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/Assignment

Spring 2018

Note: Write the question number and then give your answer/illustrations. Print your

assignment on both sides of your paper, staple & submit before 25th April, 2018.

I. The gravity field g(x) over a 2-D horizontal circular cylinder is given by the following

equation.

Az

g ( x)

x z2

2

Where A = πR2 Gσ , R being the radius of the cylinder, G- the Universal gravitational

constant and σ – the density contrast. Z- is the depth to the centre of the cylinder.

(i) Compute g(x), at x = -100 to 100 at an interval of 5 units assuming z = 3 units, R = 1.5,

G = 1 and σ =1.

(ii) Compute g(x), at x = -100 to 100 at an interval of 5 units assuming z = 5 units, R = 2.5,

G = 1 and σ =1.

R = 2.0, G = 1 and σ =1.

Draw neat sketches for g(x) for all the three cases and observe the change in shape of g(x).

Verify the depth to target by half width method. Discuss what do you understand from the

shape of these three anomalies. Give your comments.

*****

II. Following is the field gravity anomaly due to a spherical structure. Estimate the depth to

the centre of the body by means of (a) half width method ( depth Z = 1.3 X1/2 ) and (b)

amplitude gradient ratio method treating the target as a 3-D body. Assuming the density

contrast as 1 gm/cc calculate the radius of the sphere.

Az

g ( x)

(x z 2 )3/ 2

2

Find the horizontal & vertical derivatives of g(x) [dg(x)/dx and dg(x)/dz]. Compute these

derivatives for the depth that you estimate from the above anomaly by half width method for x =

-50 to 50 assuming A = 1. Plot the derivatives on the same graph and verify whether the point

of intersection of the derivatives correspond to the depth assumed or not.

******

III. Following is the table of raw gravity data observed over mineral exploration with

time, latitude and elevation. Compute the necessary corrections (DRIFT, LATITUDE,

FREE AIR & BOUGER) and obtain Bouger gravity anomaly with a measurement

interval of 50 m. Plot Bouger anomaly.

Gravity

Reading

S. No. Station mGals Time Latitude Elevation(m)

GB 06 4967.185 12:12:47 30.8204500 1899.000

1 BC-01 4986.765 12:44:44 30.8258500 1731.746

GB 4960.450 14.15.20 30.8204500 1899.000

6 BC-11 4978.750 14:22:42 30.8235500 1805.201

GB 06 4966.235 15:39:05 30.8204500 1899.000

9 BC-17 4972.225 15:47:14 30.8219000 1855.334

Hint:

SNo Raw Time Time Drift Drift Lat. Lat. Elev. FAC BC S=FAC Bouger

Anomaly=

g Mts. Diff. corr. corr. m + BC

gobs - DriftCor-

Lat.corr-S- gbase

Procedure:

Drift rate: Plot time at base along x-axis and the observed gravity values at base along y-

axis and obtain an approximate straight line. Slope of this straight line yields the drift

rate. (Change in gravity values/time in mts).

Latitude correction: Lat. correction = 0.811 Sin (2Ø) mGals/km (Ø- is the latitude).

Subtract this value from the drift corrected data. (Here the station interval is 50 m)

Free air correction: FAC = 0.3086 mGal/m ( Depending on elevation at the point of

measurement obtained FAC).

Density σ = 2.5 gm/cc

Plot gba along y-axix & the station interval along x-axix to get the graph of Bouger

anomaly. Find the depth by half width method.

*****

IV. A magnetic survey in a mineralized zone along a line provided the following data.

Interval of measurement is 500m. Length of the profile is about 12 km. Plot x-y graph of

the anomaly and obtain the depth to the cavity by half width.

No Distance in m Reading in nT

1 0 1500

2 500 1510

3 1000 1520

4 1500 1550

5 2000 1595

6 2500 1650

7 3000 1720

8 3500 1640

9 4000 1580

10 4500 1540

11 5000 1510

12 5500 1500

Plot the magnetic anomaly distance versus magnetic values and estimate the depth to the

source by half width/half maxima method.

*****

V. Calculate the magnetic latitude from the given table of inclination. Plot the relation

between inclination versus latitude.

No. Mag. Inclination

In degrees

1 10

2 15

3 20

4 25

5 30

6 35

7 40

8 45

9 50

10 55

11 60

12 65

13 70

14 75

15 80

16 85

*****

VI. Construct the Time-Distance response of a 24 channel seismic unit for reflection

and refraction of P wave for the two layer case as given hereunder.

v - is the velocity

x- Geophone locations

v h1 = 10m, x = 10,20,30 …..240

v = 1500m/s

Reflection

layers. h – is the thickness.

v1 = 1500 m/s & v2 = 2500 m/s

The distance between the source and the first receiver (Offset) = 10 m.

Find the critical & cross over distances.

*****

VII. Following is the SP anomaly over a copper deposit. Locate the deposit and find its

depth and compare your result with the depths obtained by three other methods as

given hereunder.

1. Depth z = 53.8 (Yungal, 1950)

2. Depth z = 30.0 (Bhattacharya & Roy, 1980)

3. Depth z= 52.3 ( Sundararajan & Chary, 1993)

******

VIII. Following are the 3 layers VES curves and their model description with interpreted

resistiviities and thickness. Identify their types. Also, comment on the possible favorite

zones for availability of ground water (GW) based on the resistivities.

*******

IX. Electrical resistivity soundings have resulted the following four different VES

curves that were interpreted and drilled. Identify the types of these 4 layer VES

curves over four different boreholes. Check the favorable zones for GW occurrence if

any.

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