The Logic of Hinduism

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Lecture Outline • 1) Hindu Panentheism and Indian History • 2) Why does God Create? • 3) Meditation – Why? – How? • 4) Argument for Immortality .

Not I in them!” (Bhagavad Gita) • Pantheism: God is everything. • Combine: Panentheism: 1) the world is the expression of God in time/space. separate from the world He/She creates. everything is God • Monotheism: there is one God. 2) yet God also remains the conscious Unity in all expressions .Combine Pantheism and Monotheism: Panentheism “In Me are all existences contained.

Part of Brahman) goes forth into forgetfulness (matter) • 2) => Karmic existence in samsara (illusion of time and space) • 3) Return to consciousness of inner divinity (moksha.Emanationism “They comprehend not. the Unheavenly.” • 1) Soul (Aspect. Nirvana): Sat-Chit-Ananda or bliss consciousness of being) . nor how they come Back to Me. How Souls go forth from Me.

Neo-Kinship and the unity of God and the World • Ancient kinship > animism – =>pantheism – Hinduism absorbs animistic hunter-gatherers • Evolution of polytheism (=> avatars) and monotheism does not reject animism • >Panentheism (“Pan” = all. “hen” = one) • Continuity with early beliefs of kinship society • Contrast with monotheism of the West and Middle East: God is above and outside of nature (separation of God and world) .

g. – E. • To experience something requires first not being it.God Becomes Human • God knows Him/Herself. to experience joy requires sorrow • Hence. but does not experience what it is to be God.. to experience Him/Herself. God must become (pretend to be) not-God: • > the creation of the world .

Path to True Self • Krishna is an “avatar” because Krishna realizes his true being as Brahman • Ordinary human (Arjuna) fails to understand this • Hence Arjuna is caught up in cycle of birth and death (Samsara) and Illusion (Maya) • To find peace/joy/bliss: find your real Self • This is God’s experience of being God .

Obtained deliverance. ever and ever freed.Meditation: Path to the Inner God • • • • • • • • • The Saint who shuts outside his placid soul All touch of sense. and rage.--hath. and fear. letting no contact through. heart. even now. Whose outward breath and inward breath are drawn Equal and slow through nostrils still and close. having put away Passion. and mind constrained. . That one—with organs. Whose quiet eyes gaze straight from fixed brows. Bent on deliverance.

What does meditation do? • We normally identify ourselves with our thinking mind. it controls us. • We need to set aside the mind to discover our real being: the experience of being: I AM . our desires => Ordinary self. ego. • Concerned with past and future • Not being in the present • We normally don’t control our mind.

• That is really the You that is the expression of God: the true Self .You are not your thoughts • = “You” are not your thoughts • Become aware of the Self outside of the thoughts.

How to meditate • • • • • • • • • • Sequestered should he sit. . Let him accomplish Yoga [=union]. . calm. his gaze absorbed Upon his nose-end . his passions laid away. Steadfastly meditating. and achieve Pureness of soul [Atman]. Restraining heart and senses. His thoughts controlled. . holding immovable Body and neck and head. Quit of his belongings. . silent. . solitary. . There. setting hard his mind upon The One.

forms 2.Light Meditation 1. Keep searching for the light in the center for as long as possible . colors. Focus your attention on nose-end for a while • • Feel disconnected from the body Ignore your thoughts 1. inner clouds. Feel and relax your body completely 2. Close eyes and observe the darkness. shadows.

Substance from shadow. that which is not Will not exist. Indestructible. .Krishna’s argument for immortality • • • • • • • • That which is Can never cease to be. Learn thou! The Life is. Be anywise diminished. To see this truth of both Is theirs who part essence from accident. by any means. stayed. spreading life through all. It cannot anywhere. or changed.

endless. infinite. Let them perish. Prince! And fight! .The fleeting frames • • • • But for these fleeting frames which it informs With spirit deathless. They perish.

If once there was nothing. 3. now there would be nothing. Hence being is eternal .(1) Being 1. Being cannot come out of non-being 2.

it cannot not-be. change – are a mixture of being and non-being: 2. “shadows” on the wall – “Maya” . Things that come into existence and pass away – i..e. 3. 4. Inasmuch as anything is not. Inasmuch as anything is. So changing things are illusory.(2) Non-Being 1. it cannot be.

I am involved in Maya (Illusion) 2. Inasmuch as I am a changing being of time (focused on past and future).(3) Being and Non-Being 1. Divine . Inasmuch as I AM. the moment of IS/AM 3. I AM Eternal. My true being is in the present moment of Now.

. • Therefore. above preoccupation with sensory objects (the shadow world) .g.Plato’s argument for immortality • The human soul can recognize unchangeable truths. • We can recognize unchanging Beauty in itself in the changing beautiful things. – E. The Theorem of Pythagoras. the soul must also be unchangeable • Rise to the soul level. • The soul must be like what it knows and loves.

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