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Solfege

Solfege is a system of musical notation based on relationships between tones (also known as intervals). The notation on the staff is replaced with syllables (e.g. do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, do) or their abbreviations (d,r,m,f,s,l,t,d). "Do" is chosen to be the tonic (central tone). The key or key signature is the tool that tells which pitch to use as Do based upon the number of sharps or flats that are present.

Curwen/Glover Hand Signs

The Kodály approach emphasizes the importance of learning how to sing on pitch. In the 18th century, John Spencer Curwen drew upon an earlier music teaching system known as Norwich Sol-fa, which had been devised by Sarah Glover, and developed hand signs to go with the solfege syllables (do re mi, etc.). Kodály integrated these hand signs into his teaching methods.

Hand signs are a way of giving a physical placement for a vocal pitch. The low "do" begins at your midsection. Each pitch is then above the previous one. Thus, you have the hand signs going up when the pitch goes up. The upper "do" is at eye level.

Solfege Solfege is a system of musical notation based on relationships between tones (also known aschromatic scale (using sharps ) : Do Di Re Ri Mi Fa Fi Sol Si La Li Ti Do Descending the chromatic scale (using flats ) : The major scale : The minor scale (natural): The minor scale (harmonic): The minor scale (melodic): The whole tone scale: Do Ti Te La Le Sol Se Fa Mi Me Re Ra Do Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do La Ti Do Re Mi Fa Sol La La Ti Do Re Mi Fa Si La La Ti Do Re Mi Fi Si La Sol Fa Mi Re Do Ti La Do Re Mi Fi Si Li Do Special Hand Signs for Chromatic & Minor Scales Do Di Re Ri Mi Fa Fi Sol Si La Li Ti Do Do Ti Te La Le Sol Se Fa Mi Me Re Ra Do " id="pdf-obj-0-27" src="pdf-obj-0-27.jpg">

Common scales

Some common scales are given below in solfege for reference. Ascending the chromatic scale (using sharps): Do Di Re Ri Mi Fa Fi Sol Si La Li Ti Do

Descending the chromatic scale (using flats):

The minor scale (natural):

The minor scale (harmonic):

The minor scale (melodic):

The whole tone scale:

Do Ti Te La Le Sol Se Fa Mi Me Re Ra Do Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do La Ti Do Re Mi Fa Sol La La Ti Do Re Mi Fa Si La La Ti Do Re Mi Fi Si La Sol Fa Mi Re Do Ti La Do Re Mi Fi Si Li Do

Special Hand Signs for Chromatic & Minor Scales Do Di Re Ri Mi Fa Fi Sol
Special Hand Signs for Chromatic & Minor Scales
Do
Di
Re
Ri
Mi
Fa
Fi
Sol
Si
La
Li
Ti
Do
Do
Ti
Te
La
Le
Sol
Se
Fa
Mi
Me
Re
Ra
Do

Circle of Fifths

Circle of Fifths

Essential questions:

  • 1. What type of symbol do I see (i.e. flat or sharp)?

  • 2. How many do I see?

 

1 #

G is Do

2

#s

D is Do

3

#s

A is Do

4

#s

E is Do

5

#s

B is Do

6

#s

F# is Do

7

#s

C# is Do

Essential questions: 1. What type of symbol do I see (i.e. flat or sharp)? 2. How
Essential questions: 1. What type of symbol do I see (i.e. flat or sharp)? 2. How
Essential questions: 1. What type of symbol do I see (i.e. flat or sharp)? 2. How
Essential questions: 1. What type of symbol do I see (i.e. flat or sharp)? 2. How
Essential questions: 1. What type of symbol do I see (i.e. flat or sharp)? 2. How
C Major 0#/0
C Major
0#/0

C is Do

 

1

1

F is Do

2

2

s

B

is Do

is Do

3

3

s

E

is Do

is Do

4

4

s

A

is Do

is Do

5

5

s

D

is Do

is Do

6

6

s

G

is Do

is Do

 

s

C

7
7

is Do