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CBSE TEST PAPER-02

CLASS - IX Science (Atoms and Molecules)

[ANSWERS]

Ans 01.

Ans 03.

Ans 05.

Ans 06.

Ans 07.

(A) Ans 02. (B) (A) Ans 04. (B) According to law of constant proportion, whatever the
(A)
Ans 02.
(B)
(A)
Ans 04.
(B)
According to law of constant proportion, whatever the method of its formation, a
chemical compound in its pure state will always contain the same elements
combined together in the fixed ratio by mass.
We know that :-
1 mole of an compound = 6.023×1023 atoms
= Gram molecular mass
Gram Molecular mass of H2O = 18g
23
18
g =
6.023
10
atoms
23
6.023
10
1g =
atoms
18
23
3
6.23
10
50
10
Now 50mg of H O =
2
18
= 1.673×10 21 molecules.
The element is 207
X
82
Now, 82 = Atomic Number
207 = Mass Number.

a) Atomic number = number of protons

82 = Number of protons.

b) Mass number = Number of protons + Number of neutrons

  • 207 = 82 + Number of neutrons

  • 207 – 82 = Number of neutrons

  • 125 = Number of neutrons.

Ans 08.

Atomic Number is defined as the total number of protons present in an atom.

Mass number is defined as the sum total of number of protons and the number of

neutrons present in an atom.

Ans 09.

Element with atomic number 11 is more reactive than the one with atomic

number 10 because electronic configuration of atomic number 11 will be 2, 8, 1

so, it has to loose only 1e - from its outermost shall to be stable which is more

easy than the element with atomic number 10 because its electronic

Ans 10.

Ans 11.

configuration is 2, 8 and has 8e - in the outermost shell and hence is already
configuration is 2,
8
and has
8e -
in
the
outermost shell and
hence is already
stable.
Failures of Dalton Atomic Theory are :-
1) Atom is not the smallest particle as it is made up of protons, neutrons and
electrons.
2) Atom’s mass can be cornered to energy (E = mc 2 ) and hence can be
created and destroyed.
3) Atoms of one element have been charged into atoms of another element
through artificial transmutation of elements.
4) Atoms of same element need not resemble each other in all respects as
isotopes (Different of same element) exist.
5) Atoms of different elements need not differ in all respects as isobars
(same forms of different elements) exist.
a) Ammonium Sulphate
(
NH
)
SO
4
4
2

=

[

1

[

= 1

=

18

 

mass of N+4

14

+

4

1

]

2

+

2

+

32

+

64

 

Mass of Hydngen

1

32

+

4

16

=

36

+

32

+

64

b) Penicillin [

=

C

132

g

/

mol

.

16

H

18

N SO

2

4

]

]

2

+

1

Mass

of sulphur +4

Mass of oxygen

=16 × mass of carbon + 18 × Mass of hydrogen + 2 × Mass of Nitrogen + 1 ×

mass of sulphur + 4 × Mass of oxygen.

= 16 × 12 + 18 × 1 + 2 × 14 + 1 × 32 + 4 × 16

= 192 + 18 + 28 + 32 + 64

  • c) Paracetamol [

C H NO

8

9

]

= 334 g /mol.

= 8 × Mass of carbon + 9 × Mass of hydrogen + 1 × mass of Nitrogen + 1 × mass

Ans 12.

of oxygen.

= 8 × 12 + 9 × 1 + 1 × 14 + 1 ×16

= 96 + 9 + 14 + 16

= 135 g /mol

= 12.046×10 23 4 oxygen are present 2 = 2 oxygen are present 2 hydrogen one
= 12.046×10 23
4
oxygen are present
2
= 2 oxygen are present
2
hydrogen one present
4
= 0.5 Hydrogen are present

1 Mole of H 2 SO 4 = gram molecular Mass = 6.023 × 10 23 molecules

  • a) In H 2 So 4 → 2 gram atoms of hydrogen are present

  • b) 6.023 10 23 atoms = H 2 SO 4 So, 2H = 2×6.023×10 23

  • c) In H 2 SO 4 ; for every 2 hydrogen there ave4 oxygen so for 1 hydrogen = For 1 oxygen =

  • d) 1 Mole of H 2 SO 4 = 6.023×10 23 atoms.

CBSE TEST PAPER-03

CLASS - IX Science (Atoms and Molecules)

1.

Which of the following statements is correct?

[1]

  • (a) Cathode rays travel in straight line and have momentum.

  • (b) Cathode rays travel in straight line and have no momentum

  • (c) Cathode rays do not travel in straight line but have Momentum.

(d) Cathode rays do not travel in straight line and have no momentum. 2. 0 0
(d) Cathode rays do not travel in straight line and have no momentum.
2.
0
0
1
1
–particles are represented as :-
(a)
(b)
e
(c)
e
(d)
e
[1]
1 e
+
1
1
0
3.
40
40
Ar and
Ca are (a) Isotopes (b) Isobars (c) Isotones (d) Both b and c
[1]
18
20
4.
The maximum number of electrons in L shell is (a) 8 (b) 18 (c) 28 (d) 38.
[1]
5.
What are α, β and γ – rays composed of.
[2]
6.
What is meant by e/m ratio? What was the value of this ratio for a particle in the
[2]
cathode rays?
7.
Complete the following equations which describe nuclear charge –
[2]
23
1
0
a)
Na
+
n
+
e
11
0
1
9
4
1
b)
Be +
He
+n
______
4
2
0
1
4
c) 16
O +
n
+
He
8
0
2
8.
Stat the properties of cathode rays?
[2]
9.
Write an experiment to show that cathode rays travel in straight line?
[3]
10.
What is radioactivity? What are the applications of radioisotopes?
[3]
11.
There are 2 elements C and B. C emits an α – particle and B emits a β – particle.
[3]
How will the resultant elements charge?
12.
What are isotopes? Name the isotopes of hydrogen and draw the structure of their
[3]

atoms?

CBSE TEST PAPER-03

CLASS - IX Science (Structure of Atom)

[ANSWERS]

Ans 01.

Ans 02.

Ans 03.

Ans 04.

Ans 05.

Ans 06.

Ans 07.

Ans 08.

(A) Cathode rays travel in straight line and have momentum.

0 (A) 1 e (B) Isobars (A) 8. α-particles are made up of helium ions with
0
(A)
1 e
(B)
Isobars
(A)
8.
α-particles are made up of helium ions with +2 charge.
β-rays are negatively charged particles and are fast moving electrons.
γ- rays are neutral but are high frequency electromagnetic radiation.
e
ratio is the ratio of charge of the particle to mass of those particle.
m
e
The
ratio for cathode rays was found out to be 1.759×10 11 C / Kg.
m
In any nuclear reaction, mass number (no. of p + + no. of n o ) and atomic
number (no. of p+) must be conserved.
23
1
24
0
1)
Na
+
n
Mg +
e
11
0
12
1
9
4
1
12
2)
Be +
He
+n
C
4
2
0
6
1
13
4
3) 16
O +
n
C +
He
8
0
6
2
Properties of cathode rays are :-
1) They travel in straight line

2) They have momentum and energy

3) They are deflected by electric and magnetic fields.

Ans 09.

Experiment to show that cathode rays travel in straight line:-

a) Take a discharge tube coated with a fluorescent substance

b) Place an opaque object in the path of the cathode rays.

  • c) When cathode rays were made to pass through the discharge tube then

discharge the glowed wherever cathode rays fall except in the region of the

shadow of the opaque object.

  • d) The above experiment shows that cathode rays travel is straight line.

A

Z

c) When cathode rays were made to pass through the discharge tube then discharge the
4 He 2 0 e 1
4
He
2
0
e
1

Ans 10.

The spontaneous emission of radiation by a substance is called as radioactivity.

Applications of radioisotopes:-

  • a) Isotope of CO-60 emits r-radiation which is used in radiotherapy for cancer.

  • b) Iodine-131 is used in diagnosis and treatment of disease of the thyroid gland.

  • c) Isotope P-32 is used in treatment of leukemia.

  • d) Carbon – 14 is used to study biochemical processes.

Ans 11 When a α-particle is released, atomic number decreases by 2-units and mass

number decrease by 4- units. When a β particle is releases by 1 unit and mass

number remains the same.

So, c-emits a α-particle so,

A

Z

C

4

2

C

+

The resultant element will have its atomic number decreases by 2 units and mass

number decreases by 4 units.

B-emits a β-particle, so,

A

Z

B

A

Z +

1

B

+

The atomic number of B increases by 1 unit and mass number remains same.

Ans 12.

Isotopes are atoms of the same element having same atomic number and

different mass number.

There are 3 isotopes of hydrogen:-

1 1) Protium = H 1 e 2 2) Deuterium - H 1 3 3) Tritium
1
1) Protium =
H
1
e
2
2) Deuterium -
H
1
3
3) Tritium =
H
P+
1
p + = Proton
Protium
e - = electron.
e orbits + + Nucleus P P
e
orbits
+ +
Nucleus
P P

Deuterium

Nucleus

orbits

e + P + + P P
e
+
P
+ +
P P

Tritium

CBSE TEST PAPER-01

CLASS - IX Science (Forces and Laws of Motion)

1. What is the S.I. unit of momentum? [1] (a) Kg ms. (b) ms / Kg
1.
What is the S.I. unit of momentum?
[1]
(a)
Kg ms. (b) ms / Kg (c) Kg ms -1 (d) Kg / ms
2.
What is the numerical formula for force?
[1]
m
(a)
F = ma (b) F =
(c) F = ma 2 (d) F = a 2 m
a
3.
If the initial velocity is zero then the force acting is :-
[1]
(a)
Retarding (b) Acceleration (c) Both (d) None.
4.
What is the S.I. unit of force.
[1]
(a)
Kg m/s 2 (b) Kg m/s (c) Kg m 2 /s 2 (d) Kg m 2 s 2
5.
State Newton’s second law of motion?
[2]
6.
What is the momentum of a body of mass 200g moving with a velocity of 15 m/s.
[2]
7.
Define force and what are the various types of forces?
[2]
8.
A force of 25 N acts on a mass of 500g resting on a frictionless surface. What is the
[2]
acceleration produced?
9.
A force
of
15
N
acts
for
5s
on
a body of mass 5Kg which is initially at rest.
[3]
Calculate.
a)
final velocity of the body
b)
the displacement of the body
10.
Differentiate between mass and weight?
[3]
11.
A scooter is moving with a velocity of 20m/s when brakes are applied. The mass of
[3]
the scooter and the rider is 180Kg. the constant force applied by the brakes is
500N.
a)
How long should the brakes be applied to make the scooter comes to a halt?
b)
How far does the scooter travel before it comes to rest?
12.
State Newton’s third law of motion and how does it explain the walking of man on
[3]
the ground?
13.
A stone is dropped from a 100m high tower. How long does it take to fall?
[5]
  • a) the first 50m and

  • b) the second 50m.

CBSE TEST PAPER-01

CLASS - IX Science (Forces and Laws of Motion)

Ans 01.

Ans 02.

Ans 03.

Ans 04.

Ans 05.

Ans 06.

Ans 07.

Ans 08.

Ans 09.

Kg ms -1

F = ma

Retarding

Kg m/s 2

[ANSWERS]

According to Newton’s second law of motion, the rate of charge of momentum of a body
According to Newton’s second law of motion, the rate of charge of momentum of
a body is equal to the force acting on it and the change in momentum takes place
in the same direction as the force applied.
200
Mass of Body = 200g =
0.2
Kg
1000 =
Velocity of Body = 15 m/s
Momentum of the Body = Mass ×Velocity
0.12
15
=
10
30
=
10
= 3Kgm / s
Force is the push or pull which can produce the change in state or shape of the
body. The various types of force are :-
(a) Gravitational force (b) Electrostatic force
(c) Electromagnetic force (d) Nuclear force.
Force = 25N
Mass of the Body = 500g of 0.5Kg Acceleration - ?
F = M × a
25 = 0.5 × a
5
25
10
= a
0.5
2
50
m
/
s
=
a

Force = F = 15N

Time t = 5s

Mass = M = 5Kg

Initial velocity =u=0

V = Final velocity = ?

Displacement = ?

F = Ma

15 = 5×a

15 2 a = = 3 m / s 5 Now, 1) V = u +
15
2
a =
=
3
m
/
s
5
Now, 1) V = u + at
V=0+3×5
V=15m/s
1
2
2)
S = ut +
at
2
1
2
S =
0
+
3
(
5
)
2
S
= 37.5
m
Ans 10.
Mass
Weight
1.
It is the matter contained by a body
It is force which the body exerts on the
earth.
2.
It remains the same
It changes from place to place.
3.
It is always positive.
It can be positive and zero.
4.
It is a scalar quantity
It is a vector quantity
5.
Its S.I. unit is Kg
Its S.I. unit is Newton(N)
Ans 11.
Initial velocity = u=20m/s
Final velocity = V=O
Mass of scooter = M = 180Kg
& Rider
Force = F = 500N
a) F=Ma
500=180 a
a = 2.78m/s 2
Since the final velocity is zero, the acceleration is negative (Retardation)
So, a = 2.78m/s 2
Now , V=u + at
O=20-(2.78)×
2.78 =20
20
t =
= 7.2sec.
2.78
1
2
b) S=ut+
at
2

Ans 12.

S =

20

7.2

+

1

2

(

2.78

)

S

=

144

72.1

=

71.9

m

(

7.2

)

2

According to Newton’s third law of motion, if a body A exerts a force F on the

body B then the body B exerts a force –F on the body A and the forces act along

the same line.

When a person walks on the ground, then he pushes the ground backwards with

a force F and in reaction the ground also pushes the man in the forward direction

Ans 13.

and hence the man walks forward.

Acc. to Newton’s third law:-

1 2 gt 2 10)
1
2
gt
2
10)

Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.

Initial velocity = u=0

Total height = h = 100m

1) Let for first 50m the time stone takes is ‘t’ sec.

S=-50m (- ve sign shows the stone falls in downward direction)

g = -10m/s 2

 

h

=

s

=

ut

+

 

2

 

1

 

50

=

0

+

2

(

 

50

=

5

2

 

50

+

2

 

5

 

t

2

=

10

 

t =

10
10

t =

3.16sec.

 

u =

0

 

S

=

 

100

m

a

=

10

m

/

s

2

S

=

ut

1

+

at

 

2

 

2

 

1

 

100

=

0

+

2

 

2

=

20

 
 

t =

20
20
 

= 4.47sec

(
(
Ans 12. S = 20 7.2 + 1 2 ( 2.78 ) S = 144

b) for the entire journey,

10

)

2

CBSE TEST PAPER-02

CLASS - IX Science (Forces and Laws of Motion)

  • 1. Newton’s first law of motion is also called:-

    • (a) Law of Inertia

    • (c) Law of Action & Reaction

(b) Law of Momentum

(d) None of these

  • 2. If the friction acting on the body is more the body will move:-

(a) More speedily (b) Less speedily (c) Same speed (d) None of these (a) Newton (b)
(a)
More speedily
(b) Less speedily
(c)
Same speed
(d) None of these
(a)
Newton
(b) Newton m
(c) Newton/sec
(d) Newton m/s
dp
da
df
(a)
F = ma =
(b) F = m
= P
(c)
= ma=P
(d) F = ma = P
dt
dt
dt
force acting on the body?
height of 45m? And for how long will it be in air?
a) Find the average deceleration force exerted by the wood.
b) Find the time taken by the bullet to come to rest.

is 2.0g. The bullet comes to rest after penetrating 10cm into the wood?

  • 3. The S.I. unit of weight is :-

  • 4. Which equation defines Newton’s Second law of motion?

  • 5. State Newton’s first law of Motion?

  • 6. A body of mass 5Kg starts and rolls down 32m of an inclined plane in 4s. Find the

  • 7. On a certain planet, a small stone tossed up at 15m/s vertically uploads takes 7.5 s to return to the ground. What is the acceleration due to gravity on the planet?

  • 8. Why is the weight of the object more at the poles than at the equator?

  • 9. With what speed must a ball be thrown vertically up in order to rise to a maximum

    • 10. State Newton’s second law of motion and derive it mathematically?

    • 11. A bullet travelling at 360 m/s; strikes a block of soft wood. The mass of the bullet

    • 12. Two objects A and B are dropped from a height the object B being dropped. S after

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

[2]

[2]

[2]

[2]

[3]

[3]

[3]

[3]

A was dropped. How long after A was dropped will A and B be 10m apart?

  • 13. A body of mass 10Kg starts from rest and rolls down an inclined plane. It rolls down 10m in 2S?

    • a) What is the acceleration attained by the body.

    • b) What is the ve3locity of the body at 2S?

    • c) What is the force acting on the body?

[5]

CBSE TEST PAPER-02

CLASS - IX Science (Forces and Laws of Motion)

Ans 01.

Ans 02.

Ans 03.

Ans 04.

Ans 05.

Ans 06.

Ans 07.

[ANSWERS]

Law of Inertia

Less speedily

Newton

F = ma =

dp

dt

CBSE TEST PAPER-02 CLASS - IX Science (Forces and Laws of Motion) Ans 01. Ans

= 5×4

= 20N

According to Newton’s first law of motion, a body at rest will continue to be at

rest and a body in motion will continue to be in motion until and unless it is

acted upon by an external force.

Initial velocity = u=0

Time = t 4 sec.

 

M= mass = 5Kg

S = ut +

1

at

2

2

32

=

1

a

(4)

2

 

2

32

2

 

= a

 

16

 

a = 4m /

s

2

Distance = S = 32m

Force = F=Ma

Initial velocity = u=15m/s

V=Final velocity = 0

V=u+at

 

O=15+at

 

15

t=

sec

a

Time taken to reach the highest =

15

s

point

a

Time taken to reach the downward =

 

15

s

 

a

Time taken for the entire journey = 2

15

a

2

15

a

=

7.5 s

a

=

4

m

/

s

2

The acceleration due to gravity on the planet = -4m/s 2

Ans 08.

Weight of the object is more at the poles than at the equator because w=weight =

mg. because g at equator is less because its radius is more and hence weight is

Ans 09.

Ans 10.

less and vice – versa for poles.

gs 2 ( 10 u = 30m / s ) 45
gs
2
(
10
u = 30m / s
)
45

Initial velocity = u ?

Final velocity = (Body comes to rest)

Acceleration due to gravity= - 10m/s 2

Distance = S = 45m

 

V

2

=

u

2

+ 2

1)

2

2

+

o

= u

 

u

2

= 900

 

2) V=Vo+at

O=30+(-10)

=3s.

 

The ball takes 3s to go up

The ball takes 3s to come down

The total time of flight=6 sec.

According to Newton’s second Law of motion, rate of change of momentum is

equal to the force acting on it and both take place in the same direction

Mass of Body = m kg

Initial velocity = u

Force = F

Let the direction of the force be the same as the direction of motion of the body.

Let force act for time = t sec

Final velocity = V

Initial Momentum = Pi = mv

Final momentum = Pf

Change in Momentum = Pf – Pi = mv – mu

Rate of change in Momentum =

m

(

v

u

)

t

(1)

Now, Acceleration =

a =

v

u

t

Use (2) in (1)

(2)

Rate of change in Momentum = ma from Newton’s second law of motion,

Ans 11.

Ans 12.

F = ma
F = ma

Initial velocity = u = 360m/s

Final Velocity =0

Distance Travelled = S = 10cm = 0.1m

Acceleration = ?

Force = ? 2 2 V = u + 2 as 2 O = ( 360
Force = ?
2
2
V
=
u
+ 2
as
2
O
=
(
360
)
+
2
a
(
0.1
)
129600
2
1)
a
=
=
648000
m
/
s
2
m
=
Mass
=
2
g
=
0.002
Kg
Force
=
F
=
Ma
=
0.002
( 648000)
=
1296N
Average decelerating force = 1296N
V
=
u
+
at
b)
O
=
360
+
(
648000
)
t
4
t
=
5.56
10
s
Initial velocity = u = O
Let A for t s → acceleration = a = -9.8 m/s 2
For object A, :
Distance Travelled = S
1
1
2
S
=
ut
+
gt
1
2
1
2
S
=
O
9.8
1
2
1
2
S
=
9.8
t
a)
1
2

For object B, time = (t-1) s

Distance tranelled = S

2

S

2

=

ut

+

1

2

gt

2

S

2

=

1

2

9.8

(

1

)

2

b

)

Ans 13.

Subtracting equation b) & a)

S

1

- S

2

= - 10m

 

-10 =

1

9.8

(

t

 
 
 

10

=

10

=

10

=

 

2

4.9

t

4.9[

9.8

+ t

2

2

2

t

+

+ t

1]

4.9

9.8

t

=

14.9

 

t =

14.9

= 1.5 sec.

1

)

2

1

t

2

t

2

9.8

The objects will be 10m apart 1.52s after A is dropped.

Ans 13. Subtracting equation b) & a) S 1 - S 2 = - 10m

= 10 × 5

Mass = m = 10kg

Initial velocity = 0

Distance = S = 10m

Time = t = 25

 

1)

 

S = ut +

1

at

2

 

2

10

=

O

+

1

9

4

 

2

10

2

 
 

= a

 
 

4

 

a

= 5

m

/

s

2

2) V= u + at

 

final =V=5×2

Velocity=10m/s

3) Force = Mass × Acceleration

F = 50 N
F = 50 N

CBSE TEST PAPER-03

CLASS - IX Science (Forces and Laws of Motion)

  • 1. The people in the bus are pushed backwards when the bus starts suddenly due to:-

    • (a) Inertia due to Rest

    • (c) Inertia due to direction

(b) Inertia due to Motion

(d) Inertia.

  • 2. If the force acting on the body is zero. Its momentum is (a) zero

(b) constant

(c) Both

(d) None

[1]

[1]

  • 3. The inability of the body to change its state of rest or motion is :- (a) Momentum

(b) Force

(c) Inertia

(d) Acceleration.

[1]

  • 4. Which law explains swimming?

(b) Newton’s second law (d) All of these
(b) Newton’s second law
(d) All of these

[1]

[2]

  • (a) Newton’s first law

  • (c) Newton’s third law

  • 5. Why does the passenger sitting in a moving bus are pushed in the forward direction when the bus stops suddenly?

  • 6. Why does the boat moves backwards when the sailor jumps in the forward direction? [2]

  • 7. Derive the law of conservation of momentum from Newton’s third law? [2]

[2]

[3]

  • 8. An astronaut has 80 Kg mass on earth.

1) What is his weight on earth?

2) what will be his mass are weight on mars where g = 3.7 m/s 2

  • 9. A boy throws a stone up with a velocity of 60 m/s.

1) How long will it take to reach the maximum height (g=-10m/s 2 )

2) What will be the maximum height reached by the stone?

3) What will be its velocity when it reaches the ground?

  • 10. A certain particle has a weight of 30N at a place where the acceleration due to gravity is 9.8m/s 2

[3]

  • a) What are its mass and weight at a place where acceleration due to gravity is

3.5m/s 2 .

  • b) What will be its mass & weight at a place where acceleration due to gravity is zero.

  • 11. Why does a person while firing a bullet holds the gun tightly to his shoulders?

[3]

[3]

  • 12. A car is moving with a velocity of 16m/s when brakes are applied. The force applied by the brakes is 1000N. The mass of the car its passengers is 1200Kg.

    • a) How long should the brakes be applied to make the car come to a halt?

    • b) How for does the car travel before it comes to rest?

  • 13. A body of mass 2Kg is at rest at the origin of a frame of reference. A force of 5 N acts on it at t = 0. The force acts for 4S and then stops.

  • [5]

    1) What is the acceleration produced by the force on the body.

    2) What is the velocity at t= 4s

    3) Draw the v – t graph for the period t = 0 to t = 6S.

    4) Find the distance travelled in 6S.

    CBSE TEST PAPER-03

    CLASS - IX Science (Forces and Laws of Motion)

    [ANSWERS]

    Ans 01.

    Ans 02.

    Ans 03.

    Ans 04.

    Ans 05.

    Ans 06.

    Ans 07.

    Inertia due to Rest

    Constant

    Inertia.

    Newton’s third law

    VA uA
    VA
    uA

    The passengers sitting in the moving bus are pushed in the procured direction

    when the bus stops suddenly because of inertia due to rest. The bus comes to

    rest so the passengers feet comes to rest but due to inertia his upper part of body

    is still in motion and so he falls forward.

    When the sailor jumps in the forward direction, the boat moves backwards

    because while jumping the sailor pushes the boat backwards (action) and by

    Newton’s third law the boat pushes him in the forward direction (reaction).

    Acc. to Newton’s third law every action has an equal and opposite reaction and it

    acts on two different bodies.

    From law of conservation of momentum, for an isolated system, the total initial

    momentum for an event is equal to total initial momentum.

    Let FAB = force exerted by body A on body B

    FBA = force exerted by body B on A.

    Let the mass of body A = mA

    Mass of body B = mB

    Initial velocity of Body A = uA

    Initial velocity of Body B = uB

    Final velocity of Body A = VA

    Final velocity of Body B = VB

    Rate of change of velocity of A =

    t

    Rate ofchange of velocity of B =

    VB

    uB

    t

    Rate of change of Momentum of A = m(VA

    uA)

    t

    Rate of change of Momentum of B = m(VB

    uB)

    t

    Ans 08.

    Ans 09.

    From Newton’s second law,

    F =

    dP

    dt

    FBA =

    (

    mB VB

     
     

    t

    FAB =

    (

    mA VA

     
     

    t

    FAB = - FBA

    mA(VA

    uA)

     

    =

     

    t

    So,

    (Rate of change of Momentum)

    uB

    )

    uA

    )

    From Newton’s third law,

    mB(VB

    uB)

    t = 80 × 10 = 800 N 3.7 80 10 = 296N
    t
    = 80 × 10
    = 800 N
    3.7
    80
    10
    = 296N

    mA uA + mB uB = mA VA + mB VB

    Law of conservation of Momentum.

    Mass of astronaut on earth = 80 Kg=M

    Acceleration due to gravity = g = 10m/s 2 of earth.

    1) Weight on earth = Mg

    2) Acceleration due to gravity = g = 3.7m/s 2 on Mars

    Weight on mars = Mg

    The Mass of astronaut on Mars = 80Kg because Mass remains constant.

    Initial velocity = u = 60m/s

    Final velocity = V = O

    Acceleration due to gravity = g = -10m/s 2

    1) V = u + gt

     

    O = 60 -10× t

    10t = 60

    t = 6 sec

     

    2) h = ut +

    2 gt

    2

    =

    60

    6

    =

    360

     

    = 180m

    +

    h = height

    1

    2

    (

    180

    10

    )

    6

    2

    3) The velocity when it reaches the ground = 60m/s.

    Ans 10.

    Ans 11.

    Ans 12.

    Weight of particle = w = 30N

    Acceleration due to gravity = 9.8m/s 2

    m = Mass of particle

    1) w = mg

    30 = m × 9.8

    30

    10

     
     

    = m

     

    9.8

     

    300

    m

    =

     

    98

    w

    =

    mg

    300

     

    3.5

    =

     

    98

    10

    = 10.71 N

    Kg

    2 g at the place = 3.5m/s a
    2
    g at the place = 3.5m/s
    a

    Mass at the place = 3.061 Kg

    2) At a place where g O; w = weight = O

    But Mass = 3.061Kg because mass is a constant quantity.

    A person while firing a bullet holds the gun tightly to his shoulder because while

    firing the bullet, the bullet moves in the forward direction with a greater force

    and as a reaction by Newton’s third law the gun will also move with the same

    force in the backward direction, so to prevent the shoulder of the person getting

    injured he must hold the gun tightly so that the force is not felt that strongly.

    Initial velocity = u = 16m/s

    Final velocity = v = o

    Force = F = 1000N

    Mass = M = 1200Kg

    F = Ma

    1000

    =

    1200

     

    1000

     

    = a

     

    1200

     

    a

    =

    5

    m

    /

    s

    2

     

    6

    The acceleration is negative because it retards the body.

    1) v = u + at

    o =

    16

    5

    5

    5

    6

    t = 16

    t

    Ans 13.

    16 6 t = = 19.2sec 5 2) v 2 – u 2 = 2as 5
    16
    6
    t =
    = 19.2sec
    5
    2) v 2 – u 2 = 2as
    5
    (
    o
    )
    2
    (
    16
    )
    2
    =
    2
    6
    10
    256
    =
    s
    6
    256
    6
    s =
    10
    S = 153.6m
    a)
    Force = F = 5N
    b)
    5 = 2 × a
    2.5m/s 2 = a
    c)
    Time = t = 4s.
    v = u +at v = 2.5 × 4
    v = 10 m/s
    d)
    For t = o
    V = o
    e)
    1
    =
    Base
    Height
    2
    1
    =
    OB
    AB
    2
    1
    3
    =
    6
    15
    2
    = 45
    m
    .

    s = Distance Travelled

    s

    Mass = m = 2kg 1 2 3 4 5 6 2.5 5 7.5 10 12.5
    Mass = m = 2kg
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5 6
    2.5
    5
    7.5
    10
    12.5
    15
    V(velocity) (m/s)

    F = Ma ; a = acceleration

    Final velocity = v = o?

    Initial velocity = u = o (body starts from Rest)

    Distance Travelled = Area under

    A 15 10 5 o o B t (s) 1 2 3 4 5 6
    A
    15
    10
    5
    o
    o
    B t
    (s)
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6

    v-t curve = Area of AoB

    CBSE TEST PAPER-01

    CLASS - IX Science (Motion)

    [ANSWERS]

    Ans01. (b) Ans02. (b) Ans03. (a) Ans04. (c) Ans05. Distance Displacement (1) It is the length
    Ans01.
    (b)
    Ans02.
    (b)
    Ans03.
    (a)
    Ans04.
    (c)
    Ans05.
    Distance
    Displacement
    (1) It is the length of the actual path
    It is the length of the straight line
    travelled by the body from initial
    joining the initial and final positions if
    to final position
    the body.
    (2) It is a scalar quantity i.e. it has
    It is a vector quantity i.e. has both
    only magnitude
    magnitude and direction.
    (3)
    It is always positive.
    (3) It may be positive, negative or zero.
    Ans06.
    Acceleration is defined as the rate of change of velocity.
    Let V=final velocity; Vo= initial velocity, T= time, a =acceleration.
    So by definition of acceleration
    V
    V
    o
    a
    =
    T
    a t
    =
    V
    V
    o
    V
    =
    V
    +
    a t
    o
    If V o =u=initial velocity then [V= u +at]
    Ans07.
    u= 0 (starts from rest)
    u= initial velocity
    a=? a=acceleration
    T= 5 sec, t= time
    S= 87.5m (S=distance)
    From 2 nd equation of motion –

    S=ut +

    1

    at 2

    2

    87.5= 0+ 1

    at 2

    2

    87.5= 1 2 at 2

     

    (i)

    87.5

    2= a

    (5) 2

    87.5 2 = a 25 175.0 ⇒ = a 25 2 ⇒ 7 m / s
    87.5
    2
    = a
    25
    175.0
    = a
    25
    2
    7
    m
    /
    s
    =
    a
    Ans08.
    Uniform velocity A body is said to move with uniform velocity if equal
    displacement takes place in equal intervals of time, however small these
    intervals may be.
    Uniform acceleration A body is said to move with uniform acceleration if
    equal changes in velocity takes place in equal intervals of time, however
    small intervals may be.
    Ans09.
    let at time T=0 body moves with initial velocity u and at time ‘t’ body has final
    velocity ‘v’ and un time ‘t’ it covers a distance’s.
    AC=v, AB=u,
    OA= t, DB=OA=t,
    BC=AC-AB =V-u
    Area under a v-t curve gives displacement so,
    S= Area of DBC + Area of rectangle OABD
    (i)
    1
    Area of DBC= 1 2 Base Height ⇒
    DB
    BC
    2
    t
    (v-u)
    (ii)
    = 1 2
    Area of rectangle OABD= length Breadth
    = OA
    BA
    =
    t
    u
    (iii)
    S= ut+ 1
    t
    (v-u)
    2
    S= ut + 1
    2 t
    at
    (
    use V-u=at)
    1
    S= ut+
    at 2
    2

    Ans10.

    V=0 (comes to rest) V= final velocity

    S= 62.5m

    a=-5m/s 2 (retardation)

    U=?

    From 3 rd equation of motion,

    v 2 –u 2 =2as

     

    O 2 - u 2 = 2

    (-5)

    62.5

    -u 2 = -10

    62.5

    u 2 = 625,

    u=

    625
    625

    [u=25m/s ]

    Ans11. (a)

    Velocity of car A = 80KMph

    Velocity of Car B = - 50 kmph

    (-ve sign indicates that Car B is moving in opposite direction to Car A )

    Relative velocity of car A with respect to B

    = velocity of car A + (- velocity of car B)

    = 80 + (-(-50))

    = 80+50

    =+130KMph

    Ans12.

    (b)

    +130 KM ph shows that for a person in car B, car A will appear to
    +130 KM ph shows that for a person in car B, car A will appear to move in the
    same direction with speed of sum of their individual speed
    Relative velocity of car B with respect to A
    = velocity of car B+ (- velocity of car A)
    = -50 + (-80)
    = -130kmph
    It shows that car B will appear to move with 130 kmph in opposite
    direction to car A
    u= initial velocity =0
    (body starts from rest)
    S= distance = 16m
    T= time = 4s
    1
    (i)
    From, s= ut+
    at 2
    2
    1
    16 = 0
    t +
    a
    (4) 2
    2
    16= 1
    a
    16
    2
    16
    2
    = a

    16

     

    [2m/s 2 =a]

     

    (ii)

    From,

    v=

    u +at

    v=0+2

    4

    [v= 8m/s]

     

    Ans13.

    (A)

    When A starts his journey at 4 sec, B has already covered a distance

    of 857m

    • (B) A travels faster than B because A starts his journey late but crosses B and covers more distance then B in the same time as B

    Dis tan ce cov ered (C) Speed of A = time taken Let at t =12
    Dis
    tan
    ce
    cov
    ered
    (C)
    Speed of A =
    time taken
    Let at t =12 min, distance covered = 3500m
    3500
    =
    =
    375
    m
    / min
    12
    dis
    tan
    ce
    cov
    ered
    (D)
    Speed of B =
    time taken
    3000
    V =
    =
    214
    m
    / min
    B
    12
    (E)
    Speed of approach of A towards B = 375 m/min- 214 m/min
    = 161 m/min
    (F)
    Speed of separation of A from B
    = 161 m/min.

    CBSE TEST PAPER-02

    CLASS - IX Science (Motion)

    • 1. If a body starts from rest, what can be said about the acceleration of body?

      • (a) Positively accelerated

      • (c) Uniform accelerated

    (b) Negative accelerated

    (d) None of the above

    • 2. What does slope of position time graph give?

      • (a) speed

    (b) acceleration (c) uniform speed
    (b) acceleration
    (c) uniform speed
    • (d) Both (a) and (c) depending upon the type of graph.

    • 3. When a body moves uniformly along the circle, then:-

      • (a) its velocity changes but speed remains the same

      • (b) its speed changes but velocity remains the same

      • (c) both speed and velocity changes

      • (d) both speed and velocity remains same

  • 4. Which of the following statements is correct?

    • (a) speed distance are scalar, velocity and displacement are vector

    • (b) speed distance are vector, velocity and displacement are vector

    • (c) speed and velocity are scalar, distance and velocity are vector

    • (d) speed and velocity are vector, distance and displacement are scalar

  • 5. A car travels at a speed of 40km/hr for two hour and then at 60km/hr for three hours. What is the average speed of the car during the entire journey?

  • 6. The velocity time graph of two bodies A and B traveling along the +x direction are given in the figure

    • (a) Are the bodies moving with uniform acceleration?

    • (b) Which body is moving with greater acceleration A or B?

  • 7. Derive the second equation of motion, s = ut +

  • 1

    2 at

    2

    numerically?

    • 8. Calculate the acceleration and distance of the body moving with 5m/s 2 which comes to rest after traveling for 6sec?

    [1]

    [1]

    [1]

    [1]

    [2]

    [2]

    [2]

    [2]

    • 9. A body is dropped from a height of 320m. The acceleration due to the gravity is

    10m/s 2 ?

    • (a) How long does it take to reach the ground?

    [3]

    • (b) What is the velocity with which it will strike the ground?

    • 10. Derive third equation of motion

    v

    2

    2

    u =

    2as numerically?

    • 11. The velocity time graph of runner is given in the graph.

    9. A body is dropped from a height of 320m. The acceleration due to the
    9. A body is dropped from a height of 320m. The acceleration due to the
    • (a) What is the total distance covered by the runner in 16s?

    • (b) What is the acceleration of the runner at t = 11s?

    • 12. A boy throws a stone upward with a velocity of 60m/s.

      • (a) How long will it take to reach the maximum height (g = -10m/s 2 )?

      • (b) What is the maximum height reached by the ball?

      • (c) How long will it take to reach the ground?

  • 13. The position of a body at different times are recorded in the table given below:-

  • 9. A body is dropped from a height of 320m. The acceleration due to the
    • (a) Draw the displacement time graph for the above data?

    • (b) What is the slope of graph?

    • (c) What is the speed of the motion?

    [3]

    [3]

    [3]

    [5]

    CBSE TEST PAPER-02

    CLASS - IX Science (Motion)

    [ANSWERS]

    Ans01.

    Ans02.

    Ans03.

    Ans04.

    Ans05.

    Ans06.

    Ans07.

    (a) (a) (a) (a) In first case; t 1 = time = 2hrs v 1 =
    (a)
    (a)
    (a)
    (a)
    In first case; t 1 = time = 2hrs
    v 1 = speed = 40km/hr
    s 1 = distance = speed
    time
    s 1 = 40
    2 = 80km
    In second case, t 2 = time = 3hrs
    v 2 = speed = 60km/hr
    s 2 = distance = speed
    time
    s 2 = 60
    3 = 180km
    The total distance = s 1 + s 2 = 80 + 180 = 260km
    Total time, t 1 + t 2 = 2+3 = 5hrs
    total dis
    tan
    ce
    Average speed =
    = 260 = 52km/hr
    total time
    5
    (a)
    Yes the bodies are moving with uniform acceleration.
    (b)
    The body A is moving with greater acceleration.
    Let at time t = 0, body has initial velocity = V o
    At time ‘t’, body has final velocity = V

    S = distance traveled in time ‘t’

    We know, total distance traveled = Average velocity time

    Average velocity =

    initial velocity + final velocity

    2

     

    Vo +V

     

    =

     

    2

    Total distance = s =

    Vo

    +

     

    t

     

    2

    2s = (V o + V) t

    • (i)

    Now from first equation of motion, V=V o + at

    • (ii)

    Use the value of (V) from (ii) in (i)

    2s = (V o + V o + at) t

    2s = 2V o t + at 2 1 2 s = V o t +
    2s = 2V o t + at 2
    1
    2
    s = V o t +
    at
    2
    1
    2
    Let V o = u
    ⇒ s
    = ut +
    at
    2
    Ans08.
    Acceleration = a =?
    Final velocity = V = o (body comes to rest)
    Distance = s =?
    Time = t = 6 sec
    From, V = u + at
    O = 5 + a
    6
    -a
    6 = 5
    5
    a =
    6
    5
    2
    a =
    m
    /
    s
    6
    Now,
    v 2 – u 2 =
    2as
    5
    O 2 - 25 =
    2
    s
    6
    5
    -25 =
    s
    3
    25
    3
    = s
    5
    15 m
    =
    s
    Ans09.
    Height = h
    Distance = s = 320m
    Acceleration due to gravity = g = 10m/s 2
    Initial velocity = u =0
    1
    2
    (i)
    from s = ut +
    at
    2
    1
    2
    h = ut
    gt
    2

    Ans10.

    1 2 320 = 0 t + 10 t 2 320 2 2 = t 10
    1
    2
    320
    =
    0
    t
    +
    10
    t
    2
    320
    2
    2
    = t
    10
    2
    64 = t
    t = 8sec
    (ii)
    from v = u + at
    v =
    0
    +
    10
    8
    v
    = 80
    m
    /
    s
    We know;
    v
    =
    u
    +
    at
    (i)
    1
    2
    s
    =
    ut
    +
    at
    (ii)
    2
    Where, v = final velocity
    u = initial velocity
    a = acceleration
    t = time
    s = distance
    v
    u
    From equation (i) t =
    a
    v
    u
    1
    v
    u
    s
    =
    u
    +
    a
    a
    2
    a
    2
    2
    2
    uv
    u
    1
    v
    +
    u
    2
    uv
    s
    =
    +
    a
    2
    a
    2
    a
    2
    2
    2
    uv
    v
    1
    v
    +
    u
    2
    vu
    s =
    +
    a
    2
    a
    2
    2
    2
    2
    uv
    2
    u
    +
    v
    +
    u
    2
    vu
    s =
    2
    a
    2
    2
    v
    u
    s =
    2
    a
    2
    2
    2
    as
    =
    v
    u
    2
    2
    v
    =
    u
    +
    2
    as

    Put the value of t in equation (ii)

    Ans11. (a)

    We know that area under v-t graph gives displacement:-

    So, Area = distance = s = area of triangle + area of rectangle

    Area of triangle = 1 2 base height 1 = 6 10 2 = 30m Area
    Area of triangle = 1 2 base
    height
    1
    =
    6
    10
    2
    = 30m
    Area of rectangle = length breadth
    = (16-6)
    10
    =10
    10
    = 100m
    Total area = 180m
    Total distance =180m
    (b) Since at t = 11sec, particles travels with uniform velocity so, there is no change in
    velocity hence acceleration = zero.
    Ans12.
    Initial velocity = u = 60m/s
    Final velocity = v = 0m/s (body comes to rest)
    (i)
    Acceleration due to gravity = g = -10m/s 2
    2
    2
    v
    u
    =
    2
    gh
    3600
    2
    2
    0
    (60)
    =
    2
    (
    10)
    h
    =
    h
    h
    =
    90
    m
    2
    (
    10)
    (ii)
    v = u + gt
    o = 60 - 12
    t
    ⇒ 60 =10 t
    ⇒ t = 6sec
    Ans13.
    (a)
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    y
    y
    2
    1
    (b) Slope of the graph =
    x
    x
    2
    1
    (36
    24)
    m
    12
    m
    =
    =
    =
    6
    m
    / sec
    (6
    4)sec
    2sec

    (c) Slope of the graph of a displacement-time graph = speed

    Hence speed

    = 6m/sec

    CBSE TEST PAPER-03

    CLASS - IX Science (Motion)

    Ans01.

    Ans02.

    Ans03.

    Ans04.

    Ans05.

    Ans06.

    Ans07.

    (C)

    [ANSWERS]

    (D) (B) (B) Initial velocity =u=12m/s Find velocity =V=0 S= distance= 18m A= acceleration =? From
    (D)
    (B)
    (B)
    Initial velocity =u=12m/s
    Find velocity =V=0
    S= distance= 18m
    A= acceleration =?
    From 3 rd euation of motion;
    v 2 -u 2 =2as
    O 2 – (12) 2 =2 a 18
    144
    = a
    36
    144
    a =
    36
    2
    2
    [
    a
    =
    4
    m
    /
    s
    ]
    Retardation of 4m/s
    Initial velocity =u=0
    Final velocity =v=?
    Acceleration =a =4m/s 2
    Distance =s=800m
    v 2 -u 2 = 2as
    u 2 -(0) =2 4 800
    u 2 =6400
    u=80 m/s

    Initial speed = u=72 km/hr

    =

    72

     

    5

    = 20

    m

    /

    s

     

    18

     

    Final speed = v =54 km/hr

     

    =

    54

    5

    = 15

    m

    /

    s

    18

     

    Distance = S = 70m

    Now, v 2 -u 2 = 2as

    (15) 2 – (20) 2

    = 2

    a

    70

    225 -400 =140a

    - 175 =140a

    [a = -1.25m/s 2 ]

    Ans08. Vector Scalar (1) It has magnitude and specific direction (1) it has magnitude but no
    Ans08.
    Vector
    Scalar
    (1) It has magnitude and specific direction
    (1) it has magnitude but no direction.
    (2) It can be positive or negative.
    (2) It is always positive.
    (3) e.g. - displacement, velocity.
    (3) e.g. distance, speed.
    Ans09.
    X= 20m + (12) t
    (a)
    (1) At t=0
    X=20+12 0=12m
    (2) At t=1
    X=20+12=32m
    (3)
    At t =2
    X= 20+24= 44m
    (4) At t=5
    X=20+12 5=72m
    (b) At T= 0 (initially)
    y
    y
    72
    44
    28
    2
    1
    =
    =
    Displacement =20m.
    (c) Slope =
    x
    x
    5
    2
    3
    2
    1
    =9.3m/s
    Ans10.
    (a)
    Acceleration =slope of the velocity time graph
    V
    V
    2
    1
    a=
     

    t

    2

    t

    1

    54

     

    24

    30

     

    a

    =

    =

    =

     

    1

     

    6

    5

    (b)

    Distance

     
     

    S= ut+

     

    1

    at 2

     

    2

     

    =60

    10+

     

    1

    2 (-6)

     

    (10) 2

    6

    m

    /

    s

    2

    = 600-300 = 300m

    (c)

    . . . . . . .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .
    .

    Ans11.

    (c) . . . . . . . Ans11. (1) Position – time (2) Velocity

    (1)

    Position – time

    (2) Velocity – time

    (3)

    Acceleration- time

    (c) . . . . . . . Ans11. (1) Position – time (2) Velocity

    Ans12.

    (1)

    For AB, the curve is upward stopping i.e. slope is increasing so

    velocity is positive and remains same so, V= +ve but a=0

    (2)

    For BC, curve has still has +ve slope so, V= +ve but velocity is

    decreasing wrt time so, a=negative

    (3)

    For CD, both velocity and acceleration are Zero because slope

    is Zero.

    (4)

    For DE, velocity is the (v is increasing wrt time) and so is

    acceleration is +ve.

    (5)

    For EF, velocity is +ve (positive slope of x-t graph) but

    acceleration is Zero because velocity remains some with time.

    Ans13.

    AB BC CD DE EF V + ve +ve 0 + ve + ve a 0
    AB
    BC
    CD
    DE
    EF
    V
    + ve
    +ve
    0
    + ve
    + ve
    a
    0
    - ve
    0
    + ve
    0
    Let at time t=0, body moves with initial velocity u and time at ‘t’ has final
    velocity ‘v’ and in time ‘t’ covers a distance ‘s’
    Area under v-t graph gives displacement
    S = Area of DBC + Area of rectangle OABD
    1
    S =
    2 base
    height+
    length
    breadth
    1
    S
    =
    DB
    BC
    +
    OA
    AB
    2
    1
    S
    =
    t
    (
    v
    u
    +
    )
    t
    u
    (i)
    2
    Now v
    ,
    u
    =
    at
    v
    u
    = t
    a
    put the value of
    '
    t
    '
    in equation
    ( )
    i
    1
    (
    v
    u
    )
    (
    v
    u
    )
    S
    =
    (
    v
    u
    )
    +
    u
    2
    a
    a
    2
    (
    v
    u
    )
    2
    u v
    (
    u
    )
    S =
    2
    a
    2
    2
    2
    v
    +
    u
    2
    uv
    +
    2
    uv
    2
    u
    S =
    2
    a
    2
    2
    v
    u
    S =
    2
    a
    2
    2
    2
    as
    =
    v
    u
    third equati
    on of motion

    CBSE TEST PAPER-01

    CLASS - IX Science (Atoms and Molecules)

    • 1. Atomic radius is measured in nanometers and

      • (a) (b) 1m = 10 -10 nm

    1nm = 10 -10 m

    • (c) (d) 1nm = 10 -9 m

    1m = 10 -9 nm

    • 2. Symbol of Iron is :-

    (a) Ir

    (b) I

    (c) Fe

    (d) None of these

    (b) Monoatomic and Diatomic (d) Diatomic and Diatomic H O ) is (a) 18g (b) 8g
    (b) Monoatomic and Diatomic
    (d) Diatomic and Diatomic
    H O
    )
    is
    (a) 18g
    (b) 8g
    (c) 33g
    2
    • 3. Atomicity of chlorine and Argon is

      • (a) Diatomic and Monoatomic

      • (c) Monoatomic and Monoatomic

  • 4. Molecular mass of water (

  • (d) 34g

    • 5. State law of conservation of Mass?

    • 6. Define Valency? Find the Valency of oxygen and Aluminum.

    • 7. Calculate the molar mass of Na 2 SO 4 and CaCO 3 ?

    • 8. Write the chemical formula for a) Calcium Phosphate b) Magnesium Hydroxide c) Aluminum chloride.

    • 9. State the Postulates of Dalton Theory?

      • 10. Find the percentage of water of crystallization in feSO 4 . 7H 2 O.

      • 11. 2.42g of copper gave 3.025g of a black oxide of copper, 6. 49g of a black oxide, on reduction with hydrogen, gave 5.192g of copper. Show that these figures are in accordance with law of constant proportion?

      • 12. A compound was found to have the following percentage composition by mass

    [1]

    [1]

    [1]

    [1]

    [2]

    [2]

    [2]

    [2]

    [3]

    [3]

    [3]

    [3]

    Zn = 22.65%, S = 11.15%, H = 4.88%, O = 61.32%. The relative molecular mass is

    287g/mol. Find the molecular formula of the compound, assuming that all the

    hydrogen in the compound is present in water of crystallizations.

    CBSE TEST PAPER-01

    CLASS - IX Science (Structure of Atom)

    [ANSWERS]

    Ans 01.

    Ans 02.

    Ans 03.

    Ans 04.

    Ans 05.

    Ans 06.

    Ans 07.

    (C) (C) (A) (A) According to law of conservation of Mass, mass can neither be created
    (C)
    (C)
    (A)
    (A)
    According to law of conservation of Mass, mass can neither be created nor be
    destroyed in a chemical reaction.
    Valency is defined as the number of electrons that an element has to gain or
    loose from its outermost shell so that it can be stable or the combining capacity
    of an atom.
    Oxygen – Atomic number = 8; Electronic configuration = 2, 6 i.e. it has to gain 2e-
    so that in : outer most shell has 8e-, Valency of O is -2 Similarly, valency of Al
    (Aluminum) is +3 (∵electronic configuration → 2, 8, 3) so it looses 3e- from its
    outermost shell.
    Molar Mass of Na 2 SO 4 =
    ⇒ 2× Mass of sodium + 1× Mass of sulphur + 4× Mass of oxygen
    = 2×23+1×32+4×16
    = 46+32+64
    = 142 a.m.u.

    Molar Mass of CaCO 3 =

    1× Mass of calcium +1×Mass of carbon + 3×Mass of oxygen

    = 40+12+3×16

    = 40+12+48 = 100 a.m.u.

    Ans 08.

    Chemical formula for

    1) Calcium Phosphate Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2
    1) Calcium Phosphate
    Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2

    Ans 09.

    2) Magnesium Hydroxide

    Ans 08. Chemical formula for 1) Calcium Phosphate Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 Ans

    Mg (OH) 2

    3) Alminium chloride

    Ans 08. Chemical formula for 1) Calcium Phosphate Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 Ans
    Ans 08. Chemical formula for 1) Calcium Phosphate Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 Ans

    Al Cl 3

    The postulates of Dalton theory are

    • a) All matter is made of vary tiny particles called atom

    • b) Atoms are indivisible particle; they cannot be created or destroyed during a chemical reaction

    • c) Atoms of a \given element are identical in mass and chemical properties

    • d) Atoms of different elements have different mass and chemical properties.

    • e) Atom combines in the ratio of their whole number to form compounds

    • f) The relative number and kinds of atoms are constant in a compound.

    Ans 10.

    The RMM of FeSO 4 .7H 2 O= 55.9 + 32.0 + 4 × 16 + 7(18)

    = 55.9 + 32 + 64 + 126

    = 277.9 g/mol.

    277.9 g/mol of FeSO 4 contain 126g of water

    100g of crystal will contain 100

    126

    277.9

    g

    of water of crystallization

    This is 45.34 of water of crystallization

    The amount of water of crystallization in FeSo 4 .7H 2 O = 45.34% by mass.

    Ans 11.

    Ans 12.

    The percentage of copper is first oxide

    2.43 100 = = 80.0 3.025 5.192 100 The percentage of copper is second oxide =
    2.43
    100
    =
    = 80.0
    3.025
    5.192
    100
    The percentage of copper is second oxide =
    6.49
    = 80.02
    As the percentage of copper in both the oxides is same, thence law of constant
    composition is verified.
    22.65 11.15
    61.32
    4.88
    Zn : S:O:H =
    :
    :
    :
    65
    32
    10
    1
    = 0.3485: 0.3484 :3.833: 4.88
    To obtain an integral ratio, we divide by smallest number
    0.3485
    0.3484
    03.833
    4.88
    =
    :
    :
    :
    0.3484
    0.3484
    0.3484
    0.3484
    = 1 : 1 : 11 : 14
    ∴ empirical formula is Zn SO 11 H 14
    Let Molecular formula be (
    ZnSO H
    )
    11
    14
    n
    RMM for the molecular = n(65 + 32 + (11 16)+ 14
    Formula = 287
    287n = 287

    n = 1

    Molecular formula is Zn SO 11 H 14

    CBSE TEST PAPER-02

    CLASS - IX Science (Atoms and Molecules)

    • 1. 1 Mole of a compound contains –

      • (a) 6.023×10 23 atoms

      • (c) 60.23×10 23 atoms

    (b) 6.023×10 24 atoms

    (d) 6.023×10 25 atoms

    2. Oxygen is – (a) Monovalent (b) Bivalent (c) Trivalent (d) Tetravalent 3. What is the
    2.
    Oxygen is – (a) Monovalent (b) Bivalent (c) Trivalent (d) Tetravalent
    3.
    What is the molecular formula for Calcium Hydroxide?
    (a) Ca (OH) 2
    (b) Ca OH
    (c) Ca 2 OH
    (d) Ca H 2
    4.
    Neutron is
    (a) Chargeless and Massless
    (b) Chargeless and has Mass
    (c) Has charge and Mass
    (d) Has charge and Massless.
    5.
    State the law of constant Proportion?
    6.
    How many molecules of water are present in a drop of water which has a mass of
    50mg?
    7.
    Find the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom of an element
    X which is represented as 207
    X
    .
    82
    8.
    Define the terms:-
    a) Atomic number
    b) Mass number
    9.
    Which element will be more reactive and why → the element whose atomic
    number is 10 or the one whose atomic number is 11?
    10.
    What are the failures of Dalton Atomic theory?
    11.
    Calculate the molecular Mass of
    a) Ammonium sulphate
    (
    NH
    )
    SO
    4
    4
    2
    b) Penicillin [
    C
    H
    N SO
    ]
    16
    18
    2
    4
    c) Paracetamol [
    C H NO
    ]
    8
    9
    12.
    The following questions are about one mole of sulphuric acid[
    H SO
    ]
    ?
    2
    4
    • a) Find the number of gram atoms of hydrogen in it?

    • b) How many atoms of hydrogen does it have?

    [1]

    [1]

    [1]

    [1]

    [2]

    [2]

    [2]

    [2]

    [3]

    [3]

    [3]

    [?]

    • c) How many atoms (in grams) of hydrogen are present for every gram atom of

    oxygen in it?

    • d) Calculate the number of atoms in H 2 SO 4 ?