID FESTUS said: “I stand at Caesar’s judgment seat, where
SUGGEST TO PAUL HIS TRIAL SHOULD I ought to be judge: to the Jews I have done no
BE HELD? wrong, as thou very well knowest. For if I be an
offender, or have committed anything worthy of
death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of
these things whereof these accuse me, no man
may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar.”
(AA 430.1, 2)

(18) WHAT PREDICTION OF JESUS WAS


Acts 25:9
FULFILLED IN THE ARREST AND IM-
PRISONMENT OF PAUL, HIS APOSTLE?
(17) TO WHOM DID PAUL APPEAL AS
WAS HIS RIGHT AS A ROMAN CITI-
ZEN?

Acts 25:10, 11 John 15:18, 20

Related texts: Acts 6:12; Luke 22:66; Acts 25:21, 25 Related texts: Acts 9:16
I desire, by the powerful grace of God, to give
advice that is in harmony with the inspired Word
and the Holy Spirit, that my fellow believers may
be drawn closer to Christ.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I fully know and believe that every compromise


against God’s word, with unconverted brethren,
puts my soul in great peril and spiritual danger.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I pray God that I may not be an accuser of the


believers, bringing false charges against the dis-
ciples of Christ.

Circle: Yes Undecided

When I am lied on and persecuted for the gos-


pel’s and the truth’s sake, I desire to be like Je-
sus and Paul, and tell only the truth in love.

Circle: Yes Undecided


Voyage to Rome and Shipwreck - 14
This chapter is based on Acts 25:13; 27:1, 2

(1) WHO CAME TO CAESAREA TO SA-


LUTE FESTUS AND LEARNED OF PAUL’S
CAUSE?
Acts 25:22

Related texts: Jeremiah 36:14, 15; Esther 5:2, 3


“And when they had been there many days,
Festus declared Paul’s cause unto the king, say-
ing, There is a certain man left in bonds by Felix:
about whom, when I was at Jerusalem, the chief
Acts 25:13, 14 priests and the elders of the Jews informed me,
desiring to have judgment against him.” He out-
Related texts: Acts 23:25-30; 25:1, 2 lined the circumstances that led to the prisoner’s
appeal to Caesar, telling of Paul’s recent trial be-
fore him, and saying that the Jews had brought
“After certain days King Agrippa and Bernice against Paul no accusation such as he had sup-
came unto Caesarea, to salute Festus.” Knowing posed they would bring, but “certain questions...
that Agrippa was well versed in the laws and cus- of their own superstition, and of one Jesus, which
toms of the Jews, Festus during this visit called was dead, whom Paul affirmed to be alive.”
his attention to the case of Paul, as a prisoner left As Festus told his story, Agrippa became in-
in bonds by Felix. Agrippa’s interest was aroused terested and said, “I would also hear the man
by the account which Festus gave of the case, myself.” In harmony with his wish, a meeting
and he expressed a desire to see and hear Paul was arranged for the following day. “And on the
for himself. Accordingly, the next day was fixed morrow, when Agrippa was come, and Bernice,
upon as the time for such an interview. Paul was with great pomp, and was entered into the place
not now to defend himself before a new tribunal, of hearing, with the chief captains, and principal
but merely to gratify the curiosity of a private men of the city, at Festus’ commandment Paul
audience; to furnish an hour’s entertainment for was brought forth.” (AA 433.1-434.1)
the procurator’s distinguished guests, and for an
invited company representing the wealth and no- (3) HOW DID FESTUS DESCRIBE HIS
bility of Caesarea. The chief officers of the army CONVICTION CONCERNING THE AC-
were to be present, and also the leading citizens CUSATIONS AGAINST PAUL TO KING
of the town, and Festus determined to make it an AGRIPPA, EVEN THOUGH THE JEWS
occasion of the most imposing display, in honor HAD DESIRED HIS DEATH?
of his visitors. (LP 253.1)

(2) AFTER HEARING THE HISTORY OF


PAUL’S ACCUSATION BY THE JEWS,
WHAT DID KING AGRIPPA SAY?

Acts 25:25
Related texts: Acts 25:7; Luke 23:13, 14. that they might turn from darkness to light, and
from the power of Satan unto God, that they
Festus himself presented Paul to the assem- might receive forgiveness of sins and an inheri-
bly, in these words: “King Agrippa, and all men tance among them that are sanctified? In Damas-
which are here present with us, ye see this man, cus, in Jerusalem, and throughout all Judea, and
about whom all the multitude of the Jews have to the Gentiles, he had preached repentance to-
dealt with me, both at Jerusalem and also here, ward God, faith in Christ, and a life consistent
crying that he ought not to live any longer. But therewith. (LP 257.2-258)
when I had found that he had committed nothing
worthy of death, and that he himself hath appealed (5) AS PAUL RELATED HIS TESTIMO-
to Augustus, I have determined to send him. Of NY ABOUT HIS CONVERSION AND
whom I have no certain thing to write unto my THE RISEN MESSIAH, JESUS CHRIST,
lord. Wherefore I have brought him forth before WHAT REMARK DID FESTUS MAKE?
you, and specially before thee, O King Agrippa,
that after examination had, I might have some-
what to write. For it seemeth to me unreason-
able to send a prisoner, and not withal signify the
crimes laid against him.” (LP 254.2-255)

(4) HOW DID PAUL DESCRIBE HIS


PREACHING AFTER HIS CONVERSION,
FOR WHICH THE JEWS SOUGHT TO Acts 26:24
KILL HIM?
(6) HOW DID PAUL REPLY, AND APPEAL
TO KING AGRIPPA?

Acts 26:20, 22, 23

Related texts: 1 Corinthians 1:23; 2:2; Acts 3:25-29 Acts 26:25, 27

Why, he asked, should it appear incredible (7) WHAT WAS AGRIPPA’S SAD, HALF-
that Christ should rise from the dead? It had once PERSUADED ANSWER TO PAUL’S AP-
been so to himself; by how could he disbelieve PEAL?
what he had himself seen and heard in that noon-
day vision? He could bear witness to the resur-
rection of the dead; for he had looked upon the
crucified and risen Christ,-the same who walked
the streets of Jerusalem, who died on Calvary,
who broke the bands of death, and ascended to
Heaven from Olivet. He had seen him and talked
with him as verily as had Cephas, James, John,
or any other of the disciples. And now could he Acts 26:28
be disobedient when the Voice from Heaven sent
him forth to open the eyes of Jews and Gentiles, Related texts: Acts 24:25; 1 Kings 18:17, 20
The facts related were new to Festus, as to Related texts: Matthew 10:25; 2 Peter 3:9
nearly all present. The whole audience had lis-
tened spellbound to Paul’s account of wonder- With solemn earnestness, the apostle made
ful experiences and visions, of revelations and answer: “I would to God that not only thou, but
ancient prophecies, and of a Jewish prophet who also all that hear me this day, were both almost
had been rejected and crucified, yet who had and altogether such as I am,” adding, as he raised
risen for the dead and ascended to Heaven; and his fettered hands, “except these bonds.” All who
who only could forgive sins and lighten the dark- heard him were convinced that Paul was no com-
ness of Jews and Gentiles. The last remark was mon prisoner. One who could speak as he had
too much for Festus to credit. He suddenly cried spoken, and present the arguments that he had
out in an excited manner: “Paul, thou art beside presented, who was so filled with the exaltation
thyself! much learning doth make thee mad.” of an inspiring faith, so enriched by the grace
The apostle replied calmly and courte- of Christ, so calm in the consciousness of peace
ously: “I am not mad, most noble Festus, but with God and man; one who could wish that all
speak forth the words of truth and soberness. those princely and distinguished people might
For the king knoweth of these things, before have the same hope and confidence and faith that
whom also I speak freely; for I am persuaded sustained him, but who, without the least desire
that none of these things are hidden from him, for revenge, could pray that they might be spared
for this thing was not done in a corner.” Then, the conflicts, sorrows, and afflictions which he
turning to Agrippa, he addressed him directly: had experienced-such a man could not be an im-
“King Agrippa, believest thou the prophets? I poster.
know that thou believest.” Festus, Agrippa, and Bernice were the crim-
The Jewish king had been instructed in the inals who should in justice have worn the fetters
law and the prophets, and he had learned from placed upon the apostle. All were guilty of griev-
credible witnesses some of the facts of which ous crimes. These offenders had that day heard
Paul had spoken. Hence, the arguments which the offer of salvation through the name of Christ.
were so new and strange to Festus, were clear and One, at least, had been almost persuaded to ac-
convincing to Agrippa. And he could but be af-
cept of grace and pardon. But to be almost per-
fected by that burning zeal which neither stripes
nor imprisonment could quench. For a time he suaded, means to put aside the proffered mercy,
forgot the dignity of his position, lost sight of his to be convinced of the right way, but to refuse the
surroundings, and conscious only of the truths cross of a crucified Redeemer. (LP 259.3-260.1)
which he had heard, seeing only the humble pris-
oner standing as God’s ambassador, he answered (9) WHAT WAS KING AGRIPPA’S ASSESS-
involuntarily, “Almost thou persuadest me to be MENT OF PAUL’S CASE THAT AGREED
a Christian.” (LP 258.2-259.2) WITH CLAUDIUS LYSIAS, AND FESTUS’
CONCLUSIONS?
(8) WHAT WAS PAUL’S DESIRE, NOT
ONLY FOR THE KING, BUT FOR ALL
WHO HEARD HIM THAT DAY?

Acts 26:32

Acts 26:29 Related texts: Acts 26:30, 31; 1 Samuel 20:1, 32


King Agrippa’s curiosity was satisfied, and Adramyttium, we launched, meaning to sail by
rising from his seat, he signified that the inter- the coasts of Asia; one Aristarchus, a Macedo-
view was at an end. As the assembly dispersed, nian of Thessalonica, being with us.” (LP 261.1)
the case of Paul was freely discussed, and all The season of safe navigation was already
agreed, that while he might be an enthusiast or a far advanced, before the apostle’s ship left Cae-
fanatic, he could not in any sense be regarded as sarea, and the time was fast approaching when
a legal criminal; he had done nothing worthy of travel by sea would be closed for the year. Every
death or imprisonment. day’s delay increased the peril of the journey. But
Although Agrippa was a Jew, he did not the journey which would be difficult and danger-
share the bigoted zeal and blind prejudice of the ous to the ordinary traveler, would be doubly try-
Pharisees. He had no desire to see freedom of ing to the apostle as a prisoner. Roman soldiers
thought suppressed by violence. “This man,” he were held responsible with their own lives for the
said, “might have been set at liberty, if he had not security of their prisoners, and this had led to the
appealed to Caesar.” But now that the case had custom of chaining prisoners by the right wrist to
been referred to that higher tribunal, it was be- the left wrist of soldiers, who relieved each other
yond the jurisdiction of Festus or Agrippa. Yet, in turn. Thus not only could the apostle have no
two years afterward, the result of that day’s pro- movement free, but he was placed in close and
ceedings saved the life so precious to the cause of constant connection with men of the most uncon-
God. Festus, finding that his own judgment of the genial and absolutely repulsive character; men
case, on grounds of Roman justice, was sustained who were not only uneducated and unrefined,
from a Jewish standpoint by the protector of the but who, from the demoralizing influence of their
temple, sent a letter to the emperor, stating that no surroundings, had become brutal and degraded.
legal charge could be found against the prisoner. This custom, however, was less rigidly observed
And Nero, cruel and unscrupulous as he was, on ship board than when prisoners were ashore.
dared not put to death a man whom Lysias, Fe- … (LP 262.1)
lix, Festus and Agrippa pronounced guiltless, and
whom even the Sanhedrin could not condemn. (11) WHAT KINDNESS DID JULIUS
(LP 260.2-261) SHOW PAUL AT SIDON?

(10) WHO WAS PAUL DELIVERED UNTO


AS A PRISONER AS THEY SET SAIL INTO
ITALY?

Acts 27:3

Related texts: 2 Timothy 4:11; Acts 24:23; He-


brews 10:34
Acts 27:1 One circumstance greatly lightened the
hardships of his lot. He was permitted to enjoy
Related texts: Acts 20:37, 38; 21:2, 3 the companionship of his brethren, Luke and
Aristarchus. In his letter to the Colossians, he
“And when it was determined that we should speaks of the latter as his “fellow-prisoner.” But
sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain oth- it was as an act of choice, because of his affection
er prisoners unto one named Julius, a centurion for Paul, that Aristarchus shared his bondage, and
of Augustus’ band. And entering into a ship of ministered to him in his afflictions. (LP 262.1)
The voyage began prosperously, and the day board, and the majority of passengers and crew,
after they started, they cast anchor in the harbor of were unwilling to accept this counsel. They urged
Sidon. Here Julius, the centurion who had listened that the harbor of Fair Havens was but imperfect-
to the apostle’s address before Agrippa, and had ly protected from the wintry winds, and that the
thus been favorably disposed toward him, “cour- neighboring town, being so small, would afford
teously entreated Paul”, and being informed that little occupation for three hundred sailors and
there were Christians in the place, he “gave him passengers during a stay of several months. Port
liberty to go unto his friends to refresh himself.” Phenice, but thirty-four miles distant, had a well-
The favor was highly appreciated by the apostle, sheltered harbor, and was in all other respects a
who was in feeble health, and but scantily provid- far more desirable place in which to winter. (LP
ed with comforts for the long journey. His brief 263.3-264.1)
stay in Sidon was like an oasis in his barren and
dreary path, and proved a comfort and encour- (13) HOWEVER, PAUL’S ADVICE WAS
agement to him during the anxious, storm-tossed NOT HEEDED. SHORTLY AFTER THEY
weeks upon the sea. (LP 263.1) SET SAILAGAIN, WHATAROSE AGAINST
THE SHIP?
(12) WHAT ADVICE DID PAUL GIVE THE
CREW WHEN THEY WERE AT FAIR HA-
VENS, AND SAILING WAS DANGER-
OUS?

Acts 27:14

Related texts: John 6:18; Mark 6:48

The centurion decided to follow the judgment


Acts 27:9, 10 of the majority. Accordingly, “when the south
wind blew softly,” they set sail from Fair Havens,
Related texts: Acts 17:22 with the flattering prospect that a few hours would
bring them to the desired harbor. All were now
At Fair Havens they were compelled to re- rejoicing that they had not followed the advice of
main for some time, waiting for favoring winds. Paul: but their hopes were destined to be speedily
During this time the Jewish season of navigation disappointed. They had not proceeded far, when
ended. Gentiles considered it safe to travel until a tempestuous wind, such as in that latitude of-
a later date; but there was no hope of completing ten succeeds the blowing of the south wind, burst
the voyage. The only question now to be decided upon them with merciless fury. From the first mo-
was, whether to stay where they were or attempt to ment that the wind struck the vessel, its condition
reach a more favorable place to spend the winter. was hopeless. So sudden was the blow, that the
The matter was earnestly discussed, and was sailors had not a moment in which to prepare, and
finally referred by the centurion to Paul, who had they could only leave the ship to the mercy of the
won the respect of both sailors and soldiers. The tempest. (LP 264.2)
apostle unhesitatingly advised that they remain
where they were. Said he, “Sirs, I perceive that (14) NEAR THE ISLAND OF CLAUDA,
this voyage will be with hurt and much damage, HOW DID THE SAILORS DEAL WITH
not only of the lading and ship, but also of our THE LIFEBOAT AND THE PROVISIONS
lives.” But the owner of the ship, who was on TO PREPARE TO FACE THE TEMPEST?
was then taken away. a gloomy apathy settled
upon those three hundred souls, as for fourteen
days they drifted, helpless and hopeless, under a
sunless and starless heaven. They had no means
of cooking; no fire could be lighted, the utensils
had been washed overboard, and most of the pro-
visions were water-soaked and spoiled. In fact
while their good ship was wrestling with the tem-
pest, and the waves talked with death, no one de-
Acts 27:16-18 sired food. (LP 265.1-266)

Related texts: Matthew 14: 24; Luke 5:7 (15) WHAT CHEERING CONFIDENCE
DID PAUL GIVE TO THE PEOPLE ON
After a time they neared the small island of BOARD SHIP WITH HIM?
Clauda, and while under its shelter they did all
in their power to make ready for the worst. The
boat would be their only means of escape, in case
the ship should founder; but while in tow it was
every moment likely to be dashed in pieces. The
first work was to hoist it on board the ship. This
was no easy task; for it was with the utmost diffi-
culty that the seamen could perform the simplest Acts 27:23, 24
duty. All possible precaution was taken to render
the ship firm and secure, and then there was noth- Related texts: Daniel 6:16; Romans 1:9; Acts 23:11
ing left to do but to drift at the mercy of wind and
wave. There was no place into which they could Paul had no fears for himself; he felt assured
run for shelter, the wind was driving them, and that he would not be swallowed up by the hungry
even the poor protection afforded by the little is- waters. God would preserve his life, that he might
land would not avail them long. Such was the di- witness for the truth at Rome. But his human
sastrous ending of the day which had begun with heart yearned with pity for the poor souls around
soft breezes and high hopes. him. Sinful and degraded as they were, they were
All night the tempest raged, and the ship unprepared to die, and he earnestly pleaded with
leaked. The next day, all on board-soldiers, sail- God to spare their lives. It was revealed to him
ors, passengers, and prisoners-united in throw- that his prayer was granted. When there was a lull
ing overboard everything that could be spared. in the tempest, so that his voice could be heard,
Night came again, but the wind did not abate. he stood forth on the deck and said:-
The storm-beaten ship, with its shattered mast “Sirs, ye should have hearkened unto me, and
and rent sails, was tossed hither and thither by not loosed from Crete, and to have gained this
the fury of the gale. Every moment it seemed that harm and loss. And now I exhort you to be of
the groaning timbers must give way as the vessel good cheer; for there shall be no loss of any man’s
reeled and quivered under the tempest’s shock. life among you, but of the ship. For there stood
The leak rapidly increased, and passengers and by me this night the angel of God, whose I am,
crew worked constantly at the pumps. There was and whom I serve, saying, Fear not, Paul, thou
not a moment’s rest for one on board. “The third must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath
day,” says Luke, “we cast out with our own hands given thee all them that sail with thee. Wherefore,
the tackling of the ship; and when neither sun nor sirs, be of good cheer; for I believe God, that it
stars in many days appeared, and no small tem- shall be even as it was told me. Howbeit we must
pest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved be cast upon a certain island.” (LP 266.2-267)
(16) IN THE DAYLIGHT, THEY ATTEMPT- into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship
ED TO GET CLOSE TO SHORE. WHAT aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained
HAPPENED TO THE SHIP? unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with
the violence of the waves.”
Paul and the other prisoners were now threat-
ened by a fate more terrible than shipwreck. The
soldiers saw that in this crisis it would be impos-
sible for them to keep charge of their prisoners.
Every man would have all that he could do to save
himself. Yet if any of the prisoners were missing,
the lives of those who had them in charge would
Acts 27:41 be forfeited. Hence the soldiers desired to put
all the prisoners to death. The Roman law sanc-
(17) WHAT COUNSEL OF THE SOLDIERS’ tioned this cruel policy, and the proposal would
DID THE CENTURION PREVENT TO have been executed at once, but for him to whom
SAVE PAUL? soldiers and prisoners alike owed their preserva-
tion. Julius the centurion knew that Paul had been
instrumental in saving the lives of all on board,
and he felt that it would be the basest ingratitude
to allow him to be put to death; and more, he felt
convinced that the Lord was with Paul, and he
feared to do him harm. He therefore gave order
to spare the lives of the prisoners, and directed
Acts 27:42 that all who could swim should cast themselves
into the sea and get to land. The rest seized hold
(18) HOW DID THE 276 PEOPLE ON BOARD of planks and other fragments of the wreck, and
SHIP GET TO SHORE AFTER THE SHIP were carried landward by the waves.
WAS BROKEN UP? When the roll was called, not one was miss-
ing. Nearly three hundred souls, sailors, soldiers,
passengers, and prisoners, stood that stormy No-
vember morning upon the shore of the island of
Melita. And there were some that joined with
Paul and his brethren in giving thanks to God
who had preserved their lives, and brought them
safe to land through the perils of the great deep.
Acts 27:43, 44 (LP 269.1-270.1)

Related texts: Acts 27:22; 16:27, 28 (19) WHAT TWO POWERFUL PROM-
ISES IN GOD’S WORD CAN WE, AS DIS-
Daylight had now fully come, but they could CIPLES OF CHRIST, CLAIM IN EVERY
see no landmarks by which to determine their SITUATION?
whereabouts. However, “they discovered a cer-
tain creek with a shore, into the which they were
minded, if it were possible, to thrust in the ship.
And when they had taken up the anchors, they
committed themselves unto the sea, and loosed
the rudder bands, and hoised up the mainsail to
the wind, and made toward shore. And falling Joshua 1:9
I desire to be one who exemplifies Christ, as a
child of God and a member of His royal family,
rather than to be a favorite of the world and a
corrupt transgressor of God’s Holy Law.

Circle: Yes Undecided

As a true-hearted follower of my Lord Jesus


Christ, I desire not to be disconcerted by the
world’s power, rank or wealth, because I know
of how little worth they are in God’s sight.

Circle: Yes Undecided

When the Holy Spirit brings to my mind sins


of which I should repent and be cleansed from
in the blood of Jesus Christ, I pray that vanity,
pride, and self-importance shall not hinder me
from repentance and confession.

Circle: Yes Undecided

Like Paul, I too desire that even my persecu-


tors and enemies should know God and become
children of the Heavenly King.

Circle: Yes Undecided


Arrival and Sojourn at Rome - 15
This chapter is based on Acts 28:14 PRISONER, WHO DID THE PEOPLE BE-
LIEVE PAUL WAS?
“...For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the
land of my affliction.” Genesis 41:52

(1) HOW DID THE BARBAROUS PEOPLE


OF MELITA TREAT THOSE WHO WERE
SHIPWRECKED?

Acts 28:4

(4) WHEN HE SHOOK OFF THE SNAKE


INTO THE FIRE, AND SUFFERED NO
ILL EFFECTS, WHO DID THEY THEN
Acts 28:2 DECIDE HE WAS?

(2) WHAT BIT PAUL AS HE LAID STICKS


ON THE FIRE THE PEOPLE HAD KIN-
DLED?

Acts 28:5, 6

Acts 28:3 Related texts: Acts 14:11, 12

Related texts: Mark 16:18; Luke 10:19 The bystanders were horrorstruck, and see-
ing by his chain that Paul was a prisoner, they said
The shipwrecked crew were kindly received to one another, “No doubt this man is a murderer,
by the barbarous people of Melita. A rain having whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet ven-
come on, the whole company were drenched and geance suffereth not to live.” But Paul shook off
shivering, and the islanders kindled an immense the creature into the fire, and suffered no harm.
fire of brushwood, and welcomed them all to its Knowing its venomous nature, they watched him
grateful warmth. Paul was among the most active closely for some time, expecting every moment to
in collecting fuel. As he was placing a bundle of see him fall down, writhing in terrible agony. But
sticks upon the fire, a viper that had been suddenly as no unpleasant results followed, they changed
revived from its torpor by the heat, darted from the their minds, and like the people of Lystra, said
fagots and fastened upon his hand. (LP 270.2) that he was a god. By this circumstance Paul
gained a strong influence over the islanders, and
(3) SEEING THE VIPER ON HIS HAND, he sought faithfully to employ it in leading them
AND UNDERSTANDING THAT HE WAS A to accept the truths of the gospel. (LP 270.2-271)
(5) PUBLIUS RECEIVED PAUL AND HIS
COMPANY FOR THREE DAYS. WHICH
RELATIVE OF PUBLIUS’ DID GOD HEAL
THROUGH THE LAYING ON OF PAUL’S
HANDS AND PRAYER? Acts 28:13

Related texts: Acts 20:6, 15

With the opening of navigation, the centu-


rion and his prisoners again set out on their jour-
ney. An Alexandrian ship, the Castor and Pollux,
had wintered at Melita, on her way to Rome, and
in this the travelers embarked. Though somewhat
Acts 28:8 delayed by contrary winds, the voyage was safe-
ly accomplished, and the ship cast anchor in the
Related texts: Acts 14:8-10; 19:11, 12 beautiful harbor of Puteoli, on the coast of Italy.
(LP 272.1)
For three months the ship’s company re-
mained at Melita. During this time Paul and his (7) WHO WAS PAUL ALLOWED TO STAY
fellow laborers improved every opportunity to WITH FOR ONE WEEK, WITH HIS COM-
preach the gospel. The Lord wrought through PANIONS?
them in a remarkable manner, and for Paul’s sake
the entire company were treated with great kind-
ness; all their wants were supplied, and upon leav-
ing they were liberally provided with everything
needful for their journey. The chief incidents of
their stay are thus briefly related by Luke:-
“In the same quarters were possessions of the Acts 28:14
chief man of the island, whose name was Publius;
who received us, and lodged us three days courte- Related texts: Acts 16:15; 17: 5, 7
ously. And it came to pass, that the father of Publius
lay sick of a fever and of a bloody flux; to whom There were a few Christians in this place,
Paul entered in, and prayed, and laid his hands on who entreated the apostle to remain with them
him, and healed him. So when this was done, oth- seven days, and the privilege was kindly granted
ers also, which had diseases in the island, came, by the centurion. Since receiving Paul’s Epistle
and were healed; who also honored us with many to the Romans, the Christians of Italy had ea-
honors; and when we departed, they laded us with gerly looked forward to a visit from the apostle.
such things as were necessary.” (LP 271.1, 2) They had little expected to see him in chains as
a prisoner, but his sufferings only endeared him
(6) AFTER DEPARTING MELITA ON THE to them the more. The distance from Puteoli to
ALEXANDRIAN SHIP, THE CASTOR AND Rome being but a hundred and forty miles, and
POLLUX, TO WHAT ITALIAN HARBOR the seaport being in constant communion with the
DID THEY COME AFTER FIVE DAYS? metropolis, the Roman Christians were informed
of Paul’s approach, and some of them started to
meet and welcome him. (LP 272.2)

(8) AS THEY CONTINUED THEIR JOUR-


NEY TO ROME, WHO MET THEM AT AP-
PII FORUM AND THE THREE TAVERNS, Few realize the significance of those words
CAUSING PAUL TO THANK GOD AND of Luke, that when Paul saw his brethren, “he
TAKE COURAGE? thanked God, and took courage.” The apostle
praised God aloud in the midst of the weeping,
sympathizing throng, who were not ashamed of
his bonds. The cloud of sadness that had rested
upon his spirit had been swept away. He felt that
his labors had not been in vain. Although his
Christian life had been a succession of trials, suf-
ferings, and disappointments, he felt in that hour
abundantly repaid. (LP 273.1, 2, 3 - 274.1)
Acts 28:15
(9) WHAT PRIVILEGE DID THE CHIEF
Related texts: 1 Samuel 25:32, 33; 10:2, 3 CAPTAIN GIVE PAUL WHEN THEY AR-
RIVED AT ROME?
The travelers reach Appii Forum, forty miles
from Rome. As they make their way through
the crowds that throng the great thoroughfare,
the gray-haired old man, chained with a group
of hardened-looking criminals, receives many a
glance of scorn, and is made the subject of many
a rude, mocking jest. Not one of all he meets be-
stows upon him a look of pity or sympathy. He
meekly wears his chain, and silently, slowly pur- Acts 28:16
sues his way. Related texts: Acts 24:23
Suddenly a cry of joy is heard, and a man
springs out from the passing throng and falls upon At Rome the charge of the centurion Julius
the prisoner’s neck, embracing him with tears and ended. Here he delivered up his prisoners to
rejoicing, as a son would welcome a long-absent the captain of the emperor’s guard. The good
father. Again and again is the scene repeated. With account which he gave of Paul, however, to-
eyes made keen by loving expectation, many dis- gether with the letter of Festus, the procurator
cern in the chained captive the one who spoke to of Judea, caused the apostle to be favorably
them the words of life at Corinth, at Philippi, or regarded by the chief captain, and instead of
at Ephesus. being thrown into prison, he was permitted to
The whole company is brought to a stand-still, live in his own hired house. The trial of hav-
as warm-hearted disciples eagerly flock around ing constantly to be chained to a soldier was
their father in the gospel. The soldiers are impa- continued; but he was at liberty to receive his
tient of delay, yet they have not the heart to inter- friends, and to labor for the advancement of the
rupt this happy meeting; for they too have learned cause of Christ. (LP 274.2)
to respect and esteem their prisoner. In that worn,
pain-stricken face, the disciples see the image of (10) AFTER THREE DAYS, WHO DID
Christ reflected. They assure Paul that they have PAUL CALL TO HIM TO EXPLAIN THE
not forgotten him or ceased to love him; that they TRUTH OF HIS CASE?
are indebted to him for the joyful hope which ani-
mates their lives, and gives them peace toward
God. In the ardor of their love they would bear
him upon their shoulders the whole way to the
city, could they but have the privilege.
Related texts: Acts 24:5, 14; Luke 2:34

In reply, his hearers stated that they had re-


Acts 28:17 ceived no charges against him by letters public or
private, and that none of the Jews who had come
Related texts: Acts 22:1, 30; 25:6-8 to Rome had accused him of any crime. They
also expressed a strong desire to hear for them-
The Jews who had been banished from selves the reason of his faith in Christ. “For as
Rome some years previous, had been tacitly per- concerning this sect,” they said, “we know that
mitted to return, so that large numbers were now everywhere it is spoken against.” It was supplant-
to be found there. To these, first of all, Paul de- ing the religion of their fathers, and causing dis-
termined to present the facts concerning himself putations and dissensions which they considered
and his work, before his enemies should have injurious to the people. (LP 275.4-276)
opportunity to embitter them against him. Three
days after his arrival at Rom, therefore, he called (12) ON THE APPOINTED DAY, WHAT
together their leading men, and in a simple, direct PORTIONS OF OLD TESTAMENT SCRIP-
manner stated the reasons why he had come to TURE DID PAUL QUOTE, TESTIFYING
Rome as a prisoner. TO THEM ABOUT JESUS?
“Men and brethren,” he said, “though I have
committed nothing against the people, or cus-
toms of our fathers, yet was I delivered prisoner
from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans,
who, when they had examined me, would have
let me go, because there was no cause of death
in me. But when the Jews spake against it, I was
constrained to appeal unto Caesar; not that I had
aught to accuse my nation of. For this cause there- Acts 28:23
fore have I called for you, to see you and to speak
with you; because that for the hope of Israel I am (13) HOW DID HIS AUDIENCE REACT
bound with this chain.” TO WHAT HE SAID?
He said nothing of the abuse which he had
suffered at the hands of the Jews, or of their re-
peated plots to assassinate him. His words were
marked with caution and kindness. He was not
seeking to win personal attention or sympathy,
but to defend the truth and to maintain the honor
of the gospel. (LP 275.1, 2, 3)
Acts 28:24
(11) IN REPLY, WHAT DID THE LEAD-
ING JEWS DESIRE TO HEAR OF PAUL, Related texts: Acts 17:3-5; 18:5, 6; 19:8, 9
KNOWING THE HATRED AGAINST THE
SECT OF CHRIST? Since they themselves desired it, Paul bade
them set a day when he could present to them the
truths of the gospel. At the time appointed, many
came together, “to whom he expounded and testi-
fied the kingdom of God, persuading them con-
cerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and
Acts 28:22 out of the prophet, from morning till evening.”
He related his own experience, and presented him in his dying agony, the lots cast upon his gar-
arguments from the Old Testament Scriptures ments, his victory over death and the grave by the
with simplicity, sincerity, and power. Upon some resurrection on the third day, his final exaltation
minds, at least, his words made an impression on the right hand of God,-all these were in di-
which would never be effaced. All who were rect fulfillment of the words of the prophets. But
honestly seeking for truth were convinced, as the more conclusive the arguments presented, the
Paul spoke of what he knew, and testified of what more determined were the Jews in their opposi-
he had seen. tion. Frenzied with malice, they reiterated their
assertions that Jesus of Nazareth was a deceiver.
(14) HOW DOES GOD CALL ON US TO (LP 277.2-278)
ACCEPT NEW TRUTH THAT HE HAS
REVEALED TO US IN HIS WORD? (15) HOW LONG DID PAUL DWELL IN
HIS OWN HOUSE, WITNESSING ABOUT
THE LORD JESUS CHRIST?

Psalm 18:44

Related texts: Ephesians 1:12, 13 Acts 28:30, 31

He showed that religion does not consist Related texts: Acts 24:24, 27; 4:31; Ephesians 6:19
in rites and ceremonies, creeds and theories. If
it did, the natural man could understand it by Many months passed by after Paul’s arrival
investigation, as he understands worldly things. in Rome, before the Jews of Jerusalem appeared
Paul taught that religion is a practical, saving in person to present their accusations against the
energy, a principle wholly from God, a personal prisoner....In the providence of God this delay re-
experience of God’s renewing power upon the sulted in the furtherance of the gospel. Through
soul. (LP 276.1, 2) the favor of those who had Paul in charge, he
Some of Paul’s hearers eagerly received the was permitted to dwell in a commodious house,
truth, but others stubbornly refused to be con- where he could meet freely with his friends and
vinced. The testimony of the Scriptures was pre- also present the truth daily to those who came to
sented before them by one who was their equal hear. Thus for two years he continued his labors,
in learning and their superior in mental power, “preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching
and who had the special illumination of the Holy those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ,
Spirit. They could not refute his arguments, but with all confidence, no man forbidding him.” (AA
refused to accept his conclusions. The prophecies 453.1, 2)
which the rabbis themselves applied to Christ
(16) WHAT POWERFUL PROMISES FROM
were a great annoyance to these opposing Jews;
GOD DID PAUL SEE FULFILLED IN THE
for the apostle showed that the fulfillment of these
MIRACULOUS EVENTS ON HIS JOUR-
very prophecies required them to accept of Christ.
NEY TO, AND SOJOURN IN, ROME?
His humble entry into Jerusalem, his rejection by
his own people, the treachery of Judas, the paltry
sum paid for his betrayal, his death as a malefac-
tor, even the bitter, stupefying draughts offered
Hebrews 13:5

Related texts: Isaiah 41:10

I pray God that I will not treat anyone as a “god”-


regardless of the talent, beauty, money, or fame
they may possess, for I know that all “things
come of thee(God).” 1 Chronicles 29:14.

Circle: Yes Undecided

Whatever influence I am given of God over fam-


ily, friends, and acquaintances, I desire to use in
leading them to accept the truths of the gospel of
Jesus Christ.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I pray that by God’s grace, I will always ac-


knowledge and love His faithful ministers of the
gospel, no matter the scorn, hatred, and perse-
cution heaped upon them by unbelievers.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I desire to have self hid with Christ in God, that


I may, at all opportunities, defend His truth and
maintain the honor of the gospel.

Circle: Yes Undecided

I want to receive the truth of God’s Word with


full trust and belief in Him, through the convict-
ing power of the Holy Spirit, as soon as I hear
it.
Circle: Yes Undecided
Paul’s Last Letter - 16
This chapter is based on 2 Timothy 1:2, 3; 4:6, 7 And now, sitting day after day in his gloomy
cell, knowing that at a word or nod from the ty-
“If it be so, our God whom we serve is able to rant Nero his life may be sacrificed, Paul thinks
deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and of Timothy, and determines to send for him. Un-
he will deliver us out of thy hand, O king. But if der the most favorable circumstances, several
not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will months must elapse before Timothy can reach
not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image Rome from Asia Minor. Paul knows that his own
which thou hast set up.” Daniel 3:17, 18 life, for a single day, is uncertain, and he fears
that Timothy may arrive too late, or may hesitate
(1) WRITING TO TIMOTHY WHEN HE through fear of the dangers to be encountered.
WAS IMPRISONED IN ROME, WHO DID He has important counsel and instruction for the
PAUL DESIRE TO COME WITH HIM? young man to whom so great responsibility is en-
trusted, and while urging him to come with delay,
he dictates the dying testimony which he may not
be spared to utter. His soul is filled with loving
solicitude for his son in the gospel, and for the
church under his car, and he earnestly seeks to
impress upon him the importance of fidelity to
his sacred trust. (LP 319.1-320.1)
2 Timothy 4:11 (2) WHAT DID PAUL EXHORT TIMOTHY
TO PREACH?
But there was one friend for whose sympa-
thy and companionship he longed in those last
trying days. That friend was Timothy, to whom
he had committed the care of the church at Ephe-
sus, and who had therefore been left behind when
he made his last voyage to Rome. The affection
between this youthful laborer and the apostle be-
gan with Timothy’s conversion through the la-
bors of Paul, and the tie had strengthened as they 2 Timothy 4:2
had shared together the hopes and perils and toils
of missionary life, until they seemed to be as one. Related texts: 1 Timothy 6:17; 2 Timothy 2:2
The disparity in their age and the difference in
their character made their interest and love for The words of Paul to Timothy apply with
each other more earnest and sacred. The ardent, equal force to all the ministers of Christ, to the
zealous, indomitable spirit of Paul found repose close of time: “I charge thee therefore before
and comfort in the mild, yielding, retiring charac- God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge
ter of Timothy. The faithful ministration and ten- the quick and the dead at his appearing and his
der love of this tried companion had brightened kingdom: Preach the word; be instant in season,
many a dark hour of the apostle’s life. All that out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all
Melancthon was to Luther, all that a son could be long-suffering and doctrine.”
to a loved and honored father, that was the youth- This solemn charge to one so zealous and
ful Timothy to the tried and lonely Paul. faithful as was Timothy, is an emphatic testimony
to the great importance and responsibility of the who will praise and flatter them instead of rebuk-
gospel ministry. The apostle summons Timothy, ing their sins. These teachers “they heap to them-
as it were, before the bar of infinite justice, and in selves” as special favorites. Even among the pro-
most impressive manner charges him to preach fessed ministers of Christ, there are many who
the word; not the customs or saying of men, but do not preach the word, but the opinions of men.
the word of God; to preach it as one in earnest,- They have turned away their ears from truth. The
“instant in season, out of season”-whenever an Lord has spoken to them in his word; but they do
opportunity was presented; at stated times and not care to hear his voice, because it condemns
occasionally; to large congregations, to private their practices. (LP 322.3-323.1)
circles; by the way, at the fireside; before friends
and enemies; to one as well as to many; whether (4) IN THE PERILOUS TIMES OF THE
he could speak with safety or would be exposed LAST DAYS, WHAT DOES PAUL SAY
to hardship and peril, reproach and loss. (LP PEOPLE WILL NOT BE ABLE TO COME
320.2-321) TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF, BECAUSE
THEY DO NOT TRULY LOVE GOD?
(3) WHAT DOES PAUL WARN TIMOTHY
IN REGARD TO THOSE WHO WILL
HEAR HIM, THAT THEY WILL NOT AC-
CEPT?

2 Timothy 3:7

Related texts: John 16:13; Psalm 119:142, 151

2 Timothy 4:3 In his ten holy precepts, God had given a rule
for man’s life, a law which Christ declares is not
Related texts: 1 Timothy 1:5-7; 1 Timothy 6:3-5 to abate one jot of its claims upon men through
all their generations, to the close of time. That
By the pride of human wisdom, by contempt law is still the believer’s rule of life, the sinner’s
for the influence of the Holy Spirit, and disrelish condemnation. That law Christ came to magnify
for the humbling truths of God’s word, many who and make honorable. He showed that it is based
profess to be Christians, and who feel competent upon the broad foundation of love to God and
to teach others, will be led to turn away from the man, and that obedience to its precepts comprises
requirements of God. Paul declared to Timothy: the whole duty of man. In his own life he gave
“The time will come when they will not endure men a perfect example of obedience to the law of
sound doctrine; but after their own lust shall they God. In his sermon on the mount he showed its
heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; requirements extend beyond outwards acts, and
and they shall turn away their ears from the truth, take cognizance of the thoughts and intents of the
and shall be turned unto fables.” heart. That law, obeyed, will lead men to deny
The apostle does not here refer to the openly ungodliness and worldly lusts, and to live “sober-
irreligious, but to professed Christians who have ly, righteously and godly, in this present world.”
indulged inclination until they are enslaved by But the enemy of all righteousness has taken
their own ungoverned passions-“led away with the world captive, and has led them to make void
divers lusts.” Such desire to hear doctrines that the law of God. As Paul foresaw, the people have
will not interfere with their sinful course, or con- turned away from the plain, searching truths of
demn their pleasure-loving propensities. Hence God’s word, and, having itching ears, they have
they are offended by the plain words of the faith- heaped to themselves teachers who present to
ful servants of Christ, and choose those teachers them the fables they desire. These teachers tram-
ple under their feet the fourth commandment, reproach, and persecution to which his faithful-
and instead of the day which God had blessed ness would expose him; to “make full proof of
and sanctified, they honor a day which he has his ministry,” by employing to the uttermost ev-
not commanded, and upon which he did not rest. ery means of doing good to the souls of men for
The first day of the week, whose sacredness rests whom Christ died.
wholly on the authority of the papacy, “the man Paul had never been afraid or ashamed to
of sin,” is observed as a holy day by Catholics confess Christ before men. He had stood in no
and Protestants alike, instead of the day which doubtful position, but under all circumstances
God has set apart, and upon which he has placed had unhesitatingly committed himself upon the
his blessing. Thus the Creator of the world is in- side of justice and righteousness. His own life
sulted, and Satan laughs in triumph at the success was a living illustration of the truths he taught;
of his devices. and herein lay his power with the people. The
With the growing contempt for God’s holy voice of duty was to him the voice of God.
law, there is an increasing distaste for religion, an Cherishing in his own soul the principles of
increase of pride, love of pleasure, disobedience truth, he never shrank from maintaining them
to parents, and self-indulgence; and thoughtful in full view of the world. His soul was ever
minds everywhere anxiously inquire, What can pervaded with a deep and abiding sense of his
be done to correct these alarming evils? The an- responsibility before God; and he lived in close
swer is found in Paul’s exhortation to Timothy: and constant communion with Him who is the
“Preach the word.” In that word are the only safe fountain of justice, mercy and truth. He clung
principles of action. (LP 323.2-324.2) to the cross of Christ as the only guarantee of
success. The love of Christ was the omnipo-
(5) PAUL WAS READY TO BE OFFERED, tent, undying motive which upheld him in his
TO GIVE UP HIS LIFE FOR CHRIST’S conflicts with self and the power of Satan, in
SAKE. WHAT WORK DID HE URGE TIM- his struggles with spiritual wickedness in high
OTHY TO DO, AS HE HAD DONE? places, in his life-long labors, as he pressed
forward against the unfriendliness of the world
and the burden of his own infirmities. (LP
325.1-326)
(6) WHAT DID PAUL ENCOURAGE TIM-
OTHY TO CONTINUE IN, EVEN WHILE
MEN AND SEDUCERS GOT WORSE AND
2 Timothy 4:5 WORSE, “DECEIVING AND BEING DE-
CEIVED”?
Related texts: 1 Timothy 6:11-14; 4:12, 15, 16

Paul continues his charge: “Watch thou in all


things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evan-
gelist, make full proof of thy ministry.” Now that
Paul is called to finish his course, he would have
Timothy supply his place, and guard the church-
es from the fables and heresies with which Satan
and his agents would in various ways endeavor
to seduce them from the simplicity of the truth. 2 Timothy 3:13, 14
He therefore admonishes him to shun all tem-
poral pursuits and entanglements which would (7) WHAT DID TIMOTHY KNOW FROM
prevent him from giving himself wholly to this CHILDHOOD, AND WHAT ARE THEY
work: to endure with cheerfulness the opposition, ABLE TO DO, BEING INSPIRED OF GOD?
Inspired Commentary on Paul’s Martyrdom

Paul was led in a private manner to the


place of execution. His persecutors, alarmed
at the extent of his influence, feared that con-
verts might be won to Christianity, even by
the scenes of his death. Hence few spectators
were allowed to be present. But the hardened
2 Timothy 3: 15-17 soldiers appointed to attend him, listened to his
words, and with amazement saw him cheerful
*Note- The only scriptures Timothy had to read and even joyous in prospect of such a death.
were the Old Testament Scriptures, the same His spirit of forgiveness toward his murder-
Holy Scriptures Jesus quoted, lived in harmony ers, and his unwavering confidence in Christ
with and loved! to the very last, proved a savor of life unto
life to some who witnessed his martyrdom.
More than one erelong accepted the Saviour
I understand that all God’s children can “preach whom Paul preached, and fearlessly sealed
the word” in their daily lives by surrendering to their faith with their blood....The apostle was
Christ, and allowing Him to live in them. I desire looking into the great beyond, not with uncer-
therefore by God’s grace to “preach the word”, by tainty or in dread, but with joyful hope and
my words and my actions living in full harmony longing expectation. As he stood at the place
with God’s Holy Old and New Testaments. of martyrdom, he saw not the gleaming sword
of the executioner, or the green earth so soon
Circle: Yes Undecided to receive his blood; he looked up through
the calm blue heaven of that summer’s day to
I love the sound doctrines of God’s Holy Word, the throne of the Eternal. His language was,
rightly divided, and refuse to listen unto fables, O Lord, thou art my comfort and my portion.
which are not supported by that Holy Word, no When shall I embrace thee? when shall I be-
matter who presents them. hold thee for myself, without a dimming vail
between? (LP 329.2-330.2; 331.0)
Circle: Yes Undecided The Captain of our salvation has prepared
his servant for the last great conflict. Ransomed
I fully understand that God’s Holy Word is able by the sacrifice of Christ, washed from sin in
to make me wise unto salvation. his blood, and clothed in his righteousness,
Paul has the witness in himself that his soul is
Circle: Yes Undecided precious in the sight of his Redeemer. His life
is hid with Christ in God, and he is persuaded
I desire to follow Paul’s inspired counsel and that He who has conquered death is able to keep
continue in believing the Holy Scriptures, even that which is committed to his trust. His mind
while evil men and seducers get worse and grasped the Saviour’s promise, “I will raise him
worse, deceiving and being deceived. up at the last day.” His thoughts and hope are
centered in the second advent of his Lord. And
Circle: Yes Undecided as the sword of the executioner descends, and
the shadows of death gather about the martyr’s
soul, his latest thought springs forward, as will
his earliest thought in the great awakening, to
meet the Lifegiver who shall welcome him to
the joy of the blest. (LP 333.1)
Answer Key
The wording of your answer may vary with the LESSON 2
version of the Bible you use but the basic premise
should remain the same. (1) John 16:1, 2 = These things have I spoken
unto you, that ye should not be offended. They
LESSON 1 shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time
cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that
(1) Philippians 3:5, 6 = circumcised the eighth he doeth God service.
day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, (2) Acts 9:3 = And as he journeyed, he came
a Hebrew of the Hebrews; concerning the law, a near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round
Pharisee; concerning zeal, persecuting the church; about him a light from heaven:
concerning the righteousness which is in the law, (3) Acts 9:5 = And he said, Who art thou, Lord?
blameless. And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecu-
(2) Acts 22:20 = And when the blood of Your teth: it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by (4) Acts 9:6 = And he trembling and astonished
consenting to his death, and guarding the clothes said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the
of those who were killing him. Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and
(3) Acts 8:1-3 = And Saul was consenting unto it shall be told thee what thou must do.
his death. And at that time there was a great perse- (5) Acts 9:8 = And Saul arose from the earth;
cution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and when his eyes were open, he saw no man: but
and they were all scattered abroad throughout the they led him by the hand, and brought him into
regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apos- Damascus.
tles. 2 And devout men carried Stephen to his buri- (6) Acts 9:11 = And the Lord said unto him,
al, and made great lamentation over him. 3 As for Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight,
Saul, he made havock of the church, entering into and enquire in the house of Judas for one called
every house, and haling men and women commit- Saul of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth.
ted them to prison. (7) Acts 9:13, 14 = Then Ananias answered,
(4) Matthew 5:10-12 = Blessed are they which Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how
are persecuted for righteousness’ sake; for theirs much evil he hath done to thy saints at Jerusalem:
is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are ye, when And here he hath authority from the chief priests to
men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall bind all that call on thy name.
say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my (8) Acts 9:15, 16 = But the Lord said unto him,
sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to
your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and
prophets which were before you. the children of Israel: And I will shew him how
(5) Acts 5:41 = And they departed from the great things he must suffer for my name’s sake.
presence of the council, rejoicing that they were (9) Acts 9:17, 18 = And Ananias went his way,
counted worthy to suffer shame for his name. and entered into the house; and putting his hands
(6) Acts 8:1, 4 = And Saul was consenting unto on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus,
his death. And at that time there was a great perse- that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest,
cution against the church which was at Jerusalem; hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight,
and they were all scattered abroad throughout the and be filled with the Holy Ghost. And immedi-
regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles. ately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales:
(7) 2 Timothy 3:12 = Yea, and all that will live and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was
godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. baptized.
(10) Romans 7:9 = For I was alive without the (1) Acts 11:19 = Now they which were scat-
law once: but when the commandment came, sin tered abroad upon the persecution that arose about
revived, and I died. Stephen travelled as far as Phenice, and Cyprus ,
and Antioch , preaching the word to none but unto
LESSON 3 the Jews only.
(2) Acts 11:21 = And the hand of the Lord was
(1) Acts 9:20 = And straightway he preached with them: and a great number believed, and turned
Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of unto the Lord.
God. (3) Acts 11:22, 24 = Then tidings of these
(2) Acts 9:21= But all that heard him were things came unto the ears of the church which was
amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed in Jerusalem: and they sent forth Barnabas, that he
them which called on this name in Jerusalem, and should go as far as Antioch….For he was a good
came hither for that intent, that he might bring man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and
them bound unto the chief priests? much people was added unto the Lord.
(3) Galatians 1:17 = Neither went I up to Je- (4) Acts 11:25 = Then departed Barnabas to
rusalem to them which were apostles before me; Tarsus, for to seek Saul.
but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Da- (5) Acts 11:26 = And when he had found him,
mascus. he brought him unto Antioch . And it came to pass,
(4) Acts 9:25 = Then the disciples took him by that a whole year they assembled themselves with
night, and let him down by the wall in a basket. the church, and taught much people. And the dis-
(5) Acts 9:26 = And when Saul was come to ciples were called Christians first in Antioch.
Jerusalem, he assayed to join himself to the disci- (6) Acts 13:1,2 = Now there were in the church
ples: but they were all afraid of him, and believed that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers;
not that he was a disciple. as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and
(6) Acts 9:27 = But Barnabas took him, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been
brought him to the apostles, and declared unto brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. As
them how he had seen the Lord in the way, and that they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy
he had spoken to him, and how he had preached Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the
boldly at Damascus in the name of Jesus. work whereunto I have called them.
(7) Acts 9:29 = And he spake boldly in the (7) Acts 13:2 =…the Holy Ghost said, Sepa-
name of the Lord Jesus, and disputed against the rate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto
Grecians: but they went about to slay him. I have called them.
(8) Acts 22:18 = And saw him saying unto me, (8) (a) Acts 10:35 = But in every nation he
Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is ac-
for they will not receive thy testimony concerning cepted with him.
me. (b) Revelation 22:17 = And the Spirit and the
(9) Acts 22:21 = And he said unto me, Depart: bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say,
for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles. Come. And let him that is athirst come. And who-
(10) Acts 9:30 = Which when the brethren knew, soever will, let him take the water of life freely.
they brought him down to Caesarea, and sent him (9) Matthew 28:19, 20 = Go ye therefore, and
forth to Tarsus. teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of
(11) Philippians 2:15 =That ye may be blameless the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I
the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among have commanded you: and , lo, I am with you al-
whom ye shine as lights in the world. ways, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

LESSON 4 LESSON 5
(1) Acts 13:4 = So they, being sent forth by word of God should first have been spoken to you:
the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves
thence they sailed to Cyprus. unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gen-
(2) Acts 13:5 = And when they were at Sala- tiles.
mis, they preached the word of God in the syna- (13) Acts 13:50 = But the Jews stirred up the de-
gogues of the Jews: and they also had John to their vout and honourable women, and the chief men
minister. of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and
(3) Acts 12:25 = And Barnabas and Saul re- Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts.
turned from Jerusalem, when they had fulfilled (14) Acts 14:2 = But the unbelieving Jews stirred
their ministry, and took with them John, whose up the Gentiles, and made their minds evil affected
surname was Mark. against the brethren.
(4) Acts 13:6 = And when they had gone (15) Acts 14:5 = And when there was an assault
through the isle unto Paphos, they found a certain made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews
sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was with their rulers, to use them despitefully, and to
Barjesus. stone them.
(5) Acts 13:10-11 = And said, O full of all sub- (16) Acts 14:8-10 = And there sat a certain man
tlety and all mischief, thou child of the devil, thou at Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a cripple from
enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to his mother’s womb, who never had walked: The
pervert the right ways of the Lord? And now, be- same heard Paul speak: who stedfastly beholding
hold, the hand of the Lord is upon thee, and thou him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed,
shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on thy feet.
immediately there fell on him a mist and a dark- And he leaped and walked.
ness; and he went about seeking some to lead him (17) Acts 14:11-13 = And when the people saw
by the hand. what Paul had done, they lifted up their voices,
(6) Acts 13:13 = Now when Paul and his com- saying in the speech of the Lycaonia, The gods are
pany loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in come down to us in the likeness of men. And they
Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, be-
to Jerusalem. cause he was the chief speaker. Then the priest of
(7) Acts 13:13 = Now when Paul and his com- Jupiter, which was before their city, brought oxen
pany loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in and garlands unto the gates, and would have done
Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned sacrifice with the people.
to Jerusalem. (18) Acts 14:19 = And there came thither certain
(8) Acts 13:14 = But when they departed from Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded
Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went the people, and , having stoned Paul, drew him out
into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat of the city, supposing he had been dead.
down. (19) Acts 14:21 = And when they had preached
(9) Acts 13:42 = And when the Jews were gone the gospel to that city, and had taught many, they
out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that returned again to Lystra, and to Iconium, and Anti-
these words might be preached to them the next och.
sabbath. (20) (a) Proverbs 11:25= The liberal soul shall
(10) Acts 13:44 = And the next sabbath came be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered
almost the whole city together to hear the word of also himself.
God. (b) Isaiah 41:10 = Fear thou not; for I am with
(11) Matthew 24:20 = But pray ye that your thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will
flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will
day. uphold thee with the right hand of my righteous-
(12) Acts 13:46 = Then Paul and Barnabas ness.
waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the
LESSON 6 middle wall of partition between us.
(d) Ephesians 2:15 = Having abolished in his
(1) Acts 15:1 = And certain men which came flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments
down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of
Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Mo- twain one new man, so making peace.
ses, ye cannot be saved. (e) Ephesians 2:16 = And that he might recon-
(2) Acts 10:28 = And he said unto them, Ye cile both unto God in one body by the cross, hav-
know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man ing slain the enmity thereby.
that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one (9) Acts 15:12 = Then all the multitude kept
of another nation; but God hath shown me that I silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul,
should not call any man common or unclean. declaring what miracles and wonders God had
(3) Acts 15:2 = When therefore Paul and Barn- wrought among the Gentiles by them.
abas had no small dissension and disputation with (10) Acts 15:13, 19 = And after they had held
them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and their peace, James answered, saying, Men and
certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem brethren, hearken unto me...Wherefore my sen-
unto the apostles and elders about this question. tence is, that we trouble not them, which from
(4) Acts 15:3 = And being brought on their way among the Gentiles are turned to God.
by the church, they passed through Phenice and (11) Acts 15:28, 29 = For it seemed good to the
Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles: Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater
and they caused great joy unto all the brethren. burden than these necessary things; That ye abstain
(5) Acts 15:4 = And when they were come to from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and
Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from
of the apostles and elders, and they declared all which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare
things that God had done with them. ye well.
(6) Acts 15:6, 7 = And the apostles and elders (12) Galatians 6:12, 13 = As many as desire to
came together for to consider of this matter. And make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain you
when there had been much disputing, Peter rose to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer per-
up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye secution for the cross of Christ. For neither they
know how that a good while ago God made choice themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but
among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should desire to have you circumcised, that they may glo-
hear the word of the gospel, and believe. ry in your flesh.
(7) Acts 15:7 = And when there had been much (13) Matthew 27:50, 51 = Jesus, when he had
disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in
God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did
my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and quake, and the rocks rent.
believe. (14) 1 Corinthians 5:7 = Purge out therefore the
(8) (a) Hebrews 10:1 = For the law having a old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are
shadow of good things to come, and not the very unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacri-
image of the things, can never with those sacrifices ficed for us.
which they offered year by year continually make
the comers thereunto perfect. LESSON 7
(b) Colossians 2:14= Blotting out the handwrit-
ing of ordinances that was against us, which was (1) Acts 15:36 = And some days after Paul said
contrary to us, and took it out the way, nailing it to unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our breth-
his cross. ren in every city where we have preached the word
(c) Ephesians 2:14 = For he is our peace, who of the Lord, and see how they do.
hath made both one, and hath broken down the (2) Acts 15:37-38 = And Barnabas determined
to take with them John, whose surname was Mark. it, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to
But Paul thought not good to take him with them, come out of her. And he came out the same hour.
who departed from them from Pamphylia, and (11) Deut 18:9-12 = When thou art come into
went not with them to the work the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee,
(3) Acts 15:39-40 = And the contention was so thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations
sharp between them, that they departed asunder of those nations. There shall not be found among
one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to
and sailed unto Cyprus; And Paul chose Silas, and pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an
departed, being recommended by the brethren unto observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, Or
the grace of God. a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or
(4) Acts 16:1-3 = Then came he to Derbe and a wizard, or a necromancer. For all that do these
Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, things are an abomination unto the LORD: and be-
named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, cause of these abominations the LORD thy God
which was a Jewess, and believed: but his father doth drive them out from before thee.
was a Greek: Which was well reported of by the (12) Acts 16:19-23 = And when her masters saw
brethren that were at Lystra and Iconium. Him that the hope of their gains was gone, they caught
would Paul have to go forth with him; and took Paul and Silas, and drew them into the market-
and circumcised him because of the Jews which place unto the rulers, And brought them to the
were in those quarters: for they knew all that his magistrates, saying, These men, being Jews, do
father was a Greek. exceedingly trouble our city, And teach customs,
(5) Acts 16:4, 5 = And as they went through which are not lawful for us to receive, neither to
the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to observe, being Romans. And the multitude rose up
keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders together against them: and the magistrates rent off
which were at Jerusalem. And so were the church- their clothes, and commanded to beat them, And
es established in the faith, and increased in number when they had laid many stripes upon them, they
daily. cast them into prison, charging the jailer to keep
(6) Acts 16:9 = And a vision appeared to Paul them safely.
in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and (13) Acts 16:25, 26 = And at midnight Paul and
prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the
and help us. prisoners heard them. And suddenly there was a
(7) Acts 16:13 = And on the sabbath we went great earthquake, so that the foundations of the
out of the city by a river side, where prayer was prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors
wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto were opened, and every one’s bands were loosed.
the women which resorted thither. (14) Acts 16:27 = And the keeper of the prison
(8) Acts 16:15 = And when she was baptized, awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison
and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye doors open, he drew out his sword, and would
have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come have killed himself, supposing that the prisoners
into my house, and abide there. And she con- had been fled.
strained us. (15) Acts 16: 28 = But Paul cried with a loud
(9) Acts 16:16-18 = And it came to pass, as we voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all
went to prayer, a certain damsel possessed with a here.
spirit of divination met us, which brought her mas- (16) Acts 16:29, 30 = Then he called for a light,
ters much gain by soothsaying: The same followed and sp rang in, and came trembling, and fell down
Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the before Paul and Silas, And brought them out, and
servants of the most high God, which show unto said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?
us the way of salvation. (17) Philippians 1:1, 29 = Paul and Timotheus,
(10) Acts 16:18 = And this did she many days. the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in
But Paul, being grieved, turned and said to the spir- Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops
and deacons:...For unto you it is given in the behalf and stirred up the people.
of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to (10) Acts 17:15 = And they that conducted
suffer for his sake. Paul brought him unto Athens: and receiving a
(18) Romans 8:28 = And we know that all things commandment unto Silas and Timotheus for to
work together for good to them that love God, to come to him with all speed, they departed.
them who are the called according to his purpose. (11) Acts 17:16, 17 = Now while Paul waited
for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him,
LESSON 8 when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.
Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the
(1) Acts 17:1 = Now when they had passed Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the mar-
through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to ket daily with them that met with him.
Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the (12) Acts 17:19, 20 = And they took him, and
Jews. brought him unto Areopagus, saying, May we
(2) Acts 17:3 = Opening and alleging, that Christ know what this new doctrine, whereof thou speak-
must needs have suffered, and risen again from the est, is? For thou bringest certain strange things to
dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, our ears: we would know therefore what these
is Christ. things mean.
(3) Acts 17:4 = And some of them believed, and (13) Acts 17:31, 32 = Because he hath ap-
consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout pointed a day, in the which he will judge the world
Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women in righteousness by that man whom he hath or-
not a few. dained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all
(4) Acts 17:5 = But the Jews which believed not, men, in that he hath raised him from the dead. And
moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fel- when they heard of the resurrection of the dead,
lows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, some mocked: and others said, We will hear thee
and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the again of this matter.
house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the (14) (a) 1 Corinthians 2:2 = For I determined not
people. to know anything among you, save Jesus Christ,
(5) Acts 17:5 = But the Jews which believed not, and him crucified.
moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fel- (b) Romans 8:34 = Who is he that condemneth?
lows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again,
and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the who is even at the right hand of God, who also
house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the maketh intercession for us.
people. (c) Matthew 10:19-20 = But when they deliv-
(6) John 15:20 = Remember the word that I said er you up, take no thought how or what ye shall
unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour
they have persecuted me, they will also persecute what ye shall speak. For it is not ye that speak, but
you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.
yours also.
(7) Acts 17:7=Whom Jason hath received: and LESSON 9
these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, say-
ing that there is another king, one Jesus. (1) Acts 18:1 = After these things Paul departed
(8) Acts 17:11 = These were more noble than from Athens, and came to Corinth.
those in Thessalonica, in that they received the (2) Acts 18:2, 3 = And found a certain Jew named
word with all readiness of mind, and searched the Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with
scriptures daily, whether those things were so. his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had com-
(9) Acts 17:13 = But when the Jews of Thessa- manded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came
lonica had knowledge that the word of God was unto them. And because he was of the same craft,
preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their oc-
cupation they were tentmakers. (11) Acts 18:26 = And he began to speak boldly in
(3) Acts 18:4 = And he reasoned in the syna- the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla
gogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and had heard, they took him unto them, and expound-
the Greeks. ed unto him the way of God more perfectly.
(4) Acts 18:5, 6 = And when Silas and Timotheus (12) Acts 18:28 = For he mightily convinced the
were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in Jews, and that publicly, showing by the scriptures
the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was that Jesus was Christ.
Christ. And when they opposed themselves, and (13) John 17:21 = that they all may be one, as You,
blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may
them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am be one in Us, that the world may believe that You
clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles. sent Me.
(5) Acts 18:8 = And Crispus, the chief ruler of
the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his LESSON 10
house; and many of the Corinthians hearing be-
lieved, and were baptized. (1) 1 Thessalonians 3:6 = But now when Timo-
(6) Acts 18:9-11=Then spake the Lord to Paul theus came from you unto us, and brought us good
in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have
and hold not thy peace: For I am with thee, and no good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly
man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much to see us, as we also to see you.
people in this city. And he continued there a year (2) 1 Thessalonians 4:13 = But I would not have
and six months, teaching the word of God among you ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are
them. asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which
(7) Acts 18:12, 13 = And when Gallio was the have no hope.
deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with (3) 1 Thessalonians 4:16 = For the Lord himself
one accord against Paul, and brought him to the shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the
judgment seat, Saying, This fellow persuadeth voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God:
men to worship God contrary to the law. and the dead in Christ shall rise first.
(8) Acts 18:14-15 = And when Paul was now (4) Ecclesiastes 9:5 = For the living know that
about to open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, they shall die: but the dead know not anything, nei-
If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ther have they any more a reward; for the memory
ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you: of them is forgotten.
But if it be a question of words and names, and (5) 2 Thessalonians 2:3 = Let no man deceive
of your law, look ye to it; for I will be no judge of you by any means: for that day shall not come, ex-
such matters. pect there come a falling away first, and that the
(9) Acts 18:18, 19 = And Paul after this tarried man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition.
there yet a good while, and then took his leave of (6) 1 Corinthians 1:11 = For it hath been declared
the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are
him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions
Cenchrea: for he had a vow. And he came to Ephe- among you.
sus, and left them there: but he himself entered into (7) 1 Corinthians 3:6 = I have planted, Apollos
the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews. watered; but God gave the increase.
(10) Acts 18:24, 25 = And a certain Jew named (8) 1 Corinthians 3:11 = For other foundation can
Apollos , born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus. (9) 1 Corinthians 3:12, 13 = Now if any man
This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious
and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught stones, wood, hay, stubble; Every man’s work
diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare
baptism of John. it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire
shall try every man’s work of what sort it is. aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and
(10) Ephesians 2:19, 20 = Now therefore ye are the evil spirits went out of them.
not more strangers and foreigners, but fellowciti- (7) Acts 19:16 = And the man in whom the evil
zens with the saints, and of the household of God; spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them,
And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of
and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief that house naked and wounded.
corner stone. (8) Acts 19:19 = Many of them also which used
(11) Rom 3:29 = Is he the God of the Jews only? curious arts brought their books together, and
is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles burned them before all men: and they counted the
also. price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of
(12) Galatians 1:6, 7 = I marvel that ye are so soon silver.
removed from him that called you into the grace of (9) Acts 19:19 = Many of them also which used
Christ unto another gospel: Which is not another; curious arts brought their books together, and
but there be some that trouble you, and would per- burned them before all men: and they counted the
vert the gospel of Christ. price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of
(13) 2 Timothy 3:16 = All scripture is given by silver.
inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, (10) Acts 19: 22 = So he sent into Macedonia two
for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righ- of them that ministered unto him, Timotheus and
teousness. Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a sea-
son.
LESSON 11 (11) Acts 19:23, 24 = And the same time there
arose no small stir about that way. For a certain
(1) Acts 18:21 = But bade them farewell, saying, man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made
I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain
Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God unto the craftsmen.
will. And he sailed from Ephesus. (12) Acts 19:27 = So that not only this our craft is
(2) Acts 19:1 = And it came to pass, that, while in danger to be set at nought; but also that the tem-
Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through ple of the great goddess Diana should be despised,
the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding cer- and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom
tain disciples, all Asia and the world worshippeth.
(3) Acts 19:6 = And when Paul had laid his hands (13) Acts 19:28 = And when they heard these say-
upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and ings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying,
they spake with tongues, and prophesied. Great is Diana of the Ephesians.
(4) Acts 19:8 = And he went into the synagogue, (14) Acts 19:29 = And the whole city was filled
and spake boldly for the space of three months, with confusion: and having caught Gaius and
disputing and persuading the things concerning Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul’s compan-
the kingdom of God. ions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the
(5) Acts 19:9, 10 = But when divers were hard- theatre.
ened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way (15) Acts 19:33 =And they drew Alexander out of
before the multitude, he departed from them, the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And
and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would
school of one Tyrannus. And this continued by the have made his defense unto the people.
space of two years: so that all they which dwelt in (16) Acts 19: 34 = But when they knew that he
Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of
and Greeks. two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephe-
(6) Acts 19:11, 12 = And God wrought special sians.
miracles by the hands of Paul: So that from his (17) Acts 19:35-37 = And when the townclerk had
body were brought unto the sick hankerchiefs or appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus,
what man is there that knoweth not how that the brought the young man alive, and were not a little
city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great comforted.
goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down (6) Acts 20:13, 14 = And we went before to ship,
from Jupiter? Seeing then that these things cannot and sailed unto Assos, there intending to take in
be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do Paul: for so had he appointed, minding himself to
nothing rashly. For ye have brought hither these go afoot. And when he met with us at Assos, we
men, which are neither robbers of churches, nor took him in, and came to Mitylene.
yet blasphemers of your goddess. (7) Acts 20:16, 17 = For Paul had determined to
(18) Acts 19:38 = Wherefore if Demetrius, and sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the
the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for
against any man, the law is open, and there are him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost. And
deputies: let them implead one another. from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the
(19) Matthew 12:14, 15 = Then the Pharisees elders of the church.
went out, and held a council against him, how (8) Acts 20:19, 20 = Serving the Lord with all
they might destroy him. But when Jesus knew it, humility of mind, and with many tears, and temp-
he withdrew himself from thence: and great multi- tation, which befell me by the lying in wait of the
tudes followed him, and he healed them all. Jews: And how I kept back nothing that was profit-
able unto you, by have shown you, and have taught
LESSON 12 you publicly, and from house to house.
(9) Acts 20:37, 38 = And they all wept sore, and
(1) Acts 20:1 = And after the uproar was ceased, fell on Paul’s neck, and kissed him, Sorrowing
Paul called unto him the disciples, and embraced most of all for the words which he spake, that they
them, and departed for to go into Macedonia. should see his face no more. And they accompa-
(2) Acts 20:3 = And there abode three months. nied him unto the ship.
And when the Jews laid wait for him, as he was (10) Acts 21:4 = And finding disciples, we tar-
about to sail into Syria, he purposed to return ried there seven days: who said to Paul through the
through Macedonia. Spirit, that he should not go up to Jerusalem.
(3) Acts 20:4 = And there accompanied him into (11) Acts 21:4 = And finding disciples, we tarried
Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, there seven days: who said to Paul through the
Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, Spirit, that he should not go up to Jerusalem.
and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophi- (12) Acts 21:10, 11 = And as we tarried there
mus. many days, there came down from Judaea a cer-
(4) Acts 20:5, 6 = These going before tarried for tain prophet, named Agabus. And when he was
us at Troas. And we sailed away from Philippi af- come unto us, he took Paul’s girdle, and bound his
ter the days of unleavened bread, and came unto own hands and feet, and said, Thus saith the Holy
them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven Ghost, So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man
days. that owneth this girdle, and shall deliver him into
(5) Acts 20:7, 9, 10, 12 = And upon the first day the hands of the Gentiles.
of the week, when the disciples came together to (13) 1 John 4:18 = There is no fear in love; but
break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath tor-
depart on the morrow: and continued his speech ment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.
until midnight....And there sat in a window a cer-
tain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into LESSON - 13
a deep sleep: an as Paul was long preaching, he
sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third (1) Acts 21:19 = And when he had saluted them,
loft, and was taken up dead. And Paul went down, he declared particularly what things God had
and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble wrought among the Gentiles by his ministry.
not yourselves; for his life is in him....And they (2) Acts 21:23, 24 = Do therefore this that we
say to thee: We have four men which have a vow heard of their lying in wait, he went and entered
on them; Them take, and purify thyself with them, into the castle, and told Paul....Then the chief cap-
and be at charges with them, that they may shave tain took him by the hand, and went with him aside
their heads: and all may know that those things, privately, and asked him, What is that thou hast to
whereof they were informed concerning thee, are tell me?
nothing; but that thou thyself also walkest orderly, (11) Acts 23:29 = Whom I perceived to be ac-
and keepest the law. cused of questions of their law, but to have nothing
(3) Acts 21:27-29 = And when the seven days laid to his charge worthy of death or of bonds.
were almost ended, the Jews which were of Asia, (12) Acts 23:35 = I will hear thee, said he, when
when they saw him in the temple, stirred up all the thine accusers are also come. And he commanded
people, and laid hands on him, Crying out, Men of him to be kept in Herod’s judgment hall.
Israel, help: This is the man, that teacheth all men (13) Acts 24:1=And after five days Ananias the
everywhere against the people, and the law, and high priest descended with the elders, and with a
this place: and further brought Greeks also into the certain orator named Tertullus, who informed the
temple, and hath polluted this holy place. (For they governor against Paul.
had seen before with him in the city Trophimus (14) Acts 24:6 = Who also hath gone about to pro-
an Ephesian, whom they supposed that Paul had fane the temple: whom we took, and would have
brought into the temple.) judged according to our law.
(4) Acts 21:33 = Then the chief captain came (15) Acts 24:22 = And when Felix heard these
near, and took him, and commanded him to be things, having more perfect knowledge of that
bound with two chains; and demanded who he way, he deferred them, and said, When Lysias the
was, and what he had done. chief captain shall come down, I will know the ut-
(5) Acts 22:21, 22 = And he said unto me, De- termost of your matter.
part: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gen- (16) Acts 25:9 = But Festus, willing to do the
tiles. And they gave him audience unto this word, Jews a pleasure, answered Paul, and said, Wilt
and then lifted up their voices, and said, Away with thou go up to Jerusalem, and there be judged of
such a fellow from the earth: for it is not fit that he these things before me?
should live. (17) Acts 25:9-11= For if I be an offender, or have
(6) Then straightway they departed from him committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not
which should have examined him: and the chief to die: but if there be none of these things where-
captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was of these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto
a Roman, and because he had bound him. them. I appeal unto Caesar.
(7) Acts 23:6 = But when Paul perceived that the (18) John 15:18, 20 = If the world hate you, ye
one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, know that it hated me before it hated you....Re-
he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am member the word that I said unto you, The servant
a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted
resurrection of the dead I am called in question. me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept
(8) Acts 23:11 = And the night following the Lord my saying, they will keep yours also.
stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for
as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must LESSON 14
thou bear witness also at Rome.
(9) Acts 23:12, 13 = And when it was day, certain (1) Acts 25:13, 14 = And after certain days king
of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves Agrippa and Bernice came unto Caesarea to salute
under a curse, saying that they would neither eat Festus. And when they had been there many days,
nor drink till they had killed Paul. And they were Festus declared Paul’s cause unto the king, saying,
more than forty which had made this conspiracy. There is a certain man left in bonds by Felix.
Ok. Take this sentence out. (2) Acts 25:22 = Then Agrippa said unto Festus,
(10) Acts 23:16, 19 = And when Paul’s sister’s son I would also hear the man myself. Tomorrow, said
he, thou shalt hear him. island which is called Clauda, we had much work
(3) Acts 25:25 = But when I found that he had to come by the boat: Which when they had taken
committed nothing worthy of death, and that he up, they used helps, undergirding the ship; and,
himself hath appealed to Augustus, I have deter- fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands,
mined to send him. strake sail, and so were driven. And we being ex-
(4) Acts 26:20, 22, 23 = But showed first unto ceedingly tossed with a tempest, the next day they
them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and through- lightened the ship.
out all the coasts of Judaea, and then to the Gen- (15) Acts 27:23, 24 = For there stood by me this
tiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I
do works meet for repentance....Having therefore serve, Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought
obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, wit- before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all
nessing both to small and great, saying none other them that sail with thee.
things than those which the prophets and Moses (16) Acts 27:41 = And falling into a place where
did say should come: That Christ should suffer, two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the
and that he should be the first that should rise from forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but
the dead, and should show light unto the people, the hinderpart was broken with the violence of the
and to the Gentiles.” waves.
(5) Acts 26:24 = And as he thus spake for himself, (17) Acts 27:42-43 = And the soldiers’ counsel
Festus said with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside was to kill the prisoners, lest any of them should
thyself; much learning doth make thee mad. swim out, and escape. But the centurion, willing to
(6) Acts 26:25, 27 = But he said, I am not mad, save Paul, kept them from their purpose; and com-
most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of manded that they which could swim should cast
truth and soberness....King Agrippa, believest thou themselves first into the sea, and get to land.
the prophets? I know that thou believest. (18) Acts 27:43-44 = But the centurion, willing
(7) Acts 26:28 = Then Agrippa said unto Paul, to save Paul, kept them from their purpose; and
Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian. commanded that they which could swim should
(8) Acts 26:29 = And Paul said, I would to God, cast themselves first into the sea, and get to land:
that not only thou, but also all that hear me this And the rest, some on boards, and some on broken
day, were both almost, and altogether such as I am, pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they
except these bonds. all escaped safe to land.
(9) Acts 26:32 = Then said Agrippa unto Festus, (19) Joshua 1:9 = Have not I commanded thee? Be
This man might have been set at liberty, if he had strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither
not appealed unto Caesar. be thou dismayed: for the LORD thy God is with
(10) Acts 27:1 = And when it was determined that thee whithersoever thou goest.
we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and
certain other prisoners unto one named Julius, a LESSON 15
centurion of Augustus’ band.
(11) Acts 27:3 = And the next day we touched at (1) Acts 28:2 = And the barbarous people showed
Sidon. And Julius courteously entreated Paul, and us no little kindness: for they kindled a fire, and re-
gave him liberty to go unto his friends to refresh ceived us every one, because of the present rain,
himself. and because of the cold.
(12) Acts 27:9, 10 =...Paul admonished them, (2) Acts 28:3 = And when Paul had gathered a
And said unto them, Sirs, I perceive that this voy- bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, there
age will be with hurt and much damage, not only came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his
of the lading and ship, but also of our lives. hand.
(13) Acts 27:14 = But not long after there arose (3) Acts 28:4 = And when the barbarians saw
against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon. the venomous beast hang on his hand, they said
(14) Acts 27:16-18 = And running under a certain among themselves, No doubt this man is a mur-
derer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet they shall obey me...
vengeance suffereth not to live. (15) Acts 28:30, 31 = And Paul dwelt two whole
(4) Acts 28:5-6 = And he shook off the beast into years in his own hired house, and received all that
the fire, and felt no harm. Howbeit they looked came in unto him, Preaching the kingdom of God,
when he should have swollen, or fallen down dead and teaching those things which concern the Lord
suddenly: but after they had looked a great while, Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbid-
and saw no harm come to him, they changed their ding him.
minds, and said that he was a god. (16) Hebrews 13:5 = Let your conversation be
(5) Acts 28:8 = And it came to pass, that the fa- without covetousness; and be content with such
ther of Publius lay sick of a fever and of a bloody things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never
flux: to whom Paul entered in, and prayed, and laid leave thee, nor forsake thee.
his hands on him, and healed him.
(6) Acts 28:13 = And from thence we fetched a LESSON 16
compass, and came to Rhegium: and after one day
the south wind blew, and we came the next day to (1) 2 Timothy 4:11 = Only Luke is with me. Take
Puteoli. Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable
(7) Acts 28:14 = Where we found brethren, and to me for the ministry.
were desired to tarry with them seven days: and so (2) 2 Timothy 4:2 = Preach the word; be instant
we went toward Rome. in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort
(8) Acts 28:15 = And from thence, when the with all longsuffering and doctrine.
brethren heard of us, they came to meet us as far as (3) 2 Timothy 4:3 = For the time will come when
Appiiforum, and the Three taverns: whom when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their
Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage. own lusts shall they heap to themselves teacher,
(9) Acts 28:16 = And when we came to Rome, having itching ears.
the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain (4) 2 Timothy 3:7 = Ever learning, and never able
of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by to come to the knowledge of the truth.
himself with a soldier that kept him. (5) 2 Timothy 4:5 = But watch thou in all things,
(10) Acts 28:17 = And it came to pass, that after endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist,
three days Paul called the chief of the Jews togeth- make full proof of thy ministry.
er: and when they were come together, he said unto (6) 2 Timothy 3:13-15 = But evil men and se-
them, Men and brethren, though I have committed ducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and
nothing against the people, or customs of our fa- being deceived. But continue thou in the things
thers, yet was I delivered prisoner from Jerusalem which thou hast learned and hast been assured of,
into the hands of the Romans. knowing of whom thou hast learned them.
(11) Acts 28:22 = But we desire to hear of thee (7) 2 Timothy 3:15-17 = And that from a child
what thou thinkest: for as concerning this sect, we thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are
know that everywhere it is spoken against. able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith
(12) Acts 28:23, 24 = And when they had ap- which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by
pointed him a day, there came many to him into inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine,
his lodging; to who he expounded and testified the for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righ-
kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Je- teousness: That the man of God may be perfect,
sus, both out of the law of Moses, and out of the thoroughly furnished unto all good works.
prophets, from morning till evening. And some
believed the things which were spoken, and some
believed not.
(13) Acts 28:24 = And some believed the things
which were spoken, and some believed not.
(14) Psalm 18:44 = As soon as they hear of me,