4. Red clay contains iron (III) oxide which gives the red colour . 5.

General uses ceramics are as follows of :

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very hard and strong but brittle

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inert to chemical reaction

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has a very high melting point

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good electric and heat insulator

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able to withstand compression

9.6 COMPOSITE MATERIAL
1. A composite material is a structural material formed by combining two or more materials with different physical properties, producing a complex mixture. 2.

strong but 21 . can withstand higher applied forces and loads. lighter. Composite material Component Properties of component Properties of composite Reinforced concrete Concrete Hard but brittle. 4. relatively cheaper Steel Hard with high tensile strength but expensive and can corrode Fibre optics Glass of low refractive index Transparent. does not corrode easily. higher tensile strength. not so brittle.The composite material produced will have different properties far more superior to the original materials. With low tensile strength Stronger. Reflect light rays and allow light rays to travel along the fibre Glass of high Heavy. stronger. the weakness of the components will not exist anymore. The composite material produced are harder. 3. When composite material is formed. more resistant to heat and corrosion and also for specific purposes. does not reflect light rays.

with high tensile strength and not flammable Polyester plastic Light.refractive index brittle and nonflexible Fibreglass Glass Heavy. resilient and flexible. flexible. elastic but weak and inflammable Photochromic glass Glass Transparent and not sensitive to light . strong. strong but brittle and nonflexible Light. tough.

The 23 recycling and development of environmental friendly synthetic material should be enforced.9 Composite material and their new properties 22 CONCLUSION We must appreciate these various synthetic industrial materials. tools and communication to improve our daily life are developed continuously for the well-being of mankind. New technological developments are used by scientists to make new discoveries. New needs and new problem will stimulate the development of new synthetic materials. Plastic composite materials may one day used to make organs for organ transplant in human bodies. or silver bromide Sensitive to light Figure 9. This will save fuel and improve speed. our society is getting more complex. shelter. . One of the way is by doing continuous research and development ( R & D ) to produce better materials used to improve our standard of living.Sensitive to light: darkness when light intensity is high. Synthetic material are developed constantly due to the limitation and shortage of natural materials. the new use of plastic composite material will replace metal in the making of a stronger and lighter car body. This will become necessity with the shortage of human organ donors. New materials are required to overcome new challenges and problems we face in our daily lives. The understanding of the interaction between different chemicals is important for both the development of new synthetic materials and the disposal of such synthetic materials as waste. For example. As we live in a changing world. A responsible and systemic method of handling the waste of synthetic materials and their by-product is important to prevent environmental pollution. becomes clear when light intensity is low Silver chloride. New materials for clothing.

2008. 2. SUCCESS Chemistry SPM.REFERENCES 1. Loh Wai Leng. . Tan Yin Toon. Oxford Fajar Sdn. Tan On Tin.Bhd.

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