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

yfo\ M tfkflxlt, on
a'lb+ M lj;+ @)#@÷^÷#
lzIff M Pd=P= -g]kfnefiff_
kb M pkk|fWofks, lqe'jg ljZjljBfno
pkk|f= /flhtjxfb'/ >]i7

s[lt M sfzLljho -g];+ !!@$_


rf}+;f7L lzjlnË -g];+ !!@$_

clen]vo\ ;+:s[lt
hËjxfb'/l:ylt -g];+ !!@&_
xl/l;l4Kofvgof s+y -g];+ !!@(_
g]jfM nf]sjftf{ -;+o'Qm÷g];+ !!#)_
g]jf/ hfltsf] lrgf/L -;+o'Qm÷g];+ !!#!_
clen]v -g];+ !!#@_
g]kfnlnlk k|sfzg -g];+ !!##_
bzfjtf/ -;+o'Qm÷g];+ !!##_
clen]vo\ ;+:s[lt -g];+ !!#&_

kbs j k'/:sf/
dx]Gb| ljBfe'if0f -g];+ !!@$_
kLo"if kbs -g];+ !!@$_
df]ltnfgL l;/kf -g];+ !!@$_
wdf{lbTo wdf{rfo{ k'/:sf/ -g];+ !!#%_

O{d]n M shrestha.rajit@gmail.com
clen]vo\ ;+:s[lt

/flhtjxfb'/ >]i7
g];+ !!#*
(1)
clen]vo\ ;+:s[lt

;km" M cg';GwgfTds
k|sfzs M Gx" lx;' k'rM,
tfkflxlt, on
ltly M g]; !!#*
lj;+ @)&$
O{;+ @)!&
sDKo'6/ M ;'lhtf dfMh',
/hdfOn 8]:s6k
b]j lskf M /]vf zfSo
d" M !%)÷–
k|lt M %)) yfg
d'b|0f M 86\; lk|l06Ë k|];
ISBN : 9789937-0-3299-5

(2)
b]5f

af M ci6jxfb'/ >]i7 df+ M u0f]zs'df/L >]i7


a'lb+ M !)%) `nfuf * a'lb+ M !)%$ t5nfYj !
db'u' M !!#& lrNnfuf !) db'u' M !!#& sf}nfYj (

Do]
Rjld÷no\ M ljho /fhf]kfWofo
jg /] jg j+ do\h' u0f]zs'df/Lln;] Olxkf+
TjMtfMjg xfo sfo\ lgDx DXofo\ lgDx kl/jf/ bo\sfM
/fdof gf+ sofM ;/sf/L nhuf+ b]zof ;]jf
ci6jxfb'/+ TjMtfMjg . jo\sMof sd{ ;dfhof ;]jf

zfxLs"n onof tfkflxlt Tjfno\ wGo j hLjg x] b}j wfo\sfM


g]kfMof ;Djt\ åMl5 j Goo\bFo\ TjfMaxfM kf;flk+ ;sn]+ Vjo\sfM
ca'h' k"0f{, dftf Gx"5] oF f le+m5;M j :jLGxo\–bF ;Djt\
j+zof hGd wGo x] wfo\sf TjMtfMjg >Ls[i0f n'd+sfM
jg] /] jg j+ o o o
TjMtfMjg xfo\

( 90 )
;'efo\
g]jfMk"vf{+ g]kfMof ;';Eotf j ;';:+ s[ltoft clen]vLs/0f ofgfj+ul' n+
k':tf}gL y'lsof lsrM yf}+ts+ GogfRjg . pls+ yf}+sGxo\ ljZjo\ x] g]jfMto\;+
yMu' df}lns klxrfg Sog]kmt . yHofMu' clen]v+ ofgfM g]kfnd08nof
e"ldk'q h'ofRj+lk+ g]jfMto\;+ yMu' df+efiff g]kfnefiff, lnlk, ;flxTo, snf,
;+:s[ltoft yf}+ts+ hLljt ofgfto]kmt, Yj ;j{yf uj{of vF vM . g]jfMk'j{h+
yMlklgu' df+efo\of dfWod+ cfkfn+ RjGXofMu' ;flxToof w's" hfo]sfjg .
;flxTo hs dv' k]zfut Ujfxfln h'Ou' u'lnv] u|Gy g+ df+efiff+ x] Rjofjg,
uy]ls – Hof]ltif;DjGwL, sd{sf08;DjGwL, g[To;DjGwL, jf:t'snf;DjGwL
cflb . yHofMu' d"j+u' u|Gy Ono\Aono\ ljb]zLto\t pkxf/ aLu', dLu', v'l;O
r'Os]5\jo\u', BM efMlkof ;'oft+ dSo+;] cfudo\ :jygfM BMk'Hofgf to]u' cflb
ljgfzsf/L Hof g+ h'ofRj+u' b' . P]ltxfl;s j:t' b]zof hs dv', ljZjof x]
;Dkbf vM, pls+ k'nf+u' jfËdoof g+ ;+/If0f, ;+j4{gof s'tM Kov]/+ h'OdfM .

Gxfkfof ;fdflhs, /fhg}lts, cfly{s, wfld{s ;+/rgfut :j?kof


cWoog ofo\t yHofMu' clen]v+ cfkfn+ Ujfxfln ofO . y'ln hs dv'
k|frLgefiffof eflifs :j?kof cWoogo\ g+ Ujfxfln ofO . pls+ yHofMu'
d"j+u' clen]voft lsn+ gs]dHo" . g]kfMof x] uj{of ljifo h'ofRj+u' cef}lts
;+:s[ltoft clen]vo\ hs lns's+ f cjd"Nog ofo]dHo" . y'lsoft Ono\ Aono\
cWoog ofgfM lkt aLdfM . Yjx] dfGotf+ k|]l/t h'ofM clen]vo\ lns'gfRj+u'
cef}lts ;+:s[ltoft lkt aLu' x] y'u' ;km"of s'tM vM . s'tM ;fy{s ofo]t
Ujfxfln ofgfbLlk+ sfhL/f ;d"x -sfzLgfy tdf]6, hLjgs'df/ dxh{g,
Rjld:jo+_, ;'lhtf dfMh', j /jL cfrfo{oft cfkfn+ ;'efo\ . dfOqmf]lkmNd
pknAw ofgfAo"Dx /fli6«o clen]vfnooft j k|sfzs Gx" lx;' k'rMoft g+
;'efo\ .

(3)
!= ;+If]kLs/0f
;+ Ö ;+:s[tefiff,
g] Ö g]kfnefiff j g]kfnlnlk,
b] Ö b]jgfu/Llnlk
dfOqmf]lkmNd P÷la Ö clen]vfno sn]S;g
dfOqmf]lkmNd ;L Ö s]z/nfOa|]/L sn]S;g
dfOqmf]lkmNd O÷l8÷Pr÷PS; Ö k|fOe]6 sn]S;g
dfOqmf]lkmNd Pkm Ö sf:sL, uf]vf{
dfOqmf]lkmNd lh Ö Vjk nfo\s" sn]S;g
dfOqmf]lkmNd Pr Ö kf6g
dfOqmf]lkmNd cfO Ö jg]kf
dfOqmf]lkmNd Pd Ö hgsk'/
dfOqmf]lkmNd lk Ö kz'kltgfy
dfOqmf]lkmNd cf/Ö /fhlj/fh
dfOqmf]lkmNd l6 Ö lqe'jg ljZjljBfno

@= d"nclen]v b]jgfu/L cfn]vg h"an] 5\oMu' lr+


clen]v u'gfM jf lsn+ gofM cfvM db'u' yf;o\ 5\oMu' lr+ ///
Rjldof TjMlkmgf cfvM tgftMu' yf;o\ lr+ [[ ]]
Rjldof cfvM TjMlkmsftMu' yf;o\ []
Rjld+ cfvM x'oftMu' yf;o\ << >>
cfvM Ajg]dkm'u' yf;o\ ...

(4)
wnM

ljifo kf}NofM

Zjfgk/LIff !
lsl;of nIf0f %
o]F j onof d+sfM u'ly !$
wd{nIdL ;+jfb !(
o'lwli7/–gf/b ;+jfb @*
cu:Toj|tsyf ##
clen]vo\ >[+ue]/Lafv+ #&
c+usDknIf0f $(
ªtenl8Kofvg %*
ªftfenlnKofvg x'os]of k'hf–;fdu|L ^^
p8\8Lz8fd/tGq &$

(5)
(6)

=
Zjfgk/LIff

GXovF
Zjfg-;+:s[t_÷8u-c+u|]hL_÷s's'/-v;_÷lvrf-g]kfnefiff_ .
lvrfof cl:tTj u'an]lg;]+ bt w}u' vFo\ hLjlj1fg+ Sjl5gf wfo]km'u'
cj:yf db'lg . cy]g+ yf}+l;a]+ :jLåM lt GXoM x] lvrfto\u' cl:tTj bo]w'+sn
w}u' vF k|fuM P]ltxfl;s kl/ro aLu' ljleGg u'kmfo\ RjoftMu' jf lsoftMu'
lvrfof lrq+ :ki6 ofgfRj+u' b' . lvrf ljleGg k|sf/oflk+ b' . t;s+ Uofgfk';]
Rj+lk+ h+unL lvrflg;]+ sofM 5]Fo\ nxLHo"lk+ lxl;rfb'lk+ tsof b' . akmfbf/ j
OdfGbf/ kz'of ?ko\ dg"to\;+ 5]Fo\ nxLu' ofgfjofRj+u'ln+ 3/kfn'jf hgfj/of
?ko\ g+ lvrfoft sfo]km' . lvrf 5]Fo\ nxLano\ 5v] dg ofpF;] RjgL;f
d]v] b'isd{ ofOlk+ dg"tkfv]+ ;'/lIft h'O . y'lnhs dv' ck/flws ultljlw
kg]t jf ck/fwLto\t Hjg]t lvrf+ k|d'v e"ldsf lDxt]k'm . pls+ x/]s b]zof
;'/Iffk|0ffnLO lvrfoft k|d'v yfo\ laofM nlxgftMu' bO . lvrfof d'Vo g;f
nf -df+z_ vM;f+ d]d]u' g+ go]u' ofM . lvrfof ;f+:s[lts dxTj g+ cfkfn+
b' . lvrfoft e}/jof k|ltsof ?ko\ cflbsfn+lg;]+ k'hfcfhf ofo]u' rng
GXofgfRjg . lxGb"wdf{jnDjLto\;+ :jlGt+ SjMk'hfof sGx] -sf}nfuf rt'bz
{ L_ v'Gx'
lvrfoft ;'/Iffof k|lts e}/jof ?ko\ yf}t+ s+ ljz]if k'hfcfhf ofgfM jORjg .
eljioo\ h'OTo+u' 5'+ g+ 36gfof 1fg lvrfofs] bO, plsof ;f+s]lts
;'r+ aL w}u' dfGotf b' . uy]ls Tjfno\ ;'+ dbo]Tog wfM;f plsof ;+s]6sy+
lvrf Psf]xf]/f] Vjo]u' ofO . 5'+ cz'e h'OTog w}u' ;+s]t aLdfnwfM;f lvrf+
Ko+ x'ofSogL cflb wfo]u' rng b' . yg GXoyg]Togfu' k'nf+u' clen]v g+ yHofMu'
x] lvrfof ;f+sl] ts ;'r+ hs vM .

(1)
clen]v Dxl;sf
g]kfn /fli6«o clen]vfno; eljioo\ h'Ou' 5'+ g+ 36gf b'3{6gfof af/]
k"j{ ;+s]6 aLu' cfkfn+ ;k"mt ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . 5'+ ;km"of hfgsf/L Sjo\
GXoygfsy+ b' –
;km"of gf+ ;km"of NofM bsn] k'nf+u' g]kfn ;+jt\sy+
zs'gfjln !$ yfg g];+ (%*
zs'gljrf/ & yfg g];+ *!%
sfsrl/q ( yfg g];+ *!$
:jKgfWofo *) yfg g];+ *@#
:jKgkmn !$ yfg g];+ *(^
:jKgljrf/ * yfg
:jKglrGtfdl0f !) yfg
k'?ifk/LIff !$ yfg g];+ %$@
kfzs]jnL $* yfg g];+ &*@
z'efz'ekmn &! yg g];+ *)(
z'efz'enIf0f ( yfg g];+ *#)
yg k|:t't h'OTo+u' clen]v;d]t ofgfM lvrfgfk ;DjlGwt ;km"
Gofu" yfg b' . u'u' y'sy+ b'
!= :jfgk/LIff, O @(()÷#, g]kfnefiff, g]kfnlnlk, g];+ *&!
@= :jfgk/LIff, Pr @!(÷@, ;+:s[tefiff, g]kfnlnlk, g];+ *&$
#= :jfgk/LIffsyf, Pr #%#÷!), g]kfnefiff, g]kfnlnlk
$= :jfgljrf/, O !#$(÷@, lxGbL, b]jgfu/L
k|:t't clen]vo\ lvrfof af/] hs RjoftMu' dv', y'sL d]du] ' g+ Njfs5\
ofgftMu' b' uy]ls sfsrl/t, :jKgkl/Iffsyf cflb . sfs:jfgzs'gkl/Iff
gf+ laoftMu' y'u' clen]vo\ d'Ss+ #) kq b' . lvrfof af/] @( lg;]+ #)
ts ofgfM @ kq hs b' . /fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' y'u'
clen]voft g]kfn–hd{g x:tlnlvt ;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ O{;+ !(&@ h'nfO{
@) tfl/vo\ dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]sn;f y'lsof dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM la #@%÷!@
vM . clen]vfnoof nut NofM $–!%!# vM;f y'u' ;km"of gfk+ @)=$ x &
;]dL b' . d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff j g]kfnlnlk+ RjoftMu' y'u' ;km"of Rjld c1ft
(2)
vg]b' . Yof;km'ltO RjoftMu' y'u' ;km" u'an] Rjn w}u' 5'+ ;+s]t laoftMu'
db';f+ y'sL 5\onftMu' efiff j lnlkof cWoog ofo]ano\ g];+ **) of hMvMof
h'Okm' wsfM cg'dfg ofo\l5+ .

clen]vof ;f/
lvrf+ yMt :jofM w'lkg wfM;f ofgfu' Hof l;4 h'O . nFo\ jgfRjg]ano\
lvrf yMu' GXoMg] Rj+jnM;f v'oF f eo h'O . t/ Dx+ ;+s' ;+s+' yMu' GXoMg] jM;f
go\Tjg] bO . yy] lvrf jOano\ yMu' hj+ Dx+ ;+s' ;+s+' lvrf jM;f ofgfu' Hof
l;4 h'O . vj+ Dx+ ;+s' ;+s+' jn;f wg gfz h'O . yMu' GXoMg] Ujf/fUjf/f t'nfM
;gfSog;f le+ h'O . t'ltO, j;to\ so\so\ko' f lvrf ;g;f v'l; 5Lano\ eo
h'O . legfRj+u' Hof g+ :ogL . lvrf+ SjFo,\ GofF, vf ;d]t jfGofgf xMu' vg;f
wgnfe h'O . sf]z, l;+, jfGofgf xn;f ofgfu' Hof gfz h'O, l;4 h'Odv',
cfkn+ eo g+ h'O . no\no\tfofM GXoMg] jofM lvrf+ Dxo\ rf;'jn;f wgnfe
h'O, d+un h'O . 5]oF ,\ nf;fo, cf;go\, rsltO RjgfM lvrf ;+;f j lvrf+
yMt Goft;f yM snfMof d]lk+gfk Njfk' h'O . lvrf+ vju' t'lt+ 5\ogo\ rf;'jMu'
vg;f ofgfu' Hof l;4 h'O . yMu' GXoMg] jofM lvrf+ s'X8s8 -<_ ofM;f Hof
l;4 h'O . 5]oF \ y:jofM xfMjnM;f jf jO . cflbt -<_ y+:jofM xfMjn;f zq'
eo h'O . lGxbfGo]; -<_ y:jof xfMjn;f ldof eo h'O . lk+:jofM lvrf+ Ko+
x'n;f zq' eo h'O, cy] x] zf]s;Gtfk g+ h'O . b':j;]+ Ko+ x'n;f z'enfe
h'O . Psf]xf]/f+ lvrf xfM;f ld, zq', d[To' j v'oF f eo h'O . lvrf yMu' GXoMGXoM
jg;f z'ed+un h'O . Cgv]:o+ ;g;f, gf]go' s+ ;+sf/] === zq'eo, wg gfz
h'O . lvrf+ gofRj+u' jf gt'gfRj+u' v+;f+ z'e d+un h'O . lvrf+ yMt rf] Dx'sn;f
ljleGg cz'e h'Okm' . yHofMano\ hf+ lvrf bo\sf k'hf ofgfM plsoft v'l;O
r'Os]dfM y'ln oft;f dle+u' Hof km'Ss+ yMt nfOdv' .

d"n clen]vof cfn]vg


< Zjfgkl/iofsyloiofldM .. ) ..
yd;f]:o+ w"5f]g;f<<>>1 ef/kf sfo\o{ l;4{ /fe bo' ..
1
Rjld+ cfvM x'oftMu' .

(3)
k|yfg] ZjfgTj+, ycf] Xªcf]g] rf]gj/;f, rf]n eo bo' ..
ycf] Xªcf]g] Dxf ;gs+ cf]/;f, cGgk|fg /fe bo' ..
ycf] hcf]lag Dxf ;gs+ cf]/;f, efnkf sfo\o{, l;4{ h'o' ..
vcf]lag, Dxf ;fgs+, cf]/;f wg gfz h'o' ..
ycf] Xªcf]g] Ujn Ujn t'n, ;fg;f, le+ª ..
n[;, cf];t;, xr xr, sf:o+ ;fg;f, <<nf]>>2 n+vf]; cf]g]g, eo bo',
legs+ cf]+ªf sfo\o{, cl;4{ h'o' ..
nf, ªf, vf gkfg, jfgsfªg x/;f, wg nfe bo' ..
sf]z, l;+, jfgsfªg, x/;f, ofªf sfo\o{ gfz h'o,' cl;4{ h'cf], gfgf eo bo' ..
ycf] Xªcf]g], n'+b+ª, km'+b+ªg, ycf] <<Gocf]>>3 Xªcf]g] cf]:o+, ycf] Dxf ªf]n
cf]n;f, wg nfe b:o+ dËn h'cf] ..
ycf] 5]+;, ycf] nf;fz cf;g;, rl6; rf]gf ;gf]+, lvrfg ªft;fgf]+, ycf]
:qL, s6scf] snx h'o'cf] ..
vcf] n[g df]; ªf]n;f ofªf sfo\o{ l;l4 h'o' ..
ycf] Xªcf]g] cf]:o+, s'Xªsª oft;f, sfo\o{ l;4{ h'j ..
ycf] 5]+ y+;f]:o+ xfnjn;f jf ufo' ..
cflbt y+;f]:o+ xfn;f, zq' eo bo' ..
lGxbfGo];, y+zf]:o+ xfn;f, clUg eo bo' ..
lk+zf]:o+ k]g x'n;f zq' eo bo' .. zf]s;Gtfk h'o' ..
ycf]s] b'+zf]:o+ k]g x'n;f, z'e, /fe bo' ..
Psft Zjfg xf/;f, clUg eo, zq' eo, d[To' eo, rf]/ eo bo' ..
ycf] Xªcf] Xªcf] cf]g;f z'e dËn h'o'cf],
Cgv]:o+ ;fg;f, gf]g'os+ ;+sf/], zq' eo bo', wg gfz h'o' ..
gsf/;f+, gft'g;f+, z'e dËn h'o' ..
rf]g Dx't;f, hfg lvrf Hofªg k'hf ofªg, yfg n+v'; tos/ 5f]o, Yjt]
ofªg, ycf]s] lbo dkm'cf] .. ) ..
Olt Zjfggkl/iofsyf ;dfKtM .. ) .. z'e ..

2
Rjld …nf]Ú RjofM x'oftMu' .
3
Rjld+ …Gocf]Ú RjofM x'oftMu' .
(4)
lsl;of nIf0f

GXovF
lsl;of cl:tTj uan]lg;]+ bt w}u' :ki6 bl; db' . cg';Gwfgof ‰jno\
n'ofjMu' k'nf+u' x:tlnlvt u|Gysy+ k"jL{o ;flxToo\ z'?+lg;]+ ljleGg ljwfo\
lsl;oft kfqof ?ko\ yg]xMu' b' . ljz]ifofgfM clk|msf j blIf0f Plzofoft
lsl;of jf;:yfgof ?ko\ softMu' b' . drf a'Ou' Ono\ x] Yo+dYo+ !)% lsnf]
bODx lsl;of jhg !))) lsnf] ts Yo+lk+ b';f pldu' prfO g+ @ lkm6
lg;]+ !# lkm6 tsof b' . %) lg;]+ &) bF ts DjfOlk+ y'lk+ lsl;t :tgwf/L,
zfsfxf/L h'O . ldh+ lsl;of lgk' bGt t;s+ tfxfs h'ofM Dx't'+ lkg]Yo+s
lkxf+ jO .
On]lS6«s ;jf/L ;fwgof cflj:sf/ dh"lgu' Ono\ dg"to\;+ lsl;oft x]
;jf/L ;fwgof ?ko\ 5\onLu' vM . Gxfkf lzsf/ lDxt]t, o'4 ofo\t, ;fdfg
NXoo\t cflb Hofof lg+lt+ lsl; 5\on]u' ofM . yf}+ cfw'lgs Ono\ g+ ko{6sto\
lsl;Dxo\ tofM e|d0f ofs]u', lsl; sf;f ofgfM GXofOk's]u' j d]d]u' HofvFo\
5\onfjofRj+u' b' . OdfGbf/Ltf j dflnsk|ltof jkmfbf/Ltf x] y'ldu' ljz]iftf
vM .
k|lzIf0f db'lk+ h+unL lsl;t wfM;f t;s+ Uofgk';] RjgL . y'ld;+
lngfxOan] Rjo\ yfxfF jg]dfM wfO . olb yfxfF jg]u' nFk' dGt wfM;f yMDx+
lkmgftofu' n+ TjMtfM la:o+' jg]dfM . yy] n+ TjMtf la:o'+ jg]an] lsl;+ n+oft
w" dh"tn] TjMtL dv' . u'ls+ofgfM dg" la:o'+ jg]u' O{ bO . h+unL lsl;of
cfqmfGt yf}+g blg .

(5)
u0f]BMof lsDjbGtL
dxfb]jof sfo\ u0f]zof VjfM uy] lsl;VjfM h'n w}u' vFo\ 5k' afv+ b' –
5Gx' dxfb]j s}nfzo\ b'xf+ jg]To+an] 5Dx drf+ n'vfo\ kgL . tDj+ drfof
5\o+ WogL . drf ;L . b'/jf/ b'g] Rj+Dx kfj{tL lkxfF jO . yM drfoft dxfb]j+
:ofMu'ln+ t;s+ ljof]u ofO . dxfb]j+ drfoft Djfs]u' jr+ aL . dxfb]j+ yM
u0fto\t bsn] GxfkfnfSs ;' Wjb'n jofu' 5\o+ Wogf xo]t ph+ aL . lzju0f+
bsn] GxfknfSs t;s+ tlwsMDx lsl; vgL . jx] lsl;of 5\o+ WogfM dxfb]jof
GXoMg] to]xO . dxfb]j+ lsl;of 5o\+ pDx ;LDx kfj{tLof sfo\of uMkto\ :jfgfM
drf Djfsf aL . pan]lg;]+ drfof gf+ u0f]z h'O . BMof g+ BM dxfBMof sfo\
of g+ 5fo\ kz'5\o+ h'n w}u' vFo\ xfsg+ 5k' d]u' afv+ b' –
;Too'uo\ dxfb]j+ lji0f'ln;] hfgfM ;tLb]jLgfk laxf ofO . ;tLb]jLof ca'
bIfk|hfkltof dxfb]j lhnfh+ t;s+ doM . x]nf hs ofO . 5Gx' bIfk|hfklt+
cZjd]3 o1 ofO . ;sn oIf, uGwj{, lsGwj{, b}To, gfu, bzlbSkfnnufot
yM t]tL;sf]l6 lhnfh+ BMt, DXofo\lk+ ;sn]+ ;MtL t/ ;tLb]jL j dxfb]joft
;MtL dv' . yy] ca'+ x]nf ofgfM d;Mt';f+ ;tLb]jL ofsMrf o1:yno\ jgfM
yMt 5fo\ d;Mtfu' wsfM ca'ofs] GXo;M tO . ca'Dx+ dxfb]joft g+ ;Mt] dfnL
wsfM 5Gt;d]t d;Mtfu' wsfM dxfb]joft gfgfsy+ x]nf ofO . yM ldh+oft
x]nf ofMu' GogfM Gog]dkmofM ;tLb]jL o1s'08o\ x] SjAjfgfM ;L . cGtWof{gL
dxfb]j+ Yj vF ;stf+ ;LsL . cn] yM u0ft jL/eb| j dxfsfn lgDx]l;t
o1:yno\ 5\jO . aL/eb|, dxfsfn bIfk|hfkltln;]+ 3g3f]/ o'4 ofO . jL/eb|+
bIfk|hfkltof 5\o+ WogfM :ofgfM aL . t/ bIfk|hfkltof snfM jL/0fLof Ogfko\
aln aLt toftMDx b'u'rfof 5\o+ WogfM ;Lw'+s"Dx bIfk|hfkltof uMkto\ :jfgf
aL . yy] dxfb]jof u0f+ bIfk|hfklt -yM x] ;;Mca'_of 5\o+ WogfM b'u'rf
-kz'_of 5\o+ :jfgfAo"u'ln+ plsof kfk dxfb]joft nft . dxfb]jof Yj x] kfk+
ofgfM yM x] sfo\of 5\o+ g+ lsl;-kz'_ofu' h'Osf Rjg]dfn w}u' wfk' b' . pls+
pan]lg;]+ ca'of kfk sfo\g+ SjaL dfn]oM w}u' wfk' Gogfjn .
u0f]BMof x] VjfM h"u'ln+ lxGb'wdf{anDaLto\;+ lsl;of nf go\u'
dofM . lsl;oft g+ BM x] efMkL cem :ju{of /fhf OGb|of axfg g+ lsl;
-P]/fjt xfQL_ x] vM .
(6)
u|Gy kl/ro
yg GXoyg]Togfu' clen]v /fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u'
b' . y'lsoft g]kfn–hd{g x:tlnlvt u|Gy ;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ O{;+ !(&!
l8;]Dj/ @( tfl/vo\ dfOqmf]lkmNd -la !&@÷*_ bo]s]w'+s"u' b' . kl/of]hgf+
bo]s"u' ;"rLkqo\ y'u' x:tlnlvtu|Gyof gf+ cZjnIf0f wsfM gfdfs/0f
ofgftMu' b' . ;"rLkqo\ y'lsof gfk @(=% X !@ ;]ld GXoygftMu' b' . u|Gy
af+nfMu' cj:yfo\ blg . y'sL d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff j g]kfnlnlk 5\onftMu' b' .
zfxsfno\ RjMu' h'ofM b]jgfu/L lnlkof k|efj g+ ufSs vg]b' . ;km"of cGto\
GXoygftMsy+ y'u' ;km" g];+ (*$ a};fv z'lb * /f]h ^ v'Gx' ;'e/g 5qk'/
gu/-n'e', on_of gf;glg+ blIf0fkfv] Rj+Dx gfos s[li6jL/+ y'u' ;km" RjMu'
vM . ^! kf}of y'u' ;km'tL %) kltO ;nof ljleGg lrq;lxt nIf0f j jf;M
RjoftMu' b';f No+u' !! kltO lsl;of lrq;lxt nIf0f j jf;M GXoygftMu'
b' . yg lsl;of nIf0f j jf;Moft hs GXoyg]Togfu' b' . u|Gyo\ lsl;of @)
tf Njo\of af/] RjoftMu' b' –
!= lsl; UofOu' @= uno\ Rjg] doOu'
#= km;+ KjfM :ofOu' $= lsld bfOu'
%= Bj+ b'Mv aLu' ^= ljjflxg -<_ h'Ou'
&= lx lx rfOu' *= 5\o+ :ofOu'
(= ldvf :ofOu' !)= Hj/ jOu'
!!= lqwft' Hj/ jOu' !@= levd Hj/ jOu'
!#= sO jOu' !$= Dxo\ kmo\ yfOu'
!%= bfs Hj/ jOu' !^= sy'O sO jOu'
!&= Gxfo\kgo\ sO jOu' !*= rf] kmfo\ dkmOu'
!(= lv kmfo dkmOu' @)= jFo\ rfOu'
y'u' ;km"oft g]kfn–hd{g x:tlnlvt u|Gy ;"rLs/0f kl/of]hgf+ O{;+
@)!@ d] @$ tfl/vv'Gx' Gx"u' j[xt;"rL bo]s]w'+s"u' b' . ;"rLstf{t vM –
sfzLgfy tdf]6 j /flhtjxfb'/ >]i7 . Rjld :jo+ u|Gyof cGto\ ;km"of gf+
;fl/eb|f /l5eb|f wfo\To+uy' +] Rj+ul' n+ Gx"u' ;"qLkqo\ u|Gyof gf+ ;fl/eb|f /l5eb|f
wsfM x] gf+ Ao"u' b' . t/ lsl;of af/] hs RjoftMu' vF yg GXoyg]Togfu'ln+
kf7sju{oft cMk's]t lsl;of nIf0f wsfM gf+ laof .
(7)
u|Gy ljj/0f
lzif{s M lsl;of nIf0f
-k'nf+u' Sof6nuo\ cZjnIf0f, Gx"u' Sof6nuo\
;fl/eb|f /l5eb|f, Gx"u' Sof6nu bo\sl" k+ – sfzLgfy
tdf]6 j /flhtjxfb'/ >]i7, O{;= @)!@ d] @$_
ljifo M cfo'j]{b
efiff M g]kfnefiff
lnlk M g]kfnlnlk
dfWod M Yof;km"
cj:yf M k"j+, af+nf
;fOh M @(=% X =!@ ;]ld
kq NofM M d'Ss+ ^! kq
lsl;of af/] RjoftMu' hs !! kq
WjM NofM M ^
Rjld M ;'e/g 5qk'/ gu/of gf;glgof blIf0fo\ Rj+Dx
gfos s[li6jL/
RjMu' yfo\ M ;'e/g 5qk'/ gu/ -n'e', on_
RjMu' ltly M g];+ (*$ a};fv z'lb * /f]h ^
OGe]G6l/ NofM M %)#&
nut NofM M $–&&(
dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM M la !&@÷*
dfOqmf]lkmNd ofMu' lb+ M O{;+ !(&!÷!@÷@(

clen]vof d"nkf7
< Uofs ..
Uofo'cf] ..
a/g xfl/j, /+if; lDxltj ..
5' ifg;f+ la:o' h'loj ..
g;f dg:o d]jt' :jof rf]lgj ..
u/; og;f lkxf jloj ..
(8)
lkg] t/;f u/; jfg]Yo ;lgj ..
b]jg iofs l;o, al/ lao ..
jfYofs] .. sfl/sf k'hf laodf/ ..
yg Yj lqmof /fj .. ! .. .. .. ..

< u/; d5'sDxf ..


j/j/g ;lgj g;f:o xfl/j ..
Uofloj afut':o ;lgj ..
u/; rf]gDx b]jg b'if laj l;o ..
u/ lx/] /Ifla lao ..
b]j bfg laodf/, yg Yj lsl;of /f]o /floj .. @ ..

< km;g Kjft :ofsDx ..


vl5g ˆot'loj ..
bg] dkm':o rf]lg, j/j/g ;lgj,
Kjfy tjUj/ h'ofj rf]lgj,
km;g b l;o, jf;/ gs] km;ofu',
lkok]b] to $$ yg
Yj === lsl;oftf /fj .. # .. .. ..

< lsld bfjDxf ..


P/t/ k]gsf ;lgj, j/j/g xflnj,
s]s]t':o ;lgj, ˆot'loj, blgj,
ifl5g+ iff]loj, lsldbfj l;o,
lsldof jf;/ tf]gs], lg @$ b] tof Tjgs],
yg Yj lsl;of /f]o /f/ .. $ .. .. ..

< b]cf]g+ b'if lacf]Dx .. ..


vl5g ====== ;lgcf], ifl5g kmf]t'oYo ;lgj,
==== t'gfcf] xfl/, lklkg':o ;lgcf],

(9)
b]cf]g hf]gf e'tg k'g l;o,
al/ laodfl/ km+ % hflsof hf,
tf #$ s] bos] df/, bosf laln laos] ..
/Iff ygflao ..
yg Yj lsl;of /f]o /flo h'nf]+ .. % .. .. ..

< lajflxg hf]Dx ..


g;f dglo, g/;f+ ˆoft'oYo+ bGoYo+ ;lgcf],
Kjfy km' km' ldg, Zjg t/k]gsfcf] rf]lgcf],
d]jof å]if l;o .. lky;/dl5 lkud; k'hf ofs] ..
sf]yo jf; gs],
z'Zjb] ## /flocf] h'n .. ^ .. .. .. ..

< lxrfcf]Dx ..
Zj/ Dx't'; oYo ;lgcf], g;f dgcf],
SjfSjf h'ofYo ;lgcf] lxrfcf] l;o,
>Ljf/, s'dfl/ k'hf ofo, lxif'o yg ..
Yj ls;Lof nf]o /flo .. & .. .. ..

< df]n:ofsDx ls;L ..


:yytg+ Gx;k6; s't's'l/cf],
g;f dglocf], ldvf Xofp h'ofcf] rf]lgcf],
>LuGo; k'hf ofodfn ..
kf/; laln to;fg df]n :ofsof jf;ng+ g+ kfo ..
;'o:j b} todfn,
Yj lsl;of nf]o /flocf] h'n .. * .. ..

< ldiff :ofsDx .. ..


iff]la xflocf], :jg;/ k]gsfcf] rf]lgcf],
if't?cf] l;o, >L;'Ho k'hf ofo;f/, jf;/ ..

( 10 )
;l5 b] tofcf] ldiff; pos] yg ..
Yj lsl;of ldiff :ofs /fcf]h'n .. ( .. .. .. ..

< hf]/g k'gDx .. ..


Uofo'cf] ˆoft]ˆoft] t'o'cf] vf]locf],
Zjgg ao jfGofrf]lgcf], gof lasf/ hcf], tf @@ ..
lje/ tofcf], hnbfg laodf/,
jf;/ hf]/ofu' tf]gs] yg ..
Yj lsl;of nf]o /flocf] .. $$ b] .. !) .. .. .. ..
< lqwft' hf]/g k'Dx lsl; ..
Uofo'cf] j/j/ xf/Lcf], iff]locf],
iff]la cf]o'cf] ˆon]g t'locf],
k]bf]sf /fsYo ;lgcf] yf; al/ todfl/,
lkud; jf k'/fdf/, x?d+t k'hf ..
jf;/ ..
hf]no'u' if'ov'b] tofcf] gs], yg,
Yj lsl;of /f]o /flocf] .. !! .. .. ..
< leifd hf]/g k'Dx lsl; ..
yj; efdb' Uoflocf], vf]la cf]o'cf], lg;fif;f xfl/ ..
>Lled;]g k'hf ofodf/ ..
hf]/of jf;/ gs] ªoif'b] to
Yj jf;/g /fcf] .. !@ .. .. ..
< s5'g bfcf]Dx .. ..
Dx 5t' a'l/cf] Dx rf;' h'locf],
g;f Zjs¥oDx Zjlt t'lt Gofcf],
5f]locf], a|+b]Zj/L k'hf ofo df/ ..
vflo lrsg vfo' jf;/ kmf]o ggfg /flocf], yg,
Yj lsl;of s5' /flocf] .. !# .. .. ..

( 11 )
< Dx; km;+ yfsDx lsl; ..
Gof;] cf]Go dkmo'cf], Dx ‰oft' ..
g;f dglocf] aflob]jtf k'hf ofodf/ .. ..
jf;/ km;ofu' gs]df/, lk * b] tof gs]
yg Yj lsl;of nf]o /flocf] .. ;'e .. .. !$ .. ..

< l;o'cf]Dx ..
bfs hf]/g k'Dx lsl; s]s]t':o+ ;lgcf],
a/g+ xfl/cf], 5f]/g j; jflocf],
l/:jofcf] /fxft, t'lt t/k]scf] rf]lg,
t'l6 l/5f]o'cf], YjDx lsl;, l;s l;o,
Yjoft bfg laodf/, ;fbfg, gcf] u'tbfg lao ..
Yj Djflo 5af] l;lo lxaf] .. !% .. .. .. ..

< sy'; slrcf]Dx ..


Zj/ ltªfcf], goYo ;lgcf], Kjfy; lkTofs, go dlhcf],
s+ufcf]ltoft k'hf ofodf/,
Yjt] l;ou' s+ bofcf] jf;/ gs] ..
lxlif b]6odf/ ..
Yj lsl;of /f]o /fcf] h'/ ;'eM .. !^ .. .. ..

< Gx;kt; slrcf]Dx ..


ycf] Gx;k6; yd jf/fcf] Zjlocf], tdrflocf],
vf]locf] ˆot'Yo ;lgcf], uGo;of bf]ifg l;o, k'hf laodfl/cf],
k'h xfodflncf], k'hf @@ jf;n * jf] b]tGofcf] lrsg if'Go yg ..
Yj lsl;of nf]o /flocf] h'n .. !& .. ..

< rf] kmfodkm'Dx .. ..


wwkf:o ;lgcf] lj;jq xf/Lcf], lGxk+g t/t/kf]sf ;lgcf],
rf] kmfodkm' l;o, las'g; k'h !$ ..

( 12 )
lrGofu' ls/k'hf ofodf/, Yjof jf;/ ldlxofu' jf;/ gs]dfn, ltv'b] todf/,
yg ..
Yj lsl;of /f]o Yjg+ /flocf] h'/ .. !* .. .. ..

< lv kmfodkm'Dx .. ..
j/j/g+ lGxgfcf] ;lgcf], j/j/ xfl/cf],
l;sDxYo+ rf]lgcf] godf/DxYo+ rf]lgcf],
goYo+ ;lgcf] g;f tf]/km]ofcf] xflncf],
lif kmfodkm' l;o, lif/bfg laodf/ km+ & hfls km+ & b'b'bfg lao yg ..
Yj lsl;of nf]o /flocf] h'/] .. !( .. ..

< cf]orfcf]Dx lsl; .. ..


ycf]Dx ydg a'lncf], c9kf]l/cf] sts, solscf],
/if; lDxltcf], tjrflocf], af;b+ 5f]lalocf],
cf]orfcf] l;o, dtflkrfcf] l;o ..
>LuGo; k'hf ofo, cf]ofos] df/;f a/ kmf]g],
lbs] df/;f+ uGo;ofs] laglt ofodf/ h'/ ;'e+ .. @) .. ..

;'e ;+jt\ (*$ ;fn ldlt j];fif ;'qmof c6ld nf]h ^ ; /cf]g gIfq ;'e
hf]u ;'qmaf/ Yjif'g' Yj ;km'/ rf]of l;wosf h'/, ;'e/g 5qk'/ gu/of gfos
ls[i6Llj/g rf]of, gf;glg blifg lb;f; rf]Dx ls[li6lj/of dg O5\of h'ofcf]
rf]ofu' h'n, Yj ;km'/, :jo b', Nxf]o b', ;'gfg+ nf]e oft;f k+rdfxfkkf, Yj
;fl/eb|f /l5eb|f nf]eflg, kfkflg of6;f dfxfkfk /fs h'n .. ..
;'e d+u/ eat' ..
;'wjf c;'wjf dd bf]ifL g lbot] .. .. .. ..

( 13 )
o] “ j onof d+sfM u'ly

GXovF
g]kfn d08nof cflbjf;L h'ofRj+lk+ g]jfMto\;+ GXofan]+ JolQml;a]+
kl/jf/ jf ;dfhoft k|fyldstf aL . pls+ g]jfM ;dfho\ ;+o'Qm kl/jf/of
cjwf/0ff+ yf}+ts xf sofRj+u' b' . ysfnLof ph+ dsfM;]+ 5'+ g+ Hofo\ Old;+
NxfM tOdv' . ysfnLof ph+oft lz/f]k/ ofgfM ;sn]+ hfgfM d+sfM s'tn+
Hof ofo]u' x] Oldu' af+nfMu' k|j[lQ vM . Yjx] k|j[lQ+ ofgfM g]jfMt OdfGbf/,
st{Aolgi7 wsfM kl/lrt h" . g]jfMt yMyjo\ ldn]h'ofM Hof ofOlk+ vM w}u' vF
k|frLg On+lg;]+ yf}t+ s dl2Ss GXofgfjofRj+u' u'ly k/Dk/f+ k|dfl0ft ofgfRj+u'
b' . u'lyO Rj+lk+ u'lyof/to\;+ yMyMu' ;fdYo{tf GXoAjofM d+sfM s'tn+ lglb{i6
Hof Sjrfo\sL .
hfqfkj{ h'Oan] nMof Aoj:yf ofo]t, 5'+ g+ BMb]uMof a';fw+ ofo]t,
t'F, lxlt, k'v" ;kmf ofo]t, clGtd ;+:sf/ ofo]t cflb yLyL Hof ofo]t
g]jfMto\;+ cfkn+ u'ly Aoj:yf ofgftMu' b' . yHofMu' u'ly u'ln+ yf}+ts
lg/Gt/?k+ GXofgfRj+u' b';f u'ln+ cfGtl/s ;d:of+ ofgfM by'O x] lbgfj+u' g+
b' .
g];+ *#( bFo\ Wjkf]uf8n -wkufn÷wf}uM_, on lgjf;L kz'klt eQmhg
s[i0fw/ ef/f]+ cfo>f]tof ?ko\ Gofyfo\ ofgfM @# /f]kgL hUuf a'F tofM
gL:jgftMu' 5u" u'lyof af/] lsoftMu' l;hMkf} n"u' b' . k|sflzt dh"lgu' y'u'
l;hMkltO u'lykfv]+ 5' 5' ofo]dfM wsfM b'Uo+s x] GXoygftMu' b' . pu' O{of
u'ly Aoj:yf, k'nf+u' g]kfnefiff j k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk cflb cWoog ofOlk+
cWoogstf{lkGt Ujfxfln h'Ou' tfo\sfM y'u' l;hMkf} k|sfzo\ xo\u' s'tM
ofgf .
( 14 )
clen]vof cj:yf
l;hMkltO lsoftMu' y'u' clen]vo\ ;+:s[tefiff j g]kfnefiff 5\onftMu'
b';f d'Ss+ k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk 5\onftMu' b' . l;hM h"u'ln+ y'u' clen]vof
cj:yf af+ x] nfMlg . cfvM d:o+u'ln+ k"j+s x] Ajg]km' .

clen]vof ;f/
ljZjof ;sn lxGb"dfuL{to\;+ cf/fWob]jsy+ kz'kltgfyoft ;elQm
k'hfkf7 ofgfjofRj+u' b' . pls+ kz'kltgfy g]kfno\ hs dv' ljZjo\ x]
kl/lrt h" . ;'y+lg;]+ axgLts plQs+ x] kz'kltgfyof k'hfkf7 ofOlk+ >4fn'
eQmhglklgu' x'n h'ofRjgL . yy] ljZjo\ gf+hfMDx BM kz'kltgfyof k|f+u0fo\
k|To]s sflt{s k'lGxv'Gx' nLof 3]/jf tofM rfsMdt Rofs]t j lzj/fqL
rt'b{zLv'Gx' g+ rfsMdt Rofs]t onof bfgjL/ s[i0fw/ ef/f]of z'eb[li6+ o]F
j onof ;x[boLlkG;+ g];+ *#( df3 s[i0f !% v'Gx' ;"o{ u|x0f h"u' lbgo\ u'ly
gL:jg . onof :jDx u'lyof/ – :jx/lgDxu[x -;'lnd <_of >LnIdLuf]ljGb
zDdf{, kf]iff5]-vf5]F <_of lzjsNof0f ef/f], Tjkflxlt -tfkflxlt_ xfs'l;+x ef/f],
cy] x] o]Fof :jDx u'lyof/ – sdnf5]Tjf/ Ujy5]u[x -sdnfl5_ ljZjDe/
ef/f], l;l4/fd ef/f], losafxf/ Tjf]/ ef]tafxf/u[x -ef]6]axfn <_ cd/l;+x
ef/f] ofgfM d'Ss+ v'Dx u'lyof/ hfgfM y'u' u'ly gL:j+u' vM . y'u' u'lyof ;flIfof
?ko\ onof Sjf7n+ifu[x-Sjfnv'_of dgdf]xg ef/f], Sjf7n+if'ux[ lrs'lt el08l/
ef/f]lk+ vM w}u' clen]vo\ lsoftMu' b' .
u'ly ;+rfng ofo\t dfMu' cfo>f]tof lg+lt+ yfo\yf;o\ a'F GofgfM u'lyoft
bfg ofMu' y'u' clen]vo\ GXoygftMu' b' . cy] x] u'lykfv]+ 5' 5' Hof ofo\
dfM wsfM g+ af+nfs x] lsoftMu' b' . kz'kltO dt Rofs]t dfMu' xn+Hjn+,
kz'kltof k'hf/Lto\t dfMu' blIf0ff, u'lyofs] b'u' ynan cflbof af/] g+
clen]vo\ GXoygftMu' b' .
dt Rofs]t dfMu' Hjn+
s'8 @ 3]n
s'8 @ sl:t,

( 15 )
s'8 gl; @ ;fvn
s'8 $ ;fb'b'
s'8 lk $ ;fwl/-!&_
g]>fjhf ;fGx !)
Xofdvl08 s' !^
Ujo Uj8 @) g]yfoft

blIf0ff
z'ls l5 ! b]j:t,
k'hfjfl/ k]Dx:t+ Dxg z'ls !
el08l/h'klg k]Dx:t+ bDd $)
b]j:t g]yfoft+ b+ @
b+ @ u'Uu'{l/ w'k

b]jfo\ dt Rofs]t u'ly+ Aoj:yf ofgfAo"u' ynan


nLof bn" yfg !,
l;hMof tfFkm yfg !,
lrs+Vjnf yfg @
3]/jf yfg @%@,
l;hMof e' yfg !,
l;hMaftf yfg @,
wUjM yfg @,

clen]vof d"nkf7
< :jl:t .. cB Zj]t j/fxsNk j}j:jt dGjGt/ slno'u] k|yd r/0f] e/tv08]
-@_ hDa'åLk] lxdj2lIf0fkfb jfz'sL If]q kz'klt;+lGgwfg] jfUdTof blIf0fs'n
cf-#_o\of{ljQ{bz
] ] >LdTg]kfnfGtUu{t] >L nlntkQg Ox}j k'0oe'df} .. >}of]:t' ..
-$_ ;Djt\ *#( df3df;] s[i0fkIf] .. cdfjfZoflGtyf} .. ztleiffgIfq] ..
lzjof]u] .. -%_ oyfs/0f d'Gx"Qs] .. cflbToaf;/] .. s'De/flzut] ;ljtl/ ..
;Pj /flzut] r-^_Gb|dl; ..
( 16 )
cl:dg ;"o\o{u|f; kJj{lbg], bfgklt Wjkf]uf8n otfu|x s[i0fw/ ef/f]; -&_
gfDg]g :jx:t]g :jjfrf k|ltkGg]g e"t]g .. Gofsf]If]qgfd k|b]z] .. qohjf]lw
sif-*_ b|f]klgs+ /fjfÍ /f]j if' ^ hj :j # e'o bf]bf]/ If]q hjflws rt'/
/f]jfklgs+-(_ /f] a' lk $ hjl5 ! k'gM Tjt ckmnIf]q ;f4{åof] /f]jf]klgs+ /f]j
gl; @ h-!)_j gl; !@ e'owg j/fxsf] If]q ;f4{ hjflys bz /f]jfklgs+
/fjfXo /f]j ;f-!!_Gx !) hjl5Tof !X Yjof c4efu h'sf] ..

Pt] /fl;If]q >Ld5|L >Lkfz'klt e-!@_6\6f/s k|LToy{+ ;+k|bQ+ ..


:jbQ+ k/bQ+ jf, rfx/T;'/ ljk|of]M .
ifli7 jif{ ;x-!#_;|fl0f lji7fof+ hfot] lqmldM .. ..

Yjt] a'of jif{k|ltj/;fg b'y], slQ{s k'-!$_l00f{dfDGof s'Gx', lnnof 3]nlbjfg+


rfqmdt 5f]os+ .. k'g lzj/flqof rt'-!%_2{zL s'Gx'+ 3]/0f rfqmd]t+ 5f]os+ ..
k'gb\ef{iff Yjg 3ft;+ >L # kz'klt k'hf ofo-!^_oft s'8 @ 3]n s'8 @
sl:t, s'8 gl; @ ;fvn s'8 $ ;fb'b' s'8 lk $ ;fwl/-!&_ g]>fjhf ;fGx
!) Xofdvl08 s' !^ Ujo Uj8 @) g]yfoft+ YjTo h'/f] .. yfg z'ls-!*_ l5
! b]j:t blIf0ff, k'hfjfl/ k]Dx:t+ Dxg z'ls ! wf/] blIf0ff .. el08l/h'klg
k]-!(_Dx:t+ bDd $) .. b]j:t g]yfoft+ b+ @ Ujf/ b+ @ u'Uu'{l/ w'k h'/f] .. Yj
u'ly; lrGtfofs-@)_ :jx/lgDxu[x >LnIdLuf]ljGb zDdf{, kf]iff5] lzjsNof0f
ef/f], Tjkflxlt xfs'l;+x ef-@!_/f] .. o+b]z sdnf5] Tjf/ Ujy5]u[x ljZjDe/
ef/f] e|ft[ l;l4/fd ef/f] losafxf-@@_/ Tjf]/ ef]tafxf/u[x, cd/l;+x ef/f],
Yjt] if'Dx:g lg3ft;+ jif{k|lt+ cljl5Gg ofªg -@#_ lrGtf ofªo~hdfn ..
lrGtf dofsfn] uf]afDx0fflb k+rdxfkfts nfs h'/f] .. lr-@$_Gtf ofsfn
k'0o nfs h'/f] pQ/f]Q/ h'/f] .. Yjt]of ;flIf bfgklt; :juf]q e|ft[
dgdf]-@%_xg ef/f], Sjf7n+if'ux[ lrs'lt el08l/ ef/f] åof]bi[ 6 .. z'ed:t'
;Jjbf .. ..
kft ! ln-@^_nof bln, Uj8 ! l;hn tfxfkfrf, Uj8 @ r]tvf]nf .. Kjft
@%@ 3]nlbjf .. Uj8 ! l;hn-@&_of e'h+lu Uj8 @ l;hnaftf, Uj8 @
wjs, lbjf; 3] 5'ooft ..

( 17 )
cGto\
GXoygfu' u'ly bLw'+s"u' b' . l;hMkltO hs ;Lldt h'ofRj+u' y'u' u'ly
5' x'lg+ ofgfM u'an]lg;]+ lbt w}u' GXo;Mof ln;M cg';Gwfgof x] ljifo ltlg .
g]jfMto\u' k'nf+u' u'ly wfSj Gxgfjg wfM;f sGx]of k':tft u'lyof af/]
cgle1 h'O . cn] g]jfMu'ly+ laofRj+u' g}lts ;Gb]zof z'Gotf+ efjL k':tf
c/fhstfkfv]+ b'xfjgL . Ono\ x] ;sn]+ g]jfMt ;hs h'OdfM .

( 18 )
wd{nIdL;+jfb

GXovF
ljZjo\ dfgj–hfltoft ;';+:s[t, ;';Eo j pTs[i6 ;fdflhs k|f0ffLof
?ko\ sfM . kl/jlt{t lrGtg, ;f]r j ;fdflhs ;b\efjof x'lg+ x] dfgjLo
ljsf;+ ult sfMu' vM . ;fdflhs ljrngk|lt ;ts{ h'ofM GXofMjg]u' x] Oldu'
k|j[lQ vM . ;fdflhs Pstf, ;'klxrfg j OdfGbfl/tfoft bL3{sfnLg l:y/tf
aLt dfgjLo tyf ;fdflhs gLltlgod ts+ l;h{gf oft . dfgjLo ;dfh+
kfngf ofgfjofRj+u' ;do;fk]If yLyL gLltlgodof x'lg+ dfgjLo efjgf
AjngfRjg . k|frLgsfno\ ljz]ifofgf k"jL{o;dfho\ gLltlgod kfngf ofo]t
j ofs]t wfld{s kfqt l;h{gf ofgfM Kofv+, afv+, ehg cflb ljleGg ;flxTo
/rgf h"u' vg]b' .
k"jL{o;dfho\ dfgjLo–efjgf Sjft's]u' j ;fdflhs–;b\efj d:o+s]t
cfkfn+ gLltlgodof u|Gyt /rgf h"u' b' . yHofMu' x:tlnlvt u|Gyof
cWoog–cg';Gwfg+ k|flrg Ono\of dfgjLo–;+:sf/, ;+:s[lt, ;Eotf,
/xg;xg, k|j[lQ ;Ls]kmO . gLltlgod;DjGwL x:tlnlvtu|Gyt k|frLg
On+lg;]+ ;';Eotfof klxrfg b'lk+ g]jfMk"vf{to\;+ g+ /rgf ofgfj+u' b' .
yHofMu' u|Gyt k|fOe]6 sn]S;go\ cfkfn+ d'gfRj+u' b';f hg:t/+ gL:jgftMu'
cfzf ;km"s'ly, s]z/ nfOa]|/L, lqlj nfOa]|l/, /fli6«o clen]vfnonufot
cfkfn+ ;+3;+:yfo\ g+ ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . ;/sf/L:t/+ gL:jgftMu' /fli6«o
clen]vfnob'g] gLlt–ljifoof x:tlnlvtu|Gyt åMl5+ dofo\s ;'/lIft
h'ofRj+u' b' . clen]vfnob'g] ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' yLyL gLlt;DjGwL u|Gyt
y'sy+ b' – gLltzf:q, rf0fSogLlt, rf0fSo;f/;+ux| , lxtf]kb]z, nIdLwd{;j+ fb,

( 19 )
sfdbsLogLlt;f/, s'zf]kb]zgLlt;f/, /fhgLltk|s/0f, /fhgLlt;d'Rro,
gLltbLlksf, gLltk|bLk, gLltk|Zgf]Q/dfnf, gLlt/Tg, gLlt;+u|x, gLlt;f/,
gLltzf:q, gLltzts, gLltZnf]s, k~rtGq, tGqfVofg, wd{nIdL;Djfb cflb .
GXoygfu' gLlt;DjGwL yLyL u|Gyt dWo] g]kfn–hd{gLx:tlnlvtu|Gy ;+/If0f
kl/of]hgf+ tof/ ofMu' ;"rLsy+ bsn] k'nf+u' g];+ #^& of sfdbsLogLlt;f/
vg]b' .
/fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] wd{nIdL;Djfb x:tlnlvtu|Gy
/fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] wd{nIdL;Djfb x:tlnlvt u|Gy cfkfn+ b' .
g]kfn–hd{gLx:tlnlvtu|Gy ;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ k|flrg x:tlnlvt u|Gy
;'/lIft ofo]u' p2]Zo+ yLyL ;+3;+:yf j k|fOe]6 sn]S;go\ nfgfRj+u' u|Gyt
dfOqmf]lkmNd lgdf{0f ofMu' Ono\ wd{nIdL;+jfb x:tlnlvt u|Gy g+ dfOqmf]lkmNd
h"u' b' . pu' kl/of]hgf+ bo]s"u' dfOqmf]lkmNd ljj/0fsy+ d'Ss+ !#( yfg
wd{nIdL;+jfb x:tlnlvtu|Gy dfOqmf]lkmNd h"u' b' . km'Ss dfOqmf]lkmNd
/fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . ljj/0fsy+ wd{nIdL;Djfbu|Gy
ljleGg efiff+ j lnlk+ RjoftMu' ;Lb' . plsof ljj/0f y'sy+ b' –
efiffsy+
g]kfnefiff ^)
;+:s[t j g]kfnefiff #@
;+:s[t, v; j g]kfnefiff !
;+:s[tefiff @^
v;efiff !#
;+:s[t j v;efiff &
g]kfnefiff j lxGbLefiff !
d'Ss+ !#(

lnlksy+
k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk *!
k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk j b]jgfu/L @
b]jgfu/L %^
d'Ss+ !#(
( 20 )
kl/of]hgf+ tof/ ofMu' x:tlnlvt u|Gyof ljj/0fsy+ dfOqmf]lkmNd h"u'
wd{nIdL;+jfb g]kfnefiff j ;+:s[tefiff Njfs5\ofgfM k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk+
RjoftMu' bsn] k'nf+u' g];+ ^(! of vg]b' . y'u' u|Gy dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM O @
(%÷@^ vM . wd{nIdL;+jfb hs dv' nIdLwd{;+jfb wsfM g+ gf+ 5'gftMu'
@! yfg u|Gyt dfOqmf]lkmNd h"u' b' .
clen]vof cj:yf
yg ;Dkfbg ofo\Togfu' wd{nIdL;+jfb ;km" g+ g]kfn–hd{gLx:tlnlvt
;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]sfM /fli6«o clen]vfnooft x:tfGt/0f
ofo\w'+s"u' b' . dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM P !#&^÷! o\ b'YofgfRj+u' y'u' u|Gyo\
wd{nIdL;+jfbafx]s d]d]u' g+ b'YofgfRjg . d'Ss+ #@ kf} b'u' y'u' u|Gyo\
wd{nIdL;+jfb hs % lg;]+ !) ts ofgfM ^ kf} b' . kl/of]hgf+ bo]sftMu'
u|Gy;"rLsy+ y'u' ;km"of gfk @$X*=% GXoygftMu' b' . k'nf+u' Dxf;' EjFto\
d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff j k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk 5\onftMu' b' . c1ft Rjld+ y'u' ;km"
u'an] Rjn w}u' ;+s]t db', cy] g+ y'sL 5\onftMu' efiff j lnlkof cWoog
ofo]an] y'u' ;km" g];+ *%) hMvM h'Okm' . ;km"of cj:yf af+nfM .
clen]v;f/
;Dkflbt wd{nIdL;+jfb u|Gyo\ lrrLxfsMu' Gofu" cWofo b'YofsftMu'
b' . Gxfkf+u' cWofoo\ ld;fwd{of af/] GXoygfM dle+lk+ ld;fto\u' 5]Fo\ af;
ofo]kmOdv' wsfM nIdL+ wd{oft sgL . lgu"u' cWofoo\ le+lk+ ld;ft b'u' 5]Fo\
hs Rjg]u' wsfM nIdL+ sgL . :j+u"u' cWofoo\ ld;fto\;+ uHofMu' Hof oft
ls kfk nfO wsfM wd{+ nIdLoft sgL . Ko+u"u' cWofoo\ yM ldh+oft elQmefj
oft ls uHofMu' k'0okmn nfO w}u' vF wd{+ nIdLoft sgL . Gofu"u' cWofoo\
HjfOFoft u'sy+ Aojxf/ ofo]dfM wsfM wd{+ vF sgL, cy] x] v'u"u' cWofoo\
k"j{hGdo\ ofgfu' yLyL kfkof kmn u'sy+ kmo]dfnL w}u' vF wd{+ nIdLoft
sgL . y'u' u|Gyof ;f/ y'sy+ b' –
k|frLgu|Gyof z'?jft x] d+unfr/0fkfv]+ h'O . yg g+ bsn] Gxfkf+ ;+If]k+
nIdL, xl/, s[i0f, wd{of :t'lt jf dlxdf h'O . cg+ lnkfltlg wd{ j nIdLof
by'O ;+jfb z'? h'O . gf6sLo kx jo\s GXofsftMu' y'u' u|Gyof z'?O x]
wd{+ yMu' c;Gtf]if AoQm ofO . ;sl;g+ pltUo+s nIdLof k'hf ofO, cy]g+
( 21 )
km'sl;yfo\ pltUo+s nIdLof af; 5fo\ dh'n < u'ls+ ofgfM u'ln+ tMld, u'ln+
l5gf}tf];g -rLld <_ h'n, yy] 5fo\ h"u' wsfM wd{+ nIdLoft GXo;M 5'O .
ln;no\ nIdL+ wfO ls lh af; Rjg]u' ls dRjg]u' w}u' ld;fto\u' k|jl[ Q, u'0fo\
cfwfl/t h'O . ug ld;f+ gLltlgod kfngf ofOdv', ;kmf;'U3/ h'Odv', wd{o\
lrQ tOdv' cHofMu' yf;o\ lhtM Rjg]doM, cHofMyfo\ e'tk|]t, lkzfr+ hs
af; ofO . ljz]ifofgfM sf]yfof c+uno\ lGx, vO OnftOlk+, aF k'Odv'lk+, yMu'
Dxo\ lvlt yfsfh'Olk+, ;F d5\ogLlk+, zLn:jefj dle+lk+, wd{o\ lrQ dtM;]
VjfM d:o";] gOlk+, ;fo\df d;fo\df, a'Odf, da'Odf xyf;+ Hj/]ofgfM gOlk+,
yM ldh+g+ dv+s gOlk+, rfGxo\ dB+;] Hof ;gfh'Olk+, cg]s j:t't b'txof
;gLlk+ yHofMlk+ ld;ft b'yfo\ lh af; Rjg]dkm' . uy] SjfMu' efhgo\ nM
Rjg]kmOdv', tgfjgL cy] x] lh g+ yHofMlk+ ld;ft b'u' 5]Fo\ Rjg]dkm' wsfM
wd{oft nIdL+ Go+sL . Gxfkf+u' cWofo SjrfO .
lgu"u' cWofoo\ nIdL af; Rjg]u' yfo\ sgL . yM ldh+oft elQm ofOlk+,
BM efMkLlk+, le+u' j:t' cGg, kfg cflb yM ofsMrf dgM;] ldh+oft lg Gxfkf+
gsLlk+, ;'y Gxfkf+ bgfM b'g] lkg] sf]yfklt+ aF k'Olk+, kltj|tf wd{ kfngf ofOlk+,
skfno\ l;Gb'/ tOlk+, yM ldh+, ca', df+oft elQm ofOlk+ ld;fto\u' 5]Fo\ lh
af; Rjg]u' h'O wsfM nIdL+ wd{oft sgL . yHofMlk+ ld;fto\u' 5]Fo\ n'F, cf]xf],
rf};f7L a"aMof sdL h'Odv' wsfM cf1f h'O . lgu"u' cWofo SjrfO .
:j+u"u' cWofoo\ kfkk'0oof vF sg]dfn wsfM nIdL+ wd{oft Ogfk ofO .
nIdLof Ogfksy+ wd{+ kfkof vF sgL . yM ldh+oft tDj+ :jofu'of kfk+
ld;fto\u' VjfM :ogL, yM ldh+of vF dGo+;] h'Ou', ldh+g+ dv+s yMDx+ hs
go]u' cflb kfk ofOlk+ ld;ft lnkf lvrf h'ofM hGd sfo]dfnL, yM ldh+of
vF dGo+;] stMlklgu' vF Gogfh'ofu' kfk+ dxfb'Mv ;LdfnL, stMlklgu' bf;L
h'ofRjg]dfnL . :j+u"u' cWofo SjrfO .
Ko+u"u' cWofoo\ k'0o vF wd{+ nIdLoft sgL . ld;fhgof d"nwd{ w}u'
df+ca', sfo\DXofo\, bfh'lshf dv', yM ldh+ x] vM . yM ldh+oft elQmefj
oftwfM;f km'Ss tLy{o\ :gfg ofgflt k'0o k|fKt h'O, nIdL a[l4 h'O,
cd"Noj:t', lt;f+ tLbO, ;fMu' le+u' go]vgL, ;sl;g+ dfg] ofsfRjg]bO .
pls+ yM ldh+k|lt dle+u' dgo\ to]dToM . Ko+u"u' cWofo SjrfO .

( 22 )
Gofu"u' cWofoo\ wd{+ k"Jj{hGdof vF sgL . yM DXofo\drfoft cd"No
j:t'+ tLsfM HjfOFoft s[i0f efMkfM sGofbfg aLdfM . HjfOFofs] w]jf sofM
GofgfM gofof kfk+ ;;Mca'Dx DXofo\drfof Gxo\u' hGdof bf;L h'OdfnL .
w]af dsf;] DXofo\drf sGofbfg laofM HjfOFof k|ltkfng oft;f dxfk'0o
kmn nfO . HjfOFoft ef]hg ofsn ls lemDx j|fDx0foft ef]hg ofsfu'of
k'0okmn nfO . Gofu"u' cWofo SjrfO .
v'u"u' cWofoo\ k"j{hGdof kfkof kmn y'u' hGdo\ SogL wsfM kfkof
af/] wd{+ nIdLoft sgL . l;hM v'ofof kfk+ s'i7/f]u nfgfM zl// :ogL . g
v'ofof kfk+ åx+ h'ofM hGd sfo\dfnL . sFo\j:t' v'ofof kfk+ Gxfo\kg+ dtfgfM
v'l;+gL h'OdfnL . ljlyldz -<_ v'ofof kfk+ hnhGt' h'ofM hGd h'OdfnL .
k'nf+u' u|Gy v'ofof kfk+ h]n -<_ ofgf hGd h'OdfnL . skfo\ v'ofof kfk+
Dxo\ t'o' RofsM yfO . BM, u'?of ckdfg ofgfof kfk+ lzIffkfv]+ jl~rt
h'OsfRjg]dfnL, ;bf+ Njlu h'ofRjgL . dg"to\t ckdfg ofgfof kfk+ bl/b|
h'ofRjg]dfnL . ld;fof xTof ofgfof kfk+ tfMcfo' Djfo\vgLdv' . stMlklgu'
;DklQ dv+s sofof kfk+ lg;Gtfg h'OdfnL . d]lkGt b'Mv laofof kfk+ yM
gftfuf]tflklg d:t gf; h'OsfRjg]dfnL . k"j{hGdo\ yHofMu' kfk dofM;f
;'v, ;DklQ ef]u ofgfM k/nf]so\ :ju{jf; h'ObO . v'u"u' cWofo SjrfO .

d"nu|Gyof b]jgful/ cfn]vg –


< pFm gdf] ;fnbfo} ..
hTo ;To, ttf] nIdL, ttf] xl/, ttf] wDo} htf] ho
uy] uy] wfn;f, ug ug ht] ;To ofsDxof s+ ..
>LnIdLTj+ ljHoft, ug nIdL ljHoft, cg >Ls[i0f laHofs,
ug s[i0fTj+ laHoft, cg wDd{Tj+ laHoft, cg]u ho ho h'cf] ..

wDd{ pjfr ..
wDd{:og, nIdL; XªjGo cf1f bos/, ef] nIdL; 5nkf]n ;d:t+ dg'io/f]sg+,
5nkf]n k'hf ofs, y'ltg uy] ;d:t dg'io/fofs], 5nkf]/ dlaHofªf u'n[l5g+
tcf]ld bj, u'n[ l5gf}tf];g+ bcf], y'-kf} @_t]g 5nkf]<< ofs] 5nkf]/
dlaHofªf>>/ ef/f h'/f] ws, wDd{:og nIdL; Xªcf]g] kf]gyn+ .. ) ..
( 23 )
x] ef]l5 wDd{;g], 5nkf]n:o]g cfcf] h], 5]g sg] la:tfbos+ sx'g] .. ) ..
h] rf]gs]cf], drf]gs]cf] ld;fhgof, b'jfng h'/f], ld;fhg clt c;'lr, lgZj/
h'/ªfcf], lh rf]g] doof ws y] yfo;, cnlId0fL e'tk|]t, lkzfr h'cf]Dxof
5]+; y], rf]gLcf] wf/;f Gxf;of lGx, vlong c+ª; ªgs+, oL/fcf] to'cf] h'/f],
5]of sf]yf;, k'/a' vfrf bf]rLªs+ tOcf], a k'odDxfcf]Dx, ycf] Dx; lvlt
gf/gfn yfrsfcf] hf]cf]Dx+, df]/of z+, wjl/ ofªfcf] hf]cf]Dx+, lznZjefcf]
dleªDx+, clt lgZj/ h'-kf} #_/ªfcf] Yj ld;fhgof, Vjf/ dl;;]+, go tf]g],
ocf]Dx, zfs dzfs+ xtf;g, a's+ da's+ gcf]Dx+, k'/v dvgs+, gofcf] hf]Dx+,
yf] ld;f hgg, rf dB+;+ Hof oft, ;gf]+, cg]u j:t's b'txn zgf]+, cg]u,
lsl;jfl; b'<<xftkmTjzgf]+, cg]u lsl;>>xfcf]n;f+ b'xfjj h'sf] vgb',
uy] uy] wf/;f tf bl; v+Yo+ SjfSj efhg;, /+v tofy]+, ;f]znk+, s't'j
df]s, w<<s>>nnk]; kmt+ ..
Olt k|yd cWof; .. ) ..

ylyª/] uy] lh rf]g] ws nIdL;]g cf1f bt ..


cfcf] lh rf]g] yfo, sgs] ª]ªfcf] laHofx'Go ws+, nIdL:og cf1f -kf} $_
bosn, uy] wf/;f, 5Dx ld;fhgg, Xªkf+ y<<cf]>cf] k'?vofs], elQm
ofsDx, ycf] k'?v ªg, b]cf] vªft', ef/k'Dx ltl/g, 5' 5' le+ª j:t', cGg,
kfg, go;+, ycf] k'?ifgL 0flscf], yd Psftg, dg;]+, k'?iflg, glscf], ;'y+
t]cf]g,+ Xªfrf], b'g]+ lkg]+, sf]yfklt+, a+ k'ªfcf], /wg /frsfcf], ycf]Dx h'n;f+,
;'rL k|ltj|tf, k|lkq /frsfcf], lgTo]qmDd{ dfnSjof, k'hf a;k] cflbg+
w'gªfcf], skf/; lz+Gw/ 5kmf]tfg t]ªfcf] rf]lgcf], ycf] k'/v+, aa'+, -kf} %_
dfd, lGxy+ k|fygf ofªfcf], eQm ofªfcf] rf]lgcf], yf]Dx+ ld;fhgtf];g h'/;f+
yy] eQm ofªfof kmnz nIdL;+ k|lt/ft+, yyLª z'lr ofsDx ld;fhgofs],
y'sf lh rf]g] yf;, af; ws+ nIdL;]g, cfUof bt .. lt . lnYosfn;, dxf
dxf<<>>/Tg/fe cflbg+ cg]u wg, j:t' efcf]n,+ cf]xf], lsl;, jfl;, rt'ifli6
ljlx cflbg+ s'6s'6 klndfgg, ;+k|lQ, boslao h'/f], lgZrog+ nIdL;]g
wDd{of Xªcf]Go, cf1f bos/+ .. ..
Olt wDd{cf];+jfbnIdL . låtLo cWofoM ..
( 24 )
yf]glncf], nIdL;]g, wDd{;s] Ujrn oft, uYo] wf/;f cfcf] lhg, kfk k'0o
-kf} ^_ ofs, yf] lh0f v ª]g] oof, uYo rf]0f, lhg ª]Go, clt lo5f h'/f] ws+,
sªlaHoft x'Go, cfcf] wDd{:o]g, cf1f bt ..

wDd{ pjfr ..
ef] l5 nIdL; kfk k'Goof syf ª]Go] oof ws+, cf1f bosf h'<</f]>>Dxftf
Go cfcf] clxt bos+ v ª]x'Go 5u'lng+ unof 5Dx ld;fhg, ycf] k'?if, clt
dlx:o+], qmf]wgt' Zjofof kfkg, Gxf; slt Vjfn h'/+, k'nvof jrg dª]:o,
Nofv dof:o, rfn la:o]t' hf]cf]Dx ld;fof kfkg gf]g djfo dkm:o+ g'Uj8
dl5ª nf]rg lk8nkfcf] hf]n .. k'nv bn], dvgs+, yd h'sf], g;] h'ofof kfkg
ceIf] j:t'-kf} &_ gofof kfkg, lvrf hGd{ h'ofcf] hfonkn, ycf] k'?ifof
v dª]:o+ Doa'of v+ ª]ªof kfkg cf]Go] cf]Go], efu dbofcf], dxfb'v0f e;t
kmofcf], ultjGwcf] dbofcf], Do]a'of bfl; h'ofcf], ;fodflncf] h'/f] .. ) ..
Olt wDd{cf] nIdLcf] ;Djfb t[lto cWofo ;dfKt .. # ..

wDd{k'0o;Djfb ..
wDd{ pjfr .
wDd{:o]g cf1f btf, ef]l5 nIdL;, 5nkf]n:o]g, lj:tfn bos+ ª]x'Go] ..
wDd{syf v, ld;fhgof d"nwDd{ h'/;f, dfd, aa'ofs], sfodf]rfofs]+
bbflshfofs]+ dv', ld;fhgof d"n wDd{ h'/;f .. y k'?ifofs], ljw'g-kf} *_
;'ofs]+ db' h'/f] .. ;d:t+ lty{ k'0o+, ycf] k'?vofs] h'/f] . eQm ofªfof k'0og
yf]u'l/ hGd{;+ nIdL, nIdL, ncf]Nxf:o+ tn .. cd"Nn], j:t' lt/lxn;lxtg,
ltos+ tofcf], le+ª j:t' cGg{g sfcf], le+ª, le+ª j:tg ltosfcf], dfGo
ofªfcf], to'cf] .. y'ltg ycf] ycf], k'?ifofs], bf]xf] ofo dt]cf], ;+;fnof v
dftfg] clyn ;+;fn, efnk+ xf]ªfcf] rf]Godfn v .. ) ..
Olt wDd{cf] nIdLcf] ;+jfb h'cf], rt'y{ cWofo ;dfKt .. $ ..

( 25 )
wDd{ pjfr ..
k'Jj{hGd{of v, wDd{j nIdL; Xªcf]g], cf1f bo-kf} (_sf ..
Xªy' hDd{of v+, sg] ª]x'g]u'ln l5g+ ª, ycf] DXofrdf]rf, d]n] d]n] lao"cf]
h'/f], cg]u j:t' cfeng, cflbgg ltofsfcf], sGofbfg lalocf] h'/f], yy]+
sGofbfg laofof kmng, ycf] lhl/ h'cf]Dx+, s[i0fTj+ efnk+, lao' h'/f], lhlnofs],
julh bfd sfofcf], ª\ofªfcf] gofof kfkg, ;;f]n aa'g DXofrdf]rfof Gxz
hTd{Tj+ bfl; h':o+ zfodfnLcf] .. Ujg k'n'ifg+ yh'n .. julh bfd dsf:o+,
DXofrdf]rf laofof k'0o dfxfk'Go kmn/ft+, lhln kltkfn ofªf k'0og, uy]
wfn;f, j|fDx0f lhDx gsfcf] lhln 5Dx gsfcf] plt kmn -kf} !)_ h'/f] ..
lhln kltkfnof k'0og, uy] wfn;f, j|fDx0f lhDx gsfcf] lhln 5Dx gsfcf],
plt kmn h'/+, lhln kltkfn ofo ;cf]Dx, k/d]ZjnTj+ ;cf] wfo h'/f] .. ) ..
Olt wDd{;cf], nIdL;cf] ;+jfb Nxfn+ ..
Olt k~r cWofo ;dfKt .. % ..

wDd{ pjfr ..
wDd{;]g, nIdL; Xªcf]Go] cf1f bosn+, dg'io/f]sg k"Jj{hDd{; ofªf kfkg,
Yju'ln hGd{; s]g, :jx'g,] l;hnj:t' v'ofof kfkg, s':tg kbk/+, z/Ln ;]g ..
g j:t' v'ofof kfkg y';fof hTd{ h'/+ .. s+;j:t' v'ofof kfkg Gx;kf]tg
dtf:o+ v'l;gL h'/+, ljlyldz if'ofof kfkg h-kf} !!_n;]g ofªg hGd{ h'/+ ..
k'ly;f:q if'ofof kfkg, h]n ofªg hGd{ h'/+ .. skfzj:t' if'ofof kfkg Dx;
tf]O;] Rofs h'/+ ..
b]cf] u'?, lgbgf ofªf kfkg, u'0f ljBf 5'g+ d;/+ .. ;bf ;bf+, /f]og sofcf]
rf]lgcf] .. dg'io/f]s, lgbgf ofªfof kfk, bfl/b| h'/+ .. chf] yDx+, ld;fhgg
;To ofªrf]ªDx ld;fhg ;+xf/ ofªf kfkg, cfo' tfDjfo dbt .. d]a'of bJo{
d]a'of bAo+, if dos+, df]rsfof kfkg ck'q h'ofcf], lg;Gtfg h'/+ .. uy]
d]a'oft+ dbos b'v la/+, yy]+ YjDx dg'If]of s'6'+Dj; -kf} !@_ d:t+ gf; h'/+ ..

( 26 )
y'lt kfk dof:o+ k'0o of;f, yf]t'ln hGd{;, ;'v ;Dklt, e'lQmkb nft+,
k/nf]s;, :jUu{jf; h'/f] ..
Olt wDd{cf] nIdL;+jfb v+ ;dfKtM .. ..

cGto\
yf}+of cfw'lgs @! cf}+ zbL k|frLgu|Gyo\ pNn]lvt ;Gbe{t ts{;+ut
dh", ;do;fk]If dh" wsfM cWoogof 3]/f+ lkg]nfs]u' rng GXofgfRj+u' b' .
O{ u'an]+ :yL/ h'Odv', yf}+of cfw'lgs o'u g+ sGxo\ k|frLg h'Oltlg . pls+
On+ Ao"u' w/f]x/oft ;'gf+ g+ dxTjxLg tfo]s] dHo" . k|frLgu|Gykfv]+ k"jh
{ to\u'
Aojxf/, k|jl[ Q, z}nLof 1ft h'O . k"jh
{ lklgu' le+u' Aojxf/oft gfn]u' j dle+u'
k|j[lQoft rLsfM ;do;fk]If ;dfof]hg ofgfo+s]u' XjMtf k|frLgu|Gykfv]+ x]
r"nfO . Rjo\ GXoygfu' u|Gyo\ g+ dg"to\t le+u' nFk'O o+s]u' k|of; h"u' b' .
yf}+of gf/LjfbLof ldvf+ ljZn]if0f ofo]an] wd{nIdL;+jfbo\ pNn]lvt h"u' vF
c:jfefljs tfo]km' . yM ldh+oft BM efMkLu' yf}+of lzIff dvo]w'+sn . cy]g+
ld;fldh+ ;';Eo hLjgof k|lts h'Ot dfMu' 5'+ 5'+ ;Gb]z y'sL b'YofsftMu'
gfn]axh" . ;dfhoft b'/frf/Lt kfv]+ d'St ofo]u' k|of; h"u' b' . pu' Ono\
of clzlIft ;dfhoft kfk k'0oof vF GXoygfM ;dfhoft ;'Jol:yt u'sy+
ofo]u' wsfM lbzflgb]{z ofOu' tTsfnLg ljåfgto\u' z}nLoft Rj5fo\ x]
dfM .

( 27 )
o'lwli7/ – gf/b ;+jfb

GXovF
Clif k/fz/ j dT:of]b/Lof sfo\ dxlif{ Jof;+ nueu Ps nfv Znf]sof
dxfef/t dxfsfJo /rgf ofMu' ;+:s[t ;flxToof Oltxf;o\ pNn]v h'ofRj+u' b' .
;+;f/o\ x] bsn] tMxfsMu' dxfsfJoof ?ko\ rlr{t y'u' dxfef/to\ !* kj{
j !)! cg'kj{t b'YofRj+u' b' . !* kj{ y'sy+ b' cflbkj{, ;efkj{, lj/f6kj{,
jgkj{, pBf]ukj{, eLidkj{, b|f]0fkj{, s0f{kj{, zNokj{, ;f}lKtskj{, :qLkj{,
zflGtkj{, cg'zf;gkj{, cZjd]wkj{, cf>djf;Lkj{, df};n, dxfk|:yflgskj{
j :juf{/f]xgkj{ . y'u' dxfef/to\ jL/ufyf, /fhgLlt, wd{, 1fg, elQm, cfrf/,
bz{g, Hof]ltif, e"uf]n, Oltxf;, ;fdflhs /Llt, cfly{s l:ylt, rf};7L
snf, if8oGq, hfnem]n km'Ss b'YofgfRj+u'ln+ ;+;f/of x] dxTjk"0f{ u|GydWo]
Yj g+ nfM . y'lsof >j0f+ GXofSj x] d"v{Dx dg" g+ kl/kSj h'O . cfM yg
dxfef/tof rrf{ ofo\u'l;a]+ g]kfn /fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u'
dxfef/tof ;efkj{of 5u" 36gfoft b'YofsfM RjoftMu' x:tlnlvtu|Gyof
af/] hs rrf{ ofo]u' h'O .

clen]v Dx;Lsf
g]kfn /fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' y'u' clen]voft
g]kfnL–hd{gx:tlnlvtu|Gy ;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ O{;+ !(&@ d] % tfl/v v'Gx'
dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]s] w'+s"u' b' . y'lsof dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM P #$!÷!$ vM;f
nut NofM !–!^)! vM . g]kfn–hd{gLx:tlnlvtu|Gy ;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ tof/
ofMu' ;"rLkqo\ y'u' ;km"of gfk @% X % ;]dL GXoygftMu' b' . d'Ss & kf}
( 28 )
hs b'u' y'u' Ao;+km" Dxf;'u' EjFto\ Nxft+ g];+ *#% h]i7 jlb * v'Gx' hu{l;+x+
-hut l;+x <_ RjMu' vM w}u' vF ;km"of k'liksfjfSoo\ GXoygftMu'ln+ ;Lb' .
y'u' ;km" tTsflng /fhdftf ljZjnIdL+ ;+u|x ofgftn wsfM k'liksfjfSoo\
GXoygftMu'ln+ ;fob\ ljZjnIdL+ x] Wo]af laofM ;km" Rjs]Ao"u' cfef; h" .
Rjld+ ;k'mtL d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff j g]kfnlnlk hs 5\onftMu' b' .
y'u' clen]vo\ /fHo;+rfngof Ono\ jOu' ljleGg ;d:of j plsof
;dfwfg cn] k|hflxtof lg+lt+ ofo\dfMu' ljleGg gLltut vFt gf/b+ o'lwli7/oft
;+jfbfTds z}nL+ sgfRj+u' vM . clen]vo\ 5\onftMu' efiff g];+ *#% ofu'
h"u'ln+ cfw'lgs g]kfnefiff gfk+ 5'+ eltrf kfM .

ljifo Dx;Lsf
/fli6« o clen] v fno; gf/bgfk :jfk" b' u ' cfkfn+ ;km" t b' ,
uy]ls, gf/b;+lxtf, gf/b1fg, gf/beujT;+jfb, gf/bwd{zf:q, gf/ba|Dxgf/
b;+jfb, gf/bk'/f0f, gf/b:d[lt, gf/bjfSo cflb . yg GXoygfu' ;km"
;DjfbfTds z}nL+ RjoftMu' b' . yy] ;DjfbfTds w+u+ RjoftMu' ;km" g+
clen]vfnob'g] cfkfn+ b', uy]ls nIdLwd{;Djfb, o'lwli7/rf08fn;Djfb,
wd{ n IdL;Djfbpdfdx] Z j/;Djfb, /Defz' s ;Djfb, zlgbz/y;+ j fb,
Jof;;'s;+jfb, ch'g{ s[i0f;Djfb cflb . yHofMu' ;DjfbfTds z}nL+ RjoftMu'
cfkfn+ ;km'tL gLltut vFt x] GXoygftMu' vg]b' . yg o'lwli7/–gf/b ;km'tL
g+ /fhsLo–gLltlgod GXoygftn . b]z ;+rfngof lg+lt+ 5Dx ;'of]Uo h'h'+
;Ls]dfMu' j 5\on]dfMu' yLyL Jofjxfl/s 1fg j Jofkfl/s /0fgLlt ts+
yg GXoygftMu' b' . ;}lgs Joj:yfkg, zq'–b]zof h'h'lk+ gfkof Jojxf/,
uf]Ko–vFoft slk{lgu' GXoMg] pn]dHo"u,' ax'hgof lxtof lg+lt+ ofo]dfMu' HofvF,
:qLhgoft ;Ddfg ofo]dfMu', dgf]/~hgo\ hs cfkfM O{ aLdHo"u', ofqfof
vF, d"v{ j ljåfgt gfk ofo]dfMu' Aojxf/, Jofkf/Lto\ Jofkf/ dh";f /fHo+
GofgfM lgof{t ofo]dfMu', d:t j j[4to\t /fHo+ x]/rfx ofo]dfMu' cflb yLyL
vF y'u' ;km'tL ;+If]k+ GXoygftMu' b' .

( 29 )
d"n clen]vof b]jgfu/L cfn]vg
< >L # gf/fo0ffo gdM ..
j};+kfo pjfr ..
ef]hDo hoh'lwl:y/:o+, dgLdo ;ef;, l;+xf;g; laHofªfj, eLdflb Clif
;d:t, ;ef ofª rf]No, Yj ;efof k|z+zf :jUu{; ª]ªfj jof ws+, gf/b
Clif, Yj ;ef; jofj ;Jj{ zf:q1, jf-So_1, Gofo1 >'lt1, Gofozf:q1,
of]uzf:q1, wDd{ cy{ sfd df]If, cy{1, /fhlglt1, g[TouLt, jfB1,
;Jj{u'0f1, Yjt] u'0fg ;+k'Gg{, gf/b Clif jj ;'gfg+ dv+ª, lnYo+, o'lwl:y/:o+
v+ªfj, rk b+ªfj, kfbf3f{lb iff]bz k|sfng, k'hf ofªfj, cf;g; tofj,
gfgf k|sf/g k'hf ofªfj, gf/b xif{dfg h'ofj, o'lwl:y/ xft+, ef] o'lwl:y/
5] s'zn h'nf, 5] dg lyn h'j nf, b[w nf, k"Jj{lktf, lktfdxg ofªfYo+,
/fhwDd{g k|hf nIff ofs nf, yYo+ oft ;f, ;Gt':t h], wDd{sfo\o{ ofo;
cy{of rRrf{ dt]j, cy{ rRrf{ oftªf:o+, wDd{ rRrf{ dt]j .. gfgf dlGqcf]
Gjfªf v+ lkt] dt]j, nf]sg+ lky+gs] dt]j, yYo oft;f, /fhf gi6 dh'loj,
/fhfof jrg lkyfg] dt]j, ldq j ldqefjgfg, pbflzj, pbflzg Aojxf/g
zq' j zq'efjg Aojxfng, ef] /fh 5g, ;' ldq+ bj nf, u|fd;+, gu/;+,
Sjtjf/g rRrf{ ofrsj nf, yd cËLsfn ofªf sfo\o{ zL3|g, 5g ofs nf,
u'Ktg, vf+ ofs nf, rf}/flbc ;]jshg, ljrf]n ofnf, ljrf/ ofo k|s6g,
nf]s ;d:tg+ ;]os+, cGtk'l/; :qLhg ;d:t+ nIff ofrs+ t]j nf, a[4 @
s'lng nf]sg, d'v{hg bf]/5L Tjntfj, kl08t, 1fl0f 5Dx+ kf];/k+ todfn,
wgwfGofbL, ;+st yfo; Do+jg sfo dlhj yfo t:o+ todf/, k/, /fhf;s]
lrQ t:o+ tj nf, ifTsDd{ a|fDx0f cg;'oflgAoflk yly++uf] a|fDx0f k|f]lxt bj
nf, ;]jshg, pQd, dWod, cwd [ljrfofn ofs]!] pQdhg tj[[nf]]sfo\o{;
v]n,] dWodhg dWodsfo\o; { ,+ cwdhg cwdsfo\o; { + v]n,] hf]Uo @ Yo+ b08/k],
Gofo y]+ ;]js bf]ª lao, z'/lj/ ;dy{g, hf]h/k], joljokfosklgZr ofj
3f6 ofo df/yf; 3f6 ofo, Gofog ;]jof, hLljlg lnsfo dt]j, df]rftf]
ljrf/ ofªts] dfn, z'lbj;t' ofqf ofotj lqljwj/ ;dfg;lxt ofª
rt'dfzL{ ofjo lao, k/b]zofqf Xª\ofo; yj b]zof wlg tj@ld k/b]z
k//fHog 1of /Tg laofj b|Ao sfo, clxthg ;+u|fd; af]ªog] dt]j, yj

( 30 )
lxthg ;]odfn, k//fHo ho/k]z, cGgflb sfos], /fHo hok] w'gªfj 5Dxfg
t] dt]j, ax'hgto lrGof ofrs] a}l/g a}l/ b+g], yj /fHo u[xflb; nIff
ofrs+ tj nf, lgbfg ofrs+ tj nf, lGxk'/g, B't :qLlqm8f dt]j, a:t'
gotf]g] dt]j, j:t' b|Aoflb /f]e bosf] af]yo a5L e08f/ ofo, a5Lof g,
a5L jo ofo joof ;l/ ;f]odf/, kl08t cgfy afns lzlNkg b'lvhg,
Yjt] /fhfg kf];/k]dfn, cfo ofSj ;+r/k], sfj 5Dx+ jo ofSjlk+ laj 5Dx+
leGg @ ofodfn, lqljw ofodfn, pQd dWod lgr sfo:y n]vs /;klt+
ª]g]dfn, cfo jo k|hf ;d:t+ rt'j00f{+ :jwDd{g to, gu/jflxl/;] tj tj,
u|fd bos]dfn, Yjj :qL;d:t+oft+ j:qflb cGg cn+sf/flb laodfn, b'i6
dofog :qL;, d:t t'No ofo :qL-g_ u'Kt -of_odt]j, t[lto kx/; gfgf
cn+sf/ng ltofj, dGqL, k|wfgflb ;ef bos] b08/k];, hdt'No k'hf bfg
ofo;, s'j]/t'No a|fDx0f cf] k[lyt'No h'o j}Bg yj ;l/; lGxg;f] kf]n] s]g]
/f]uof lgldlQg, gfgf Aofkfl/, hgoft+, a|fDxgof g+, j}Bof g+, k"Jj{ hLjlg
e"ld, lnsfo dt]j, Aofkfn :o+g; ] xfodfn, zq'of ;]gf yj, gun; todt]j,
gu/ aflx/; t' to t]j, zq'hflt r"s'l6 wfg;t+ c+w]/f dt]j, yjs] ;]j/kfj
rf]g;f ydoflzg+ tj tj /fhf cf] k|Llt ofodfn, gfgf ;+b]z laofg+ k|Llt
ofªto, a|fDx0ff]Qm j]bf]Qm k'/f0ff]Qmg wDd{ r//k]df/, wg btªfj bfg wDd{
ofodf/, skt dof:o+ 1flgj[4hgofSo+gf]+, b]jtfofs]gf]+, tklZjofs]gf]+,
cZj:yj[Ifofs]gf]+, a|fDx0f+ Yjt] lgTo+ gd:sf/ ofodfn, :jsj]n; clt :js
ofodt]j, d'if{of ª\xjg] :jsv+ b'Mvv+ Nxfodt]j, kl08tof ª\xjg] e' t]j,
yj dhf{tf ofo Gofog, cy{ ;+ro ofo, clt /f]le h'o dt]j, wl0f lgåf]lif
b08/k] dt]j d'dfnsf] wf/ cGgkfv ofrs] dt]j, b]j a|fDx lgGb|f ofodt]j,
km;v+ Nxfo bL3{;"q ofo 1flg k|b]zL d;f]:o+ 5f]o dt]j u'0fljrf/ dof:o+
5f]odt]j, yd lx+;fj[lQ{ ofodt]j, r+rnlrQ h'odt]j, sfo\o{ ofo;, yd
lrGt/k] Dx'y'[g] wfof sfo\o{ ofo, u'Ktv+ k|s6 ofodt]j, j]bof :qLof >'tof
k'/f0fflb Yjt] 5g ;kmn h'j nf ..
o'lwli7/ pjfr ..
clUgxf]qkmnf j]bf, bQ{ t'Stkmn+ wg+ .
/ltk'qMkmnfbf zL[[zL]]nj[lQkmn+>'t+ ..

( 31 )
j};+kfo pjfr ..
ef] hg:o hojghfnof, Aofkflnof j:t' /f]sg, dsf/ªfj /fhfg ª\ofª
sfs]dfn, yj b]zof j:t' laofj k/b]zof j:t' sfosn 5f]odfn, b]zof
:jef ofog, j[4{@of jrgof;, b08 ofo k|s6g dt]j, k|;fb lao ;ef;,
/Tg xl:t cZjof k+lh, yjs] todf/, dfn, wg' v8\u z:q c:q ljHof yd
:o+g]dfn, b]z; yfo@; k'v'l/ bos]dfn, clUgof eog, h]n Vjfrsfg y'yf
k'qjt ef/k+ /Iff ofodfn ..
Yjt] v+ ª]ªfj o'lwli7/ xif{dfg h'ofj, wf/+, ef] gf/b; 5/kf]n:o+ cfb]; laofv+
le+Ujv+ h]g d?d+ªf ?d+gs]g, Yjt] wDd{/fh :oo vj ws+ ..
Olt ;efkJj{lg, o'lwli7/ gf/b;+jfb] .. .. z'ed:t'M ..

;Djt\ *#% Hoi7jlb * Yjs'Gx' hu{l;+xg, ;+k"00f{ ofªf h'nf] .. ..


>L>L>LljZjnIdL dfh'g, ;+u|x ofª tof h'nf] .. .. z'e ..

cGto\
gLltsf/to\u' lg+lt+ y'u' ;km"of dxTj cfkfn+ b' . b]zo\ zflGt, ;'Joj:yf
j Jofkf/Ls Joj:yfkg uy]ofgfM ofo]u' w}u' ;stf+ vF y'u' ;k'mlt+ SogfRj+u'
b' .
…d'if{of ª\xjg] :jsv+ b'Mvv+ Nxfodt]jÚ
d'v{of GXoMg] zf]s jf b'Mvof vF sgfM 5'+ cy{ db' w}y]+ HofMu' d]d]u'
g+ cfkfn+ lzIff y'u' ;km'tL b'u'ln+ ;fdfGo dg'v+ g+ yMu' hLjg ;'yf+nfSs
GXofs]t 5'5' ofo]dfM w}u' dfu{lgb]{zg ofgfRj+u' b', pls+ yHofMu' ;'dfu{kfv]
knfM GXofs]t cfkfn+ ltjM h'Ou' yHofMu' k|frLgu|Gyof b'Uo+s cWoog
cg';Gwfg ofgfM lktxo]dfMu' yf}+of cfjZostf vM .
)))

( 32 )
cu:Toj|tsyf

u|Gy clen]v ljj/0f


clen]v ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' yfo\ M /fli6«o clen]vfno
nut g+ M !÷$$@
dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM – P #$$÷$
Sof6nu NofM – OGe]G6«L NofM !!^@
Sof6nu h"u' ldlt – O{;+ @))$–!@–)#
kf} NofM – (
‰jMNofM – ^
;fOh – @! x $ ;]dL
ljifo – ;flxTo -syf_
Rjld – c1ft
RjMu' O{ – cGbfhL !( cf}+ ztfAbL
efiff – g]kfnefiff
lnlk – g]kfnlnlk
cj:yf – k"j+÷af+nf
dfOqmf]lkmNd h"u' lb+ – O{;+ !(&@ d] *

clen]vof d"nkf7 –
< ç gdM >L cu:tfo gd ..
lji0f'?jfr ..
ef] k/dfgGb, cu:t ClifZj/; syf, h]g s+Go ª]ªf], cu:t Clifof
v+, uf]Dxf dg'If]g ª]g}j, YjDx+of kfk df]o'j, ;d:t o1 ofªfof kmn nfs,
cu:tof k|;fbg, rqmjlQ{;+ k|fKt h'j .. ..
( 33 )
k"Jj{;, kNxfb b}Tog xftkl0f, lji0f' elQm, Yj; k'q, ljnf]rg wfof
gfd, Yj dxflzjelQm, lji0f'elQm dh'j, uly+ lji0f' wfn;f, q}nf]So;+ gfos
e'lQmd'lQm laofj rf]ªDx+, yly+Dxf lji0f';s], elQm dh', lzjeQm ofªrf]ª,
wsfj, aa'g sfoxft+, ef] k'q lji0f'elQm ofj, ws+ xftf, lanf]rgg Nxfnf,
h] 5fo lji0f' elQm h'o, ugfof lji0f' ws+, lgGb|f oftf, :tf]q oftf, lzj
k|Dob]j, ;d:tb]jof+ >]i7, :jUu{ dTo kftfn;+, lzj pknfGt, b]j ;'g+ db',
>[li6l:yltsQf{, yly+Dxf dxfb]j, 5fo lji0f' ;]jnk], 5' ofo kmj, ws+, lgGb|f
oftf .. ..
>Llji0f' qmf]wg, tdg ljHofªfj, qmf]wg, x[bo;, rqmg k|xfn ofªfj,
lanf]rg, e"ld; kbnk d[To' h'j .. q}nf]Soof yfs'n, >Llji0f'g, rqm k|xf/
ofªfj, df]rsfj, lanf]rg, lji0f'k'/L;+ k|fKt h'j h'nf] .. lanf]rgof :qL
k'0o;]g, dxfk|ltj|tf .. Yj; uef{wfg h'j, df; k"00f{ h'j, h'ofj hft h'j
k'q dxfjln, ;d:t alnofl;g+ aln Yj .. ygf hft h'j:t'g+, rGb|d+08n
sfo ws+ jgf, Yj-a]n_;, rGb|df ª\x]nfj, ª]gf, x] af/s 5g 5' sfo, 5
afns yly+Dxf aln h':o+ jnf, ygf alng, rGb|df; jrg ª]ªfj, afnsg
wf/f, h]g5], cd[t kmn efnk+ sfn jof, lh af/s a'l4 h'ofj, ygf rGb|dfg
wfnf, uly+ aln, Yj afns, hft h':t'g+, rGb|dfg gfd 5'nf, Yj alnoflzg+
jnL, Yj; aln dxfb]jof k|;fbg, q}nf]Soof /fhf oftf, ;d:t b}To >]i7 ..
Yjg b]jug, ;d:t+ honk+, :jUu{; /fHo ofs .. ..
;d:t+ yj clwsf/ ofªfj rf]ª h'nf] .. ..
ygf jln/fhfg, cZjd]o1 ofs .. Yj o1];, >Llji0f' afjg?k sfofj
laHofs, Yj o1]; .. ;d:t j]b;f:q ;+o'Qm h'j, Yj o1];, kf7 oftjof ws+,
afag a|fDx0f?k w//k+ laHofs, Yj a|fDx0f v+ªfj, aln/fhfg, dxf cfbng,
cf;g tofj, k"hf ofªfj, gd:sf/ oftf, Yjg a]bk/kfn' b+ªf, aln/fhf,
wf/f, ef] a|fDx-0f_ l5tf 5' uf:o+ laHofªf /Tg /f, j:t nf, ;'j00ff{lb, 5' onf,
cf] l5tf dfnu', cf1f bos]g] ws+ wfnf, a|fDx0f:o+ wnf, lhtf d]jtf j:t'
5' g+ doj, e"ld lqkfb kmf]g] ws+ wfnf, Yjt] a|fDx0fof cf1f ª]ªfj, /fhfg
lgZrog+ lao oftf, z'Sn af]gf, ygf z'Sn wfnfM ef] /fhf, e"ldbfg cfdf]
a|fDx0foftf lao dt]j, a|fDx0f dv', cfdf] dfof jnf y'sf, gf/fo0f lgZro+

( 34 )
.. /Tg ;'jTgflb lax'g], e"dL laodt]j, lasfn h'o'j, l5 laklQ{ h'o'j ;+b]x]
d'dfn, cj:o+ h'o'j .. ..
/fhfg wf/+, Yj gf/fo0f h'Dx+g, lhjv], h]g o1 ofªf, cf];tf ;d:t
bfg ofªf, cf];tf ysf .. cf]; ;+tf]v ofodfn ;+klQ yh'n], e"dLbfg ofo
lgZro, -lao_ ws+, a|fDx0f k'hf ofªfj, x:tf3f{lb, laotfgªf:o+, sd+8n';,
nfv sfªf:o+, c/v'lg drfn, z'Sng uf==, ufªf jr0f dª]ª, ygf z'Sn
sd08n; rf]gf, Yj a|fDx0fg, s'zof rf] sfofj, cnv'lg rf/snf, ygf
/-St_wf/f h'nf ..
yy] v+ªfj, aln/fhfof dxf;+vf ws+, sf}:t's h'ofj, a|fDx0f:o+ wf/+,
ef] /fh]Gb|, 5g sf}t's z+vf sfo d"dfn, 5g k'Goof k|efjg /Qmu+uf h'nf ..
yy] wfofj s'zg rfnsnf, z'Snof ldvf; nfªfj ldvf 5uf]n df]s .. ..
ygf x:qf]bs laofj, e"ld lqkfb lanf, ygf afjg?k tf]/tfj ..
dxfeo+s/ d"lQ{ h'ofj .. 5kf t'lt k[ly{;, g]k/fu, cfsf;; ygf lji0f'g
wf/f, ef] aln/fhf, 5k/fs ugf to, e"dL laofg] ws+ wfnf .. aln pjfr
.. ef] lak]Gb|, h]g e"ld lao dkmtuf], h] lz/; t]g] ws+, wfnf, yj skfn;
tosnf, ly;, aln/fhf, ugfjGo+ dlhosfj, t]nfj tnf, ygf aln/fhfof,
;]jsklg bSj+;]g+, xf gfy @ ws+ xfxfsfng vf]ofj, Uofªfj, rf]gf, Yjt]
h'ofj, cu{:t Clif;, vjkf ldvf t's .. 5' x]t', 5' sf/gf+ h'nf, ws+ Uofg
b[li6g :j/f .. Yjgln, aln/fhf, lji0f'g, jw ofªtj v+ªfj, cu:t Clifg,
h] eQmhgof, yly+ª laklQ{ h'nf vdg] ws+, lrGt/k+, cu:td'lg, aln/fhfof
;lgk; laHoftf .. lqljqmd d"lQ{ ;]ofj, cu:td'lg cfgGb h'ofj, Nxfn+, x]
eujfg, x] gfy x] q}nf]Soof yfs', 5nkf]n:o+g, dËn sNof0f ofª k|;Gg
h'odfn ws+ cu:td'lgg, lqljqmdd"lQ{ofs] Ogfk oftf .. ..
5/kf]n:o+g, qmf]wd"lQ{ tf]nt+, If]df ofª laHofodf, qmf]w tf]nt+ ..
Yj aln/fhf, h] eQmhg h'jg y'sf, h]g 5nkf]n;s] Ogfk ofªf, gd;sfn
ofªf .. y j+Gwg d'Qm ofª laHofs]dfn .. jif{ @;+ h]s] eQm ofª, wDd{ rn/k',
h]s] eQm ofs, Yjlnof lgldlQ{sg, 5nkf]n;s], k|fy{gf ofªf, x] yfs'n, x]
k|ef], j+wg tf]ntfj, d'Qm k|;Gg h'odfn .. x] O{Zj/, Yj aln/fhfg, h]s]
dfxfeQm ofs jif{; @ s+Gof;+qmflGt ª\x]t's'Gx', h]s] ;bfª j|t ofs, ljz]vg,
( 35 )
lanf]rgof sfo, aln, h] ;]js, Yj j+wg ofªfg, h]g 5'ofo, l5g, h] v+ªfg,
s[kfb[li6 ofª laHofo]dfn, h]s] eQm ofs ;' bloj, Yj aln, h] ;lnn j
t'No, h]j cg'u|x lgldlQ{sg, Yj j+wg d'Qm ofª laHofs] dfn, x] gfy x]
yfs'/, 5/kf]n;g, tf]8dtf]ngfj, h]s] elQm h'loj dbtf] .. a|Dxf lji0f' ?b|
O{Zj/, ;bf lzj, Yj ;s;]g+, h]s] eQm ofsDx+, tf]nt] dfn, p4f{n ofª
k|;Gg o'odfn, wDd{ cy{ sfd df]If] kmn lax'g] .. Yj alng h] wDd{ k|ltkfn
ofs .. Yj/L lgldlQ{sg, 5nkf]/;]g, tf]nt+ k|;Gg h'odfn .. ..
:jUu{j ;dfg, :j]t/fIf;k'nL wfof, gfd, gun;, cg]s /Tgflb,
;'j00ff{lb, ;+o'Qm, Yjg ;/;, /fhf ofª tx'g] .. cu:t Clif;, yly+uf] dlxdf,
dËn jrg, >Lgf/fo0f;g ª]+ªfj, cfb]z bosnf .. ef] cu:td'lgZj/, 5]
pk/fGt, h], :g]x] d]j db', 5]j :g]x] lgld{sg, aln a+Gwg d'Qm oftuf],
:j]t/fIf];k'l/; /fhf ofj, ws+, >Lgf/fo0f:o+g, cf1f lanf, Yj b]z; /fhf
-of_j, a-#_ln/fhfg, ;'vg, /fHo ofs h'nf] .. cu:tof wDd{of k|efjg,
:jUu{; u'n[, ;'v h'nf, pln ;'v :j]t/fIf;k'l/; bj .. aln/fhf cleif]s
laofj .. ..
>Llji0f' >Lcu:t, cGtWofg laHofs .. alnb}To /fhf h'ofj,
/fHonlId, :qL k'qflbg ;'vg /fHo] ofs h'nf] .. ..
ef] k/dfgGb, cu:t Clif;, yly+Uj dlxdf v+, Yjly+ wDd{ b'Nne,
Yj wDd{of k|efjg, dxfdle+ª zflGt, /f]uJoflw+ zflGt, u|x zflGt cy{ nfe,
j[l4{, /fHo j[l4{, ;d:t o1 ofªfM ;d:t tLy{ j+ªfj :gfg ofªf kmn, ;+k|flKt
h'loj .. ..
Olt >L gf/fo0f;, cu:tj|tsyf ;dfKt .. .. ) .. .. ) ..

( 36 )
clen]vo\ >[+ue]/Lafv+

GXovF
5'+ g+ /fi6«of :jfledfg j ;Eotf pu' /fi6«of efiff, ;flxTo j ;+:s[lt+
SjM5L . g]kfMof :jfledfg j ;';+:s[ltof kl/rfos ?ko\ g]kfnefiffof k'nf+u'
;flxTo g+ vM . g]kfnefiffo\ cfkfn+ k'nf+u' ;flxTo b' . /fli6«o clen]vfno,
s]z/ k':tsfno, cfzf ;km" s'lyO hs g+ ån+åM Do], afv+, Kofv+ cflb
;flxlTos clen]vt d'gfRj+u' b' . y'lsof plrt cWoog cg';Gwfg h'O No+
x] blg .
g]kfnefiff clen]vof b'Uo+u' cg';Gwfgof cefj+ ofgfM g]kfnefiff
;flxTo GXofSj x] k'nf+ wsfM :o";f+ g];+ ^@% of efujtk'/f0f -afv+_ l;a]+
GXoMof ;flxTo n'Os] km'u' db'lg . g]kfnefiffof k'nf+u' ;flxToof cWoog
cg';Gwfg+ bsn] RjGXofMu' ;flxlTosljwfof ?ko\ afv+oft sfo]l5+ . g]jfMto\
wn+ bg]an], j|t Rjg]an] jf 5'+ tMw+u' wfld{s cg'i7fgof ‰jno\ k'/f]lxt+
;DjlGwt BMof dlxdf afv+ sg]u' rng b' . yy] df}lvs ?k+ sgLu' afv+oft
sfnfGt/o\ yLyL Rjldljåfg\lkG;+ lnlvt ?k laoftMu'ln+ 5tf x] ljifoj:t'oft
sofM RjoftMu' afv+ clen]v cfkf x] b' .
y'u' Rj;' g+ afv+ clen]vgfk x] ;DjlGwt vM . ljz]ifofgfM nIor}To
:yfkgf ofo]w'+sfM k'/f]lxt+ r}To :yfkgfof dlxdfaf/] af}4 afv+ >[+ue]/Lafv+
sg]u' rng b' . yg >[+ue]/L wfo]an] Gos"afh+ w}u' y'OsL . r}To :yfkgf j
Gos"afh+of :jfk"oft sofM RjoftMu' afv+ x] >[u+ e]/Lafv+ vM . >[u+ e]/Lafv+gfk
:jfk" b'u' dtofM -g]s'hfqf_ ongu/o\ u'an]lg;]+ GXofgfRjg w}u' :ki6
clen]v db';f+ yf}t+ s lemu" TjfM gsjlxn, Ovf5],F ;f}un, Ovfnv', ps'jxfn,
( 37 )
d+unjhf/, rqmjlxn, sf]jxfn, ;f}un, a'axfn+ k|To]s bFo\ kfn+kfM dtofM
Gofo]su] ' ofgfRjg . dtofM jf g]sh' fqfo\ ;' lxGb', ;' a'l4i6 ;sn]+ efOrf/fof
?ko\ PSoa4tf Kj+sfjofRjofRj+u' b' . pls+ wfld{s ;lxi0'tfof k|ltsof ?ko\
g+ g]s'hfqfoft sfo]u' ofM . Yjx] g]s'hfqfgfk :jfk" b'u' >[+ue]/Lafv+ clen]v
/fli6«o clen]vfno; cfkfn+ ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . plsof cWoog cg';Gwfg
Ono\ x] h'OdfM .

/fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] >[+ue]/Lsyf


k'nf+u' clen]vt ;+/If0f ofo]u' tft'gfM hd{g ;/sf/+ ;g\ !(&)
lg;]+ @))! ts g]kfn–hd{g x:tlnlvt;+/If0f kl/of]hgf ;+rfng oft .
Yjx] kl/of]hgf+ k|flrg x:tlnlvt Yof;km", Ao+;km", sfnlan EjF cflboft
dfOqmf]lkmNdo\ b'Yofsn . y'u' kl/of]hgfkfv]+ cfkfn+ JolQm j ;+:yfofu'
;+/If0fo\ NogfRj+u' t;s+ x] k'nf+u', dxTjk"0f{u' clen]vt g+ hg;dIf xo]t
cfkfn+ Ujfxfln oft . /fli6«o clen]vfno j AolQmut ;+/If0fo\ nfgfRj+u'
>[+ue]/Lsyfof x:tlnlvt ;km"of dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM yg GXoAjofu' b' –
gf+ efiff lnlk ;+jt kq l/n g+
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] !& P !@%÷!%
>[+ue]o{jbfg ;+ g] @# P !@^÷@ Ö
P (@!÷!)
>[+ue]l/syf ;+ g] * P (!*÷%
nIor}Toj|t>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] @# P (!*÷(
>[+ue]/Lsyfjbfg ;+ g] lj;+ !(%% !) la !)!÷!#
>[+ue]o{jbfg ;+ g] g];+ !)!& !( la !)!÷^
nIofr}Toj|t>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] #% O{ &#$÷^
nIor}Toj|t>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] @@ O{ @^%÷!#
nIor}Toj|t>[+ue]/Lk':ts ;+ g] * O{ @^%÷!@
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] !@ O{ !#%$÷!)
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] @) O{ !$&(÷%
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] ## O{ ##$$÷%
>[+ue]o{jbfg g] g] & O{ !@(@÷!$
( 38 )
gf+ efiff lnlk ;+jt kq l/n g+
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] g];+ *$% ^* O{ !##^÷#(
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] g];+ (@% @( O{ !$&^÷$
nIor}Toj|tsyf ;+ g] #& O{ !*$!÷%
nIor}Toj|tsyf ;+ b] $& O{ @#&@÷!*
nIor}Toj|t>[+ue]/Lsyf g] g] * l8 %)÷*
nIor}To>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] g];+ (%$ #! l8 %)÷!)
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] @% l8 %&÷(
r}Toj|t>[+ue]lbsyf ;+ b] @^ lh %^÷!#
nIor}Toj|t>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] @( Pr !$@÷&
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] @) Pr #*!÷^
>[+ue]/Lsyf g] b] !* Pr !^*÷!
>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] @) Pr #*@÷!!
nIor}To>[+ue]/Lsyf ;+ g] g];+ (%$ #! PS; !$#%÷!

/fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] dfOqmf]lkmNd h"u' >[+ue]l/syf jf nIor}Tosyf


hs @^ yfg b';f bsn] k'nf+u' g];+ *$% vg]b' . cfzf ;km"s'lyO g+
>[+ue]/Lafv+of x:tlnlvtu|Gy b' .

clen]v Dx;Lsf
yg GXoAjo]Togfu' >[u+ e]/Lafv+ /fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u'
vM . y'u' x:tlnlvtu|Gyo\ d'Ss+ !^ kf} b' . afv+ d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff+ RjoftMu'
b';f k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk 5\onftMu' b' . Dxf;'EjFto\ RjoftMu' y'u' u|Gyoft
g]kfnhd{gL x:tlnlvt;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ dfOqmf]lkmNd lgdf{0f ofo]w'+s"u' b';f
dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM P !@%÷!% vM . y'lsof nut NofM $–!)#% . kl/of]hgf+
bo]s"u' j[xt;"rLkqo\ y'lsof gfk+ @#=% X (=% ;]dL pNn]v ofgftMu' b' .
em\jfMaxfn, o]Fof s'ln;jh| jh|frfo{+ RjoftMu' y'u' u|Gy u'an] RjMu' w}u'
ltlyldlt pNn]v ofgftMu' db';f+ y'lsof efiff j lnlkof cWoog ofo]an]
g];+ (%) of hMvM RjMu' h'OdfM w}u' cg'dfg ofo]l5+ .
( 39 )
clen]vof ;f/;+If]k
y'u' clen]voft lgu'lnO AjynftMu' b' . Gxfkf+u' Ajo\ nIor}Toof
:yfkgf j k'hfof kmn GXoAjoftMu' b';f d]u' Ajo\ afv+oft ;+lIfKtsy+
GXoAjof tn . y'u' clen]vo\ pNn]v h"sy+ ljk|eujfg+ ;'j00f{st] ' h'h,' GofDx
/fhs'df/lk+ j d]lk+ k|hfu0flklgu' ;'v;d[l4 j p4f/of lg+lt+ s+u' >[u+ e]/Lafv+
x] zfSod'lg+ eujfg+ ;fnLk'qof Ogfko\ sgflaHofMu' vM . Gxfkf+u' Ajo\
r}To:yfkgf j k'hfof kmn NofvfgfM ;fWo dh" wsfM ljk|eujfg+ woflaHofMu'
Gxfkf+u' Ajo\ GXoygftn;f . y'u' Gxfkf+u' Ajoft TjMtfM lgu"u' Ajo\ GXoygftMu' afv+of
;f/;+If]k hs yg GXoAjo]u' s'tM ofo] .
Gxfkf zlzktg wofu' gu/o\ l;+xs]t' /fhfof :qL ;"/IfgL! clts+
kltj|twd{ kfngf ofODx, cg]s j|t RjgfM ;sl;u' p4f/of sfdgf ofODx
h'ofRjg . t/ y'lsof kfo\l5 cMvM l;+xs]t' /fhf wfM;f kz'klG5 lzsf/
ofgfM k|f0fL dfqoft b'Mv kL8f laODx h'ofRjg . yM ldh+ lx+;f k|j[lQofDx
h"u'ln+ /fgL+ GXofan]+ lrGtf Kj+sfM kz'lx+;f ofo]u' TjMt]t Ogfk ofO . h'h'
wfM;f If]qLo h"u'ln+ hftLo :jfledfg SogfM kz'lx+;f TjMtLdv' . 5Gx' h'h'
dToj+ dbO . /fgL g+ h'h'gfk x] ;tL jgL . ;TojfbL, p4f/jfbL h"u'ln+ /fgL
jx] b]zof j|fDx0f@ s'no\ hGd h'O . k|f0fLoft b'Mv kL8f laODx h"u'ln+ /fhf
wfM;f j x] /fgL hGd h"u' j|fDx0f kl/jf/o\ d]o\ h'of hGd sfO . DXofo\ a"u'ln+
;sn]+ no\tfO . j|fDx0fL !) bF bOan] d]o\ x] k'j{hGdof yM ldh+ vM w}u' vF
;LsL . cfM uy] ofgfM joft dg" ofo\u' wsfM lrGtf ofO . df+ca'+ drfoft
Aofxf ofs]u' s'tM ofO . t/ yM k"j{hGdof ldh+ yMu' x] GXoMg] b'u'ln+ j+ Aofxf
ofO dv' . 5Gx' z'kf/+uaf]lw;Tj jofM d]o\oft dg" ofo]u' ;stf+ pkfo jOt
sgfjgL . h+unL kz'klG5to\;+ 5Gx' d]o\oft :ofgf gO . z'kf/+uaf]lw;Tjof
x] ;Nnfx adf]lhd pDx a|fDx0fL+ lkmof r}To lgdf{0f ofgfM d]o\of SjFo\ wfSj
ue{o\ :jygL . d]o\of 5k' g]s' r}Too\ 5fO cn] d]u' g]s'lt+ hn 5fo]u' j
afhfof ?ko\ lj/x+ k'Ou' ofO . a|fDx0fL+ ofMu' wd{sd{of k|efj+ r}Toof ue{+
l;+xs]t' /fhf k|s6 h'O . pl3|do\ ;sn]+ k|hfu0f d'gfM GxfkfofDx l;+xs]t'
/fhfoft eb|>[+uL/fhf j j|fDx0fLoft ?kjlt/fgLof ?ko\ /fHofleif]s ofO .
1
d]d]u' ;km'ltO ;'nIf0ff b' .
2
wfld{s ;lxi0f'tfof k|lts
( 40 )
y'sy+ r}To :yfkgfof k|efj+ xfsg+ b]zof /fhf/fgL h'ofM ;'vef]u ofo]v+u'
afv+ zfSod'lg+ sgflaHofMu' vM .
yg GXoygfu' afv+ j Rjld ab|L/Tg ah|frfo{of >[Ëe]/Lof# by'O 5'+
5'+ ;fldKotf b';f ug ug+ kfgfRj+u' vF g+ b' . lgk' afv+ by'O t'ngfTds
cWoog ofo\axh" .

d"nu|Gyof b]jgfu/L cfn]vg


pFm gdM >Lwd{wftj] >L:jo+e"r}To gd ..
cfbf} Gxfkf+ >Ljh|;Tj tyfutlk+ leIf' af]lw;Tjuglk+ ;sn]+ lemu'ln lbu;+
laHofgfcf], bsf] ;Tjk|fl0f pwf/ of:o laHoft xg+ cfo\o{;+3lk+ bsf]oft+
gd:sf/ ofgfcf] Yj >[+ue]bLcjbfg wd{of v g]kfnefvfg cy{ lksfofcf]
tcf]u' 5fgwfn;f afnvlk+ zosfcf] k|fl0fbsf] ;'vfjlt; 5f]ot bosf
k+lbtklg:og :jofcf], zx> ck/fw If]df ofodfn ws, Gxfkf+ k/fk"j{sfn;
>L/fhu[x wfof gfd dxfgu-/_ y'u' yf-kf}@s!_/; u[ws"tkj{t; >L;fs]d'lg
eujfgg h'n;f+ lbAo h'ofcf] rf]gu' ;'j00f{of l;+xf;g; laHofgfcf] rf]g,
yg+ln leIf'ug+lk++ lemd:jånTof !#%) leIf'uglk+ xg+ af]lw;Tj dxf;Tj cflb+
bzlbuof nf]sklg cg]u b]jgfu oIf, u+wj{ c;'/ u?8 lsGg/, dxfg-f_u
OToflb, c0f]u a|Xd, If]lq, j}Zo, z'b| k|d'v+ wDd{;ef h'ofcf] bSj ;sn+
Gx]cf]g] laHofgfcf] rf]gu' :jofcf] >LzfSod'lg eujfgg h'n;f+ s?gflbli6g
:jofcf] ljrfn ofgfcf] ;+k0" 0f{;Tjk|flglk+ b-kf}@v!_sf];of+, kfk gf; ofgfcf]
df]If 5f]ot :jcf]u' avt], sNkfg d+un h'ou' ;ef dWo, wDd{of v k|sf;
ofgfcf] laHoft+, ulyu' v wfn;f ;bfsfn+ z'e h'ofcf] s]jn z'4 h'ofcf]
rf]gu' clt tf]o'cf] lgDd{nu' a|Dxro\o{of v k|sf; ofgfcf] laHoft yg+ln
pu' ;ef; zflnk'qleIf'g h'n;f+ ycf] cf>dg+ bgfcf] >Leujfg wDd{of
:jfldoft :jrfs pnfcf] jGbgf ofgf hcf] k'ln+ e'ld; r'ofcf] vcf] k'ln
ysfofcf] nfxft lgkf+ xfhnkfcf] ljglt oft+ x] eu-kf} #s_jfg\ x] wd{of
/fhf lhg v 5u'ln ljglt ofo 5' wfn;f cg]@u jfb]of v lhg l;ow'g
>[+ue]ln wofu' ªs' k'ofcf] nIfr}To cflb eujfglk+s] k"hf k|blIfgf ofou'
3
jb|L/Tg ah|frfo{, !!!$, >[Ëe]/L -g]s' KjLs]u' afv+_ . o]FM >Ldfof dfgGw/ .
( 41 )
ljlw uYo@ vcf] Yj ;d:t+ cf1f k|;Gg h':o laHofodfn x] gfy ws ljglt
ofsu' g]gfcf], >Leujfgg h'n;f+ zflnk'qof Vjfn :jofcf] cf1f bosn+ x]
lzio ;efuglk+ le+Hof @ 5klg ;sn:og+ PslrQ osdg ofgfcf] g]g lhg+
u'?lk+s] ª]gfcf] tofu' uYo wfn;f Gxfkf@ sfn; :j00f{jltk'/ wfof gu/-kf}
#v_; ;'j00f{st] ' /fhfcf], lx/+Gojlt /flg, lgDx a;nkfcf] rf]g, xg+ k|hf{klg:t
k|ltkf/ ofgfcf] wDd{gLlt; ljrfn ofgfcf] rf]g, Yj Aon; YjDx /fhfof k'q
ªfDx hGd h':o+ln, gfd 5'gfcf] tn, ;';' wfn;f Gxfkf+ k'iks]t' ! /;s]t' @
;'o\o{s]t' # åLks]t' $ rGb|s]t' % Yj ªfDx k'qklg clt 1flg wDd{of ;/L/,
5Gx'of lbg; k'iks]t' /fhs'df/g h'n;f+ ycf] aafcf] gfk >Leujfgof yf;
lhg+ bz{g oft+ cf]o ws wfofcf] cf]g+, yg+ln z'j00f{s]t' /fhf k|d'v+ ycf]
k'q k|hf{ug ;sn]+ cf]gf-kf} $s!_cf] j+w'jlt dxfljxf/;, >Lljk >Leujfgof
yf;, Yogsn cf]gfcf] :jrfs pnfcf] gd:sf/ ofgfcf] cg]@u ;fdfu|L
xofu'ln+ k+rf]kxf/k'hf ofgfcf] nfxft lgkf+ xfhnkfcf], ljglt oft, x] u'? x]
gfy, Yj /Ifr}Toof l;jf ofou' k"hf ofou'of kmn uYo ws, xg+ gfgf jfb],
e]l/, z+vjfb], OToflbofu' hf lhg l;of, xg+ >[+ue]lb, ªs' k'ofcf], jQ{ ofslk+
Gxfkf+ @ z'z' p4f/ h'ofcf] cf]g, y'u' wDd{of syf lhklg:t v sgfcf] s?0ff
tofcf], ;+;f/ pwf/ ofo-kf} $v!_t cf1f k|;Gg h':o laHofodfn ws
ljglt oft+, Yjt] v g]gfcf] >Leujfgg h'n;f+ Yj k'iks]t' /fhf /fhs'df/of
Vjfn :jofcf], slnof sfn; /Iff h'os] oft s?gf tofcf] cf1f bosn+, x]
/fhf 5g oslrQ ofgfcf], g]g, Gxfkf+ 5ldt k"hfof kmnofu' v sg] UjDx
@ d'gionf]sklg:og, >La'4 wDd{, ;+3of ;/g cf]Go'cf], cf]Dx@of wDd{lrQ
jwo h'ofcf] z'e h'ofcf], af]lwlrQof kmn nfo'cf], xg+ k+rfd[t cflb+ lty{of
n+vg :gfg ofts'Dxoft cfsf; u+uf; -kf} %s!_ ;'uw+ u' n+vg :gfg ofgfcf]
:ju{af; cf]lgcf], xg+ k+ru{ wg n]kg ofts'Dxoft z'uw+ ;/L/ h'ofcf] nIdLg
;+k'00f{ h'ofcf], cfgGbg rf]g] bo'cf], xg+ c;'u+w w"k ygfcf] rf]gDxoft z'4u'
lrQ h'ofcf], bsf] nf]sg+ df+Go oftsfcf], /fhfTj+ h'o'cf] xg+ gfgf kftkt+j/
5fofcf] k'hf ofgfof k'0og cg]@u j:qg ltofcf] ;'a'lw h'ofcf], wDd{ ;/L/
h'o'cf] ws+ xg+ jg; cg]@u :jfg XjOu' :jfg 5fofcf] k'hf ofsDxoft
;'v efu]dflg h'ofcf] cfgGbg lbAoef]u nfobo'cf], x-kf} %v!_g+ k+~rj00f{of
:jfgdfnf 5fofcf] k"hf ofsDxoft z'esNkfg h'ofcf] OGb|of kb nfo'cf]

( 42 )
xg+ lbkdfnf rfqmdt 5f]os'Dxoft cltt] hjGt h'o', /Tgnfe bo" c+wsfn
gf; h'o'cf], /fhfg+ dfGo ofoLcf] xg+ 3]ndt 5f]osfof k"Go z'4 u'Goq h'o',
ci6u'gg+ ;+h'St h'ofcf] rf]g] bo', xg+ sk"{ndt 5f]osfu'of kmn a'lwjGt
h'ofcf] df]Ifkb nfOcf] xg+ g}jB ] cGg OToflb+ dlwrlw if6\/;g ;+hS' t ofgfcf]
bf]xf]nkfof kmn :ju{; OGb| h'ofcf] legu' a'lw bofcf] z'j00f{ -kf} ^s!_of
yn; tofcf] tcf]wgu' ef]hg ofobo' xg+ lk+08kfq 5fcf]Dxoft dxfk'0oof
cfTdf h'ofcf] Oxnf]s; dxf;'v h'ofcf] cGtsfn; :jvfjlte"jg; af;
nfoLcf], xg+ IfLnhf ;fvlt, zLtnu' n+v bfg ofsDxoft dxfjnj+t h'ofcf]
g[klt wfosfcf] z'/klt h'oc ' f] xg+ kmnd'nflb ;stf+ 5fcf]Dxoft ycf] o]of@u'
ef]hg ofgfcf] lnYo tyfutof yf; af; nfo'cf] xg+ e}ifHo{ wfou'n] x/OToflb
cg]u jf;n 5fofcf]Dxoft ;d:t /f]u gf; h'ofcf] -kf} ^v!_ lnkt; /fhfTj+
h'ofcf] ;Kta[lwg ;+k"00f{ h'ofcf] cGtsfn; :jvfjlte'jg; cf]g] boLcf]
xg+ tf+Da'n wfo Ujo, Ujfn 5fcf]Dxoft lbJo;/L/ h'ofcf] x[i6k':t h'ofcf]
z'+b/ h'ofcf] u'gg+ wgg+ ;+h'St h'ofcf] b]j:Tj+ h'o'cf] xg+ jlbsfwfo rf]ou'
;/fd OToflb 5fcf]Dxoft Oxnf]s; dxfu'l0fs wfosfcf] cGtsfn; k+l08t
h'ofcf] rt'Ao{bzf:qof clwklt h'oLcf], xg+ ;'lrwfo d"n 5fofof kmng
dfxf1flg efUodflg h'ofcf] >Ldxfd+h'>Lof yf; af; nfo'cf], xg+ Onf-kf}
&s!_d5q OToflb 5fcf]Dxoft tcf]w+ s'n; hGd h'ofcf] :ju{jf; nfo'cf], xg+
Wjh rfdn 5fcf]Dxoft nIdLof kbla nfo'cf], xg+ a'lwjGt h'ofcf] df]Ifkb
nfOcf], xg+ k|tfk 5fcf]lkGt Oi6 zq', lhto ofgf, :ju{dWo;+ xg]dfcf]Dx
h'ofcf] OGb|of kb nfo'cf] xg+ k+rj00f{of 5q j:q 5fcf]Dxoft ;Ktj[lwy'
nfcf], rqjlQ{/fhf h'ocf], xg+ ;+lultgcf] jfhf cflb+ gfgf jfb] yfsDx xg+
Kofvg x'cf]Dx xg+ Kofvg x'os'Dx jfb] yfts'Dx d] xfcf]Dx tf]q kfy of-kf}
&v!_ts'Dx xg+ :j/legDx Gx;kt+ tfofcf] ycf] dgf]1 ;'vef]u ofgfcf]
:ju{jf; cf]g] bo'cf], xg+ tfo cIft åfkmf]n:jfg tofcf], >Leujfgoft
bf]xf]nkfcf] xfnf]cf] 5fcf]Dxoft b'ul{ t tf]ntfcf] :jiffjlte'jg; jf; nfoLcf],
xg+ ci6wft'gcf] /Tg z'j00f{ bIfgf 5fcf]Dxoft s'Jo/ ;dfg+ b|Jo nfgfcf],
k'Go ;/L/ h'ofcf] jfuLZj/of yf; df]If cf]g] bo'cf], xg+ UjDx:og+ nlIf
ogs >Leujfgofs] rfsdt 5f]osfcf] rfs pnfcf] k|blIfgf ofgfcf] b+bcf]t
;f:tf+u k|0ffd ofsDxof-kf} *s!_t y'u' hGd; dxf;'v ef]Uo nfgfcf] lny'

( 43 )
hGd; knf l5sg+ z'j00f{k|j bfg ofgfof kmn nfo'cf], xg+ UjDx+:og+ ;/g
cf]gfcf] hk kfy tf]q ofo'cf]Dxoft tcf]wg a'lw nfgfcf] wgwfGo k'00f{ h'ofcf]
;'v cfgGb h'o'cf], xg+ dgg h'sf] efnk'Dxoft bsf] kfkg tf]ntfcf], kfk
km'gfcf] ;'ult; nfoLcf], xg+ UjDx;]g+ ofgg+ hs >Leujfgoft gd:sf/
ofgfcf] efjelQm ofsDxoft wDd{lrQ-kf} *v!_ h'ofcf] :ju{jf; h'o'cf] y'u'
k|dfgg+ k"0o bofcf] rf]g y'sf .

x] /fhs'df/ y'u'ln lk+bkfq 5fofu'of k'Goof ;+iof ofodkm', xg+ /Ifr}To


yfgfcf] ªs'ln k'ofcf] wDd{ ofgfu'of k'0oof ;+iof db' c;+Vo ws Yjt]
wDd{g Oxnf]s; dxftcf] wgkblj nfgfcf] cGtsfn; df]Ifkbzg] bo' ws
lgZrog+ >Leujfgg+ cf1f bosn Yjt] >Leujfgof cf1f g]gfcf], /fhf
k|d'v+ ;efd+bn; rf]g ;sn nf]sof dg; xv{dfg h'ofcf], >Leujfgof
gfd lGxysg+ sfofcf] rf]g+ -kf} (s!_ Olt >L>[+ue]bfjbfg] k"hfk'0ofg';+;f
k|ydWofo ..

pmF gdM >LwDd{wft'jfuLZj/fo ..


ygln xg+, Yj /fhs'df/g h'n;f+ >Leujfgofs] ljglt oft+, x] gfy x] u'?
u'0f;fu/ wfofu' cxf] cfrfo\o{ ªs' hs k'ofcf] wd{ ofsDx uYo pwf/ h'n
Gxfkf @ ;'gfg oft, Yj ;d:t+ cf1f bos:o laHofo dfn ws wfofcf], Yjt]
/fhs'df/of efiff g]gfcf] >Leujfgg h'n;f+ Yj k"iks]t' /fhfs'df/of Vjfn
:jofcf] cf1f bosn+, x] /fhs'df/ ;fw'@ wfoDx 5 vcf], leg-kf} (v!_u'
Hof 5g legs+ PslrQ ofgfcf] g]g Gx]cf]@ sfn; zlzktg wfof gfd
gu/; l;+xs]t' /fhfof qL /flg ;"/IfgL wfofDx j;nkfcf] rf]g, clt;Tojflb
wdf{Tdf ljrIf0fL :jfld elQm k|ltjtfwd{; ;bfg+ :yL/ h'ofcf] rf]g, 5Gx'of
lbg; Yj dfxf/flgg h'n;f+ ycf] dgg+ efnk' uy] wfn;f lhg hs wd{
ofgfcf] rf]gf :jfldg wfn;f wd{lglt; ljrfn dof;] lGxy+@ jgfGt/; lziff/
cf]gfcf] d[u cflb+ em+unk+l5 :ofgfcf] xo', yYo of:o+ln lnkt]; ycf]t b'Mv
h'o'cf], ws dg; ef-kf} !)s!_nkfcf] 5Gx'of lbg; Psf+t; ycf] :jfldofs]
ljglt oft+, x] dfxf/fh x] :jfld Ifdf of:olaHofodfn, ylg lhg h'sf] wd{
( 44 )
ofgfg+ uYo ofo, 5' ofo, 5nkf]n:og wfn;f ljj]s dof:o lGxy+@ jgfGt/;
ljHofgfcf] d[u cflb+ em+un k+l5 :ofgfcf] df+; cfxf/ ofgfcf] laHofo'cf],
yYo oft;f cfo' lx+g h'o'cf] g/s; af; h'o'cf] d]jof qLk'?v dfd d'rftj]
kmfofg cld;]g ;/fk lao'cf] d'if' nf, Yjt] >fk lao'u' dh'os] kmo' nf,
ljgf+ ck/fw dbos+ gf; ofo d-kf} !)v!_t]j, lq/Tgof ;/g cf]g]t ydg+
kmsf] hk tk Wofg k'hf ofo leIf', a|fXdg, cfrfo\o{ cltt cTofutlk+t
bfg ofo, k|hf{ug k|ltkf/ ofo, Yjt]g hGd@; ofgfu' kfk km'gfcf] df]If kb
cf]g] bo' ws, YjDx /flgg h'n;f+ vf]:o@ ljglt oft+, Yjt] ljglt ofsu'
v g]gfcf] /fhfg h'n;f+ cf1f bosn+ x] dfxf/flg x] k|Lo cdYo dif', /fhf
woflklg, l;vf/ cf]gu] ' s'nwd{ y'sf ws wfn+, Yjt] /fhfg s'sd{ ofof+ 5Gx'of
lbg; b}j;+hf]u h'ofcf] /fhf d[To' h'n+ YjAon; /flgg h'n;f+ clgTo;+;f/
efnkfcf] ;xufldlg h'ofcf]-kf} !!s!_ cf]g+, yg+ln ld;fof wDd{g+ tcf]wg
a|fDx0fof s'n; a|Dx'lg h'ofcf] hGd h'n+, Yj /fhf hs kfkof kmng+ d];
h'ofcf] Iflb; hGd h'n, pif'g'of lbg;+t' lgDx+ hGd h'n+, yg+ln z'qmkIfof
rGb|df hGd h'cf]Yo+ lGx@l5of tcf]lwsn h'ofcf] jwo h'ofcf] cf]n+ yg+ln
hftsDd{ OToflb hgsf] ofgfcf] jif{ b !) bofcf] Yj Aon; Yj a|Dx'0fLg
h'n;f+ k"j{hGdof v n'dgfcf] Yj d]; hf lh k'?v uYo d]; ofgfcf] rf]g],
dg'If ofou' ;' ;cf]v], ;cf]Dxofs] ª]g] ws dg; w+bf sofcf] rf]g+, yg+ln
5Gx'of lb-kf} !!v!_g; Yj a|Dx'0fLcf], a|f+Dxgcf] lgDx qLk'?vof ;dwf/ oft+,
x] qL lemlh; k'qL Nof:o h'n s+Gofbfg laot]n, ws ;fx'lt ofgfcf] ycf]
k'qL ;ntfcf] k'lqof Vjfn :jofcf] wfn+ x] k'lq cfcf] 5 tcf]lwsn h'n
clev]s k|fl0fu|x0f ofou' ;do h'n, lhlk+ db:o+ln 5gt ;'gfg ljjfxf/
ofgfcf] lao' ws wfn+, Yjt] dfd aafof Vjfn :jofcf], k'qLg h'n;f+ ljglt
oft+, x] lktfdftf cfdu' v cf1f bos:o laHofodt], yg If; txn ofgfcf]
jQ{ ofgfcf] rf]g], la:ovg+ Ps k'qL lh, lh hGd h'cf]if'g' hGd h'cf]Dx d]-kf}
!@s_; 5Dx lhg nlxgfcf] hn cf]g] ws wfofcf] rf]g+, Yjt] k'qLof efiff
g]gfcf] dfd aafg wfn+ x] k'qL lhly+ hftDx a|fDxgof k'qL 5 5]g h'n;f+
y'u'ln sd{ oft;f nf]sg lwsf/ ofo'cf], 5g Yj If]; ;'v cfgGbg rf]gfcf]
rf] ws wfofcf] Yjt] v ª]gs] dkmofcf] lGxy+ @ leg@u' 3fr b'yf; Yj d];
hoog+, xg+ ycf]t laof xcf]u' cg]u dlwrlw cGg YjDx d];oft gsn+ yg+ln

( 45 )
5Gx'of lbg; z'kf/+uaf]lw;Tj laHofsu' vgfcf] Yj a|Dx'lgg h'n;f+ j+bgf
ofgfcf] nfxft xfhnkfcf] ljglt oft+ x] gf-kf} !@v!_y x] u'? lhu' sDd{
;stf+ 5nkf]n;]g l;cf] y'sf, 5' ofo, k;' h'n;f+ lhg ljrfn ofgfcf] rf]gf,
cfcf] lh uYo ofgfg pwf/ h'oLcf] ws, iff]ofcf] ljglt oft+ Yjt] a|Dx'lgof
ljglt g]gfcf] clt s?gf tofcf] z'kf/+ujf]lw;Tjg h'n;f+ cf1f bosn+
x] s]x]h' k"j{hGd; ofgfu' kfkg kz' hGd h'n, cfcf] jgh+t'lk+ l;+x Aof3|,
u[w, h+Dj's, em+un k+lIf, Yjklg cf]ofcf] Yj d]; :ofgfcf] df+; eIf ofo'cf]
5g h'n;f+ cf]a]n; 5g kmsf] lwh{ ofgfcf] if'l;of n+v xofcf] lx r'osn
5f]cf], sf]r bsf]+ 5f]cf]-kf} !#s!_, y'ln ofgfcf] lkmof r}To bosfcf] cl:t
bsf] :jsygfcf] ªs'ln k'ofcf] c3{ ofgfcf] wd{jQ{ ofgfcf] yg+ln nlIfof
leq;, 5g k'?v g/sg+ yfxf cf]ofcf] 5gyf; yogsncf] y'sf ws 5g
w+bf sfodt] ws cf1f bosfcf] clUgHjfnf yfxfcf]gYo+ cfsf;; cGtWofg
h'ofcf] laHoft, Yjt] :jofcf] Yj a|Dx'lgg h'n;f+ ycf] Ifln xfcf]ofcf] rf]g+
yg+ln 5Gx'of lbg; Yj d]; tf]ntfcf] clt Kof; rfofcf] n+v tf]gcf]g+ yly+u'
ccf];n; :jofcf] b}jof ljhf]ug cfsfdfqg jg-kf} !#v!_h+t'lk+, l;+x,
Aof3|, h+Da's, u[4 cflb+ cf]ofcf] Yj d]; :ofgfcf] nf gn+ yg+ln lj;Abg+
Yj d]; xfcf]u' tfofcf] Yj a|Dx'gL dfxfAoug cf]ofcf] :jcf] Aon; ª]s'cf]
Sjr hs vgfcf] clt ljnfk ofgfcf] k[lylj; Ujn@ t'nfcf] d'5f{ h'ofcf]
rf]g+ xg+ r]i6f bofcf] xg+ Ujn @ t'nfcf] ljnfk oft+ xg+ ycf]Yo ydg+
lwh{ ofgfcf] z'kf/+uaf]lw;Tjg wfcf]u' v n'dgfcf] kmsf] lwh{ ofgfcf] kmsf]
wd{ sd{ ofgfcf] If lnxfcf]ofcf] dfdaafof lGxcf]g] Ujn @ t'nfcf] ljnfk
oft+ yg+ln dfdaafklg:og kmSj lwh{ -kf} !$s!_ laofcf] af]w laofcf]tn+,
yg+ln d]; l;su' v ;d:t j[tf{t sgfcf] dfdaa'g wfn+ x] k"qL kz' 5Dx
l;t g+ 5 5fo w+bf sof d]lk+ y'lndl5 b', ws wfofcf] k'lqg ljglt oft+,
Yj Do; hf lh k"j{hGdof :jfld y'sf, u'u' hTg ofgfcf] dg'io ofo ws
dxfs:t ofgfcf] h'of ws wfcf]u' v ª]gfcf] dfdaa'lk+ clt sf}t's rfofcf]
rf]g+ yg+ln d[To'cf] yf; z'4 zflGt ofgfcf] z'lr :gfg ofgfcf] z'qm j:q
g+ ltofcf] lkmofu' r}To bosfcf] Yjof b'g] Sjr bsf] :jsygfcf] k'hf k|-
kf} !$v!_cf], wDd{of v g]gfcf] rf]g+, yg+ln ;'bLg z'enUg; z'e Aonf;
nfts b]zof k|hf{ bosfcf] z'j00f{/Tgof sn; zn, lsl;, ;f, d]; OToflb+

( 46 )
bfg ofgfcf] ;'j00f{of l;+xf;g; tofcf] 5qg s'osfcf] /fHofleio]s laofcf]
gfgf afWo yftsfcf] ;'v cfgGbg laHoft+, yg+ln u'0ffs/ leIf'g wDd{of syf
sgfcf] k'hf df+Go oftsfcf] ycf] @ cf>d; laHoft+ yg+ln eb| >[+uL/fhf
>?kjlt /flg wfosfcf] z'a'l4d+qL k|hfug ;sn+ k'qYo+ tofcf] k|ltkf/
ofgfcf] wDd{jQ{ ofgfcf] eo lj£g 5'+ 5'+ dbosfcf] b]j-kf} !%s!_/fh OGb|Yo+
ljHofgfcf] wDd;ef; k"Goof v sgfcf] lgTo+ @ r}Toof ;]jf ofgfcf] k|blIfgf
ofgfcf] rf]rf] df]Ifkb nfgfcf] cf]g+, x] k"iks]t'/fhf 5nkf]n:og y'u' wd{j|t
ofgfu' rfspnfu', k"hf:t'lt ofgfu'of k'0oof k|efjg 5nkf]nk|lelt+ ;snof+
z'j00f{ k| ! lgTo @ bfg ofgfu' kmn nfo'cf] lgZro h'n xg+ y'u'ln wd{
syf ª]gfof k|efjg ;sNo+ df]If cf]g] bo'cf] xg+ y'u'ln wDd{jQ{ ofsDx+ r}To
bos'Dx Gx;u' hGdt+ /fhf h'ofcf] b]j/fh OGb| h'ofcf] lnkt; cGtsf/;
df]Ifkb cf]g] bo' ws >Leu-kf} !%v!_jfgg h'n;f+ cf1f bosn+ Yjt] >L #
eujfgofu' cd[tjfs] ª]gfu'of k'G+ oof v ª]gfcf] cfgGbleIf'kl| elt+ ;efnf]slk+
;snof+ dg; cTo+t xv{dfg ofgfcf] >LwDd{/fheujfgoft k"hf dfGo jGbgf
ofgfcf] ycf] @ yfo; wDd{jQ{ oftcf]g+, yg+ln k'iks]t' /fhsf/g h'n;f+
>Leujfgoft k"hf df+Go ofgfcf] cg]u efjeQmLg kfy tf]q ofgfcf] r/g
sdn; ef]sk'ofcf] a]nf sofcf] ycf] b]z; cf]gfcf] dfd aafoft gd:sf/
ofgfcf] Yj v bSj j[tf+t sgfcf] jif{ @ k-kf} !^s!_lt+ wDd{ sDd{ ofgfcf]
:jvfjlte'jg; laHoft+ y'u' wDd{jQ{of v sgDxoft ª]glk+t+ Nxfts'Dxoft+,
;snnf]soft+ dl0f/Tgof do z'j00f{of Aoxf/; >LwDd{/fhfof Gx]cf]g] hGd
h'ofcf] rf]gcf]g] bo'cf], ;Tjk|fl0fof ue{; jf; ofgfcf] rf]gcf]g] d'dfn
lgjf{gkb nfoLcf] lgZro ws+ >Lljk >Leujfgg+ cf1f bosu' v h'n+ )))
Olt >Lljlrqlj+zTofjbfg] >L # /Ifr}Toj|Q{>[+ue]lbsyf ;dfKtd\ .. z'e+ ..
z'ed\ e'oft lnlift+ ))))) -kf} !^v!_ ;'e+ .. Ejfnafxfnof jh|frfo\o{
s'ln;jh{g+ rf]of h'n .. ..

cGto\
;';+:s[t ;dfhof Gxfo\s+ vM clen]v . clen]vof cefjo\ Oltxf;
ts+ Wofs'go\ nfO, Vo'+;] RjgL . pls+ g]kfMldlklgu' k|frLg ;';+:s[t ;dfhof
( 47 )
k"j+u' Oltxf; cWoog ofo]t g]kfnefiff clen]v cg';Gwfgof cfjZostf
b' . yLyL clen]vfno, k':tsfno j AolQmut ;+sngo\ nfgfRj+u' ljljw
clen]v cg';Gwfgof lg+lt+ /fi6+« x] k|]l/t ofo]dfM .
/fHo:t/+ u'ln h'OdfMu' vM pln h'OkmofRj+u' db' . /fHo:t/+ /fli6«o
clen]vfno, s]z/ k':tsfno, lqe'jg ljZjljBfno, Vjknfo\s" cflb yf;o
j hg:t/+ cfzf ;km"s'ly cflb 5'+ 5'+ yf;o\ clen]v d'+sftMu' b', t/ plrt
;+/If0fof cefj vg]b' . AolQmut :t/+ g+ clen]v ;'/lIft ofo]u' cleofg y]+
x] GXofgfRj+u' b', t/ cWoog cg';Gwfg ofOlklgu' cefj+ ofgfM clen]vof
cj:yf ;Ls]kmofRj+u' db' . nM, kmo\, lgefM, w", sL, 5F' cflbof x'lg+ clen]v
gi6 h'Ou' ;+efjgf k|jn h'ofRj+u' b' . pls+ Ono\ x] y'lsof cWoog cg';Gwfg
ofgfM hg;dIf GXoAjo] kmtwfM;f Gxfkf Gxfkfofu' ;fdflhs wfld{s /fhg}lts
cflb cflb vF ;Ls]kmO . plsof dxTj y'Os]kmO .

( 48 )
c+usDknIf0f

GXovF
clen]v+ k|frLg dfgj–;f]r -wf/0ff_, ultljlw, cfjZostf, k|ljlw,
/xg;xg cflb cg';Gwfgo\ Ujfxfln ofO . yHofMu' clen]v+ ;'nfRj+u' Oltxf;
k|i6 ofO pls+ clen]voft Oltxf;of tfMrf g+ wfo]u' ofM . clen]vcGtu{t
Njx+kf}, l;hMkf}, n'Fkf}, jxkf}, tf8kq, Yof;km", Ao+;km", y";km", lnvtkf} cflb
nfO . y'sy+ RjoftMu' jf lsoftMu' 5'+ g+ j:t'oft clen]v wfO . yHofMu'
clen]vof cWoog cg';Gwfg lg/Gt/ GXofsfj+Rjg]dfM .
g]kfn;/sf/+ g+ yHofMu' clen]v cWoog cg';Gwfg ofo\t Ujfxfln
h'Osy+ g]kfn /fli6«o clen]vfno :yfkgf ofo\w'+s"u' b' . pu' clen]vfnob'g]
cfkfn+ clen]vt ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . g]kfn–hd{gL x:tlnlvtu|Gy;+/If0f
kl/of]hgf+ clen]vfnob'g]of j JolQmut ;+sngo\ nfgfRj+u' u|Gyt ;'/lIft
ofo]u' Nofv+ !,!$,%!% yfg clen]vof dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]s] w'+sn . ;/sf/L
:t/o\ hs dv' JolQmut:t/o\ g+ clen]v ;'/Iff ofo]u' cleofg x] GXofgfRj+u'
b' . clen]vfnob'g] cfkfn+ ljifoof ;km"t b', plsdWo] Hof]ltif;DjGwL
g]kfnefiff, ;+:s[tefiff, v;efiff j d]du] ' efiff+ ;d]t ofgfM d'Ss+ ^,(@! yfg
clen]vof dfOqmf]lkmNd ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . yg pNn]v h'OTo+u' ;k"m g+
/fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' Hof]ltif ljifoof ;km" vM . Hof]ltifgfk
:jfk" b'u' yLyL u|GydWo] g+ dfgjc+uo\ xnrn h'Oan] plsof kmn 5' nfO
w}u' ljifooft sofM RjoftMu' k'nf+u' x:tlnlvtu|Gy yg pNn]v h'OTo+u' vM .
yy] dfgjc+u xnrn h'Oan] nfOu' kmnof af/] RjoftMu' u|Gy g+
clen]vfnob'g] cfkfn+ b', 5'+ 5'+ ;km"of Aoxf]/f Sjo\ GXoygfsy+ b' –

( 49 )
;km"of gf+ efiff lnlk g];+ kf}NofM dfOqmf] NofM
z/L/sDkgljrf/ ;+ b] kf} ( O !##÷$!
z/L/sDkgljrf/ ;+ b] kf} ( O !&$÷@$
cËsDkgfnIf0f g] g] g];+ *&! kf} $# O !@^#÷#
:jËsDkkmn ;+ b] g];+ (#$ kf} !( Pr #()÷!&
z/L/sDkk/LIff g] g] kf} @! O !$*%
sDk zfGt ofo\u' g] g] kf} #) PS; !@&÷!

Rjo\ pNn]v h"u' ;km"t Dxof c+uk|To+u xnrn h'nls plsof


kl/0ffd÷kmn 5' h'O w}u' ljifo hs RjoftMu' vM . y'lk+ afx]s z'efz'ekmn,
zs'gljrf/ cflbof gfd+ g+ cfkfn+ k'nf+u' x:tlnlvtu|Gy /fli6«o clen]vfno
j cfzf;km" s'ly; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . c+u xnrn h'Oan] le+u'–kmn k|fKt
h'Ou' h";f nf kfo\l5 x] h'n, dle+u' kmn nfOu' h";f+ plsoft zfGt ofo]t
RjoftMu' ;km"t g+ cfkfn+ b' . y'lk+ km'Ss x:tlnlvtu|Gy cWoog–cg';Gwfg
h'O No+ x] blg .

clen]v Dx;Lsf
yg k|:t't h"u' clen]v /fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' .
g]kfn–hd{gL x:tlnlvt ;+/If0f kl/of]hgf+ O{;+ !(&@ h'nfO{ @) o\ y'lsoft
dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]sfM Sof6nu;d]6 tof/ ofo]w'+sn . Dxf;'u' EjFof y'u'
Yof;km'ltO d'Ss+ #! kf} b';f y'sL c+usDknIf0f1 afx]s sfsrl/t, wd{cf]
nIdLcf] ;+jfb vF, :jKgfWofo, d]d]u' g+ pNn]v h'ofRj+u' b' . ;km"of 5'+ GXoMkf}
tgfRj+u'ln+ wd{cf] nIdLcf] ;+jfb k"dj+, d]d]u' wfM;f k"j+ . yg pNn]v h"u'
c+usDknIf0f t;s+ ;+lIfKt+ hs RjoftMu' b', pls+ 5ljlrq @#, @$ j @%
ofgfM :jklt+ x] SjrfM . y'lsof dfOqmf]lkmNdof NofM la #@%÷!@ vM;f nut
NofM $–!%!# vM . y'u' clen]vof Sof6nuo\ u|Gyof gfk @)=$ X & ;]dL
pNn]v ofgftn . ;km" d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff j k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk+ RjoftMu' b' .
Yof;km"oft ;'/Iff ofo]u' Nofv+ km'Ss kltO ;'sf+ lrgfM dfMx+sftMu' b',
u'ls+ofgf ;'/lIft x] h'ofRj+u' b' . Rjldof gf+ pNn]v db'u' y'u' ;km" u'an]
1
;km"of k'liksf jfSoo\ y'u' ;km"oft sDknIffsyf wsfM gf+ laoftMu' b' .
( 50 )
RjMu' w}u' g+ k|i6 dh" cy]g+ y'sL 5\onftMu' efiff j lnlkof cWoog ofo]an]
g];+ *)) hMvMofu' ;km" h'Okm' wsfM cg'dfg ofo]km' . tMu'dl5 vF pNn]v
h'ofRj+u'ln+ Sof6nu/+ y'u' ;km"of gf+ sfs:jfgzs'gk/LIff wsfM pNn]v
ofgftn . y'u' ;km'tL pNn]v h"u' vF gfk HjMnfSs d]u' g+ x:tlnlvt;km"
/fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . pu' clen]vof dfOqmf]lkmNd
NofM P !#&^÷! vM . y'lk+ lgu'ln+ ;km"of cWoog ofgfM ;DkfbLt h"u' b' .

clen]vof ;f/
yMDx+ Rjofu' Hof k"jg]df wsfM bsn] Gxfkf+ d+unfr/0f ofO . yg g+
bsn] Gxfkf+ d~h'gfyoft gd:sf/ ofgfM d+unfr/0f ofgftMu' b' . k|:t't
u|Gyo\ dfgjzl//of cfkfM w}y]+ hju' c+uk|To+u ;gwfM;f le+÷z'e h'Ou' j
vju' ;gwfM;f dle+÷cz'e h'O w}u'of nIf0f GXoygftn .
5\o+
5\o+ ;gwfM;f d]lkG;+ dfg] ofs]bO
Gxfo\k+
hj Gxfo\k+ ;gwfM;f ld;fln;] /;/+u ofo\bO .
vcf] Gxfo\k+ ;gwfM;f Hj/ jO .
lgkf+ Gxfo\k+ ;gwfM;f wgk|fKt h'O .
ldvf
hj ldtf ;gwfM;f wgnfe h'O .
g;+rf Ono\ hj ldvf ;gwfM;f le+u' vF Gog]bO .
lgefM TjMu' Ono\ hj ldvf ;gwfM;f le+ h'O .
;Aa' rfGxo\ hj ldvf ;gwfM;f h'h'+ dfg] ofs]bO .
vj ldvf ;gwfM;f g'uMr'-d'6'_of ;d:of dbO .
vj ldvf ;gwfM;f le+u' jf dle+u' GXofUu' h'Okm' .
lgkf+ ldvf ;gwfM;f n;tf vF Gog]bO, GXofOk'O .
Gxf;
Gxfo\ ;gwfM;f v'nf lnkf ;L .

( 51 )
jf
jf ;gwfM;f yMDx+ OR5f ofgfu' go]vgL .
Dx
Dx ;gwfM;f zq'of eo h'O .
uMkM
uMkM ;gwfM;f yMDx ofgfu' Hof l;wOdv' . csfn d[To' g+ h'Okm' .
Ajx
hj Ajx ;gwfM;f tw+u' k;f/ -<_ nfO .
vj Ajx ;gwfM;f le+ h'O, t/ KjfMof Njo\ wfM;f nfo]km' .
AoSj
hj AoSj ;gwfM;f le+u' vF Gog]bO .
vj AoSj ;gwfM;f dle+u' vF Gog]dfnL .
b'b'kf]
hj b'b'kf] ;gwfM;f b'Mv h'O, Njr+ sO .
vcf] b'b'kf] ;gwfM;f Hj/ jO, Njr+ sO .
lgkf+ b'b'kf] ;gwfM;f yLyL sy+ kmfObf x] h'O .
t]Krf
t]Krf ;gwfM;f xldxfg -<_ h'O .
klt+Rjsf
NxfMof kltRjsf ;gwfM;f d]lk+ gfk Njfo\dfn]km' .
KjfM
hjkfv]of KjfM ;gwfM;f d]lk+ gfk tfMxfsM vF Nxfo\dfnL .
vjkfv]of KjfM ;gwfM;f ld;fln;] /;/+u ofo\bO .
vDkf
hj vDkf ;gwfM;f e'dt -<_ nvo\ o+s]kmO .
vcf] vDkf ;gwfM;f dle+ h'O .
lgkf+ vDkf ;gwfM;f h'h'of u'ln ;DklQ b', pln x] ;Dkltof dflns
h'ObO .

( 52 )
g'uMr'
g'uMr' ;gwfM;f t;s+ Uofgfk'Okm' .
OGb|L -lk;fj gln_
OGb|L ;gwfM;f d]lklg snfMln;] Xjg]bO .
cGb -c08sf]if_
hj cGb ;gwfM;f le+ h'O .
vj cGb ;gwfM;f ;n uo] bO .
lgUjn+ ;gwfM;f d]lklgkfv]+ 5'+ g+ sy+of qf; h'O .
TjfMgfM
hj TjfMgfM ;gwfM;f le+ h'O .
vj TjfgfM ;gwfM;f+ g+ d+un x] h'O .
kfln
hj kfln ;gwfM;f hLjgo\ le+u' vF jO .
vj kfln ;gwfM;f, tfkfSs jg] dfnL .
k'ln
hj k'ln ;gwfM;f ug+ tfkfSs jg]dfnL .
vj k'ln ;gwfM;f yM oMDxln;] afo]dfnL .
Gxfltsf
hj t'ltof Gxfltsf ;gwfM;f dle+ h'O .
vj t'ltof Gxfltsf ;gwfM;f t;s+ le+Dx ld;fgfk /;/+u ofo]bO .
lgkf+ t'ltof Gxfltsf ;gwfM;f jgfu' yf;o\ le+ h'O .
Ujfln
hj t'ltof Ujfln ;gwfM;f afyNjr+ sO .
vj t'ltof Ujfln ;gwfM;f vDkf :ofOu' Njr+ sO .
lgkf+ t'ltof Ujfln ;gwfM;f k/b]zo\ ;LdfnL .
kflntM -kfln tno\ Rj+u' Aj_
hj t'ltof kflntM ;gwfM;f jgfu' yf;+ ofsg+ lnxf+ jo\bO .
vj t'ltof kflntM ;gwfM;f tfkfs jg]dfnL .

( 53 )
hF
;'yof Ono\ hF ;gwfM;f le+ h'O .
;'yof Ono\ vj hF ;gwfM;f kfxfF jO .
jxgL vj hF ;gwfM;f g+ kfxfF jO .
jxgL hj hF ;gwfM;f le+ h'O .

d"n clen]vof b]jgfu/L cfn]vg

< pFm gdf] d~h'3f]vfo gdM .. ..


df]8 t'sof df0onfe bocf]
hcf] Gx;kft t'sof, :qLnfe bo'cf] .
vcf] Gxzkf]t t'sof, hf]ng so'cf] ..
lgkf+ t't;f, nIdL /fe eo'cf] ..

hcf] ldvf t't;f, wg/fe bo'cf] ..


vcf] ldvf t't;f, g'Uj8; Aoflw dbo'cf] ..
lgkf+ª t't;, xif{dfg h'o'j ..

Gxf; t't;f, if'/fgXªf lzo'cf],


bGt t'sof, ef/kfu'l/ gobo'cf] ..

Dxf]z t't;f, zq'eo bo' ..


unkf]t t't;f, ofªf sfo{ dl;wo' ..
csfn d[To' h'o'kmcf] ..

hcf] afxf t't;f, tcf]k;f/ /fo' ..


vcf] afxf t'sof, d+un h'o' ..
Kjftsof /f]og so' ..
hcf] a]sf] t'sof, le+ª v cf]o' ..
vcf] a]sf] t'sof, dle+ª ..
( 54 )
hcf] b'b'kf] t'sof, b'v h'o', Zjug so' ..
vcf] b'b'kf]+ t'sof, hf]ng so', nf]og so' ..
g]kf+ t't;f, /fe bo' ..

gfle t'sof, xldxfg h'o' ..


/fxft klr+ªof rf] t't;f, Njfodflncf],

hcf] Kjft t'sof, v+ clbs Nxfodflncf] ..


vcf] Kjft t'sof l:qnfe bo' ..

hcf] ijkf]t t'sof e'dt nif] os]kmo' ..


vcf] vf]Kjt t'sof dle+ª ..
lgkf+ t't;f, /fhfof cf], cf]lyª ;+klQ bo' ..

vcf] Kjft t'sof, snx h'o' ..


lgkf+ t'sof /fhfof afw h'o' ..

g'Uj8 t'sof dxfeo bo' ..


OGb|L t'sof Do]jof s/ft ycf]s] cf]o',

hcf] cGb t'sof le+ª h'/f] ..


vcf] c+b t'sof z8 nfe bo' ..
lgkf+ t'sof Do]a'of eo bo' ..

hcf] Tjfsgfn t'sof le+ª ..


vcf] Tjfsgfn t'sof, d+un h'o' ..

hcf] kfn[ t'sof, le+ª ult cf]o' ..


vcf] kfn[ t'sof, tflog] cf]Go] dflncf] ..

( 55 )
hcf] kf]n[ t'sof tflog cf]Go] dflncf] ..
vcf] k'n[ t'sof afo dflncf] ..

hcf] t'ltof Gxfltiff t't;f dle+ª ..


vcf] t'ltof Gxfltiff t't;f l;l4 :qLnfe bo' ..
lgkf++ª t't;f cf]+ªfyfo; l;l4 h'o' ..

hcf] t'ltof u'ly t'sof, aft/f]og so' ..


vcf] u'yL t'sof, iff]Kjt :ofs /f]o bo' ..
lgkf+ª tf]t;f k/b]z cf]g]g l;o' ..

hcf] kflntn t't;f cf]+ªfyfog, ggf0f+ cf]o bo' ..


vcf] kfn[t/ t't;f tflog] cf]Go] dflncf] ..

g;rf; hcf] ldvf t't;f, le+ª v+ cf]locf] ..


lgefn t'cf]a]n; hcf] ldvf t's le+ª h'/f] ..
vcf] ldvf t'sof j]st dbf] h'/f] ..

dfem`@ lo/; hb] t's le+ª ..


vcf] hb] t't;f kfxfg cf]Ocf] ..
j/lGx tf]t;f, hcf] t's le+ª ..
vcf] t't;f kfxfg cf]Ocf] ..

Aofln lo/; hcf] ldvf t't;f dle+ª ..


vcf] ldvf t't;f le+ª ..
afrf; hcf] ldvf t't;f /fhfg df0o oflocf] h'/f] .. ) ..

Olt sDknIffsyf# ;dfKt .. ) .. z'e+ ..

2
dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM P !#&^÷! o\ dfemf h'ofRj+u' b' .
3
c+usDknIf0fsyf .
( 56 )
cGto\
yHofMu' k'nf+u' ljZjf; GXofan]+, GXofyf;+ 5u" x] h'ofRjgL dv' .
yfo\, O{, ln+u, pd]/, ;d"xsy+ kfgfRjg]km' . dfgjLo ljZjf;+ x] ;+:s[lt j
;+:sf/of ljsf; h'h'+ jgL . dfgjLo ;+:s[lt x] ;';Eotfof k|lts vM .
O{sy+ dfgjLo ljZjf;o\ lxpkf jOu'ln+ ;+:s[tL g+ O{AoMsy+ lxpkf jOu'
:jfefljs vM . yf}+of @! cf}+ zbLof j}1flgso'uo\ Rjo\ GXoygfu' k'nf+u'
ljZjf;oft cAojxfl/s, cGwljZjf; j ?l9jfbL k/Dk/fof ?ko\ sfOlk+
cfkfn+ bo]km' . k'nf+u' ljZjf; GXofSj x] ?l9jfbLy]+ Rj+;f+ yf}+ts plsof
k|of]u h'ofRj+u' oyfy{ x] vM . pls+ yHofMu' ljZjf;oft yf}+of lj1fg+
ts+ tKo+s OGsf/ ofo]dkm' . yHofMu' k'nf+u' ljZjf;o\ ;'nfRj+u' oyfy{
vF 5' vM, Ono\ x] j}1flgs cWoog–cg';Gwfg ofo]dfM . yHofMu' cWoog+
pu' O{of dfgjLo efjgf, /xg;xg, Aojxf/, efiff cflb g+ :ki6 h'O .

( 57 )
ªtenl8Kofvg!

GXovF
h'uf}+ GXoMlg;+] GXofgfjofRj+u' df}lns ;+:s[lt, k/Dk/f, l/ltlyltoft
g]jfMto\;+ yMu' x] w+u+ xgfjofRj+u' b' . yf}o+ f cfw'lgs o'uo\ yHofMu' k/Dk/fjfbL
HofvF h'n wsfM pkxf; ofo\u' s'tM Kov]/+ h";f+ k/Dk/fut?k+ GXofgfjofRj+u'
;+:s[ltoft DxfOk'u' O{ 5\ofo]t, ;dfhoft g}ltslzIff aLt, ;';+:s[t h'Ot
afo\ yMyjo\ dfgjLotfof hM Xjn]t dbo]s dufMu' 5u" ;dfhof cleGg
c+uy]+ :jLsf/ ofo]dfMu' b' . ;+;f/o\ vg]bofRj+u' 5'+ g+ j:t' :yL/ h'Odv', O{sy+
lxnfjgL . O{sy+ lxn]dkm't, xLs]d;n afo\ k+uM ygwfM;f j j:t' x] tgfjgL,
d[tof wnvo\ nfMjgL . pls+ df}lns ;+:s[ltt g+ O{of Xo"kfsy+ lxnfjg]dfM,
xLs] ;o]s]dfM, k+uM yg]dHo" . lx;'oft cfTd;ft ofof+ jg]kmo]s]dfM .
g]jfMto\u' yMu' x] df}lns ;+:s[ltoft g]jfMto\ x] k"vf{to\;+ lnlvt?k+
;'/lIft ofgftMu' clen]voft yg GXoAjo]Togfu' vM . Gxfkf g+ 5yfo\Rj+u'
Kofv+ d]yfo\ jgfM So+jg]u' rng b' . /fhg}lts ljrng jM;f+ ;f+:s[lts Pstf
Gxfkf+lg;]+ g]jfM;dfho\ AofKt h'ofRj+u'of b;'sy+ y'u' clen]voft sfo]l5+ .
y'u' clen]v o]Fof Gotenl8Kofvg -Gotclhdfof Kofv+÷Gote}/jKofv+<_
Vjko\ o+sfM k|bz{g ofMu'of lnvt vM .

clen]v Dx;Lsf
/fli6« o clen] v fnob' g ] b' u ' yLyL clen] v oft g] k fn–hd{ g L
x:tlnlvtu|Gy ;+/If0f kl/of]hgfkfv]+ dfOqmf]lkmNd ofo]u' ‰jno\ yg
!
Rjldof clen]v ;km'tL y'u' zLif{sof Rj;' lkbg]w'+s"u' b';f+ y'lsof cfkfn+ dxTj
vgfM y'u' ;km'tL g+ b'Yofs"u' vM .
( 58 )
GXoAjo]Togfu' y'u' clen]voft P $%!÷* ; ;'/lIft ofgftMu' b' . Sof6nuo\
!@ kq j gfk @^=%X(=% ;]dL wsfM pNn]v ofgftMu' b' . k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk+
d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff+ RjoftMu' y'u' clen]vof cj:yf af+nfM .

clen]v ;f/
g];+ *#$ dfUu{lz/ z'l4 ^ v'Gx' o]oF f ªftfenl8Kofvg -Gote}/j Kofv+_
x'Os]t Vjkof v]nalxnL@ BM vnMof ;sl;g+ yMyMu' VjfMkfMt k'ofRjgL t/
e}/j, af/fxL, sf]df/L j rfd'08f y'lk+ KoDx]l;g+ VjfMkfM dk';]+ RjgfRjgL .
yg Vjkof tTsfnLg /fd yfs'n, wgl;+ cfrfh';d]t ys', cfrfh', åfl/ j
dfxfto\;+ BMvnMoft nF:jMjO . BMvnMoft k'hf ofgfM 5Dx EofMrf aln aL .
VjfM dk';] RjgfRj+lk+ KoDx+ Bj+ EofMrfof lx TjgfM Vjkof Wjfvf+ BMvnM
;sn]+ afhfufhf;lxt o]sflt w}u' yf;o\ 5'gftMu' n'FWjfvf+ b]zo\ b'xf+jgL .#
ba'nL Gxfkf+ u0f]z b'xf+jgfM Kofv+ Nx'ofM lkxf+jO . cg+lnkf 5l;sy+
a|Xdfo0fL, dfx]Zj/L, j}i0fjL, OGb|fo0fL, dxfnIdL, sf]df/L, af/fxL, e}/j, rfd'08f,
l;+l3gL, Jofl3|0fLlk+ ofsM ofsM Kofv+ x'nfM lkxf+ jg]ws +' fM lnkf sf]df/L, rfd'08f,
e}/j j af/fxL KoDx+ ba'nL b'xf+ jofM d+sfMKofv+ x'nfM cg;+ RjgfRjgL . cn]
d]]d]lk+ g+ BMvnMt b'xf+ jO . ;sn]+ BMvnMoft cfrfMh'+ yLyL k'hfHjn+ tofM
Dxklts+ k'hf ofO . cfrfMh'+ qmdzM rfd'08f, sf]df/L, e}/j, af/fxL, dxfnIdL,
j}i0fjL, OGb|fo0fL, dfx]Zj/L, j|Xdfo0fL, u0f]z, l;+l3|0fL, Jofl3|0fL cn] afh+vnM
tfn, lv+, ax'n, a's5\ofn, kf]ufoft k'hf ofO . y'ln k'hf Sjrfo\ w's + fM BMu0f
;sn]+ lkxf+jgL . d'Vo KoDx BMt sf]df/L, rfd'08f, e}/j j af/fxL ba'nL b'xf+jO .
cfrfMh'+ EofMrfoft k'hf ofO, cn] EofMrfoft d"dxfo\s; ' +] e}/j+ r'kL lsofM :ofO .
EofMrfof lx bsn] Gxfkf+ s'df/L cn] rfd'08f j af/fxL+ TjgL, lnkf e}/j+ g+
TjgL . yg RofDx EofMrf :ofo] w's + fM d]oo\ ft k'hf ofgfM kf]g+ r'lk+ lsofM :ofO .
d]oo\ f g+ qmdzM sf]df/L, rfd'08f, jf/fxL j e}/j+ lx TjgL . y'ln h'Ow's + fM
cfrfMh'+ :jf+ SjsfO . ba'ln+ KoDx+ BMt lkxf+jgL . cfrfMh'+ SjsfMu' :jf+ h'h'
hoe"ktLGb| dNnof yfo\ b]5fo] o+sL . y'sy+ lGxgl;of Kofv+ SjrfO .
@
P *$!÷( o\ Sjy'alx pNn]v ofgftMu'
#
:joflb;F P !)@^÷^
( 59 )
cfM rfGxl;of Kofv+ GXofO . bsn] Gxfkf+ ba'nL ;"qs'df/ b'xf+jofM
Kofv+ x'nfM lkxf+jgL . cg+lnkf u0f]z, dxfb]j, kfj{tL Do] xfnfM Kofv+ Nx'ofM
ba'ln+ lkxf+jgL . cn] rfd'08f j sf]df/L d+sfM Kofv+ x'nfM lkxf+jgL . lnkf
5l;sy+ a|Xdfo0fL, dfx]Zj/L, j}i0fjL, OGb|fo0fL, dxfnIdL, e}/j, jf/fxL,
sf]df/L, rfd'08f, l;+l3|0fL, Aofl3|0fL ofsM ofsM Kofv+ Nx'ofM lkxf+jgL . BMu0f
;sn]+ Kofv+ Nx'Ow'+sfM b}To Kofv+ Nx'jO gfk+ wf]n lgDx g+ VjfMkfM k'ofM ba'nL
b'xf+jO, lnkf lkxf+jgL . xfsg+ u0f]z, dxfb]j, kfj{tL, rfd'08f, sf]df/L ba'nL
b'xf+jO, Kofv+ x'nfM lkxf+jgL . yg xfsg+ b}to b'xf+jO, rfd'08f r08]Zj/L g+
b'xf+jO . b}To j BMto\ by'O o'4 h'O . rfd'08f j r08]Zj/L lgDxl;g+ b}Tooft
:ofgfaL . cn] wf]n lgDx jofM BMlklgu' hjvj RjgL . k'hf kmo\w'+sfM BMt
ba'ln+ lkxf+jgL . lnkf k'hf kmo\t ;sn]+ BMu0f ba'nL jO, ;sl;t k'hf ofO .
axgL nfo\s" ba'nL GXofs"u' Kofv+ sGx] v'Gx' ;'yo\ ( tf Ono\ ªftfkf]n
b]uno\ jgfM ;sn BMvnMoft k'hf laofM Sjrfo]sL .
y'sy+ b}Tof k|sf]koft zfGt ofo\t BMu0flk;+ lDxt'u' e'ldsfoft yg
Kofv+of ?ko\ GXoAjoftn . ljz]if ofgfM u0f]z, dxfb]j j kfj{tLof zlQm
sofM rfd'08f j r08]Zj/L+ b}Tooft :ofMu' x] y'u' Kofv+of d'Vo ljifoj:t' vM .
rfd'08f j r08]Zj/Loft df+ j DXofo\of ?ko\ g+ sfo]u' ofM . Kofv+ GXoAjMu'of
af/] hs y'u' clen]vo\ pNn]v ofgftMu' b';f Kofv+ Sog]t ;fOt :j;f+lg;]+
5'5' Hjn+t dfM w}u' ljifo xfsg+ d]u' x] clen]vo\ pNn]v ofgftMu' b' .
pu' clen]v dfOqmf]lkmNd P $%!÷( ; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' 'b . cy]x] Kofv+
z'?lg;]+ cGttsof km'Ss lj:t[t ljj/0f xfsg+ d]u' x] ^! kq b'u' Yof;km"oft
dfOqmf]lkmNd P !)@^÷^ ; ;'/lIft ofgftMu' b' . yg GXoAjofu' clen]v
;+lIfKt ?k hs vM . k'hfljlw;d]t b'u' lj:t[t clen]v cWoog ofo]u' OR5f
b'lk;+ pu' P !)@^÷^ dfOqmf]lkmNd :jofbLkm' .

d"n clen]v
< ç gdM >Lu0f]zfo ..
;Djt *#$ dfUu{lz/ z'l4 ^ o+of ªf-!vM!_tfenl8Kofvg x'osn jj lbg ..

( 60 )
v]njlxln; cf]ld; uf-@_3n xofj 5fog ltnf ;sn;+ Vjfng k'ow'ªfgln
e}/-#_j af/fxL sf]df/L rfd'08f Yj k]Dxfof h'sf] Vjfng h'sf] dk';] -$_ rf]gf ..
>L/fd dNn yfs'n cflbg rf]Sjft e+l8n wgl;+ cfrft-%_ åfl/ sfns
dfxfg jfªfj nf ;f]rsn 5f]of ..
nf ;jfk'rs] -^_Aoh+ dfnk] gs]dfn, nf ;f]o hf]ng dfn Yjt]g kf+
-@sM!_ og] ..
cfgfy]:t'g+ k'hf ofªfj l;w/ yfs'nh'g 5fosnf Eofn-@_rf 5Dxf kf];f]u
ljnf k]Dxf;]g+ vjfng dk';] lxtf]gf Yjg+ln-#_ Vjfng k'ofj ª\Xofªjnf ..
Wjfvf; cfrftg ljlwy]+ nf ;f]of-$_j b'sfof ..
yf sfyg+ ª\Xofª jof sfy, sfxfn k'-%_ @ gfolvg jfhg, wfsDjfxfln,
d:ofg Kjft $ snz tfxf Kj @ -^_ b'jf Nofv k' @ Tjfs lbjf k' @ cf/lt
Kjf ! ;fFw'g Kjf ! l;nkf] @-vM!_ l;+l3gL, u0f]z, a|Dxfo0fL, dfx]Zj/L,
OGb|fogL, j}i0fjL, dxfn-@_IdL, jf/fxL, e}/j, sf]df/L, rfd'08f sfkf]n 5qg
s'osfj, Aof-#_l3|0fL, lvF Uj # tfn h' @ jx'ln h' @ a's5\jfn h' ! kf]uf k'
@ yy]-$_GXofªf jjnf, yj sfyg+ vt; b'xfjfgf, b'xfof sfyg+ lkxfj+-%_gf ..
Rofrns vt; l;nkf];f]:t'g+ .. ..
u0fz b'sfnf Yj-^_of Kofvg x'osnf Yj lkxfnf .. ..
j|Dxfo0fL b'sfofj Kofv-#s!_g x'osfj Yj+ lk5f]nf .. ..
dfx]Zj/L b'sfofj Kofvg x'o-@_snf Yj lkxfnf .. ..
j}i0fjL b'sfofj Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lk-#_5f]nf ..
ygf k+r;fln t]nf] ws+ kmf]g jnf ljofj 5f]of .. ..-$_
OGb|fo0fL b'sfofj Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lk5f]nf .. ..
dxfnIdL -%_ b'sfofj Kofvg x'osfj lk5f]nf .. ..
sf]df/L b'sfofj Kof-^_vg x'osfj Yj+ lk5f]nf .. ..
jf/fxL b'sfofj Kofvg x'os-vM!_nf Yj+ lk5f]nf .. ..
e}/j b'sfofj Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lk5f]-@_nf .. ..
rfd'08f d'nDxf Yj, b'sfj Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lkxf-#_nf .. ..
l;+l3gL Jofl3|0fLg b'sfofj Kofvg x'sfj Yj g]Dxf+ lk-$_xfnf .. ..

( 61 )
sf]df/L rfd'08f g]Dxf b'sfofj Kofvg x'osfj yj g]-%_Dxf+ lkxfnf .. ..
ygf sf]df/L rfd'08f e}/j jf/fxL Yj k]Dxf b'sf-^_ofj Kofvg x'osfj vt;
tofj tnf lkd5f]s .. ..
ygf u-s$!_0fl5+ b'sfofj vt; tofj tnf .. ..
ygf k"hf hf]ng ;s-@_tf ;fdu|L+ ª\Xofrsfj ljofj 5f]of .. ..
lz/Kj; jln yfkgf-#_ ofªfj cfrftg k"hf oftf ..
cf]ld; gfosg rfd'08f cflb-$_g b]ju0f l5;s]+ kf]tf;g if6\sf]0f d08n
ª\xjg] rf]ofj if6\sf]-%_0f;, ;n} jln;nb|lg dl9g sf]ko' f jln tnf, d08n;
Gx-^_:sg Ujnhf tnfDxfklt+ ..
Dxfklt+ h' ! lg>fj uj ! Gofgkf] e' ! -v!_ s]e' Uj ! ;'a'g k]Zrf, ;'Nx]
! ;] Yjt] ª\xjg] af]nfcf] ld;]g+ b'-@_b' bfof s'ln+ h'sf] daf];] ogf ..
Dxfklt+ cfrft+ k"hfoftf Yj-#_ k"hfof qmd rfd'08f sf]df/L e}/j jf/fxL
dxfnIdL j}i0fjL -$_ OGb|fo0fL dfx]Zj/L j|DxfogL u0f]z l;+l3gL Jofl3|0fL
tfn @ -%_ lv # jx'n @ j's5\ofn ! kf]uf @ Yjt] k"hfoftf sf]vfuf :jf-
^_g dfn b]jDxfklt+ dfn ..
k"hf qof+hln w"kbLk hk:tf]q .. -%s!_
u'ln ª\xjg] 5fofj tnf pln ;sn]ª lktfogf ..
;n}aln;-@_n plg dl9g k'of Gx:sg Ujnhf Yjt] lz/kf]of ª\xjg] jf]ofj-
#_ toogf ;sn]ª d'ªfj ..
Yjt] w'gsfj u0fl5+ lkxfjfg .. .. -^_
ygf kf]ªvt; k|tf/of lv yfofj kf]uf k'nf 5fox]n]tf cf-%_ rftg r'k]
k"hf oftf .. ..
ygf 5fox]nfj sf]df/L rfd'08f e}-^_/a af/fxL b'sfnf ..
cfrftg Eofnrf k"hf oftf d' dxfo-v!_s:o+ e}/aDxfg :ofªfj s'df/LDxf
lxtf]gsnf cf]g+ln rf-@_d'08fDxfg cf]g+ln jf/fxLDxfg tf]gsfj lnkf yd
lxtf]gf .. -#_
yy] RofDxfEofnrfof lxtf]ªfgln, cfrftg d]z k"hf oftf-$_ kf]ldklg;]g
d]zof k]nn [ t kfgsfj g'ung r'osf-%_j kf]ldg+ :oftf py]ª sf]df/L rfd'08f
jf/fxL e}/j lxtf]-^_gf ..
Yjt] w'gªfj lvkf]uflbnf ..
( 62 )
sfxf/kf]uf gfolvg jfhg-^s!_ wfs Djfxflng k"hf wfs yfnf ..
Yjt] w'gsfj cfrftg lzn-@_kf]; :jfg sf]sfnf ..
:jfg sf]sfo w':t'g+ b]j k]Dxfª lk5fnf -#_ ..
Yjg+ln >L>Lhoe"ktLGb| dNnb]j;s] :jfg tnjnf .. .. -$_
Yjt] lGxKofvg x'os]of qmdl0fsf h'nf] .. .. -%_
cf]g+ln rfKofvg x'os]of qmdl0fsf .. ..
Gxkf+ ;"qs'df/ -^_ uf5] k]ªfj b'sfofj d]xfnfj Kofvg x'osnf Yj lkxfjfgf-
vM!_ .. ..
u0f]z dxfb]jkfJj{tL uf5] k]ªfj b'snf d]xfnfj Kof-@_vg x'osnf Yj+
lkxfnf .. ..
ygf tfplt+ dx'os;] rf]ªfj rf]-#_osn 5f]of .. ..
rfd'08f sf]df/L uf5] k]ªfj b'sfofj d]xfnf-$_j Kofvg x'osnf Yjª
lk5f]nf .. ..
a|XdfogL b'sfofj d]xf-%_nfj Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
dfx]Zj/L b'sfofj d]xf-^_nfj Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
j}i0fjl b'sfofj d]xfnfj-&s!_ Kofvg x'sfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
OGb|fo0fL b'sfofj d]xfnf-@_j Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
e}/j b'sfofj d]xfnf-$_j Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
af/fxL b'sfofj d]xfnf-%_j Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
sf]df/L b'sfofj d]xfnf-^_j Kofvg x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
rfd'08f b'sfofj d]xfnfj Kofvg-vM!_ x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
l;+l3gL b'sfofj d]xfnfj Kofvg-@_ x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
Aofl3|gL b'sfofj d]xfnfj Kofvg-#_ x'osfj Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
ygf blot b'sfofj d]xfnfj Kof-$_vg x'osnf ..
ygf wf]n g]Dxf Vjfng h'sf] k'ofj b'xfjof-%_j jfgf ..
Yjg+ln blot lk5f]nf .. ..
u0f]z dxfb]j kfJj{tL b'-^_sfofj Kofvg x'osnf Yjklg ;f]Dxfª cfgf+ tofj ..
uf5] k]-*s!_ªfj, rfd'08f sf]df/L b'sfnf ..
Yjklg g]Dxf;]g u0f]z d-@_xfb]j kfJj{tL ;f]Dxf, sf]df/L rfd'08fgª ofj Yj
ªfDxf+ vt-#_;+ rf]gf ..
( 63 )
Yj+ln u0f]zz dxfb]j kfJj{tL lkxfnf .. ..
sf]df/L -$_ rfd'08fof d]xfnfj Kofvg x'osnf Yj+ lkxfnf .. ..
blo-%_t b'sfofj d]xfnfj Kofvg x'osnf cgf+ rf]gf ..
ygf uf-^_3n; rfd'08f r08]Zj/L b'bfªfj jnf ..
uf3ng lkxfjof-vM!_j b}To j o'4 oftf ..
rfd'08fDxfg r08]Zj/LDxfotf v8\u la-@_nfxg+ b}Tocf] o'4 oftf ..
rfd'08f r08]Zj/L g]Dxf;]g+ b}To-#_ cf] o'4 ofªfj b}To j]ofj jfgf ..
r08]Zj/L h'sf] vfªfj -$_ rfgf ..
ygf wf]n g]Dxf jofj b]j g]Dxfof hjvj rf]gf .. -%_ .. ..
ygf k"hf ! lGxg:ofy]+ ;fdu|L ªf hf]ng laofj k"hf -^_ oftf ..
k"hf kmow':t'g+ rfd'08f r08]Zj/L lkxfnf .. ..
ygf -(s!_ k"hf kmooftf b]ju0fl5+ jofj rf]gf ..
k"hf ;fdu|L ;s-@_tf+ ª\Xofrsfj laofj 5f]nf .. ..
lznkf]; aln yfkgf ofªf-#_j cfrftg k"hf oftf ..
cf]ld; gfosg b]jDxfklt+ if6\sf]0f -$_ d08n kf]tf;g rf]nf ª\xjg] ..
if6\sf]0f; ;n} aln ;nplg -%_ dl9g sf]ko' f tnf d08n; Gx:sg Ujnhf tnf ..
ª\xjg]-^_Dxfklt+ h' ! lg>fj uj ! Gofgkf] e' ! s]e' uj ! ;a'g k]Zrf
;'-v!_Nx] ! ;] Yjt]cf] ld;]g+ ª\xjg] af]nf b'b' bfofs'ln+ h'sf] daf]:o+ -@_ of ..
Dxfklt+ cfrft+ k"hf oftf k"hf ofoqmd rfd'08f sf]-#_df/L e}/j jf/fxL
dfxfnIdL j}i0fjL OGb|fo0fL dfx]Zj/L -$_ j|XdfogL u0f]z l;+l3gL Aofl3|0fL
tfn @ lv # jx'n @ -%_ a'5\ofn ! kf]uf @ Yjt] k"hfoftf sf]vfuf :jfg
dfn b]jDxfklt-^_ dfn ..
k"hf qof~hln w"k bLk hfk :tf]q ..
u'ln ª\xjg] 5fof-!)s!_j tof ;fdu|L bsf]ª lktf ogf ..
;n} aln ;nplg d9]g k'-@_of Gx:sg Ujnhf Yjt] lz/kf]of ª\xjg] af]ofj
to ogf ;-#_sn]ª d'ªfj ..
Yjt] w'gsfj sfyg+ u0fl5+ lkxfnf .. .. -$_
ygf kf]ª vt; vHh{ltof lv kf]uf k'nf 5fox]n]tf ..
cfrf-%_tg r'k] k"hf oftf .. ..
ygf 5fo x]nfj sf]df/L rfd'08f e}-^_/j af/fxL b'sfnf ..
( 64 )
cfrftg Eofnrf k"hf oftf d'dxfo-v!_s:o+ e}/jg :ofªfj sf]df/L lxtf]gsnf
cf]gl+ n rfd'08f-@_g tf]gfcf]gl+ n jf/fxLg tf]gfcf]gl+ n e}/jDxfg tf]gf ..
y-#_y] lhdg]Dxf Eofnrfof lxtf]ªfgln ..
cfrftg d]z k"hfof-$_tf kf]ldklg;]g d]zof k]n[ªnt kfgsfj g'ung
r'o-%_sfj kf]ldg+ :oftf py]ª sf]df/L rfd'08f e}/j af/fxL lx-^_tf]gf ..
Yjt] w'gªfj lv kf]uflbnf ..
sfxf/ kf]uf gfolvg -!!s!_ afhg wfs Djfxfl/g k"hf wfs yfnf .. Yjt]
w'gsfj lzn-@_kf]; :jfg sf]dsf;] b]j k]Dxf+ lk5f]nf cfrftg h'h:' s] :jf-#_g
tnjnf ygf u0f]zflbg u0fl5+ b'sfnf .. cf]ld; gfo-$_sg Eofrfof sng
;sn]ª sf]sfofj d]j lanf lxgt]o-%_dfn ..
ygf sf]6n k"hf njNxfnf ..
vt; ;f]ª tofvfn g]-^_k' kf]ld 5Dxf;]g hf]gf ..
lznkfn[ofj 5Dxf;]g hf]gf ..
v-v!_t n[ofj ogf .. ..
sfyg+ ª\Xofªfj lnxfnf ..
k' @ Tjfs lbjfKjf-@_ $ d:ofg, ;fw'g, cf/lt, lz/kf] l;+l3gL u0f]z a|Xdfo0fL
-#_ dfx]Zj/L j}i0flj OGb|fo0fL dxfnIdL af/fxL e}/j sf]df-$_/L rfd'08f 5qg
s'osfj Aofl3|0fL lv # tfn @ ax'n @ -%_ a's5\ofn ! kf]uf @ Yjt] ª\
Xofªfj ªftfkf]nnof 5]; jf-^_gf ..
;lgna]n; Kofvg h'ªfj ;'yfof 3l8 ( ; w'gf .. -!@s!_ lGxg;cf]klg
jofj Eofnrfof Dxfg 5n[ Nofvg nf b't-@_n jnf d]ZrfDxfg 5n[ Nofvg
b'tn jnf ..
Yjt] nf tnj-#_nf n[ @@ Eofnrfof n[ @ d]zof ..
>L>L h'h' og b'sfnf .. z'e

( 65 )
ªftfenlnKofvg x'os]of k'hf–;fdu|L

GXovF
Gxfkf+ GXofUu' Hof ofo]dfM;f+ lnlvt clen]v to]u' rng b' .
Gotclhdfof Kofv+ Vjko\ So+jg]t g+ yy] x] clen]v to]u' oft . Kofv+
u'sy+ x'Os]u' jf x'Osn w}u' ljlw Jojwfg RjofM plsof lglt+ dfMu' xn+Hjn+
5' 5' vM w}u' g+ wnM bo]sn . Kofv+of ljlw GXog]jg]w'+s"u' b';f cfM yg
k'hf–;fdfu|L 5' 5' dfM wsfM GXoygftMu' wnM clen]voft sofM rrf{ ofo]u'
h'O . y'u' ;km'tL ªftfenlnKofv+ wsfM gf+ laoftMu' b' . yg rrf{ h'OTo+u'
;km'tL GotclhdfKofv+ -Gote}/jKofv+<_oft ªftfenlnKofvg wsfM pNn]v
ofgftMu' b';f dfOqmf]lkmNd P $%!÷* o\ ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' clen]vo\
ªtenl8Kofvg wsfM pNn]v ofgftn .

clen]vof Dxl;sf
/fli6« o clen] v fnob' g ] b' u ' yLyL clen] v oft g] k fn–hd{ g L
x:tlnlvtu|Gy ;+/If0f kl/of]hgfkfv]+ dfOqmf]lkmNd ofo]u' ‰jno\ yg
GXoAjo]Togfu' y'u' clen]voft P $%!÷( ; ;'/lIft ofgftMu' b' . Sof6nuo\
!# kq j gfk @^=$ X (=% ;]dL wsfM pNn]v ofgftMu' b';f y'u' ;km"oft
g[Tok"hf kl~hsf gf+ laoftMu' b' . k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk+ d'Ss+ g]kfnefiff+
RjoftMu' y'u' clen]vof cj:yf af+nfM .

( 66 )
clen]vof ljifoj:t'
g];+ *#$ dfUu{lz/ z'l4 ^ v'Gx' o]Fof ªftfenlnKofvg -Gote}/j
Kofv+ <_ x'Os]t BMvnMoft Vjkof tTsflng ef/bf/ /fd yfs'n, wgl;+
cfrfh';d]t ys', cfrfh', åfl/ j dfxfto\;+ n;s'; ofgfM b]zo\ b't
o+s';f+lg;]+ BMKofv+ Sjdrftn] h"u' k'hf;fdu|L, blIf0ff cflb y'u' clen]vo\
pNn]v ofgftMu' b' cy] x] BMvns+ Ao"u' k'hf;fdfu|L g+ pNn]v ofgftMu' b' .
y'u' clen]vsy+ BMvnM g];+ *#$ sflt{sjlb !@ lg;]+ dfu{ z'Sn ^ ts ofgfM
Yo+dYo+ lemGx' Vjko\ RjgfM BMKofv+ So+u' vg]b' . BMKofv+of af/] ;+lIfKt?k+
dfOqmf]lkmNd P $%!÷* of Yof;k'mtL pNn]v h'ofRj+u' b';f lj:t[t?k+
dfqmf]lkmNd P !)@^÷^ ; b' .

clen]vof cfn]vg
>L>Lhoe"ktLGb| dxf/fhfof j]n;, oof ªftfenlnKofvg x'os]tf lbg 5'n
j;flg;] dw'tf]n]of w/f]t ..
;Djt\ *#$ sflQ{s jlb !@ lbg 5'n jnf n[ ! kml; nf, :jfg tnf .. ..
h]ld:tf laof df] ! blIf0ff, km+ $ alh Dx+ !@ :tf, Uj @ dfw]sflz, z'ls
@ oof åfl/ Dx+ @ gkf jj, Kjf ! d:ofg jnlGx h'ofj ;osn 5f]of s' !
r]sg, rfk, Yjs'Gx'+ w/f]t Sjt @ xnf ef]toft 5sf]6, ygoft 5sf]t .. ..
k]Gx' dfns'Gx' jnf, :jfgh'{Sj tnf, dfu{ z'lb @
z'ls ! blIf0ff laofj 5f]of
z'ls @ of åfl/ Dx+ @ gkf jj
s' !) alh
tf !^ dfw]
Kjf ! d:ofg
k| # r]sg rfk

kml;rftf] ª\ofªf r's'g kb\dl;+x km]n laof


Dx+ ! kmZrf d' z'sf % u+ufb]j sf/u
Dx+ ! kmZrf z'sf % u+ufb]j sf/u
Dx+ ! kmZrf z'sf % u+ufb]j sf/u
( 67 )
Dx+ ! kmZrf z'sf % u+ufb]j sf/u Ujun efg nflk laof Nofv dfu{
Dx+ ! kmZrf z'sf % u+ufb]j sf/u z' ^
Dx+ ! kmZrf lzjgfgof 5] d' df] ! km+ ! 5f]ofnf
Dx+ ! kmZrf tjw]s z'sf % s' # 5f]ofnf
Dx+ ! kmZrfb]j d' z'ls @ s' @ cf5'lo
Dx+ ! kmZrf holsGx z'sf ^ s' # u'u' ªf
Dx+ ! kmZrf holsGx b+ ^* n[ ! rfnf nf
Dx+ ! kmZrf x]Sj b+ %! Uj @) v]h
Dx+ ! kmZrf t]sg b+ %!
Dx+ ! kmZrf t]sg b+ ^) ;+ *#$ dfu{lzn z'lb ^
Dx+ ! kmZrf dgf]x/ b+ ^) ªftfenlnKofvg x'osn jofof
Dx+ ! kmZrf ;x5\jfs b+ ^* w/f]t ..
Dx+ ! kmZrf ;x5\jfs b+ $) sf]y'jlxnof b'jg] 5fog ltnf,
Dx+ ! kmZrf ;x5\jfs b+ $) jlxlnof lkjg] d08krf Sj;
Dx+ ! kmZrf xfs' df] ! b+ !% kmZrf 5Dxfof lx tf]ªf+ln Vjfnkft+
Dx+ ! kmZrf hogfg b+ ^) k'nf ..
Dx+ ! kmZrf hogfg b+ ^) k"hf h' !
Dx+ ! kmZrf hogfg b+ ^) ;a'g k]Zrf !
Dx+ ! kmZrf xl/lsGx b+ ^) Gofg Kj !
Dx+ ! kmZrf xl/lsGx b+ ^) kml; Dx+ !
Dx+ ! kmZrf /fdxl/ b+ () blIf0ff z'ls !
Dx+ ! kmZrf /fdxl/ b+ ^) sf]n s' !
yLsDx+ @% d' df] !% b+ @@ r]sg s' !
Yjt]; Dx+ # kmZrf n]ª bj l;wn e'rf ! b+ !@ dof bSj
Dx+ ! un d]Zrf d' df] # . uf]o e'rf ! b+ !@ dof bSj
a'b]of lGxg; b]j nf ;f]o hf]ng Ptf5] Wjfvfg
Dx+ ! un d]Zrf d' df] ! ... lrefo b'jg] y'uNof e]gf ..
rfsft ld;f, rfGx;

( 68 )
cgflg;] n:s'ln e]gftf] jf k':s] ;n} aln Uj !&
a]hg dfnk]g] pgdw]g k'o
;uf]g h' ! ;];'+Nx] kf !&
snz tfxfKj Uj @ hfs]e' h' !&
dfr k' @ sf]vfuf k' !&
b'jfNofv k' @ b's' yfg+
Ogfokn' y' ! Rofaf]; l5af] yfw]rL/f
dtf kmf ! Gofg Kj !&
tfnrf Kjf ! ;a'+ k]Zrf Uj !&
tfo ;n} ! tfokf]tfo
kf]tfo ;n} ! w"g
ld ;n} ! w'kf;
cf/lt ! hhdsf
rnklt ! Otfn
PNsfjf ;n} ! r]sg
kNsfjf ;n} ! df] ! blIf0ff ªftfenln
;]sf]t ;n} ! Kj !^ Dx+ !^ :tf b+ * Kjn+
r]s+ b'b' s'ln+ !
Otfn ;a'g km+ !%
alh kmf]of st'jfYj Uj !
tfxfKj Uj ! clhYj Uj !
lt Kjft ! kml; Dx+ *
d]z Dx+ !
lGxof Kofvgoftf hf]ng alh km+ !% Gxkfof w/f]t; db'
Onfg k]g] r]s+rfk dfnSj d:ofg oftf ..
r'sl; to
sf]tn k"hf h' ! b]lj k'hf hf]ng
lgz|fj h' !& k"hf h' !
Gx:s+ uf]hf{ Uj !& ;n} aln dlwg k'o %
( 69 )
Gx:s+ uf]nhf % tfo
lgz|fj h' % kf]tfo
;];'+ Nx] % w'g
dfw];'+ Nx] % w'kf;
sf]vf uf % hhdsf
Gofg Kj % r]s+
;a'+ kZrf % Otfn
hfs] e' % lgz|fj h' !&
blIf0ff b+ * Kj % ;n} aln Uj !& dlwg k'odfn
tfo Gx:s+ uf]nhf !&
kf]tfo ;];' Nx] !&
w'g sf]vfuf k' !&
hh+sf Gofg Kj !&
w'kf; ;' a'g k]Zrf !&
b'jg]oft k+r;fl/ hfs] e' !&
u'u'ªf kf ! b'b's'ln+ !&
cf5'lo kf ! df] ! blIf0ff ªftfenln
rnf nf kf ! Kj ! !^ b+ * Kjn+ blIf0ff
v]h Uj @) Dx+ !@ kmZrf
5f]of nf kf ! d]z Dx+ !
clhYj rtfdw]lon $%
sfnYj ;a'g km+ !%
co/fs alh km+ !%
co/fs 5f]ofnf km+ !
eltYj & r]sg km+ !
stfYj lrs' #
Xofª'Yj Uj !
rfKofgoftf st'jfYj Uj !
k"hf h' ! clhYj Uj !
( 70 )
sts Dx+ !%) ef]h gs] r]sg s' ! X
k]Gx' lnj j]bfk"hf lao nKt] wf $
k"hf h' ! s] km+ k'hf s]
;a'g k]Zrf Uj ! s] km+ $ kf]t
Gofg Kj ! s] cf # sfn Yj
kml; Dx+ ! s] cf ! clhYj st'jfYj
j]bf bfd b+ # km+ ( s' # alh lgz|fj
a]bf laof df] ^ Yjlt df w/f]t km+ ( s' # hfs] lgz|fj
rf]Sjfefl8nklg;]g cGg ;fdfxfªf km+ ! k| @ r]s+ efl8n
;+lts'Gx' alh laof km+ !@ 5f]co/fsYj u]otf dfxf+ laof
cf % km+ ^ s' ! alh ;'yf z'qmaf/ df] ! ªftfenln blIf0ff rfGx;
cf $ alh anlGx df] ! b+ ( Dx+ !^ :t Dxfg b+ * rfGx;
Uj $ wln b+ !^ Dx+ $ tfjttf]:tf
km+ ! rfs' b+ !^ Dx+ $ r]Tsntf]:tf
wf ^ nKt] b+ * sld{ Dx+ @
zlgZr/af/s'Gx' laof b+ #) a]bf bfd
km+ !* s' # hfs] ;'yf b+ #* ;'sNx] k]Zrfofjo
km+ @ X df; df] ! b+ @^ nKt] wf @! Xofªf
km+ @ X df; b+ $) b]lak"hf oftf Dx+ %
lr s' ! b+ !@ :jfgof jo
r]s+ s' ! b+ $% l;o'efnf jo
cf $ alh jnlGx laof b+ $* xfs'efnf jo
Uj $ wln
r]sg s' ! bfd xfªf
wf ^ nKt] b+ !@ l;w/
cflbTojf/ b+ ^ hL/
hfs] km+ !* s' # ;'yf b+ ( lx+
s' ( df; b+ @ w'kf;
lrs' ! b+ !@ uf]o
( 71 )
b+ $ kfn' lg;nfj h' !&
b+ @ w'g Gx:s+ uf]nhf Uj !&
b+ # d/r ;lnaln !& np+dfw]g k'o
b+ #) 5fo+ltof blIf0ff ;];'+Nx] kf !&
df+ ! ªftfenlnoftf blIf0ff lGxg; lse' kft !&
df] ! b+ ( Dx+ !^ :t Dxf+ b+ * blIf0ff Sjvfuf k' !&
yLs df] * b+ @) xfªf .. GofgKj Uj !&
;a'g k]Zrf Uj !&
Yjlt rf]Sjft el8Nofvf blIf0ff dfnSj
wlne+l8ng xfªf Nofv .. b'b' s' !
s' # Sjftnwln e+l8n b+ ^ kml; Dx+ * xfs'g Rofs+ dt]j
kf $$ kftwlnlgz|fjoft b+ @@ d]z Dx+ !
s' @ b'b' b+ ^ ;a'lg km+ !%
Uj * Sjljwln b+ ^) alh km+ !%
yLs b+ !!$ st'jfYj Uj !
Yjlt wlne+l8nof Nofv .. clhYj Uj !
d:ofgoftf r]s+ dfnSj
jo lhGx' ª\xjlbg 5'ncf]s'Gx' Yj rfk dfnSj
w/f]t cf]ld;g laofj tfynf b]j
5folto tfnf;f]o hf]ng b]ljk"hfoft hf]n+
k"hf h' ! k"hf h' !
;a'g k]Zrf Uj ! ;lnaln kf % dlwg k'odfn
Gofg Kj ! Gx:sg uf]nhf Uj %
kml; Dx+ ! lgz|fj h' %
b]sGxf dfnSj ;];'sNx] kft %
Sjnr]sg dfn dw];'sNx] kf %
uf]ol;wn 5fodfn sf]vfuf k' %
lGxKofvgoft hf]ng GofgKj Uj %
k"hefn h' ! ;a' k]Zrf %
( 72 )
lse' kf % dlwlon $% rtfdfw]
blIf0ff dfnSj ;a'g km+ !%
alh km+ !%
b'jg]oftf k+r;fl/ 5f]ofnf km+ !
u'u'ªf kf ! r]sg km+ !
cf5'lo kf ! lr s' #
rnfnf kf ! Xofª'Yj Uj !
v]hUj kf ! st'jfYj Uj !
5f]ofnf kf ! clhYj !
clhYj sts ;Tofltoft gs]dfnSj ..
sfnYj
co/fsYj k]Gx'ln joft a]nfk'hf
el6Yj k"hfefn h' !
stfYj ;a'lg k]Zrf !
Gofg Kj !
rfKofvgoft hf]n+ kml; Dx+ !
k"hfen h' ! a]/f bfd
lgz|fj h' !&
;lnjln !& dlwg k'o dfu{ z' ^ dfw] xfªf
Gx:sg Ujnhf !& tf % dfyf
;];'+Nx] kf !& tf % cflt
Sjvfuf k' !& tf % km]lg
GofgKj Uj !& tf % Ujfnkft
;a'g k]Zrf !& Yjlt dw]el8nof Nofv ..
lse' kft !&
b'b' s' !
blIf0ff dfnSj
kml; Dx+ !@
d]z Dx+ !
( 73 )
p8\8Lz8fd/tGq

GXovF
k|f0fL dfqfof Gxfkf+u' ;DklQ w}u' x] jofu' :jf:Yo vM . :j:y :jf:Yoof
lg+lt+ k|f0fL GXofan]+ GXolrnfRjgL . cy]g+ u'an]+ u'an]+ yMu' x] AolQmut
csd{Gotf j k|fs[lts k|sf]kof sf/0f+ :jf:Yoo\ af+dnfMu' lnRjM nfgfRjgL .
c:j:ytfkfv]+ d'Qm h'Ot k|f0fLto\;+ ljleGg Hof ofgfRjgL . Yjx] ‰jno\
le+p;fFo\of lg+lt+ dg"to\;+ :jtfsy+ Hof ofO .
!= j}B jf emf/km's]of dfWod+ dGq AjgfM jf Aj+sfM :jf:Yo nfe ofO
@= b]jb]jL, e"t, k|]t, lkzfr, 5\jf;M jf ug+g+ k'gf xn wfM;f ;DjlGwt
yf;o\ tflGqs k'hf -sn+ 5\jofM jf ;fwgf ofgfM_ ofgfM :jf:yo nfe
ofO
#= k|s[lt+ x] Ao"u' k|fs[lts hl8a'l6 5\onfM :jf:Yo nfe ofO
yg GXoyg]Togfu' clen]v tGqdGqgfk :jfk' b' . pls+ yg tGqdGqof
af/] hs vF GXoyg]u' h'O .
cfWoflTds ;'v ef]uof lg+lt+ cMk's cg'e"lt ofgfM GXoHofo\ km}u'
1fgoft tGqdGq wfO . tGq;fwg w}u' cMk' dh" cy]vM;f+ hut lxtof lg+lt+
cfWoflTds efjgf+ ;dfh ;]jf ofo\t dg"to\;+ tGq;fwgof lg+lt+ dfMu' l;l4
k|flKt ofO . tGqljBf GXofDx]l;g+ :ogLdv', :og]kmO g+ dv' . ttMw+lk+ dxfg
tflGqsto\;+ hs :og]kmO . g]kfMof Oltxf; k'Osf:jM;f ttw+lk+ cfkn+
tflGqst b' . uy]ls – jGw'bQ jh|frfo{, hfdgM u'efh', zflGts/frfo{,
uof]h'h' cflb .

( 74 )
tGqof cy{ 5'+ g+ ;fwgf jf sd{oft Aojl:yt ofo]u' vM t/ lnkf
h"ln;] a'n'x'F a'n'x'F tGqo\ ljs[lt jn . tGqof dfWod+ yMu' AolQmut hLjg,
;dfh j ljZjoft ;d]t le+ ofo]km' . gs/fTds HofvFo\ g+ tGqof k|of]u
h'Ow}u' 1fg hgdfg;o\ AofKt h'Oj+ ;dfho\ tGq zAb 5u" AjMaLu' zAb y]+
h"jg . yf}+sGx] tGqdGqof cy{ ;+s'rg h";f+ Gxfkf y'lsof cfkfn+ dxTj b'
w}u' vF tGq;DjlGw ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' cfkn+ k|frLgx:tlnlvtu|Gy+ k|dfl0ft
ofgfRj+u' b' . g]kfn /fli6«o clen]vfno\ hs tGqdGq ljifos u|Gy NofM
%*!! yfg ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . yg GXoyg]Togfu' p8\8Lz8fd/tGq u|Gy g+
/fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' tGqdGqgfk :jfk' b'u' clen]v vM .
p8\8Lzof cy{ lzj j 8fd/of cy{ lzju0f . lzju0f -e't, k|]t, lkzfr,
8flsgL, zflsgL cflb_of ;xof]u sofM yMu' Hof tfnfsLu' 1fgof e08f/
x] p8\8Lz8fd/tGq vM . y'u' clen]vo\ lzj -e}/j_ j kfj{tL -e}/jL_ by'O
k|Zgf]Q/of ?ko\ 1fg Og]u' Hof h'ofRj++u' b' .

clen]v Dx;Lsf
tGqdGqoGq j hl8a'l6of dfWod+ :jf:Yo nfe ofo]u' t;s+ k'nf+u'
k/Dk/f vM . tGq, dGq j hl8a'l6of dfWod+ :jf:Yo nfe ofo]t Gxfkf cfkfn+
x:tlnlvt u|Gy Rjofj+u' b' . g]kfn/fli6«o clen]vfnob'g] hs dGq ljifoof
!$^* yfg, tGq ljifoof $#$# yfg j cfo'j]{b ljifoof @&(^ yfg u|Gy
yf}t+ s ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b' . clen]vfno b'g] afx]s pkrf/;DjlGw ån+åM ;km"t
JolQmut ;+/If0fo\ g+ nfgfRj+u' b' . cfMtsof cWoog+ n'ofjMsy+ pkrf/ljlw
gfk :jfk' b'u' bsn] Gxfkf+u' g];+ @* of n+sfjtf/;"q vM . y'u' u|Gy /fli6«o
clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' b';f y'lsoft g]kfnhd{gx:tlnlvt;+/If0f
kl/of]hgf+ ;g\ !(&) cS6f]j/ !^ tfl/v v'Gx' dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]s]w'+s"u' b' .
y'lsof dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM la #)÷^ vM . y'u' clen]vof efiff – ;+:s[t,
lnlk – k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk -k|frLg g]kfnlnlk g+ wfOlk+ b'_ h'ofRj+u' b' .
cfMtsof cWoog cg';Gwfg+ n'ofjMsy+ k|rlnt g]kfnlnlkof dfWod+ RjoftMu'
bsn] Gxfkf+u' ;km"of ?ko\ g+ y'u' ;km"oft sfo]u' ofM . yg GXoyg]Togfu'
/fli6«o clen]vfno; ;'/lIft h'ofRj+u' p8\8Lz8fd/tGqu|Gy g+ g]kfnL–

( 75 )
hd{gLx:tlnlvtu|Gy kl/of]hgfkfv]+ ;g\ !(&! cS6f]a/ ^ tfl/vv'Gx'
dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]sfM ;+/If0f ofo]w'+sn . y'lsof dfOqmf]lkmNd NofM la !!^÷$
vM . Yj ;km"oft xfsg+ lnkf g+ dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]sn . d]u' dfOqmf]lkmNdof
NofM P !!&&÷% vM . y'sy+ 5u" x] ;km"oft lgSjM dfOqmf]lkmNd bo]sftMu'
b' . y'u' ;km" d'Ss+ k|rlnt g]kfnlnlk+ RjoftMu' b';f ;+:s[t j g]kfnefiff
lgtf+ 5\onftMu' b' . g]kfn–hd{gLx:tlnlvtu|Gy kl/of]hgf+ bo]su" ' Sof6nuo\
y'lsof gfk !* X & ;]ld GXoygftn . #* kf} b'u' y'u' clen]vof cj:yf
af+nfM t/ kf} @$ j #@ tgfRj+u' b' . y'u' clen]v Dxf;'u' EjFto\ k"j+s x]
RjoftMu' b' t/ ;'gf+ u'an] Rjn w}u' vFo\ wfM;f ;km" df}g vg]b' . efiff j
lnlkof cWoog ofo]an] dNnsfnof cGtkfv]+ cy] wfo]an] nueu g];+ **)
hMvMof ;km" y]+ Rj+ .

d"n clen]v
< pFm gdM >Lu0f]zfo] gdM .. ..
>L # dxfÍf/fo] gd .. ..
>L # OZj/f]jfr .. ..
cy p2L;8fdndxftGq Nxfo ..
p8\8Lz]g ;dfsL00f{], of]uj[Gb;dfs'n] .
k|0fDolz/;fb]j+, uf}/Lk[5ltzÍ/+ .. ..

>L # OZj/dxfe}/jg-kf} @s_ p8\8L;zf:qof /;g, cfgGb ofª rf]ªfa]n;,


of]ufEof; ofª ;dflw; rf]ªfa]n;, >LkfJj{tLg, >Ldxfb]jof, t'ltkfn[;,
ef]sk'ofj, OZj/;s] ª]g .. ..
x] OZj/, lhu'ln ck/fw, Ifdf of:o laHofodfn, lhg 5tf lagtL ofodfn
-v_ x] nf]sgfy, x] HhuT;+;f/wlg, lhyf; s?0ff ofª, k|;fb la:o
laHofodfn, 5nkf]n s?0fflglw, Yj ;+;f/of cy{, wDd{, sfdgf ;fwg uy]
h'loj ws .. ..
jzLs00f{, pRrf6g df]xg, :tDeg, ;flGts, kf}li6s, cy{, s/0f, d]jtf @
gfgf -kf} #s_ sDd{ b', Yj ;+;f/; .. ..
rIf'xflg, dgxflg, >'ltxflg, 1fgxflg, lqmofxflg, ltnssDd{, sfHh{:tDeg,
( 76 )
Yjklg clb+ gfgf sDd{ b', oGqof ljz]if, Wofg ljz]if, Yj ;sNo+ lj:tfn
bos', cf1f bos' laHofodfn, Uju'ln j:t' l;ot'g+ d-v_g'iog, ;+;f/;,
5d h'o'j, b'Nne h'loj ws, kfJj{tLg, >Ldxfe}/jofs] kmf]g .. ..
Yj v ª]ªfcf], >Ldxfe}/jg, >Le}/jLof yf; cf1f bosn .. ..
>Le}/j pmjfr ..
x] e}/jL, 5g kmf]ªfu'ln, j:t' ;sNo] laotªf, ;fjwfg h'ofj, Ps-kf} $s_lrQ
ofª ª]ª .. ..
jf;/of j/0f, dGqof j/0f, zq' ;sNo+ df]rg ofo lhloj, yly+u' j:q,
p2L;8fd+/; sfofj, lhg, eQmLg Nxfotªf ws, >Le}/jg, zlQmofs] cf1f
bosn .. ..
Yjln v ª]:o+ln, kfJj{tLg ljglt oft .. .. -v_
kfJj{To'jfr .. ..
p2L;Zr gd:s[To, ?bZr}jM;b'o{o+ ..
skltg lj?kfIf], ;Jj]{e"tbofjx+ ..
jIf?b|f]ejfg\of]ufg\, ;Jj]{zf:q]ljgf;sfg\ .
t}:tt\k|of]t}dBMk|f, gfgx+lgg;+zoM .. ..
k|yd+ e"ts/0f+, b'<<of]>>ltof] df/0f+ tyf .
t[lt-kf} %s_of] å]if0fZrfy, rt'yf]{Rrtg+ tyf ..
u|fdf]rftgs+rfy, ifi7+ r hn:tDeg+ ..
jGx]:t+Degs+rfy, jzLs/0fd:t<<s+>>d+ ..
cGofoGo]lk r k|:gflg, z[0f'jIoj/fgg] ..
lzj]g slytfg\ of]ufg\, p2Lz;f:qlgZro .. ..
c+wLs/g+, df]rgs/-v_0f+, jws/0f+, jGwLs/0f+,
e"tof]/s/0f+, ;:q, ;f:q b'vg+ kflgogfrg+,
blwdw"ljgfzg+, dBs/0f+, uh, jflhk|sf]kg+,
cfsif{0f+, e'h+ufgf+, dfgjfgf+, tyfw|'j+, c:oljgf;g+,
kgljgf;g+, u4{js/0f+, k|nk'/k|j]zg++, j]tfn, -kf} ^s_
l;l4, kfb'sfl;l4, u'l6sfl;l4, c+hgl;l4,
cGoflgjx'tk|of]ufg\, /f}b|fg'ljBfdGqk|of]ufg\,

( 77 )
cf]ifwfgrflerf/sfg\ .. ..
u'Ktfu'Ktt/fsfo\of{g\, nlIftAofk|oTgtM ..
pm2Lz+of]ghfgflt, ;?KtMls+sl/iolt .. ..
d]?Djfrf/-v_o]t\ yfgft\ zfjf/+Knfjo+gdlx+,
;"o\o{jfkftot, e"df}b+ldYof, eljIf]lt .. ..
ty}rGb|;]jh|+ r, kf;+ r, j?0f:o r, hd:o r,
oyf, b+b+jx]M zlQmo{yflzvf ..
ty}j r df]xfof]uf, k|of]Qmfzq'sfng] ..
e"tfgf+s/0fjIo], zq';fws+ d'Qmd+-kf} &s_o]g lj1ftdfq]0f,
e"tf]u[Gxfltdfgj+ .. ..
k|yd]lt ..

k|yd e"ts/0f, låtLo pgdfbg, ljå]if0f, pRrf6g, b]zof pRrf6g, hn:t+De,


jzLs00f{, jwjlGws/0f, of]/s/0f, hnb"if0f, wln, b'b', sl:t, km'ts], bos],
dBs/0f-v_;, /td rfos], cfsif{0f ofo, ljBf km'ts], ufw' bos] km'6s],
k/k'?if k|jz] ofo, j]tfnl;l4, kfb'sfl;l4 c+hgl;l4, y'ln cflbg, gfgf
k|of]u, u'Ktg rf]ª, ;sNo+ Nxfo tªf .. ..
lgZrog l;l4 h'oLj, yL; 5'+ ;+b]x d-kf} *s_b' .. ..
;'d/] kJj{t+ ;+s] lhj, ;d'b| km'6s]+ lhj, cfsfzz rf]ª, rGb|, ;"oo\ ,{ jzs'ltgs]+
lhj, OGb|of jh| df]rs]+ lhj, j?0fof kf;, hdof b08, Yj+ ;sNo+ df]rs]
lhj, Yju'ln;, ldYof 5'+ db', ;sNo+ vj ws OZj/of cf1f .. .. -v_

Yjg+ln k|of]u Nxfo tªf .. ..


lgkl;of sly, k]nfu'n xfj, Yj slyg, zq'of lvg, cf]of gfd rf]o, cf]g],
d';fgof lxUjfn sfofj, w"k yg], cf]n], s[i0f kIfof, ci6dL h'n;f+ rt'2{zL
h'n;f+, zq'of gfd !* kf]n af]g], Yju'ln dGq0f -kf} (s_ .. ..
gdf] eujt], ;Jj{tGqflwkto],
lj?kfIffkgLEo+ ¥x'ob+lb|0f]ljsnfln,
g]qxkIf]Qt]/fg]g;+s/, bx @ k+r @ ¥xLF km6\ .. ..
( 78 )
cf]n;, zq' e't go'ª, rf]lgj h'/f] .. ..
Yjof ;flGt, dxfb]j :yfkgg ofo, 3]n, b'b'z tofj, u'+u'ng, 3]ng, dGq-v_
y'u'ln af]0f] .. ..
gdM lzjf0ff+ tfo k|otfo b]jb]jfo
O{zfgfoQtjfxj] gf;o @
kf;+ d':yf]ejt' gdf]:t't],
Yju'ln dGqg ;flGt h'loj .. ..

Yjg+ln, zq'of Hjn bos]oft k|of]u .. ..


lgk, l;Fof sly, k]nfu'nxfj, sfofj, zq'-kf} !)s_of, stfeln bos], cf]of
g'un;, o;g, dxfb]j :jfgof ltg, gfd rf]o, 5]F 5'of /fg tf]s k'o, stfel/,
cf]g+ln, s6feln y'g], w"k yg], ;tl5 Rofkf]n, af]0f], cf]n;, k]3l/+l7 Hjn
jloj .. ..
pFm Tsfd'vLrfd'08f:kIfL/df+;zf]l0ft ef]h-v_gL,
cF sF vF v cd"s+, Hjn]g u[Gxf xfko ¥xF km6\ :jfxf ..
Yju'u'n dGq hk ofo .. ..
;flGt oft;f b'b'g gfd rf]ofj cf]u'ln dGq af]0f], yy]g ;flGt ofo .. ..
xg+ d]jtf, a|Dxb08L wofu'n, hl8, :d;fgof gln, sfs em+un, Yj ;f]tf
r'g yªfj-kf} !@s_ oGq rf]o, p/] gfd b'yg], zq'of cf]/], Gx;Gx'+ly pRrftg
ofo h'/f], ef]l5of+ .. ..
cy ljå]if0f ..

a|Dxbl08of x/, sf]vof nf, gfk 5\ofo, lhn:jfgof ltg jfn] .. Gx;Gx'`+s
jfn], Gx;Gx' lgefn; kfo, el6of rf]g Dx-v_;Gx'o+s jfnfj kfo,
cf]/];, w"k bos], zq'of 5]of by';, Yj w"k yg], uy] uy]g, gjo', cy] cy],
5]; rf]sf] kl/jf/, r'00f{g Njfo'j .. ..
Yjof ;flGt, 3]n u'u'ln w"k yg], yy]g ;flGt xo'j .. ..

( 79 )
cy df/0f ..
YjF-kf} !#s_ dg'ioof nf, sf];, zq'of lv, gfk5\ofª, w"k yg], <<>>
Gx;Gx'+ly /f]lu h'ofj l;loj .. ..
a|Dxbl08, YjF, nf, :d;fgof gln, o;, lx, y'ln gfk5\ofª, w"k yg], Yj dGq,
ztl5 Rofkf]n af]g] !)* 5Gx'[p]kf;+-v_ rf]g], dxfb]jof k"hf ofo, cf]/;,
dGq k|of]u ofo, cf]n;, l;4 h'o'j, Yju'ln k|of]u dGq .. ..
pFm pLF d/]Zj/f/fo, cd's d'Rrf6o :jfxf ..
Yj k|of]u /fhfg, zq'of ;}Go, km'Ts]oft ofo .. ..
ljdfrof lGxkf]t, Dxlnsfj-!$s_of 5]n, v' vf]n, xl/0fof 5]n, ;+v'n, Pz,
Yjl/ ;defu ofª, r'g yg] w'gs, w"k yg], zq' gfz h'loj .. ..
5'of 5]n, x'+8fnof 5]n, rf], tf]loj Aofªof rf], /f;xLtg, Aofªof, lsl;of+,
pEof+, lgDxof+ rf], Yj Gx:tfcf] ;defu-v_ ofª, r'g yg], Gx;Gx' lgefn;
kfo, Yj jfz/, gsfg, tf]gsfg, zq' km'oLj, Yj g:t'g+, tf]:t'g+, Hjn jo',
Gx;Gx'g, d[To' h'loj .. ..
dGq Yj ..
¥xLF oF dfof >q'gfz :jfxf ..
Yjof ;flGt db' .. ..
sfn ;Kk{of lx, vfof lx, sfkn]of -kf} !%s_ lx, e|dnof lx, uf]/f]rg, s'+s'd,
6u/, s'6, y'ln ;defu ofo, k'ik gIfq s'Gx', cflbTojf/s'Gx', r'g yg],
cZn]if ;f]djfns'Gx' lªo, lhGx'tf], j;ufn Dx'ofj, y'ª to, lhGx'gln ysfo,
Yjof gfd, cl;wf/f, ubfgfdjfz/, Yj jfz/ -v_ gofg, tf]ªfg, w"k yªfg+,
soLj, /f]u km'oLj, Yj dGqg ..
gdf] ?b|fo, zfGtfo, ;'Zjtfo, lbJoof]ufo, lbJo?kfo hltn]
a|Dxjfl/0f] c+ubf]o+ Iflqbz}jdxfjn ..
Yj dGq z'lr ofª ånl5cf] Rofkf]n !))* Yj jfz/, Ujy; y'g], Yj jfz-kf}
!^s_n, kflki7 sg] dt]j, d[To'oft sg] t]j .. ..
p2Lzbfdn]zq'df/0f] k|yd k6n .. ..
>LkfJj{tL pmjfr .. ..
xg+ kfJj{tLg, >Lz+s/ofs], cf1f bosn, x] O{Zj/, :tDegof, cf1f bols0f]
ws .. ..

( 80 )
k/-v_d]Zj/0f, kfJj{tLofs] wfn, :tDegof ljlw ª]ª ws .. ..
sulnof ldvf, jf, lx, /f, g'u/, dxfb]jof :jfgof lrsg v'g], ;stf+ gfk5\
ofª, gjftf; v'g], s[i0f kIf]of ci6dLs'Gx', dxfb]j k"hf ofo, ånl5 hk
ofo, dGq !))* -kf} !&s_ y'ln hk ofo, xf]d ofo, hn; l;+4| h'oLj,
dof;] dh'j .. ..
Yj dGq ..
gdf] eujt], hn:t+Defo ¥xF km6\ :jfxf ..
Yju'ln dGqg hk ofo ..
Yjg+ln Yju'/ jf;/+ a'ofj, nv; nf;f /fofj b]ªrf]g], nsnf e'Tvf, n]x]g
k"jy]+, k'o' .. -v_ .. ..

cy clUg:tDeg .. ..
jnv'+, Gof, rsjfe[m+un, rjn :jfgof xfn, Aofªrfof lrsg, Yjn[ Gx';Gx'
o+s v'ªto, nfxflt; a'o, kmfnOo, dLg dk's .. ..

cy n"tfs/0f .. ..
jfnfnof lrsg, vod"u/of xf -kf} !*s_ o;, lrts :jfgof xf, Gxfsgof
xf, Yjt] gfk5\ofª v'g] Gx;Gx'o+s kfo, cf]/], UjDx gs], cf]Dxoft nf]u boLj,
Gx;Gx'gly, d[To' h'oLj .. ..
Yjof ;flGt ..
dpl;/M rGbg, dfnsjlg, tu/, /QmrGbg, s'w/, y'ln jfz/, gfk5\ofª, Dx+
-v_ tk+, n]kg ofo, ztl5 Rofkf]n af]ªfj !)* ..
gdf] eujt] jf;'bj] fo, pdfdx]Zj/fo s'xnL s'Aa{nL :jfxf .. ..
Yj dGq0f af]0f], cf]/] ;flGt h'oLj .. ..
sfn;Kk{of df]/ sfofj, cf]of Dx'y'; Oo'sf, Knsf to, Yjg+nL, jfnfn k'-kf}
!(s_of r]sg+ jfn], cf]n], rf]gjfn], s'dLhof rf; Gxfofj, b'yª to, cf]/],
sFl;; tofj, tf]s k'ofj v'g], kfs j:o+ln lnsfofj, dfs/of lGxk]gof ;F
lhdv' k' to !^ P; to, cf]n] zq'of df]n; to, rf;'soL jloj, lyg dGq
Gx-v_kof y]+, Gx;Gx'gly, d[t' h'/f] .. ..
yLg ;flGt Gxfkof y]+ .. .. ..

( 81 )
xg+ d]jtf Nxfo ..
skg n'jyf;of, rf sfofj, jh| bos], UjDxof e';, Yj jh| to, Yju'ln
dGqg ..

gdf] jh|]ljgf;, jh|+ ;'/klt/f1fko Olt ¥xF km6\ :jfxf .. ..


Yju'ln d-kf} @)s_Gq Yj, cf]Dxof e'F; rf]ª, cGg cflbg, Ujfntf] ;d:t+
kmloj lyg, ;stfª km'6\s] lhj .. ..
lgkl;of sly, cflbjf/s'Gx' sfo, sulnof jf, :d;fGof XofUjfn, Yj
;f]tf ld5f]tsfj, gln bos], Yjg+nL sfofj, zq'of df]n; to, 5]F;
h'-v_n;f cfª;, On to, Yju'ln dGqg, !)* ztl5 Rofkf]n af]0f] .. ..
gdf] pF 5|'F x]ln c/+8gLs/0fL/f]bgLoljå]if0fL :jfxf .. ..
zq'of pRrf6 ofo h'nf], 5]; h'n;f km'ts], 5];F rf]sf]+ pRrf6 ofo h'/f] .. ..
Yjof ;flGt, b'b'g df]/-kf} @!s_Gx'os], yd u'u'ln w"k yg] h'nf] .. 5]F; h'/;f
xf]d ofts] n'F, j:q, bfg lao, yy]g ;flGt .. ..
b]z+, bn+ pRrftg ofo .. ..
u|fdof, k"Jj{, klZ5d, pQ/, blIf0f, k]v]bf]of+ rf sfofj, ;fa's+ jfn], b]zof
cfsfn ?os], :d;fgof -v_ x]Ujfng xf]d ofo, bf]nl5 !))* kf]n Yj dGqg ..
gdf] eujt] dxfsfnfo, lqk'/ljDjf;gs/fo bx kr # df]xo
pFGdfbo # ?b|f] cf1fkolt ;Jj{s/L df]xgL eujtL vF ¥xF km6\
:jfxf .. ..
Yju'ln dGqg h'o' .. Yjgln, nfxfltg sfofj !)* kf]-kf} @@s_n af]ª, b]zz
xf]n], b]zz pRrf6g h'/f] .. ..

cy vl08s/0f .. ..
zq'of kfn[of w"n sfo, jf;fof ;lvg jfn] .. zq'of cfsf/ ?os] .. ;tl5
Rofkf]n hk| ofo dGq ..
gdf] eujt] pF 8\8fd/]Zj/fo, sfo k|eh
+ gfo do+ d"rM .. dGq .. .. -v_
cf]n;, hj c:qg kfnfj :ofo, cf]n;, zq'of 3fn h'loj .. .. ..
yg ;flGt ..
3]n, sl:t, b'b', k+ruJog, :gfg ofts] .. ..

( 82 )
xg+ d]jtf ..
UjDx ld;fof, hf]lg;, Kjfn dbofj rf]lgj, cf]a]/;, jfzn+ kfo, lzTvfn
b'b', hjfvfn, cf]of kfn[of w"-kf} @#s_n, :jtf gfk5\ofª, Yj dGq @! kf]n,
af]0f] cf]/] ^ kf]n n]kg ofo, cf]n;, Kjfn bloj .. ..
xg+ d]jtf .. njª :jfgof xf r'g yg], 3]n, rnv'gof lv, Yj ;f]tf ;+efu
ofo, cf]n gs] ªf]o rfos] .. ..
of]lg;, kft;f, tjwª l5b| lrls wª cf]-v_lgj .. lyg g]tf+ h'loj .. ygof
dGq ..
pRrftg] 7+7M ..
gdf] p8\8fd/]Zj/fo cd's7kfn+ 77M .. ..
Yjof ;flGt ..
u'u'ln w"k yg] .. ..
xg+ d]jtf ..
rfs', snfh, 3]n, Yj :jtf ;defu ofª, y'u'ln dGqg v'g], cf]n] gs],
ªf]orfos] .. g
-kf} @$ db'_
-kf} @%s_ xf, 5'of 5]n, y'ln r'00f{ ofª gs], Gx;Gx'+ly, Dx+tk+, sl5 jofj
l;loj .. ..
Yjof ;flGt, dxfb]j k"hf ofo, ;f]djfns'Gx' xf]d ofo .. ..
pkmf]n:jfg, rjn:jfg, /QmrGbg, tf]lojvf, xfs' lklkln, P;, Gxfsg xf,
lxª, jfgf/k', Yjl/-v_ ;defu ofª, r'g yg], hflscf] gfk to, cf]n], gs]
w'gsfj, lds'ts], cf]n;, slo jofj l;oLj .. ..
yg ;flGt Gxkfof y]+ .. ..

cy s'li6s/0f ..
jfgfnk'of r]sg, vod"un, Sjfs/ Rofª, Dx lnsfj, y'ln ;sNo+, r"g yfª
gs] .. -kf} @^s_
Gx;Gx'ly s'i6 h'oLj .. ..
Yjof ;flGt ..
c+j/, vo/, lgk, sl:t, lkk/L, y'ln r"g yfª gs], cf]n], 3]ncf] hf gs], yg

( 83 )
lr, r]sg kfª' go db', cf]/; nfo' .. ..
xg+ ;flGt ..
;l/ªf, kn]of d"g, c+jn, y'ln r'g yªfj, hflt; y'ª tofj-v_ df]n
Nx'os] .. .. ..
låtLo k|s/0f ..

d]jtf .. ..
cy jzfLs/0f+ .. ..
ednof 5]u'ln, s'y, dxfb]jof lgDdf{n] Yj ;f]tf r"g yªfj, UjDxof+ df]n;
to, cf]Dx j06f h'loj .. ..
>Lv08tu/, s'7, dfns+ u'l0f, gfus]z/, xfs' dxfb]j :jf+-kf} @&s_ y'ln
lgefn db'yf; kfo, ;defu ofª u'l/ @ lrª gs], Gx;Gx' o+s, Yju'l/ dGq0f ..
gdf] eujt], p8\8fd/]Zj/fo :jfxf ..

jZo h'loj .. ..
z+v, lkkln c:ju+w, nHhfn' uh lklkn, Yjt] ;defu ofo, z'qmg jf/],
c+uf/jf/s'Gx' gs] jZo ofo .. ..
albofn, xn8, nf]w|, h]yLdw' lx+, Yjt] ;d-v_efu ofª, n]kg ofo jZo
h'loj .. ..
lklkn sSs{6fl;, d/r, wl/cf] gfk jfn], lªofj u'ln lrªfj gs], ;Kk{g
ªfsDxof, P; km'loj, P; gjDxof P; km'loj .. ..
Wjnof ldvf, e'n'vfof, Odfof, w"kf, d]:of, e6\of, kmfof, Aofªof, 5'of,
y'lnof ldvf xofj r"g yg], cf]n; c+hn kmofj, ldvf; pn], Yju'ln dGq-
kf} @*s_g ..
gdf] euj ?b|fo lzjfo Hof]ltiff+ kto bbfo
Hof]lt Hof]iff+jQ{ jLo\o{ j/ gd :jfxf .. ..
5Gx' pkf;g rf]0f], dxfb]j k"hf ofo], cle;]s ofo, blIf0f ;f]ofj !)* kf]n
af]0f] dGq gdf] gd .. /flq, lbg ofo ..
Olt c+hg l;l4 .. ..

( 84 )
xg+ d]jtf ..
cy lkzfrLs/0f+ .. ..
jnv'gof lv, vfof lv, dfs/of-v_ lv, Yj ;f]tf r"g yªfj, YjF; y'ª to,
cf]/; UjDxof df]n; to cf]Dx lk;fr h'oLj .. ..
Yjof ;flGt ..
b'b'g :gfg ofts], dxfb]j k"hf ofo .. yy]g ;flGt .. ..
njª:jfgof k', ;tfjl/:jfg, dfnsf}l0f, u'u'ln, y'ln w"k yªfj, yd s'o,
cf]n], ugcf]g, cgl;l4 h'loj .. ..
njª:jfgof k', jr, >Lv08-kf} @(s_ gfus]z/, s'w/, b]jbf?, y'ln gfk 5\
ofª Dx; a'o, ugjg cgl;l4 h'loj .. ..
Olt jzLs/0f+ .. ..

sf]ifof kf, ljcln, :d;fgof gln, Yj ;f]tf r"g yfª, zq'of df]n; to,
cf]n], ªf]o rfoLj .. ..
Olt rt'y{ k6n .. ..

zq'of lv, rf]lgtf+ Gx;Gx' kfª to, go a]/;, g;f; tofj gs], gs:t'g+
e"-v_tg k'lgj .. ..
Yjof ;flGt, hflsr'g; tfj gs], ;flGt h'oLj .. .. ..
njª:jfgof k', zq'of rf]; Gx;Gx' kmf]ofj to, r'+ yfª gs], cf]n] u|xg
hf]lgj .. ..
;flGt b'b'cf] vf:k/ tf]gs] .. ..
cfb]x/of lt;, njª:jfgof k' lªofj gs], cf]/; a|Xd/fIf;g hf]lgj .. ..
Yjof ;flGt, b'b', ;fvn tf]gs] .. .. << >> -kf} #)s_
af]of k', znf dr'lgcf] lªªfj, Gx;Gx' kfª gs], u|xg hf]lgj .. ..
yg ;flGt ld;fof b'b' tf]gs] .. ..
c+jn, ld;fof b'b'g jf/fj gs] ;fvncf] gfk, yy]g ;flGt .. ..
cte"tjf/x y'u'ln dGqg, ªfbf]nl5 edn bf]nl5 !))) n'Fk]d; y'ln xf]d
ofo .. sl:t, 3]n, gfk+ bf]nl5 xf]d ofo, cf]n] ;'v h'o, Yju'/-v_ dGqg ..

( 85 )
sfnL s+sfnL sLln lsln :jfxf ..
lrljln 7F 7M ..
Yju'ln dGqg hk ofªfg, q}nf]So+ df]x ofo .. ..
Yj dGqof e]b :jtf ..
bf]nl5 @ xf]d ofªfg, ld;f aZo h'o'j, ljBf l;4 h'j .. dfng+ h'j .. ..
o/f, s'w/, /f]w, j]xf, /QmrGbg, Zd;fgof gln, y'ln gkf 5\ofªfj, dfng
ofo lhj .. ..
zzrfof lk -kf} #!s_ ªfof lkQ, Dx':vfof lGxof, y'ln ;defu ofªfj, ld;f
k|;+u ofo w'gsfj, ld;f gs] cf]n; dt]ªf h'o' .. ..
dfns cf]lgof k'r'g yg], lrsg; v'g], Yj lrsg of]lg; a'o k'?ifcf] k|;+u
ofo, efeftf] Rony]+ ªlgj .. ..
sk'/, u'u'/, nfxfof lt, z+vr'g, y'ln ;defu ofªfj, of]lg; kfo, efntf]
hGdl5+ aZo of-v_o h'nf] .. ..
tunfo, ªfof lkQ uf]/f]rg, s'7 anv'lgof lkQ Yjt] ;defu ofªfj, ld;fof
hf]lg; kfo, efntf] aZo h'loj .. ..
pzLn, tun, htfdf;, anif'lgof lkQ, kn]d'lg, b]jbf? y'ln ;defu ofª
kfo, g wfj wfsf]+ km'ªfj, g ;fªrf]lgj .. ..
s'7, x]n wf/, dfnsf}lg, tunfo, sl:t y'ln ;defu-kf} #@s_ to, tnDx
df]rf a'/;f db'y]+ rf]lgj hf]lg r's'wª jlgj uy] wfn;f g]efn laªfgln
kn]:jfg d'if'ln h'n cy] of]lgåf/ h'o'j .. ..
5'of lGxk'lt tnof lGxk', lrsg v'ªfj of]lg; kfo, ldefo dl;jDx ld;f
tfsf/+ n]jn sfodf/ bloj .. ..
sf]/f]t, Rofnkft, uf]/f]rg, dgl;/, Yjt] ;defu r'g-v_ ofª, l;hn e+bf;
lrsg v'g], Gx;Gx'cf]u'ln yn; to, cf]n] hf]lg; n]kg ofª, k|;+u ofo,
efntf] r]ny]+ rf]lgj .. .. ..
s'+s'd, ;tfjl/, dfnsjlg, uf]/f]rg, ;nof rf], y'ln lªªfj, of]lg; n]kg
ofo .. efntf] jZo h'oLj .. ..
rs'kftj;]of k', kn]dl' g, ;d'bk| m]0f, s'6 Yjt] r'00f{ of-kf} #$s_ª, yj jLHh{g
jfnfj, of]lg; Yj w"k yg], k'?if jZo h'oLj .. .. ..
;xb]jL, u'u'/, s'+s'd, lªofj kfo, k'?if jZo .. ..

( 86 )
Rofn, lqkmnf r"g yªfj of]lg; kfo, k'?if j:o ofo .. ..
Olt p2L;8fdn], of]lgk|s/0f ;Ktd k6n .. ..

pzL/ >Lv08 sl:t Yj ;f]tfg of]lg; kfo, efntf] r]ny]+ ªlg-v_j .. ..


sk"/, s'+s'd, Yj g]tfg ln+u;, n]kg ofo .. :qL jZo h'oLj .. ..
s];/L, s'+s'd, 5f]/f>Lv08, Yj ;f]tf gfk 5\ofª gs], kml5+ Wofrn of]lg,
sk ltloj .. ..
kn]d'lg nv; lªªfj, kfo lrls+wª Kjfn tj wlgj .. ..
;f ofª, l;Ftfn h'ju'ln, sf]xf:o rf]ªu' lnª sfofj kfo, r'/fj, of]lg;
tjw-kf} #%_ª Kjfn r's'ltwlgj .. ..
Yj ldhgof jLHh{ tf]o' sfkf]/; kf]nlrªfj, ifftfof t/; y'ªfj to, k'?ifof
ln+u l;ªfj rf]lgj .. ..
n'Fof yn; d"6Lr'lg yªfj, nv; tofj pu'ln /vg ln+u ;]n], Djfªfj
cf]loj .. ..
Olt p8\8L;bfdn] ln+uljwfg ci6d k6nM .. ..

xfs' b'u'of ;F xfs' e-v_l6of ;F, xfs' sf]ifof kf, Yj ;f]tf r"g yg], yj
t'ltof w'njl;u'ln, Yjln gfk 5\ofª, yj gfd rf]ofj, xyfn jg] c:qz:qof
lge{o, Yj ;To @ vj .. ..
k[YjL, cfk, t]h, jfo', cfsfz, y'ln ªfUjn tTj h'lo, y'u'ln ªfUjnof tTj
h]g Nxfotªf, u'ul' n cfvn Gxfk Nxfn pu'ln kmn h'o-' kf} #^s_lyg b'Mv leª,
dleª ;stfg Nxfo b', c+lg;] cxtf k[ly{ tTj, s+lg;], `tf], ckt+lg;]gtf]
t]hk+lg;] dtf] jfo', k/;]v cfsfz .. k[lYj ckleª t]h ;fdfGo, jfo'eo,
cfsfzz d[To' y'ul' n syg+ ljrfn, y'ul' n ljrfn, of]lul;4k'?if0f l;j .. ..
Olt p8\8Lz gjd k6n .. ..

cy-v_ cf}iflw k|s/0f+ .. ..


PskqL, 5kx/, a| f Xd0f ! låtLo g] k xn @ 5qLo, qLkqL j} Z o
;f]x/, rt'kqL k]kx/ $ ;'b| 5kxn, ldhg jZo ofo, lgx/, xfs' dxfj
:jfgof k'of gfk+, ld;f j:o ofo ;f]x/+, 3]n b'b'gfk+, /fhf jZo ofo,

( 87 )
k]-kf} #&s_xn+, kn]cf]gfk+, b'Hh{g j:o ofo, lsl; jZo ofoM .. ..
jfzn n[ooft sy y7] ..
zlgZrnjfn s'Gx', ;'lr ofª, df]nNx'ofj, lsUjn sfofcf], jf;/of yf;
cf]g], cf]n], jfz/ k"hf ofo ..
Yju'ln dGqg .. ..
o]g Tjf+ vGwt] j|Xdfot]Gb|f] o]g ;+-v_s/t]g
nfiftloiofldlti7lti6lt dxf]iflw ..
cflbjfn s'Gx' l;gDx'of alno, jfz/, Yju'ln dGqg,
gd:t] d[t;+ t]jn jLo\o{ ljj4{t+
jndfo'Zr d]b] lx kfk d]of lx b"/t .. ..
lnª xofj to y'ln dGqg .. ..
cq}jltij sNofl0f, ddsfh{s/L-kf} #*s_ej ..
dd sfo\o{s[t, l;4] ttM :jUu{ldiol; ..
Yju'ln dGq af0f] ..
5]; tofj to, Yju'ln ljlwg, cflbTojfn s'Gx' ;'Hh{ d?j a]/; ;'Hh{ ?/;f
k"hf ofodfn, lhkmf]n:jfg, sg]xf]n:jfg, Xofª' rcf]n:jfg, s'+sd ' g k"hf
ofo, s'Tofe';, k+ruAog, j; Onk]s'/fTs, Yjof b'jg], sf]nfl5 rfs rf]o,
/QmrGbg+ rf]o, k"hf ofªfj jl/-v_ lao, alnof dGq,
¥xLF rfd'08] ¥xLF km6\ :jfxf ..
Yju'ln k|sf/0f jfzn bSjof k"hf ofo, yy] oft;f, jf;/, an nfloj, yy]
doft;f jfz/ a/nfo db' ws, dxfe}/jof cf1f .. ..
Olt >Lpm8\8Lzbfd/] cf]ifwLljwfgf]gfd bzd k6nM ;dfKt+ .. ..
z'e\d ..

( 88 )
lnw+;f
k|fylds >f]t
dfOqmf]lkmNd P !@%÷!%, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd P #$!÷!$, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd P #$$÷$, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd P $%!÷*, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd P *$!÷(, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd P !)@^÷^, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd P !#&^÷!, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd la #)÷^, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd la !&@÷*, /fli6«o clen]vfno .
dfOqmf]lkmNd la #@%÷!@, /fli6«o clen]vfno .

låtLo >f]t
ah|frfo{, ab|L/Tg -g];+ !!)$_, >[Ëe]/L -g]s" KjLs]u' afv+_ . o]FM >Ldfof
dfgGw/ .
zfSo, dx]Gb|/Tg -g];+ !!#)_, dtofM :dfl/sf . nlntk'/M :dfl/sf k|sfzg
pk;ldlt >[Ëe]/L Gos"hfqf dtofM ;+rfng ;ldlt .
>]i7, lbn]Gb| /fh j P;=kL= nfn >]i7 -lj;+ @)%@_, g]s" hfqf dtofM
->[Ë e]/L bLkofqf_ . nlntk'/M d+uMdtofM Aoj:yf ;ldlt j d+un
6f]n ;'wf/ ;+3 .
Nepal-German Manuscript Preservation Project, Preliminary list of Manuscripts,
Blockprings and Historical Documents microfilmed. Hamburg, University
of Hamburg Asia- Africa-Institute Dept. of Indian Tibetan Studies

( 89 )
( 90 )

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