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Cassandra Hernandez

Biology 1615

“Eucoleus Boehmi infection in Red Foxes Population”

The article focuses on wild and domestic infection of two parasite known as

Eucoleus Boehmi and E. arophilus. The parasites affects the respiratory system often

remaining undetected in household pets and infiltrates towards the nasal cavities. In this

particular experimentation the research was applied within the Red Fox population in

Prince Island, Canada where adult larva infestation and E. Boehmi eggs were identified.

According to the research conducted E. Boehmi may have oriented from the United States,

eventually spreading into other areas worldwide. The aim of this research is to monitor

wildlife to avoid the spread of pathogens into the population that could transmit or pose a

threat to human health.

The disease is prominent within the canidae family attaching itself into the body of the

organism attacking the tissue organs. According to the article E. Boehmi and E. aerophilus

are separate species present within the host in different niches. E. Boehmi is frequently

found in the trachea, while E. aerophilus was located near the nasal cavities. The results

illustrated that capillarid nematodes and eggs were present in the nasal cavities and fecal

manner in twenty-eight red foxes. The three nasal cavities were the most infected with

larvae eggs penetrating deep into the animal glands.
The research involved dissecting thirty six foxes in three different incisions near the

nasal and maxillary bone structure. The method to view the bacteria consisted of three

steps in which:

1) The nasal cavity was placed into a decalcifying solution
2) The bones were trimmed into small sections by submerging the nasal cavity into

paraffin.
3) For the final process the entire structure was stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin

In order to determine the presence of E. Boehmi, three sections of the nasal cavity

were examine under microscopic magnification with the lowest objective being 4x and the

highest 40x. Each sample was categorized by size and presence within the nasal passages

separately. Fecal samples were collected and kept refrigerated for further investigation.

According to the research, the Red Foxes that had been tested positive for E.

Boehmi exhibited congestion, nasal discharge, and infection. Across each continent the

parasite was found with no information as to where it had originated from. The

histopathology of the disease was found in all geographic regions, showing symptoms of

the virus and damage to the tissue organs.

CITATION
Lopez, Alfonso, et al. 2015. EUCOLEUS BOEHMI INFECTION IN THE NASAL CONCHAE AND
PARANASAL SINUSES OF RED FOX (VULPES VULPES) ON PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, CANADA.
Wildlife Disease Association.

http://www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/full/10.7589/2015-06-149