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Trial CoUr No. 24 4670 (B)

IN nm DISTRCI COURT
EX PARTE
366G. JUICIA

DISTRCT

CAMONTODDWJOHA. &; NAVARO COUN, TEXAS
REPORT OF DR. GERD

HUST

Th li Invpdon report of the Tex SUte

Invesn ftld In me La don shlnp In th bennb\ of se effns to Intuc stndard and to us ' old theoes that had preus
years

It time and In lIah of.a few

an mI In", wil wondr
fait.

rearke doment. On ft mdlna, a
ho anone
di evdene. Howevr, when th

Fir Morsha' Ofe In this ca Is a conpory lire orllll1 and ,awe

coud make so

ke ades tht have ben

or les simply rellec the

be

po Is loo

any

crt

errrs In

at In the

con

made In .th Or obvou tht th repon

th Stte of th art poor to

bM .aepte on
NFPA 921, w a

fndon will be sho 1a
th

ov 30 elecd by NFPA members. It Wil asmbled a proes whh ma all th reulrecs of an mnrd. Sinc then, NFPA 921 ha bee th de rd of care fo fire communi and wf apPNln It 5" In eart 200. A5

pubf by Nal FIre Prnwel-mpe Ih exru pubicn was deelope by AsladOl. Th ladmar coit of
(iule to Ar and Exloion fnvdon

WIn a fe weeks

of th I$lle of th Rre Mahal'

rert the ti editn of

th

fa stlJ
th Fire

'9ncluslons reed by Marsl woul be coide IIJht of curnt .Iede. Th fona Is a 1m or ke referenes conlnlnr Informatn which Is relevan to

, mo of th

inlid In

pr

ca an which

bee kn

on

r th subje li

!nvespton:

1. NFPA 92 t , . A Guide to FIre and Exlos

Pro Aslan,
Ume

Inveptln, R The Nadonal Fire
1M Fie an mOil

1992, 1995, 1998, 200 1

2. " Unndona Wiom: Th Lens of Oakand

l1stlalr

Vol. 43, No. :', Jun 1993.
Fire: Aner
Penpe,"

3. lIe

St VI Fire baW?gtr Vol. 43, No. t, Sept t 992.
Il Arson

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ICk ,a'run-lle reproon of a flrf anloJO to Wlnihm s In whlh.l fire
thlit to
strt In a hall by

In an adt;cent

an ro. Tes wu accelerat Is shown to have nil by

reted fiom flhover proecudon, who droppe il10n ca.

4. USFA Fire Burn Patrn Tes, FA 178, 7/97 Federal Aaenc, UI1It Sute FIre Admlnladon, 1997
s.

Emerpnc Manaaement

Fttt

an Combusblo Liquid SppYur

PD.!t, Nil Reprt 604, 1997

6. " KIlt' s Fire Invupton, " Fift
11 fi

Ido,

Cogb 2002

con Th soem end of the halwq opeed throah the
vi a d

The fire scen stcure wa II smaH woo.frme The areas relevnt to ort8ln and cause detnnnadon wer a In the nortas comer of the
rway In

ho. bK to a hallay whic th 'N ..U
ba

ho,

ra nort and

SO.

cement porc.

Th dooay to th po

fr (no) door onto a

had an illumlnum threhold plte.

The contained, preumlb Inter ali, tWo cribs, II be and a heatr. The ro ha one wido In the sout wall and two on the em waD. Durtnr Jlml had ocurr OU the and thre wa exiv an va rtable lire to the flr as weD as low bum on 'Nall

fi,

ex

bem

dtp

wido

Th hevy daage to th flr exded out the where Ie ran a short way to th soUt and all th way

bem do Inro th halfway,
nort to

the ceent porc.
th nortern porton

Th was al peripheral low chnir to
of th haUwy and
to the

the wall adjacent to

to th pob.

exrir fae of th nort waD of

th berom adJacent

Th fr do
In the bedrm

was

an the woo under the alumInum thresld

coned by 1I, I screen do showed chall under It bae
was G

rred.
of crazl1 &lass

ther was a windw wi renanu

TI fi. Mar'
In his repoJt the Invsator
th he had

Co

PI'nt

VI. New

Teclo

th TtX fo more thn forIndictors of Incendiari. Th 20 ,a. such Wer crazed llss,
muftlple orlalns,
bul' on walls In the Bedrom/haD area,

V"pattnu on walls, chant", to tJe bae

bro rlnss on il cement porch, low

State FIre Marshal's OfJe announced indicators he citd

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of;l scren door, a polt1e anis for keJ'ne (" tnnera splr1rs of keroe unemath, and burned woo under an illUMlltM threhod, dies bu"*
unnumbeNd ocCumnce of

soed " tmers

por pattrn, "

fi

and w puddle-

coflplr;ldons. "

I.. HI DI an Du at8tou: A detade aao, fire paae of varyn. !feam which appeare to be sha Ult Imguar polS of
liquid. It w.as

InvesptO wold oftn look at a poflhoer l1e scene and note variou burn

farl common

Impoble 10 Identfy accelerant bums vJlly. Thus Ie vbually tdndfy accelerant pattrn under conditins.

th po-fler bunl' In a rom or hallay produces lma8lned to be accele. hili Kale tel1 as rertd In refemlce 6 abo, shoed tht post-l hovet' bumlna, even of relatI short duratin, ma
floor bum pattrn caus by nquJd
which cannot be dlferentlte frm bums

and mort wide rulb

prof of th us of an

accelerant WI the adv of NfP A 92 1, It beme more

practe for th Inv

ptr to ci thes pattrn as

th

bees impoible to

fber, fles ponr frm wtndow and doolS MPI The Fire Marsha rert Act muldple Ore or81ns create a powerl cas for 11'. However, mufdple orl8lns
evdence by the IWmmc or

Th suec li Include po-ftashor

buIn, of comldene durtion as
muldple Ore orlilns.

0r

tan only be

conucn mechais- Th ftl'nl of multle
th Conte of th Sl
of th
an In
fi

condauus In che sens tht

whlln two or mor are of. ft ar frm OM mothr. In th poflhover tire, all of the bum

denste

th were at lea Join by obvo\1 radion and/or
arat was inpproprite even

ar were d Islate
cOlpfe

J 991.

V.Pau. Conmry to th
Hoevr, on a fi

sometes Indic of th pot of orn of a fire and on raly inte" of th us of
liquid ac:elerant. If a flre Is snuff

hats report V-pttms are onl

abe a coffee make ma wu

cit before fthoer,
oJ181nal

a V-pau.m, suh as one
th V

ovlmed an new V- patt

It

pa the flhover stae, ri will tonn fr
cornbule obJec

tht th obJec below

parm oft" beome

th fire. .

bUrnlnl of such common

as wooen door fres,
flt' pauems.

po"fthover
eff on

bu, on the appearance and dippearance of V-pattern paralfls
UDer alum

on th floor, etc. Th eff of

8I wo

t.kf:

The fire MalShal alIaed that the

charrr of ,woo LIder the alumInum thhold was taU5ed by a I'quid ac;c:eleranc bumlnl under th threofd. this phel1enon Is cIeart impoible. Uqukl aceleranl$ ca no more bUrn under an. alumJnm thhold du can arase bum In a skllet even with a JoofInllJd. The d1a!'r of woo under a Ihresold Is a

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common occumnce In po.ftashover fires. The thermal raatlon at doorways
hlsh enouih

tXely. hl8h beus of th turblen mbdDl or hot, fuel-rich pe wi acwll melt th thesld Inln. frh air. Thi radiatin If ofn
(';S deJ1ee C).

Co8ht 2002.
Durnn, un

Ten yeaR a80 melte threholds or chrred unerlnr woo were roudnely claslfed 15 accelerat-Induced phenoena. Today, It Is tUk lmedp that th effts ar caus by radladon. See . Klrk' s Are Invespdon, " Aft Edition,

"mas bum fr undernth I tile on
and thby

KAIl unlm; A

liquid aclerant will not bum

th flr an more thn It wiD under an

R. 60 Cn GI The Idea th th aJ cra acelerat
This informatn was 11 publihed

on wi IJ sef. abe, FIleoroe
leavfl\ unbured
See refence 5
Is no claft by

exng It lOer surfe to th

th a die Is

cad by th de curin, under poHftover
8D Combusule liqu
Is an

aluminu thresol.
raditi

het Kerone-lik matel1fs wm bum

, 199 Ind
ftre bWespd
the rapId thUl1n1 of

dlmcul evn on th top suce of tile material. They tend to
beind and have l1e eff on the die.

spii Pat,
us of a liquid

81 Is caus by

fOlon, th Investion of a fire stnn In

ho 8I

by

wa IU to exneulsh th fire

" an w Old WM Tale. . Cred

of th

Oaldnd wbch destryed man hoes anc l.w confirmed by rere 2 abe, M Uncntiona WIom: Th Lens of Oakand, " J 993.
on cb

Iamo te. se

I" a slnP sample of taken doorway adjacent to the ceent porc Wht the anat actlly repo, was K mlnerl spts of kerone, " whch Is no lb. Sime as lWen. A bured ca of chacoal Ughr wa& als fond on th sae conre flr. Chrclll8hr ftld belonp to the das of liquds labeled w mlnra SDhtt of ke,rosene. . Therere, the preenct

Br rI bro po; Th ldedflon of C8 ba br rw sa cre sc. Wh th pudes th ho su pree pore of dJe chratophic an TI POI. Ac An report fo woo frm bottm the
the prence of an

accelerat

on

rtnll on a cement ftoor Is baes
Is
at lire

speation. A

dea of of flre

and soubl Irn

water evapote th oftn leave bro matel trpped In cement. The of 31 accelernt can onl be esblhe by
In th laboratO.

The fie Marshal

th kerone wa

th

this matelfs

an

ca would be dispersed an floate

Immisle wate

fi

ex natu
the fire

O(CUlTence In the wake of a fire. Fluid
acro the concre by th

fr th

ho.

cdn of die

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1!2I13/28!d ld:46

2S482

"'2

TEVE

P.:

SI

01 th

day

01 F

200.

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