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If N is the normal component of F, we have

Choice of proper steel helps to reduce this loss. Prestressed wires have
lesser creep. Galvanised wires also have no creep. Hence choice of proper
steel will help to reduce the los of prestress due to creep. Further, creep in
steel takes place mostly during few days. Under constant strain, creep stops
entirely after about 15 days. Therefore, creep of steel could be reduced
considerably by overstressing steel about 10% above its initial stress and
then releasing it to the initial stress.

Unit contraction

in concrete,

Unit contraction in steel is also equal to

Compressive stress in steel =


x b) If a parabolic cable is provided with eccentricity at the ends and at the centre. zccc .