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2018-04-19 Geometry and Calculus (Long Block)

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CALCULUS | PACKER COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE

V(r) = ______________________

SA(r) = ______________________

Mr. Shah looks at these formulae. “Wait. WAIT. HECK NO. IS IT?

YES? NO. WAY. IT IS.” What did Mr. Shah just notice?

A(r) = ______________________

C(r) = ______________________

Now let’s think of a dumdum. As we enjoy the dumdum, the radius changes. We’re

Draw a quick diagram of the dumdum at a certain point in time (pretend it’s a perfect

sphere), and then after a couple minutes. Make sure your dumdum looks 3D! Draw that

dashed ring like above to show this!

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First, let’s label the diagram together so we’re all using the same variables.

Let’s keep things simple and give your answer using the volume function V(blah) :

___________________

To help with this, let’s instead think of the dumdum as a made of clay and we’ve

removed a layer from the outside. We carefully flatten the removed the layer until it

looks like this.

conceptually…):

____________________________

approximately: ____________________________

Now we have two equations for the volume. Let’s set them approximately equal to each

other and see what happens… Rearrange them, with CALCULUS in mind.

Like with did with the dumdum, imagine a disk. With the dumdum we removed an outer

layer with a tiny thickness . With the disk, what should we remove? Draw a diagram.

Label it with the same variables we did above ( r and h )

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What is the area of the layer that we removed, written using the area formula A(blah) :

___________________

Let’s flatten out this layer, like we did before with the dumdum. It’s not a volume, but an

area!

_____________

is (think conceptually…):

____________________________

is approximately:

____________________________

Again, similar to above, we have two equations for the area. Let’s set them

approximately equal to each other and see what happens… Rearrange them, with

CALCULUS in mind.

Conclusions:

_______________________.

_______________________.

see the algebra work out. Let’s see it all

fit together geometrically for a circle, by

looking at all the rings together.

of rings of small width.

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Each ring has a circumference based on the radius of the ring. Each ring has a tiny width.

[diagrams from www.betterexplained.com]

And now, let’s unroll the rings and stack them next to each

other vertically…

circumference of the ring. They go from tiiiiny to large.

get something that looks approximately like what

geometric figure?

______________

Big picture: A circle can be see as a bunch of tiny rings (almost a circumference, but with

a tiny width) added together. And so we can find the area of this circle by adding these

tiny rings together.

For a cube: the derivative of the volume gives you the _______________________.

For a square: the derivative of the area gives you the _______________________.

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