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Chapter P Prerequisites
y y y
P.1 Real Numbers

Temperature (ºF)

Temperature (ºF)

Temperature (ºF)
40 40 40
P.2 Exponents and Radicals
20 20 20
P.3 Polynomials and Factoring 0 x 0 x 0 x
P.4 Rational Expressions 2 4 6 8 10 2 4 6 8 10 2 6 8 10
−20 −20 −20
P.5 The Cartesian Plane −40 −40 −40
P.6 Representing Data Month (1 ↔ January) Month (1 ↔ January) Month (1 ↔ January)
Graphically
Algebra can be used to model real-life situations. Representing real-life situations as
Selected Applications expressions, equations, or inequalities or in a graph increases our understanding of
the world around us. In Chapter P, you will review the concepts that form the
Prealgebra concepts have many foundation for algebra: real numbers, exponents, radicals, polynomials, and graphical
real-life applications. The applica- representation of data sets.
tions listed below represent a small © Karl Weatherly/Corbis
sample of the applications in this
chapter.
■ Budget Variance,
Exercises 79–82, page 10
■ Erosion,
Exercise 115, page 23
■ Stopping Distance,
Exercise 157, page 34
■ Resistance,
Exercise 95, page 46
■ Meteorology,
Exercise 22, page 56
■ Sports,
Exercise 88, page 58
■ Agriculture,
Exercise 5, page 64
■ Cellular Phones,
Exercises 21 and 22, page 67

Meteorology is the study of weather and weather forecasting. It involves collecting


and analyzing climatic data for geographical regions. Mathematics plays a crucial
role in the study of meteorology. Mathematical equations are used to model
meteorological concepts such as temperature, wind chill, and precipitation.