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Telephone: (92-42) 5320062-66 Fax: (92-42)-5320067-68 ADVISOR: MADAM SADAF RAUF (Lecturer) Management Sciences Presented By: SHOUKAT ALI MBA-FA04-75 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology M.A.Jinnah Campus, Defence Road off Raiwind Road, Lahore Dedications I dedicate this report to my loving parents whose prays, affection and support are always a source of encouragement for me to reach at this destination and a humble icon for others in future. My parent and teachers who give me real eyes that help me to leads myself and others in the dark and cruel world. Acknowledgment At first I am thankful to Almighty ALLAH and the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H), their blessings have been with me in all good and bad times. Then I am grateful for the thorough support by my advisor MADAM SADAF RAUF and also Mr. NAEEM (Asst.Manager Admin), WAQAR AHMED (Merchandiser), for
providing related information on which this project is based. They were the constant source of inspiration and encouragement that helped in completion of my internship. Executive Summary This report consists of my six weeks internship at NAVEENA exports (Pvt) Ltd. This organization is situated in Lahore. The organization started its business from Karachi since 1967. The salient features of this report are NAVEENA’S organizational background, its vision, corporate values and goals of the company. This report focuses its business operations including major suppliers of the company, its overall marketing strategies, Management Information Systems, its dynamic Human Resource, Purchase Merchandising and import & export strategies in special. This report also enhances the organization’s challenges in perspective to its domestic and international competitors. The organization’s BCG matrix, marketing strategy, competitive strategy and thus the analysis of all these operations is really a fascinating experience of mine. Finally, this report is a nutshell comprises of my practical learning, recommendations and suggestions. Company Background Group NAVEENA is a progressive name in the textile industry established in 1967 has become one of the largest manufacturer and exporter of textile in USA and Europe. When started it’s operations, it was a small dying and embroidery unit in Karachi. Today NAVEENA exports comprises of three independent units, it offer distinctive branded garments, producing six million pieces annually with special emphasis on fashion apparel, NAVEENA apparel, is a broad spectrum of source houses internationally. Bond of Trust It‘s bond of trust is consistent upon this remarkable notion given below: “We are proud to have some of the most reputable name worldwide. This has been achieved over time through the approach of work fast and work smart.
The bond of trust has been developed because of our ability to fulfill our commitments to deliver the right product at the right time. Check and balances are placed from the initial stages to eliminate any possibility of error. Vision of Company The company undertakes to apply the vision in letter and spirit under the following guiding principles: 1. In time action 2. Clear understanding of customer’s instructions. 3. Clear communication with vendors 4. Clear instructions for production 5. Strict compliance with quality control system. 6. Total devotion maintains first class quality standard. 7. Absolute efforts for in time shipments 8. Career development opportunities for employees
MISSION STATEMENT NAVEENA’s Mission statement, statement focused on its major commitments i.e. Ø We make clothes that fit well, look good and most importantly feel great when you wear them. Ø We are committed to become number one supplier of causal clothing around the globe. It’s Corporate Values Ø Team work Ø Integrity
Ø Maintenance of consistent standard It’s GOALS Ø Continuous improvement. Ø Customer’s satisfaction. Ø Quality of product and system.Ø Excellence Ø Commitment to buyer. Organizational chart CEO/OWNER Director GM Merchandising Manager Finance Manager Production Manager Export Manager Quality Manager INTRODUCTION TO DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS AT NAVEENA Merchandising Flow of Information Buyers Merchandiser PPC .
Merchandising serves the following purposes at NAVEENA: . It is a critical need for merchandisers at NAVEENA. decision-making. which has strong business background. sourced. Merchandisers need to see "the whole process" from product innovation through consumer satisfaction. yet it also stays focused on fashion or other products that undergo continuous change in the consumer-driven market. the merchandising department is mainly divided into accounts buyers. Here. and sold all over the world.Production Department o Yarn store o Knitting o Dyeing o Cutting o Stitching o Packing & Finishing o Purchases o Stores Merchandising PURPOSE OF MERCHANDISING AT NAVEENA Merchandising is a global process through which products are produced. This requires logical thought processes such as problem solving. and selling products) in a global market. Merchandisers must have leadership for the value chain (developing. who takes care of a specific buyer or account. This shows that there is individual or a team of merchandising. and resource management. distributing.
Costing: Merchandise makes a cost sheet to see if the product is feasible or not in terms of cost and revenue. Process of Merchandising . Merchandiser has to calculate the cost of products including all wastes and accessories to tell the final cost of the product to his customers. Implementation: It is the responsibility of merchandiser to prepare the product according to the requirement of buyer. Marketing: Merchandiser has to market his company in order to increase his customers and generate more and more revenue. Sampling: Merchandiser must send the sample to his buyers for confirmation and satisfaction. Sampling is also done to avoid loss. At this stage. Production Follow Up: Merchandiser must be aware of the quality. packaging and on time delivery.Gateway: It acts as a bridge between buyer and the company for communication. Negotiation: Merchandiser must have a negotiating power on the price to convince his buyers on specific price to lessen the chances of loss. Information Management: As merchandiser has direct contact with his buyers so the buyers have to give information about their product’s requirements and if there is any problem the merchandiser has to inform his buyers in return.
keeping in view the styling and accessories to be used on the product. The approval is mainly granted keeping the profit in view. . Approval: After the cost sheet is prepared it is presented to the CEO or any other approving authority for approval. Costing: Merchandise makes a cost sheet to see if the product is feasible or not in terms of cost and revenue. Initial Research & Development Initial Research & Development or preliminary discussion is carried out with RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT to see if the company has the capability to produce the product in terms of man and machines. Merchandising process continues if a specific cost sheet is approved.The following process describes how merchandising carries out its responsibilities at NAVEENA: § Initial Inquiry § Initial Research & Development § Costing § Cost Sheet Approval § Order Booking Status Management § Sampling Process § Information Handling & Forwarding § Buyer Performance Review Initial Inquiry: An initial inquiry may be a simple fax describing briefly the target price *FOB and product or it may be detailed package from a buyer describing in detail. For this purpose a cost sheet is prepared.
Samples may be paid or free depending on the category. OBS is extensively necessary to maintain the track of records. It helps in calculating cash in and out follow. accessories etc. Sampling: It is the complete process through which sampling approvals are taken. contract with the manufacturer. and planning further through OBS strategic planning is also carried out. Ø Makes order follow up easier Ø Allow better planning Ø Helps in contingency optimization Ø Helps in contingency planning Ø Improves time management Ø Improves coordination Ø Helps in financial forecasting This document must be kept confidential as it contains very sensitive information access to be only allowed at a specific level. checklist. as per the policy of company. Information Management & Forwarding: All information received from the buyer is forwarded to the relevant department in the factory as to PPC package. Advantages of Establishing OBS(Order Booking Status) Following are the advantages to establish the OBS. quantity.Order Booking Status: Once an order is received it is mentioned in order booking status. . It starts from a proto sample and ends at shipment sample depending on the buyer as different buyer have different sampling requirements. OBS is normally kept confidentially and it is only accessible to predefine personal. capacity optimization.
67Kgs/Dzn 12.70 368.5 56. Updating of OBS: OBS could Management Information Systemlead document in case it is not properly updated. Special checks need to be maintained for proper upgrading of the OBS ad if data on the OBS is incorrect capacity and management could be seriously affected. Buyer & Country Dependence: It is always better to establish an optimum buyer that dependence on the buyer be balanced so that just dependence on the buyer is also avoided and on the other hand dependence on too many buyer is also not recommended. COST SHEET Style Number: 26898 Fabric: S/Jersey Season: 1Q 2003 GSM: 225 Buyer: Target Gauge: 24 Division: Men’s Consumption of yarn: 5.information is provided which in terms is processed by the PPC and is forwarded to the relevant departments to start production.55 .50 Lbs/Dzn Process Yarn Knitting Dyeing Cutting Embroidery Cost/Unit 55 Rs/Lbs 10 Rs/Kgs 65 Rs/Kgs 2.5 Rs/Pc 30 TTL Cost 687.
6 Package Package is basically the collection of information given by the buyer regarding to specification.2 Mat + OH + Profit Rs 4586. details and other related information about the specific product that has to be manufactured.6 Mat + OH + Cost Rs 3668.8 25 Profit % Rs 917.Flocking Printing Accessories Stitching Inland Freight 6 Rs/Dzn 15 Rs/Pc 120 Rs/Dzn 20 Rs/Kgs 6 1440 120 113.1 Rs/USD Price per Piece USD/Pc 6.0 58 Exchange Rate TTL USD 79.14647 Total Cost/Dzn 30 Over Head % Rs 846.40 2822. Components of a package: .
folder. Cover Sheet 2. GSM. It also includes the size of button (16. style. Fabric Mill Sheet 3. finishing details and shrinkage etc. Cover Sheet: It contains the general information about buyer.e. Accessories Detail 5. details. dyeing. GSM before and after wash. and flat lock). Revision History 1. season. season.Package consists of the following components: 1. Size Specification Sheet 6. division. Packing Manual 7. 3. gauge. Type of Stitching Ø Over lock . 4. style #. It also includes the stitching type i. main stitch.) and that either buttons contain two holes or four. back stitch. Fabric Mill Sheet: It contains the information about fabric for garment and it includes: Division. (overlooks. type of yarn. 2. diameter. 20 or 22 line. Accessories Detail Sheet: It contains the complete information about stitching threads. and button thread. Sketch Sheet 4. button material. garment. button color. Sketch sheet: It contains the information about front and back view. 18. Line is the unit of button. type of Fabric.
Tear away 2. Fusing Tape Fusing tape further consists of two types. There are three types of tapes. Woven Labels 2.Ø Lock stitch Ø Flat lock Ø Folder stitch Labels: It also includes the detail of label with its size specification. Printed Labels Accessories detail also contains detail about taps. There are three kinds of labels. 1. 1. 1. Hearing Bone Tape 2. Ø Main labels Ø Size labels Ø Care labels Ø Tablet labels Ø COO labels And two main types of labels are as follow. Non Tear away Fuse able through glue while using iron. . Plain Tape 3.
5 24. Fusing Roll Tear way is fusible while non-tear way is non fusible.5 23. Size Specification Sheet: It contains the size of garments. Stitching Thread GMT Color Color Code 10% cotton DTM Red Green Yellow Embroidery Thread + Code Style # Stucco MD1001 Red MD 1181 White MD 10001 ML101 ML 101 ML 101 Futek Futek Futek SM-1 SM-1 SM-1 Futek Futek Futek Main Label Code Main Label Source Size Label Code Source Red Green Yellow 0020 0030 0040 5.5 _ _ In SPEC sheet all values are taken in inches while tolerance means acceptable deviation.Normal width of fusing roll is 40``. Buyer gives all sizes.5 + 0. Description Chest 1” below arm hole Heam Across Shoulder Cuff Opening Arm Hole Small 23 23 _ _ Medium 23. 6. Packing Manual: .5 _ _ XX Large 25 25 _ _ Tolerance + 0.5 _ _ Large 24 24 _ _ X Large 24.
carton dimension details. Solid Color Assorted Size 3.g. Size = Small Solid Color Assorted Size: According to this strategy color of all pieces is same while there is variation in size e.g Garments = 42 Color = Red . and material to be placed. Garments = 42 Color = Red & Blue Size = Medium . Garments = 42 Color = red Size = Small. It also includes hangtags detail. Packing Strategies: There are four packing strategies. and long with ratio 1:2:1. Medium. printing details. e. Assorted Color Assorted Size Solid Color Solid Size: According to this strategy all garments are of same size and color.Packing manual contains the folding details of a garment. Solid Color Solid Size 2. Assorted Color Solid Size 4. Assorted Color. Solid Size: In this strategy color of garments is different while size is same. 1.
Master Poly bag: It contains more than one piece/bag. POLY-BAG 1. Assorted Size: Garments are of different colors and sizes.Assorted Color. I. time and initiating authority. buttons changed 3 to 2 or change in thread. Types: There are three types of poly bags. Revision History: It includes all the changes required by the buyer afterwards e.g. 2. III. Garments = 42 Color = Red & Blue Size = small & Medium 7. Individual Poly bag: Individual poly bag contain 1 pc/bag. Blister Poly bag: Blister poly bag contain more than 1 pc/bag in a carton. Ti also includes the revision description. Dimension: 10`` 9`` Flap 3`` . date. II.
5`` x 10. Solid Size: . and long Assorted Color. Medium. Material/Transport/GG: Printing Weight of Carton Instructions Logos Address Buyer’s individual idea Carton tape Carton stickers Cartons Solid Color Solid Size: Garments = 42 Color = Red Size = Small Solid Color Assorted Size: Garments = 42 Color = red Size = Small.Fold Size L W WxLxF 9.5`` x 3`` 3.
Garments = 42 Color = Red & Blue Size = Medium Assorted Color. Types of Carton: · Regular slotted · Telescopic carton Regular Carton Telescopic Carton . Assorted Size: Garments = 42 Color = Red & Blue Size = small & Medium Information Required For Carton: Following information is required for a carton. Ø Hang tags Ø Tag pins Ø Plastic Clips/Jet clips Ø UVM (Universal Vender Mark) Ø VMT (Vender Mark Ticket) Ø UPC (Universal Product Code Ticket) These above accessories are used 1/pc and only tag pins are used 2/pc and jet clips are used 4/pc.
achieve target/goal on time while using . Dimensions Flap Height Width Length LxWxH 28 x 26 x 8 2. Carton Printing Ø Addresses (From & To) Ø Carton Contents (Size.1. Color) Ø Symbols Ø Weight of Carton (With garments weight) Printing Types Ø 2 Side printing Ø 4 Side Printing 3. Carton Accessories Ø Carton Sticker Ø Carton Tape Ø Carton Strapping Sampling Management Process Management is the process to do work on time.
Sampling should be complete on time with resources.All resources (machine. personnel. Samples may be paid or free depending on the category. Counter Proto Sample: This sample is based on the comments received from the buyer. tangible and highly visible method of launching new product. It starts from a proto sample and ends at shipment sample depending on the buyer as different buyer have different sampling requirements. Sampling programmers can be a cost effective. boosting sales or re-educating lapsed users. Sampling programs provide a conduit for consumers to experience product trials. The range of sample is about 1-2 to vary according to the requirement of buyer. Comments on Proto Type: Buyer gives his comments on sample and also recommends the changes in sample. Ø Initiate Sampling Process Ø Sampling Budget (To Control Cost) Ø Time & Action Plan of Sampling SAMPLING PROCESS Proto Type Sample: This is the first sample given to the buyer. quantity. For this sample. . contract with the manufacturer. The sample is prepared according to requirement of buyer and this is the rough sample. Sampling is the complete process through which sampling approvals are taken. 2-3 pieces are required. Human Resource). Product samplings and mailings increase brand awareness and result in additional sales.
Size Set Sample: 2-3 sets of different size are sending to PPC (planning production and control). Samples Market Feedback Buyer’s Design Buyer’s Merchandisers Manufacturer’s Merchandiser Comments on Salesman Sample: Feedback on ample from customer is send to merchandiser/ manufacturer. Once PPC is involved. Fit Sample: .Salesman Sample: Buyer sends the samples in market by salesman to get market feedback from customers it is done on 250-500 pieces or may exceed depending on season and customer. PPC department is also involved at this stage. 2-3 pieces are required in pre-production sample. Buyer has to sell these garments to check and view. If he makes some changes. Manufacturer keeps one sample himself and one sends to buyer for cutting approval. Approval of PPS: It is the stage where a sample may be approved or rejected. he himself will be responsible for any loss/ damage. no change in styling is acceptable. If accepted go ahead to next step and if rejected then there will be the process of revision of previous steps. All changes are confirmed on it. Its purpose is that buyer will make no change in cutting details. Pre-Production Sample (PPS): Manufacturer prepares it.
If all these are according to the requirement of buyer then shipment is said to be ok. Sampling Budget: It contains the general information about. Sampling budget Knitting plan Dyeing Plan Accessories Sheet Cutting& Stitching Plan 1. And the garments are sending to shipment. GSM. shrinkage.No change in stitching is acceptable at this stage. 15-20 pieces are picked up as a sample to test. Photo Shoot Sample: Now the sample is ready fort shipment. 2-3 garments are used in fit sampling. Buyer picks some pieces randomly to test its gauge. SAMPLING BUDGET It consists of the following data. Buyer: Target Fabric: Mesh Season: 3Q 2003 Pieces: 500 . Shipment Sample: This stage is the completion of total order.
Description Mesh Rib Yarn 20 S Carded 20 S Carded Total Width F. Width 26’’ 9’’ 209’’ Total # of Pieces = 500 Mesh for 1 Shirt = 400g Mesh for 500 Shirts = 500 x 400 g = 200. Width 36’’ 200 F.Style #: 295 Division: Men’s GMT: S/S Polo with 1x1 Rib DTM body at neck.000 g 1000 = 9 Kgs Yarn Requirement: 20 S Carded = 209 = 5 . 2. Knitting Plan: Knitting plan is used for the description of material to be knit.000 g 1000 = 2 Kgs Total # of Pieces = 500 Rib for 1 Shirt = 18g Rib for 500 Shirts = 500 x 18 g = 9.
36 Dyeing Plan: Color Red Navy C.45.5 Accessories Sheet: Description Stitching Thread Red Stitching Thread Navy Main Label Side Label Label Core Label Twill Tape Poly bag Tissues Cartons (24/Pieces/Carton) Factor 200m 1 1 1 1 1m 1 2 500/24 TTL Material 250x200/2286 = 22 250x200/4500 = 12 1x500 = 500 1x500 = 500 1x500 = 500 1x500 = 500 1x500 = 500 1x500 = 500 2x500 = 1000 21 cartons Prepare By: ________ Checked By: _________ Received By: ________ Stitching Thread: Small Cone = 2286m Large Cone = 4500m . Code Mesh Kgs 250 x 400/1000 = 100 250 x 400/1000 = 100 Rib Kgs 250 x 18/1000 = 4.5 250 x 18/1000 = 4.
D S.1m = 39.D Cutting E.D Knitting S.D Dyeing E.D E. S.37’’ Cutting & Stitching Plan: Color Red Navy Total C.D E.D E.D Packing S.D S.D Fac D 28Jul 5Aug 9Aug 12Aug 15Aug 17Aug 20Aug 21Aug 20Aug 24Aug 23Aug 27Aug 7 S Prepare By: ________ Checked By: _________ Received By: ________ METHODS OF BREAKDOWN Following are the methods of breakdown. Code 100 100 S M 100 100 200 L 100 25 125 XL 50 25 75 TTL 250 250 500 Time & Action Plan: Pieces = 500 Packing = 200Pcws/DAy Stitching = 150Pieces/DAy Cutting = 1day Dyeing = 2 days Knitting = 3 days Yarn Package = 1 week Yarn Req.D E.D Stitching S. 1) Purchase Order 2) Production Summary .
Ratio b. Code S (30%) 1000 (M 20%) 2000 (L 50%) 3000 5000 6500 TTL 6000 9000 6000 FABRIC CONSUMPTION CALCULATION . Direct given by buyer RATIO METHOD S Color Red Green Htr Grey C. Color Red Green Htr Grey C. Code S (30%) 300 600 900 (M 20%) 200 400 600 (L 50%) 500 1000 1500 TTL 1000 2000 3000 DIRECT METHOD In direct method the buyer gives all values.a. Percentage c. Code 1 1/4x1000=250 1/4x2000=500 1/4x3000=750 2 2/4x1000=500 1 1/4x1000=250 1000 2000 3000 M L TTL 2/4x2000=1000 1/4x2000=500 2/4x3000=1500 1/4x3000=750 PERCENTAGE METHOD Color Red Green Htr Grey C.
Step 7: Calculate / make plans. Basic Terms: . Step 4: Calculate length of layout. 39. Step 1: Identify components of a garment. Step 5: Apply formula. Step 3: Layout patterns + optimizes wastages. Step 2: Take finish width available from R & D.37 = 1550 yarn/pc/layout L x W x 2 x GSM = ____________ = ___________ 1550 No.Following methods are used to calculate the fabric consumption. of Pieces/day grams/Pc While 2 = No. Of Layers of Fabric Circular Knit consists of 2 Layers Open width consists of 1 Layer Step 6: Add wastage.37 x 39.
72lbs/Dzn 1000 .9g/pc 1550 2 Fabric = Neck = Cuff = Total 233 8 13 254 Including small wastages 254 x 12 x 2.Ø Open Pattern Ø Close Pattern Ø One Garment Ø Components Calculations: Rib = 26’’ Fabric = 30’’ 30 x 60 x 2 x 200 = 464.2046 = 6.3g/Pc 1550 3 Cuff Calculation: Cuff = 3.832 = 12.5 x 26 x 220 x 2 = 25.5 1550 2 = 233g/Pc Neck Calculation: Neck = 3’’ x 26’’ x 220 x 2 = 23 = 7.
I. TYPES OF WASTAGES Cutting: It includes. Dyeing wastage 6-9% normally for fleece Finishing wastage Knitting: It includes. Knit 2-2. Progressive/ Step By Step Method .5% wastage that is left over yarn wastage Yarn Dyeing: It includes 5-7% Yarn dyeing wastage WASTAGE ADDITION METHOD There are two methods used for waste addition. Excess planning Small wastage 5 % included in layout Large wastage 3 % Dyeing: It includes.
80g 1550 425.II.03 x 1. Direct Method Calculation for Yarn Consumption: Length = 60’’ Width = 25’’ No.50 = 12.90g/pieces 2 Calculation for Rib: Length = 5’’ Width = 30’’ GSM = 250 5 x 30 x 2 x 250 = 48.10g/pc 4 Wastages: = 5.95 x 1.02 = 6.95Lbs/Dzn RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT .05 x 1. Of Pieces = 2 GSM = 220 60 x 25 x 2 x 220 = 425.50g 1550 48.06 x 1.80 = 212.
Maximum sample weight is 10 Kg but is according to the merchandiser’s requirement. Ø He compiles the results. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MANAGER Ø She decides the fabric styling. After that PD Plan is made by the PD center. Ø Concerned Merchandiser forwards the Fabrication Info to the Product Library and will get the exact match. If result is not OK. He submits the fabric in the Lab. design. After the quick wash. counts. finishing Routes. fabric finishing routes and fabric dyes. Data is inserted into the computer for making the file. gauges. Lab.Ø Research and development or RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT is related with product development. Ø RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT sends the developed samples to the P. Documentation and Planning is done. Yarn Count. 20-30 g (weight) of the fabric is reduced just because of chemicals and detergents. Single Knit/Double Knit. Width and GSM is calculated and observed in RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. Merch is developed and PD Plan is made by the PD center. Ø If there is no exact match. we refinish the fabric. Technical evaluation (Pricing). . Documentation and Planning is carried out. for the quick wash and sees the results after the 3 washes and required GSM is produced.I. Ø He sends the results to the buyer. Ø If there is required match. tells about the style. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PLAN Ø It issues the work order. Ø If OK for the results. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT starts working here.
.. designed to achieve the following Fulfilling Designer’s Dreams § A facility where an idea can be accurately converted in to product in quickest turnover rate. § Continuously developing and innovating new and exciting fabrics. largest in Asia. Ø Quality planning includes the “Consumption Sheet or Pattern Efficiency” that is 85% required. Ø Within three days Quality Plan is issued from RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. It is a 35000 sq ft facility. Ø One copy remains with the Merchandiser. quality and competitive pricing. QUALITY PLAN Ø Quality Product Requisition (QPR) is made in RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. Ø Quality Planning also includes the “Garments to Kg concept”. Sewing and ACCOUNT.Officer.Ø PD plan is send to the three departments. § Ensuring reproducibility and predictability of new products for production. SAMPLING. Meeting Merchandizing Requirement § Delivery of all types of samples with speed. accuracy. that shows that how much garments can be abstracted from the 1 Kg of fabric. garments and finishes in line with ever changing trends in knitwear world. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. Ø An independent and vertically integrated product development and research center is one of its own kinds. Ø One copy remains with the PD.
Software’s: The software’s that are being used in NAVEENA Textiles are: Ø Inventory management Ø Fixed assets system Ø Salary system software Ø Piece rate related software Ø Engineering system Ø Attendance system Security: Login is provided to every user and password is provided. Home directory 2. Department share 3. Look after of these computers. § Sales man samples in 2-4 weeks at actual production parameters MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM Department MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM department more than 100 hardware computers in factory.§ Prototype samples in 3-4 days in actual fabric and color. he can change according to his convenience. Care drive Home Directory: . 1. In all organization we provide three types of login. He is responsible the maintenance and hardware related problem. Only available recourses are planned.
His criteria will accord job requirements. Training . This process is done for management trainees. If they fresh graduate then first written test is done after this initial interview. and then final interview is conducted. Future plan: In future plan they will implement the E Commerce for update the status of the garments. They are using SQL because this provides more security and cheaper than database. He is only responsible for compiling and security for this data. Write facility is not provided because security purpose.Home directory the user can build folders. For workers and officer level the head of department hire. files. They also plan to implement ERP step by step. Care drive: In care drive the departments can read only. HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT Human resource department is responsible for Ø Recruiting Ø Training Ø Compensation Ø Performance appraisal Ø Firing Recruiting In NAVEENA for management hiring three interviews are conducted if they are experienced. Departmental share: The departments can share data with each other.
Back Ward Production Planning is done and this Production Time Line . PRODUCTION PLANNING It includes the planning like the Sewing Plan (we can also call it as the Master Plan). It is basically done to analyze that how much is needed. It involves the Pre-Production Analysis to ensure quality and reproducibility.12000 and other according to job requirement and skills of the employee. like sundries. Firing the employees If any employee is not doing his job very well then the Head of the department fire the concern employee.On the job training is mostly provided. in LUMS some lectures are scheduled. experience of the employees.M decide how much salary will be provided. Some mangers they visit to foreign countries for getting training. PPC has two further branches A) Material Resource Planning B) Production Planning and Monitoring MATERIAL RESOURCE PLANNING Material Resource Planning is done for the material procurement. PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL Production Planning and Control (PPC) is the nervous system of the organization and its basic task is to receive information from the merchandiser and link it to the production. Compensation For management trainees they provide Rs. yarn and fabric. when is needed. But sometimes for management we conduct seminars. 3000 according to government rolls. what is the cost of the material and how to acquire the resources. They also compensate according market going situation. For officers the G. what is needed. For workers they are providing minimum Rs. This depends on the nature of the job and skills.
track planning is also done by the PPC. Monitoring is done for the whole production process and in this we check out the planning implementation. PPC goes for the purchase department. It plans for how much dyes and chemicals are required. EXTRA PLANNING . gauges and counts are mentioned. DOCUMENTS GENERATION IN PPC Store Plan Store Plan can also be called as Accessories Plan. Cutting PPC receive Fabric Consumption Patterns from the Cutting department and plans that how much fabric must be used. and then it is converted in to the Acro fabric. For the procurement of the materials. In this Quality Plan specification. If the planning is failed. It also involves the information about Threads. Date Wise Plans are made from work order to delivery. Off. weight.involves when’s and what’s of the production. dyes. width. Buttons. re-planning is done for that. MONITORING It is the different entity. DOCUMENTS RECEPTION IN PPC Two types of the documents are received by the in the PPC from RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT and Cutting.track and On-the.the. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PPC receive Quality Plan from the RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. Sewing and Labels. Store Plan is basically a Quantity Plan. It involves all the documentation about the sundries being used in the production of the order. Dyeing Plan It is related with the Dyeing of the fabric that how much fabric is required for an order. quality.
import department involves in such purchases. parts of machineries that can be available locally. Three most important documents are used in the purchase department. MRP: Material Requirement and Planning This document is used within factory for issuing the material. As such no inventory level is maintained for such goods as these goods are utilized immediately and plan is made for the minimum for the week. Invisible losses are being made in Dyeing process and Finishing Process. The Production Planning and Control is the nervous system of our organization and undoubtedly it is our key success factor.3-5% extra planning is done for the losses. Buyer provides purchase Order and according to this the store department make plan. Visible losses occur from cutting to shipment. They whole purchase department is do not work the work order or purchase order. There are some visible losses and some invisible losses. . The nucleus of NAVEENA and Sarah’s remarkable success has been its impeccable system. PPC conducts detailed pre-production analysis to ensure quality and reproducibility. Things are purchased according the buyer demand. This whole import department is concerned with the high involvement machinery. Demand of the supplier is mentioned in the purchase order. These documents are used all over department. have to be purchase locally from the local markets. involve local purchase for the purchase of machines machinery that is not available in the local market. PPC managers have to go for the Chief Executive. MPR: Material Procurement Recognition Every department issues this then the purchase department is responsible for procurement. PURCHASE DEPARTMENT Every aspect of organization for the manufacturing of the product like sundries. chemicals and dyes etc. Any extra planning requires extra cost. Store Plan Store plan comes from the Store and purchase Requisition. So for the additional planning and additional cost. It comes from the warehouse. These are usually the general items. stationary. It is made for one supplier only at one time only. No buying is done without the order.
FOB/ C&F/ CIF/ Ex-Work Pakistan. Train. Shipment moves for the Karachi through the following ways. Forwarder / clearing agent make arrangements for the custom clearance and booking of the space at earliest vessel. Ø Freight Terms. Ø From # & Date Ø L/C. Following documents are required for the custom clearance. and Air. Truck. #(letter of credit) PACKING LIST .EXPORT DEPARTMENT EXPORT PROCEDURE Purchase order is received from buyer through the merchandizing department. INVOICE In Invoice following criteria is required. Detail is given following. Rates are as per shipment volume. Arrangements are made for the transportation to move the consignment by the road/train/air as per plan. Ø Consignee and Applicant Addresses Ø Garment Description Ø Garment Price and Total Invoice value Ø Net and Gross Weight of Garments Ø PO (purchase order) no. Funds arrangement for the transportation and custom clearance charges. Cargo lifting advice is fixed to custom clearing agent/ Forwarder/ Transportation. A fax message is send to buying house/buyer for opening L/C. Expected Audit date/time received and go-head is taken from concerned unit (manager) to carry shipment. Eg.
by the forwarder.There are following details in the packing list required as per buyer’s instruction or mentioned in L/C. And examine the shipment accordingly. QUOTA PROCEDURE Ø Arrangement of the quota for the exporting the above goods or the garments as per category. They write the report on the backside of the shipping bill and allow the shipment for the export from the Pakistan. custom authorities check the docs. After the sub Management Information Systems ion of the custom docs. § Consignee and applicant addresses § Product description § Garment Style and color § Net and Gross weight of Garments § No. which gives help for the custom clearance. Export-FORM E-FORM is issued and attested by the concerned bank. BILL OF ENTRY Applicable only in case of the imported material used in the manufacturing of the garments for the export purposes. All these docs are then returned to the export department. Ø Quota purchase from the open market/ EPB (export promotion bureau) . VALUATION FORM It is for the custom purpose to inform the value of the consignment to the State Bank of Pakistan. Of Pieces in the Carton and Carton Dimension also other necessary information. SHIPPING BILL The forwarder prepares shipping bill.
After this P. Export Department prepares the Visa docs.H. REBATE CLAIM After receiving the PRC.H. USA. The docs are prepared according to the L/C. which are required for the export of garment to the following countries.A. bank dispatches the same to L/C opening bank.M.P. we submit the docs in the Bank for the negotiation/ collection. The set of Visa with required docs is presented to P.A.VISA PROCESS After receiving the Docs from the forwarder. pass the Visa to the E.B (textile section). EUROPEAN countries. Then after the checking of the docs Visa is signed and stamped by the Director of the E. our bank is bound to issue the PRC within the working days. export department claims the duty draw back (rebate) from the customhouse in Karachi or Lahore. Foreign bank is bound to realize the same within the 10 to 15 days. for the Visa issuance.P. CANADA.B. for the issuing/ entering of the Passbook and the given serial numbers. NEGOTIATION / COLLECTION After the completion of the Visa process.M. COMMERCIAL INVOIVCE In the commercial invoice all the details are mentioned required under conditions of L/C for the custom clearance and other necessary purposes. PACKING LIST . After realization of the payment. All original docs are returned to the export department. or the buyer requirement. PAYMENT PROCEDURE After the negotiation/ collection procedure of the docs. DOCUMENTS FOR THE BUYER Export department also prepare documents for the buyer for the custom clearance of the shipment at the destination. to realize the payment.
both local and international. NAVEENA has tried to develop a company culture where quality is given the top priority. product code/other. BILL OF LADING/ AIRWAY This is according to the L/C terms and conditions. Foreign Exchange Rate. § INVOICE: It is custom attached and details of the imported material are also given. innovation is encouraged. § SHIPPING BILL: It is provided by the clearing agent and attested by the custom authorities. that is used in the manufacturing of the garment. coding numbers.It consists of color. H. Business Operation Management: The management team of NAVEENA comprises of dedicated and highly motivated individuals.S Code. laying much emphasis on teamwork and interdependency. weight. Weight. carton dimension. § BILL OF ENTRY: We need detailed information like Description. They bring with them. and carton packing. system are followed and fool proof inspection procedures at every stage of production and carried out. no. Custom and sales tax duties and etc. . of cartons. which brings synergetic results. SHIPPING CERTIFICATE In this certificate the shipping line intimates that the vessel /flight is not affected buy on Indian or the Israeli Flag vessel. experience in the knitwear industry and diverse educational backgrounds. BENEFICIARY’S CERTIFICATE It is according to per buyer requirement. Insurance. § BILL OF LADING: in it all the required information is provided which is needed for the custom clearance.
Of employees LHR 1500 Gov’t departments involve with organization: . tumbler and washing. lot to lot shade continuity. Of employees-KHI 2500 No. Quality Emphasis: The organization has already achieved ISO 9002 certification and has acquired various quality certificates and awards. Major Clients: The organization is working with leading multinational companies and believes in developing long term. there is team of professionals who head this department . color fastness to corking etc.strict quality control measures are implemented from the beginning and at all subsequent levels to maintain standards . Laboratory Testing: The organization have a comprehensive lab to check dye lots .yards covered area 175000sq . Among other equipment the most noted are the data colors.Quality Standers: Continuity in quality is an integral part of this organization. Organizational buyers are recognized and respected names in the international apparel industry. yards covered area 150000sq FT No. including the followings.FT Factory area LHR 5375sq.its the organizational routine to check fabric for shrinkage. sustainable relationships rather then “one time” commercial contract.their work starts from yarn till the end product . spectra flash. Factory Facility Factory area KHI 12000sq.
But it is due to its mass production . Plant and Equipment: The organization’s most of the plant and equipment is procured internationally. which are involved in term of Govt intervention in the textile industry. configured to generate optimal production at all stages and to ensure high quality. And it is to some extend is a mechanistic organization. Auto striper (terrot) s4f-248 18 30 5 Auto striper (terrot) s4f-248 20 30 2 Auto striper (fuquhara) s4f-248 18 30 2Auto striper (fuquhara) s4f-248 20 30 1 Mini jacquard (terrot) s3p4f-148 18 20 1 Feed stripe (Mayer & cie) 1mv4 11 20 30 1 Feed stripe (Mayer & cie) 1mv4 11 20/24 30 1 .There are many departments.The organization along with its functional structures has horizontal linkage which is most necessary thing in garment industry because of high quality consciousness. In term of knitting Type Model Gauge Diameter No. CBR Ministry of labor and manpower Ministry of excise and taxation Custom department Quality standards assurance organization State bank of Pakistan Structure and design of organization: Structure of the organization is flat and functional. which are followings.
K 30kg 1 Atyc yarn dyeing H.K 300kg 3 fong’s yarn dyeing H.K 90kg 1 fong’s yarn dyeing H. Fabric dyeing: fong’s 2t soft flow H.K 500-600kg 2 Atyc –ht 4t soft flow SPAIN 900kg 1 .K 300kg 1 these machinbes are wiuth a capacity of four batches.Feed stripe (Mayer & cie) 1ml-bf 20 30 1 Eight lock double knit t130-9621 18 30 2 RIB (pai-lung) t130-9621 16 34 1 Flatbed machines: Make Origin Gauge length Number Matsuya Japan 14 80cm 16 Matsuya Japan 14 56 05 Dying Yarn dyeing: Description make capacity number fong’s yarn dyeing H.K 750kg 1 atyc yarn dyeung H.K 300Kg 1 Fong 3t soft flow H.K 200kg 1 fong’s yarn dyeing H.K 850kg 1 fong’s yarn dryer H.
Atyc –ht soft flow SPAIN 165kg 1 Winding machines: SSM cone winder Switzerland 2000kg 4 Re-winder local 9000kg 6 Garment washing: Suit lick washing machine H.K 30kg 8 Tumbler (sutlick) H.K 30kg 8 Tumbler china 60kg 1 Dryer (sanatax) Switzerland 5 ton/day 1 Stenator Italy 15ton/day 1 Fabric slitter local 500kg 1 Squeezer Switzerland 6000kg 1 Corino (slitting machine) Italy 12000kg 1 Monforts (6chamber stenter Italy 15000kg 1 With graving system) Gravimeter system raising machine china 3000kg 1 Cutting /Embroidery: .K 30kg 2 tumbler (askmer) H.K 4000/day 2 Finishing: hyadro extractor local 60kg 1 Hydro extractor Taiwan 60kg 1 Tumbler (askmer) H.
which also works as competitive advantages in term of technology. Equipment Made Specification Number Boiler England 5. Which also work for attracting the buyers towards organization. . NAVEENA Dying The dyeing process starts from the sample swatches that are sent by the Buyer.Electric cutting machine KM (Japan) 12 heads 5 Embroidery machine tajima 6needles 1 Band knife nagi shing 1 Stitching 480 –sewing machines comprising along with 5 uni8ts having capacity of 22000 dozen garments /month. After the buyer then the dyeing approves the samples people follow the production plan provided by the PPC.50ton/hr 1 Generator USA 375KVA 1 Generator USA 300KVA 1 Compressor Japan 1580lbs 4 The organization has a strong capacity of production. maintenance and development facility classified under electrical and mechanical department. Lab Functions: Samples are prepared according to the needs of the buyer and the process is called lab dipping. and helpful for obtaining order and fulfilling it on time. Currently the following equipments are installed on the pre-Management Information Systems. Auxiliary equipment: The organization has an in house repair. The brands which the organization is currently using all are of well named in industry.
Machine 1 is 700 kg 2. Fabric Dyeing There are two Methods 1. The capacity of the machines is as following.Dyeing Process: There are two types of dyeing 1. Machine 5 is 350 kg 5. Yarn Dyeing 2. 1. In fabric dyeing three machines are hi-temperature and rest is atmospheric. Machine 5+6+7 is 300kg each 6. Machine 2 is 150 kg 3. Machinery: In Yarn dyeing all machines are of Hi-Temperature. Atmospheric Dyeing. Machine 3 is 30 kg 4. 1. . Machine 6 is 50 kg and is named as winch machine. 8th in line is only drier of 800kg. Machine 4 is 200kg 5. Machine 3+4 is 550 kg 4. The capacities of the machines are as following. Machine 2 is 90 kg 3. Machine 1 is 800kg 2. Hi-Temperature dyeing 2.
6. Reasons for dyeing: For attractive purpose For uniformity Shade variation controlling Color gives: More comfort More satisfaction Process flow: Singeing To remove protruding fibers De –Sizing To remove the size for uniform dyeing (over dry) Scouring To remove added and natural impurities Detergents To remove soil and keep it suspended in Water. After the dyeing fabric is transferred to finishing. Bleaching Removing of color Changing absorbency . So they don’t penetrate again in the fabric. Machine 7 is 20 kg and is also winch machine.
Mercerization Length of fiber Fineness of fiber Types of dyes: Reactive dyes make covalent bond Disperse dyes make a penetration Vat dyes make a trapping Sulphur dyes Direct dyes make a overlapping Component of dyeing: Temperature Salt Machines Factor effect the cost: q Labor q Raw material q Machinery q Maintenance q Electricity q Transportation q Dyes q Chemical .
Before selecting the product consider followings. q Price q Quality q Availability q Performance q Packing q Storage q Concentration q Final cost q Compatibility q Environmental factors Required expertise: Electric and electronic work Mechanical work .q Gas General requirements by buyers · Strong color bonding · No bleeding & staining · After twenty washes no change in color · No absorption affect on garment after twenty washes Recommendations for cost control in dyeing house: 1. Compare the cost with competitors 2.
Machine / work knowledge Responsibility: Maintenance Manager / Knitting Manager Benefits: a. Less stoppage b. More production c. High quality NAVEENA Knitting There are two kinds of knitting: · Flat knitting · Circular knitting. These both categories of knitting are being performed at NAVEENA 2 facility. Let’s take a brief over view how it is done. Flat Knitting: The purpose of flat knitting is to prepare collars and coughs. They are given the fabric by circular knitting department and after that the technician at the flat knitting machine feeds the designs according to the demand of the buyer. They are given a complete production plan by the PPC department, which they need to follow to get the desired result. Machinery: For the purpose of flat knitting NAVEENA 2 facility flat knitting department is equipped with 21 automatic flat knitting machines. Three operator’s one helper and a master manage them. The capacity of each machine is 250 sets in 24 hours, and according to the statement of machine operators they are easily achieving the maximum capacity on regular basis. All the machines are 14 gauge machines, which mean every machine can have 14 needles per inch. The more the gauge better will be the quality. Common error is that of needle break, which spoils the whole fabric if not detected at once. Setting the needles in the
machine according to the requirement is an art and the master has to be the master in this art to get the desired result and to avoid error. Maintenance: There is a separate maintenance department present but there is no concept of preventive maintenance, only break down maintenance is done which costs the organization much more than the preventive maintenance. Quality Parameters: The quality checkers inspect the flat knitted fabric on the basis of Wales and courses. They check whether the whales and courses per inch meet buyer requirement or not. Wastage of 2 % is allowed. Circular Knitting: They again get their line of action from the PPC department. The purpose of the circular knitting is to convert yarn into fabric. Machinery: There are total 15 machines 9 of them are computerized and called auto machines. These machines are capable of making maximum stripes on a fabric while using four colors at a time. The auto machines are mostly used for the preparation of fabric of dark colors and having stripes or repeat. The remaining six machines are called feeder machines. They cannot make a stripe more than 2.5 inches on a fabric. Mostly they are used for simple fabrics of white and light colors. Each machine is capable of producing 150 kg per day. A total of 192 cones of yarn can be added to a single machine of four different colors, 48 cones belong to each color. One person handles each auto machine and two feeder machines are under one person. There is a supervisor and a master present to keep check on the things. The machinery is not capable of producing French terry and fleece fabric. Any order of these two fabrics is outsourced. All the machines have flexible gauge facility, which is set according to the buyer requirement. Quality Parameters: After the fabric is prepared it is checked by the quality personnel on a machine called clatter machine, using the 4 point system. This machine enables the quality personnel to detect various defects in the garment, after detecting the
error they mark it and send for appropriate corrections. The errors, which cannot be removed, are then cut off in a way that their effect should not be on the finished garment. Finishing: The finishing can be termed as the process for drying the fabric. First of all the fabric is transferred to hydro machine which squeezes the water out of fabric. Then the fabric whose rate of shrinkage is more is sent for tumbling which is the traditional approach for drying and the other fabrics are transferred to tenter fesaro + compactor machine, where fabric is straightened. The machine is hitech and fully computerized. Then the fabric is transferred to slitting and squeezing machine. After that comes in the stenter machine having six chambers. After that the fabric goes through the erasing machine which smoothens the fabric mostly fleece is erased. Now fabric is ready and is transferred to NAVEENA 1. All the machines are of hi-technology and produce great results. A dryer is in the process of being set up and will soon be functional increasing the efficiency of the finishing section. Quality Parameters: The quality personnel check the quality after the erasing and the main concentration is upon the variation of shades. If the fabric shade varies then it is sent back for re dyeing. The sophisticated fabric in whom there are more chances of shade variation it is even checked during the dyeing process by the quality personnel. Cone WINDING: It is of two types: Ø Soft winding Ø Re winding Soft winding: The yarn when firstly come is hard .the cone winding department re wind it to make it soften. Then it become easy to dye and the dye quality become higher. Re winding:
.After dyeing of the yarn it is re winded and is transferred from spring wind to the paper wind. If any thing Management Information Systems the eye of supervisor then any error can easily go through Major Suppliers Din spinning Sapphire Ejaz spinning Azgard9 Dewan Mills Nishat Mills Hussain Mills Factors Affecting on Organization in Term of External Environment There are factors which are currently affecting the organization and are as follow: Gov’t policies As the policy of Gov’t changes it directly effects organization because there are many factors. · Subsidies from Gov’t. The biggest draw back is that there are no control checks what so ever in the cone-winding department. which entice the organization with Gov’t · Tax policy · Rebate · Quota · Industrial policy of Gov’t in term of garments manufacturer.
· Labor policy Brands Side out High sierra Antigua Cherokee Amc –stores Aeropostale Phat farm Roots Hard rock café Hollister Brake water Perry Ellis Wal-Mart The company devotes considerable time and effort to consolidate its present relationships and develop new ones. The supplier side is although most critical aspect of the organization in term of quality and quantity because of the large-scale production in NAVEENA. Suppliers of organization: The company also has the list of compatible suppliers and includes them in term of stakeholders and used to facilitate them with the maximum beneficial way to develop long-term relationship with them. which are long term and diversify the company client base. with the goal of establishing relationships. agin. Organizational Culture .
There is less innovation and differentiation in products. So.in term of taking orders and the main aspect is price of manufacturing garments.the organization has to develop its self from now to be in market in future. Adequate facilities exist and are constantly upgraded to improve the social environment. under all cost. The organization has following statement for their social culture “We strictly. because the commodity is same and due to witch there is cost factors which is very high and directly effect organization. Domestic competition These are all major competitors of the organizations. Because in that huge dynamic e4nvironment there will be more dimensions in organization to meet with uncertainty. forbid child labor and forced labor” Competition There is a big competition between industry . International Competition The overseas competition is now –a –days very less but it will become very high after the remove of ATC . and all are Lahore based.NAVEENA consider its employees to be its biggest assets. It can be come from: · Singapore · Bahrain (because the USA made a contract with UAE) · China · Bangladesh · Thai-land · Honk –Kong · Malaysia .
The organization has mechanistic design and which is working on the basis of efficiency. Because the technology is also working as a substitute for man power with more efficiency. Although the technology. which NAVEENA is using not very low but there is no end in business. maximum out put from least input. SWOT ANALYSIS OF NAVEENA During my internship I observe some strengths. which means more production. The industrialist has a solid point that it also saved cost i9n term of · Error reduction · Les labor cost In order to compete internationally the organization must have to depend on new and advanced technology. Structure and design of organization: The structure of organization is functional with horizontal linkage. weaknesses. STRENGHTS Ø Big buyers from market Ø Well known strong suppliers Ø Strong departmental structure Ø MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM department Ø Quality Provider WEAKNESSES . opportunities and threats for Naveena are given below. Technology: Technology is also a key sector in term of external environment for garments industry.
Ø China and India is big threat when quota will free Ø Differentiation Ø Switching of buyers Ø No Isolation Ø Persistent quality Ø Low price from other countries BCG MATRIX FOR NAVEENA Boston Consulting Group Matrix (BCG MATRIX) . Ø Many brands we can start like sports garments.Ø Not a big player in market Ø Low integration between departments Ø Too much decentralized the departments. Ø No RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Ø No marketing research OPPORTUNITIES Ø In WTO(World Trade Organization) implement quota will free this will be opportunity for especially NAVEENA because he can produce much more. Ø Expansion of business Ø Diversification In term of open trade Ø Capture local market THREATS Ø New entries in the market like small level unit after WTO implementing.
Marketing Analysis . Marketing Strategy § The product improvement will be marketing strategy. This is directly and indirectly affecting the whole market. its relative market share. Stars Questionmark Cash cows Dogs There is a huge slum in garments industry. The BCG matrix assumes the causal relationship between market share and profitability. after the incident of 9/11. That’s the sign due to which I analyze that the NAVEENA is a cash cow in term of BCG matrix. This is accepted in the market.The BCG matrix measure market attractiveness by market growth rate and it assesses the firm ability to compete by. § Targeting the young people and using price strategy to satisfy them. § Product innovation § We make reasonable price against market. Ø Value added products are provided. Ø Pull and push strategy is adopted Ø Performance is better. Competitive Strategy Ø In garment washing different effects is provided to customer. even in this situation and earning from international market. § Outlook of garment is very smart and excellent. But NAVEENA is the organization working quite well.
which can’t be achieved in day’s . It’s a big process.The structure of organization is quite well but the design is not. Then I attached with the process of circular knitting and flat knitting and learn about these two processes and its importance. NAVEENA . Practical learning ECRU YARN STORE AND CONE WINDING . Because the coming trends are moving very fast. After this knows about the process of fabric dying and then there was a difficult and main process of approval and rejection of fabric in PI lab. Then there will be need of Differentiation Added features Effectiveness Quick response to changes More flexibility More complexity Competitive edges not one but more then that. ECRU FABRIC STORE / LAT MAKING AND FABRIC DYING/ PI LAB I learn about the process of maintaining ecru fabric store and lat making. After that I got the information about Cone Winding that how it works and what are the functions of cone winding. At first I get the information about Ecru Yarn Store that how after the order of buyer a company bye the ecru yarn and store it according to W/O. Either to sit a side and looking on trend‘s changing the organization has to do a lot. YARN DYING / LAB AND CIRCULER KNITTING AND FLAT KNITTING I learn about the yarn dying that how an ecru yarn dyed and after dying process how it preserves.It take lot of time to enhance theses capabilities in organization. And in the end of this year the environment that is now-a-days stable will become dynamic.
ASSESRIES In this we plan about how much accessories will be used in garment and also wastage factor will be added in it. actually we get all the lengths and get the information of cost as well and other things about the roots.following the international standards of approving and rejecting the dyed fabric. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT) In RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT we analyze and finalize the root of fabric that how it will complete and in finishing how it approaches the buyer requirements. CONSUMPTION After getting the all the lengths of garments we know about the consumption and it is known by the defined formula of body and sleeve. PPC DEPARTMENT (PLANING PRODUCTION AND CONTROLLING) . DYING FINISHING AND DYED FABRIC STORE Today I learn about the process of finishing the dyed fabric and how the fabric get ready for the next process and after this after all quality checks the fabric is ready to next process and for this it preserve or store in dyed fabric store. PRODUCTION SHEET Production sheet is given from buyer and buyer tell his requirements actually all the specs is given in this sheet. so according to this sheet we develop the required garment for approval and also we analyze the cost as well.It is one of the major department of any textile Industry without having god professional it can not work so knowledge about PPCis very much useful. COSTING . we get the sum of body and sleeve and get the consumption of garments.
After making a proto sample and costing merchandising department send the sample for approval. It is a core process and I today I learn about this process. CONTROLLING We the plan is accepted than according to due date every day PPC check that how much process is completed and how much time remaining will take. I learn about the basic functions of merchandising that how after the order of a buyer it works and what are the basic function like reading of spec sheet and other information about the specs. CONFIRMATION OF ORDER . Merchandising Department I join the merchandising department and get the whole information and briefing about the merchandising department and its functions that are done under merchandising.In this process we added all the consumptions and compare it with the buyer rate if it is less than the buyer rate then it will be accepted otherwise not. FIT SAMPLE After getting the information merchant made a fit sample and sends it to the buyer for the final approval. It is not the requirement of all the buyers but few buyers get the sale sample. SALE SAMPLE I learn about the process of sale sample the how this process is occur and one thing that is learning in it that the price of sale sample is doubled than the other garments. PROTO SAMPLE AND COSTING I learn that how to make a proto sample and how define the costing of that proto sample. So process is checked at every stage.
So the lot loaded on trolleys doesn’t have to wait for long time. Merchant made all sizes and gets the confirmation of all sizes from buyer then starts the next step. but it should be embedded in each employees mind. it must be two . Ø Effective maintenance is also important to get maximum utilization of machinery. Ø In flat knitting department the quality inspection machine is not working. That should be repaired. . after confirmation of order merchant demand to buyer to give accessories detail so that he can start the production. Ø There is only one hydro machine in dyeing. Ø Keeping high quality is not only the responsibility of quality department. Actually it was a practical learning and no documentation was involved in these days Issues and Suggestions Suggestions and recommendations for knitting and dyeing Ø There should be a preventive maintenance scheduled program. These days I spent with the merchandiser that how he works when order is confirmed and how the whole process is completed. Every employee should take it as personal responsibility. SIZE SET AND PRODUCTION Today I known that what is the importance of size set before stating the bulk production. SCHEDULE ABOUT TESTING I learn that how get the schedule of testing the garments. Ø There should be clearly written standard about the demand of buyers’ requirements about the production. Actually it is necessary to know about the schedule because after confirmation the order it is 1st requirement that have to fulfill first and after this bulk production is started.I learn about that what happen after confirmation of order.
Ø Quality measures should be clearly defined. as it is a secret. Ø Raw material should be properly stored. The problem is addresses only when it occurs. And due to which a lot of quality problems are occurring which increase both the time and cost. which was not required at all. regarding time and action plan: The most common issue is of coordination Management Information System takes that lead to enormous losses at the end of the day. According to PPC personnel due to some Management Information System takes by merchants in providing production summary they end up making garment. Issues and Suggestions. There should be planning in advance for that in order to minimize the effects of a problem that has occurred. There should be clear lines of communication established between the departments. Only production . Ø Common error of fluff. Limitations: Buyer due to the fact that the merchant cannot forward the purchase order gives Some times the co-ordination gap to PPC. because they’re hazardous if stored in knitting department. Every concerned person should know what is going on and what was required so that controlling should not only limit to the PPC department. In order to avoid this kind of scenarios the merchants need to be absolutely sure what is required and the PPC personnel should clear any ambiguities before going for production and should recheck with the merchant the basic requirements. Issues and Suggestions. which is only due to the non-cleanliness of the production floor. written and hang on the departmental walls. regarding production. Although there is a co-ordination manager present but still personal interest of all the departments is required in order to make the coordination free of any doubts. planning and control: The biggest draw back in the time and action plans of PPC in NAVEENA is that there is no contingency planning in advance it is a general rule that while planning production some cushion is given for activities such as machine break down or any other extraneous variables that can take place. From Knitting to Finishing every responsible person should have a clear idea what he needs his team to do.
competitive and tough. BIBLIOGRAPHY · Company profile I got the information regarding vision statement. · Export related data gather from Export Manager. · Process related data collect from different departmental heads. is that the stronger the culture of the organization better will be the productivity. MMC: Stands for material Management and Control MPR: This means Material Procurement Requisition . There is no room for personal grudges because each and every one depends on each other if any one screw up the whole organization suffers. GLOSSARY GSM: Stands for Gram Square per meter. Conclusion Form my experience of six weeks in this organization I have learnt many things. · Merchandising related data from merchandising manager. In textile sector the thing of immense importance is how well the organizational personnel communicate with each other. core values. which I am able to find out. The most important is that practical professional life is very hectic. · Import related data gets from Import manager.summary is prepared and is given to PPC so if merchant makes a Management Information System take in interpreting the PO there is no way PPC can come to know about if there are any ambiguities in the production summary? Sometimes the merchant delays in forwarding information as it arrives to him resulting in delay to initiate the production process. · SWOT information gets from Senior Managers. · HRD information get form HR Officer. The best thing.
MIR: This stand for Material Issue Requisition GPR: This means Gate Pass Requisition GRN: Stands for Goods Received Notes BRS: Stands for Bank Reconciliation Statement SAN: It means Sales Notes OGP: Stands for Outward Gate Pass .