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BENEFITS OF ORGANIZING

• Division of work that avoids duplication, conflict, and misuse of resources, both material and human.

• Clarity of individual performance expectations and specialized tasks.

• A logical flow of work activities that can be comfortably performed by individuals or groups.

• Established channels of communication that enhance decision making and control.

• Coordinating mechanisms that ensure harmony among organization members engaged in diversified activities.

• Focused efforts that relate to objectives logically and efficiently.

• Appropriate authority structures with accountability to enhance planning and controlling throughout the
organization.

NATURE OF ORGANIZING

1. Learning Objectives

2. Identify the Task

3. Grouping the Activities

4. Delegation of Authority

5. Coordination

PURPOSE OF ORGANIZING

 Aids to management.

 It facilitate growth, creativity.

 It ensure optimum use resources.

 Establishes relationship among individual groups.

 Cluster job into units.

 Coordinates.

FORMAL AND INFORMAL GROUPS

Formal Group -A formal group is a structured group, which has a plan and positions each job’s objective and function.

Characteristic of Formal Group

 Formal means something systematic.

 It is an official structure.

 It provides official relationship between individual.

 It is objective oriented.

 It abides with rules and regulation.

Advantages:

 The line of communication is very clear.

 It is accuracy of the information.

 Systematic

 It is objective oriented.

 It has hierarchial pattern.


Informal Group-It is the outcome of personal, social and friendly relationship, and it develop spontaneously.

Characteristics of Informal Group

 Informal groups is created by the member of the organization for their social and psychological satisfaction.

 Informal groups are unstable in nature, it is not permanent.

 Informal groups are greater in members than the formal groups.

 Free Interaction

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

Defines how activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision are directed toward the
achievement of organizational aims.

NATURE OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

The Organization Chart – Line diagram depicting broad outlines of an organization’s structure.

The Chain of Command – Unbroken line of command ultimately linking each individual with the top organizational
position.

Departmentalization

Clustering individuals into units, and units into department and larger units, to achieve organizational goals.

Types of Organizational Structure

 Line Structure – It flows from the top to lower level, and it is the simplest and oldest method followed in many
organization.

 Line and Staff Organization – the staff is attached to line, the staff are experts, specialized in specific area and
they give ideas to personnel.

 Functional Organization – there will be a separate department for different actions or activities.

 Committee Organization – A group of persons entrusted in a task.

 Project Organization – it varies from one organization to another organization. Any organization execute a large
project for a long period of time adopt this project organization

 Matrix Organization Structure – it is suitable where there is a large number of small project and it is also called
as linking pins