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Jeremy N.M.

Flanagan

Birds of Punta Sal


Aves de Punta Sal
Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

Introduction / Introducción
In terms of bird diversity and conservation, the resort is located within the Tumbesian Endemic Bird
Area (EBA). This eco-region, which covers coastal north-west Peru and western Ecuador, is
considered one of the most important globally for its high levels of endemic species (species
restricted geographically in their distribution). It is also a global priority in terms of the high levels of
deforestation and degradation of the last native forests, which has lead to many species being
classified as threatened. In this sense documenting the distribution of birds within the region is
important to better understand the overall issues of conservation facing the area.

En términos de diversidad de aves y conservación, el hotel está situado dentro del Área de Aves
Endémicas de Túmbes. Esta eco-región, que cubre la zona costera del nor oeste Peruano y el Oeste
del Ecuador, es considerada una de las más importantes globalmente por su gran nivel de especies
endémicas (especies restringidas geográficamente en esta distribución). Es además una prioridad
global en términos de los grandes niveles de deforestación y degradación de los últimos bosques
nativos, donde muchas especies han sido clasificadas como amenazadas. En este sentido
documentar la distribución de aves en la región es importante para entender mejor los temas
generales de conservación que enfrenta el área.

Tumbesian Endemic Bird Area


Area de Aves Endémicas de Túmbes

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

The Area / El Área To Tumbes

Cancas

Pa
Politically: The area is na
m
located within the District of eri
can
Zorritos, Province of Hi ghway
Contralmirante Villar in the To Mancora
First gate
Department (Region) of Primera puerta

Tumbes, north-west Peru.

Geographically: The main

Zona de matorrales y arbustos


resort is located around the
central coordinates of UTM
0504929 / 9562680 (Datum Scrub / Bushes Zone Hills / Cerros
WGS 84), which correspond
800 m. aprox.

to the main swimming pool of


the resort.

General: The resort consists


of a total area of 80 hectares
Beach / Playa

along the Pacific coast, with


1,500 m. of beach front.
From the beach moving
eastwards the general Second gate
Segunda puerta
habitats are: sandy beach,
200 m. aprox.

with no rocky outcrops; Hotel & gardens


Hotel y jardines
several small dunes with
vegetation; scrub and
grassland with sparse Ca
mino
entre
los
ce
bushes and trees; and along si
te rro
sh
ra i of ac
the eastern border of the site l between hills to limit
T

ia los ea
límites del ár
Zona de matorrales y
Scrub / Bushes Zone

low hills with sparse


500 m. aprox.

vegetation. Swallow root


Perchas de Golondrinas
Hills / Cerros
Políticamente: El área
arbustos

observada está situada en el


Distrito de Zorritos, Provincia
de Contralmirante Villar en el
Departamento (Región) de Southern gate
Tu m b e s , N o r - O e s t e Puerta Sur

Peruano.

Geográficamente: Las instalaciones principales del hotel se localizan alrededor de la central de


coordenadas UTM 0504929 / 9562680 (Datum WGS 84), que corresponden a la piscina principal.

General: El hotel tiene una área total de 80 Has a lo largo de la costa del Pacífico, con 1,500 m de
playa al frente, Desde la playa, moviéndose hacia el este, los habitats que se suceden son: playa
arenosa,sin afloramientos rocosos; varias dunas pequeñas con vegetación; matorrales y pastizales
con escasos árboles y arbustos; y a lo largo del borde este del terreno podemos ver colinas bajas
con escasa vegetación.

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

Species recorded / Especies registradas


A total of 53 species of 29 families were recorded during the study. Of these 16 are considered
as endemic species of the Tumbesian Endemic Bird Area. No threatened species were recorded.

Immature individuals of Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis), West Peruvian Dove (Zenaida
meloda), Pacific Parrotlet (Forpus coelestis), Southern Beardless-tyrannulet (Camptostoma
obsoletum), Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus), Superciliated Wren (Thryothorus
superciliaris), Tropical Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea), Long-tailed Mockingbird (Mimus
longicaudatus), Cinereous Finch (Piezorhina cinerea), Streaked Saltator (Saltator striatipectus),
and Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) were recorded.

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis is a parasitic nester, using the nests of other species to lay eggs
and rear the young. An immature individual of this species was seen begging for food from an adult
Superciliated Wren Thryothorus superciliaris, suggesting that the wren had been victim of the
cowbirds nesting strategy.

In a small rocky quebrada between the hotel and southern gate a roost of the Chestnut-collared
Swallow Petrochelidon rufocollaris was located; this is presumably used for nesting. Some 20 holes
or nests were counted.

Han sido registradas un total de 53 especies de 29 familias. 16 de estas especies son consideras
como especies endémicas del Área de Aves Endémicas de Túmbes. No se registraron especies
amenazadas.

Fueron registrados individuos juveniles de Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis), West Peruvian
Dove (Zenaida meloda), Pacific Parrotlet (Forpus coelestis), Southern Beardless-tyrannulet
(Camptostoma obsoletum), Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus), Superciliated Wren
(Thryothorus superciliaris), Tropical Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea), Long-tailed Mockingbird
(Mimus longicaudatus), Cinereous Finch (Piezorhina cinerea), Streaked Saltator (Saltator
striatipectus) y Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis).

En una pequeña quebrada rocosa entre el hotel y la entrada sur se localiza una percha de Chestnut-
collared Swallow ( Petrochelidon rufocollaris); presumiblemente es usada para anidar. Se contaron,
aproximadamente, 20 hoyos o nidos.

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME Sea & beach Scrub & hills Hotel & gardens Tumbesian Endemic
NOMBRE COMÚN NOMBRE CIENTÍFICO Mar y playa Matorrales y colinas Hotel y jardines Endémica Tumbesina

Storm - Petrels Hydrobatidae


White-vented Storm-Petrel Oceanites gracilis x (1)

Pelicans Pelecanidae
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis x

Boobies Sulidae
Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii x
Peruvian Booby Sula variegata x

Cormorants Phalacrocoracidae
Guanay Cormorant Phalacrocorax bougainvillii x

Frigatebirds Fregatidae
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens x x x

• (1) recorded during boat trip on 20 May, about 1 km from beach.

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME Sea & beach Scrub & hills Hotel & gardens Tumbesian Endemic
NOMBRE COMÚN NOMBRE CIENTÍFICO Mar y playa Matorrales y colinas Hotel y jardines Endémica Tumbesina

Herons Ardeidae
Snowy Egret Egretta thula x

American vultures Cathartidae


Black Vulture Coragyps atratus x x
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura x x

Hawks & Eagles Accipitridae


Red-backed Hawk Buteo polyosoma x

Falcons & Caracara Falconidae


Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway x

Plovers Charadriidae
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia x
Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrius x

Gulls Laridae
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus x
Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus x

Pigeons & Doves Columbidae


Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata x x
West Peruvian Dove Zenaida meloda x x
Croaking Ground-Dove Columbina cruziana x x

Parrots Psittacidae
Pacific Parrotlet Forpus coelestis x x e

Typical Owls Strigidae


Peruvian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium peruanum x x

Nighthawks & Nightjars Caprimulgidae


Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis x

Hummingbirds Trochilidae
Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia x x
Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura x x e

Woodpeckers & Piculets Picidae


Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus x x e

Furnarids / Ovenbirds Furnariidae


Coastal Miner Geositta peruviana x e
Pacific Horneo Furnarius cinnamomeus x
Necklaced Spinetail Synallaxis stictothorax x x e

Typical Antbirds Thamnophilidae


Collared Antshrike Sakesphorus bernardi x e

Tyrant Flycatchers Tyrannidae


Southern Beardless-tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum x x
Tumbesian Tyrannulet Phaeomyias (murina) tumbezana x e
Gray-and-white Tyrannulet Pseudelaenia leucospodia x e
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus x x
Short-tailed Field-Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda x
Snowy-throated Kingbird Tyrannus niveigularis x x
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus x
Baird's Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii x e

Swallow and Martins Hirundinidae


Tumbes Swallow Tachycineta stolzmanni x x e
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea x
Chestnut-collared Swallow Petrochelidon rufocollaris x x e

Wrens Troglodytidae
Superciliated Wren Thryothorus superciliaris x x e
House Wren Troglodytes aedon x x

Gnatcatchers Polioptilidae
Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea x x

• (e) Tumbesian Endemic : based on either Stattersfield et al. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World or Ridgely and Greenfield (2001) The Birds of
Ecuador.
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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME Sea & beach Scrub & hills Hotel & gardens Tumbesian Endemic
NOMBRE COMÚN NOMBRE CIENTÍFICO Mar y playa Matorrales y colinas Hotel y jardines Endémica Tumbesina

Mockinbirds Mimidae
Long-tailed Mockingbird Mimus longicaudatus x x
Finches Emberizidae
Tumbes Sparrow Aimophila stolzmanni x e
Cinereous Finch Piezorhina cinerea x e
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola x x
Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii x e
Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana x e

Grosbeaks and Saltators Cardinalidae


Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus x x

Warblers Parulidae
Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum x

American orioles Icteridae


Scrub Blackbird Dives warszewiczi x x
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis x x

Old World Sparrows Passeridae


House Sparrow Passer domesticus x

• (e) Tumbesian Endemic : based on either Stattersfield et al. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World or Ridgely and Greenfield (2001) The Birds of
Ecuador.

Landscapes / Paisajes

Panoramic view of scrub and hills along


access road from main gate to hotel

Rocky outcrops in hills between hotel View from southern gate looking back Quebrada with swallow roost
and southern gate in direction of hotel

Beach looking south Main installations of hotel Main installations of hotel

Hotel taken from sea, with hills behind

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

Cinereous Finch - Fringilo Cinéreo - Piezorhina cinerea


16cm. Endemic to north-west Peru Saffron Finch - Chirigüe Azafranada - Sicalis flaveola
14cm. From Venezuela to central Argentina and Brasil

Parrot-billed Seedeater
Espiguero Pico de Loro
Sporophila peruviana
11cm. Endemic to south-west
Ecuador and west Peru

Cinereous Conebill - Mielerito Cinéreo


Conirostrum cinereum
12cm. South-west Colombia to north Chile

House Sparrow - Gorrión Casero - Passer domesticus


15cm. Throughout the globe
Drawings: The Birds of Ecuador. 2001. Ridgely & Greenfield.

Sulphur-throated Finch
Streaked Saltator - Saltador Listado - Saltator striatipectus
Chirigüe Gargantiazufrafa - Sicalis taczanowskii
20cm. Costa Rica to west Peru
12cm. Endemic to south-west Ecuador and north-west Peru

Shiny Cowbird - Tordo Brilloso - Molothrus bonariensis Scrub Blackbird - Tordo de Matorral - Dives warszewiczi
20cm. From south USA to Argentina and Chile 25cm. Endemic to west Ecuador and west Peru

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

Tumbes Swallow - Golondrina de Tumbes


Tachycineta stolzmanni
12cm. Endemic to north-west Peru

Chestnut-collared Swallow - Golindrina de Cuellicastaño


Petrochelidon rufocollaris
12cm. Endemic to south-west Ecuador and west Peru

Gray-breasted Martin - Martín Pechigris - Progne chalybea


19cm. From Mexico to north Argentina and Brazil

Long-tailed Mockingbird - Soña


Mimus longicaudatus
27cm. South-west Ecuador to
south-west Peru

Baird's Flycatcher - Mosquero de Baird


Myiodynastes bairdii
23cm. Endemic to south-west Ecuador
and north-west Peru

Tumbes Sparrow - Gorrión de Tumbes - Aimophila stolzmanni Superciliated Wren - Cucarachero Cejón
14cm. Endemic to south-west Ecuador and north-west Peru Thryothorus superciliaris
14cm. Endemic to south-west Ecuador and west Peru

House Wren - Cucarachero Común - Troglodytes aedon Tropical Gnatcatcher - Perlita Tropical - Polioptila plumbea
11cm. From Canada to Tierra del Fuego 11cm. Mexico to north Peru and Amazon basin
Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

Necklaced Spinetail - Colaespina Acollarada


Collared Antshrike - Batará Acollarado Synallaxis stictothorax
Sakesphorus bernardi 12cm. Endemic to south-west Ecuador and north-west Peru
18cm. Endemic to west Ecuador and north-west Peru

Tropical Kingbird
Tirano Tropical
Snowy-throated Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Tirano Gargantiníveo 20cm. South-west USA
Tyrannus niveigularis to central Argentina
19cm. South-west Colombia
to north-west Peru

Short-tailed Field-Tyrant - Dormilona Colicorta


Muscigralla brevicauda
11cm. South-west Ecuador to extreme north Chile

Gray-and-white Tyrannulet
Moscateta Gris y Blanco
Pseudelaenia leucospodia
12cm. Endemic to south-west
Ecuador
and north-west Peru

Tumbesian Tyrannulet - Tirano de Tumbes


Phaeomyias (murina) tumbezana
12cm. Endemic to west Ecuador and north-west Peru

Vermilion Flycatcher - Putillo


Pyrocephalus rubinus
15cm. South-west USA to Chile
Southern Beardless-tyrannulet - Mosquerito Silbador
Camptostoma obsoletum
10cm. Costa Rica to north Argentina
Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

male female

Short-tailed Woodstar - Estrellita Colicorta - Myrmia micrura


6.5cm. Endemic to south-west Ecuador and north-west Peru

Croaking Ground-Dove - Tortolita Peruana - Columbina cruziana


18cm. Western Ecuador to north Chile

Pacific Horneo - Chilalo


Furnarius cinnamomeus
18cm. Throughout South America

Lesser Nighthawk - Chotacabra Menor - Chordeiles acutipennis


20cm. Western USA to south Brazil and Chile

Scarlet-backed Woodpecker
Peruvian Pygmy-Owl - Lechucita Peruana - Glaucidium peruanum Carpintero Dorsiescarlata
18cm. South-west Ecuador and Peru Veniliornis callonotus
14cm. South-west Colombia to north-west Peru

female

male

Pacific Parrotlet - Periquito Sordo - Forpus coelestis


13cm. Endemic to western Ecuador and north-west Peru

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

Kelp Gull
Gaviota Dominicana
Larus dominicanus
53cm. Widespread throughout the Americas Black Skimmer - Rayador Negro - Rynchops niger
45cm. Migratory during northern winter

Franklin´s Gull Grey-headed Gull


Gaviota de Franklin - Larus pipixcan Gaviota de Cabecigris
35cm. Migratory during northern winter Larus cirrocephalus
40cm. Africa, Madagascar,
Elegant Tern south and west South America
Gaviotín Elegante
Sterna elegans
40cm. Migratory during
northern winter
Spotted Sandpiper - Playero Coleador
Actites macularia
19cm. Migratory during
northern winter

Common Tern - Gaviotín Común


Sterna hirunda
40cm. Migratory during northern winter

West Peruvian Dove


Tórtola Melódica
Zenaida meloda
27cm. Western Eared Dove
Ecuador to Tórtola Orejuda
north Chile Zenaida auriculata
25cm. Central and
South America

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

Western Sandpiper
Playero Occidental
Calidris mauri
16cm. Migratory during northern
winter Sanderling
Playero Arenero
Calidris alba
20cm. Migratory during northern winter

Gray Plover - Chorlo Gris - Pluvialis squatarola


30cm. Migratory during northern winter
Willet - Playero Aliblanco -
Whimbrel - Zarapito Trinador
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Numenius phaeopus
40cm. Migratory during northern winter
43cm. Migratory during northern winter

Semipalmated Plover - Chorlo Semipalmeado


Charadrius semipalmatus Snowy Plover - Chorlo Nevado - Charadrius alexandrius
17cm. Migratory during northern winter 15cm. Migratory during northern winter
Short-billed Dowitcher
Agujeta Piquicorto
Limnodromus griseus
30cm. Migratory during
northern winter

Ruddy Turnstone - Vuelvepierdras Rojizo


Arenaria interpres
23cm. Migratory during northern winter

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

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male

subadult
male

juvenile Guanay Cormorant - Cormorán Guanay


Phalacrocorax bougainvillii
76cm. Coast of Peru, Chile and Argentina

Magnificent Frigatebird - Avefragata Magnífica - Fregata magnificens


106cm. Tropical west Atlantic and Pacific ocean

female

male

American Oystercatcher - Ostrero Americano


Haematopus palliatus
43cm. From USA to southern South America

Wilson's Plover - Chorlo Piquigrueso - Charadrius wilsonia


20cm. Migratory during northern winter

Black Vulture - Gallinazo Cabecinegra


Coragyps atratus
63cm. Southern USA to Argentina

Snowy Egret - Garcita Blanca - Egretta thula


Turkey Vulture 58cm. From USA to central Argentina
Gallinazo Cabecirrojo
Cathartes aura
73cm. Canada to Tierra del Fuego

Red-backed Hawk - Aguilucho Variable - Buteo polyosoma Crested Caracara - Caracara Crestada - Caracara cheriway
55cm. From Colombia to Tierra del Fuego 60cm. South USA to northern Peru

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Birds of Punta Sal / Aves de Punta Sal

juvenile

Brown Pelican - Pelícano Pardo


Pelecanus occidentalis
127cm. Coastal USA to north South America

Waved Albatross
Albatros de las Galápagos
Phoebastria irrorata
90cm. Pelagic species

Peruvian Pelican - Pelícano Peruano


Pelecanus thagus
152cm. Coast of Ecuador to Chile

White-vented Storm-Petrel - Paíño Chico


Oceanites gracilis
15cm. From Galapagos Islands and west South America

Blue-footed Booby - Piquero Patiazul Peruvian Booby - Piquero Peruano


Sula nebouxii Sula variegata
86cm. Coast of Mexico to Peru 73cm. Coast of Colombia to Chile

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Ven y disfruta!!!!

...en un ambiente relajante y acogedor, donde


tu estancia excederá cualquier expectativa.
En Nuestras instalaciones...
...encontrarás comodidad, placer y
descanso, nuestros ambientes han
sido especialmente diseñados para
ti...
- Sala de conferencia con aire acondicionado
(con capacidad para 150 personas)
- Zonas de juego y deporte.
- Jacuzzi frente al mar
- Restaurante
- Boutique
- Piscina
- Bar
Km 173 Carretera Sullana - Tumbes, Perú
Telf: (5172) 540088
e-mail: hotel@puntasal.com.pe
Miguel Dasso 126 Of. 210 - San Isidro, Lima - Perú
Telf: (0051) 1-4227855 (0051) 1-4425992 (0051) 1-
4425961
e-mail: puntasalclub@terra.com.pe