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PROCESSCALCULATIONS OF NAYAPALLI SPS

1 Flow Value Units


As per Network design of Zone 1
Average Flow = 3.256 MLD
Other flow = 0.01 MLD

Average flow + other flow to wetwell = 3.266 MLD

= 136.06 m3/h

= 0.038 m3/s

Peak Factor = 2.500

Peak Flow +0ther flow to wetwell = 8.150 MLD

= 339.6 m3/h

= 0.094 m3/s

2 Receiving chamber As per Tender, , 16.7.4, m,Receiving Chamber page


133
Average Flow+other flow = 3.266 MLD

Peak factor 2.500

Peak flow 8.150 MLD

Number of units 1.0

Design flow = Peak flow

= 339.6 m3/hr

= 0.094 m3/sec

Length of chamber provided = 2.00 m

Width of chamber Provided = 1.80 m

Provide Receiving chamber of size 2 m length 1.8 m width 0.37 m SWD

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3 Design Of Course screen chamber 1 mechanical Working + 1 manual Standby

Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4

Pipe
Dia

d2' d2
d3

0.1 ZC
Z1 Z2 Z3

Datum

Step A) Flow Condition in the Incoming Conduit

1 Dia. Of the Incoming Pipe = 0.35 m


2 Slope of the Incoming Pipe = 40.00%
3 Velocity at Peak Design Flow, v = 1.12 m/s
4 Depth of Flow in the Pipe at design flow, d = 0.27 m
5 Peak Design Flow = 8.150 MLD
0.0944 m3/s

Step B) Design of Rack (Screen) Chamber


1 Velocity through Screen Consider dd 11 = 1.00 m/s
2 Bar Spacing = 20 mm
3 bar Thickness = 12 mm

a) Clear area through the rack openings = Peak Design Flow


Velocity through rack

= 0.0944 m2

b) Clear width of the opening at the rack (w1) = Area


Depth of flow in transition channel

= 0.23 m

c) No of opening requires = (W1/Bar spacing)*1000

= Err:511 Nos.

2
No of opening requires = 11.5 Nos.

No. of Openings Provided = 12 Nos.

Providing Clear Bar spacing of 20 mm 12 nos.

d) Total Clear Openings in the rack Chamber = 0.24 m

e) Total No. of Bars = Err:511

= 11 Nos.

f) Width of Bars = 12 mm

Clear Opening of chamber+((No.


g) Width of Chamber w = of Bars*Thickness of Bar)/1000)

= Err:511

w= 0.372 m
Width Provided as per Manufacturer's recommendation = 0.5 m
The plan, Longitudinal section , the Cross section of the Chamber including datum , water
h) surface at peak design flow, bar arrangement and spacing are shown in figure.

3.1 Calculate the efficiency coefficient

Efficiency coefficient = Clear Opening


Width of Chamber

= (12*20)/(0.5*1000)

= 0.48

3.2 Compute the actual depth of flow and Velocity in the rack chamber at peak design flow.

The actual depth of flow in the rack Chamber upstream of the bar rack is calculated by
a) Energy Equation
Energy Equation with respect to two sections of channel is expressed by given equation .
(See Section 1 and 2 in figure)

L.H.S. = R.H.S.
Z1+d1+v12/2g -hL = Z2+d2+v22/2g
Where, Z1 & Z2 = height above the datum, (m)

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Where, V1 & V2 = Velocity at section 1 and 2 (m/s)
Where,hL = Total Head loss, (m)
Where, d1 & d2 = Depth of flow at sections 1 and 2 , (m)

In This Example
hL = Ke(V12/2g-V22/2g)
Size of Gates provided = 400 x 400
Add headloss due to Gates = 0 m
Where Ke = Coefficient of Expansion

b) Using the Energy equation between section 1 in the incoming conduit and section 2.

* The Floor of the chamber is Horizontal


* Reference Datum is at the floor of the Chamber ( Z 2 = 0 )
The invert of the Incoming Conduit (Pipe) is above the reference datum by
*
= 10 cm
= 0.1 m
* Ke = 0.2

d2+((0.0944/0.5*d2)^2/
Err:511
= (2*9.81)+Ke(V12/2g-V22/2g)

0.1+0.2695+(1.12^2)/(2*9.81) Err:511

d2+((0.0944/0.5*d2)^2/
0.434 (2*9.81)+0.2((1.12^2)/(2*9.81)-
(0.0944/(0.5*d2))^2/2*9.81)
=

d2+0.0019/d2^2)+0.2(0.064-
0.434 = (0.0019/d2^2)

0.434 d2+0.0019/d2^2+0.0128-
= 0.0004/d2^2

0 = d2^3-0.4212*d2^2+0.0004

Solving by Trial and Error Method

Considering d2 = 0.419 m

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This is Function
0.419^3-0.4212*0.419^2+0.0004
F(0.419) =

This is Zero = 0.0000

v2 = Q/(w*d2)

= Err:511

v2 = 0.451 m/s

Compute the velocity through the clear opening of


the bar rack

V= Flow (peak)
net area at the rack

= Q(peak)
(Clear width of the opening of the
rack)*d2

= 0.0944
0.23*0.419

= 0.980 m/s

* Compute Head loss through the bar rack

hL1 = 0.0729*V2-v22

= 0.0729((0.98)^2-(0.451)^2))

hL1 = 0.056 m
* For Clean Screen

hL2 = β(W/b)^4/3*hvSinθ

Bar Shape Factor (For Flat bar )β = 2.42

b= minimum Clear spacing of bars

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maximum cross section width of
w= bars facing the direction of flow ,
(m)
hL2 = head loss through the rack , (m)
angle of the bar with Horizontal
θ= ie. (75ο)

θ= 75

β= Bar Shape Factor (0.76 to 2.42 )

hv = v22/2g

hL2 = Err:511

hL = 0.052 m

let's use Governing hL = 0.056 m

* Compute the depth of flow & Velocity in the rack


chamber below the rack.

c) The depth of velocity in the chamber is calculated by


trial and error from the Energy Equation.

d2+(V22/2g) = d3+(V32/2g)

d3+
Err:511 = (((0.0944/d3*0.5)^2)/2*9.81)+0.0
56

0.43 = d3+(((0.002/d3^2))+0.056

0.374 = d3+(((0.002/d3^2))

0= d3^3-0.374d3^2+0.002

Solving by trial and error method

Considering d3 0.364 m
This is Function

F(0.364) = 0.364^3-0.374*0.364^2+0.002

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This is Zero = 0.000

V3 = 0.52 m/s

3.3 Compute the head loss through the rack at 50%


Clogging.

a) At 50% Clogging of the rack , the clear area through


the rack is reduced to half & the head loss through
the rack is obtained from the Energy Equation

d2'+(v2'^2/2*g) = d3+(v3^2/2*g)+h50

Depth of flow and velocity in the


Where, d2' and v2' = chamber up stream of the rack at
50 % clogging.

h50 = Head loss through the rack at 50


% clogging.

b) The velocity & depth of flow in the channel below the rack are governed by the condition in
the outlet channel (the channel that carries the screened waste water.) Since the condition in
the outlet channel do not change, it can be assumed that d 3 and v3 are the same as
calculated for the clean rack 0.0729*((velocity through rack
c) h50 = opening)^2-v2'^2)

d) Velocity through rack opening at 50 % clogging = 0.0944


Err:511

f) d2'+(v2'^2/2*g) = d3+(v3^2/2*g)+h50

Left Side (d2'+(v2'^2/2*g)) 0.531


Right Side(d3+(v3^2/2*g)+h50 0.531
Diff of LHS & RHS 0.000
Solving by trial and error method

Considering d2' = 0.5245 m


This is Function

This is Zero = 0.00

V2' = 0.484 m/s

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g) The head loss under 50% clogging

h50 = d2'-d3

h50 = 0.16 m

h) Velocity v' through rack opening

v' = 0.787 m/s


d2'

0.787
v' =
0.5245

v' = 1.501 m/s


When the screen opening become half-plugged. The area of flow is assumed to be half, and Velocity
i) through the screen is doubled.

h50 = 0.0729*((v')^2-(v2)^2)

h50 = 0.0729*((1.501)^2)-(0.484^2))

h50 = 0.15 m

Using governing Value of h50 = 0.16 m

Higher allowance of head loss given more conservative design.

3.4 Bottom Slope of the channel below the rack

3.4.1 Compute the critical depth flow.

a) For Rectangular channel critical depth. d c

dc = (Q2/(g*b2))1/3

dc = (Q^2)/(9.81*(b^2)))^(1/3)

dc = (0.0944^2)/(9.81*(0.5^2)))^(1/3)

dc = 0.154 m

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b) Critical velocity vc = Q/(b*dc))

= Err:511

vc = 1.226 m/s

c) The critical depth generally occurs at a distance (3 to 10 )*d c from the point of free fall.

3.4.2 calculate the elevation of the channel bottom near free fall in the wet well.

a) Use Energy Equation between section 3 and section 4

Z3+d3+(v32/2*g) = (Z3+Zc)+dc+(vc2/2*g)

Zc = d3+((v3^2)/(2*g))-dc-((vc^2)/
(2*g))

Zc = Err:511

Zc = 0.15 m

The floor of the channel is raised by = 0.15 m

Width of Screen = 0.372 m


Width of Manual Screen Provided = 0.5 m
Transition Channel/Clear width of Screen Channel = 0.8 m
Width of Mechanical Screen = 0.8 m
Length of upstream screen channel = 2.4 m
Length of Mechanical Screen = 2
length of downstream screen channel = 1.6 m
Total Length of Screen Channel = 6
Depth of screen = m
Under clean racks d2 = 0.419 m
With 50% Clogged racks d2' = 0.5245 m
Depth after screening d3 = 0.364 m
Height of weir at the end of screen channel Zc = 0.147 m
Height of water over weir dc = 0.154 m
Cutout provided = 500 mm x 900 mm

4 Pump Sump & Raw Sewage Pump


Average Flow = 37.80 LPS

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Design Flow = 94.32 LPS

= 339.60 m3/hr

Detention Time (As per CPHEEO 1993, 9.6.2 page no


= 5.00 min
157)

Volume of Sump = 339.6/60)*5

= 28.300 m3

Liquid depth Provided = 1.50 m


Minimum Submergence Provided = 0.80 m

Area of Sump = 28.3/1.5

= 18.87 m

Diameter Required = SQRT(18.867*4/PI

= 4.90 m

Diameter Provided = 5 m

Volume Provided = .785*(5^2*1.5)

= 29.44 m3

Detention time provided at Average flow = 29.4375/(136.1/60)

= 12.98

Provide Wetwell of size 5 Dia 1.5 SWD

4.1 Pump Details As per Tender


No of Pumps for Peak Flow = 4.00 nos.

No of Working Pumps = 2.00 nos.

No of Standby Pumps = 2.00 nos.

Intermediate Peak Flow = 6.52 MLD

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Design Flow for Pumps ( Intermediate Peak flow) 275.00 m3/hr

Capacity of Each Pump = 140.00 m3/hr

Pump Type = Submersible Non Clog Type

Head Loss check as per calculations = 10.50 MWC


Head Loss check with one rising main 22.50 MWC
Provide 4 number of pumps of capacity 140 m3/hr with 10.5 MWC
4.2 Pumping Main

Minimum Velocity in pumping main = 1.2 m/s

Maximum velocity in pumping main = 1.8 m/s

SQRT(339.6/2/3600/0.785/1.8)*1
Dia of pumping main required
= 000

= 182.70 mm

Dia of pumping main provided = 200 mm

Actual velocity at peak design flow 1.50 m/sec

Length of pumping Main = 350 m


Provide pumping main of 200mm Dia

4.3 common Header

Minimum Velocity in pumping main = 1.2 m/s

Maximum velocity in pumping main = 2.5 m/s

SQRT(339.6/3600/0.785/2.5)*100
Dia of pumping main required
= 0

= 219.24 mm

Dia of Common header provided = 250 mm

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HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS OF NAYAPALLI SPS
Unit WL/FSL
1 FLOW CONDITIONS:-
1.1 Average flow for STP = 3.26 MLD
= 3256.00 m3/day
= 135.67 m3/hr

1.2 Other Flow = 9.50 m3/day


= 0.40 m3/hr

Peak Factor = 2.50


1.3 Peak Flow = 8.14 MLD
= 8140.00 m3/day
= 339.17 m3/hr
0.094 m3/s
1.4 Peak flow + Other Flow = 8.15 MLD
= 8149.50 m3/day
= 339.56 m3/hr

2 IL of Last Manhole as per Approved survey drawing no = 38.16 m


Distance of Receiving Chamber from Incoming Pipe = 10 m
Diameter of pipe provided = 350 mm
Design flow through pipe = 339.56 m3/hr
Velocity through pipe as per approved Zone Design 1.12 m/s
Exit loss and Entry Loss = 1.5V22g = 95.90 mm
Head loss due to pipe Gredient = 1 in 600 m 0.0017
pipe head loss along its length = = 16.67 mm
Total head loss from last chamber to Receving Chamber = 120.00 mm
3 IL of incoming sewer = 38.042 m

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depth of flow in incoming sewer (d1) = 0.270 m
4 FSL at Receiving Chamber = 38.312 m
depth provided below IL of sewer (Z1) = 0.100 m

IL Depth WL/FSL Energy TEL Head Loss

Incoming Sewer = 38.042 0.27 38.312 V1^2/2g 0.06 38.375 - -

Receiving Chamber = 37.935 0.37 38.305 V2^2/2g 0.01 38.365 0.2(V12/2g)-(V22-2g) 0.011

Upstream of Sceens = 37.935 0.42 38.354 V2^2/2g 0.01 38.365

Downstream of Screens = 37.931 0.364 38.295 V3^2/2g 0.014 38.309 0.056

Head loss through screen at 50 % clogging condition = 0.161 m

10 FSL at up stream during 50% clogging of screen = 38.455 m

Height of weir at the end of screen channel (Zc) = 0.147 m

11 Top of weir = 38.08 m


Depth of water over weir = 0.154 m

12 Top of water over the weir = 38.23 m


Free fall consider after weir = 0.300 m

13 FSL at wet well (HWL) = 37.78 m


SWD of wet well = 1.500 m

14 Mininum Water Leve in Wet well (LWL) = 36.28 m


Pump Submergence (as per manufacturers data) = 0.800 m

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15 Bottom of wet well = 35.48 m

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Pump Head Calculation of Raw Sewage Pumps of NAYAPALLI PS
PROJECT Sewerage System of Bhubaneswar Dist I, Zone II
Pump Details
Quanity Capacity
S. NO Type of Pump Tag No Remarks Hazen William formula (applicable for pipes/pressurized conduits) As per CPHEEO, Manual on
W S (m3/hr)
sewerage & sewage treatment (Edition- 2013), Clause No: 16.2, Page No: 3-32
Inter-
1 Submersible 2 2 140
mediate
Static Head of Pumps V = 4.567 x 10-3 x C x D^0.63 x S^0.54 H = (V / (0.004567 x C x D^0.63))1.852 x L
IL in Suction Sump, m A = 34.74 S = (V / (0.004567 x C x D^0.63))1/0.54 V = Velocity in mps
Minimum or Low water level in Sump m B = 35.54 S = (V / (0.004567 x C x D^0.63))1.852 C = Hazen william coefficient
Top Water Level / COP of pipe at discharge m C = 40.117 S = Head loss per unit length of pipe D = Diameter of pipe in
Total Static Head for Pumps m D = 4.5733 Head loss for complete length of pipe (H) = S * L L = Length of pipe, m
Pipe loss

Pressure Drop as per Hazen William Total Pressure


Size ID "C" Q V Length
From To MOC Formula Drop
Value
NB mm m3/hr) m3/s m/s m m m
Each pump Common Header 200 200 140 140 0.039 1.24 5.00 0.00710 0.0355
Flow Meter
Common Header 250 250 140 339.56 0.094 1.92 15 0.01230 0.185
Chemaber
Flow Meter
MH B72A 200 200 140 169.78 0.047 1.50 350 0.01010 3.535
Chamber
Fitting loss
BENDS Tee Valves Exp / Mag. Flow RE Total Pressure
From To Air Valve
22.5 45° 90° Branch Main Gate Butterfly Check Ball Reducer meter Joints Drop
K Values(table 4.2, CPHEEO) 1.50 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 0.30 0.40 10.0 2.5 5.00 0.50 0 0.41 m
Present Pump Common Header 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.493
Flow Meter
Common Header 1 1 1 1 2 0.512
Chemaber
Flow Meter
MH B72A 1 3 3 3 1 1 0.575
Chamber

Friction loss in Fittings, As per CPHEEO, Manual on sewerage & sewage treatment Table 4.2, Page No: 4.16 Total frictional Head m 5.336
Static Head m 4.57
H= K(V2/2g)
10% margin on frictional head m 5.9
H= Friction loss Total Head required m 10.44
K= Friction coefficient, which is a function of the ratio of radius of curvature of the bend to
Total Head provided m 10.50
the width of conduit, deflection angle, and cross section of flow.
(V2/2g) is change of velocity head before and after transition, Rev Date Prepared Checked Approved
0.000 2.2.2018 VB AAS KL

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Checklist for SPS - NAYAPALLI SPS
SI No Description Qty Unit
1 Flow
Average Flow

Intermediate Flow 2.90 MLD


Ultimate Flow 3.27 MLD
Peak Flow

Intermediate Flow 6.52 MLD


Ultimate Flow 8.15 MLD
Incoming diameter 350 mm
Invert Level Considered at Last manhole of SPS 37.44 m
Natural Ground Level 41.24 m
Finished Ground Level 41.64 m
Plinth Level 42.39 m
2 Receiving Chamber
Length 2.00 m
Width 1.80 m
Depth 5.07 m
Size of Sluice Gate 400 x 400 mm
Type of Sluice Gate ( Manual / Actuation) Manual
3 Screen Chamber
No of working and Standby Screens 1W+1S
Mechanical Screen
No of working and StandbyMechanical Screen 1 No
Bar Spacing 20 mm
Width of Bar 12 mm
Angle of Inclination 75 Degree
Width of screen channel 0.50 m
Side Water Depth 0.27 m
upstream screen length 2.4 m
Length of Mechanical Screen 2.0
downstream screen length 1.6 m
Total Length of Screen 6.0 m
Type of Conveyor Belt
Manual Screen
No of working and Standby Manual Screen 1 No
Bar Spacing 20 mm
Width of Bar 12 mm
Angle of Inclination 45 Degree
Width of screen channel 0.15 m
Side Water Depth 0.27 m
upstream screen length 2.4 m
Length of Manual Screen 1.5 m
downstream screen length 1.60 m
Total Length of Screen 6.00 m
4 Wetwell
Detention Time 5.00 min
Size of Wetwell 0m
Whether Twin Compartment No
No of working and standby pumps 4.00 No
No of Working Pumps 2.00 No
No of Standby Pumps 2.00 No
Pump Capacity 140 cum/hr
Pump Head 10.50 m
Size of Delelivery Pipe 200
Size of Common Header 200
Size of Pumping Main 200
Material of Delivery pipe and common header DI K9
Material of Pumping Main DI K9
Sluice Valve 200
Non Return Valve 200
Pressure Gauge Yes
Morail with electrically operated / manual operated No
EOT Yes
EOT capacity and projection 2 Ton
Forced Ventilation Yes
MCC Panel Yes
RTU Panel Yes
5 Pumping Main
Dia and materials of PM 200
Whether Twin PM Yes
Flow meter type Ultrasonic
Scour Valve at SPS Yes
Air Valve No
Transition Manhole Yes
Discharge End connecting Manhole B72A
6 Layout
Approach Road 5m wide
Incoming Sewer direction Yes
Pumping Main Direction Yes
Orientation of process units Yes
Security Cabin Yes
Location of DG Set Yes
Location of Transformer Yes
PS
Remarks

Corrigendum 1

Corrigendum 1

Zone II Network Design


HFD
Survey
Survey
NIT
NIT

Corrigendum 1

Capacity more than 5MLD

Refer Transition Manhole GA