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JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS

chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang


Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

1.0 FIRST FLOOR SLAB

1.1 PANEL GRIDS (02 - 04 / A - C)

1.1.1 Effective Dimensions:

a) Cover to Reinforcement 25 (Mild and 1.5 hours fire resistance) from table 3.4
BS8110:Part 1: 1997

b) Assume Slab Reinforcemene Bars:-


Main Bars = T 12
Distribution Bars = T 10

c) Slab Short Span (Lx) = 6329

d) Slab Thickness:-

d.1) Span/eff. Depth (Table


20 3.9 BS8110:Part
(C.I.
1:1997)
3.4.6.3 Table 3.9: BS8110:Part 1: 1997)

d.2) Modification factor (m.f.) = 1.7

d.3) → d1 = Lx / ((span/eff.) x m.f) (Short Span)


→ d1 = 4430 / (20 x 1.45) = 186

d.4) → d2 = d1 - T (Long Span)


→ d2 = 153 - 12 = 174

d.5) Total Slab Depth (h) = d1 + (T/2) + C

→ h = 153 + (12/2) + 25 = 217 therefore the slab is 185 mm

1.1.2 Load Analysis

1.1.2.1 Dead Loads (DL)

a) Slab self weight = 24 kN/m3 x (slab thickness) = 24kN/m3 x 0.185 = 4.4 kN/m2
b) Floor Finishes 1.5
c) Partitions 5
d) Waterproof 0
e) Services 0.1
f) Ceiling 0.25
Total Dead Loads (DL) =1.5+4.5+0+0.1+0.25+4.4 = 11.29 kN/m2

1.1.2.2 Live Load (LL) 2 kN/m2

1.1.2.3 Design Load (n) = 1.4 x DL + 1.6 x LL 19.01 kN/m2


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

1.1.2.4 Statical System, Panel (Ly/Lx)

Ly = 6.803

Lx = 6.329

Ly / Lx = 6.803 / 6.329 = 1.07 ˂ 2.0 Two way slab

1.1.2.4.1 Bending Moments Coeficients (Table 3.14 BS8110:Part 1:1997)

1.1.2.4.2 Mid Span


→βsx = 0.0042 →Msx = βsx . n . Lx2 3.2 kNm/m
→βsy = 0.034 →Msy = βsy . n . Lx2 25.9 kNm/m

1.1.2.4.3 At Support

→ -βsx = 0.056 →Msx = βsx . n . Lx2 42.63 kNm/m


→ -βsy = 0.045 →Msy = βsy . n . Lx2 34.26 kNm/m

1.1.2.4.4 Slab Reinforcement

a) At Midspan (Short Span)

M/bd2= 3.2 x 106 /(1000x1862) = 0.1 → 100As/bd = 0.1 Chart 2

→ As (req) = 186.15 mm2/m

→ As (prov) = 262 mm2/m → provide T10@300centres

b) At Midspan (Long Span)

M/bd2 =25.9 x 106 /(1000x1742) = 0.9 → 100As/bd = 0.32 Chart 2

→ As (req) = 557.27 mm2/m

→ As (prov) = 565 mm2/m → provide T12@200centres


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

c) At Support (Short Span)

M/bd2 =42.63 x 106 /(1000x1862)= 1.23 → 100As/bd = 0.4 Chart 2

→ As (req) = 744.59 mm2/m

→ As (prov) = 801 mm2/m → provide T16@250centres

d) At Support (Long Span)

M/bd2=34.26x 106 /(1000x1742)= 1.13 → 100As/bd = 0.36 Chart 2

→ As (req) = 626.93 mm2/m

→ As (prov) = 646 mm2/m → provide T12@175centres

e) Edge Strip

Minimum Reinforcement = 100As/Ac = 0.13 (Table 3.27 BS8110:Part 1:1985) 0.13

→ As (req) = 240.5 mm2/m

→ As (prov) = 262 mm2/m → provide T10@300centres

1.1.2.4.5 Check Deflection

a) Basic L/d = 20 (CI. 3.4.6.3 Table 3.9 BS8110:Part 1:1997)

b) 1 1 mm2/m (C.I. 3.4.7 BS8110:Part1:1997, equ. 8)

c) Mft = 2 (C.I 3.4.7 BS8110:Part1:1997, equ. 7)

d) Allowable L/d = Basic L/d x Mft = 40

e) Actual L/d=Lx/d1= 34.00 OK

1.1.2.4.6 Check Cracking

a) Actual Clear Distance = 290mm

b) Max Clear Distance= 3 x d 1 = 558.44 mm OK


or 3 x d2 = 522.44 mm OK
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

2.2 FIRST FLOOR BEAMS

2.2.1 Beam (03 / F - H) DOUBLE GARAGE

Span L = 6.948

2.2.2 Beam Sizing

2.2.2.1 Effective Depth (d), Beam Depth (h)

a) Basic Span / Eff. Depth = 20 (CI. 3.4.6.3 Table 3.9 BS8110: Part 1:1997)

b) Modification Factor for Tension Reinforcement = 0.85

c) Span (L) = 6.948 m

d) Effective Depth (d) = 463.20


389mm Adopt d = 460 mm

e) Total Depth h = d + Cover + (d1/2) + d2

Where, Cover
(mm) 30 mm (For Moderate Exposure) BS8110: Part 1:1985 CI.3.3.1, Table 3.5
d1 = 20 mm (For Main Reinforcement)
d2 = 10 mm (For Stirups)

→h = d + Cover + (d1/2) + d2 = 510 mm

2.2.2.2 Effective Width (w1)= 0.3

300

510
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

2.2.3 Load Analysis

2.2.3.1 Dead Load

a) Beam Self Weight = 24kN/m3 x w1 x h = 3.7 kN/m

b) Dead Load From Slab Panel (03 - 04) / (F - H) = 11.29 kN/m


(01 - 03) / (F - H) 7 kN/m
c) Total Dead Load (DL) 21.96 kN/m

2.2.3.2 Live Load (LL)

a) Load From Slab Panel (03 - 04) / (F - H) = 3 kN/m


(01 - 03) / (F - H) 3 kN/m
b) Total Live Load (Qk) 6 kN/m

2.2.3.3 Design Load n = 1.4 x Gk + 1.6 x Qk 40.3 kN/m

2.2.4 Bending Moments and Shear Forces

2.2.4.1 Load Combination


n = 40.3 kN/m

Span L = 6.948

BMD 0 0

M = n . L2/8 = 243.47 kNm

140.16 kN

SFD 0 + 0

140.16 kN

2.2.4.2 Summary

a) Maximum moment = 243.47 kNm

b) Maximum Shear = 140.16 kN


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

2.2.5 Reinforcement

2.2.5.1 Main Reinforcement

2.2.5.2 At Midspan Mu = 243.47 kNm

→ Mu/bd2 = (243.47 x 106) / (300 x 4602) = 3.84

a) K = M / fcu b.d2 = (243.47 x 106) / (300 x 4602) = 0.128

b) Lever arm z = d (0.5 + (0.25 - k/0.9)0.5) = 381.14 < 0.9d 414 OK

b) As = M/ 0.87fy.z = 243.47 x 106 / 0.87 x 460 x 381.14 = 1596.17 mm2/m

→ Asreq = 1596 mm2/m

→ Asprov = 1963 mm2 → Provide


5T25 at→Midspan
4T25

2.2.6 Check Shear

2.2.6.1 Applied Shear va = V/bd = (243.474 x 103) / (300 x 460) = 1.76 N/mm2 < 0.8(30)0.5=4.38
CI. 3.4.5.2
2.2.6.2 Shear Resistance

→ 100As / bvd = 1.16 ≤ 3 OK CI. 3.4.5, Table 3.9, Note 2

→ vc = 0.79 (100As/bvd)0.33 . (400/d)0.25 . 1/1.25 = 0.64 N/mm2 < va = 1.81N/mm2


CI. 3.4.5.3 Table 3.9, Note 2
2.2.6.3 Shear Stirrups

Asv > bvsv (va-vc) / (0.87fyv,) fyv = 250 N/mm2, assume R10 links = 157m2 157
CI. 3.4.5.3 Table 3.8
→ sv = 0.87 . Fyv . Asv / (bv(va-vc)) = 101.27 < Max. Allowable sv = 0.75d = 345

→ Provide Shear Stirrups R10@200mm Centres CI.3.4.5.5

2.2.7 Check Deflection

Basic span/eff. D = 20 (CI.3.4.5.3, Table 3.1: BS 8110: Part1:1985)

Modification Factors: (mft & mfc )

mft = 0.55 + (477-fs) / (120 +(0.9 + M/bd2)) ≤ 2.0 (CI. 3.4.6.5, Table 3.11, eqn7)

fs =5/8.fy .( Asreq / Asprov) = 234 N/mm2 (CI. 3.4.6.5, Table 3.11, eqn.8)

M/bd2 = 3.84 → Mft 2

Allowable Span = Basic L/d x Mft = 30.21


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
Actual Span / d = 15.10 < 29.12 OK
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

2.2.8 Check Cracking

Clear Distance Between Main Bars = (w1 - Cover x 2 - d1 - 3(25))/2 = ### < 160 OK
CI. 3.4.7

300

2T20
510

R10@200

3T20

Corner Distance = 56.57 < 160/2 = 80 OK

2.2.9 Robustness
Since number of storey ns = 2 & Dist Btwn Floors, I = 3m
→ Tie Force Coeficient Ft = (20+4n) = 28 kN
(R.C Design Manual 2nd Edition July 2002 C.I 4.11.2)
→ P = 0.0267(gk + qk) . I . Ft = 62.71 kN/m CI. 3.4.7 BS 8110:Part 1: 1985

→ Asreq = P/fy 136 mm2/m

Asprov (Min) in Slab = 261mm2/m , and in Beams 402mm2/m


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

3 STAIRCASE (as per Dwg 103)

3.1 Durability & Fire Resistance

a) Cover C = 25 (Mild and 1.5 hours fire resistance) from table 3.3, 3.4
BS8110:Part 1: 1997

3.2 Loading: - BS8110: Part 1: 1997 (3.10.1.1, 3.10.1.2)

Average slab thickness (Going) on plan = 175 mm


Self-weight = 0.267 x 24 = 4.2
Finishes = 1.2
Dead load Gk = 5.4 KN/m2
Live Loads qk = 4 KN/m2

3.2.1 Design Load n = ( 1.4 x 5.4 + 1.6 x 4)7.312 = 102.08 KN/m (BS8110: Part 1: table 2.1)

3.3 Ultimate Bending Moments (M)

a) 1st interior support = 0.11 x n x L = 0.11 x 102.08 x 4.2 = 82.1014 KN/m


BS8110: Part 1: 1997 (3.4.3 table 3.5)

b) Near mid-end span = 0.09 x n x L = 0.09 x 102.08 x 4.2 = 67.17 KN/m

3.4 Reinforcement (BS8110:Part 1: 1997: 3.4.4.4)

a) Effective depth, d

a) Cover, C = 25 mm

b) Assume bar size, T = 12 mm

c) Effective depth, d = 185 - (C + T/2) = 219 mm

3.41 1st interior support, M / fcu b.d2 = (82.101x 106) / (30 x 1000 x 2192= 0.057

a) z / d = 0.94

b) As = M/ 0.95fy.z = 82.101 x 106 / 0.95 x 460 x 0.94 x 219 = 912.635 mm2/m

Asprov = 801 mm2/m → provide T16@200centres


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

3.4.2 Near mid-end span, M / fcu . b . d2 = (67.17 x 106) / (30 x 1000 x 2192) = 0.047
mm2/m
a) z / d = 0.95

b) As = M/ 0.95fy.z = 67.17 x 106 / 0.95 x 460 x 0.95 x 219 = 738.841 mm2/m

Asprov = 801 mm2/m → provide T16@250centres

3.4.3 Check for shear

100As / bd = 0.42 ≤ 3 OK CI. 3.4.5, Table 3.9, Note 2

vc = 0.79(100As/bd)0.33 . (400/d)0.25 .1/1.25 = 0.55 N/mm2 < va = 1.81N/mm2

v = 0.6 x n / d = (0.6 x 102.08 x 103) / (103 x 219) 0.28 N/mm2

3.5 Deflection

a) basic span / eff. Depth ration = 26 max

b) M / b . d2 = (67.17 x 106) / (1000 x 2192) = 1.40

c) fs = 2 x fy x As req / As appr = 2 x 460 x 738.54 / 801 = 282.869 N/mm2

Modification factor mft = 0.55 + (477-fs) / 120(0.9 + M) = 1.34 table 3.1 BS8110

d) Allowable span/ eff. Depth = 26 x 2 = 34.84

Actual L / d = 21.21 Ok

3.6 Cracking

Spacing between bars < 3 x d 657 mm therefore spacing Ok


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054
Block 10 Gaborone STRIP FOOTING BS8110: Part 1 (1997 &1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF: JP/328/STR/101 CALCULATION BY - T.S DATE- APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
4.0 STRIP FOOTING DESIGN

4.1 Design Data


Assumed soil pressure, ρ = 100 KN/mm2
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
wall Height H= 7.0 m
Wall thickness tb= 0.23 mm
Plaster Thickness tp= 0.03 m
γconcrete γconc= 24 KN/m3
γmortar γmor= 20 KN/m3

Block self-weight= H x tb x γconc 38.64 KN/m


Plaster Self-weight= H x tp x γmor 4.20 KN/m
Add 50%(Foundation s/w + Backfill+ Roof) 21.42 KN/m
Total Dead Load, gk 64.26 KN/m

4.2 Consider 1m Strip footing


Min width required, bf = gk / p 642.60 mm
Strip footing of 700x250
hf= 250 mm
bf= 700 mm

Ultimate Soil Pressure, P = gk / bf x 10-3 91.80 N/mm2 <150N/mm2-OK

4.3 Transverse Reinforcement


M = P (bf ± tb) / 2) x 0.5 = 16.06 KNm
Since M is very small
Provide Asmin = 0.0013 x h x 1000 / 100
Asmin= 32.5 mm2/m
Provide Y12@250c/c B1
Provide 3Y10 c/c B2
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone CANTILEVER BEAM DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
5 BEAM 06
5.1 a) Concrete grade fcu = 30 N/mm2
b) Reinforcement grade fy = 460 KN/mm2
c) Span L = 1.436 m
d) Xu max = 0.48d
e) Cover = 0.04 m
Live load LL = 13 KN/m

Sketch A

5.2 BEAM DEPTH (BS8110: Part 1:1985 C3.4.6.3, Table 3.9)

a) Assume beam depth, d = L / 7 = 1.436 / 7 = 0.20514 m


therefore adopt overall depth D = 0.325 m at fixed end.the depth can be reduced
to d1 = 200mm at free end 0.325 m

b) Width of beam b = D / 2 = 325 / 2 = 0.1625 m therefore use 0.23 m wall thick


230 mm
c) Effective depth d.eff = D - Cover = 325 - 40 = 0.285 m
285 mm
5.3 Dead Load

a) Beam Self Weight = (D + d1)/ 2 x b x L x 24kN/m3 = 2.58 KN/m

b) Acting @ L / L( D+2 x b) /( D+ b) = 1.436/1.436 ( 0.325+2*0.23)/(0.325+0.23) = 1.41


m from fixed
end

c) Taking load factor of 1.5,


Factored B.M at fixed end = (1.5 x LL x L2/2) + ( 1.5 x 2.58 x 1.41) = 45.68 KNm

d) Depth for B.M, M.R of a singly reinforced balanced section

d1) Mu = 0.36 x fcu x b x Xu max. x (d-( 0.42 Xu max.) = 0.36 x 30 x 230 x 0.48d . (d- (0.42 x 0.48 d))
eqaution 1
45.68 x 106 = 1192.32d x ( d - 0.2016d)

45.68 x 106 = 1192.32d - (0.7984d)

45.68 x 106= 951.948d2

Therefore d = 47982.2 219.05 mm < 325mm available depth ok


JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone CANTILEVER BEAM DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
5.4 Steel for bending moment

a) As required, Mu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq x ( d - 0.42 Xu), where Xu , depth of neutral axis for
the section is given by Total compression = Total tension
0.36 x fcu x b x Xu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq

Xu = (0.87 x fy x Asreq) / (0.36 x fcu x b) = (0.87 x 460 x Asreq) / (0.36 x 30 x 230) =


therefore substituting Xu in equation 1 section 5.4 a Xu = 0.16 Ast

Mu = 0.87 x 460 x Asreq x ( 219.05 - (0.42 x 0.16 Asreq)

45.68 = 400.2 Asreq x ( 219.05 - 0.0672 Asreq)

45.68 = 87663.81 Asreq - 26.89344 Asreq2 = 87636.91656 Asreq

Asreq = 521.20 mm2


→ Asprov = 603 mm2 Provide
→ 5T25→at Midspan
3 T 16 @ Top

b) Min Asreq = 0.85 x b x d / fy =(0.85 x 230 x 219) / 460 = 121.125 < 565mm2 OK

5.5 Check Deflection

a) Actual L / d = 1.87 / 219 = 5.04

b) Allowable L / d = (Basic L / d) x β x δ x λ where δ, λ, β = 1

c) mft, modification factor for percentage steel and stress in steel is given by
% steel = ((1.87 / 201)/(230 / 219)) x 100 = 0.89 %

d) Stress in steel = 0.85 x fy x (Asreq / Asprov) 337.96 N/mm2

e) Basic L / d = 7 (BS 8110:1:1997 CI 3.4.6.3 Table 3.9) 7 mft 1.4

f) Allowable L / d = 7 x 1.4 = 9.8 > actual L / d OK

5.6 Check for Shear

a) Factored max. shear force at fixed end Vu = 1.5 (13 x 1.87) + 1.5 x self weight = 31.87
KN
b) Nominal shear for beam of varying depth tv = (Vu - ((Mu / d) x tanβ)) / b x d 0.24
N/mm2
c) For 1.91% steel and M30 grade concrete tc permissible shear stress = 0.53
N/mm2 > tv
therefore provide minimun shear reinforcement R10 links @175mm spacing

5.7 Check Cracking


Clear Distance Between Main Bars = (w1 - Cover x 2 - 3(25))/2 = 38 < 180 OK
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone CANTILEVER SLAB DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
6 BALCONY SLAB
6.1 a) Concrete grade fcu = 30 N/mm2
b) Reinforcement grade fy = 460 KN/mm2
c) Span L = 1 m
d) Xu max = 0.48d
e) Cover = 0.04 m
Live load LL = 2 KN/m

Sketch A

6.2 BEAM DEPTH (BS8110: Part 1:1985 C3.4.6.3, Table 3.9)

a) Assume beam depth, d = L / 10 = 1.5 /10 = 0.10 m


therefore adopt overall depth D = 0.15 m at fixed end.the depth can be reduced
to d1 = 200mm at free end 0.15 m

b) For slab consider 1m strip 1m 1


1000
c) Effective depth d.eff = D - Cover = 185 - 40 = 0.11 m
110 mm
6.3 Dead Load

a) Self Weight = D x 24kN/m3 = 0.15 x 24 = 3.60 KN/m

b) Total load = Self weight + Live Load = 3.6 + 2 = 5.60

b) Wu Factored load = 1.5 x Total load = 1.5 x 5.6 8.40


KN/m
c) Mu, Factored Bending moment
Factored B.M = WuL2 / 2 = 8.42 / 2 = 35.28 KNm

d) Depth for B.M, M.R of a singly reinforced balanced section

d1) Mu = 0.36 x fcu x b x Xu max. x (d-( 0.42 Xu max.) = 0.36 x 30 x1000 x 0.48d . (d- (0.42 x 0.48 d))
eqaution 1
35.28 x 106 = 5184d x ( d - 0.2016d)

35.28 x 106 = 5184d - (0.7984d)

35.28 x 106= 4138.9506d2


Therefore d = 8532.8998 92.37 mm < 150mm available depth ok
6.4 Steel for bending moment

a) As required, Mu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq x ( d - 0.42 Xu), where Xu , depth of neutral axis for
the section is given by Total compression = Total tension
0.36 x fcu x b x Xu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq

Xu = (0.87 x fy x Asreq) / (0.36 x fcu x b) = (0.87 x 460 x Asreq) / (0.36 x 30 x 1000) =


therefore substituting Xu in equation 1 section 5.4 a Xu = 0.16 Ast

Mu = 0.87 x 460 x Asreq x ( 150 - (0.42 x 0.16 Asreq)

45.68 = 400.2 Asreq x ( 150 - 0.0672 Asreq)

45.68 = 60030Asreq - 26.89344 Asreq2 = 60003.10656 Asreq

Asreq = 587.97 mm2


As (prov) = 646 mm2/m → provide T12@175centres

b) Min Asreq = 0.85 x b x d / fy =(0.85 x 1000 x 150) / 460 = 277.174 < 565mm2 OK

6.5 Check Deflection

a) Actual L / d = 1.0 / 0.15 = 9.09

b) Allowable L / d = (Basic L / d) x β x δ x λ where δ, λ, β = 1

c) mft, modification factor for percentage steel and stress in steel is given by
% steel = ((1.0 / 201)/(1000 / 150)) x 100 = 0.07 %

d) Stress in steel = 0.85 x fy x (Asreq / Asprov) 355.88 N/mm2

e) Basic L / d = 7 (BS 8110:1:1997 CI 3.4.6.3 Table 3.9) 7 mft 1.4

f) Allowable L / d = 7 x 1.4 = 9.8 > actual L / d OK

6.6 Check for Shear

a) Factored max. shear force at fixed end Vu = 1.5 (13 x 1.5) + 1.5 x self weight = 8.40
KN
b) Nominal shear for beam of varying depth tv = Vu / b x d 0.06
N/mm2
c) For 1.3% steel and M30 grade concrete tc permissible shear stress = 0.494
N/mm2 > tv
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10
Gaborone CANTILEVER BEAM BS8110:Part 1 (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - FLEXURE

INPUT
fcu= 30 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 565 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 185 mm
d= 186 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 25 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 175 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 16 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 85.52 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 69.0 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 13.0 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 15.38
" r " = As/bd = 0.003
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 49 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 170


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 720 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 16.65 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = ###
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e 2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e 2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = ###
Average strain for calculation of crack width " e m "= e 1-e 2 = ###

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.36 mm
MR TIMON TEKANYO PLOT JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERSBS 8110 Part 1:
7254 LETHLAKANE SWIMMING POOL DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - SEPT 2017 CHECKED BY - D.M

6 Geotechnical design data

Since there is no available information about the site condition, the soil bearing capacity shall
be assumed to be 50KN/m2. the foundation designs will be verified against data and
6.1 recommendations received from the soil investigations

6.2 Design criteria

6.2.1 Design load

a) Dead load

The following densities and dead load allowance will be adopted in the design of the following
structural elements
Density of reinforced concrete 24 KN/3
Density of unreinforced concrete 23 KN/3
Density of soil 20 KN/3
Submerged density of concrete 10 KN/3
Submerged density of soil 10 KN/3

b) Super Imposed loads

The following super imposed dead loads shall be taken into account
Floor finishes 1.5 KN/m2
Services 1 KN/m2
REBAR TABLES FOR BEAMS AND COLUMNS
T12
T16
T20
T25
T32

SLAB AND STAIRCASE


T10
393 T10@200centres
314 T10@250centres
262 T10@300centres

T12
646 T12@175centres
565 T12@200centres
452 T12@250centres

T16
1005 T16@200centres
801 T16@250centres
670 T16@300centres