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Original Title: 3NBB0 - 2015 - 01 - Exam Practice Physics (1)

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You are on page 1of 4

Monday, January 21, 2013, 9.00 – 12.00 hr

This assessment consists of ten exercises, each containing one or more questions. Every

question counts equally in determining your final score.

You are allowed to use the following:

2. (graphical) calculator

3. dictionary

Write on every paper you use during the assessment your name, student ID, and the faculty

of your Bachelor.

The answers to the questions will be posted on the OASE-website of the course.

The grades will be announced before Tuesday February 12, 2013, through the OASE-website

of the course. If you disagree with the result, you are asked to contact the responsible lecturer

of the course, R.Engeln, via e-mail before Tuesday, February 26, 2013.

final assessment ’Applied Natural Sciences’ (3NBB) — Monday, January 21, 2013

1. In the long jump, an athlete launches herself at a speed v0 at an angle α0 above the

ground and lands at the same height, trying to travel the greatest horizontal distance.

Suppose that on earth she is in the air for time T , reaches a maximum height H, and

achieves a horizontal distance D. She now jumps at the same speed v0 and angle α0

during a competition on Mars, where the acceleration due to gravity gM equals k times

the acceleration due to gravity g on earth (with k a dimensionless number between 0

and 1).

(a) Find her time TM in the air. Express your answer in terms of T .

(b) Find her maximum height HM . Express your answer in terms of H.

(c) Find her horizontal distance DM . Express your answer in terms of D.

2. Two blocks are connected by a massless cord passing over a small, frictionless pulley

and rest on frictionless planes, see figure. The acceleration due to gravity equals g.

(a) When the blocks are released from rest,

will they slide to the left or to the right?

Explain your answer.

Express your answer in terms of g.

30◦ 60◦

(c) What is the tension in the cord? Express

your answer in terms of m and g.

without friction around the track shown in the

figure. It starts from rest at point A at a height

h above the bottom of the loop. Treat the car

as a particle. The acceleration due to gravity

equals g.

(a) What is the minimum value hmin of h (in terms of R) such that the car moves

around the loop without falling off at the top (point B)?

(b) If the car starts from rest at a height h > hmin , compute the speed vC of the

passengers when the car is at point C, which is at the end of a horizontal diameter.

Express your answer in terms of h, R and g.

(c) If the car starts from rest at a height h > hmin , compute the radial acceleration

arad of the passengers at point C. Express your answer in terms of h, R and g.

(d) If the car starts from rest at a height h > hmin , compute the tangential acceleration

atan of the passengers is at point C. Express your answer in terms of h, R and g.

final assessment ’Applied Natural Sciences’ (3NBB) — Monday, January 21, 2013

window ledge at a height h above the floor.

Grabbing a rope attached to a chandelier, he

swings down to grapple with the movie’s villain

(mass m2 ), who is standing directly under the

h

chandelier, see figure. The acceleration due to

gravity equals g. m1

(Assume that the stuntman’s center of mass

moves downward over a height h. He releases

the rope just as he reaches the villain.) m2

(a) In the collision both men stick together, and start to slide with velocity V . Express

V in terms of m1 , m2 , g and h.

(b) The two men slide together over a distance D before they come to rest. The

coefficient of kinetic friction between the two men and the floor is µk . Express D

in terms of V , µk and g.

5. A narrow U-shaped glass tube with open ends is filled with 25 cm of oil (of specific

gravity 0.800) and 25 cm of water on opposite sides, with a barrier separating the liq-

uids, see figure. The acceleration due to gravity equals g.

of liquid in each side of the tube after the barrier

is removed. Assume that the two liquids do not

mix.

if the oil and water had equal densities? Arrive at

your answer by simple physical reasoning, not by

calculations.

side if the oil’s density were much less than that of

water? Arrive at your answer by simple physical

reasoning, not by calculations.

6. An apple has a weight w. When you hang it from the end of a long spring of force

constant k and negligible mass, it bounces up and down in simple harmonic motion. If

you stop the bouncing and let the apple swing from side to side through a small angle,

the frequency of this simple pendulum is half the bounce frequency. (Because the angle

is small, the back and forth swings do not cause any appreciable change in the length

of the spring.)

(a) What is the unstretched length L0 of the spring? Express your answer in w and k.

final assessment ’Applied Natural Sciences’ (3NBB) — Monday, January 21, 2013

oscillator operates at a frequency of 40 Hz and with an amplitude of 3.00 cm . The rope

has a linear mass density of 50.0 g/m and is stretched with a tension of 5.00 N.

(b) Calculate the wavelength.

(c) Calculate the maximum transverse acceleration of points on the rope.

(a) If an organ pipe is open at one end and closed at the other, what length must it

have for its fundamental mode to produce this note at a temperature of 20.0 ◦ C?

Take the speed of sound to be 344 m/s.

(b) At what air temperature will the frequency be 360 Hz? (Ignore the change in

length of the pipe due to the temperature change.)

9. Rods of copper, brass, and steel are welded together to form a Y-shaped figure. The

cross-sectional area of each rod is 2.00 cm2 . The free end of the copper rod is maintained

at 90.0 ◦ C, and the free ends of the brass and steel rods at 0.0 ◦ C. Assume there is no

heat loss from the surfaces of the rods. The lengths of the rods are 10 cm (copper), 25 cm

(brass) and 50 cm (steel). The thermal conductivities (in W/mK) may be approximated

by 400 (copper), 100 (brass) and 50 (steel).

(a) How are the heat currents in the three rods related?

(b) What is the temperature of the junction point?

transparent solid whose index of refraction is n. The

index of refraction of air is 1.00.

θa for which total internal reflection will occur at

the vertical face (point A shown in the figure)?

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