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Difference Between Up Milling and Down Milling

Today we will discuss about difference between up milling and down
milling. The milling is a machining process in which, a rotary cutter is
used to remove the material from work piece in the direction
perpendicular to the axis of rotation. The milling process is done by
the machine, which hold both the tool and work piece in jig and
fixture, known as milling machine. There are two ways to cut the
material from the work piece through milling machine. First one is
named as conventional milling or Up milling and the other one known
as climb milling or down milling. The main and basic difference
between up milling and down milling is the direction of rotation of
cutter to the feed.

The milling operation is used to facing of those work piece, which are
not symmetrical from its axis. It is also used to cut pockets, drill, slot
and shape the work piece according to the requirement.

There are two ways to cut the material from the work piece through
milling machine. First one is named as conventional milling or Up
milling and the other one known as climb milling or down milling. The
main and basic difference between up milling and down milling is the
direction of rotation of cutter to the feed.

In up milling the cutter is rotate clockwise when cutting the work
piece from right to left. In this type of milling the tool spins against
the direction of feed. In this milling process, the cutting chips are
carried upward by the tool.

Image Source : http://mmu.ic.hk/handout/0103/0103. In this milling operation. the tool spins with the direction of feed. the cutter rotates clockwise while cutting the work piece from left to right.htm In down milling. .polyu. The cutting chips are carried downward by the tool.edu.

3. the cutter rotates direction of feed. with direction of feed.ic. In this. It is also known as conventional It is also known as climb milling. In up milling. It is zero at the end of feed. piece properties. . tool wear is less compare to because the tool runs against the feed. It is maximum at start of cut and maximum at the end of feed.htm Difference between Up milling and Down milling: Up Milling Down Milling 1. 2. 5. In this process. In up milling the cutter rotates against In Down milling. due to the cutter rotate with the feed.hk/handout/0103/0103. tool wear is more In this. Tool life is low.edu. 6. Tool life is high.Image Source : http://mmu. chip width size is zero at initial In this cutting process. heat is diffuse to the In down milling most of heat diffuse work piece which causes the change in to the chip does not change the work metal properties. chip size is cut and increase with feed. milling. decrease with the feed. the up milling. 4.polyu.

The cutting chips fall down in front of The cutting chips fall down behind the cutting tool which again cut the the tool. 9. 12. ask by commenting below. 8. the tool so known as down milling. high In down milling. It is the traditional way of cutting the It is non-traditional way. so simple cutting fluid is required. If you have any query or doubt. Due to upward force by tool. down milling used more than up milling. but now work piece. High quality cutting fluid is required In this process heat does not diffuse because heat diffuse in the work piece. required. 10. The cutting chips are carried upward The chips are carried downward by by the tool so known as up milling. 11. Today we have learnt about difference between up milling and down milling. in the work piece. . It required high cutting force compare It required low cutting force. days. to down milling. finish.7. downward force act strength zig and fixture required to on work piece normal zig and fixture hold the work piece. This gives better surface chips cause less surface finish.