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PI()/2 radians = 90 degree

Example

X (radians) 1.5707963268

X (degree) 90

Pi ∏ 3.1415926536

Pi /2 1.5707963268

Arc Sin (radians) 1.5707963268 Arc Sin of a number in radians in the range -Pi/2 to Pi/2

Angle (degree) 90

tan 1.6324552E+16

arc tan (radians) 1.5707963268

Angle( degree) 90

180 3.141593

3.1415926536

180

3.1415926536

1.5707963268

1 1

1.5707963268 #VALUE!

90 #VALUE!

Excel:

CI60XC351 CI13XC912 P1

degree 39.81359722 39.80336 39

-84.1336556 -84.1061 -84

-1.4684093 -1.46793

2.610 Km 2.610 Km

2616.3 mts fron degree formula 1 deg Lat = 111194.9 mts

0.010233333 1137.894749292

-0.02758056 -2383.353127324

2641.055961163

Bearing β = atan2(Y,X)

X X = cos θb * sin ∆L

Y Y = cos θa * sin θb – sin θa * cos θb * cos ∆L

St Louis: 38.627089, -90.200203 38.627089 -90.2002

4.38101

X 0.059676687

Y -0.0068126195

Bearing 1.6844630626

B in degree 96.51262423

m)

P2 P1 P2

40 39 39

-84 -84 -85

2.610 Km

1633349

1 deg Lat = 86414.25 mts

0.682422 -1.65075358

0.67417 -1.57429053

0.076463049

Calculating Bearing or Heading angle between two points:

So if you are from GIS field or dealing with GIS application, you should know bearing and how to calculat

tool for bearing:

Let ‘R’ be the radius of Earth,

‘L’ be the longitude,

‘θ’ be latitude,

‘β‘ be Bearing.

Denote point A and B as two different points, where ‘La’ is point A longitude and ‘θa’ is point A latitude,

measured from North direction i.e 0° bearing means North, 90° bearing is East, 180° bearing is measured

Note: If bearing is denoted with +ve or –ve initials whose values lies between 0° to 180°, then –ve is deno

Formula to find Bearing, when two different points latitude, longitude is given:

Bearing from point A to B, can be calculated as,

β = atan2(X,Y),

where, X and Y are two quantities and can be calculated as:

X = cos θb * sin ∆L

Y = cos θa * sin θb – sin θa * cos θb * cos ∆L

Lets us take an example to calculate bearing between the two different points with the formula:

Kansas City: 39.099912, -94.581213

St Louis: 38.627089, -90.200203

So X and Y can be calculated as,

X = cos(38.627089) * sin(4.38101)

X = 0.05967668696

And

Y = cos(39.099912) * sin(38.627089) – sin(39.099912) * cos(38.627089) * cos(4.38101)

Y = 0.77604737571 * 0.62424902378 – 0.6306746155 * 0.78122541965 * 0.99707812506

Y = -0.00681261948

So as, β = atan2(X,Y) = atan2(0.05967668696, -0.00681261948)

β = 96.51°

This means, from Kansas City if we move in 96.51° bearing direction, we will reach St Louis.

w bearing and how to calculate bearing with formula. Let us look on formula and

e and ‘θa’ is point A latitude, similarly assume for point B. Bearing would be

ast, 180° bearing is measured to be South, and 270° to be West.

en 0° to 180°, then –ve is denoted for South and West sides.

iven:

os(4.38101)

.99707812506

l reach St Louis.

Point A Point B Lat A (deg) Long A (deg) Lat B (deg) Long B (deg) La A (rad)

CI60XC351 CI13XC912 39.81359722 -84.13365556 39.80336389 -84.106075 0.694878359

CI13XC912 CI60XC351 39.80336389 -84.106075 39.81359722 -84.13365556 0.694699753

CI13XC912 CI03XC352 39.80336389 -84.106075 39.77738056 -84.14188333 0.694699753

CI13XC912 CI14XC285 39.80336389 -84.106075 39.82595278 -84.06907222 0.694699753

Long B (rad) Lat B (rad) Long B (rad) ∆L (deg) ∆L (rad) X Y Bearing (rad)

-1.468409301 0.694699753 -1.46792793 0.027581 0.000481 0.00037 -0.00018 2.0205966992

-1.46792793 0.694878359 -1.4684093 -0.02758 -0.00048 -0.00037 0.000179 -1.120687769

-1.46792793 0.694246259 -1.4685529 -0.03581 -0.00062 -0.00048 -0.00045 -2.327375688

-1.46792793 0.695094004 -1.46728211 0.037003 0.000646 0.000496 0.000394 0.899056858

Bearing(deg) Bearing Abs (deg) OK

115.8 115.8

-64.2 295.8

-133.3 226.7

51.5 51.5

Point A Point B Lat A (deg) Long A (deg) Lat B (deg) Long B (deg) La A (rad)

CI60XC351 CI13XC912 39.81359722 -84.13365556 39.80336389 -84.106075 0.694878359

CI13XC912 CI60XC351 39.80336389 -84.106075 39.81359722 -84.13365556 0.694699753

CI13XC912 CI03XC352 39.80336389 -84.106075 39.77738056 -84.14188333 0.694699753

CI13XC912 CI14XC285 39.80336389 -84.106075 39.82595278 -84.06907222 0.694699753

Long B (rad) Lat B (rad) Long B (rad) ∆L (deg) ∆L (rad) X Y Bearing (rad)

-1.468409301 0.694699753 -1.46792793 0.027581 0.000481 0.00037 -0.00018 2.0205966992

-1.46792793 0.694878359 -1.4684093 -0.02758 -0.00048 -0.00037 0.000179 -1.120687769

-1.46792793 0.694246259 -1.4685529 -0.03581 -0.00062 -0.00048 -0.00045 -2.327375688

-1.46792793 0.695094004 -1.46728211 0.037003 0.000646 0.000496 0.000394 0.899056858

Bearing(deg) Bearing Abs (deg) OK Sec Point A Point A Azim Sec Point B Point B Azimut

115.8 115.8

-64.2 295.8

-133.3 226.7 270 35

51.5 51.5 3 270 1 35

M=(A - 90)N=(A + 90)P(B - 30) Q(B + 30) Front or Back? P-B relat to Az A P-B relat to Az A

Az B relat to Az A Az B relat to Az A

235.0 125.0

Angle Condition 1

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