You are on page 1of 29

cen84959_ch18-ap01.

qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 909

Appendix 1
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS)

Table A–1 Molar mass, gas constant, and Table A–20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide,
critical-point properties CO2
Table A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various Table A–21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon
common gases monoxide, CO
Table A–3 Properties of common liquids, solids, Table A–22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2
and foods Table A–23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O
Table A–4 Saturated water—Temperature table Table A–24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic
Table A–5 Saturated water—Pressure table oxygen, O
Table A–6 Superheated water Table A–25 Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH
Table A–7 Compressed liquid water Table A–26 Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function
Table A–8 Saturated ice–water vapor of formation, and absolute entropy at
25°C, 1 atm
Figure A–9 T-s diagram for water
Table A–27 Properties of some common fuels and
Figure A–10 Mollier diagram for water
hydrocarbons
Table A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a—
Table A–28 Natural logarithms of the equilibrium
Temperature table
constant Kp
Table A–12 Saturated refrigerant-134a—
Figure A–29 Generalized enthalpy departure chart
Pressure table
Figure A–30 Generalized entropy departure chart
Table A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a
Figure A–31 Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total
Figure A–14 P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a
pressure
Figure A–15 Nelson–Obert generalized
Table A–32 One-dimensional isentropic
compressibility chart
compressible-flow functions
Table A–16 Properties of the atmosphere at high for an ideal gas with k  1.4
altitude
Table A–33 One-dimensional normal-shock
Table A–17 Ideal-gas properties of air functions for an ideal gas with k  1.4
Table A–18 Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2 Table A–34 Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal
Table A–19 Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2 gas with k  1.4

| 909

cen84959_ch18-ap01.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 910

910 | Thermodynamics

TABLE A – 1
Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties
Critical-point properties
Gas
Molar mass, constant, Temperature, Pressure, Volume,
Substance Formula M kg/kmol R kJ/kg · K* K MPa m3/kmol
Air — 28.97 0.2870 132.5 3.77 0.0883
Ammonia NH3 17.03 0.4882 405.5 11.28 0.0724
Argon Ar 39.948 0.2081 151 4.86 0.0749
Benzene C6H6 78.115 0.1064 562 4.92 0.2603
Bromine Br2 159.808 0.0520 584 10.34 0.1355
n-Butane C4H10 58.124 0.1430 425.2 3.80 0.2547
Carbon dioxide CO2 44.01 0.1889 304.2 7.39 0.0943
Carbon monoxide CO 28.011 0.2968 133 3.50 0.0930
Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 153.82 0.05405 556.4 4.56 0.2759
Chlorine Cl2 70.906 0.1173 417 7.71 0.1242
Chloroform CHCl3 119.38 0.06964 536.6 5.47 0.2403
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) CCl2F2 120.91 0.06876 384.7 4.01 0.2179
Dichlorofluoromethane (R-21) CHCl2F 102.92 0.08078 451.7 5.17 0.1973
Ethane C2H6 30.070 0.2765 305.5 4.48 0.1480
Ethyl alcohol C2H5OH 46.07 0.1805 516 6.38 0.1673
Ethylene C2H4 28.054 0.2964 282.4 5.12 0.1242
Helium He 4.003 2.0769 5.3 0.23 0.0578
n-Hexane C6H14 86.179 0.09647 507.9 3.03 0.3677
Hydrogen (normal) H2 2.016 4.1240 33.3 1.30 0.0649
Krypton Kr 83.80 0.09921 209.4 5.50 0.0924
Methane CH4 16.043 0.5182 191.1 4.64 0.0993
Methyl alcohol CH3OH 32.042 0.2595 513.2 7.95 0.1180
Methyl chloride CH3Cl 50.488 0.1647 416.3 6.68 0.1430
Neon Ne 20.183 0.4119 44.5 2.73 0.0417
Nitrogen N2 28.013 0.2968 126.2 3.39 0.0899
Nitrous oxide N2O 44.013 0.1889 309.7 7.27 0.0961
Oxygen O2 31.999 0.2598 154.8 5.08 0.0780
Propane C3H8 44.097 0.1885 370 4.26 0.1998
Propylene C3H6 42.081 0.1976 365 4.62 0.1810
Sulfur dioxide SO2 64.063 0.1298 430.7 7.88 0.1217
Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a) CF3CH2F 102.03 0.08149 374.2 4.059 0.1993
Trichlorofluoromethane (R-11) CCl3F 137.37 0.06052 471.2 4.38 0.2478
Water H2O 18.015 0.4615 647.1 22.06 0.0560
Xenon Xe 131.30 0.06332 289.8 5.88 0.1186

*The unit kJ/kg · K is equivalent to kPa · m3/kg · K. The gas constant is calculated from R  Ru /M, where Ru  8.31447 kJ/kmol · K and M is the molar
mass.
Source: K. A. Kobe and R. E. Lynn, Jr., Chemical Review 52 (1953), pp. 117–236; and ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (Atlanta, GA: American
Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1993), pp. 16.4 and 36.1.

327 Note: The unit kJ/kg · K is equivalent to kJ/kg · °C.5734 1..044 Oxygen O2 0.657 1. Source: Chemical and Process Thermodynamics 3/E by Kyle.1926 3.400 Octane C8H18 0.cen84959_ch18-ap01.6385 1.6794 1.4897 1.405 Methane CH4 0.299 Neon Ne 0.7113 1.7662 1. G.4615 1.2968 1.744 1.2598 0.2765 1.5203 0.3122 1.743 1.1240 14.7354 1.918 0. Inc.186 Ethylene C2H4 0.658 1. © 2000. ..2081 0.718 1.5482 1.667 Hydrogen H2 4.183 1.0729 1. B.2964 1.005 0.667 Nitrogen N2 0. Upper Saddle River.040 0.126 Steam H2O 0.7164 1.5182 2.1889 0.400 Ethane C2H6 0.1433 1.2968 1.2537 1.8723 1.395 Propane C3H8 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 911 Appendix 1 | 911 TABLE A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (a) At 300 K Gas constant.237 Helium He 2.6179 1.0769 5.2870 1.846 0.091 Carbon dioxide CO2 0.307 10. R cp cv Gas Formula kJ/kg · K kJ/kg · K kJ/kg · K k Air — 0.400 Argon Ar 0.2518 1.4108 1.4119 1.039 0. Adapted by permission of Pearson Education.0299 0.289 Carbon monoxide CO 0.1885 1. NJ.1156 1.667 Butane C4H10 0.4909 1.

395 1. Table A–4M.681 1.063 0.100 0.039 0.169 0. K Air Carbon dioxide.846 0.830 1.343 1000 1.121 0.350 650 14.743 1.959 1.387 1.020 0. p.381 1.327 900 14.385 1.812 1.043 0.229 1.747 1.416 1.392 1.040 0.405 1.825 1.571 10.546 10.086 0.344 1.181 1.197 1.857 1.790 1.776 1.400 300 1.074 0.054 0.185 0. NBS Circular 564.307 10. H2 Nitrogen.391 0.398 1.395 450 1.859 1.395 350 14.110 0.090 0.764 1.397 1.886 1.696 1.003 0.983 10.382 450 14.753 1.941 0.075 0.829 1.842 1.956 0.927 1.349 1.364 750 1.075 0.352 1.268 1.400 1.239 1.501 10.163 0.395 0.570 1.400 0.726 1.041 0.399 350 1.405 1.937 1.771 1.360 1.145 0.447 1.658 1.087 0.371 1.939 0.778 1.354 1.397 0.204 1.980 1.791 0.888 1.391 0.051 9.049 0. 1955.825 1.813 1.757 1.370 700 1.789 1.387 0.382 600 1.744 1.803 1. . CO2 Carbon monoxide.978 0.742 1.751 1.913 1.728 1.390 1.476 10.234 1.341 1.045 1.003 0.376 1.392 500 1.207 1.075 0.746 1.750 1.396 1.396 1.288 1. CO 250 1.398 1.778 1.370 1.014 0.721 1.988 0.398 300 14.422 1.712 1.008 0.376 650 1. N2 Oxygen.380 1.849 1.657 1.733 1.319 1000 14.480 1.653 1.039 0.063 0.918 0.742 1.398 400 1.604 10.336 1.758 1.202 1.252 1.602 1.335 Hydrogen.054 0.015 1.387 550 1.706 1.744 1.400 0.788 1.645 10.337 750 14.752 1.716 1.040 0.822 10.353 900 1.075 0.220 1.743 1.373 500 14.099 0.399 0.695 10.389 400 14.167 0.972 0.394 1.759 1.400 0.013 0. (New York: McGraw-Hill.302 1.065 0.866 1.768 1.743 1.343 700 14.801 1.121 0.005 0.870 1.790 1.382 1.895 0.358 800 1.126 0.139 0.427 10.855 1.313 Source: Kenneth Wark.365 550 14.718 1.816 1.193 1. 4th ed.126 0.183 1.044 0.668 1.359 1.783 1.031 0.314 1.913 0. Originally published in Tables of Thermal Properties of Gases.365 1.213 1.513 10.834 1.cen84959_ch18-ap01.087 0.098 0.046 0. Thermodynamics.358 600 14.056 0. 1983).814 1.148 0.047 0.039 0.364 1.800 1.928 0.017 0.521 1.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 912 912 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Continued) (b) At various temperatures cp cv cp cv cp cv kJ/kg · K kJ/kg · K k kJ/kg · K kJ/kg · K k kJ/kg · K kJ/kg · K k Temperature.401 0.186 1. O2 250 14.043 0.376 1.332 800 14.398 0.142 0.389 1.530 10.029 0.794 1.377 1.051 0.113 0.395 0.102 0. 783.698 1.767 1.

59 0. Kyle.58  109 273–1500 0.18 Ammonia NH3 27.91  109 273–1500 0.8081  105 2. Chemical and Process Thermodynamics (Englewood Cliffs. K Max.501  105 7.29  109 273–1500 0. .774 45.15 23.67  109 273–1500 0.16 0.34 0.344  105 17.595  109 273–1800 0.0 9.56 0.38  105 20.18  105 24.21 n-Hexane C6H14 6.21 2.269  105 11.87  109 273–1500 0.4003  105 0.18 0.53 0.43  102 22.24 0.90 0.2143  102 6.312  109 273–1800 1.1675  102 0.97 0.34 0.83  102 12.20 Methanol CH4O 19.1916  102 0.812  105 8.1571  102 0.72 0.48  102 15.34 Oxygen O2 25.59 0.01  105 49.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 913 Appendix 1 | 913 TABLE A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Concluded) (c) As a function of temperature _ cp  a  bT  cT 2  dT 3 (T in K. Nitrogen N2 28.715  102 3.4802  105 1.24 i-Butane C4H10 7.5372  105 2.57  105 77.59 Benzene C6H6 36.54 0.20  105 32.795  102 3.6909  109 273–1500 0.11 5.04 30.73 0.42  109 273–1300 0.24 Nitric oxide NO 29.08 Methane CH4 19.1967  102 0. NJ: Prentice-Hall.72  105 31. Avg.26 Nitrogen dioxide NO2 22.29 0.57 Ethane C2H6 6.8704  109 273–1800 1.039  109 273–1000 0.99072  105 6.966  109 273–1800 0.01 0.36 Sulfur S2 27.33 Hydrogen H2 29.74  109 273–1500 0.52  105 7.25 0.33 0.152  102 1.99 0.69  109 273–1500 0.34  105 35.475  102 31.562  105 10.40 0.527  105 18.08 Ethanol C2H6O 19.218  102 1.15  102 18.19 0.36 Nitrous oxide N2O 24.5630  102 0.9 5.981  102 3.67 0.8632  102 3.26 5.62  109 273–1500 0.9747  105 4.58  102 11.285  109 273–1500 0.96  102 10.38 Sulfur dioxide SO2 25.05  109 273–1500 0. cp in kJ/kmol · K) % error Temperature Substance Formula a b c d range.cen84959_ch18-ap01.27  102 6.54 0.21  109 273–1500 1.83 0.13 Propylene C3H6 3.22 48.568 2.520  102 0.46 0.900 17. Used with permission.28 Propane C3H8 4.40 14.22  102 28.13 Acetylene C2H2 21.22 Water vapor H2O 32.1923  102 1.11 0.89 0.64  102 8.37 Carbon dioxide CO2 22.09395  102 0.40 0.62  109 273–1500 0.986  109 273–1800 0.33 0.78 5.12 n-Butane C4H10 3.91 0.96 37.913 41.9 20.469  109 273–1800 0.628  105 3. 1984).7155  105 1.024  102 1.28 Air — 28.26 Carbon monoxide CO 28.13 n-Pentane C5H12 6. G.24 Sulfur trioxide SO3 16.46  105 42.17 Source: B.22 0.20 Ethylene C2H4 3.48 1.406  105 7.327  105 4.45 0.7620  102 1.89 5.22  105 8.11 0.612  109 273–1800 0.22 Hydrogen chloride HCl 30.055  105 3.222  109 273–1800 0.72 0.8 9.938 55.60  102 23.95 15.46 0.338  109 273–1500 0.187  109 273–1500 0.873  109 273–1800 0.00  109 273–1500 0.01  109 273–1500 1.65  105 57.

1 20 1109 2.7 322.8 181.18 50 988 4.4* 230.97 Octane 124.52 0 639 4.3 57.2 25 787 2.9 146.1 800.9 161.3 1357 77.0 Propane 42.55 Nitrogen 195.32 Helium 268. kJ/kg °C r.71 Petroleum — 230–384 20 640 2.22 25 997 4.3 114.5°C.10 Oil (light) 25 910 1.8 198.0 42.7 294.7 259.59 Ethanol 78. kJ/kg · K Ammonia 33.5 1100 97.9 22.1 10.7 0 1000 4.5 385.5 126 20 879 1.6 1394 1.00 Mercury 356.8 187.49 100 301 5.9 — 20 820 2.7 11.0 333.9 11.) .8 809 2.11 n-Butane 0. and foods (a) Liquids Boiling data at 1 atm Freezing data Liquid properties Normal Latent heat of Latent heat Specific boiling vaporization Freezing of fusion Temperature.2 394 5.72 Brine (20% sodium chloride by mass) 103.25 0 529 2. °C hfg .23 26.1 1374 1. the freezing-point temperature of carbon dioxide is the triple-point temperature of 56.5 80.9 — 17.0 96.6 855 156 108 20 789 2.560 0.1 217. Density heat Substance point.79 Methanol 64.60 25 602 4.6 210 25.2 59. kg/m3 cp.34 25 1207 1.28 Kerosene 204–293 251 24.84 Ethylene glycol 198.8 13.8 70. °C hif .8 Hydrogen 252.53 50 449 3.2 22.7 183 1141 1.43 20 665 4.8 445.9 974 18. solids.3 682 4.3 0.43 Water 100 2257 0.1 581 2.7 10.7 38.5 180.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 914 914 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–3 Properties of common liquids.2 109 25 783 2.6 0 298 0.22 * Sublimation temperature.13 Refrigerant-134a 26.5 601 2.31 Carbon dioxide 78.4 25 13.2 58.18 75 975 4.8 — — 268.7 99.80 Oxygen 183 212.7 80.4 — 20 1150 3.5 423 3.6 — 50 1443 1.8 306.4 182.5 (at 0°C) 56. Also.6 189. carbon dioxide exists as a solid or gas.5 510.1 427.1 160 105.7 367.6 20 1261 2.46 Ethyl alcohol 78.2 138.9 200.2 838.3 195.8 2.cen84959_ch18-ap01.80 Argon 185.7 218.27 0 1295 1. (At pressures below the triple-point pressure of 518 kPa.84 Glycerine 179.4 161.7 593.4 33. kJ/kg point.19 100 958 4.5 252.7 20 703 2.14 Benzene 80.0 Isobutane 11.06 160 596 2.139 Methane 161.3 28 185.

880 200°C 0.cen84959_ch18-ap01.04 317 Bananas 75 0.800 Silver 10.8 3.79 1. and the average freezing temperature for other foods. soft (fir.45 1. 8.96 2.2 2. 1993).840 Lead 11.254 220 K 1.830 0.77 247 Tomatoes.403 Plywood (Douglas Fir) 545 1. Specific heat.32 1. SI version (Atlanta.1 3.500 Woods.800 500 K 0. ripe 94 0. Food % (mass) point.99 2. whole 88 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 915 Appendix 1 | 915 TABLE A–3 Properties of common liquids.8 3.77 247 Turkey 64 — 2.01 0°C 0.711 2% Al) Granite 2700 1.82 261 Butter 16 — — 1.65 1. Specific heat.440 Stone 1500 0. Substance r kg/m3 cp kJ/kg · K Substance r kg/m3 cp kJ/kg · K Metals Nonmetals Aluminum Asphalt 2110 0.840 Bronze (76% Cu.997 Glass.700 0.09 35% Zn) Ice Copper 200 K 1.920 200 K 0.900 0.. Specific heat.616 450 K 0.310 0.52 1.6 3.38 Tungsten 19.33 130 Shrimp 83 2.79 250 K 0.017 Brass.26 Steel.94 291 Broccoli 90 0. oak.6 3.130 (c) Foods Specific heat.009 Magnesium 1.95 1. fireclay (500°C) 2300 0.3 3. Density.89 277 Cherries 80 1.21 Iron 7.386 Limestone 1650 0. Freezing Above Below fusion.11 27°C 8.381 273 K 921 2.4 3.890 0. .02 314 Eggs.128 Rubber (hard) 1150 2. content.310 0.902 Concrete 2300 0.97 301 Potatoes 78 0.6 3.04 53 Salmon fish 64 2.65 214 Ice cream 63 5.08 1.797 Brick. sweet 74 0.909 100°C 0.6 2. °C freezing freezing kJ/kg Apples 84 1. pine.98 1.400 Graphite 2500 0. window 2700 0.5 3.840 0.949 Diamond 2420 0.960 300 K 2.62 1.973 Glass.45 Rubber (soft) 1100 1. Inc.96 2. etc.86 1.393 Marble 2600 0.859 Brick.35 1.86 1. yellow (65% Cu.) 513 1.000 Sand 1520 0.920 400 K 0.01 311 Source: Values are obtained from various handbooks and other sources or are calculated.470 0.85 267 Spinach 93 0.235 Woods.6 3.15 1.800 Nickel 8.97 301 Corn. Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.653 350 K 0. GA: American Society of Heating.0 2. pyrex 2230 0.280 0.71 100°C 0.8 3. °C freezing freezing kJ/kg Food % (mass) point. swiss 39 10. solids.400 Gypsum or plaster board 800 1.2 3.) 721 1.32 1.63 210 Watermelon 93 0. Handbook of Fundamentals. Water content and freezing-point data of foods are from ASHRAE. Chapter 30. and foods (Concluded ) (b) Solids (values are for room temperature unless indicated otherwise) Density.342 240 K 1.8 3. 8. common 1922 0.98 1.56 173°C 0.90 281 Lettuce 95 0.929 Clay 1000 0.02 2.730 1.86 50°C 0.01 311 Chicken 74 2. mild 7.77 247 Strawberries 90 0. whole 74 0.6 3.65 214 Cheese.400 0. hard (maple.32 1.68 224 Oranges 87 0. etc. Table 1. 2% Zn. Freezing Above Below fusion.8 3.95 294 Beef round 67 — 3. Freezing point is the temperature at which freezing starts for fruits and vegetables.367 260 K 2.78 251 Milk.75 1.2 4. kJ/kg · KLatent kJ/kg · K Latent Water heat of Water heat of content.

7 719.9 1.0 1.001102 0.001020 6.5 62. press.0 1.6291 0.9 503.1556 9.6111 85 57.5 0.1292 125 232.1 104.7038 7.9551 6.3517 40 7.9898 60 19.2382 115 169.5447 190 1255.1935 272.7803 20 2.0 2422.5724 7.763 0.53 2406.868 0.2 2554.5059 195 1398.001036 2..5 2575.8937 6.7908 5. Entropy.9 2523.4782 95 84.12 2345.7 2720.92 1820.020 2489.980 2332.8193 7.1633 50 12.0417 4.3851 0.8 675.4 1.4 167.6386 7.7 829.60 0.78 1959.1 2510.19384 761.8827 150 476.0152 8.1 2713.10 1993.8 2.340 104.0 419.4 741..58179 567.4 2539.3 230.3305 4.9002 6.6832 8.7540 75 38.026 209.4188 5.001056 1.6 0.23 0. vapor.0 2506.001043 1.2 2777.16 0.001134 0.6242 180 1002.3 2462.183 0.001065 0.43 2247.001096 0.0 377.3 2733.04 2282.0158 6.6 589.18 2357.1 632.00 0.1829 120 198.3 2651.0769 7.30680 674.0249 10 1.5 653.4368 8.7 461.6 2762.3710 8.02 2031.1556 5 0.9319 7.1 2726.6 0.597 0.8066 6.6650 175 892.53 0.17 2256.9082 65 25.6 1. liquid.5 0.4 2.001000 147.24 2065. Sat.6872 5.1647 7.001047 1.0396 293.79 1893.6 2667.6655 7.6 1.0906 4.1 1.0748 55 15.5247 8.4 2617.14089 828.4 2442.001000 206.04 2175.205 146.67 0.7 146.21659 740.5 0.9 2564.8 2767.83 2009.64 2417.73 2290.5 1.2469 0.9 2374.5335 6.3696 8.6 2388.7 42.2705 6.75 2159.001003 43.1895 8.2 2519.1698 0.44 2394.0000 9.1 2586.9487 9.8 0.4 2402.2355 4.89133 503.7 2772.38 2173.3672 8.7057 0.9953 6.8371 155 543.9 2487.0 2500.4 2559.15 2071.9 0.001008 19.7 2608.4 0.3 2409.8 0.001006 25.7 209.001000 106.8924 4.2245 8.001 2500.19 1996.3634 5.8 2381.2 2781.9 1.8313 7.0265 135 313.4053 334.22 0.47 2082. liquid.6117 0.0 2494.5559 8.001023 5.8 2555.3 482.06 2087.4520 35 5.3572 6.15636 806.1 0.18 2113.43 1977.32 42.99 2161.3919 7. Temp.19 1910.0 2573.020 2346. Sat.3 314.0 2788.0 2751.4448 6.6661 25 3.5 1.7 2594.251 188.16 2204.8296 70 31.9 2. Sat.001075 0.9 125.42 2040.9 0.9360 7.28 0.08 2048.00 1783.001052 1.3 0.6 1.5 0.5 2659.4 272.202 0.6 2634.001127 0.6 2481.2 0. Evap.6 1.7927 160 618.2504 6.5 2534.001004 32.20 1857.9294 145 415.79 2098.42 2229.0756 6.4 2571.24260 718.5639 230.41 1977.5355 7.001001 77.9 251.000 2374. Sat.12721 850.53 2261.6812 80 47.26 2369.2 2.9 2549.4089 7.2952 110 143.6 2591.0 2643.0 2582.4 1.77 1960..0919 6.8 1..3 0.18 0.8466 8.34648 653.043 0.609 0.7143 6.7492 165 700.0771 130 270.81 2202.. Evap.515 167. liquid.68 0.879 125.1392 4.5 2395.1346 6.4 610.001015 9.03 2320.001091 0.42 0.3 83.1 0.1875 4.63 2276.1847 6.7 2436.4678 200 1554.27244 696.0997 6.8 1.1 2449.0 2626.001060 0.2556 45 9.5435 90 70.6013 7.7392 5.001141 0.9 2785.02 2308.46 1743.762 83.9426 4.97 2117.17390 783.5 2537.0763 8.64 2129.001010 15.8418 4.1511 8.9 0.2 2415.66808 546.3 2528.001121 0.6346 5.2218 7.001080 0.83 2441.5816 5.19 1944. Internal energy.1929 6.352 0.5953 0. T °C Psat kPa vf vg uf ufg ug hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 0.001085 0.9923 4.9 293.24 2219.1 398.001017 7.7989 7.9 2429.001026 4.416 0.97 2146.0 785.09 2269.001070 0.0 2757.8 356.4 2579.07 2188.1901 6.90 0.001012 12.3072 6.7 2691.2 0.4 2517.39248 631.6720 419.001108 0.8 2468.cen84959_ch18-ap01.2831 4.9808 398.6 335.4737 5.0 2589.5567 30 4. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat.46 1875.7 567.001002 57.0 2591.5051 7. Sat.02 2295.77012 524.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 916 916 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–4 Saturated water—Temperature table Specific volume.885 62.8725 0.001040 1.01 0.09 2190.019 2360.947 0.4 2528.1 2706.001032 2.03 21.4151 100 101.9 697.1 188.7092 7.6 1.9 2500.27 2056.4956 7.9773 140 361.0 2.0 807.7680 7.8 0.1 1.93 0.982 2465.5 546.60 2025.44600 610.8 21.2965 8.07 2333. vapor.8 1.001029 3.96 2131.913 2318.7067 170 792.49 0.4 0.7488 8.74 2429.1 2683.59 2216.91 1802.33 2233.3392 0.9 2582. Sat.05 2014.16 2144.0 2567. vapor.3 2563.18 0.915 2453.4186 440.0 2698.5841 185 1123.3 525.6233 6. Enthalpy. Evap.0470 7.2281 0.2 2739.8 2511.7 2.3 2475.02 1839.8 2600.3 2544.26 1939.001157 0. vapor.022 2477.2853 7.38 0.28 2243. liquid.8 2792.2 852.00 2102.4 2675.2901 6.8 2745.4302 .8261 355.6670 251.1 1.83 2304.23 0.66 1927.8999 15 1.2094 461.3593 376.34 2382.5279 5. Sat.7 2455.1 0.3542 105 120.3 2.0360 482.001114 0. Sat.9 440.50850 588.7 2546.1291 313.18 1763.001149 0.8 763.

0 1593.071505 986. Klein and F. liquid.2942 5. issued by The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS).001263 0. Ref.7 1328.4712 3..2788 6.5 2700.9 3.001209 0.9 2576.9 2599.6 3.0 1325.5516 1.002015 0. Hemisphere Publishing Co. vapor.7 1521.707 0.001447 0.0537 365 19.87 1920.0681 2.15 K.3994 2.4 2622.8 1633.0 2645.7 2563.050085 1080.7 963.0 3.2 2.2 605.4070 Source: Tables A–4 through A–8 are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S.1 1604.008806 1642.6602 1.858 0.078405 963.003106 2015.1 1891.2 443.7 3.0 2799.6 2758.11508 872.0 1264.02 1681. This formulation replaces the 1984 formulation of Haar. vapor.1 2.9 2598.9 3.0881 5.7476 3.7 4. T °C Psat kPa vf vg uf ufg ug hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 205 1724.0 2.6 2789.042175 1128.3563 215 2105. liquid.1775 240 3347.3 897.6560 3. Phys.025554 1279.1 1510.8390 3.9 1761. 1987) with modifica- tions to adjust to the International Temperature Scale of 1990.1 0.3 4.5 720.4 2388.8847 3.1 1402.3 2739.001276 0.001229 0. Temp.001173 0.14 1812.9 3.55 1857. Sat.5 945.3596 6.79 1660.9 2526.8 1140.7 2351.2076 2.0221 2.8442 1.7 1789.7 1574.6 2230.9 2526.7 1230. 783. Enthalpy.5585 5.5372 325 12.1144 2. “Formulations for the Thermodynamic Properties of the Saturated Phases of H2O from 173.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 917 Appendix 1 | 917 TABLE A–4 Saturated water—Temperature table (Continued) Specific volume.1072 250 3976.6 0.6657 310 9865.7 1159.7 0.3200 220 2319.2 2779.6050 1.0 2794.054656 1056.021659 1332.7857 5.2 2.4 874.001425 0.284 0.7 2773.9318 6.4 2801.2483 230 2797.7 893.015470 1445. which is also available in EES as the routine STEAM.. vapor. Sat.032767 1202.2 2586.001384 0. 1983. Sat.001472 0. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat.76 1616.4491 2.4511 5.95 22.4245 3.4 2595.6 3.4 1236.3930 210 1907.1373 5.3 0.5 1159.001190 0.064 0.6756 5.3 0 2084.7 3.8 1476.9 3.001895 0.3 2801.7 2084.0 2684. press.6 1817.7018 3.2548 2. Alvarado.5 385. 893.019932 1360. Sat.6 1714..8 2603.1119 0.4 3.3 1443. which incorporates the 1995 Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water Substance for General and Scientific Use.5 1110.7 2602.7450 300 8587.4 2590.8210 290 7441.3 2666.7 2593.8 2796.5 2601.8 2600.5 2.010783 1570.001181 0.7 2443.001366 0.0 0.556 0.8 2464.0 1559.1 3.5 1594.7 2797.094680 918.9662 270 5503.6243 315 10.2128 235 3062.9 2766.5 1317.8 2802.2 526.7664 6.8 0.0 812.7 1543.9911 5.2737 5.7 1185.6844 6.5 1765.7 2793.038748 1153.8 2799.007872 1682.035622 1177.001685 0.001597 0.4 2303.009772 1605.0 1462.006950 1726. The new formulation is based on the correlations of Saul and Wagner (J.8 2.0721 255 4322.86 1723.4 1493. Sat.3776 4.4998 1. Gallagher.4 2802. Phys.5 2513.012979 1505.6 3. liquid.4405 6.9 2555.003106 0.5 2596.7059 305 9209.9 0.1169 6.7 2.8 1085.5176 3.4 3.7 1296.3907 340 14.5 2785.001303 0.1 2334.822 0.1 1689.051 0.2 625.1 1441.4 0.0 1195.5639 3.6890 4.9542 5.3 3.001638 0.8906 5.2 1525.8 2749.. Chem.001528 0.5 2570.9 0.7933 3.0 1038.045941 1104.6 1283.6225 5.6 1027.9165 1.4070 0 4.001240 0.9 2.2 2.5 1740.38 1702.8579 285 6914.2 0.2 1358.570 0.9 1545.601 0.001199 0. The properties of ice are based on Hyland and Wexler.1 1037. Evap. 16.6 2602.0154 6. Internal energy.3 0.7 1715.6 1344.4908 330 12. A.4 1569.50 1878.001333 0. Sat. Part 2A. Data.3 0.0017 265 5085.541 0.2 2603.1 2581..529 0.0 0. Entropy.9305 275 5946. 1984).014183 1475.9304 3.9 920.7 1134.cen84959_ch18-ap01.5 2422.7 3. Paper 2793.023528 1306.030153 1228.001560 0.8009 373.3 943.3 2547.8944 280 6416.4 0.059707 1033.61 1899.3633 5.3506 2.9 2418.1 1080.9493 370 21. Sat. L.5 2499.004953 1844.666 0.70 1638.8 1469.1821 5.001164 0.001499 0. vapor.7788 1.2 1631.1424 245 3651.5 837.016849 1416.9 990.2 892. Evap.8 1661.5374 5.8723 5.4 2715.1608 2.065300 1010. Chem.5 2483.001252 0.1 2601. 22.2 706.3358 345 15.2 1431.9 0.5 1289.0004 0.6 2.6 0.001349 0.7 1061.3024 2.7 993.0 0.7 0.2 0.9489 4.0 3.9 1415. and Kell (NBS/NRC Steam Tables.8 2802.3 2.018333 1387.001741 0.011848 1537.4422 335 13.3 2.0 2.5216 6.9 2727. .3 1210.1 1366. Evap.0369 260 4692.7 0 2015.0 3.1 1121.1384 360 18.10429 895.2840 225 2549.027756 1253.6028 6.76 1835.0 0.6 0..0358 5.9762 2. The routine used in calculations is the highly accurate Steam_IAPWS.001219 0.4 1086.006009 1777.8 1404.7179 1.8489 6.15 K to 473.6 0.2 2596.2114 355 17.3 1671.7066 5.8 1373.001808 0.0 1238.3 4.9 2563..2 1013.086094 940. liquid.8 1263.3 966.4 775.7 1495.2 3. The modifications are described by Wagner and Pruss (J.9 1387.0 2. Sat.5 2803.001317 0.1 2481.1 2602.5816 320 11.4 1191.002217 0. Data. Ref.044 0.” ASHRAE Trans.7898 5.001289 0.9 2598.7834 295 7999.001404 0.5 2803.6100 3.1 2537. 1993).1979 6.2765 350 16.4326 5.

4 1.98 2306.8970 4.08 0.6430 7.0 251.9176 8.0 17.5 2617.5 40.0195 4.0476 7.5171 7.001008 19.791 121. liquid.001037 2.86 0.7593 650 161.1 548.001043 1.37483 639. Enthalpy.4 2403.001004 34.5 584..9 655.001005 28.001064 0.52 0.01 2213.0 28.2606 8.32 1956.81 0.35 0.2426 7.654 100. Sat. liquid.001022 5.688 2470.58 2158.6 2548.0525 275 130.5 121.6837 .6421 3.0 419.670 191.8955 450 147.9308 4.9 2407.8 0.7 0.38 2085.32 0.66 2133.34261 655.001079 0.7886 600 158.3 2598.9933 317.303 2484.60582 561.7675 40 75.4621 8.75 0.6 2684.5019 7.3 0.50 0.8 2762.8285 6.5 0.7 289.7765 5.22 1948.2 561.2 1.7 0.1 2419.1 2429.0 1.8916 6.7 640.40 2204.9917 325 136.0 2560.0 2711.9603 6.4337 5.5 2608. vapor.4 271.001048 1.4 2765.5 487.8234 7.3800 7.001043 1.1191 6.6 1.424 2451.4 1.40 2088.54 2304.2128 6.8932 6.3 317.7005 5.1 2524.75 2423.964 54.1488 15 53.41392 622.8 2513.5706 5.71 2191.7071 750 167.1 504.6 417.0 2662.8 2563.1 2566.3 2743.6 2540.2034 271.001111 0.8207 550 155. Evap.0510 8.8 670.2 2560.001081 0.2403 340.9073 25 64.83 0.2 2384.6408 5.0 2539.1645 6.001020 6.04 0.6 2571.5302 5.3118 8.4 2636.0877 250 127.40 1865.27 2335.5 1. Sat.5 2532.6 1.8 2536.1 1.001104 0.5 2557.9623 4.7 2533.3543 8.61 0.71 2201.50 2024.9 0.9 0.4 2513.29 0.30 0.72 1897.7 1.09 2108.7 2524.6738 8.65732 548. Press.7 2483.86 0.4996 8.9749 1.2287 289.4 1.7227 2.61 0. Sat.7 0.57 1991.1956 8. Sat.5 2724.6 2529.2645 6. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat.58 0.97 0.1 604.3 1. vapor.001030 3.19 29.0356 6.19 2155.185 137.0 6.6 0.47 2012.93 2222.6941 417.6691 50 81.4453 7.8 2756.4 2462.1059 8.9 594.35 2181.1 2392.08 2001.56199 572.9 573.9402 375 141.52422 583.0 0.3 2574.2 520.001073 0.233 168.2132 6.001014 10.94 2372.7 2645..2231 175 116.7699 6.51 2257.3 2624.84 1973.9 73.001000 129.24 2178.001097 0.2222 8.90 0.43 2163.9 2544.2172 384.4762 7.65 1934.13 2226.3589 101.97 2052.8270 2..08 0. Sat.001026 3.5 13.4 2437.1 2545.5968 7.0 2506.81 2392..3200 6.1 384.9100 7.0 2720.325 99.14 2120..1 1.001070 0.6642 6.08 2075.95 2087.6314 8.42 2357. liquid.8320 7.23 1875.4 2735.001017 7.5 2398.5 2759.21 0.98 2443.020 225.2501 10 45.3741 5.cen84959_ch18-ap01.001084 0.74 2261.3069 6.0 2693.6865 7.1 623.0207 300 133. vapor.5763 7.88578 504.0 1.9 2553.6717 5.7153 6.4 2738.36 2111.9 1.87 0.9918 4.0037 486.1 2700.001108 0.1 1.5765 4.1 2583.6734 418.431 2325.8561 500 151.29260 683.4734 5.2 1.3 2553.001001 66.97 0.8 168. Evap.001003 45. Sat.1 2414.79 2245.2 1.0 709.422 2315.1 2543.8 54.54 1921.001088 0.8 137.98 0.6072 5.39 2293.3028 6.95 0.27 0.93 2190. vapor.4 684.8 2496.97 0.1270 225 123.46 0.5 2467.39 2432.5931 75 91.5 2675.23 2068.24 2056.6 2752.001001 87.36 2240.6 1.3 2519.27278 696.31560 669.9370 7.3545 125 105.3938 7.6492 7.89 1964. Sat.001093 0.8205 5.06 0.8 535.8 1.302 2355.4558 100 99.0912 6.2 467.86 2172.4224 8.26 2147.9 100.8604 4.11 1982.49133 594.1 2569.9441 6.7 2.0 2748.5 2675.9 1.75 2282.1594 466.0261 6.6 2550.96 2345.3750 444.3302 8.09 0.001101 0.0 32.96 0.83 0.686 2338.7 2732.0752 7.8 88.9 0.001076 0.9171 400 143.2 2716.97 0.4 0.2 191.9650 350 138.0 225.0071 20 60.001010 14.1 2448.001067 0.990 73.7526 5.4850 5. Evap. liquid.0 24.71873 535. P kPa Tsat °C vf vg uf ufg ug hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 1.2522 8.6481 251.8 697.7549 7.9 1. temp.97 0.2 2505.96 0.46242 604.4 2728.8 2476.7 0.5 29.7274 5.001061 0.00 2065.49 2142.433 2459.2 340.6 2574.7894 7.06 2256.25552 708.79329 520.1 1.001053 1.0 444. Entropy.62 2318.001002 54.77 2096.001057 1.242 88. Internal energy.02 0.76 0.5 21.73 2140.1 1.7322 700 164.75 2405.1716 200 120.82 2037.8690 8. Sat.2841 150 111.8302 30 69.6 2706.44 2278.16 1908.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 918 918 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–5 Saturated water—Pressure table Specific volume.41 0.6 2456.0562 7.37 1886.

0 3.018028 1393.9 3.0 2581.001118 0.5542 3.3877 2000 212.8 2.35 0.0860 5. Entropy.4 844.8 2092.5 2172.6 809.001418 0.5850 1100 184.0275 2.6 742.3 2600.2835 4.96 1790.088717 933.9 2597.3 2514.5217 1300 191.0 985.000 356.7 2794.9 2.85 0.9 1213.010341 1585.0 2599.66 0.72 0.4470 6.8 2589.9 2375.5 2.5 2.2 2.3 1491.82 1750.4430 1750 205.0 3.0 1154.001252 0.22690 731.7 3.5439 22.5 1505.001177 0.8 762.009312 1622.9 936.2 2. Sat.1 1448.001526 0.4070 0 4.066667 1004.3 2.2942 0.8 1317.16 0.2 2.1166 4.9 2788.2496 4.4 1519.54 1667.4 2338.000 336.6261 5.002038 0.7 2084.6616 850 172.8 2510.1 2.1245 5.3735 6.11344 876. liquid.0530 5.0 1732.87 1840.0 1267.039448 1148.1 2795. vapor.6 2530.41 0.020489 1350.68 0.7 140.002703 0.87 1643.16 1917.4 2791.003644 1951.4 4.8 509.7 1087.1840 6.6159 11.5 1888.2 1407.6232 1. Sat.1 2405.9 2803.5606 1.3 598.00 0. liquid. P kPa Tsat °C vf vg uf ufg ug hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 800 170.14078 828.0 2.1 961.36 0.003106 2015.4 2011.001138 0.001610 0. Sat.19436 761.3 2601.4 2432.001452 0.5520 1200 187.0 450.6454 3.0 2637.8 1384.003106 0.94 0.5005 5.74 2022.75 0.cen84959_ch18-ap01.6 3.9 2784.1856 3500 242.6 585.2343 5.8 829.001566 0.002207 0.9164 4.9 2339.000 342.5273 6.6 2758..8082 1..1 2579.1785 4.001187 0.55 1838.2 2.012781 1511.4 2547.67 1829.5544 12.1 2801.7 0 2015.001840 0.2077 2.001154 0.95 0.001133 0.3709 5.1 2685.001121 0.33 1985.96 1958.0 1049.08 0.60 0.9 2786.7 878.5705 6.3 2455.001124 0.001770 0.51 2014.78 1805.2 2602.007504 1699.001197 0.0 2802.00 1846.001127 0.1 908.21489 741. Enthalpy.8923 6.006677 1740.6 2596. liquid.88 0.008374 1660.4336 14.9 814.83 0.1 1441.001149 0.2466 17.7 1379.000 361.8 1570.39 1821.2 777.5 2570. vapor.015988 1433.20411 751.6 2777. liquid.6409 900 175.3 2742.99 0.5 2800.2 1776.7497 5.2558 3000 233. Evap.9 2587.004994 1841.099587 906.7016 6.9 2.000 373..7 2477.3844 4.4467 3.001657 0.3058 6. Sat.6 3. Evap.95 0.8 2770.01 0.8 2545.8902 7000 285.057061 1045.5 2496.17745 779.4936 1400 195.032449 1205.3108 16.5 781.35 0.0033 6.001488 0.001217 0.8627 5.9310 21.13171 842.6927 5.6 2558.7461 1.3 857.4964 1.6027 1000 179. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat.3 2.6 2725.2 1256.29 0.85 0.4 1713.2866 2.9 1207.4 2582.96 0.5 2610.9 1096.9207 3. temp.1 1571.0 720.7 3.1064 19. Press.2731 6.1244 4000 250.3 4.87 2047.4 3.2508 4.7 2585.4070 .4675 1500 198.1381 4.15119 813.5 2768.7253 3.1 2576.0705 4.1 161.10 1776.24035 719.9 2233.1 4.06 0.7 1610.3 1151.3 1194.6791 10.4 928.023525 1306.0256 20.3 1794.71 0.4 2591.47 1889.001384 0.5 2603.064 373.9396 1.1220 2.21 1864.079952 958.6 391.67 0.9975 5.2 745.47 0.5373 5.4 1690.3 0 2084.001710 0.8 3.3 1000.7 2.5 1317.0 2294.0696 5000 263.95 2038.4 1131.001166 0.0 1649.9737 6000 275.4939 13.000 318. Internal energy.6 4.4 1450.027378 1258.6 2603.001144 0.2 2466.3390 2250 218.59 1971.001352 0.001286 0.2556 5.6 1531.001235 0. Sat.0146 0.12 1720.8720 1.3 3.9 731.6848 1.6213 950 177.049779 1082.1 2581.001926 0. Sat.3603 2.2 2772.56 0.8076 22.35 0.0457 4.1 2706.7966 3. Sat.5 1363.2159 4. vapor.5029 3.011487 1548.0 1323.9 931. vapor.4 1557.5 2412.59 0.1 675..000 369.000 311.5 1639.12 1693.0 2.83 0.7926 6. Sat.8730 5.29 0.0 1067.2428 6.7 1753.1791 18.56 2030.4 2775.000 352.6 2593.1287 6.7 3.4299 2.41 0.7450 9000 303.16326 796.97 1856.6 2780.8 2.8 2.2 1008.03 1999.6160 6.7 2. Evap.7005 4.005862 1785.001319 0.8148 8000 295.3728 15.3 2800.3925 5.8 1826.04 0.3 2662.4862 6.8 2798.5 870.3143 4.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 919 Appendix 1 | 919 TABLE A–5 Saturated water—Pressure table (Continued) Specific volume.9 3.35 1763.0 1264.6 2581..8 689.9 2577.2954 2500 223.55 1946.5 2773.0941 4.38 0.000 330.0 1041.3 752.000 365.3991 6.000 347.6 1598.94 0.4 2783.014264 1473.5402 6.5 3.001115 0.0 3.1 2589.1071 0.8 798.000 324.

24035 2576.6 3704.5 4642.4489 3.9 7.9 8.9 7.3 10.9413 1.26728 4259.1338 3132.1631 8.61°C) Sat.5 3270.35972 4470.9 7.59200 3128.7 4396.5229 P  0.8 4398.21012 4686.4056 8.9 2974.4 2971.0 8.0 5149.5 8.6 4158.84980 4469.3 5150.1 10.6745 4259.1 5412.9 7.1 6.0999 700 44.0 8.2 2875.80417 3856.1 7.0 9.0 9.6 2675.0 3927.3 10.52°C) P  0.cen84959_ch18-ap01.81°C)* P  0.7102 1300 3.97893 4053.4 9.80409 3300.3562 2660.0 2768.6 7.0304 2.00558 3301.8 11.0 3069.79197 4258.6 4893.50186 3298.77265 2964.0 7.6071 1.2345 350 0.758 4055.9 4398.47428 2881.6148 200 21.23730 3663.5 8.063 2969.9 10.7 2780.4900 3480.2 4892.3 6.9 3279.4614 0.78142 3131.0 4397.513 2587.5 8.8941 0.0 9.8 8.7 10.3 4397.8 11.9049 4.9813 3480.4 9.2 3277.7 9.2827 5.0577 3303.32°C) P  0.0 7.90761 4686.1 9.0279 3302.7 9.4 7.3132 0.0 7.2090 1200 1.6 3162.5 9.2 9.1027 2968.0 4160.4 8.4132 13.0 8.5 9.8 5149.2 7.46859 4054.6 9.4107 400 0.8 11.7 8.71095 3129.3504 1300 72.8 6.2236 1.2 7.2364 0.8 7.4598 1.45214 4686.9519 3665.5677 400 1.0347 0.4 5413.54934 2967.9 5150.5081 0.2 5413.18672 3130.5 7.6 3481.7 2748.30 MPa (133.9 8.52261 2803. 0.9683 0.9 6.1015 4.8 7.2 8.8 3701.3794 800 0.373 4260.67619 3854.42019 4686.6 3489.5452 500 35.8955 150 0.6 9.31623 2808.61820 3662.8280 3856.3 4640.7797 1.826 2661.0221 1.2725 1.79645 2728.2 7.9518 0.4 7.6 8.8828 P  0.41°C) Sat.8 3929.5180 0.3 2855.1 2977.4580 700 2.989 4470.8240 0.9 9.2 8.9 2776.8 7.7 10.37483 2560.3 7.5915 1.1592 2.2 6.05 MPa (81.6 2870.0 8. .867 2443.6 7.8 5150.69966 4470.2 3267.1933 600 2.1 6.1 7.20 MPa (120.34139 3301.3 7.2 3925.6 9.9274 900 2.2 4642.6389 2810.5 7.4 2964.2 2583.3 3076.4201 4.82457 3663.5153 1.3372 4259.9800 1100 63.4 11.6 9.2403 2483.5209 4687.3 3064.4 8.5229 0.7 5412.8345 1.3 3278.136 2736.0 3275.63402 2571.35442 2878.80 MPa (170.7513 4055.5 8.8429 7.95824 4054.88578 2529.59520 2726.3 10.8 8.9 7.2 2957.8897 2585.2 9.3271 0.47443 2723.46242 2553.5931 1.57015 2883.4 7.8 3485.8429 10.51374 2962.8 4642.6 8.4 5412.8 4641.3 4159.6 3929.44332 3126.2 9.2 5150.4 2879.0 9.0610 0.3 8.1394 1000 2.6959 2506.1000 5.9003 500 1.680 3132.9 4893.2 10.2 2724.2094 2968.7 3272.1 3067.5387 2.1698 1200 67.1 4396.35212 2639.47550 3664.5 2682.1 2839.03155 2966.9 5413.9 2967.4 3929.29321 2715.5 8.7793 1.0605 1.4 2850.7956 0.3 9.6626 4.4 9.2695 0.2326 12.8185 1000 1.† 14.1833 0.13309 4469.6 10.4 10.35298 3855.1 9.6941 2505.7097 0.19890 2731.5132 0.4 4160.9367 2582.9 3273.01 MPa (45.2 2645.3 4891.3568 2.58414 4259.88936 3129.4 8.5977 4470. 0.7 9.7593 0.1 3926.5 8.8431 1.2 2860.2 8.7 3074.7 5150.0 3703.0362 0.5735 500 0.2479 1.3 3706.7 8.60 MPa (158.5481 0.3 8.65004 3664.3 9.911 3480.8 9.70656 3856.1 2706.2605 4687.7 7.6 3927.4897 6.3 9.42503 2643.2 4160.90179 3855.66976 3299.7012 800 2.6599 1.1 8.4187 2511.16848 4259.83°C) P  0.5 9.4 3702.0 8.6 3166.7988 4470.7 9.3 9.6 6.0041 0.0 3484.4 9.3424 800 49.6061 900 1.527 3665.5 8.83°C) P  0.5 3056.6704 6.40 MPa (143.6 8.8659 3.2029 2.4 2752.4726 1.5 5150.5 3928.7 10.296 3303.6 7.7 7.0189 1100 1.8692 600 0.0429 11.0 9.0 4893.31560 2566.4263 1.196 2515.6955 0.2 7.1724 2658.8207 0.8497 2.6893 3.1 3706.0 10.3 8.61°C) Sat.7 4159.0402 300 0.0 8.1 5413.3 2592.5682 900 54.50 MPa (151.5 2687.93755 4054.56011 3477.38429 2960.1741 100 17.1723 250 1.87535 2807.4137 3856.0893 0.5 8.0792 0.1 7.1521 0.0 4642.9 4158.8 6.2 4157.26088 2631.3000 5.9047 3665.01302 3302.8 9.6953 1.4 3062.73411 4053.32416 2797.1 2738.9 3489.49580 3479.3420 0.2 7.4 4893.3804 300 1.2 2675.446 2812.8356 250 24.8 2961.3589 50 14. † Properties of saturated vapor at the specified pressure.7 8.4 4396.7800 1000 58.8 3705.3 9.604 4687.5625 *The temperature in parentheses is the saturation temperature at the specified pressure.39390 2721.0 4641.6 9.53434 2647.11226 4259.6 3075.2810 0.6 10.0 4892.8 3072.08049 2654.7037 0.6 7.0 2877.4 3487.3 4642.3611 150 19.9306 200 1.0 3168.6 9.05603 4258.65489 2805.8 2756.9 9.6 8.63026 4687.0 2865.3396 1100 3.8883 4.3 5413.7395 0.3 3280.47088 2564.5857 14.3 9.0 2761.6094 6.3544 0.5 4157.2 3704.2172 400 31.1 2976.2 3483.143 3856.21°C) P  0.8 9.9917 0.1354 700 0.3740 0.74725 3478.3 4641.2841 2811.95986 2577.2 3488.7100 0.61731 2963.4 5149.24434 3479.5978 0.8 4893.4062 2733.1566 3.3898 1300 1.0346 300 26.71643 2651.2725 0.1488 3.6616 200 0.89696 3478.26624 4470.60582 2543.6624 1.8206 2735.670 2437.39938 4470.9 2783.6 5412.3 10.8177 250 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 920 920 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–6 Superheated water T v u h s v u h s v u h s °C m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  0.7 3700.81516 4686.10 MPa (99.6 3486.8 9.7 9.9 3928.1 7.7 4398.08227 3855.8 4892.1270 0.43442 2801.1 2769.6 10.8755 4055.8 8.5655 3132.12152 3479.8998 7.98966 3663.5 4395.6312 9.6346 0.9 8.5295 1200 3.0157 1.8362 600 40.17480 4054.1 7.9 9.9 2950.

9 6.19241 2704.30661 2957.09959 2599.4 8.5 3451.9 8.2 2803.14190 2692.88C) P  1.5 9.33989 4467.30865 3659.7 4887.5236 1200 0.5 3127.19549 4047.6956 0.20750 4681.7 8.9 9.18087 4252.9 4891.3046 500 0.7595 1100 0.17459 2866.6 7.6 3231.06667 2603.5 3682.10381 2628.4 3477.45383 4684.7 2911.4 8.6 7.1 3258.12502 2686.6427 0.5 2836.35188 4256.9 4391.4 3921.56652 4468.09894 2762.8 3462. 0.7 6.5475 300 0.19437 2582.9 3693.0 4155.9 7.1379 400 0.6 9.9 7.1764 300 0.21386 2789.33395 3296.14025 2777.0 8.4593 0.29048 4683.8 3254.1 6.5 8.17988 3847.1304 1000 0.9 6.16420 3654.24207 4682.11678 2637.28597 3295.9 7.6 8.80 MPa (207.4 7.2 6.42488 4467.2 4638.3 6. 0.4484 350 0.09938 2933.85C) P  3.9 6.4160 250 0.45247 4257.20 MPa (187.2629 250 0.3029 0.4045 0.4845 0.5955 0.8455 0.0 8.0689 0.1768 0.12374 2594.1 7.8101 0.6 8.7 5148.4 8.6 4890.16751 4046.2 3223.09198 3016.6 6.4 4632.9 4387.8730 700 0.4417 0.12012 2939.9 2816.22200 3292.19722 3656.5 4891.0 2847.9 6.5936 1100 0.3390 225 0.1 8.3 5146.31951 3474.3 5148.4 3029.8 2783.05876 2624.1183 800 0.1 7.1593 600 0.7 8.5537 0.1 8.05706 2603.2 3024.2882 0.5410 0.4965 0.7 6.17835 3469.0856 0.3 7.23466 4049.40111 3297.0 9.36687 4051.1 8.9 2919.9265 0.3 3697.32606 4050.3 3251.2359 0.96C) P  1.23275 2710.2 5147.19962 3291.7 7.23455 2872.2 4149.08118 2750.22326 3471.07063 2644.15410 3846.2 8.4 8.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 921 Appendix 1 | 921 TABLE A–6 Superheated water (Continued) T v u h s v u h s v u h s °C m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  1.45059 3853.8 7.3 2880.8786 .3 9.7 4634.95C) P  3.21782 2953.5 5410.9235 0.7 3909.0 8.2 6.8331 0.0005 0.00 MPa (233.7 4638.3 8.1 7.0713 0.0335 0.9 6.6 7.22029 3120.7 3150.3 6.2418 0.7 4640.3 2795.7 4156.8424 0.6 8.6 8.8 7.21597 3849.4897 0.4 3116.9156 900 0.8 2788.00 MPa (212.10789 3021.3 3922.4825 0.6601 400 0.5 4144.0120 0.6804 0.8 3474.35411 3125.06845 2738.7 3158.3 6.07995 2602.16849 2948.5 3137.3793 0.5 4153.9 6.5 8.6 6.08026 2604.0143 0.0 3479.7 3051.1872 0.3 7.1 6.18233 2785.1904 0.0 8.6 7.5 3470.3036 P  1.3750 0.7 2856.21105 4253.8 6.41184 3661.8864 0.1 6.27426 3658.38614 3852.6974 0.6 8.2139 0.1 4392.13015 3026.7543 0.1791 900 0.5 4885.8246 0.1 2857.8 5411.52792 4257.20602 2622.1 6.9502 0.07680 2836.5 3261.8 8.0 7.1 6.7 6.3 7.24674 3658.27190 4466.9 8.3 9.14078 2591.3 8.5 6.15122 2945.8 5410.2022 0.2 4639.4 4389.5850 0.3458 900 0.11C) P  2.9 6.6855 800 0.7590 0.11620 3108.0558 0.5103 0.3 3915.49438 3661.7 4889.25799 2793.1246 0.25330 4254.7150 0.9 4394.35288 3660.9 7.2 4889.6303 0.5 3678.2394 0.8 2978.2893 0.50 MPa (242.7 8.9456 0.9 6.8 6.0311 0.4357 700 0.11150 2680.8 2994.4176 0.0 2829.3 5145.13293 2645.54083 3853.8 2792.72610 4685.6 3457.27012 3850.4337 600 0.2755 0.37297 3475.9 9.7 4637.0 7.30020 3851.7 3918.6459 0.6753 0.cen84959_ch18-ap01.48558 4468.5 4391.17568 3116.2 3351.19420 4464.1 2798.31667 4255.4975 250 0.8 8.20029 2869.5217 0.38C) Sat.12702 3464.4670 0.4107 0.40341 4684.4200 0.0 6.16326 2587.7 3692.3 7.1 7.6 5408.1 8.0 7.11037 2597.51866 4685.5 3920.19007 2950.1384 P  2.9 3468.9 3264.1 3338.1 3695.1 9.2 6.5 7.7 8.0 5148.24822 3472.29464 3123.12551 2773.8 7.8310 0.0 3104.9 7.1 5411.7053 1300 0.9583 400 0.08705 2663.13860 2860.7684 350 0.2 3344.27941 3473.9654 1300 0.4675 200 0.3925 1000 0.24999 3293.56C) Sat.1 7.3254 0.0 4635.0 3912.09056 2844.2 7.9 6.7 2803.8 7.44783 3476.8313 0.6 5147.5 8.60 MPa (201.0 4890.2 7.1 8.04C) Sat.48928 4052.6 9.6 3141.7 4393.3 6.19551 3118.1 3472.7 9.5 3686.15931 3288.7 6. 0.9 3248.0744 0.4 5144.0 8.2866 0.3775 0.5 5411.7 3154.6 3035.3324 1100 0.3 8.7 2935.1308 1300 0.0212 0.16356 2698.36308 4684.8 8.37C) P  1.9 9.6 7.5 6.08456 2927.2 7.15460 2863.7771 0.7 3046.6 3146.0 4151.8 5408.2 3009.5 3698.6047 600 0.5909 0.13245 3285.11325 3282.3 2828.9 5147.8 2777.4 6.7842 1200 0.2 4637.1 8.8878 0.6 4886.9 2927.29342 4050.8 6.1814 0.0 8.1856 0.0 2802.9155 0.9509 800 0.2 7.1057 0.0 6.14303 2602.58721 4052.39589 4256.0074 500 0.4 2943.2 8.4 5409.8618 0.15866 2781.3 4154.9 8.6779 0.41933 4051.37766 4467.09919 3104.10979 2852.7043 700 0.9497 1200 0.9553 350 0.3 9.5024 0.7 6.14061 3652.7 3040.5 7.2 8.3 4394.5 3690.3 2903.14841 3467.40 MPa (195.16934 2612.2 6.7450 0.5 9.2 5410.50 MPa (223.5 8.2558 0.22658 4465.8 4152.33780 3852.7642 0.2 7.7 7.13999 3112.2 7.28250 2875.0349 0.3 7.2 8.5587 1000 0.4 9.5412 0.1 2801.7488 300 0.8 2805.4 4385.8 3240.4 7.3 3924.1 8.00 MPa (179.5979 0.2284 0.6088 0.6 3919.1244 225 0.6 8.0170 0.1292 500 0.4 6.67983 4469.8428 450 0.25216 3121.2834 0.9 7.9885 0.25482 2955.3 4146.2028 0.63354 4257.60509 4685.

4651 550 0.0 MPa (263.9 3302.7 8.3 7.3 2839.2822 800 0.2 4114.4 6.4 3399.097075 4457.4 3674.15103 4462.2967 900 0.018028 2545.1 8.10769 3841.2 2725.5 7.2 4133.032491 3324.026436 2833.01C) Sat.029975 2748.0 7.03945 2597.9 4352.05197 2809.3 5405.4 8.1 3476.1 5135.05784 2907.2229 0.1429 0.0 6.1 6.13020 4043.5 2758.2 7.033524 2956.8 6.042720 3818.3 4382.7596 350 0.8826 0.1 4625.3566 1200 0.6 7.00C) P  12.9460 0.023284 2647.7 6.9 2826.0791 0.8855 0.2 7.0571 300 0.14653 4045.4 3634.7 7.4 4883.2141 0.05217 2989.4 3502.8 7.18157 4680.7714 0.9605 0.5 6.7 5404.06527 3267.2111 350 0.0 2794.4 2885.8 4376.4 8.cen84959_ch18-ap01.5195 1000 0.2 3541.020489 2558.3127 0.0 6.3 3666.1648 1100 0. 0.08004 3011.6 3317.0 4877.7 2800.6317 600 0.5 4622.6273 0.013496 2505.3 7.2305 0.2709 0.6 2810.3658 450 0.1 4864.4925 P  9.0 3512.3 3411.0 3650.4516 400 0.9 4137.0 5.3 2786.7 3900.5136 800 0.0 8.2 6.6 4365.6 3882.8000 0.07343 2920.6290 0.6214 0.5 6.2854 0.3 3258.9619 1000 0.6 7.0786 0.075492 4454. 0.045755 3343.0540 800 0.6791 0.5388 1300 0.12107 4677.59C) P  7.0 3854.8 4875.5 6.1 4631.1350 1200 0.6 8.7219 0.7071 0.0 2944.2 6.048629 3628.1 8.2625 0.08165 3643.4247 0.9386 0.0 7.0 8.8 4383.055665 3261.8 7.0 2772.8 7.079025 4242.3810 0.5 6.7962 0.3 4882.3 7.9 7.9337 0.084934 4456.9220 1200 0.9419 1100 0.2 2961.08644 3100.4 2864.022440 2699.4612 0.2144 0.067082 3832.2 7.1321 400 0.8 8.14064 4250.038724 3618.6 6.10916 3648.7 6.6802 0.0 3440.04144 2632.5843 0.6 2674.7124 P  6.028033 3126.6430 0.9 5.7372 1000 0.6 6.6 8.0323 0.7266 550 0.034612 3422.0380 0.94C) Sat.0 3331.07870 3273.5 MPa (327.038378 3242.9 6.5 7.8 3876.023525 2570.7450 300 0.4 7.0 MPa (295.9781 600 0.0 7.0221 700 0.0 MPa (250.5 8.2 8.7 4123.0696 0.44C) P  5.9 5399.5 7.7458 900 0.9 2784.054132 3632.14527 4679.03245 2589.0922 0.3 8.9 4613.8 3434.0 6.054829 3443.3 7.09816 3646.4 6.2 3118.8800 600 0.048589 3438.2605 700 0.8 6.6 6.5 5401.069856 3639.3 6.9 5407.5432 0.7585 0.7 4369.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 922 922 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–6 Superheated water (Continued) T v u h s v u h s v u h s °C m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  4.8 4140.090341 4245.3 8.0 4119.09756 4040.4085 0.076750 3835.4 4616.16992 4463.024279 2592.5 MPa (257.7 8.2 8.5 3521.4 3043.0 3748.3 3888.045172 3160.0 7.051966 3167.4060 0.5 5.090817 4674.5 8.5 3159.2 3205.2 3658.8902 0.042861 3248.04225 2790.4 6.0910 0.7616 0.6 5.0703 0.1 3097.4 3755.4 3906.04733 2651.041767 3065.6159 0.6603 0.0 MPa (311.06102 3175.032811 3047.0 3870.3 6.4638 325 0.058147 4667.4534 0.1 4879.038194 2967.1 3730.07076 3005.034344 2864.6 5.3 6.06858 3091.3874 0.061011 3635.5995 0.10543 4247.9 5137.83C) P  8.053547 3826.046641 4023.9737 275 0.9227 700 0.11326 4459.1693 0.1 6.016138 2624.3 7.059562 3829.11715 4042.8164 0.07355 3453.06477 2914.3 5398.0308 0.5 4870.6 2924.5 6.023019 2913.09850 3460.050510 4233.08766 3276.7828 650 0.1 3016.1 5406.2 7.8 6.11098 3462.3 6.5647 0.8 4102.5 2839.8738 0.04978 2601.13592 4461.039885 3153.2 8.9 7.06647 2827.019877 2611.7130 400 0.0055 0.3 5.9 3531.4 8.043597 3434.0 3894.6 3081.7 5.064919 4032.12655 4249.05138 2713.5551 0.0 2957.8 3214.2876 0.9 2887.12292 3650.2 6.8148 0.5 8.8 5139.8014 0.7 4872.13476 3844.5 3242.8164 0.4 6.063183 4238.6 3040.072667 4671.4371 0.070224 4240.7 8.5 4362.0 3903.3 6.7 6.8 4380.2 5133.062850 3448.5 3069.3 3446.7 5127.7937 350 0.2 8.3 5.5 3196.1 5.11972 3843.0675 0.7 3178.5836 0.1 7.0 2925.6 2857.4 3670.7 8.3357 0.0 MPa (285.1 6.0 4619.8 3273.073079 4035.5 6.0408 0.9 8.5 4128.2749 500 0.0 MPa (275.6 4628.81C) Sat.039958 2879.3 7.0 6.7 2798.7 7.1693 0.15824 4251.9 7.0433 450 0.3639 0.03619 2668.0289 0.9 6.029492 2633. 0.2312 0.7 6.9 5.4 8.4872 0.9507 0.7 7.8349 0.6483 450 0.2 5.025630 3023.35C) P  10.8 7.029782 2944.7 6.5880 0.6 5142.9045 0.3181 1300 0.1 8.7269 1100 0.0 MPa (303.4502 0.2698 0.0954 0.036793 3056.4 4884.083571 4037.09886 3279.8 3324.8 3604.9 4629.6582 0.05461 2668.020030 2789.7 4373.04535 2699.041018 3338.16140 4680.1982 0.9 6.0 8.1 6.2126 0.4606 0.5153 0.9 7.06332 3000.7 3642.4 6.4 8.0 6.5 4606.07652 3096.6353 0.05842 2818.2819 .035262 2770.080733 4672.6 7.4 3093.5 8.0 3375.054342 4447.025816 2725.5185 900 0.0 8.6 4142.0 3625.044187 2979.04406 2599.4 5131.103781 4676.8751 0.0198 0.5 7.3 7.08852 3457.5 6.05667 3083.8 6.035655 3145.030306 3225.1 7.4219 0.4 7.35C) P  4.0 3288.6 6.3 7.8210 500 0.3 8.048157 3074.1 8.3 3387.7 3201.6 5.6 7.0118 0.3 5394.2 8.027378 2581.1065 1300 0.3 2988.04742 2893.05887 2726.3 6.1 5402.048463 3254.058391 4029.5 2742.5 5.067938 4452.8523 0.6 5141.2 6.1 7.3487 0.08964 3838.3706 0.6 3139.8770 0.2 6.2 6.029960 2849.1 3423.5 5143.5579 500 0.0 7.2 3343.3 6.

3425 0.5 7.6 6.009930 3282.9 5075.2 6.2 6.9313 0. 0.3517 600 0.002086 2055.8 3157.5 7.012736 3020.3 4091.018477 2880.8 7.3 4.010565 3190.9 5.3 4584.0212 0.5 4.009504 3902.5 7.6527 650 0.5 3279.5 3823.2 2950.9 2821.012590 3221.002487 2160.6 5103.5 4334.006985 2875.5 8.4758 0.6 5058.009073 3472.006957 3095.024921 3209.1 5122.6 6.038806 4438.8 7.5 2578.036029 4222.026484 3795.032121 3609.8301 0.5243 0.8245 0.2 6.1 4.020828 2998.5 3025.1 7.029115 4647.8 2412.6 1716.011339 4360.007932 2390.0192 0.1 6.5 4570.5 5.5044 0.001978 1799.0 4.038808 4017.4266 0.5 7.0 7.007717 3228.2244 0.1 3712.1668 0.8 5.027157 4424.019695 3281.010175 2974.9310 350 0.045279 4443.5225 0.6 4555.2 3.028621 3409.016571 3064.9 2611.9 4757.009053 3159.7 4043.8724 400 0.9322 0.024342 3397.1215 0.030348 3803.16C) P  17.0 MPa (342.7 5.4708 0.8 6.1434 0.006933 2755.5 2671.0574 P  25.003890 2528.3740 0.4 3551.0373 0.7 3396.012213 4591.7 8.8 3839.6593 700 0.008691 2824.010439 4130.5 6.042062 4227.011445 3103.1762 0.0 4216.013590 4378.7751 450 0.3 3583.6 5.6 3996.011523 3308.9107 0.4744 0.3 3366.3511 0.004957 2497.2 3450.2746 0.7642 0.5616 0.9 5.4 3111.001816 1892.0 4270.021075 3780.9449 0.7 7.4140 500 0.7 6.9356 550 0.9 2816.015671 2740.7409 900 0.1952 0.1400 0.6 3399.6613 0.4288 0.4 7.2 6.5 6.006265 3175.5 5.008348 2925.0029 0.9 4182.2 4778.019305 3085.023150 3991.6702 0.012980 3733.002009 1960.018185 3175.2 1843.1145 0.025172 4206.022630 4415.0 MPa 375 0.0 MPa P  50.1 4067.5563 0.9853 1000 0.0 3493.5111 .003692 2364.0 6.017942 4184.020827 4631.7 4592.006005 2428.001701 1702.016643 3359.3248 1300 0.5 2199.008519 3670.3 6.3 3539.018239 4623.6796 0.5599 0.2373 0.6 3.7149 400 0.011143 2887.001560 1638.5 6.7211 0.0 6.3637 0.4 3446.2 3925.029020 4004.5 5338.1 7.1816 0.8 6.2 6.1 6.6 3443.3 5390.8 5.6933 1200 0.0131 0.006108 2947.1 6.001641 1677.048469 4663.8 7.4 4.4422 0.6 3880.4623 800 0.4 3310.3821 0.0 6.8 3972.8 4.011481 2520.036371 4655.8 4.013654 3334.021073 3192.1 5085.3 5352.1473 0.9 3.011441 3927.021134 3385.7 4801.8602 0.7 6.3 7.3480 0.5075 650 0.4 4812.4 5.8290 0.4 3276.8 3693.1355 0.6 2975.3 8.9 7.9 4847.7857 0.0 MPa P  60.8 6.4 7.1446 550 0.005299 2452.9573 0.5526 450 0.9 2152.5 3521.005118 2769.4 7.024279 4639.012534 4152.001503 1609.6 4.5 MPa (354.9093 600 0.1 2722.2 5360.009523 3065.4 5.2829 1000 0.8 7.6 6.7710 0.001731 1787.4 7.9 5.026804 3310.2 5367.1946 500 0.8 3156.0 MPa P  30.2 4823.0 7.002952 2393.019240 3978.2424 0.2144 425 0.006737 2618.3 3743.1 7.1435 0.7 5.4950 1100 0.3030 700 0.7 4858.3 4852.9 2693.035503 3811.1229 650 0.8 5324.5890 0.4 3.7956 0.6 6.041556 4659.6 4288.3 6.8735 0.015430 3251.8802 1300 0.9 3776.012721 2807.027405 3599.2179 0.3 2997.0403 0.1 7.4906 0.8 7.0 MPa P  35.8 4541.1 6.2 7.4 6.014140 3140.9 1849.6 5.0345 0.2 5375.1 5.4 6.5357 0.7 2610.7 7.9 7.9099 1100 0.5230 0.4033 900 0.8 6.014360 3952.1 3252.8 1874.008089 3026.3108 0.0695 0.3 2060.6 6.9 6.013278 3531.001792 1738.6807 0.023870 3590.8 3350.2 5386.1630 450 0.6 7.2 4343.9317 425 0.5 7.3 4252.022945 3106.0 4472.2 4307.8 6.009950 2617.0531 900 0.0 6.0 MPa (365.6 5.2 5382.1 3807.016450 3965.4 4.002798 2068.001911 1855.6048 0.3390 600 0.5 5117.002105 1914.1 2180.3 7.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 923 Appendix 1 | 923 TABLE A–6 Superheated water (Concluded) T v u h s v u h s v u h s °C m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  15.9 3.016976 4396.007456 3432.0 5.2 2570.4 4.7366 0.3 5094.003955 2664.7588 0.7819 0.6 7.009176 2721.017473 3764.7 5.8339 0.2 4.6 2901.2880 0.015628 3551.4074 0.3 6.019398 4406.3 2373.9643 0.015686 4173.8 3423.015204 2845.017385 2972.0 7.010341 2455.1 4835.9 7.5 6.0170 0.014904 3749.6378 0.8 5.6725 1000 0.001633 1745.005591 3031.6 7.7 3599.4118 1200 0.1237 0.3 3165.7 4079.8233 0.2 2511.014793 2945.0 3084.1 1791.010296 3702.3 6.7991 800 0.4 4499.020954 4195.6034 1300 0.8 5.4 5.9 1988.9494 0.3 3241.0 1931.4 6.0814 800 0.4 3675.4 6.8 3339.014620 4607.9 4527.6 6.1255 1200 0.0 6.75C) Sat.033215 4010.2 7.018922 3570.2 7.9 3560.9 3637.2069 1100 0.0 1742.0 5.5896 0.9 7.0 3679.8819 0.5 5040.031504 4216.2078 0.7 1699.011521 3511.3 8.8 2805.3 2902.9043 500 0.8 1762.7 4.033952 4433.9 2001.7 4325.1 4599.3 2284.4207 0.6 2906.7175 0.002538 2097.2 7.005862 2294.5 3561.8867 700 0.0 MPa 375 0.8 4.022742 3295.7 6.004833 2866.7 2529.7841 P  40.2037 0.1 3154.1 7.9 6.003434 2253.3 7.5825 0.6 7.0 5.3 3711.8 6.4438 400 0.8 6.8 3218.67C) P  20.0 5.7 3614.2 4020.cen84959_ch18-ap01.012463 2684.6331 550 0.9449 0.7 4.6759 0.007886 2607.3 3061.7 6.8 5.9 5.8 5112.6 3.005623 2681.

04 5.0013611 1307.13 0.69 342.49 860.6555 P  20 MPa (365.4859 140 0.5 3.0011412 904.0010149 250.72 595.28 687.7864 280 0.68 2. 0.0009767 0.0010337 413.39 961.69 539.4707 0.78 773.4575 360 0.7293 0.01 97.75 1.0010349 487.5 1610.92 171.0010988 672.9 3.00 1.5037 0.21 1.0010769 586.0010522 498.28 0.2 1138.6 1231.17 1.3 2.0010823 660.0013322 1288.3034 0.86 0.55 0.92 853.0009929 82.07 1.4 2.5607 0.8 1134.0010738 584.81 947.6156 260 0.5 3.1218 320 0.05 193.11 111.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 924 924 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–7 Compressed liquid water T v u h s v u h s v u h s °C m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  5 MPa (263.0010084 247.8 3.0015884 1667.23 20.0012192 1026.0013409 1354.5236 0.0410 300 0.71 102.8710 0.2888 0.5 1229.8156 0.9 1328.9 1454.0011160 753.5528 60 0.4414 240 0.1 1134.3 3.1 3.06 681.04 1.0003 0.48 767.2845 40 0.4867 0.0001 0.92 1.85 1.19 1.90 211.5 2.6 4.7 1229.0001 0.0011049 745.0012268 1031.6 1445.0565 0.26 0.0010361 414.76 1.0 1039.0014450 1416.8102 .29 255.0012755 1128.0012653 1121.1338 0.6676 0.93 129.0010105 248.0010886 665.2 1334.95 0.40 778.90 1.2 1571.94 1.32 855.8250 0.3996 0.61 88.2921 0.9 1523.0009904 0.16C) Sat.2091 0.0004 20 0.0011595 918.6774 260 0.6 3.0010013 165.8469 0.77 0.2 2.4 1233.0010496 496.0012770 1191.8841 0.5191 0.00C) P  15 MPa (342.7 2.85 1.0011531 847.14 276.1271 0.0018248 1703.0012879 1259.2 1038.0010576 501.5127 0.9 2.0011390 837.01 1.1 2.03 0.2279 320 0.0442 100 0.3174 0.0013783 1317.0 3.9094 0.0010199 330.12 10.0564 0.85 430.90 608.0010267 333.4951 240 0.6 1324.2 2.9 2.5 1134.0009951 83.93 0.9207 0.02 2.1 1746.18 510.0011200 756.39 1.82 2.8 1235.0003 0.0009805 80.1 3.6491 0.66 525.84 858.77 949.8260 0.61 0.1206 200 0.82 338.0010914 735.5666 60 0.0011149 819.0012121 1021.93 2.0 3.43 259.75 267.5705 0.37 0.0627 0.96 1.8586 280 0.0011122 750.11 865.0015693 1540.5105 0.8208 0.0011708 990.4 1547.8234 80 0.32 2.9 1042.58 770.0009973 83.3558 0.0012472 1109.3251 0.05 1.90 0.0009962 243.91 507.08 292.2954 0.36 0.09 2.2488 0.0011752 929.7098 0.3 1421.0014932 1502.86 1.3 3.7 1433.0010385 416.16 2.50 434.0012430 1167.0009857 0.0010290 410.55 678.0691 0.0010954 670.0011240 759.0005 0.0009992 165.0020378 1785.43 2.75 180.0026 0.7 2.80 2.45 875.32 2.0010057 166.85 517.74 0.75C) P  30 MPa P  50 MPa Sat.0010 20 0.2705 120 0.0790 200 0.7499 0.0009951 164.50 350.8055 80 0.0010549 500.15 952.0010072 324.2996 0.0010920 667.6086 0.0009928 0.0 3.0012862 1148.87 441.0 1134.29 49.36 1.0010035 166.39 944.0010155 328.0011868 938.0010517 569.4263 340 0.0014733 1431.2 4.6301 380 0.3 1407.5 3.0012560 1115.1 3.55 2.47 765.69 598.0014522 1393.45 2.6 1134.1 1154.6 1740.3603 0.0011927 1006.2847 0.45 1.6 1037.1020 0.6 1338.3027 0.68 2.9547 300 0.7194 0.7 3.4 3.84 1.2897 0.5 1630.9374 0.50 514.0010201 405.0010244 332. 0.0009952 0.0012044 1078.4 3.0012314 1097.0010127 249.5438 0.0010410 417.78 1.9203 0.0012978 1205.6 3.0009977 0.3100 220 0.0011304 831.9 3.74 693.cen84959_ch18-ap01.0 2.92 0.77 0.03 0.3 2.2932 40 0.42 374.0010221 331.6848 0 0.25 0.9259 180 0.7344 0.43 1.57 0.07 0.0146 0 0.6983 0.71 602.77 622.07 0.0012053 1016.2958 120 0.0 3.0 2.0010623 576.73 1.3 3.40 358.16 0.5020 0.7 2.65 422.8 1826.8787 0.0016311 1567.0011482 844.63 684.5148 140 0.29 29.0 1838.7243 160 0.1761 0.0016572 1585.95 0.80 592.58 263.0011435 840.62 1.2943 0.23 426.5685 0.94 456.74 1.6876 0.94C) P  10 MPa (311.06 2.0010042 246.0011697 925.0018729 1782.6916 160 0.94 1.88 0.9316 0.0014848 1556.5646 0.0723 0.0010445 493.55 1049.2888 340 0.7 3.49 790.33 705.00 2.1 1040.28 1.01 1.02 2.19 2.18 15.0010704 652.0014014 1391.0659 100 0.9 1592.17 185.27 2.4 1343.59 346.0011809 934.0010679 580.0013980 1329.2920 0.0016276 1626.0009872 161.18 1.0009996 83.8287 0.01 945.0010708 582.33 176.8 1675.4 3.8889 180 0.2628 220 0.0013226 1221.0009886 82.0014049 1452.0013096 1213.1143 0.31 93.0265 0.

7 393.1 2327..43 2833.4 2489.2 2332.4 2441.0 1.3593 11.3 2426.300 9.7 381.17 2837.770 10.17 333.06 2837. vapor.66 350.1 2357.36873 0.557 40 0.5 333.12 2836.303 34 0.51 370.4986 11.533 9.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 925 Appendix 1 | 925 TABLE A–8 Saturated ice–water vapor Specific volume.3903 11.80 2710.4 400.4 2445.3 1. Subl.9 2500. Temp.8 408.25 2726.9 2500.613 9.2204 10.5 350. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat.8 337.480 12 0.0 341.947 9.2 362.5296 12. Sat.21732 0.154 2 0.06991 0.391 9.7 389.5 333.07 2729..27 345.835 22 0.0 2493.9 393.4212 11.7 2463.7 1.969 10.95 2722.8 2369.5 408.2 385. Sat. Sat.8 2360.93 2835.4 1.4831 11.9 2374. T °C Psat kPa vi vg ui uig ug hi hig hg si sig sg 0.3130 10..2 2366.001085 4432.6 404.40 2707.7 1.001087 1131.347 8 0.001086 2951. press.17 2836. Enthalpy.63 2834.2358 10.51 366.063 28 0.001089 554.0 2344.3439 11.cen84959_ch18-ap01.02004 0.12492 0.43 2707.5 385.453 9.121 9.70 2838.2 2482.5 1.6 2352.001091 205.88 362.6 370.18 2836.375 9. Subl.3 1.3 381.01608 0.07 2838.0 377. Internal energy.5 2437.221 32 0.06 2720.413 10 0.25990 0.99 333.6 1.72 2728. Sat.0 1.00 2838.01 0. vapor.2 2335.001091 241.3 2448.9 397.909 24 0.4367 11.001087 1644.30998 0.1 2341.04 2835.001088 942.689 18 0.1 1.03082 0.001088 659.5 2467.63 2709..1 377.386 36 0.4057 11.9 2459.8 2485.82 2723.17 354.1 2456.001086 3610.04 2713.61169 0.154 0 0.2 2452.001085 5460.61115 0.4676 11.02490 0.778 9.80 2835.001087 1362.0 2324.66 2724.13 2837.7 2349.001087 1992.644 .05725 0.2202 10.218 4 0. vapor.13 2719.985 26 0.374 9.5141 12.141 30 0. Sat.10326 0.25 2838.9 358.2 2471.17 2716.033 9.84 341. ice.04673 0.6 2478.18121 0.4 366.001085 6750.4 2434.0 411.209 9.2821 10.9 2346.282 6 0.2 2338.17 2718.4 400.9 2474.8 1.2976 10. ice.01285 0.001089 467.82 2838.03802 0.174 10.673 10.2 1.618 16 0.00 2727.5 1.9 1.9 2374.5 2363. Sat.1 1.2 397.001091 206. ice.3284 10.071 10.0 389.001090 334. Sat. ice.3 374.4521 11.4 1.94 2712.1 404.47 2725.9 2321. Sat.6 1.001090 283.47 2838.8 374.72 2838.43748 0.2513 10.3 2355.15068 0.5 2496.4 2371.2 345.695 9..001086 2421.7 2319.40 2833.001088 787.7 411.001084 8376.2667 10.2 1.3748 11.40 2729.470 38 0.4 2430.8 1. Subl.8 1.70 2730.62 337.18 2717. vapor. Entropy.862 9.47 358.549 14 0.578 10.001090 394.5 1.66 2838.40 2838.869 10.5 1.484 10.761 20 0.95 2837.7 354.12 2714.08510 0.51772 0.2 2330.

. Inc. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 926 1200 1200 h = 5000 kJ/kg 00 0 50 550 5000 4500 | 1100 4900 1100 4800 h = 4200 kJ/ 4700 kg 1000 4600 1000 4000 kg/m 3 4500 = 3800 4400 sity 900 900 g/m 3 Den 3600 4300 300 k 3400 4200 Thermodynamics 800 800 4100 0 300 g/m 3 20 00 b 15 000 ar 3200 100 000 80000 P= 4000 00 50 4 00 6000 100 k 30000 700 700 20 00 3000 3900 /m 3 15 00 00 328200 3800 10 30 kg 0 /m 3 600 2600 80 3700 600 0 cen84959_ch18-ap01.01 tu 10 0 iqu ra 3000 =0 120 edl te d rat va 8 tu 6 0 p 4 sity 3 2 Sa 1.4 0.5 100 1 .qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 926 60 0 10 kg 2400 50 3600 0 40 0 Temperature.1 300 140 300 20 Sa 15 id .02 0. 03 J/ k 0 g 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Entropy.3 0.0 or 2900 200 200 Den 5 8 14 1 1 1 20 h= 0.0 0. John S.1 20 60 00 18 0% 0 22 0 26 1 00 0 00 00 24 =1 00 00 00 ty 15 6 3 08 % k J/k g 80 0 0 ali % 20 0. Kell.0 0.2 2800 0.3 10 3200 0.0 1600 80 0 6 kg/m 3 40 0 3100 kg/m 3 30 0. From NBS/NRC Steam Tables/1 by Lester Haar. Copyright © 1984.004 20 0 0. °C 3500 3 kg/m 3 500 kJ/ 500 2200 kg 35 00 h= 3 0 2000 25 0 3400 1 kg/m 3 20 0 15 3300 g/m 3 kg/m 3 400 1800 400 0 3k 0. Reproduced by permission of Routledge/Taylor & Francis Books. 0 0 006 2550 0k 00 0. 100 Qu 100 30 40% Qu 2650 60 0 50% a lit 60% 70 y= h = 2600 2650 kJ/kg h = 40 % 80% 2 90 % 0. and George S. kJ/kg · K FIGURE A–9 T-s diagram for water.04 0. Gallagher.6 0. . 0.08 0.0 0. 0.

John S. .1 5 0. Reproduced by permission of Routledge/Taylor & Francis Books. Inc.0 5 0. 3 ba 0.12 0. kJ/kg · K FIGURE A-10 Mollier diagram for water. and George S. 5 08 01 01 0. 0. .8 0.0 1 50 30 20 3000 3000 ty = 15 10 40 nsi 5 500° 3 1. .08 0. From NBS/NRC Steam Tables/1 by Lester Haar.0 0C 6 4 0. 06 0. kJ/kg 2000 kg 400 5 30 80 150 60 100 0. 3 0.5 De 2 8 1.0 04 98% 02 0 96% 0.cen84959_ch18-ap01. Kell.0 r 0.4 6 0 0. = 400° Qu P 0C 94% a lit y = 92% 90 % 88 86% % 84% 82% T = 300° 80% 78 76 % 0C 74 % 2000 72 % 2000 70 % 68 % % 66 % % 64 % 62 % 60 % 58 56% 54% 52% 50% 48% 46% 44% 42% 40% 1000 1000 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Entropy.1 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 927 Appendix 1 | 927 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5000 5000 0° C 1100°C 10 T =1 1000°C 9000°C /m 3 4000 4000 000 kg 800° it y = 1 0C b ar 00 De n s 300 00 k g/ m 3 250 P= 700° 00 200 0C 00 1 00 g/ m 3 150 00 100 0 10 k 800 0 40000 600 500 /m 3 3000 15 00 80 1 00 6000 000 600° 20 1 kg /m 3 k g/ m 3 0C 00 Enthalpy. Gallagher. Copyright © 1984.

69 192.72701 0.12 214.58 238.86527 0.92554 14 473.992 204.75 68.91 211.12493 0.29112 0.13 199.0007430 0.04 0.93139 2 314.40 17. Evap.73794 0.56 221.82 194.95 187. Sat.91 238.93629 6 234.95579 28 92.10 170.61 227.43 0.056398 59.16 0.085802 43.28159 0.74896 0.92389 18 537.70540 0.12542 30.0007112 0.19 234.60 250.27090 7.0008020 0.92 46.15995 22.03 184.40 186.91 214.92733 10 414.76008 0.69 197.76 216.94222 14 170.0007054 0.92828 8 387.86 198.08 0.56 235.20439 0.20666 15.84 203.13 226.12 0.69 0.82908 0.52 0.14 224.65 219.80561 0.0007172 0..09 257.68 173.29751 4.32 165.92 236.55 20.96058 32 76.95813 30 84.96 180.099516 38.17 189.94748 20 132.0007723 0.78263 0. Sat.25 15.72 0.17 0.94 253.01 219.67 209.71616 0.04253 0.62 223.39 232.02138 0.77 0.59 200.81 230..80 43.39 172.38 0.25 195.07382 0.03199 0.69 210.50 201.37 0.38 243.52 232.69471 0.24323 0.0007608 0.93372 2 272.97 193.73 256.96315 34 69.0007142 0.06344 0. liquid.35 228.40 35.56 0.11481 0.94389 16 157.96 76.01 0.51 252.17489 0.96584 36 62.96866 0.95 0.95356 26 101.41 0.24711 10.18476 0.53 230.96866 38 56.57 167.25 0.01 260.092352 41.27204 0.84101 0.98 192. Evap.73 259.92641 12 443.26 237.99 175.85307 0.91 0.043417 70.30 176.05301 0.09 211.000 225.0007499 0. Sat.64 0.15504 0.22580 12.79 242.65266 0.84 0.0007804 0.037 223.17 0.052762 62.0007887 0.064612 54.31 0.74 0.36081 0.08 163.63 178.45 218.26 s237.074304 48.87762 0. Entropy.58 62.67 41.25286 0.92 0.13 30.09441 0.36 0.55 197.475 206.90278 0.96 10.93766 8 217.049403 65.0008113 0.14504 0.069255 51.92859 0.22 233.0007203 0.18946 17.37 0.91 0.92 207. Temp.91560 0.0007571 0..10 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 928 928 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a—Temperature table Specific volume.079804 46.036 207.10 220.07 251.18 189.07 246.60 248.09 222.95144 24 111. Sat.37 0.96 244.0007845 0.46 0.17 200. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat.67356 0.59 235.cen84959_ch18-ap01.39 193.0007535 0.01072 0.66 5.0007234 0.73 0.65 0. Sat.13583 27.85 0.70 22.0007362 0.93253 0 293.42 258.92927 6 362.93031 4 337.90 73.0007083 0.86 0.33 215.68 0.04 49.19 204.14729 25.44 0.89012 0.43 190.0007930 0. vapor.05 201.68410 0.22387 0..26246 0.20 218.86 0.. T °C Psat kPa vf vg uf ufg ug hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 40 51.0007297 0.53 0.52 184.0008066 0.11 12.51 2.49 212.32732 2.28 0.08414 0.48 59.63198 0.0007329 0.23356 0. vapor. liquid.91 0.88 0.94564 18 144.27 33.67 65.00000 0.11597 33. liquid.93497 4 252.038271 76.35 255.30 0. liquid. Sat. vapor.10736 35.89 0.58 0. Internal energy.046295 67.79406 0.09 229.98 28.64230 0.94063 12 185.30 216.83 70.52 245.27 54.54 38.66308 0.0007464 0.19459 0.11 249.83 168.90 0.18 240.61 227.25 196.515 224.57 190.51 0.55 205.81729 0. press.64 225.23 0.92470 16 504.0007684 0.0007646 0.87 0.73 185.21415 0.17395 20.45 0.16498 0.94941 22 121.04 208.52 213.94176 0.37 0.09 0.39 0.08 229.80 233.31 181.55 239.72 215.72 0.92 234.43 0.040748 73.29 210.88 239.0007265 0.71 0.93911 10 200.0007975 0.16 51.61 0. Evap.93 0. Sat.10463 0. Enthalpy.517 203.92310 .40 207. Sat.95511 0.0007396 0.30 208.060338 56.81 7.97 231.86 225.88 217.78 187. vapor.27 0.66 183.84 25.76 0.77130 0.19 0.0007763 0.82 0.38 57.566 222.13501 0.

26 0.68 0.86 162.80 114.028242 90. Internal energy.89 71.05 260.26 137.06 82.47 258.98 178.0010037 0.008642 154. Tillner-Roth and H.26 156. liquid.67 263.0008210 0.04 105.0008313 0.84 0.33846 0.14 93.0008595 0.08 102. Phys.85 264.91606 40 1017.40 56.67 272.72217 0.55 147.D.88912 85 2928.27 261.05 65.77 82.69 174.21 272.52 252.46 259. T °C Psat kPa vf vg uf ufg ug hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 20 572.28 257.66 149.27 0.97 108.38548 0. Sat. Sat.0009317 0.8 0.22674 0.62172 0.49 0..56082 0.44 184. Vol.12 0. 23.0009750 0.35730 0.09 155.13 124. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat..90359 70 2118.6 0.014265 125.” J.0008786 0.77 132.39 154. L.0011932 0.93 153.90880 60 1682.12 87.43863 0.44 279.1.0008536 0.48920 0. 5.0008261 0.32 156.52049 0.08 266.39 0.45 145.49 126.42302 0.87010 95 3594.0008924 0.30111 0.033828 81.002630 218.59115 0.91067 56 1529.91743 36 912.89512 80 2635.26 160.58800 0.90669 65 1891.10 84.29 262.18 194.47018 0.0009498 0.79 151.89982 75 2365.43242 0.64336 0.2 0.79 33.36670 0..89 111.36227 0.3 0.91391 46 1191.0015269 0.1 0.58 250.58102 0.85289 100 3975. Sat.003726 202.39486 0. Chem.68 117.33 130.57 0. vapor.011434 137.54066 0.31 0.32 141.64 0.58 251.0008657 0. .26 163.33272 0.53755 0.10 278.86 272.17 268.07 0.13 164.26 135.1 0.35 280.17711 0.42 253.37609 0.62 0.57091 0.81215 Source: Tables A–11 through A–13 are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S.62 132.1.77 115. Enthalpy.50027 0. Temp.55074 0.18 0. Evap.26644 0.025108 95. The enthalpy and entropy values of saturated liquid are set to zero at 40°C (and 40°F).11 0.14 267.019952 107.39 275.53 0. Evap. Sat.40 169.60130 0.05 245. liquid.017824 113. which is based on the fundamental equation of state developed by R.31011 0.08999 0. Klein and F.56241 0.60 263.01 108.32 280.99 265.63 174. Sat.91236 52 1386.88 256.0008366 0.91315 48 1253.0012933 0.14 262.32 182.76 121.85 280.14 274.026622 92.87 207.67578 0.47993 0.005486 180. press. The routine used in calculations is the R134a.8 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 929 Appendix 1 | 929 TABLE A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a—Temperature table (Continued) Specific volume.37 0.88117 90 3246. No.19 247. Entropy.2 0.45126 0.22 246. vapor.02 79.1 0.91675 38 963. “An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1.75 0.38 143.60 250.55 120.87 244. Data.021119 104.029976 87.016853 116.035969 78. vapor.51320 0.48 171.40425 0.21 126.92088 26 685.45941 0. vapor.00 271.32903 0.91879 32 815.76 82.0010772 0.006436 171.018855 110.43 273.cen84959_ch18-ap01.0008161 0.36 139.0010372 0.61149 0.41749 0.012771 131.38 277.022364 101.68 0.031834 84.009950 145.59 0.0008478 0.53058 0.02 279.91811 34 863.98 115.59 149. 1994.69 263.34789 0.67 0.007480 162.10 270.44 158.27 0. Alvarado.91 224.66 0.91948 30 770.0 0.31958 0.0011270 0.004599 190.12 99.92018 28 727.49012 0.14 90.07 95.23 263.16 269.46 0.51039 0.023691 98. Sat. Evap.29 165.61473 0.49 262.22 139.46 0.68 0.58 173.92160 24 646.72 29.0008854 0.89 0. Ref.28 139. Sat.0 0.16 241.64 0.83 176.64 0.82 147.7 0.0009150 0.41363 0.40 92.2 0.64 160.39039 0..8 0.30 0.46 248.54 249.2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for temperatures from 170 K to 455 K and Pressures up to 70 MPa.53 100.1 0. liquid.82 0.35 247.92234 22 608. Baehr.11 0.33 167.91536 42 1072.0008720 0.58 258.14 180.91464 44 1130. Sat.015939 119.30063 0.65 243.98 0..35 0. liquid.29 254.0008421 0.14 96.9 0.0008996 0.59 0.24 106. A.51 0.15 156.35 277.42 242.91 144.95 0.28 158.

64 270.83 188.61 231.48 38.83 81.09 0.96441 70 33.91835 850 33.60030 0.45 169..45734 0.08 245.90999 0.51 0.21 224.69 146.87 149.43 124.09 190.25 231.69 0.21637 0.91303 1400 52.44 0.94456 160 15.26929 7.46 50.11087 0.71369 0.20 0.62821 0.94190 180 12.029361 88.90784 1800 62.67 270.71 257.083897 44.62 171.11 279.005275 183.57531 0.95427 100 26.cen84959_ch18-ap01.26465 0.38 0.45 235.0009886 0.91692 950 37.0007098 0.71 0.38301 0.13 0.31 0.91050 1600 57.46 0.0007772 0. Sat.66069 0.94 233.38 59.20 210.0008520 0.31 0.0008331 0.99 96.11 0.00 68.92836 400 8.12348 31.16 0.62 247.11041 34.91762 900 35.82 267.72 194.81 0.037408 77.798 205.79 0. Press.15457 0.54 0.55 0.39189 0.072352 49.82 176.94779 140 18.09 0. vapor.27 221.027371 91. liquid.010559 142.95 227. Evap. Sat.15 201.33230 0.45 0.26 186.25 0.12 3.82 238.46 92.92 0.79 95.29 0.92177 650 24.063604 54. Internal energy.42873 0.55349 0.87 0.11 217.17794 0.0009639 0.06 0.42441 0.31121 3.21263 14.45 0.0007144 0. liquid.48 182.0007533 0.66 202.0007324 0.48 243.87995 0.0007185 0.91 0.57 219.53 0.65 0.730 222.99 0.95710 90 28.57 213.07 63.53323 0.31695 0..75 73.0008580 0.61378 0.14014 26.31 199.46 0.51 151.47911 0. temp.45315 0.61 167.73 261.23 250.86 0.51 165.33 280.21 209.66 269. m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg · K Sat.88 0.73 0.46 0.04 258.37 218.48 0.09 0.88 7.79 104.0008458 0. Sat. liquid.98 259.52368 0.22 263.46 0. Sat.28 186.24 244.0008700 0.37377 0. Enthalpy.54 249.40 0.75664 0.03 0.016715 116.12693 0.10 249. Entropy.10 273.08 212.43 256.22 148.0010566 0. Evap..72 158.93773 240 5.46 11.23753 11.77 0.18 199.32051 0.92282 600 21.83368 0. Sat.0007841 0.00 246.89226 3000 86.93458 280 1.014107 125.35 77.93210 320 2.82 0.79826 0.03 244.64377 0.024069 97.70 137.0008130 0.40204 0.12 0.0008641 0.50294 0.90 276.14 44.93 141.49 214.0008395 0.045619 68.76 128.91558 1200 46.44 173.92 176.93965 200 10.20 85.98 215.30 0.87894 .90 242.79 152.96042 80 31.07 135.28 0.29461 0.37675 0.45 144.26 0.85 101.35 31.72 0.19254 17.24 156.04 80.67 227.11 253.90 262.77 156.57567 0.54 27.77 0.62 255.021438 103. Sat.09275 0.04711 0.0008199 0.34345 0.56431 0.88 0.94 130. Evap.52 55.0008934 0.87 0.0009400 0.20 0.48 88.87 0.0007223 0.98 192.93 277.91994 750 29.98 266.0007985 0.68 107.00 229.97 207.79 0.22 173.031646 84.01634 0.63 111.32 209.85503 0.37 0.36413 0.17 144.92691 450 12.92081 700 26.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 930 930 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–12 Saturated refrigerant-134a—Pressure table Specific volume.78 111.51 22.89419 0.16212 22.33 185.67929 0.59 154..0007907 0.32 163.62118 0.78316 0.0008059 0.90498 2000 67.81496 0.71 268.43 206. vapor.0007620 0.0007259 0.15 0.07188 0.48 236.91912 800 31.16 196.81 241.47 171.0007383 0.55 0.93 165.69566 0. Sat.020313 106.48863 0.14139 0.022683 100.25 240.0009166 0.95183 120 22.54 183.71 251.099867 38. Sat.19829 0.60 0.90184 2500 77.08 253.58763 0. vapor.056738 59.98 247.30799 0.52509 0.006936 166.680 203.99 34.16 280.19 17.28023 0.40 0.92400 550 18.37 0.54315 0.47 135.10 163.95 0.01 248.81 117.54 237.32 0.90 241.73 0.23270 0.0008266 0.841 223.02 160.51 180.0007437 0.97 0.88 14.21 265.85 98.92775 0.60 169.97 179.94807 0.92535 500 15.73381 0.86 0.93006 360 5.21 220.06008 0.35404 0.28 217.73 0.0007699 0.83 148.33 117.38 260.02 0.0011406 0.21 197.67 92. liquid.0007487 0.025621 94.83 260.26 178.51 263.24761 0.65 233.16 234.37 127.81 188.45 168.63 279.40 195.16 0.30 212.08 239.012123 134.041118 72.25776 0.50 229.03267 0.91624 1000 39.034295 81.17 0. P kPa Tsat °C vf vg uf ufg ug hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 60 36.29 0.051201 63.94 191.16 222.009288 149.. vapor.47 263.

11722 232.43495 272.92 333.2553 100 0.14 1.9446 20 0.25088 264.07530 261.9519 10 0.66 1.07823 269.0303 0.11675 295.20242 296.29 251.073274 312.1840 0.37°C) P  0.38°C) Sat.061724 268.86 0.27626 288.54 258.9301 0.08 287.14 MPa (Tsat  18.47651 297.73 315.46269 288.56 306.31 288.07 0.36 0.32 MPa (Tsat  2.36 314.23 1.68 0.73 307.9831 20 0.11041 222.38 1. 0.9518 0.0975 0.95 281.1353 0.44 1.38 334.0624 30 0.10275 304.9362 10 0.11205 331.60 333.77 1.14504 304.91 315.14933 313.63 1.17 1.90 293.49032 306.0004 0.55 244.3135 0.24233 256.37893 241.34 1.17 344.1690 0.9380 0 0.25 1.64 316.09991 224.82 294.28 MPa (Tsat  1.0031 10 0.15 296.2688 140 0.12748 247.2942 .9680 0.30 1.27 295.50 276.47 1.68 1.1714 0.86 0.2020 80 0.35 307.68 1.55 1.27 1.93 279.051506 235.0774 0.1066 0.17172 255.58 284.10481 232.11310 287.86 312.60 240.54 1.09987 224.14715 279.13248 255.46 249.06 277.25 289.30138 314.16 0.70 1.2602 0.1195 50 0.86 342.20 1.2882 0.48 244.99 316.27 259.2732 0.9724 0 0.39302 249.97 305.07 362.2997 0.50 267.1163 0.2191 0.24 1.60 1.19254 215.0236 50 0.064104 277.20 MPa (Tsat  10.35 270.98 260.07235 229.08111 278.19 234.88 0.59 1.73°C) P  0.66 256.66 239.21449 314.93 1.63 372.07646 238.18 265.1142 0.15908 240.55 361.9644 0.98 1.98 1.71 289.00 1.10587 313.59 287.38 1.89 352.2742 0.02 245.08672 262.36 296.3250 0.06360 231.00 1.12 227.59 1.10570 270.69 334.1762 0.07231 253.04 1.15 342.32 362.55 0.13641 287.60 285.57 1.2222 0.36 275.075504 321.9544 0.81 1.74 344.60 1.1907 110 0.12398 313.16622 313.62 1.16 1.09000 270.16149 305.25937 272.9305 20 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 931 Appendix 1 | 931 TABLE A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a T v u h s v u h s v u h s °C m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  0.40 1.0814 70 0.2035 0.58 1.10897 322.1001 60 0.97 332.46 344.14 247.86 382.65 0.56 304.9798 0.50410 314.37 1.61 278.71 296.079913 339.15 304.15673 296.50 0.49 1.0918 0.14605 225.24 MPa (Tsat  5.09 1.1640 100 0.57 1.3260 0.059292 260.17794 263.1554 80 0.70 1.28 315.23 254.22 298.18412 271.10942 278.32 302.62 313.07997 246.79 288.58 0.00 335.64 270.08395 286.32 331.54 1.75 247.42102 264.31121 209.72 1.2431 130 0.48 1.36 1.1369 90 0.79 297.48 253.1484 0.1280 70 0.77°C) Sat.05 1.15196 287.1983 0.1805 0.08 325.75 1.35 272.33608 220.11189 225.06609 237.0882 0.9321 0.071023 303.09026 238.46°C) P  0.52 251.20847 305.53 1.1825 90 0.08338 254.11818 350.cen84959_ch18-ap01.49 1.08 1.0174 0.88 343.76 1.0528 60 0.96 306.80 1.10 286.07282 230.9987 0.0429 40 0.12240 240.58 1.9721 10 0.077717 330.0331 20 0.14014 219.41 279.22 322.10 MPa (Tsat  26.97 1.93 1.2105 0.00 262.83 0.12766 271.2074 0.99 314.0399 0.99 242.082096 349.2572 0.59 1.0102 0.01 1.35048 227.19635 288.9628 30 0.66 1.13 1.06 1.05 1.1441 0.0912 40 0.09812 254.33 351.26783 280.67 261.2836 0.40705 256.1203 0.30 1.2305 0.44 0.91°C) Sat.41 326.35 1.0628 0.054213 244.87 1.72 0.1958 0.29 333.1474 60 0.18 MPa (Tsat  12.99 1.2997 0.20743 226.18 1.0451 0.0595 0.46 1.10193 262.74 343.96 1.1571 0.97 1.30 263.99 1.0739 0.08617 231.10955 239.16 0. 0.97 256.23373 248.09503 321.2626 0.10314 349.0576 0.06925 245.66 0.78 1.91 323.1636 0.09961 295.2249 0.056796 252.41 1.37 305.0862 0.22506 241.1298 0.2288 90 0.87 1.73 1.20 1.19841 219.06 MPa (Tsat  36.1915 0.54 239.60 1.9484 0.1094 80 0.41 382.051201 235.2092 100 0.9937 40 0.21630 233.0718 50 0.79 0.40 MPa (Tsat  8.15263 233.42 1.2339 0.29303 305.2171 120 0.0477 0.1532 0.0285 0.68 1.91 246.36476 234.08390 227.26 1.11874 255.87 1.92 264.0134 30 0.28465 297.07 255.25°C) P  0.74 1.3520 0.64 298.53 322.54 0.09423 246.09229 312.95 255.1256 0.0157 0.90 371.11512 340.14074 296.94 1.09775 331.9346 10 0.28 0.2463 0.46 0.07 334.09 253.44 343.19025 279.93 1.1418 0.09644 286.26 341.52 0.22 271.14230 271.1021 0.02 1.2483 0.9397 0.42 324.14 278.57 323.44 250.09 383.05 0.16 1.2814 P  0.95°C) P  0.0690 0.06 1.18 1.13206 279.08675 295.44883 280.39 1. 0.2512 0.66 262.89 1.97 0.13 268.11418 247.10045 340.25 324.11 1.12322 263.63 1.80 1.74 269.2367 0.85 1.16544 248.65 1.1749 70 0.58 1.9698 0.75 325.0332 0.79 272.9377 0.44 280.69 0.16 352.09324 278.67 1.58 0.2356 P  0.13741 263.068747 294.70 1.12038 304.55 248.066443 285.9269 0 0.51 1.0030 0.3096 0.57 1.09°C) P  0.08953 303.9856 0.39 372.

20 MPa (Tsat  46.067021 358.9383 30 0.61 375.2699 160 0.01 1.88 1.0056 0.82 1.82 276.56 386.82 328.9163 70 0.59 1.020830 372.55 1.039250 300.2421 180 0.72 1.20 288.23 399.037865 257.46 285.3088 0.66 379.037829 291.55°C) P  0.90 1.2972 0.12 1.27 0.68 270.029973 272.81 306.3080 0.048597 367.99 422.9535 80 0.19 1.9802 0.2368 160 0.9199 20 0.86 1.2210 0.049458 319.1230 0.80 1.022636 353.72 305.45 0.1846 140 0.00 1.1530 0.00 1.39 278.91 1.016060 274.039423 386.83 381.2951 P  0.58 1.9525 60 0.71 0.97 1.66 1.06 325.015005 264.017500 322.9313 40 0.035302 346.63 278.2298 0.17 316.87 0.055522 357.029966 247.0705 0.71 388.70 MPa (Tsat  26.9240 0.2038 0.48 265.56 1.18 357.34 1.9938 0.26 1.018201 332.025086 334.10 0.041389 275.72 1.85 269.2061 0.029158 385.30 271.06 1.028367 374.55 1.038813 337.21 300.0748 100 0.1684 0.023375 253.2584 0.023348 315.62 297.61 0.29 371.32 1.17 0.72 291.51°C) P  1.52 1.55 352.44 1.97 1.1632 150 0.20 1.018882 342.64 320.061687 329.75 407.02 1.9078 50 0.9389 0.23 1.1081 130 0.69 1.039659 266.89 280.029361 244.51 330.054027 348.38 343.030951 308.2954 0.050485 276.69 1.040642 309.52 1.87 357.56 289.67 370.46 1.036373 282.034295 241.41 390.74 0.67 329.027413 280.017923 294.81 1.025398 288.033457 365.02 1.40°C) P  1.26 0.1264 0.2875 180 0. 0.80 MPa (Tsat  31.31°C) P  0.73 339.09 305.052519 338.19 348.028630 289.10 1.021904 343.019502 277.40 263.09 1.40 0.2577 0.76 1.029806 299.05 1.029592 326.2449 0.032068 317.88°C) Sat.016715 253.38 0.84 316.9169 0.9614 0.80 332.1360 140 0.048499 267.9105 0.9703 0.0160 80 0.024228 325.33 402.021456 383.07 1.2192 0.036349 356.48 268.87 308.59 1.2676 .3221 0.1436 0.1900 160 0.025927 344.31 1.58 0.45 347.44 284.47 356.0836 0.18 1.46 0.1394 0.60 MPa (Tsat  57.07 1.019545 352.035984 249.043427 376.0574 0.068775 368.95 338.64 1.034241 336.9816 0.86 286.2327 0.61 397.81 402.73 319.046456 259.51 396.023355 363.66 1. 0.1658 120 0.2467 0.44 1.032512 355.40 1.014362 282.48 1.01 298.89 1.85 1.39 1.1924 130 0.11 417.9499 0.47 0.2233 0.024757 384.81 273.063479 339.61 1.46 1.9183 0.015215 292.056205 302.53 0.75 311.043358 328.60 MPa (Tsat  21.01 330.2163 170 0.89 309.78 408.86 314.02 1.57 0.03 0.0364 0.81 411.0248 0.30 1.021796 260.96 391.26 322.1162 0.79 267.028584 316.30 0.25 0.031554 345.77 0.0883 0.032659 290.043069 283.021155 333.020194 362.3249 0.9480 0.40 1.0500 110 0.94 345.020529 286.058053 311.83 262.88 1.76 341.017201 257.75 259.01 0.64 1.25 1.86 315.1930 0.059880 320.99 0.046004 347.012372 260.08 420.1389 110 0.9850 70 0.033941 299.022683 248.36 1.07 0.73 1.1664 0.76 1.1114 100 0.018404 267.60 295.050997 329.48 290.0110 0.1308 120 0.00 361.1803 0.9641 50 0.47 1.9954 60 0.33 1.024261 279.29 1.76 367.50 MPa (Tsat  15.0981 0.69 406.9976 0.9875 90 0.34 336.9660 0.025621 246.96 1.57 1.1536 0.70 399.027035 254.0011 0.012123 258.51 308.45 0.0417 0.0698 0.065256 348.95 327.054331 293.30 1.59 303.1580 130 0.15 337.69 1.41 363.20 1.82 1.cen84959_ch18-ap01.033322 265.0599 0.11 366.02 350.34 374.2554 0.25 380.024809 262.45 1.030581 336.034875 274.88 1.042115 242.1031 110 0.2491 0.0795 120 0.19 1.29°C) P  1.94 282.27 1.69 0.031340 281.88 1.43 1.39 1.55 358.50 1.2830 0.0546 0.76 400.047306 357.0860 0.37 1.13 0.00 MPa (Tsat  39.04 369.47 277.89 360.044554 386.15 299.017023 284.85 389.69°C) Sat.036420 318.9218 0.1140 0.28 1.37°C) Sat.1258 0.057006 367.70 346.28 1.016773 312.0194 100 0.06 1.018778 304.038408 376.85 377.037625 327.07 1.02 1.3327 0.37 385.020313 250.022442 305.10 1.64 0.035193 309.2838 0.047900 310.023068 270.039985 347.51 392.034392 375.1414 0.53 1.2067 0.76 293.1504 0.020406 251.51 335.05 372.046318 301.2186 140 0.013430 271.031696 256.86 280.86 0.0549 80 0.026753 354. 0.38 394.035317 386.98 1.041118 238.2807 0.15 1.028547 263.3124 P  1.2703 0.019597 313.01 1.81 410.044710 292.63 1.9130 0.024061 373.89 311.31 410.1773 0.037384 366.0458 90 0.2999 0.42 1.53 1.84 273.23 359.04 421.1705 0.041143 356.29 0.033164 327.90 MPa (Tsat  35.69 0.027566 364.11 1.22 1.50 340.2623 170 0.14 327.016014 302.026146 271.0309 0.2321 0.020388 323.2721 0.042290 366.027552 307.0835 90 0.26 282.044688 338.02 1.0949 0.59 1.10 418.40 1.1118 0.17 383.80 318.0121 0.2109 150 0.73 1.9267 60 0.46 378.32 293.22 270.76 1.25 301.12 0.0280 0.15 324.07 338.63 350.28 319.0408 0.83 296.06 379.29 401.37 276.73 1.91 349.71°C) P  0.9156 40 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 932 932 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a (Continued) T v u h s v u h s v u h s °C m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  0.2444 150 0.52 422.021506 296.60 1.13 274.026492 298.03 354.9179 50 0.9327 0.03 1.0661 0.1949 0.0987 0.40 MPa (Tsat  52.28 389.042010 319.014107 256.9733 0.044338 250.81 0.40 368.77 364.1798 0.0256 70 0.1971 0.052427 284.2747 0.

76 1.4 0.01 0.5 X=0 8 4 0.8 0. Reprinted by permission of American Society of Heating.. MPa 16 12 0.4 2. Therefore.6 quids 1.96 1.3 2.02 0.04 8 8 4 2 0 2. problems should be solved using all property data either from the tables or from the chart.7 0.5 6 2.8 0.6 0.52 1.88 0. Note: The reference point used for the chart is different than that used in the R-134a tables.4 8 0.7 0.02 .00 0.2 2.6 80 60 40 satura 20 –20 0 –40 0. Refrigerating.0 2.04 0.28 1.2 6k 1.2 300 ted li 280 260 240 T = 160°C 220 por 200 0.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 933 Appendix 1 | 933 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 20 20 kg/m 3 300 400 1500 1450 1400 10 1350 10 1250 0 1300 0 0 0 00 0 1200 0 115 0 95 110 80 /m33 90 0 105 kg/m 85 70 0 2000kg 10 60 500 tyh==20 ensisity DDen 160 120 100 4 90 4 80 70 60 R-134a 60 50 2 40 2 40 32 24 20 T = 0°C 1 1 Pressure.cen84959_ch18-ap01.80 0.4 6 –20 gⵯⴢK 0.1 2.64 0. and Air-Conditioning Engineers.2 4 0.1 0.36 1.2 J/k 3.2 2 s= 2.1 –40 1.20 1.84 1. Inc.6 0.4 s= 0.1 0.3 2. . but not from both.92 2.4 0. GA.4 2. Atlanta.04 180 160 140 satura 120 ted va 100 –60 0.4 2.01 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 Enthalpy.9 0.12 1.68 1.72 0.44 1. kJ/kg FIGURE A–14 P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a.60 1.3 0.

5 1.3 0 0.5 0 0 =0 1.00 COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR. Edward E. 2.7 NELSON — OBERT v R= 0.8 1.0 REDUCED PRESSURE.60 0.80 RT Pv 0 0.25 .20 0.5 0.4 1.90 0.80 ---DEVIATION > 1.40 5 0 .8 0 1.2 0 5 2 0.0 0 4.00 1.0 5.60 R = 1.00 REDUCED PRESSURE.6 TR = —– No.5 0 1 0.6 .3 0 0.60 5 070 2 .45 COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR.5 3.1 0.05 0.90 T 0. Obert.00 0. 0 < PR < 1.50 v R 0. 9 1.95 0. vRr 0 RTcr / Pcr 0. Z = —– 0.9 TR = 15 ≈ TR = 3. 0 0 .0% 1.75 0.30 1 . University of Wisconsin.10 NOTE TR = 2.4 0.0 5 0 . T = —– No. .5 4.85 Tcr 1 v 12 10 vR = ––—––– 0.0 0 .4 0.5 2. 0 < PR < 7 1. Z = —– Pv RT 1.9 1.80 3.0 TR = 5.7 .6 0 2 .65 REDUCED TEMPERATURE. 0 0. 2.0 0 3.80 0.00 0.60 3. R Tcr v 2 1.0 8.70 0.15 0 1 .00 6 5.2 0 1.05 P 1. P = —– R Pcr CHART T REDUCED TEMPERATURE.9 0 .00 00 2.30 1953 TR = 1. 15 0.10 30 1.5 0 0.00 3.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 934 934 | Thermodynamics (a) Low pressures.2 0 0.90 0.40 1.60 =0 vR 1.0 4. Used with permission of Dr.0 0.5 5.0 3.3 1.40 COMPRESSIBILITY CHARTS 1.8 0. P R (b) Intermediate pressures.05 PSEUDO REDUCED VOLUME.0 0 2.7 0. 0 .95 0.0 0 0.00 2. P R FIGURE A–15 Nelson–Obert generalized compressibility chart.10 REDUCED PRESSURE.50 NELSON — OBERT 1.00 53.6 GENERALIZED 1.20 0.6 0.0 0.0 1. P = —– 20 0.0 1.0 0 1.00 2.7 0.10 1953 PR 0.0 1.5 Z ≈1.15 GENERALIZED COMPRESSIBILITY CHARTS P 0.3 0. 0 80 70 1.50 1. 00 00 60 1.50 TR = 5.2 0.4 0 .3 0.0 2.40 80 1. .cen84959_ch18-ap01.6 1.20 1.5 7.00 T 1.7 PSEUDO REDUCED VOLUME.0 REDUCED PRESSURE.10 3.5 6.9 0.60 .0 6. 0. vR = —– RTcr / Pcr 0.00 5 0.20 0.30 0.40 1.6 0 .00 0.8 5 1.5 R Pcr CHART Z 0.1 0 1. 1.90 20 1 ..4 0 1.

807 340.202 1.0195 14.791 319.0219 6800 29.0250 1000 8.8 0.3 60.758 295.854 1.7 0.769 1.783  105 0.796 327. Viscosity Conductivity.568  105 0.721 1.048 1.27 9.0253 200 13.777  105 0.5 19.770 295. .8 0. Standard Atmosphere Supplements.793 322.312 1.789 318.33 9.622  105 0.1 1.22 9.694  105 0.0217 8000 36. m °C kPa g.681  105 0.794 323.179 1.3 45. Pressure.793 323.4 49.1 0.S.0245 1800 3.325 kPa.49 9.713  105 0.628  105 0.92 9.8 0.608  105 0.40 9.642  105 0.47 9.527  105 0.0235 3800 9.79 68.6 58.39 64.6 0.8 1.422  105 0.2 0.909 1.791 320.797 328.751 295.776 299.80 92.9 43.89 73.561  105 0.800 331.9 0.0212 9000 43.795 325.615  105 0.05 9.635  105 0.4 1.764  105 0.70 77.802 1.090 1.786 314.1 51.69 9.785 317.007 1.3 1.88 9.802 334.55 9.785 313.0221 6400 26.0229 5000 17.872 1.94 9.467 1.52 9.0195 Source: U. g  9.801 333.798 329. T  15°C.09 66.732  105 0.30 81.0 1.526 1.3 1.00 9.07 9.604 1.027 1.891 1.788 315. Density.3 0.707  105 0.752  105 0.0 0.50 9.166 1.0252 400 12.928 1. Temperature.739  105 0.cen84959_ch18-ap01.11 9. r  1.000 56.590 1.60 83. Government Printing Office.785 1.788 316.53 9.60 9.675 1.0238 3200 5.493  105 0.674  105 0.790 318.4 0.4 0.588  105 0.799 330.947 1.000 49.1 0.0226 5600 21.0222 6200 25.422  105 0.0243 2200 0.0195 16.0239 3000 4.5 1.156 1.53 9.705 1.00 79. Gravity Sound.95 9.2 42.720  105 0.0 47.617 1.9 35.2 1.52 9.1 0.069 1.9 1.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 935 Appendix 1 | 935 TABLE A–16 Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude Speed of Thermal Altitude.4 30.12 9.792 321.2 0.5 54.98 61.0227 5400 20.655  105 0. U.0223 6000 24.700  105 0.0233 4200 12.758  105 0.0230 4800 16.0231 4600 14.582  105 0.804 337.61 9.0247 1600 4. 1966.785 312.3 0.789  105 0.94 9.63 9.0206 10.122 1.50 89.0 0.736 1.422  105 0.668  105 0.51 9.661  105 0.225 1.803 335.458  105 0.4 0.69 63.19 71.800 332.80665 m2/s.646 1.804 336.0241 2600 1.0244 2000 2.805 338.726  105 0.5 7.5 41.000 56.2 0.837 1.36 9.787 314.782 308.687  105 0.0248 1400 5.40 96.80 9.90 85.967 1.76 9.112 1.10 94.20 87.0252 600 11.0228 5200 18.7 1.0224 5800 22.17 9.422  105 0.9 26.2250 kg/m3.0242 2400 0.0 0.6 0.134 1.660 1.752 1.5 14.70 98.08 9.797 327.5 1.0251 800 9.0 0.595  105 0.7 0.50 9.S.1 0.5 10.0240 2800 3.72 9.575  105 0.0195 18.0249 1200 7.802 334. Based on year-round mean conditions at 45° latitude and varies with the time of the year and the weather patterns.66 9.28 9. The conditions at sea level (z  0) are taken to be P  101.1 0.0234 4000 10.6 0.9 57.228 1.602  105 0.1 0.000 56.59 75.794 324.63 9.8 0.5 0.49 70.799 331.32 9.0201 12.631 1.1 0.7 48.987 1.57 9.414 1.0237 3400 7.805 338.0218 7000 30.23 9.62 9.2 55.5 0.00 101. m/s2 m/s kg/m3 m.6 44.8 52.86 9.0232 4400 13.65 9. kg/m · s W/m · K 0 15.796 326.771  105 0.690 1.000 56.0220 6600 27.0236 3600 8.779 303.806 339.745  105 0.764 295.648  105 0.5 0.819 1.

42 127.33 69.30 442.64 631.806 286.22 20.23 67.14 24.00 1205.49 170.02 422.02 28.684 374.09825 510 513.60 808.02 528.50 2.0 1.1 1.470 3.62 75.82 2.94 25.42 528.61 5.40 39.19834 560 565.2 1.8345 232.97 121.30 48.55 97.07732 500 503.4 776.0 1.13 1.3 2.9590 192.19876 1100 1161.27 560.49364 280 280.54175 295 295.58 34.69 266.5477 164.82 25.75 592.98 52.522 300.7 2.61 489.32 9.64 2.89 2.63280 320 320.97 0.153 293.03449 480 482.65055 670 681.82344 390 390.52589 290 290.7 951.18 39.1 2.57 193.02 59.69013 340 340.35 576.67 2.747 3.3 968.29 3.86 133.75 738.cen84959_ch18-ap01.896 3.99 2.44356 250 250.5 1.68515 690 702.85 496.64737 325 325.85708 820 843.37 381.1584 203.93 321.84 146.481 278.08 30.49 2.34444 590 596.98 3.1 880.02 8.61803 315 315.89748 420 421.55731 298 298.0 1.12 51.21952 1120 1184.34 139.25997 1160 1230.63 2.01699 940 977.31 1.69528 700 713.01260 470 472.79783 380 380.74 7.1 1.92128 430 431.56 2.29 504.09 0.24 393.14 64.52 15.35 11.88543 840 866.56 68.59 13.08 57.8405 185.70 189.43557 610 617.50 544.742 337.58 2.53 17.97 0.88 3.1 1.10 23.8 1.33 706.82 32.55 115.23993 1140 1207.94468 440 441.7329 178.93 272.241 3.3 793.2 2.95 36.59 608.0 1.87324 410 411.2 827.064 3.4 2.2 2.59634 650 659.40902 230 230.88 19.0 1.5546 221.33 14.0 933.0 1.24 6.02 0.70203 710 724.7375 228.55848 640 649.71787 350 350.06533 980 1023.07 18.95 47.96770 450 451.57 15.09 641.08 2.42 101.38 520.02 0.50 411.3860 214.7 862.42644 240 240.59 44.78 105.66176 330 330.27 63.07 62.28 708.1 845.12 4.3068 210.0 1.02 6.99194 920 955.57277 300 300.66802 680 691.60 624.42 2.78 92.92 162.6442 224.63 19.35531 .89 123.47 23.8 1.28 434.3363 142.886 3.86 396.37348 210 209.84 2.81 78.946 3.9352 235.332 315.27 28.29 1.22 2.14 1.13916 530 533.98 26.0 1.46 367.07 2.34 222.149 242.49 647.84 21.626 257.08870 1000 1046.86 473.36 450.11 0.18 2.6 2.08 179.53 2.915 307.35 16.96633 900 932.80 512.80 5.67 596.03 43.22 1.26 4.93 75.95 41.38 419.71865 720 734.66 404.5 2.1 2.9 1.775 322.0889 199.97 211.17 12.6 2.25 572.268 344.02 508.39105 600 607.61 2.25 105.32 200.9 810.04 30.31 427.91 16.17760 1080 1137.04 114.46048 260 260.74504 360 360.7 2.25 85.3987 149.10 389.45 887.05 691.27967 1180 1254.82 1346.39140 220 219.43 4.50985 285 285.0 1.30 236.6 1.89 155.91313 860 888.6355 171.52 27.92 2.43 283.74 11.44 35.95 13.75106 740 756.79 17.46 488.24 1.60319 310 310.7 2.98 3.411 359.85 133.47824 620 628.176 271.21751 570 575.05608 490 492.31 2.86 143.2 915.78249 760 778.1 2.94001 880 910.84 457.73 2.8 2.6 2.245 329.379 250.28 979.16 1.8 2.07 621.99034 460 462.09 13.84856 400 400.47716 270 270.61 2.34 1.0 758.02 16.62 21.4 1.64 465.91 676.069 3.00 725.29 674.4690 156.62 33.01 81.76 2.84 2.2 1.51917 630 638.04142 960 1000.29 37.63 9.18 1.85 549.2 1.98 657.99 251.31 254.2 741.77170 370 370.6 2.69 343.15916 540 544.28 32.45 72.56 1707.04 14.4 1.79783 780 800.33 18.17888 550 555.34 2.72 536.9 1.28 179.2 897.92 89.40 2.31809 1220 1301.73498 730 745.82 454.19 1.13 481.4686 217.07 167.4 1.2311 206.36 23.33685 1240 1324.15604 1060 1114.824 352.85 2.58810 305 305.72 2.27 1.0 2.54 2.98 10.3543 212.12 2.13 1084.63279 660 670.99 57.77 3.62 223.031 366.09 96.11161 1020 1068.35 551.1 2.13 2.3 1.6 1.76690 750 767.29559 580 586.79 238.82790 800 821.892 264.97 0.49 7.11883 520 523.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 936 936 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–17 Ideal-gas properties of air T h u s° T h u s° K kJ/kg Pr kJ/kg vr kJ/kg · K K kJ/kg Pr kJ/kg vr kJ/kg · K 200 199.7 2.14 3.4 1.01 55.36 154.92 207.15 110.13407 1040 1091.1 2.16 301.29906 1200 1277.05 0.38 82.17 2.17 1.69 1512.50 88.

44516 2050 2314.8 2.65 6.175 3.5 1223.9 3.761 3.8 1242.601 3.1 2068 1678.1 1025 1392.7994 1500 1635.468 3.1 1077.7 1852 1630.8303 1520 1660.52364 1280 1372. Source: Kenneth Wark.47712 2150 2440.29160 1660 1830.00 834.58335 1360 1467.2 3. Kaye.23 636.27345 1640 1806.835 3.9 1150. H.90 12.3 1058.4 1655 1582.2 3138 1872.49 7.8901 1560 1708.2 1095.50829 2250 2566.10 9.26 9.574 3.42 450.6684 1420 1539.82 11.4 2.5 1260.301 3.4 1004.6 3.854 3.0 1131.97 330.526 3.9474 Note: The properties Pr (relative pressure) and vr (relative specific volume) are dimensionless quantities used in the analysis of isentropic processes.72 5.153 3.247 3.9 1022.96 925.4 3464 1921.1 1316.24 310.79 568.747 3.776 3.8 4.012 3.5 1113.6 3.44 478.87 6.328 3.52 8.50 974.37901 1850 2065. table A–5.76 352. and should not be confused with the properties pressure and specific volume.7023 1440 1563.41 7.42892 2000 2252.046 3.152 3.41247 1950 2189.95 7. 785–86.295 3.96 5.13 8.555 3.49276 2200 2503.949 3.82 710.8 986.39586 1900 2127.022 3.30959 1680 1855.99 6. (New York: McGraw-Hill.76 11.3 2.7677 1480 1611.63 537.3 1310 1487.3 2837 1823.53879 1300 1395.147 3.7 2559 1775.8605 1540 1684.5 1040.88 10.6336 1400 1515.6 1161 1439.994 3.57 791.2 1373.864 3.48 5.1 1168.7354 1460 1587.804 3.6 1354.9 1335.cen84959_ch18-ap01.5979 1380 1491.qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 937 Appendix 1 | 937 TABLE A–17 Ideal-gas properties of air (Concluded) T h u s° T h u s° K kJ/kg Pr kJ/kg vr kJ/kg · K K kJ/kg Pr kJ/kg vr kJ/kg · K 1260 1348. Thermodynamics.3 1. 1983).56867 1340 1443.8 1186.46 878.7 2.51 506.356 3.24 4.94 10.44 424. Gas Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons.2 1298.34474 1750 1941. 4th ed.919 3.32724 1700 1880.55 290.801 3.9 1205.337 3.25510 1620 1782.77 8. Originally published in J.435 3.6 2303 1726.17 750.7 4.60 375. 1948). Keenan and J. pp.51 672.46120 2100 2377.97 601.9191 1580 1733.36200 1800 2003. .43 6.355 3.780 3.569 3.55381 1320 1419.0 1279.30 5.275 3.49 399.23638 1600 1757.8 2.3 1475 1534.