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11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs



By Subbu February 1, 2017 2 Comments

From the eye catching facades of swanky new Malls to the modern look of today’s Of ce buildings, we’ve put
together almost all the good things you see in contemporary Architecture. The possibility of designs with K
Square is arguably the widest and thus it meets the most contemporary and challenging demands of the
architectural rmament today. We live in the day and age of smart materials which are transforming the way
people think about how buildings should be designed, built and powered up. This article will give you a
glimpse of the materials available in today’s market –


HPL is the direct descendant of the original plastic laminate. It is considered to be one of the most durable
decorative surface materials and is available with special performance properties including chemical, re and
wear resistance.Laminate panel is a type of manufactured timber made from thin sheets of substrates or
wood veneer. It is similar to the more widely used plywood, except that it has a  plastic, protective layer on
one or both sides. HPL panels are preferred by Architects due to their pastel color scale, natural wood
designs and metallic looking HPL is the direct descendant of the original plastic laminate­used­facades/ 1/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

Exterior panels are Duromer High Pressure Laminates  with extremely effective weather protection. The
weather protective coating consists of double hardened acrylic polyurethane resins. They are produced in
laminate presses under high pressure at high temperature. These panels can be used to clad the gate made of
Stainless Steel or MS frame to create a beautiful and unique look to the gate.


Width Available (in ft) 4 & 4.3

Length Available (in ft) 8 & 10

Thickness (in mm) 6, 8 & 10

Other Speci cations 16 Ounce

Finishing Smooth

Variants Special colors available on request­used­facades/ 2/28
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Décor Same décor on both sides

Elevation facade cladding
Balcony Casing
Partitions using hpl
Duct Covering on elevations
Signage with HPL framing
Pedestrian Shelters
Roo ng
Sof ts
Prefab Huts using HPL
For Gate And Shop Fronts­used­facades/ 3/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

1. High impact and bending resistance, tensile strength and resistance to mechanical damage.
2. Abrasion resistance – the material is almost unaffected by abrasion.
3. Almost zero absorption – the material does not absorb moist (the ratio of weight of water absorbed by
the material to the weight of dry material submerged into water of 65ºС for 48 hours is 1%) and thus
can be used in damp rooms without limitations and be treated with water of any temperature (even
steam) and pressure with the use of detergents.
4. High resistance to chemically aggressive environments and organic solvents.
5. High density (imporosity) prevents dirt from penetrating into panels’ structure (including paints and
graf ti) and microorganisms propagation.
6. Various formats including large ones.

Check out our project FLOATING WATERS , where we have used HPL as a facade cladding material not only
as a design feature but also to camou age the ducts as well. oating-waters/­used­facades/ 4/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs­used­facades/ 5/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

S H E R A   B O A R D  C L A D D I N G

SHERA Board is a non-asbestos ber-cement product composed of Portland cement, cellulose ber and
re ned sand. Using a special manufacturing process called autoclave, SHERA  board acquires the strength, 
durability of cement and easy workability of wood  as  well as  dimensional stability.  A  non-combustible
multi-purpose application ber -cement at board, SHERA Board comes with various thicknesses which are
suitable for various applications; ceiling, wall, and oor. It can be used for both exterior and interior
applications. SHERA Boards can perfectly be calibrated and then laminated or coated with other materials,
such as eg. wood veneer.


SHERA plank is a unique bre cement composite of natural bres bonded tightly in a high-grade silicate
structure. It is cellulose cement plank that contains absolutely No asbestos bre, no bre glass bres nor

SHERA Plank is water resistant, insect and rot resistant and therefore requires very little maintenance. It is
the perfect  ber cement siding for any house that needs a simple, yet durable cladding material. SHERA­used­facades/ 6/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

Plank comes in several sizes and textures to match your housing needs, making it easy to select your desired
interior/exterior cladding materials.

It is also a perfect solution for cladding houses that face a constant threat from termites and water damage
since it possesses excellent properties of pest resistance, impact strength and water/moisture resistance. It
comes in several sizes and textures and primed planks can be coated before or after installation (double
coating) with optional acrylic paint.


SHERA Boards are ‘non-combustible’ and correspond to materials in building material class A2-s1, d0 (s1 =
no smoke, d0 = no combustible drips), in accordance with EN13501-1.

Sizes (mm) Thickness (mm) Weight (KG)

1200 x 2400 4 18.00

1220 x 2440 18.61

1200 x 2400 6 27.00

1220 x 2440 27.91

1200 x 2400 8 36.00

1220 x 2440 37.21

1200 x 2400 9,10 40.50

1220 x 2440 41.86



1200 x 2400 12 54.00

1220 x 2440 55.82­used­facades/ 7/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

1200 x 2400 15 66.27

1220 x 2440 68.50

1200 x 2400 18 79.52

1220 x 2440 82.20

1200 x 2400 20 88.36

1220 x 2440 91.33

1. Fire resistant
2. Provides sound insulation
3. Shatter resistant
4. Low shrinkage
5. Flexible
6. High degree of workability
7. Termite resistant
8. Immune to water damage

Made from Portland cement, cellulose bers, minerals, and other additives. Intense heat and pressure are
applied to the mixture to form various types of sheets.

1. Durable.
2. Low maintenance.
3. High resistance to water, re, mold, and termite / insect infestation.
4. Low moisture movement.
5. Non-toxic. Multipurpose usage in ceiling and wall systems. A perfect substitute for plywood in furniture,
with a better quality of nish.­used­facades/ 8/28
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Currently not very well-known by carpenters however craftsmen use traditional woodworking tools.

C U R T A I N    W A L L   G L A Z I N G

Curtain – wall systems are typically designed with extruded  aluminum members, although the rst curtain
walls were made of steel. The aluminium frame is typically in lled with glass, which provides an
architecturally pleasing building, as well as bene ts such as day lighting.

However, parameters related to solar gain control such as thermal comfort and visual comfort are more
dif cult to control when using highly glazed curtain walls.­used­facades/ 9/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

The development and widespread use of structural steel and later reinforced concrete allowed relatively
small columns to support large loads and the exterior walls of buildings were no longer required for
structural support.

The exterior walls could be non-load-bearing and thus much lighter and more open than the masonry load-
bearing walls of the past. This gave way to increased use of glass as an exterior façade, and the modern-day
curtain wall was born.

By far the most common glazing type, glass can be of an almost in nite combination of color, thickness,
and opacity. For commercial construction, the two most common thicknesses are 1/4 inch (6 mm) monolithic
and 1 inch (25 mm) insulating glass. Presently, 1/4 inch glass is typically used only in spandrel areas, while
insulating glass is used for the rest of the building (sometimes spandrel glass is speci ed as insulating glass
as well).

T Y P E S  O F  G L A S S E S

Float glass
Sheet glass
Patterned glass
Wired glass

Most widely used type of glass
Monolithic and highly transparent
Has uniform thickness, atness
and excellent optical quality.
Manufactured in two main varieties, i.e.; clear and tinted.
Available in thicknesses 2-19 mm
Can be coloured during manufacturing.­used­facades/ 10/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs


There are three different kind of sheet glasses:

– Annealed at glass

– Processed at glass

– Misc. glass

Actual color green (or sometimes blue).

Sizes available:
2mm, 3mm, 4mm, 5mm,

6mm, 8mm, 10mm, 12mm, 15mm and 19mm.

Uses: windows, shelves, large size doors and table tops

Thickness Cost

4-6mm Rs 53/sqm

8-12mm Rs 63/sqm

Sometimes referred to as “ gured” or “rolled” glass.
Has a pattern or texture impressed on one or both sides in the process of rolling.
This glass surface has a patterned decorative design which provide translucency and some degrees of
Thickness: 4mm, 6mm,
Sizes: 2140 x 1280 mm, 2140 x 1320 mm respectively.­used­facades/ 11/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

Fine twisted hexagonal wire netting or mesh inserted during the process of rolling.
May be patterned, smooth rolled or ground and polished.
Thickness: 5 to 7 mm.
Size: 3300 x 1830 mm.

LIC building has a curtain wall on its exterior. Re ective glass has been used for the curtain wall.

A view the building showing the use of re ective glass and space frame truss

The major companies involved in glass manufacturing

Saint- gobain
Asahi India
Gold plus group
Allied glasses
Float glass India ltd.
ASGI India ltd.­used­facades/ 12/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

A C P   P A N E L S
Aluminium composite panel (ACP), also aluminium composite material (ACM), is a type of at panel that
consists of two thin aluminium sheets bonded to a non-aluminium core. ACPs are frequently used for
external cladding or facades of buildings, insulation, and signage.


Aluminium Composite panels consist of a polyethylene inner core with a 0.21mm thick aluminium laminate
surface on both sides. A polyester treatment on these surfaces means no painting is required and makes it
ideal for screen and digital printing.

ACP is available in 3mm thickness, offering seven colours in the 2440mm x 1220mm sheet size and white in
the 3000mm x 1500mm sheet size. ACP can be saw cut, cnc machined, drilled and fabricated using our state-
of-the-art machinery.­used­facades/ 13/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs


high temperature resistance (making it ideal for indoor and outdoor use)
• rigidity
• lightweight
• signage
• shop ttings
• display
• exhibitions


1. These  panels also provide structural value because they have a combined water and air barrier.
2. They are durable and offer high load performance.
3. Less material is required for construction when these panels are used.
4. The construction process is also easier with composite panels.
5. The composite panels are removable and this makes it easy for building owners to refurbish at their
convenience. The fact that they are removable also offers greater design exibility during construction.
6. The panels require very little maintenance to remain in good condition. A building owner or tenant will
not spend much to keep a building well maintained if they use composite panels.


1. One of the main drawbacks of composite panels is cost. This means that while using the panels reduces
construction time and labor costs, they are more expensive compared to traditional materials. The high
cost limits the number of people who can use the material.
2. The composite panels are prone to dents especially during harsh weather such as hurricanes and
storms. Certain manufacturers try to reinforce the panels by including some special materials to make
them less susceptible to damage.
3. They offer a great barrier to air and water but if you are using aluminum composite panels,
waterproo ng is necessary to make sure moisture does not get in.­used­facades/ 14/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

T I M B E R   C L A D D I N G
Timber cladding is an increasingly popular choice for nishing the outside of commercial and domestic
properties. Otherwise known as timber weatherboarding or timber siding, it is an attractive and economical
way to nish the exterior of both old and new buildings. Naturally durable woods such as larch and cedar
provide a hard wearing, protective layer against the elements and they are excellent insulators.Many
different species of wood are suitable for exterior timber cladding because of their natural resistance to
decay.Imported timbers such as Canadian western red cedar and Siberian larch are increasingly being
speci ed for cladding where a more modern, contemporary appearance is desired.­used­facades/ 15/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

Timber cladding can be used in many forms to achieve a wide variety of pattern, texture and colour ranging
from the use of shingles or shakes through to pre nished panels. However, the most common form of timber
cladding consists of boards laid vertically, diagonally or horizontally with either overlapping or ush faces. If
one adds to this the possible variations in board width, surface nish, pro le shape, joint design, a wide
range of colours, as well as the texture and character of un nished wood, then the versatility of timber
cladding becomes very apparent.

The plywood manufactured in India is of standard sizes and thickness. Though the metric system has largely
been adopted in India, the prevalent practice in the plywood market is still to manufacture and sell the
boards based on cost per sq.ft.

SPECIFICATION­used­facades/ 16/28
11/26/2017 MATERIALS USED FOR FACADES |  KSquare Architects ­ architects in chennai, interior designers in chennai ksquare, interior designs

The top selling and most commonly manufactured plywood size in India is 8 feet by 4 feet. Other sizes such
as 8×3, 7×4, 7×3, 6×4 and 6×3 sq .feet are also manufactured.

The table below lists the standard plywood sizes in India in square feet as well as lists the corresponding
value in mm.

Plywood Size in sq.feet Corresponding size in mm (millimetres) (rounded up)

 8′ x 4′ 2440 x 1220

8′ x 3′ 2440 x 920

7′ x 4′ 2140 x 1220

7′ x 3′ 2140 x 920

6′ x 4′ 1830 x 1220

6′ x 3′ 1830 x 920

The thickness of plywood sheets is also largely standardized and measured in mm (millimetres).

The table below lists the thickness range available for the various grades of plywood.

Plywood grade Thickness in mm

MR grade (Moisture Resistant) 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 15, 18, 21, 25 mm

BWR grade (Boiling Water Resistant) 4, 6, 9, 12, 16, 19, 25 mm

Shuttering plywood 6, 12, 15, 18, 21, 25 mm­used­facades/ 17/28
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Blockboards* 19, 25 mm


Ease of Installation -The relatively lightweight nature of timber enables quick and effective installation of

Durable – Timber cladding can last for several years when it is properly maintained. It has a high impact
resistance that helps to reduce damage to your home.

Energy Ef cient – Timber has high insulation properties. It’s low thermal conductivity is much lower than
steel and concrete.

Acoustics – Your choice of siding can help insulate your home. There are some materials that allow noise
from to lter right through the walls into the house.


Painting – Timber cladding requires regular painting or staining to preserve its natural beauty and protect it
from the elements.

Exposure to Elements – Timber is a natural material, and as such is subject to a loss of quality or damage
after being exposed to the elements for a long time.

Fire Risk  – Even if timber cladding is painted or sealed, it still carries a risk of spreading re, as it is a
ammable material

 W P C   P A N E L S­used­facades/ 18/28
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Check Out Project With WPC

Wood Plastic Composites (WPCs) are produced by thoroughly mixing ground wood particles and heated
thermoplastic resin. The most common method of production is to extrude the material into the desired
shape, though injection molding is also used.­used­facades/ 19/28
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The rst impression is encompassing, and Everwood cladding offers you the most natural looking, no upkeep
solution for façade cladding. Our cladding boards lend an attractive appearance of wood, undifferentiating
between contemporary or futuristically looking residences and commercial buildings.

With hard wearing properties, cladding boards are available in a host of wood colours, textured to the
grained resemblance of wood. With high UV stability, cladding boards do not fade and require no
maintenance, painting or sealing over extended life spans with minimal recurring costs to preserve a re ned


Cladding boards are UV stable and give a natural appearance of wood which does not need regular
maintenance, painting or sealing. Far more economical to other materials and quick to install, WPC cladding
is low cost with minimal recurring maintenance costs.

Panel width : 300 mm (maximum)

Panel length : as per requirement through online cutting system
Panel height : 300 mm (maximum)
Panel sizes : 140 x 32, 150 x 30, 150 x 25, 148 x 30, 148 x 25, 145 x 30, 100 x 25, 160 x 60, 140 x 40, 250 x 30,
240 x 30 & many other customized sizes
thickness range : 9 mm to 300 mm
Panel density : 650 Kg/m3 to 800 Kg/m3


 Best to stand with high moisture and humidity level

 Best to use as an exterior grade material
 Can be processed like natural wood and solid wood
 High impact strength
 High tensile strength
 Rough and tough material for all weather conditions­used­facades/ 20/28
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 High load bearing capacity

Embossing for various surface patterns

Sanding for making wood alike nish.


Durable: This type of board does provide excellent performance.

Low maintenance cost: this type of board does attract lower maintenance expenses.

Environment friendly: it is from our and plastic that the WPC bard has been created and does not contain
any toxic chemicals in it at the time of processing. Moreover, it is within the EO class that it has been rated
environmentally as the board could be recycled after use.

Green environmental protection features are present along with sustainable development.

It is a very good cladding material and is highly weather resistant. It is available in many colours and textures
which add to the beauty of the building.

It is a costly material but is effective in the long run.


WPC is a new kind of environmentally friendly product, so there is standardized quality standard system on
the market at the moment.

Do not have the natural wood texture. The thermal transfer technology and ceiling membrane technology
for surface treatment make the WPC with no natural feeling.

Compared with wood, it is not resistant to high temperature.­used­facades/ 21/28
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S T O N E   C L A D D I N G

Stone cladding is a thin layer of real or simulated stone applied to a building or other structure made of a
material other than stone. Stone cladding is sometimes applied to concrete and steel buildings as part of
their original architectural design. Then, using a mortar mix, the stone cladding would be af xed to the wall.

Alternatively, stone cladding can be a natural stone that has been quarried and then cut into thin pieces to
reduce weight. Being heavier, natural stone cladding often needs mechanical xing to be adhered to
substrates. Mechanical xing could be using shelf angles, or perhaps a product called stone clip.

Check out some of the projects where we have used stone cladding

Projects­used­facades/ 22/28
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For exterior facades,

Size: 600x150mm (interlocking 4 row design)

Depth: 8-15mm
Material: Slate Natural Stone
Finish: Natural
Colour variation: Moderate
Sealing required: Yes
Suitability: Outdoor use in domestic or commercial areas.


Natural stone has a very pleasing and natural aesthetic impact bringing one close to nature.

Natural Stone is an eco-friendly material.

Natural stones like granite and slate are a very strong and impervious material.­used­facades/ 23/28
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Most of the natural stones are highly porous and absorb the stain marks very easily. Such natural materials
have to be sealed properly and resins must be used to close all the pores of the stone.

Some stones are soft , brittle and very susceptible to chipping, developing cracks and breaking. Stones like
Italian marble , onyx and travertine develop cracks very easily.

T E X T U R E   P A I N T S

Texture in painting is the look and feel of the canvas. It is based on the paint, and its application, or the
addition of materials such as ribbon, metal, wood, lace, leather and sand. The concept of ‘painterliness’ also
has bearing on texture. The texture stimulates two different senses; sight and touch.


Textured paint is one of the most popular types of paint in the market today. Textured paint is used in a
variety of different applications and for many different reasons. It also comes in several different variations
as well.

This type of paint is very popular because it does not always require the use of a primer because it is so thick.
It is also commonly used to cover joints in drywall as well.­used­facades/ 24/28
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T Y PWeE S are
OanF Architecture
T E X T U Design
R E   PConsultancy.
One of the most common types of textured paint comes in the form of premixed. Premixed textured paint
will come in aClient
bucket and it already has everything in it that you need. Typically, the paint will be mixed with
sand. This type of paint makes the process much easier on you because you do not have as much work to do.
Start a Project
Another popular type of textured paint involves mixing it yourself. With this method, you will purchase the
67, 3B, Devadeya apartments,
base paint and then add the texture ingredients on your own. The most popular additive to put with this
Gandhi nagar, 1st main road,
type of paint is sand. This type of paint allows you to create just the mixture that you want.
Adyar – 600 020.
+91 96770 99960, +91 98408 34495.
Another type of textured paint involves using a smooth texture. This type of paint does not actually contain
anything such as sand to create a rough texture. This type of pain is also very thick and heavy. Many times,
you will not be able to apply it with a regular paintbrush or paint roller. It may require a trowel or a putty
knife toReserved.
All Right apply it effectively because it is so thick. This type of paint is often used to mimic the look of stucco
or plaster and therefore has to be very heavy.   ­used­facades/ 25/28
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Textured paint is also available in a number of different nishes just like traditional paint. This gives you
Start options
many more a ProjectwhenBlog
it comes to  a textured
using  paint. For example, you could choose a textured paint
  
with a glossy nish. You could also utilize a textured paint with an egg shell nish as well. Other possible
nishes include at or matte nishes.

Check out some of the projects where we uses Texture paints to highlight the elevations design.


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67, 3B, Devadeya apartments,
Gandhi nagar, 1st main road,
Adyar – 600 020.
+91 96770 99960, +91 98408 34495.

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67, 3B, Devadeya
Best apartments,
Wood for Facade Reply
Gandhi nagar, 1st
July 28, main
2017 at road,
9:11 am

Adyar – 600 020.

I support timber cladding as the best for the purpose. Choose it for dimensional stability and
+91 96770 99960, +91 98408 34495.
best aesthetics.

Mohammed Ayaz Aslam Reply

October 8, 2017 at 7:27 pm
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I love the detail information given above

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