This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
1 increases when going down the group. c)Alkali metal react with water to produce alkaline hydroxide solutions. For example: 2Li+2H2O -> 2LiOH + H2 d)Alkali metal react with oxygen gas to produce white solid metal oxide. For example: 4Li + O2 -> 2Li2O e)Alkali metal burns in chlorince gas to form white solid metal chloride. For example: 2Li + Cl2 -> 2LiCl f)Alkali metal burn in bromine gas to form metal bromides. For example: 2Li + Br2 -> 2LiBr
Group 17: i)Chemical Properties a)Group 17 elements react with water,metal,and alakali. b)Halogen react with water to form 2 acids. For example: Cl2+H2O -> HCl +HOCl c)Halogen react with hot iron to form a brown solid, iron(III) halides. For example: 3Cl2 + 2Fe -> 2FeCl3 d)Halogen react with sodium hydroxide solution,NaOH to form sodium halide, sodium halite and water. For example: Cl2 + 2NaOH -> NaCl + NaOCl + H2O e)Chlorine,bromine and iodine have same chemical properties but different in reactivity.
Group 18: Inert properties: a)The outermost shell of each element in Group 18 is full of electrons. b)Helium has 2 valence electron.This is called duplet electron arrangement. c)Neon,argon, and other noble gases have 8 valence electrons. This is called octet electron arrangement. d)These electron arrangement are very stable. e)Therefore,Noble gases are chemically unreactive or known as inert. f)They do not need to gain,lose or share electrons with other element. Uses in daily life: i)Helium gas is used to fill airship and weather balloons. ii)Neon gas is used in advertising lights and television tubes. iii)Argon is used to fill light bulbs iv)Krypton gas is used in laser to repair the retina of the eye. It is also used to fill photographic flash lamps.
Elements across Period 3: Changes across Period 3. i)The atomic size decreases across Period 3 from left to right. When across Period 3 from left to right: 1.All the atoms elements have 3 shell. 2.The number of protons in the nucleus increases. This increase the positive charge of the nucleus. 3.As a result, the attraction force between the nucleus and the electrons becomes stronger. 4.Electrons are pulled closer to the nucleus, causing the atomic sice to decrease. ii)The electronegativity of element increases across Period 3. When across period 3 from left to right: 1.The atomic size decreases. 2.The number of proton increases.This increases the positive charge of nucleus. 3.As a result,the force attraction between the nucleus and the electrons in the outermost shell becomes stronger. 4.Thisi ncrease the tendency to attract electrons across the priod. 5.Therefore, electronegativity increases.
Transition elements: Special properties: