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Rachael Beles

Creative Writing
March 5, 2015
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was America’s 32nd President, and the longest-serving

president in American history. He guided America through its greatest national crisis, and

its greatest international crisis. He was one of the greatest Presidents that America has

known yet.

The Roosevelts were a well-known family in society. The estate they lived in sat

upon hundreds of acres of rolling hills along the forested bluffs of the Hudson, just south of

the village of Hyde Park, New York. On the day of January 30, 1882, Franklin Delano

Roosevelt was born. Like other children of his social standing, Roosevelt didn’t attend a

public school. Instead, his mother taught him how to read and write until he was six then a

line of governesses and tutors taught him in years afterward. Roosevelt went through a

tight schedule. At seven a.m., he woke up then had breakfast at eight. After, he had lessons

with his governess from nine until noon. When boys turned 12, they would be shipped off

to an exclusive private school. However, because of his overprotective mother, Sara Delano

Roosevelt, Franklin wasn’t sent to Groton Prep School until he was 14 years old. After he

graduated from Groton, Roosevelt enrolled as a freshman at Harvard College in 1900. As an

extracurricular activity, Roosevelt signed himself up to be part of Harvard’s school

newspaper, the Harvard “Crimson”. He had also participated in the school government.

Roosevelt had always been interested in politics. He campaigned for a seat in the

New York Senate in 1910. Later, he faced reelection, but came down with typhoid, so he

hired Louis Howe. After a term of two years, he moved on and became the assistant

secretary of the Navy on March 17, 1913. He was following in his cousin Theodore

Roosevelt’s footsteps, who had been assistant secretary before. In 1920, FDR decided to try

his hand at national politics. He became a candidate for vice-president along with his
Rachael Beles
Creative Writing
March 5, 2015
running mate James Cox in 1920. In 1921 Roosevelt was stricken with the disease

poliomyelitis, which can paralyze one’s arms, legs, or even their whole body. Many victims

died. Roosevelt was determined that he would continue to walk, even though his legs were

paralyzed. He ran for the position then became the 44th governor of New York on January

1, 1929 for three years. He then became the United States’ 32nd President.

The Great Depression fell upon America, and many Americans were left without jobs

and money. In the struggle against the Great Depression, Roosevelt passed an amendment

called the “New Deal”. Its intention. Roosevelt founded Social Security, which was designed

to help people save money. The Wagner Act was passed in 1935, and it empowered earlier

work regulation. It set up the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) that continues on

today. The NLRB handled elections when workers wanted to choose a union to represent

them. It also prevented employers from intruding with union organizing endeavors. The

most astounding act though, was the Tennessee Valley Authority. It reflected Roosevelt’s

long standing interest in conservation and public power. It’s main objective was to recover

the Tennessee Valley basin. With the help of Roosevelt’s persistence and the New Deal,

America slowly built itself back up. Around that time, after the Great Depression, Hitler

began attacking nearby countries. Soon Britain became involved in the war, and Congress

passed a law that the United States would not be involved in the war going on on the other

side of the world until the country was attacked itself. Roosevelt reluctantly signed the

agreement, but soon regret it when Churchill, who was the Prime Minister of Britain, sent

pleas for help. The best Roosevelt could do was send some old but working destroyers for

England to use, with the approval of Congress. One day however, Japan sent 350 dive-

bombers, torpedo bombers, and pursuit planes and bombed an American naval base at
Rachael Beles
Creative Writing
March 5, 2015
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Roosevelt was enraged and declared war on Japan while Germany

and Italy declared war on the U.S. The war raged on. D-day came when the Germans

invaded Normandy, France on June 6, 1944. Reelection came and went, and Roosevelt

served as President for a 4th term. The U.S. decided to end the war and produced two

nuclear bombs, which were dropped on two of Japan’s major cities. Japan immediately

surrendered, signaling the end of the war.

Roosevelt was working on a speech for Jefferson’s birthday when he slumped

forward in his chair, unconscious. The President never regained consciousness, because he

suffered from a massive cerebral hemorrhage, which is also called a brain aneurysm. A

parade marched down the street with the coffin of Franklin D. Roosevelt. On the morning of

April 13, a funeral train carried the President’s flag-covered coffin to Washington. Another

train brought it to Roosevelt’s home-town, where he was buried in his mother’s rose

garden behind the house where he was born. It was a sad day for the United States, as it

marked the end of the great life of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.