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KUWAIT OIL COMPANY (KSC)

C I V I L ENGINEERING S P E C I F I C A T I O N

FOR MATERIAL5 AND WORKMANSHIP

DES - -C 009

STANDARDS AND INSPECTION DEPARTMENT, AHMADI, KUWAIT


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CIVIL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION Page Rev

KOC
*'GLAZING" -
FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
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CONTENTS

PAGE

CONTENTS 1

1. INTRODUCTION
2. SCOPE
3. DEFINITIONS
4. MATERIALS
5. WORKMANSHIP
6. LIST OF REFERENCES CODES AND STANDARDS
CIVIL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION
FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP -
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KOC "GLAZING" - DES - -
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1. INTRODUCTION
This KOC Specification for Glazing, specifies all KOC
general requirements for glazing material and workman-
ship that are within its stated scope and is for use
with a supplementary specification to adapt it for each
specific application.

2. SCOPE
This specification covers KOC general requirements for
all glass and glazing material and workmanship to be
used in industrial and domestic buildings and
structures.

DEFINITIONS
In this specification, the fc~llowingdefinitions shall
apply
KOC : The Kucllrait 3il Company (~(SC)or its
authorized representative.
Bead or Glazing A strip of wood, metal or other
Bead : suitable rigid material attached to
the surround to retain the glass.
Beading : The glazing material placed in the
rebate, into which the glass is
bedded.
Glazing : The operation of fitting glass or
plastic in prepared openings in for
example, windows, door panels, screens
and partitions and the like.
Transparent Glass that transmits light and permits
Glass : clear vision through it.
Translucent Glass that transmits light with
Glass : varying degrees of diffusion so that
vision is not clear.
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Flaws : Cracks, broken or faulty pieces, or


defects.
Sprig : A small headless nail or triangular
piece of metal used for securing panes
in wood surrounds while the glazing
material hardens.
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Surround :

Peg :
Any frame or building element designed
to be glazed.
A metal pin used to hold the glass or
plastics in a metal surround.
II
Rebate : That part of a surround, the cross
section of which forms an angle into
which the edge of the glass or
plastics is placed.
Pane : A piece of glass or plastics glaziqg
sheet material cut to size and shape
ready for glazing.

II MATERIALS

4,1 Glass
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The glass shall comply with BS 952 Part 1 and
2 and shall be the best ~f its respective kind
free from all bubbles, flaws and other
defects.
All window glass shall be of such quality that
surface deterioration will not develop after
glazingunder normal conditions of use,
provided the glass is cleaned at reasonable
intervals. Window glasses of the soda-lime-
silica type will be considered to have
adequate durability if they have the following
composition:
Silica and alumina together not less than 71%
Alkalis (NA20;K 0) not greater than 15%
f
Lime and magnes a together not less than 10%
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4.2 Putties
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The putty for glazing to timber frames shall
comply with BS 5 4 4 and to metal frames shall
be of approved manufacture or as described in
the particular specification.

4.3 Sheet Glass

4.3.1 Clear Sheet Glass


Transparent glass shall be manufactured by the
flat drawn process. Sheet glass shall have
natural fire-finished surfaces.

4.3.2 3ody Tinted Sheet Glass


Transparent glass shall have the whole body of
the glass tinted to give solar control
properties.

4.3.3 The range of thicknesses and weights shall be


as shown in Table 1.
TABLE 1
- -
Nominal Thickness Appropriate Weight
-.

Obscured Glass
Obscured glass shall be rough cast plain
rolled of thickness as described in the
particular specification.
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Wired Glass
General
Wired glass is a cast glass with wire
completely embedded in it. The wire mesh,
i.e. Georgian, shall be 13mm square as per BS
952 Part 1. The embedded wire, shall hold the
glass together which shall break only under a
severe blow. Wired glass shall provide a fire
resistance of one hour. Wired glass shall
have a truly regular arrangement of wires to
have a good appearance.
Types of Wired Glass
Wired glass shall conform to BS 952: Part 1
and shall be of one of the following two types:
a) Cast wired glass of nominal thicknesses
6mm and 7mm.
b) Polished wired slass of nominal thickness
6mm.

Float or Polished Plate Glass


Float or polished plate glass shall comply
with BS 952 Part 1 and shall be of the
following types:-

Clear Float or Poliohed Glass


The surfaces of transparent glass, shall be
flat and parallel so that they provide clear,
undistorted vision and reflection.

Body Tinted Float Glass or Polished Plate


Glass
Transparent glass shall have the whole body of
the glass is tinted to reduce solar radiation
transmission.
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4.6.3 Surface Modified Tinted Float Glass


Transparent glass, which, during manufacture,
has a coloured layer of metal ions injected
into the glass. Solar control properties are
provided by an increase in reflection and
absorption.

4.6.4 Surface Coated Float Glass ( ~ e f l e c t i v eFloat


Glass)
Transparent glass shall have a reflective
surface layer. The reflective surface layer
may be on a clear or tinted base glass. The
glass shall have a coloured metallic
appearance.

4.6.5 The range of thicknesses and weights shall be


as shown in Table 2.
TABLE 2
---
Nominal Thickness ~pproximateWeight
I

4.7 Toughened Glass


4.7 .1 General
Toughened glass shall comply with the
requirements of BS 952 Part 1. Toughened
glass is a safety glazing material produced by
subjecting annealed glass to a process of
heating and rapid cooling which induces high
compression in the surface and a compensating
tension in the centre.
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4.7.2 Types of Toughened Glass


a) Clear float, or polished plate toughened 1
glass.

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b) Solar control toughened glass of two
types:-
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1) Body tinted float toughened glass and
2) Surface modified tinted float tough-
ened glass.
c) Cast toughened glasses.
d) Cladding Glass.
Cladding glass shall have coloured ceramic
enamel fired into one surface during
toughening.
c) Insulating infill panels.
Insulating infill panels shall consist of
toughened ?lass with a backing of insula-
ting material.
i
ii 4.7.3 Nominal thicknesses of toughened sheet glass
shall be 4mm, 5mm and 6mm or as required by
KOC .
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4.8 Laminated Glass

. 4.8.1 General

I Laminated glass shall comply with the


requirements of BS 952 Part 1 and shall
consists of two or more panes of glass with an
interlayer of reinforcing material between
each pane. The interlayers shall permanently
bonded to the glass panes.

i 4.8.2 Types of Laminated Glass


Laminated glasses may be made up with a wide
variety of glass types, interlayers and
treatments to perform the safety and security
functions.
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Laminated glasses shall be made in the


following forms:

Solar control laminated glasses which are


made in the following forms.
1) Heat-absorbing solar control lami-
nated glass incorporates either a
tinted interlayer or a tinted glass
as one of the glasses in the
laminate.
2) Reflective solar control laminated
glass incorporates either a thin
overall transparent metallic deposit
on a glass surface adjacent to the
inter layer, or a surf ace-coated
(reflective float glass in the
laminate make-up). Glass and/or
interlayer may also be tinted.
Ultraviolet control laminated glass.
Laminated soand control glass.
Translucent laminated glasses.
Laminated safety glass.
Laminated security glass.
Laminated wired glasses which are manu-
f actured for the following purposes:-
1) Fire-resistance.
2) Manifestation.
This type of laminated wired glass
shall incorporate in the interlayer
fine wires running parallel in one
direction only at approximately 30mm
centres.
3) Alarm
This type of glass shall incorporate
a continuous thin wire filament
embedded in the interlayer s o that,
as soon as the glass is broken, an
electric circuit controlling an alarm
is activated.
i) Laminated toughened glass.
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4.9 Mastics
Mastic, where specified for glazing, shall
provide adequate adhesion, be easily worked
and not flow at normal temperatures. It shall
be unaffected by moisture, be of the type
described in the particular specification and
shall be guaranteed as suitable for the
specific use and situation.
Mastic for pointing around door and window
frames shall be gun applied of the type
described in the particular specification and
shall be guaranteed as suitable for the
specific use and situation.

4 10 Mirrors
Mirror glass shall be silvering quality
polished plate glass silvered on one side,
copper-backed varnished and painted to the
satisfaction of KOC.
Mirror glass shall be rectangular and of the
size stated with bevelled edges and four times
drilled for fixing with chromium plates false
dome headed screws into prepared plugs let
into walls.
Mirror glass shall be 6mm thick and comply
with BS 952: Section 1.

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WORKMANSHIP

5.1
'

General
Glazing and fixing of glass and plastic sheet
shall generally be carried out in accordance
with BS 6262. The rebates of old or new
timber or metal sashes shall be thoroughly
cleaned and painted with one coat of oil
paint, except the rebated of hardwood sashes,
in other than painted joinery which shall be
moistened with linseed oil.

5.2 Glazing Without Beads


Where specified to be puttied, the glass shall
be well bedded and back puttied to a thickness
of not less than 3mm and then secured by brass
glaziers sprigs or pegs (for metal windows).
Face putties shall be struck off and mitred at
corners, full to sight lines.

5.3 Glazing With Beads


Where specified to be puttied, the glass shall
be well bedded in putty and secured to the
frame by beads, also well bedded, fixed with
brass cups and screws.
Where glass is to be fixed with beads, the
edges of the glass shall be wrapped with
glazing tape.

5.4 Double Glazing


Double glazing shall be either two separate
panes of glass fixe3 to the frame with an air
gap between them or a sealed double glazing
unit called insulating glass. The particular
type together with the weights of the glass
and the width of the air gap shall be as
described in the particular specification.
Both types shall be fixed to the frame in
accordance with clauses 5.2 and 5.3 above.
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5.5 Glazing to Aluminium

Glazing t o aluminium shall be executed by


bedding the edge of the glass in approved
P.V.C. or neoprene gasket. The gasket shall
be fixed to the edge of the glass and returned
on each face of the full width of the glazing
beads. Any glazing strip left projecfing
beyond the edge of the glazing beads shall be
neatly trimmed with a sharp knife after the
pane is fixed. All panes shall be securely
fixed between bars and beads so as t o prevent
movement of the glass.

Patent Glazing
Patent glazing, when required, shall be as
detailed on the drawings or described in the
particular specification and carried out in
accordance with the requirements of BS 5516.

Glass Fixing
Glass fixing alls, ceilings and other
surfaces shall be executed with either
approved mastic, screws, clips or cover strips
as described in the particular specification
and all work shall comply with BS 6262.

Glass Blocks
Glass blocks shall be the type as described in
the particular specification and bedded and
pointed in cement, lime and .and mortar of mix
1:1:4.

5.9 Beads and Wash Leather


Glass to doors and screens and other places
where vibration may occur, shall be bedded in
wash leather, or putty, with timber beads
fixed with panel plus or brass cups and
screws.
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5 .lo Cutting Allowance


A cutting allowance shall be made for
expansion as follows:
Where the dimension of the pane is less than
30cm an allowance of 1.5mm of each edge.
Where the dimension of the pane is greater
than 300mm an allowance of 3mm at each edge.

5.11 Cleaning Down


All areas of glass inside and out shall be
cleaned on completion and all scratched,
cracked and broken panes replaced.

6 LIST OF REFERENCES CODES AND STANDARDS


List of codes and standards refered t o in this KOC
Specification. A reference in this specification t o
these documents invokes the latest published issue or
amendment unless stated otherwise.

BS 544 Linseed oil putty for use in wooden frames.


BS 952 Glass for glazing.
BS 5 5 1 6 Code of practice for patent glazing.
BS 5750 Quality Systems.
BS 6262 Code of practice for glazing of buildings.