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Detailed Lesson Plan in MAPEH

I. Objectives:
At the end of the lesson, 100% of the students shall be able to attain at least 80% level
of proficiency to:
a. Discuss the origin and cultural background of selected Philippine Festivals
b. Create movements of selected Philippine Festival
c. Identify the importance of selected Philippine Festivals

II. Subject Matter:

Topic: Philippine Festivals
Subtopic: History and Dance Steps of Selected Philippine Festivals
References: Module in Art Grade 7; The 21st Century MAPEH in Action;; OHSP Arts Module Q1
Materials: Laptop & Projector, Speakers
Values: Respect and Patronage of our own culture and tradition

III. Procedure:
Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity
I. Preliminary Activity
a. Prayer
b. Greetings
c. Checking of Attendance

A. Motivational Activity

Before we start our lesson, let’s have a game. This game

is what you called “P&A” means Pictures and Answer. I The class will group into two by counting 1 and 2
will group you into two and you need to choose one
person that will act in front while the subgroup is the
one whose’s going to answer .

Are you ready class? Yes teacher

Yes, sir!

Yes, we are.

That’s right! So what do you think is our lesson for


Correct. You’re too close for our topic. Another idea?

Absolutely! And that’s our lesson for today.

II. Lesson Proper

Today, we are going to discuss about Philippine

Festivals. I know that you already have ideas regarding
on our topic.

Now, what comes first to your mind when you hear the
word festival?

Correct! Another idea?

Excellent! When we say, it is an event ordinarily

celebrated by community and centering on some beliefs
and its religion or traditions. Filipinos are fanatics of
festivals. In fact, there are approximately 300 different
festivals all over the Philippines. Their themes are also
differ from one another.

Why do you think Filipinos celebrate festivals?

Very good! Another?

Excellent! How about the others?

Correct! All of your answers are correct.

The nature of festivals are religious and secular or non-

religious festivals.

What do you think is a religious festival?

Very good! It is celebrated to give honor for a patron
and saints. This was influenced by the Spaniards when
they came to colonize the Philippines.

I have here three well-known examples of religious


They are the Ati-atihan festival, Sinulog festival and

Moriones festival.

Did you know these festivals class?

So, let’s discuss first the Ati-atihan festivals. Sir, they are the Philippines, Feast, Street Dancing,
Banderitas and Marching Band.
(playing the video)
Yes sir.
Based from the video, what can you say about ati-atihan
festival? We usually see those pictures from fiestas or festivals.
In which people are having a feast, parade and also
Very good! Another? street dancing.

Sir, festivals.
That’s right! It is a feast held annually and begins in the
3rd week of January in the island of Kalibo, Aklan to
glorify Sto. Niño. Philippine Festivals sir.

Who among of you known Sto. Niño?

Correct! Ati-atihan festival is also known as the mother

of festivals because it is the origin of pinoy festivities.

Is there anyone knows the meaning of ati-atihan?

Excellent! The Ati or aetas are an indigenous people

who have distinctively black skin and curly hair. That’s Sir. It is an event where the people are celebrating.
why you’ll see that people or celebrants are painted with
black soots.
It is an event where they show and celebrate their
And also ati-atihan is a celebration of pact between traditions and beliefs.
Spaniards and Aetas. Do you know why?

That’s right! They yell “Viva Sto. Niño!” meaning

Mabuhay Sto. Niño! And “hala bira” means cheer a
person to give it all he’s got.
Do you understand class?

Now, here’s the basic dance steps in Ati-atihan festivals.

To give honor for their patrons or saints.
Their dance steps are straight forward and easy. It's as
simple as two-steps forward, a step back with and To have a thanksgiving for their good harvest, crops
optional turn-around. No synchronization was necessary and products.
among the participants.
Of course, because it is their rituals and traditions.
Everyone, please stand and dance the ati-atihan festival.

Good job class! You may now sit.

Next is the Sinulog Festival.

(playing the video) I think religious festival is about the beliefs and
specific religion.
Based from the video, what can you say about sinulog

Very good! And it is held every year on the 3rd Sunday

of January in Cebu City in honor of Señor Santo Niño.
An image of the Child Jesus is said to be the baptismal
gift the Portuguese conquistador Ferdinand Magellan
gave Hara Amihan (Humanay) of Zebu (now Cebu) in
April 1521.

It commemorates the Filipino people pagan origin, and

their acceptance of Roman Catholicism. Yes/No sir.
The word Sinulog comes from the Cebuano adverb sulog
which roughly means "like water current movement;" it
describes the forward-backward movement of the
Sinulog dance.

Here is the dance steps in Sinulog Festival. Sir, it is a lively, colorful and high spirited ambiance
The dance consists of two steps forward and one step festival.
backward, done to the sound of drums. It is the same
with the ati-atihan festival dance steps. The celebrants are painted with black on their bodies
and faces.
Everyone, please stand and let’s dance the Sinulog
festival dance steps.

This movement resembles the current (Sulog) of what

was known as Cebu’s Pahina River. Sto. Niño is a Roman Catholic title of the Child Jesus.
Let’s proceed to Moriones Festival.

(playing the video)

Sir, the meaning of ati-atihan is “to be like aetas”.
Now, what have you observed from the video?

That’s right! The “moriones” are men and women in

costumes and mask replicating the garb of biblical
roman soldier as interpreted by local folks who march Because Spaniards brought Sto. Niño in the
around the town for seven days search for Saint Philippines.

Who among of you know Saint Longinus?

Yes sir.
Correct! How about his story?

Okay, I will tell you his short story. Saint Longinus is a

roman centurion who was blind in one eye. He struck
Jesus Christ in the body, and the blood of Jesus Christ
dropped to his eyes and magically healed his blind eye.
Afterwards, he believed in Jesus Christ and developed
his faith to God and then he became a Saint.
(students dance the ati-atihan festival)
When and where do you think Moriones festival held?

Is that clear class?

In this festival there’s no dance steps but this is a folk-

religious festival that re-enacts the story of Saint
Longinus. The re-enactment reaches its climax when
Longinus is caught and beheaded. Sinulog festival is a very long parade with many
groups of people dressed in colorful costumes.
Do you understand class?

Again, what are the religious festivals that we have


Very good! Now let’s proceed to secular or non-

religious festivals.

So. Do you have any idea about non-religious festival?

Correct! Non- religious festival is not related to religion
but a thanksgiving or celebration of peoples industry,
product and bountiful harvest.

And here are the 3 examples of non-religious festival.

They are the Panagbenga Festival, Masskara Festival

and Kaamulan Festival.
(students dance the Sinulog Festival Dance)
Let’s discuss first the Panagbenga Festival.

(playing the video)

Now, what have you noticed in the video?

Correct! The Panagbenga Festival is a Flower festival of

Baguio City which celebrated on the month of February.
The term is of Kankanaey origin, meaning "season of The participants in the festival are wearing different
blooming". mask and wearing soldier costumes.

The festival was created as a tribute to the city's flowers

and as a way to rise up from the devastation of the 1990
Luzon earthquake.

Is that clear class?

The Panagbenga festival dance performance has been

done on the street and main road. St. Longinus is a roman centurion.

They dance in the circular moment and loudly speak the

message of unity and love.
No/Yes sir.
There is only one rule which all the performers have to
follow and it is to keep the flower with you so that the
main objective of the festival stays alive.

Do you understand class?

Next is the Masskara Festival.

(playing the video) It is celebrated every holy week in Marinduque.

Based on the video, what did you observe? Yes, sir.

Very good! The word “masskara” is coined by the late

artist Ely Santiago from mass (a multitude of people),
and the Spanish word cara (face), thus forming
MassKara (a multitude of faces). The word is also a pun Yes, sir.
on maskara, Filipino for "mask" (itself from Spanish
máscara), since it is a prominent feature of the festival The festivals are Ati-atihan festival, Sinulog festival
which are always adorned with smiling faces. and Moriones festival.

It is started in the early 1980’s, when world prices for

sugar plummeted and the Bacolod city,Negros
Occidental, the Philippine Sugar Capital was hit by a
major crisis. Those festivals that are not related in religion or
patrons and saints.
It is held every third week of October. It dramatizes the
steadfast character of negrenses and symbolizes what the
people of the city of smiles do best, putting a happy face
when confronted with challenges.

There’s no specific basic dance steps include in this

festival. But in street dancing in Masskara Festivals, the
dancers are wearing masks.

Is that clear class?

And the last is Kaamulan Festival.

(playing the video)

What can you say about kaamulan festival class? It is a colorful flower festival with floats, decorated by

Very good! The “Kaamulan Festival” is an ethnic

cultural festival held annually in Malaybalay City,
Bukidnon in the Philippines from the second half of
February to March 10, which is also the anniversary date
of the foundation of Bukidnon as a province in 1917.

It is held to celebrate the culture and tradition of the

seven ethnic tribal groups—Bukidnon, Higaonon,
Talaandig, Manobo, Matigsalug, Tigwahanon and
Umayamnon—that originally inhabit the province. It is Yes, sir.
the only ethnic festival in the Philippines.

Kaamulan comes from the Binukid word “Amul”, which

means “to gather”. It is gathering of Bukidnon
tribespeople for a purpose. It can be mean a datuship
ritual, a wedding ceremony, a thanksgiving festival
during harvest time, a peace pact, or all of these put

To enliven the fiesta celebration, there are different

kinds of ethnic dance in Bukidnon. One of it is the
Binanog, it is a typical dance of the Talaandig tribe Yes, sir.
mimicking the movement of the bird up in the air called
"Bano, Inagong A dance for entertainment performed
during festivals and gatherings.

Do you understand class?

It is filled with colorful mask. Their costumes are
Again, what are those non-religious festivals that we made of with fabrics with different colors and
discussed? patterns.

Very good! Is that clear class?

Do you have any questions?

III. Generalization

If you really understand the lesson.

What is festival?

Very good! How about the two natures of festival.

What is a religious festival?

Excellent! What are the examples of religious festivals?

Correct! And what is non-religious festival?

Yes, sir.
That’s right. Can you give me the examples of non-

Very good everyone. This is good to know that you

really understand our lesson. They are wearing costumes like anklets, earrings,
necklace, headdresses and amulets.

Now, let’s have a group activity. I will group you into

three groups and the leader of the group will need to
pick one color from the banderitas in which there’s a
corresponding festival. The task is you need to
choreograph your own steps combining the steps from
the festival you’ve chose.

Here is our rubrics for your presentation.

I will give you 15 minutes to prepare for your


Is that clear class?

Your time is up. Everyone go back to your seats. Group

1 will be the first performers, followed by group 2 and 3.

Excellent performance everyone! Give yourself a round

of applause.

What do you think is the importance of learning and

knowing the Philippine Festival?
Yes, sir.
The non-religious are Panagbenga Festival, Masskara
Festival and Kaamulan Festival.

That’s right. How about the others? Yes, sir.

None sir.
Thank you for sharing your ideas. Let’s have now a quiz.

V. Evaluation

Sir, it is an event ordinarily celebrated by community

and centering on some beliefs and its religion or

The religious and non-religious festival.

It is celebrated to give honor for a patron and saints.

They are the ati-atihan, sinulog and moriones festival.

It is a thanks giving or celebration of peoples industry,

product and bountiful harvest.

The non-religious are Panagbenga, Masskara and

Kaamulan Festival.

Yes, teacher.

(students are doing the activity)

(presentation of performance)
Because it helps to know more about our country
which is the Philippines. The creativity and
uniqueness of Filipinos are highlighted in those
festivals and we should be proud of it.

It teach us to love diversities. It also preserves our

traditions and beliefs like in ati-atihan festival, sinulog
and kaamulan festival. Learn to respect the other
culture of provinces and love the culture and traditions
of the Philippines.

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