District Handbooks of Kerala

KASARAGOD

District Handbooks of Kerala

KASARAGOD

Department of Information & Public Relations Government of Kerala

District Handbooks of Kerala

KASARAGOD

DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATIONAND PUBLIC RELATIONS GOVERNMENT OF KERALA

................Chief G............. However..............District Handbooks of Kerala KASARAGOD Department of Information and Public Relations March 2003 Editor .......................... Agriculture ......................................... Radhakrishna Pillai Ajitha Das (Translators) Type setting and layout Karma Contents 1..11 7...................... Electricity ...... Industries .................................................................. Literacy ........................................................................................................................................................5 2..................................... Santhosh Kumar (Information Officer) Assistants N...19 10.... Administration ........................................ Fisheries ................ Places of worship ............................ Introduction .... I A S.. 15........... Topography ........................ Men of letters .............14 9.... 32 17............20 11...........24 Published by the Director.........................Rajasekharan ........................... Climate ........... Thiruvananthapuram 15......... ...........in ......... Kasaragod Editor K............................................21 13..................Barefacts .................. Department of Information and Public Relations....................................... Gangadharan District Information Officer............................. Government of Kerala.............................10 Every care has been taken to ensure the authenticity of the facts given in this hand book...............................5 3. Places of tourist interest................................................................................21 12................................................................... Forest ................ Local self government ............... History ......9 6.................................................................22 14...............42 Printed at Copies Price : : : KSAVRC Press. Government of Kerala should not be held responsible for error.......................................7 4.... Health .... if any................................................000 Rs....................... 13 8............8 5..... the Information and Public Relations Department........... Director & Secretary Compiled by M..............................26 16......................

HISTORY Lying on the north western coast of the State. G.kerala.Rajasekharan.in. Kasaragod was famous from time immemorial. In his travelogue. Bekal. It is in this context that District Handbooks used to be published. Chandragiri and Manjeshwaram. When Vijayanagar empire attacked 5 Thiruvananthapuram. However the Department feels that the time is not ripe for a complete switch over from the print media and hence a new series of District Handbooks is now published. www. Kasaragod was part of the Kumbala Kingdom in which there were 64 Tulu and Malayalam villages. Barbose. Director & Secretary Information & Public Relations INTRODUCTION be derived from the T he name. the Portuguese traveller. who visited Kumbla near Kasaragod in 1514. visited Kasaragod in 1800. Government of Kerala. They called this area Harkwillia.FOREWORD Reference books have always been in great demand in Kerala and the educated public approach the Information and Public Relations Department.in and maintains the State Government web portal www. who came to Kerala between ninth and 14th centuries AD. is said toforests (Kanjirakuttom).A. he has included information on the political and communal set-up in places like Athipramba. Nileswaram. I hope that this book would cater to the requirements of the tourists as well as the general public who seek a handy booklet containing relevant information about the district. had recorded that rice was exported to Male Island whence coir was imported. Kasaragod. It has been our sincere endeavour to update these on a day-to-day basis and popularise the use of computers through out the State to enable information and services to reach the needy. the Department has launched a website. Dr. Many Arab travellers.gov.S. . Francis Buccanan. 18th March 2003. To be abreast of times. Kavvai. visited Kasaragod as it was then an important trade centre.kerala.prd. I. for authentic information on our State and districts. Suggestions for improvement of the publication/the contents of the website/portals are welcome. word Kusirakood meaning Nuxvomica It is with the intention of bestowing maximum attention on the development of backward areas that Kasaragod district was formed on 24th May 1984.gov. who was the family doctor of Lord Wellesly.

Hyder Ali returned to Mysore and died there in 1782. In 1763 Hyder Ali of Mysore conquered Bednoor. 6 National Movement Kasaragod played a prominent role in the National Movement for the freedom of the country. Though Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar moved a resolution in 1913 on the floor of Madras Governor's Council demanding the merger of Kasaragod taluk with the Malabar district. Kasaragod was part of Bekal taluk in the south Canara district of Bombay presidency. Kasaragod taluk came into being when Bekal taluk was included in the Madras presidency on 16th April 1882. In1927. The British got it. Tippu surrendered Malabar except Thulunadu (Canara) to the British.His son. Krishnan Nambiar. In the same year. passed a resolution stressing the above demand. Naranthatta Raman Nair. The Ghats dominate the topography. only after the death of Tippu Sulthan in 1799.C. The district is bounded in the east by the Western Ghats. the various struggles unleashed for the uplift of the scheduled castes and tribes also supported and enlivened the National Movement.M. Kasaragod became part of Kerala following the reorganisation of states and formation of Kerala on the first November 1956. it was ruled by the Kolathiri King who had Nileshwaram as his headquarters. Besides the agitation of the peasants. TOPOGRAPHY Kasaragod district lies between 11 0 18' and 120 48' north latitudes and between 740 52' and 750 26' east longitudes. His intention was to capture entire Kerala. represent those who had helped King Kolathiri in the fight against the attack of the Vijayanagar empire. They continued to be the rulers till the fall of the Vijayanagar empire in 16th century. K. As per the Sreerangapattanam Treaty of 1792. the scene changes and the sand level rises towards the barrier of the Ghats and transforms into low red laterite hills interspersed with paddy fields and coconut gardens. The Kadakom Sathyagraha was started following the arrest of Gandhiji in 1932.Gopalan Nair and Meloth Narayanan Nambiar were prominent freedom fighters.Kasaragod. Tippu Sulthan. The cost line is fringed with low cliffs alternating with stretches of sand. Eleri Estate Agitation (1946). Chandragiri and Bekal forts are considered to be parts of a chain of Forts constructed by Sivappa Naik. an organisation titled Malayalee Seva Sanghom was constituted. Karinthalam Paddy Seizure Revolt (1948) and many other struggles waged by the peasant organisations accelerated the tempo of the freedom movement. A. A few miles to the interior. Shreesankarji. the north by the Canara district of Karnataka and in the south by the Kannur District. 7 . Mohammed Sherul Sahib and Kandige Krishna Bhat were the frontline leaders of the independence movement. The district is marked off from the adjoining areas outside the State by the Western Ghats which run parallel to the sea and constitute an almost continuous mountain wall on the eastern side. the administration of this area was vested with the Ikkery Naikans. Umesh Rao. Thus they came to be known as Bednoor Naik. The agrarian struggle to end the exploitation and oppression by landlords and chieftains were part of the National Movement. Then Vengappa Naik declared independence to Ikkery. During the decline of that empire in the 14th century. Cheemeni Estate Struggle (1942).Kesava Menon. it had to be withdrawn because of the stiff opposition of the members from Karnataka. Thanks to the efforts made by many eminent persons like K. The Palayi Harvest Agitation (1941). continued the attack and conquered Malabar. Kayyur Agrarian Riot (1944).P. the ritualistic folkdance of northern Kerala. In 1645 Sivappa Naik took the reigns and transferred the capital to Bednoor. in the west by the Arabian sea. Kannan Nair. T. a political convention held at Kozhikode. But when his attempt to conquer Thalassery fort was foiled . It is said that the characters appearing in Theyyam.

Thiyyas and Kammalas are the major divisions of the Hindu community. March.) and Kalanad (8 kms. Menon. the mid land consisting of the undulating country and the forestclad highland on the extreme east.0 0.). and vested forest.). Humidity is very high and rises to about 90 per cent during the south-west monsoon. These rivers provide ample irrigation facilities.). heralded by thunder-storms and holds till September when the rain fades out. Shiriya (61 kms.m.2 RIVERS There are 12 rivers in this district. Mogral (34 kms. sheakoy. AVERAGE RAINFALL Month January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual Rainfall (m. 8 . cardamom. the climate is generally hot. the diurnal range is only about 100 F.2 306.). It stretches in two rangesKasaragod and Kanhangad. clean habits and a simple life. Manjeswaram (16 kms. where the great Maurya emperor Chandragupta. CLIMATE The diversity of the physical features results in a corresponding diversity of climate. Kavvayi (23 kms.1 339.) originating from Pattimala in Coorg and embraces the sea at Thalangara. Kumbala (11 kms. Kurup etc. October brings in the north-east monsoon. as is the case in other parts of the state. fibres.kms. Brahmins.9 1056. Bekal (11 kms. regularity of features.4971 sq.). FOREST Kasaragod district has a forest area of 117.9 0. In the plains. to 28. Reserve forest stretches to 86.). the fastest deer. a distinctiveness in personal appearance. etc.0 38. Kammalas are artisans like 9 The south-west monsoon starts towards the end of May or the beginning of June.).1 49.). The second longest river is Kariankod (64 kms.5 675. Nileshwaram (47 kms. canes. January and February are the coolest months of the year. The annual variation of temperature is small. kms.kms. Ambalavasis. is believed to have spent his last days as a sage. sq.0 74.) 30.0221 sq. is seen in some areas. Wild boars are a nuisance to the cultivators of hilly areas. April and May are generally very hot. Thiyyas in the northern parts of the district are known as Belichappad.8 3152. The sub-divisions of Nair community are Nambiar.) are the other rivers. THE PEOPLE The people of this district have. Though the mean maximum temperature is only around 900 F. Nairs. Sambar. The river assumes its name Chandragiri from the name of the place of its source Chandragupta Vasti.Based on physical features the district falls into three natural divisions-the low land bordering the sea. The longest is Chandragiri (105 kms.). falling under the Kannur Forest Division. marked by fairness of complexion.4 553. Muslims and Christians. Chithari (25 kms. The major religious groups are Hindus. the heat is oppressive in the moisture laden atmosphere of the plains.3 28.5412. Uppala (50 kms. The forest produces are shegaibark. Dry weather sets in by the end of December. across which a dam is being built at Kakkadavu.

Parayas.164 282.342 969.450. etc.69 120.745 616.879 587. Vellarikundu. Punichitaya. Ballullaya. Kasaragod and its Office is at Kanhangad.806 47.away from Kasaragod town. The scheduled tribes consist of Koragas of Kasaragod taluk.133 49. Karibedkom.565 71.808 *Census 2001 ADMINISTRATION For the purpose of revenue administration.597 233.203.237 587.793 217. Perumkollan (Blacksmith) and Asaris (Carpenters).700 4. influencing and getting influenced by the culture of the other.373 232. Kasaragod is the only revenue division in the district Civil Station.249. Malakkallu. Kadambulithaya. The purdha system is observed more strictly here by Muslim women than in any other parts of the State. there is no barrier on the cultural unity.970 257. temples and churches stand side by side as a symbol of communal harmony.256 615.369.017. Panathady and Cheemeni.619 15. Kanhiradkom. five kms.899 112.267. at Vidya Nagar. Kozhichal.508 4. U-Urban Male Female 31. They are the early settlers from the southern parts of the State.864 304. The Muslims are very pious and they follow rigid religious customs. Malom. Kakunnaya etc.135 1.206 262. Kukkillaya. The first group of Christian settlers came to Rajapuram in 1943.881 311. The main Christian settlements are Thomapuram. Communal harmony and religious tolerance are the noteworthy characteristics of the people. Mavilans. Though the people speak different languages. Chengala Panchayat. Kadumeni.763 474. Cherumas. the Muslims and the Christians are. Pulingom.579 494.699 8. The cosmopolitan outlook and character of the people in the district are because of the contact they had with the trade missions that used to visit this place years back. 10 POPULATION* Person Kerala T R U Kasaragod District T R U Kasaragod Taluk T R U Hosdurg Taluk T R U T-Total.955 23.073 304. Mosques. Brahmins consist of Bhat. the district is divided into two taluks and 75 villages. The Collectorate functions at the Civil Station.785 12. Palavayal. These hilly terrains are converted into rich plantations. Kunikullaya.Thattan (Goldsmith). are the scheduled castes.658 137.838. Marattis of Hosdurg and Kasaragod taluks and Adiyans of Eravas. Balal.166 449.093 65. They are mainly agricultural labourers.571.176 519.484 11.468. Cherupuzha.939 96. The Hindus. Bandadka. 11 .120. R-Rural. Christians are settled mainly in the eastern hilly areas.664 16.

Hosdurg 50. Muliyar 11. Bayar 29. Badoor 37. Chittarikkal 67. Delampady 10. Pillicode 72. Kumbdaje 3. Munnad 12. Bela 40. Pallikkera 44. Kasaragod (04994) 430230 12. Badiadka 42. N. District Panchayat Building Block / Grama Panchayats Block Panchayat 1. Enmakaje 11. Meenja 7. Manjeshwaram Telephone Grama number Panchayat Telephone number 460073 860237 840221 802259 855043 850262 872238 813033 805028 895031 884026 460049 495003 450226 470034 490224 437276 410235 430427 422891 872673 1.four Block Panchayats and 39 Grama Panchayats in the district. Chengala 3. Kallar 56. West Eleri 66. Bandiadka 18. Karindalam 63. Nettanige 31. Kayyar 28. Kasaragod 2. Madhur 30. Trikaripur There are one District Panchayat. Paivalige 10. Meenja 25. Beemanady 65. Paivalike 26. Kayyur 69. Karadka 13. Kudlu 7. Udma 43. Koluthur 13. Nileswaram 60. Kadambar 27. Kasaragod Taluk 1. Ajanur 48. Ichilango 21. Palaavayal 68. Chengala 17. Belur 54. Madikai 51. Thayannur 55. Kuttikole 14. S. Chittari 49. Adoor 8. Kunjathur 19. Kodlamogru 23. Balal 58. Neerchal 38. Adhur 6. Kodakkad 71. Muliyar 15. Kanhangad 52. Kuttikole 15. Kumbdaje 33. Padanna 74. Maloth 59. Periya 46.The Kasaragod District Panchayat office functions at the Civil Station compound. Koipady 36. Hosabettu 20. Chemmanad 18. Bediadka 19. Paady 9. Cheemeni 70. Trikaripur 75. Mogral Puthur 13 . Ambalathara 53. Pullur 47. Vorkady 5. Maire 12 LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT 2. Perole 61. Kalanad 5. Badre 35. Bediadka 16. Mangalpady 4. Panaya 45. Bellur 2. Panathady 57. Hosdurg Taluk 41. Varkady 24. Karivedakam 14. Thalangara 17. Uppala 22. Ednad 32. Cheruvathur 73.Villages 1. Thekkil 4. Madhur 20. Parappa 64. Puthige 6. Bambrana 34. Kinanoor 62. Delampady 16. Enmakaje 39. Badiadka 2. Manjeshwaram 8. Kumbla 9.

738 7. cashew trees are cultivated. while in some patches. Madikkai 27. Panathady 29.962 1. Udma 22. tobacco. PARLIAMENTARY CONSTITUENCIES There are five Assembly and one Parliamentary constituencies in the district. coconut. In the midland. The soil in the three natural divisions generally fall under three types. Nileswaram 33. Kodom-Belur 26.248 78 3. Hosdurg (reserved for SC) and Thrikkaripur are the Assembly constituencies. Pilicode 35. vegetable and tapioca are cultivated. The coastal strip is sandy. Kanhangad (04997) 704048 21. Ajanur 23. Mundakan 3. Thrikkaripur 37. Diversity of crops and heterogeneity in cultivation are the key notes of agriculture here. Manjeshwaram. paddy. Pallikkara 28. Cheruvathur 31.051 19. the soil is a red ferruginous loam of lateritic origin with an admixture of clay and sand. Kasaragod is the Parliamentary constituency. Puncha Area Ha. Kinanur-Karinthalam 38. 14 Coconut Arecanut Pepper Cashew Tapioca Tobacco Rubber Sweet Potato Vegetables Pulses Banana Ginger Oil Seeds 15 . arecanut. East Eleri 34. The forests comprise of a variety of timber with teak and other plantations. cashew and ginger. Kallar 25.126 389 792 129 54 ASSEMBLY. AGRICULTURE Agriculture forms the mainstay of the population of the district.3. the important crops being rubber. Kayyur-Cheemeni 32. 4. Padanna 39. Balal 24. Nileswaram 780328 30. pepper and cocoa are grown. Udma.183 12. Virippu 2.420 217 56. Crops Cultivation Crops Paddy 1.749 3. Valiyaparamba 736242 766386 742235 725100 746350 740680 772026 727300 794030 760221 750322 780360 721035 711504 741336 710236 795350 776259 758276 In the highland region it is laterite. arecanut. Pullur-Periya 4. Kasaragod. In the skeletal plateau areas.280 44 22. In the coastal tract. The hilly areas are mostly cleared and put to private cultivation. cashew. West Eleri 36. Ox race The eastern tract comprises of forests and hilly areas.

Its research centres are at Peechi. arecanut. one field station at Thrissur and a World Coconut Germplasm Centre at Sipighat. Mohithnagar and Kehikuchi. Mangala arecanut. There are seed farms at Kidu and Sathigode. Research is carried out on various branches of Agricultural Sciences such as gardening.130 hectares. pisci culture. The objectives of the CPCRI are to serve as national forum for improving genetic potential of plantation crops.765 8. to produce genetically superior planting materials and to carry out all India co-ordinated cropping improvement project on coconut. Under the project different interventions have been implemented in farmers in different micro farming situations.308 1. T x D. to serve as an infor16 Agricultural Technology Information * 2000-2001 Centre (ATIC) is established at CPCRI. front line demonstrations and on farm testing in the farmers' fields and other technology transfer activities organised by the Kendras. cashew. turmeric and cashew. soil chemistry. Hects. etc. Farmers are immensely benefited through the vocational training programmes.625 19. are some of the contributions of the CPCRI for the development of agriculture. pepper and field Crops Area in crops has given better yields. five kms. Hirehally. The Krishi Vigyan Kendras functioning under CPCRI at Kasaragod and Kayamkulam cater to the training needs of farmers of Kasaragod and Alappuzha Districts respectively.With headquarters at Kudlu.228 1. 17 . plant production. cattle rearing.562 -4. The composition of the geographical features are as detailed below: Particulars Forest Area Land put to non-agricultural use Barren & uncultivable Permanent pastures and grazing land Land under miscellaneous tree crops Cultivable waste Fallow other than current fallow Current fallow Net sown area Area sown more than once Total cropped area (gross) Area in Hectares 5. arecanut. Research on various diseases of coconut. diagnostic and advisory services and supply of quality planting material to farmers through a single window delivery system. the CPCRI has regional stations at Kayamkulam. Vittal and Kozhikode. Appangala. CPCRI is one of the ICAR institute implementing the NATP project on "Technology Assessment and Refinement Through Institution Village Linkage" which is having emphasis on ensuring farmer's participation in agro-eco system analysis.758 8. identification and prioritization of problems and deciding appropriate technological interventions. to conduct basic and applied research on various aspects of these crops.770 1. microbiology. The most remarkable venture is tissue culture in coIrrigated area* conut.96. plant diseases. It was established in 1970 by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. north of Kasaragod.568 13. Kasaragod district covers a geographical area of 1. to co-ordinate research works being done by other institutions and agencies in the country.39. Palode.Land use pattern As per survey reports.48.535 mation centre on all matters pertaining to these crops. mixed crop and multi-crop system. spices and cashewnut. etc. Paddy Tubers Vegetables Coconut Arecanut Cloves and Nutmeg Other spices Banana Betal leaves Sugarcane Others 3302 21 315 25670 12996 39 123 647 22 2 1500 CPCRI The Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) is an establishment having national importance. Kasaragod to provide the required technology information.319 3. new species of cardamom.

417.523.861 92.772 447. farming systems.075 15 1.460.844 371.029 3. As per available statistics. the district has 896.585 198. pests and disease management and post harvest technology.277 *as per 1996 Census. Literates* Person Kerala T R U Kasaragod Dist.347.367 713. Farmers can write to CPCRI in advance for seedlings and can procure the same in person on intimation. T R U 25.625. 18 19 Kasaragod Taluk T R U Hosdurg T R U T .878.Total.735 9.933 Male 12.Quality planting materials of coconut.306 5 113 71.Urban .866 9.137 174. arecanut and cocoa are produced and distributed to farmers from the various centres of CPCRI. CPCRI library has a collection of 50.284 38. U . farmers and personnel from plantation crops industry.538 220.722 372.212 6.367 literates.807.599 36. Library at the headquarters and at regional stations provide documentation services to scientists.780 464. arecanut and cocoa.734 55. researchers.523 341.386 167.000 documents pertaining to palms and cocoa and subscribes to 225 journals.301 228.839 448.983 236.259 173. the level of literacy has a marked improvement.251 * Census 2001 LIVE STOCK POPULATION* Cattle Buffaloes Sheep Pigs Goats Fowls Ducks Donkeys Horses & Ponies Dogs Mules Rabbits Other Poultry 1.682 Female 12. R . LITERACY The Saksharatha Programme of the Government was well received and due to the zealous campaign conducted by the Government as well as voluntary organisations.706 431.135 53. catalogued and indexed and the process of computerization using library software is in progress. The Institute offers project consultancies to individuals on nominal charges on the establishment and maintenance of gardens of coconut. students.602 8.486 896.183 3.645 340.817.712 107.187 2.747.844 and females 431.Rural. of which the number of males is 464.577 54.698 18.400.789 211.963 9. All documents of the library are classified.595 182.397 88 4.734 89.883 74.968 1.80.92.

Thakadappuram. the number of technically qualified persons are 522. A Self Employment Scheme KESRU (Kerala Self Employment Scheme for the Registered Unemployed) is implemented through Employment Exchange. Koipady. 21 EMPLOYMENT There are two Employment Exchanges functioning in the district. In Kasaragod Employment Exchange. Kubannur. 141 73 43 31 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 Aided 115 72 19 14 2 1 1 Unaided 7 4 8 7 Total 263 149 70 45 4 1 3 1 2 7 3 2 1 The number of unemployed youths registered at Hosdurg Town Employment Exchange as on 31st December 2001 was 77.066 and physically handicapped 440. scheduled tribes 877 and physically handicapped 813. Kasaragod.884 of which graduates numbered 7. The work of eight 33 KV Sub Stations are in progress.884. Padanna Kadappuram. The 110 KV Sub Station at Cheruvathur is started functioning. HEALTH In the field of health and sanitation.279 and technically qualified 1. The number of persons belonging to scheduled castes registered as unemployed is 4. Kasaba. Ajanur. the total number of unemployed youths registered as on 31st December. There is a light house at Kasaragod. The number of unemployed males is 38. ELECTRICITY The existing power voltage has been increased after the commissioning of a 220 KV Sub Station at Mailatt. There are many fish-landing centres in this district and some of them have fish-landing. One is at Kasaragod and the other is at Kanhangad.960. Mulleria and Kanhangad. FISHERIES Kasaragod district has an 80 kms.264 of which 11. Hosdurg Kadappuram. Patients requiring technologically advanced treatment are forced to go to Mangalapuram. Shiriya. long sea coast extending from Thrikaripur to Bengra-Manjeshwaram. Kavugoly. Bengra-Manjeshwaram. graduates 1. Kadankod. Manipal or Kozhikode.256 are males and 13.076 and females 39.747. scheduled tribes 2.648. There are many ice plants in the public and private sectors. Kottikulam. the district lacks modern facilities. Females 39. Pallikkara. Punjavi Kadappuram. Besides there are five 110 KV Sub Stations Manjeshwaram. 2001 stood at 27. 20 . scheduled castes 3. Kizhur. cleaning and transporting facilities.587.EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS Institution Lower Primary Schools Upper Primary Schools High Schools Higher Secondary Schools Colleges Engineering College Teacher Training Institutes Special School for the blind Industrial Training Institutes Industrial Training Centres Polytechnic Kendriya Vidyalaya Navodaya Vidyalaya Govt. Valiyaparamba and Thrikaripur Kadappuram are the fishing villages in the district. Out of this total.230.038 females. The KPCL a private establishment at Mailatty is the only power generating unit in the district.

9 141.C.B. Unit Government Blood Banks Doctors in Government Institution Beds in Government Institution Private Medical Institutions Private Blood Banks Hospitals Dispensaries Homoeopathy Hospitals Dispensaries Number 1 1 5 45 249 1 1 2 3 1 1 2 107 667 64 2 5 3 3 21 Industrial Scenario Industry Large Industry Medium Industry SSI Units Industrial Co-operative Societies Handloom Societies Agro based Rubber based Plastic based Forest based Animal Husbandry Textile based Chemical based Engineering based Electronics based Minerals Building materials Others : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : No. there are 5. 22 The length of rail line passing through this district is 116 kms.0 INDUSTRIES Kasaragod has vast potentials for the establishment of large and medium industries. Centre District Medical Stores L. There is no major industry. but the district is at present industrially backward. 23 . As per the latest data available.N.HEALTH INSTITUTIONS Systems Allopathy Institutions/Particulars District Hospital Taluk Hospital Community Health Centres Primary Health Centres Family Welfare Centres T.P.8 274.7 10. 85. Nil 1 5.F.759 small-scale industrial units in the district.759 62 8 665 129 68 472 43 1200 176 665 254 294 111 1682 Identified clusters For clay based artware For wood based Industry For Handicrafts Bediadka Kasaragod Ananthapuram Ayurveda Roads Category National Highways State Highways Major district roads tarred Other district roads tarred Other district roads earthern Length in kms. Units Food Inspector Offices J.C. Training School N.8 310.P.H.

Among his works are a poem Kirtibhooshana Charitham and three dramas. which literally means "a bunch of parrots". He was also a researcher in Mopla songs. Kuttamath Kunhambu Kurup (1855 1911) was a great sanskrit scholar and Ayurvedic physician. T. Ubaid translated many Malayalam literary pieces into Kannada and vice-versa. Govinda Pai also enriched Kannada learning with his historical studies and research. P. His earliest composition in prose was Srikrishna Charita (1909) which provides for remarkable reading. His Gilivindu. dramatist and linguist. The first of this galaxy of Kuttamath scholars was Kunhunni Kurup (1813-1885). Govinda Pai of Manjeshwaram. the cultural leader of Yakshaganam Kasaragod. He was an authority on the chronology and history of Tulunad. His important works are Devi Mahatmyam. who is also known as Mahakavi Kuttamath. poet. He was talented Astrologer and Sanskrit scholar. Kapotha Sandesham and Vyasolpathi. the most important of which are Kharavadham. is Kerala's contribution to Kannada language and literature. contains some rare and beautiful gems of Kannada poetry. Gommata Jinastuti was the first published work of Govinda Pai. Govinda Pai was also a prolific prose writer. Golgotha (the last days of Christ. He has also organised a Thullal Kaliyogam of his own to popularise Ottnthullal. He has also composed an Attakadha in Malayala m titled Balagopalam. viz. Sri Ramavatarams and three Thullal poems. viz. Kuttamath Cheria Rama Kurup (1847-1906) was a dramatist.. art critic and literature researcher. Kamsavadham. Balagopalam. Sankaracharya Charitham and Radhamadhavam. He has composed several Sanskrit works such as Subhadrapaharanam. Poet. Vaisakhi (The last days of Buddha. hailed from Bellikoth near Kanhangad. and several devotional works like Sri Ramakrishnan Gita and 24 Mukambikapuranam Kilippattu.MEN OF LETTERS The Kuttamath Kunniyur family in Cheruvathur had given birth to many poets. Ubaid. historian. etc. His Sarva Garala Padmochanam is a comprehensive work on Visha Vaidyam (Toxicology). grammarian and Ayurvedic physician of considerable merit. was conferred the title of poet laureate by the erstwhile Government of Madras. The earliest of his literary composition is a poem called Kaliyamardanam. nationalist. Seemanthini Swayamvaram.. M. He has composed a few dramas such as Devayani Charitham. Among his Malayalam works may be mentioned Kesivadham. Kuttamath Kunhi Kelu Kurup (1863-1915) distinguished himself as a composer of Thullal poems. viz. He excelled himself as a poet. another famous poet of Kerala. Krishnavatharam. Vaidarbhi Vasudevam. Rukmini Swayamvaram and Sita Swayamvaram. was born at Thalangara. Proficient in Malayalam and Kannada. M. published in 1946) and 25 . Sita Swayamvaram. Dhruvamadhavam. Kunhiraman Nair. Harischandra Charitham. along with Mahakavi Vallathol. published in 1937). Kuchelagopalam. Ushanirudham and Amsumatidharmaguptam. His best works written in blank verse.. Poothanamoksham and Ahalyamoksham. He is the author of several important works in Malayalam. Govinda Pai also introduced the sonnet form in Kannada. The most distinguished of the Kuttamath scholars is Kunhi Krishna Kurup (1881-1944). Rashtrakavi. Govinda Pai (1883-1963) who has enriched Kannada literature and poetry by his famous works. Nachiketas. T.

originally of Karnataka is also popularly performed here. some times in Malayalam. number of people takes place. According to tradition. The annual Jatra or festival of the temple starts with Dhwaja Arohanam (hoisting of the temple flag) on the 27th of Kumbham (February. the day coincides with the anniversary of the day on which a harijan spotted the Sivalingam. which is known as Sri Mahalingeshwara temple. A peculiarity of this temple is that a Brahmin priest performs pooja only in the noon. T. the story of Ekalavya retold. from Kanhangad. Bhagavathi and Bhairavan. The temple. Anantheswara temple The fame of Manjeshwaram lies in the famous Srimad Anantheswara Temple owned by the Gowda Saraswath community.The festivals in the temple fall during the months of Edavam (May. Yakshagana. a revolutionary poet. Local Ananthapuram Temple tradition has it that Ananthapadmanabha of Thiruvananthapuram had settled down here originally. but there are also other deities like Kshetrapalan. from Kumbla is the Anantha puram Temple whichis said to be the ‘Moolasthanam’ of the Ananthapadmanabha Swami (Sri Padmanabha Swami Temple) of Thiru vananthapuram. Sri Parthisuba. Sri. PLACES OF WORSHIP Adoor temple Forty five kms.Hebberaqlu (The Thumb. Adoor is noted for its ancient Siva Temple. while the morning and evening poojas are performed by a sect called Maniyanis. Thirumumbu. The main deity of the temple is Bhadrakali. Ajanur Madiyan Kulom temple In Ajanur village is situated the famous Madiyan Kulom temple. believed to have been founded by Arjuna. March) and concludes with the Avabhritha Snanam (holy dip) in the water of the Payaswini on the fourth of Meenam (April) every year. It is about five kms. It 27 . and that too. is situated in picturesque surroundings on the southern bank of the river Payaswini. Ananthapuram Theyyam The colourful and ritualistic folk arts like Theyyam and Thirayattom are performed here. June) and Dhanu (December. a colourful dance-drama. east of Kasaragod town.S. January). The Makara Samkramam is a very important festival day in the temple when a Sahasra Kumbha Abhishekam with feeding of a large 26 At a distance of about five kms. These works also testify to his universal outlook as well as to his deep compassion for the poor and the downtrodden. was believed to have lived at Kumbla near Kasaragod. the great exponent of Yakshagana. was also a leader of the agrarian movement. published in 1946) have won for Govinda Pai a lasting place in the gallery of the greatest poets of Kannada literature.

It was celebrated in April 1962 after a lapse of about 160 years. rises Madhur temple majestically against the beautiful landscape of hills. paddy fields and gardens with the river Madhuvahini flowing leisurely in front of it. 28 . Kumbla is also called Kanipura (Kaniyara) after the latter temple. The festival is conducted only periodically in view of the huge expenditure involved. The eastern parts of the district about in a number of small and big churches. The festival which is peculiar to this temple is Pattu Utsavam. with its turrets and gables and the copper plate roofing. about four kms. and very recently in April 1992. Troups of professional singers sing jointly in praise of the greatness of the deity. Madhur temple At Madhur. a day sacred to Subrahmanya. The Madhur temple is a Siva temple with Srimad Anantheswara as its presiding deity. Kumbla Sri Gopala Krishna temple Two of the four sacred temples of Kumbla Seema are located in Kumbla and its suburbs. commences with the Dhwajaarohanam on the Makara Sankramana day. The dignitaries of all the Kazhakams of Saliyas from Pattuvam to Panamboor (present new Mangalapuram) known as Pathinalu Nagaram assemble here annually on the second Saturday of Vrischikam (November). This is the headquarters of the Anjooru Nayanmar (five hundred Nairs). is the famous Madhur Srimad Anantheswara Vinayaka temple. The St. Madharu. In the outer round of the temple. east of Kumbla and about eight kms. there is a flower garden named Anantha Nandana Vana.The large figure of Maha Ganapathi is covered with appam. eight kms. The Sri Gopalakrishna Temple. is situated in the heart of the town of Kumbla at the foot of an elevated hill which rises majestically in front of it. has celebrated its centenary recently.attracts pilgrims from all over India. They are the Mujankavu Sri Parthasaradhi Temple and Kanipura (Kaniyara) Sri Gopalakrishna Temple. particularly from the region lying between Kanyakumari and Goa. A special festival associated with the Madhur temple is the Moodappa seva. Thomas Church at Chittarikal is another famous one. The annual car Festival of the temple is on the sixth Lunar Day of the bright half of the Margashira month. This Gothic style Roman Catholic church which is under the Mangalapuram Diocese. Bela church About 11 kms. It is also called the Shashti Festival as the final day celebration takes place on the Skanda Shashti day . People in thousands from all over the region attend these festivities. usually between the third week of November and the third week of December. The imposing structure of the temple. north east of Kasaragod.The Christian church at Kasaragod has also celebrated its centenary recently. The colourful festival at Kumbla temple which lasts for five days every year. with the Kumbla river flanking it on the left (north). is the Mother Dolorus Church of Bela. The Sivalingam of the temple is said to have been found by a harijan woman. It requires enormous quantities of rice and lakhs of rupees for its conduct. north west of Madhur. 29 Kizhur Sasta temple There is an ancient Sastha temple at Chandragiri which is known as Kizhur Sastha Temple. from Kumbla on the Kumbla-Badiadka road. The temple of Sri Parthasarathi of Mujankavu is situated in Ednad village.

considerable importance as a centre of Islam on the west coast. Temples of Kasaragod town Kasaragod has a few important temples. The mass marriage at the time of Pooram festival in the month of Meenam. The Nercha celebration. Narampady church This is a Roman Catholic church on the Badiadka-Mulleria route. is a unique feature of this temple. attracts people in thousands.It contains the grave of Malik Ibn Mohammed. the Mallikarjuna temple. lasts for one week. falls in February/March. Bhagavathi temples. when the Pandava were dwelling in the Gandhamadana Sailya Forest during their twelve year exile. such as Theruvath Bhagawathi and Kadappuram Sri Kurumba temples. is about 40 kms. during the second half of November. One of the most important temples of the Gowda Saraswathas in Kerala is the Venkatramana temple. A closer examination of the wood carvings would disclose the various episodes of the Ramayana. Just on the eastern side of Pulikunnu by the Payaswini river. This is known as St. about 10 kms. from Badiadka. 31 Nellikkunnu mosque Uroos. The main festival here. The mosque. Thrikkaripur where the temple is situated. according to the legend describer many a holy place in Bharath Varsha including Sri Chakrapani Temple to Yudhishtira. which is one of the best Malik Dinar mosque kept and most attractive in the district.The Sri Arya Karthyayani temple and the Sri Panduranga temple are also famous temples of the place. Malik Dinar mosque Kasaragod acquired over the years. The annual festival have falls in the month of March and it attracts huge crowds. The temple has been bestowing spiritual solace and prosperity for generations. east of Kumbla and near Ananthapuram Lake Temple. is the most important. in Kasaragod is the Theruvath Mosque which is in the centre of the town. There is also the Palakunnu temple (near Malik Ibn Dinar mosque) akin to the Palakunnu Devasthanam of Udma. Of these. is located at Thalangara. situated near the taluk office. An important local celebration takes place every year in commemoration of the arrival of Malik Ibn Dinar. worshipped by particular communities. north of Kannur town. called Kaliyattam. John Britto Church and this was established in 1939. Perne Of the 18 temples of Muchilottu Bhagavathi. one of the descendants of Malik Ibn Dinar and the place is sacred to Muslims. The Mantapam in the interior of the temple building as well as the outside façade of the second and third storeys of the main building are also profuse with attractive and exquisite wood carvings. Thrikkaripur Sri Chakrapani temple Sri Chakrapani temple has a hoary past with a legend about its origin in the ancient Brahmandapurana. The Uroos attract pilgrims from all over India.The ceiling of the Namaskara Mantapam of the Madhur Temple has been decorated with beautiful figures of puranic heroes in wood carving. Juma Masjid. Another notable mosque. beginning with the Putrakameshtiyagam and ending with Seetha Swayamvaram. 30 . on the Kumbla-Badiadka route . are spread all over the municipal area. It is the site of one of the mosques believed to have been founded by Malik Ibn Dinar. It is five kms. The great sage Garga. there is a temple belonging to the Thiyya community where thirty nine deities are worshipped. Perne is the northern most and the only one north of Payaswini Seema. celebrated in Nellikkunnu mosque.

north of Trikkannad on the Kasaragod-Kanhangad road. It lies 12 kms. Perhaps. This V(B)ekkolath fort is identified by some scholars as the present Bekal". is an ideal spot for adventurous swimmers. The Bekal fort might have. H. a rock rising above the sea near the temple. The place is said to have been the seat of a big palace in the past. While giving a description of the Kolathiri Kingdom in his Kerala History. It was in the year 1992 the central government declared Bekal Fort as a special tourism area. meaning Big Palace. the Bednore rulers might have rebuilt and improved it". There is a recently renovated temple dedicated to Hanuman. makes this observation: "…. of the Bekal bridge. The Bekal fort is now under the Archeological Department of the Government of India. It was usual in older days for every royal palace to be protected by a fort. Padmanabha Menon writes. The next in succession. runs into the sea with fine bay towards the south. The Bekal fort term Baliakulam got corrupted as Bekulam and later as Bekal. was the Thekkelamkur.Trikkannad This is a Siva temple on the sea shore.P. The third in succession was the Vadakkelamkur in charge of Vekkolath fort. The two forts of Bekal and Chandragiri were originally under the Kolathiri or Chirakkal Rajas until the time of Shivappa Nayaka's invasion. After the overthrow of Tippu Sultan in 1799. in his Handbook of South Canara (1985). According to Bekal Rama Nayak. a local Kannada writer. Palakunnu Bhagavathi Kshetram is one km. therefore. at the entrance to Bekal. assigned to him was the Vadakara fort. According to the South Canara Mannual. within one km. The erstwhile Kasaragod taluk of South Canara district was known as Bekal for more than half a century. It was with the intention of transforming Bekal 33 PLACES OF TOURIST INTEREST Bekal Bekal. Bekal is derived from the word Baliakulam.. which is of great historical and archaeological interest. south of Kasaragod town.D. There is a Travellers' Bungalow. K. the heir apparent. existed even from early days of the Chirakkal Rajas. It housed the Huzur of Canara during Tippu's time and the remains of a gallow reminiscent of the days of Mysorean occupation were seen here till a few years back. Bekal fort fell into the hands of Haider Ali in 1763. is the largest and best preserved of its kind in the district and the land on which it is situated. The place arround Pandyan Kallu.A. Several forts were built by the Shivappa Nayaks of Badnore between 1650 and 1670 A. An old mosque is also situated very near the fort and this is believed to have been founded by Tippu Sultan. The Bekal fort. The annual Bharani festival attracts thousands. Swimming in the sea is a popular sport here. The residence 32 . the word. "The eldest of the male members reigned as soveriegn Kolathiri. Bekal was incorporated into the dominions of the English East India Company. situated on the seashore of Pallikkara village. is an important place of tourist interest in the district. The natural scenery at Bekal is alluring and makes a visit to the place an exhilerating experience. Stuart. maintained by the Public Works Department of the State Government within the Bekal fort.

35 . A boat club has been recently started here. A long railway 34 Govinda Pai memorial Manjeshwaram is renowned as the native place of M. His residence in Manjeshwaram is maintained as a memorial and the Government of Kerala has established a first grade college dedicated to his memory. The Swamiji of this mutt was the founder of Padinjare mutt in Trichambaram and Edneer mutt was established by the swamiji of Trichambaram. Plans for bettering and increasing basic facilities will be implemented in the four panchayats where Bekal tourism project is implemented. this ancient mutt is a reputed seat of learning. In the first phase. Vadakke mutt in Trissur was established by a disciple of Thotakacharya. Udma.D. A mosque is situated nearby and the view of the bridge with the mosque in the background is one of the most attractive sights on a drive along the NH 17 from Kannur to Kasaragod. five miles from Chandragiri. about eight kms. north east of Kasaragod town. He has enriched Kannada literature and poetry. south of Kasaragod town. The Chandragiri river. programmes like waste incineration.C. Water supply scheme for the entire people of Pallikkara.Fort into international tourism centre that in the year 1995 the government formed Bekal Tourism Development Corporation. historian. tunnel passes through Chandragiri. Corporation has decided to acquire 278 hectares of land for Bekal development. He was conferred the title of "poet laureate" by the erstwhile Government of Madras. This belongs to the Thotakacharya (one of the four disciples of Sankaracharya) tradition. Pallikkara and Ajanur Panchayats that of the Bekal tourism project is implemented. Boats clubs will be established at Bekal and Chandragiri soon. In the facility centre there is an information centre. The Kunniyur family in Kuttamath Amsom near Cheruvathur has produced a number of illustrious scholars who have contributed greatly to Malayalam literature. It has a large square situated high above the Chandragiri river on its southern bank. till it reaches Cheruvathur. one of the greatest Kannada poets of modern times. the headquarters of the South Canara district and runs through the coast line. There is a beautiful bridge over the Chandragiri river at Tekkil. Cheruvathur Cheruvathur is an important place on the NH 17. Two House boats have already started functioning at Valiyaparambu this year itself. who established his authority over the area and built a chain of forts. B. Edneer mutt Situated on the Kasaragod-Puthur road. At present the corporation is engaged in arranging basic facilities for the project. road construction and installation of street lights will also be carried out. on the bank of which it rises. Udma. marked the traditional boundary between Kerala and the Tuluva Kingdom. The former Mangalore-Cheruvathur coast road starts from Mangalapuram. The fort it said to have been built in the 17th century by Sivappa Nayak of Bednore. He was also a nationalist. It is in Chemmanad. Ajanur and Chemmanad will be implemented.R. It attracts devotees from all over Kerala. has programme to develop other tourist centres of the district as part of Bekal project. A Bekal facility centre was established in 1998 near Bekal Fort. Govinda Pai (1883-1963). At present the mutt is renowned for the encouragement it gives to art and culture. Karnataka and other states. dramatist and linguistic. Chandragiri Chandragiri lies three kms.

Being the district headquarters. is a centre of worship connected with the Kammatam Bhagavathi Temple. fort) and it is after this fort that the Hosdurg taluk derives its name. Kasaragod. It has an area of 32 sq. with a perennial stream. Kanhangad Kanhangad. The fort is a major attraction for tourists. Several public offices are located within its premises. looks imposing from a distance.621. Schooners do not call at this port but anchor outside the bar. is quite near Kottancheri Hills. copra and cashewnuts are the important commodities transported from here. are gift of nature. there are two churches. is the premier educational institution of the place. and a population of 23. is a beautiful picnic centre which is also ideal for trekking. one Catholic and the other a Protestant. Kasaragod is an important business centre. There are also a number of mosques here. A Juma Masjid and a Hindu shrine stand close by. the headquarters of the Hosdurg taluk. half a km. Kanwatirtha Beach resort The clean and neat 3-4 kms. Kudlu It was at Kudlu in the suburbs of Kasaragod. The discourse held in the presence of king Jayasimba of Kumbla. the famous Adwaita scholar. Kasaragod is one of the minor ports of the district. the great Dwaita philosopher and Trivikrama Pandit. Kottappuram The place derived its name from the mud fort built by the Nileswar Rajas and later annexed by the Bednore Nayakas in the 18th century. Kammatamkavu An evergreen forest of about 50-60 acres. south of Kasaragod.Hosdurg fort The Hosdurg fort with its round bastions. took place. 'Talakkaveri'. in the Brahmagiri mountains of Coorg. Kanhangad has the reminents of a large fort built by Somasekhara Nayak of Ikkeri (1714-39). There are a number of educational institutions in the town. important local industries is cloth cap making. One of the 36 . The Government College. established in 1957. Arecanuts and copra are the main trade. long and proportionately broad. which is separated from the sea by a sand spit of about one kilometer length. kms. above sea level.Pepper. ended in the victory of Madhavacharya and the acceptance of the Dwaita philosophy by Trivikrama Pandit. It is locally called Hosdurg (hosa. which is the main means of livelihood of a large number of Muslim women. Kottancheri hills This rain forest near Panathur. new and durg. There is a famous temple attached to the fort which is known as Karpooreshwara temple. long beach and the swimming pool like lake. formed by sea water. where the famous eight day discourse between Madhavacharya. The caps manufactured at Kasaragod are exported to Zanzibar and other African countries. In Kanhangad. Kasaragod is a fairly developed urban centre. The port is located on the eastern bank of the backwaters formed by the Chandragiri river. 37 Kasaragod town Kasaragod municipal town is situated on the banks of the Chandragiri river and is 31 m. is 33 kms.

but he returned in 1799 and after an unsuccessful bid for independence. on a steep bank which overhangs the river. north of Kasaragod town. the port paid a tribute of 800 loads of rice to the Portuguese. which is the abbreviated form of Nilakanta Iswar.788 per annum in 1804. remained in the hands of the Raja and he allied himself with the French who held the fort on his behalf till 1761. the seat of a flourishing community of a Gowda Saraswatha or Konkini Brahmins. There are two old Jaina Bastis at Bangra Manjeshwaram on the southern bank of the Manjeshwaram river. Manjukhetra or Manjarisha. 39 Maipady palace Once.Kumbla Kumbla. Manjeshwaram has been for long. Early in the 16th century. was formerly the seat of the Nileswaram Rajas who belonged to the family of Kolathiris. a treaty was signed by which the Bednorians agreed not to advance south of the Valapattanam river and the English obtained commercial concessions including the monopoly of pepper and cardamom in those portions of the Kolathiri dominion. Among the temples of the place. this village was known as Manjula Khetra. 'Father of Yakshagana'. Mannampurathu kavu. a legend which deals with the history of the place and describes the pilgrimage undertaken by Virupaksha. which were occupied by the Bednore people. When Tippu captured Mangalapuram. Duarte Borbosa. In 1737. These two portions were held by the Jain Bangara Raja and the Vittal Raja respectively. Nileswaram Nileswaram. In the meantime. a Gowda Saraswatha Brahmin saint. It was in Kumbla that Parthishubha was born in the 18th century and composed all his Yakshagana Prasangas which earned for him the title. the Kumbla Raja fled to Thalassery. The southern portion of the town stands on a plain and the northern portion. the present Maipady was the seat of the Kumbla Rajas. Manjeshwaram Manjeshwaram lies in the northern most extremity of Kerala and is a place of historical and religious importance. In 1514. from Kasaragod on the Kasaragod-Perla road and within three kms. from the small port here. The town stands on a bold peninsula in a lagoon seperated from the sea by a sand spit and connected to it by a narrow channel. 38 . the Portuguese traveller. however. 11. from Madhur. the Nileswar Raja obtained the aid of the English who had their factory at Thalassery. The palace is about eight kms. Pallikkara Bhagavathi temple and the Thaliyil Neelakanta temple. mention may be made of the Sri Kottappuram Vettakorumakan temple. which is situated 13 kms. It was annexed by Somasekhara Nayaka of Bednore in 1737 after a struggle of twelve years in which the French and the English took part. When the Bednore Nayaka invaded the territory. The fort at Nileswaram. until Tippu Sultan hanged the former and forced the latter to take refuge with the English at Thalassery. According to Manjula Kshetra Mahatmya. submitted to the English and accepted a small pension of Rs. visited Kumbla and he had recorded that he had found the people exporting a very bad quality brown rice to Maldives in exchange for coir. was the seat of the Rajas of Kumbla who once held sway over the southern part of the Tuluva country which included the present Kasaragod taluk. Bednore was captured by Haider Ali and the Raja remained in power at Nileswaram till the territory was annexed by the English in 1799 and the Raja was forced to submit and accept a pension.

This place is quite ideal for trekking. On top of it. the surrounding extensive landscape can be seen in its natural grandeur. east of Mangalpady. The Cheruvathur-Kariangot portion of NH 17 runs paralleled to the hill near Mayica.viz. south of the Hosdurg taluk office. east of the Kanhangad Railway Station.The spot was at first part of a forest area. Tulur vanam Also known as Kekulom (the eastern place).The natural beauty is comparable only to Ooty. situated about five kms. Cheruvathur. The eight day annual festival commencing from Sivarathri. attracts large crowds from all over the district. Valiyaparamba Separated from the mainland by backwaters. Tulur vanam is four kms. 487. Lying 780 metres above sea level.68 metres above sea level in Dharmathadka. A full size statue of Swami Nityananda in sitting posture made of panchaloha is one of the attractions of the ashramam. is a picnic spot from where the natural beauty of Kariangot river and surroundings can be enjoyed. this fishing village is an island with the Arabian sea as one of the borders and is an ideal picnic centre.Nityananda Asramam There are two notable ashramams in Kanhangad. 40 Veeramala hills This hill top with ruins of a Dutch fort. Here Swami Nityananda constructed 45 guhas (caves) in a mountain slope.the Nityanandasramam and the Anandasramam. Anandashramam. are blessed with deep peace and tranquility. The temple here is consecrated to Kshetrapalan and Bhagavathi. who go up the hill and sit silently. which is situated on the hillock about half a km. located on a hillock. The former. which is 48 kms. Ranipuram extensive forest of Madathumala merges with the forests of Karnataka.The Retreat hall. one can see the Arabian sea and the vast arecanut gardens of Kasaragod. There is a temple built in 1963. it is only 9 kms. from Kasaragod. Posadigumpe Posadigumpe is an ideal picnic centre. was founded by Swami Nityananda. built in the 18th century. about 10 kms. 41 . east of Panathur. a great Vaishnava saint of modern times. as well as from Coorg. after the style and design of the famous Somanatha temple in Gujarat. was founded in 1939 by Swami Ramadas. There is a hill to the east of the ashramam.from Panathur. about 18 kms. to which the devotees retire for quiet meditation and from its west. coconut and other groves. The main ashramam and other buildings have a beautiful setting in the midst of shady mango. Ranipuram The former Madathumala has taken this new name recently.. east of Kanhangad . Povval fort This is an old fashioned fort on the Kasaragod-Mulleria route. extending up to Mangalapuram city and to Kudremukh. The spot at the highest point of the hill is so fascinating that the devotees.

kms. 1203342 587763 615579 1042 604 ***** 42 .kms.) Population (in 000's) Male (in 000's) Female (in 000's) Sex ratio: females/1000 males Density of population : : : : : : 1992 Sq.BARE FACTS Area (sq.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful