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LOCATING PERSONAL ITEMS AND PLACE

 Where is the cinema?
 Where is the Sports club?
 Where is the shoe store?
 Where is the travel agency?
 How do i get to the police station from library?

Asking And Giving Directions

You will find these English expressions useful if you are lost or want to get to a particular
place or give directions to others.

Asking directions

 Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to …?
 the bus station
 Excuse me, do you know where the … is?
 post office
 I'm sorry, I don't know
 sorry, I'm not from around here
 I'm looking for …
 this address
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 Are we on the right road for …?
 Brighton
 Is this the right way for …?
 Ipswich
 Do you have a map?
 Can you show me on the map?

Giving directions

 it's this way
 it's that way
 you're going the wrong way
 you're going in the wrong direction
 take this road
 go down there
 take the first on the left
 take the second on the right
 turn right at the crossroads
 continue straight ahead for about a mile (one mile is approximately 1.6 kilometers)
 continue past the fire station
 you'll pass a supermarket on your left
 keep going for another …
 hundred yards (about 91 meters)
 on your left
 on your right

How far is it?

 How far is it?
 How far is it to …?
 the airport
 How far is it to … from here?
 the beach
 Is it far?
 Is it a long way?

 quite close
 quite a long way
 about a mile from here (one mile is approximately 1.6 kilometers)

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Giving directions to drivers

 follow the signs for …
 the town centre
 Birmingham

 continue straight on past some traffic lights
 at the second set of traffic lights, turn left
 go over the roundabout
 take the second exit at the roundabout
 turn right at the T-junction

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DESCRIBING PEOPLE’S APPEARANCE

When you want to know what someone looks you, you are going to ask for a
description. Descriptions can be very simple (he’s ugly) or very descriptive and detailed.
(She’s 5 feet 4 inches tall, with straight flaming red shoulder length hair, sparkling dark green
eyes, a dazzling pearly white smile, with a cute dimple on her left cheek, and lightly tanned
facial skin as smooth as a baby’s behind, with the body like Marilynn Monroe).

When asking for descriptions
there are a number of expressions
that can be used. Look at the examples.

English Expressions

Expression Response
 What does ( … she) look like?  She looks like a model.
 What color is ( … her) hair?  It’s black?
 What kind of hair style does ( … he) have?  He has short curly hair.
 What color are (his) eyes?  They’re blue.
 How tall is (she)?  She is five feet, four inches tall.
 How much do ( … you) weight?  I weight 75 kilos. It’s none of your
business.
 Does (… he) have any  He has a scar on his left cheek.
distinguishing characteristics?
 How old is ( …your mother)?  She’s 45 years old.
 Does (… the professor) wear glasses?  No, but he wears contacts.
 What is (… she) wearing?  She is wearing a red T-shirt, tight
blue jeans, and sandals.
. Physical Appearance
Here are some works, expressions, and structures use o describing people appearance
 Hair : long, medium-length, short, straight, etc
 Eyes : green, blue, brown, grey, etc
 Nose : long, pointed, flat, sharp
 Mouth : wide, generous, thin lips, full lips
 Chin : pointed, firm, weak
 Face : oval, round, ling, high cheekbones
 Forehead : high, low
 Ears : big, small
 Shoulder : broad, narrow
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old. attractive. muscular. worried. cheerful. short  Age : young. etc Non-physical (characteristic) Boring : Membosankan Amazing : Mengagumkan Kind/nice : Baik Hati Patient/impatient : Sabar Humorous : Lucu Sensitive/insensitive : Sensitif Brave : Berani Naughty : Nakal Nervous : Gugup Diligent : Rajin Careless : Ceroboh Helpful : Suka Menolong Clever : Pandai Foolish : Tolol Stingy : Pelit Generous : Dermawan Polite/impolite : Sopan / tdk sopan Interesting : Menarik Cruel : Jahat Responsible/irresponsible: Tanggung jawab / tdk tanggung jawab Idiom Just a pretty face : Hanyacantikwajahnya Kind-hearted : baikhati. elderly. overweight. of medium height. slender. friendly  General appearance : good-looking. fat  Height : tall. beautiful. peramah Like tinder : Sukamarah 5 . Build : thin. plump. middle aged. pretty. etc  Personality traits : serious. heavily built.

what it looks like. a red apple or a cute cat. Adjectives can be classified into many categories. (words that describe nouns) such as the size. material made from. For example. shape. When you are describing objects you use adjectives. Look at the expressions below that can be used when asking for descriptions of things A. DESCRIBING THINGS Sometimes you may be asked to describe something. POWER WORDS In English. Some of these categories are (roughly in the order in which adjectives are used in English): Quantity  Few  four  no  little  one  several  Two  many  three  all  every Opinion  good  clean  better  dirty  best  unusual  bad  usual  worse  pointless  wonderful  pertinent  awful  wasteful Personality/emotion  happy  Zany  sad  grumpy  excited  cheerful  scared  jolly  frightened  blissful  outgoing  lonely 6 . thickness. and it’s function or purpose. You may to talking to a person not up on the latest technological devises or telling someone about the newest time saving kitchen gadget. an adjective usually comes before the noun it pertains to (for example. adjectives are generally used in the order: quantity-->opinion-->size-->age-->shape-->color-->origin-->material-->purpose. etc. texture.). In English. color.

 Whirl  slow  Wind  speeding  Swift  rushing  Hasty  bustling  Prompt  rapid 7 .Sound  loud  Thunderous  soft  Blaring  silent  Quiet  vociferous  Noisy  screaming  Talkative Taste  Sweet  Yummy  Sour  Bland  Acidic  Tasteless  Bitter  Palatable  Tasty  Yummy  Delicious  Luscious  Savory  Spicy Touch -  Hard  Grainy  Soft  Coarse  Silky  Pitted  Velvety  Irregular  Bumpy  Scaly  Smooth  Polished  Glossy  glassy Size  weight – heavy  Fat  light  Thin  big  Slender  small  Willowy  little  Lean  tiny  Svelte  tall  Scrawny  Short  Skeletal  Gigantic  Underweight Smell  Perfumed  Aromatic  Acrid  Fragrant  Putrid  Scented  Burnt  Musty  Smelly  Sweet-smelling..  Reeking  Noxious Speed  Quick  Snappy  fast...

Temperature  Hot  Wintry  Cold  Frosty  Freezing  Frozen  Icy  Nippy  Frigid  Chilly  Sweltering  Sizzling Age  Young  Antique  Old  old-fashioned  Baby  youthful  Babyish  elderly  Teenage  mature  Ancient Distance  short  Faraway  long  Outlying  far  Remote  distant  far-flung  nearby  neighboring  Close  handy Shape  round  rotund  circular  globular  square  spherical  triangular  wavy  oval  straight  sleek  cylindrical  blobby  oblong  flat  elliptical Brightness  light  Pale  dark  Dull  bright  Glowing  shadowy  Shimmering  dray  Luminous  radiant  gleaming Color  pink  black  red  white  orange  gray  yellowish  brown  dark-green  tanned  blue  pastel  purple  metallic  translucent 8 .

A wonderful example of hyphenated adjectives is George Orwell's description of being from the lower-upper-middle class. Purpose  folding  Sleeping  swinging  Dance  work  Rolling  racing  walking  cooking Using Hyphens for Compound Adjectives Some adjectives are used as a group to provide a description.. if the group of words forms a single idea and are used before the noun.. 6-foot- tall. mother-in-law and fight-or-flight. problem-solving. they should be connected by hyphens to make their meaning clear. Time  early  Initial  late  First  morning  Last  night  Overdue  evening  Belated  everlasting  long-term  Origin/location  lunar  polar  northern  equatorial  oceanic  Floridian Material  Glass  Cotton  Wooden  Plastic  Cloth  Leather  Concrete  Ceramic  Fabric  metal  . Common examples of hyphenated adjectives include black-and-white. 5-years-old. Example of the Sequence of Multiple Adjectives in Chart Form: Quantity Opinion Size Age Shape Color Origin Material Purpose Noun Five huge young black Canadian bears battered Old shapeless gray cotton work pants many magnificent antique British reference books One studious teenaged American boy Few shiny round Blue Indian Gems many well-made tiny elongated Brown wooden fishing Boats several cheap large Purple polyester sleeping Bags 9 . .

10 . How much does it weigh? It weighs 75 pounds. hand phone 8. A cheese grater is used to make small What do you use a (… cheese grater) for? strips of cheese from a larger block. C. How big is it? It’s 3 feet. THINGS 1. Water heater 3. Car 2.Eraser 6. The dialogue can be used as a model to have similar conversations. What’s it made out of? It’s made of plastic and aluminum. brighter than a banana. Headset Students should work together in pairs then describe some things above to another one !!!! English Dialogue Students should work together in pairs and read the following dialogue. Freezer 12. the other student reading the other. What is it? It’s a garlic press. The purpose of a refrigerator is to keep What the purpose of a refrigerator? food cold so it does not spoil. Camera 9. What does it do? It puts a sharp point on wooden pencils. by 5 feet. with eight hairy arms. Note the expressions used in the dialogue and the progression of the conversation. What color is it? It’s bright yellow.Television 7. Water is collected in a large tank and How does a (… water heater) work? heated by either gas or electricity. B. ENGLISH EXPRESSION Expression Response samples What does it look like? It’s big. Clock 4. by 4 feet. Bicycle 10. one student reading one part. Radio 5. Pencil sharpener 11.

but what does it look like? Horace : Well. and maybe 20 to 24 inches wide. Randall : Why? Horace : Because his grandmother gave it to him. but the purpose is to practice using your English. Horace : In all the grandfather clocks I have ever seen. close your book and tell your partner a summary of the dialogue. the cabinets were made out of wood. Randall : Why are they called grandfather clocks? Horace : I don’t know. Randall : I assume it is a kind of clock. usually a round face. After reading. Randall : Go on. of course. about an average person’s height. Maybe because they are an old style of clock that was common in our grandfathers’ days. Randall : The clock in your father’s office is a grandfather clock. Conversation Randall : Do you know what a grandfather clock is? Horace : Yes. or something Similar. Horace : The clock face is at the top. since you both already know what the dialogue is about. 11 . which swings back and Forth as the clock ticks. Randall : I see. Then switch and have your partner tell his or her summary. usually stained brown. but he calls it his grandmother’s clock. Start like this: This dialogue is one person describing a clock. isn’t it? Horace : Yes. Randall : And. or string. It is … This may seem silly. 1. what’s a pendulum? Horace : A weight hanging from a chain. not to give information or test your reading skills. cable. they’re usually big. Randall : I’m sorry. and many have Roman Numerals. Horace : Below the face is a pendulum which hangs from a chain.

Are you feeling happy? 5. What a nice day = betapa indah nya hari ini What a lovely place = betapa indah nya tempat ini Much obliged = saya sangat berterima kasih I shan’t forget it = saya ga akan melupakan nya I’ll remember it forever = akan saya ingat sampai mati 12 . ada yang baik dan buruk. Do you have experiences? 2. What kinds of experiences do you like? 3. Would you like to tell to me? 4. Question? 1. Don’t you want to back in that condition? Vocabularies: Happy = senang Exited = gembira Satisfied = puas Amused = teribur Amazed = kagum Enchanted = terpesona Proud = bangga Thankful = bersyukur Lucky = beruntung Expression. Dan biasa nya sebuah pengalaman itu terbagi 2. TELLING HAPPY EXPERIENCE An Experience atau pengalaman adalah sebuah hal yang pernah di jumpai atau pernah kita alami.

How was your experience? 4. Do you want to come back at that situation? Why? Vocabulary Unforgettable : tak terlupakan Terrific : hebat Happy : senang Incredible : luar biasa Satisfied : puas Disappointed : kecewa Lucky : beruntung Unlucky : tidak beruntung Romantic : romantis 13 . Please tell me about your experience! 6. Is it good or bad? 3. RETELLING PAST EXPERIENCE A person has a fact or event that they have done in the past although it is good or bad and it is called an experience. Can you tell me about your experience? 5. Question 1. Do you have an experience? 2.

3. . thermometer A thermometer is more accurate when trying to find out if a person has a fever. stay home in bed If you have a fever. 6. a sore throat. 4. body ache.. you should stay home in bed. Vomit is not a popular word in English.. If you don't cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough. I like Thera -flu. sneeze He's sneezing all over his desk.. dizzy He feels dizzy. spread germs He's spreading germs.. 9.. body ache / muscle ache Many people feel some pain or ache in their muscles when they have the flu.. you. cough medicine You can take cough medicine if you have a cough. Germs can be found on desks. 7.feel nauseous . People cough when mucus (fluid) builds up in the lungs.get sick Before you throw up. GIVING ADVICE FOR COMMON SICKNESS 1. or hot cold medicine. cough He's coughing. You can control the spread of germs by washing your hands. It's sold at the pharmacy and you put it into hot water and drink it when you have the flu. Problems with the stomach can result in vomiting. computer keyboards--any surface. Your head feels like its spinning.feel queasy 8. This can be an early symptom of the flu.. drink liquids Drink hot beverages like coffee. tea. A cough is a symptom of a cold or the flu. Stay warm. 2. upset stomach He has an upset stomach. tables. germs will spread to other people. It should help. and a cough. In the case of the flu. but children don't like it.. 5. 14 . germs Germs are spread from one person to another. This will help you get better faster. the germ is a virus that grows inside the cells of your body. Here are some substitutes: . door handles. 10. 11.throw up .

7. 12. 12. Choose the best answer from that text and explain it: 1. 11. 6. 9. 5. The doctor is giving him a shot. and others help you to recover when you get sick. vaccine There are flu vaccines available. Vocabularies: Expression:  Iodine = obat merah  I must go and see a doctor = saya harus pergi ke dokter  Sneeze = bersin  I’ve got a cold = saya terkena flu  Cough = batuk  I think that I have food poisoning = saya keracunan  Flu = pilek  I’m really unfit = tubuh saya sangat tidak sehat  Fever = demam  What’s the matter? = apa keluhan anda?  Health = sehat  Medicine = obat  I had a heart attack = saya kena serangan jantung  Disease = penyakit  Keep = Menjaga  First aid = p3k  Malnutrition = kurang gizi  Nurse = sester  Rheumatic = encok  Smallpox = cacar  Mouthwash = obat kumur  Patient = pasien 15 . 10. 2 3. 8. Some prevent you from getting sick. 4.

 I don't feel like it. I'd like to."That" is optional:  "I suggest that we should visit Paris."  "I suggest we should visit Paris.  Yes. let's.  Yes." 16 . Yes.  No.  What about going to the cinema tonight?  How about playing cards?  Why don't we do our homework?  Couldn't we invite your grandmother to our party?  Shall we have a walk along the river?  What would you say to a cup of coffee?  Don't you think it is a good idea to watch TV?  Does it matter if we use your car? Accepting suggestions:  Ok.  A verb (in the subjunctive form) = I suggest (that) we go to the movies. MAKING AND RESPONDING TO SUGGESTIONS Suggestions The following English phrases and expressions are all used to make suggestions and give advice to people. let's not. I feel like taking a walk.  That sounds like a good idea.  What an awful / bad idea! Things to remember about suggestions: 1. with pleasure. I'd rather not. 2.  What a good idea!  Why not?  Yes. The verb "suggest" can be followed by either:  Should + verb = I suggest (that) we should go to the theater. Refusing suggestions:  No. Making suggestions:  Let’s revise our lessons. I'd love to.  I dislike going for a walk.  Yes.

We've seen the film many times before. Alan: Yes. Example: I have a problem in I don’t have girl/boy I don’t have money understanding grammar friend lesson I’m addicted to smoke I do LDR I have many debts I’m broken heart I’m lazy I can’t sleep at night I have a problem in I have difficulty in finding I don’t feel at home speaking English a new friend I have difficulty in I can’t focus in studying I’m not confident memorizing 17 .Dialogue: Two friends talking about where to go this evening: Alice: You know Alan. But when we finish let's go to the Alice: cafe. why don't we go to the cinema to watch Titanic? No. let's not. What about Alan: going to the library? We have to finish our school project! That sounds like a good idea. I'd love to.

DESCRIBING BUILDING AND INTERESTING TOURIST SITES Is describing about building that many tourists go there because they are interesting and they enjoy with the buildings and have many wonderful things. Questions  What is your interesting tourism place?  Would you like to describe your interesting tourism place?  What is the most interesting in your tourism place?  Shall we go now? Idiom In the vicinity of : Berada di sekitar Expressions Opinion  Good  clean  better  dirty  best  unusual  bad  usual  worse  pointless  worse  pertinent  wonderful  wasteful  awful  difficult  pretty  ugly Shape  round  rotund  circular  globular  square  spherical  triangular  wavy  oval  straight  sleek  cylindrical  blobby  oblong  flat  elliptical Brightness  light  Pale  dark  Dull  bright  Glowing  shadowy  Shimmering  dray  Luminous  radiant 18 .

beach and we can speak with tourist and take picture with them. Unforgettable many tourists come to this place so when we go there we can enjoy the wonderful view. wonderful etc. When I saw this place I am shocked because this place is really big. The distance is far from my beautiful house. Vocabularies Beautiful : Indah Large : Luas Build : Membangun Unforgettable : tidak terlupakan 19 . This place is different with another because this place is really beautiful. good.Color  pink  black  red  white  orange  gray  yellowish  brown  dark-green  tanned  blue  pastel  purple  metallic  translucent  silver Example I have interesting tourism place. This place is Lombok. And this place has many beaches and good view.

.. This is absolutely right.... Agreeing or disagreeing Agreeing with an opinion: I agree with this opinion. HOW TO EXPRESS YOUR OPINION Expressing opinion I think....... Partial agreement: I agree with this point of view.. 20 ..... As I see it. This idea is right. My personal view is that. In my experience.. . As far as I'm concerned.. According to me. To my mind.. I am of the opinion that. It seems to me that.. but. but. In my point of view / my opinion.... . As far as I understand / can see/see it. I completely agree with this view.... I agree with you........ From my point of view. I couldn't / can't agree more. but.. I take the view that...

 I have no preference.  I suppose so.  It doesn't matter to me  Whatever you want 21 .  I don’t mind. I'm not sure I agree with you I think you're wrong Expressing indifference  So what?  Who cares!  I don’t care!  It’s all the same to me.  It’s your decision.Disagreeing with an opinion: I'm afraid. I can't agree with you. I don't agree with you.  Whatever you do?  I don’t mind.  Who knows!  Why should I care?  It makes no difference to me. I disagree with you.

 Don't worry about it. 22 .  Trains may be subject to delay on the northern line....  Please.  Please.. We apologize for any inconvenience caused.  Here are some expressions you can use to make and respond to apologies Making apologies:  I do apologize for.  It doesn't matter. APOLOGIZING To apologize is to tell someone that you are sorry for having done something that has caused him inconvenience or unhappiness: Examples:  I must apologize to Isabel for my late arrival....  I'm ashamed of....  It's my entire fault.  I am so sorry for.  Excuse me for ..  I'd like to apologize for my  Trouble making..  Don't apologize..  I'd like to apologize for..  Please.....  Pardon me for this. forgive me for my.. Accepting apologies:  That's all right.  I shouldn't have.  I apologize for..... forgive me for... accept my apologies for..  Never mind.  I must apologize for.  I'm terribly sorry for..

 Forget about it.  Don't worry about it.  You couldn't help it.  That's OK. Don't mention it.  I quite understand. I couldn’t replay your I can’t give your money I left you at the party message last night back I couldn’t come to your I use your pulse to call I brought your sandals birthday party my friend I break your heart I can’t receive your love I’m late I could not join your I couldn’t answer your I broke your phone class yesterday telephone I couldn’t come to your I can’t give you money I can’t help you wedding party 23 .  No harm done.

khawatir. Saya tidak bisa lagi mentolerir sikapnya).Flare up at somebody ‘Flare up’ adalah ledakan emosi secara tiba-tiba. frustrasi. . dan lain-lain. Contoh: I just asked her what was wrong with her appearance and he flared up at me (Saya baru saja menanyainya tentang keanehan penampilannya dan dia tiba-tiba marah kepadaku). 24 .Don’t take it out on me! ‘To take it out on’ pada seseorang berarti memaki-maki orang karena anda marah. Contoh: You can’t take it out on me just because you had a bad day today (Kamu jangan marah-marah padaku hanya karena kamu merasa sial hari ini). Semua kita mengalaminya. . namun yang lainnya tidak baik dan perlu dikontrol. Meskipun beberapa emosi itu baik.I can’t stand him any longer Ungkapan ini sama artinya dengan ‘I can no longer tolerate his behavior‘ (saya tidak bisa lagi mentolerir sikapnya). EXPRESSING ONE’S EMOTION Emosi merupakan bagian tak terpisahkan dari kehidupan kita sehari-hari. kecemasan. She always yells and takes it out on me whenever things go wrong (Dia selalu meneriaki dan memaki-makiku jika ada yang salah). I can’t stand him any longer (Jack orangnya sangat mudah marah. Berikut beberapa ungkapan bahasa Inggris yang bisa digunakan untuk mengungkapkan atau menyatakan emosi-emosi negatif seperti rasa marah. Orang yang memiliki ‘short fuse’ maksudnya orang yang sangat mudah marah. Mengungkapkan Rasa Marah (Anger) . Contoh: Jack has such a short fuse.

Jika sesuatu meng-’unnerve’ anda berarti hal itu membuat anda merasa takut atau cemas. What’s on your mind? (Kamu kelihatan cemas.. Contoh: Her constant nagging is starting to get on my nerves (Omelannya yang terus menerus mulai membuatku terganggu). I don’t want to see you here (Tolong tinggalkan aku sendirian. Dia pasti sedang memikirkan sesuatu). Throw a fit To throw a fit adalah memperlihatkan rasa marah dengan tindakan nyata. Contoh: Plase leave me alone. Ada apa?) Jean is unusualy silet today.Don’t get on my nerves To get on somebody’s nerves berarti mengganggu seseorang. Even though I was well prepared. I just told her that she must behave and she threw a fit (Saya hanya mengatakan bahwa dia harus menjaga etika dan dia marah besar). saya tidak ingin melihatmu di sini).Leave me alone Ungkapan ini berarti seseorang tidak ingin diganggu karena sedang kesal.Keep one’s nerve To keep your nerve berarti bersikap tenang dan tegar. . The thought of having to say love to her really unnerves me (Keinginan untuk harus mengatakan cinta padanya benar-benar membuatku cemas). Kekhawatiran (Fear) . She must have something on her mind (Hari ini Jean selalu diam tak seperti biasanya.(adapted: English speaking 25 . saya tetap tidak bisa tenang sebelum ujian itu).What’s on your mind? You look worried. I couldn’t keep my nerve just before the exam (Meskipun saya sudah mempersiapkan dirid engan baik. Kecemasan (Anxiety) .

The question 1. What problem does usually make you angry. What do you know about emotion? 2. What will you do if you get that problem? Why? The vocabulary  Brave Cheerful :  Cheerful Bored :  Confused Surprised :  Curious Proud :  Disappointed Frustrated :  Embarrassed Silly :  Excited Uncomfortable :  Fantastic Worried :  Friendly Stubborn :  Generous Shy :  Ignored Satisfied .  Impatient Safe :  Important Relieved :  Interested Peaceful :  Jealous Overwhelmed :  Lonely Loving :  Confused Tense :  Angry Calm : 26 . confused and panic? 3. happy.

Signs of family and relationship problems  Frequent arguing  Disagreements  Breakdown in communication  Angry outbursts  Avoidance  Physical conflict Triggers for family and relationship problems  Difference in opinions.g. values or goals  Change in family circumstances e. new baby. sadness. FAMILY & RELATIONSHIP PROBLEMS  Signs of family and relationship problems  Triggers for family and relationship problems  The impact of family and relationship problems  Things you can do if you are having family/relationship problems  Where to go for help All relationships and families go through difficult times and experiencing occasional problems and conflict in personal relationships is normal. sometimes these problems can become overwhelming. beliefs. anxiety  Stress  Exhaustion  Confusion  Feeling isolated. divorce/separation. However. personalities. alone or withdrawn 27 . blending families  Financial problems  Stress  Issues relating to sexuality  Alcohol or drug use  Gambling problems  The onset of mental health problems  Bullying/harassment  Natural disasters  Lack of trust/respect in a relationship The impact of family and relationship problems Often family are the most important people to you so relationship problems can be considerably distressing and can lead to:  Negative emotions – anger.

it's important to find the time to have fun with your loved ones. 3. Be calm and honest about your concerns when discussing your problems with a loved one.even when things are tough. colleagues or your children  Using alcohol or drugs to cope or escape Things you can do if you are having family/relationship problems back to top 1. parenting. opinions and beliefs and you may not always be in agreement. budgeting and positive communication skills  See your GP if you are concerned about mental health problems in yourself or others  Call a helpline like Lifeline or Kids Helpline 28 .it can help avoid unnecessary conflict if you can recognize that people have different ideas. 5. 2. Have fun together .  Lack of concentration  Difficulty eating or sleeping  Problems with friends.communication is the key and often the first step to finding solutions.you may not always be able to solve your problems yourself so you may need some external help. Make a plan . For example if you are having financial problems it can help to create a budget. Accept your differences . Where to go for help back  Talk to friends/family  Get relationship counseling or mediation  Check out online information and resources through Relationships Australia  Attend courses/workshops in communication.it can help reduce stress and give common goals to work towards. Get help . Talk . 4.

Examples of likes and dislikes: I'm mad about basketball.. Expressing likes:  I like…  I love. If you neither like nor dislike something: "I don't mind doing the housework. but I loathe doing the housework.. you can use these expressions." Things to remember about likes and dislikes: 1.  I can’t stand…  I detest.  I adore…  I ‘m crazy about…  I’m mad about…  I enjoy…  I’m keen on… Expressing dislikes:  I don’t like…  I dislike. but I can’t bear ice hockey." "I hate wearing sunglasses. Examples: "I like listening to music.. When these expressions are followed by a verb....  I hate…  I abhor…  I can’t bear... I adore reading poetry. EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKES To talk about your likes and dislikes.  I loathe.." I like I detest VERB+ING I don't mind 29 . the latter is put in the -ing form..

Do you fancy watching a film tonight? Girlfriend: Oh. Be careful when you use "I don't mind.. Do you like eating at the new Chinese restaurant? Steve: I don't mind. I hate it.Notice how they express their likes and dislikes Steve: Hello. Examples: "I like basketball very much/a lot. I don't really feel like watching a film tonight.) Dialogue: Steve is at home. NOT" I like very much/a lot basketball." Examples: "Do you mind playing football?" "No. The Chinese cuisine is alright." 3. no thanks..2. no. I don't mind. Steve: OK. 30 ."(Although it's in a negative form. Let's go.. darling. Do you feel like going to the theater? Girlfriend: Oh. it means that it's ok for me. How about going out instead. Girlfriend: Well I really love it.. Note that" very much" & “a lot" always come after the things you like. His girlfriend comes in. I neither love it nor hate it.

Vocabulary Amusement park : taman hiburan Campground : perkemahan Mountain : gunung Beach : pantai Island : pulau Trip : perjalanan Lake : danau Museum : musium Destination : tujuan Zoo : kebun binatang Waterfall : air terjun Cruise Ship : kapal pesiar Diving : menyelam Surfing : berselancar Tour guide : pemandu wisata Tourist : wisatawan sight-seeing : melihat-lihat souvenir : oleh-oleh visit : mengunjungi spend : menghabiskan 1. Did you ever take a vacation? 2. How was your vacation? 7. they have fall. Vacations are often spent with friends or family. Whom did you go with? 6. When did you have a vacation? 3. or summer break. VACATION OR ITINERARY A vacation or holiday is a specific trip or journey. A person may take a longer break from work. Where did you go on your vacation? 5. why? 31 . usually for the purpose of recreation or tourism. How long did you spend for your vacation? 4. spring. such as a sabbatical or gap year and for students in USA. winter. Which place will you visit next time?.

. COMPLAINING ... 5.TALKING ABOUT COMPLAINTS What are complaints? Complaints are expressions of "displeasure or annoyance" in response to an action that is seen by the speaker as unfavorable.. I'm angry about the way you treat me. what are the expressions needed to express and respond to complaints? Complaining: Here are expressions you can use when complaining:  I have a complaint to make. 1.. Excuse me but you are standing on my foot. I'm afraid I've got a complaint about your child.  I'm angry about. 3.....  I want to complain about.  Sorry to bother you but... Suppose you want to complain about the pizza you have just ordered because it's too salty.  I'm afraid there is a slight problem with... I'm afraid there is a slight problem with the service in this hotel.  I'm afraid I've got a complaint about. 2..  I'm sorry to say this but. . He’s too noisy. 32 . 4.  Excuse me but there is a problem about. Your pizza is just too salty.. I'm sorry to say this but your food is inedible. Examples: I have a complaint to make.. I want to complain about the noise you are making.

Although "I'm angry about your pizza.  I'm sorry.Responding to complaints Positive response to complaints:  I'm so sorry. it is considered too rude and you'd better use more polite expressions if you want to get what you want! 33 . Negative response to complaints:  Sorry there is nothing we can do about it. Things to remember about complaints: When expressing a complaint in English. we'll do our utmost/best not to do the same mistake again.  We are sorry but the food is just alright. but this will never occur / happen again.  I'm afraid. there isn't much we can do about it. it helps to be polite. we promise never to do the same mistake again.  I'm really sorry. It's too salty" is one possible way of expressing a complaint.

34 . Ardinka : Hi Andi ! Andi : Hi Ardinka ! Ardinka : Hi Afrinda ! Afrinda : Hi. but …. Dialog Examples Ardinka inviting Andi & Afrinda to go to the movies. would be very great. What time are we going? Ardinka : We go at 07. Yes. very great! And How about you Afrinda? Afrinda : Of Course.00 pm.. Declining  I’m very sorry. I don’t  Think I can.  Thank you for asking me. but …. Ardinka : yes. I’m so excited. ok! Andi & Afrinda : Alright.?  We would be pleased if you could…?  Would you care to…? Accepting  That’s very kind of you  We’d like very much to….  I’m afraid I’ve  Already promised…. I will. Will you go to the movies with me? Andi : Really?? Wow.  What a delightful idea  With the greatest pleasure  Thank you very much for inviting me  It’s delightful to….  I’d like to. MAKING ACCEPTING OR DECLINING INDIRECT REQUEST Making in Request  Would you like to…?  I would very happy if…?  We would be delighted if you…?  Would you care to. What’s up?? Ardinka : there is a new action movie very well tonight.

 Talking about Favorite Things or color?" "Green.)  Sometimes wish is used in greeting How to use "hope"  Hope can also be used in expressions of goodwill. you're not.(future possibility) I was hoping that you would come to the party. (some time in the past)  Hope can be used to specify a desired outcome. the outcome has usually been determined already. (but I didn't) Other ways to express hope You can also express hope in the following ways:  I would like to have a car. For future hopes. the possibilities remain open. but for past hopes. and I miss you. Remember:  "I wish you had done the work" is regret." 35 . (some time in the future) I hope (that) you had a nice Birthday. You didn't do the work (in the past) and I am annoyed because of that.(but you didn't) I had hoped to see you at the party on Saturday.  I really want to have a car  What I really want is to have a car. Examples: I hope you can come to the party on Saturday. but the grammar is slightly different: Examples: I hope (that) you have a Merry Christmas. EXPRESSING HOPE The difference between "wish" and "hope" How to use "wish"  Wish is most commonly used in Hypothetical (or imagined/unreal) situations: Example: I wish (that) you were here. (Unfortunately.

The Classie is nicer than the Time box. But the green one is the best. 3. Which runner are you cheering for? Sammy. How much sugar should I add? Only a little. I think the red one is better. That's too much! . 5. Which sofa should we buy? This one is larger. FUTURE PLAN ACTIVITY Here are some sample phrases and sentences for talking about the future. 6. Mr. That one is less affordable though. But Timmy is the most handsome 4. 4. What will we do in class today? We'll play some word games. 36 . Where will they put the table? They'll put it next to the window. I like the blue sweater. 3. but it is also more expensive. Wolfe is going to stay home. How will he get there? He'll take the bus. Please be careful! For Conversation practice: Situations: Talking about the Future For more information. see: Grammar: Simple Future Tense Statement Answer 1. Note: Another way of talking about the future is with the phrase "be going to" + verb. I need a new watch. When will you finish? In the afternoon. What will you do tomorrow? I'll help my mom with the housework. How are you going to get there? I'm going to walk through the forest. When will Joe leave for New York? He'll leave right after dinner. He's the fastest. 2. 5. For example. 2. What are you going to do tomorrow? I'm going to visit my grandmother. I am going to eat out tonight. See also: Free-English-Study: Talking about the Future 1.

How is the condition of housing in city? 3. Do you have any plan to live in the city? Power word 1. Safety : keamanan 10. TALKING ABOUT HOUSING IN CITY 1. Interior : desain dalam 9. Luxurious : mewah/ elegan 2. Imperial : kekerajaan 4. Self centric : individual/ egois 12. Simple : sederhana 5. Medium : biasa 13. Private : pribadi 11. What is kind of the housing in city? 2. Compound : kumuh 37 . Price : harga 6. Well being : sejahter 8. What is the advantage and disadvantage? 5. Neighborhood : kerukunan tetangga 7. Design : desain 3. How is the society there? 4.

Declining invitation  I’m very sorry.. accept or decline in vitiation in formal situation. such as meeting.  What a delightful idea  with the greatest pleasure  Thank you very much for inviting me  That would be very nice  OK. ACCEPTING AND DECLINING INVITATION Expression of making accepting and declining invitation Sometimes. There are many situations that probably happened in our daily life. The situation will be divided into formal and informal.?  We would be pleased if you could…?  Would you care to…?  Why don’t you come to…  Like to come to …  Come and …  Shall we come to …  You must come to … 2. but …. we have a situation and have to also invite some of friends to come. 1. birthday party. we have to make an invitation for our guests. but …. Expression to make. of course. graduation party etc. I don’t  I’d like to. Making in vitiation  Would you like to…?  I would very happy if…?  We would be delighted if you…?  Would you care to. Accepting invitation  That’s very kind of you  We’d like very much to….  All right. There will be two answers for them who are invited by us. 38 . I am coming 3. There is differences expression that is use in the different context of situation. EXPRESSION OF MAKING. I will be there!  I’d like love to come.  Sure. they may come or accept the invitation and they may not come or decline the invitation.  Thank you for asking me.  I’m afraid I’ve  Already promised….

I’m very busy with my homework. Will you go to the movies with me? Andi : Really?? Wow. Yes. What’s up?? Ardinka : there is a new action movie very well tonight. Afrinda : Ok. Afrinda invited them to his house for a party. Afrinda : Glad to hear that. Ardinka : yes. Dialog 2 Ardinka & Andi is very busy with homework. I am very busy  Sorry. Can you go to my house tonight? My family wants to throw a party. I’m fine. Afrinda : Alright. Ardinka : Sorry. may be next time  Thank you. I’m so excited.00 pm. Afrinda : Hi Andi and Hi Ardinka. would be very great. ok! Andi & Afrinda : Alright. I will. very great! And How about you. Ardinka : Hi Andi ! Andi : Hi Ardinka ! Ardinka : Hi Afrinda ! Afrinda : Hi. But.  In wish I could. How are you? Andi : Hi Afrinda. I can’t…. but …  I don’t think I can. Afrinda? Afrinda : Of Course. Ardinka : and me too. Andi : Thank you very much. but …  Sorry. I can’t. I’m very busy. but I can’t  Sorry.  Unfortunately. 39 . bye! Ardinka & Andi : bye. no problem.  Sort. Andi : I hope you enjoy your party. By the way.  I’d love to. I don’t think I  Can’t make it  I’m so sorry I can make it Dialog Examples: Dialog 1 Ardinka invites Andi & Afrinda to go to the movies. What time are we going? Ardinka : We go at 07.

and  Be sure who might have a right to take the tenancy over if anything happens to you. If you want to take in a lodger. We need to know this so that we can:  make sure the home is not getting overcrowded. If you do not live in the home we will take action to end your tenancy. and you must let us know if someone moves into or out of your home. you must get our written permission first. To get our permission. LIVING IN YOUR HOME The property must be your main or only home. This includes family members who count this as their home but don’t live There all the time. This can change over time.  let all adults in the household know if we are going to do anything that may affect their rights. When you filled in your application for housing you told us who will be living with you – your household. contact your housing officer.  Action : tindakan  Include : memasukkan  Tenancy : sewa menyewa  Sure : yakin  Household : rumah tangga  Overcrowded : keramaian  Change : mengganti  Affect : mempengaruhi  Move : pindah  Lodger : penumpang makan Idiom  Get to the top of the tree : memperoleh penghasilan yang sangat tinggi  In the neighborhood of : berdekatan dengan … Questions  Can you tell me where your home is?  Who lives in your home?  What are the facilities in your home?  What piece do you like in your home?  Can tell me the education around your home?  How about the environment there?  Can you tell me the nature there?  Can you tell me the culture around your home? 40 .

TELLING ABOUT SPECIAL ACTIVITY Special activity is some activities that you like or become your special hobby. The children enjoy learning the basic steps in break dancing. Duane and Mr. Antonio. Vocabulary Get up : bangun tidur lying down : leyeh2 Manage : mengelola take down : memindahkan Share : curhat tired of : bosan Wait : menunggu well known : terkenal Brush : menyikat day after day : sehari hari For a while : sebentar Question  What your special activity?  Why do you like it?  With whom do you do your special activity?  How many times do you do your special activity on one day?  What goods do you need? 41 . and cultivate their creativity in inventing their on freezes and dances steps. For example: Every week each class visits the lab DC dance studio and attends a break-dance lesson with Mr. develop their gross motor skills. Every day and everywhere you do.

... he passed the exam 42 .  The police arrested him since he broke into a bank. as. we use expressions such as: because. Examples  The police arrested him because he broke into a bank.  Owing to his intelligence.  He can't run fast for he is too fat.  Due to the bad weather. he managed to solve the problem. due to. warming is caused by Global warming Pollution. they didn't go for a picnic.. CAUSE AND EFFECT When we talk about an effect resulting from a certain cause. Other ways to express cause and effect: You can also express cause and effect as follows:  The cause of …is…  …is caused by / is due to …  Thanks to . Examples: The cause of global is pollution. since.  She can't read the letter as she is illiterate. owing to. is due to Thanks to his hard work .

" Use of thanks to People tend to use thanks to in positive situations. he didn't pass the exam. they forgive each other's mistakes. thanks to your shouting." "The baby is awake." Sometimes thanks to is used ironically in a negative way Example: "Did she lose the election?" "Yeah. Owing to: If you can use because of then you should use owing to rather than due to: Example: "The flight was canceled owing to (because of) high winds. Because. because of." b. b. for are followed by a verb. Due to: If you can use caused by then you can also use due to: Example: "The cancellation of the flight was due to (caused by) high winds. Due to." Things to remember about cause and effect: a.  Because / since /as / they are in love.Is there a difference between due to and owing to? Owing to and due to are used interchangeably by native speakers although some state that there is a difference. since. a. as. Example: "Thanks to his intelligence he managed to find the solution to that math problem. owing to and thanks to are followed by a noun. thanks to you and to all the others who didn't bother to vote. 43 . Due to because Because of since + Noun Subject + Verb Owing to As Thanks to for Examples:  Due to his laziness.  Thanks to her beauty. she attracted the attention of all the guests.

Leila: I like Robert de Nero most.  I like football most. Examples:  "What's your favorite color?" "Green. Things to remember:  "Favorite" is British spelling. 44 ." Study the dialogue: Leila is talking to her new friend Cathy: Leila: What kind of films do you like best? Cathy: Science fiction.  My favorite football player is Ronaldo. ASKING ABOUT FAVORITE THINGS Talking about favorite things When you talk about your favorite things you talk about the best liked or most enjoyed things. Asking about favorite things:  What's your favorite sport?  What sport do you like best?  What sport do you like most?  What kind of sport do you like best?  Who's your favorite football player? Responding:  My favorite sport is football.  I like football best. And who's your favorite actor? Cathy: Tom Cruise.  "Favorite" is American spelling. And you? Leila: Comedy.

It Sent shivers out of me.. Questions:  How did you feel?  How did you react?  What was your reaction?  Were you afraid of.. spooked.. It was a terrifying ordeal.. 45 . I was afraid of . Short dialogue: Latifa is talking about her fear when she saw the criminal Nancy: How did you feel when you saw the criminal? Latifa: I jumped out of my skin..? Responses: terrified. scared of .. Jumped out of my skin.. Frightened the life out of me. I Shook with fear..?  Were you scared of... petrified ... Gave me Goosebumps..?  Were you terrified of.. TALKING ABOUT FEAR Talking about fear There are many words and expressions you can use to talk about fear. Scared the hell out of me. frightened of .

... but …  I’m sorry to have to say this.. GIVING AND RESPONDING TO GOOD AND BAD NEWS Giving news There are different ways to give news: Giving good and bad news  I'm really pleased to tell you.  I'm afraid I've got some bad news for you.....  I really don’t know how to say it.  I've got some good / brilliant / great / wonderful / splendid news for you. but … Responding to news Responding to good news  Wow.. 46 .  I’m sorry to hear such terrible news. how wonderful!  I can’t believe that! Responding to bad news  I’m awfully sorry that…  I’m sorry to hear that.. but …  I really feel bad to have to say this. that sounds exciting!  That’s great!  How fantastic!  What fantastic / good / brilliant / great / wonderful / splendid news!  That's good / brilliant / great / wonderful / splendid news!  That sounds like great news!  Congratulations!  That’s wonderful / fantastic!  I’m glad to hear that!  Great news!  Incredible!  Superb!  Sounds great!  Lucky you!  Oh....  I've got a bit of good news to tell you.  You know what! I've got a bit of great news for you.  Great news for you.  I'm sorry I've got a bit of bad news to tell you.

 Please.  I know how you must be feeling. My goodness!  I can’t believe it!  Poor you!  I do sympathize with you.  That must be awful  Oh. accept my deepest sympathy. dear!  Too bad!  That’s awful / a pity / unfortunate. GOOD NEWS You are the best student You get promotion You get a gift in this period We are invited to join to You win the competition She/he loves you America You get scholarship in You get high score in We will get long holiday Australia examination BAD NEWS You get punishment Your mobile is lost Your pat is dead from functionaries You get bad score in Your boy/girl friend Your car is broken examination makes a fair You don’t pass the The teacher is angry at Your mother is getting examination you sick 47 .

 It's unbelievable that they got married  I just can't imagine they were able to get along with each other. Disbelief: Can’t believe… I (just) can't imagine… Unbelievable. SHOCK AND DISBELIEF Expressing shock and disbelief It is sometimes difficult to say how you feel in unexpected situations....  We're all in complete shock.  I was just stunned by her clothes. taken aback by… .. such as natural disasters. came as a complete shock. especially when you feel sad. I'm in Examples:  I was shocked to hear the news.  The news came as a complete shock.  I was stunned / taken aback by the news  I was completely taken aback by his behavior. bad news . 48 . Examples:  I just can't believe he won the race. Shock: Shocked to hear… I was Stunned by... It's Incredible. Here's a list of some common expressions to help you express  shock  And disbelief.