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DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING: IIT DELHI

CE 771N: CIVIL ENGG. MATERIALS. MINOR TEST-I DURATION: 1.0 Hour


FIRST SEMESTER-2000-2001 Max. marks:=20
DATE:- 01/09/2001 TIME:- 4.00 P.M. - 5.00 P M Venue: III LT1

1. Write short notes on a) Expansive Cement and; b) Super sulphated cement


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2. Illustrate through chemical equations the reaction products of C2S, C3S and C3A. A
cement has following major compound composition: C2S= 17%, C3S=55%, C3A = 12% and
C4AF=10%. What is the amount of Calcium Hydroxide liberated after complete hydration
of the cement? Given that 100gm of C2S and C3S produces 22 and 49gm of Calcium
Hydroxide respectively after complete hydration?

3. A cement paste was prepared with a water cement ratio of 0.35. What is the volume
of unhydrated cement, solid product of hydration, gel pores, capillary pores and empty
capillary after one year, in the hardened solid paste, when 200 gm of cement was used in
preparing the paste? It is given that the about 95% of cement by mass gets hydrated during
the one year period mentioned above. Represent the initial and final volumes by diagrams.
5

4. Explain how specific surface of a graded aggregate system is influenced by shape and
nominal maximum size (m.s.a)? How does m.s.a influence the strength of concrete?
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DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING :IIT DELHI
CE 771: ADVANCED CIVIL ENGG. MATERIALS
MINOR TEST-I
DURATION: 1.0 Hour Ist SEMESTER-1998-99
NOTE: Max. marks:=20
DATE:- 7/9/98 TIME:- 9.30 AM-10.30 AM Venue: WS 213
Assume any data necessary
1) What are the components of hardened hydrated cement paste? Draw diagrams to explain
above. Calculate all the components of hcp for water/cement of 0.5 for a degree of hydration
of 0.8? Draw a sketch to show the relative volume composition for all the products of above
hcp at maximum degree of hydration. 5
2) Draw a diagram to show how compound composition of cement influence the strength
development of cement? Hence explain how will you enhance the rate of strength development by
altering the compound composition? Explain how sulphate-resisting cements are produced? 5
3) Explain why is it necessary to specify grading of aggregates? Explain how strength of
concrete is influenced by maximum aggregate size? 5
4) Given the following grading of aggregate, calculate the fineness modulus, and
approximate specific surface in cm2/cm3 for rounded aggregate.
Sieve size 20-mm 10-mm 4.75-mm 2.36-mm 1.18mm 0.6mm 0.3-mm 0.15mm
% passing 100 75 40 35 30 25 10 1
(by mass) 5
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING: IIT DELHI
CE 771: ADVANCED CIVIL ENGG. MATERIALS. MINOR TEST-I DURATION: 1.0 Hour
FIRST SEMESTER-1999-2000 Max. marks:=20
DATE:- 31/08/99 TIME:- 2.30 PM-3.30 P M Venue: IIILT2

ASSUME ANY DATA NECESSARY

1. Explain the importance of C2S content and fineness of cement in cement selection.
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2. How strength of cement is ascertained? What is the relevance of strength of cement as a
concrete making material? What is meant by grade 43 cement? 5
3. What is the maximum degree of hydration possible with a water-cement ratio (w/c)
of 0.3? Calculate the capillary porosity of cement paste at that degree of hydration.
5
4. How shape of aggregate can be expressed in qualitative and in quantitative terms. What
experiment(s) can you perform in order to determine the shape of the aggregate? Explain
how shape affects the void content and specific surface of aggregates. 6
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING: IIT DELHI
CE 771: ADVANCED CIVIL ENGG. MATERIALS. MINOR TEST-I DURATION: 1.0 Hour
FIRST SEMESTER-2000-2001 Max. marks:=20
DATE:- 22/08/2000 TIME:- 9.30 AM-10.30 A M Venue: IVLT2

ASSUME ANY DATA NECESSARY


DRAW DIAGRAMS TO ILLUSTRATE YOUR ANSWER

1. What is pozzolanic reaction? What is meant by activation of granulated blast furnace slag
(gbfs)? Three cements (I) OPC 43 grade (ii) a cement prepared by inter-grinding OPC clinker with
20 % fly ash and a Blain’s fineness of 400 m2/kg, and, (iii) a cement prepared by inter-grinding
OPC clinker with 40 % gbfs and a Blain’s fineness of 400 m2/kg are available to you. Compare
their setting characteristics, 3,7, 28 days and 3 years strength (relative comparison, absolute values
are not required) and long term durability. What would be the likely components in their
microstructure after six years if all are adequately cured, give a comparison? What would the
implication of Justify your answer in all cases. 10
2. Calculate the volume of unhydrated cement, volume of solid product of gel, gel porosity
and capillary porosity for cement pastes prepared with OPC and water-cement ratios of 0.25,
0.45 and 0.6 at the age of 10 years when adequately cured. Hence, explain the statement
“strength and durability of concrete decreases with water cement ratio” 7
3. What is the significance of fineness modulus? Justify your answer with relevant mathematical
basis. 3

6a) Given the following grading of aggregate, calculate the fineness modulus, and
approximate specific surface in cm2/cm3 for rounded aggregate.

Sieve size 20-mm 10-mm 4.75-mm 2.36-mm 1.18mm 0.6mm 0.3-mm 0.15mm
% passing 100 75 40 35 30 25 10 1
(by mass)
What is the maximum degree of hydration possible with a water-cement ratio (w/c) of 0.3?
Calculate the capillary porosity, gel porosity of cement paste and fractional volume of un-
hydrated cement at that degree of hydration.

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING: IIT DELHI


CE 771: ADVANCED CIVIL ENGG. MATERIALS. MINOR TEST-I DURATION: 1.0 Hour
FIRST SEMESTER-2000-2001 Max. marks:=20
DATE:- 22/08/2000 TIME:- 9.30 AM-10.30 A M Venue: IVLT2

ASSUME ANY DATA NECESSARY


DRAW DIAGRAMS TO ILLUSTRATE YOUR ANSWER

1. Consider a binary mixture of two geometrically similar aggregate of densities of solid 2.6
and 2.7 gm/cc respectively with their respective bulk densities being 1.6 and 1.8 gm/cc.
Obtain expressions for void ratio representing a hypothetical mixture relating the volume
fractions of aggregates when the aggregates can be mixed together without one of the
aggregate altering the structure of the other. Calculate the minimum void ratio and the
corresponding optimal proportion. Hence explain the importance of grading in concrete system.
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3. Calculate the capillary porosity, gel porosity and total porosity of a cement +silica fume +
water paste, at the age of 7 days when degree of cement hydration is 50%. The silica fume is
inert at that state and is finer than the cement particle. The w/c ratio is 0.3 and silica fume is
15% by mass of cement and its specific gravity is 2.25. 6

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING: IIT DELHI


CE 771: ADVANCED CIVIL ENGG. MATERIALS. REMINOR TEST-I DURATION: 1.0
Hour SECOND SEMESTER-2000-2001 Max. marks:=20
DATE:- 20/02/2003 TIME:- 7.30 AM-8.30 P M Venue: V101
ASSUME ANY DATA NECESSARY
DRAW DIAGRAMS TO ILLUSTRATE YOUR ANSWER
1. Explain the mechanism of segregation in concrete, Describe the test for segregation in
concrete. Distinguish between bleeding rate, bleeding capacity and duration of bleeding and state
the factors those affect the bleeding in concrete?
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2. Illustrate through chemical equations the reaction products of C2S, C3S and C3A. A
cement has following major compound composition: C2S= 17%, C3S=55%, C3A = 12% and
C4AF=10%. What is the amount of Calcium Hydroxide liberated after complete hydration
of the cement? Given that 100gm of C2S and C3S produces 22 and 49gm of Calcium
Hydroxide respectively after complete hydration?

3. A cement paste was prepared with a water cement ratio of 0.35. What is the volume
of unhydrated cement, solid product of hydration, gel pores, capillary pores and empty
capillary after one year, in the hardened solid paste, when 200 gm of cement was used in
preparing the paste? It is given that the about 95% of cement by mass gets hydrated during
the one year period mentioned above. Represent the initial and final volumes by diagrams.
5

4. Explain how specific surface of a graded aggregate system is influenced by shape and
nominal maximum size (m.s.a)?
5

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING: IIT DELHI


CE 771N: CIVIL ENGG. MATERIALS. REMINOR TEST-I DURATION: 1.0 Hour
SECOND SEMESTER-2000-2001 Max. marks:=20
DATE:- 01/04/2003 TIME:- 5.00 P.M. - 6.00 P M Venue: V 101

1. Given the following grading of aggregate, calculate the fineness modulus, and
approximate specific surface in cm2/cm3 for rounded aggregate.

Sieve size 20-mm 10-mm 4.75-mm 2.36-mm 1.18mm 0.6mm 0.3-mm 0.15mm
% passing 100 75 40 35 30 25 10 1
(by mass) 6

2. Illustrate through chemical equations the reaction products of C2S, C3S and C3A. A
cement has following major compound composition: C2S= 17%, C3S=55%, C3A = 12% and
C4AF=10%. What is the amount of Calcium Hydroxide liberated after complete hydration
of the cement? Given that 100gm of C2S and C3S produces 22 and 49gm of Calcium
Hydroxide respectively after complete hydration?

3. A cement paste was prepared with a water cement ratio of 0.35. What is the volume
of unhydrated cement, solid product of hydration, gel pores, capillary pores and empty
capillary after one year, in the hardened solid paste, when 200 gm of cement was used in
preparing the paste? It is given that the about 95% of cement by mass gets hydrated during
the one year period mentioned above. Represent the initial and final volumes by diagrams.
5

4. Give a diagram showing the general pattern of relationship between workability tests
namely; slump, C.F and Vebe tests, hence explain what workability test, would you choose for a
relatively very dry moderately dry and relatively wet concrete? 5