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# JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS

## chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang

Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

## 1.1.1 Effective Dimensions:

a) Cover to Reinforcement 25 (Mild and 1.5 hours fire resistance) from table 3.4
BS8110:Part 1: 1997

## b) Assume Slab Reinforcemene Bars:-

Main Bars = T 12
Distribution Bars = T 10

## c) Slab Short Span (Lx) = 6329

d) Slab Thickness:-

## d.1) Span/eff. Depth (Table

20 3.9 BS8110:Part
(C.I.
1:1997)
3.4.6.3 Table 3.9: BS8110:Part 1: 1997)

## d.3) → d1 = Lx / ((span/eff.) x m.f) (Short Span)

→ d1 = 4430 / (20 x 1.45) = 186

## d.4) → d2 = d1 - T (Long Span)

→ d2 = 153 - 12 = 174

## → h = 153 + (12/2) + 25 = 217 therefore the slab is 185 mm

a) Slab self weight = 24 kN/m3 x (slab thickness) = 24kN/m3 x 0.185 = 4.4 kN/m2
b) Floor Finishes 1.5
c) Partitions 5
d) Waterproof 0
e) Services 0.1
f) Ceiling 0.25

## 1.1.2.3 Design Load (n) = 1.4 x DL + 1.6 x LL 19.01 kN/m2

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

Ly = 6.803

Lx = 6.329

## 1.1.2.4.2 Mid Span

→βsx = 0.0042 →Msx = βsx . n . Lx2 3.2 kNm/m
→βsy = 0.034 →Msy = βsy . n . Lx2 25.9 kNm/m

1.1.2.4.3 At Support

## → -βsx = 0.056 →Msx = βsx . n . Lx2 42.63 kNm/m

→ -βsy = 0.045 →Msy = βsy . n . Lx2 34.26 kNm/m

## → As (prov) = 565 mm2/m → provide T12@200centres

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

e) Edge Strip

## b) Max Clear Distance= 3 x d 1 = 558.44 mm OK

or 3 x d2 = 522.44 mm OK
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10 BS8110:Part 1
Gaborone FIRST FLOOR SLAB DESIGN (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

Span L = 6.948

## 2.2.2.1 Effective Depth (d), Beam Depth (h)

a) Basic Span / Eff. Depth = 20 (CI. 3.4.6.3 Table 3.9 BS8110: Part 1:1997)

## d) Effective Depth (d) = 463.20

389mm Adopt d = 460 mm

## e) Total Depth h = d + Cover + (d1/2) + d2

Where, Cover
(mm) 30 mm (For Moderate Exposure) BS8110: Part 1:1985 CI.3.3.1, Table 3.5
d1 = 20 mm (For Main Reinforcement)
d2 = 10 mm (For Stirups)

## 2.2.2.2 Effective Width (w1)= 0.3

300

510
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

## b) Dead Load From Slab Panel (03 - 04) / (F - H) = 11.29 kN/m

(01 - 03) / (F - H) 7 kN/m

## a) Load From Slab Panel (03 - 04) / (F - H) = 3 kN/m

(01 - 03) / (F - H) 3 kN/m
b) Total Live Load (Qk) 6 kN/m

n = 40.3 kN/m

Span L = 6.948

BMD 0 0

140.16 kN

SFD 0 + 0

140.16 kN

2.2.4.2 Summary

## b) Maximum Shear = 140.16 kN

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

2.2.5 Reinforcement

5T25 at→Midspan
4T25

## 2.2.6 Check Shear

2.2.6.1 Applied Shear va = V/bd = (243.474 x 103) / (300 x 460) = 1.76 N/mm2 < 0.8(30)0.5=4.38
CI. 3.4.5.2
2.2.6.2 Shear Resistance

## → vc = 0.79 (100As/bvd)0.33 . (400/d)0.25 . 1/1.25 = 0.64 N/mm2 < va = 1.81N/mm2

CI. 3.4.5.3 Table 3.9, Note 2
2.2.6.3 Shear Stirrups

Asv > bvsv (va-vc) / (0.87fyv,) fyv = 250 N/mm2, assume R10 links = 157m2 157
CI. 3.4.5.3 Table 3.8
→ sv = 0.87 . Fyv . Asv / (bv(va-vc)) = 101.27 < Max. Allowable sv = 0.75d = 345

## Modification Factors: (mft & mfc )

mft = 0.55 + (477-fs) / (120 +(0.9 + M/bd2)) ≤ 2.0 (CI. 3.4.6.5, Table 3.11, eqn7)

fs =5/8.fy .( Asreq / Asprov) = 234 N/mm2 (CI. 3.4.6.5, Table 3.11, eqn.8)

## Allowable Span = Basic L/d x Mft = 30.21

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
Actual Span / d = 15.10 < 29.12 OK
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone FIRST FLOOR BEAMS DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/102 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

## 2.2.8 Check Cracking

Clear Distance Between Main Bars = (w1 - Cover x 2 - d1 - 3(25))/2 = ### < 160 OK
CI. 3.4.7

300

2T20
510

R10@200

3T20

## Corner Distance = 56.57 < 160/2 = 80 OK

2.2.9 Robustness
Since number of storey ns = 2 & Dist Btwn Floors, I = 3m
→ Tie Force Coeficient Ft = (20+4n) = 28 kN
(R.C Design Manual 2nd Edition July 2002 C.I 4.11.2)
→ P = 0.0267(gk + qk) . I . Ft = 62.71 kN/m CI. 3.4.7 BS 8110:Part 1: 1985

## Asprov (Min) in Slab = 261mm2/m , and in Beams 402mm2/m

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

## 3.1 Durability & Fire Resistance

a) Cover C = 25 (Mild and 1.5 hours fire resistance) from table 3.3, 3.4
BS8110:Part 1: 1997

## Average slab thickness (Going) on plan = 175 mm

Self-weight = 0.267 x 24 = 4.2
Finishes = 1.2
Live Loads qk = 4 KN/m2

3.2.1 Design Load n = ( 1.4 x 5.4 + 1.6 x 4)7.312 = 102.08 KN/m (BS8110: Part 1: table 2.1)

## a) 1st interior support = 0.11 x n x L = 0.11 x 102.08 x 4.2 = 82.1014 KN/m

BS8110: Part 1: 1997 (3.4.3 table 3.5)

## 3.4 Reinforcement (BS8110:Part 1: 1997: 3.4.4.4)

a) Effective depth, d

a) Cover, C = 25 mm

## c) Effective depth, d = 185 - (C + T/2) = 219 mm

3.41 1st interior support, M / fcu b.d2 = (82.101x 106) / (30 x 1000 x 2192= 0.057

a) z / d = 0.94

## Asprov = 801 mm2/m → provide T16@200centres

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

3.4.2 Near mid-end span, M / fcu . b . d2 = (67.17 x 106) / (30 x 1000 x 2192) = 0.047
mm2/m
a) z / d = 0.95

3.5 Deflection

## c) fs = 2 x fy x As req / As appr = 2 x 460 x 738.54 / 801 = 282.869 N/mm2

Modification factor mft = 0.55 + (477-fs) / 120(0.9 + M) = 1.34 table 3.1 BS8110

## d) Allowable span/ eff. Depth = 26 x 2 = 34.84

Actual L / d = 21.21 Ok

3.6 Cracking

## Spacing between bars < 3 x d 657 mm therefore spacing Ok

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone STAIRCASE DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054
Block 10 Gaborone STRIP FOOTING BS8110: Part 1 (1997 &1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF: JP/328/STR/101 CALCULATION BY - T.S DATE- APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
4.0 STRIP FOOTING DESIGN

## 4.1 Design Data

Assumed soil pressure, ρ = 100 KN/mm2
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
wall Height H= 7.0 m
Wall thickness tb= 0.23 mm
Plaster Thickness tp= 0.03 m
γconcrete γconc= 24 KN/m3
γmortar γmor= 20 KN/m3

## Block self-weight= H x tb x γconc 38.64 KN/m

Plaster Self-weight= H x tp x γmor 4.20 KN/m
Add 50%(Foundation s/w + Backfill+ Roof) 21.42 KN/m

## 4.2 Consider 1m Strip footing

Min width required, bf = gk / p 642.60 mm
Strip footing of 700x250
hf= 250 mm
bf= 700 mm

## 4.3 Transverse Reinforcement

M = P (bf ± tb) / 2) x 0.5 = 16.06 KNm
Since M is very small
Provide Asmin = 0.0013 x h x 1000 / 100
Asmin= 32.5 mm2/m
Provide Y12@250c/c B1
Provide 3Y10 c/c B2
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone CANTILEVER BEAM DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
5 BEAM 06
5.1 a) Concrete grade fcu = 30 N/mm2
b) Reinforcement grade fy = 460 KN/mm2
c) Span L = 1.436 m
d) Xu max = 0.48d
e) Cover = 0.04 m
Live load LL = 13 KN/m

Sketch A

## a) Assume beam depth, d = L / 7 = 1.436 / 7 = 0.20514 m

therefore adopt overall depth D = 0.325 m at fixed end.the depth can be reduced
to d1 = 200mm at free end 0.325 m

## b) Width of beam b = D / 2 = 325 / 2 = 0.1625 m therefore use 0.23 m wall thick

230 mm
c) Effective depth d.eff = D - Cover = 325 - 40 = 0.285 m
285 mm

m from fixed
end

## c) Taking load factor of 1.5,

Factored B.M at fixed end = (1.5 x LL x L2/2) + ( 1.5 x 2.58 x 1.41) = 45.68 KNm

## d) Depth for B.M, M.R of a singly reinforced balanced section

d1) Mu = 0.36 x fcu x b x Xu max. x (d-( 0.42 Xu max.) = 0.36 x 30 x 230 x 0.48d . (d- (0.42 x 0.48 d))
eqaution 1
45.68 x 106 = 1192.32d x ( d - 0.2016d)

## Therefore d = 47982.2 219.05 mm < 325mm available depth ok

JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone CANTILEVER BEAM DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
5.4 Steel for bending moment

a) As required, Mu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq x ( d - 0.42 Xu), where Xu , depth of neutral axis for
the section is given by Total compression = Total tension
0.36 x fcu x b x Xu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq

## Xu = (0.87 x fy x Asreq) / (0.36 x fcu x b) = (0.87 x 460 x Asreq) / (0.36 x 30 x 230) =

therefore substituting Xu in equation 1 section 5.4 a Xu = 0.16 Ast

## Asreq = 521.20 mm2

→ Asprov = 603 mm2 Provide
→ 5T25→at Midspan
3 T 16 @ Top

b) Min Asreq = 0.85 x b x d / fy =(0.85 x 230 x 219) / 460 = 121.125 < 565mm2 OK

## b) Allowable L / d = (Basic L / d) x β x δ x λ where δ, λ, β = 1

c) mft, modification factor for percentage steel and stress in steel is given by
% steel = ((1.87 / 201)/(230 / 219)) x 100 = 0.89 %

## 5.6 Check for Shear

a) Factored max. shear force at fixed end Vu = 1.5 (13 x 1.87) + 1.5 x self weight = 31.87
KN
b) Nominal shear for beam of varying depth tv = (Vu - ((Mu / d) x tanβ)) / b x d 0.24
N/mm2
c) For 1.91% steel and M30 grade concrete tc permissible shear stress = 0.53
N/mm2 > tv
therefore provide minimun shear reinforcement R10 links @175mm spacing

## 5.7 Check Cracking

Clear Distance Between Main Bars = (w1 - Cover x 2 - 3(25))/2 = 38 < 180 OK
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi &
Ratanang Ngwako-Balisi Plot BS 8110 Part 1:
66054 Block 10 Gaborone CANTILEVER SLAB DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M
6 BALCONY SLAB
6.1 a) Concrete grade fcu = 30 N/mm2
b) Reinforcement grade fy = 460 KN/mm2
c) Span L = 1 m
d) Xu max = 0.48d
e) Cover = 0.04 m
Live load LL = 2 KN/m

Sketch A

## a) Assume beam depth, d = L / 10 = 1.5 /10 = 0.10 m

therefore adopt overall depth D = 0.15 m at fixed end.the depth can be reduced
to d1 = 200mm at free end 0.15 m

## b) For slab consider 1m strip 1m 1

1000
c) Effective depth d.eff = D - Cover = 185 - 40 = 0.11 m
110 mm

## b) Wu Factored load = 1.5 x Total load = 1.5 x 5.6 8.40

KN/m
c) Mu, Factored Bending moment
Factored B.M = WuL2 / 2 = 8.42 / 2 = 35.28 KNm

## d) Depth for B.M, M.R of a singly reinforced balanced section

d1) Mu = 0.36 x fcu x b x Xu max. x (d-( 0.42 Xu max.) = 0.36 x 30 x1000 x 0.48d . (d- (0.42 x 0.48 d))
eqaution 1
35.28 x 106 = 5184d x ( d - 0.2016d)

## 35.28 x 106= 4138.9506d2

Therefore d = 8532.8998 92.37 mm < 150mm available depth ok
6.4 Steel for bending moment

a) As required, Mu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq x ( d - 0.42 Xu), where Xu , depth of neutral axis for
the section is given by Total compression = Total tension
0.36 x fcu x b x Xu = 0.87 x fy x Asreq

## Xu = (0.87 x fy x Asreq) / (0.36 x fcu x b) = (0.87 x 460 x Asreq) / (0.36 x 30 x 1000) =

therefore substituting Xu in equation 1 section 5.4 a Xu = 0.16 Ast

## Asreq = 587.97 mm2

As (prov) = 646 mm2/m → provide T12@175centres

b) Min Asreq = 0.85 x b x d / fy =(0.85 x 1000 x 150) / 460 = 277.174 < 565mm2 OK

## b) Allowable L / d = (Basic L / d) x β x δ x λ where δ, λ, β = 1

c) mft, modification factor for percentage steel and stress in steel is given by
% steel = ((1.0 / 201)/(1000 / 150)) x 100 = 0.07 %

## 6.6 Check for Shear

a) Factored max. shear force at fixed end Vu = 1.5 (13 x 1.5) + 1.5 x self weight = 8.40
KN
b) Nominal shear for beam of varying depth tv = Vu / b x d 0.06
N/mm2
c) For 1.3% steel and M30 grade concrete tc permissible shear stress = 0.494
N/mm2 > tv
JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERS
chenjelani Sydney Balisi & Ratanang
Ngwako-Balisi Plot 66054 Block 10
Gaborone CANTILEVER BEAM BS8110:Part 1 (1997&1985) SHEET No.

Dwg REF- JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - APRIL 2018 CHECKED BY - D.M

## CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - FLEXURE

INPUT
fcu= 30 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 565 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 185 mm
d= 186 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 25 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 175 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 16 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 85.52 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 69.0 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 13.0 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 15.38
" r " = As/bd = 0.003
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 49 mm

## " Z " = d-(x/3) = 170

Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 720 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 16.65 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = ###
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e 2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e 2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = ###
Average strain for calculation of crack width " e m "= e 1-e 2 = ###

## Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))

CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.36 mm
MR TIMON TEKANYO PLOT JIRIMHANDA ENGINEERSBS 8110 Part 1:
7254 LETHLAKANE SWIMMING POOL DESIGN (1997 & 1985) SHEET No.
Dwg REF JP/328/STR/103 CALCULATIONS BY - T.S DATE - SEPT 2017 CHECKED BY - D.M

## 6 Geotechnical design data

Since there is no available information about the site condition, the soil bearing capacity shall
be assumed to be 50KN/m2. the foundation designs will be verified against data and
6.1 recommendations received from the soil investigations

## 6.2 Design criteria

structural elements
Density of reinforced concrete 24 KN/3
Density of unreinforced concrete 23 KN/3
Density of soil 20 KN/3
Submerged density of concrete 10 KN/3
Submerged density of soil 10 KN/3

Floor finishes 1.5 KN/m2
Services 1 KN/m2
REBAR TABLES FOR BEAMS AND COLUMNS
T12
T16
T20
T25
T32

## SLAB AND STAIRCASE

T10
393 T10@200centres
314 T10@250centres
262 T10@300centres

T12
646 T12@175centres
565 T12@200centres
452 T12@250centres

T16
1005 T16@200centres
801 T16@250centres
670 T16@300centres