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You are on page 1of 4

TUTORIAL 1A

2. Determine the mass and the weight of the air contained in a room whose dimensions are

6mx6mx8m. Assume the density of the air is 1.16 kg/m3.

[Ans: 334.1 kg, 3277 N]

3. A 150-lbm astronaut took his bathroom scale (a spring scale) and a beam scale

(compares masses) to the moon where the local gravity is g = 5.48 ft/s 2. Determine how

much he will weigh (a) on the spring scale and (b) on the beam scale.

[Ans: (a) 25.5 lbf; (b) 150 lbm]

4. At what absolute temperature do the Celsius and Fahrenheit temperature scales give the

same numerical value? What is the value?

[Ans: -40]

5. Consider an alcohol and a mercury thermometer that read exactly 0°C at the ice point

and 100°C at the steam point. The distance between the two points is divided into 100

equal parts in both thermometers. Do you think these thermometers will give exactly the

same reading at a temperature of, say, 60°C? Explain.

Page 1 of 4

181CTDCHA2 Chemical Thermodynamics 2A BET

6. A tank is filled with oil whose density is = 850 kg/m3. If the volume of the tank, V = 2

m3, determine the amount of mass m in the tank.

[Ans: 1700 kg]

7. Using unity conversion ratios, show that 1.00 lbm weighs 1.00 lbf on earth

9. Someone claims that the absolute pressure in a liquid of constant density doubles when

the depth is doubled. Do you agree? Explain

10. A manometer is used to measure the pressure in a tank. The fluid used has a specific

gravity of 0.85, and the manometer column height is 55 cm. If the local atmospheric

pressure is 96kPa, determine the absolute pressure within the tank.

[Ans: 100.6 kPa]

11. Determine the atmospheric pressure at a location where the barometric reading is 740

mm Hg and the gravitational acceleration is g = 9.81 m/s2. Assume the temperature of

mercury to be 10oC, at which its density is 13 570 kg/m3.

[Ans: 98.5 kPa]

12. The piston of a vertical piston–cylinder device containing a gas has a mass of 60 kg and

a cross-sectional area of 0.04 m2. The local atmospheric pressure is 0.97bar, and the

gravitational acceleration is 9.81 m/s2. (a) Determine the pressure inside the cylinder. (b)

If some heat is transferred to the gas and its volume is doubled, do you expect the

pressure inside the cylinder to change?

[Ans: 1.12 bar]

13. The barometer of a mountain hiker reads 930 mbars at the beginning of a hiking trip and

780 mbars at the end. Neglecting the effect of altitude on local gravitational acceleration,

determine the vertical distance climbed. Assume an average air density of 1.20 kg/m3.

[Ans: 1274 m]

14. A gas is contained in a vertical, frictionless piston–cylinder device. The piston has a

mass of 4 kg and a cross-sectional area of 35 cm2. A compressed spring above the

piston exerts a force of 60 N on the piston. If the atmospheric pressure is 95 kPa,

determine the pressure inside the cylinder.

Page 2 of 4

181CTDCHA2 Chemical Thermodynamics 2A BET

15. A gas is confined in a 0.47-m-diameter cylinder by a piston, on which rests a weight. The

mass of the piston and weight together is 150 kg. The local acceleration of gravity is

9.813 m s-2, and atmospheric pressure is 101.57 kPa. (a) What is the force in N exerted

on the gas by the atmosphere, the piston, and the weight, assuming no friction between

the piston and cylinder? (b) What is the pressure of the gas in kPa? (c) If the gas in the

cylinder is heated, it expands, pushing the piston and weight upward. If the piston and

weight are raised 0.83 m, what is the work done by the gas in kJ? What is the change in

potential energy of the piston and weight?

[Ans: (a) 1.909x104 N; (b) 110.054 kPa; (c) W = 15.848 kJ, Ep = 1.222kJ]

16. Verify that the SI unit of kinetic and potential energy is the Joule.

17. An automobile having a mass of 1250 kg is traveling at 40 m s-1. What is its kinetic

energy in kJ? How much work must be done to bring it to a stop?

[Ans: Ek = W = 1x103 J]

18. The motion of a steel ball in a hemispherical bowl of radius h is to be analysed. The ball

is initially held at the highest location at point A, and then it is released. Obtain relations

for the conservation of energy of the ball for the cases of frictionless and actual motions.

19. An escalator brings four people of total 300 kg, 25 m up in a building. Explain what

happens with respect to energy transfer and stored energy.

20. A hydraulic lift has a maximum fluid pressure of 500 kPa. What should the piston-

cylinder diameter be so it can lift a mass of 850 kg?

[Ans: 0.146 m]

21. What is the pressure at the bottom of a 5 m tall column of fluid with atmospheric

pressure 101 kPa on the top surface if the fluid is a) water at 20°C b) glycerine 25°C or

c) light oil. Density: glycerine = 1260 kg/m3; light oil = 910 kg/m3.

Page 3 of 4

181CTDCHA2 Chemical Thermodynamics 2A BET

[Ans: (a) 150.05 kPa (b) 162.8 kPa; (c) 145.6 kPa]

22. Can you carry 1 m3 of liquid water at room temperature on your shoulders?

23. You dive 5m down in the ocean. What is the absolute pressure there?

[Ans: 150.375 kPa]

24. The pressure at the bottom of a swimming pool is evenly distributed. Suppose we look at

a cast iron plate of 7272 kg lying on the ground with an area of 100 m 2. What is the

average pressure it exerts below that? Is it just as evenly distributed?

[Ans: 713.4 Pa]

25. A laboratory room keeps a vacuum of 0.1 kPa. What net force does that put on the door

of size 2m by 1m?

[Ans: 200 N]

26. What is the smallest temperature in Kelvins and degrees Celsius you can have?

27. A pressurised steel bottle is charged with 5kg of oxygen gas and 7kg of nitrogen gas.

How many kmoles are in the bottle? Molecular weight of O2 = 31.999 and N2 = 28.013.

[Ans: 0.406 kmol]

28. Measured data for pressure versus volume during the expansion of gases within the

cylinder of an internal combustion engine are given in the table below. Using data from

the table, complete the following. Determine a value of n such that the data are fit by an

equation of the form, PVn = constant.

Data point P (bar) V (cm3)

1 15 300

2 12 361

3 9 459

4 6 644

5 4 903

6 2 1608

Page 4 of 4

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