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POTENCIALES ESTANDAR DE REDUCCION* Reaccién F (oltios) dE/aT (mv/k) Aluminio ABH Se" <= Alls) -1677 0.533 AICE+ 4 3e~ <= Al(s) + C1- =1,802 AIE3- + 3c = Al(s) + 6F~ 2,069 MOH); + 36 = Alls) +408" 2328 13 ‘Antimonio SbO* 42H + 3e- <= Shs) +0 0.208 Sb,0,(3) + 6H! +6e" = 28b(s) +3H,0 o4a7 0,369 Sb(s) +3H* +3e- = SbH,(g) =0,510 0,030 Arsénico HAsO, +2H* +2e-<= H,As0, + H,0 0575 HAsO, + 3Ht 4 3e” = As(s) +311,0 02475 AS(s) +311" +3e> == ASHL(2) =0.238 Aautee 8,0} +2" = 280 201 $,07 + 4H" + 2c = 2H,50, ost 480, + 4H* + 6e~ <2 S,02-+2H,0 0539 =u (Continia) * Tada las especies son acuosas, so india To contario, El estado de referencia de las amalgams es una disolucin ifinitarente dui de elemento en He, Fl coeficiente de temperatura, EU, nos permite calcular el potencialestndar, £7), a a temperatura T: ET) = E+ (AE%APYAT, donde AT es T~298,15 K. Advetc que las unidades de JEMAT son mV/K. Si se eonoce E° dela reacién dela pila a la temperatura 7, se puede halla la constante de equilbvio, K de la ‘eacein uilizando Ia formula K'= 10°" 0, donde mes el nimero de electrones en cia una de is semireaciones, Fes la constant de Faraday y la cons- tante de los gases FLUENT: Lafuente mis sutorizada es G. ratsch, J. Phys. Chem. Ref Data 1989, 18, 1. Otos datos estén tomados de LG, Silen y A. E, Martell, Stability Constants of Metal-lon Complexes (London: The Chemical Society, Special Publications Nos, 17y25, 1964 y 1971): G, Milazzoy S. Caroli ables of Standard Electrode Poentals (New York: Wiley, 1978}; Mussni P. Long, y'. Rondinini, Pure Appl. com. 1988, 57,169. Ora buena fuente es A. J. Bard, R. Parsons 1yJ. Jordan, Standard Potentials in Aqueous Solution (New York: Marcel Dekker, 1985), Los potencies de reduccn de 1200 eacciones con radicales libres se encuentran en P Wardman, J. Pi. Chem, Ref Data 1989, [8.1637 897 98 Reaccién $0, 44H? + de" = S(s) +2H,0 2H,S0, + 2H* + 4e~ = S,07 +3110 S(s) +2H* + 20° = H,S(4) S(s) + 2H? + 2e- = H,S(ae) SO} + 2H + 2e- = 2HS,0; 58(s) +26" = 8? 2S(s)-+2e" <2 S}- 280} +3H,0+4e~ = $,03 + 60H- SO} +3H,0 + 4e~ = S(s) + 60H- SO} +411,0 + 6¢~ == S(s) + 80H SO} +H,0+2e == SO} +20H 280} +2H,0+2e- == S,02 +40H- 280} +2104 2e-< S02 +40H- Baro Ba2* + 2e“+Hg = Ba(enHg) Ba? + 2e~ = Ba(s) Berio Be + 2c = Bo(s) Bismato Bi3+ + 3e~ = Bis) BICI; +3" = Bi(s) +4Ct BiOCK(s) + 2H" + 3e~ <= Bi(s) +H,0 + CI Boro 2B(s) + 6H* + 66 <2 Bylig(x) BO} + 14H* + 12e- = 4B(s) +7H,0 B(OH), + 3H* +e” = Bls) +310 Bromo BrOj +2H* + 2e~ <= BrOs +H,0 HoBr+H* +e = !br,(i)+4,0 Br05 + 6H + Seer 1Br,(1)+ 31,0 Br,(ac) + 2e- <= 2Br- Br(l) +2e- == 3Br- Bry +20 <2 3B BrO- + H,0 + 2¢~ => Br-+ 20> BrO; +3H,0 + 6e° = Br +60H Cadmio Cd? 4 2e- + He == Cen He) Cd?* + 20> = Cds) CA(C,O,)(5) + 2e- = Cals) + C05 CA(C,0,)3 + 2e° = Cals) +2€,0, CA(NH,)}* 4 2e° = Cas) +4NH. CAS(s) + 2e~ == Cd(s) + S* F (voltios) 0450 00 0,174 oa = 1,968 0,308 016 0,160 =0,150 ~0.792 0.889 1.745; 584 1,513 1,098 L078 1,062 0.766 0.613 0,380 0402 0522 0572 0613 4175 Apendice Hm Potenciales estandar de reduecion dE°/AT (mV/K) 0,652 0224 021 -116 1,06 -123 =1,288 “141 085 1,00 0.401 0,60 018 -0,296 ~0,492 ost 0.75 0.419 0.499 -o611 0512 0,029 (Comtinia) Apéindice Hm Potenciales estindar de reduccién Reacé Calcio Ca(s)-+2H* 4 2e” = Cals) Ca? + 20° +He = Caten He) Ca®* + 2¢° = Cals) ‘Calacetato)* + 2e” <= Cas) + acetato Ca$O4(s) + 26 = Cats) + S0}- Ca{malonato)(s) + 26 == Ca(s) + malonato?- Carbone Cylly(g) + 2H? +20 == Cyt Cg) CH,OH + 2H? +2e~== CHy(g)+H,0 ficido deshidroascérbico + 2H* + 2e-<= dcido ascorbico + H,0 (CN)g(g) + 2H" + 20° = 2HCN (ae) H,C0 4211" +2e- = CH,OH C(s) +4Ht+4e- = CHG) HCO,H +2H*+2e- <= H,CO+H,0 C0,(9)+2Ht + 2" = CO(g) + HO CO,(g) + 2H" + 2e-== HCO,H 2CO,(g) +2H* + 2e" = H,C,0, Cerio Cet +e Cel Cel Fe = Cals) Cesio Cst her + Hg = Cslen He) Cot +e = Ca(s) ine ZnOH" + H* + 2e~ = Zn(s) +2H,0 Zn2* +26 <= Zn(s) Zn? +2e°+Hg = Zn(en He) Z(NH)2* + 2e- = Zn(s)+4NH ZCO4(s) + 2e- = Za(s) + COR Zn(0H); + 26° = Zn(s) + 30H Zn(OH)} + 26° = Za(s) + 40H Za(Ol1)9(s) + 2e- = Za(s) + 20H Z0(s) + H,0 + 2¢- = Zn(s) +20H- ZnS(s) + 20- = Zn(s) +S Cireonio Ze! + dem = Zils) ZxO,(s) + 4H" + 4e- => Zn(s) +2H,0 0,700 0,583 0,390 0373 0.1315 0,029 0,103 8 0.432 12 170 HCIO,1F 144 HS0,1F 161 HNO 1F 147 HOHE 2336 1,950 dE-/dT (mV /K) 0,186 0,280: 172 0,03 0,119 0,999) =1,160 0.67 ~0,344 (Continia) Reaccién Clore HCIO, +28" + 26> = HOCI + HO HCIO+ HY +e" = 4C1,(g) +H,0 105 + 6H? + Se~ = IC1,(—) +311,0 Ci,(ac)+2e" = 2C1 Chy(g) +2e- <= 2Cr GIO; + 2H + 2e-< C10; +1140 C105 + 34+ 2e~ <= HCIO, + 11,0 C103 + 2H" + = C10, +11,0 C10; + = C103 Cobalto Co +e Co? Co(NH,),(H,0)3* + e- = Co(NH,),(H,0)?* Co(NH)}* + e- = Co(NHy)2* CoOH* + HY 4+2e- <= Co(s) + H,0 Co? + 2e- = Cols) Co(OH),(s) + 20° <= Co(s) + 20H Cobre Cut +e" = Cals) Cu2*+ 20° = Culs) Cutt +e" = Cut Cucl(s) +e = Cals) + C- Cu(1O4),(9) + 26° = Cu(s) + 2105 Cu(etilendiamina)3 + e~ = Cu(s) + 2etilendiamina Cul(s) +e° = Cuts) +P Cu(EDTA)?> + 2e- = Cu(s) + EDTA Cu(OH),(s) + 2e° = Cus) + 20H Cu(CN)5 +e = Cu(s) +2CN~ CuCN(s) +e = Cu(s) + CN~ Cromo (r,0} + 14H* + Ge" = 2Cr* +7H,0 CxO} +4H,0+ 3e- = COH),(s, hidratado) + SOH CH +e Crt Cr+ + 3e> Crs), Cr?+ 4 20> =e Crs) Disprosio Dy3* + 3e- = Dy(s) Eibio Eri+ + 3e” = Er(s) Escandio Sc* + 3e> = Sc(s) Estato ‘Sn(OHY} + 3H* + 2e~ = Sn?* + 6H,0 ‘Sott + 2e> == Sn?* E (voltios) 1.674 1,630 1438 1,396 1,3604 1.226 1157 130 1,068; 1.92 1817 1.850 0.37 ou 0,003 0,282 0.746 018 0.339 0.161 0.137 0,079 0,119 0,185 0.216 0429 01639 1,36 0,12 0.42 0.78 089 2,295 2331 2:09 142 04139 Apendice Hm Potenciales estindar de reduccién dE*/dT (mV /k) 055 027 0.347 180, 3F HNO) 4F NHNO.1F 0.04 0,065 -102 0,754 ott 0776 0373 0,388 oat HCILF (Continia) Apéndice Hm Potenciales estindar de reduecién Reaccién Sn03(s) +481 +2e- <= Sn®* +2110 Sn2*+ 2" <2 Sats) SaF3-+de~ = Sn(s) + 6F Sn(OH)?- + 2e~ => Sn(OH); + 30H- Sn(s)-+4H,0 + 4e = Snll,(g) +401 $103(s) +1130 + 26° <= SnO(s) + 20H Sr + 2e- = Sr(s) Europio Bust 4 e~ <= Bu? Eu + 3e~ = Eu(s) Bu?* + 2c" == Eu(s) Flor Fy(g) +26" = 2F- F,0(g) 42H" +46 <= 2F- + H,0 Pésforo 4p,(s, blanco) +3Ht + 3e°-< PH,(2) }P4(s, t0)0) + 3H! + 3e-=> PH,(g) HPO, +2H?+2e~ == H,PO, + H,0 HPO, +5H*+5e-<= 1Py(s, blanco) + 4H,0 HPO, +2H*+2e- <= H,PO) +H,0 HPO) + H* +e" = 1P,(s)+2H,0 Gadotinio Gu + 3e- = Gus) Galio Gal" +32" <= Gals) GaQOH(s) + 3H,0 + 3e~< Gals) + OH Germanio Get + 26° = Ge(s) H,GeO, + 4H" + 4e- = Ge(s) + 4H,0 Hatnio Hf +4e" = HI(s) Hf03(s) + 4H* +4e> = HE(s) +2H,0 Hidrégen0 2H +20 <= H,(e) 1,0 +e-= $H,(g) ++ OH> Hierro Fe(fenanttolina)?* + ¢~ <= Fe(fenantrolina)3* Fe(bipiidilo)}* +¢- = Fe(biptiilo)3* FoOH?*+ + H*4+6~ = Fe’ +H,0 F (voltios) 0,094 =0,141 0.25 093 -1316 0,961 2,889 025 =1,991 -2,812 2,890, 2,168 0,016 0,088 ~0530 0.402 0.48 -051 2219 0,549 =1,320 OL ~0,039 ~155 =1,591 0,000 08280 1,147 1,120 0,900 901 dé*/aT (on /X) 031 0.2 =1,057 =1,129 0,237 13 0.338 026 =1,870 =1,208 oats 061 =1,08 0,429 0.68 -0,355 0 -0.8360 0,096 (Continia} Reaccién FeO} +3H,0 + 3" <= FeOOH(s) + 50H Fe 4 es Bett FeQOH(s) + 3H? +e>< Fe2* +2H,0 ferricinio* +e = ferroceno Fe(Cn)g +e = Fe(CN) Fe( lutamato)3* +e = Fe( ghitamato)?* FeOH" +H" +26 = Fe(s) +H,0 Felt 4 20 <2 Fe(s) FeCO4(s) +2e° = Fe(s) + COP Holmio Ho +3e" = Hols) Indio In +3e-+He In¥¥+3e~ = In(s) In 42" = Int In(OH),(5) + 3e- = In(s) + 30H- In(en He) Iii hee +e = Clg UBre +e SUB WCIz-+4e = Irs) + 6C- IrO,(s) +41" + 4e~ = In(s) +2130 Wig te =n Lantano La + 3e- = Las) 1La(suecinato)* + 3e~ = La(s) + succinato? Litio Lit +e" + Hg = Li(en Hg) Lit +e-= Lils) Lutecio Lu + 3e° = Luts) Magnesio Mg?* +2e~+Hg <= Ma(en Hg) Mg(OH)* +11" + 2e- = Mg(s) +110 Mg2* + 2e~ == Mg(s) Mg(C,0,)(s) + 26° Mats) +€,07- Mg(OH),(s) + 2e” = Mg(s)+20H. Manganeso MnO; +4H* + 3e~= MnO,(s) + 2H,0 Mn3¥4+ > == Mn2* ‘MnO; + 8H" +5e~ = Mn?*+4H,0 Apéndice Hm Potencialesestindar de reduccién E (voltios) dE*/dT (an /K) 080 -159 -0.16 1175 0.44 0.756 077 0.732 HOME =1,05 0.767 HCIO, 1F 0.746 HNO, 1F 074 0.400 oor 0.356 07 0.240 2.33 0371 0313 0,338 042 0.444 099 095 1.026 HCLLF 0947 NaBr2F 0835 073 -036 0485 KU 0.242. 0514 228 ola =1980 2,022 025 0,199 2493, 2,690) 0.946 1.692 -o671 1536 18 1,507 0.646 (Continia) Apendice Hm Potencialesestindar de reduccién Reaccién Mn, 0,(s) + 6H* + 2e~ == 2Mn?* + 31,0 MaQ,(s) + 4H? 4 2e- == Mn?*42H,0 ‘Ma(EDTA) +e = Mn(EDTA)* Mn0j-+e" = MnO} 3Mn;0,(3) + HO + 2c <= 2Mn,0,(s) + 20H MnO, (s) + 4H,0 + 2- = 3Mn(OH),(s) +201 Mn? 2e~ == Mn(s) Mn(OH)3(3) + 26-=* Mn(s) + 20H- Mercurio 2g? 420° = He} Hy?" 4 2e- = He(l) He}? + 26° = 2Ha(d) Hg,80,(s) ¢2e" = 2He(t) +807 Hg,Cl,(s) +2" = 2Hg(1) + 2C1 Hg(OH); + 2e- == Hg(!) +30H- Hy(OH), + 2e~= H(i) + 20H- Hg,Br,(s) +2c° = 2Hg(1) + 2B Hg0(s, amarillo) + H,0+2e~ == He(0) + 20H Hg0(., rojo) + H,0 + 2e-=* H(i) + 20H Molibdeno MoO}- + 2H,0 + 2e~ = MoO,(s) +40H- MoO}- + 41,0 + 6e~ <= Mo(s) + 80H MoO)(s) + 2H,0 + 4e~ == Mo(s) + 40H Neodinio Nd*++ 30 = Na(s) Neptunio NpOf +2H* +e <= NpO# +H,0 NpO3* +e" == NpO} NpO} 44H? + e--<= Np!*42H,0 Npt +e <= Np! Np + 3e~ <= No(s) Niobio ANb,04(s) + H® +e = NbO,(s) + H,0 INpjO4(s) + 5H +e" =Nb(s) + 3H,0 No0,() + 2H*-+ 26° = NbO(s) + H,0 NOO3(s) + 4H 4 4e~ = No(s) +2H,0 Nitrégeno HIN, + 3Ht 4-20" = No(g)+NHZ N,O(g) +2H* + 20° = No(e)+H,0 2NO(4) + 2H* + 22° == N,O(g)+H,0 NO* +e" == NO(s) INH, OH* 4 Ht 4 26” = N,HE + 2,0 903 F (oltios) dE JAT (nV /K) 1485 0926 1,230 =0,609 0.825 =1.10 0.56 -2,05 0,002 “1,256 0,352 61 1182 1,129 =1,565 =1,10 0.908 0,095 0,852 0.116 0.796 ota 0.268 0.241 (electrode de calomelanos saturado) 0231 0.206 -124 0.140 0.0983 =1,125 0.0977 =1,1206 0818 -169 -0.926 =1,36 ~0,980 = 1196 =2,323 0282 2,04 1.236 0,058 0.567 3.30 0.157 153 ~1,768 O18 =0.248 ~0.460 0,601 -0,381 =0,646 -0347 =0.650 ~0,361 2,079 047 1.769 -0,461 1587 =1,359 146 1.40 00 (Comtinia) Reaccidn NH,OH? + 211" + 2e- = NH; +H,0 Nyllg + 3H 4 2e~<= 2NHf HNO, +H? +e-= NO(s)+H,0 NO5 + 4H* +30 <= NO(g) +2H,0 NO3 + 3H* +2 = HNO, +H,0 NOj+2H*+e-= 1N,0,(¢)+H,0 g(a) + 8H¥ + 66~ <= INH} Nj(g) 45H*44e- == NGHE N,(4) +2H,0 +411" +26 * 2NH,OH* IN, (g) +H re HIN, Niguel NiOOH(s) +3H* +e- = Ni2++2H,0 Nit* +e = Nils) Ni(CN)} + 6° =* N(CN)}-+CN- Ni(OH),(s) + 2e-= Ni(s) + 20H- O10. Aut :e-= Au(s) Audt 4 2e~ = Aut AuCls +e" = Au(s) +2Cl- AuCl; +22" = AuCl; + 2C1 Osmio Os0,(s) + 8H*4 Be~ = Os(s) +4H,0 OsCIf + €° = OSC Oxigeno OH+Ht +e = H,0 O(g)+2H* +2 <= HO 4(g)-+2H* + 2e° = On(¢) +210 10,421" + 26-2 21,0 HO, +Ht +e" = HO. 40,(@) +2H* +2e° = H,0 0,(g) +2H*+2e° = H,0) 0;(g) +H +e" <= HO, Paladio Put + 2e- <= PAs) PdO(s) +2Ht +26 <* Puls) +H,0 PACs + 26° = Pals) + 6CI- PO, (s)-+H0+ 26° = PuO(s) + 20K Plata Aah se-= Agt Aght4 20° = Agt AgO(s)+H* +e == $Ag,0(s) + HH Apéndice H a Potenciales estindar de reduccién E (voltios) ‘dE*/dT (mV/K) 133 “od 1250 028 0984 0519 0955 002s 0282 107 -0816 “078 -09% -241 2,015 =117 0236 ots -oa0t “0.4 =102 169 “I a1 Lisa 006 os -0458 085 HCL 256 -10 2.4301 =11484 2015 -0,489 1,763 -0,698 en “07 1.2291 -08456 069s -0993 0s au os oz 019 -033 ois 064 12 HCIO.4F 0.99 HNO,4F (Continia) Apéndice Hm Potencialesestindar de reduccién 905 Reaccion eS F (oltios) dE [dT (on) Agt te = Agls) 0.7993 ate Ag,C,04(s) + 2e" = 2Ag(s) +C,03 0.465 ABN (8) +e-= Avis) + Ny 0,293, a = 0222 OR ES 0,197 KCI saturada AgBr(s) +e> <= Ag(s) + Br 0.071 Ag(S;03)} + = Ag(s) +28,07 0017 Aal(s) +e = Ag(s) +E ‘AgyS(s) +H? + 2e- <= 2Ag(s) + SH 0.27 Plating =0,05 Pitt + 2e-< Pi(s) 118 0.36 PXO,(s) +4H* + de = PU(s) +H,0. 92 PCIE + 2e~ = PU) +4C- 0755 Piz +2e° = PCH} + 2c 0.68 Plomo Pht +2e- <= Pb? HNO,1F PbO3(s) + 4H" + S03 + 2c" = POSO4(s) +2H,0 PhO,(s) +41" +2e- <= PD?" + 21,0 3POO,(s) + 21,0 + 4e~ == Pb,O,(s) + 40H" Pb,0,(s) + HO + 2e- = 3Pb0(s, rojo) + 20H Ph,O,(s) + H,0 + 2c = 3PbO{s, amarillo) + 20H- Phe + 2e- = Pb(s) PbF3(s) + 2e- = Ph(s) + 2F- PHSO, (x) + 2e- = Ph(s) + $0} Plutonio PuO} +e" = PUuO,(3) 039 PuO}* + 4H + 20-=> Putt + 24,0 16151 Putt ee~ = Put La PuO}t + e~ = PuOS 0.03 PuO,(s) +4H* +4e-<* Pu(s) +20 0,38 Put + 3e- <= Pu(s) 0.23 Potasio K+ ses He<* K(en He) Kt ee-+He = Kis) =1074 Prascadimio Prttee- Pit 32 1 Prt + 3e- = Pris) 2,353 0,291 Promec Pmi++3e" = Pm(s) 0.29 Radio Ra? +2e- = Ra(s) 2,80 044 (Continia) 906 Reaccién E (voltios) Renio ReOj + 2H? +e" <= ReOs(s)+ 1,0 on ReOj + 4H* + 3e° = ReO,{s}+2H,0 0510 Rodio Rh& + 3e> <= Rh?+ Rh** +e == Rh?* RHI +e" = RHI 12 Rh* + 3e> = Rh(s), 0,76, 2Rh+ + 2e~ => Rhj* 07 RhCI}> + 3e~ = RACs) +6CI- oa Rubio Rbv+e"+He= Rb(en Hg) -1970 Rb* +e" <= Rb(S) 2943 Rutenio uO; +6H* 4 3e-= Ru(OH)3* + 2H,0 153 Rucdipridilo)3+ + e- = Ruipiidlo)?* 129 RuO,(s)+8HT* + 8e~ = Ru(s) +4H,0 1032 Ru? +2e~ <= Ru(s) 08 Rutt + 3e~ = Ru(s) 0,60 Rud ber == Rut 024 Ru(NH,)$* + e- == Ru(NH,)3* o2i4 Samario ‘Sm3* + 3e~ = Sm(s) 2,304 Sm? + 2e~ = Sm(s) 2,68 Selenio ScO}- + 411 + 2e- = H,Se0, + H,0 H,Se0, + 4H? + 4e~ = Se(s) + 3H,0 Se(s) + 2H* + 2e~ == H,Se(e) Se(s) + 2e" == Se Silicio Si(s) + 4H? +4e" = SiHl,(2) $i0,(s, cuarz0) +411" + 4e~ =Si(s) + HO SiE}- + 4e~ =Si(s) + 6F- Sodio Nat +e-+Hg = Na(en He) Nat +SHig(@) +¢°= Nai(s) Nat te-= Na(s) Talio 1,280 077 Ti + 2e-== THY 122 123 126 148 HCIO,1F 144 H,S0,3F Apsinice H Wm Potenciales estindar de veduccion dE*/dT (mV /K) 117 =0,70 oa 1140 ~0,467 279 028 0483 0,562 0.238 =ia 0,196 0,374 =1550 0,757 097 (Continia) Apéndice H m Potenciales estindar de reduccién Tit +e+He = Tien He) Tite = TK) TICI(s) +e = THs) + CI Téaalo Ta,0s(s) + 10H* + 100 == 2Ta(s) + 5H,0 Teenecio Te; +2H,0+3e" = TeO,(s) + 40H TeO; +4H,0+7e~ = To(s) + 80H” Teluro TeO}- +3H,0+4e~ = Te(s) + 60H 2Me(s) +20 = Te} To(s) +22 <= Te? Terbio TH be = TH Tot 4 Je = TH(s) Titanio TiO* +211" +e-= Ti+ +H,0 Totter ee TH T1O,(s) +4H* + de Ti(s) +21, TIFF + 4e- = Tis) + 6F- Ti? + 2e-= Tis) Torio Tht + de~ = This) Taio Tm't+3e" = Tim(s) Uranio UO}-+4H" +e UY +2H,0 03" + 4H + 26-<= U4 +2H,0 VO} +e = UOt Ut eee Ue US+430-= Us) Vanadio VOs+2H? +e = VO2+H,0 VO! +2H* +e == VIt+H,0 V8t pee V2" Vit4 20" = V3) Woltramio WCN)P +e" = WN) Wor pers Wit WO,(s) + 6H + 6e- = W(s)+3H,0. WSt ee Wit F (voltios) 0,294 0,336 0557 2319 039 0273 0416 ~0577 1,642 1,001 0,337 255 =1,125 0457 026 =0,091 -03 HCLIQF HLF dE /dT (env /k) 1312 0377 182 146 139 15 0350 06 15 0,365 0,16 0557 0,394 3 =1582 02 Lol 02 ~0,901 -16 1s =O,L1 =0389 (Continia) Reaccién WO,(s)+2H,0+ 4e- = W(s) + 40H- WO? (s) + 41,0 + 6e- = Wis) + 80H Xenén H,Xe0, + 2H? + 2c” <= XeO, +3H,0 XeP, +2H* + 2e" = Xe(g) + 2HF XeO, +6H* + 6e~ = Xe(g) +3H,0 Yodo 10j + 2H* +2e" = 105 +H,0 H1O, +2H* +2e- = HIO, +3H,0 HOL+H* +e = 41,(3) + H,0 ICly(s) + 3e- = f(s) + 3C- ICls) +e = Hy{s) + Cr 105+ 6H? + Se == $Iy(s) +310 10+ SH? + de~ == HOL+2H,0 Iy(ac) + 22" = 2I- 165) +26 = 2 Iy+2e 30 10, + 3H,0 + 6e- = I-+ 60H" Yeerbio Yb! +3e" <= Yb(s) Yb +2e" = YO(s) Yerio Yr 43e° = Y(s) F (voltios) 0982 1,060 238 22 21 1.589 1,567 1,430 1.28 122 1.210 List 0,620 0535 0535 0.269 219 2.76 -2:38 Apéndice Hm Potenciales estindar de reduccién