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Read the passage below and try to find the summary points based on

the task given.

Air crash

1 I began to feel the aircraft being thrown about. Everyone was visibly shaken
and I was certainly no exception. We were jolted to our senses by the
pilot’s voice over the loudspeaker. In a clear, level voice, he assured us that we
were in no immediate danger and that he was taking all the necessary
precautions. Hardly a few minutes elapsed before I heard a loud explosion. 5
Screams and shouts sounded from everywhere. Quite suddenly, the plane began
to pitch downwards. I could feel the air-craft spinning and falling at a terrifying
speed. All the lights went out and before I could finish saying my prayers there
was a tremendous crash and I knew no more.
2
When I finally regained consciousness, I found myself lying near a tree. 10
All around me were the lifeless bodies of my fellow passengers. A check on
my fellow passengers made me realise that I was the sole survivor. I felt sick at
the terrible sight which met my eyes. Some distance away was the mangled
air-craft which was still smouldering. Wreckage covered a large
3 area. 15

Miraculously, apart from a slight fever, I was otherwise unhurt. Since


the crash had occurred deep in the jungle, I realised that the only way out for
me was to make my way through the difficult undergrowth to the
4 nearest village, if there was one nearby.

After gathering whatever clothing or food that I could salvage from the 20
wreckage, I started out on my journey. I spent the first few days trudging along a
river. On the fourth day, I lost my way in the dense undergrowth.
By then, I had walked till I suffered from sore feet. My limited food supply had
already run out so that I had to depend on wild fruits and nuts for food.
By the seventh day, I was truly exhausted. I felt thirsty as well as dizzy. 25
Words alone cannot express my feelings when I spotted a village in the
5 distance. I had to make sure that it was not a mirage.

Thoughts of rescue and therefore safety quickened my steps towards the


village. As I approached the village, I saw a woman fetching water from a
6 nearby well. Everything blacked out after that. 30

When I finally regained consciousness, I found myself lying in a hospital


bed. I happily admit that I have never ever felt so much appreciation for a
bed until that moment.
Summary Task

 Based on the passage given, summarize how the writer tried to save
himself after the air crash. 

Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to
change the original meaning.

Your summary must:


 be in continuous writing form (not in note form) 
 use materials from lines 9 to 25 
 not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below 

Begin your summary as follows:


After experiencing the terrible air crash, the writer found himself…[15marks]

Summary Points
No Points Main idea Supporting
detail
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.
PRACTICE 1

Read the passage below and try to find the summary points based on
the task given.

Safety in houses against pest

1 Insects are a nuisance. Ants, flies, mosquitoes and those that interrupt
home life are those we are always trying to get rid off. We use insecticide
sprays, fly poison and mosquito coils. Somehow they keep coming back in
undiminished numbers, much to our disgust and discomfort.

2 Mosquitoes are carriers of deadly diseases, like dengue fever and 5


malaria. The most effective way of getting rid of them is to prevent them from
breeding. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in water. The larvae that hatch spend a
good few days in water before they transform themselves in pupae and finally
to young mosquitoes. In water they are most vulnerable. So we should not
leave any water stagnant for any period of time. All vessels in and around 10
the house should be either overturned or burned so that water cannot collect
in them. Likewise drains and other water passages should be cleared
regularly for the same reason.
3
Adult mosquitoes have the habit of hiding in dark corners in and outside
the house. Thus it is a good idea to clean out these places once in a while to 15
ensure that these pests are not making their home there. Cobwebs and dirt
should be cleared out whenever and wherever they occur. In addition to a
mosquito-free home we would also have a spider-free home.
4
A spider-free home has a few advantages. Squeamish occupants will not
be compelled to scream every time they see a spider. The house will look 20
neat and clean. Most of all, one will not get engulfed by strands of spider
web every time one ventures into a rarely frequented corner of the house.
5
To prevent flies from going about their dreadful tasks, it is a simple matter
of covering all rubbish and food. If the flies cannot breed and do not have
access to one’s food, then one cannot catch any disease carried by the flies. 25
Yet many of us do not bother with such simple preventive measures. I, for
one, prefer to have a fly-free home to eat in and to live in peace. I have seen
people literally sharing their food with flies. Such indifference can only bring
unwanted consequences. They are risking their health and well-being.
6
Ants and cockroaches are particularly difficult to rid off. The safest thing 30
to do is not to leave any edible things lying around the house. All eating
utensils should be cleaned properly and kept in cockroach proof containers.
As cockroaches thrive in filth, the house, especially the kitchen should be
kept scrupulously clean. Periodic checks should be done to ensure that ants
and cockroaches are not overrunning any neglected corner of drawers and
cabinets.
7 35
Cleanliness is the best policy here. A dirty house invites all sorts of
pests. A clean and regularly maintained house has no place for the pests to
breed and no food for them to feed on. Thus they keep away and the
occupants have a pest-free environment to live in and enjoy to the fullest.

Summary Task

Based on the passage given, write a summary on ways to keep our area
and home free from insect pests.

Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to
change the original meaning.

Your summary must:


 be in continuous writing form (not in note form) 
 use materials from lines 5 to 34 
 not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below 

Begin your summary as follows:

The best way to get rid of mosquitoes is to ...

[15 marks]

(A) Try to identify the points in the passage and tick ( / ) to show
whether it is a main point or a supporting detail.

No Points Main idea Supporting


detail
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.
Sample Answer

Sample 1

No Points Main idea Supporting


detail
1. lying near a tree √
2. the lifeless bodies of my fellow passengers √
3. I was the sole survivor √
4. apart from a slight fever, I was otherwise unhurt √
5. the crash had occurred deep in the jungle √
6. make my way through the difficult undergrowth √
7. nearest village √
8. gathering whatever clothing or food √
9. started out on my journey √
10. spent the first few days trudging along a river √
11. fourth day, I lost my way √
12. I had walked till I suffered from sore feet √
13. depend on wild fruits and nuts for food √
14. seventh day, I was truly exhausted √
15. thirsty as well as dizzy √
16. spotted a village in the distance √

Sample Summary

After experiencing the terrible air crash, the writer found himself lying near
a tree.He saw the dead bodies of other passengers. He was the only survivor. Apart
from a slight fever, he was not really hurt. The plane crash happened deep in the
jungle. To save himself, he made his way through the difficult undergrowth, to get to
the nearest village. Gathering whatever clothing or food he could find, he started out
on his journey. For the first few days, he trudged along a river and on the fourth day,
he lost his way. He walked till he got sore feet. He also had to depend on wild fruits
and nuts for food. On the seventh day, he was extremely tired but finally saw a village
in the distance.
(130 words)
ANSWER FOR PRACTICE 1

Note:
(M) Main Idea
(S) Supporting detail

Summary Points

1. prevent them from breeding (M)


2. we should not leave any water stagnant (M)
3. All vessels in and around the house should be either overturned or burned (M)
4. so that water cannot collect in them (S)
5. drains and other water passages should be cleared regularly (M)
6. dark corners in and outside the house (M)
7. clean out these places once in a while (M)
8. to ensure that these pests are not making their home there (S)
9. cobwebs and dirt should be cleared out (M)
10. cover all rubbish and food (M)
11. so that one cannot catch any disease carried by the flies (S)
12. not to leave any edible things lying around the house (M)
13. All eating utensils should be cleaned properly and kept in cockroach proof
containers (M)
14. periodic checks should be done (M)
15. to ensure that ants and cockroaches are not overrunning any neglected
corner of drawers and cabinets. (S)

Sample Summary

The best way to get rid of mosquitoes is to prevent them from breeding. First, do
not leave any water stagnant. Second, all vessels in and around the house should be
either overturned or burned so that water cannot collect in them. Third, clear drains and
other water passages regularly. Next, clean out dark corners in and outside the house
occasionally to ensure that these pests are not breeding there. Then, cobwebs and dirt
should be cleared out. Also cover all rubbish and food so that we cannot catch any
disease carried by the flies. Do not leave any edible things lying around the house.
Ensure all eating utensils are cleaned properly and kept in cockroach proof containers.
Finally, periodic checks should be done to keep out ants and cockroaches.