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Republic of the Philippines

PROFESSIONAL REGULATIONS COMMISSION


Manila

BOARD OF CRIMINOLOGY

CRIMINOLIGISTS Licensure Examination


Thursday, August 6, 1998 01:30 p.m. – 04:00 p.m.
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CRIME DETECTION, INVESTIGATION & PREVENTION SET B

INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following


questions. Mark only the answer for each item by shading the box
corresponding to the letter of your choice on the answer sheet
provided. STRICTLY NO ERASURES ALLOWED. Use pencil no. 1 only.

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. A certain intersection, for several reasons has more traffic


accidents, the police unit assigned to the area should:

A. park near the intersection in plain view and wait for


violators
B. park the motorcycle at the center of intersection to caution
motorist
C. park near the intersection, more or less hidden from view
D. cruise all the assigned area but give extra attention to the
intersection

2. Every device which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is


propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires but
not operated upon rails.

A. skating C. bicycle
B. tricycle D. motor vehicles

3. Kind of dismissal whereby the description and characteristics


maybe vague that the identification is difficult.

A. professional criminal C. ordinary criminal


B. known fugitives D. unknown fugitives

4. Hypothetical.

A. temporary C. exaggerated
B. probable D. assumed

5. A public officer or employee when NOT being authorized by


judicial order shall enter a dwelling against the will of the owner
thereof.

A. legal entry C. violation of domicile


B. illegal entry D. trespassing
6. Any act that would remove or neutralized a fire hazard.

A. allotment C. combustion
B. distillation D. abatement

7. It is the investigator’s responsibility to insure that every


precaution is exercised to preserve physical evidence in the state in
which it was recovered until it is released to the evidence custodian.

A. tagging evidence C. evaluation evidence


B. preservation of evidence D. releasing of evidence

8. Trial is allowed only after arraignment and the accused may waive
his right to appear at the trial EXCEPT when his presence is required
for purposes of identification.

A. substitution C. reassignment
B. in absentia D. presentation of evidence

9. Is a sworn written statement charging a person with an offense


subscribed by the offended party, any peace officer or other employee
of the government or governmental institution in charge of the
enforcement of the law violated?

A. deposition C. police blotter


B. complaint D. information

10. The customary title marks that determined whether a sentence is


clear of has doubtful meaning.

A. vocabulary C. punctuation
B. diction D. articles

11. Evidence is admissible when it is relevant to the issue and is


NOT excluded by the rules.

A. real evidence C. admissibility of evidence


B. secondary evidence D. relevancy of evidence

12. According to law enforcement authorities, particularly the


NARCOM, “marijuana” drug is difficult to control here because of:

A. the plant can be easily be cultivated


B. can easily be smuggled from the outside countries
C. can easily be smoked surreptitiously countries
D. the big demand

13. Temerity.

A. fear C. rashness
B. arrogance D. force

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14. It is the coordinating machinery in the operation of the criminal
justice system.

A. Department of Justice C. Peace and Order Council


B. Court D. Municipal Government

15. The fundamental responsibility of the officer in charge of


protecting the crime scene is:

A. interrogating the witness


B. engaging in the search for traces left by the criminals
C. removal of evidence which may be important to the case
D. preserving the site of the crime in the same physical
conditions as it was left by the perpetrator

16. All lines, patterns, words, colors or other gadgets EXCEPT signs
set into the surface or applied upon or attached to the pavement or
curbing officially place for the purpose of regulating traffic is:

A. warning signs C. traffic management


B. traffic engineering D. pavement marking

17. The main reason why both traffic officers and signal lights are
used on some intersection is that:

A. motorists are discouraged from jumping signals


B. traffic can be kept moving at a faster rate
C. greater safety to pedestrians and motorists is
affected
D. an officer can stop and start traffic as necessity
demands

18. The burning of low-grade heavy oils or resinous or tarry


materials with sufficient air forms lamp black commonly known as:

A. black bone C. soot


B. used petroleum D. black iron

19. Principal alkaloid of opium constituting as much as 20% of opium.

A. morphine C. codeine
B. heroin D. hashish

20. The authority of the court to take cognizance of a case in the


first instance is known as:

A. Original jurisdiction C. Appellate jurisdiction


B. General jurisdiction D. Delegated jurisdiction

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21. A person undergoing criminal investigation enjoys his three
constitutional rights.

A. the right to oppose whatever the accusation on him


B. the right to plead guilty and not guilty
C. the right to oppose whatever accusation on him base on his
constitutional rights
D. the right to remain silent, the right to counsel, and the
right to be informed of the nature of the accusation

22. Any private person who shall enter the dwelling of another
against the latter’s will.

A. none of these C. light threats


B. trespass to dwelling D. usurpation

23. “A” stabbed “B”. “A” brought “B” to a hospital for medical
treatment. Had it NOT been the timely medical attendance, “B” would
have died. The crime committed is:

A. physical injury C. attempted felony


B. consummated felony D. delegated jurisdiction

24. Which DOES NOT belong to the type of detainee?

A. undergoing investigation
B. awaiting or undergoing trial
C. awaiting final judgment
D. for safe keeping

25. Which of the following types of accidents is most decreased by


the installation of traffic light?

A. cross traffic accident


B. misunderstanding between motorist and traffic orders
C. accidents of confusion
D. accidents of decision of right of way

26. Which it is not excluded by the law as tending to prove a fact in


issue?

A. material evidence C. relevant evidence


B. direct evidence D. competent evidence

27. Macho.

A. assertive C. heroic
B. angry D. stubborn

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28. The use of one or more electrical appliances or devices which
draw or consume electrical current beyond the designed capacity of the
existing electrical system.

A. self-closing door C. jumper


B. overloading D. oxidizing material

29. When people are considered as source of information, the


experienced officer:

A. recognizes that persons from all walks of life represent


potential investigative resources
B. develops his contacts only with law abiding citizens
C. restricts his efforts to members of the department
D. concentrates all his efforts to acquire informants only from
criminal types

30. The method of determining and finding the best way to remedy the
specific cause or causes of the complaint or grievance refers to
______.

A. investigation procedure C. cross examination


B. grievance procedure D. criminal procedure

31. The adjudication by the court that the defendant is guilty or is


NOT guilty of the offense charged and the imposition of the penalty
provided by law on the defendant who pleads or is found guilty
thereof.

A. judgment C. confession
B. information D. admission

32. A type of informant reveals information usually of no


consequences.

A. mercenary informant C. false informant


B. frightened informant D. double crosses informant

33. One of the following is exempted from paying 0.01% of the


assessed value of a building.

A. single family dwellings C. department store


B. hospitals D. schools

34. A clandestine operation in a police parlance means:

A. covert intelligence C. surveillance


B. secret activity D. overt intelligence

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35. Which of the following is NOT among the rules to be observed in
questioning?

A. simplicity of question C. one question at a time


B. accept implied answer D. saving face

36. It is an offense which, under the law existing at the time of its
commission and the time of the application to be admitted to bail, may
be punished to death.

A. minor offense C. light offense


B. capital offense D. serious offense

37. Any motor vehicle accident that result in injuries other than
fatal to one or more persons.

A. non-fatal injury accident


B. traffic law enforcement
C. fatal accident
D. property damage accident

38. A written order of the court or any other competent authority


consigning an offender to a jail or prison for confinement is termed
as:

A. mittimus C. contraband
B. instrument of restraint D. commitment order

39. A word or group of words which expresses a complete thought.

A. adverb C. subject
B. verb D. shabu

40. The following members of the pillars of the criminal justice


system must effectively work; the law enforcers, the prosecutors, the
judges, the penologist and the ___________.

A. drug dependents C. citizenry


B. merchants of death D. band of addicts

41. Is an art that deals with identity and location of the offender
and provides evidence of his guilt through criminal proceedings?

A. information C. interrogation
B. instrumentation D. criminal investigation

42. Special crime investigation is more concerned on.

A. testimonial evidence C. tracing evidence


B. associative evidence D. physical evidence

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43. An enclosed vertical space of passage that extends from floor to
floor, as well as from base to the top of the building.

A. sprinkler system C. vertical shaft


B. flash point D. standpipe system

44. A drug from the leaves of coca, a South American shrub. It is a


central nervous system stimulant. What it is?

A. opiates C. cocaine
B. shabu D. marijuana

45. The dependent minor who wants to avail of treatment of


rehabilitation must have a sworn petition of:

A. by parents, guardian or relative


B. by the President of the Philippines
C. all of these
D. by the addicts

46. When the investigator finds a tool at the crime scene, he should
first of all.

A. pick it up for examination taking care not to jar it


B. compare the cutting edge of the toll with impressions to
determine if this was the tool used in the crime
C. immediately collect it and always send it to the crime
laboratory for scientific examination
D. wait until the crime scene has been sketched or photograph
and measurements taken before he collects evidence

47. It is an evaluated material of every description, including those


derived from observation, reports, rumors, imagery, and other sources
from which intelligence is derived.

A. intelligence C. police intelligence


B. military intelligence D. information

48. Fiscal relate to:

A. finance C. human values


B. materialism D. force

49. The declaration made under a consciousness of an impending death.

A. rest gestae
B. dying declaration
C. declaration against interest
D. all of these

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50. The purpose of bail is:

A. to protect the accused rights under the fourth


amendment
B. to keep the accused in jail until trial
C. to punish the accused for the crime
D. to release the accused until trial

51. Amphetamine is representative of good class of stimulant known


as:

A. stick C. reefer
B. knock-out drops D. pop pills

52. A wall designed to prevent the spread of fire, having a fire


resistance rating of not less than four hours with sufficient
structural stability to remain standing even if construction on either
side collapses under fire conditions.

A. firewood C. post wall


B. firewall D. firetrap

53. A police officer testifying to the fact that he observed the


defendant assault the victim is representing to the court __________.

A. circumstantial evidence C. direct evidence


B. artificial evidence D. real evidence

54. Prohibitive signs and restrictive signs shall have:

A. blue background and white symbols


B. a red background with white symbols and black border
C. white background with black symbols and red border
D. green background with white and black symbol

55. The __________ shall be conducted as pre-requisite to grant


permits and/or licenses by local government or other government
agencies.

A. fire safety inspection C. fire protection assembly


B. fire alerting system D. fire service

56. Developed in the case of WEEKS vs. U.S. in 1914, it works to


exclude any evidence against an individual which was seized in
violation of the person’s constitutional rights.

A. Hamurabi Law C. Laurel’s Law


B. Miranda Rule D. Exclusionary Law

57. The place of trial for a criminal action is called.

A. territory C. jurisdiction
B. action D. venue

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58. Every motor vehicle propelled by an internal combustion engine
shall be equipped with a __________ and said motor vehicle passes
through a street of any city, municipality or populated barrio.

A. wiper C. muffler
B. light D. windshield

59. Investigator must be patient to obtain accurate and complete


information, especially with uncooperative subjects.

A. logical mind C. perseverance


B. power of self control D. windshield

60. The Golden Triangle where 80% of illicit drugs of the world
originate is located specifically in:

A. Burma-Vietnam-Thailand Borders
B. Thailand-Burma-Laos Borders
C. Laos-Thailand-China Borders
D. Thailand-Burma-China Borders

61. Intervention of the offended party in the criminal action is NOT


allowed in the following instances, EXCEPT:

A. when he has not waived the civil action


B. when he has filed the civil action ahead of the criminal
action
C. when he has expressly reserved the right to institute the
civil action separately
D. when he was waived the civil action

62. Is one in which all the ingredients of the offense are committed
in one place.

A. local action C. transitory crime


B. local crimes D. transitory action

63. It is an individual who openly or secretly obtained or assists in


obtaining information for intelligence and counter-intelligence
purposes in exchange for some recompense, monetary or otherwise.

A. witnesses C. information
B. informants D. voluntary

64. Marijuana often called grass, reel or weed is a crude drug made
from Cannabis Saliva L., a plant that contains and mind altering
effect unto the person using it. What is the most common manifestation
of the used of marijuana?

A. altered sense of time/disorientation


B. acute panic anxiety reaction and concentration
C. impaired reflexes coordination and concentration
D. moderate hear beat and pulse rate

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65. Articles and materials which are found in connection with the
investigation and which aid in establishing the identity of the
perpetrator or the circumstances under which crime was committed or
which in general assist in the prosecution of the criminal offenses is
called:

A. material or physical evidence


B. corpus delicti
C. associative evidence
D. tracing evidence

66. A traffic police officer stationed along route of parade has been
ordered by his superior to allow no cars to cross the route. While the
parade is in progress, an ambulance driver on an emergency attempts to
drive his ambulance across the route while the parade is passing.
Under these circumstances the traffic police officer should.

A. ask the driver to wait until the traffic police officer his
superior and obtain a decision
B. stop the parade long enough to permit the ambulance cross
the street
C. hold up the ambulance in accordance with the
superior’s order
D. direct the ambulance driver to the shortest detour which
will add at least ten minutes to run

67. May cause fires from the heat accumulated from the rolling,
sliding or friction in machinery or between two hard surfaces, at
least one which is usually a metal is called:

A. static electricity C. overheating of machinery


B. friction heat D. heat from arching

68. A finely powdered substance which, when mixed with air in the
proper proportion and ignited will cause and explosion.

A. fire lane C. fire trap


B. dust D. fire alarm

69. The active principle of burning, characterized by the heat, fuel


and ignition.

A. fire C. fire alarm


B. electricity D. finishes

70. Passageway from building to another or through or around a wall


in approximately the same floor level.

A. smelting C. fulminate
B. vestibule D. horizontal exit

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71. Heat transferred by direct contact from one body to another is
known as:

A. nuclear fission C. convection


B. conduction D. radiation

72. Subside.

A. decrease C. descend upon


B. undermine D. to yield

73. Uses his seeming desire to give information as an excuse to talk


to the police in order to get more information from them than he
gives.

A. double crosser informant


B. self aggrandizing informants
C. false informants
D. mercenary informants

74. The __________ supervises the enforcement of the law on


prohibited and regulated drugs.

A. DDB C. BJMP
B. PACC D. PNP

75. The place in Thailand-Burma-Laos Borders where opium is


cultivated and processed is known as:

A. Drug Triangle C. Silver Curtain


B. Golden Triangle D. Pyramid of Asia

76. Assume a dead body has been discovered on the street and being
the only police officer around, you have been called upon by a
passerby to proceed to the scene. Upon arriving at the scene, several
onlookers are gathered. As a rule, it is essential that a police
officer should refrain from expressing his opinion as the probable
cause of death because:

A. your opinion may influence the investigator assigned to the


case
B. no useful purpose will be served
C. the killer may overhear your conclusion
D. you do not know the cause of the death

77. A famous drug syndicate that must be stopped is:

A. The Red Triangle C. The CVOs


B. Triple “A” D. All of the above

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78. The first action taken by a traffic unit to escape from a
collision course or otherwise avoid a hazard.

A. start of evasive action


B. final position
C. point of no escape
D. point of possible perception

79. Are drugs which produce intensity, stupor, melancholy or dullness


of mind with delusions?

A. stimulant C. depressant
B. narcotics D. hallucinogens

80. An informant who gives information to the police investigator and


his purpose of informing the police is to eliminate a competition.

A. rival-elimination informant
B. mercenary informant
C. self aggrandizing informant
D. anonymous informant

81. A number representing the resistance to sliding of two surfaces


in contact is known as:

A. coefficient of friction C. traffic jams


B. attribute D. contact damage

82. Recuse.

A. recur C. repeat
B. to withdraw D. rest

83. The theory which asserts that man exhibits a constant variation
of life energy and mood state.

A. traffic citation C. traffic lights


B. biorhythm D. traffic island

84. A declaration made under a consciousness of an impending death.

A. parts of resgestae
B. statements
C. dying declaration
D. against personal interest

85. The primary job of an investigator is to determine whether a


crime has been committed in order to determine such, he must have
knowledge of the so-called __________ cardinal questions of
investigation.

A. six C. four
B. three D. two

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86. The correct choice of word selecting the exact precise objective
words to convey a meaning.

A. exclamation point C. vocabulary


B. punctuation D. diction

87. Instrument used to open and close a fire hydrant.

A. hydrant key C. key board


B. kilowatts D. bunch of key

88. Descriptive of any materials which by its nature or as a result


of its reaction with other elements produces a rapid drop in
temperature of the immediate surroundings.

A. oxidizing material C. curtain board


B. dust D. cryogenic

89. A chemical substance which affects a persons in such a way as to


bring physiological, psychological, emotional or behavioral change.

A. alcohol C. marijuana
B. drug D. coca leaf

90. For offenses falling under the jurisdiction of the Municipal


Trial Courts and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts, prosecution is
instituted.

A. by filling a complaint with the Regional Trial Court


B. by filling a complaint directly with the court
C. by filling a complaint with the Chief of Police
D. by filling a complaint with the fiscal for preliminary
investigation

91. A standard arrow to designate the North must be indicated to


facilitate proper orientation.

A. map C. compass direction


B. wind whirl D. window

92. Drugs that produce perceptual alteration, varying emotional


change, ego distortion and thought disruption.

A. stimulants C. tranquilizers
B. depressant D. hallucinogen

93. With respect to minor traffic violations, the traffic police


officer should be guided foremost by the consideration that
__________.

A. some traffic violations are intended


B. the aim is to discourage violations
C. some traffic violations are caused by negligence

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D. violations must be punished

94. The profession and scientific discipline directed to the


recognition, identification, individualization and evaluation of
physical evidence by application of natural sciences in matters of law
and science.

A. Chemist C. Toxicologist
B. Scientist D. Criminalistics

95. The number of person who handle the evidence from the scene of
the crime and between the time of the commission of the crime up to
the final disposition of the case.

A. time of disposition C. chain of custody


B. time of custody D. time of disposal

96. Bilious.

A. wealthy C. bad tempered


B. puffed out D. dreary

97. Any event that results in unintended injury or property damage


attribute directly or indirectly to the action of motor vehicle.

A. motor transportation way


B. motor vehicle accident
C. non-motor vehicle traffic accident
D. motor vehicle non-traffic accident

98. A technique useful in investigation is the instrumental detection


of deception is what test:

A. ballistics test
B. fingerprinting test
C. questioned document test
D. polygraph testing

99. A warrant issued by a court bearing its seal and the signature of
the judge, directing the jail or prison authorities to receive
offenders for custody or service of sentenced imposed therein.

A. affidavit C. letter of invitation


B. subpoena D. mittimus

100. “A” wanted to kill “C”, the former pointed his gun to the latter.
As “A” pressed the trigger, the gun jammed and “C” managed to escape.
This is example of:

A. frustrated felony
B. consummated felony
C. attempted felony
D. consummated and frustrated felony

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