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# Name :__________________ Class/Date :_______________

1. A Radioactive nuclide has a half-life of 4.0 days. A sample contains 9.6 x 108 atoms
of the nuclide.
(a) Calculate the number of atoms of the nuclide remaining after 12 days.

number = …………………………………..[2]
(b) The count rate from the sample is measured in a laboratory where the
background count rate is 16 counts/minute.
A detector is placed at a fixed distance from sample. The initial count rate
measured by the detector is 160 counts/minute.
Calculate the count rate measured by the detector after 12 days.

## count rate = ………………………………..[2]

2. (a) The size of the charge on an atom is e. Since the
charge on an electron is negative, it is written –e.
Complete the table by writing down the charges, in term
of e, on the particles and radioactive emissions shown.
[3]

## (b) Figure below shows a radioactive source emitting α-

particles, β-particles, and γ-rays into a vacuum tube.

The block of lead ensures that radiation is a narrow beam when it passes between
the poles of the magnet.
State the direction of any deflection of
(i) α-particles, ........................................................................................................ [1]
(ii) β-particles, and ................................................................................................. [2]
(iii) γ-rays ................................................................................................................ [3]

3. (a) In the space below, draw the circuit symbol for a thermistor. [1]

## (b) Figure below shows the connections

between two logic gates.
Complete the truth table of this
combination of logic gates. [3]

(c) In the space below, draw a truth table to show the action of a NOT gate. [2]
4. The IGCSE class is investigating the current in copper wires.
Each student has a selection of wires and a range of apparatus that could be used, listed
below.
30 cm ruler
ammeter
electromagnet
electronic balance
lamp
metre rule
12 V fixed-voltage power supply
switch
tape measure
variable resistor (rheostat)
voltmeter

(a) From the list, choose the most suitable device to measure the length of approximately 20
m of copper wire.
........................................................................................................................................ [1]
(b) (i) Draw a circuit diagram to show the circuit that you would set up to measure the
current in a sample of copper wire. The current is to be measured for a range of potential
differences that must also be measured. Draw the symbol for a resistor to represent the
sample of copper wire. [3]

(ii) A student replaces the copper wire with a lamp. She switches on the circuit but the
lamp does not glow.
Suggest how she can check that the lamp filament is not broken by using the circuit, and
without removing the lamp.
...........................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................[1]

(iii) State whether a 0 – 300 V voltmeter is suitable for measuring a potential difference
in the circuit you have drawn in part (b)(i). Give a reason for your answer.
statement ..........................................................................................................................
reason ...............................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................[1]