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B Text definition Source A valve manifold assembly with 2 valves and 3 ports. A valve manifold assembly with 5 valves and 6 ports. A pressure transmitter where pressure is applied to one side of the sensor while the other side has a vacuum chamber. A detector that is intended to measure and record acceleration. An analysing instrument that is intended to measure the amount of acetic acid in liquid streams or liquid samples. An electromechanical transducer that is intended to convert energy (electric, pneumatic or hydraulic) from an external source into kinetic energy (motion) in response to a signal. A physical object that is a rod-like extension of the diaphragm plate or piston in an actuator to permit convenient connection to e.g. a valve stem. A flow meter that is intended for measuring air flow rate. A pressure regulator that is intended to control the air supply pressure to a consumer and keeping it invariable independent of the air consumption. A pressure regulator that is an assembly of an air pressure regulator and an air filter.
actuator stem 8
air flow meter air pressure regulator
air pressure regulator and filter 11
alarm signal processing circuit board A control circuit board that is intended to receive and encode one 12 or more signals and produce an output signal to an alarm unit. alarm unit 13 alignment instrument 14 amca straightener 15 ampere-hour meter 16 A physical object that is intended to process and annunciate alarms. A detecting instrument that is intended to measure and indicate the position of equipment relative to each other. A flow straightener basically consisting of a honeycomb with square meshes. An electric measuring instrument that is intended to measure a quantity of electricity by integrating current with respect to time. A detecting instrument that is intended to measure the value of an electric current. An amplifier that is mounted on an electronic circuit board intended to receive and amplify one or more signals.
amperemeter 17 amplifier circuit board 18
A analogue indicating instrument 19 analogue operating instrument 20 analogue signal input circuit board 21
B An indicating instrument that gives a visual indication of a measured variable by a pointer on a dial. A process instrument that is operating with numbers represented by some physically measurable quantity. An input circuit board intended to receive and encode one or more analogue signals into a computer interpretable format.
analogue signal output circuit board An output circuit board intended to decode and transmit one or more analogue signals from a computer 22 interpretable format into an analogue output signal. analogue temperature indicating 23 instrument analogue temperature indicator 24 housing analogue to digital converter 25 analysing instrument 26 anemometer 27 antenna 28 An analogue indicating instrument that indicates temperature in an analogue way. A temperature indicator housing that is intended for an analogue indicator. A signal converter that is intended to convert an analogue input signal into a digital output signal. A detecting instrument that is intended to analyse a substance for its composition and/or properties. A detecting instrument for recording wind speed, and possibly wind direction. An electromagnetic transducer that is a physical object made of conducting material which is capable of radiating or receiving electromagnetic waves. An electronic controller that continuously measures and provides multi-variable proximity-to-surge calculations in order to protect the compressor against surge. A detecting instrument consisting of a graduated glass tube terminating in a loaded bulb, for measuring the specific gravity of fluids. A process instrument that is so constructed as to be unaffected by uniform magnetic fields of external origin. A pitot tube flow meter that uses a pitot tube with multiple openings.
antisurge controller 29
astatic instrument 31 averaging pitot tube flow meter 32 axial displacement probe 33 back pressure regulator 34
A detecting element that is intended to detect axial displacement. A regulator that uses the up-stream pressure to control the valve trim position.
B A physical object that is a hollow body with a flared mouth made of cast metal. Formed to emit a clear musical sound by the sonorous vibration of its entire circumference when struck by a clapper, hammer or other appliance. A temperature indicator that is not powered and uses a bimetallic element as sensor. A temperature element that is using a bi-metal strip to convert a temperature change into mechanical displacement. A temperature gauge that is using a bimetallic strip as temperature element. An instrument process flange that accommodates installations that require traditional biplanar configuration. An analysing instrument intended to determine the boiling point or boiling range of a fluid. A rupture disk holder where the rupture disk seating surface is machined directly into the inlet and outlet flange. A specially formed tube closed at one end which undergoes a measurable physical deflection within its elastic limit when subjected to a pressure difference between the inside and the outside of the tube. A differential pressure gauge that utilizes two connected bourdon tubes as the measuring element. A pressure gauge that is utilizing a bourdon tube as detecting element. A sight glass with a circular shape. An electronic controller that is designed and programmed to control the operation of a burner. An alarm unit intended for use with a rupture disc. An electronic controller that is intended to control the data traffic of a bus. A detecting element that is intended to detect changes in the dielectric constant. A level transmitter which that is utilizing the capacitance of the processed material to detect level. A pressure element that utilizes a diaphragm affecting a capacitance cell.
bimetal temperature indicator 36 bimetallic temperature element 37
bimetallic temperature gauge 38 biplanar flange 39 boiling point analyser 40 bolted rupture disc holder 41 bourdon tube
bourdon tube differential pressure 43 gauge bourdon tube pressure gauge 44 45 46 47 48 capacitance probe 49 capacitive level transmitter 50 capacitive pressure element 51 burst alarm unit bus controller bull eye burner controller
A chart or diagram that is showing the consequences of different errors. A document where the information is exhibited in a methodical and/or tabulated form. An analysing instrument intended to determine the concentration of carbon dioxide. A physical object that is moving the chart in a way which is a function of a variable. A physical object that is an armour of a capillary temperature element. especially related to failures in the control system. An analysing instrument that is intended to determine the cloud point of a fluid. A recorder that is intended to record on a chart. A diaphragm that is intended for a sealing element at the connection to a process medium. A gas analyser that is using catalytic combustion of gases in air or oxygen. C capillary temperature element 53 armour carbon dioxide analyser 54 catalytic analyser 55 cause and effect chart 56 chart 57 chart driving mechanism 58 chart recorder chemical colorimetry analyser 60 chemical seal diaphragm 61 chromatograph 62 59 cloud point analyser 63 communications controller 64 compressor unload valve actuator 65 computer 66 . A general purpose computer can be programmed to solve any reasonable problem expressed in logical and arithmetical terms. An analysing instrument that applies the principle of chromatography to analyse the molecular composition of a substance. An electronic controller that is intended to act as a node in a communication network. A physical object that can store data and program(s) that operates on the data. An analysing instrument intended to measure alkalinity by colorimetric pH determination in a buffered sample. A valve actuator that is operating a suction valve or clearance pocket valve on a reciprocating compressor. valve etc. generally time. in order to have the compressor run at part-load or at no-load condition.A capillary temperature element 52 B A temperature sensing element that consist of a vapour or liquid filled bulb (the sensing element) that via a capillary tube is connected to a bellow that can expand or contract in response to temperature changes and operate an indicating instrument.
A regulator that operates automatically to affect a controlled variable by comparing the value of the controlled variable with the value of a reference variable in order to reduce the difference between them.e. A physical object that is an electronic or mechanical device that is built into a system in order to control the system's behaviour. A detecting instrument that is used for measuring electrical conductivity in fluids. A recording instrument that is capable of recording slowly changing measured signals/quantities. A transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from a conductivity meter. A hole where the wall surface. A dew point analyser that detects the first appearance of condense to determine a dew point. i. the boundary between the solid and the no-solid.A concentric hole orifice plate 67 condensation dew point analyser 68 conductivity cell 69 conductivity level transmitter 70 conductivity meter 71 72 conical concentric orifice plate conical orifice hole 73 B An orifice plate with a circular orifice that is coaxial with the conduit and is concentric to the conduit axis. C continuous line recorder 74 control box 75 A terminal box that is used as accommodation for control function circuits. A concentric hole orifice plate of which the orifice is conical. unit or process. control element 78 control system 79 controller 80 81 coplanar flange . An instrument process flange that is used for pressure transmitters. A system intended to control the operation of a machine. is of a cylindrical nature and on the upstream side have a straight circular truncated conical nature. A detecting element or probe that is used with a conductivity meter to measure the conductivity of a liquid. 76 control cable control circuit board 77 A cable that is intended to be involved in some control function. A transmitter mounted on an electronic circuit board intended to receive and encode one or more signals and produce signals to control handling units.
A detecting instrument intended to measure. C counter 86 cpu socket 87 current to current converter 88 current to pressure converter 89 current to voltage converter 90 91 92 cylindrcal concentric orifice plate cylindrical antenna A concentric hole orifice plate of which the orifice is cylindrical. especially an electronic or mechanical device that automatically counts occurrences or repetitions of phenomena or events. dall tube 93 dall tube flow meter 94 .20 mA) to a proportional linear pneumatic output signal. An interface card that is a socket or slot that interfaces between a computer's motherboard and the cpu itself. A flow sensor that is a restriction tube with a relatively short passage with smooth entry and exit. A differential pressure flow meter where the restriction consist in a dall tube that is a combination of a venturi tube and orifice plate. A detecting instrument for determining the amount of a substance released during electrolysis by measuring the electrical charge. A signal converter that is intended to convert a current input signal to a proportional voltage output signal. indicate and/or produce a signal which represents the rate or degree of corrosion. A detecting element that is a piece of suitable metal meant to corrode and give an indication of the corrosion rate.A coriolis mass flow meter 82 corrosion meter 83 corrosion probe 84 coulometer 85 B A mass flow meter that uses the Coriolis principle to measure a mass flow rate through the meter. A signal converter that is intended to convert an analogue signal (4 . An antenna having a cylindrical shape. A signal converter that is intended to convert one current signal to another current signal. A detecting instrument that counts.
and produce a signal based on the detection. A physical object that is a flexible disk of metal (convoluted) or a membrane of resilient material that provides limited movement. A physical object that is an assembly of a sensing element and necessary ancillary devices making it able of detecting a state. detecting instrument 98 detector 99 detector base 100 dew point analyser 101 diaphragm 102 diaphragm actuator 103 diaphragm casing 104 diaphragm type gauge 105 . An actuator that is pneumatically operated and uses a pressurized medium to provide movement of the diaphragm. An analysing instrument intended to determine the dew point of a substance. The densitometer is basically a light source aimed at a photoelectric cell which determines the density of the sample from differences in the readings. A process instrument that is intended to measure a physical quantity (IEV.A densitometer 95 B A detecting instrument that measures the degree of darkness in photographic or semitransparent material.g. e. An electrical socket that is designed for receiving a (smoke) detector. temperature. C density analyser 96 detecting element 97 An analysing instrument intended to determine the density of a substance. An enclosure or housing that is used for supporting a diaphragm and establishing one or two pressure chambers. or detect the presence of a selected substance. A physical object that is the primary element of a measuring chain which converts the input variable into a signal suitable for measurement. IEC-770-1) and/or to indicate and/or to transmit a signal which represents a measured variable. pressure. A pressure gauge that is utilizing a diaphragm as detecting element.
A flow meter with a restriction placed in the flow line causes the velocity of the flowing fluid to change. The change of flow velocities causes changes in pressures between two measurement points which then is used to calculate the flow velocity. A pilot switch that is intended to measure and indicate and/or produce a signal which represents the measured differential temperature. differential pressure regulator 113 differential pressure switch 114 differential pressure transmitter 115 differential temperature switch 116 digital display 117 . A pilot switch intended to switch or give an on/off signal when the measured differential pressure has reached a preset value. A pressure transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received pressure difference signal.A differential measuring instrument 106 B A process instrument that is intended to measure the difference between the values of two quantities of the same kind existing at practically the same time. A display that gives the information in the form of characters (numbers or letters). A regulator that uses the differential pressure to control the valve trim and regulate the pressure in a process system. 108 differential pressure gauge 109 differential pressure indicator 110 A pressure indicator that is indicating the difference between two fluid pressures applied to it. C differential pressure cell 107 differential pressure flow meter A detecting element that produces a signal proportionately to the applied differential pressure. differential pressure level transmitter A level transmitter that is measuring liquid level by sensing pressure difference between two points. differential pressure meter 112 A detecting instrument that is intended to measure and indicate and/or produce a signal which represents a measured differential pressure. e. A gauge that is intended for measuring and indicating pressure differences. 111 the hydrostatic pressure at the bottom of a tank to the atmosphere pressure.g.
A digital input circuit board 118 B An input circuit board that is intended to receive and encode one or more electrical binary signal(s) to a computer interpretable format. A temperature indicator that is powered and is displaying the temperature in a digital way. digital to analogue converter A signal converter that is intended to convert a digital input signal into an analogue output signal. A recording instrument that records data on a rotating recordable disc. 122 dip tube level meter 123 dipole antenna 124 direct operated pressur regulator 125 A pressure regulator that is using direct feed back of the outlet pressure to correct the valve trim position and maintain a constant outlet pressure independent of the flow. A level meter monitoring liquid levels based on the hydrostatic pressure principle. but may be of folded type. C digital output circuit board 119 digital temperature indicator 120 121 digital temperature indicator housing A temperature indicator housing that is the static part of an analogue temperature indicator. An output circuit board that is intended to decode and transmit one or more binary signals from a computer interpretable format to a digital output signal. An antenna most commonly made up by two equal halves. An electronic controller that is intended to control a hard disk drive. disc recorder 126 disk controller 127 .
132 dot matrix printer 133 A printing machine (computer printer) with a print head that runs back and forth on the page and prints by impact. A detecting instrument that is intended for measuring the brake horsepower of a prime mover or engine. A level switch that is using a displacer that is suspended from a spring as the sensing element. 139 dual solenoid actuator dynamometer 140 dynamometer ammeter 141 . or filter before passing it through the gas. An actuator that is able to operate in both directions. 134 double acting actuator double acting hydraulic piston 135 actuator double acting pneumatic diaphragm A pneumatic diaphragm actuator that is actuated by low-pressure air 136 actuator and is driven in both directions. A hydraulic piston actuator that is actuated by hydraulic fluid and is driven in both directions.A dispersive infra-red gas analyser 128 B A gas analyser in which the absorption of a specific wavelength or IR radiation is measured by dispersing the IR radiation from a source through a prism. An ampere meter operating according to the dynamometric principle. striking an inksoaked cloth ribbon against the paper. A solenoid actuator that is operated by two solenoids. A rupture disc with a domed shape. An ultrasonic flow meter that uses the Doppler effect to measure a flow rate of a moving liquid or gas. C displacer level switch 129 130 131 display domed rupture disc doppler flow meter A physical object that is intended for presenting information. and detecting this radiation by a broad band sensor. double acting pneumatic piston 137 actuator double chamber orifice fitting 138 A pneumatic piston actuator that is actuated by low-pressure air and is driven in two directions. grating. An orifice plate fitting that has double chamber enabling removal of orifice plate from the meter tube without interrupting the flow in the pipeline.
A temperature transmitter that is generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the received input signal from the temperature sensor. A speed transmitter measuring speed and generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the detected speed. C elbow flow meter 143 A differential pressure flow meter where the fluid passes through a pipe elbow. electric signal transducer 144 electric valve actuator electrical density analyser 146 A transducer for converting or transferring signals and in which at least one of the forms of signals is electric. but eccentric to the conduit axis. A pressure transmitter measuring pressure and generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the detected pressure. A density analyser that is measuring density and generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the measured density. A differential pressure transmitter that is producing a standardized electrical output signal dependent of a received pressure difference signal. The pressure at the outside radius of the elbow increases due to centrifugal force. A position transmitter measuring position and generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the detected position. A level transmitter measuring a level and generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the detected level. A valve actuator that is intended to be driven by electricity. A flow transmitter that is measuring flow rate and generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the detected flow.A eccentric hole orifice plate 142 B An orifice plate with an orifice that is circular and coaxial with the conduit. 145 electrical differential pressure transmitter 147 electrical flow transmitter 148 electrical level transmitter 149 electrical position transmitter 150 electrical pressure transmitter 151 electrical speed transmitter 152 electrical temperature transmitter 153 .
C electromagnetic flow meter body 157 electromagnetic flow transmitter 158 electromagnetic transducer 159 electromechanical transducer 160 electronic circuit board 161 electronic controller 162 electronic flow controller 163 electronic liquid level controller 164 electronic load cell 165 electronic pressure controller 166 electronic sensor 167 An electronic controller that is intended to regulate the pressure in as system. An electronic controller that is intended to provide level monitoring and control. A detecting element (sensor) that is intended to measure an electrical or non-electrical quantity using electronic means. A physical object that comprises a printed circuit board with electronic components intended for receive. A transducer that is capable of producing an electric signal based on an electromagnetic signal or vice versa.A electroacoustic transducer 154 electrodynamic instrument 155 electromagnetic flow meter 156 B A transducer that is capable of producing an acoustic signal based on an electric signal or vice versa. process/transform and transmit electrical signals. An electronic controller that is intended to regulate flow direction and velocity. An in-line instrument body that is intended for an electromagnetic flow meter. An induction instrument that operates by the interaction of a current in a movable coil with current in one or more fixed coils. A flow transmitter that is specially designed to convert the signals from an electromagnetic flow meter into a standardized electrical output signal. A controller that uses in-built algorithms executed by electronic circuitry to perform its function. . An electromechanical transducer that converts a force into a differential signal of a few millivolts that will require amplification. A transducer that is capable of producing an electric signal based on electrical and mechanical parts working together or producing mechanical energy from an electric signal. A velocity flow meter that is measuring flow rate of a conductive fluid running through a magnetic field by measuring the charge created when fluid interacting with the field.
also called TOC and UHC.g. A detector that is intended to sense a flame. A thermowell that is provided with flange for pressure-tight attachment to a vessel or pipe. . A rupture disc that has a flat shape. An induction instrument that operates by the interaction of a current in a movable coil with a current in one or more fixed coils and which incorporates soft ferromagnetic material in the magnetic circuit. that is used to open or close valves in response to temperature changes. A closed metal bulb or bellow. An analysing instrument that is using the flame ionisation principle for analysing hydro carbons. A fluid contained within a device for some purpose.g. 171 ferrodynamic instrument 172 fill fluid 173 filled thermal element 174 175 fire detector fixed mounted instrument 176 177 flame detector flame ionisation analyser 178 flange mounted actuator 179 flanged thermowell 180 An actuator that is equipped with a flange for mounting on to the driven equipment. flash point analyser 181 182 flat rupture disc An analysing instrument intended to determine the flash point of a substance.A electronic temperature controller 168 B An electronic controller that is intended to control the temperature in as system. containing a temperature responsive fluid e. C epoxy-polyester-covered aluminium A transmitter housing that is made of aluminium and covered by Epoxy169 transmitter housing polyester. A process instrument that is designed to be permanently mounted and which is intended to be connected to (an) external circuit(s) by means of permanently installed conductors. erosion probe 170 etolle straightener A detecting element that is detecting accumulated erosion directly. e. dampening. A detector that is intended to detect a fire. The vanes shall be as thin as possible but shall provide adequate strength. A flow straightener consisting of eight radial vanes at equal angular spacing with a length equal to twice the diameter of the pipe.
A detector that is intended to detect whether a fluid flow exists. An indicator scale that is graduated for indication of volume flow values. A computer that is specially designed and programme to calculate flow and to correct for external influence. 196 flow regulator 197 flow scale 198 . A controller that is dedicated to control a flow rate. A level switch that is operated by a float. A variable area flow meter element that is a specially formed float for use in variable area flow meters and variable area flow indicators that has a collar or flange on the top. A differential pressure flow meter that utilizes a flow nozzle with a smooth guided entry and a sharp exit place in the pipe to change the flow field and create a pressure drop that is used to calculate the flow velocity. A tank gauge that is using a float to display the liquid level. A flow regulator that normally use the differential pressure across an orifice to control a valve trim and limit the flow. C 184 float and rod switch float collar 185 186 187 float switch float tank gauge flow computer 188 189 190 191 flow controller flow detector flow gauge flow indicator 192 flow limiter 193 flow meter 194 flow meter rotor 195 flow nozzle meter A rotor that constitute an internal rotating part of a turbine or positive displacement flow meter.A float 183 B A physical object that is intended to float on the surface of a liquid e. for measuring or actuating a valve controlling the liquid level. An indicating instrument that is intended to give a visual indication of mass or volume per time unit of a fluid passing through an open or closed conduit. A regulator that normally use the differential pressure principle across an orifice to control the valve trim and regulate flow.g. A level switch that is operated by a rod connected to a floating ball. A detecting instrument intended to measure and indicate flow rate and/or produce a signal which represents the measured flow rate. A gauge intended to indicate a liquid or gas flow.
A flow transmitter that is producing a standardized electrical output signal based on the input signal from a turbine flow meter. 211 gamma detector 213 . A regulator used to switch on or off or vary the supply of electric energy to an electrical installation or parts of it for normal operating purposes. A signal converter that is intended to convert a frequency or rotational speed input signal into a 0 . A detector that is intended to measure a level of gamma radiation. A functional switch that is intended to give a signal when the flow have reached a preset value. A transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from a flow sensor.A flow sensor 199 flow sight glass 200 flow straightener 201 B A detecting element that is producing a signal that is proportional to a flow rate. A sight glass mounted on a pipe or vessel to see inside for flow inspection. An open channel flow meter that utilizes a special shaped flow section (venturi flume) to measure the flow rate. A flow meter rotor that is a piston that oscillates within the measuring chamber of a positive displacement meter. A physical object that is inserted into a pipe intended to smooth out turbulent and transitional flows and help meters measure more accurately.20 mA current output signal. An actuator that has the capability of turning 360 degrees or more. A protection cover that protects the tubes of a mass flow meter.20 mA or 4 . A rupture disc that is designed to break into fragments if its calibrated bursting pressure is exceeded. C flow switch 202 flow transmitter 203 flow turbine transmitter 204 flowmeter oscillating piston 205 flowmeter tube protection cover 206 flume flow meter 207 fragmenting rupturing disc 208 frequency to current converter 209 frequency to voltage converter 210 full-turn actuator functional switch 212 A signal converter that is intended to convert a frequency or rotational speed input signal into a voltage output signal.
A chromatograph where gas is injected directly into one or more separation columns. A detector that is intended to sense the presence of a specified concentration of a gas. A density analyser that is intended for analysing the density of gas and vapour. A pressure transmitter that is generating a standardized electrical output signal representing the pressure detected by a pressure gauge. An analysing instrument that analyses the composition of a gaseous mixture with two or more components. An antenna having the shape of a grid of parallel bars. h2s analyser 227 An analysing instrument intended to analyse the concentration of H2S in a fluid stream. A level gauge that is a transparent tube or glass intended to show locally the liquid level of a tank or vessel. A detecting instrument that is used for measuring or testing. normally used for satellite based applications. A positive displacement flow meter that is using two gear wheels fitting in a meter body to measure flow rate. . A chromatograph where a liquid sample is injected and evaporated and subsequently carried to one or more separation columns.A gamma radiation level transmitter 214 B A level transmitter that transforms the signals from a gamma radiation type level sensor into a standardized electrical output signal. C gas analyser 215 gas chromatograph 216 gas density analyser 217 gas detector 218 gas liquid chromatograph 219 gauge gauge glass 221 gauge pressure transmitter 222 220 gear positive displacement flow meter 223 gear wheel rotor 224 225 grid antenna gyro stabilised antenna 226 A flow meter rotor that consists of two mating gear wheels supported on separate shafts. A reflector antenna for floating structures.
C hf antenna 234 hf in air detector 235 hour counter 236 hours run meter 237 humidity detector 238 humidity sensor 239 hydraulic actuator hydraulic controller 241 hydraulic piston actuator hydraulic valve actuator 243 244 245 indicating instrument 246 hydrocarbons in water detector inclinometer 240 242 .30 MHz). A piston actuator that is operated by use of hydraulic energy. An analysing instrument intended to determine the hardness of a solid compound. A gas detector that is intended to detect the presence of hydrogen fluoride (fluoric acid) in air.A h2s detector 228 hardness analyser 229 230 231 232 heat detector heat detector for surface mounting 233 hastelloy c-276 diaphragm hc gas infrared point detector B A gas detector that is intended to detect the presence and concentration of H2S gas. An antenna that is designed for radiating or receiving electromagnetic waves in the high frequency range (HF = 3 . A hydraulic actuator that is designed to operate a valve. A heat detector that is intended to be mounted onto a surface in such a way that it protrudes into the volume of which it is intended to detect heat. A detecting element that is intended to produce a signal proportional to the determined humidity. A detector that is intended to measure and indicate ambient humidity. A detecting instrument that records and displays the actual run time of an engine or machine in hours. A detector that is intended to detect hydrocarbons in water. A detector that is intended to detect heat. An infrared detecting element that is intended for detecting Hydrocarbon Gas. A counter that is intended to count a number or amount of hours. A physical object that is intended to display the value or the status of a condition. An actuator intended to be operated by hydraulic power. A detecting instrument that indicates/reports the angle of an object with respect to gravity. A controller that is designed or can be programmed to operate and control hydraulic operated systems. A chemical seal diaphragm that is made of Hastelloy C-276 material.
A gas detector that is using an infrared (IR) detection method based on absorption of IR radiation as it passes through a volume of gas. A process instrument that operates by the interaction of the alternating magnetic field(s) of (a) fixed electromagnet(s) due to currents which they induce in (a) movable conductive element(s). A signal receiver that is capable of picking up infrared signals within line-of-sight and turn them into electrical impulses. An ultrasonic flow meter that is mounted in-line with a pipeline. A flame detector that is based on detection of infrared radiation. An analysing instrument that applies the principle of infrared analysis.A indicator glass 247 indicator housing 248 indicator scale 249 induction instrument 250 B A sight glass that is a glass intended to cover. A light source that generates an infrared light beam. A detecting element that react on infrared light. An instrument body that is part of an instrument installed in a pipeline in such a manner that the centreline between its end connections coincides with the centreline of the adjacent pipeline components. A physical object that is a graduated scale intended for indicating a value. A recording instrument that is using an ink-jet printing head to record data on a chart. 261 in-line ultrasonic flow meter . protect or enclose an indicator. C infrared analyser 251 252 253 254 infrared beam infrared detecting element infrared flame detector infrared gas detector 255 256 infrared light source infrared receiver 257 ink jet recorder 258 in-line instrument body 259 in-line mounted instrument 260 A process instrument that is installed in a pipeline in such a manner that the centreline between its end connections coincides with the centreline between the adjacent pipeline components. A physical object that is a beam of infrared light. An instrument housing that is the static part of an indicator.
instrument dial 267 instrument housing 268 instrument level flange 269 270 instrument mounting bracket instrument mounting bracket for 2 271 ins pipe instrument panel 272 instrument process connection 273 instrument process flange 274 instrument rack 275 . A rupture disk holder that bolts between standard ANSI pipe flanges and fits within the bolt circle. The positioning may be obtained by rotating the pointer or the dial. A physical object that is a graduated face or plate which can be positioned relative to a pointer to indicate a position or measurement. A support that is a standardized system for mounting instrument modules and/or other electronic modules. insert type rupture disc holder 264 instrument body 265 instrument body liner 266 A housing that is part of an instrument for physical connection to the process. A physical object that may contain instruments. A pipe mounting bracket that is intended for mounting an instrument on a 2" pipe. A liner that is a separate sleeve placed within e. An instrument process flange that permits direct process mounting to a piping flange. controlling and/or signalling devices arranged in a suitable manner. C input circuit board 263 An input .output circuit board 262 B An interface card with electronic components that is intended to receive/transmit and encode/decode one or more analogue or binary electrical signals to/from a computer interpretable format. A mechanical connection where a process instrument or related device is connected to another object containing the process medium.A input . A bracket that is intended for supporting an instrument.output circuit board containing electronic components intended to receive and encode one or more signals to a computer interpretable format. an instrument body to form a more durable surface to withstand aggressive matters or abrasive particles. A housing (enclosure) that is the static part of an instrument.g. A pipe flange that is intended to connect an instrument sensor to the process and also accommodate vent and drain.
. A flame detector intended to detect a flame by measuring a degree of ionisation. An integrating meter that is measuring the time integral of reactive electrical power. A detecting instrument in which a device can lock the moving element in the position where it stands at a given time. A handle and name plate that is forming an integral part of an orifice plate with paddle. to part of a system or to a computer network. A power supply that is an arrangement for delivering power to internal functions A current limiter that limits the power (energy) which can be delivered from a safe area into a hazardous area. A distribution board (network card) that is intended for communication between systems. An indicating instrument in which the indications are given by the displacement of an optical index over a scale which may be a part of the instrument or may be separate from it. A detecting instrument that measures the time integral of the named quantity. C instrument with suppressed zero 279 A process instrument that does not IEV 312-02-03 indicate the value of the measurand when it is lower in absolute value to a certain limit. A smoke detector that is using an ionization chamber and a source of ionizing radiation (Americium-241) to detect smoke.A instrument with limit switches 276 instrument with locking device 277 instrument with optical index 278 B A detecting instrument in which the moving element operates switches at certain predetermined positions or values. An integrating meter that is measuring the time integral of electrical power (kWh meter). integral orifice paddle 280 integrating meter 281 integrating power meter 282 integrating reactive power meter 283 interface card 284 internal power supply 285 intrinsically safe barrier 286 ionisation flame detector 287 ionization smoke detector 288 joystick 289 A lever or control arm. consisting of a vertical handle that can be moved freely in two directions. used to transmit its angle in two dimensions and give input to a computer or to a device controlled by a computer.
A regulator that is intended to detect a liquid level and adjust the valve trim in order to maintain a predetermined level. A display that is presenting the information by panel mounted lightemitting diodes. A detecting element that is intended to detect engine knock in a combustion engine. An indicating instrument that is intended to give a visual indication of the level of a substance behaving like a fluid in a tank or storing device. level gauge 298 level indicator 299 A gauge that is intended to display a representation of a measured level. 293 leak detector led display 294 level controller 295 level detector level float transmitter 297 A detector that is intended to detect leaks. 296 A detector that is intended to detect level. level meter 300 level regulator 301 level sensor level switch 303 A detecting instrument that is used to monitor liquid levels. 302 . A controller that is dedicated to control a level.A keyboard 290 B A control panel with an array of systematically arranged (piano like) keys by which a machine is operated or by which an instrument can be played on. A detecting element that is intended to determine a level. A functional switch that is intended to give an on/off signal when particulate material or fluid level have reached a preset value. A level transmitter that is converting the signals from a level meter using a float and magnetic follower into an electrical output signal. C knock sensor 291 laser printer 292 A printing machine (computer printer) with a xerographic printing process utilizing a laser for direct scanning across the printer drum.
313 loudspeaker 314 315 magnetic actuator An electroacoustic transducer that converts an electric signal into sound. A wideband antenna used in the HF. A physical object which is a bar used for lifting or prying. A rupture disc that is lined or coated with for example fluorpolymer to protect it from contact with corrosive media. A detector that is intended to show whether or not a conductive component is live.A level transmitter 304 B A transmitter that is producing a standardized continuous output signal dependent of a received input signal from a level sensor. A temperature indicator that use a linear indicator that is powered. rotating about a fixed axis or fulcrum which lifts or sustains weight at one point by means of applied force at a second point. C lever 305 306 light source light-emitting diode 307 line voltage detector 308 linear temperature indicator 309 lined rupture disc 310 liquid crystal display 311 liquid density analyser 312 log periodic antenna A density analyser that is intended for analysing the density of liquid. A (semiconductor) diode that radiates light in the visible region. An actuator where the force is provided by magnetic forces. A display that is made up of any number of colour or monochrome pixels arrayed in front of a light source or reflector. VHF and UHF bands. made up of a number of dipoles mounted along a straight line. A physical object that is serving as a source of illumination. Used in alphanumeric displays and as an indicator or warning lamp. .
A flow transmitter that is specially designed to convert the signal from a mass flow meter into a standardized output signal.) A detecting instrument that is intended to measure the value of a magnetic flux density in a given direction. magnetometer 320 manometer manual loader 322 mass flow meter 323 mass flow meter body mass flow meter tube 325 mass flow transmitter 326 mechanical controller 327 mechanical positioner 328 321 324 memory chip 329 mercaptan analyser 330 .) A level gauge that use a float containing a magnet to transfer information about its position to a indicator rail with white and red flaps mounted on the outside of the tube. A gas analyser intended to determine the mercaptan concentration in a fluid.A magnetic inductive pickoff 316 B An electronic sensor with a simple coil and bobbin arrangement which produces an electric pulse at a passage of a magnet. A pressure gauge that applies the principle of pressure difference. A mechanical controller that is intended to position a given item in accordance with a received input signal. A flow meter that is intended to measure mass flow and can be configured to measure either liquid or gas. A mechanical controller that is dedicated to manually manipulate a final control device. (Used in turbine flow meters. An in-line instrument body that is intended for a mass flow meter. An electronic sensor with a coil and bobbin arrangement which produces an electric pulse at a passage of a material with some magnetic permeability. (Used in turbine flow meters. An integrated circuit that is intended to store computerized information. A meter tube that is designed to be a vibrating tube forming part of a mass flow meter. C magnetic level gauge 317 magnetic level meter 318 magnetic reluctance pickoff 319 A level meter that is intended to measure and indicate and/or produce a signal which represents the detected level. A controller that uses in-built physical components to perform its function.
A pipe section that is a straight or curved pipe with no connections used within a mass flow meter. An antenna capable of radiating or receiving electromagnetic waves in the medium frequency area (MF = 0. C meter tube 332 mf antenna 333 micro switch 334 microwave transducer 335 336 mist detector modulated carrier frequency pickoff 337 338 moisture detector moisture meter 339 A detector that is intended to detect moisture. An electronic sensor with a ferritic bobbin and core with a coil around it that generate pulses from the passing of blades of a turbine flow meter rotor. A chemical seal diaphragm that is made of Monel. also known as Coriolis flow meter. A detecting instrument.3 MHz). A detector that is intended to detect mist. An electroacoustic transducer that utilize microwaves to accepts information in the form of a physical or chemical variable (its input variable) and converts it into an output variable of the same or another nature.3 .g. main memory.A meter run 331 B A physical object that is intended to ensure stable flow for the provision of flow measurement and includes pipe(s) and a flow element/flow conditioner. An electronic circuit board that is the main printed circuit board of e. a computer that contains the microprocessor. 340 341 moisture sensing element monel diaphragm A detecting element intended to determine moisture. A pilot switch operated by very small movements of a lever. usually a hand-held or portable instrument consisting of a digital display and a moisture sensing element that is intended to measure and indicate measured moisture. according to a definite law. bus lines and edge connectors to accommodate other boards in the system. motherboard 342 . the circuit being made or broken or closed by spring-loaded contacts.
non wetted transducer 354 . A resistance temperature element of which the electrical resistance decreases with increasing temperature. 350 351 multiport pitot tube 352 negative resistance temperature element 353 A pitot tube that has multiple impact pressure ports normal to the flow direction on the exterior tube. magnetized by a current in the fixed coil. A pitot tube flow meter that utilizes multiple pitot tubes. A transmitter that is an electronic circuit that is a communication device that multiplexes (combines) several signals for transmission over a single medium. A recording instrument that is able to record more than one variable at the same time. 348 multiphase meter 349 multiple pitot tube flow meter multiplexor A flow meter for the metering a mixture of two or more fluid phases. An indicating instrument in which the scale moves relative to a fixed index. C moving-magnet instrument 344 An induction instrument that operates by the interaction of the magnetic field of a movable permanent magnet with a current in a fixed coil. A transducer that is designed not to be in contact with the process medium. moving-scale instrument 345 multi point indicator 346 multi point recorder 347 multimeter An indicating instrument that is intended to indicate more than one property at the same time. A detecting instrument that is a hand-held multi-range multi-function measuring instrument intended for measuring voltage. current and sometimes other electrical quantities such as resistance.A moving-iron instrument 343 B An induction instrument comprising a moveable piece of soft magnetic material which is actuated by a magnetic field created either by a current in a fixed coil or by one (or more) fixed piece(s) of soft magnetic material.
A non-dispersive infra-red gas analyser 355 B A gas analyser in which the absorption of a specific wavelength of IR radiation is measured by radiating broadband IR through the gas and selecting a specific band by using a wavelength selective sensor as detector. octane number analyser 362 off-line analyser 363 An analysing instrument intended to determine the octane number of gasoline or diesel oil. nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analyser 357 An analysing instrument often used in physical and analytical chemistry for the identification of substances. The number of revolutions made by a small shaft attached to the disk will indicate the volume of flow. As the fluid enters one side of the partition and leaves through the other side. it makes the disk to wobble. An analysing instrument intended for measuring on samples and not to be directly coupled to a process for continuous measuring. nucleonic level transmitter 359 A level transmitter that is producing a standardized electrical output signal based on the input signal from a nucleonic level detector. nutating disk flow meter 361 A positive displacement flow meter that uses a disk which fits closely in a measuring chamber. nucleonic level switch 358 A level switch that uses a focused beam of radiation directed at a detector to sense the presence or absence of the beam. . C nox analyser 356 An analysing instrument intended to determine the nitrogen oxide concentration in gaseous compound. The end of the axial pin. nutating disk 360 A flow meter rotor that is a radially slotted disk with an integral ball bearing and an axial pin. which moves in a circular motion as the disk is making a nutating motion. drives a cam.
A offset reflector antenna
B An antenna where the application and construction is similar to the parabolic reflector antenna, but the reflector is shaped so that the focal point has an offset location when compared to the parabolic type.
oil in water analyser 365 366 367 368 oil mist detector one-piece paddle orifice plate on-line analyser
An analysing instrument intended to determine the oil content in water. A mist detector that is intended to detect oil mist. A paddle orifice plate that is made from one piece. An analysing instrument intended to be directly coupled to a process for continuous measuring.
on-line process gas chromatograph A gas chromatograph that is able to measure the concentration of one or several components of a chemical mixture repetitively, by regularly 369 sampling the process mixture and transmitting the resulting information for control purposes. open channel flow meter 370 A flow meter utilizing an open channel where the cross section area of flow is detected and multiplied by the cross-sectional average velocity of the channel flow. A control panel that is intended for connection/communication between systems or parts of a system. A smoke detector that is using a light source and a sensor to detect smoke.
operator interface panel 371 optical smoke detector
orifice and tapered plug flow meter 373 orifice flange
A variable area flow meter that utilize an upright cylindrical chamber with a fixed orifice and a float inside. A pipe flange that is provided with taps for instrument connection.
A orifice handle
B A handle that is a rectangular plate forming part of an assembled paddle orifice plate.
orifice meter run 376
An orifice plate flow meter that is an assembly of an orifice flange complete with a machined inlet and an outlet pipe section in order to provide the orifice with sufficient straight length and smooth piping. A physical object that is an assembly of an orifice fitting, a length of pipe upstream of the fitting and a corresponding length of pipe downstream of the fitting. There is also, in most cases, a flow conditioner upstream of the orifice as well. A physical object that is a thin plate with a specified hole in the middle. It is usually placed in a pipe to measure the rate of fluid flow.
orifice meter tube
orifice plate 378
orifice plate fitting
A physical object that is a component intended to fixate a universal orifice plate to a pipeline.
orifice plate flow meter 380 orifice plate flowmeter assembly 381 orifice plate for assembeled paddle orifice plates
A differential pressure flow meter that uses an orifice plate as the restriction body. A physical object that is an assembly of an orifice plate, carrier rings and flanges as its main components. An orifice plate that has a circular outside design intended to form part of an assembled paddle orifice plate. A physical object that is made to hold a universal orifice plate in place and to be mounted between ringtype joint orifice flanges. An orifice plate holder in which the universal orifice plate is held in position using hold-down screws.
orifice plate holder 383 orifice plate holder with hold-down 384 screws
orifice plate holder with integral plate An orifice plate holder that is equipped with an integral plate seal. 385 seal
A orifice plate holder with snap-ring 386 clip orifice plate seal 387
B An orifice plate holder in which the universal orifice plate is held in position using spring clips. A seal ring that is intended to provide sealing around the periphery of an orifice plate when mounted in an orifice plate holder or fitting. A positive displacement flow meter utilizing a piston closely fitted into a cylindrical chamber with a pair of slots that are progressively uncovered as the pressure differential makes the piston oscillate/spin around a control roller in the centre of the chamber. A recording instrument that is intended to record, in the form of a permanent trace, instantaneous values of measured quantities. An input - output circuit board that is intended to decode and transmit one or more electrical signals from a computer interpretable format to an output signal. An analysing instrument intended to determine the oxygen concentration in a fluid. An orifice plate with an integrated paddle or handle to facilitate installation between flanges. A positive displacement flow meter which uses a pair of eccentrically mounted drums that are supported on geared spindles perpendicular to the flow path, not parallel as in traditional turbine-type flow meters. An antenna where the array of dipoles normally are made for the UHF or VHF band.
oscillating piston flow meter
oscillograph 389 output circuit board 390
oxygen content analyser 391 paddle orifice plate 392 paddle wheel flow meter
panel mounted instrument 395 panel mounting bracket 396
A process instrument that has a special shape intended to be mounted on a flat rigid surface. An instrument mounting bracket that is a support structure for mounting an instrument on a panel or wall.
and a feedhorn located in the focal point of the reflector. C 397 parametric oxygen analyser 398 399 400 permanent-magnetic moving-coil instrument part-turn actuator pen recorder A gas analyser making use of the magnetic property of oxygen to measure its concentration. A computer built around a microprocessor for use by an individual.A parabolic reflector antenna B An antenna that is made up by a reflector with the shape of a rotational paraboloid. An induction instrument that operates by the interaction of a current in a movable coil within the field of a fixed permanent magnet. An actuator that has the capability of turning less than 360 degrees. photoelectric transducer 405 pig detector 406 pig indicator 407 pilot air operated solenoid actuator 408 A detector that is intended to detect a pig inside the pipeline or pig receiver. 401 personal computer 402 ph analyser 403 phase sequence indicator 404 An indicating instrument that is intended to indicate on a polyphase system. as in an office or at home or school. A recording instrument that is using a pen supplied with ink to record data on a chart. . the sequence in which the instantaneous voltage of the phase conductors reach their maximum value. An analysing instrument intended to measure. A transducer that is a device whose electric characteristics vary when light is incident upon it. A solenoid actuator in which operation is triggered by external supply of pilot air. An indicating instrument that is showing when/if the pig is inside pig receiver. indicate and/or produce a signal which represents the measured alkalinity / acidity in a fluid or matter.
A diaphragm actuator that is operated using low-pressure air supply. The other tube is closed in front but has openings along the tube to measure the static pressure of the fluid. C pipe mounting bracket 410 piston actuator 411 pitot tube 412 pitot tube flow meter 413 A differential pressure flow meter utilizing a pitot tube (a probe with an open tip) that is inserted into the flow field. A differential pressure transmitter that is producing a standardized pneumatic output signal dependent of a received pressure difference signal. An actuator that is intended to be operated by pneumatic power. An instrument mounting bracket that is a support structure for mounting an instrument on a pipe. causing an immediate correction of the main valve plug position. An actuator intended to operate by displacement of a piston by the use of pneumatic or hydraulic energy. A mechanical controller that is using pneumatic components to execute its function.A pilot operated regulator 409 B A pressure regulator where a diaphragm responds quickly to the downstream pressure. An amplifier that increases the power of a pneumatic signal. A density analyser measuring density and generating a standardized pneumatic output signal representing the measured density. One tube is open-ended and measures the stagnation pressure of the fluid. 415 416 417 pneumatic actuator pneumatic amplifier pneumatic controller pneumatic density analyser 418 pneumatic diaphragm actuator 419 pneumatic differential pressure transmitter 420 421 pneumatic flow controller . A pneumatic controller that is intended to control flow rate. pna-meter 414 An analysing instrument intended to measure and indicate and/or produce a signal which represents the measured parafinic and naphtenic and aromatic content of a fluid. A fluid sensor producing a differential pressure by means of two straight tubes mounted in line with the direction of the fluid movement.
A piston actuator that is operated by compressed air. C 424 425 426 pneumatic level controller pneumatic level transmitter A pneumatic controller that is intended to control a liquid level. A detector that is intended to detect a position. An indicating instrument in which the index is a pointer moving over a fixed scale.A pneumatic flow transmitter 422 pneumatic indicator 423 B A flow transmitter generating a pneumatic pressure signal representing the detected flow rate. A pressure controller that is intended to control the pressure in a system. An indicating instrument that is intended to indicate the position of an object. A transducer that is producing a signal representing the measured position. A pneumatic controller that is intended to control the temperature of a system. A detecting instrument that is intended for activating and read pneumatic piezometers. A temperature transmitter generating a pneumatic pressure signal representing the detected temperature. pneumatic piston actuator pneumatic position transmitter 427 pneumatic pressure controller 428 pneumatic pressure transmitter 429 pneumatic relay 430 pneumatic speed transmitter 431 pneumatic temperature controller 432 pneumatic temperature transmitter 433 pointer instrument 434 polarity indicator 435 position detector position indicator 437 position transducer 438 position transmitter 439 436 . A transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from a position detector. A speed transmitter generating a pneumatic pressure signal representing the detected speed. A relay that is pneumatically operated and which changes status or breaks another pneumatic circuit. total pressure cells and settlement cells. A position transmitter generating a pneumatic pressure signal representing the measured or detected position. A pressure transmitter generating a pneumatic pressure signal representing the detected pressure. A level transmitter generating a pneumatic pressure signal representing the detected level. An indicating instrument that is intended to indicate the polarity of one conductor with reference to another.
A gauge intended to measure and display a representation of a measured pressure. An analysing instrument intended to determine the pour point of a fluid. the lowest temperature at which an oil or other liquid will pour under given conditions. A detecting element intended to sense pressure. pour point analyser 444 445 446 447 448 power supply power supply card pressure controller pressure element pressure gauge 449 pressure indicator 450 pressure meter 451 pressure regulator 452 pressure sensor body 453 pressure sensor module 454 . A physical object for delivering available power from a source. usually a hand-held or portable instrument consisting of a digital display and a pressure sensing element (pressure transducer). C positive displacement flow meter 441 body positive displacement flow transmitter 442 An in-line instrument body that is intended for a positive displacement flow meter.e. A power supply unit that is an internal power supply arranged on an electronic circuit board. An indicating instrument that is intended to give a visual indication of the pressure in a pre defined process segment. An instrument body that is intended for covering and protection of a pressure sensor.A positive displacement flow meter 440 B A flow meter that measures the volumetric flow rate of a liquid or gas by separating the flow stream into known volumes and counting them over time. A detecting instrument. A flow transmitter specially designed to convert the signal from a positive displacement flow meter into a standardized electrical output signal. i. A physical object that is an assembly of a pressure sensor and a pressure sensor body. A controller that is dedicated to control a pressure. positive resistance temperature element 443 A resistance temperature element that has a positive temperature coefficient which means that the electrical resistance increases with increasing temperature. A regulator that is controlling/regulating the pressure in a system. that is intended to measure and indicate a measured pressure.
A pressure switch 455 pressure to current converter 456 pressure to voltage converter 457 pressure transmitter 458 printing machine 459 printing recorder 460 probe 461
B A functional switch that (usually) turns an electrical circuit on or off when the pressure level reaches a preset value. A signal converter that is intended to convert a pressure input signal to DC output signal. A signal converter that is intended to convert a pressure input signal into a voltage output signal. A transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from a pressure element. A physical object that produces characters or graphic symbols on paper or other medium. A recording instrument that produces characters or graphic symbols on paper or other medium. A detecting element that is a device for gathering information.
probe housing 462 process connection fill fluid 463 process connector 464 process control system 465 process instrument 466
An instrument housing that is intended for support and protecting a probe (detecting element). A fill fluid that is used to make contact between an internal element and a membrane or a sample. A connector for process connections, i.e. between a machine and the process piping. A control system that has the capability to control, monitor, regulate and measure processes. A physical object that detects an aspect of something; records, modifies and/or displays such an aspect or performs a combination of these activities. A controller that is programmable.
programmable logic controller
proximity probe proximity switch
A detecting element that is intended to sense proximity. A position switch that is operated without mechanical contact with the moving part.
A pt100 temperature element 470 pt100 temperature transmitter 471
B A resistance temperature element made of platinum that has the resistance of 100 ohm at 0 deg. Celsius. An electrical temperature transmitter that is intended to convert a PT100 temperature element signal into a standardized electrical output signal. A counter that is intended to count a number or amount of pulses. A manual control switch that is intended to switch when you push or touch the button. A hole where the wall surface, i.e. the boundary between the solid and the no-solid, is of a cylindrical nature and on the upstream edge have the form of a quarter circle.
pulse counter 472 push button 473 quarter circle orifice hole 474
An orifice plate with an orifice that has the shape of a quarter circle. quarter-circle concentric orifice plate A concentric hole orifice plate of which the orifice is a quarter of the 476 circumference of a circle. 475 radar level transmitter 477 A level transmitter that is producing a standardized electrical output signal based on the input signal from a radar type level sensor. A tank gauge intended to measure a liquid level indirectly by measuring the distance between the instrument and a liquid level employing frequency modulated continuous waves. A detecting element that is intended to detect radial displacement.
quarter circle orifice plate
radar type tank level gauge 478
radial probe 479 radioactive level transmitter 480
A level transmitter that is producing a standardized electrical output signal based on the input signal from radioactive level measurements. A pilot switch that uses absorption of gamma radiation from a radioactive isotope to monitor e.g. an area. An electrical temperature transmitter that is intended for mounting in a rail mounted housing. An interface card that is intended for receipt of information.
radioactive switch 481 rail mounted temperature transmitters
receiver card 483 recording controller 484
A recording instrument that is intended to record controller events.
A recording instrument 485 rectangular venturi 486 refractive index analyser 487 regulator 488 relative density gas analyser 489 490 relay card relayed speed governor 491
B A process instrument that records values represented by the input signal(s). A venturi that has a cross-sectional area with a rectangular shape.
An analysing instrument intended to determine the refractive index for a medium. A physical object that has the function of maintaining a designated characteristic, e.g. a quantity or a predetermined level. A density analyser that is intended to determine the density of a gas relative to another gas. An electronic circuit board with relays installed on it. A speed governor that needs amplification and relays its signals to a pilot valve, servomotor or differently in order to move the control valve(s). A process control system that can be operated in remote. A temperature sensing element that operate on the principle of changes in electrical resistance of pure metals (sintered semiconductor material) and are characterized by an almost linear positive change in resistance with temperature. A temperature indicator that is powered and uses a resistance element as sensor. A signal converter that is intended to convert a measured resistance into a current signal. An orifice plate that is intended for use as a restrictor. An actuator that after operation, when the trigger signal stops, will return to its original position. A rupture disc that is designed to buckle in the reverse direction of the domed shape of the disc and open along a pre-weakened circular score line on the down-stream side of the disc.
remote-operated control unit resistance temperature element
resistance temperature indicator 494 resistance to current converter 495 496 497 reverse buckling rupture disc 498 restriction orifice plate return actuator
rupture disc assembly 502 rupture disc gasket 503 rupture disc handle 504 rupture disc holder 505 rupture disc holder ring 506 A physical object that is made to hold a rupture disc in place. A handle that is a rectangular plate forming part of a rupture disc. A physical object that is a ring shaped plane ring with a seat for the rupture disc to ensure a metal-tometal leak-tight seal between the rupture disc and the holder. A physical object that is an assembly of a rupture disc and rupture disc holder. 507 508 salinity sensor salinometer sampler 509 sampling tube 510 sand detection probe 511 512 sand detector .A rotameter flow meter B A variable area flow meter which consists of a tapered tube of glass with a float inside that is pushed up by flow and pulled down by gravity. A gasket that is intended to seal between the holders and the rupture disc in a rupture disc assembly. A detector that is intended to detect sand in a liquid. C 499 rotational speed sensor 500 rupture disc 501 A detecting element that is intended to sense rotational speed. A detecting element that is intended for detecting particles of sand. A physical object intended to be used to collect and contain representative specimens or selections. A physical object that is a pressure relieving device designed to burst at a calibrated pressure to prevent pressure in systems or vessels from reaching unsafe levels. A detecting instrument for measuring the amount of salt in a solution. A detecting element that is intended to determine salinity. consisting of an inlet holder ring and an outlet holder ring. A sampler consisting of a tube or cylinder with remote-operated valves for collection of liquid samples.
A physical object that is capable of receiving a signal and where the signal can be stored. A hydraulic piston actuator that is actuated by hydraulic fluid and is driven in one direction only. segmental wedge flow meter 518 A differential pressure flow meter that uses a wedge-shaped segment that is inserted perpendicularly into one side of the pipe while the other side remains unrestricted.e. interface level or density. recorded or converted into a useful form. i. the cord of which is horizontal. An orifice plate with an orifice that has the form of a segment of a circle. A pneumatic diaphragm actuator that is actuated by low-pressure air and is driven in one direction only. C segmental orifice plate for dirty liquid A segmental orifice plate that is in the form of a segment of a circle. the cord of which is vertical. has the form of a circle segment. An indicating instrument that is a transparent flow gauge indicating whether there is a flow or not. A tank gauge that is intended to intermittently lower a displacer to measure a liquid level. A segmental orifice plate that is in the form of a segment of a circle. seismic probe 519 servo tank gauge 520 sight flow indicator 521 sight glass 522 signal converter 523 signal receiver 524 single acting actuator single acting hydraulic piston actuator An electric signal transducer that is intended to convert one type of standardized transmission signal into another. A physical object that is transparent and intended for viewing a vessel or piping system interior. the boundary between the solid and the no-solid. A hole where the wall surface. The hole is tangential to the side of the conduit. A detecting element for detecting shock waves set off by an explosion or other seismic sources and reflected by underground rock formations.A screwed thermowell 513 segmental orifice hole 514 segmental orifice plate 515 segmental orifice plate for dirty gas 516 B A thermowell that is provided with screwed process connection (external threads for pressure-tight attachment to a vessel or pipe). An actuator that is able to operate in one direction only. bottom level. The hole 517 is tangential to the bottom of the conduit. 525 526 527 single acting pneumatic diaphragm actuator .
may be flat or domed. A physical object that is intended for adjustment of the measuring range or operating range of an instrument. A detecting instrument that is intended to measure the upload and download speed of an internet connection. A thermowell that is provided with a socket-head or rim intended for being welded to a vessel or pipe. A solenoid actuator that is operated by one solenoid. e. one of which is slit or slotted so as to reduce its strength and to control the bursting pressure of the rupture disc. A transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from a rotational speed sensor. at high temperature to determine the oxygen content of a fluid. C 533 534 smoke detector socket weld thermowell 535 solenoid actuator 536 solid electrolyte oxygen analyser 537 solid forged flanged thermowell 538 span adjustment device 539 speed governor 540 speed meter 541 speed transmitter 542 A flanged thermowell where the flange is forged in one piece with the shank/stem. zirconia. A pen recorder that is equipped with only one pen. A conventional rupture disc made up of two or more layers. A controller that is intended to monitor and adjust the rotational speed of a machine or an engine. A detector that is intended to sense smoke.A single acting pneumatic piston 528 actuator single chamber orifice fitting 529 530 531 single pen recorder single solenoid actuator sliding vane 532 slotted lined rupture disc B A pneumatic piston actuator that is actuated by low-pressure air and is driven in one direction only. An actuator that is utilizing a continuous duty linear solenoid to convert electrical energy into mechanical power via a plunger with an axial stroke in either a push or pull action. An oxygen content analyser using the electrochemical behaviour of a solid.g. An orifice plate fitting that has one chamber only. . A flow meter rotor that that consists of one or several retractable vanes radially mounted on a rotor.
A spm-nipple 543 B A physical object that is a special designed nipple (with external threads) mounted on to or near a bearing housing on rotating equipment acting as point of connection for a "SPM" vibration sensor. square root temperature indicator 548 549 square-edged concentric orifice plate A concentric hole orifice plate of which the orifice is square-shaped. A recording instrument that is using an optical head for projecting a light beam (visible or invisible) on a lightsensitive chart. spring return actuator 546 square edged orifice hole 547 An actuator that after operation is returned to its starting position by a spring. a stem consisting of two or more cylindrical sections. and the total area of the holes in each plate shall be greater than 40% of the cross section area of the pipe. A thermowell stem that has a cylindrical shape. The ratio of plate thickness to hole diameter shall be at least 1 and the diameter of the holes shall be less than or equal to 0. A hole where the wall surface.e. i. C spot recorder 544 sprenkle conditioner 545 A flow straightener consisting of three perforated plates in series with a length equal to one pipe diameter between the successive plates. stepped thermowell stem 551 A thermowell stem which is stepped. The perforations shall preferably be chamfered on the upstream side. 552 553 straight stem thermowell straight thermowell stem . A thermowell with a straight stem. i. i. the boundary between the solid and the no-solid.e. consisting of two or more cylindrical sections where the outside diameters of the cylinders are diminishing towards the tip. where the outside diameters of the cylinders are reduced towards the tip.e. is of a cylindrical nature on the downstream edge and sharp and square on the upstream edge.05D. A temperature indicator with square root function that is loop powered. stepped stem thermowell 550 A thermowell with a stepped stem.
A thermowell stem that has a tapered shape. A thermowell with a tapered stem. usually a level gauge. voltages or polyphase voltage systems have the same frequency and are in phase. tachometer 561 tank gauge 562 563 564 tapered stem thermowell tapered thermowell stem target flow meter 565 television receiver 566 A signal receiver that is that part of a television system in which the picture and associated sounds are reproduced from the input signal. A detecting instrument that is intended to measure and indicate and/or produce a signal which represents the measured speed of rotation.A strain gauge level transmitter 554 B A level transmitter that is producing a standardized electrical output signal based on the input signal from a strain gauge type sensor. A sulphur analyser that is intended to determine the sulphur concentration in gas. A velocity flow meter that is designed to convert the effects caused by vortices in a flow into the frequency of the output signal that is proportional to the volumetric flow rate. 559 synchronoscope 560 A detecting instrument that is intended to indicate if two a. A gauge designed for being mounted on a tank. A flow meter that is using a transducer to sense the dynamic force acting on a fixed body that is suspended in the flow stream. . C sulphur analyser 555 sulphur in gas analyser 556 sulphur in oil analyser 557 surface mounted gas detector 558 swirl flow meter An analysing instrument intended to determine the sulphur concentration in a fluid. A sulphur analyser that is intended to determine the sulphur concentration in oil. A gas detector that is designed to be mounted onto a surface such that it protrudes into the volume of which it is intended to detect gas.c.
An analysing instrument that is intended to determine a physical property that is named thermal conductivity. C temperature gauge 568 temperature indicator 569 temperature indicator housing 570 temperature indicator scale 571 temperature meter 572 temperature regulator 573 temperature sensing element 574 temperature switch 575 temperature transmitter 576 thermal conductivity analyser 577 thermal conductivity gas analyser 578 A gas analyser that is a thermal conductivity analyser intended to provide on-line gas-composition analysis based on the measured thermal conductivity of the gases in a mixture. A regulator that is intended to keep a temperature within certain boundaries. that is intended to measure and indicate a measured temperature. compares the actual temperature to the setpoint and provides an output to the control system. A detecting element intended to sense temperature.A temperature controller 567 B A controller that receives a signal from a thermocouple or RDT. A transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from a temperature element. A physical object that is a closed metal bulb containing a temperature responsive fluid. An indicating instrument that is intended to give a visual indication of a temperature. An indicator housing that is the static part of a temperature indicator. thermal element bulb 579 thermal element sheath 580 . A gauge that is intended to measure and indicate a temperature. usually a hand-held or portable instrument consisting of a digital display and a temperature sensing element (probe). A physical object that is made to act as a protective layer covering a thermal element. A functional switch that is intended to give an on or off signal when the temperature have reached a preset value. An indicator scale that is graduated for indication of temperature values. A detecting instrument.
A detecting instrument for measuring temperature. A velocity flow meter that uses a heated sensing element to measure fluid flow rate in units of volumetric flow through a closed conduit. thermocouple transmitter 585 thermometer 586 thermowell 587 A physical object that is a pressuretight receptacle adapted to receive a temperature sensing element. A recording instrument that is using thermal pen(s) to record data on a chart. provided with external threads or other means for pressure-tight attachment to a vessel or pipe. especially one having a graduated glass tube with a bulb containing a liquid. threaded rupture disc holder 590 . An electrical temperature transmitter that is intended to convert a thermocouple sensor signal into a standardized output signal. The flow stream conducts heat from the sensing element and the conducted heat is directly proportional to the mass flow rate. C thermal recorder 582 thermal velocity flow meter 583 thermocouple 584 A temperature sensing element in which a pair of wires of dissimilar metals (as copper and iron) are joined and the free ends of the wires are connected to an instrument (as a voltmeter) that measures the difference in potential created at the junction of the two metals. thermowell process connection 588 thermowell stem 589 A physical object that is the hollow cylindrical part of a thermowell that is housing the thermocouple or thermoelement and is protruding into the process medium. typically mercury or coloured alcohol. that expands and rises in the tube as the temperature increases. A rupture disk holder with threaded connection for use on high pressure equipment. An instrument process connection that is connecting a thermowell to an object containing the process medium into which the thermowell is intruding.A thermal mass flow meter 581 B A mass flow meter that uses a heated sensing element isolated from the fluid flow path.
C timepiece 592 timer 593 toc analyser 594 transceiver 595 transducer An indicating instrument. zero adjustment device. A position switch that terminates a rotation when a predefined position has been reached. such as a clock or watch. span adjustment device and the indicator. (OED) A physical object that accepts information in the form of a physical or chemical variable (its input variable) and converts it into an output variable of the same or another nature. A physical object that is an assembly of the transmitter electronic circuit. according to a definite law. A detecting instrument that is powered and indicates the length or rotational movement. A physical object combining a radio Oxford English Dictionary transmitter and a radio receiver. An analysing instrument intended to determine the total organic carbon content in a substance. registers. or records time. A physical object that is an element WIKIPEDIA Encyclopedia that receives a process variable signal from a sensor and converts it into an output signal. 596 transmitter 597 transmitter electronic circuit 598 transmitter housing 599 transmitter housing assembly 600 A physical object that is a composition of the electronic parts of a transmitter. transmitter housing. that measure. transponder 601 travel indicator 602 travel stop 603 . An enclosure that constitute the instrument housing of a transmitter. A transceiver that transmits a signal IEV 725-14-01 automatically in response to an appropriate triggering signal. A timepiece that measures a time interval and signals its end. a timeswitch.A time of flight ultrasonic flow meter 591 B An ultrasonic flow meter that use the time for the sound to travel between a transmitter and a receiver to measure a flow rate.
An in-line instrument body that is intended for a turbine flow meter. 609 612 uhf receiver 614 ultrasonic flow meter 615 . An analysing instrument intended to determine the turbidity in a fluid.3000 MHz).A trend recorder 604 B A recording instrument that enables the recording of historical data at a reduced sampling rate. A speed governor that adjusts the intake valves of a turbine in order to maintain the speed of rotation at a required value. C tube bundle conditioner 605 A flow straightener consisting of a bundle of parallel and tangential tubes fixed together and held rigidly in the pipe. A detecting instrument for measuring turbidity (clarity) of liquids using the nephelometric principal to compare the light scattered due to contamination with the light scattering from a standard reference suspension. to be retrieved for trend and power quality analysis. There shall be at least 19 tubes and their length shall be more than or equal to 10d. An antenna that is capable of radiating or receiving electromagnetic waves in the ultra high frequency area (UHF = 300 3000 MHz). A flow meter rotor that constitute an internal rotating part of a turbine flow meter. turbidimeter 606 turbidity analyser 607 turbine flow meter 608 turbine flow meter body turbine flow meter rotor 610 turbine speed governor 611 twin beam flame detector uhf antenna 613 A velocity flow meter that uses a multi bladed rotor to measure fluid flow rate in units of volumetric flow through a closed conduit. A signal receiver (radio) that operates in the Very High Frequency area (300 . A velocity flow meter that measures the velocity of a flow by measuring the time difference between an ultrasonic pulse sent in the flow direction and an ultrasound pulse sent opposite the flow direction. A flame detector which is utilizing twin beams.
621 union rupture disc holder universal type orifice plate 622 u-tube manometer A rupture disk holder that has a union connection. A detector that is intended to detect the level of ultraviolet radiation. 617 ultrasonic transducer 618 ultraviolet detector 619 ultraviolet flame detector 620 An electromagnetic transducer that is capable of producing ultrasonic pulses based on electric signals or vice versa. A flanged thermowell intended for installation using a lap joint flange (Van Stone flange). . 623 valve manifold assembly 624 van stone thermowell 625 vane flow meter 626 627 vapour pressure dew point analyser A dew point analyser that uses vapour pressure to determine a dew point. A manometer that is a vertical or inclined U-shaped tube half-full of liquid where the measured pressure is applied to one side of the tube whilst the reference pressure (which might be of the atmosphere) is applied to the other. which can be individually opened and closed. The difference in liquid level represents the applied pressure. A physical object that is an assembly of a manifold chamber with several openings and valve(s).A ultrasonic level switch B A level switch that is using ultrasonic sound pulses to detect and give notice when a preset level of liquid or particulate matter is reached. A flame detector that is intended to detect flame based on absorption of ultraviolet radiation. An orifice plate with a circular design that is fit for use in orifice fittings or in the plate holders of ring-type joint (RTJ) orifice flanges. A flow meter where the fluid flows through a specially shaped fluidic housing causing a vane to rotate. C 616 ultrasonic level transmitter A level transmitter that is using ultrasonic sound to continuously monitor the level of a liquid or particulate matter in a tank or vessel.
. An electronic controller that is intended to control a visual display unit. vhf antenna 637 An antenna that is capable of radiating or receiving electromagnetic waves in the very high frequency area (VHF = 30 . venturi tube flow meter 636 A differential pressure flow meter that uses a venturi tube as the restriction body. C variable area flow meter element 629 variable area flow transmitter 630 v-cone flow meter 631 vdu controller 632 velocity flow meter 633 venturi 634 venturi tube 635 A pipe or tube that has a constriction with a relative long passage with a smooth coned entry and exit.A variable area flow meter 628 B A flow meter consisting of a vertical tube with a conically shaped bore which widens to the top in which a solid body (float) is supported by the force exerted by the fluid stream.300 MHz). A float that is a specially formed float for use in variable area flow meters and variable area flow indicators.300 MHz). A physical object that is a device that constitute a restriction with a relatively long passage with smooth entry and exit used for speeding up the fluid passing through it. A flow transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from the flow meter sensor. A differential pressure flow meter that uses a v-cone as the restriction body in the flow stream. A signal receiver (radio) that operates in the Very High Frequency area (30 . vhf receiver 638 vibration detector 639 vibration meter 640 A detecting instrument for vibration measurements (frequency and amplitude). A flow meter that is intended to measure the flow rate of a moving fluid or gas. A detector that is intended to measure and indicate the vibration level. consisting of an instrument part and a vibration probe.
A signal converter that is intended for converting an input voltage signal into an output current signal. An analysing instrument intended to determine the viscosity of a fluid. A detecting instrument that is intended to measure and indicate the weight of an object. An electronic sensor designed to sense the signal from a vortex probe. A flow meter that measures the velocity of a fluid in a pipe by detecting the frequency of vortices being shed from a specially shaped obstructing element in the fluid stream. A flow transmitter that is producing a standardized output signal dependent of a received input signal from the force/strain sensor in a vortex flow meter. A signal converter that is intended for converting one voltage input signal to another voltage output signal. C video recorder 642 viscosity analyser 643 voltage to current converter 644 voltage to pressure converter 645 voltage to voltage converter 646 vortex flow meter 647 vortex pickup 648 vortex probe 649 vortex transmitter 650 651 652 water detector weighing scale weight indicator 653 weir flow meter 654 welded flange thermowell 655 A flanged thermowell where the flange is welded to the thermowell shank/stem. . A detector that is intended to detect the presence of water. An open channel flow meter utilizing some kind of weir as obstruction. An indicating instrument that is intended to give a visual indication of measured weight. A flow sensor specially designed to introduce vortices in a flow stream. A recording instrument that is recording signals originated by a TV camera on a moving magnetic tape for subsequent reproduction or transmission. A signal converter that is intended for converting a (0-10 V or 0-5 V) analogue input signal into proportional linear pneumatic output signal (3-15 or 0-20 psi).A vibration probe 641 B A detecting element that is intended to sense mechanical vibration and in which the oscillating motion is transferred into a voltage or current signal.
An antenna that is normally made up by one dipole. as a reflector element and several directors. A flow straightener consisting of a perforated plate with holes of certain specified sizes followed by a number of channels (one for each hole) formed by the intersection of a number of plates. A transducer that is designed to be in contact with the process medium. to each of which the quantity to be recorded is applied. all mounted on a boom.A welded paddle orifice plate 656 welded thermowell 657 wetted transducer 658 whip antenna B A paddle orifice plate where the orifice plate and the paddle (handle) is assembled through welding. An antenna where the antenna structure made from copper wire ending in isolators. An intrinsically safe barrier that is a circuit consisting of a zener diode(s) that is acting like a short circuit limiting the voltage into a system. yagi antenna 664 zanker conditioner 665 zener barrier 666 zero adjustment device 667 . A physical object (normally a screw) that is intended for zero positioning of an instrument. An analysing instrument intended to determine the wobble index of a gas. A recording instrument in which a marking device is moved along two orthogonal axes by two separate travelling devices. An antenna that is a single-element antenna that can be used with an electrically unbalanced feed line with respect to ground. C 659 wind sensor 660 wire antenna 661 wobbe index meter 662 xy recorder 663 A detecting element that can be the sensing element of an anemometer or wind gauge. A thermowell that is designed for being welded on to a vessel or pipe.
electric measuring instrument 16 detecting instrument 17 amplifier 18 . Notes E superclass 1 valve manifold assembly valve manifold assembly pressure transmitter F superclass 2 G superclass 3 4 5 detector analysing instrument 6 electromechanical transducer 7 physical object 8 9 flow meter pressure regulator 10 The air filter/separator can be 11 delivered self draining or with manual drain.D 1 2 3 The transmitter is generating a standardized output signal representing the actual pressure relative to full vacuum. flow straightener 15 but provide adequate strength. 12 pressure regulator control circuit board physical object 13 detecting instrument 14 The vanes shall be as thin as possible.
signal converter 25 detecting instrument 26 detecting instrument 27 electromagnetic transducer 28 electronic controller 29 detecting instrument 30 process instrument 31 Averaging pitot tubes take the flow profile into consideration to provide 32 better over all accuracy in pipe flows. pitot tube flow meter detecting element 33 regulator 34 .D 19 E indicating instrument F G process instrument 20 input circuit board 21 output circuit board 22 23 analogue indicating instrument The indicator housing is normally not in temperature indicator housing 24 contact with the process medium.
interface.D E physical object F G 35 temperature indicator bimetallic instrument 36 The strip consists of two layers of temperature sensing metal. water detecting element 49 in oil detector applications. usually iron and copper joined element 37 together. temperature gauge 38 instrument process flange 39 analysing instrument 40 rupture disc holder 41 pressure element 42 43 differential pressure gauge pressure gauge 44 45 46 47 48 Typically used in level. level transmitter 50 pressure element 51 alarm unit electronic controller sight glass electronic controller . The difference in the expansion of the two metals will cause the strip to bed if heated.
D E temperature sensing element F G 52 physical object 53 analysing instrument 54 gas analyser 55 chart 56 document 57 physical object 58 recording instrument analysing instrument 60 diaphragm 61 analysing instrument 62 diagram 59 analysing instrument 63 electronic controller 64 valve actuator 65 physical object 66 .
DC voltage.g.D 67 E orifice plate F G dew point analyser 68 detecting element 69 transmitter 70 detecting instrument 71 72 concentric hole orifice plate hole 73 E. thermocouples as resistance thermometers (Pt 100) can be connected directly. 74 recording instrument terminal box 75 76 signal cable transmitter 77 physical object 78 system 79 regulator control element 80 81 instrument process flange . DC current.
.D 82 E mass flow meter F in-line mounted instrument G detecting instrument 83 detecting element 84 detecting instrument 85 detecting instrument 86 interface card 87 signal converter 88 signal converter 89 signal converter 90 91 92 concentric hole orifice plate antenna flow sensor A dall tube is very much like a venturi tube. This section. straight inlet differential pressure The dall tube section followed by an abrupt flow meter decrease in the inside diameter of the tube. The two cones are separated by a slot 94 or gap between the two cones. has a short. is followed by the converging inlet cone and a diverging exit cone. called the inlet shoulder. but has a higher 93 ratio of pressure developed to the pressure lost and is more compact. The high pressure is measured at the upstream edge of the inlet shoulder. The low pressure is measured at the slotted throat (area between the two cones).
99 electrical socket 100 analysing instrument 101 physical object 102 actuator 103 enclosure 104 pressure gauge 105 . The assembly will include housing. etc. energy supply. physical object mounting bracket.D E There exist 'Reflection densitometers' detecting instrument that measure light reflected from a surface and 'Transmission densitometers' that measure transparent materials. 95 F G analysing instrument 96 physical object 97 98 It typically consists of items which have process instrument a role as a primary element and a secondary element respectively.
D E process instrument F G 106 detecting element 107 flow meter 108 gauge 109 pressure indicator 110 level transmitter 111 detecting instrument 112 regulator 113 pilot switch 114 pressure transmitter 115 pilot switch 116 display 117 .
A single dipole element may be half a wavelength long. and split at the centre for connection with the 124 transmission line. or as elements being part of more complex antenna structure.D E input circuit board F G 118 output circuit board 119 temperature indicator 120 The indicator housing is normally not in temperature indicator housing 121 contact with the process medium. pressure regulator 125 recording instrument 126 The most common disk controllers in use are IDE and SCSI controllers. Most home personal computers use IDE controllers. Maximum radiation is at right angles to the axis. signal converter 122 level meter 123 Dipoles are made as single element antenna antennas. and dipoles also have maximum performance with waves polarized in the same plane as the axis. 127 electronic controller . High end PCs. workstations and network file servers mostly have SCSI adaptors.
133 which is driven forward by the power of a tiny electromagnet or solenoid. physical object rupture disc 130 131 The doppler flow meter operates by ultrasonic flow meter transmitting an ultrasonic sound from its transmitting transducer through the 132 pipe wall into the flowing liquid. Spring opposed displacer type units are suited to difficult services 129 where the fluid contains entrained solids or otherwise would tend to cause hang-ups in float actuated units. Letters are drawn out of a dot matrix printing machine where each dot is produced by a tiny metal rod. also called a "wire" or "pin". actuator hydraulic piston actuator double acting actuator 134 135 136 pneumatic diaphragm double acting actuator actuator pneumatic piston actuator orifice plate fitting double acting actuator 137 138 139 solenoid actuator detecting instrument 140 amperemeter 141 . The sound will be reflected by the reflectors and recorded by the receiving transducer.D E gas analyser F G 128 Displacer actuated units are less level switch sensitive to surface wave action than other models which are actuated by floats.
D E orifice plate F G 142 Pressure taps located at the outside and inside of the elbow at 22. 143 differential pressure flow meter transducer 144 valve actuator density analyser 146 145 differential pressure transmitter 147 flow transmitter 148 level transmitter 149 position transmitter 150 pressure transmitter 151 speed transmitter 152 temperature transmitter 153 .5 or 45 degrees will generate a reproducible measurement.
linear 163 control and advanced or nonlinear control. 164 electromechanical transducer 165 electronic controller flow controller electronic controller level controller electronic controller 166 detecting element 167 pressure controller .D transducer 154 E F G induction instrument 155 velocity flow meter 156 in-line mounted instrument in-line instrument body 157 flow transmitter 158 transducer 159 transducer 160 physical object 161 controller 162 They can have three main ways of controlling low: limit control.
detector The analysis of TOC is done by analysing instrument leading the gas into a combustion chamber where the gas is burned off in 178 an H2-flame. 181 182 rupture disc thermowell analysing instrument . actuator 179 Flanged thermowells are made from two pieces of metal. a single piece of bar stock for the stem.D 168 E electronic controller F temperature controller G transmitter housing 169 detecting element 170 flow straightener 171 induction instrument 172 fluid 173 temperature sensing element 174 175 detector process instrument 176 177 Typically in a furnace or a fire area. and the flange 180 from a piece of drilled flat stock. In this way the hydro carbon molecules are decomposed and the concentration of c-atoms is analysed by a detector. The two pieces are then welded together and finished.
D E physical object F G 183 184 level switch variable area flow meter element 185 186 187 level switch tank gauge computer 188 189 190 191 controller detector gauge indicating instrument 192 flow regulator 193 detecting instrument 194 rotor 195 differential pressure flow meter 196 regulator 197 indicator scale 198 .
its' centre hub flow meter rotor rotates a magnet. whose movement is 205 sensed through the meter wall by electromagnetic sensors or by a follower magnet. protection material 206 open channel flow meter cover 207 rupture disc 208 signal converter 209 signal converter 210 actuator regulator 212 211 detector 213 .D 199 E detecting element F G sight glass 200 physical object 201 functional switch 202 transmitter 203 flow transmitter 204 As the piston oscillates.
to pass through the meter. equal in total volume to the gear teeth spacing. analysing instrument 227 . flow meter rotor 224 225 antenna The antenna is mounted on a gyroantenna stabilised platform to compensate for 226 the vessel movements.D E level transmitter F G 214 analysing instrument 215 chromatograph 216 density analyser 217 detector 218 chromatograph 219 detecting instrument level gauge 221 pressure transmitter 222 220 The liquid stream is divided into the positive displacement fixed volume cavities between the gear flow meter teeth and meter body. The volumes of liquid are then squeezed out from between the teeth as they re-mesh on 223 the outlet side of the flow meter. The antenna and the platform is normally protected by a glass fibre radome. Each revolution of the flow meter will allow liquid. The rotation of the gears is sensed through the rotation of one of the gear shafts. The upstream liquid pressure continuously fills the cavities and forces the gears to rotate away from the inlet.
D 228 E gas detector F G analysing instrument 229 230 231 232 chemical seal diaphragm infrared detecting element detector heat detector 233 antenna 234 gas detector 235 counter 236 detecting instrument 237 detector 238 detecting element 239 actuator controller 241 hydraulic actuator hydraulic actuator 243 244 245 physical object 246 detector detecting instrument piston actuator valve actuator 240 242 .
See also dial 249 process instrument 250 physical object analysing instrument 251 252 253 254 Its basic element is an infraredsensitive photoresistor. physical object detecting element flame detector gas detector 255 256 light source signal receiver 257 recording instrument 258 instrument body 259 process instrument 260 261 ultrasonic flow meter in-line mounted instrument .D sight glass 247 E F G The indicator housing is normally not in instrument housing 248 contact with the process medium.
instrument process flange bracket pipe mounting bracket 271 physical object 272 orifice flange 273 housing 269 270 pipe flange 274 support 275 .D E interface card F G 262 input .output circuit board 263 rupture disc holder 264 housing 265 liner 266 physical object 267 The instrument housing is normally not enclosure 268 in contact with the process medium.
and min. The smoke detector senses the drop in current between the plates and sets off the horn. lever name plate 289 . detecting instrument value.the smoke particles attach to the ions and 288 neutralize them. 279 handle 280 detecting instrument 281 integrating meter 282 integrating meter 283 distribution board 284 power supply 285 current limiter 286 flame detector 287 If smoke enters the ionization smoke detector chamber.D 276 E detecting instrument F G 277 Including registration of max. indicating instrument 278 "Suppressed zero" can apply to either process instrument mechanical zero or electrical zero. it disrupts the normal current between the electrodes -.
Laser 292 printers use toner. using discrete LEDs. and 294 Surface Mounted Device (SMD) panels.D E control panel F G 290 Inside the knock sensor is a detecting element piezoelectric element generating a voltage when vibration is applied to it. Laser printers can reproduce a mixture printing machine of text and graphics. rather than ink and do not require special paper. 293 detector There are two types of LED panels: display conventional. 291 The voltage signal is sent to the engine control module that will control timing. including varied fonts. and halftone images. controller 295 detector level transmitter 297 296 gauge 298 indicating instrument 299 detecting instrument 300 regulator 301 detecting element functional switch 303 302 . a black powder.
wire structures may be used.D transmitter 304 E F G physical object 305 306 physical object diode 307 detector 308 temperature indicator 309 rupture disc 310 Each pixel (picture element) consists display of a column of liquid crystal molecules suspended between two transparent electrodes. transducer 314 315 actuator . In the HF band. the axes of polarity of which are perpendicular to each other. and two polarizing filters. Without 311 the liquid crystals between them. The liquid crystal twists the polarization of light entering one filter to allow it to pass through the other. 313 while antennas for the UHF band may be made in the form of printed circuit boards protected by a glassfibre radome. light passing through one would be blocked by the other. out of phase antenna with the preceding element. The length of the dipoles will vary gradually over the antenna. depending on the frequency band to be covered. density analyser 312 Each dipole is 180 deg.
D E electronic sensor F G 316 level gauge 317 level meter 318 electronic sensor 319 detecting instrument 320 pressure gauge mechanical controller 322 flow meter 323 in-line instrument body meter tube 325 flow transmitter 326 controller 327 mechanical controller 328 321 324 integrated circuit 329 gas analyser 330 .
electronic circuit board 342 . and manganese.D E physical object F G 331 pipe 332 antenna 333 pilot switch 334 electroacoustic transducer 335 336 detector electronic sensor 337 338 detector detecting instrument 339 340 detecting element Monel is a trademark used for an alloy chemical seal diaphragm 341 of nickel. copper. iron.
pitot tube 352 resistance temperature element 353 transducer 354 . Frequently a multiplexor and a demultiplexor are 351 combined into a signal device capable of processing both outgoing and incoming signals.D E induction instrument F G 343 induction instrument 344 indicating instrument 345 indicating instrument 346 recording instrument 347 detecting instrument 348 flow meter 349 pitot tube flow meter 350 A demultiplexor completes the process transmitter by separating multiplexed signals from a transmission line.
363 analysing instrument .D E gas analyser F G 355 analysing instrument 356 analysing instrument 357 level switch 358 level transmitter 359 flow meter rotor 360 positive displacement flow meter 361 analysing instrument 362 Typically used in a laboratory.
The float is tapered with the small end variable area flow at the bottom and free to move meter 373 vertically through the orifice. some light is scattered by the smoke particles and is detected by the sensor. the light the smoke detector light beam passes in front of a photodiode (sensor). . making separate orifice carriers or tappings in the pipe wall unnecessary. Pairs of pressure tappings are machined into 374 the orifice flange. When visible 372 smoke enters the beam. Intended for use instead of a standard pipe flange pipe flange when an orifice plate or flow nozzle shall be installed.D The reflector is often made so that the antenna feedhorn will be mounted in front of the lower edge of the reflector. which then sets off the horn. 364 E F G analysing instrument 365 366 367 368 gas chromatograph mist detector paddle orifice plate analysing instrument 369 flow meter 370 control panel 371 In the absence of smoke.
D The orifice handle is meant to facilitate handle the installation of the orifice plate between flanges. Generally, the orifice nominal size, flange rating, orifice bore diameter and 'Inlet' is stamped on the upstream side of the handle. For 375 orifice handles which are an integral part, i.e. not manufactured as a separate part and fitted on to the orifice plate, see 'INTEGRAL PADDLE ORIFICE PLATE'.
orifice plate flow meter 376
By measuring the difference in fluid physical object pressure between the normal pipe section and at the vena contracta (just 378 after the orifice), we can find the velocity of the fluid flow by applying Bernoulli's equation. The orifice plate can be removed physical object without disassembling the adjacent piping. A common configuration for an 379 orifice plate fitting is a welded connection on the upstream side and a flanged connection on the downstream side. 380 differential pressure flow meter physical object 381 orifice plate 382 physical object 383 orifice plate holder 384 orifice plate holder 385
E orifice plate holder
seal ring 387
positive displacement flow meter
recording instrument 389 input - output circuit board 390
analysing instrument 391 orifice plate 392 positive displacement flow meter 393
The elements are configured to give antenna improved directivity and/or to shape the antenna radiation pattern. UHF 394 antennas, and to some extent VHF types, are commonly made in the form of printed circuit boards protected by a glass fibre radome. process instrument 395 instrument mounting bracket
D The reflector is made from electrically antenna conduction glassfibre or aluminium. The feedhorn is the termination point of the coaxial cable or waveguide from the radio equipment. The antenna directivity is normally high, and is a 397 function of the reflector diameter given as a number of wavelengths. Typically used for radio link and satellite applications for frequencies above 1 GHz.
gas analyser 398 399 400 induction instrument 401 computer 402 A pH meter is a specific type of analysing instrument voltmeter with a very high impedance of the input channels. The high impedance is a necessary part of the equipment because of high resistance 403 of the pH glass electrode typically used with pH meters (usually between 20 and 100 MΩ). indicating instrument 404 actuator recording instrument
A transducer that is capable of transducer producing an electric signal based on emission of electrons from matter upon 405 the absorption of electromagnetic radiation, such as ultraviolet radiation or x-rays. detector 406 indicating instrument 407 solenoid actuator 408
D E pressure regulator F G 409 410 instrument mounting bracket actuator 411 flow sensor 412 The Pitot Static tube measures the differential pressure total pressure (or impact pressure) at flow meter the tip of the Pitot tube and the static pressure of the flow at side ports. i. The 413 difference of these pressures. the dynamic or velocity pressure (Pdynamic).e. analysing instrument 414 415 416 417 actuator amplifier mechanical controller density analyser 418 pneumatic actuator 419 differential pressure transmitter 420 diaphragm actuator 421 pneumatic controller . varies with the square of the gas velocity.
pressure gauges and a built-in tank charged with N2 gas. 423 pressure regulator. transmitter 439 436 .D 422 A pneumatic indicator is normally a hand-held or portable instrument that consist of a precision flow meter. 424 425 426 E flow transmitter F G detecting instrument pneumatic controller level transmitter pneumatic actuator position transmitter piston actuator 427 pneumatic controller 428 pressure transmitter 429 relay 430 speed transmitter 431 pneumatic controller 432 temperature transmitter 433 indicating instrument 434 indicating instrument 435 detector indicating instrument 437 There are linear and rotational position transducer 438 transducers with analogue or digital output signals.
gears. pistons. or diaphragms flow meter are used to separate the fluid into known volumes. 440 F G in-line instrument body 441 flow transmitter 442 resistance temperature element 443 analysing instrument 444 445 446 447 physical object power supply unit controller A pressure sensor is normally part of a detecting element 448 pressure transmitter or pressure indicator. gauge 449 indicating instrument 450 detecting instrument 451 regulator 452 instrument body 453 physical object 454 .D E Vanes.
controller 468 469 detecting element position switch .D 455 E functional switch F G signal converter 456 signal converter 457 transmitter 458 physical object 459 recording instrument 460 Probes may return their data over detecting element radio links or be physically tethered to 461 an instrument controller or another device. or to collect and return physical samples. The PLC can be equipped with various input/output modules for the communication with sensors and actuators. It usually uses a microprocessor and the programming can be created by a skilled technician at an industrial 467 site. Typically applied in case of condition monitoring for rotating equipment 462 machinery items instrument housing fill fluid 463 connector 464 control system 465 physical object 466 A PLC is a small computer used for process automation. control of machinery on factory assembly lines. etc.
D 470 E resistance temperature element F G electrical temperature transmitter 471 counter 472 manual control switch 473 hole 474 475 476 orifice plate concentric hole orifice plate level transmitter 477 tank gauge 478 detecting element 479 level transmitter 480 pilot switch 481 Due to this feature and their compact design these transmitters can be 482 mounted in confined spaces like connector boxes or cabinets. electrical temperature transmitter interface card 483 recording instrument 484 .
analysing instrument physical object 488 density analyser 489 490 electronic circuit board speed governor 491 492 process control system temperature sensing element 493 temperature indicator 494 signal converter 495 496 497 rupture disc 498 orifice plate actuator .D 485 E process instrument F G venturi 486 The refractive index is the ratio of the speed of light in air or in a vacuum to 487 the speed of light in the examined medium.
is stamped on the handle. so the float rises. 504 rupture disc nominal size. DIN and JIS. 506 507 508 detecting element detecting instrument physical object 509 sampler 510 See also 'erosion probe'. flow direction. One edge of the float is compared with graduations on the glass to measure the flow rate of the fluid. The float hooks into spiral grooves on the glass (to stabilize 499 the float) causing the float to rotate as it moves up or down.D E At a higher flow rate more area variable area flow (between the float and the tube) is meter needed to accommodate the flow. Generally. A rupture disc holder consist of a inlet physical object and a outlet holder ring. 511 512 detector detecting element . handle Rupture disc holders are available for physical object to fit between most standard flanges 505 like ANSI. etc. bursting pressure. detecting element 500 The rupture 501 physical object F G physical object 502 gasket 503 The rupture disc handle is meant to facilitate the installation of the disc in the rupture disc holder.
D 513 E thermowell F G hole 514 orifice plate 515 segmental orifice plate 516 segmental orifice plate 517 518 The change in cross section area of the flow path creates pressure drops used to calculate flow velocities. differential pressure flow meter detecting element 519 tank gauge 520 indicating instrument 521 physical object 522 523 electric signal transducer physical object 524 actuator hydraulic piston actuator single acting actuator 525 526 527 pneumatic diaphragm single acting actuator actuator .
530 531 pen recorder solenoid actuator flow meter rotor 532 rupture disc 533 534 detector thermowell 535 actuator 536 The instrument is using a solid oxygen content electrolyte cell and a heater disposed analyser proximate the cell. 540 detecting instrument 541 transmitter 542 controller . The electrochemical 537 behaviour of the solid at high temperature will cause the cell to provide an output as function of the oxygen content.D 528 E pneumatic piston actuator F single acting actuator G The single chamber orifice fitting is for orifice plate fitting 529 use where the flow to the meter tube can be shut down or bypassed. flanged thermowell 538 physical object 539 An active unit.
D E physical object F G 543 recording instrument 544 flow straightener 545 actuator 546 hole 547 temperature indicator 548 concentric hole orifice plate 549 thermowell 550 thermowell stem 551 552 553 thermowell thermowell stem .
producing an unstable oscillation and precession of fluid 559 around the axis of the tube. detecting instrument 560 detecting instrument 561 gauge 562 563 564 thermowell thermowell stem flow meter 565 ref. These blades impart a swirling motion to the fluid. The frequency of oscillation is proportional to the volumetric flow rate.D E level transmitter F G 554 analysing instrument 555 sulphur analyser 556 sulphur analyser 557 gas detector 558 The transducer incorporates a set of velocity flow meter fixed swirl blades in a straight pipe.: Chambers Science and Technology Dictionary 566 signal receiver .
in a direction normal to a surface of area A. indicator scale 571 detecting instrument 572 An active unit. 567 E controller F G gauge 568 indicating instrument 569 The indicator housing is normally not in indicator housing 570 contact with the process medium. thermal conductivity analyser 578 gas analyser physical object 579 physical object 580 . functional switch 575 transmitter 576 Thermal conductivity is the quantity of analysing instrument heat. Q. under steady state conditions and when the heat transfer is dependent only on the temperature gradient. due to a 577 temperature gradient ΔT. transmitted through a thickness L. 573 regulator A temperature sensor is normally part detecting element 574 of a temperature transmitter or temperature indicator.D A passive observing unit.
D E mass flow meter F G 581 recording instrument 582 velocity flow meter 583 Source: The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary temperature sensing element 584 electrical temperature transmitter 585 detecting instrument 586 physical object 587 instrument process connection 588 physical object 589 rupture disc holder 590 .
The transmitters sends pulsating ultrasonic waves in a 591 predefined frequency from one side to the other. The difference in frequency is proportional to the average fluid velocity. by physical object some display or control device to a receiver located a distance away. Some "transmitters" use 4-20 mA current loop or digital methods for 597 transmission of measurements.D E Two transmitters / receivers ultrasonic flow meter (transceivers) are located on each side of the pipe. physical object 598 The housing is normally not in contact enclosure 599 with the process medium. physical object 600 instrument housing transceiver 601 detecting instrument 602 position switch 603 . Some such transmitters even send process signals as 3-15 psi varying pneumatic pressure. 596 F G The signal is usually sent via wires. indicating instrument 592 timepiece 593 analysing instrument 594 physical object 595 Most transducers serve either sensors physical object or actuators.
D E recording instrument F G 604 flow straightener 605 detecting instrument 606 Turbidity instruments measure the analysing instrument average volume of light scattering over a defined angular range. Both particle 607 size and concentration of suspended solids as well as dissolved solids can affect the reading. velocity flow meter 608 in-line instrument body flow meter rotor 610 speed governor 611 flame detector antenna 613 609 612 signal receiver 614 velocity flow meter 615 .
F G A ultrasonic level transmitter use an level transmitter acoustic pulse emitted from a ultrasonic transducer towards the surface to be measured. electromagnetic transducer 618 detector 619 flame detector 620 ultraviolet detector 621 rupture disc holder orifice plate 622 manometer 623 physical object 624 flanged thermowell 625 flow meter 626 dew point analyser 627 . This acoustic pulse is then reflected back towards 617 the transducer and the time taken for the pulse to return is accurately measured by a microprocessorcontrolled circuitry. and the returned echo is detected and the signal is processed in the microprocessor.D E A ultrasonic level switch is equipped level switch with a microprocessor that is generating pulses through a signal processor to a ultrasonic transducer. The ultrasonic transducer transmits an 616 ultrasonic beam towards the surface level.
pipe 635 A venturi tube is a pipe section that differential pressure forms a relatively long passage. antenna 637 signal receiver 638 detector 639 detecting instrument 640 . They are 634 also used to measure the speed of a fluid. differential pressure flow meter electronic controller 632 flow meter 633 Venturies are found in many physical object applications where the speed of the fluid is important. see venturi tube flow meter. and form the basis of devices like a carburettor.D flow meter 628 E F G float 629 flow transmitter 630 The pressure is measured up front of 631 the cone and at the cone rear tap. first flow meter narrowing smoothly down in diameter 636 and then opening up back to original diameter at the exit.
D E detecting element F G 641 recording instrument 642 analysing instrument 643 signal converter 644 signal converter 645 signal converter 646 velocity flow meter in-line mounted instrument 647 electronic sensor 648 flow sensor 649 flow transmitter 650 651 652 detector detecting instrument indicating instrument 653 A non-contacting sensor above the weir is often used to measure the 654 height of the liquid as it passes over the obstruction. 655 open channel flow meter flanged thermowell .
is normally made from electrically conducting glass fibre whips. dipoles in the HF band). TV and FM radio reception in the VHF and UHF 664 bands. in MF or low HF band and on most portable radios). antenna flow straightener 665 intrinsically safe barrier 666 physical object 667 .g.D 656 E paddle orifice plate F G thermowell 657 transducer 658 A whip antenna is commonly used in antenna the MF through UHF bands. Should ideally be of 1/4 (or 1/2) electrical wavelength. 659 When this is not possible (e. detecting element 660 Most commonly used for unbalanced antenna antennas. but may also be made of metal. but is also used for 661 balanced types (e. Directivity will depend on the number of elements.g. analysing instrument 662 recording instrument 663 Commonly used for e. this is compensated for by a serial inductor at the antenna footprint. Bandwidth is quite narrow.g.
1 2 3 H ISO 15926-2 entity class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object I classification 1 J classification 2 K classification 3 4 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 6 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 7 5 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 8 9 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 10 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 11 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 12 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 13 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 14 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 15 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 16 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 17 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 18 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 19 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 20 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 21 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 22 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 23 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 24 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 25 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 26 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 27 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 28 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 29 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 30 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 31 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 32 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 33 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 34 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 35 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 36 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 37 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 38 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 39 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 40 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 41 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 42 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 43 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 44 45 46 47 48 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 49 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 50 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 51 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 52 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 53 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 54 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 55 class_of_information_object 56 class_of_information_object 57 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 58 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 60 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 61 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 62 59 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 63 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 64 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 65 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 66 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 67 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 68 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 69 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 70 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 71 72 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_feature 73 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 74 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 75 76 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 77 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 78 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 79 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 80 81 class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 82 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 83 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 84 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 85 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 86 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 87 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 88 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 89 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 90 91 92 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 93 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 94 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 95 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 96 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 97 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 98 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 99 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 100 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 101 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 102 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 103 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 104 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 105 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 106 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 107 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 108 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 109 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 110 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 111 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 112 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 113 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 114 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 115 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 116 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 117 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 118 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 119 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 120 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 121 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 122 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 123 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 124 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 125 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 126 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 127 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 128 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 129 130 131 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 132 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 133 134 135 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 136 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 137 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 138 139 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 140 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 141 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 142 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 143 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 144 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 146 145 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 147 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 148 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 149 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 150 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 151 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 152 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 153 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 154 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 155 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 156 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 157 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 158 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 159 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 160 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 161 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 162 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 163 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 164 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 165 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 166 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 167 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 168 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 169 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 170 class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 171 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 172 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 173 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 174 175 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 176 177 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 178 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 179 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 180 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 181 182 class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 183 I J K 184 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 185 186 187 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 188 189 190 191 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 192 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 193 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 194 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 195 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 196 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 197 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 198 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 199 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 200 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 201 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 202 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 203 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 204 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 205 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 206 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 207 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 208 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 209 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 210 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 212 211 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 213 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 214 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 215 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 216 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 217 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 218 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 219 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 221 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 222 220 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 223 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 224 225 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 226 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 227 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 228 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 229 230 231 232 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 233 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 234 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 235 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 236 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 237 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 238 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 239 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 241 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 243 244 245 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 246 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 240 242 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 247 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 248 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 249 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 250 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 251 252 253 254 class_of_arranged_individual class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 255 256 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 257 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 258 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 259 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 260 261 class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 262 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 263 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 264 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 265 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 266 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 267 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 268 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 269 270 271 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 272 class_of_feature 273 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 274 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 275 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 276 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 277 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 278 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 279 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 280 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 281 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 282 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 283 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 284 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 285 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 286 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 287 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 288 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 289 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 290 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 291 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 292 293 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 294 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 295 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 297 296 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 298 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 299 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 300 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 301 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 303 302 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 304 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 305 306 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 307 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 308 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 309 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 310 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 311 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 312 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 313 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 314 315 class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 316 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 317 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 318 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 319 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 320 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 322 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 323 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 325 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 326 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 327 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 328 321 324 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 329 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 330 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 331 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 332 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 333 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 334 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 335 336 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 337 338 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 339 340 341 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 342 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 343 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 344 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 345 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 346 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 347 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 348 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 349 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 350 351 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 352 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 353 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 354 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 355 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 356 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 357 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 358 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 359 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 360 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 361 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 362 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 363 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 364 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 365 366 367 368 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 369 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 370 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 371 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 372 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 373 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 374 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 375 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 376 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 377 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 378 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 379 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 380 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 381 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 382 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 383 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 384 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 385 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 386 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 387 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 388 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 389 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 390 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 391 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 392 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 393 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 394 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 395 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 396 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 397 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 398 399 400 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 401 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 402 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 403 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 404 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 405 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 406 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 407 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 408 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 409 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 410 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 411 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 412 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 413 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 414 415 416 417 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 418 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 419 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 420 421 class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 422 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 423 I J K 424 425 426 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 427 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 428 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 429 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 430 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 431 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 432 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 433 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 434 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 435 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 437 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 438 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 439 436 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 440 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 441 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 442 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 443 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 444 445 446 447 448 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 449 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 450 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 451 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 452 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 453 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 454 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 455 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 456 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 457 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 458 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 459 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 460 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 461 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 462 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 463 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 464 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 465 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 466 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 467 468 469 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 470 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 471 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 472 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 473 class_of_feature 474 475 476 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 477 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 478 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 479 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 480 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 481 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 482 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 483 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 484 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 485 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 486 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 487 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 488 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 489 490 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 491 I J K 492 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 493 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 494 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 495 496 497 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 498 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 499 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 500 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 501 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 502 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 503 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 504 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 505 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 506 507 508 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 509 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 510 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 511 512 class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 513 class_of_feature 514 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 515 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 516 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 517 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 518 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 519 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 520 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 521 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 522 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 523 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 524 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 526 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 527 525 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 528 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 529 530 531 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 532 class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 533 534 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 535 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 536 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 537 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 538 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 539 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 540 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 541 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 542 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 543 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 544 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 545 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 546 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 547 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 548 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 549 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 550 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 551 552 553 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 554 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 555 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 556 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 557 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 558 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 559 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 560 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 561 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 562 563 564 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 565 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 566 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 567 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 568 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 569 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 570 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 571 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 572 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 573 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 574 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 575 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 576 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 577 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 578 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 579 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 580 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 581 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 582 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 583 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 584 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 585 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 586 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 587 class_of_feature 588 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 589 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 590 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 591 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 592 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 593 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 594 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 595 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 596 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 597 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 598 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 599 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 600 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 601 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 602 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 603 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 604 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 605 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 606 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 607 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 608 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 610 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 611 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 613 609 612 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 614 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 615 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 616 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 617 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 618 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 619 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 620 621 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 622 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 623 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 624 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 625 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 626 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 627 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 628 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 629 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 630 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 631 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 632 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 633 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 634 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 635 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 636 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 637 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 638 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 639 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 640 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 641 I J K class_of_inanimate_physical_object 642 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 643 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 644 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 645 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 646 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 647 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 648 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 649 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 650 651 652 class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object class_of_inanimate_physical_object 653 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 654 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 655 .
H class_of_inanimate_physical_object 656 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 657 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 658 class_of_inanimate_physical_object I J K 659 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 660 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 661 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 662 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 663 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 664 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 665 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 666 class_of_inanimate_physical_object 667 .
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