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SULIT 1511/2

Section A
Bahagian A

[20 marks]
[20 markah]

Answer all the questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

1. The student of Form 4 Proton carried out an activity to study the variation of blood
group among them. Table 1.1 shows the data.
Pelajar Kelas 4 Proton menjalankan aktiviti untuk mengkaji variasi tentang kumpulan
darah di kalangan rakan sekelas. Jadual 1.1 menunjukkan maklumat yang telah
diperolehi.
A O AB O O

AB B A AB A

O A O B AB

B O AB A A

AB A A B O

Table 1.1
Jadual 1.1

(a) Based on the data in Table 1.1, complete Table 1.2 below.
Berdasarkan data dalam Jadual 1.1, lengkapkan Jadual 1.2 di bawah.

T Type of Blood Group abl
e Jenis Kumpulan Darah A B AB O 1.2
Ja
du al
1.2 Number of students
[1 Bilangan murid

mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Based on the result in Table 1.2 draw a bar chart to show the number of students
against the blood group.
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Berdasarkan Jadual 1.2 lukis carta palang yang menunjukkan bilangan murid
melawan kumpulan darah.

Number of students
Bilangan murid A

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 A B AB O Blood group
Kumpulan darah

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c) State the type of variation based on the bar chart in 1(b).
Nyatakan jenis variasi berdasarkan carta palang di 1(b).

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d) In Table 1.3, tick (/) the characteristics which has the same type of variation as in 1(c).

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Dalam jadual 1.3, tandakan (/) bagi ciri yang mempunyai jenis variasi yang sama
seperti di 1 (c).

Body weight Type of ear lobes Height Type of thumb
Berat badan Jenis cuping telinga Ketinggian print
Jenis cap ibu jari

Table 1.3
Jadual 1.3
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

2. The Form 5 Cekal carried out an experiment to study the variation of body weights. The
body weights are divided into five groups. Table 2.1 shows the body weight of 50 pupils
from the class.
Kelas 5 Cekal menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi berat badan. Berat badan
dibahagikan kepada lima kumpulan. Jadual 2.1 menunjukkan berat badan 50 orang pelajar
dalam kelas itu.

41 50 46 54 45 48 36 47 44 49
53 47 36 49 60 42 53 46 50 45

41 48 43 49 52 35 50 57 44 54

46 56 50 45 52 51 49 42 48 47

44 47 38 46 58 55 44 51 42 48
Table 2.1
Jadual 2.1

(a) Based on Table 2.1, determine the number of pupils in each group. Complete Table 2.2.
Berdasarkan Jadual 2.1, tentukan bilangan pelajar bagi setiap kumpulan. Lengkapkan
Jadual 2.2.
Body weight (kg)
35 – 40 41 – 45 46 - 50 51 – 55 56 - 60
Berat badan (kg)
Number of pupils
Bilangan pelajar
Table 2.2
Jadual 2.2
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b) Based on the result in Table 2.2, draw a histogram to show the number of pupils
against the groups of body weights.
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Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 2.2, lukiskan histogram yang menunjukkan
bilangan pelajar melawan kumpulan berat badan.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c)In table 2.3, tick (√) the characteristic which has same type of variation based on the
histogram in 2(b)?

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Dalam Jadual 1.3, tandakan (√) bagi ciri yang mempunyai jenis variasi yang sama
berdasarkan histogram di 2(b)?

Type of ear lobes Height Skin colour Able to roll the tongue
Jenis cuping telinga Ketinggian Warna kulit Boleh menggulung lidah

Table 2.3
Jadual 2.3

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

3. A student conducted an experiment to study the variation of the type of veins of leaves.
Diagram 3.1 shows two types of veins of leaves: parallel veins and network-like veins.
Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi urat daun. Rajah 3.1
menunjukkan dua jenis urat daun: selari dan jejala.

Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1
The observed result is shown in Diagram 3.2.
Keputusan pemerhatian ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 3.2.

Diagram 3.2
Rajah 3.2
(a) Based on Diagram 3.2, determine the number of leaves in each type of vein of leaves.
Complete Table 3.
Berdasarkan Rajah 3.2, tentukan bilangan daun bagi setiap jenis urat daun. Lengkapkan

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Jadual 3.

Parallel veins
Type of veins of leaves Network-like veins
Urat daun
Jenis urat daun Urat daun jejala
selari
Number of leaves
Bilangan daun
Table 3
Jadual 3
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b) Based on results in Table 3, draw a bar chart showing the number of leaves against the
type of veins of leaves.
Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 3, lukis carta palang yang menunjukkan bilangan
daun melawan jenis urat daun.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(c) Based on the chart drawn in 3(b), what is the conclusion on this type of variation?
Berdasarkan carta yang dilukis di 3(b), apakah kesimpulan terhadap jenis variasi ini?

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[1 mark]
[1 markah]

4. Table 4 hows the result of the experiment to study the reactivity of calcium with water.
Jadual 4 menunjukkan keputusan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kereaktifan kalsium
dengan air.

Time/min
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Masa/min
Volume of hydrogen
gas
Isipadu gas hidrogen/ 0 15 30 …… 41 43 43
cm³
Table 4
Jadual 4
(a) (i) Using the data in Table 4, draw the graph volume of hydrogen gas against time.
Berdasarkan data dalam Jadual 4, lukiskan graf isipadu gas hidrogen melawan
masa.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) Based on the graph, state the volume of hydrogen gas on the third minute.
Berdasarkan graf, nyatakan isipadu gas hidrogen pada minit ketiga.
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[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) What is the relationship between the volume of hydrogen gas and the reaction time in the
first two minutes?
Apakah hubungan di antara isipadu gas hidrogen dengan masa tindak balas dalam dua
minit pertama ?

[1 mark]
[1markah]
(c) Predict the volume of hydrogen gas on the seventh minute.
Ramalkan isipadu gas hidrogen pada minit yang ketujuh.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Section B
Bahagian B

[30 marks]
[30 markah]
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Answer all the questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

5. Diagram 5.1 shows a type of neurone.
Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan sejenis neuron.

X

Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1

(a) Name the type of neurone.
Namakan jenis neuron ini.

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]
(b) (i) Name the part labelled X.
Namakan bahagian berlabel X.

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]
(ii) State the function of the part labelled X.
Nyatakan fungsi bahagain berlabel X.

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]

(c) Diagram 5.2 shows part of the human brain.
Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan sebahagian otak manusia.

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R

Diagram 5.2
Rajah 5.2

(i) Name the parts P and Q in the boxes provided in Diagram 5.1 using the following
terms:

Namakan bahagian P dan Q dalam petak yang disediakan pada Rajah 5.1
menggunakan istilah berikut:

Cerebrum Cerebellum Medulla oblongata
Serebrum Serebelum Medula oblongata

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Which part controls body balance?
Bahagian yang manakah mengawal keseimbangan badan?

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]
(iii) State the function of R.
Nyatakan fungsi R.

Pituitary
[1 mark]
Pituitari [1 markah ]
Tyroid

Tiroid

6. Diagram 6 showsJ the endocrine glands of a teenage girl.
K kelenjar endokrin bagi seorang remaja perempuan.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan

L
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Diagram 6
Rajah 6

(a) Mark (ü ) for the activity which involves gland J
Tandakan (ü ) pada aktiviti yang melibatkan kelenjar J

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) (i) Name the gland K.
Namakan kelenjar K.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) State the hormone secreted by gland K and the function.
Nyatakan hormon yang dirembeskan oleh kelenjar K dan fungsinya.

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[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) State the illness of a man if his gland K does not functioning.
Nyatakan penyakit seorang lelaki jika kelenjar K tidak dapat berfungsi.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) A teenage girl’s gland L does not functioning normally. What will happen to her?
Kelenjar L seorang remaja perempuan tidak berfungsi secara normal. Apakah yang
akan berlaku?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
rubber hammer

penukul getah
7. Diagram 7 shows the pathway of an impulse when the kneecap of a student is knocked
gently with a rubber hammer.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan laluan impuls apabila tempurung lutut diketuk dengan perlahan
menggunakan penukul getah.

spinal cord

saraf tunjang
sensory neurone

neuron deria

motor neurone

neuron motor

Diagram 7
Rajah 7
(a) (i) What happens when the kneecap of the student is knocked gently with a rubber
hammer?
Apakah yang berlaku apabila tempurung lutut diketuk secara perlahan dengan
menggunakan penukul getah?

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[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) What type of action is involved in 7 (a)(i)?
Apakah jenis tindakan yang terlibat di 7 (a)(i)?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) State one other example of the type of action that is mentioned in 7 (a)(ii)?
Nyatakan satu contoh lain bagi tindakan yang dinyatakan di 7 (a)(ii)?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) By using arrows, show the direction of flow of the impulse in Diagram 7.
Dengan menggunakan anak panah, tunjukkan arah aliran impuls pada Rajah 7.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) Complete the path taken by the impulse of the action in Diagram 7.
Lengkapkan laluan impuls bagi tindakan dalam Rajah 7.

Receptor Spinal Cord
Reseptor (i) …….………….. Saraf tunjang

Effector (ii) ……………
Efektor

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

8. Diagram 8 shows that the category of a type of cell division.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan beberapa peringkat sejenis pembahagian sel.

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Diagram 8
Rajah 8

a)(i) State the type of cell division shown above.
Nyatakan jenis pembahagian sel tersebut.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) State the reason for the answer in (a)(i).
Nyatakan alasan bagi jawapan di (a) (i).

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

b) What happen to the chromosomes in P untill the structure is shown in Q?
Apakah yang telah berlaku pada kromosom di peringkat P sehingga strukturnya
kelihatan seperti di peringkat Q?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

c) State where is the cell division shown in Diagram 8 happen in our body.
Nyatakan pada manusia di mana jenis pembahagian sel pada Rajah 8 berlaku .

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d) State one of the importance of the type of cell division in Diagram 8.
Nyatakan satu kepentingan jenis pembahagian sel yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 8.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

9. Diagram 9.1 shows a process of fusion of gamete X and gamete Y to produce a zygote.
Rajah 9.1 menunjukkan prosess pertaupan gamet X dan gamet Y untuk membentuk zigot.
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Diagram 9.1
Rajah 9.1

(a) (i) What is the process that occurred in Diagram 9.1?
Apakah proses yang berlaku dalam Rajah 9.1?

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]
(ii) Name gamete X and gamete Y in Diagram 9.1.
Namakan gamet X dan gamet Y dalam Rajah 9.1.

Gamete X: Gamete Y:
Gamet X: Gamet Y:
[2 marks]
[2 markah ]

(b) Diagram 9.2 shows the determination of the sex of the zygote.
Rajah 9.2 menunjukkan penentuan seks zigot.

Diagram 9.2
Rajah 9.2

What is the genetic content of gamete P and zygote Q?
Apakah kandungan genetik gamet P dan zigot Q?

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(i) Gamete P
Gamet P

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]

(ii) Gamete Q
Gamet Q

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]

(c) What is the percentage of having a baby boy?
Berapakah peratus mendapat bayi lelaki?

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]

Section C
Bahagian C
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[20 marks]
[20 markah]

Answer Question 10 and either Question 11 or Question 12.
Jawab Soalan 10 dan sama ada Soalan 11 atau Soalan 12.

10. Study the following statement.
Kaji pernyataan berikut.

The impurities increasing the boiling point of the distilled water.

Kehadiran bendasing meningkatkan takat didih air suling.

You are given salt, distilled water, Bunsen burner, wire gauze, tripod stand, glass rod,
thermometer, and other material.

Anda dibekalkan dengan garam, air suling, penunu Bunsen, kasa dawai, tungku kaki tiga, rod
kaca, termometer, dan radas lain.

(a) Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statement.
Cadangkan satu hipotesis untuk menyiasat pernyataan di atas.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis in 10(a) based on the following criteria.
Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis anda di 10(a) berdasarkan kriteria
berikut.

(i) Aim of the experiment [1
mark]
Tujuan eksperimen [1 markah]

(ii) Identification of variables [2 marks]
Pengenalpastian pembolehubah [2 markah]

(iii) List of apparatus and materials [1 mark]
Senarai radas dan bahan [1 markah]

(iv) Procedure or method [4
marks]
Prosedur atau kaedah [4 markah]

(v) Tabulation of data [1 mark]
Penjadualan data [1 markah]

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11. (a) State four differences between mitosis and meiosis
Nyatakan empat perbezaan antara mitosis dan meiosis
[4 marks]
[4 markah]
(b) Diagram 10 shows information on meiosis process.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan maklumat tentang proses meiosis.

Diagram10
Rajah 10

(i) State two common characteristic of the meiosis process.
Nyatakan dua ciri sepunya bagi proses meiosis. [2 marks]
[2 markah]
(ii) Give one importances of meiosis to living things.
Beri satu kepentingan meiosis kepada benda-benda hidup. [1 mark]
[1 markah]
(iii) Give two non-importances of meiosis to living things.
Beri dua bukan kepentingan meiosis kepada benda-benda hidup. [2 marks]
[2markah]

(iii) Related the common characteristics to construct the concept of meiosis.
Hubungkaitkan ciri sepunya untuk membina konsep meiosis.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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12. (a) Give four differences between meiosis and mitosis.
Berikan empat perbezaan antara meiosis dan mitosis.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(b) Diaram 12 shows four examples of continuous variation commonly seen in humans.
Rajah 12 menunjukkan empat contoh variasi selanjar yang biasa diperhatikan pada
manusia.

Study the examples of variation in Diagram 12 and construct the concept of continuous
variation.
Your answer should be based on the following aspects:

Kaji contoh variasi dalam Rajah 12 dan bina konsep variasi selanjar.
Jawapan anda hendaklah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut:

(i) Identify the information. [1 mark]
Kenal pasti maklumat. [1 markah]

(ii) Identity two common characteristics of continuous variation. [1 mark]
Kenal pasti dua ciri-ciri sepunya bagi variasi selanjar. [1 markah]

(iii) Construct the initial concept of continuous variation. [1 mark]
Bina konsep awal bagi variasi selanjar. [1 markah]

(iv) Give one other example of continuous variation. [1 mark]
Berikan satu contoh lain variasi selanjar. [1 markah]

(v) Give one example of discontinuous variation and the reason. [1 mark]
Beri satu contoh variasi tak selanjar dan sebabnya. [1 markah]

(vi) Relate the common characteristics to construct the concept continuous variation.
[1 mark]
Hubungkait ciri sepunya untuk membina variasi selanjar. [1 markah]
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