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P S C [1] FIGURE 1ST [2] 2ND [3] 3RD [4] 4TH [5] 5TH [6] STATUS

A A A 1
A E A 1
A E E 1
E A A 1
E A E 1
A O I 2
A O O 2
O A A 2
O A E 2
O A I 2
A I I 3
A O I 3
E I I 3
I A I 3
I E I 3
O A I 3
O A O 3
I A I 4
I E I 4
O A I 4
MOOD FIGURE APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE'S FIVE RULES TERMS
Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion [7] 1ST [8] 2ND [9] 3RD [10] 4TH [11] 5TH [12] STATUS S P M Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion
A A A 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A A E 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A A I 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A A O 1 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A E A 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A E E 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A E I 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A E O 1 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A I A 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A I E 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A I I 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A I O 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A O A 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A O E 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A O I 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A O O 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E A A 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E A E 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E A I 1 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E A O 1 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E E A 1 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E E E 1 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E E I 1 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E E O 1 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E I A 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E I E 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E I I 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E I O 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E O A 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E O E 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E O I 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E O O 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I A A 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I A E 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I A I 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I A O 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I E A 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I E E 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I E I 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I E O 1 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I I A 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I I E 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I I I 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I I O 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I O A 1 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I O E 1 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I O I 1 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I O O 1 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O A A 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O A E 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
O A I 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O A O 1 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O E A 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O E E 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
O E I 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O E O 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O I A 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O I E 1 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
O I I 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O I O 1 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O O A 1 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O O E 1 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
O O I 1 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O O O 1 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A A A 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A A E 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A A I 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A A O 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A E A 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A E E 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A E I 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A E O 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A I A 2 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A I E 2 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A I I 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A I O 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A O A 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
A O E 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
A O I 2 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
A O O 2 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E A A 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E A E 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E A I 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E A O 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E E A 2 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E E E 2 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E E I 2 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E E O 2 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E I A 2 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E I E 2 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E I I 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E I O 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E O A 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
E O E 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
E O I 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
E O O 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I A A 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I A E 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I A I 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I A O 2 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I E A 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I E E 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I E I 2 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I E O 2 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I I A 2 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I I E 2 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I I I 2 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I I O 2 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I O A 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
I O E 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
I O I 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
I O O 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O A A 2 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O A E 2 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
O A I 2 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O A O 2 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O E A 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O E E 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
MOOD FIGURE APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE'S FIVE RULES TERMS
Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion [7] 1ST [8] 2ND [9] 3RD [10] 4TH [11] 5TH [12] STATUS S P M Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion
O E I 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O E O 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O I A 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O I E 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
O I I 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O I O 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O O A 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals
O O E 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals
O O I 2 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals
O O O 2 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A A A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A A E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A A I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A A O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A E A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A E E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A E I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A E O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A I A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A I E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A I I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A I O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A O A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A O E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A O I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A O O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E A A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E A E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E A I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E A O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E E A 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E E E 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E E I 3 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E E O 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E I A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E I E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E I I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E I O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E O A 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E O E 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E O I 3 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E O O 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I A A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I A E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I A I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I A O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I E A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I E E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I E I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I E O 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I I A 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I I E 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I I I 3 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I I O 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I O A 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I O E 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I O I 3 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I O O 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O A A 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O A E 3 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O A I 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O A O 3 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O E A 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O E E 3 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O E I 3 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O E O 3 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O I A 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O I E 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O I I 3 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O I O 3 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O O A 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O O E 3 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O O I 3 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O O O 3 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A A A 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A A E 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A A I 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A A O 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A E A 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A E E 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A E I 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A E O 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A I A 4 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A I E 4 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A I I 4 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A I O 4 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
A O A 4 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
A O E 4 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
A O I 4 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
A O O 4 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E A A 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E A E 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E A I 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E A O 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E E A 4 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E E E 4 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E E I 4 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E E O 4 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E I A 4 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E I E 4 ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E I I 4 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E I O 4 ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
E O A 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
E O E 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
E O I 4 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
E O O 4 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I A A 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I A E 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I A I 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I A O 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I E A 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I E E 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I E I 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I E O 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
I I A 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I I E 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I I I 4 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I I O 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
MOOD FIGURE APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE'S FIVE RULES TERMS
Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion [7] 1ST [8] 2ND [9] 3RD [10] 4TH [11] 5TH [12] STATUS S P M Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion
I O A 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
I O E 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
I O I 4 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
I O O 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O A A 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O A E 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O A I 4 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O A O 4 ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O E A 4 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O E E 4 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O E I 4 ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O E O 4 ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O I A 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O I E 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O I I 4 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O I O 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
O O A 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals
O O E 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals
O O I 4 ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals
O O O 4 ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals
MOOD FIGURE TERMS PROPOSITIONS APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE'S FIVE RULES
Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion [13] S P M Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion 1ST [14] 2ND [15] 3RD [16] 4TH [17] 5TH [18] STATUS
A A A 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
A A E 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A A I 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
A A O 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID
A E A 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ N/A N/A INVALID
A E E 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ N/A INVALID
A E I 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ N/A ✓ N/A ✘ INVALID
A E O 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
A I A 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A I E 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A I I 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ N/A ✓ N/A ✓ VALID (UV)
A I O 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A O A 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O E 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O I 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O O 1 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A A 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ N/A N/A INVALID
E A E 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
E A I 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E A O 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
E E A 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E E 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E I 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E E O 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E I A 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I E 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I I 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I O 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
E O A 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O E 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O I 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O O 1 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I A I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I E A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I I I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I O A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O A 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O E 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O I 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O O 1 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A A A 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A A E 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A A I 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
A A O 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID
A E A 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A E E 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
A E I 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
A E O 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
A I A 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A I E 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A I I 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A I O 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A O A 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O E 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O I 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
A O O 2 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
E A A 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A E 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
E A I 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E A O 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
E E A 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E E 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E I 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E E O 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E I A 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I E 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I I 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I O 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
E O A 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O E 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O I 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O O 2 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I A I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I E A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I I I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I O A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ N/A N/A INVALID
O A E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ N/A INVALID
O A I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
O A O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O A 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
MOOD FIGURE TERMS PROPOSITIONS APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE'S FIVE RULES
Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion [13] S P M Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion 1ST [14] 2ND [15] 3RD [16] 4TH [17] 5TH [18] STATUS
O O E 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O I 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O O 2 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some dogs are not mammals Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A A A 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A A E 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A A I 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
A A O 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID
A E A 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A E E 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A E I 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
A E O 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
A I A 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A I E 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A I I 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
A I O 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A O A 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O E 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O I 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
A O O 3 dogs animals mammals All mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A A 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A E 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A I 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E A O 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
E E A 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E E 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E I 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E E O 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E I A 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I E 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I I 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
E I O 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
E O A 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O E 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O I 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O O 3 dogs animals mammals No mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I A I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
I A O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I E A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
I E O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I I I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I O A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
O A O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
O E A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O A 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O E 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O I 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O O 3 dogs animals mammals Some mammals are not animals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A A A 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A A E 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A A I 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
A A O 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✘ INVALID
A E A 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A E E 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
A E I 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
A E O 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
A I A 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A I E 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A I I 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A I O 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
A O A 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O E 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O I 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
A O O 4 dogs animals mammals All animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A A 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A E 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E A I 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ N/A ✓ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E A O 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✘ VALID (CV)
E E A 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E E 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E E I 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E E O 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ INVALID
E I A 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I E 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I I 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E I O 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
E O A 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O E 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O I 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
E O O 4 dogs animals mammals No animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I A E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I A I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ VALID (UV)
I A O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I E A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I E I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
I E O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I I I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I I O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ INVALID
I O A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
I O O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O A I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✓ N/A ✓ INVALID
O A O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals All mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✓ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O E O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals No mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✓ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
MOOD FIGURE TERMS PROPOSITIONS APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE'S FIVE RULES
Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion [13] S P M Major Premise Minor Premise Conclusion 1ST [14] 2ND [15] 3RD [16] 4TH [17] 5TH [18] STATUS
O I I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O I O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O A 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, all dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O E 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, no dogs are animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O I 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are animals ✘ ✓ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID
O O O 4 dogs animals mammals Some animals are not mammals Some mammals are not dogs Therefore, some dogs are not animals ✘ ✘ ✘ ✓ ✓ INVALID

> VALID (UV) - Unconditionally Valid


> VALID (CV) - Conditionally Valid
[1] So, O sentences distribute the predicate, A and E sentences distribute their subjects, and I sentences
distribute nothing.

[2] In all valid syllogisms, the middle term is distributed in at least one of the premises.

[3] In all valid syllogisms, any term distributed in the conclusion is also distributed in the premises.

[4] In all valid syllogisms, at least one of the premises must be affirmative.

[5] In all valid syllogisms, if the conclusion is negative, one premise must be negative.

[6] In all valid syllogisms, if the conclusion is particular, at least one of the premises must be particular.
(This one is for the hypothetical viewpoint only; for the existential viewpoint, just use the first four.)

[7] So, O sentences distribute the predicate, A and E sentences distribute their subjects, and I sentences
distribute nothing.

[8] In all valid syllogisms, the middle term is distributed in at least one of the premises.

[9] In all valid syllogisms, any term distributed in the conclusion is also distributed in the premises.

[10] In all valid syllogisms, at least one of the premises must be affirmative.

[11] In all valid syllogisms, if the conclusion is negative, one premise must be negative.

[12] In all valid syllogisms, if the conclusion is particular, at least one of the premises must be particular.
(This one is for the hypothetical viewpoint only; for the existential viewpoint, just use the first four.)

[13] So, O sentences distribute the predicate, A and E sentences distribute their subjects, and I sentences
distribute nothing.

[14] In all valid syllogisms, the middle term is distributed in at least one of the premises.

[15] In all valid syllogisms, any term distributed in the conclusion is also distributed in the premises.

[16] In all valid syllogisms, at least one of the premises must be affirmative.

[17] In all valid syllogisms, if the conclusion is negative, one premise must be negative.

[18] In all valid syllogisms, if the conclusion is particular, at least one of the premises must be particular.
(This one is for the hypothetical viewpoint only; for the existential viewpoint, just use the first four.)