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Biogas from

Poultry Waste – a case

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Presented by Theo Bijman, Dorset symposium June 2014
Nijhuis Water Technology BV

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WHAT WE DO
WHY WE DO IT

Realizing the value of waste & water

Starch
Waste water Proteins Waste
Oil
Phosphorus
Fats Nitrogen Manure

Ingredients
Process water Fertilizers
Algea
Biofuels Heat
Animal feed Energy
Green gas
Water Treatment l Recycling l Waste to Valuable
Anaerobic Digestion concepts
Basics of chicken litter digestion

• Every kg of organic matter will yield 0,5 m3 of biogas.


• Biogas contains between 50 – 60% CH4 and has a heating value of 5 to 6 kW.
• For comparison: 1 litre of diesel has a heating value of 10.4 kW.
• 1 m3 of Natural Gas has a heating value of 9.3 kW.

• 1000 kg of Chicken litter (55% DM , containing 42% OM) will yield approx. 200
m3 biogas

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Basics of chicken litter digestion

• 1000 kg of Chicken litter (50% DM) contains approx 27 kg of Nitrogen


• with 10 kg in soluble form NH3-N.
• NH3-N inhibits the anaerobic digestion when >4kg/m3.
• Solution: -Dilution with 5 m3 water
• - Removal of ammonia through stripping.

• Biogas from chicken litter will produce biogas with high H2S levels (>2000 ppm).
• This is corrosive and needs to be removed in a scrubber.

• It takes about 30 days for complete digestion of chicken litter.

• A digester tank of 2000 m3 can handle approx. 17 ton of chicken litter/day.


• This would give you 3400 m3 biogas.

• 1 m3 of biogas in a biogas engine can produce approx. 2.1 kWhe of electricity


and 2.5 kWth heat
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Basics of chicken litter digestion

• Project :

• Ukraine: - 134 ton of chicken litter


• - 107 ton of Sorghum
• - 100 ton of sludge and waste streams
• from poultry slaughterhouse
• - 450 ton of waste water for dilution.

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Basics of chicken litter digestion

Production: 2200 m3 biogas/hr.

5 MWe CHP +
Biogas towards boiler
room

Heating for chicken Barns

Investment: - € 13 million
Revenues: - € 3.6 million/yr
- Heating
- 5000 ha of
improved crop
yields

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Basics of chicken litter digestion

• The advantages of anaerobic digestion are:



• Generation of “green power”.
• Improved manure composition and less odour
• No acidification of the soil as digistate has a pH of 8
• Higher availability of nutrients, higher crop yields
• Reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases
• Contribution to a sustainable agricultural sector

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Questions ?

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