You are on page 1of 3

31

Part 3 : Bolt Torque Calculations


32

Equipment No. - 155-EE-1015

BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR SHELL FLANGE TO CHANNEL FLANGE


(CONSIDERING SSPWD GASKET)

BOLT DETAIL

MOC of bolt SA193 Gr. B7


Modulus of elasticity of bolting material Eb = 199948 N/mm2
at temperature
Bolt Size = M48
No. of bolts n = 32
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut lb = 500 mm
Pitch diameter of threads dm = 47.58 mm = 1.87 in.
Root area of 1 bolts = 1342.959 mm2
Root area of n bolts Ab = 42974.688 mm2

GASKET DETAIL

MOC of Gasket = SSPWD


Modulus of elasticity of gasket material Eg = 3924 N/mm2
at temperature
Gasket factor m = 3
Gasket unit seating load y = 69 N/mm2
Thickness of Gasket tg = 6.35 mm
Gaket ID Gid = 1172 mm
Gaket OD God = 1210 mm
Gasket width N = 19 mm
Basic gasket seating width(N/2) bo = 9.5 mm
Effective gasket seating width b = 7.710 mm
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

Diameter at location of gasket load reaction G = 1194.58 mm


(God-2*b)
Actual joint-contact area of gasket(2ʋbG) Ag = 57869.5 mm

Internal Pressure(considering higher of both sideP = 6.63 N/mm2


Total friction factor between bolts/nut K = 0.25
and nut/flange surface

CALCULATION

1 Hydrostatic end force (H)


2
H = ʋ' P/4
= ʌ[A[
= 7430771.19 N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)


Hp = ʌE*P3
= [ʌ[[[[
= 1151023.71 N
33

3 Minimum Required bolt load for gasket seating (Wm2)


Wm2 = ʋbGy
= ʌ[[[
= 1996496.63 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (ȴF)


ȴF = H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 7430771.19/[1 +{(42974.688 x 199948 x 6.35)/(57869.47 x 3924x500)}
= 5018864.56 N

5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)


Fbo = +Sǻ)
= 1151023.71 + 5018864.56
= 6169888.27 N

6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)


W = Greater of Fbo and Wm2
= 6169888.27 N
= 1383665.06 lb

7 Required Torque (T)


T = K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 1383665.05545362 x 1.873 / ( 12 x 32)
= 1687.24 ft-lb
= 2293.180 N-m