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Peyton Brown 4/20/18

a country governed by a dictator.

The Articles of Confederation
equal representation, in the house of Congress, and proportional representation

a doctrine in political theory that government is created by and subject to the will of the people.
1. a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members, typically through elected representatives.
2. a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights and privileges.
25. T.L.O. argued that Common Law
her Fourth Amendment The Electoral College, it is made up of Senators and Representatives from the
rights against
8 Electoral Votes House of Representatives
unreasonable searches
and seizures had been an act of separating the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government
violated. Each branch of the government (executive, judicial, and legislative) has some measure of influence over the
other branches and may choose to block procedures of the other branches.
the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense.
27. the Court declared Judicial review is the power of a court to decide whether a law or decision by the government is constitutional. This
state laws establishing power was established in the United States in the Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison.
Also known as, "majority opinion." A dissenting opinion (or dissent) is an opinion in a legal case in certain legal
separate public
systems written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court.
schools for black and A third party candidate will sometimes strike a chord with a section of voters in a
white students to be particular election.
unconstitutional. a set of beliefs that are accepted as characteristic of a particular political party
After question 47.
33.  An absentee ballot is a vote cast by someone who is unable or unwilling to attend the official polling station.
 Alien: An alien is a
person from a foreign lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern.
country who is not a
citizen of the host
country. They may be
there to visit or just stay Article One = Legislative     Article Two = Executive     Article Three = Judicial
for a while. 
After question 47.
Immigrant: An immigrant Magna Carta, 'The Great Charter' everyone is subject to the law, even the king, abide by the
is someone from a rights of individuals, the right to justice and the right to a fair trial.
foreign country who Straight ticket voting is when you always vote the same party, split tickets are for 
relocates to live in                                                     if you don't always vote the same party.
another country. They Criminal suspects must be informed of their rights
may or may not be and their right to consult with an attorney.
citizens. Accused of committing a robbery, Gideon was too poor to
<------------- hire a lawyer to represent him in court. After he was found
an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress guilty and sentenced to five years in prison, Gideon took
 in a legislative assembly. his case to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Federalism is a strong main government.
The Mayflower Compact was the first agreement for self-government to be created
and enforced in America.
The economy of Plymouth Colony was based on agriculture,         
                    fishing, whaling, timber and fur.
After question 47.

After question 47.
an economy where products, prices, and services are determined by the market, not the government. It's     
A stock is a type of security         signifies
                   in   a  corporation
                    a   claim
           capitalism, not communism.

negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees.
a payment or concession to stimulate greater output or investment.
a person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order
to do so.
the state or quality of producing something

  the assignment of different parts of a manufacturing process or task to different people in order to improve         
the process of concentrating on and becoming expert in a particular subject or skill.
a state or situation in which something needed cannot be obtained in sufficient amounts.
   Substitute goods are goods which, as a result of changed conditions, may replace each other in

16.  the amount of a commodity, product, or service available and the
1. IMMIGRATION desire of buyers for it, considered as factors regulating its price.
Democrats: Called for fixing the "broken immigration system," including a path to citizenship for 11 million undocumented immigrants.

Republicans: Embraced Trump's call for a wall along the U.S-Mexican border though was silent on whether to back their nominee's demand to deport
all 11 million.

Democrats: They would not only would "fight any attempts by Republicans in Congress to privatize, voucherize, or 'phase out' Medicare," but would
allow Americans older than 55 to enroll.

Republicans: They would end the health care program for the elderly as we know it, requiring seniors to either enroll in a private insurance plan or
face limits on how much the government will pay.

Democrats: "Climate change poses a real and urgent threat to our economy, our national security, and our children's health and futures."

Republicans: Cast doubts on whether the climate is changing, rejecting the findings of the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change as "a political mechanism, not an unbiased scientific institution" with "intolerance toward scientists and others who dissent from its

4.  It protects people from unlawful searches and seizures. You need a warrant. 

5. The Fifth Amendment imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes. It prohibits self-incrimination and
double jeopardy and mandates due process of law.

6. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial.
8. The 8th amendment ensures that the punishments for crimes are not excessive, cruel, or unusual.
14. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state
wherein they reside.
15. The Fifteenth Amendment prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color,
or previous condition of servitude".

19. Allows women to vote.
24. The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen
the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
30. Preamble
We the people of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common
defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty for ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution
for the United States of America. 
Market Economy: A market economy is an economic system in which economic decisions and the pricing of goods and services are guided solely by
the aggregate interactions of a country's individual citizens and businesses. There is little government intervention or central planning.

Command Economy: an economy in which production, investment, prices, and incomes are determined centrally by a government.

Mixed Economy: an economic system combining private and public enterprise.

Traditional Economy: an economic system combining private and public enterprise.