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keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer

(Work and Wages)

efkeâmeer JÙeefòeâ keâer cepeotjer Gmekesâ Éeje efkeâS ieS keâeÙe& kesâ efÛe$eelcekeâ Øemlegelf e
Devegheele ceW nesleer nw peyeefkeâ Gmekesâ Éeje efueS ieS meceÙe kesâ efJehejerle 1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.
Devegheele ceW nesleer nw DeLee&le keâesF& JÙeefòeâ efpelevee DeefOekeâ keâeÙe& keâjsiee
1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.
Gleveer ner pÙeeoe Gmekeâer cepeotjer nesieer uesefkeâve keâesF& JÙeefòeâ efkeâmeer
keâeÙe& keâes keâjves ceW efpelevee DeefOekeâ meceÙe uesiee Gmekeâer cepeotjer jece keâe Øeefleefo ve keâe keâeÙe& 1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.
Gleveer keâce nesieer~ (5 hesve yeveevee) 1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.
 Fme lejn mecePeW 1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.
ØeMve : jece 30 hes ve 6 efove ceW leLee ceesnve Gleves ner Fme Øekeâej jece keâes Øeefleefove Øeehle cepeotjer = 250 ®.
hesv e 10 efove ceW yeveelee nw~ Ùeefo Skeâ hesve yeveeves keâer
1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.
cepeotjer 50 ®. nes, lees jece leLee ceesnve keâer Øeefleefove keâer
cepeotjer efkeâleveer nw? ceesnve keâe Øeefleefove keâe keâeÙe& 1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.
(3 hesve yeveevee) 1 hesve × 50 = 50 ®.

nue : Ûeteb kf eâ jece 6 efove ceW yeveelee nw = 30 hesve Fme Øekeâej ceens ve keâes Øeefleefove Øeehle cepeotjer = 150 ®.
mhe° nw jece Skeâ efove ceW 5 hesve yeveekeâj 250 ®. leLee ceesnve
30 Skeâ efove ceW 3 hesve yeveekeâj 150 ®. cepeotjer Øeehle keâjlee nw
lees 1 efove ceW yeveeSiee = 6
=5 hesve DeLee&le keâesF& JÙeefòeâ efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes keâjves ceW efpelevee DeefOekeâ
leLee ceesnve 10 efove ceW yeveelee nw = 30 hesve meceÙe uesiee cepeotjer Gleveer keâce nesieer~
veesš : efkeâmeer JÙeefòeâ keâer cepeotjer Gmekesâ Éeje efkeâS ieS keâeÙe& kesâ
30
lees 1 efove ceW yeveeSiee = =3 hesve Devegheele ceW DeLee&le meceevegheeleer SJeb keâeÙe& keâjves ceW ueies meceÙe kesâ
10
efJehejerle Devegheele ceW DeLee&le JÙegl›eâceevegheeleer nesleer nw~
mhe° nw jece Øeefleefove 50 × 5 = 250 ®. leLee ceesnve
 GoenjCeeLe& Skeâ ØeMve osK eW
Øeefleefove 50 × 3 = 150 ®. Øeehle keâjlee nw~ ØeMve : A efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes 6 efove ceW leLee B Gmeer keâeÙe&
Fme Øekeâej mhe° nw keâesF& JÙeefòeâ efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes keâjves ceW keâes 5 efove ceW keâjlee nw~ Ùeefo efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes keâjves kesâ
efpelevee DeefOekeâ meceÙe uesiee Gmekeâer owefvekeâ cepeotjer Gleveer ner efueS cepeotjer 220 ®. efveOee&efjle nes lees FmeceW B keâe efnmmee
keâce nesieer~ keäÙee nesiee, peyeefkeâ A SJeb B Skeâ meeLe keâece efkeâS neW ?
ceve keâer ieefCele 668 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
nue : hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe nue : hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe
1 1
A keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& =
6
Yeeie A keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
6
1 1
B keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& =
5
Yeeie B keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
8
1 1
A SJeb B keâer cepeotjer keâe Devegheele nesiee = : 1
6 5 leLee C keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
12
= 5: 6
leerveeW keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& ›eâceMe: nesiee
6 6
Dele: B keâer cepeotjer = 220 ×
5 6
 220  1 1 1
11 = , ,
6 8 12
= 120 ®.  Gòej
1 1
leerveeW keâer cepeotjer ceW Devegheele = 6
 24 :  24
8
meeceevÙe mecePe hej
1
:  24
A SJeb B kesâ meceÙe ceW Devegheele = 6 : 5 nw, 12
lees Gvekeâer cepeotjer ceW Devegheele = 5 : 6 nesiee~ (ØelÙeskeâ ceW njeW kesâ ue.me. DeLee&le 24 mes iegCe efkeâÙee ieÙee)
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 5 + 6 = 11 = 4: 3: 2
6 Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 4 + 3 + 2 = 9
Dele: B keâer cepeotjer = 220 × · 120 ®.
11 4
 Skeâ meeOeejCe ØeMve osKeW Dele: kegâue cepeotjer ceW A keâe efnmmee = 1350 
9
ØeMve : A, B SJeb C efceuekeâj Øeefleefove 300 ®. keâceeles nQ = 600 ®.   Gòej
peyeefkeâ A Deewj C efceuekeâj Øeefleefove 188 ®. keâceeles nQ
Je B Deewj C efceuekeâj Øeefleefove 152 ®. keâceeles nQ~ C keâer GoenjCeeLe& ØeMve
Øeefle fove keâer keâceeF& keäÙee nw? ØeMve 1. A leLee B efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes Deueie-Deueie 10
leLee 15 efove ceW hetje keâj mekeâles nQ~ Ùeefo hetjs keâeÙe& keâer
nue : hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe
cepeotjer 450 ®. nes, lees B keâes efkeâleves ®heÙes Øeehle neWies ?
A, B SJeb C Øeefleefove keâceeles nQ = 300 ®.
leLee A Deewj C keâer Øeefleefove keâceeF& = 188 ®. nue : hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe
lees B keâer Øeefleefove keâceeF& = 300 – 188 = 112 ®.
1
B Deewj C keâer Øeefleefove keâceeF& = 152 ®. A keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâece = Yeeie
10
lees C keâer Øeefleefove keâceeF& = 152– 112  ®. nw~
 Skeâ Deewj GoenjCeeLe& ØeMve osKeW B keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâece =
1
Yeeie
15
ØeMve : A, B SJeb C efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes ›eâceMe: 6, 8 SJeb 12
efove ceW keâjles nQ~ leerveeW Skeâ meeLe efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes keâjkesâ 1 1
1350 ®. Øeehle keâjles nQ~ A keâe Yeeie efkeâlevee nesiee?
A Deewj B kesâ heeefjßeefcekeâ ceW Devegheele = :
10 15

ceve keâer ieefCele 669 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
30 30 1 3
= : efÉleerÙe JÙeefòeâ keâe 3 efove keâe keâeÙe& =  3  Yeeie
10 15 8 8
= 3:2
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 3 + 2 = 5 1 3
yeeuekeâ keâe 3 efove keâe keâeÙe& = 1   
 2 8
2
 450 ®heÙes ceW B keâe heeefjßeefcekeâ = 450 × 5  4 3 
= 1–  
= 180 ®.  Gòej  8 
7 1
hetCeeËkeâ efJeefOe = 1 
8 8
Yeeie

ceeve ueerefpeS kegâue 30 keâeÙe& nQ~ 1 3 1
Fme Øekeâej Gvekeâer cepeotjer keâe Devegheele = : :
2 8 8
A, 10 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 30 keâeÙe&
30 = 4:3 : 1
lees 1 efove ceW keâjsiee = = 3 keâeÙe&
10 Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 4 + 3 +1 = 8
B, 15 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 30 keâeÙe& 4
30  ØeLece JÙeefòeâ keâe Yeeie = 200 × 8
= 100 ®.
lees 1 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 15 = 2 keâeÙe&
3
mhe<š nw A Deewj B efceuekeâj 3 + 2 =5 keâeÙe& keâjles nQ 1 efove efÉleerÙe JÙeefòeâ keâe Yeeie = 200 × = 75 ®.
8
ceW~
1
 A Deewj B efceuekeâj 5 keâeÙe& keâjles nQ = 1 efove ceW~  oesveeW leLee yeeuekeâ keâe Yeeie = 200 × =25 ®.   Gòej
8
1
efceuekeâj kegâue 30 keâeÙe& keâjWies =
5
 30 = 6 efove ceW
Bkeâe 6 efove ceW kegâue 6 × 2 = 12 keâeÙe& hetCeeËkeâ efJeefOe
 kegâue 30 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer = 450 ®. nw
 B Éeje efkeâÙee ieÙee 12 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer ceeve ueerefpeS kegâue 24 keâeÙe& nQ~
450
 12 = 180 ®.  Gòej
ØeLece JÙeefòeâ 6 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 24 keâeÙe&
=
30
24
ØeMve 2. oes JÙeefòeâ efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes 200 ®. ceW keâjves keâe lees 1 efove ceW keâjsiee = 6
=4 keâeÙe&
"skeâe uesles nQ~ Skeâ JÙeefòeâ Dekesâuee Gme keâeÙe& keâes 6 efove ceW
leLee otmeje JÙeefòeâ 8 efove ceW keâj mekeâlee nw~ Gve oesveeW ves efÉleerÙe JÙeefòeâ 8 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 24 keâeÙe&
Skeâ yeeuekeâ keâer meneÙelee mes keâeÙe& keâes 3 efove ceW hetje efkeâÙee~ 24
lees 1 efove ceW keâjsiee = 3 keâeÙe&
cepeotjer ceW ØelÙeskeâ keâe efnmmee %eele keâjW? 8
ØeLece JÙeefòeâ efÉleerÙe JÙeefòeâ leLee yeeuekeâ efceuekeâj 3 efove ceW
nue : hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe
keâjles nQ = 24 keâeÙe&
1 1 24
ØeLece JÙeefòeâ keâe 3 efove keâe keâeÙe& = 6
3
2
Yeeie 1 efove kesâ keâjles nQ = 8 keâeÙe&
3

ceve keâer ieefCele 670 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
yeeuekeâ keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = leerveeW keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& 5
– (ØeLece JÙeefòeâ Deewj efÉleerÙe JÙeefòeâ keâe Skeâ efove keâe kegâue keâeÙe&) leLee 5 yeÛÛeeW keâe Yeeie = 1440 × = 100 ®.
72
= 8– (4 + 3)   Gòej
= 8– 7 = 1
Dele: ØeLece JÙeefòeâ efÉleerÙe JÙeefòeâ leLee yeeuekeâ keâer cepeotjer keâe meeceevÙe mecePe hej
Devegheele = 4 : 3 : 1
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 4 + 3 + 1 = 8 Skeâ yeÛÛes keâer cepeotjer keâe leerve iegvee Skeâ m$eer keâer cepeotjer nw
4 leLee Skeâ m$eer SJeb Skeâ yeÛÛes keâer cepeotjer keâe Ùeesie Skeâ heg®<e
 ØeLece JÙeefòeâ keâe Yeeie = 200 × 8
= 100 ®. keâer cepeotjer nw DeLee&le heg®<e, efm$eÙeeW SJeb yeÛÛeeW keâer cepeotjer
3 ceW Devegheele = 4: 3 : 1
efÉleerÙe JÙeefòeâ keâe Yeeie = 200 × 8
= 75 ®. Fvekeâer mebKÙee ceW Devegheele = 7 : 13 : 5
1 Fme Øekeâej Fvekeâer kegâue cepeotjer ceW Devegheele
leLee yeeuekeâ keâe Yeeie = 200 × 8
= 25 ®.   Gòej = 4 × 7 : 13 × 3 : 1 × 5
ØeMve 3. 1440 ®. keâes 7 JÙeefòeâ, 13 efm$eÙeeW SJeb 5 yeÛÛeeW = 28 : 39 : 5
ceW Fme Øekeâej efJeYeeefpele keâerefpeS efkeâ ØelÙeskeâ Deewjle keâes Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 28 + 39 + 5 = 72
yeÛÛes keâe 3 iegvee leLee ØelÙeskeâ heg®<e keâes Skeâ Deewjle Deewj Skeâ 28
 7 heg®<eeW keâe Yeeie = 1440 × = 560 ®.
yeÛÛes kesâ yejeyej Oeve Øeehle nes ? 72
39
nue : hejbhejeiele efJeefOe 13 efm$eÙeeW keâe Yeeie = 1440 × = 780 ®.
72
ceevee Skeâ yeÛÛes keâer cepeotjer = x ®. 5
lees Skeâ ceefnuee keâer cepeotjer = 3x ®. nesieer leLee 5 yeÛÛeeW keâe Yeeie = 1440 × = 100 ®. nesiee~
72
leLee Skeâ heg®<e keâer cepeotjer = x + 3x = 4x ®.   Gòej
Fme Øekeâej Skeâ heg®<e, Skeâ m$eer SJeb Skeâ yeÛÛes keâer cepeotjer ØeMve 4. A Skeâ keâece keâes 10 efove ceW Deewj B, 15 efove ceW
ceW Devegheele = 4x : 3x : x keâj mekeâlee nw~ Jes 5 efove keâece keâjles nQ, Mes<e yeÛes keâece
= 4 : 3 : 1 nesiee~ keâes C, 2 efove ceW hetje keâjlee nw~ Ùeefo meejs keâeÙe& keâe GvnW
leye 7 heg®<e, 13 efm$eÙeeb SJeb 5 yeÛÛeeW keâer cepeotjer keâe 1500 ®. Øeehle ngDee, lees B leLee C keâer Fkeâªer Skeâ efove keâer kegâue
Devegh eele = 4 × 7 : 3 × 13 : 1 × 5 cepeotjer efkeâleveer nw?
= 28 : 39 : 5 nesie ~
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 28 + 39 + 5 = 72 nue : hejbhejeiele efJeefOe

28 1
7 heg®<eeW keâe Yeeie = 1440 × = 560 ®. A keâe 1 efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
72 10
39 1
13 efm$eÙeeW keâe Yeeie = 1440 × = 780 ®. B keâe 1 efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
72 15
ceve keâer ieefCele 671 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
1 5 1 A, 10 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 30 keâeÙe&
A keâe 5 efove keâe keâeÙe& = ×5 =
10
=
30
10 2
lees 1 efove ceW keâjsiee = 10 = 3 keâeÙe&
1 1
B keâe 5 efove keâe keâeÙe& = ×5 = 5 efove ceW keâjsiee = 3 × 5 = 15 keâeÙe&
15 3
leLee B, 15 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 30 keâeÙe&
Fme Øekeâej A Deewj B keâe 5 efove keâe kegâue keâeÙe&
30
1 1 32 5 lees 1 efove ceW keâjsiee = 15 = 2 keâeÙe&
= + =  Yeeie
2 3 6 6 5 efove ceW keâjsiee = 2 × 5 = 10 keâeÙe&
5 1 Ûetbefkeâ A Deewj B efceuekeâj 5 efove ceW kegâue = 15+10=25 keâeÙe&
Mes<e keâeÙe& = 1   Yeeie efkeâS~
6 6
Deye Mes<e keâeÙe& 30 – 25 = 5 keâeÙe& pees C, 2 efove ceW keâjlee nw~
1
  C, 2 efove ceW keâjlee nw = Yeeie  kegâue 30 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer = 1500 ®. nw
6
 B kesâ efkeâS ieS 10 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer
1 1
 C Skeâ efove ceW keâjsiee =  Yeeie 1500
6  2 12 = ×10 =500 ®.
30
A, B SJeb C kesâ keâeÙe& ceW Devegheele = 3:2:1
leLee C kesâ efueS ieS Mes<e 5 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 3 + 2 + 1 = 6
1500
2 = ×5 = 250 ®.
keâe efnmmee = 1500 × 30
 B = 500 ®.
6
mhe° nw B, 5 efove ceW keâceelee nw = 500 ®.
1
C keâe efnmmee = 1500 × = 250 ®. lees 1 efove ceW keâceeÙesiee =
500
× 1= 100 ®.
6 5
Fme Øekeâej B, 5 efove ceW keâceelee nw = 500 ®. leLee C, 2 efove ceW keâceelee nw = 250 ®.
500 250
 1 efove ceW keâceeSiee = =100 ®. lees 1 efove ceW keâceeÙesiee = =125 ®.
5 2
leLee C, 2 efove ceW keâceelee nw = 250 ®. Dele: B Deewj C keâer 1 efove keâer keâceeF& = 100 + 125 =225
250 ®.   Gòej
lees 1 efove ceW keâceeÙesiee = = 125 ®.
2 ØeMve 5. A, 6 efove ceW 100 ®. keâceelee nw leLee B, 6 efove
Dele: B Deewj
keâer Fkeâªer Skeâ efove keâer kegâue cepeotjer
C = ceW 50 ®. keâceelee nw, lees 100 ®. keâceeves ceW oesveeW Skeâ
100 + 125 = 225 ®.  Gòej meeLe efceuekeâj efkeâleves efove keâeÙe& keâjWies?

nue : hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe
hetCeeËkeâ efJeefOe
100
ceeve ueerefpeS kegâue 30 keâeÙe& nQ~ A, keâer 1 efove keâer cepeotjer = 6
®.

ceve keâer ieefCele 672 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
50 GheefmLeefle efoveeW keâer mebKÙee = (25 – x) efove
leLee B keâer 1 efove keâer cepeotjer = ®. 
6
Øeehle jeefMe = 2 × GheefmLeefle efoveeW keâer mebKÙee
A Deewj B keâer efceueekeâj Skeâ efove keâer cepeotjer 50

100
 DevegheefmLeefle efoveeW keâer mebKÙee
100 50
= +
6 6 50
( 50 hewmes = 100
®heÙes)
100  50 150
= 
6 6 1
37.50 = 2 × (25 – x) – (x)
2
= 25 ®.
1
 A Deewj B, 25 ®. keâceeles nw = 1 efove ceW = 50 – 2x – x
2
 A Deewj B keâes 100 ®. keâceeves ceW ueiee meceÙe
 4x  x 
1 = 50 –  
=  100 = 4 efove  Gòej  2 
25
5x
= 50 –
2
meeceevÙe mecePe hej 5x
= 50 – 37.50
2
2.5 x = 12.50
mhe° nw A Deewj B oesveeW 6 efove ceW kegâue 100 + 50
x = 5 efove
=150 ®. Øeehle keâjles nQ~
Dele: cepeotj kesâ DevegheefmLele efoveeW keâer mebKÙee = 5   Gòej
 A Deewj B keâes 150 ®. keâceeves ceW ueiee meceÙe
= 6 efove
meeceevÙe mecePe hej
 A Deewj B keâes 100 ®. keâceeves ceW ueiee meceÙe
6 Ùeefo cepeotj 25 efove GheefmLele neslee lees Gmekeâer cepeotjer
=  100 = 4 efove  Gòej
150 nesleer 25 × 2 = 50 ®. uesefkeâve Ùeneb hej Gmekeâer cepeotjer nw
ØeMve 6. Skeâ cepeotj 25 efoveeW kesâ efueS Fve MeleeX kesâ 37.50 ®.~
Ùeeveer Gmekeâer cepeotjer ceW 50 – 37.50 = 12.50 ®. keâer keâceer
Devegmeej keâeÙe&jle Lee efkeâ Ùeefo Jen Øeefleefove keâeÙe& hej
nw~ mhe° nw Ùeefo cepeotj Skeâ efove DevegheefmLele jnlee nw, lees
GheefmLele nesiee, lees Gmes 2 ®. Øeehle nesiee Deewj Ùeefo Jen
Gmekeâer cepeotjer ceW 2 + .50 = 2.50 ®. keâer keâceer nesieer~
Øeefleefove keâeÙe& hej DevegheefmLele nesiee, lees 50 hewmes keâe ob[
Ûetbefkeâ cepeotjer ceW 2.50 ®. keâer keâceer nesleer nw Skeâ efove keâer
Megukeâ osiee~ Ùeefo Jen cee$e 37.50 ®. Øeehle keâjlee nw, lees DevegheefmLeefle ceW, lees cepeotjer ceW 12.50 ®. keâer keâceer nesieer
Gmekesâ DevegheefmLele efoveeW keâer mebKÙee %eele keâerefpeS~
1
=  12.50
2.50
nue : hejbhejeiele efJeefOe
=5 efove keâer DevegheefmLeefle ceW
ceevee cepeotj keâer DevegheefmLeefle kesâ efoveeW keâer mebKÙee Dele: cepeotj 5 efove DevegheefmLele Lee~
= x efove   Gòej
ceve keâer ieefCele 673 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
ØeMve 7. 40 heg®<eeW keâes 2000 ®. keâceeves kesâ efueS Dee" efove 1
ueieles nQ~ oes efove ceW 200 ®. keâceeves kesâ efueS efkeâleves heg®<e B kesâ Skeâ efove keâe keâece = 30
Yeeie
ueieW ies? ØeMveevegmeej,
nue : hejbhejeiele efJeefOe  10 x   x 
     1
 20 20   30 
 8 efove ceW 2000 ®. keâceeves kesâ efueS 40 heg®<e ueieles nQ~
x x 1
40  8   1
 1 efove ceW 1 ®. keâceeves kesâ efueS =
2000
heg®<e ueieWies 20 30 2

 2 efove ceW 200 ®. keâceeves kesâ efueS 3 x+ 2 x 1

60 2
40  8  200
=
2000  2 5x 1

= 16 heg®<e ueieWies~   Gòej 60 2

60
met$e efJeefOe x=
5 2
6 efove
 A kesâ Éeje kegâue ueiee meceÙe = 10 + 6 = 16 efove
M1 D1 M2 D 2
 leLee B kesâ Éeje ueiee meceÙe = 6 efove
W1 W2
(Ùeneb M = heg®<eeW keâer mebKÙee, D= efoveeW keâer mebKÙee)  A leLee B kesâ heeefjßeefcekeâ keâe Devegheele

40  8 M 2  2  1   1 
 =   16  :   6 
2000 200  20   30 
(peneb W1 Deewj W2 OevejeefMe nw) 4 1
· :
5 5
320  200
M2 =
4000
= 16 heg®<e  Gòej · 4:1
ØeMve 8. A Skeâ keâeÙe& keâes 20 efove ceW hetje keâj mekeâlee nw Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 4 + 1 = 5
peyeefkeâ B Gmes 30 efove ceW keâj mekeâlee nw~ A keâeÙe& DeejbYe 4
 480 ®. ceW A keâe Yeeie = 480 ×
keâjkesâ 10 efove lekeâ keâjlee nw, leye B Yeer GmeceW Meeefceue nes 5

peelee nw Deewj oesveeW efceuekeâj Gmes hetje keâj osles nQ leLee 480 = 384 ®.  Gòej
®heÙes keâeÙe& kesâ efueS Øeehle keâjles nQ~ A keâe Yeeie %eele
keâerefpeS~ meeceevÙe mecePe hej

nue : hejbhejeiele efJeefOe Ùeefo A Dekesâuee 20 efove keâeÙe& keâjlee nw lees Gmes 480 ®heÙes
ceevee A Deewj B efceuekeâj x efoveeW lekeâ keâeÙe& keâjles nQ~ efceueles nQ, FmeefueS A Dekesâuee 10 efove keâeÙe& keâjlee nw lees
1 480
A kesâ Skeâ efove keâe keâece = 20
Yeeie Gmes Øeehle jeefMe =  10 = 240 ®.
20

ceve keâer ieefCele 674 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
Deye A Deewj B kesâ 1 efove kesâ keâeÙe& keâe Devegheele Deewj otmeje Gmes 48 efoveeW ceW~ Skeâ efJeMes<e%e keâer ceoo ueskeâj
1 1 Jes, Jen keâeÙe& 12 efoveeW ceW hetje keâj osles nQ~ leodvegmeej, Gme
: = =3 :2
20 30 efJeMes<e%e keâes efkeâlevee heeefjßeefcekeâ osÙe nesiee?
FmeefueS Mes<e jeefMe (480 – 240 = 240) ceW A keâe Yeeie = 8. A Deewj B ves efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes keâjves keâe 4500 ®heÙes ceW "skeâe
3 efueÙee~ A Dekesâuee Fme keâeÙe& keâes 8 efove ceW leLee B Dekesâuee
240 × (3  2) = 48 × 3 = 144
Fme keâeÙe& keâes 12 efove ceW keâj mekeâlee nw~ C keâer meneÙelee mes
Dele: A keâe kegâue Yeeie = 240 + 144 = 384 ®heÙes~ GvneWves Ùen keâeÙe& 4 efove ceW hetje keâj efueÙee~ leye "skesâ keâer
DeYÙeeme ØeMve OevejeefMe ceW C keâe Yeeie keäÙee nw?
9. A Skeâ keâeÙe& keâes 12 efoveeW ceW keâj mekeâlee nw peyeefkeâ B Dekesâues
1. A Deewj B efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes ›eâceMe: 15 efove Deewj 10 efove ceW
Gmes 15 efoveeW ceW keâj mekeâlee nw~ C keâer meneÙelee mes Jes Gme
hetje keâj mekeâles nQ~ GvneWves keâeÙe& keâes 30,000 ®. ceW hetje
keâeÙe& keâes 5 efoveeW ceW hetje keâj mekeâles nQ~ Ùeefo GvnW hetjs keâeÙe&
keâjves keâe "skeâe efueÙee~ "skesâ keâer OevejeefMe ceW A keâe Yeeie keäÙee
kesâ efueS ®. 960 efoS peeSb, lees A keâes kegâue efkeâleveer jeefMe
nesi ee?
efceuesieer?
2. megceve Skeâ keâece keâes 3 efove ceW Deewj megceefle Gmeer keâece keâes 2
10. Skeâ "skesâoej Skeâ cepeotj keâes Fme Mele& hej keâece hej jKelee nw
efove ceW keâj mekeâleer nw, oesveeW Skeâ meeLe efceuekeâj keâece keâes efkeâ Ùeefo Jen Øeefleefove keâeÙe& hej GheefmLele nesiee, lees Gmes 75
hetje keâjleer nQ Deewj Gvekeâes kegâue 150 ®. efceueles nQ~ FmeceW
®. Øeehle neWies~ ØelÙeskeâ efove keâece ceW DevegheefmLele jnves hej
megceve keâe Yeeie keäÙee nesiee? Gmes cepeotjer mes JebefÛele keâjves kesâ Deefleefjòeâ Gmekeâer jeefMe ceW
3. 15 ueÌ[kesâ 5 efoveeW ceW 900 ®. keâceeles nQ~ 20 ueÌ[kesâ 7 efoveeW mes 15 ®. Øeefleefove keâer oj mes keâeš efueS peeSbies~ 20 efove
ceW efkeâlevee keâceeÙeWies? kesâ yeeo "skesâoej ves cepeotj keâes kegâue 1140 ®. efoS, lees
4. Skeâ owefvekeâ cepeotjer heeves Jeeues ßeefcekeâ keâes 5,750 ®. hej cepeotj efkeâleves efove keâece mes DevegheefmLele jne?
kegâÚ efoveeW kesâ efueS jKee ieÙee efkeâbleg Gve efoveeW ceW mes leerve 11. A, B Deewj C keâes efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes 575 ®heÙes ceW keâjves kesâ
efove DevegheeqmLele jnves kesâ keâejCe Gmes kegâue 5,000 ®. efoS efueS efveÙeesepf ele efkeâÙee ieÙee nw~ ceeve ueerefpeS A Deewj C
ieS~ Gmekeâer DeefOekeâlece mebYeJe owefvekeâ cepeotjer efkeâleveer Leer? 19
5. Skeâ heg®<e Deewj Skeâ ueÌ[kesâ ves efceuekeâj 5 efove keâece efkeâÙee efceuekeâj 23
keâeÙe& keâes hetje keâj uesles nQ lees B keâes efkeâleveer
Deewj GvnW kegâue efceueekeâj 800 ®. cepeotjer Øeehle ngF&~ heg®<e, jeefMe keâe Yegieleeve keâjWies?
ueÌ[kesâ keâer Dehes#ee efleiegvee keâeÙe&kegâMeue nw~ ueÌ[kesâ keâer owefvekeâ 12. A, B, C keâes 5290 ®. ceW efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes keâjves kesâ efueS
cepeotjer efkeâleveer nw? 19
6. 2 Deeoceer leLee 1 Deewjle efceuekeâj efkeâmeer keâeÙe& keâes 14 efove ceW
ueieeÙee ieÙee nw~ ceevee efkeâ A Deewj B efceuekeâj 23
keâeÙe&
hetje keâj mekeâles nQ, peyeefkeâ 4 DeewjleW leLee 2 Deeoceer efceuekeâj 8
keâjles nQ~ B Deewj C efceuekeâj keâeÙe& keâjles nQ, lees A
Gmes 8 efove ceW hetje keâj mekeâles nQ~ Ùeefo Skeâ Deeoceer keâes keâeÙe& 23
keâjves kesâ yeoues 600 ®. Øeefleefove efceueles neW, lees Skeâ Deewjle keâes efkeâleves ®heÙes keâe Yegieleeve efkeâÙee peevee ÛeeefnS?
keâes Øeefleefove efkeâleveer OevejeefMe efceueveer ÛeeefnS? 13. A Deewj B keâer keâeÙe& #ecelee keâe Devegheele 5 : 3 nw Ùeefo oesveeW
7. mšsveer Deewj hee@ue Skeâ keâeÙe& keâes 28,800 ®. ceW leÙe keâjles nQ~ efceuekeâj keâesF& keâeÙe& 3200 ®. ceW keâjles nQ lees Gme cepeotjer
GveceW Skeâ Dekesâuee Jen keâeÙe& 36 efoveeW ceW hetje keâj mekeâlee nw ceW B keâe efnmmee efkeâlevee nesiee?
ceve keâer ieefCele 675 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
DeYÙeeme ØeMveeW keâe nue nue 2. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe

nue 1. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe 1
megceve keâe 1 efove keâe keâece = 3
Yeeie
1
A keâe 1 efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie 1
15 leLee megceefle keâe 1 efove keâe keâece = Yeeie
2
1
leLee B keâe 1 efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie  megceve SJeb megceefle kesâ keâeÙe& keâe efnmmeeW keâe Devegheele
10
A Deewj B kesâ keâeÙe& kesâ efnmmeeW keâe Devegheele 1 1
:=
3 2
1 1
= : =2 :3 =2 : 3
15 10
Deevegheeefl ekeâ Ùeesie =2 + 3 =5
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 2 + 3 = 5
2
2 Dele: megceve keâe efnmmee = 150 × 5 = 60 ®.   Gòej
Dele: A keâe efnmmee/Yeeie = 30,000 ×
5
= 12,000 ®.  Gòej
hetCeeËkeâ efJeefOe
hetCeeËkeâ efJeefOe ceeve ueerefpeS kegâue 6 keâeÙe& nQ~
ceeve ueerefpeS kegâue 30 keâeÙe& nQ~ megceve 3 efove ceW keâjleer nw = 6 keâeÙe&
A, 15 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 30 keâeÙe& 6
lees 1 efove ceW keâjsieer = 3
=2 keâeÙe&
30
lees 1 efove ceW keâjsiee =
15
=2 keâeÙe& leLee megceefle 2 efove ceW keâjleer nw = 6 keâeÙe&
leLee B, 10 efove ceW keâjlee nw = 30 keâeÙe& lees 1 efove ceW keâjsieer =
6
= 3 keâeÙe&
2
30
lees 1 efove ceW keâjsiee = 10
=3 keâeÙe& mhe° nw oesveeW efceuekeâj 1 efove ceW keâjleer nw
= 2 + 3 = 5 keâeÙe&
mhe<š nw oesveeW efceuekeâj 1 efove ceW keâjWies = 3 + 2 =5 keâeÙe&
Ûetbefkeâ oesveeW efceuekeâj 5 keâeÙe& keâjles nQ = 1 efove ceW  oesveeW efceuekeâj 5 keâeÙe& keâjleer nw = 1 efove ceW
1 1
lees kegâue 30 keâeÙe& keâjWies =  30 = 6 efove  oesveeW efceuekeâj kegâue 6 keâeÙe& keâjWieer =
5
6
5
mhe° nw A, 6 efove ceW keâjsiee = 6 ×2 = 12 keâeÙe& 6
= efove ceW
leLee B, 6 efove ceW keâjsiee = 6 × 3 = 18 keâeÙe& 5
 kegâue 30 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer = 30,000 ®. nw 6 6 12
megceve efove ceW keâjsieer = × 2= keâeÙe&
 A Éeje efkeâS ieS 12 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer 5 5 5

30, 000 6 6 18
= 12 = 12,000 ®.  Gòej leLee megceefle efove ceW keâjsieer = 3 = keâeÙe&
30 5 5 5

ceve keâer ieefCele 676 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
 kegâue 6 keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer = 150 ®. nw x × (y–3) = 5,000
12 xy – 3x = 5,000
 megceve Éeje efkeâS ieS 5
keâeÙe& keâer cepeotjer
5,750 – 3x = 5,000
150 12 3x = 5750 – 5,000
=  = 60 ®.  Gòej
6 5 750
x= = 250 ®.   Gòej
3
meeceevÙe mecePe hej
nue 5. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe
mhe° nw megceve SJeb megceefle kesâ Éeje efueÙee ieÙee meceÙe keâe ØeMveevegmeej,
Devegheele 3 : 2 nw~ 1 heg®<e keâer keâeÙe& #ecelee = 3 ueÌ[keâeW keâer keâeÙe& #ecelee
lees Fvekeâer cepeotjer keâe Devegheele = 2 : 3 nesiee~ DeLee&le 1 heg®<e  3 ueÌ[kesâ
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 2 + 3 = 5 1 heg®<e + 1 ueÌ[keâe  3 ueÌ[keâe + 1 ueÌ[keâe
2  4 ueÌ[keâe
Dele: megceve keâe efnmmee = 150 × 5
= 60 ®.
 4 ueÌ[kesâ efkeâmeer keâece keâes hetje keâjles nQ = 5 efove ceW
nue 3. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe  1 ueÌ[keâe Gmeer keâece keâes hetje keâjsiee = 5 × 4
= 20 efove ceW
 15 ueÌ[kesâ 5 efove ceW keâceeles nQ = 900 ®.
mhe° nw 1 ueÌ[keâe 20 efove keâece keâjkesâ cepeotjer Øeehle
900  20  7
 20 ueÌ[keâs 7 efove ceW keâceeÙeWies = keâjlee nw = 800 ®.
5 15
800
= 1680 ®.  Gòej lees 1 ueÌ[kesâ keâer owefvekeâ cepeotjer = = 40 ®.   Gòej
20

met$e efJeefOe
meeceevÙe mecePe hej
M1 D1 M2 D 2

W1 W2 1 heg®<e leLee 1 ueÌ[kesâ kesâ 5 efove kesâ keâece keâer cepeotjer
15 5 20  7 800 ®. nw~

900 W2 FmeefueS 1 heg®<e leLee 1 ueÌ[kesâ kesâ 1 efove keâer cepeotjer
900  20  7 800
W 2= = 1680®.   Gòej = 160 ®heÙes nw~
15  5 5
Ûettbefkeâ 1 heg®<e 1 ueÌ[kesâ mes efleiegvee keâeÙe& keâjlee nw FmeefueS
nue 4. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe
1
ueÌ[kesâ keâer Skeâ efove keâer cepeotjer = 160 × (1  3) =
ceevee cepeotj keâer owefvekeâ cepeotjer x leLee keâece keâjves keâer
efoveeW kesâ mebKÙee y Leer~
1
x × y = 5,750 ®. (i) 160 × = 40 ®heÙes   Gòej
4
ceve keâer ieefCele 677 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
ceevee efJeMes<e%e Gme keâeÙe& keâes x efove ceW hetje keâjlee nw, lees
nue 6. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe 1
efJeMes<e%e keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâece = x
Yeeie
 14 efove ceW efkeâmeer keâece keâes hetje keâjles nQ = 2 Deeoceer
Deewj 1 Deewjle efceuekeâj Deye 1 1 1 1
 1 efove ceW Gmeer keâece keâes hetje keâjWies = 14 × (2 Deeoceer + ØeMveevegmeej,   
36 48 x 12
Yeeie
1 Deewjle) 1 1 1 1
  
= 28 Deeoceer + 14 Deewjle ............(i) x 12 36 48
peyeefkeâ 8 efove ceW Gmeer keâece keâes hetje keâjles nQ = 4 Deewjle 12  4  3
=
leLee 2 Deeoceer 144
1 efove ceW Gmeer keâece keâes hetje keâjWies = 8 (4 Deewjle + 2 1 12  7 5
x
 
144 144
Yeeie
Deeoceer)
= 32 Deewjle + 16 Deeoceer ...........(ii) 5
meceerkeâjCe (i) SJeb (ii) mes mhe° nw Fme Øekeâej efJeMes<e%e keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâece = Yeeie nw~
144
28 Deeoceer + 14 Deewjle  Deewjle + 16 Deeoceer 144
FmeefueS efJeMes<e%e Gme keâeÙe& keâes hetje keâjsiee = efove ceW
(28-16) Deeoceer  (32–14) Deewjle 5
12 Deeoceer  18 Deewjle Fme Øekeâej mšsveer, hee@ue SJeb efJeMes<e%e keâes Øeehle efnmmeeW keâe
18 3 1 1 5
1 Deeoceer   Deewjle Devegheele = : :
12 2 36 48 144
2 144 144 5 144
1 Deewjle = 3 Deeoceer = : :
36 48 144
1 Deeoceer keâer owefvekeâ cepeotjer = 600 ®. nw = 4 : 3: 5
2 Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 4 + 3 + 5 = 12
 1 Deewjle DeLee&le 3
Deeoceer keâer owefvekeâ cepeotjer
5
Dele: efJeMes<e%e keâe Yeeie = 28,800 ×
600 2 12
=  = 400 ®.  Gòej
1 3 = 12,000 ®.   Gòej

nue 7. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe nue 8. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe
mšsveer Gme keâeÙe& keâes hetje keâjlee nw = 36 efove ceW 1
leLee hee@ue Gme keâeÙe& keâes hetje keâjlee nw = 48 efove ceW A keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& =
8
Yeeie
1 1
Fme Øekeâej mšsveer keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâece = 36
Yeeie B keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
12
1 1
leLee hee@ue keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâece = 48
Yeeie A, B SJeb C keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
4
ceve keâer ieefCele 678 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
Fme Øekeâej C keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = leerveeW keâe Skeâ efove Deevegh eeeflekeâ Ùeesi e = 3 + 2 +1 =6
keâe keâeÙe& – (A Deewj B keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe&) 4500
C keâe efnmmee = 6
 1 = 750 ®.
1 1 1 
= –  
4  8 12 
nue 9. hejbhejeiele efJeefOe
1  3 2 
= –  1
4  24  A Éeje 1 efove ceW efkeâÙee ieÙee keâeÙe& = Yeeie
12
1 5 1
= – B Éeje 1 efove ceW efkeâÙee ieÙee keâeÙe& = Yeeie
4 24 15
6 5 1 5x
= = Yeeie A, B SJeb C keâe 1 efove keâe keâeÙe& = Yeeie
24 24 2
mhe° nw A, B SJeb C keâer keâeÙe& #ecelee keâe Devegheele 1 1 1
C keâe 1 efove keâe keâeÙe& = –  
5 12 15 
1 1 1
= : :
8 12 24 12  5  4 3
= 
60 60
24 24 24
= : :
8 12 24 1
=
20
Yeeie
[njeW keâe ue.me. DeLee&le 24 mes iegCee efkeâÙee ieÙee]
 A, B SJeb C Éeje 1 efove ceW efkeâS ieS keâeÙe& keâe
=3 : 2 : 1
1 1 1
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 3 + 2 + 1= 6 Devegheele = : :
12 15 20
Dele: kegâue cepeotjer 4500 ®. ceW C keâe efnmmee
60 60 60
= : :
1 12 15 20
= 4500 × = 750 ®.  Gòej
6 [njeW kesâ ue.me. DeLee&le 60 mes iegCee efkeâÙee ieÙee]
=5 : 4 :3

Devegheele mecePe hej Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 5 + 4 + 3 = 12
5
 960 ®. ceW A keâer cepeotjer = 960 × = 400 ®.
ceevee kegâue keâeÙe& 24 nw~ 12
A B A+ B + C   Gòej
kegâue efove  8 12 4
Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe&  3 2 6 Devegheele mecePe hej
C keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = (A + B + C) keâe Skeâ efove keâe
ceevee kegâue keâeÙe& 60 nw~
keâeÙe& – (A + B) keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& A B A+ B + C C
= 6 – (3 + 2) = 1 kegâue efove  12 15 5 –
Dele: A, B, C keâer Skeâ efove keâer cepeotjer keâe Devegheele = 3 : 2 : 1 Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe&  5 4 12 ?

ceve keâer ieefCele 679 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
C keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe& = (A + B + C) keâe Skeâ efove keâe
keâeÙe& – (A + B) keâe Skeâ efove keâe keâeÙe&  nue 11. meeceevÙe mecePe hej
= 12 – (5 + 4) = 3
Dele: A, B, C keâer cepeotjer keâe Devegheele = 5 : 4 : 3 19 4
Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 5 + 4 + 3 = 12 B Éeje efkeâÙee ieÙee keâeÙe& = 1 
23 23
Yeeie
kegâue cepeotjer = 960  kegâue keâeÙe& 23 ceW B keâe Yeeie = 4
960
 A keâe efnmmee =  5 = 400 ®.   Gòej 4
12  B keâes keâer ieF& jeefMe keâe Yegieleeve = 575 × 23
nue 10. hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe = 25 × 4 = 100 ®heÙes  Gòej

ceevee cepeotj x efove DevegheefmLele jne~ nue 12. hejbh ejeiele efJeefOe
 cepeotj kesâ GheefmLele efoveeW keâer mebKÙee = (20–x) efove
Deye ØeMveevegmeej, A Éeje efkeâS ieS keâeÙe& keâe Yeeie
75(20 – x) – 15x = 1140 = (A+ B + C) Éeje efceuekeâj efkeâÙee ieÙee keâeÙe& –
1500 – 75x – 15x = 1140 (B+C) Éeje efkeâÙee ieÙee keâeÙe&
90x = 1500 – 1140 8
= 1
360 23
x = = 4 efove
90
23  8 15
Dele: cepeotj 4 efove DevegheefmLele jne~   Gòej = 
23 23
Dele: 23 Yeeie ceW A Éeje efkeâÙee ieÙee keâeÙe& = 15
meeceevÙe mecePe hej 15
 A keâes Øeehle jeefMe = 5290 
23
Ùeefo cepeotj 20 efove hetjs GheefmLele jnlee nw, lees Gmekeâer = 230 × 15
cepeotjer nesleer 20 × 75 = 1500 ®. uesefkeâve Ùeneb hej Gmekeâer = 3450 ®heÙes  Gòej
cepeotjer nw 1140 ®. Ùeeveer cepeotjer ceW keâceer = 1500 –
1140 = 360 ®.
mhe° nw Ùeefo cepeotj 1 efove DevegheefmLele jnlee nw, lees  nue 13. Devegheele mecePe hej
Gmekeâer cepeotjer ceW keâceer nesie r (75 + 15 = 90 ®.) keâer~
Ûetbefkeâ cepeotjer ceW 90 ®. keâceer nesleer nw Skeâ efove keâer A Deewj B keâer #ecelee keâe Devegheele = 5 : 3
DevegheefmLele ceW FmeefueS cepeotjer ceW 360 ®. keâer keâceer nesieer A Deewj B keâer cepeotjer keâe Devegheele = 5 : 3
1 Deevegheeeflekeâ Ùeesie = 5 + 3 = 8
= × 360
90 kegâue cepeotjer = 3200 ®.
=4 efove kesâ DevegheefmLele ceW 3200
Dele: cepeotj kegâue 4 efove DevegheefmLele jne~   Gòej B keâe efnmmee = 8
 3 = 1200 ®.   Gòej

ceve keâer ieefCele 680 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
hejer#ee ØeMve
ØeMve 1. A, B leLee C efceuekeâj 30 0 ®. Øeefleefove keâceeles
1
nQ~ A Je C efceuekeâj 18 8 ®. leLee B Je C efceuekeâj 15 2 leye, C keâes nesves Jeeuee Yegieleeve =
(4  3  1)
 3200
®. keâceeles nQ~ C keâer Øeefleefove keâer keâceeF& nesieer ?
= 400 ®.
(a) 40 ®. (b) 68 ®.
(c) 11 2 ®. (d) 11 6 ®. ØeMve 3. ØeJeeme hej Skeâ JÙeefòeâ kesâ heeme KeÛe& kesâ efueS 9,600
R.R.C. cegbyeF& («eghe-D) hejer#ee, 20 14 ®. nQ~ Ùeefo Gmekeâe Ùen ØeJeeme 16 efove yeÌ{ peelee nw, lees
R.R.C. ÛesvveF& («eghe-D) hejer#ee, 20 14 Gmes Deheves owefvekeâ KeÛe& ceW 20 ®. keâer keâšewleer keâjveer heÌ[sieer~
Gòej—(a) ØeJeeme keâer cetue DeJeefOe %eele keâerefpeS ?
(a) 80 efove (b) 60 efove
nue : meeceevÙe mecePe hej (c) 50 efove (d) 70 efove
R.R.C. Fueeneyeeo («eghe-D) hejer#ee, 20 14
C keâer Øeefleefove keâer keâceeF& = (A+C) SJeb (B+C) keâer Øeefleefove Gòej—(a)
keâer keâceeF& – (A+B+C) keâer Øeefleefove keâer keâceeF&
= 188 + 15 2 – 300 nue : hejbhejeiele efJeefOe
= 40 ®heÙes
Dele: C keâer Øeefleefove keâer keâceeF& 40 ®. nw~ ceevee ØeJeeme keâer cetue DeJeefOe x efove nw~
ØeMve 2. A Skeâ keâece keâes Dekesâues 6 efoveeW ceW Deewj B Dekesâues 9600
 Øeefleefove keâe KeÛe& =
x
®.
8 efoveeW ceW hetje keâj mekeâlee nw~ A Deewj B efceuekeâj 3,200
®. ceW Fme keâece keâes keâjves keâe efpeccee uesles nQ~ C kesâ menÙeesie 9600
mes GvneWves Fme keâece keâes 3 efoveeW ceW hetje keâj efueÙee~ C keâes peye ØeJeeme 16 efove yeÌ{ peeS, leye Øeefleefove keâe KeÛe& = x  16
efkeâlevee Yegieleeve efoÙee peeSiee? ØeMveevegmeej
(a) 37 5 ®. (b) 40 0 ®. 9600 9600
(c) 60 0 ®. (d) 80 0 ®. = +20
x x  16
R.R.C. efouueer («eghe-D) hejer#ee, 20 14
9600 9600
Gòej—(b) x

x  16
= 20

1 1 
Ùee 96 00  x  x 16   20
nue : Devegheele mecePe hej  

x  16  x 1

1  1 1 x ( x  16 ) 480
C Éeje Skeâ efove ceW efkeâÙee ieÙee keâece    
3  6 8 x2 + 16x = 48 0 × 16
8  (4  3) 1 x2 +96x – 80x – 768 0 = 0
 
24 24 x(x + 96 ) – 80 (x + 96 ) = 0
Dele: Fvekesâ Skeâ efove kesâ keâece keâe Devegheele (x + 96 ) (x – 80 ) = 0
1 1 1 4 3 1 x = 80 , –9 6
= : :  : :
6 8 24 24 24 24 Dele: ØeJeeme keâer DeJeefOe = 80 efove
ceve keâer ieefCele 681 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer
nue : hejbhejeiele efJeefOe
efJekeâuhe efJeefOe
ceevee cepeotj keâer owefvekeâ cepeotjer x leLee keâece keâjves Jeeues efoveeW
efJekeâuhe (a) 80 efove uesves hej
keâer mebKÙee y Leer~
9000
80
 120 leLee x × y = 57 50 .......(i)
Dele: ØeMveevegmeej
9600
 100 x ×(y – 3) = 5000
80  16
oesveeW ceW Deblej 20 nw, Dele: Ùener DeYeer° efJekeâuhe nw~ xy – 3x = 5000
ØeMve 4. Ùeefo 6 JÙeeqkeäle 8 Iebšs Øeefleefove keâeÙe& keâjkesâ Øeefle 57 50 – 3x = 5000 (meceer (i) mes xy keâe ceeve jKeves hej)
mehleen 84 00 ®heÙes Dee|pele keâjles nQ, lees 9 JÙeeqkeäleÙeeW Éeje 750 = 3x
6 Iebšs Øeefleefove keâeÙe& keâjkesâ Øeefle mehleen Dee|pele keâer peeves  x = 25 0 ®.
Jeeueer jeefMe nesieer-
(a) 84 00 ®heÙes (b) 168 00 ®heÙes
(c) 94 50 ®heÙes (d) 16 20 0 ®heÙes meeceevÙe mecePe hej
S.S.C. mveelekeâ mlejerÙe hejer#ee, 20 02
S.S.C. (ueesDej ef[Jeerpeve keäueke&â) hejer#ee, 20 05 3 efove keâer DevegheefmLeefle kesâ efueS cepeotjer ceW keâšewleer
Gòej—(c) = 5750 –5000
= 75 0 ®.
750
nue : meeceevÙe mecePe hej Dele: Øeefleefove cepeotjer =
3
= 250 ®.
ØeMve 6. Skeâ heg®<e Deewj Skeâ ueÌ[kesâ ves efceuekeâj 5 efove keâece
6 JÙeeqkeäle Iebšs Øeefleefove keâece keâjkesâ Skeâ mehleen ceW keâceeles
8 efkeâÙee Deewj GvnW kegâue efceueekeâj 80 0 ®. cepeotjer Øeehle ngF &~
nQ = 84 00 ®heÙes heg®<e ueÌ[kesâ keâer Dehes#ee efleiegvee keâeÙe&kegâMeue nw~ ueÌ[kesâ keâer
 1 JÙeeqkeäle 1 Iebšs Øeefleefove keâece keâjkesâ Øeefle mehleen keâceeSiee
owefvekeâ cepeotjer efkeâleveer nw?
8400 (a) 76 ®. (b) 56 ®.
=
6 8 (c) 44 ®. (d) 40 ®.
9 JÙeeqkeäle 6 Iebšs Øeefleefove keâece keâjkesâ Øeefle mehleen keâceeSbies S.S.C. mveelekeâ mlejerÙe hejer#ee, 20 05

=
8400  9  6
 9450 ®heÙes Gòej—(d)
6 8
ØeMve 5. Skeâ owefvekeâ cepeotjer heeves Jeeues ßeefcekeâ keâes 5,750
®. hej kegâÚ efoveeW kesâ efueS jKee ieÙee efkeâbleg Gve efoveeW ceW mes nue : meeceevÙe mecePe hej
leerve efove DevegheeqmLele jnves kesâ keâejCe Gmes kegâue 50 00 ®.
efoS ieS~ Gmekeâer DeefOekeâlece mebYeJe owefvekeâ cepeotjer efkeâleveer 1 heg®<e = 3 ueÌ[kesâ
Leer? leLee, 1 heg®<e + 1 ueÌ[keâe = 4 ueÌ[kesâ
(a) 125 ®. (b) 250 ®. Dele: Skeâ ueÌ[kesâ Éeje keâeÙe& keâes Kelce keâjves ceW efueÙee ieÙee meceÙe = 5× 4
(c) 375 ®. (d) 500 ®. = 20 efove
S.S.C. C.P.O. hejer#ee, 20 06 800
Gòej—(b)  ueÌ[kesâ keâer owefvekeâ cepeotjer =
20
= 40 ®.

ceve keâer ieefCele 682 keâeÙe& SJeb cepeotjer