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Numerical Methods

Introduction to Fourier Series

Part: Introduction to Fourier
Series

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usf.usf.01: Introduction to Fourier Series Major: All Engineering Majors Authors: Duc Nguyen http://numericalmethods.edu Numerical Methods for STEM undergraduates 9/4/2010 http://numericalmethods. Lecture # 1 Chapter 11.eng.eng.edu 5 .

usf.edu .eng. Background The following relationships can be readily established T T ∫ sin( kw0t ) dt = ∫ cos(kw0t ) dt = 0 (1) 0 0 T T T ∫ sin ( kw0t ) dt = ∫ cos ( kw0t ) dt = 2 2 (2) 0 0 2 1 6 http://numericalmethods.

Background cont. T ∫ cos(kw0t ) sin( gw0t )dt = 0 (3) 0 T ∫ sin( kw0t ) sin( gw0t )dt = 0 (4) 0 T ∫ cos(kw0t ) cos( gw0t ) dt = 0 (5) 0 7 http://numericalmethods.edu .eng.usf.

eng.edu . w = 2πf 0 (6) 1 f = (7) T Where f and T represents the frequency in (cycles/time) and period (in seconds) respectively. A periodic function with a period T should satisfy the following equation: f (t + T ) = f (t ) (8) 8 http://numericalmethods.usf. Background cont.

edu . Example 1 Let T A = ∫ sin( kw0t )dt (9) 0  1  = − [cos(kw0t )]0 T  kw0  9 http://numericalmethods.eng.usf. Background cont.

Background cont.eng.usf.  −1  A =  [cos(kw0T ) − cos(0)] (10)  kw0   −1  =  [cos(k 2π ) − 1]  kw0  =0 10 http://numericalmethods.edu .

Example 2 T Let B = ∫ sin 2 (kw0t )dt (11) 0 Recall 1 − cos(2α ) sin (α ) = 2 (12) 2 T 1 1  B = ∫  − cos(2kw0t ) dt (13) o 2 2  11 http://numericalmethods.eng.edu . Background cont.usf.

Background cont.usf. T  1   1  1   =  t −    sin( 2kw0t )  2   2  2kw0  0 T  sin( 2kw0T ) − [0] 1 B= − (14)  2 4kw0  12 http://numericalmethods.eng.edu .

usf. T  1  = −   sin( 2k * 2π ) 2  4kw0  T = 2 Example 3 Let T C = ∫ sin( gw0t ) cos(kw0t )dt (15) 0 13 http://numericalmethods.eng.edu . Background cont.

usf.eng.edu . Background cont. Recall that sin(α + β ) = sin(α ) cos( β ) + sin( β ) cos(α ) (16) C = ∫ [sin[( g + k )w0t ] − sin( kw0t ) cos( gw0t )]dt (17) T 0 14 http://numericalmethods.

= ∫ sin[( g + k ) w0t ]dt − ∫ sin( kw0t ) cos( gw0t )dt (18) T T 0 0 T C = 0 − ∫ sin( kw0t ) cos( gw0t )dt (19) 0 Adding Equations (15). Background cont.usf.eng. (19).edu . T T 2C = ∫ sin( gw0t ) cos(kw0t )dt − ∫ sin( kw0t ) cos( gw0t )dt 0 0 = ∫ sin[( gw0t ) − (kw0t )]dt = ∫ sin[( g − k ) w0t ]dt T T (20) 0 0 15 http://numericalmethods.

usf. 2C = 0. since the right side of the above equation is zero Thus. T C = ∫ sin( gw0t ) cos(kw0t )dt = 0 (21) o 16 http://numericalmethods.eng. Background cont.edu .

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Acknowledgement This instructional power point brought to you by Numerical Methods for STEM undergraduate http://numericalmethods.usf.eng.edu Committed to bringing numerical methods to the undergraduate .

. Any opinions.edu/videos/ This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant # 0717624.usf. go to http://numericalmethods. and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.eng.For instructional videos on other topics. findings.

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